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The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved

The Testament of Astrology
Introduction to Astrology as an Esoteric Science
Third Sequence, Part One:
The World of the Planets and Man
Ten Esoteric Lectures
Dr. Oskar Adler
June 4, 1875 May 15, 1955
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The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
The Testament of Astrology
Introduction to Astrology as an Esoteric Science
Third Sequence, Part One: The World of the Planets and Man
First Electronic Edition, 2002
Copyright 2002, Amy Shapiro
All Rights Reserved
ISBN: Pending
Produced in the United States of America by
ONLINE College of Astrology
E-Publishing Division
P.O. Box 85
Basye, Virginia 22810
Translated from original German by Zdenka Orenstein
Desktop publishing production and illustrations by Tuxedo Cat Enterprises,
Las Vegas, NV
Copyediting by Amy Shapiro
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
Table of Contents
First Lecture .............................................................................. 6
The Experience of World Rhythm as Messenger between Time and Eternity
The Women of Radak
The Planets as Mediators between Zodiac and Man
Planetary Clockwork and Cosmic Building Plan
The Pythagorean Triangle and Music of the Spheres
The Doctrine of the Music of the Spheres from Pythagoras to Schopenhauer
Second Lecture ......................................................................... 22
Between Non-being and Being
Overtones of Gods Word
The Numbers 3, 7 and 12
The Curtain before the Inner Sanctum
Caduceus and Rosicrucian Cosmogony
Geo-centric and Helio-centric Viewpoints
Polarity and Sexuality in the World of the Planets and in Music
Zodiac-places of the Planets, their Dignities and Weaknesses
Exaltation of the Sun and Moon
Third Lecture ........................................................................... 41
Planets and Cosmic Sense-organs
1 =3 =1
Polarity and Relativity
Definition of the Functions of the Seven Holy Planets
The Phoenix-bird
Fourth Lecture .......................................................................... 60
The Teachings of Ptolemy
The Planetary Symbols
Essence and Value of the Symbols
Mans Wandering through Time
The Planetary Experience as Gradation Experience
For here We have no Continuing City
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
Fifth Lecture ............................................................................ 76
The Individual in the Concert of the Stars
Sun and Moon as Representatives of the Two Poles of the Self
Conception and Birth
New-Moon- and Full-Moon-man
Solar and Lunar Eclipses
Maja --- Maria
Sixth Lecture ............................................................................ 94
The Moon Phases
The 24 Quarter-Moon Positions and their Importance
The Burden of the Cross
Seventh Lecture ....................................................................... 111
Moon in the 3 Fire-signs in relation to the Sun
Eighth Lecture ......................................................................... 127
Moon in the 3 Air-signs in relation to the Sun
Ninth Lecture .......................................................................... 143
Moon in the 3 Water-signs in relation to the Sun
Tenth Lecture .......................................................................... 157
Moon in the 3 Earth-signs in relation to the Sun
Appendix................................................................................. 171
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
First Lecture
We all must complete
Our lives cycles
According to
Eternal, iron,
Gigantic laws.
~ Goethe
Our observations of Zodiac and Man (Introduction to Astrology as Esoteric Wisdom,
Second Sequence: Zodiac and Man) have acquainted us with the eternal idea of man, of
which each individual man represents merely a transitory, dim image.
In the Zodiac lies the eternal idea of man, the eternal, transmundane source, whence
millions of human beings in the course of time enter life together or successively. In the
far distance of the fixed stars, the Zodiac represents the fixed, eternal background to
humanitys existence. Individual man, fallen from that idea into temporality, obeys the
faster rhythms of a world closer to us, which receives its laws of time and measure from
the turning, circling, and oscillating planets wandering around our Sun.
Eternity and temporality meet each other in individual man, and unite within him as his
heavenly and earthly legacy, to be disjoined again after a short time.
What divides gods from men? Many waves flow before those,
An eternal stream:
We are lifted by the wave, swallowed by the wave,
And we sink down.
~ Goethe, Limits of Mankind
It is just this lifting and sinking----the rhythm of life, which, in prehistoric times, was to
become the starting point of world-experience per se, the every-ready witness of the all-
relatedness of human life experienced in the souls deepest depths. Was not the rhythm of
breathing and heartbeat a miniature scion of what presented itself in ever mightier measures
in the sky, in the orbits of Sun and stars? And must it not necessarily enter the vital feeling
of man, albeit merely as a dark premonition, that the planets, from fast Moon to slow
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
Saturn, performing their precise dance on the immovable background of the fixed-star-sky,
present a strangely ordered chain of supermundane messengers, bringing to earthly man
tidings of eternal life, as divine mediators between time and eternity?
Allow me to begin this sequence with a truly esoteric experience, whose external ritual, if
I may call it so, has been transmitted to us in an especially primitive but very impressive
form by Chamisso. As one fruit of his Travel around the World, he brought home with
him a primitive poem, which he heard recited by the women of Radak (an island group
in the western Pacific), while they performed a peculiar dance, swimming and diving in
the ocean:
Dive in the sea,
Emerge from the sea,
Six times
The verses were repeated six times, accompanied by respective movements; whereafter at
the conclusion of this unusual dance, they exclaim:
Seven times!
Chamisso adds no commentary to this report. We see here before us obviously the remnant
of a religious ceremony, as the cosmic figures of six and seven (Sabbath) seem to prove.
We can easily discern how this ceremony may have originated. Daily those islanders see the
Sun and the stars sink into the ocean and rise again from it. The dance they perform is
probably a religious ceremony whose definite ritual aims at their joining in the harmony of
the cosmic rhythm. But this joining has a far deeper meaning than we notice at first. It
means no more nor less than the immediate experience of the one great world-breath in
which we are all included. We emerge from the sea and dive into the sea.
If we could see the cosmic cycle of the movements of the stars in a highly accelerated
pace-----the Planetarium, manufactured with such art and precision by Zeiss of Jena, may
give us a slight idea of this-----then we would actually become witnesses of the roundelay
dance of the stars: we would see the universe dance, swinging up and down, as the bodies
of the woman from the island of Radak, in the ocean.
But! We would still see more than the planetarium shows us. Amid the general rhythmic
dance of the worlds we would see man in his life-dance, as he rises from his bed in the
morning and sinks down on it in the evening, rise and sink down... we would see him being
born, grow, and sink into his grave; we would see Earth in rapid change of light and
darkness; in the pulse-beat of our own heart we would experience the arch living
metronome of all events, and with it our vital inclusion in this immense, breathing
world-edifice, incessantly pulsating like our heart.
May nobody believe that this vision merely exists in our imagination! It lives directly in
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
every one of us and is nothing other than what we call memory.
Memory possesses the ability to compress immense periods of time into one short moment.
The esoteric experience of the dance of world events grows out of this strength of memory,
passing through the times guided by rhythm; out of it grows the astrological world picture of
the function of the planets as time-indicators of all earthly laws.
It is a special form of memory which confronts us here. As repetition of the sameness in
thought, stifling the unique and unrepeatable, it appears like the vitalized conscience of
world-rhythm itself, of which it has become a diminished image-----as the picture in our eye
has become the diminished image of the outside.
We will take this memory-function of mans consciousness, through which he possesses
himself of world-rhythm, as a starting point for our reflections about the world of the planets
and man. In it we will see a bridge of similar importance to that which the human body
presented between the Self and the cosmos (See General Foundation, First Lecture).
Let us remember that we are already acquainted with two such bridges, showing the
solitary ego the road to the outside, as mediators: the human body as material bridge,
and numbers as intellectual bridge, between which sorrow and pain stood as emotional
experience-color or as emotional coefficient of unity: the function of memory as a reproducing
power, born out of the cosmic rhythm and as one with it, lets us also perceive a physical,
an emotional and an intellectual side. Their essence will be revealed to us by the functions
of the planets.
As the inventive mind of man sought to capture the rhythm of the planetary movement in
the technical miracle of the clock, thus providing a physical resonance-board, so the living
human body is a sort of organic clock, in whose mechanism an unknown moving power
keeps up the rhythm of pulse, breathing, circulation of the fluids, alternation of life assur-
ances, of wakefulness and sleep, of food intake and secretion of the residues.
But this clockwork of the human living body, in which the world-memory of the subcon-
scious thus proves itself, also reveals a logical side, since these periodical cycles of physical
life obey a numerical law, which has its model in the planetary movements. These numbers and
their mathematical relations-----obeying this numerical law-----now take on the form of values
of experience. In their rhythm, similar to ebb and flow, they are like search and loss, and
renewed search for the lost, renewed bereavement and renewed recovery-----in short, they
are like the circular road of all human endeavor. We can discover its periodical recurrence
in the life of individual man as well as in the historical course of mankinds development. A
perfect clock would self-correct, without outside help, by a system of built-in safeguards and
regulators, which may be steered by the course of the world itself. Such a regulator is
actually built into the human organism, which is revealed in the soul as pain and sorrow
when the clock needs repair, when it is about to be slow or fast. Again it is the function of
the planets which is assigned to steer the course into his time, into which he came from
eternity to Earth.
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
Herewith we arrive at the true nucleus of the task served by this part of our course. If we
could draw the basic astrological elements of humanism in general in the Second Sequence
(Zodiac and Man), we now must discover those basic elements responsible for the fact that
single man, with his special characteristics as an individual, appears on this background of
the generally human; the individual is correlated to that background as the individual is
related to the general, or the concrete to the so-called abstract.
Here a very important remark is necessary to prevent a disastrous misunderstanding.
To exoteric formal, logical thinking, it seems natural to accept as true and ultimately
attainable reality, the single thing, the concrete, while the comprehensive abstract
appears to it merely a thinking-tool, which has been introduced into thinking practice for
the purpose of economizing the mental armory, and that becomes more unreal as its
boundaries widen (as, for instance, the school of the nominalists taught, which saw in
every abstract concept nothing but names without reality).
Esoteric thinking distinguishes very sharply between such artificial or collective concepts
and the supermaterial ideas: from these perceptual sources, outlasting all concrete materializa-
tions, stem the less perfect single representatives which appear as impure copies of an
original. They would remain invisible without this tarnishing in matter.
The general idea of man, being stamped in matter, thereby undergoes that tarnishing which
makes the individual visible to our earthly view, as a shadow-picture on the projection-
screen of Earth; concrete, mortal man, after he has been fetched down, as through the
operation of a miraculous machine, from the immense distance of the fixed stars, from
eternity into temporality.
This miraculous machine, to which is given the ability to transpose the idea of man from
eternity into temporality, from the general into the special... this miraculous machine, through
which first of all time emerges from the womb of eternity, is the rhythm of oscillation per se;
for us people of Earth, the oscillation of the planets, the planetary world.
We have already spoken of this fact in the first two sequences of this course, although in
another sense. In the General Foundation we spoke of the planets as sort of transformers
or detectors, appointed to translate the otherwise unintelligible language of the Zodiac
radiation into earthly language; the planetary world thus became a sort of intermediate
world, or a mediator between the divine and the terrestrial part of the human being.
The drawing presented in the General Foundation shall be repeated here, to help us
remember this (see Figure 1 on next page).
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
Figure 1
As we dealt with the soil of mans heavenly roots in the Second Sequence, now we shall turn
our attention to the trunk of the human tree, or the miracle machine of his terrestrial
projection picture. In the sap of this trunk pulsates the rhythm of eternal life.
What then does this apparatus contribute to the creation of the concrete human form,
according to the constellation at his birth? This machine, which prepares the special mixture
of the maternal sap for individual man in ever varied form? What is each separate planets
share in the total result of this mixture, according to its special filtration power and its
momentary phase of movement, which associates it once to this and then to another part of
the Zodiac as its filter? To which composite sound are the thus-generated radiations of the
planets joined, bidding the human being, called to life on Earth, to fulfill his lifes task like
a sounding name? Calls, based on the eternal, iron, great law! Each person, born here, thus
becomes a resonator for a cosmic wave, whose cosmic sound becomes the proper name
conferred to him by the cosmos for the duration of his temporary existence.
All transposition from eternity into transitoriness all that takes place and the forming of all
reality in the concrete, moves on such a wave. The horoscope informs you of this wave,
which carried you from eternity into time, according to its law.
But as we surrender to such thoughts, we are seized by a strange feeling. What, if what we
have called time up to now in the sense of an entirely empty concept, should be more
than mere form of the inner vision, as Kant termed it? If the complete determination of
each moment of time through the oscillation phase of the cosmic wave were nothing but
the reality-potential of this phase? Then the total condition of the cosmic oscillation event
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
would become the index for the comprehension-----let us not be afraid of this word-----for
the comprehension of the quality of time of the constantly changing quality of now no
more empty time, that quality which impresses its color on all that is comprised in it from
eternity, so that only that can become a real event, which is able to absorb this specific color
of the moment.
Therefore, what will occur at its time, only tomorrow, cannot be realized today, and even
that, only according to its wave. Old wisdom seems to present itself thus in a new garb.
To every thing there is a season and a time to every purpose under heaven: A time
to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant and to gather that which is planted;
a time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down and a time to build up;
a time to weep and a time to laugh; a time to mourn and a time to dance; a time
to cast away stones and a time to gather stones together; a time to embrace and
a time to refrain from embracing; a time to gain and a time to lose; a time to
keep and a time to cast away; a time to rend and a time to sew; a time to keep
silence and a time to speak; a time to love and a time to hate; a time of war and
a time of peace...
~Ecclesiastes 3:1-8
Let us make clear what we have perceived so far. Each human individual represents a
transitory emanation, projected into time, of the pure, eternal, timeless idea of man. There-
fore he is necessarily only an imperfect, dimmed image of this idea. Dimness and
transitoriness are inseparably interdependent. The peculiarity of this dimness decides the
singularity of the human individual. Its measure is a law of time, which is signified by the
position of the hands of the planetary clockwork.
Our next task is to get acquainted with this clockwork of the planets by exploring its
relation to the eternal-human.
Having offered a contribution to the lore of mankind and an outline of human nature in
general in the preceding sequence Zodiac and Man, by interpreting the twelve regions of
the Zodiac, we are now no longer concerned about this general perception of man. Now we
are interested in the study of the cosmic basis for a perception of man, which is related to
that general lore of mankind as Individual psychology is to general psychology.
Therefore, our efforts must be aimed at finding the special law, within the generality of
human nature, responsible for the peculiarity of the formation of the individual, according
to the time of his birth, by reading from the hands of the planetary clock the nuance in the
color-scale of his purity-dimming.
Thus our task attains sharper outlines: it becomes the study of the working wheels of the
planetary clockwork. We plunge deeper into its laws. We follow with reverence the tracks of
the Universal-Mind. It is this Universal-Mind which created the planetary clockwork within
the human mind and power of perception. We follow with courage instilled in us by the
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
belief that man is a small part of this living clockwork himself, in which the laws of the
universe are also contained. We sense it in the depths of our Self, as was explained in the
first two lectures of the General Foundation.
So we will now start this exploration, trying to view at first the outside of this clockwork in
a purely exoteric sense.
The Sun, a fixed star among millions of others, is surrounded by a number of small worlds
circling it, of which at least one-----our Earth-----carries on its surface, on its firm crust, in its
oceans and streams, in the air around it, an abundance of living beings, plants, animals
and talking men-----that is the exterior picture this Sun-cosmos offers to us (compare the
introduction to Schopenhauers The World as Will and Imagination).
But since ancient times, in that period when Earth was still considered the spatial center of
the Sun-cosmos, it was observed that the planetary orbits occurred in certain numerical
relations to each other, behind which a law must be operating as the basic cause, which
seemed to rule the entire creative plan of the universe. Probably it will be no mistake
to assume that the wisdom of the priests in antiquity knew such laws, whose secret
significance is perhaps most clearly revealed in the famous theorem of Pythagoras.
This theorem, expressing that the three sides of a rectangular triangle are related to each
other in such a manner that the square above the hypotenuse equals the sum of the squares
above the two sides, can be termed the basis for all geometrical measuring definitions.
Another measuring definition is yet revealed in it, which adds a definition of value to the
mere measurement of length, confronting us directly with the esoteric experience of this
Observing the simplest Pythagorean triangle, that is a right-angled triangle whose side-lengths
can be expressed in whole numbers, we find the lengths of the sides standing to each other
in a relationship of 3:4:5. In this very same relationship stand the three tones of the triad in
music, which is in its part the basis for all tonal relations in music, as the Pythagorean
triangle is the starting point for all geometric definition of measure.
Considering the measurements of the three sides of the Pythagorean triangle as the lengths
of cords, we find as their consonance the minor triad; considering them as oscillation
numbers we find the major triad.
By comparison of the period of the planets revolution around the Sun, and later by
comparing the measurements of their distances from the Sun, and of the speed of their
movements, numbers were found, which in their relationships mirrored the laws of
musical harmony.
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
Figure 2
As by developing the Pythagorean triangle in the way of the above drawing, all other
relations of musical intervals can be found, so we perceive through development of a
simple numerical law in the course of the planetary movements the expression of an
enormous world music of which the earthly music represents only a fragment placed into
the small, human-----as the beating heart represents a fragment of the world-rhythm. We
will now attempt to give a rough picture of the various forms which this side of the great
world harmony (whose greatest interpreter was Johannes Kepler) has taken in the course
of time.
For this purpose we will first present a short summary of the measurements of our solar
These figures were accurate when Dr. Adler taught in the 1930s. Refer to any modern astronomy book for updated
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
Antiquity, whose official astrology placed Earth first of all spatially in the center of the
universe, and thus took the later so-called geocentric point of view (whose main represen-
tative is supposed to be Ptolemy)-----antiquity thus stood in a certain opposition to the
Copernican system valid today, which places the Sun in the center of the planetary world
(a heliocentric point of view). But, in spite of this contrast, both these notions have a
common measure of time. This is derived from the rotation of the Earth around itself; it is
a legacy from ancient astronomy which could be accepted by modern astronomy as basic
measure for all definitions of time, undiminished.
Perhaps we can understand the relationship between geocentric and heliocentric astronomy
in this way: that our modern astronomy is geocentric with regard to time and heliocentric
with regard to space, while this heliocentric viewpoint is valid only for our planetary
system, and is dissolved into uncertainty in relation to the fixed-star sky. Since the content
of all esoteric planetary experience is the function of time and its rhythmic measure, the
geocentric viewpoint remains even today the viewpoint of esoteric astrology, and man
with his beating heart the point of Archimedes world-experience. [Translators note:
Archimedes said: Give me a place to stand and I will move the earth.]
This explains that the people of antiquity must have come to a theory concerning the
planets, whose ordering principle was the times of movement of the separate members of
their system. It began with the Moon as the fastest and ended with Saturn as the slowest of
the planets then known. The order thus created was: Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars,
Jupiter, and Saturn. In the heliocentric system, the spatial relations-----the distances of the
planets to the Sun-----became the decisive ordering principle. The new grouping, from the
planet closest to the Sun to that farthest in distance from the Sun, was therefore: Mercury,
Venus, Earth with Moon, Mars, the asteroids, Jupiter, Saturn and further on, the planets
discovered only in recent times: Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.
Common to all times was the search for the law upon which the cosmic relations, temporal
as well as spatial, were built, thus to warrant the great unity of the universe.
We will now try to give a short summary of the separate historical phases of this search for
the numerical key to the building plan of the world of the planets.
As the ancestor of all such endeavors, we must again name Pythagoras. The fact that the
relations of the elementary numbers 3 : 4 : 5 were the measurements of the Pythagorean
triangle as well as those of all musical harmony, leads us to seek the origin of this
concurrence in a numerical harmony in the universe, whose internally experienced
reflection was the mental structure of mathematics and its validity in space, as well as
the musical edifice of sounds in time. Thus evolved the doctrine of the harmony of the
spheres, which saw the Pythagorean numbers and their internal logical equivalent working
everywhere to build the universe, whose harmony was revealed in heaven as the concord
of the seven planetary potencies, each of whom added its special sound to the great
world-music, corresponding to the seven tones of the diatonic scale of earthly music
(See General Foundation, Fifth Lecture).
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
The numerical laws which determine the interval-relations of earthly music therefore form a
sort of mirror of the laws governing the celestial music; he who could listen to it would be
initiated in their secret!
Therefore, geometry (measurement in space) and music (number experienced in time) are
closely related.
Nobody who knew not mathematics and music was permitted to enter the temple of
Pythagorean teachings.
About 2000 years later the world was given the intellectual heir of Pythagoras, Kepler-----his
chosen pupil.
Faith in the divine order of the universe enlightened the road of his intuition. He too
became a seeker for a blueprint of the world, as the titles of his two main works reveal:
Secrets of Creation in the Depths of the World and Harmonies of the World. He too
meditated upon the secrets of Pythagorean numbers, which he rediscovered accurately
as the musical building stones that fix the measurements of the planetary functions.
Velocities and periods of rotation of the planets stand in musical relationship to one
another, which he calculates according to their exact tone- and interval-relationships;
deviations and renewed harmonizations change, as they do in earthly music. Finally he
even calculates the arch-harmony of the first day of creation, the total-tonality of the
world, which only the pure spirit envisions:
The incomprehensibly exalted works
Are glorious----- as on the first day!
~ Goethe, Faust
If rotational periods and velocities are subject to harmonic law, then so too must be the
measurements in space!
In what numerical relations do the rotation periods, velocity, and distance stand to
each other?
Here Keplers intuition, inspired by Pythagoras, bestowed a present upon mankind,
worthy to be placed side by side with Pythagoras theorem-----Pythagoras, of whom the
oracle of Delphi prophesied to his parents that they were destined to have a son who
was going to present a lofty gift to all mankind. Just as exalted a present to mankind are
the three laws of Kepler, the esoteric side of which we will study later. In the third of
these theorems, the above-mentioned association has been thus formulated:
The squares of the rotation periods of the planets are related to each other as the cubes of
their median distance from the Sun. But Kepler sought beyond these numerals for a
blueprint of the world structure, which so-to-speak defined the limits within which its
The Testament of Astrology - 2002, All Rights Reserved
possibilities take effect.
The model of the perfection which gives itself its own limits is the fact that only five regular
symmetrical bodies are possible; that is, bodies which are built symmetrically in the three
dimensions of space, with one common center. These five regular bodies, whose surface is
built in regular level faces, are only bound by equilateral triangles, squares, or pentagons,
corresponding to the digits 3, 4 and 5. Four-faced bodies (tetrahedron), eight-faced bodies
(octahedron), and twenty-faced bodies (dodecahedron) show triangles as parts of their
surface; the six-plane body (cube and hexahedron) squares, and twelve-faced body-----
Kepler placed these five bodies inside each other in such a manner that the spheres
circumscribed or inscribed in them actually revealed in the relationship between their
radii, the corresponding relationships of the radii of the planetary orbits.
At the outside is the cube; then follow:
and finally, Octahedron
Along the sphere circumscribing the cube orbits Saturn; along that inscribed in the cube,
Jupiter; into this sphere Kepler then placed the tetrahedron; the sphere inscribed in it
carried the orbit of Mars on its surface. Into this third or Mars-sphere, Kepler placed the
dodecahedron, whose inscribed sphere carried the orbit of the Earth, while the orbit of
Venus lay on the surface of the sphere inscribed into the icosahedron, which is inserted in
the sphere of the Earth orbit. Finally the octahedron, which is inserted in the sphere of the
Venus orbit, had Mercury circling along its inside.
It would lead us too far to enter more deeply into this construction plan of Keplers but
it shall not be concealed that Kepler, based on this audacious blueprint, arrived at the
bold conclusion that between Jupiter and Mars must exist an unknown planet: INTRA
JOVEM ET MARTEM POSUI PLANETUM: Between Jupiter and Mars I put a planet.
About 170 years later the so-called planetoids were found in the corresponding place.
The idea of the sounding of the basic interval in the planetary system was taken up with
special mathematical exactitude by the Viennese scholar Dr. Ernst Mller in an essay:
Harmony of the Planetary System. This paper is especially interesting because the
idea of time is revealed in it with great clarity. Mller calculates the times when each
individual planet, as seen from Earth, stands in one line with the Sun (as, for instance,
the two hands of a clock), and he places the time values thus obtained into numerical
relationship to each other.
There is found between:
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Mercury and Venus a pure third relationship 1 : 5
Mercury and Mars a pure quint relationship 2 : 3
Mars and Jupiter a pure octave relationship 1 : 2
So that now the following order results:
Mercury : Mars : Jupiter : Venus =2 : 3 : 6 : 10.
About one hundred years after Kepler, Sir Isaac Newton discovered the law of gravita-
tion, which traced back to a single active cause, namely the general attraction of the
masses, Keplers laws of the distinct relations between rotation periods and distances
from the Sun. This gravitation law further demonstrated the compelling proof that the
orbits of the planets must actually be ellipses, in one of whose foci stands the Sun (First
Law of Kepler). While Newton had thus given the physical perception basis for the
uniformity of the planetary movements, so, again about 100 years later, Immanuel Kant
completed the picture of the inner cohesion of the world structure by his dogma of the
common origin of our solar system, and its development from the arch-state of a cosmic
rotating nebula, whose gradual condensation produced in the end the present state of
a number of planets circling around the Sun as their center, which are altogether
separated parts of one originally united mass, still faithfully attached to the Sun as
their common mother.
The original nebulae-mass, which extended beyond the orbit of the farthest planet (at
that time, Saturn), eventually being condensed, left behind-----seemingly residues in the
evolution-way of its progressive condensation-----in the relative utmost limits of its con-
tinuously condensed body, one by one, the single planets, which show (as the degree
of their distances from the Sun diminish) a steadily growing density. (This is only
approximately valid). This ejection of the separate condensed parts of the Sun naturally
took place in the area of the central bodys equator, since the centrifugal forces have
their greatest power there. All planets, therefore, circle not only in the same direction,
but the planes of their orbits all lie close to the plane of the Suns equator.
Thus Kant adds an important item to the legacy of Kepler, the esoteric importance of which
we have already mentioned in the General Foundation: the dogma of the evolutionary
homogeneousness of all members of our solar system, whereby the single planets
correspond to the consecutive evolution-stages of the Sun itself.
Kant not only appears as renewer of Keplers ideas, but also as the true student of
mystical cosmic intuition, inspired by the spirit of Pythagoras. He surmises, from the
fact of the scale-like growth in density, a kind of evolutionary scale of the organizational
level of those beings who dwell on the planets-----those beings who, the more subtle the
bodies are in which they are destined to act, can assume an ever higher spiritual level,
so that beings most robustly organized become embodied in densest matter, therefore,
enjoy the advantage of closest proximity to the Sun
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About 40 years after Kants Natural History and Theory of the Heavens, Laplace
published a cosmogonic theory, which conforms in its outline to Kants theory, which we shall
not explore in this short sketch. Laplaces theory is essentially more materialistically
slanted and endeavors to keep aloof from all Pythagorean speculation.
Soon after Kants hypothesis became known, the Wittenberg professor Titius published
(1766) his tables of planetary distances, later known as Titius-Bodes theory. He had found
an active law, until then unnoticed, showing the Pythagorean idea of a numerical harmony
in the universe in a new light (See General Foundation, Fifth Lecture). Accepting the
distance of the planet Saturn from the Sun as 100, he obtained the following order:
4 (4 +3) (4 +6) (4 +12) (4 +24) (4 +48) (4 +96)
Mercury Venus Earth Mars
Jupiter Saturn
Soon afterward, in place of the fifth-----missing-----member, the first of the planetoids was
discovered, of which we know today total more than 700. A new Newton is still wanting
today, to discover the reason of this order.
Schopenhauer in his own way again takes up the old Pythagorean idea of an order of the
spheres. Apparently without noticing it, he obtains thereby a strange mental harmony
with Keplers views of a regulating world-music. According to his Metaphysics of Music
(second volume of The World as Will and Imagination), music is directly experienced
resonance of the organization of the universe, and especially of this organizations hierarchy, in
which are revealed four objectivational grades of will, one above the other, as: the
realms of minerals, plants, animals and man. The four-voice-harmony, which seems to
him the most perfect, mirrors this gradation in form of bass, tenor, alto and soprano;
soprano corresponds to the human realm, bass to the mineral realm.
As belonging in this context, we might quote a strange remark of Schopenhauer about
the music of the planets.
Regarding the Pythagorean harmony of the spheres it should be calculated what
chord accord would result, if a series of tones, corresponding to the different
velocities of the planets, were arranged so that Neptune should supply the bass
and Mercury the soprano.
~ Parerga and Paralipomena, II, 826
But Kepler had already remarked that in the world music, which he too called four-parts,
the two outermost planets, Saturn and Jupiter, sang the bass; Mars the tenor; and Earth
together with Venus, the alto, while Mercury sang the treble.
The idea of a series, expressed in the Titius-Bode formula, is extremely precise, formulated
in a sort of astrological speculation, with which he, usually rather averse to astrology,
terminates the first volume of his Parerga and Paralipomena:
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to be sure, the individuals line of life is not predetermined by the planets, as
astrology would have it; but the line of life of man in general, insofar as to each
epoch a planet corresponds in strict order, and his life is therefore successfully
ruled by all planets. In the 10
year of life Mercury rules. As this planet, man
moves easy and swift in the narrowest circle: he is swerved by trifles but he learns
much and easily under the rule of the God of cunning and eloquence. With his
year the rule of Venus starts: love and women totally own him. In the 30
year Mars rules: man now becomes defiant, impetuous, vigorous, brave, and martial.
In his 40
year the four planetoids rule: his life is now amplified, he serves the
useful, according to Vesta, he has learned all he needs to know according to
Pallas, and according to Juno the lady of his house, his wife, rules (here follows
an ironical remark). In his 50
year Jupiter rules. Man has already survived most
of his contemporaries and he feels superior to the new generation. Still enjoying his
full vitality, he is rich in experience and knowledge: he has, according to his
individuality and position, authority over his entire environment. He is not willing
to be ruled any more; he himself means to rule. It is now he is best fitted to be a
leader and ruler in his sphere. Thus Jupiter culminates and 50-year-old man with
him. But then Saturn follows in his 60
year and with him the heaviness, slow-
ness, and tenacity of lead. At last there is Uranus. As the saying is: there one goes
to heaven. Neptune, thus called unfortunately by thoughtlessness, I cannot con-
sider here because I may not call it by its true name, which is Eros. If I could, I
would demonstrate how the end is linked with the beginning, how Eros stands
in secret connection with death, according to which Orcus (the underworld of
the Romans) or Amenthes, of the Egyptians, the [ is
not the only one who takes, but also the giver, and that death is the great
reservoir of life. Therefore, out of Orcus everything comes, and everything now
alive has already been there
With this final note to his Aphorisms to Lifes Wisdom, Schopenhauer confronts us again
with the fundamental experience of world rhythm, with the alternate rising and diving out
of time into eternity-----with the rise and dive in the bottomless, inscrutable ocean of world-
memory. Rising and Diving, as Camissos nave islanders of Radak felt dimly in their child-
like dance.
Comparing such esoterically inspired perceptions, which continue from Pythagoras time
until the present day through all stages of astronomic----natural-----philosophical research,
with what the materialistic conception of some modern physicists would like to put in
place of such mystic speculations, we are again confronted with the specter of an
absurd accident. This accident is supposed to have created organic life on our Earth, a
very rare, if not unique, occurrence in the universe. The reasons are supposed to be the
conditions only found on this Earth: a temperature of such and such degrees, water,
air, etc.-----conditions which alone make life possible, while on the other hand, the
planets owe their origin not to a constructive, but a destructive action: they circle our
Sun now as shattered pieces of a second Sun, which may have orbited in the way of the
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double stars on the fixed star sky.
Small Earth, the only one among the millions of stars animated by an unfortunate
accident inhabited by thinking men who were made the unhappy witnesses of a completely
senseless world existence by that accident! Excuse me for refraining from arguing against such
ideas, which have already been rejected in Lectures One and Two of the General Foundation,
from the viewpoint of esoteric thinking.
Nobody who once tasted of Pythagoras wisdom can fall victim to them. Since it was
important to fortify ourselves, emotionally, mentally, and not least, morally, for the great
task awaiting us, we will today let the words of Kepler impress us, those words with which
he concludes his great work Harmonices Mundi. May they act as a call to awaken for
all those who are still entangled in materialistic sleep.
Tycho Brahe thought that those world-globes were not deserted and desolate,
but inhabited. Why should then I hesitate to think that the motley mutation seen
on our Earth-globe should not by Gods decree be realized on other world-globes
too? He who has created those species living in water whereto never a breath of
air penetrates which those creatures could inhale; who has put in the wide realm
of the air winged animals with shining pinions; Who has given to the snow-
covered lands of the north the polar bear and the white fox, and gave them there
whales and birds eggs for nourishment; who gave to the steaming hot deserts
of Arabia lions, and camels to the far-spread plains of Syria, endowing them
with the capacity to endure hunger and thirst: should He have exhausted all His
competence on Earth? Should He not be able to endow with His great good-
ness the other world-bodies also, according to His will? To equip them richly
with creatures fitted to either length or shortness of the rotational period, to
remoteness or proximity to the Sun, to the varieties of the eccentricities, of
brilliance or darkening of the celestial lights, which shine forth in some
heavenly region?
With similar logic we may also advance conjectures regarding the solar orb,
which stem from the harmonies and everything connected with them. They are
of heavenly weight and we may link them with other conjectures appertaining to
the natural, and not the spiritual, realm, more adaptable to common opinions.
Is that orb empty, and are all those others replete, while everything else is
purposefully arranged? If the Sun should exhale black clouds like the clouds
on Earth? If the Sun, through the spots burning out of it and encircling it
luminously, should radiate light with its whole fiery body in brilliant little
flames, as Earth is being moistened by fertilizing rains and grows green forever?
To whom would such arrangement serve, if the universe itself were waste?
Oh all the senses cry unanimously: here dwell fire-filled bodies, capable of
grasping direct intuition. Here in Sun rules the Spirit-fire, if not as king so at
least in his royal fortress.
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Fortified and awakened by such words, we will now begin our task of investigating the
powers which the single planets contribute, to bring individual mans picture down from
the Zodiac perspective to Earth; which laws of the great clockwork are here at work, in
whose secret mechanism we have tried today to cast a timid look.