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LESSON 50

APPLICATION SOFTWARE: ADVANCED FEATURES OF WORD


PROCESSING
Word processing so!"#re incorpor#!es $#sic %nc!ions s%c& #s:
!'ping( s#)ing( opening #nd prin!ing doc%*en!s
cop'ing( c%!!ing #nd p#s!ing !e+!s #nd gr#p&ics
or*#!!ing !e+!s #nd #,so c&ec-ing or spe,,ing
errors
.AIL .ERGE
.#i, *erge is # po"er%, e#!%re o "ord processing
so!"#re/ I 'o% need !o cre#!e n%*ero%s doc%*en!s
!&#! #re si*i,#r $%! re0%ire #! ,e#s! # *odic%* o
person#,is#!ion( ,e#rning !o %se !&e *#i, *erge e#!%re
in "ord processing "i,, s#)e 'o% # ,o! o !i*e/
T&e *#i, *erge &#)e 1 p#r!s/ .#in doc%*en!s #nd #
d#!# so%rce/ T&e 1 p#r!s #re *erge so !&#! 'o% c#n
cre#!e c%s!o*i2e doc%*en! "i!&o%! !'ping i! indi)id%#,,'/
.#i, *erge c#n $e %sed !o cre#!e #n' !'pe o prin!ed doc%*en!s( #s "e,, #s
e,ec!ronic#,,' dis!ri$%!ed doc%*en!s #nd #+es/
3ere #re so*e e+#*p,es !&#! c#n $e cre#!ed "i!& *#i, *erge:
C#!#,og%es
In)oices
L#$e,s
En)e,opes
For* ,e!!ers
Cer!iic#!es
W&en %sed "ise,'( *#i, *erge "i,, gre#!,' i*pro)e 'o%r prod%c!i)i!'/
.#i, .erge Wi2#rd
4/ Firs!( prep#re # ,is! o recipien!s or 'o%r ,e!!ers %sing .icroso! E+ce,/
1/ Open .icroso! Word #nd s!#r! # ne" doc%*en!/
5/ Fro* !&e *en% $#r( se,ec! Too,s( c,ic- #! Le!!ers #nd .#i,ings #nd c,ic-
.#i, .erge Wi2#rd/
6/ In !&e .#i, .erge !#s- p#ne( c,ic- on L#$e,s/
5/ C,ic- Ne+!/
7/ In !&e .#i, .erge !#s- p#ne( se,ec! C&#nge doc%*en! ,#'o%! #nd !&en
c,ic- L#$e,s op!ions/ A di#,og $o+ is disp,#'ed/
8/ Se,ec! 'o%r cri!eri# or L#$e, prod%c!s inc,%ding !&e prod%c! n%*$er o
!&e ,#$e,s 'o% #re %sing/ C,ic- O9 !o c,ose !&e di#,og $o+/
:/ C,ic- ne+!: se,ec! recipien!s/
;/ In !&e *#i, *erge !#s- p#ne( se,ec! %se #n e+is!ing ,is!/
40/ T&en c,ic- <ro"se !o $ro"se or !&e i,e/ Loc#!e !&e i,e #nd c,ic-
Open/
116
44/ Se,ec! !&e s&ee!s 'o% "#n! !o %se #nd c,ic- O9/ Se,ec! !&e record 'o%
"#n! !o *erge #nd c,ic- O9/
41/ C,ic- Ne+!/
45/ In !&e .#i, .erge !#s- p#ne( c,ic- .ore i!e*s/
46/ An inser! .erge Fie,d di#,og $o+ is disp,#'ed/ Inser! !&e ie,d 'o%
"#n! in 'o%r ,#$e,s/ C,ic- c,ose/
45/ Arr#nge 'o%r *erge ie,d #s desired( c,ic- Upd#!e #,, ,#$e,s( c,ic-
ne+!( pre)ie" 'o%r ,#$e,s/
47/ T&e irs! p#ge o 'o%r ,#$e, "i,, *erge or 'o% or 'o%r pre)ie"/ C,ic-
ne+! !o co*p,e!e !&e *erge/
48/ C,ic- Edi! indi)id%#, ,#$e,s !o )ie" #,, !&e ,#$e,s #nd *#-e #n'
c%s!o* edi!s !&#! #re needed/
DROP CAP
A drop c#p #,,o"s 'o% !o ose! !&e irs! ,e!!er o !&e
sen!ences or p#r#gr#p&/ I! is $#sic#,,' !&e irs! ,e!!er
o !&e irs! "ord o # p#r#gr#p& disp,#'ed in # ,#rge
on! "&ic& c#n #dd # !o%c& o s!',e or c,#ss !o #
doc%*en!/
3o" !o : Drop C#p
4/ Posi!ion 'o%r c%rsor #! !&e $eginning o # p#r#gr#p& "&ere 'o% "o%,d
,i-e !o see # drop c#p/
1/ Fro* !&e *en% $#r( c&oose For*#! #nd se,ec! Drop C#p/
5/ A drop c#p di#,og $o+ "i,, $e disp,#'ed/ Se,ec! "&e!&er 'o% "o%,d ,i-e
# Dropped or In .#rgin drop c#p/( or 'o% c#n re*o)e # pre)io%s,'
e+is!ing c#p/
6/ =o% c#n se,ec! !&e on! 'o% "is& !o %se or !&e c#p/
5/ I desired( 'o% c#n se,ec! # dieren! Dis!#nce ro* !e+! !o *#-e !&e
drop c#p ,e!!er *ore or ,ess re*o)ed ro* !&e p#r#gr#p&/
7/ Incre#se or decre#se !&e Lines !o drop !o incre#se or decre#se !&e si2e
o !&e drop c#p ,e!!er/
8/ Press O9 !o #pp,' 'o%r desired c&#nges/
WATER.AR9
A "#!er*#r- is #n' !e+! or gr#p&ic i*#ge !&#! is
prin!ed !o o)er,#p !&e e+is!ing !e+! in # doc%*en!(
ei!&er in !&e $#c-gro%nd or oregro%nd/
For e+#*p,e( !&e "ord >Dr#!? prin!ed ,ig&!,' $e&ind
!&e !e+! c#n $e considered #s # "#!er*#r-/ I! #dds !o
!&e gener#, design "i!&o%! pre)en!ing re#ders ro*
seeing !&e !e+! #$o)e i!/
117
3o" !o : W#!er*#r-
4/ S!#r! .icroso! Word/
1/ Fro* !&e *en% $#r( c,ic- #! For*#!( poin! !o <#c-gro%nd #nd !&en
c,ic- Prin!ed W#!er*#r-/
5/ To inser! !e+! "#!er*#r-( in !&e Te+! $o+( !'pe .' W#!er*#r-( c&oose
Cen!%r' Go!&ic or !&e on!/ C,ic- A%!o or !&e si2e #nd c&oose !&e
co,o%r/
6/ C,ic- !o se,ec! !&e Se*i!r#nsp#ren! c&ec- $o+ @de#%,! se!!ingA !&en
c,ic- !&e Di#gon#, op!ion ne+! !o L#'o%!/
5/ C,ic- O9/ T&e "#!er*#r- !&#! 'o% &#)e B%s! cre#!ed is no" )isi$,e on
!&e doc%*en! s&ee!/
.ICROSOFT ECUATION
T&e .icroso! E0%#!ion is # !oo, in .icroso! Word
!&#! "i,, #,,o" 'o% !o e#si,' cre#!e co*p,e+ e0%#!ion
on 'o%r co*p%!er/ W&en 'o% cre#!e #n e0%#!ion( i!
$eco*es e*$edded in !&e "ord doc%*en!/
3o" !o : .icroso! E0%#!ion
4/ Open # ne" .icroso! Word doc%*en!/
1/ Fro* !&e *en% $#r( c,ic- #! Inser! #nd Se,ec! O$Bec!/
5/ T&e o$Bec! di#,og%e $o+ opens/ On !&e Cre#!e Ne" !#$( se,ec!
.icroso! E0%#!ion 5/0/
6/ T&e e0%#!ion !oo, $#r #ppe#rs/
5/ T&e E0%#!ion Edi!or !oo,$#r con!#ins do2ens o e0%#!ion !e*p,#!es/
Wi!&in e#c& $%!!on on !&e !oo,$#r( !&ere #re se)er#, !oo,s #)#i,#$,e/
Si*p,' c,ic- on # $%!!on !o see !&e !oo,s con!#ined in e#c& o !&e*/
7/ C,ic- on !&e Fr#c!ion #nd R#dic#, !e*p,#!es $%!!on/
8/ C&oose # !e*p,#!e ro* !&e ,is!/
:/ A!er se,ec!ing !&e op!ion or ric!ion( !'pe c&#r#c!ers inside !&e do!!ed
$o+/
;/ T'pe D in !&e n%*er#!or $o+ o !&e r#c!ion/
40/ To gi)e #n e+ponen! !o !&is D( se,ec! !&e s%perscrip! op!ion ro* !&e
S%$scrip! #nd S%perscrip! !e*p,#!e $%!!on/
44/ A!er se,ec!ing !&e e+ponen! op!ion( 'o% "i,, see # $o+ on !&e !op
rig&! corner o D/ No" !'pe 1 in !&#! $o+/
41/ To *o)e !&e c%rsor o%!side !&e e+ponen! $o+( press !&e rig&! #rro"
-e' once/ T&en !'pe =/
45/ .o)e !o !&e deno*in#!or $' pressing !&e do"n -e' once/
46/ T'pe E/
45/ To e+i! !&e .icroso! E0%#!ion( c,ic- o%!side !&e s&#ded $o+/
47/ On Fr#c!ion #nd R#dic#, Te*p,#!es $%!!on( se,ec! !&e s0%#re roo!
or*#!/
48/ T'pe in !&e c&#r#c!ers inside !&e do!!ed $o+ or !&e n%*$ers !&#!
'o% "is& !o &#)e !&e )#,%e o s0%#re roo!/
4:/ To ,e#)e !&e s0%#re roo! op!ion( press !&e rig&! #rro" -e' once/
4;/ T'pe F '
10/ To e+i! !&e .icroso! E0%#!ion( c,ic- o%!side !&e s&#ded $o+/
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14/ On !&e s%**#!ion Te*p,#!e $%!!on/ Se,ec! !&e s%**#!ion or*#!
"i!& %pper #nd ,o"er ,i*i! op!ion/
11/ Fi,, !&e do!!ed $o+ or %pper #nd ,o"er ,i*i!s "i!& !&e corresponding
)#,%es/
15/ Use !&e #rro" -e's !o *o)e !o !&e dieren! p,#ces o !&e s%**#!ion
!o !'pe in !&e c&#r#c!ers/
16/ To e+i! !&e .icroso! E0%#!ion( c,ic- o%!side !&e s&#ded $o+/
CO.PARISON <ETWEEN .ICROSOFT WORD DP
AND OPENOFFICE WRITER
LESSON 54
APPLICATION SOFTWARE: ADVANCED FEATURES OF
SPREADS3EET SOFTWARE
Spre#ds&ee! so!"#re #,,o"s %sers !o:
org#nise d#!# in ro"s #nd co,%*ns
peror* c#,c%,#!ion on d#!#
rec#,c%,#!e !&e res! o !&e "or-s&ee! "&en d#!# in # "or-s&ee!
c&#nges
depic! !&e d#!# in c&#r! or*
.os! spre#ds&ee! so!"#re &#s #d)#nced e#!%res !o #,,o" 'o% !o "or- *ore
prod%c!i)e,'/ For e+#*p,e:
*#cro
,oo-%p
pro!ec!ion
pi)o! !#$,e
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.ACRO
.#cro is # se0%ence o -e's!ro-es #nd ins!r%c!ions
!&#! #re recorded #nd s#)ed/ .icroso! E+ce, is #n
e+#*p,e o # progr#* !&#! #,,o"s 'o% !o cre#!e
*#cros/ =o% c#n se! "&e!&er !o r%n !&e *#cro $'
%sing # ne" $%!!on in !&e !oo,$#r or # s&or!c%! -e'
s%c& #s CTRLFD( ALTF3 or CTRLFALTFS/
.#cros c#n #%!o*#!e co*p,e+ !#s-s #nd red%ce !&e n%*$er o s!eps
re0%ired !o co*p,e!e !#s-s !&#! 'o% peror* re0%en!,'/
LOO9UP
One o !&e *ore po"er%, %nc!ions #)#i,#$,e in
spre#ds&ee! is !&e Loo-%p %nc!ion/ T&is #,,o"s 'o% !o
!#-e #n' )#,%e en!ered( ind i! in # design#!ed !#$,e(
#nd !&en re!%rn # )#,%e ro* !&#! s#*e !#$,e/
I! is )er' pr#c!ic#,( or e+#*p,e( i 'o% "is& !o ,oo- %p
# s!%den!Gs n#*e $' !'ping in !&e iden!iic#!ion
n%*$er or .'9#d n%*$er/
PROTECTION
Spre#ds&ee! &#s # pro!ec!ion e#!%re !&#! #,,o"s 'o%
!o pro!ec! 'o%r inor*#!ion ro* $eing ,os!/ Once #
"or-s&ee! or "or-$oo- is pro!ec!ed no inor*#!ion
c#n $e *odiied or er#sed %n!i, !&e spre#ds&ee! &#s
$een %npro!ec!ed/
T&is e#!%re is )er' %se%, "&en 'o% s&#re spre#ds&ee!s "i!& o!&ers/ I!Hs
o!en i*por!#n! !o *#-e s%re !&#! !&e spre#ds&ee! is pro!ec!ed ro*
c&#nges/.icroso! E+ce, pro)ides # e#!%re c#,,ed IPro!ec!ionI !&#! #,,o"s
'o% !o ens%re !&#! no!&ing on 'o%r spre#ds&ee! ge!s c&#nged #cciden!#,,'/
PIVOT TA<LE
Spre#ds&ee! &#s # e#!%re !&#! #,,o"s %sers !o
s%**#rise #nd si*p,i' !#s-s !&#! con!#in # ,eng!&' ,is!
%sing co*p,e+ cri!eri#/ T&is e#!%re is c#,,ed Pi)o! T#$,e/
A co*p,e+ cri!erion reers !o e#c& co,%*n o ie,d in
so%rce d#!# !&#! s%**#rises *%,!ip,e ro"s o
inor*#!ion/ A Pi)o! T#$,e is # &idden repor!ing !oo, !&#!
c#n sor! #nd s%* ,#rge #*o%n!s o d#!# in ,is!s #nd !#$,es/
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CO.PARISON <ETWEEN .ICROSOFT EDCEL DP AND
OPENOFFICE CALC 1/0
As "i!& .icroso! Word #nd OpenOice Wri!er( co*p#rison $e!"een
.icroso! E+ce, #nd OpenOice C#,c is no! #n e#s' !#s-/ Firs!,'( !&e or*erHs
,icense needs !o $e $o%g&! "&i,e spre#ds&ee! so!"#re ,icensing or
OpenOice C#,c is #$so,%!e,' ree/
.icroso! E+ce, DP s%ppor!s #,, !&e #d)#nced e#!%res e+p,#ined/ OpenOice
C#,c 1/0 s%ppor!s !&e irs! !&ree e#!%res #s "e,, $%! i! does no! s%ppor!
speec& !oo, @#! ,e#s! %n!i, # c%rren! re,e#seA/3o"e)er( $o!& #pp,ic#!ions
s&#re # gre#! n%*$er o si*i,#ri!ies in !&eir ,oo- #nd e#!%res( #nd in !&e
"#' !&e so!"#re r%ns/ For e+#*p,e:
For*%,#
.#cro
A%!oi,,
Fi,!er
C&#r!
F%nc!ion
O!en "e ind e#!%res "&ic& #re $e!!er in one or !&e o!&er/ E#c& ne"
)ersion "i,, deini!e,' &#)e so*e i*pro)e*en!s %pon e#!%res !&#! "i,, *#-e
e#c& one $e!!er/
LESSON 51
APPLICATION SOFTWARE: ADVANCED FEATURES OF
PRESENTATION
Presen!#!ion so!"#re #,,o"s %sers !o co*$ine !e+!( p&o!os( c,ip #r!( gr#p&s(
#ni*#!ion( so%nd #nd e)en )ideo in!o # series o e,ec!ronic s,ides ,i-e !&ose
s&o"n on !&e screen/ .os! presen!#!ion so!"#re &#s #d)#nced e#!%res !o
*#-e 'o%r presen!#!ion *ore eec!i)e/
For e+#*p,e:
org#nis#!ion c&#r!
re&e#rse !i*ing
Po"erPoin! s&o"
p&o!o #,$%*
121
E+#*p,es o presen!#!ion so!"#re #re:
.icroso! Po"erPoin!
3#r)#rd Gr#p&ics
Ado$e Pers%#sion
Core, Presen!#!ion
Free,#nce Gr#p&ics
ORGANISATION C3ART
Org#nis#!ion#, c&#r!s #re # gre#! "#' !o re,#!e cer!#in
!opics !oge!&er/ T&e' c#n $e %sed !o )is%#,,' s&o":
An org#nis#!ionHs s!r%c!%re
A ,o" o ,ogic#, s!eps o # proBec!
A #*i,' !ree
RE3EARSE TI.ING
So*e!i*es( &o"e)er( peop,e *#' no! -no" &o" ,ong
e#c& s,ide s&o%,d $e disp,#'ed/ Po"erPoin! #,,o"s 'o%
!o re&e#rse !&e !i*ings/ I! "i,, r%n !&e s,ide s&o" on
*#n%#, #nd $egin recording !i*es/ W&en 'o% #re
done( i! c#n p,#ce !&ose !i*es in !&e presen!#!ion or
'o%/
T&e Re&e#rse Ti*ing Too, in presen!#!ion so!"#re #,,o"s 'o% !o pr#c!ice
gi)ing #n onJscreen presen!#!ion( reg#rd,ess o #n' !i*ing 'o% *#' &#)e se!
pre)io%s,'/ T&e !i*ing !oo, no! on,' disp,#'s !&e en!ire presen!#!ion( $%! #,so
e#c& indi)id%#, s,ide( #s 'o% re&e#rse/ E#c& !i*e 'o% #d)#nce !&e s,ide( !&e
!i*e is recorded/
POWERPOINT S3OW
=o% c#n s#)e 'o%r presen!#!ion #s # Po"erpoin!
S&o"@/ppsA i,e so !&#! 'o%r presen!#!ion "i,, open
s!r#ig&! in!o screen s&o" *ode/
P3OTO AL<U.
Po"erPoin!Gs P&o!o A,$%* e#!%re #,,o"s 'o% !o inser!
se)er#, p&o!os 0%ic-,' #nd edi! 'o%r I#,$%*I once !&e
i*#ges &#)e $een p,#ced/
122
CO.PARISON <ETWEEN .ICROSOFT POWERPOINT AND
OPENOFFICE I.PRESS
OpenOice I*press is # ree so!"#re $%! .S Po"erPoin! is #
cop'rig&!ed so!"#re/
Li-e !&e res! o OpenOice( I*press is designed or #n e#s' !r#nsi!ion
ro* .icroso! Oice/
.os! o !&e s#*e !oo,s #re #)#i,#$,e #s in Po"erpoin! #nd in !&e s#*e
p,#ces/
.S Po"erPoin! s%ppor!s #,, !&e #d)#nced e#!%res e+p,#ined in !&is
,esson/
OpenOice I*press s%ppor!s !&e irs! !&ree e#!%res #s "e,, #s
e+p,#ined in !&is ,esson $%! i! does no! #,,o" %sers !o s#)e !&e i,e #s #
presen!#!ion s&o" ,i-e Po"erPoin! S&o"/
3o"e)er( OpenOice I*press &#s # e#!%re "&ic& #,,o" %sers !o s#)e
!&e i,e in >/s" or*#! > #s # presen!#!ion s&o"/
<o!& #pp,ic#!ion s&#re # gre#! n%*$er o si*i,#ri!ies in $#sic e#!%res
,i-e s,ide !r#nsi!ion( dr#"ing o$Bec!s( c&#r! #nd di#gr#*( $%,,e!s #nd
n%*$ered ,is!s( *#s!er s,ide( &'per,in-/
<o!& so!"#re s%ppor!s si*i,#r #%dio or*#!/
<esides !&#!( I*press &#s no !oo,s or recording so%nds or n#rr#!ion
#nd or p,#'ing CD !r#c-s/
In con!r#s! !o Po"erPoin!Hs se)er#, do2en !e*p,#!es/ I*press oers
on,' # e"/
123
LESSON 55
APPLICATION SOFTWARE: GRAP3ICS EDITING
Gr#p&ics so!"#re or gr#p&ics edi!ing so!"#re is #
progr#* !&#! en#$,es # person !o *#nip%,#!e )is%#,
i*#ges on # co*p%!er/ .os! gr#p&ics so!"#re
&#)e e#!%res !o en&#nce 'o%r gr#p&ics/ For e+#*p,e:
crop
p&o!o en&#nce
E+#*p,es o gr#p&ics so!"#re #re .S P#in!( Ado$e I,,%s!r#!or( P&o!oFi,!re(
Ado$e P&o!os&op( .#cro*edi# Fire"or-s( .#cro*edi# Free&#nd #nd
E#2'Dr#"/
CROP
In gr#p&ics so!"#re( !&e crop !oo, is %sed or cropping
or c%!!ing pic!%res do"n !o si2e/ T&e re0%ired #re# is
se,ec!ed %sing !&e crop !oo,( !&en !&e crop is #pp,ied
!o ,e#)e B%s! !&e se,ec!ed #re#/
P3OTO EN3ANCE
En&#ncing Pic!%res #,,o"s 'o% !o #dd ne" #nd e+ci!ing
eec!s !o 'o%r pic!%res !o *#-e !&e* $e!!er/
P&o!o en&#nce*en!s inc,%de:
cropping
c&#nging $#c-gro%nd
co*$ining e,e*en!s ro* !"o or *ore pic!%res/
Adding or re*o)ing co,o%r/
AdB%s!ing or *odi'ing co,o%rs #nd si2e/
Adding o!&er speci#, eec!s ,i-e $orders #nd spo!,ig&!/
CO.PARISON <ETWEEN ADO<E P3OTOS3OP AND
T3E GI.P
Ado$e P&o!os&op #nd GNU I*#ge .#nip%,#!ion Progr#* @GI.PA #re
e+#*p,es o gr#p&ics so!"#re "&ic& #,,o" %sers !o en&#nce #nd re!o%c&
gr#p&ics/ T&e or*er is proprie!#r' so!"#re #nd is 0%i!e e+pensi)e/
E#c& cop' or ,icense or Ado$e P&o!os&op CS !&#! is p%rc&#sed ro* Ado$e
c#n on,' $e ins!#,,ed on one pri*#r' co*p%!er #nd one second#r' co*p%!er/
Un,i-e P&o!os&op( !&e GI.P c#n $e ins!#,,ed on #s *#n' *#c&ines #s 'o%
,i-e #s i! is # ree open so%rce so!"#re/
124
P&o!os&op &#s #n e#s' !o %se des-!op #nd %ser in!er#ce/ T&e ,oo- o !&e
GI.P is si*i,#r !o P&o!os&op/ <o!& e*p,o' !oo,$o+es "i!& %nders!#nd#$,e
s'*$o,s/ And !&%s( !&e GI.P is #s e#s' !o %se #s P&o!os&op/ T&e GI.P is
co*p#r#$,e !o P&o!os&op "i!& #c!%#, p&o!o edi!ing #nd i*#ge *#nip%,#!ion
!oo,s/
For e+#*p,e:
dr#"ing !oo,s
cropping !oo,s
co,o%r correc!ion !oo,s
i*#ge en&#nce*en! !oo,s
,#'ers
c&#nne,s
gr#dien! edi!or
!r#nsp#rencies
3o"e)er( !&e GI.P does no! &#)e #,, !&e e#!%res ,i-e >p#!&? #nd >#c!ions?(
!&#! P&o!os&op &#s/
LESSON 56
T=PES AND USAGES OF UTILIT= PROGRA.S
U!i,i!' progr#*s( #,so -no"n #s ser)ice progr#*s(
peror* *#in!en#nceJ!'pe !#s-s re,#!ed !o !&e
*#n#ging o # co*p%!er( i!s de)ices( or i!s
progr#*s/
T&e' en&#nce e+is!ing %nc!ions or pro)ide ser)ices no! s%pp,ied $' o!&er
s's!e* so!"#re progr#*s/ .os! co*p%!ers co*e "i!& $%i,!Jin %!i,i!ies #s
p#r! o !&e s's!e* so!"#re/ 3o"e)er !&e' *#' #,so $e $o%g&! sep#r#!e,' #s
e+!ern#, %!i,i!' progr#*s s%c& #s Nor!on S's!e*Wor-s #nd .cAee U!i,i!ies/
FILE .ANAGER
Fi,e *#n#ger is !&e so!"#re %sed !o *#n#ge i,es on #
dis-/ I! pro)ides %nc!ions !o de,e!e( cop'/ *o)e(
ren#*e #nd )ie" i,es #s "e,, #s cre#!e #nd *#n#ge
o,ders @direc!oriesA/
Fi,e *#n#ger peror*s !#s-s o or*#!!ing #nd cop'ing dis-s( disp,#'ing #
,is! o i,es on # s!or#ge *edi%*( c&ec-ing !&e #*o%n! o %sed or ree sp#ce
on # s!or#ge *edi%*( org#nising( cop'ing( ren#*ing( de,e!ing( *o)ing #nd
sor!ing i,es #nd #,so cre#!ing s&or!c%!s/
125
DIAGNOSTIC UTILIT=
A di#gnos!ic %!i,i!' co*pi,es !ec&nic#, inor*#!ion
#$o%! # co*p%!erGs &#rd"#re #nd cer!#in s's!e*
so!"#re progr#*s #nd !&en prep#res # repor!
o%!,ining #n' iden!iied pro$,e*s/Inor*#!ion in !&e
repor! #ssis!s !ec&nic#, s%ppor! s!# in re*ed'ing #n'
pro$,e*s/
DIS9 DEFRAG.ENTER
W&en #n oper#!ing s's!e* s!ores d#!# on # dis-( i!
p,#ces !&e d#!# in !&e irs! #)#i,#$,e sec!or on !&e dis-/
I! #!!e*p!s !o p,#ce d#!# in sec!ors !&#! #re
con!ig%o%s $%! !&is is no! #,"#'s possi$,e/ W&en !&e
con!en!s o # i,e #re sc#!!ered #cross !"o or *ore
nonJcon!ig%o%s sec!ors( !&e i,e is r#g*en!ed/
T&e process o der#g*en!#!ion is !&e reorg#nising o !&e dis- so !&e i,es
#re s!ored in con!ig%o%s sec!ors/ A r#g*en!ed dis- &#s *#n' i,es s!ored in
nonJcon!ig%o%s sec!ors/ Der#g*en!ing reorg#nises !&e i,es so !&e' #re
,oc#!ed in con!ig%o%s sec!ors( "&ic& speeds #ccess !i*e/
S.ALL UTILIT= PROGRA.S
An i*#ge )ie"er disp,#'s( copies #nd prin!s !&e
con!en!s o # gr#p&ics i,e/
A person#, ire"#,, de!ec!s #nd pro!ec!s co*p%!er
ro* %n#%!&orised in!r%sions/
An %nins!#,,er re*o)es # progr#* #nd #n' #ssoci#!ed
en!ries in !&e s's!e* i,es/
A screen s#)er disp,#'s # *o)ing i*#ge or $,#n-
screen i no -e'$o#rd or *o%se #c!i)i!' occ%rs or #
speciied !i*e/
126
LESSON 55
.ORE T=PES AND USAGES OF UTILIT= PROGRA.S
<AC9UP UTILIT=
<#c-%p %!i,i!' #,,o"s %sers !o cop' or $#c- %p(
se,ec!ed i,es or #n en!ire &#rd dis- !o #no!&er s!or#ge
*edi%*/
W&' is i! i*por!#n!K
T&e progr#* #,,o"s !&e %ser !o re!rie)e d#!# i !&e
&#rd dri)e #i,s #nd !&ere #re no *ore progr#*s or
i,es !&#! c#n %nc!ion/
An e+#*p,e o # $#c-%p %!i,i!' progr#* is Nor!on
G&os! ro* S'*#n!ec/
DATA RECOVER=
A d#!# reco)er' %!i,i!' is %sed !o res!ore !&e d#!# !&#!
&#s $een p&'sic#,,' d#*#ge or corr%p!ed/ D#!# c#n $e
d#*#ged $' )ir%ses( $#d so!"#re( &#rd"#re #i,%re
#nd po"er ,%c!%#!ions !&#! occ%r "&i,e d#!# is $eing
"ri!!en or recorded/
VIRUS PROTECTION
I! is essen!i#, !&#! 'o% ins!#,, #n!i)ir%s so!"#re/
An!i)ir%s so!"#re is # %!i,i!' progr#* !&#! sc#n !&e
&#rd dis-s( ,opp' dis-s #nd *e*or' !o de!ec! )ir%ses/
So*e %!i,i!ies des!ro' !&e )ir%s on !&e spo!/ O!&ers
no!i' 'o% o # possi$,e )ir#, $e&#)ior/ E+#*p,es o
#n!i)ir%s so!"#re #re Nor!on An!i)ir%s #nd .cAeeHs
Vir%sSc#n/
An!i)ir%s %!i,i!ies nor*#,,' ,oo- or )ir%s sign#!%res !o
iden!i' # )ir%s/ Users o #n!i)ir%s %!i,i!ies *%s! %pd#!e
!&e )ir%s deini!ion i,es #s o!en #s possi$,e !o ens%re
!&#! s%c& i,es con!#in p#!!erns or ne",' disco)ered
)ir%ses/
I #n #n!i)ir%s %!i,i!' c#nno! re*o)e !&e )ir%s( i! o!en
0%#r#n!ines !&e inec!ed i,e in # sep#r#!e #re# o #
&#rd dis- %n!i, !&e )ir%s c#n $e re*o)ed/
127
.os! #n!i)ir%s %!i,i!ies c#n cre#!e # reco)er' dis- !o re*o)e or rep#ir
inec!ed progr#*s #nd i,es/ In e+!re*e c#ses( # &#rdis- *#' need !o $e
reor*#!!ed !o re*o)e # )ir%s/
Vir%s Sign#!%re
A )ir%s sign#!%re or )ir%s deini!ion is -no"n #s # speciic p#!!ern o # )ir%s
code/
C%#r#n!ines
9eeping # )ir%s #"#' $ec#%se i! is d#ngero%s/
DATA CO.PRESSION
D#!# co*pression %!i,i!' is # %!i,i!' !&#! re*o)es
red%nd#n! e,e*en!s( g#ps #nd %nnecess#r' d#!# ro* #
co*p%!erHs s!or#ge sp#ce so !&#! ,ess sp#ce is re0%ired
!o s!ore or !r#ns*i! d#!#/
Wi!& !&e incre#sing %se o ,#rge gr#p&ics( so%nd( #nd )ideo i,es( d#!#
co*pression is necess#r' $o!& !o red%ce !&e !i*e re0%ired #nd !o red%ce !&e
!i*e re0%ired !o !r#ns*i! s%c& ,#rge i,es o)er # ne!"or-/
Co*pressed i,es #re so*e!i*es c#,,ed 2ipped i,es $ec#%se !&e' %s%#,,'
&#)e # /EIP e+!ension/ A co*pressed i,e *%s! $e %n2ipped or res!ored !o i!s
origin#, or* $eore $eing %sed/ T"o pop%,#r i,e co*pression %!i,i!ies #re
P9EIP #nd WinEip/
DIS9 SCANNER AND DIS9 CLEANUP
T&ese %!i,i!ies de!ec! #nd correc! cer!#in !'pes o
co**on pro$,e*s on &#rd dis-s #nd ,oppies #nd
se#rc& or #nd re*o)e %nnecess#r' i,es( s%c& #s
!e*por#r' i,es or > !e*p i,es?/
<o!& "indo"s #nd !&e #pp,ic#!ions 'o% r%n cre#!e !e*p
i,es needed on,' or # s*#,, !#s-s #nd s's!e* res!ore
#!er cer!#in !'pes o s's!e* pro$,e*s/ T&ese i,es #re s!ores in !&e Te*p
o,der/
LESSON 57
PROPRIETAR= AND OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
PROPRIETAR= SOFTWARE
Proprie!#r' so!"#re is #,so c#,,ed c,osed so%rce
so!"#re/ T&e c,osed so%rce so!"#re or proprie!#r'
so!"#re oers # s!#$,e s's!e* "i!& s%ppor! i !&e
so!"#re #i,s or *#,%nc!ions/
128
EDA.PLES OF PROPRIETAR= SOFTWARE
OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
Open so%rce so!"#re is:
so!"#re pro)ided or %se( *odiic#!ion #nd
redis!ri$%!ion
so!"#re !&#! #n' progr#**er c#n do"n,o#d ro*
!&e In!erne! or ree #nd *odi' "i!& s%gges!ed
i*pro)e*en!s/
!&e on,' 0%#,iic#!ion is !&#! c&#nges c#nG! $e cop'rig&!ed(
W&' is i! pop%,#rK <ec#%se !&is so!"#re is no! c,osed so!"#re/ An'
progr#**er c#n *#-e i*pro)e*en!s "&ic& c#n res%,! in $e!!er 0%#,i!'
so!"#re/
EDA.PLES OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
Lin%+ is !&e pop%,#r *%,!iJ!#s-ing UNID !'pe oper#!ing
s's!e*/ So*e )ersion o Lin%+ #re co**#nd ,ine/
O!&ers #re GUI/ T&e !"o *os! pop%,#r GUIs #)#i,#$,e
or Lin%+ #re GNO.E #nd 9DE/
.#n' #pp,ic#!ion progr#*s( %i!,i!ies #nd p,%gins &#)e
Lin%+ )ersions inc,%ding OpenOice/org( P3PJN%-e(T&e GI.P( .o2i,,#(
C,#*AV(OpenLDAP( A%d#ci!' #nd Red3#!/
Users c#n o$!#in Lin%+ in # )#rie!' o "#'s/ So*e
do"n,o#d i! or ree ro* !&e "e$/ O!&ers p%rc&#se i!
ro* )endors/
129
CO.PARISON
LESSON 58
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF PROPRIETAR=
SOFTWARE
Vendors o proprie!#r' so!"#re s#' >-eeping !&e so%rce code c,osed
*#-e !&eir prod%c! *ore sec%red?/ 9eeping !&e so%rce code c,osed *ig&!
de!er so*e &#c-ers( $%! !&e ,#rge n%*$er o s%ccess%, #!!#c-s #g#ins!
Windo"s #nd o!&er proprie!#r' so!"#re pro)es !&#! i! cer!#in,' does no!
pro)ide #n' -ind o &ig& ,e)e, sec%ri!'/
T&ere #re #d)#n!#ges #nd dis#d)#n!#ges o proprie!#r' so!"#re ro* !&e
perspec!i)es o $o!& !&e *#n%#c!%rer #nd !&e %ser/
ADVANTAGES OF PRODUCING PROPRIETAR=
SOFTWARE
T&e prod%cing co*p#n' cre#!es so!"#re !&#! *%s! $e
p%rc&#sed in order !o $e ins!#,,ed #nd %sed( !&%s
gi)ing roo* or proi!/ T&e co*p#n' c#n se! ,i*i! !o
!&e ,icence o %se/ T&is "i,, #,,o" !&e co*p#n' !o
con!ro, #nd *oni!or !&e ins!#,,#!ion #nd dis!ri$%!ion o
!&e so!"#re so,d/
130
ADVANTAGES OF USING PROPRIETAR= SOFTWARE
T&e #d)#n!#ges o %sing proprie!#r' so!"#re #re :
T&e so!"#re oers # s!#$,e s's!e* s%ppor! i i!
#i,s or *#,%nc!ion/
T&e so!"#re is s#e #nd g%#r#n!eed !o $e s#e
ro* d%$io%s !&re#!s ,i-e progr#**ing $%gs #nd
)ir%ses !&%s pro)iding e#se o *ind or !&e %ser/
T&e so!"#re is e#sier !o ins!#,, #nd %sed #s !&e
prod%c!ion is p,#nned #nd e+!ensi)e rese#rc& is c#rried o%! !o ens%re
%sers p%rc&#se on,' !&e $es!/
F%r!&er*ore( ree %pd#!es #nd ,#!es! inor*#!ion on !&e so!"#re #re
%s%#,,' pro)ided !o !&e %ser/
DISADVANTAGES OF PRODUCING PROPRIETAR=
SOFTWARE
Dis#d)#n!#ges o prod%cing proprie!#r' so!"#re #re:
*#n%#c!%rers #re o!en %nder *#ssi)e #*o%n!s
o press%re !o re,e#se !&e so!"#re $eore i! is
re#d'( c#%sing *#Bor pro$,e*s ,#!er/ T&is is
$ec#%se !&e re,e#se o !&e so!"#re "o%,d #ec!
!&e proi!
sec%ri!' is # *#Bor iss%e/ .#n%#c!%rers "i,,
&#)e !o in)es! in #n ongoing rese#rc& #g#ins! !&re#!s ro* &#c-ers
DISADVANTAGES OF USING PROPRIETAR=
SOFTWARE
Dis#d)#n!#ges !o %sers o %sing proprie!#r' so!"#re #re:
%sers need !o spend # ,ong !i*e do"n,o#ding #nd ins!#,,ing sec%ri!'
p#!c&es !o i+ $%gs #nno%nced $' !&e *#n%#c!%rer/
An' i*pro)e*en!s "o%,d %s%#,,' re0%ire ees( "&ic& is o!en
e+pensi)e/
%sers #re no! #,,o"ed !o descri$e #nd s&#re !&e so!"#re #s !&#! #re
,icenced/
C%s!o*ising !&e so!"#re is ne#r,' i*possi$,e $ec#%se "&en %sers $%'
proprie!#r' so!"#re "i,, recei)e $in#r' )ersion o !&e progr#*( no! !&e
code #s !&e code is !&e *#%#c!%rerHs !r#de secre!/
LESSON 5:
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF OPEN SOURCE
SOFTWARE
3#)e 'o% &e#rd #$o%! Lin%+K
Lin%+ is one o !&e #s!es! gro"ing oper#!ing s's!e*/ Lin%+ is #n e+#*p,e o
open so%rce so!"#re "&ic& *e#ns i!s code is pro)ided or %se( *odiic#!ion
#nd redis!ri$%!ion/T&ere #re o!&er open so%rce so!"#re( s%c& #s !&e Fireo+
#nd GI.P/
131
In #ddi!ion !o !&e $#sic oper#!ing s's!e*( Lin%+ #,so
inc,%des *#n' ree %!i,i!' progr#*s/Users c#n o$!#in
Lin%+ in # )#rie!' o "#'s/ So*e do"n,o#d i! ree
ro* !&e "e$/ O!&ers p%rc&#se i! ro* )endors or #
*ini*#, ee/
T&ere #re #,so open so%rce $ro"sers s%c& #s Fireo+ #nd open so%rce i*#ge
edi!or L !&e GI.P/ T&e GI.P is )er' re,i#$,e #nd cos! eec!i)e or nor*#,
%sers "&o do no! need e+!r# e#!%res oered in o!&er gr#p&ics so!"#re
s%c& #s Ado$e P&o!os&op/
ADVANTAGES OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
So*e #d)#n!#ges o open so%rce so!"#re #re :
T&e so%rce code #re #)#i,#$,e !o %sers #nd !&e' &#)e !&e rig&!s !o
*odi' !&e*/
T&is "i,, #,,o" i*pro)e*en!s !o !&e so!"#re "i!&o%! &#)ing !o in)es!
,#rge s%* o *one' in rese#rc& #nd de)e,op*en!/
T&e *odiied #nd i*pro)ed so%rce codes c#n $e ree,' redis!ri$%!ed/
.ORE ADVANTAGES OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
T&e open so%rce so!"#re is cre#!ed #ccording !o
ind%s!r' de*#nds $%! #,,o"s or %pgr#des !o !#-e p,#ce
ree,' "&en !&e need #rises/ T&ereore( i $%gs in !&e
codes #re o%nd( !&e' c#n $e i+ed $' #n'one in!eres!ed
#nd c#p#$,e/ Fi+es #nd p#!c&es !o rec!i' !&e $%gs #re
r#pid,' de)e,oped/
T&e so!"#re c#n $e %sed in #n' "#' #nd or #n' ,eg#, p%rposes/ T&ere is no
res!ric!ion in # %ni,#!er#, "#' on &o" !&e so!"#re co%,d $e %sed/
DISADVANTAGES OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
Since no$od' in p#r!ic%,#r is responsi$,e or !&e codes( !&ere is no e+#c!
-no",edge #nd #ss%r#nce on "&en !&e codes #re going !o $e i+ed i !&ere #
$%gs in i!/T&%s( %sers "i,, &#)e !o %se !&e pro$,e*#!ic so!"#re %n!i,
so*eone rec!iies !&e pro$,e*/
132
.ORE DISADVANTAGES OF OPEN SOURCE
SOFTWARE
O!&er dis#d)#n!#ges o open so%rce so!"#re #re:
T&e codes #re !oo co*p,ic#!ed or no)ice %sers
!o %nders!#nd/
T&ere is no p#r!ic%,#r oici#, *oni!oring !&e
"or-s o # progr#**er i*pro)ing !&e codes/
T&is is $ec#%se #n'one is ree !o %se( *odi' or
e)en dis!ri$%!e !&e codes/
Open so%rce %s%#,,' co*es "i!&o%! "#rr#n!' #nd #!er s#,es s%ppor! s&o%,d
!&e so!"#re #i, or *#,%nc!ion/ T&is is $ec#%se !&e so!"#re %s%#,,'
dis!ri$%!ed ree o c&#rge or so,d or )er' *ini*#, ees/
LESSON 5;
PC PREJASSE.<LING
<eore #sse*$,ing # PC( "e s&o%,d -no" !&e
i*por!#nce o s#e!' in &#nd,ing co*p%!er
co*ponen!s/ Do no! #sse*$,e or !o%c& #n'
co*ponen!s "&i,e !&e po"er is p,%gged in/
T&ere #re possi$i,i!ies o s&or! circ%i! or
so*eone e,se #cciden!#,,' s"i!c&ing !&e po"er
on c#%sing !&e %ser $eing e,ec!roc%!ed/
T&ese co*ponen!s #re *#de o *e!#, "i!& s&#rp edges/ =o% *#' c%! 'o%r
inger i 'o% #re no! c#re%,/ W&en &#nd,ing co*p%!er co*ponen!s ,i-e
*o!&er$o#rds( )ideo c#rds( *e*or'( or e)en # &#rd dri)e(
i! is i*por!#n! !o &o,d !&e* $' !&e edges/ O%r ingers "o%,d no! co*e in
con!#c! "i!& #n' cond%c!ors( !&%s decre#sing !&e c&#nce o c#%sing #n'
e,ec!ro s!#!ic disc&#rge @ESDA d#*#ge/
Cer!#in e,ec!ric#, co*ponen!s n#*e,' c#p#ci!ors c#n s!ore e,ec!ric#, c&#rge
e)en #!er !&e po"er &#s $een disconnec!ed or # cer!#in !i*e/
133
CO.PONENT LIST FOR ASSE.<LING A PC
LESSON 70
PC ASSE.<LING
T=PES OF .OT3ER<OARDS
T&ere #re se)er#, !'pes o *o!&er$o#rds in !&e *#r-e!
$#sed on "&#! !'pe o processor "e #re going !o %se/
For e+#*p,e i 'o% &#)e #n In!e, Pen!i%* 6 or In!e,
Ce,eron processor( 'o% c#n %se # Gig#$'!e or #n .SI
*o!&er$o#rd( "&ic& #re "e,, -no"n ,oc#,,'( or 'o% c#n
#,so %se #n In!e, *o!&er$o#rd/ I 'o% decided !o &#)e
#n A.D 9: processor( 'o% c#n %se # Gig#$'!e or #n
.SI *o!&er$o#rd/
FIDING T3E PROCESSOR
P,#ce !&e CPU in!o !&e EIF soc-e!/ .#-e s%re pin
n%*$er one is p,#ced correc!,'/
Loc- !&e soc-e! %sing !&e ,oc-ing ,e)er/
134
App,' !&e IC p#s!e #! !&e $o!!o* o !&e &e#! sin-/
Fi+ !&e processor #n on !&e processor/
INSTALLING T3E RA.
Inser! !&e RA. in !&e RA. s,o! #nd press do"n"#rds/
Ens%re !&#! !&e RA. re*#ins in !&e ,oc-ed posi!ion/ =o%
"i,, &e#r # Gc,ic-G so%nd "&en !&e RA. is ,oc-ed in p,#ce/
INSTALLING T3E POWER SUPPL=
A!!#c& !&e po"er s%pp,' !o !&e *o!&er$o#rd/ =o% *%s!
ens%re #,, connec!ions #re ir*,' #!!#c&ed #nd no "ires
r%n ne#r !&e !op o !&e processor #n/
INSTALLING T3E OPTICAL DRIVE @DVD OR CDA
Se! !&e B%*per on !&e CDJRO. dri)e #s .#s!er/
A!!#c& !&e dri)e !o !&e !r#i,s on !&e c#sing/
135
Scre" !&e dri)e sec%re,' on $o!& sides/
P,%g in !&e IDE c#$,e #nd po"er c#$,e/
ATTAC3ING T3E VIDEO CARD M CONNECTING T3E
CA<LES
A!!#c& !&e )ideo #nd #%dio c#rds on!o !&e s,o!s/
A!!#c& !&e IDE c#$,es or &#rdJdis-( CDJRO. #nd ,opp'
dri)e on !&e *o!&er$o#rd/
A!!#c& !&e po"er c#$,es or !&e *o!&er$o#rd/
A!!#c& po"er c#$,es or ron! p#ne, disp,#' !&#! is !o !&e
spe#-er( 3DD indic#!or LED( Po"er LED #nd RESET
$%!!on/
136
INSTALLING T3E FLOPP= DRIVE
A!!#c& !&e dri)e !o !&e c#sing/
Scre" !&e dri)e sec%re,' on $o!& sides/
P,%g !&e po"er c#$,e/
Connec! !&e IDE c#$,e/
INSTALLING T3E 3ARD DIS9
Se! !&e B%*per !o *#s!er/ I !&is is 'o%r second &#rd
dis-( se! !&e B%*per !o s,#)e/
Sec%re !&e &#rd dis- on $o!& sides/
137
A!!#c& !&e *#s!er or s,#)e connec!ion o !&e IDE c#$,e
!o !&e &#rd dis-/
Connec! !&e po"er c#$,e/
CONNECTING OT3ER PERIP3ERALS
Rep,#ce !&e c#sing #nd scre" i! !ig&!,' #nd in#,,' se! i!
in #n %prig&! posi!ion/
P,%g in !&e )ideo c#$,e ro* !&e *oni!or !o !&e disp,#'
c#rd/
Connec! !&e -e'$o#rd( spe#-ers #nd *o%se !o !&e
respec!i)e por!s/
POWERING T3E S=STE.
P,%g in !&e po"er cord #nd s"i!c& on !&e po"er/
138
LESSON 74
<IOS SETUP
Press !&e po"er $%!!on/
<IOS s!#nds or <#sic Inp%! O%!p%! S's!e*/ I! is # se!
o ro%!ines s!ored inside !&e Re#d On,' .e*or' @RO.A
!&#! #,,o"s # co*p%!er !o:
<oo! %p !&e co*p%!er "&en 'o% !%rn on !&e
po"er or &i! !&e rese! $%!!on/
Co**%nic#!e "i!& )#rio%s de)ices s%c& #s dis-
dri)es( -e'$o#rd( prin!er #nd co**%nic#!ion
por!s/
And ,o#d !&e oper#!ing s's!e*/
T&e *os! i*por!#n! ro,e o <IOS is !o ,o#d !&e
oper#!ing s's!e*/ As 'o% !%rn !&e PC( !&e processor
"i,, ind #nd e+ec%!e !&e ins!r%c!ions pro)ided $'
<IOS/
T&ere #re *' progr#*s #nd )ersions o <IOS(
depending on !&e !'pe o *o!&er$o#rd %sed in # PC/
A,!&o%g& !&ese <IOS in!er#ces *#' $e s,ig&!,'
dieren! in #ppe#r#nce( !&e' #,, &#)e !&e o,,o"ing
gener#, %nc!ions :
S!#nd#rd se!!ing
Ad)#nced se!!ing
Po"er *#n#ge*en!
<oo! Order
E+i! se!%p
139
33OW TO ACCESS <IOS
Firs!( !%rn on !&e PC/
D%ring !&e $oo!ing process( !&e screen %s%#,,' s!#!es
!&e -e' !o $e pressed or en!ering !&e <IOS/
In !&is c#se( press DELETE -e' i**edi#!e,' d%ring !&e
po"erJon se,J!es!@POSTA/
No" 'o% c#n see !&e *#in <IOS screen/
<IOS .AIN .ENU
On !&e *#in *en%( 'o%H,, ge! # sn#ps&o! o
<IOS )ersion( processor !'pe( processor
speed( S's!e* $%s #nd *e*or' speed(
C#c&e #nd To!#, *e*or'/
=o% c#nno! c&#nge !&ese n%*$ers %n,ess
'o% p&'sic#,,' c&#nge 'o%r PC/ To c&#nge
o!&er ie,ds d#!#( %se 'o%r -e'$o#rdHs T#$
or Up #nd Do"n #rro"s -e's !o n#)ig#!e !o
#ppropri#!e ie,d( #nd i 'o% need !o inp%!
ne" d#!#( press ENTER/
140
ADVANCED .ENU
Perip&er#, conig%r#!ion
Use !&is screen !o !%rn on or o !&e seri#, #nd
p#r#,,e, por!s( p,%s !o c&#nge *ore speciic
conig%r#!ion/
Dri)e Conig%r#!ion
I 'o% "ere !o ins!#,, # ne" &#rd dri)e 'o% "o%,d
"#n! !o c&ec- &ere !o *#-e s%re !&e se!!ing #re
no!ed/
F,opp' Conig%r#!ion
S&o%,d 'o% ins!#,, ne" ,opp' dis- dri)e( 'o% *ig&!
need !o *odi' cer!#in se!!ing &ere/
US< Conig%r#!ion
US< or Uni)ers#, Seri#, <%s por!s pro)ide #s!
connec!ion "i!& perip&er#, de)ices s%c& #s # *o%se/
E)en! Log conig%r#!ion
=o%r s's!e* *#' con!#in # D.I or Des-!op
.#n#ge*en! In!er#ce E)en! Log/ A D.I ,og -eeps
!r#c- o !&e c&#nges *#de !o # s's!e* s%c& #s
progr#* ins!#,,#!ion/ T&is screen gi)e 'o% op!ions or
!%rning on #nd o !&e ,og #nd !&en )ie"ing !&e ,ogs
con!en!( c,e#ring i! #nd *#r-ing i! #s re#d/
POWER .ENU
T&e Ad)#nced Conig%r#!ion #nd Po"er In!er#ce
@ACPIA se!!ings en#$,e 'o% !o dic!#!e &o *%c& s's!e*
reso%rces #re #,,oc#!ed !o e#c& perip&er#, de)ice/ I
no! in %se( # PC c#n s&%! do"n # de)ice( s#)ing
s's!e* reso%rces/
=o% *#' #,so !%rn on #nd o !&e >#!er po"er #i,%re? !'pe se!!ing( "&ic&
de!er*ines &o" 'o%r s's!e* re#c!s in !&e e)en! o # po"er #i,%re/
141
<OOT .ENU
=o% *#' conig%re !&e $oo! se0%ence in !&e $oo!
*en%/ T&is $oo! *en% con!ro,s !&e order o !&e
de)ices ro* "&ic& !&e <IOS "i,, ,o#d !&e oper#!ing
s's!e*/
EDIT .ENU
=o%r <IOS pro$#$,' con!#ins #n E+i! screen !&#! gi)es
'o% # s#e "#' !o ,e#)e !&e ir*"#re/ =o% c#n s#)e
'o%r c&#nges in !&e Co*p,e*en!#r' .e!#, O+ide
Se*icond%c!or @C.OSA #nd e+i! !&e <IOS or c#nce,
!&e c&#nges/
So*e <IOS co*e "i!& #no!&er $%i,!Jin s#e!' e#!%re/ I 'o% c&oose !o e+i!
<IOS $' pressing !&e ESC $%!!on( 'o% "i,, $e #s-ed "&e!&er 'o% "#n! !o
disc#rd c&#nges $eore e+i!ing/Loo- or !&e ins!r%c!ion !o s#)e !&e c&#nges
in C.OS/ In !&is c#se( !'pe NF40H #nd c&oose N=esH @=A !o s#)e c&#nges #nd
e+i! !&e <IOS/
LESSON 71
3ARD DIS9 PARTITIONING AND FOR.ATTING
A &#rd dis- is ,i-e # $ig oice "i!& *#n' dep#r!*en!s
@p#r!i!ionsA/ E#c& dep#r!*en! &#s i!s o"n p%rpose(
s%c& #s:
Gr#p&ics dep#r!*en!
3%*#n reso%rce dep#r!*en!
Fin#nce dep#r!*en!
We cre#!e p#r!i!ions on !&e &#rd dis- or dieren! p%rposes/ For e+#*p,e:
D#!#
G#*es
<#c-%ps
W3= PARTITIONK
Dis- p#r!i!ioning is !&e process o di)iding #nd
org#nising # dis- in!o dieren! speciic sec!ions/
Li*i!s Acciden!#, Or De,i$er#!e D#*#ge O =o%r D#!#
P#r!i!ioning # dis- "i,, s!ore dieren! #pp,ic#!ion in!o
dieren! p#r!i!ions/ I !&e p#r!i!ion "&ere #n
#pp,ic#!ion is ins!#,,ed on is corr%p!ed or #cciden!#,,'
de,e!ed( !&e d#!# in #no!&er p#r!i!ion "o%,d no! $e
er#sed/ =o% "i,, on,' need !o reco)er one p#r!i!ion(
"&ic& is #s!er !&#n reco)ering !&e en!ire &#rd dis-/
142
Incre#ses Sec%ri!'
Encr'p!ion is one o !&e *e!&ods o pro!ec!ing cri!ic#,
d#!# ro !&e! or corr%p!ion( $%! i! s,o"s do"n !&e
co*p%!er peror*#nce/ <' p#r!i!ioning !&e dis-( 'o%
c#n encr'p! on,' !&ose p#r!i!ions !&#! need pro!ec!ion(
#nd o!&er p#r!s o 'o%r s's!e* "i,, r%n %nencr'p!ed
#nd &ence #s!er/
.#-ing T&e Co*p%!er F#s!er
A co*p%!er c#n ind d#!# #s!er in # p#r!i!ioned dis-/ A
co*p%!er inds i,es #nd direc!ories 0%ic-er #s i! needs
!o se#rc& on,' one p#r!i!ion( no! !&e "&o,e dis-/
Org#nises Inor*#!ion
<' p#r!i!ioning # dis-( 'o% c#n org#nise 'o%r d#!#
,ogic#,,'/ T&e d#!# is #rr#nged in c#!egories #ccording
!o dieren! %nc!ions or o$Bec!i)es/
Incre#ses Prod%c!i)i!'
P#r!i!ioning # dis- c#n incre#se prod%c!i)i!'/ =o% "i,,
s#)e !i*e se#rc&ing or # p#r!ic%,#r i,e #nd *#'
co*p,e!e so*e %se%, !#s-s/
PARTITIONING T3E 3ARD DIS9
T&e o,,o"ing s!eps "i,, de*ons!r#!e &o" !o %se # Windo"s DP CD !o
p#r!i!ion # &#rd dis-/Firs!( Inser! !&e Windo"s DP Ins!#,,#!ion CD #nd res!#r!
!&e co*p%!er/ Press !&e -e' s!#!ed on !&e screen !o en!er !&e <IOS se!%p/
We need !o se! !&e CDJRO. dri)e #s !&e irs! $oo!ing de)ice in !&e $oo!
se0%ence/ Res!#r! 'o%r co*p%!er/
Fo,,o" !&e ins!r%c!ion( "&en 'o% ge! !&e *ess#ge !o Npress #n' -e' !o $oo!
ro* CDH/ Once !&e $oo! ro* CDJRO. &#s s!#r!ed( i! "i,, disp,#' #! !&e !op
o !&e screen : Se!%p is inspec!ing 'o%r co*p%!erGs &#rd"#re conig%r#!ion/
A!er # $rie de,#'( !&e .icroso! >Windo"s Se!%p? ins!#,,#!ion screen is
disp,#'ed/ >Se!%p is ,o#ding i,es?( *e#ns i! is ,o#ding #,, !'pes o de)ice
dri)ers/?
143
I! "i,, in#,,' s!#!e: ISe!%p is s!#r!ing Windo"sI #nd "i,, disp,#' #!er # s&or!
de,#' !&e IWindo"s DP Proession#, Se!%pI screen/ Se,ec! I!o se! %p
Windo"s DP no"I #nd press !&e ENTER -e'/
CREATING A PARTITION ON 3ARD DIS9
Se!%p "i,, no" disp,#' !&e p#r!i!ioning o 'o%r dis-/ I
'o%r s's!e* &#s #n oper#!ing !&#! &#s $een ins!#,,ed(
'o% "i,, see !&e* ,is!ed/ To con!in%e ins!#,,ing # res&
cop' o Windo"s DP "i!&o%! rep#iring( press ESC/
=o% no" &#)e # si*p,e Dis- .#n#ger( #,,o"ing 'o% !o
cre#!e #nd de,e!e p#r!i!ions/ =o% "i,, need !o se,ec! #n
> Unp#r!i!ioned sp#ce? #nd press C !o cre#!e p#r!i!ion/
I 'o% do no! need !o speci' !&e si2e o !&e p#r!i!ion(
%se !&e de#%,! si2e #nd press ENTER/
No"( # p#r!i!ion is cre#!ed/ Se,ec! !&e p#r!i!ion #nd press En!er !o se! %p
Windo"s DP on !&e se,ec!ed p#r!i!ion/ C&oose # desired or*#! ei!&er %sing
NTFS or FAT or !&e p#r!i!ion/ C,ic- ENTER on !&e c&osen or*#!/
144
FOR.ATTING 3ARD DIS9
Once !&e p#r!i!ion is cre#!ed( !&e ne+! screen "i,, #s- or !&e !'pe o dis-
or*#!!ing !o $e %sed/ Dis- or*#!!ing is !&e process o *#-ing # dis- or
speciic i,e s's!e* s%c& #s NTFS/ 3ere( "e #re going !o %se NTFS( so "e "i,,
se,ec! i! #nd press ENTER/ Se!%p "i,, s!#r! or*#!!ing !&e dis- #nd "i,, !&en
s!#r! cop'ing i,es ro* !&e CDJRO. !o !&e dis-/ T&e s's!e* "i,, !&en need
!o re$oo!/
A!er !&e res!#r!( Windo"s DP s!#r!s !&e irs! !i*e "i!& !&e gr#p&ic#, %ser
in!er#ce/ Se!%p "i,, con!in%e !o cop' i,es #nd !o ins!#,, !&e OS/
LESSON 75
INSTALLING T3E OPERATING S=STE.
E+#*p,es o oper#!ing s's!e*
STEPS IN FINALIEING WINDOWS DP INSTALLATION
145
LESSON 76
INSTALLING AN APPLICATION SOFTWARE
I 'o% "#n! !o ins!#,, # ne" #pp,ic#!ion so!"#re( 'o%
need !o c&ec-:
!&e &#rd"#re re0%ire*en!s de*#nded $' !&e
so!"#re( or e+#*p,e "&e!&er 'o% &#)e #
Pen!i%* 6 Processor
o!&er so!"#re re0%ire*en!s( s%c& #s Direc!D 40
or Windo"s DP
So*e ne" so!"#re need speci#, &#rd"#re #nd so!"#re speciic#!ions/
INSTALLING .S OFFICE DP
In !&is session( 'o% "i,, $e g%ided !&ro%g& !&e
ins!#,,#!ion o .icroso! Oice DP/ C&ec-
*ini*%* &#rd"#re #nd s's!e* re0%ire*en!s:
Windo"s ;:
455 .32 Processor
16 .< RA.
165 .< o #)#i,#$,e &#rd dis- sp#ce
146
En!er 'o%r n#*e #nd ini!i#,s in !&e User n#*e
#nd Ini!i#,s ie,ds( #nd Org#ni2#!ion ie,d(
respec!i)e,'/ En!er !&e CD 9e' @!&e 15
c&#r#c!ers ,oc#!ed on !&e $#c- o !&e CDGs c#se
#nd c#,,ed Prod%c! 9e'A in!o !&e Prod%c! 9e'
ie,d/ C,ic- Ne+!/
Re#d !&e EndJUser License Agree*en!/ Se,ec!
!&e >I #ccep! !&e !er*s in !&e License
Agree*en!I op!ion( !&en c,ic- Ne+! !o
con!in%e/
Le#)e Ins!#,, No" se,ec!ed or !&e de#%,!
ins!#,,/ C,ic- Ne+!/
A ne" "indo" "i,, #ppe#r( )eri'ing !&e
co*ponen!s !&#! 'o% "is& !o ins!#,,/ I !&e
inor*#!ion is correc!( c,ic- Ins!#,,O o!&er"ise
c,ic- <#c- #nd *#-e necess#r' c&#nges/
.icroso! Oice DP "i,, ins!#,, !o 'o%r
co*p%!er/ T&e ins!#,,#!ion *#' !#-e se)er#,
*in%!es/
I !&e progr#* ins!#,,s correc!,'( # .icroso!
Oice DP "indo" "i,, #ppe#r( s!#!ing !&#! !&e
progr#* &#s $een ins!#,,ed s%ccess%,,'/ C,ic-
O9 !o co*p,e!e !&e ins!#,,#!ion/
Res!#r! 'o%r co*p%!er/ S#)e #n' opened
doc%*en!s or i,es $eore res!#r!ing !o #)oid
d#!# ,oss/
.icroso! Oice icons "i,, #ppe#r on 'o%r
co*p%!erHs Des-!op/
147
W&en 'o% irs! open # progr#* in .icroso!
Oice P s%i!e( 'o% "i,, $e pro*p!ed !o regis!er
'o%r so!"#re/ =o% c#n %se .icroso! Oice %p
!o 50 !i*es $eore regis!r#!ion is *#nd#!or'/
I 'o% do no! regis!er( 'o% "i,, no! $e #$,e !o %se #n' o !&e progr#*s in !&e
Oice DP s%i!e $e'ond !&is ,i*i!ed %s#ge/
To regis!er( si*p,' o,,o" !&e ins!r%c!ion !&#! .icroso! pro)ides/ T&e
reco**ended #nd 0%ic-es! "#' !o regis!er is )i# #n on,ine connec!ion/
LESSON 75
INSTALLING A UTILIT= PROGRA.
Gener#, G%ide in ins!#,,ing U!i,i!' Progr#*
4/ .#-e s%re 'o%r co*p%!er *ee!s !&e re0%ire*en!s o !&e %!i,i!' 'o% #re
!r'ing !o ins!#,,/
1/ T&e GRe#d*eH i,e is %s%#,,' ,oc#!ed in !&e s#*e direc!or' #s
ins!#,,#!ion progr#*/ Ins!#,,#!ion ins!r%c!ions #re %s%#,,' o%nd in !&is
i,e/
5/ W&en ins!#,,ing !&e %!i,i!'( i! is #,"#'s #d)is#$,e !o irs! c,ose or
dis#$,e o!&er progr#*s !&#! #re s!i,, r%nning/
6/ .os! %!i,i!ies con!#in #n A%!o P,#' e#!%re !&#! "i,, #%!o*#!ic#,,' s!#r!
!&e se!%p screen or !&e progr#* "&en !&e CD is r%n/
5/ O!&er"ise( 'o% c#n open !&e .' Co*p%!er "indo"( #nd ,oc#!e !&e
se!%p i,e *#n%#,,'/
INSTALLING AN ANTIVIRUS PROGRA.
An #n!i)ir%s progr#* "i,, de!ec!( c,e#n or 0%#r#n!ine
)ir%ses o%nd/ Firs! do"n,o#d !&e ree #n!i)ir%s
progr#*( AVG Free Edi!ion/ C,ic- on !&e do"n,o#ded
i,e !o $egin ins!#,,#!ion/
A popJ%p "indo" #ppe#rs re0%iring !&e %ser !o
con!in%e !&e ins!#,,#!ion s!eps/ C,ic- O9 !o co*p,e!e
!&e ins!#,,#!ion/
148
LESSON 77
PERVASIVE CO.PUTING
W3AT IS PERVASIVE CO.PUTINGK
Per)#si)e co*p%!ing *e#ns !&e !ec&no,og' !&#! is gr#ce%,,' in!egr#!ed in
o%r e)er'd#' ,ie/ T&e %ser is no ,onger #"#re o !&is e*$edded !ec&no,og'/
Per)#si)e co*p%!ing %ses "e$ !ec&no,og'( por!#$,e de)ices( "ire,ess
co**%nic#!ions #nd no*#dic or %$i0%i!o%s co*p%!ing s's!e*s/ O!&er !er*s
or per)#si)e co*p%!ing #re U$i0%i!o%s Co*p%!ing( C#,* Tec&no,og'( #nd
T&ings T&#! T&in-/
I! is #$o%! !&e #$i,i!' !o de,i)er #n' inor*#!ion !o #n' de)ice o)er #n'
ne!"or-/ In s&or!( i! is #$o%! co*p%!ers e)er'"&ere "&ere co*p%!ers #re
e*$edded in!o e0%ip*en!s( *#c&ines( %rni!%re or peop,e/ T&e c%rren!
!ec&no,og' &#s e)o,)ed in!o e*$edded( ne!"or-ed #nd "ire,ess/
U$i0%i!o%s
A s'non'* o !&e "ord Nper)#si)eH( *e#ning !&ings !&#! see* !o $e
e)er'"&ere/
C#,* Tec&no,og'
In co*p%!ing( c#,* !ec&no,og' #i*s !o red%ce !&e Ie+ci!e*en!I o
inor*#!ion o)er,o#d $' ,e!!ing !&e %ser se,ec! "&#! inor*#!ion is #! !&e
cen!er o !&eir #!!en!ion #nd "&#! inor*#!ion is perip&er#,/ T&e !er* "#s
coined $' .#r- Weiser( c&ie !ec&no,ogis!( #nd Po&n See,e' <ro"n( direc!or
o !&e Dero+ P#,o A,!o Rese#rc& L#$/
In !&e co*ing #ge o %$i0%i!o%s co*p%!ing in "&ic& !ec&no,og' "i,, $eco*e
#! once per)#si)e 'e! in)isi$,e( Weiser #nd <ro"n oresee !&e need or
design princip,es #nd *e!&ods !&#! en#$,e %sers !o sense #nd con!ro, "&#!
i**edi#!e,' in!eres!s !&e* "&i,e re!#ining perip&er#, #"#reness o o!&er
inor*#!ion possi$i,i!ies !&#! !&e' c#n #! #n' !i*e c&oose !o oc%s on/
C#,* !ec&no,og'( !&e' en)ision( "i,, no! on,' re,#+ !&e %ser $%!( $' *o)ing
%nneeded inor*#!ion !o !&e edge o #n in!er#ce( #,,o" *ore inor*#!ion !o
e+is! !&ere( re#d' or se,ec!ion "&en needed/
149
PERVASIVE CO.PUTING
Per)#si)e co*p%!ing de)ices #re no! person#, co*p%!ers( $%! )er' !in' J
e)en in)isi$,e J de)ices( ei!&er *o$i,e or e*$edded in #,*os! #n' !'pe o
o$Bec! i*#gin#$,e( inc,%ding c#rs( !oo,s( #pp,i#nces( c,o!&ing #nd )#rio%s
cons%*er goods J #,, co**%nic#!ing !&ro%g& in!erconnec!ed ne!"or-s/
E+per! predic! per)#si)e co*p%!ing in 'e#r 1040 "i,, $eco*e so n#!%r#,i2ed
"i!&in !&e en)iron*en! !&#! peop,e "i,, no! e)en re#,i2e !&#! !&e' #re %sing
co*p%!ers/
EDA.PLE OF PERVASIVE CO.PUTING
T&is is #n e+#*p,e o per)#si)e co*p%!ing in o%r d#i,' ,i)es "&ic& is !&e
#%!o*#!ic To%c& Gn Go S*#r!TAG !o,, g#!e/
Ano!&er e+#*p,e o per)#si)e co*p%!ing in d#i,' ,i)es is !&e 5G !ec&no,og'
)ideo p&one/
150