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MUGHALS RULE IN INDIA

Important Rulers
1. Babar - 1526 1530 AD
2. Humayun - 1530 1540 AD & 1555 1556 AD
3. Shershah Suri - 1540 1545 AD
4. Akbar - 1556 1605 AD
5. Jahangir - 1605 1627 AD
6. Shahjahan - 1627 1657 AD
7. Aurangzeb - 1657 1707 AD

1. BABAR ( 1526 30 AD)
- Founder of Mughal Dynasty in India
- Defeated Ibrahim Lodi in 1
st
Battle of Panipat (1526 AD)
- Wrote his Auto-biography Tuzuki-e-Baburi (Babar Naama), in Turkish Language. It means,
Memories of Babar.

2. HUMAYUN (1530 40 AD, 1555 56 AD)
- Son of Babar
- Defeated by Shershah and fled away to Iran
- Gulbandan begum, sister wrote his Auto-biography Humayun Naama.

3. SHERSHAH SURI (1540 45 AD)
- Founder of Sur Dynasty (Afghans) in India.
- Introduced Pattadri System (Pattas to Farmers), Silver Rupia, Gold Mohar.
- Successors: Islam Shah (1545 53 AD) , Sikindar Shah (1553 55 AD)

4. AKBAR (1556 1605 AD)
- At the time of Humayun death, his son Akbar was just 14 years old. So, Hem raj occupied the throne
in Agra.
- Then Akbar marched from Amarkot, Rajasthan to Agra with his guardian Bairam Khan and waged
2
nd
Battle of Panipat (1556 AD).
- Abolished Jijiya, Pilgrimage tax
- Introduced a new religion called, Din-i-Ilahi (1582 AD).
- Introduced Mansabdari System; a rank in Civil & Army administration.

5. JAHANGIR (1605 1627 AD)
- Son of Akbar, (Real Name- Salim, Wife- Mehurnnisa)
- After marriage, he gave her title Noorjahan (Light of World).
- But her domination in rule led to a civil war with her brother Asaf Khan, Military Chief (Father of
Mumtaj Begum).
- Finally he jailed Noorjahan and made his Son-in-law, Shah Jahan as the emperor.

6. SHAH-JAHAN (1627 1657 AD)
- He built Taj Mahal, Agra and Red Fort, Delhi.
- He took 22 years (1631 1653) for completion of Tajmahal (Ustad Isa).
- He has 4 sons Darashikov, Murad, Aurangzeb, and Shahshuja. But Aurangzeb, killed all his 3
brothers, imprisoned his father and occupied the throne.

7. AURANGZEB (1657 1707 AD)
- Third Son of Shahjahan
- Annexed Bijapur (1686 AD) and Golconda (1687 AD), Renewed Jijiya tax.


VIJAYANAGARA KINGDOM (1336 1680 AD)
Important Dynasties
1. Sangamas : 1336 1485 AD
2. Salvas : 1485 1505 AD
3. Tuluvas : 1505 1570 AD
4. Aravetis : 1570 1680 AD

- Founders are Hariraya I & Bukkaraya I of Sangama Dynasty (1336 AD).
- But actually this period is ruled by Mohd. Bin Tughlaq (1335 51 AD).

- Sri Krishna Devaraya (1509 1529 AD)
- Considered to be the Greatest Ruler, belongs to Tuluva dynasty.
- Yavvanarajya Sthapanacharya, Andhra Bhoja was his famous titles.
- He defeated Bijapur and Orissa.
- He built Hazararama Swamy Temple in Hampi, Karnataka.
- He wrote Jambhavati Parinayam in Sanskrit and Aamuktha Malayada in Telugu.
- His court Bhuvanavijayam has Ashta Diggajas (8 Poets),

1. Allasani Peddana - Manu Charitra
2. Tenali Ramakrishnudu - Panduranga Mahatyam
3. Dhurjati - Kaalahasthi Mahatyam
4. Pingali Suranna - Kalaa Purnodayam
5. Ramaraja Bhushana - Vasu Charitra
6. Rama Bhadra - Sakala Neethisara Sangraham
7. Mallana - Rajasekhara Charitra
8. Nandi Thimmana - Paarijatha Apaharanam

- Battle of Tallikota/ Bannihatti/ Rakhasa Tangadi (1565 AD) led to the fall of the Vijayanagara
Kingdom.
- In this war The Vijayanagara Kings (Aliya Ramaraya, Sadasiva Raya) fought with Bahamani Sultans of
Bidar, Ahmadnagar, Bijapur and Golconda.

BAHAMANI KINGDOM (1347 AD)
- Alauddin Hasan Bahmanshah (Hasan Gangu) Proclaimed Independence during the rule of Mohd. Bin
Tughlaq.
- Mohd. Shah III was the important ruler. (Mohd. Gawan, Prime Minister)
S.NO Territory Ruled By Annexed By
1. Birar Imadshahi Dynasty Sultan of Ahmad Nagar (1574 AD)
2. Bidar Baridshahi Dynasty Sultan of Bijapur (1619 AD)
3. Ahmad Nagar Nizamshahi Dynasty Mughal Ruler Shahjahan (1633 AD)
4. Bijapur Adishahi Dynasty Mughal Ruler Aurangzeb (1686 AD)
5. Golconda Qutubshahi Dynasty Mughal Ruler Aurangzeb (1687 AD)





MARATHA KINGDOM/ BHONSLE DYNASTY
- Chatrapathi Sivaji, Greatest ruler among Marathas.
- Father: Shaji Bhonsle, Mother: Jijiyabhai, Guardian: Dadaji Kandev
- Spiritual Guru: Samarda Ramadas
- An exponent in Guerrilla Warfare techniques.
- Defeated Afzal Khan of Bijapur (1659 AD)
- Defeated Military General of Aurangzeb, Shaistha Khan (Surat) in 1664.
- Introduced new taxes Chauth (1/4
th
revenue from areas under Sivajis rule), Sardeshmukhi (1/10
th

revenue must be paid to King).
- His court has Ashta-Pradhanas (8 Ministers)
1. Peshwa : Prime Minister
2. Amathya : Finance Minister
3. Mantri : Home Minister
4. Sumanth : Foreign Minister
5. Sachiva : Royal Correspondence
6. Senapathi : Military Chief
7. Nyayadish : Judiciary Chief
8. Panditarao : Religious Head


K. Vamsee Krishna,