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Tabel Jurnal Penggunaan Langsung (Direct Use) Energi Panasbumi
No Judul Peneliti Hasil
1 Economic and Performance Benefits
Resulting From the Use of Large
Diameter Fans on Air Cooled Heat
Kevin Kitz
Ryan Elliott
Ian Spanswick
A top down, functional decomposition of an air cooled
geothermal plants heat rejection needs, when met with a
clean sheet design, yielded a significant improvement in
air cooler technology. Large diameter and efficient
cooling tower derived fans paired with velocity recovery
stacks were used to reduce the total number of fans. The
use of direct drive motors significantly reduces
maintenance costs by eliminating belt or gearbox drives.
2 Use of Geothermal Energy in Dairy
Jack Kiruja To achieve a successful implementation of the use of
geothermal energy in the dairy industry, it may be worth
considering a stepwise approach. The easiest way is to
start with heating for pasteurisation and production of
milk powder while absorption refrigeration maybe
applicable later. Production of hot water for cleaning and
disinfection during packaging are the other applications
that could use geothermal energy in the dairy industry.
3 Direct Use of Boiling Saline Water
in Oxafjordur Heating System in NE
Iceland Production Problems and
Axel Bjornsson
The lesson learned from the study of the xarfjrdur
system is that under such difficult conditions much care
has to be taken when a system is designed and material
choices made. The reason for the troubles in production
may partly be blamed on the increase in reservoir
temperature and changed conditions in the geothermal
field over time, but mainly on the repeated mistakes in
design and material choice for the heating system. To
minimize the corrosion problems, the distribution net has
to be improved and partly replaced.
4 Direct Use of Geothermal Water at
the Solage Calistoga Resort, Napa
County, California
Bastien Poux
Vito Serrano
Paul Brophy
The drilling of the two Palisades wells on the Solage
Calistoga property brought new information regarding
Calistoga geothermal resource. Temperatures as high as
221F and maybe higher, at shallow depth (~400 feet) can
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be expected; the drawdown during production is limited
indicating that the reservoir size is consequent and the
fluid chemistry is suitable for geothermal use, with a low
TDS classifying it as a mineral water.
5 A Design, Economic and
Greenhouse Gas Assessment of
Space Heating and Cooling Using an
Absorption Heat Pump Integrating
Solar, Geothermal, and Natural Gas
Arian Aghajanzadeh
Franklin G.
We hope that this work will spark a wave of deployment
of such systems, which should save building owners
money while significantly reducing the environmental
impact of space heating and cooling in the built
6 The Pottential of Shallow
Groundwater resources for Cooling
Purposes A Geothermal Case
Study In North East Jordan
S. Al-Zyoud
W. Ruhaak
I. Saas
Negative effects on the groundwater due to the warming,
e.g. chemical and microbiological, are not discussed here.
However, they have to be examined thoroughly before
starting such geothermal applications to avoid a negative
impact on this most important resource.
7 Updated Supply Characterization of
Geothermal District Heating and
Cooling Application in United States
Xiaoning He
Brian J. Anderson
The supply curves show the order in which resource
should be first developed. Since currently over half of the
competitive identified hydrothermal resources has been
developed, the undiscovered hydrothermal and the near-
hydrothermal EGS resources are noteworthy. There are
over 150,000 MWth of potential undiscovered with
levelized cost lower than $30/MMBtu, about 30% of such
resources are estimated to have an LCOH lower than the
EIA average for natural gas heating. And with a little
higher cost, the near-hydrothermal EGS may be a good
choice to expand the existing system which is based on
hydrothermal resources.
8 Enhancement of Heat Exchange
Capacity of Ground Heat Exchangers
by Injecting Water into Wells
Yohei Inoue
Ryuichi Itoi
Naokatsu Chou
Hiroaki Okubo
Hikari Fujii
- Injecting lower temperature water than heat medium
effectively cools the heat medium by forced convection
and disposes the discharged heat in the GHEs into the
formation through slotted liner. An increase in heat
medium temperature with water injection at more than 6
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L/min was suppressed due to this effect.
- COP with water injection was higher than COP without
water injection and maintained more than 5 throughout
cooling operation. SCOP was almost same considering
power input of groundwater pump for water injection. .
- Sensitivity studies indicated that heat exchange capacity
of the GHEs with water injection of 1.0 L/min and 18oC
could be improved by 1.7 times compared to that without
9 A Proposed Hybrid Geothermal-
Natural Gas- Biomass Energy
System for Cornell University,
Technical and Economic Assesment
of Retrofitting A Low- Temperature
Geothermal District Heating System
and Heat Cascading Solutions
Maciej Z. Lukawski
Lizeta Gkogka
Koenraad F. Beckers
Brian J. Anderson
Jefferson W. Tester
The possibilities for integration of hybrid geothermal-
biomass systems are not limited to the two presented
scenarios. Our future research will focus on providing
heat from renewable sources to the whole campus, either
by supplementing or substituting the existing CHP plant.
We will also consider generating torrefied biomass on
campus by using waste heat from the CHP plant.
10 Research on the Use of Silica
Extracted From The Hydrothermal
Potapov V.V
Gorbach V.A
Kashutin A.N
Shalaev K.S
Zubaha S.V
Shunina E.V
The density of solid cement samples varies in a
nonmonotonic manner as a function of the nanodis-persed
silica content and, for the most part, follows the curve of
the increase in the compressive strength. For specific
nanoadditive contents, the density increases or decreases
as compared to the check samples.
The results obtained can be used in construction
technologies for structuring cement materials and
improving their characteristics, such as the strength,
density, waterproofing, and frost resistance.
11 Direct Use Geothermal Energy for
Drying Agricultural Products and
Making Palm Sugar Crystals
Henriette Jacoba
Noldy Tuerah
Taufan Surana
1. For replication equipment need to do research or study
for the excessive energy and modify the drying chamber
to be use for other agricultural products.
2.Local people welcomed the direct use of geothermal
drying technology because it is available in the location
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Joubert Maramis

and sustainable.
3. Needs to be done research and or study about the
supply of brine for crystal palm sugar production for
sustainability of the the industry in order
12 Geothermal Resources Development
and Utilization in Daqing Zone
Shi Shangming
Zhu Huanlai
For geothermal cultivation, two fish greenhouses have
been completed, with an area of 2,000m2. Experiments
were conducted on the growth of Song Carp, Japanese
Koi Carp, White Pomfret, Luo Non, Wuchang Fish and
Egypt Beard Blenny. Now geothermal greenhouse
pisciculture achieves success with an annual output of
600,000kg Beard Blenny, equal to economic benefits of 5
million yuan. Daqing has become a special fish fry
breeding base in Northeast China.
13 Geothermal Resource Assessment: A
Detailed Approach To Low- Grade
Resources in The States of New
York and Pennsylvania
Elaina M. Shope
Timothy J. Reber
George R. Stutz
Gloria A. Aguirre
Teresa E. Jordan
Jefferson W. Tester
As a product of achieving the goal of increased spatial
resolution of the geothermal resources within the
Appalachian Basin of New York and Pennsylvania, a
number of isolated hot spots have emerged. The next
step is to ascertain the credibility and geologic nature of
these anomalies to determine their potential for EGS
14 The Use of Portable Geothermal
Wellhead Generators As Small
Power Plants to Accelerate
Geothermal Development and Power
Generation in Kenya
Joel Sutter
Ezekiel Kipyego
Dominic Mutai
Geothermal portable wellhead generator set is completely
assembled on a common base then shipped to the site.
Therefore installation and adjustment work are minimal.
Pursuant to immense benefits related to their lower cost of
installation, this would provide an economical alternative
to the rather expensive conventional power plants in
Kenya. Kenya which is a developing economy and having
installed electricity capacity of only 1330 MWe in the
whole country will benefit from the use of these units,
especially during the resource development phase of
geothermal energy and supply of electricity to off grid and
remote areas of the Great Rift valley where up to 10,000
MWe geothermal potentialt exists.
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