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FIRST DIVISION

SPOUSES BONIFACIO R. VALDEZ, JR. and VENIDA M. VALDEZ,


Petitioners,
!ers"s
#ON. COURT OF APPEALS, SPOUSES $ABRIEL FABELLA and
FRANCISCA FABELLA,
Res%ondents.

$.R. No. &'()()

Present*

PAN$ANIBAN, C.J.
C+air%erson,
,NARESSANTIA$O,
AUSTRIAMARTINEZ,
CALLEJO, SR., and
C#ICONAZARIO, JJ.

Pro-"./ated*
Ma0 (, (112
3
3


D E C I S I O N


C#ICONAZARIO, J.*



T+is %etition 4or re!ie5 "nder R".e )6 o4 t+e R".es o4 Co"rt,
7.ed 80 %etitioners s%o"ses Boni4a9io R. Va.de:, Jr. and Venida
M. Va.de:, see;s to n"..i40 and set aside t+e (( A%ri. &<<=
de9ision>&? and '1 Jan"ar0 &<<@ reso."tion o4 t+e Co"rt o4
A%%ea.s in CA$.R. SP No. )')<(, 5+i9+ re!ersed t+e
A"d/-ent, dated @ Jan"ar0 &<<=, o4 t+e Re/iona. Tria. Co"rt
o4 Anti%o.o, Ri:a., Bran9+ =), in Ci!i. Case No. '21=, 5+i9+, in
t"rn, aBr-ed in toto t+e de9ision rendered 80 t+e M"ni9i%a.
Tria. Co"rt o4 Anti%o.o, Ri:a., Bran9+ II, in Ci!i. Case No. (6)=.
T+is 9ase ori/inated 4ro- a 9o-%.aint 4or "n.a54". detainer
7.ed 80 %etitioners Boni4a9io and Venida Va.de: a/ainst
%ri!ate res%ondents $a8rie. and Fran9is9a Fa8e..a 8e4ore t+e
M"ni9i%a. Tria. Co"rt o4 Anti%o.o, Ri:a.. T+e 9o-%.aint a..e/es
t+ese -ateria. 4a9ts*

(. T+at %.aintiCs are t+e re/istered o5ner>s? o4 a %ie9e o4
residentia. .ot deno-inated as Lot >N?o. ' B.; &< .o9ated at
Caro.ina E3e9"ti!e Vi..a/e, Br/0. Sta. Cr":, Anti%o.o, Ri:a.
5+i9+ >t+e0? a9D"ired 4ro- Caro.ina Rea.t0, In9. So-eti-e
>i?n No!e-8er &<<( 80 !irt"e o4 Sa.es Contra9t, 3ero3 9o%0
o4 5+i9+ is +ereto atta9+ed -ar;ed as Anne3 EAF and t+e
3ero3 9o%0 o4 t+e Torrens Certi79ate o4 Tit.e in +er na-e
-ar;ed as Anne3 EBFG

'. T+at de4endants, 5it+o"t an0 9o.or o4 tit.e 5+atsoe!er
o99"%ie>d? t+e said .ot 80 8"i.din/ t+eir +o"se in t+e said .ot
t+ere80 de%ri!in/ t+e +erein %.aintiCs ri/+t4". %ossession
t+ereo4G

). T+at 4or se!era. ti-es, %.aintiCs ora..0 as;ed t+e +erein
de4endants to %ea9e4"..0 s"rrender t+e %re-ises to t+e-, 8"t
t+e .atter st"88orn.0 re4"sed to !a9ate t+e .ot t+e0 "n.a54"..0
o99"%iedG

6. T+at des%ite %.aintiCsH re4erra. o4 t+e -atter to t+e
Baran/a0, de4endants sti.. re4"sed to +eed t+e %.ea o4 t+e
4or-er to s"rrender t+e .ot %ea9e4"..0G
Pa/e 1 o4 6

2. T+at 8e9a"se o4 t+e "n4o"nded re4"sa. o4 t+e +erein
de4endants to sett.e t+e 9ase a-i9a8.0, t+e Baran/a0
Ca%tain 5as 4or9ed to iss"e t+e ne9essar0 Certi79ation to Fi.e
A9tion in 4a!or o4 t+e +erein %.aintiCs in order t+at t+e
ne9essar0 9a"se o4 a9tion 8e ta;en 8e4ore t+e %ro%er 9o"rt,
3ero3 9o%0 o4 5+i9+ is +ereto atta9+ed -ar;ed as Anne3 ECFG

=. T+at 80 reason o4 t+e de.i8erate, -a.i9io"s and "n4o"nded
re4"sa. o4 t+e de4endants to !a9ateIs"rrender t+e %re-ises in
D"estion, t+e +erein %.aintiCs 5ere 9onstrained to en/a/e t+e
%ro4essiona. ser!i9es o4 9o"nse. t+"s in9"rrin/ e3%enses
a-o"ntin/ to TEN T#OUSAND PESOS JP&1,111.11K
re%resentin/ a99e%tan9e 4ee and additiona. ONE T#OUSAND
PESOS JP&,111.11K %er a%%earan9e, 5+o on J".0 &(, &<<)
sent a 4or-a. de-and 5as .i;e5ise i/nored, Jsi9K 9o%0 o4
5+i9+ is +ereto atta9+ed as Anne3 EDFG

@. T+at .i;e5ise 80 !irt"e o4 t+e ada-ant re4"sa. o4 t+e
de4endants to !a9ateIs"rrender t+e said %re-ises in
D"estion, %.aintiC>s? s"Cered serio"s an3iet0, s.ee%.ess
ni/+ts, -enta. tort"re and -ora. erosionG 3 3 3>(?


In t+eir ans5er, %ri!ate res%ondents 9ontended t+at
t+e 9o-%.aint 4ai.ed to state t+at %etitioners +ad %rior
%+0si9a. %ossession o4 t+e %ro%ert0 or t+at t+e0 5ere t+e
.essors o4 t+e 4or-er. In t+e a.ternati!e, %ri!ate res%ondents
9.ai-ed o5ners+i% o!er t+e .and on t+e /ro"nd t+at t+e0 +ad
8een in o%en, 9ontin"o"s, and ad!erse %ossession t+ereo4 4or
-ore t+an t+irt0 0ears, as attested 80 an o9".ar ins%e9tion
re%ort 4ro- t+e De%art-ent o4 En!iron-ent and Nat"ra.
Reso"r9es. T+e0 a.so stressed t+at t+e 9o-%.aint 4ai.ed to
9o-%.0 5it+ S"%re-e Co"rt Cir9".ar No. (@<& re/ardin/
aBda!its a/ainst non4or"- s+o%%in/.

T+e M"ni9i%a. Tria. Co"rt JMTCK rendered a de9ision in
4a!or o4 t+e %etitioners, orderin/ %ri!ate res%ondents to
!a9ate t+e %ro%ert0 and to %a0 rent 4or t+e "se and
o99"%ation o4 t+e sa-e %."s attorne0Hs 4ees.

Pri!ate res%ondents a%%ea.ed t+e MTCHs de9ision to
t+e Re/iona. Tria. Co"rt JRTCK. T+e RTC, in a de9ision dated @
Jan"ar0 &<<=, aBr-ed in toto t+e de9ision o4 t+e MTC.

Undeterred, t+e %ri!ate res%ondents 7.ed a %etition 4or
re!ie5 5it+ t+e Co"rt o4 A%%ea.s on &1 Mar9+ &<<=
D"estionin/ t+e de9ision o4 t+e RTC.

In a de9ision dated (( A%ri. &<<=, t+e Co"rt o4 A%%ea.s
re!ersed and set aside t+e de9ision o4 t+e RTC. It +e.d t+at
%etitioners 4ai.ed to -a;e a 9ase 4or "n.a54". detainer
8e9a"se t+e0 4ai.ed to s+o5 t+at t+e0 +ad /i!en t+e %ri!ate
res%ondents t+e ri/+t to o99"%0 t+e %re-ises or t+at t+e0
+ad to.erated %ri!ate res%ondentsH %ossession o4 t+e sa-e,
5+i9+ is a reD"ire-ent in "n.a54". detainer 9ases. It added
t+at t+e a..e/ations in %etitionersH 9o-%.aint .a9;
A"risdi9tiona. e.e-ents 4or 4or9i8.e entr0 5+i9+ reD"ires an
a..e/ation o4 %rior -ateria. %ossession. T+e Co"rt o4 A%%ea.s
ratio9inated t+"s*

An e3a-ination o4 t+e 9o-%.aint re!ea.s t+at ;e0
A"risdi9tiona. a..e/ations t+at 5i.. s"%%ort an a9tion 4or
eAe9t-ent are 9ons%i9"o"s.0 .a9;in/. In %arti9".ar, an
a..e/ation o4 %rior -ateria. %ossession is -andator0 in
4or9i8.e entr0, 333 and t+e 9o-%.aint is de79ient in t+is
res%e9t. On t+e ot+er +and, neit+er does t+ere a%%ear to 8e
a 9ase o4 "n.a54". detainer, sin9e t+e %ri!ate res%ondents
4ai.ed to s+o5 t+at t+e0 +ad /i!en t+e %etitioners t+e ri/+t to
Pa/e 2 o4 6
o99"%0 t+e %re-ises, 5+i9+ ri/+t +as no5 >8een?
e3tin/"is+ed.

333

In .i/+t o4 t+e 4ore/oin/, t+e 9on9."sion is ine!ita8.e
t+at t+e M"ni9i%a. Tria. Co"rt 8e4ore 5+i9+ t+e a9tion 4or
eAe9t-ent 5as 7.ed +ad no A"risdi9tion o!er t+e 9ase.
ConseD"ent.0, t+e dis-issa. t+ereo4 is in order.

L#EREFORE, t+e Petition is +ere80 $IVEN DUE
COURSE, and $RANTED. T+e de9ision dated 1@ Jan"ar0 &<<=
rendered 80 t+e res%ondent 9o"rt is +ere80 REVERSED and
SET ASIDE, and A"d/-ent is +ere80 rendered DISMISSIN$ t+e
9o-%.aint in Ci!i. Case No. (6)= o4 t+e M"ni9i%a. Tria. Co"rt
o4 Anti%o.o, Ri:a. 4or .a9; o4 A"risdi9tion.>'?

Petitioners 7.ed a -otion 4or re9onsideration 5+i9+
5as denied in a reso."tion dated '1 Jan"ar0 &<<@.>)?

#en9e, t+e instant %etition.

Petitioners s"8-it t+e 4o..o5in/ iss"es 4or t+e Co"rtHs
9onsideration>6?*

A. L#ET#ER OR NOT T#E ALLE$ATIONS OF T#E COMPLAINT
CLEARL, MADE OUT A CASE FOR UNLALFUL DETAINER.

B. L#ET#ER OR NOT BASED ON T#E ALLE$ATIONJSK OF T#E
COMPLAINT, T#E MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT OF ANTIPOLO,
RIZAL, CLEARL, #AS ORI$INAL JURISDICTION OVER T#E
INSTANT COMPLAINT FILED BEFORE IT.


Sin9e t+e t5o iss"es are 9.ose.0 intert5ined, t+e0 s+a..
8e dis9"ssed to/et+er.

In t+e -ain, %etitioners 9.ai- t+at t+e a!er-ents o4
t+eir 9o-%.aint -a;e o"t a 9ase 4or "n.a54". detainer +a!in/
a..e/ed t+at %ri!ate res%ondents "n.a54"..0 5it++e.d 4ro-
t+e- t+e %ossession o4 t+e %ro%ert0 in D"estion, 5+i9+
a..e/ation is s"B9ient to esta8.is+ a 9ase 4or "n.a54".
detainer. T+e0 4"rt+er 9ontend t+at t+e s"--ar0 a9tion 4or
eAe9t-ent is t+e %ro%er re-ed0 a!ai.a8.e to t+e o5ner i4
anot+er o99"%ies t+e .and at t+e 4or-erHs to.eran9e or
%er-ission 5it+o"t an0 9ontra9t 8et5een t+e t5o as t+e
.atter is 8o"nd 80 an i-%.ied %ro-ise to !a9ate t+e .and "%on
de-and 80 t+e o5ner.

T+e %etition is not -eritorio"s.

Under e3istin/ .a5 and A"ris%r"den9e, t+ere are t+ree
;inds o4 a9tions a!ai.a8.e to re9o!er %ossession o4 rea.
%ro%ert0* JaK a99ion interdi9ta.G J8K a99ion %"8.i9ianaG and J9K
a99ion rei!indi9atoria.>2?

A99ion interdi9ta. 9o-%rises t5o distin9t 9a"ses o4
a9tion, na-e.0, 4or9i8.e entr0 Jdetenta9ionK and "n.a54".
detainer Jdesa+"i9oK.>=? In 4or9i8.e entr0, one is de%ri!ed o4
%+0si9a. %ossession o4 rea. %ro%ert0 80 -eans o4 4or9e,
inti-idation, strate/0, t+reats, or stea.t+ 5+ereas in "n.a54".
detainer, one i..e/a..0 5it++o.ds %ossession a4ter t+e
e3%iration or ter-ination o4 +is ri/+t to +o.d %ossession "nder
an0 9ontra9t, e3%ress or i-%.ied.>@? T+e t5o are
distin/"is+ed 4ro- ea9+ ot+er in t+at in 4or9i8.e entr0, t+e
%ossession o4 t+e de4endant is i..e/a. 4ro- t+e 8e/innin/, and
t+at t+e iss"e is 5+i9+ %art0 +as %rior de 4a9to %ossession
5+i.e in "n.a54". detainer, %ossession o4 t+e de4endant is
Pa/e 3 o4 6
ori/ina..0 .e/a. 8"t 8e9a-e i..e/a. d"e to t+e e3%iration or
ter-ination o4 t+e ri/+t to %ossess.><?

T+e A"risdi9tion o4 t+ese t5o a9tions, 5+i9+ are
s"--ar0 in nat"re, .ies in t+e %ro%er -"ni9i%a. tria. 9o"rt or
-etro%o.itan tria. 9o"rt.>&1? Bot+ a9tions -"st 8e 8ro"/+t
5it+in one 0ear 4ro- t+e date o4 a9t"a. entr0 on t+e .and, in
9ase o4 4or9i8.e entr0, and 4ro- t+e date o4 .ast de-and, in
9ase o4 "n.a54". detainer.>&&? T+e iss"e in said 9ases is t+e
ri/+t to %+0si9a. %ossession.

A99ion %"8.i9iana is t+e %.enar0 a9tion to re9o!er t+e
ri/+t o4 %ossession 5+i9+ s+o".d 8e 8ro"/+t in t+e %ro%er
re/iona. tria. 9o"rt 5+en dis%ossession +as .asted 4or -ore
t+an one 0ear.>&(? It is an ordinar0 9i!i. %ro9eedin/ to
deter-ine t+e 8etter ri/+t o4 %ossession o4 rea.t0
inde%endent.0 o4 tit.e.>&'? In ot+er 5ords, i4 at t+e ti-e o4
t+e 7.in/ o4 t+e 9o-%.aint -ore t+an one 0ear +ad e.a%sed
sin9e de4endant +ad t"rned %.aintiC o"t o4 %ossession or
de4endantHs %ossession +ad 8e9o-e i..e/a., t+e a9tion 5i..
8e, not one o4 t+e 4or9i8.e entr0 or i..e/a. detainer, 8"t an
a99ion %"8.i9iana. On t+e ot+er +and, a99ion rei!indi9atoria
is an a9tion to re9o!er o5ners+i% a.so 8ro"/+t in t+e %ro%er
re/iona. tria. 9o"rt in an ordinar0 9i!i. %ro9eedin/.>&)?

To A"sti40 an a9tion 4or "n.a54". detainer, it is essentia. t+at
t+e %.aintiCHs s"%%osed a9ts o4 to.eran9e -"st +a!e 8een
%resent ri/+t 4ro- t+e start o4 t+e %ossession 5+i9+ is .ater
so"/+t to 8e re9o!ered.>&6? Ot+er5ise, i4 t+e %ossession 5as
"n.a54". 4ro- t+e start, an a9tion 4or "n.a54". detainer 5o".d
8e an i-%ro%er re-ed0.>&2? As e3%.ained in Sarona !.
Vi..e/as>&=?*

B"t e!en 5+ere %ossession %re9edin/ t+e s"it is 80 to.eran9e
o4 t+e o5ner, sti.., distin9tion s+o".d 8e -ade.

I4 ri/+t at t+e in9i%ien90 de4endantHs %ossession 5as 5it+
%.aintiCHs to.eran9e, 5e do not do"8t t+at t+e .atter -a0
reD"ire +i- to !a9ate t+e %re-ises and s"e 8e4ore t+e
in4erior 9o"rt "nder Se9tion & o4 R".e =1, 5it+in one 0ear
4ro- t+e date o4 t+e de-and to !a9ate.

3 3 3 3

A 9.ose assess-ent o4 t+e .a5 and t+e 9on9e%t o4 t+e 5ord
Eto.eran9eF 9on7r-s o"r !ie5 +ereto4ore e3%ressed t+at s"9+
to.eran9e -"st 8e %resent ri/+t 4ro- t+e start o4 %ossession
so"/+t to 8e re9o!ered, to 9ate/ori:e a 9a"se o4 a9tion as
one o4 "n.a54". detainer not o4 4or9i8.e entr0. Indeed, to
+o.d ot+er5ise 5o".d es%o"se a dan/ero"s do9trine. And 4or
t5o reasons* First. For9i8.e entr0 into t+e .and is an o%en
9+a..en/e to t+e ri/+t o4 t+e %ossessor. Vio.ation o4 t+at ri/+t
a"t+ori:es t+e s%eed0 redress M in t+e in4erior 9o"rt
%ro!ided 4or in t+e r".es. I4 one 0ear 4ro- t+e 4or9i8.e entr0
is a..o5ed to .a%se 8e4ore s"it is 7.ed, t+en t+e re-ed0
9eases to 8e s%eed0G and t+e %ossessor is dee-ed to +a!e
5ai!ed +is ri/+t to see; re.ie4 in t+e in4erior 9o"rt. Se9ond, i4
a 4or9i8.e entr0 a9tion in t+e in4erior 9o"rt is a..o5ed a4ter
t+e .a%se o4 a n"-8er o4 0ears, t+en t+e res".t -a0 5e.. 8e
t+at no a9tion o4 4or9i8.e entr0 9an rea..0 %res9ri8e. No
-atter +o5 .on/ s"9+ de4endant is in %+0si9a. %ossession,
%.aintiC 5i.. -ere.0 -a;e a de-and, 8rin/ s"it in t+e in4erior
9o"rt M "%on a %.ea o4 to.eran9e to %re!ent %res9ri%tion to
set in and s"--ari.0 t+ro5 +i- o"t o4 t+e .and. S"9+ a
9on9."sion is "nreasona8.e. Es%e9ia..0 i4 5e 8ear in -ind t+e
%ost".ates t+at %ro9eedin/s o4 4or9i8.e entr0 and "n.a54".
detainer are s"--ar0 in nat"re, and t+at t+e one 0ear ti-e
8ar to s"it is 8"t in %"rs"an9e o4 t+e s"--ar0 nat"re o4 t+e
a9tion.>&@? JUnder.inin/ s"%%.iedK

Pa/e 4 o4 6

It is t+e nat"re o4 de4endantHs entr0 into t+e .and 5+i9+
deter-ines t+e 9a"se o4 a9tion, 5+et+er it is 4or9i8.e entr0 or
"n.a54". detainer. I4 t+e entr0 is i..e/a., t+en t+e a9tion
5+i9+ -a0 8e 7.ed a/ainst t+e intr"der is 4or9i8.e entr0. I4,
+o5e!er, t+e entr0 is .e/a. 8"t t+e %ossession t+erea4ter
8e9o-es i..e/a., t+e 9ase is "n.a54". detainer.

Indeed, to !est t+e 9o"rt A"risdi9tion to eCe9t t+e eAe9t-ent
o4 an o99"%ant, it is ne9essar0 t+at t+e 9o-%.aint s+o".d
e-8od0 s"9+ a state-ent o4 4a9ts as 8rin/s t+e %art0 9.ear.0
5it+in t+e 9.ass o4 9ases 4or 5+i9+ t+e stat"tes %ro!ide a
re-ed0, as t+ese %ro9eedin/s are s"--ar0 in nat"re.>&<?
T+e 9o-%.aint -"st s+o5 eno"/+ on its 4a9e t+e 9o"rt
A"risdi9tion 5it+o"t resort to %aro. testi-on0.>(1?

T+e A"risdi9tiona. 4a9ts -"st a%%ear on t+e 4a9e o4 t+e
9o-%.aint. L+en t+e 9o-%.aint 4ai.s to a!er 4a9ts
9onstit"ti!e o4 4or9i8.e entr0 or "n.a54". detainer, as 5+ere it
does not state +o5 entr0 5as aCe9ted or +o5 and 5+en
dis%ossession started, t+e re-ed0 s+o".d eit+er 8e an a99ion
%"8.i9iana or an a99ion rei!indi9atoria in t+e %ro%er re/iona.
tria. 9o"rt.>(&? T+"s, in $o, Jr. !. Co"rt o4 A%%ea.s,>((?
%etitioners 7.ed an "n.a54". detainer 9ase a/ainst
res%ondent a..e/in/ t+at t+e0 5ere t+e o5ners o4 t+e %ar9e.
o4 .and t+ro"/+ intestate s"99ession 5+i9+ 5as o99"%ied 80
res%ondent 80 -ere to.eran9e o4 %etitioners as 5e.. as t+eir
de9eased -ot+er. Reso.!in/ t+e iss"e on 5+et+er or not
%etitionersH 9ase 4or "n.a54". detainer 5i.. %ros%er, t+e 9o"rt
r".ed>('?*

Petitioners a..e/ed in t+eir 9o-%.aint t+at t+e0 in+erited t+e
%ro%ert0 re/istered "nder TCT No. C'(&&1 4ro- t+eir
%arentsG t+at %ossession t+ereo4 80 %ri!ate res%ondent 5as
80 to.eran9e o4 t+eir -ot+er, and a4ter +er deat+, 80 t+eir
o5n to.eran9eG and t+at t+e0 +ad ser!ed 5ritten de-and on
De9e-8er, &<<), 8"t t+at %ri!ate res%ondent re4"sed to
!a9ate t+e %ro%ert0. 3 3 3

It is sett.ed t+at one 5+ose sta0 is -ere.0 to.erated 8e9o-es
a de4or9iant i..e/a..0 o99"%0in/ t+e .and t+e -o-ent +e is
reD"ired to .ea!e. It is essentia. in "n.a54". detainer 9ases o4
t+is ;ind, t+at %.aintiCHs s"%%osed a9ts o4 to.eran9e -"st
+a!e 8een %resent ri/+t 4ro- t+e start o4 t+e %ossession
5+i9+ is .ater so"/+t to 8e re9o!ered. T+is is 5+ere
%etitionersH 9a"se o4 a9tion 4ai.s. T+e a%%e..ate 9o"rt, in 4"..
a/ree-ent 5it+ t+e MTC -ade t+e 9on9."sion t+at t+e
a..e/ed to.eran9e 80 t+eir -ot+er and a4ter +er deat+, 80
t+e-, 5as "ns"8stantiated. 3 3 3

T+e e!iden9e re!ea.ed t+at t+e %ossession o4 de4endant 5as
i..e/a. at t+e in9e%tion and not -ere.0 to.erated as a..e/ed in
t+e 9o-%.aint, 9onsiderin/ t+at de4endant started to o99"%0
t+e s"8Ae9t .ot and t+en 8"i.t a +o"se t+ereon 5it+o"t t+e
%er-ission and 9onsent o4 %etitioners and 8e4ore t+e-, t+eir
-ot+er. 333 C.ear.0, de4endantHs entr0 into t+e .and 5as
eCe9ted 9.andestine.0, 5it+o"t t+e ;no5.ed/e o4 t+e o5ners,
9onseD"ent.0, it is 9ate/ori:ed as %ossession 80 stea.t+
5+i9+ is 4or9i8.e entr0. As e3%.ained in Sarona !s. Vi..e/as,
9ited in M"No: !s. Co"rt o4 A%%ea.s >(() SCRA (&2 J&<<(K?
to.eran9e -"st 8e %resent ri/+t 4ro- t+e start o4 %ossession
so"/+t to 8e re9o!ered, to 9ate/ori:e a 9a"se o4 a9tion as
one o4 "n.a54". detainer not o4 4or9i8.e entr0 3 3 3.

And in t+e 9ase o4 Ten Fort0 Rea.t0 and De!e.o%-ent Cor%. !.
Cr":,>()? %etitionerHs 9o-%.aint 4or "n.a54". detainer -ere.0
9ontained t+e 8are a..e/ations t+at J&K res%ondent
i--ediate.0 o99"%ied t+e s"8Ae9t %ro%ert0 a4ter its sa.e to
+er, an a9tion -ere.0 to.erated 80 %etitionerG and J(K +er
a..e/ed.0 i..e/a. o99"%ation o4 t+e %re-ises 5as 80 -ere
Pa/e 5 o4 6
to.eran9e. T+e 9o"rt, in 7ndin/ t+at t+e a..e/ed to.eran9e did
not A"sti40 t+e a9tion 4or "n.a54". detainer, +e.d*

To A"sti40 an a9tion 4or "n.a54". detainer, t+e %er-ission or
to.eran9e -"st +a!e 8een %resent at t+e 8e/innin/ o4 t+e
%ossession. 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

In t+is 9ase, t+e Co-%.aint and t+e ot+er %.eadin/s do not
re9ite an0 a!er-ent o4 4a9t t+at 5o".d s"8stantiate t+e 9.ai-
o4 %etitioner t+at it %er-itted or to.erated t+e o99"%ation o4
t+e %ro%ert0 80 Res%ondent Cr":. T+e 9o-%.aint 9ontains
on.0 8are a..e/ations t+at &K res%ondent i--ediate.0
o99"%ied t+e s"8Ae9t %ro%ert0 a4ter its sa.e to +er, an a9tion
-ere.0 to.erated 80 %etitionerG and (K +er a..e/ed.0 i..e/a.
o99"%ation o4 t+e %re-ises 5as 80 -ere to.eran9e.

T+ese a..e/ations 9ontradi9t, rat+er t+an s"%%ort, %etitionerHs
t+eor0 t+at its 9a"se o4 a9tion is 4or "n.a54". detainer. First,
t+ese ar/"-ents ad!an9e t+e !ie5 t+at res%ondentHs
o99"%ation o4 t+e %ro%ert0 5as "n.a54". at its in9e%tion.
Se9ond, t+e0 9o"nter t+e essentia. reD"ire-ent in "n.a54".
detainer 9ases t+at %etitionerHs s"%%osed a9t o4 s"Ceran9e or
to.eran9e -"st 8e %resent ri/+t 4ro- t+e start o4 a
%ossession t+at is .ater so"/+t to 8e re9o!ered.>(6?


In t+e instant 9ase, t+e a..e/ations in t+e 9o-%.aint do not
9ontain an0 a!er-ent o4 4a9t t+at 5o".d s"8stantiate
%etitionersH 9.ai- t+at t+e0 %er-itted or to.erated t+e
o99"%ation o4 t+e %ro%ert0 80 res%ondents. T+e 9o-%.aint
9ontains on.0 8are a..e/ations t+at Eres%ondents 5it+o"t an0
9o.or o4 tit.e 5+atsoe!er o99"%ies t+e .and in D"estion 80
8"i.din/ t+eir +o"se in t+e said .and t+ere80 de%ri!in/
%etitioners t+e %ossession t+ereo4.F Not+in/ +as 8een said
on +o5 res%ondentsH entr0 5as eCe9ted or +o5 and 5+en
dis%ossession started. Ad-itted.0, no e3%ress 9ontra9t
e3isted 8et5een t+e %arties. T+is 4ai."re o4 %etitioners to
a..e/e t+e ;e0 A"risdi9tiona. 4a9ts 9onstit"ti!e o4 "n.a54".
detainer is 4ata..>(2? Sin9e t+e 9o-%.aint did not satis40 t+e
A"risdi9tiona. reD"ire-ent o4 a !a.id 9a"se 4or "n.a54".
detainer, t+e -"ni9i%a. tria. 9o"rt +ad no A"risdi9tion o!er t+e
9ase.>(=? It is in t+is .i/+t t+at t+is Co"rt 7nds t+at t+e Co"rt
o4 A%%ea.s 9orre9t.0 4o"nd t+at t+e -"ni9i%a. tria. 9o"rt +ad
no A"risdi9tion o!er t+e 9o-%.aint.

L#EREFORE, t+e %etition is DENIED and t+e A"d/-ent o4 t+e
Co"rt o4 A%%ea.s dis-issin/ t+e 9o-%.aint in Ci!i. Case No.
(6)= o4 t+e MTC Anti%o.o, Ri:a. 4or .a9; o4 A"risdi9tion is
+ere80 AFFIRMED.




No %rono"n9e-ent as to 9osts.

SO ORDERED.


MINITA V. C#ICONAZARIO
Asso9iate J"sti9e
Pa/e 6 o4 6