Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

1

INTRODUCTION

 
 

M/s. S. R. Constructions, Hyderabad, is Proposing for Construction of G + 5 Floors Apartments

at Ameerpet, Hyderabad. For the proposed work design of concrete mix for M-20 grade of

concrete was taken up in our laboratory. The important criteria kept in view while designing the

concrete mixes are strength, durability and workability of concrete. Various methods employed

for concrete mix design, such as, ACI, and IS have been referred to. The mix proportion is

arrived at theoretically, based on IS recommendations. Appropriate modifications are made

depending on the material properties observed and also the specific requirements of the job.

Concrete cubes are casted and tested for compressive strength at the end of 7 days and 28 days.

2

MATERIALS

 
 

A) Cement

 

Parashakthi OPC – 53 Grade

B) Fine Aggregate

 

Natural River Sand

C) Coarse Aggregate

 

20.0

mm

3

DATA FOR MIX DESIGN/DESIGNS

 
 

Concrete proposed to be used for

 

Footings, Pedestals, Plinth Beams, Columns, Roof Beams & Roof Slab

Grade of Concrete

 

M-20

Desired

Workability

of

Concrete

Not Specified

(Slump)

Expected Degree of Quality Control

Control Level-B*

Maximum Size of Aggregate

 

20.0

mm

Maximum W/C Ratio

 

0.50

(As per IS)

Type

of

Environmental

exposure

Moderate**

conditions

 

Minimum Cement Content

 

350 Kg/cu.m. (As per client requirement)

Maximum Cement Content

   

As per IS

Target mean compressive strength of concrete at 28 days

For M-20 it is 28.25 N/sq.mm.

*

Site Control Level-B corresponds to proper storage of cement, volume-batching of concrete making materials except cement, cement by weight only, controlled addition of water, occasional checking of all materials, aggregate grading and moisture content and periodical checking of workability and strength.

** IS: 456 – 2000 (Reaffirmed 2005) describes ‘moderate’ as Concrete surfaces sheltered from severe rain or freezing whilst wet. Concrete exposed to condensation and rain. Concrete continuously under water. Concrete in contact or buried under non-aggressive soil / ground water. Concrete surfaces sheltered from saturated salt air in coastal area.

4

CHARACTERISTICS OF MATERIALS

 

A

 

CEMENT PARASHAKTHI – OPC 53 GRADE

 
   

Test Conducted

   

Results

 

Requirements as per IS:12269 – 2013

Consistency (%)

   

32.3

 

Not specified

 

Initial setting time (minutes)

   

180

 

Shall not be less than 30 minutes

Final setting time (minutes)

   

330

Shall not be more than 600 minutes

Compressive Strength

 

3

days (MPa)

 

31.4

 

Shall not be less than 27.0 MPa

7

days (MPa)

 

44.1

 

Shall not be less than 37.0 MPa

28 days (MPa)

   

TYC

 

Shall not be less than 53.0 MPa

B

 

FINE AGGREGATE (NATURAL RIVER SAND)

 
   

Gradation

 

IS Sieve

Cumulative Percentage

Requirements as per IS: 383-1970 (RA 2002) (Percentage Passing)

Designation

(mm)

Retained

Passing

Zone-I

 

Zone-II

 

Zone-III

 

10.000

0

100

100

 

100

 

100

 

04.750

4.0

96.0

90-100

 

90-100

 

90-100

 

02.360

9.2

90.8

60-95

 

75-100

 

85-100

 

01.180

30.5

69.5

30-70

 

55-90

 

75-100

 

00.600

57.9

42.1

15-34

 

35-59

 

60-79

 

00.300

91.1

8.9

5-20

 

8-30

 

12-40

 

00.150

98.4

1.6

0-10

 

0-10

 

0-10

 

Remarks: The sample supplied satisfies the requirements of Grading Zone-II as per IS: 383-1970 (Reaffirmed 2002)

C

 

COARSE AGGREGATES

 
   

Gradation (20.0 mm Down)

 
 

IS Sieve

Cumulative Percentage

Requirements as per IS: 383-1970 (RA 2002) (Percentage Passing)

Designation

Retained

Passing

 

(mm)

Graded

 

Single Size

 

40.00

0

100

 

100

 

100

 

20.00

4.8

95.2

95-100

 

85-100

 

12.50

60.3

39.7

 

--

 

--

 

10.00

73.6

26.4

25-55

   

0-20

 

04.75

99.8

0.2

0-10

   

0-5

 

Remarks: The sample supplied of 20.0 mm satisfies the requirements of Graded aggregate as per IS: 383-1970 (RA 2002)

 

Specific Gravity

 

Bulk

Density

 

Rodded

Loose

 

(Kg./Cu.m.)

 

Fine Aggregate

   

2.58

Fine Aggregate

   

1674

1521

20.0 mm

   

2.67

20.0 mm

   

1557

1396

5

SUGGESTED CONCRETE MIX PROPORTION (BY WEIGHT)

 

Grade

Aggregate

Suggested Mix

Water

Slump

Cement

Compressive

Max. size

 

Proportions

 

Cement

Obtained

Content*

Strength

(mm)

C:FA:CA**

 

ratio

(mm)

(Kg/cu.m)

(N/sq.mm)

 

(max)

07

28

Days

Days

M-20

20

 

1 : 1.99 : 3.50

 

0.46

 

50

350

22.1

TYC

6

SUGGESTED CONCRETE MIX PROPORTION (BY VOLUME)

 

Grade

Aggregate

Suggested Mix Proportions

Water per bag of cement (Ltrs.)

Cement Content* (Kg/cu.m)

Max. size

C

:

FA

:

CA

(mm)

1 Bag

Cu.m

Cu.m

 

M-20

20

1 : 0.065 : 0.125

   

23.0

350

*

This has to be verified at site.

**

Cement: Fine Aggregate: Coarse Aggregate

TYC

Test yet to be conducted

REMARKS:

(1) Correction for water absorption of sand and coarse aggregate to be applied at site.

Note:

1.

The results relate only to the items tested.

2.

Report shall not be reproduced, except in full, without the written approval of the laboratory.

* * * * *