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## Chapter 6 Study Cases

6.1. Energization of 500kV Transmission Line
The purpose of this case study is to introduce PowerFactorys function for the analysis
of electromagnetic transient in power system. This case study includes single line diagram
network model, using transmission line tower configuration 500kV double circuit of EGAT,
running time-domain simulation plotting and interpreting the results compare to the
ATPDraw simulation.

Create new project in PowerFactory and set up the network configuration as in figure
above. The parameters will be discussed in the following, and some data referred to the
typical values for simulation only.
- Source: represent the Thevenins equivalent of network consist of some
transformers and other overhead line connected to the sending bus. Furthermore, this
equivalent circuit of external grid defined as Positive and Zero sequence with ideal source.
Typical valued here have been used for simulation.
Source impedance Positive sequence
1 2 1 1
1.2283 23.4 Z Z R jX j = = + = +
Source impedance Zero sequence
0 0 0
5.3405 40.35 Z R jX j = + = +
Source Voltage 500 Vs kV line line voltage =

Xs Rs
500kV
325.6km
Double Circuit
Sending Bus Receiving Bus
Figure 6.1 Single line diagram for case study on 500kV line switching
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- Circuit Breaker: Assume to be ideal switching with time controlled and 3-ph
switching at peak voltage of Phase A (time switching t = 10ms).
- Shunt Reactor: the 110MVAR, rated voltage 525kV reactive power Reactor will
be used to compensate this 500kV transmission line at both end of the line. The 3-phase
Shunt Reactor connected with 0.55MVAR, rated voltage 110kV neutral reactor single phase.
2
2
(525 )
2505.682
110
Qrated
Rated
V
kV
Xa
Q MVAr
= = =
2505.682
7.9758
2 2 50
X
La H
f
= = =

@80
2.463
C
Ra

=
2
2
(110 )
22,000
0.55
Qrated
Cal
Rated
V
kV
Xn
Q MVAr
= = =
Measured Neutral Inductance 6.297 Ln H = ;
2 50 6.297 1978.26
mea
Xn = =
@80
13.162
C
Rn

=
PowerFactory has option for Shunt reactor data such as Design Parameter or Layout
Parameter input. Quality Factor at nominal frequency is calculated by q.
2505.682
1017.329
2.463
rec
rec
reac
X
qf
R
= = =
Figure 6.2 Source Impedance for EMT-Simulation
Xn
Xa Xb Xc
A B C
Figure 6.3 Shunt Reactor Connection
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Shunt Reactor is connected at both end of the transmission line. The shunt reactor
winding assumed to be linear with 3 limb cores; any available data such as measurement
Figure 6.4 Basic Data input for Shunt reactor 3ph-YN connection
Figure 6.5 Basic Data input for Neutral Reactor
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capacitance (depend on shunt type model) can be made to be more detail data input for EMT-
simulation.
-Surge Arrester: Voltage-current (V-I) characteristic using peak values data from
ABB have been used. Stray capacitance and series inductance of the surge arrester data is not
available for this simulation.
Current peak (kA) Voltage peak (kV)
1.5 867
3 898
5 922
10 975
20 1,020
40 1,120
- Transmission Line: Overhead transmission line system herein defined in term of
geometrical data, i.e. the physical dimensions of the tower configuration and conductor data.
The model consists in conductor type (TypCon) and the tower type (TypTow).
The following procedure is used to calculate the parameter of the tower and
conductor. As the tower configuration as Double-Circuit, then the identical circuit data is
obtained from Figure 6.6.
-Circuit 1: X1 =11.46 4.429 =7.031 m
X2 =10.67 4.429 =6.241 m
X3 =10.67 4.429 =6.241 m
Y1 =37 4.429 =32.571 m
Y2 =37 +11 4.429 =43.571 m
Y3 =37 +11 +11 4.429 =54.571 m ; Sag_phase =18.06 m
Xg =6.46 m ; Yg =37 +11 +11 +6 =65 m ; Sag_OGW =12.37 m
- Conductor: 41272 MCM, ACSR/GA is used , D
overall-ACSR
=33.91 mm
- Al Strand, D
Strand
=4.42 mm, N =42 , Rdc20 = 0.0449 /km
Table 6.1 Voltage-Current (V-I) characteristics of Surge Arrester 500kV, MOSA
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- Steel, Dsteel wire =2.46 mm, N =7, D
overall-Steel
=2.463 =7.38
mm
- OGW : 13/8 EHS, D
overall
=9.144 mm
- D
Coated wire
=3.048 mm , N =7 , Rdc20 =4.307 /km
1 1 3
4 4
33.9110
13.2
2
phase phase
GMR r e e mm

= = =
1 1 3
4 4
3.144 10
3.56
2
OGW OGW
GMR r e e mm

= = =

Figure 6.6 Tower Configuration mostly used for EGAT project after 2005
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The Double-Circuit of the Tower configuration is mad, but in this study case only one
circuit is going to be energized by other is not energized.
According to the calculation function can be used as stand-alone mode, and then the
single circuit will be calculated the impedance and admittance matrix result to the output
window or it can be automatically calculated in the EMT-Simulation page of the Tower type
(TypTow).

Figure 6.7 Result of impedance matrix of 012 sequences
Figure 6.8 Result of admittance matrix of 012 sequences
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Recall the impedance matrix [ ]
0
012 1
2
0 0 2 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
s m
s m
s m
Z Z Z
Z Z Z Z
Z Z Z
+

= =

Figure 6.9 Impedance and Admittance matrix printed to output window
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0
1 2
0.213228 1.02712 /
0.0121045 0.264492 /
Z j km
Z Z j km
= +
= = +

0
1 2
0.00 2.59044 /
0.00 4.3694 /
Y j uS km
Y Y j uS km
= +
= = +

These parameters of transmission line will be used in the line element.

Figure 6.10 Basic Data for single circuit data transmission line 500kV
Figure 6.11 EMT-Data for single circuit data transmission line 500kV