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DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF LAMINATED CROSS-PLY PANEL

UNDER LOCALIZED MOMENT



A. Alibeiglou and M. Shakeri
* 1


1) Prof. Amir kabir Univ.of Tech. ,424, Hafez Ave,Tehran / Iran, Fax:+98-21-
6419736(shakeri@cic.aut.ac.ir)

ABSTRACT
Three-dimensional elasticity solutions has been presented for thick laminated cross-ply
circular cylindrical panel. The panel is under dynamic localized patch moment and is
simply supported at all edges and has finite length. Ordinary differential equations with
variable coefficients are obtained by means of Fourier series expansion for displacement
field and loading in the circumferential and axial directions. The resulting ordinary
differential equations are solved by the Galerkin finite element method. Numerical results
are presented for ( 0/90/0 deg. ) and ( 90/0/90 deg. ), stacking sequences.

Key words: dynamic, patch moment, elasticity, panel, multi-layered, cross-ply

INTRODUCTION
The increased use of composite materials in aerospace and mechanical engineering structures is
due to their high stiffness and strength-to-weight ratio. The plane strain deformation of
transversely loaded, simply supported cylindrical panels using a stress-function approach
was considered [1]. The more general case of finite length cross-ply cylindrical shells
subjected to transverse loading was analyzed later by employing the Frobenius power
series method [2]. The problem of a simply supported finite cross-ply cylindrical shell

*
(Assistant Prof.) Mech. Eng. Dep., Azad University of Karaj Branch, Karaj /Iran and Bu Ali sina Univ.
Hamedan / Iran (a_beigloo@yahoo.com)

pinched by diametrically opposite localized radial forces was analyzed [3]. An exact three-
dimensional elasticity solution for an infinitely long, transversely isotropic cylindrical
panel under static patch load was investigated [4]. Recently author's have studied the
response of multi-layered anisotropic cylindrical panels under dynamic load [5]. In the
present investigation, three-dimensional elasticity solution for a thick laminated cross-ply
circular cylindrical panel, simply supported along four edges and subjected to a dynamic
patch moment, has been presented.

FORMULATION
The constitutive equations of each orthotropic layer are as;
(1)

z
zr
r
r
z
66
55
44
33 23 13
23 22 12
13 12 11
z
zr
r
r
z
C 0 0 0 0 0
0 C 0 0 0 0
0 0 C 0 0 0
0 0 0 C C C
0 0 0 C C C
0 0 0 C C C

Figure 1: Geometry and the coordinate system of laminated panel

Differential equations in three-dimensional theory of elasticity are as;
2
z
2
rz rz z z
t
U
r r r z



2
2
r r z
t
U
r
2
r r z




2
r r r r zr
t
U
r r r
1
z

=

+

2

(2)
Strain-displacement relations are expressed as;
r
U
r
r

+ =

r
U
r
U
r

z
U
z
z

=
z
U
r
U
r z
zr

r
U
r
U
r
U
r
r

r
U
z
U
z
z
(3)
The simply supported boundary and interface continuity conditions are taken
respectively as:
( 0 at ), ( U
z r
= = =

= , 0 0 U
z z r
= = =

at L , 0 z = ) (4)
( ) ( )
1 k rz r r k rz r r
, , , ,
+
= (5-a)
( ) ( )
1 k z r k z r
U , U , U U , U , U
+
= (5-b)
Since the panel is under the longitudianl patch moment M applied in the form of a linear
variation of radial stress ( ) distributed over a small rectangular patch
r

( ) ( )
2
L L
Z
2
L L
p p
+

and
( ) ( )
2
p
2
p
+


on the outer surface,so the boundary
condition on the outer and inner surfaces of the panel are taken as:
0 , ) Z 2 L (
L R
M 6
r zr
3
p p b
r
= =

=

at r = R (6-a)
b
0
r zr r
= = =

at r = (6-b)
a
R

SOLUTION
The following Fourier series displacements satisfies the boundary conditions (5):
( ) t r, U . z P sin sin u
r n
1 m 1 n
m r
=

=

=
, ( ) t , r U . z P sin cos u
n
1 = m 1 n
m

=

=
(7) ( )

= 1 m
z n
1 n
m z
t , r U . z P cos in s = u
After substituting Eq. (4) into Eq. (4), the partial differential equations reduces to Ordinary
differential equation obtained by using Eqs. (1-3) and (7) are solved by the Galerkin finite
element method.

RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Stacking sequences of (0/90/0 deg.) and (90/0/90 deg.) laminae for cross-ply
laminated cylindrical panels are considered. External dynamic moment and the
material properties are as the follows:
M , ) e 1 ( M
t
0

= 0.2 =
E
G
, 5 . 0
E
G
, 40
E
E
T
TT
T
LT
T
L
= = , 25 . 0
TT LT
= =
Non dimensional displacement and stress with time at r = and
0
R
2

= are shown
in figure2 for half length of the panel. With increasing the loading time up to 0.35
msec., the displacement and stress are increased, and after that are decreased due to
vibration characteristic. Referring to figure 2, it is seen that at simply supported edge
(z = 0), become zero, while the panel is free to move in axial direction (
r
u 0 U
z
).
At mid-length of the panel (
2
L
= z ), the radial displacement is zero because of
symmetry. Figure 3 shows that the conditions at the inner and outer surfaces and the
continuity conditions between the layers are satisfied. The influence of stacking
sequence in three-layered panel on circumferential stress is shown in figure 4. This
distribution in ( 0/90/0 deg ) lay-up in mid- surface is bigger than the one for the (
90/0/90 deg) lay-up. This result is evident, because in r
0
R = , the fibres are along the
circumferential direction for the ( 0/90/0 deg ) panel but they are along the axial
direction for the ( 90/0/90 deg) one.

0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5
-0.01
0
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
Z/L
U
r
T = 0.05 msec
T = 0.1 msec
T = 0.2 msec
T = 0.3 msec
T = 0.35 msec

0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5
-0.035
-0.03
-0.025
-0.02
-0.015
-0.01
-0.005
0
0.005
Z/L

r
T - 0.05 msec
T = 0.1 msec
T = 0.2 msec
T = 0.3 msec
T = 0.35 msec

Figure 2: Variation of radial displacements and stress with time versus z at
6

= ,
0
R r = ,T = 0.3
msec(90/0/90 deg)

-0.5 0 0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
x 10
-17
r

r

-0.5 0 0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
x 10
-35
Z/L


Figure 3: Distribution of radial and in-plane stresses across the thickness at T= 0.3 msec, S=20,
6

= ,
48 . 0
L
z
= (90/0/90 deg)

0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5
-0.35
-0.3
-0.25
-0.2
-0.15
-0.1
-0.05
0
0.05
Z/L

(0/90/0 deg)
(90/0/90 deg)

Figure 4: Influence of stacking sequence in cirumferential stress distribution versus z at T = 0.3 msec.,
6

= ,
and S = 5
0
R r =

CONCLUSION
The main objective of this paper is to introduce a procedure to obtain the stress
and displacement field for the panel in three dimensions while the panel is subjected
to dynamic localized patched moment. For this purpose , three-dimensional theory
of elasticity was used to derive the governing differential equations of motion in
term of displacements and then the Galerkin finite element method was used to
obtain displacements and stresses versus time. Numerical results obtained for
various stacking arrangements show that the magnitudes of stresses and
displacements are under the influence of the kind of stacking sequence and the
number of layers.
REFERENCES
[1] Ren, J.G., "Exact solutions for laminated cylindrical shells in cylindrical bending," J.
of Composites Science and Technology, 29, pp.169-187, 1987.
[2] Varadan, T.K., Bhaskar, K., "Bending of laminated orthotropic cylindrical shells-an
elasticity approach," Composite Structures, 17(2), pp.141-156, 1991.
[3] Bhaskar, K., Varadan, T. K.,"Benchmark elasticity solution for locally loaded
laminated orthotropic cylindrical shellsl," AIAA J., 32, pp.627-632, 1994.
[4] Chandrashekhara, K., Nanjunda Rao, "Analysis of a long thick orthotropic circular
cylindrical shell panel," J. of Engineering Mechanics, 122(6), pp.575-579, 1996.
[5] Alibeiglou, A., Shakeri, M., "Elasticity solution for thick laminated anisotropic
cylindrical panels under dynamic load," J. of Mechanical Engineering
Science(ImechE), 216 Part C, pp.315-324, 2002.