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RTU500 series Remote Terminal Unit

Function Description Release 11


Part 1: Overview

Function Description Release 11

ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1
Revision

Document identity: 1KGT 150 793 V001 1
Revision: Date: Changes:
0 1/2013 Initial version
1 5/2013 New layout


Function Description Release 11

ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 I
Contents
1 Introduction ................................................................................. 1-1
2 RTU500 series application and features ................................... 2-1
2.1 Overview ........................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 Application ........................................................................................ 2-1
2.3 Features ............................................................................................ 2-2
2.4 System design .................................................................................. 2-3
2.5 System concept ................................................................................ 2-4
3 System overview ......................................................................... 3-1
3.1 Cyber security .................................................................................. 3-1
3.2 Telecontrol functions ....................................................................... 3-1
3.3 External communication .................................................................. 3-2
3.4 PLC development system ................................................................ 3-2
3.5 System redundancy ......................................................................... 3-3
3.6 Status and diagnostic information .................................................. 3-3
3.7 Local Print and Local Archive ......................................................... 3-3
3.8 Integrated Human Machine Interface (HMI) .................................... 3-4
4 Safety instructions ...................................................................... 4-1
4.1 Introduction ...................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Safety indication symbols ............................................................... 4-1
4.3 Applicable standards and directives for installation and
operation ........................................................................................... 4-1
4.4 Qualified personnel .......................................................................... 4-2
4.5 Intended use ..................................................................................... 4-2
4.6 Warnings and Cautions ................................................................... 4-3
5 Installation instructions .............................................................. 5-1
5.1 Transport, unpacking, identification and storage ......................... 5-1
5.2 Documents and instructions ........................................................... 5-1
5.3 Cubicle installation ........................................................................... 5-1
5.4 Electrical installation ........................................................................ 5-2
Contents Function Description Release 11

II 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 ABB AG
5.4.1 Cable grounding ............................................................................. 5-3
5.4.2 Cable routing .................................................................................. 5-3
5.5 Function test ..................................................................................... 5-3
5.5.1 Tools and devices .......................................................................... 5-3
5.5.2 Connection of supply voltage ......................................................... 5-3
5.5.3 Function test ................................................................................... 5-4
6 RTU500 series documentation ................................................... 6-1
6.1 RTU500 series Function Description .............................................. 6-1
6.2 Hardware Data Sheets ...................................................................... 6-3
6.3 Connections and Settings ............................................................... 6-3
6.4 Host Communication Interfaces...................................................... 6-3
6.5 Subdevice Communication Interfaces ............................................ 6-3
6.6 User's Guides ................................................................................... 6-4
6.7 Security documents ......................................................................... 6-4
7 Glossary of terms ....................................................................... 7-1

Function Description Release 11

ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 1-1
1 Introduction
The RTU500 series is required to be configurable to nearly all demands made on
remote stations in networks for electrical substations, gas, oil, water or district
heating.
The RTU500 series therefore provides a flexible and modular design with many
integrated functionalities covering a wide range of individual solutions suitable for
transmission, distribution substations, smart grid or feeder automation applications.
This document describes:
Applications and features of the RTU500 series
The applicable safety and installation instructions
Structure and contents of the RTU500 series documentation


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2 RTU500 series application and features
2.1 Overview
The task to monitor and to control the network for energy to reach an economical
operation control requests an ongoing penetration of the network down to the
lowest levels. The increasing requirements concerning the availability of energy
and their distribution and transportation leads to increasing demands on control
systems. Improved and new communication possibilities with a higher transmission
bandwidth and new transmission media allow the telecontrol technology to realize
these tasks.

2.2 Application
The RTU500 series is required to be configurable to nearly all demands made on
remote stations in networks for electrical substations, gas, oil, water or district
heating.

Figure 1: Typical configuration of a telecontrol system
The number of functions provided by decentralized and closed-loop control
solutions is constantly increasing. This also means that more functions can be
executed directly in the station. The RTU500 series supports this increase in
functionality in two ways:
The RTU500 series provides special PLC programs for carrying out control
tasks.
The RTU500 series products are able to communicate with external control
units, protection devices and monitoring units via serial lines. The RTU500
series products gather process information from these units upon request.
The information is then distributed to multiple network control centers (NCC)
in order to meet the requirements of station control and network control.
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Features
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The RTU500 series uses a set of communication units (CMU) and I/O modules to
build up configurations that match the particular application and data point profiles
of a station. Configuration options range from multiple I/O process data points and
a single communication unit for typical small pump stations or ring main unit
stations via medium-sized stations for distribution purposes up to large stations on
transmission grid level.
Engineering hours are a significant cost factor in most projects. Reducing or
limiting these costs requires standardization of the process data model and the use
of state-of-the-art engineering tools. These tools must meet the demands of
communication networks for telecontrol, fulfill customer requirements with regard to
distributed stations, and support all configuration types that are possible using the
RTU500 series.
The RTUtil500 configuration software is used for engineering the process signals
for the RTU500 series and for project engineering. In this context, project refers to
a telecontrol network with several remote stations that are combined with router
stations, etc.. RTUtil500 supports process signal routing from small stations on the
lowest level up network control centers (NCC) on the topmost level. Typically, it
includes the conversion from one telecontrol protocol A to another telecontrol
protocol B, which is used on the following level, e.g., from DNP3 to
IEC 60870-5-104. RTUtil500 generates all files which are necessary to run the
RTU500 series.
RTUtil500 has been designed to work seamlessly with the RTU500 series. This
integrated approach allows the operator to download files to the RTU500 series
components used in the stations via intranet using common Web browser
technology, or, if the protocol supports file transfer, via the communication line.
This user-friendly telecontrol approach helps reducing travel expenses and
increases operator flexibility, e.g. by using configuration extensions or
modifications to existing configurations.

2.3 Features
The RTU500 series telecontrol system transmits process information in two
directions:
from the various units installed in a station to the control centers
from the control centers to the addressed control units within the station
The RTU500 series is designed to perform the following tasks:
Acquisition and processing of process signals sent via parallel wiring to the
I/O-process interface of the RTU500 series.
Linking of serial communication routes within the station as well as to the
higher control level. The higher control level can be represented by another
RTU500 series router station or a network control center. Within the station,
it is the connection of other existing additional control, protection, or
monitoring devices (so-called Intelligent Electronic Devices = IED) via serial
interface.
The RTU500 series concept allows for cost-effective adaptation to customer
requirements with regard to different serial links by cascading communication and
processing units according to the number of required serial interfaces.
The RTU500 series provides the following features to meet customer requirements
with regard to remote control stations:
A broad range of telecontrol functions
PLC capabilities to execute control and closed-loop control applications for
pump stations, hydro power plants, station interlocking for electrical
substations, etc.
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System design
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Archival of process and station events in a sequence of event lists in the
flash memory, accessible via intranet or equivalent independent network
Archival of Integrated Totals (ITI) and Analog Measured Values (AMI) in the
flash memory, accessible via intranet or equivalent independent network
Reading and archival of disturbance files from protection relays upon request
by the protection relay; reading of disturbance files via file transfer over a
separate communication network (e.g. intranet) upon user request;
independent and direct deployment of new disturbance files to the
disturbance file archive to the NCC
Creation of group alarms and a PLC program for typical alarm messages
Interfacing with nearly all types and to large numbers of IEDs in a station via
serial telecontrol protocols, such as IEC 60870-5-103, Modbus, SPAbus, or
DNP3, or via Ethernet-based protocols, such as IEC 60870-5-104 or
IEC 61850
Marshaling and filtering of process events to connected NCCs, decoupling
transaction sequences and delay times to different NCCs by using a
separate process database for each NCC link
Remote access for diagnostic purposes via Web browser and Internet or
intranet with detailed information down to each process signal
An integrated HMI (Human Machine Interface) for process supervision and
control, via web browser and Internet or intranet
Sophisticated security features for user account management, user activity
logging and protection against unexpected attacks

2.4 System design
The RTU500 series consists of the following product lines:
RTU560 product line: rack-based RTU solution with scalable, modular
platform and redundancy concept
RTU540 product line: DIN rail RTU in metal housing
RTU511 product line: DIN rail RTU in tailored housing

The features of the RTU560 product line are described in Function Description,
Part 2: Rack Solutions. The features of the RTU540 and RTU511 product lines are
described in Part 3: DIN Rail Solutions (see chapter RTU500 Series Function
Description).
Rack-mounted and DIN rail-mounted components can be used together in one
RTU560 system.

RTU500 series application and features Function Description Release 11
System concept
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2.5 System concept
RTU560 System bus
CMU CMU CMU CMU
CMU CMU CMU CMU
Different network control systems
I/O modules
I/O modules
I/O modules
I/O modules
IED
IED
Sub-RTU
Sub-RTU
RTU560 System bus
CMU CMU CMU CMU
CMU CMU CMU CMU
Different network control systems
I/O modules
I/O modules
I/O modules
I/O modules
I/O modules
I/O modules
I/O modules
I/O modules
IED
IED
Sub-RTU
Sub-RTU
IED
IED
Sub-RTU
Sub-RTU

Figure 2: RTU500 series concept, rack mounting
The figure above shows the basic concepts of the RTU500 series. The RTU500
series is based on a communication node, an approach that provides high
flexibility. The number of CMU boards depends on the requirements of a particular
station or router RTU. Single CMU solutions are also available in the DIN rail RTU
product lines.
Each CMU type has a number of serial interfaces to connect serial communication
links. These interfaces can use up to four different communication protocols and
therefore act either as a Host Communication Interface (HCI= Slave protocol) or as
a Subdevice Communication Interface (SCI = Master protocol).
This approach allows cascading the required number of to meet the demands of
different protocols and interfaces.
Another main feature of the RTU500 series is its method of internal
communication. All process information, regardless of the source interface from
which it is received, is converted to an internal representation and distributed to all
CMUs via the RTU500 series' own system bus. This approach eliminates the need
of combining multiple conversions. Each protocol module needs only one
conversion: into or from the RTU's internal representation.
This approach requires each protocol module to maintain its own process database
for signal processing, etc.
The following list shows the key features of the RTU500 series:
Multi-processor technology for the communication modules (only
rack-mounted variants)
Redundant communication units with warm standby performance
(rack-mounted variants)
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System concept
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Redundant power supplies for most of the racks (only rack-mounted
variants)
Redundant communication links for serial line and Ethernet, can be
combined on one CMU
Archival of process event on flash memory
Archival of disturbance files on flash memory, with directory organization per
protection relay, and autonomous read-out of the disturbance files
Remote diagnostics for the complete RTU500 product line via Web browser
Up to 5 000 process data points within a single RTU of the RTU500 series,
including all direct connected process signals and all signals via serial links
Increasing performance of event access via the RTU500 series peripheral
bus by splitting the I/O-racks into different bus segments. A maximum of 32
bus segments is possible (only RTU560 rack-mounted variants).
The system's core design is field-proven and has demonstrated its stability in
a large number of installations world-wide.
Possibility to run multiple PLC programs in parallel
Small number of different hardware modules
High availability
One engineering tool (RTUtil500) for the entire RTU500 series
The firmware and configuration data of archives are protected against
voltage loss (CF card, SD card)


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3 System overview
3.1 Cyber security
A set of security features is available to fulfill basic requirements of the following
security standards:
NERC /CIP
North American Electric Reliability Corporation Critical Infrastructure
Protection
IEC 62351
Power systems management and associated information exchange Data
and communications security
IEEE 1686-2007
Standard for Substation Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) Cyber Security
Capabilities
The above-mentioned standards require the following security features:

Security feature Function
Confidentiality Secure communication links
Availability Robustness of external interfaces
Authentication, authorization Verify the identity of a user
Auditability Logging of user activities
Table 1: Security features of security standards
The RTU500 series includes the following security functions:
User Account Management (UAM), integrated in the web server
User Activity Logging (UAL) on the CompactFlash

or SD Memory Card of
the CMU
Closing of unused TCP/IP ports
Enabling and disabling the web server for each CMU individually
Virtual Private Network (VPN) communication
HTTPS support for integrated web server
Support of Syslog and ArcSight Server
Security Events and Alarms via telecontrol protocols

3.2 Telecontrol functions
The telecontrol functions (SCADA) in monitoring direction are executed on the
following boards:
binary input boards (e.g., 23BE23, 23BI61, 211BID51, 23BE40, 23BE50) of
the RTU500 series
analog input boards (e.g., 23AE23, 23AI60, 211AID50) of the RTU500 series
on the binary and analog inputs of integrated multi I/O boards (e.g.,
560CIG10, 560CID11, 511CIM01)
SCADA functions in command direction are defined for the following boards:
System overview Function Description Release 11
External communication
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binary output boards (e.g., 23BA20, 23BO62, 211BOD52, 23BA40) of the
RTU500 series
analog output boards (e.g., 23AA21, 23AO60) of the RTU500 series
on the binary outputs of the integrated multi-input and output board (e.g.,
560CIG10, 560CID11, 511CIM01)
Telecontrol functions are described in Part 5 of the Function Description.

3.3 External communication
The RTU500 series allows communication with up to 16 different host systems by
using the communication interfaces provided by the CMUs.
Different instances of host communication interfaces do not have any
dependencies between each other. Each instance has its own set of configuration
parameters and runs independently.
Because of the different requirements of protocols supported by the RTU, this
chapter describes only the general functionalities and principles of host
communication interfaces. For more detailed information, refer to the
corresponding Protocol Description manual.
The subdevice communication interface is used for communication between the
RTU and subordinated devices. Subordinate devices can be other RTUs of the
RTU500 series or, in general, other intelligent electronic devices (IED).
The communication of multiple IEDs with different communication protocols is one
of the basic concepts of the RTU500 series.
The sub-device communication interface (SCI) supports various communication
protocols. The protocol-specific configuration parameters are described in
additional documents.
Configuration of the SCIs and communication lines with their protocols is carried
out in RTUtil500. No hardware switches need to be set in order to configure the
interfaces.
The communication features are described in Part 6 of the Function Description.

3.4 PLC development system
This chapter describes the PLC function, the RTUtil500 series runtime system for
control applications. It has been designed according to IEC 61131-3 and is
engineered with the programming and debugging system MULTIPROG wt.
The PLC function is a licensed software package that generally enables the CMU
to run PLC applications and to communicate with MULTIPROG wt for loading and
debugging applications. It is started at boot time of the CMU if a PLC function is
added to the configuration.
Once started on a CMU, the PLC function is running in shared mode with lower
priority compared to the SCADA software.
It is possible to design a configuration with PLC function and SCADA activities
running on different CMUs. Since both communicate via internal communication,
the PLC function can run on any CMU within the RTUtil500 series. This provides
maximum processor power for each of the activities.
The PLC development system is described in Part 6 of the Function Description.

Function Description Release 11 System overview
System redundancy
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3.5 System redundancy
Retaining accessibility to stations in energy transmission and distribution networks
is a key requirement.
The RTU560 product line fulfills this requirement by providing a sophisticated
redundancy concept, which includes the following features:
Redundant power supply units
Redundant communication lines or links
Redundant communication units (CMU)
The main concept for redundant CMUs is to have one or more pairs of CMU
boards for any communication lines and functions that are critical to the operation
of the station. In the event of an error, the RTU560 will switch over to the redundant
standby CMU which immediately starts to take over the tasks after a warm start.
Other redundant sets of CMUs in the configuration will not be affected in operation.
System redundancy is described in Parts 2 and 6 of the Function Description.

3.6 Status and diagnostic information
The RTU500 series reports the system status and error states to the NCC via
system events (SEV). System events are part of the System Data Interface (SDI).
System events are internally processed and provided as single-point information.
The message types and message identifications used to send system events to an
NCC depend on the communication protocol used on the host interface.
The web server of the RTU500 series is the common interface to an RTU. It is used
for carrying out maintenance and diagnostic tasks on the RTU and its components.
For more information, refer to the RTU500 series Web Server User's Guide.
Status and diagnostic functions are described in Part 6 of the Function Description.

3.7 Local Print and Local Archive
The Local Print and Process Archive functions are optional features, which provide
the following local outputs:
Permanent output to a printing device connected to a serial interface of the
RTU500 series
Output to a printer as backup function to regular host communication, i.e.,
printing is started only when all host connections of an RTU are in the off-line
state
Output to archive files in CSV format. The archive files are stored in the flash
memory file system of a CMU of the RTU500 series. Archive files can be
downloaded to a PC. The contents of archive files can also be displayed
using the web server of the RTU500 series.

System overview Function Description Release 11
Integrated Human Machine Interface (HMI)
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Local printout or storage to an archive file, respectively, is possible for the following
data categories:
Process and system events, commands in command direction, login/logout
Measured values (AMI)
Integrated totals (ITI)
Security events

Protection equipment is limited in memory. Therefore, only a small amount of
disturbance records can be stored in protection equipment memory before they are
overwritten. In order to simplify the analysis of disturbances and to reduce
response time, it is necessary to collect them in a centralized archive. This archive
is provided by the RTU.
Uploaded files are stored on the RTU500 series file system. A file administration
function is included which allows the operator to manage the storage space of the
RTU500 series file system's flash memory.
Uploaded disturbance data files are accessible through the archive displayed by
the Web server of the RTU500 series. It is also possible to manually upload files to
the Web server.
Disturbance data from protection equipment connected to Sub-RTUs can be
uploaded using the file transfer function with the communication protocols
IEC 60870-5-101 or IEC 60870-5-104.
Local print and archive functions are described in Part 7 of the Function
Description.

3.8 Integrated Human Machine Interface (HMI)
The function Integrated HMI consists of two parts:
An editor for the offline configuration
A runtime system installed on a CMU of the RTU500 series
The offline editor is used to create customer-specific interface pages using the
components provided in a library package.
Dynamic components can be linked to individual RTU data points. To this end, the
editor reads the data point list from the RTUtil500 configuration files.
The editor generates one HMI project file per CMU with Integrated HMI function.
This additional configuration file needs to be uploaded to RTU.
An RTU can be connected to a PC using one of the following connection options:
Local area network (LAN)
Wide area network (WAN)
Dial-up or modem connection (PPP)
Direct serial connection (PPP)
USB network

The Integrated HMI is described in Part 8 of the Function Description.

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ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 4-1
4 Safety instructions
4.1 Introduction
Read the following chapter before mounting and commissioning an RTU of the
RTU500 series.

4.2 Safety indication symbols
The following safety indication symbols are used in this documentation:

Symbol Type Level of danger

Danger Hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death
or serious injury of the operating personnel. The provided
information is necessary to know, if you configure the RTU.
The safety indication informs about a restriction etc.

Warning Hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury of operating personnel.


Caution Hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, could result in
minor or moderate injury

Notice Important information not related to personal injury but that
should be observed
This symbol is used to indicate restrictions, prerequisites, and
other information that is important for configuring the RTU.
Table 2: Safety indication symbols

4.3 Applicable standards and directives for installation
and operation
The devices of the ABB RTU500 series are produced in compliance with the
relevant regulations and standards.
According to IEC 60664-1 (DIN VDE 0110) Insulation coordination for equipment
within low-voltage systems Part 1: Principles, requirements and tests,
classification of the RTU500 series is as follows:
Pollution degree 2:
Only non-conductive pollution occurs except that occasionally a temporary
conductivity caused by condensation is to be expected.
Overvoltage category II
in accordance with the definitions in IEC 61131 Part 2
The owner of the devices and components is responsible to ensure that they are
installed safely and in compliance with the applicable laws and regulations.

Standard Explanation
DIN VDE 0100 Erection of power installations with nominal voltages
up to 1 000 V
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Qualified personnel
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Standard Explanation
DIN VDE 0106 Protection against electrical shock
Part 100: Actuating members positioned close to
parts liable to shock
EN 60204 Safety of machinery; Electrical equipment of
machines
Part 1: General requirements
EN 50178 Electronic equipment for use in electrical power
installations and their assembly into electrical power
installations
DIN VDE 0800 Telecommunications
Table 3: Standards
If the "Pollution degree 2" classification according to DIN VDE 0110 cannot be
guaranteed or if further protection against direct contact is required, mount the
devices into suitable cubicles.
If devices of the ABB RTU500 series are coupled with or supplied through
power-frequency voltage networks of overvoltage category III, take suitable protective
action, such as installing surge voltage protectors, to guarantee that overvoltage
category II (1500 V max. transient) according to DIN VDE 0110 applies at the terminal
connectors. The secondary circuit should be connected to protective terminal.

4.4 Qualified personnel


DANGER
The connectors or terminals of some components of the RTU500 series conduct
dangerous contact voltages.
Touching parts with live current will result in death or serious injury.
Installation, commissioning and maintenance of such systems must be carried
out only by qualified personnel with knowledge of the following information.
Dealing with dangerous voltages
Application of the relevant specifications, standards, and regulations, in particular
of the applicable EN (VDE) standards and occupational safety regulations aiming
at the prevention of accidents

4.5 Intended use
The RTU500 series was developed, manufactured, tested, and documented
observing the relevant standards.
If the applicable regulations for installation, commissioning, and maintenance are
observed, the product does not pose a danger to health, life, safety, or property
under normal circumstances.
"Intended use of the product" means that the components of the RTU500 series
are operated and maintained exclusively in the form described in the product
documentation. In particular, intended use of the product requires observing the
technical specifications of the process circuits and power supply.
ABB does not accept any responsibility whatsoever for injury or damage resulting
from improper use or unauthorized repair.
Function Description Release 11 Safety instructions
Warnings and Cautions
ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 4-3

4.6 Warnings and Cautions


CAUTION
Connect the 6.3 mm Faston connector to protective earth before connecting any
power to the device.
Ensure that the device is entirely without power supply before removing the earth
protection.
Observe the earthing principles for the Serial Peripheral Bus (direct or capacitive
earthing).


DANGER
Hazardous voltage.
Contact with live circuits will cause electric shock or burn.
Verify that the terminal block feeding dangerous contact voltages (supply voltage,
input or output channels) is in OFF state before connecting or withdrawing the
terminal.


CAUTION
Protect the device from dampness, dirt and damage during transport, storage
and operation.


CAUTION
Do not operate the device outside the limits defined in the Technical
Specifications.


CAUTION
Operate the device according to the conditions defined for the IP 20 protection
class.
If these conditions cannot be met due to environmental conditions at the
installation location, install the device in a closed cubicle or rack.


CAUTION
Do not obstruct the cooling ventilation.
Do not cover the ventilation slots with cables or wires.
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Warnings and Cautions
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CAUTION
Route signal lines and power lines separately.
Route cables at a suitable distance and avoid crossing cables in order to prevent
capacitive or inductive interference of the power lines with signal lines.


CAUTION
Use overvoltage protection in cables to outdoor antenna.


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5 Installation instructions
5.1 Transport, unpacking, identification and storage
1. Check the goods against the delivery documents upon receipt.
2. Inform ABB immediately of any damage or deficiencies to avoid delay in the
installation.
3. The packaging of the cubicles is suitable for the means of transport. Do not
remove the packaging of the cubicles until the cubicles are located in their
intended position.
4. If the cubicles cannot be installed immediately on arrival at the site, store
them in a dry location. Make sure that their packaging is not removed and
protect them from dust.
5. If the cubicles are delivered strapped on pallets, keep them strapped on the
pallets during transport.
6. Do not remove the transport bars before the cubicle is in its intended
position.
7. Use a fork-lift truck to transport the pallets with the cubicles. If a travelling
crane is available at the site, use the lifting eyes of the cubicle. Use suitable
spreaders with the lifting straps.
A plate shows the system designation is usually fixed to the upper front of the
cubicle. A nameplate with stamped identification information (including the ABB
order number) is fixed to the bottom of the cubicle. The order number and station
name are included on the terminal diagram, assembly drawing and other
order-specific documentation for the cubicle.

5.2 Documents and instructions
The assembly drawing shows the location of the racks, the connection units and
other units in the cubicle and the location of the modules included in the different
racks.
The assembly drawing also shows all units of the respective system.
The terminal diagram is a set of drawings showing all points at which connections
are made to the terminal.
Each circuit board type is presented on one or several sheets. The process
environment in which the RTU system will be integrated is normally set up and
connected by the client beforehand. Therefore, the terminal diagram is supplied to
the customer prior to shipping the terminal.

5.3 Cubicle installation
1. If the electronics cubicle to be installed will have direct physical contact with
another cubicle containing electronics equipment only, you can omit the side
panels between cubicles. However, in order to protect the electronics from
interference, the side panels between electronics cubicles and relay cubicles
must remain in place.
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Electrical installation
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2. If the cubicle is not welded to a steel deck or similar, fasten the electronics
cubicle to the floor using floor screws.
3. Use a duct for incoming and outgoing cables.
4. Connect the cubicle to protective earth and test earth protection before
welding it to a steel deck or similar surfaces.
5. If the cubicle needs to be installed with its rear against a wall, provide a
minimum clear space of 1 m in front of the cubicle to leave a passage while
the cubicle door is open.
6. When installing cubicles with a hinged frame, provide sufficient clear space
to the left of the row of cubicles to allow the doors and frames of the cubicles
to be opened entirely.
7. Provide a clear space of 0.5 m above the cubicle to ensure ventilation in the
cubicle.
8. If the equipment to be installed is distributed across multiple cubicles, make
sure interference is limited to a minimum. Connect the cubicles at ten or
more positions evenly spread across the entire area of contact. Use the
supplied screws and washers to ensure electrical contact.
9. Verify that the cubicles are properly connected to protective earth to ensure
normal function and safety of the operating personnel.
10. Verify that the protective earth connection consists of a copper conductor
with a minimum cross-section of 10 mm that is connected to the earthing bar
in the enclosure.
11. If the equipment to be installed is distributed across multiple cubicles,
connect the horizontal earthing bars from enclosure to enclosure and
connect the cubicles to the plant's earthing system at a location allowing the
shortest possible conductor.

5.4 Electrical installation
Before electrical installation, take the following precautionary steps:
1. Ensure that the main switch in the cubicle is in the OFF position.
2. Open all input and output circuits to ensure that no circuits in the cubicle are
live when voltage is applied to other plant sections.



DANGER
Hazardous voltage.
Contact with live circuits will cause electric shock or burn.
Before the beginning of electrical installation, open all input and output circuits to
ensure that no circuits in the cubicle are live when voltage is applied to other
plant sections.

Function Description Release 11 Installation instructions
Function test
ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 5-3
5.4.1 Cable grounding
1. Connect the shield of all process and signal cables leaving or entering the
cubicle to protective earth to ensure the required EMC/EMI protection.
2. Connect the cable shield to the earthing of the cubicle. Use a position close
to the cubicle entry for that connection.
3. Install appropriate earthing bars close to protective earthing conductors.
4. When connecting the cable shields to the earthing bar, ensure a sufficient
contact area.

5.4.2 Cable routing
1. Use cable shields for cables transmitting process signals.
2. Connect the cable shields to the earthing bar of the cubicle at a location
allowing the shortest possible conductor (max. 10 cm).
3. Route signal cables as far as possible from other cables to make sure
interference is limited to a minimum.
4. Ensure a minimum distance of 0.3 m to power cables carrying phase
voltages greater than 250 V and running in parallel over a length greater
than 3.0 m.
5. Ensure that the protective earthing lines follow the signal cables in the cable
ducts.

5.5 Function test
5.5.1 Tools and devices
Ensure that the following tools are available:
General hand tools, e.g. screw drivers, tweezers and soldering iron
A PC running the utility program RTUtil500 and Microsoft

Windows


Internet Explorer
Level meter (selective)
Digital display multi-meter, 4 digits, AC and DC, accuracy better than 0.2 %
Variable DC voltage supply unit for simulation of analog measured values
(20 mA DC, 0...10 V DC)
Oscilloscope or level-indicating instrument for introducing transmission
channels to service
Display for DC voltage supply (20 mA DC, 0...10 V DC)

5.5.2 Connection of supply voltage
1. Ensure that the supply voltages to the power supply boards are distributed
correctly.
2. Set the switches on the power supply board in each rack to OFF.
3. Set the switch on the main switch unit to OFF.
4. Connect the supply voltage to the input terminal of the RTU500 series.
Installation instructions Function Description Release 11
Function test
5-4 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 ABB AG
5. Ensure that the operating supply voltage at the input terminal is correct.
6. Set the switch on the main switch unit to ON.
7. Ensure that the correct voltage is available at the primary voltage poles on
the power supply boards.
8. Set the switches on the power supply boards to ON.

5.5.3 Function test
1. Connect the PC running Microsoft

Windows

Internet Explorer to the


remote terminal as described in the Web Server Users Guide.
2. Ensure that the configuration to be tested is already installed. If the
configuration is not installed, use Internet Explorer to upload the required
configuration files as distributed by data engineering of the PC running
RTUtil500 to the RTU. For more information on uploading configuration files,
refer to the Web Server User's Guide.
3. Start the RTU by setting the main switch on the power supply unit to ON.
After power-up, the ST LED of each board is ON for several seconds. The LED
turns OFF once the respective board has completed initialization.
4. Ensure that no red ST LED remains ON. For LED display status definitions,
refer to Part 6 of the Function Description.
5. Microsoft

Internet Explorer

can be used to ensure correct operation for


process I/O signals. For more information, refer to the Web Server User's
Guide.
6. Connect a protocol analyzer utility running in Master mode, or a master
station to the RTU.
The LEDs RxD and TxD indicate message traffic on the connected transmission
line. In case of an open transmission connection, the LED RxD will be permanent
ON.
7. Compare the telegram content received and displayed to the RTU
configuration. Check all status telegrams for proper fault detection.
8. As a minimum, test the first and last input board of each data type.
9. The utility connected to the transmission line channel is used for analyzing
inputs and simulation of outputs.
10. The "1 out of n" test with each of the boards 23BA23, 560CIG10, or
511CIM01 requires a resistor (simulating the resistance value of the
connected interposing relays or a test relay) to be connected to the selected
channel output connectors of the binary output board 23BA20.

Function Description Release 11

ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 6-1
6 RTU500 series documentation
6.1 RTU500 series Function Description
The Function Description consists of different parts.
Part 1: Overview
Part 2: Rack Solutions
Part 3: DIN Rail Solutions
Part 4: Hardware Modules
Part 5: SCADA Functions
Part 6: RTU Functions
Part 7: Archive Functions
Part 8: Integrated Human Machine Interface
Part 1: Overview contains information about:
Applications and features of the RTU500 series
Applicable safety and installation instructions
Structure and contents of the RTU500 series documentation
Part 2 of the Function Description describes the application and features of the
rack-mounted RTU560 product line of the RTU500 series.
Part 2: Rack Solutions contains information about:
RTU560 Racks
Communication units
Power supply units
Bus connection units
Configuration examples
Part 3 of the Function Description describes the application and features of the DIN
rail-mounted system of the RTU500 series.
Part 3: DIN Rail Solutions contains information about:
Scalable housing
Base modules
Power supply units
Interface adaptor units
Configuration examples
Part 4 of the Function Description describes additional hardware modules not
included in Part 2 and 3 of the Function Description.
Part 4: Hardware Modules contains information about:
Input and output modules
Communication modules
Comparison of I/O modules
RTU500 series documentation Function Description Release 11
RTU500 series Function Description
6-2 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 ABB AG
Part 5 of the Function Description describes the basic SCADA functions
(Supervisory, Control and Data Acquisition).
Part 5: SCADA Functions contains information about:
SCADA functions in monitoring direction
Indication processing
Measurement processing
Pulse counter processing
SCADA functions in command direction
Pulsed command output
Persistent commands
Additional functionality of the RTU500 series is described in Part 6 of the Function
Description.
Part 6: RTU Functions contains information about:
System redundancy
Host Communication Interfaces (HCI)
Subdevice Communication Interfaces (SCI)
Substation automation systems with IEC 61850
Interfaces and networks
Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)
Start up, configuration, time management
Status and diagnostic information
System data interface
Archives are stored on the CompactFlash

card of the communication units. The


functionality is described in Part 7 of the Function Description.
Part 7: Archive Functions contains information about:
Local Print and Process Archive function
Disturbance Data File Archive
Transmission and storage of meter data
The integrated Human Machine Interface (HMI) is a local graphical interface to the
RTU500 series. The interface is described in Part 8 of the Function Description.
Part 8: Integrated Human Machine Interface contains information about:
Application and features of the HMI
Integrated HMI Engineering Guide
The following document types are used in addition to the Function Description.
They provide detailed information on the hardware/software components of the
RTU500 series:
Hardware Data Sheets
Connections and Settings
Protocol Manuals for Host Communication Interfaces
Protocol Manuals for Subdevice Communication Interfaces
User's Guides

Function Description Release 11 RTU500 series documentation
Hardware Data Sheets
ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 6-3
6.2 Hardware Data Sheets
Environmental Data Sheet RTU500 series, 1KGT 150 400
Hardware Data Sheets
Hardware Data Sheets are available for all hardware modules listed in Parts 2, 3
and 4 of the Function Description.
Hardware Data Sheets contain information about:
Application
Characteristics
Technical data of the modules

6.3 Connections and Settings
Connections and Settings documents are available for all hardware modules
described in Parts 2, 3 and 4 of the Function Description.
These documents describe:
Operation
Signaling
External connections
Jumpers and switches

6.4 Host Communication Interfaces
Host Communication Interface documents describe the communication protocols
used for communication between the following devices:
The RTU of the RTU500 series and a Network Control Center (NCC)
A subordinate RTU of the RTU500 series (IEDs) and a communication node
Some of the communication protocols are limited to special versions of the CMU or
to selected communication ports. These limitations and restrictions are described in
the document 1KGT 150 714 Interfaces and Protocols.

6.5 Subdevice Communication Interfaces
Subdevice Communication Interface documents describe the communication
protocols used for communication between an RTU500 series node and a
subordinated device (IED).
Some of the communication protocols are limited to special versions of the CMU or
to selected communication ports. These limitations and restrictions are described in
the document 1KGT 150 714 Interfaces and Protocols.

RTU500 series documentation Function Description Release 11
User's Guides
6-4 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 ABB AG
6.6 User's Guides
The following User's Guides are available:
1KGT 150 802: Web Server User's Guide
1KGT 150 563: Integrated HMI User's Guide
1KGT 150 801: RTUtil500 User's Guide
1KGT 150 612: RTU232 / RTU211 Import User's Guide
1KGT 150 470: MULTIPROG wt User's Guide

6.7 Security documents
As a communication gateway, the RTU500 series links a control system to a
directly connected process or to subordinate devices. For wide area networks in
particular, with connection to the Internet, additional configurations are required to
increase protection and privacy for the RTU500 series Ethernet communication.
These features are described in the security document 1KGT 150 722 Security
Deployment Guide.

Function Description Release 11

ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 7-1
7 Glossary of terms
A
AMI Analog Measured value Input
ASO Analog Setpoint command Output
B
BCU Bus Connection Unit
BSI Bit String Input (8-, 16-, 32-bit)
BSO Bit String Output (1, 2, 8, 16 bit)
C
CMU Communication and Data Processing Unit
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check
CS Control System
CS Command Clock Synch Command
CSC Command Supervision Channel
CTO Common Time Object
D
DCO Double Command Output
DMI Digital Measured value Input (8, 16 bit)
DPI Double Point Input
DSO Digital Setpoint command Output (8, 16 bit)
E
EPI Event of Protection equipment Input (1 bit)
G
GCD General Configuration Data
H
HCI Host Communication Interface
I
IED Intelligent Electronic Device
Glossary of terms Function Description Release 11

7-2 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 ABB AG
IIN Internal Indication
IOC I/O Controller (Controller on I/O Board)
IOD Input Output Data
IOM I/O Bus Master (Function of SLC)
ITI Integrated Totals Input
M
MFI Analog Measured value Floating Input
MPU Main Processing Unit
N
NCC Network Control Center
P
PB Peripheral Bus
PBP Peripheral Bus Processor
PDP Process Data Processing
PLC Programmable Logic Control
PPP Point to Point Protocol
PSR Power Supply for Racks
PSU Power Supply Unit
R
RCD RTU Configuration Data
RCO Regulation step Command Output
RTC Real Time Clock
S
SBO Select before Operate
SCADA Supervision, Control and Data Acquisition
SCI Sub-Device Communication Interface
SCO Single Command Output
SEV System Event
SLC Serial Line Controller
Function Description Release 11 Glossary of terms

ABB AG 1KGT 150 793 V001 1 7-3
SOC Strobe Output Channel
SOE Sequence-of-Event Queue
SPI Single Point Input
STI Step position Input (8 bit)
T
TSI Time Synch Input
TSO Time Synch Output



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