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DIWALI GREETINGS !

Diwali Greeting in Hindi :-


Diwali ki Shubhkamnayein
Diwali Greeting in Tamil :-
Deepavali Nalvaazhtukkal
Diwali Greeting in Telugu :-
Deepavali Shubhakankshalu
Diwali Greeting in Kannada :-
Deepavali Habbada Shubhashayagalu
Diwali Greeting in Malayalam :-
Deepavali Aashamsagal
Diwali Greeting in Gujarati :-
Diwali Mubarak
Diwali Greeting in Punjabi :-
Tuhanu diwali diyan boht boht vadhaiyan hon
Diwali Greeting in Oriya :-
Deepavalira Anek Shubhechha
Diwali Greeting in Bengali :-
Subho Diwalir Preeti O Subeccha
Diwali Greeting in Marathi :-
Shubh Diwali/ Diwalichya hardik Shubhechha
Diwali Greeting in Nepali :-
Subha Dipawali ko mangalmaya subha kaamanaa
Photos: Internet
Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India


Diwali Greetings. Diwali - Festival of Lights - Save Electricity in Lighting


Diwali: Festival of
Lights
The Significance of Lights & Firecrackers
All the simple rituals of Diwali have a significance and a story to tell. The
illumination of homes with lights and the skies with firecrackers is an expression
of obeisance to the heavens for the attainment of health, wealth, knowledge,
peace and prosperity. According to one belief, the sound of fire-crackers are an
indication of the joy of the people living on earth, making the gods aware of their
plentiful state. Still another possible reason has a more scientific basis: the fumes
produced by the crackers kill a lot of insects and mosquitoes, found in plenty
after the rains.
From Darkness Unto Light...
In each legend, myth and story of Deepawali lies the significance of the victory of
good over evil; and it is with each Deepawali and the lights that illuminate our
homes and hearts, that this simple truth finds new reason and hope. From
darkness unto light the light that empowers us to commit ourselves to good
deeds, that which brings us closer to divinity. During Diwali, lights illuminate
every corner of India and the scent of incense sticks hangs in the air, mingled
with the sounds of fire-crackers, joy, togetherness and hope. Diwali is celebrated
around the globe . Outside India, it is more than a Hindu festival, it's a
celebration of South-Asian identities. If you are away from the sights and sounds
of Diwali, light a diya , sit quietly, shut your eyes, withdraw the senses,
concentrate on this supreme light and illuminate the soul.

ON THE DIWALI DAY LET US PLEDGE
TO SAVE ELECTRICITY IN LIGHTING


CONSERVE ELECTRICITY IN THE HOUSE | HOW
TO SAVE ELECTRICITY AND SAVE MONEY
Discover the many ways to save electricity at home. Learn how to conserve electricity in the house with some
practical tips. Saving electricity is not difficult, there are many ways to save money on electricity...
How to Save Electricity | Energy Saving Light Bulbs
SATURDAY
Electricity costs for lighting in the typical home can reach 12% or more in
terms of your annual energy costs. So if you would like to know how tosave
electricity, you can conserve just by focusing on lighting. Energy Star
qualified compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) are the right energy saving
light bulbs to save money on electricity bills and conserve electricity in
the home.

To put this into perspective, that percentage is about the same that the
average home uses for cooling and electronic appliances. I personally feel
that estimate is conservative; I seem to spend more and more time
reminding people in the house to turn of the lights when they are not in the
room, etc.

That is the on-going challenge of awareness and guiding
people to change behaviors.

So why are compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) so great?

Just take a glance at our incandescent bulbs on the right, they have not
really changed during thehistory of electricity which has a long timeline of
many milestones, discoveries and inventions.
Photo credit:

Essentially they combine the energy efficiency of fluorescent lighting into
energy saving light bulbs that can fit into incandescent fixtures.

Energy star qualified CFLs use approximately 75% less electricity that
standard incandescent bulbs. These low energy light bulbs have a lifespan
that is up to 10 times longer than standard bulbs. Therefore when you
install energy efficient light bulb in your home, the resulting energy savings
(electricity) is compounded over a longer period of time.

It is estimated that you can save on electricity costs by $30-50 over the
lifetime of the bulb. If you start adding that up through-out the house, well,
you will quickly find you will surely reduce your electricity costs and have a
fairly positive impact on your electricity bills. This in itself explains why CFLs
are one of the best means for saving electricity for the home. They are
also one of the more simple ways to conserve electricity without having
to make a significant investment.

In any case, replacing light bulbs must be done anyway, right? Why not take
the opportunity to install an energy efficient light bulb.

So what is the difference between energy saving CFL light bulbs and normal
incandescent? The bottom line is CFLs are more cost effective andenergy
efficient than incandescent light bulbs. They generate less heat and are
considered to be safer to operate, not to mention a potential energy savings
on your cooling. The good news is they do not require changing very often
once they are installed; the average lifespan is 10,000 plus hours.

In general CFLs function like normal fluorescent lighting that has been
highly used in commercial facilities for years. If you are familiar with
fluorescent lights, they have two basic parts which are the tube filled with a
gas and some form of ballast. When electricity flows the tube emits
ultraviolet light which become visible light via the surface of the tube.

There are two different forms of ballasts, one being magnetic and the other
electronic. The magnetic ballasts can flicker somewhat when initially started
(like normal florescent lighting). The electronic ballasts light up immediately,
are more efficient than magnetic ballasts but can be slightly more expensive.
For the most part CFLs today are mainly electronic.

Where are energy saving CFLs appropriate?

They are most energy efficient when used in locations requiring lighting for
extended periods of time. So the first place to for installing them would be in
the living room, bedrooms, kitchen, etc. You may not want to install them in
a location where lights are only turned on for a few minutes (closet). You
can do so; however the payback on efficiency (electricity savings) will be
slower in comparison to other areas. If you are not sure, ENERGY STAR
recommends using qualified CFLs in lighting fixtures that are typically used
at least 15 minutes at a time.

It is important to mention that CFLs are sensitive to temperature ranges
(specified normally on packaging) in which they work more optimal. Most
common CFLs are for indoor usage. There are models applicable for outdoor
usage; in this case it is suggested to enclose them in fixtures in order to
minimize the effect of the temperature sensitivity. This is not a must
although you just need to check if they are weatherproof and can resists
cold outside temperatures.

What are the types of Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs)?

Today, CFLs come in a wide variety of shapes and forms to address common
needs. In general, the total surface area of the tube(s) will determine just
how much light is produced by the energy saving light bulbs. There are other
characteristics such as the number of tubes (2, 4, 6) in the bulb. Some CFLs
have circular or spiral-shaped tubes.

Here is a diagram of the different forms of energy saving light bulbs and
where they can be used .

When choosing an energy efficient light bulb for your home, you will need to
take into consideration the wattage and with the right amount of light - color
range of the light (warmth). For the CFL wattage, is essentially 3-4 times
less that of incandescent bulbs. In most cases, the equivalent wattage is
mentioned on the packaging. A reference point between incandescent and
energy saving CFL lights bulbs are:

50 watt = 9 watts
60 watt = 15 watts
75 watt = 20 watts
100 watt = 25 watts
150 watt = 39 watts

You will also need to take note and purchase the correct model if your
energy saving CFL bulbs are to be connected to a dimmer switch or require
three-way socket fixture.

The shade or warmth of white light from CFLs is identified by a color
temperature measured in kelvin (K). The lower the kelvin number the
warmer the color of the light, a higher Kelvin number implies the light has a
cooler color. For reference, incandescent light bulbs offer a soft white light
(2700K3000K), a higher kelvin color temperature (3500K, 4100K,
5000K,...) will emit a more white (bright white, natural, daylight) similar to
perhaps halogen lamps.

In terms of disposal, you will need to treat them differently than normal
bulbs. It is recommended that you place the bulb in a sealed plastic bag
when disposing. The best bet is to check locally on the proper disposal
practice to be used.

It is quoted that if every single American home replaced only one
incandescent light bulb with an Energy Star qualified CFL bulb, it would
result in energy savings that could pay for lighting more than 3 million
homes for a year. This alone explains why it is one of the best ways to
conserve electricity, not to mention the reduction of greenhouse gas
emissions.

To conclude, introducing energy saving light bulbs in your home will allow
you to conserve electricity and save money on electricity bills. If you
choose properly the correct CFL bulb for the intended area you should not
notice a difference (other than saving electricity). It will require a small
investment beyond the price of incandescent bulbs. However the long term
reduction of energy costs makes this one of the most obvious energy saving
tips. Think about this the next time you need to replace a bulb,
start conserving electricity and then reduce your energy costs!


Lighting FAQ

We answer some of the common queries, and dispel some popular
myths, about energy saving light bulbs.
Q. Do energy saving light bulbs take a long time to light up?
A. Modern CFLs only take a few seconds to warm up to full brightness. LEDs
reach full brightness instantly.
Q. Does turning a light on and off use more energy than leaving it
on?
A. No. Switching on an energy saving bulb only uses the same amount of
power as leaving it on for a minute or two. Turning the bulb on and off
repeatedly may shorten its life but normal household use shouldn't cause
any problems.
Q. Do energy efficient bulbs produce low quality, harsh light?
A. The light quality of CFLs and LEDs does vary. If you want an energy
efficient light bulb that produces a similar light as a traditional bulb then you
should buy a "warm white" or "soft white" bulb, with a Colour Rendering
Index (CRI) of at least 80. You should find this information in the small print
on the packaging. Find out more about light quality and colour.
Q. Are energy efficient light bulbs as bright as traditional bulbs?
A. Yes, if you buy the right energy saving bulb it will be just as bright as the
one youre replacing. Find out more about choosing bulbs of the right
brightness.
Q. Can you see energy saving lights flicker?
A. No. Modern CFLs turn on and off about 1000 times faster than we can
see.
Q. Can I fit energy saving bulbs to a dimmer switch?
A. Most energy saving bulbs aren't fully compatible with dimmer switch
circuits currently. A growing range of dimmable CFLs is emerging however.
There are energy saving bulbs that can be used with 'staged dimming'. This
requires a special sort of dimmer switch.
Q. Do CFLs contain mercury and is this bad for the environment or
dangerous?
A. Yes, CFL bulbs contain tiny traces of mercury but not enough to harm
humans. However we advise taking care clearing up broken lamps.
Mercury is bad for the environment but in the long term using CFLs will
reduce overall mercury pollution. This is because CFLs use 80% less
electricity than traditional bulbs and the main source of mercury pollution is
burning fossil fuels (which makes electricity).
Q. How can I recycle my energy saving light bulbs?
A. Energy-saving light bulbs are part of the Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (WEEE) initiative. ( Find out more about WEEE.) This means
retailers must provide information to the public on how they can be recycled.
Alternatively, contact your local authority to see whether they recycle energy
saving light bulbs. If you don't know who your local authority is, check
atDirectgov. You can also find out more about recycling energy saving light
bulbs at Recolight.co.uk
Q. How can I recycle my energy saving light bulbs?
A. Energy saving light bulbs are part of the Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (WEEE) initiative. ( Find out more about WEEE.) This means
retailers must provide information on how they can be recycled.
You can contact your local authority to see whether they recycle energy
saving light bulbs or find out more about recycling energy saving light bulbs
online at Recolight.
Q. Are halogen bulbs more efficient than traditional GLS bulbs?
A. Halogen bulbs are slightly more efficient than traditional bulbs but you
need more of them to light a room meaning you will use more energy. If you
have to buy a halogen bulb, look for the Energy Saving Trust Recommended
logo to make sure you have the most efficient bulb.
You will save energy and money by replacing halogen bulbs with LEDs or
energy efficient bulbs.
Q. Is the government really banning traditional GLS bulbs?
A. In effect, yes. The government, energy suppliers and many major UK
retailers have led a voluntary initiative to phase out traditional light bulbs,
where there is a suitable low energy replacement.
The UK voluntary phase-out is now being followed up by legal restrictions on
bulb sales across Europe.
Q. If it takes more energy to make an energy saving light bulb then
doesnt that make it inefficient in the long run?
A. An energy saving bulb may take more energy to make than a traditional
bulb but the energy saved over the bulbs lifetime far outweighs this energy
consumption.
(Source: Energy Saving Trust).
Energy Saving in Lighting through
Reading Lights:
One innovation that saves enormous power in light
is READING SOLAR LIGHT dual powered. Normally
in India students read under a 40 Watt Fluorescent
bulb. In school and college hostels one Fluorescent
bulb for 4 to 6 people. A Fluorescent bulb consumes
40 Watts. Its life time is short. In voltage fluctuations
(common in some cases in rural India), it won't glow.
There are Reading Solar lights with LED (Best LED
from a Company like Nichia corporation, Japan)
which can be charged by sunlight or electric
including USB. This lasts 8 hours. It costs around Rs
400(about 7 US$) in India. It consumes 0.2 Watts.
Moreover by this light one can concentrate on the
material reading (especially students) we used to
have Reading lights in the past (Table Lights
electric). I suggest Schools, NGOs, Government can
promote these on a massive scale.

Each Kwh saved is each Kwh generated.

TODAYS WASTAGE IS TOMORROWS
SHORTAGE.

Please save the power for the next hour!

Save power, energize the future.



Dual Powered Reading Light


























CFL Vs LED
From:
Dr.A.Jagadeesh
Director
Nayudamma Centre for Development Alternatives
2/210 First Floor
Nawabpet
NELLORE 524 002
Andhra Pradesh
India
http://www.facebook.com/anumakonda.jagadeesh
Blog: http://www.drjagadeeshncda.blogspot.com
Twitter: @anumakondaj
Phone: ++ 91 861 2317776
Mobile: +91 9490125950