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GRAY Professor (Emeritus) of Civil and

Environmental Engineering
Technical Publications
Books and Book Chapters:
Biotechnical and Soil Bioengineering Slope Stabilization, John Wiley
and Sons, New York, N.Y., 1996 (with R. Sotir)
Biotechnical Slope Protection and Erosion Control, Van Nostrand
Reinhold Co., New York, N.Y. 1982, (with A. Leiser).
Geotechnical Engineering of Land Disposal Systems, In: The Landfill:
Reactor and Final Storage, ed., by Peter Baccini, Springer-Verlag,
New York, pp. 145-175, 1989
Biotechnical Slope Protection and Erosion Control, In: A Look Back for
Future Geotechnics, ed., by S.Wu, Z. Wohua, and R.D. Woods, Oxford
and IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi, pp. 1-14, 2001
Geotechnical Aspects of Landfill Design and Construction, Prentice Hall,
New York, 2001 (with Xuede Qian and Robert M.Koerner)
Articles in Refereed Journals:
Stabilization of Coastal Slopes by Anchored Geosynthetic Systems, J. of
Geotechnical Engineering (ASCE), Vol. 123, No. GT8, pp. 736-743,
1998 (with G. Hossein and R. Hryciw)
A Circular Arc Test for Soil-Geosynthetic Interface Strength,
Geotechnical Testing Journal (GTJOJ), Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 407-413,
1997 (w/ R. Hryciw and H. Ghiassian)
Landform Grading and Slope Evolution, J. of Geotechnical Engineering,
(ASCE), Vol. 121, No. GT10, pp. 729-734, 1995 (with Horst Schor)
"Biotechnical Stabilization of a Highway Cut", J. of Geotechnical
Engineering (ASCE), Vol. 118, No. GT10, 1992, (with R.B. Sotir).
"Effects of Woody Vegetation on the Structural Integrity of Sandy
Levees," Water Resources Bulletin, Vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 917-931,
1992 (with D. Shields)
"Static Response of Sands Reinforced with Randomly Distributed
Fibers," J. of Geotechnical Engineering (ASCE), Vol. 116, No. 11,
pp.1661-77,1990, (with M. Maher).
"Resonant Column Tests on Partially Saturated Sands," ASTM
Geotechnical Testing Journal, Sept. '91 (with X. Qian & R. Woods)

"Thermally Driven Electrical Coupling Effects and Pore Water
Advection in Soils," Transportation Research Record 1288, NAS-
NRC, pp. 10-14, 1990.
"Two Electric Potential Signatures of Serial Diurnal Frost," Physical
Geography, Vol. 9, pp. 354-360, 1988 (with S. Outcalt).
"Soil Temperature and Electric Potential During Diurnal and Seasonal
Freeze-Thaw," Cold Regions Science and Technology, Vol.16, pp.
37-43, 1989 (with S. Outcalt and W. Benninghoff).
Behavior of Fabric- vs. Fiber-Reinforced Sand, Journ. of Geotech-
nical Engr. (ASCE), Vol. 112, No. 8, pp. 804-820, August 1986.

Model for Piping-Plugging in Earthen Structures, Journ. of Geo-
technical Engr. (ASCE), Vol. 111, No. 7, pp. 833-846, July 1985
(with K. Khilar).
Capillary Effects on Dynamic Modulus of Sands and Silts, Journ. of
Geotechnical Engr. (ASCE), Vol. 110, No. 9, pp. 1188-1203, Sept.
1984 (with F.E. Richart and S. Wu).
"Mechanics of Fiber Reinforcement in Sand," Journ. of Geotechnical
Engr. (ASCE), Vol. 109, No. 3, pp. 335-353, 1982, (with H. Ohashi).
"Forest Vegetation Removal and Slope Stability in the Idaho Batholith,"
USDA Research Paper INT-271, May 1981, ( W. Megahan).
Combined Structural-Vegetative Slope Stabilization, Civil Engineering-
ASCE, Vol. 52, No. 1, pp. 82-85, 1980 (with A.T. Leiser and C.A.
Influence of Nearshore Till Lithology on Lateral Variations in Coastline
Recession Rate Along Southern Lake Michigan, Journal of Great
Lakes Research, Intl. Assoc. Great Lakes Res., Vol. 5,
No. 1, pp. 78-83, 1979 (with B. Wilkinson).
"Engineering Properties of Sludge Ashes," Journal of Water Pollution
Control Federation, Vol 44, pp. 847-858, 1978 (with C. Penessis).
"Drainage and Dewatering of Mine and Mill Tailings," Soc. of Mining
Engineers of AIME, Transactions, Vol. 264, pp. 1685-90, May 1976
(with F. Somogyi).

"Engineering Properties of Compacted Fly Ash," Journal of Soil
Mechanics and Foundations Division, ASCE, Vol. 98, No. SM4, pp.
361-380, April 1972 (with Y.K. Lin).
Engineering Properties of Sludge Ashes, Journal of Water Pollution
Control Federation, Vol. 44, pp. 847-858, 1972 (with C. Penessis).
Thixotropic Behavior of Compacted Clays, Journal of Soil Mechanics and
Foundations Division, ASCE, Vol. 97, No. SM1, pp. 193-207, Jan 1971
(with N. Kashmeeri).

"Effects of Forest Clearcutting on the Stability of Natural Slopes," Bulletin
of the Assoc. of Engineering Geologists, Vol. 7, Nos. 1 & 2, pp. 45-65,
Electrochemical Hardening of Clay Soils, Geotechnique, Vol. 20,
No.1, pp. 81-93, 1970.
"Electrochemical Alteration of Clay Soils," Clays and Clay Minerals,
Vol 17, No. 5, pp. 309-322, 1969.
"Prevention of Moisture Rise in Capillary Systems by Electric Short
Circuiting," Nature, Vol 223, pp. 371-373, 1969
Fundamental Aspects of Electo-osmosis in Soils, Journal of the Soil
Mechanics and Foundations Division, ASCE, Vol. 93, pp. 209- 236,
1967 (with J.K. Mitchell).
Effects of Stress on the Permeability of Sandstones, SPE Journal, AIME,
pp. 95-100, June 1963 (with I. Fatt).
Shorter Communications and Notes in Refereed Journals:
"Electro-Osmotic Dewatering with Polarity Reversals," Journal of
Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 103, No. GT1, pp. 51-54,
1977 (with F. Somogy).
"Reinforcement and Stabilization of Soil by Vegetation," Journal of
Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 100, No. GT6, pp. 695-699.

"Radial vs. Parallel Ties Arrays in Earth Backfills", Journal of
Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 109, No. GT7, pp. 982-
986,1983 (with J. Lott).

Refereed Conference Proceedings:
Movement of Moisture and Dissolved Salts into Concrete Foundations,
In: Advances in Unsaturated Geotechnics , Proceedings, Geo-Denver
2000 Conference, Geotech. Spec. Publ.#99, ASCE Press, pp. 543-554,
Aug 2000
Containment Strategies for Landfilled Wastes, Proceedings, GEO-
ENVIRONMENT 2000, ASCE-GT Specialty Conference, Geotech.
Spec. Pub. #46, ASCE Press, pp. 484-498, Feb 1995
"Strategies and Techniques for Geo-containment of Toxic Wastes,"
Proceedings, Intl. Conference of Geoconfinement of Toxic Wastes,
GEOCONFINE 93, pp. 213-217, Montpellier, France, June 1993.
"Biotechnical Stabilization of Coastal Landforms," Proceedings, Intl.
RipRap Workshop, Vol. 1: pp. 341-356, Fort Collins, CO, July 1993
(with R. Hryciw)
"Biotechnical Stabilization of Cut and Fill Slopes," Proceedings,
ASCE-GT Specialty Conference on Embankments & Slopes,
Geotech. Spec. Publ. #31, Vol. 2: pp. 1395-1410, July, 1992
(with R.B. Sotir).
"Fill Slope Repair Using Soil Bioengineering Systems", Proceedings,
Intl. Erosion Control Assoc. Conf., Vancouver, B.C., pp. 413-429,
February 1989, (with R. Sotir).

"Fly Ash Utilization in Cut-Off Wall Backfill Mixes," Proceedings, 9th Intl
. Fly Ash Utilization Symposium, Vol. 2: Stabilization & Aquatic Uses,
EPRI GS-7162, Orlando, FLA, January1991 (with W. Weber et al.)

"Post Construction Monitoring and Performance Evaluation of a
Cement Stabilized Fly Ash Base," Proceedings, 9th. Intl. Ash Use
Symposium, Vol. 2: Stabilization & Aquatic Uses, EPRI GS-7162,
pp. 45:1-16, Orlando, FLA, January 1991, (with Tons & Berry).

"Stress-Deformation Response of Geotextile Reinforced Granular
Structures", Proceedings, Geosythetics '89 Conference, San
Diego, Calif., pp. 373-384, February 1989 (with M. Kaldjian &
Cho-sen Wu).
Admixture Stabilization of Sands with Random Fibers, Proceedings,
12th Intl. Conf. on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engr., Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil, 1989 (with M. Maher).
"Diffusional Transport of Hazardous Waste Leachate Across Clay
Barriers," Proceedings, 7th Annual Madison Waste Conf., Univ. of
Wisconsin, Madison, pp. 373-389, Sept. 1984 (with W. Weber).
Retaining Wall Stability Program, Proceedings, 2nd National Conf. on
Microcomputers in Civil Engineering, Univ. of Florida, Orlando,
pp. 34-38, October 1984 (with B. Sun).
"Engineering Properties Affecting Disposal of Red Muds," Proceeding,
Conf. on Geotechnical Practice for Disposal of Solid Wastes, GT-
Spec/ Conference, pp.1-22, June 1977 (with F. Somogyi).
The Hydrology and Stability of Cutover Slopes, Proceedings,
Symposium on Interdisciplinary Aspects of Watershed Mgt, ASCE,
Bozeman, Montana, pp. 295-326, August 1970.
Government and Industrial Association Reports:
"Use of Coal Ash in Highway Construction: Michigan Demonstration
Project," EPRI Report No. GS-7175, 130 pp, Feb 1991 (w/ E.Tons).
"Biotechnical Stabilization Methods," D.H. Gray, ed., Proceedings,
Workshop on Biotechnical Stabilization Methods, University of
Michigan Cont. Engr. Educ., Ann Arbor, August1991, sponsored by
NSF Prog on Geomechanics., Geotechnology, and Geo-Envl Sys.
"Effect of Vegetation on the Structural Stability of Levees," Technical
Report REMR-EI-106, US Army Waterways Experiment Station.,
August 1989, 125 pp, (with D. Shields and others).
Vegetative-Structural Slope Protection for Rehabilitation of Disturbed
Areas in Redwood National Park, Final Report to The National Park
Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Sept. 1979.