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LISTENING TIPS

PART 1: PICTURE DESCRIPTION


- 10 picture based questions (Question 1 10)
- There is 95 seconds direction for part 1 before question 1 begins
- There is a 5 second pause between every two questions
- At the end of one page, there is a 12 second direction
1 !sing the photo to predict what you wi"" hear
- #eter$ine the focus or $ain idea of the picture %person& peop"e, ob'ect, scene(), ignore the
$inor e"e$ents of the picture
- *ocus on nouns and verbs+ $ost distractors %wrong answers) in the T,-./ test part 1 invo"ve the
wrong noun or verb 0rainstor$ nouns and verbs re"ated to the pictures before you "isten *ocus
on the$ whi"e "istening
- 1redict the state$ent types+ $ost state$ents are about+ the activity %the $an is writing an e$ai")2
the genera" situation %the $ea" is ready)2 spatia" re"ationship %ne3t to, between()
2 4istening for the correct verb
- 4isten carefu""y to chec5 that the verb re"ates to the picture
- 6e"ect answers quic5"y
7 4istening for the correct prepositions+ $any T,-./ test part 1 state$ents ta"5 about the position of
peop"e or ob'ects in the picture
8 0e carefu" of si$i"ar sounds+ if you hear a word that sounds si$i"ar to a word you can see or i$agine
in the picture, it $ay be a distractor %pointing, painting()
5 The tenses used are si$p"e present or present continuous
Question types:
- 4ocation questions
- Action questions
- 6ituation questions
- 6i$i"ar-sounding word questions
PART : QUESTIONS AND RESPONSES
- 70 questions (Question 11 !0)
- There is a 1 $inute direction for part 2
- There is a 5 second pause between every two questions
- Appro3i$ate"y 10 15 questions begin with 9: question %what, when, who, where,
whose, why, which, where, how), others are yes& no questions, choice questions and
state$ents
1 /oncentrate on the 5ey words of the question
2 *ocus on the purpose of the question
7 4isten for question word
- Attention to intonation to identify the type of question %yes& no question+ rising tone,
wh-question+ fa""ing tone)
- Attention to stress to identify 5ey word %i$portant word+ stress, functiona" word+
unstress)
- ;eep in $ind that wh question can not be answered by yes or no
- <es& no questions are not a"ways answered by yes or no
- /hec5 that there is no prob"e$ with tense and or sub'ect verb agree$ent
8 1ay c"ose attention to words sound a"i5e %fair, fare()
0e carefu" with co$$on distractors+
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- 6a$e word unre"ated $eaning
- =e"ated sub'ect doesn>t answer the question
- 6i$i"ar sound different words
5 #on>t decide on the answer unti" "isten to a"" the responses
=e$e$ber? Incorrect choices often contain a word or phrase from the question, so dont be
misled by repetition of words or phrases.
@ !sua""y, the correct answers for the state$ents are AadviceB
Question types:
- 9ho question
- 9hen question
- 9here question
- 9hat question
- 9hy question
- :ow question
- 9hich question& choice question
- <es& no question
- 6tate$ent
PART #: S$ORT CON%ERSATION
- 70 questions based on 10 conversations (Question !1 &0)
- There is a 70 second direction for part 7
- After the question is read, test-ta5ers have C seconds to answer it before they hear the
ne3t one
1 65i$$ing to predict the conte3t before "istening+ use the 5ey infor$ation in the
questions and answers choices to $a5e a guess about what you are going to hear
2 !sing vocabu"ary c"ues to infer the $eaning+ so$eti$es the answers are not
stated in the passage %before the "istening, thin5 of other words re"ated to the
answer choices and "isten to infer the genera" $eaning
7 0e aware of sa$e word distractors+ Answers to part 7 questions often use different
words fro$ the recording2 the correct choice so$eti$es uses different words to
say the sa$e thing as the recording A"" answer choices have been $entioned in
the te3t, so "isten carefu""y to how they are used in the conte3t
8 4isten to who says what+ often the answer choice wi"" have 5ey words used by
one of the spea5ers, but is $ay not be the spea5er specified in the question
Doticing this can he"p you spot distractors
5 =e$e$ber the fo""owing frequent"y as5ed questions+ the conversation topic, the
re"ationship between peop"e $entioned, the p"ace in which the conversation ta5es
p"ace, or the activity peop"e are engaged in
@ Try to "isten for specific or suggested infor$ation+ a specific ti$e, a "ength of
ti$e, frequency, reason, intention, or conc"usion
Question types:
- 9ho question
- 9hen question
- 9here question
- 9hat question
- 9hy question
- 9hich question
- :ow question
PART !: S$ORT TAL'S
- 70 questions based on 10 "istening passages (Question &1 "100)
- There is a 2C second direction for part 8
- -ach "istening passage is fo""owed by 7 questions read to test ta5ers
- After the question is read, test-ta5ers have C seconds to answer it before they hear the ne3t one
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- -ach "istening passage is about 100-120 words, and is read in 25 75 seconds
1 65i$$ing to predict the conte3t before "istening 0efore you "isten, try to i$agine other
ways the answer choice $ight be said 1ic5ing out the 5ey words fro$ the answer
choices wi"" he"p you to predict what you wi"" hear, and focuses you on what you have to
"isten for
2 0eco$ing fa$i"iar with re-state$ents
- The correct answer choice often uses different words fro$ what you wi"" hear+ be carefu"
of this and "isten for $eaning, not 'ust the 5ey word
- 6pecific infor$ation questions so$eti$es appear in the sa$e order they appear in the
"istening+ focus on the questions in order 9hen you hear the answer, $ar5 it and $ove
on i$$ediate"y
7 0e aware of sa$e word distractors+ 0e carefu" with sa$e word distractors+ if you see the
sa$e word in an answer choice as you heard the recording, thin5 carefu""y if it is re"ated
to the $eaning of the question before $a5ing your choice
8 #on>t be $is"ed by your genera" 5now"edge, you shou"d on"y use the infor$ation given
in the ta"5
5 The question typica""y as5 about the $ain idea, detai"s infor$ation, cause and effect or
inference as in the fo""owing topics+
- Announce$ent E infor$ation
9hat is the spea5er doingF
9hat are "isteners as5ed to doF
9here is this announce$ent $ost "i5e"y to be $adeF
9hat ti$e wi"" the bui"ding reopenF
9hat is the announce$ent aboutF
- Advertise$ents
9hat is the $ain purpose of the advertise$entF
9hat does the spea5er invite custo$ers to doF
9hat is being advertisedF
9hat does the advertise$ent say about the productF
9hat type os new products wi"" be offeredF
9hat is the purpose of the videocassetteF
9ho was the $achine created forF
9hat device is described in the reportF
9hen wi"" the device be introduced to the $ar5etF
- =ecorded $essage&te"ephone or voice $ai" $essage
,n what day of the wee5 was this $essage "eftF
9hat re$inder does the ca""er giveF
9hy is the spea5er ca""ingF
9hat does the spea5er as5 Gar5 6napers to doF
9hat 5ind of te"ephone did the custo$er orderF
9hat is the $an ca""ing aboutF
- -vent E $eeting
9hat wi"" ta5e p"ace ne3t wee5endF
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9ho is the spea5erF
9hat is the $ain purpose of this ta"5F
9hat is the purpose of the speechF
9hat is the sub'ect of the se$inarF
9hat event it the spea5er describingF
9here wi"" the footba"" tourna$ent bo he"dF
9here does the $eeting ta5e p"aceF
9hat is the sub'ect of the $ayor>s $eetingF
- A business fir$, a new product E person>s introduction
9hat is $entioned about *1TF
:ow "ong has the co$pany been in businessF
9hat does A0/ se""F
9ho is #avidF
9hat does the spea5er say about *1TF
9hat has Gr Hac5 done in A$ericaF
- Transportation
9ho is spea5ing
9hat are trave"ers advised to doF
9hat wi"" happen ne3t
9hat type of fi"$ vi"" be shownF
- Dews report
9hat is the news report aboutF
9hen did the incident beginF
9here did the incident ta5e p"aceF
9hat $ight peop"e "isten to ne3tF
:ow $any peop"e were in'uredF
9hat is the report aboutF
- Tour
9hat 5inds of transportation is being usedF
:ow "ong wi"" the tour "astF
9hat wi"" the tourists do before starting the tourF
9hat shou"d the visitors do before touring the p"antF
- 9eather report
9hat>s the weather "i5e in To5yo F
:ow $any seasons are there in Austra"iaF
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READING TIPS
PART (
- 80 questions (Questions 101 1!0)
- 11 17 questions on vocabu"ary, 12 17 questions on word for$s and 18 1@ questions on
gra$$ar
- The "ength of each question is about 12- 20 words
This section of the test chec5s the scope of your vocabu"ary or gra$$ar Therefore, when
choosing the answer, you shou"d pay c"ose attention to the type of word or gra$$atica" points
such as parts of speech, tenses, agree$ent( They are usua""y in the fo""owing $ain points+
1 9ord choice
- 9ord with si$i"ar for$s %e3+ attractor, distraction, () <ou need to focus on prefi3 and
suffi3 of the word to e"i$inate the wrong answers or to get the $eaning of the word that
you are as5ed to find
- *unction word with si$i"ar $eaning %e3+ so$e, any()
- /ontent word with si$i"ar $eaning %e3+ fare, fee, bi""s()
2 9ord for$
- Doun - Ierb
- Ad'ective - Adverb
7 Ierb prob"e$s
- /orrect for$ - Agree$ent
- /orrect voice - /orrect for$ of irregu"ar verbs
PART )
12 questions (Question 1!1 1() in 8 reading passages %7 questions for each passage)
1 65i$ the reading passage quic5"y #on>t need to read carefu""y or pay attention to detai"s
2 4oo5 at the sentences that have b"an5s
7 !se the conte3t to choose the correct verb for$ and $eaning %so$e questions provide four
options that feature different tenses of the sa$e verbs 4oo5 at the sentence, then decide
what tense is required, and then choose the correct option)
8 /hoose the correct part of speech+ ad'ectives and adverbs %"earn suffi3es to he"p you identify
ad'ectives and adverbs+ so$e questions on the T,-./ test require you to se"ect an
appropriate ad'ective or adverb2 understand the use of co$parative and super"ative for$s of
ad'ectives
5 /hoose the correct word+ prepositions and con'unctions %beco$e fa$i"iar with how
prepositions are used %1repositions are tested in parts 5 and @, fa$i"iariJe yourse"f with the
ways they are co$$on"y used to he"p you e"i$inate wrong answers quic5"y2 co$pare two
ha"ves of a sentence and consider their re"ationship to choose the correct con'unction
PART &
8C questions %6ing"e passages+ Kuestion 157 1C02 doub"e passages+ Kuestion 1C1 200)
!sua""y there are 9 sing"e passages and 8 doub"e passages
T*PE 1: +AIN IDEA QUESTIONS
A"$ost every reading passage wi"" have a $u"tip"e-choice question about the $ain idea of a
passage 6uch a question $ay be worded in a variety of ways2 you $ay, for e3a$p"e, be as5ed to
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identify the topic, sub'ect, tit"e, pri$ary idea, or $ain idea .t is re"ative"y easy to find the $ain
ideas by studying the topic sentences, which are $ost probab"y found at the beginning of each
paragraph or end of the passage or it $ay in i$p"ied so you $ust $a5e an inference by
depending on the 5ey words for phrases
.f a passage consists of on"y one paragraph, you shou"d study the beginning of that paragraph to
deter$ine the $ain idea
.f a passage consists of $ore than one paragraph, you shou"d study the beginning of each
paragraph to deter$ine the $ain idea
Gain idea questions often ta5e the fo""owing for$s+
- 9hat is the topic of the passageF
- 9hat is the sub'ect of the passageF
- 9hat is the purpose of the "etterF
- 9hat is the $ain idea of the passageF
- 9hy did the writer send this fa3F
- 9hat is the authorLs $ain point in the passageF
- 9ith what is the author pri$ari"y concernedF
- 9hich of the fo""owing wou"d be the best tit"eF
,$ERE TO -IND T$E ANS,ER:
The answer to this type of question can genera""y be deter$ined by "oo5ing at the sentences near
the beginning or the end of the passage or so$eti$es the answer wi"" be the idea of the who"e
passage
$O, TO ANS,ER T$E QUESTION:
- =ead so$e first sentences in each paragraph
- 4oo5 for a co$$on idea
- 1ass your eyes quic5"y over the rest of the passage to chec5 that you have rea""y found
the topic sentence%s)
- .f you cannot get the $ain idea fro$ those, then read the so$e sentences at the end of
the passage
- .f both of the$ cannot he"p you to get the $ain idea, so go to the other questions, the
$ain idea for the questions s5ipped wi"" be the idea of the who"e passage
- Answer the other questions and infer the $ain idea of the passage to answer the question
s5ipped

T*PE : -ACT AND DETAIL QUESTIONS
A fact and detai" question as5s about one piece of infor$ation in the passage rather than the
passage as a who"e The answers to these questions are genera""y given in order in the passage,
and the correct answer is often a restate$ent of what is given in the passage this $eans that the
correct answer often e3presses the sa$e idea as what is written in the passage, but the words are
not exactly the same.
*act and detai" questions often ta5e the fo""owing for$s+
- According to the passage(
- .t is stated in the passage
- The passage indicates that(
- 9hich of the fo""owing is trueF
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- 9ho is Hohn 0an5erF
- 9hen wi"" they $eetF
- :ow "ong did they wait for the busF
- 9here can they pet a per$itF
- 9hat product is going to be $ade abroadF
- :ow $any ti$es has Gr Hane tried to persuade Gr Hac5F
- 9hat ti$e is the f"ight "eavingF
- 9hat is true about a rMsu$MF

,$ERE TO -IND T$E ANS,ER
The answers to the questions are usua""y found in order in the passage The i$portant thing is to
understand the $ain purpose of the question and type of the question %which& where& when()
and "oo5 for the re"ation between the 5ey words& phrases in the questions and 5ey words& phrases
in the passage
*or e3a$p"e+
When did the first train "eave for 1arisF <ou need to "oo5 for the time phrase in the passage

$O, TO ANS,ER T$E QUESTION
- *ocus on a 5ey word in the question
- 4oo5 for the re"evant words& phrases in the passage
- =ead the sentence that contains the 5ey word or idea carefu""y
- -"i$inate the definite"y wrong answers and choose the best answer fro$ the re$aining
choices

D,T./-+ to the questions "i5e+ 9hich of the fo""owing is D,T $entioned& stated in the passage,
this type of question rea""y $eans that three of the answers are stated, $entioned, or true in the
passage, whi"e one answer is not

This type of question is usua""y in the fo""owing for$s
- 9hich of the fo""owing is D,T statedF
- 9hich of the fo""owing is D,T $entionedF
- 9hich of the fo""owing is D,T discussed(F
- 9hich of the fo""owing are true e3ceptF
- 9hich of the fo""owing shou"d D,T be on your rMsu$MF
,$ERE TO -IND T$E ANS,ER
The answers to these questions are usua""y found in the passage with true detai" infor$ation
given passage and in the answers
*or e3a$p"e+ 6usan is fro$ Austra"ia 6he is a good teacher 6he "oves rose, $usic and painting
(
9hich of the fo""owing is D,T stated in the passageF
1 6usan is fro$ Austra"ia
2 6usan is a good teacher
3. Susan hates eating fish in the morning
$O, TO ANS,ER T$E QUESTION
- /hoose a 5ey word in the question
- 6can the appropriate p"ace in the passage for the 5ey word %or re"ated idea)
- =ead the sentence that contains the 5ey word or idea carefu""y
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- 4oo5 for answers that are definite"y true according to the passage e"i$inate those
answers
- /hoose the answer that is not true or not discussed in the passage
T*PE #: CAUSE AND E--ECT QUESTIONS
A cause and effect question "oo5s at the reason for and event or action and its consequences *or
this type of question, you $ay find it he"pfu" to "oo5 for e3pressions such as because of, due to,
owing to, as a resu"t of, and than5s to focus on cause
/ause and effect questions often ta5e the fo""owing for$s+
- 9hy did Gr #avid get angry with his friendsF
- 9hy is traffic heavy on the highwayF
- 9hat $ay happen because of the hurricaneF
- 9hat caused the ship$ent to arrive "ateF
- 9hat has been the resu"t of the introduction of bus cardsF
,$ERE TO -IND T$E ANS,ER
The answers to these questions are usua""y found after the e3pressions $entioned above %because
of, due to() and they $ust agree with the purposes of the questions
$O, TO ANS,ER T$E QUESTION
- /hoose a 5ey word in the question
- 6can the appropriate p"ace in the passage for the 5ey word %or re"ated idea)
- =ead the sentence that contains the 5ey word or idea carefu""y to $a5e sure the
infor$ation is needed to answer the question
- -"i$inate the answers that are not in the purpose the question %usua""y they are not cause
and effect ones)
T*PE !: IN-ERENCE QUESTIONS
.n this type of question, you wi"" be as5ed to answer a $u"tip"e choice question about a reading
passage by drawing a conc"usion fro$ a specific detai" or detai"s in the passage Kuestions of this
type contain the words i$p"ied, inferred, "i5e"y, or probab"y to "et you 5now that the answer to
the question is not direct"y stated .n this type of question, it is i$portant to understand that you
do not have to Npu"" the answer out of thin airN .nstead, so$e infor$ation wi"" be given in the
passage, and you wi"" draw a conc"usion fro$ that infor$ation
.nference questions often ta5e the fo""owing for$s+
- .t is i$p"ied in the passage that((
- .t can be inferred fro$ the passage that(
- .t is $ost "i5e"y that((
- 9hat probab"y happenedF
- 9here did the wo$en used to "iveF
- :ow often does the $an p"ay tennisF
- 0ase on the infor$ation in the passage, to which ho"iday does the advertise$ent refer toF
- 9hich of the fo""owing can be inferred fro$ the passage about the A/T co$panyF
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,$ERE TO -IND T$E ANS,ER
The answers to these questions are usua""y found in detai" infor$ation or the $ain idea of the
who"e passage *or this type of question, you shou"d focus on the questions that need to be
inferred to and fro$
$O, TO ANS,ER T$E QUESTION:
- 4oo5 for a 5ey word in the question and co$pare it with the one in the passage The 5ey
word $ay be the sa$e or in synony$& antony$
- /arefu""y read the sentence that contains the 5ey word,
- 4oo5 through the answers and choose the best inference base on the inference $ade
T*PE (: %OCA/ULAR* QUESTION
<ou $ay be as5ed to deter$ine the $eaning of a difficu"t word or e3pression that you do not
5now .n this case, the passage often gives you a c"ear indication of what the word or e3pression
$eans
Iocabu"ary questions often ta5e the fo""owing for$s+
- 9hat is the $eaning of AOB in "ine <F
- The word AOB in "ine < cou"d best be rep"aced by(
- The word AOB in the < is c"osest in $eaning to(
,$ERE TO -IND T$E ANS,ER
.nfor$ation to he"p you understand the $eaning of a vocabu"ary word can often be found in the
conte3t surrounding the word

$O, TO ANS,ER T$E QUESTION
- *ind the word in the passage
- =ead the sentence that contains the word carefu""y
- 4oo5 for conte3t c"ues to he"p you understand the $eaning
- /hoose the answer that the conte3t indicates
.G1,=TADT?
- Answer the easy questions first very quic5"y %the $ost efficient order+ fact and detai"
%positive) vocabu"ary $ain idea inference fact and detai" %negative or D,T
question)
- #on>t waste your ti$e on questions you don>t 5now
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