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TEST PAPER ON UNIT V

The 12 of March
the 12 Form
Name __________________________
I. Read the text and accomplish the post-reading tasks.
Attention the Infinite Source of Your Potential
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Attention is probably the most important gift you possess. It is the act of taking possession by the mind, in clear and
vivid form, of one of several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought. It implies withdrawal from some
things in order to deal effectively with others.
Our faculty of attention affects us in countless ways. Our very perception of reality is tied closely to where we focus
our attention. Only what we pay attention to seems real to us, whereas whatever we ignore no matter how important
it may be seems to fade into insignificance.
Each of us chooses, by our way of attending to things, the universe we inhabit and the people we encounter. But for
most of us, this choice is unconscious, so its not really a choice at all. When we think about who we are, we cant
possibly remember all the things weve experienced, all the behaviors and qualities we have exhibited. The same goes
for our impressions of other people. The reality that appears to us is not so much whats out there, as it is those aspects
of the world we have focused on.
What we look at may not be what we attend to. It is possible to look in one direction but actually notice changes in
another direction. Overt attention is the act of directing our eyes or ears towards a stimulus source. Covert attention is
the act of mentally focusing on a particular stimulus. Basically, you can direct your attention towards the outside world
or towards the world within.
Mastering and controlling your attention gives you the freedom to choose what happens in your life. The more you
can control your attention the more you attract only the things in your life that you really want. If you don't pay
attention to negative things in your life it will not create that reality. This doesn't mean you should ignore the parts of
the world that do not produce peace and happiness for you; it simply means not to give them too much attention. Don't
get absorbed in them decide when enough is enough and move on to something you want your attention to be
focused on, for example, the important goals and dreams of your life.
Exhausting your attention is a very interesting occurrence that happens quite often and naturally in your daily life.
Training your mind not to exhaust itself will sharpen your focus and free up your attention significantly. The more free
attention you have, the happier you feel and the more power you have to control what is happening in your life. Be
aware of how you use your attention. Learn to deliberately choose where you want to place your attention. Become
aware of what draws you away from enjoying yourself here and now and gently come back to yourself in the present
moment without judgment.
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Answer the question.
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What types of attention are mentioned in the article?
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Find in the text the synonyms for the words given below. Make up sentences with the found
words.
Present __________________________________
Intentionally _____________________________
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Find in the text the antonyms for the words given below. Make up sentences with the found
words.
To refresh _______________________________
Inside _________________________________
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Circle the correct variant (True/False). Justify your choice.
a) Our observation of what is going around is connected to attention. T/F
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b) We shouldnt be engrossed in bad things. T/F
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II
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Grammar
Use gerund or Infinitive
1. He is determined _________________ (win) that race.
2. He lay in bed _______________ (plan) the days to come.
3. We went _________________ (run) in the morning.
4. Her fear of spiders made ______________ (travel) difficult.
5. The problem is ____________________ (get) there on time.

Complete the sentences with a correct form of the gerund


1.He mentioned (to study) ____________________ that topic long ago.
2.She happened (to tell) ______________________ about the rule earlier.
3.There is no use in (to reason) _________________ with them now.
4.He postponed (to do) ____________________ the exercise for another time.
5.They went on (to talk) __________________ about John.
Complete the sentences, using a gerund
1.He insisted on ______________________________________________________
2.I see no reason for not________________________________________________
3.The judge was accused of _____________________________________________
4.Who is responsible for________________________________________________?
5.She didnt regretted of ________________________________________________
Outline in writing your opinion on the subject.
A good reputation is more valuable than money.
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