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PROBLEMS ON TRAINS

1. a km/hr= (a* 5/18) m/s.


2. a m / s = (a*18/5) km/hr.
3 Time taken by a train of length 1 metres to pass a pole or a standing man or a
signal post is eqal to the time taken by the train to !o"er 1 metres.
#. $ime taken by a train of length 1 metres to pass a stationary ob%e!t of length b
metres is the time taken by the train to !o"er (1 & b) metres.
5. 'ppose t(o trains or t(o bodies are mo"ing in the same dire!tion at m / s and
v m/s, (here ) v, then their relati"es speed = ( * v) m / s.
+. 'ppose t(o trains or t(o bodies are mo"ing in opposite dire!tions at m / s
and v m/s, then their relati"e speed is = ( & v) m/s.
,. -f t(o trains of length a metres and b metres are mo"ing in opposite dire!tions at
m / s and v m/s. then time taken by the trains to !ross ea!h other = (a & b)/(u+v)
se!.
8.-f t(o trains of length a metres and b metres are mo"ing in the same dire!tion
at m / s and v m / s. then the time taken by the faster train to !ross the slo(er
train = (a&b)/(*") se!.
/. -f t(o trains (or bodies) start at the same time from points 0 and 1 to(ards ea!h
other and after !rossing they take a and b se! in rea!hing 1 and 0 respe!ti"ely.
then
(A's speet) 2 (Bs speed) = (b
1/2
: a
1/2
).
SOLVED EXAMPLES
Ex.I. A train 100 m long is running at t! s"!!# o$ %0 &m ' r. (in# t! tim!
ta&!n )* it to pass a man stan#ing n!ar t! rail+a* lin!. ('.'.3.
2441)
Sol. 'peed of the train = (30 x 5/18_) m / sec = (25/3) m/ sec.
Distance moved in passing the standing man = 144 m.
5eqired time taken = 100/(25/3) = (144 *(3/25)) se! = 12 se!
Ex. ,. A train is mo-ing at a s"!!# o$ 1%, &m')r. I$ t! l!ngt o$ t! train is
110 metres, o+ long +ill it ta&! to .ross a rail+a* "lat$orm 1/0 m!tr!s long1
2S!.tion O$$i.!rs34 ,00%5
Sol. 'peed of train = 132 *(5/18) m/se! = 114/3 m/se!.
6istan!e !o"ered in passing the platform = (114 & 1+5) m = 2,5 m.

$ime taken =275 *(3/110) sec =15/2 sec = 7 sec
Ex. %. A man is stan#ing on a rail+a* )ri#g! +i. is 160 m long. 7! $in#s
tat a train .ross!s t! )ri#g! in ,0 s!.on#s )ut ims!l$ in 6 s!.on#s. (in# the
length of t! train an# its s"!!#1
Sol. 7et the length of the train be 8 metres.
$hen. the train !o"ers 8 metres in 8 se!onds and (8 & 184) metres in 24 se!
/!=(+1!0)/20 248 = 8 ( & 184) 9=) = 124.
7ength of the train = 124 m.
'peed of the train = (124/8) m / se! = m / se! = (15 *18/5) kmph = 5# km
Ex. 8. A train 100 m long is running +it a s"!!# o$ /6 &m". In what tim! +ill
it "ass a man +o is running at 6 &m" in t! sam! #ir!.tion in +i. the train
is going?
Sol9 'peed of the train relati"e to man = (+8 * 8) kmph
= (+4* 5/18) m/se! = (54/3)m/se!
$ime taken by the train to !ross the man -
= $ime taken by -t to !o"er 154 m at 54/3 m / se! = 154 *3/ 54 se! = /se!
Ex. 0. A train ,,0 m long is running +it a s"!!# o$ 0: &m".. In what +ill
it "ass a man +o is running at ; &m" in t! #ir!.tion o""osit! to tat in
+i. t! train is going1
sol. 'peed of the train relati"e to man = (5/ & ,) kmph
= ++ *5/18 m/se" = 55/3 m/se!.
$ime taken by the train to !ross the man = $ime taken by it to !o"er 224 m
at (55/3) m / se! = (224 *3/55) se! = 12 se!
Ex. /. T+o trains 1%; m!tr!s an# 1/% m!tr!s in l!ngt ar! running towards
each ot!r on "arall!l lin!s4 on! at t! rat! o$ 8, &m" an# anot!r at 86
&m"). In +at tim! +ill t!* )! .l!ar o$ !a. ot!r $rom t! mom!nt t!*
m!!t1
Sol. 5elati"e speed of the trains = (#2 & #8) kmph = /4 kmph
=(/4*5/18) m / se! = 25 m /se!.
$ime taken by the trains to:pass ea!h other
= $ime taken to "#ver (13, & 1+3) m at 25 m /se" =(344/25) se! = 12 sec
Ex. ;. T+o trains 100 m!tr!s an# 1,0 m!tr!s long ar! running in t! same
direction +it s"!!#s o$ ;, &m'r4In o+mu. tim! +ill t! $irst train .ross
t! s!.on#1
Sol9 5elati"e speed of the trains = (,2 * 5#) km/hr = 18 km/hr
= (18 * 5/18) m/se" = 5 m/se".
$ime taken by the trains to !ross ea!h other
= $ime taken to !o"er (144 & 124) m at 5 m /se! = (224/5) se! = ## se!.
Ex. 6. A train 100 m!tr!s long ta&!s / s!.on#s to .ross a man +al&ing at 0
&m" in t! #ir!.tion o""osit! to tat o$ t! train. (in# t! s"!!# o$ t!
train.1
Sol27et the speed of the train be 8 kmph.
Speed of the train relati"e to man = (8 & 5) kmph = ( & 5) *5/18 m/se!.
$herefore 144/((8&5)*5/18)=+ 9=) 34 ( & 5) = 1844 9=) = 55

Speed of the train is 55 kmph.
Ex:. A train running at 08 &m" ta&!s ,0 s!.on#s to "ass a "lat$orm. N!xt it
ta&!s.1, s!. to "ass a man +al&ing at / &m" in t! sam! #ir!.tion in +i.
t! train is going . (in# t! l!ngt o$ t! train an# t! l!ngt o$ t! "lat$orm.
Sol97et the length of train be 8 metres and length of platform be $ metres.

'peed of the train relati"e to man = (5# * +) kmph = #8 kmph
= #8*(5/18) m/se! = #4/3 m/se!.
-n passing a man. the train !o"ers its o(n length (ith relati"e speed.
7ength of train = (5elati"e speed * $ime) = ( #4/3)*12 m = 1+4 m.
0lso. speed of the train = 5# *(5/18)m / se! = 15 m / se!.
(8&y)/15 = 24 9=) & $ = 344 9=) % = (344 * 1+4) m = 1#4 m.
Ex10. A man sitting in a train +i. is tra-!ling at 00 &m" o)s!r-!s tat a
goo#s train, tra-!ling in o""osit! #ir!.tion4 ta&!s : s!.on#s to "ass im. I$ t!
goo#s train is ,60 m long4 $in# its s"!!#.1
Sol2 5elati"e speed = 284// m / se! = ((284//)*(18/5)) kmph = 112 kmph.
'peed of goods train = (112 * 54) kmph = +2 kmph.

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