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DNV 2.

7-3
Portable Offshore Units
Subsea Lifting Operations
KranTeknisk Forening
Per ystein Alvr
Stavanger, 28 November 2007
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 2 23 November 2007
2.7-3? What is that?
The intention of this lecture is to briefly answer:
What is DNV Standard for Certification 2.7-3?
How should 2.7-3 be used?
This is done by:
Clarifying why 2.7-3 has been issued
Giving a general overview of the content in 2.7-3 (J une
2006)
Describing what will be updated in the next revision
Indicating application of 2.7-3 for subsea
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 3 23 November 2007
International Regulations
IMOs MSC/Circ.860 Guidelines for the approval of
offshore containers handled in open seas
proposed to IMO by Norway
states that the International Convention for Safe Containers
(CSC) does not cover Offshore Containers
states that offshore containers should be approved by the
competent authorityor by organizations Duly authorized by
the Administration
states that offshore containers should be inspected annually
Refers to other standards for detail requirements, those listed
are DNV 2.7-1, DNV 2.7-2, EN 12079 and BS 7072 (withdrawn)
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 4 23 November 2007
Why 2.7-3?
Experience has shown that Standard for Certification No 2.7-1 "Offshore
Containers, is being used more and more in the industry today than ever
before. As a consequence of this increased demand, DNV customers
have voiced a strong requirement for a need to certify portable offshore
Units that are not shaped like containers, according to Standard for
Certification No 2.7-1.
As a result of this market demand Standard for Certification No 2.7-3 has
been developed, which covers all other types of portable offshore Units,
other than offshore containers. DNV firmly believes that this new
standard will meet the customers need for these services and at the
same time enable DNV to expand in this market segment.
This new Standard has been developed in close co-operation with the
update of the Standard for Certification No 2.7-1.
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 5 23 November 2007
Definition
Portable Offshore Units
Definition in SfC 2.7-3: Portable Unit or package with a maximum gross
weight not exceeding 50 tonnes, for repeated or single use with a
primary service function, handled in open seas, to, from or between
fixed and/or floating offshore installations and ships.
Also: Could be lifted subsea!
4 types defined:
- Type A, skids arranged with crash frames
- Type B, skids without crash frames
- Type C, no dedicated skid frame
- Type D, stress skin design
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 6 23 November 2007
Content in 2.7-3
GENERAL
Scope
Definitions
List of symbols
Documents for approval and information
National authorities
References
CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES
Introduction
Design Review
Testing and inspection
Certification of existing units
Maintenance of certificate
Summary of procedures
DESIGN
Structural strength
Welding
Design details
Units with tanks
Materials
Prototype Testing
MANUFACTURE
General
Welding
Secondary structure
Production documentation
Production testing
MARKING
Safety marking
Identification markings
Additional information markings (optional)
Other marking
INFORMATION PLATES
General
Operational limitations
Information plate
Inspection plate
OPERATIONAL RESTRICTIONS
PERIODIC EXAMINATION, TESTS AND REPAIRS
General
Inspection, test and repairs on units
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 7 23 November 2007
Test if SfC 2.7-3 is applicable
Tests to define type
A, B, C or D
Integrated service?
Use 2.7-2
Container shaped & W<25t?
Use 2.7-1
Tank for dangerous goods?
IMDG Code + 2.7-1
W < 50t?
VMO-Rules
X
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 8 23 November 2007
Procedure for Certification
Application sent to DNV.
Order confirmed and fees agreed.
Drawings, documentation and calculations reviewed and approval given
by the approval office.
Prototype offshore Unit manufactured under supervision of the Society's
Surveyor.
Unit tested according to prototype test requirements, witnessed by the
Society's Surveyor.
Production proceeds according to the agreed Quality Plan or
Manufacturing Survey Arrangement. Production tests according to list in
Section 4.5.
DNV surveyor issues Portable Offshore Unit Certificate (form 49.06a) and
affixes emblem.
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 9 23 November 2007
Design Requirements - General
Design to promote means for safe handling and transportation.
Selected criteria to cover a transportation event involving sea voyage and
lifting offshore.
Acceptable stress, structural displacement and stiffness.
Units designed for dynamic forces generated when handled in a sea
state of up to Hs = 6m, unless otherwise stated in operational limitations.
Units intended for repeated transportation events and to be mixed with
other frequent handled goods shall be free from protruding parts outside
the envelope of the Unit.
All Units in compliance with this Standard for Certification shall be
evaluated with regard to the risk of uncontrolled skidding and overturning
on a moving ship deck.
Consider type A, B, C or D as defined in section 1.1.
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 10 23 November 2007
Design - Structural Strength
Calculation Methods. Only the primary structure shall be included in the
design calculations.
Allowable Stresses. Von Mises equivalent stresses,
e
= 0.85C. For steel:
C = Re = minimum yield stress.
Design Lifting Loads:
- Primary structure: F = 2.5 x MGW x g
- pad eye: Single padeye: RSF = 2 x F
Impact Loads:
- Horizontal impact
- Vertical impact (Drop test)
- Minimum thicknesses
Welding
- Red. factor: Fillet = 0.5, partial = 0.75 and full pen. = 1.0
) ( ) 1 (
2 . 1
Cos n
F
RSF


=
SKL
Sling angle
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 11 23 November 2007
Pad Eyes
- Not outside unit
- Dim requirements: D
hole
< R
padeye_pl
T
padeye
> 75% Shackle inside width
- Strength: Req. to combined stress on net area
Other details:
- ISO-corner Castings
- Drainage
- Fork Lift Pockets
- Walls
- Equipment and Supports for equipment
- Lashing
- Tugger points
- Doors and hatches
- Coating and Corrosion Protection
Design Details
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 12 23 November 2007
Materials and Manufacture
Design temperature, normally -20 C
Steel quality requirements
Aluminium and other materials
Welding Qualification
Inspection of Welds
Secondary structure
Production documentation
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 13 23 November 2007
Testing Requirements
All point lifting test
- Mandatory, maybe omitted for single
transports
- Test load: 2.5 x MGW
2-point Lifting
- DNV decide if necessary
- May not pass calculations
- Test load: 1.5 x MGW
Vertical Impact Test
- Drop or lowering test
- Could be substituted by calculations
less for MGW > 25t
less for MGW > 25t
Test conclusion: Spreader
frame is required!
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 14 23 November 2007
Marking
Safety marking
Identification by Certificate number
Information Plate
- Name of manufacturer.
- Month/year of manufacture.
- Manufacturer's serial number.
- Maximum gross weight (kg) at design sling angle.
- Design temperature.
- DNVs Inspector Stamp (Ref. 4.4).
- Operational restrictions (if any).
Inspection Plate
The International
Convention for Safe
Containers, CSC
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 15 23 November 2007

The need for stricter operational restrictions The need for stricter operational restrictions
than the general restriction than the general restriction Hs = 6.0m Hs = 6.0m for for
the offshore lift shall be evaluated. the offshore lift shall be evaluated.
Limitations of sea state for the transport Limitations of sea state for the transport
event could be applicable. event could be applicable.
A specially arranged procedure or A specially arranged procedure or
arrangements for handling or sea fastening arrangements for handling or sea fastening
could be required. could be required.
It is advised that an agreement on the It is advised that an agreement on the
possible operational restrictions is possible operational restrictions is
established with DNV in an early stage of established with DNV in an early stage of
the enterprise. the enterprise.
Operational restrictions
Section 7 in SfC (Standard for Certification) 2.7-3 include a text that
unfortunately is rather unclear, but it generally says:
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 16 23 November 2007
Plans for Next Revision Slide 1
Improve the definition of the borderbetween 2.7-1 and 2.7-3 including
limitations for units that can be certified according to 2.7-3.
It should be made mandatory to define clearly (upper) operation
limitations. The revised CN shall include (specific) guidance on how to
do this. One proposal is to categorize the units into, say 3 classes with
lift limitations at 6m (as 2.7-1), 4m and 2.5m. The categorization should
be based on the design (i.e. type A, B, C or D), single or multiple use
and weight.
For (very) special units it should be stated that a handling procedure
both for sea transport and offshore lift should be made and presented for
review.
Criteria for sea transport are vaguely described. Design requirements
for the transport to be included.
Design and documentation requirements to lifting sets should be
included (at least) as an option.
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 17 23 November 2007
Plans for Next Revision Slide 2
Tables showing test lift weights will be revised/corrected.
Weld type requirements and some manufacturing requirements to be
reviewed.
2.7-1 includes several appendices with useful information. It will be
considered to include something similar in 2.7-3.
Include, as for 2.7-1, a tailor made certificate form.
Description of DNV 2.7-3 emblem, as for 2.7-1, to be included.
Several typing errors and incorrect references will be corrected.
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 18 23 November 2007
Next Revision: Chapter 3 Design
Chapter 3 Designwill be considerably updated, e.g.:
- The general design factor - 2.5 for lift, will be a function of, op. lim. Hs,
weight and subsea or not.
- Specific design requirements for transport will be included, normally 1g
- Accept criteria for stress and stability to be clarified.
- Deflection accept criteria to be deleted/updated (clarified why).
- Recommendations for vertical impact calculations.
- Minimum thickness requirement modify considering weight & optional
impact test.
- Padeye design criteria Clarify/update and include 2.7-1 formulae as option.
- Clarify requirements to equipment and equipment supports
- Lashing and tugger points rewrite requirements
- Include more guidance on when 2-point lift test & impact test are required.
- Subsea use (next slide)
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 19 23 November 2007
Subsea Design Factor, Lift
Design factor structure: 3.0 (2.8) This covers DAF and LF
Additional factor for padeyes as for lift in air
The following design requirements will be included to cover subsea:
In order to ensure that the unit could be installed without too strict
operational limitations the drag area and volume, including added
volume/mass should be reasonably limited.
The revised 2.7-3 will include some guidance on how to obtain an unit that
do not need any special procedures to be installed.
The recommendations will be further reviewed, but will be something like:
A/Ws < 1.0 where A is drag area and Ws is the submerged weight
V/Ws < 2.0 where V is the volume of the unit + added (water) mass
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 20 23 November 2007
Subsea Design Considerations
All air filled members shall be designed for the maximum hydrostatic
pressure, or proper ventilation/water filling shall be ensured.
Placing of lift points below CoG is normally not acceptable.
Lift point should be placed/designed in such a way that the risk of
damage and/or accidental release of rigging is neglectable.
Effect of horizontal wave loads. (tilt of object in splash zone).
Local design for slamming loads.
Tugger points for horizontal and rotational control.
Guiding system for final positioning.
Retrieval loads, if applicable.
A set of additional (for subsea) design considerations, as
indicated in the list below, will be included.
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 21 23 November 2007
Subsea Operational Aspects
All assumed operational limitations shall be clearly marked on the unit. This
could be:
Installation wave height/periods (if evaluated/applicable)
Special considerations, e.g. pass splash zone with inclination
Maximum water depth
Allowable loads on tugger points and guiding systems
Sling angles
The installation contractor needs to do a final assessment of the applicable
operation limitations based on the actual installation vessel and procedure.
Installation means on the unit, e.g. as marking, ROV grab bars, skids for
monitoring systems/equipment, should be installed as agreed.
A set of additional (for subsea) operational aspects, as
indicated in the list below, will be included.
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved Slide 22 23 November 2007
http://webshop.dnv.com/global/
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