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Acknowledgments
Infrastructure
MarkBogle
KimberlyFish
StanHayes*
DJNelson
JohnRingler*
Public Facilities
GaylonButler*
RichardLazarus*
DaleLunsford
StephenMcHaney
Economic Development
JulieFowler*
RonHutchison
RogersPope,Jr.
TonyPowell
BradTidwell
EddieTowles*
Parks, Recreation and Open
Space
ReneseHenderson
AnneHugman
JohnnyMedrano
CruzMendez
Future Land Use
KimberlyFish
WorthJackson
KarenMaines
LonnieMurphy
JaniceShaw
Transportation and Circulation
SteveCrane*
ClaireAbernathyHenry
GriffHubbard*
DaleLunsford
BenMack
LindaThomas*
Neighborhood Livability
BeverlyChristopher
SuzanneCook
VeraHall*
BrandenJohnson*
CarltonMitchel
CLIENT
City Council
Mayor:JayDean
District1:JohnSims
District2:GarySmith
District3:KashaWilliams
District4:KristenIshiharaorWayneFrost
District5:RichardManley
District6:SidneyAllen
Planning and Zoning Commission
Chair:DavidWood
Vice-Chair:LonnieMurphy
BryceBagby
JackJenkins
JearlMorris
FrankieParson
StevePirtle
RonnieRice
LanceSchooley
City Manager
DavidWillard
CONSULTANT
Freese and Nichols, Inc.
DanSefko,FAICP
WendyShabay,AICP
ShadComeaux,AICP
EdmundHaas,AICP
BrookeDroptini,P.E.
KevinSt.Jacques,P.E.
CodyRichardson,RLA
COMPREHENSIVEPLANADVISORYCOMMITTEE
KeithHoney,Chair
RichardManley,CouncilLiaison
(*)DenotesSubcommitteeMembersonly
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DRAFT 10/28/2014
LETTERFROMTHELONGVIEWCOMPREHENSIVEPLANADVISORYCOMMITTEECHAIR
What makes Longview attractive and unique? What are Longviews greatest assets and opportunities? What is
the biggest issue facing Longview today? What is your vision for Longviews future?
Weallknowthatplanningisvitallyimportanttoachievesuccess.TheLongviewComprehensivePlanisa
guidingdocumentthatwillhelpshapeourcommunityforthenextfteentotwentyyearsonissuesranging
fromparkstopolicetogrowthandredevelopment.
Animportantroleofthecomprehensiveplanistobringthecommunitytogetherandcreateconsensusona
visionforthefuture.Fromthebeginning,theadvisorycommitteemadeeffortstohearfromourneighbors
throughsurveys,communitymeetings,subcommittees,andface-to-faceconversations.Citizeninputhas
beencriticalbecausethisdocumentisnotmyplanorthecommitteesplan,itisourplan.Itisaresourcethat
decision-makerscanusetohelpmoveourcommunityforwardinthedirectionresidentshavesaidtheywantto
go.
TheComprehensivePlanrepresentslong-termaspirations.Inessence,theCityofLongviewistakingaLong
Viewtolookatthecitysfutureandcraftaplan.Iliketothinkofitastheroadmapforourfuturejourneyasa
community.
ThisissuchanimportanttimeandvitaleffortforLongview.Inanalyzingthefeedback,itwasclearthatmany
residentsaresatisedinLongview,butitwasalsoclearthatwehavemuchworktobedoneoverthenext
twentyyears.Asyoureadthisdocument,youwillseethatseveralissuescametotheforefront:creatingasense
ofplacebyredevelopingdowntownandtheInterstate-20Corridor,addressingaestheticsandblightedareas,
improvingandexpandingourparks,managingsmartgrowthandeconomicdevelopment,andmaintaining
qualitycityservicesthroughoutthecommunity.Theplanincludesgoalsandstrategiestohelpachievethese
areasoffocusaswellasmanyotherimportantissues.
IthasbeenmypleasuretoserveasthechairoftheLongviewComprehensivePlanAdvisoryCommittee,andI
lookforwardtothefutureofourcommunitytogether.Thisdocumentrepresentsourcollectiveplanandvision
forLongview.Now,itstimetorollupourshirtsleevesandworktogethertomakeithappen.
Sincerely,
KeithHoney
Chair,LongviewComprehensivePlanAdvisoryCommittee

DRAFT 10/28/2014
Whats Inside
Introduction 8
Legal Authority 9
2015 Comprehensive Plan 10
Planning Process 12
Meetings 13
Chapter 1: Community Snapshot 16
Population Characteristics 16
Regional Relationship 18
Demographic Prole 18
Existing Land Use 24
Chapter 2: The Long View 28
Vision 28
Goals and Objectives 28
Chapter 3: Future Land Use 36
Overview 36
The Compatibility of Land Uses 37
A Diversied Land Use Pattern Key to Fiscal Balance 39
Future Land Use Strategies 48
Administration of the Future Land Use Plan 51
Development proposals & the Future Land Use Plan 51
In Conclusion 53
Chapter 4: Transportation and Circulation Plan 56
Overview 56
Issues Affecting Longview 57
Current Transportation Systems 60
Existing Conditions 63
Identied Needs 75
Thoroughfare Plan 77
Transportation Strategies 84
Source:2010 Census
3.9%
3.9%
3.8%
3.9%
3.7%
3.7%
3.5%
3.5%
3.4%
3.5%
3.3%
2.7%
2.3%
1.6%
1.1%
0.8%
0.6%
0.4%
5% 4% 3% 2% 1% 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5%
Under 5 years
5 to 9 years
10 to 14 years
15 to 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 29 years
30 to 34 years
35 to 39 years
40 to 44 years
45 to 49 years
50 to 54 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 to 69 years
70 to 74 years
75 to 79 years
80 to 84 years
85 years and over
Texas
Female
Male
20
80
259
31
259
80
Potential Toll 49, Segment 7
LONGVIEW REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER
ROTARY PARK
HERITAGE PLAZA
GOODSHEPHERD MEDICAL PLAZA GOODSHEPHERD MEDICAL CENTER
LONGVIEW FAIRGROUNDS & EXHIBIT BUILDING
LOIS J ACKSON PARK
MCWHORTER PARK
PINE TREE J R HIGH SCHOOL
SABINE RIVER WATER TREATMENT PLANT
BRAMLETTE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
WATER TOWER
KILGORE COLLEGE LONGVIEW CENTER LEAR PARK
CITY HALL LIBRARY
DOWNTOWN POST OFFICE
HUMANE SOCIETY OF NORTHEAST TEXAS
CARGILL LONG PARK
ALPINE GOLF COURSE
J ULIEANNA PARK AKIN PARK
PINE TREE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
WARD PARK
PATTERSON PARK PTISD TRANSPORTATION CENTER FLEWELLEN PARK TEXAS BAPTIST COLLEGE PINE TREE HIGH SCHOOL
GUTHRIE PARK SPRING CREEK PARK FIRE STATION 2
BIRDIE PARK FIRE STATION 5
TEAGUE PARK GRACE HILL CEMETERY MAGRILL PARK / CITY BUS TERMINAL TENNIS COURTS
SAFETY CITY
GREENWOOD CEMETERY
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
LISDAQUATIC CENTER ANDATHLETIC FACILITIES
SPRING HILL J UNIOR HIGH SCHOOL
OAK FOREST GOLF COURSE
WOODHOLLOW GOLF COURSE
NORTHSIDE POST OFFICE
HINSLEY PARK
PANTHER PARK ANDCOMMUNITY CENTER
J UDSON MIDDLE SCHOOL
J OHNSTON-MCQUEEN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS-TYLER LONGVIEW CENTER
LAKE O' THE PINES WATER TREATMENT PLANT
J UDSON POST OFFICE
SPRING HILL PRIMARY SCHOOL
WATER TOWER
LEADERS' CORE PARK
FIRE STATION 7
WHITE CEMETERY
WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT
WOMACK FIELD
PINEWOOD PARK LETOURNEAU UNIVERSITY
WILLOW PARK
TIMPSON PARK
HARVEY J OHNSON COMMUNITY CENTER
PINECREST GOLF COURSE
GREEN STREET SENIOR RECREATION CENTER
BENNIE J ACKSON PARK
ROLLINS PARK
MAIN POST OFFICE
RAW WATER INTAKE STRUCTURE
FOSTER MIDDLE SCHOOL
BROUGHTON PARK ANDRECREATION CENTER
LISDEDUCATION SUPPORT CENTER
STAMPER PARK
SOUTH WARD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
STAMPER PARK RESOURCE CENTER
SOUTH WARD COMMUNITY PARK
FIRE STATION 3
CHEROKEE WATER TREATMENT PLANT
WARE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
EAST TEXAS REGIONAL AIRPORT
STROH BASEBALL COMPLEX
STROH SOCCER COMPLEX
GREGG COUNTY APPRAISAL DISTRICT
INGRAM PARK / POOL AND TENNIS COURTS
LONGVIEW PARTNERSHIP
PAULA MARTIN J ONES RECREATION CENTER
PUBLIC WORKS SERVICE CENTER
DANA CORPORATION
GLOVER-CRIM BUILDING
LONGVIEW EOC
NEIMAN MARCUS NATIONAL SERVICE CENTER
GREGG COUNTY HISTORICAL MUSEUM LONGVIEW MUSEUMOF FINE ARTS
SPRING HILL PARK
LETOURNEAU TECHNOLOGIES
LONGVIEW HIGH SCHOOL
PINE TREE PIRATE STADIUM
PINE TREE HIGH SCHOOL LITTLE THEATRE
LONGVIEW SWIMCENTER
T.G. FIELD AUDITORIUM
PINE TREE AUDITORIUM
PTISD TENNIS COURTS
PAR 10
PAR 20
PAR 30
PAR 50
POLICE STATION
PAR 60
LOBO STADIUM
PINE TREE PRIMARY SCHOOL
SPRING HILL INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL
WATER TOWER
WATER TOWER
WATER TOWER
PTISD MAINTENANCE BUILDING
PINE TREE MIDDLE SCHOOL
PINE TREE HIGH SCHOOL 9TH GRADE CENTER
PAUL G. BOORMAN TRAIL
WATER TOWER
WATER TOWER
WATER TOWER
LONGVIEW TRANSIT
PTISDMULTI PURPOSE CENTER
PTISDADMINISTRATION / PACE COMMUNITY CENTER
J .L. EVERHART ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
WHITE OAK VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 1
WHITE OAK VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 2
EAST MOUNTAIN VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT
J UDSON METRO VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT
ELDERVILLE LAKEPORT VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT
WEST HARRISON VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 1
WEST HARRISON VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 2
WEST HARRISON VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 3
CITY OF KILGORE CENTRAL FIRE STATION
CITY OF KILGORE FIRE STATION 2
CITY OF KILGORE FIRE STATION 3
CLARKSVILLE WARREN CITIES VOL FIRE DEPARTMENT
PINE TREE POST OFFICE
SPRING HILL HIGH SCHOOL
STRANGENT LARGE DOGPARK
STRANGENT SMALL DOGPARK
LONGVIEW ARBORETUM
EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY
CITY OF LONGVIEW COMPOST SITE
DEVELOPMENT SERVICES
HUDSON PEP ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
FOREST PARK MAGNET SCHOOL OF GLOBAL STUDIES
NEDE. WILLIAMS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
PINE TREE INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL
GREGG COUNTY COURTHOUSE
PARKS OPERATIONS ANDMAINTENANCE
AMTRAK STATION
GREGG COUNTY HEALTH CLINIC
GREGGTON COMMUNITY CENTER
PARKS AND RECREATION
LISDSTUDENT DEVELOPMENT CENTER
FIRE STATION 8
MAUDE COBB ACTIVITY CENTER CENTRAL FIRE STATION
LISDPLANT & AUXILIARY SERVICES CENTER
FIRE STATION 6
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
FIRE STATION 4
DEPT. OF TRANSPORTATION-MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE OFFICE
TEXAS HEALTH ANDHUMAN SERVICES
J UDSON COMMUNITY CENTER
PAR 40 HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
GILMER RD
SMELLEY RD
J U DSO N R D
YOUNG ST
PINE TREE RD
N WHI TE OAKRD
GRAYSTONE RD
D E L I A D R
HWY 300
HERITAGEBL
PAGE RD SI LVER F AL L SRD
W MARSHALL AV
GUM SPRINGS RD
REEL RD
N EASTMAN RD
W LOOP 281
DUNCAN ST
W FAIRMONT ST
E LOOP 281
FM 1845
PREMIER RD
NPAGER D
ESTES PKWY
BLUE RIDGE PKWY
HOLLYBROOK DR
SGREE N ST
E BIRDSONG ST
TENNERYVILLE RD
IH 20
BI LL OWENSPKW Y
TRYON RD
S HWY 31
MEDLIN RD
E COTTON ST
E LOOP 281 S
E MARSHALL AV
EDENDR
H G MOSLEY PKWY
ALPINE RD
MAIN ST
FM 726 S
FM 2879
W HIGHWAY 80
W HARRISON RD
FM 349
E OLD HWY 80
WHAWKINS PKWY
E GEORGE RICHEY RD
W B I R D S O N G S T
FM 1844
E HIGHWAY 80
RUPE HUFFMAN RD
E CENTER ST
FM 2011
FM 2963
BROOKWOOD LN
FM 449
FM 2206
FM726
GARDINER MITCHELL PKWY
FM 968
BARK RANCH RD
COUNTRY CLUB RD
N FM 2087
HWY 31
SHI GH ST S E A S T M A N R D
FM 2208
MOBBERLY AV
FISHER RD
REDMON RD
MCCANN RD
US HWY 259
FM 3358
INDUSTRIAL DR
HWY 322
Sti llhouse Creek
Grace Creek
Mil l Creek
Campbells Creek
Clarks Creek
Star Creek
Panther Creek
Prairi e Creek
Cherokee Bayou
Harris Creek
Mil l Creek
Mil l Creek
Johnson Branch
Mason Creek
Li ttl e Cypress Bayou
Moody Creek
Hawki ns Creek
Tiawi chi Creek
Mil l Creek
Mil l Creek
Clear Creek
Turkey Creek
Li ttl e Cypress Creek
El m Branch
Wood Creek
Barnes Creek
Grable Creek
Caney Creek
Moccasi n Creek
School Branch
Glade Creek
Bog Creek
Mud Creek
Moody Creek
Rabbi t Creek
Eagle Creek
Moody Creek
Pope Creek
Massey Branch
Wi tcher Creek
Sabine Ri ver
Peavi ne Creek
Bi ghead Creek
EastTexas Regional Airport
Preliminary Future Land Use Plan
LowDensity Residential
MediumDensity Residential
High Density Residential
Downtown
Office
Retail
Business Campus
Commercial
Industrial
Transit Oriented District
Mixed Use Non-Residential
Parks and Open Space
Public/Semi-Public
Floodplain
Potential Toll 49, Segment 7
LongviewCity Limits
LongviewETJ
County Lines
USA Named Streams and Rivers
0 1 2 0.5 Miles ]
Note: Acomprehensive plan shall not constitute zoning district regulations or establish zoningdistrict boundaries.
20
80
259
31
259
80
Potential Toll 49, Segment 7
GILMER RD SMELLEY RD
J U D S ON R D
YOUNG ST
PINE TREE RD
N WHITE OAK RD
GRAYSTONE RD
D E L I A D R
HWY 300
HERITAGE BL
PAGE RD SILVERFALLS RD
W MARSHALL AV
GUM SPRINGS RD
REEL RD
N EASTMAN RD
W LO O P 281
W FAIRMONT ST
E LOOP 281
FM 1845
PREMIER RD
N PAGE RD
ESTES PKWY
BLUE RIDGE PKWY
HOLLYBROOK DR
S GREEN ST
E BIRDSONG ST
TENNERYVILLE RD
IH 20
BILL OWENSPKWY
TRYON RD
S HWY 31
MEDLIN RD
E COTTON ST
E LOOP 281 S
E MARSHALL AV
EDEN DR H G MOSLEY PKWY
ALPINE RD
MAIN ST
FM 726 S
FM 2879
W HIGHWAY 80
W HARRISON RD
FM 349
E OLD HWY 80
WHAWKINS PKWY
E GEORGE RICHEY RD
W B I RD S O N G ST
FM 1844
E HIGHWAY 80
RUPE HUFFMAN RD
E CENTER ST
FM 2011
FM 2963
BROOKWOOD LN
FM 449
FM 2206
FM 726
GARDINER MITCHELL PKWY
FM 968
BARK RANCH RD
COUNTRY CLUB RD
N FM 2087
HWY 31
S HI GH ST S E A S T M A N R D
FM 2208
MOBBERLY AV
FISHER RD
REDMON RD
MCCANN RD
US HWY 259
FM 3358
INDUSTRIAL DR
HWY 322
Stillhouse Creek
Grace Creek
Campbells Creek
Clarks Creek
Little Cypress Creek
Panther Creek
Moody
Creek
Sabine River
Pope
Creek
Harris Creek
Little Cypress Creek
Johnson Branch
Mill Creek
Clarks
Creek
Mason Creek
Moody Creek
Pope Creek
Hawkins Creek
Clear Creek
Mill Creek
Mill Creek
Mud Creek
Turkey Creek
Little Cypress Creek
Elm Branch
Wood Creek
Barnes Creek
Grable Creek
Moody Creek
Moody Creek
Moccasin Creek
Caney Creek
School Branch
Glade Creek Bog Creek
Rabbit Creek
Eagle Creek
Massey Branch
Sabine River
Witcher Creek
Peavine Creek
Little Cypress Bayou
Bighead Creek
East Texas Regional Airport
Thoroughfare Plan
Road Types
Highway
Principal Arterial - Other
Proposed Principal Arterial
Minor Arterial
Proposed Minor Arterial
Major Collector
Proposed Major Collector
Minor Collector
Proposed Minor Collector
Airport
Potential Toll 49, Segment 7
USANamedStreams and Rivers
LongviewCity Limits
LongviewETJ
County Lines
0 2,000 4,000 6,000 1,000 Feet ]
1 2 3 4 5
WhatsInside
DRAFT 10/28/2014
WhatsInside

20
80
259
A
1,110 Ac.
E
1,400 Acres
H
1,060 Acres
J
1,130 Acres
B
3,850 Ac.
K
870 Acres
G
895 Acres
I
580 Acres
F
512 Acres
C
3,130 Ac.
D
925 Ac.
YOUNG ST
ALPINE RD
ALPINE RD ONRAMP NB E LOOP 281
E BIRDSONG ST
BILL
OWENS
PKWY
JUDSON
RD
ALPINE RD ONRAMP SB E LOOP 281
EDEN DR
TRYON RD
E COTTON ST
D E L I A D R
W HAWKINS PKWY
S HIGH ST
INDUSTRIAL
DR
ESTES PKWY
H G
MOSLEY
PKWY
W BIRDSONG ST
RUPE HUFFMAN RD
N EASTMAN RD
MCCANN RD
E LOOP 281
E MARSHALL AV
S HWY 31
E LOOP 281 S
US HWY 259
S E A S T M A N R D
N PAGE RD
REDMON RD
E HIGHWAY 80
GUM SPRINGS RD
W LOOP 281
SMELLEY RD
PAGE RD
FM 968
FM 2208
BARK RANCH RD
FM 2879
COUNTRY CLUB RD
IH 20
BRAMLETTE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
LISDAQUATIC CENTER ANDATHLETIC FACILITIES
J UDSON MIDDLE SCHOOL
J OHNSTON-MCQUEEN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
FOSTER MIDDLE SCHOOL
LISDEDUCATION SUPPORT CENTER
SOUTH WARD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
WARE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
LONGVIEW HIGH SCHOOL
T.G. FIELDAUDITORIUM
LOBO STADIUM
J .L. EVERHART ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
HUDSON PEP ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
FOREST PARK MAGNET SCHOOL OF GLOBAL STUDIES
LISDSTUDENT DEVELOPMENT CENTER
LISDPLANT & AUXILIARY SERVICES CENTER
CITY OF LONGVIEW
CITY OF LONGVIEW
TRYON ROADWSC
GUM SPRINGS WSC
WEST HARRISON WSC
WEST HARRISON WSC
AQUA TEXAS INC
CITY OF LONGVIEW
CITY OF LONGVIEW
Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, i-cubed, USDA, USGS, AEX, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, swisstopo, and the GIS User Community
Map Features
Ridge Lines
Utility Districts Water
Floodplain
Recommended ExpansionAreas
LongviewCity Limits
LongviewETJ
Streams
0 1,200 2,400 600 Feet ]
2014 Comprehensive Plan
City of Longview, Texas
August 2014
Recommended
ExpansionAreas
120

Corporation,withthe
community.

CULTURALDIVERSITY
Goal: Promote acommunitythatencouragescrosscultural understanding,nurturing,respect
andcelebration.
Objectives Strategies
a. Providesocialactivitiesand
cultural eventstobringunity
withindiverse groups.

b. Provideopportunitiesfor
crossculturalexchange
among ethnicallydiverse
populationsinthecommunity.

c. Enhancetherelationship
between theCityandthe
communitytoexpand
communication and
appreciationofdiverse
groups.

d. Expandandsupportthearts
and entertainment venues.

HERITAGE
Goal:Buildon Longviews historical significance andheritage.
Objectives Strategies
a. Preserve historicbuildings
that can bemaintained and
add culturalvalue tothe
community.

b. Develop apublicartsinitiative
tohelppromotethe
communitysheritage.

c. Encourageand supportthe
identificationand designation
ofhistoricdistricts,sites,and
landmarkswhere significant
cultural,architectural,and
historicalcharacteristics
prevail.

d. Enhancethearchitectural,
historical,cultural,and
landscapefeaturesimportant
toneighborhood identityand
spiritbyencouraging the
adoption ofdevelopment

6 7 8 9 10
Chapter 5: Public Facilities Assessment 94
Overview 94
Existing Facilities 95
Recommendations/Explanation of Strategies 105
Chapter 6: Parks, Recreation and Open Space Plan 110
Overview 110
Area and Facility Concepts and Standards 122
Inventory 134
Needs Assessment 153
Park, Recreation and Open Space Recommendations 171
Implementation Strategies 177
Chapter 7: Neighborhood and Community Livability 186
Overview 186
Existing Conditions 188
Neighborhood Livability 191
Community Livability 193
Recommendations/Explanation of Strategies 199
Chapter 8: Annexation and Growth Management Strategies 210
Overview 210
Annexation and Extraterritorial Jurisdiction (ETJ) Overview 210
Recommended Areas for Annexation Consideration 214
Conclusion 215
Chapter 9: Economic Development Summary 218
Overview 218
Summary of LEDCO Strategic Plan 219
Recommendations 221
Chapter 10: Implementation Matrix 224
Overview 224
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 8
Introduction
Therearetwointerrelatedfocusesofacomprehensiveplan;one,itallowsthecitizensof
acommunitytocreateasharedvisionofwhattheydesirefortheircommunity,andtwo,
itestablisheswaysinwhichacommunitycaneffectivelyrealizethatvision.TheLongview
ComprehensivePlantellsthestoryofwhoLongviewisandwhatitwishestobecomeasitgrows
andredevelops.TheCityofLongviewisatanopportunecrossroadforanewandexciting
periodinitshistory.Afreshsenseofdirectionandcollectiveexcitementhascreatedtheneedfor
reexaminingthecommunitysvision.Thisassessmentwillhelpthecommunityreachconsensus
movingintothefuture.Asaresult,thisupdatetotheCityspreviouscomprehensiveplanwas
desirable,bringingtogetherresidents,electedofcials,Citystaffandcommunitystakeholders.
Acityscomprehensiveplaniswell-denedasalong-rangeplanningtoolthatisintendedtobe
usedbyCitystaff,councilsandboards,alongwithcitizens,toguidethecommunitysphysical
developmentfor10years,20years,oranevenlongerperiodoftime.ThepurposeforLongviews
ComprehensivePlanistoserveasaexibleguideandlivingdocumentforbothcurrentand
futuredecision-makers.
Theprimaryintentionsofthecomprehensiveplanincludethefollowing:
Efcientdeliveryofpublicservices;
Coordinationofpublicandprivateinvestment;
Minimizationofpotentiallanduseconicts;
Managementofgrowthinanorderlyfashion;
Cost-effectivepublicinvestments;and
Arationalandreasonablebasisformakingdevelopmentdecisionsaboutthecommunity.
Acomprehensiveplanisnotazoningordinance,butratheritisahigh-leveltoolutilizedbythe
Citytomakedevelopmentdecisions.Asnewdevelopmentapplications,zoningrequestsand
otherdevelopmentdecisionsaremade,thecomprehensiveplanhelpstosafeguardcoordinated
growth.DeterminingwhatlandusesareappropriatewithinLongview,andwheresuchlanduses
shouldbelocated,helpstoprotecttheintegrityoftheCitysneighborhoodsandcorridors.
Ultimately,synchronizedlandusepatternshelptoprotectprivatepropertybymaintainingand
enhancingvalueandprotectingpropertyfromincompatibleuses.

TheLongviewComprehensivePlanexaminesrealitiesofexistingconditions,demographic
implications,areasofgrowthpotentialandstrategiesforimprovingqualityoflife.Theplan
focusesnotonlyonthephysicaldevelopmentofthecity,butalsotheoverallgoalstobecome
amorelivableandeconomicallyvibrantcommunity.Whiletheplanisvisionaryandoutlines
citizensdesires,itisalsomeasurablebyemployingimplementation-focusedrecommendations.
Withgrowthpressurestothenorthandtremendousredevelopmentpotentialtothesouth,
Longviewisonthebrinkoftremendousimprovements.NowisthetimefortheCitytotake
advantageofitspositionstochoosetheitsownpath.ThisComprehensivePlananticipates
changeandproactivelyaddressesmajorissues.Planningdeneshowinvestmentshelptoshape
thecity.Thisvisionprocesscanhelpminimizeconictsindecision-making,savingtime,money
andresources.Thisplanwilllaythefoundationforfutureimprovementsandpriorityactionitems.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Introduction | Page 9
LEGALAUTHORITY
TheStateofTexashasestablishedlawsinregardtothewayincorporatedcommunitiescan
ensurethehealth,safetyandwelfareoftheircitizens.Statelawgivesmunicipalitiesthepower
toregulatetheuseofland,butonlyifsuchregulationsarebasedonaplan.Authorityofa
CitytocreateacomprehensiveplanisrootedinChapters211,212and213oftheTexasLocal
GovernmentCode.
Chapter 211
Chapter211oftheTexasLocalGovernmentCodeallowsthegovernmentbodyofacommunity
toregulatezoning.
Chapter 212
Chapter212oftheTexasLocalGovernmentCodeallowsthegoverningbodyofacommunity
toregulatesubdivisiondevelopmentwithintheCitylimitsandalsowithintheExtraterritorial
Jurisdiction(ETJ)whichvariesdependinguponthepopulationofthecommunity.
Chapter 213
Chapter213oftheTexasLocalGovernmentCodeallowsthegoverningbodyofacommunity
tocreateacomprehensiveplanforthelong-rangedevelopmentofthemunicipality.Basic
recommendationsforcomprehensiveplanningaretoaddresslanduse,transportationandpublic
facilities,butmayincludeawidevarietyofotherissuesdeterminedbythecommunity.
ItisimportanttonotethatacomprehensiveplanisNOTazoningordinance,butratheris
intendedtobeusedasatooltoguidedevelopment,infrastructureandlandusedecisionsinthe
future.Thecomprehensiveplandoes,however,serveasabasisonwhichzoningdecisionsare
made,asspeciedbyChapter211oftheTexasLocalDevelopmentCode.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 10
2015COMPREHENSIVEPLAN
AsthecommunitylivabilityanddevelopmentexpectationsforLongviewevolved,itbecame
necessarytoupdatetheCityspreviousComprehensivePlan.TheCityhasaccomplished
muchinrecentyearsfromnortherngrowth,newLearPark,communityidentityanddowntown
investment.TheCityofLongviewhasembarkedonanimportantjourneythecreationofits
2015ComprehensivePlan.Thisplanisnotamandate,butratherisaexibleguideforCityStaff
andelectedofcialsastowhatthefutureoftheCityshouldbe.Thiscomprehensiveplancontains
ideas,graphics,policiesandactionsthatultimatelystemfromtheidentiedvisioncreatedbyits
residents.
This2015ComprehensivePlanwillserveasanupdatetotheCityspreviousComprehensive
Planbyrevisingthecommunityvisionandfuturelanduseplanwherenecessary,byupdatingthe
Citysgoalsandobjectivesandbysettingnewstrategiesforthecommunitytoraisethebaron
newdevelopment.TheseupdateswillhelpLongviewcontinuetobeadesirablecommunity.The
creationofthe2015ComprehensivePlanwillsignaltocurrentresidents,prospectiveresidents
andfuturebusinessintereststhattheCityhasavisionandaplanforitsfuture.Thisplanmay
appealtobusinessandrealestateinvestorsbyshowingthatinvestmentinourCityispartof
agreaterplan,ensuringthelong-termsustainabilityandviabilityofbusinessandrealestate
investment.
Document Structure
Adeliberateplandevelopmentprocessinvolvingbackgroundresearch,visioning,
recommendationsandimplementationwasutilized.Thisprocessisreectedinthisdocuments
tendistinctivecomponents:
Community Snapshot
InordertounderstandwhereLongviewisgoing,itwillrstbenecessarytounderstandfrom
wheretheCityhascome.Thissectionservesasthereconnaissancestagefortheplanning
process.Historicalpopulationtrends,demographics,existingconditions,physicalconstraints
andpastplanningeffortsareallexaminedtobegintosetthebaselinefromwhichfuture
planningdecisionsshouldbemade.
The Long View
Thecommunitysvisionisreectiveofthemanytangibleandintangiblecharacteristicsand
values,whichLongviewdesirestopreserveandprovideforcurrentresidentsandfuture
generations.Thissectionidentiestheprimaryissuesprovidedbycommunitystakeholders
andliststheGoalsandObjectivesderivedfromstakeholderconsensus.GoalsandObjectives
ultimatelyguideactionitemsdescribedwithinindividualchaptersandprioritizedinthe
ImplementationPlanMatrix.
Future Land Use
ThecornerstoneoftheComprehensivePlanistheFutureLandUsePlanMap.Thissection
describestheappropriatelandusetypeswithinLongviewandgraphicallydepictstheideal
locationsforsuchusesontheFutureLandUsePlanMap.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Introduction | Page 11
Transportation and Circulation Plan
Thepurposeofthischapteristoprovideatransportationframeworkthatwillserveasa
guideformobilitydecisionswithinLongview.LandusedecisionsultimatelyimpacttheCitys
transportationnetworkandthereforethissectionsThoroughfarePlanprovidesroadway
recommendationsthatcoincidewithfuturelandusedecisions.
Public Facilities Assessment
Publicinvestmentintocommunityservicesandthelevelofcommunityservicesprovided
arecriticaltomanagegrowthandsafety.Thischapterreviewsexistingconditionsforpublic
facilitiesandrecommendsstrategiestoexpandLongviewspublicfacilitiesappropriatelywith
citygrowth.
Parks, Recreation and Open Space
Thespacedevotedtosatisfyingtheactiveandpassiverecreationalneedsofcitizensisavital
componentofanycommunity.TheParkschapterisasystem-widemasterplanproviding
guidanceforparksandopenspaceimprovements.Thisplanexaminesandanalyzesexisting
recreationalopportunitiesandrecommendsaparksystemthatisconsistentwithpresentand
futurecommunityneeds.
Neighborhood and Community Livability
LivabilityreferstothemanytangibleandintangiblecharacteristicsthatcontributetotheCitys
qualityoflife.Thissectionprovidesrecommendationspertainingtoqualityoflifeissueswithin
Longview.Thecornerstoneofalivablecommunitylieswithitsneighborhoods,andtherefore
anexistinghousingconditionsanalysiswasperformedandassociatedrecommendations
created.Communitylivabilityreferstothemanythingsthatconjurecommunityprideand
helpmaketheCityattractivetovisitors.Thisincludesaesthetics,socialwell-being,healthand
wellness,andafocusonDowntown,theheartofthecommunity.
Annexation and Growth Management Strategies
AsLongviewincreasesinpopulation,sowilldevelopmentpressuresforannexationandcity
services.AppropriateexpansionareasandstrategiesareexaminedthatwillbenetLongview
asawhole.
Economic Development Summary
TheCityofLongviewhasaveryproactiveandaccomplishedEconomicDevelopment
Corporation,whichisanassettothecommunity.Thischapterexaminesexistinginformation,
incentivesandprograms.
Implementation Plan Matrix
TheImplementationPlanMatrixorganizesandprioritizestherecommendationscontained
withinthevariousplanelementsintoanunderstandableactionmatrix.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 12
PLANNINGPROCESS
LongviewsComprehensivePlanrepresentsanaccumulationofpublicparticipation,volunteer
work,stakeholderdiscussions,consultantwork,andcityinitiatives.Communityengagementwas
ahugesuccessforthisplan,providingthefoundationforallwork,ideasandrecommendations.
ThisplanningprocessresultedinaclearvisionforLongviewsfuture,identiedopportunitiesand
challenges,anddenedmethodsofprioritizingimplementationofthevisionovertime.Through
thisplanningprocessinitiative,theComprehensivePlancapturesareectionforcommunity
valuesandaspirations.
Thecomprehensiveplanningprocessoccurredovera18monthperiod,beginninginNovember
2013andculminatinginXXXXof2015.AComprehensivePlanAdvisoryCommittee(CPAC)
guidedthedevelopmentofactions,policiesandthefuturelandusescenariofortheCity.The
CPACwasmadeupofsevensubcommitteesincluding:infrastructure,publicfacilities,economic
development,parks,futurelanduse,transportation/circulation,andneighborhoodlivability.
CommitteememberswerechosenandappointedbyCityCouncilbaseduponavarietyoffactors
includingpastexperience,organizationalafliation,areaofthecommunitywheretheyresideor
simplythegeneralperspectivethattheymayprovide.Bringingtogetheragroupofresidentswith
uniqueexperiences,backgroundsandinterestshelpstofacilitatediscussionandensuresthata
varietyofperspectivesandopinionswereultimatelyconsideredduringPlanformation.
TheCPACmembersgatheredmultipletimesduringtheprojecttodiscussavarietyoftopics
andissuesrelatedtothedevelopmentoftheComprehensivePlan.Initialstagesoftheprocess
includedissueidenticationand
visioningexercises.Thecommittees
foresight,inconjunctionwith
publicparticipation,formulatedthe
plansvisionandgoals.Following,
theCPACservedasasounding
boardforplanstrategiesand
recommendations.
Communityinputwasgathered
throughavarietyofcommunication
channelsandtechniques.Online
surveysweredevelopedtopoll
citizendesiresonvision,issues
andparks.InadditiontotheCPAC
meetings,twopublicmeetingswere
conductedduringthecourseofthe
ComprehensivePlantogatherinput,
developscenariosandtopresent
strategies.Engagementexercises
usedduringtheplanningprocess
includingsitevisits,bustours,
visioningexercises,landusescenario
exercises,issueidentication
exercises,visualcharactersurvey
andworkshopstodevelopplanning
objectives,goalsandstrategies.
CommunitySnapshotandVisioning
Phase1......
What the City hopes to achieve
FutureLandUse
Phase2......
Transportation
&Circulation
Economic
Development
Parks&Open
Space
Neighborhood
Livability
PublicFacilities
Growth
Management
Report,Implementationand
Adoption
Phase3......
Implementation Actions
Plan Recommendations
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Introduction | Page 13
Kick-Off Meeting | August 22, 2013
3:30PM-4:30PMattheMaudeCobbConventionCenter
TheConsultantteamledthekick-offmeetingpresentationwithanoverviewofthecomprehensive
planspurposefollowedbyabriefintroductionofteammembers.Otheritemsofdiscussionincluded
scopeandschedulereview,methodsofcommunicationandkeypersonnelaswellasthemonthlyone-
pagereport.Themeetingconcludedwithabriefdiscussionofissues,visionandopportunities.
Committee Meeting #1 | November 15, 2013
12:00PM-2:00PMattheMaudeCobbConventionCenter
AnintroductiontotheComprehensivePlanwaspresentedalongwiththePlanspurpose.Otheritems
ofdiscussionincludedthevisionfortheCityofLongviewandpavedwaysforthenextsteps.
Committee Meeting #2 | January 13, 2014
11:30AM-1:30PMattheMaudeCobbConventionCenter
ThepresentationincludedareviewoftheComprehensivePlanprocessandrecapoftheCPAC
Meeting#1.Up-to-datesurveyresultswerepresentedfollowedbyareviewofthedraftvision
statement.Draftgoalswerealsodiscussedandconcludedwithnextstepstotaketoprepareforthe
PublicMeeting#1.AQuestion&Answersessionfollowed.
Public Meeting #1 | February 10, 2014
5:30PM-7:00PMattheLeTourneauUniversityBelcherCenter
TheConsultantteamledthepresentationtointroducethepurposeofacomprehensiveplan.
Followingtheshortpresentation,therewerebreakoutexercisesthatweresetupindifferentareasof
thebuildingthatfeaturedaparticulartopic.Eachparticipantsjoinedinthediscussionwiththeirgroup
withinathirtyminutetimeframebeforeproceedingontothenexttopicsession.Boardsandwebsite
surveystationswereavailableforadditionalinputthroughoutthenight.
Committee Meeting #3 | March 31, 2014
11:30AM-1:30PMattheMaudeCobbConventionCenter
ArecapofthePublicMeeting#1tookplace,followedbyapresentationofsurveyresultsthatwereup-
to-date.CPACmembersadoptedthevisionstatementanddiscusseddraftgoals.
Committee Meeting #4 | May 28, 2014
1:30PM-5:00PMattheMaudeCobbConventionCenter
Theoverallgoalofthismeetingwastogaininputonstrategiesandmakepreliminary
recommendations.Twobreakoutgroupstookplaceduringthismeeting.Group1addressedtopics
suchasparksandopenspace,economicdevelopment,publicfacilitiesandinfrastructureutilitiesand
annexation.Group2addressedtopicssuchasthefuturelanduseplan,transportationandcirculation
andneighborhoodandcommunitylivability.
Committee Meeting #5 and Bus Tour | July 7, 2014
11:00AM-2:45PMattheMaudeCobbConventionCenter
ThepurposeofthismeetingwastopresentandnalizetherecommendationsbasedontheCPAC
Meeting#4ontopicsincludingparksandopenspace;economicdevelopment;publicfacilities;
infrastructureutilitiesandannexation;futurelanduseplan;transportationandcirculation;and
neighborhoodandcommunitylivability.
Committee Meeting #6 | October 9, 2014
11:30AM-1:30PMattheStamperParkResourceCenter
Thepurposeofthismeetingwastopresentpreliminaryrecommendations.
Public Meeting #2 | October 28, 2014
7:00PMattheMaudeCobbConventionCenter
PreliminaryrecommendationswerepresentedtothepublicaswellasthedraftComprehensivePlan.
MEETINGS
DRAFT 10/28/2014
DRAFT 10/28/2014
1
Community Snapshot
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 16
Chapter 1: Community Snapshot
Therststepofplanningisunderstandingacommunitysbackgroundandestablishafoundation
ofinformationforthevisioningprocessandthedevelopmentofplanrecommendations.This
providesfactsontheCitysexistingconditionsandrecenttrends,andtheoverallcontextinwhich
thisplanningeffortisoccurring.
POPULATIONCHARACTERISTICS
Peoplearethemostimportantcomponentofanycommunity.Thefollowingdiscussionisintendedto
provideinsightintothehistoricandexistingcharacteristicsforLongviewsresidents.Thisdemographic
analysiswillaidinplanningforfuturegrowthoftheCity.
Historic Populations
TheCityisdividedbytwocounties-GreggandHarrison.Onlyasmallportionofthepopulation
residesinHarrisonCounty.ParalleltoLongviewsgrowth,GreggCountyalsohadalarge
populationincreasebetween1970and1980.OthercitiesthatcontributetoGreggCountys2010
populationof121,730includeClarksvilleCity,Easton,Gladewater,Kilgore,Lakeport,WarrenCity
andWhiteOak.
Compound Annual Growth Rate
TheCompoundAnnualGrowthRate(CAGR)isamethod
foranalyzingaverageratesofgrowth.Table1shows
thattheCitysCAGRfrom1960to2010was2.0%,a60
yearperiod.Duringthepast50years,theCAGRwas
1.40%.Themostrecentyearsmeasured,from2000to
2010,LongviewsCAGRrose0.25%.Thesepercentages
arecriticalindeterminingpopulationprojection
methodologies.
Population Projections
Basedonhistoricalratesandgrowthtrends,fourCAGRscenarios(0.25-2.0CAGR)areprovided.
Onaconservativeplanningapproach,itisprojectedthatLongviewislikelytogrowataCAGRof
onepercent.ThisprojectsLongviews2024populationof92,481.
10 Year 0.93%
20 Year 0.68%
30 Year 0.83%
40 Year 1.43%
50 Year 1.40%
60 Year 2.00%
Longview
Compound Annual Growth Rate
Table1:HistoricCAGR
Population % Change Population % Change Population % Change
1950 24,502 n/a 61,258 n/a 47,745 n/a
1960 40,050 63.5% 69,436 13.4% 45,594 -4.5%
1970 45,547 13.7% 75,929 9.4% 44,841 -1.7%
1980 62,762 37.8% 99,487 31.0% 52,265 16.6%
1990 70,311 12.0% 104,948 5.5% 57,483 10.0%
2000 73,344 4.3% 111,379 6.1% 62,110 8.0%
2010 80,455 9.7% 121,730 9.3% 65,631 5.7%
*Est. 2012 81,092 0.8% 122,658 0.8% 67,450 2.8%
Year
Harrison County
Source: U.S. Census 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010; *Source: Census estimate for 2012
Longview Gregg County
Table2:HistoricPopulationGrowth.Source:U.S.1950,1960,1970,1980,1990,2000,2010Census;
*Source:Censusestimatefor2012
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Community Snapshot | Page 17
Year Population Year Population Year Population Year Population Year Population
2010 80,455 2010 80,455 2010 80,455 2010 80,455 2010 80,455
2011 80,656 2011 80,857 2011 81,260 2011 81,662 2011 82,064
2012 80,858 2012 81,262 2012 82,072 2012 82,887 2012 83,705
2013 81,060 2013 81,668 2013 82,893 2013 84,130 2013 85,379
2014 81,263 2014 82,076 2014 83,722 2014 85,392 2014 87,087
2015 81,466 2015 82,487 2015 84,559 2015 86,673 2015 88,829
2016 81,669 2016 82,899 2016 85,405 2016 87,973 2016 90,605
2017 81,874 2017 83,314 2017 86,259 2017 89,293 2017 92,418
2018 82,078 2018 83,730 2018 87,121 2018 90,632 2018 94,266
2019 82,283 2019 84,149 2019 87,992 2019 91,991 2019 96,151
2020 82,489 2020 84,569 2020 88,872 2020 93,371 2020 98,074
2021 82,695 2021 84,992 2021 89,761 2021 94,772 2021 100,036
2022 82,902 2022 85,417 2022 90,659 2022 96,193 2022 102,036
2023 83,109 2023 85,844 2023 91,565 2023 97,636 2023 104,077
2024 83,317 2024 86,274 2024 92,481 2024 99,101 2024 106,159
2025 83,525 2025 86,705 2025 93,406 2025 100,587 2025 108,282
2026 83,734 2026 87,138 2026 94,340 2026 102,096 2026 110,447
2027 83,944 2027 87,574 2027 95,283 2027 103,628 2027 112,656
2028 84,153 2028 88,012 2028 96,236 2028 105,182 2028 114,910
2029 84,364 2029 88,452 2029 97,198 2029 106,760 2029 117,208
2030 84,575 2030 88,894 2030 98,170 2030 108,361 2030 119,552
Longview
0.5% CAGR 1.0 % CAGR 1.5 % CAGR 2.0 % CAGR
Source: U.S. Census 2010
0.25% CAGR
Table3:PopulationProjections.Source:U.S.2010Census
At 1% CAGR, Longview is
projected to have 92,481 people
by 2024.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 18
Cross
Lake

20

49
Dal las

45

35
Longview
Hope
Waco
Bryan
Tyler
Enni s
Paris
Allen
Wylie
Hurst
Plano
Euni ce
Taylor
Ruston
Minden
Camden
Monroe
Durant
Lufkin
Athens
Temple
Hewitt
Belton
DeSot o
Dallas
Irving
Euless
Keller
Frisco
Denton
Bast rop
Deni son
Kilgore
Terrel l
Rowlet t Garland
Sherman
Addison
Bedford
Sagi naw
Corinth
Magnolia
Longview
Rockwall
Mesquite
McKinney
Burleson
Cleburne
Benbrook
El Dorado
Pinevil le
Texarkana
Texarkana
Henderson
Palesti ne
Corsicana
Arl ington
Huntsvil le
Shreveport
Alexandria
Seagovill e
Greenvil le
Waxahachi e
Lewisvi lle
West Monroe
Nacogdoches
Gainesvill e
Natchitoches
Jacksonvil le
Balch Springs
Mount Pleasant
College Station
Fort Polk South
Sulphur Springs
Copyright:2013 Esri ]
Figure1:RegionalLocation
REGIONALRELATIONSHIP
LongviewisconsideredamajorhubcityforEastTexas.
TherearemanysmallercitiesthatsurroundLongview,
includingKilgore,Gladwater,Gilmer,WhiteOak,
Hallsville,HarletonandTatum.Ataregionalscale,
Longviewisapproximately160milesfromFortWorth,
thefarendoftheDallas-FortWorthmetroplex,orabout
2.5hoursofdrivingtime.Thelargerhillcountrycitiesof
AustinandSanAntonioarewithin4.5-5.5hourdrivefrom
Longview.
DEMOGRAPHICPROFILE
Age Distribution
Longviewsagedistributionisavitalelementthatshouldbethoroughlyconsideredwhen
conductingcomprehensiveplanning.Examiningtheagecompositionofthecommunitycanhelp
toprioritizewhichcommunityfacilitieswouldbethemostbenecial.Figure2showsthatthe
mostvisibleagegroupbelongedtothosebetweenages70andolder,particularlyinthefemale
category.Comparedtostatesaverage,therearemoreelderlyresidinginLongview.Contraryto
that,theyouthpopulationisbelowthestatesaverage.
ThelargestpopulationsegmentiscomprisedoftheYoung,PrimeLaborForceandOlderLabor
Forcegroups.Itshouldbenotedthatthoseinagegroup0-14willbebetweentheagesof14-24
in2024andwillbeinthehighschoolandcollegeagesegments.Thoseingroup25-44willbe
betweentheages35-54in2024.Thoseinagegroup45-64willlikelybewellintotheirretirement
by2024.Longviewshouldfactorintheseagegroupstoprovidequalityeducationandjob
opportunitiesforthelaborforceandhousingchoicestomeetthedemandsofeveryone.
Travel time to Longview, Texas from:
Nacogdoches: 1 hour
Shreveport: 1 hour
Dallas: 2 hours
Corsicana: 2 hours
Fort Worth: 2.5 hours
Houston: 3.5 hours
Austin: 4.5 hours
San Antonio: 5.5 hours
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Community Snapshot | Page 19
In 2010, the
median age in
Longview was
34.4. The median
age for male was
32.6 while the
median age for
female was 36.4.
5% 4% 3% 2% 1% 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5%
Under 5 years
5 to 9 years
10 to 14 years
15 to 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 29 years
30 to 34 years
35 to 39 years
40 to 44 years
45 to 49 years
50 to 54 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 to 69 years
70 to 74 years
75 to 79 years
80 to 84 years
85 years and over
Texas
Female
Male
Figure2:AgeCohortPyramid.Source:2010Census
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
Young (0-
14)
High
School (15-
19)
College,
New Family
(20-24)
Prime
Labor
Force (25-
44)
Older Labor
Force (45-
64)
Elderly
(65+)
2000
2010
Figure3:AgeDistribution.Source:2000and2010Census
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 20
Household
Householdcompositionhasshiftedoverthepastdecades,frompredominatelytraditional
nuclearfamiliestoalargepercentageofnontraditionalandblendedfamilies.Thelattertype
offamilyisacombinationoftwofamilies,single-parentfamiliesorcoupleswithoutchildren.
Accordingtothe2000and2010Census,theCityofLongviewexperiencedasignicantdecrease
inallFamilyHouseholdscategories,withthelargestdeclineintheFemaleHouseholder,No
HusbandPresentgroupatninepercent.AsshowninTable4,19percentoftraditionalfamily
householdshavechildrenwhoareundertheageof18.Theaveragehouseholdsizein2000was
2.50personsandhasminimallyincreasedto2.51in2010,whilethecountrysaveragefamilysize
decreased.
Race and Ethnicity
Inthe2010Census,thosewhoidentiedthemselvesasCaucasian/Whitemadeupthelargest
portionofthetotalpopulationinLongview.ThisissignicantlylowerthantheStateofTexasat
71percent.Inthemeantime,thosewhoidentiedthemselvesasAfrican-Americanmakeupthe
secondlargestgroupwith23percent.TheethniccompositionofLongviewasofthe2010Census
was18percentHispanicorLatinoand82percentnon-HispanicorLatino.
Number Percent Number Percent
Family Households 19,109 67.4% 20,020 65.5% -1.87%
With Own Children Under 18 Years 9,407 33.2% 9,362 30.6% -2.53%
Married Couple Family 13,880 48.9% 13,683 44.8% -4.17%
With Own Children Under 18 years 6,239 22.0% 5,822 19.0% -2.95%
Female Householder, No Husband Present 4,119 14.5% 1,626 5.3% -9.20%
With Own Children Under 18 Years
2,589 9.1% 813 2.7% -6.47%
Non-Family Households 9,254 32.6% 10,542 34.5% 1.87%
Householder Living Alone 7,919 27.9% 8,903 29.1% 1.21%
65 Years and Over 3,043 10.7% 2,443 8.0% -2.74%
-
Total Households -
Average Household Size -
Percentage
Difference
28,363 30,562
Source: U.S. Census 2000, 2010
2.50 2.51
Household Type
2000 2010
Table4:HouseholdType.Source:2000and2010Census
Hispanic or
Latino
18%
Not Hispanic or
Latino
82%
White
63.3%
African American,
22.9%
American Indian &
Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
1.4%
Native Hawaiian &
Other Pacific
Islander
0.0%
Some Other Race
9.5%
Two or More Races
2.3%
LONGVIEW
Figure4:RaceandEthnicity.Source:2010Census
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Community Snapshot | Page 21
Educational Attainment
Educationallevelsgenerallyindicatethecommunitysskillsandabilities,whichcanassisttheCity
indeterminingappropriatejobtypestobeprovided.AsshowninTable5,Longviewhasaslightly
higherpercentageofhighschoolgraduatesandAssociatesDegreeholderswhencompared
toTexas.However,thepercentageofBachelorsandGraduateDegreeholdersisbelowstate
average.
Employment and Income Characteristics
Employmentopportunitiescanaffectthegrowthrateofcities.Theseopportunitiesareimportant
becausetheyallowpeopletosettleintoacommunity,establishtheirhomeandbeginalife-itis
employmentthatmakesthispossible.
TakenfromtheUnitedStates
DepartmentofLaborBureau
StatisticsinApril2014,Longview
hada4.4percentunemployment
rate,whichislowerthanthestates
average.

Table7comparesthepercent
ofeachoccupationalcategory
fortheCityofLongview.The
mostnoticeabledifferenceisthe
Management, business, science,
and arts occupation,whichisa
morewhite-collar-category,with34
percentinTexasbutonly28percentinLongview.AnothermajoroccupationinLongviewisSales
and Ofce,accountingforalmost25percent.
Number Percent Number Percent
Population 25 years and over
No High School 3,483 6.9%
1,515,335 9.8%
Some High School 5,238 10.3%
1,507,642 9.8%
High School Graduate 14,896 29.4%
3,962,958 25.7%
Some College 12,339 24.3%
3,449,426 22.3%
Associate's 4,197 8.3%
984,151 6.4%
Bachelor's 7,525 14.8%
2,693,889 17.4%
Graduate
3,002
5.9%
1,330,503 8.6%
Percent High School Graduate or Higher
Percent Bachelor's Degree or Higher
Longview
Educational Attainment
Texas
50,680
82.8%
20.8%
15,443,904
80.4%
26.1%
Source: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates Table5:EducationalAttainment.Source:2007-2011AmericanCommunitySurvey5-YearEstimates
4.4%
4.3%
6.3%
5.2%
6.3%
Longview Gregg
County
Harrison
County
Texas United
States
Table6:UnemploymentRate.Source:U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 22
Income Levels
Incomecanserveasanindicatorfortheretailmarket;higherincomelevelsgenerallymeanmore
disposableincomeandmoreretailpossibilities,whichinturncantranslateintoahighertax
baseforthecommunity.AveragehouseholdincomeinLongviewwas$33,858in1999.In2011,it
increasedto$43,414.Adjustingforinationwhere$1.00in1999wasworth$1.35in2011,average
incomein2011actuallydecreasedby$2,300.WhencomparedtoTexas,Longviewfallsbelow
stateaverageintermsofmedianhouseholdincome.Longviewhasahigherpercentageofthe
populationwithincomesbelow$74,999thanTexas.Texashasahigherpercentageofhouseholds
making$75,000ormorethanLongview.
Average household income in Longview was $33,858 in 1999 and $43,414 in 2011.
0%
2%
4%
6%
8%
10%
12%
14%
16%
18%
20%
Less than
$10,000
$10,000 to
$14,999
$15,000 to
$24,999
$25,000 to
$34,999
$35,000 to
$49,999
$50,000 to
$74,999
$75,000 to
$99,999
$100,000
to $149,999
$150,000
to $199,999
$200,000
or more
Texas
Longview
Figure5:IncomeLevels.Source:2007-2011AmericanCommunitySurvey5-YearEstimates
Texas
Civilian employed ages 16 and over 11,288,597
Management, business, science, and arts
occupations
10,252 28.2% 34.2%
Service occupations
6,676 18.4% 17.1%
Sales and office occupations
8,975 24.7% 25.4%
Natural resources, construction, and
maintenance
4,482 12.3% 11.4%
Production, transportation, and material
moving
5,915 16.3% 12.0%
Occupation
Longview
2011
36,300
Source: 2000 Census; 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates Table7:Occupation.Source:2007-2011AmericanCommunitySurvey5-YearEstimates
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Community Snapshot | Page 23
Housing Type
Thereareatotalof32,324housingunits
inLongview;comparedtostatelevelsof
87.8percentforoccupiedhousingunits,
Longviewhas93percent.Thepercentage
ofvacanthousingunitsisalsosmallerthan
stateaverage.Thisisanindicationofagood
housingmarketwithenoughsupplyand
demandtosupporttheresidents.
Housing Value
HousingvalueisimportanttoexaminebecauseitgenerallyindicateswhattheCitycanexpect
itsfuturehousingstocktocontributetothelocaleconomy.Thegurebelowreectsthe
totalhousingcompositionforboth2000and2011.In2000,45percentofthehousingstock
werevaluedfrom$50,000to$99,999.In2011,thatnumberdecreasedbyalmost20percent.
Meanwhile,housingunitsinthe$100,000oraboveincreased.Thisisanindicationthathome
valuesarerising.Themedianhousevaluein2000was$76,100andincreasedto$121,100in2011,
still$5,300belowstateaverage.
Housing Occupancy Longview Texas
Total housing units 32,324 9,869,239
Occupied housing units 93.0% 87.8%
Vacant housing units 7.0% 12.2%
Owner-occupied 56.5% 64.5%
Renter-occupied 43.5% 35.5%
Homeowner vacancy rate 0.6 2.3
Rental vacancy rate 6.0 10.0
Average household size of
owner-occupied unit
2.7 2.9
Average household size of
renter-occupied unit
2.36 2.58
Source: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year
Estimates
Table8:HousingOccupancy.Source:2007-2011American
CommunitySurvey5-YearEstimates
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
50%
2000
2011
Figure6:HousingValue.Source:2000Censusand2007-2011AmericanCommunitySurvey5-YearEstimates
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 24
EXISTINGLANDUSE
City Limits and Extraterritorial Jurisdiction (ETJ)
Longviewhasatotalof35,689acreswithinitscurrentcitylimits.Vacantlandconstitutesthe
largestlanduseat36.8percent.LongviewsExtraterritorialJurisdiction(ETJ)is96,800acres,
almostthreetimesitscurrentcitylimits.TheETJservestwopurposes:First,citiescanannexland
onlywithintheirETJ,andthereisastatutoryprohibitionagainstanothermunicipalityannexing
intotheETJofanothercity;andcitiescanextendandenforcetheirsubdivisionregulationsinto
theirETJ.Citiescannot,however,enforcezoningregulationsintotheETJ.
Vacant Acreage
Approximately37percentofLongviews35,689citylimitsare
consideredvacantorundevelopedland.Thisamountsto13,149acres
thathavethepotentialtobedevelopedinthefutureorpreserved
forcommunityopenspace.Theimportanceofanalyzingtheamount
ofvacantlandwithintheCityisthatitwillallowLongviewtogrowin
populationanddevelopinthefuture.Thislandalsorepresentsareas
wheredecisionsmustbemaderegardingserviceprovisionsand
roadwayexpansionandroadwaymaintenance.Theamountofland
availablewithintheCityisalsosignicantbecauseithasthepotential
tobedevelopedindifferentwaysandinaccordancewiththeultimate
visionforLongview.
Existing Land Use within the City Limits
TheexistinglanduseofLongviewreectspastdevelopmentdecisionsandtellsthestoryofthe
Citysdevelopmenthistoryandtrends.Theplanningprocesshelpstoensurethatcoordinated
landusedecisionsenhancetheoverallqualityoflifeinLongviewbymitigatingtheimpacts
ofincompatibleusesnearneighborhoods.Thisprocessbeginswithexaminingthetypesand
locationsofexistinglanduseswithinLongviewanddetermininghowandwherenewgrowthand
developmentmaybeaccommodated.
Theexistinglandusesofthecommunityrepresentmixed-densitydevelopmentpatterns
indicativeofcitiesnear100,000people.Longviewsmedium-densityresidentialnatureisattractive
toresidentsandretailersalike,whoconsiderpopulationandrooftopsapartoftheirsiteselection
criteria.
Singlefamilyaccountforthelargestlanduseatfor23.8percentand37.7percentwhenapplied
todevelopedareasonly.Allresidentialproductsmakeup26.6percentofthecitylimitstotal
land.Right-of-way,streetsandutilitiescompriseapproximately13.2percentofthetotalarea,the
secondlargestlanduseoutsidethevacantcategory.Parksandopenspaceareonly3.4percent
ofthetotalarea,agenerallylowpercentageandfutureeffortswilllikelyneedtoincreasethis
percentagebasedoncommunityfeedback.Itisworthnotingthatindustriallandusesmakeup
1,898acresorabout8.4%ofthedevelopedarea,agenerallylargepercentagethatlikelyserves
asalargemanufactureorproductiontypeemployer.
Developed
63%
Vacant
37%
Figure7:Vacantversus
developedland
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Community Snapshot | Page 25
Existing Land Use Acres
Percent of
Total
Percent of
Developed
Acres
per 100
persons
Residential 9,499 26.6% 42.1% 11.35
Single Family Residential 8,506 23.8% 37.7% 10.16
Two-Family Residential 313 0.9% 1.4% 0.37
Multifamily Residential 473 1.3% 2.1% 0.56
Manufactured Home Residential 207 0.6% 0.9% 0.25
Nonresidential 13,041 36.5% 57.9% 15.58
Public/Semi-Public 1,141 3.2% 5.1% 1.36
Cemetery 72 0.2% 0.3% 0.09
Education 922 2.6% 4.1% 1.10
Parks/Open Space 1,229 3.4% 5.5% 1.47
Office 298 0.8% 1.3% 0.36
Retail 1,177 3.3% 5.2% 1.41
Commercial 1,297 3.6% 5.8% 1.55
Industrial 1,898 5.3% 8.4% 2.27
Oil/Gas 263 0.7% 1.2% 0.31
Utility 8 0.0% 0.0% 0.01
Open Storage 13 0.0% 0.1% 0.02
Vacant Building 24 0.1% 0.1% 0.03
Streets/Right-of-Way 4699 13.2% 20.8% 5.61
Vacant 13,149 36.8% n/a 15.71
Total 35,689 100.0% n/a 42.63
Table9:ExistingLandUse
Retail Land Use Observations
Calculatingtheacresper100personsisanimportantmeasureforacitysretailbase.Ahighratio,
between0.6-0.7acresper100persons,isrepresentativeofacommunitythatiscapturingthe
retaildemandgeneratedbythelocalpopulation,aswellasthatofothernearbycommunities
orthecounty.Aratioofaround0.5acresper100personsisconsideredaverage,meaninga
communityiscapturingmostoftheretaildemandgeneratedbythelocalpopulation.Alowratio,
between0.3-0.4acresper100personsresultswhenthelocalpopulationistravelingoutsidecity
limitstopatronizeretailestablishments.
AsshowninTable9,Longviewsretailratiois1.41acresper100persons,whichisaveryhighretail
ratio.Itisimportanttonote,however,thatLongviewservesasahubtosurroundingcitiesandthe
retailratiosupportsthisnding.WhenconsideringtheLongviewMetropolitanStatisticalArea
(over200,000people),a1.41retailratioper100personsmaybeappropriateforthecity.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
DRAFT 10/28/2014
2
The LongView
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 28

Chapter 2: The Long View


VISION
TheVisionforLongviewis
To be a premier community promoting education, business
opportunities, and cultural diversity; capitalizing on our heritage
and natural beauty; while focusing on families and healthy living;
and creating a safe, welcoming environment that attracts vibrant
people to call Longview HOME.
GOALSANDOBJECTIVES
PREMIER COMMUNITY
Goal: Be recognized as the most livable city in East Texas.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Provideexcellentqualityoflifeforresidentsandvisitors.
Ensureinfrastructuresystemsareadequatetomeetfuturedemand(water,
wastewater,stormwater,androads).
Denegrowthareasandfutureannexationplans.
Maintainscalresponsibilitythroughevaluatingthecapitalimprovementsprogram
onaconsistentbasis.
EDUCATION

Goal: Have quality education through collaborative efforts to reach the highest
educational attainment at all levels.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Enhancecommunication,collaboration,andcohesivenessbetweenLongview,Pine
Tree,SpringHill,andHallsvilleSchoolDistricts.
PromoteequalaccesstoandbenetsfromqualityeducationforallofLongview.
EncouragethecooperativeprogrammingandsharedusesofCityandSchool
Districtlandandfacilitiestoallowforthebestusebycitizens.
Createpartnershipsamongschools,families,communitygroups,andindividuals
designedtoshareandmaximizeresources.
Providejobtrainingtomatchlocalbusinessneeds.
AdvancecareertechnologyprogramsandopportunitiesthroughLeTourneau
University,KilgoreCollege,TexasStateTechnicalCollege,andUniversityofTexasat
Tyler.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
The Long View | Page 29
Goal: Foster a strong and diverse economy that provides a full range of
employment and economic choices.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
PromoteLongviewasamajorregionalemploymentandpopulationcenterthrough
publicpoliciesthatencourageexpandedopportunityforhousingandjobs.
FocusoncommercialandretaildevelopmentalongIH20tohelpspurredevelopment
insouthLongview.
Provideforfullutilizationofexistingvacantlandexceptinthoseareasdesignatedas
openspace.
Encourageinllandredevelopmentinstrategicareastoaccommodateexpected
increasesinpopulationandemployment.
PromotearangeoflivingopportunitiesforLongviewresidentsinordertoattractand
retainastableanddiversiedpopulation.
Developincentivestoattractandretainbusinessesindesignatedtargetareas.
Coordinatestrategicplanningefforts,ledbytheLongviewEconomicDevelopment
Corporation,withthecommunity.
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
CULTURAL DIVERSITY
Goal: Promote a community that encourages cross-cultural understanding,
nurturing, respect and celebration.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Providesocialactivitiesandculturaleventstobringunitywithindiversegroups.
Provideopportunitiesforcross-culturalexchangeamongethnicallydiverse
populationsinthecommunity.
EnhancetherelationshipbetweentheCityandthecommunitytoexpand
communicationandappreciationofdiversegroups.
Expandandsupporttheartsandentertainmentvenues.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 30
Goal: Build on Longviews historical signicance and heritage.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Preservehistoricbuildingsthatcanbemaintainedandaddculturalvaluetothe
community.
Developapublicartsinitiativetohelppromotethecommunitysheritage.
Encourageandsupporttheidenticationanddesignationofhistoricdistricts,sites,
andlandmarkswheresignicantcultural,architectural,andhistoricalcharacteristics
prevail.
Enhancethearchitectural,
historical,cultural,andlandscape
featuresthatareimportantto
neighborhoodidentityandspirit
byencouragingtheadoptionof
developmentstandards,zoning,
andnancialincentivestargeted
towardsneighborhoods.
Identifydevelopmentandplanning
strategiesthatarecompatiblewith
andcapitalizeuponthepresence
ofhistoricbuildingsandplaces.
Enhanceandenforceaesthetic
ordinancesforhistoricbuildings.
HERITAGE
NATURAL BEAUTY
Goal: Enhance Longviews natural beauty and preserve its natural resources.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Preserveindigenouspinetreesandincreaselandscapingalongmajorviewcorridors.
Improvegatewaysandentrycorridorsforvisitorstoenhancecommunityimage.
CreateapositiveandidentiableimageofLongviewalongtheInterstate20corridor.
Preserve,restore,orrehabilitatelandareasthathavebeenidentiedasnatural
resourcesandamenities.
Utilizeandpromotesustainabledevelopmentpractices.
Demolishdilapidatedbuildingsincommercialandneighborhooddistricts.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
The Long View | Page 31
Goal: Create a thriving city that attracts people of all ages, provides opportunities
to young professionals and graduates to stay in Longview, allows young people to
be engaged, and fosters a family-friendly atmosphere.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Encourageprograms,events,
amenities,andlandusesthat
benetfamilies.
Seekdevelopmentofadditional
family-friendlyentertainment
venuesandrecreationalamenities.
Promotetheorganization
anddevelopmentofyoung
professionalgroups.
Improvetheyoungprofessional
experienceintheareasofarts,
sportsandentertainment,
careers,neighborhoodsand
transportation.
FOCUSING ON FAMILIES
HEALTHY LIVING
Goal: Provide opportunities and healthy choices for Longviews citizens.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Seekdevelopmentofhealthyfoodoptionsincludinggrocerystores,community
gardens,farmersmarkets,andspecialtyfoodstores.
Continuetoexpandthetrailsystemtoconnectneighborhoodswithparksandother
amenities.
Createapolicyforfundingandimplementationofsidewalksandconnectivitywith
newdevelopment.
Increaseaccesstonon-motorized
transportationoptionsto
promotehealthyliving.
Addbikelanesthatconnect
tomajoractivitygenerators
(LeTourneauUniversity,
Downtown,MaudeCobbCenter,
etc.).
Developanannualhealthand
wellnessfairtopromotehealthy
livingandactivities.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 32
Goal: Ensure adequate facilities and services to maintain safety for Longviews
visitors, residents and workers.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
IncreasethefeelingofsafetyintheDowntownandsouthsideresidential
neighborhoods.
Designkeystreetsandhightrafcpedestrianareastoincludesidewalksandother
pedestrian-friendlyamenities.
Improveandmaintainolderexistingstreetnetworks.
Providethenecessaryandappropriatetechnology,buildings,equipmentand
personnelfordeliveryofqualityservicesnowandinthefuture.
SAFE
WELCOMING ENVIRONMENT
Goal: Strengthen Longviews image, identity and character to foster a distinctive
and appealing place to live and visit.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Establishacommunityimagethemewithparticipationofresidents,businessowners
andpropertyowners.
Developgatewayandmaincorridorstandardsandthemesthatgenerateapositive
rstimpression.
Developanincentiveprogramtoencouragebusinessownerstouselandscapingand
otherdesignaestheticstobeautifytheirbuildings,entrancesandparkinglots.
Developincentivestoofferdeveloperstominimizemonotonousandrepetitive
residentialdesign.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
The Long View | Page 33
ATTRACT VIBRANT PEOPLE
Goal: Invest in designated areas to create an urban mixed-use environment to
attract people and create a sense of place.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Revitalizedistressedcommercialcorridorstoattractnewinvestmentandactivity.
Includeimprovedsignageinbeauticationeffortstodirectresidentsandvisitorsto
activityareasandDowntown.
StrengthentheexistinguseslocatedinDowntown,whileencouragingtheadaptive
reuseofvacantbuildingspacesfornewandcomplementaryuses.
Supporttheactivitiesanddevelopmentsthatdrawpersonsfromoutsidetheareato
Downtownforthepurposeofentertainment,sightseeingandshoppingandliving.
Supportdevelopmentofuniquerestaurantsandentertainmentthatcatertoyoung
adults.
EncourageredevelopmentandinvestmentnearLeTourneauUniversityand
surroundingareas.
HOME
Goal: Be a community that instills passion and pride for the love of its city and
where all citizens are proud to call Longview their HOME.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
Objectives:
Promotecan-doattitudeofLongviewbysupportingreligious,non-prot,charitable,
andserviceorganizations.
Maintainsmalltown,friendlyatmosphereevenasLongviewgrowsandmatures.
PromoteneighborhoodstabilitywithinSouthLongviewIncentiveProgram(SLIP)
neighborhoodsthroughacoordinatedstrategythataddresseshousing,neighborhood
economicdevelopment,infrastructure,culturalprograms,andhumanservices.
Remainactiveinengagingthecommunityandcommunicatingprojects,events,and
city-wideinformation.
DRAFT 10/28/2014

20

259
LONGVIEW
REGIONAL
MEDICAL CENTER
ROTARY
PARK
GOOD SHEPHERD
MEDICAL PLAZA
GOOD SHEPHERD
MEDICAL
CENTER
LONGVIEW
FAIRGROUNDS &
EXHIBIT BUILDING
LOIS
J ACKSON
PARK
MCWHORTER
PARK
PINE TREE
J R HIGH
SCHOOL
BRAMLETTE
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
WATER
TOWER
KILGORE COLLEGE
LONGVIEWCENTER
LEAR
PARK
CITY
HALL LIBRARY
DOWNTOWN
POST OFFICE
HUMANE SOCIETY
OF NORTHEAST
TEXAS
CARGILL
LONG PARK
ALPINE
GOLF
COURSE
J ULIEANNA
PARK AKIN
PARK
WARD
PARK
PATTERSON
PARK
FLEWELLEN
PARK
TEXAS
BAPTIST
COLLEGE
PINE TREE
HIGH SCHOOL
GUTHRIE
PARK
SPRING
CREEK
PARK
FIRE
STATION2
FIRE
STATION5
TEAGUE
PARK
GRACE HILL
CEMETERY
MAGRILL PARK
/ CITY BUS
TERMINAL
TENNIS
COURTS
SAFETY
CITY
GREENWOOD
CEMETERY
DEPARTMENT
OF PUBLIC
SAFETY
LISDAQUATIC CENTER
ANDATHLETIC
FACILITIES
OAK FOREST
GOLF COURSE
NORTHSIDE
POST OFFICE
HINSLEY
PARK
UNIVERSITY OF
TEXAS-TYLER
LONGVIEWCENTER
SPRING HILL
PRIMARY
SCHOOL
FIRE
STATION7
WASTEWATER
TREATMENT
PLANT
WOMACK
FIELD
PINEWOOD
PARK
LETOURNEAU
UNIVERSITY
WILLOW
PARK
TIMPSON
PARK
HARVEY J OHNSON
COMMUNITY
CENTER
PINECREST
GOLF COURSE
GREEN STREET SENIOR
RECREATION CENTER
BENNIE
J ACKSON
PARK
ROLLINS
PARK
MAIN POST
OFFICE
FOSTER
MIDDLE
SCHOOL
BROUGHTON PARK
ANDRECREATION
CENTER
LISDEDUCATION
SUPPORT CENTER
STAMPER
PARK
SOUTH WARD
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
STAMPER PARK
RESOURCE
CENTER
SOUTH WARD
COMMUNITY
PARK
FIRE
STATION3
CHEROKEE WATER
TREATMENT PLANT
WARE
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
STROH
BASEBALL
COMPLEX
STROH
SOCCER
COMPLEX
GREGG COUNTY
APPRAISAL
DISTRICT
INGRAMPARK
/ POOLAND
TENNIS COURTS
LONGVIEW
PARTNERSHIP
PAULAMARTIN J ONES
RECREATION CENTER
DANA
CORPORATION
GLOVER-CRIM
BUILDING
LONGVIEW
EOC
NEIMAN MARCUS
NATIONAL
SERVICE CENTER
GREGG COUNTY
HISTORICAL MUSEUM
LONGVIEW
MUSEUM OF
FINE ARTS
LETOURNEAU
TECHNOLOGIES
LONGVIEW
HIGH SCHOOL
PINE TREE
HIGH SCHOOL
LITTLE THEATRE
LONGVIEWSWIM CENTER
T.G. FIELD
AUDITORIUM
PTISD
TENNIS
COURTS
PAR 20
PAR 30
PAR 50
POLICE
STATION
PAR 60
LOBO
STADIUM
SPRING HILL
INTERMEDIATE
SCHOOL
WATER
TOWER
WATER
TOWER
PINE TREE
MIDDLE
SCHOOL
PINE TREE HIGH
SCHOOL 9TH
GRADE CENTER
PAUL G.
BOORMAN
TRAIL
WATER
TOWER
WATER
TOWER
WATER
TOWER
LONGVIEW
TRANSIT
PTISDMULTI
PURPOSE CENTER
J .L. EVERHART
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
WEST HARRISON
VOLUNTEER FIRE
DEPARTMENT STATION 1
WEST HARRISON
VOLUNTEER FIRE
DEPARTMENT STATION 2
STRANGENT
LARGE
DOG PARK
STRANGENT
SMALL
DOG PARK
LONGVIEW
ARBORETUM
EASTMAN
CHEMICAL
COMPANY
CITY OF
LONGVIEW
COMPOST SITE
DEVELOPMENT
SERVICES
HUDSON PEP
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
FOREST PARK
MAGNET SCHOOL OF
GLOBAL STUDIES
PINE TREE
INTERMEDIATE
SCHOOL
GREGG
COUNTY
COURTHOUSE
PARKS OPERATIONS
ANDMAINTENANCE
AMTRAK
STATION
GREGG COUNTY
HEALTH
CLINIC
GREGGTON
COMMUNITY
CENTER
PARKS AND
RECREATION
LISDSTUDENT
DEVELOPMENT
CENTER
FIRE
STATION8
MAUDE COBB
ACTIVITY
CENTER
CENTRAL
FIRE
STATION
LISDPLANT &
AUXILIARY
SERVICES CENTER
FIRE
STATION6
SOCIAL SECURITY
ADMINISTRATION
DEPT. OF
TRANSPORTATION-MOTOR
VEHICLE TITLE OFFICE
TEXAS HEALTH
ANDHUMAN
SERVICES
PAR 40
HOUSING AND
COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT
G
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YOUNG ST
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R
a
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k
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Preliminary Future Land Use Plan (Core Area)
Low Density Residential
Medium Density Residential
High Density Residential
Downtown
Office (Light Intensity Business)
Retail (Medium Intensity Business)
Commercial (High Intensity Business)
Business Campus (Regional Office Development)
Industrial
Transit Oriented District
Mixed Use
Parks and Open Space
Public/Semi-Public
Floodplain
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
County Lines
Streams and Rivers
Note:
A comprehensive plan shall not
constitute zoning district regulations
or establish zoning district boundaries.
0 1,200 2,400 3,600 600 Feet
]
Date: October 7, 2014
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20

259
LONGVIEW
REGIONAL
MEDICAL CENTER
ROTARY
PARK
GOOD SHEPHERD
MEDICAL PLAZA
GOOD SHEPHERD
MEDICAL
CENTER
LONGVIEW
FAIRGROUNDS &
EXHIBIT BUILDING
LOIS
J ACKSON
PARK
MCWHORTER
PARK
PINE TREE
J R HIGH
SCHOOL
BRAMLETTE
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
WATER
TOWER
KILGORE COLLEGE
LONGVIEWCENTER
LEAR
PARK
CITY
HALL LIBRARY
DOWNTOWN
POST OFFICE
HUMANE SOCIETY
OF NORTHEAST
TEXAS
CARGILL
LONG PARK
ALPINE
GOLF
COURSE
J ULIEANNA
PARK AKIN
PARK
WARD
PARK
PATTERSON
PARK
FLEWELLEN
PARK
TEXAS
BAPTIST
COLLEGE
PINE TREE
HIGH SCHOOL
GUTHRIE
PARK
SPRING
CREEK
PARK
FIRE
STATION2
FIRE
STATION5
TEAGUE
PARK
GRACE HILL
CEMETERY
MAGRILL PARK
/ CITY BUS
TERMINAL
TENNIS
COURTS
SAFETY
CITY
GREENWOOD
CEMETERY
DEPARTMENT
OF PUBLIC
SAFETY
LISDAQUATIC CENTER
ANDATHLETIC
FACILITIES
OAK FOREST
GOLF COURSE
NORTHSIDE
POST OFFICE
HINSLEY
PARK
UNIVERSITY OF
TEXAS-TYLER
LONGVIEWCENTER
SPRING HILL
PRIMARY
SCHOOL
FIRE
STATION7
WASTEWATER
TREATMENT
PLANT
WOMACK
FIELD
PINEWOOD
PARK
LETOURNEAU
UNIVERSITY
WILLOW
PARK
TIMPSON
PARK
HARVEY J OHNSON
COMMUNITY
CENTER
PINECREST
GOLF COURSE
GREEN STREET SENIOR
RECREATION CENTER
BENNIE
J ACKSON
PARK
ROLLINS
PARK
MAIN POST
OFFICE
FOSTER
MIDDLE
SCHOOL
BROUGHTON PARK
ANDRECREATION
CENTER
LISDEDUCATION
SUPPORT CENTER
STAMPER
PARK
SOUTH WARD
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
STAMPER PARK
RESOURCE
CENTER
SOUTH WARD
COMMUNITY
PARK
FIRE
STATION3
CHEROKEE WATER
TREATMENT PLANT
WARE
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
STROH
BASEBALL
COMPLEX
STROH
SOCCER
COMPLEX
GREGG COUNTY
APPRAISAL
DISTRICT
INGRAMPARK
/ POOLAND
TENNIS COURTS
LONGVIEW
PARTNERSHIP
PAULAMARTIN J ONES
RECREATION CENTER
DANA
CORPORATION
GLOVER-CRIM
BUILDING
LONGVIEW
EOC
NEIMAN MARCUS
NATIONAL
SERVICE CENTER
GREGG COUNTY
HISTORICAL MUSEUM
LONGVIEW
MUSEUM OF
FINE ARTS
LETOURNEAU
TECHNOLOGIES
LONGVIEW
HIGH SCHOOL
PINE TREE
HIGH SCHOOL
LITTLE THEATRE
LONGVIEWSWIM CENTER
T.G. FIELD
AUDITORIUM
PTISD
TENNIS
COURTS
PAR 20
PAR 30
PAR 50
POLICE
STATION
PAR 60
LOBO
STADIUM
SPRING HILL
INTERMEDIATE
SCHOOL
WATER
TOWER
WATER
TOWER
PINE TREE
MIDDLE
SCHOOL
PINE TREE HIGH
SCHOOL 9TH
GRADE CENTER
PAUL G.
BOORMAN
TRAIL
WATER
TOWER
WATER
TOWER
WATER
TOWER
LONGVIEW
TRANSIT
PTISDMULTI
PURPOSE CENTER
J .L. EVERHART
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
WEST HARRISON
VOLUNTEER FIRE
DEPARTMENT STATION 1
WEST HARRISON
VOLUNTEER FIRE
DEPARTMENT STATION 2
STRANGENT
LARGE
DOG PARK
STRANGENT
SMALL
DOG PARK
LONGVIEW
ARBORETUM
EASTMAN
CHEMICAL
COMPANY
CITY OF
LONGVIEW
COMPOST SITE
DEVELOPMENT
SERVICES
HUDSON PEP
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
FOREST PARK
MAGNET SCHOOL OF
GLOBAL STUDIES
PINE TREE
INTERMEDIATE
SCHOOL
GREGG
COUNTY
COURTHOUSE
PARKS OPERATIONS
ANDMAINTENANCE
AMTRAK
STATION
GREGG COUNTY
HEALTH
CLINIC
GREGGTON
COMMUNITY
CENTER
PARKS AND
RECREATION
LISDSTUDENT
DEVELOPMENT
CENTER
FIRE
STATION8
MAUDE COBB
ACTIVITY
CENTER
CENTRAL
FIRE
STATION
LISDPLANT &
AUXILIARY
SERVICES CENTER
FIRE
STATION6
SOCIAL SECURITY
ADMINISTRATION
DEPT. OF
TRANSPORTATION-MOTOR
VEHICLE TITLE OFFICE
TEXAS HEALTH
ANDHUMAN
SERVICES
PAR 40
HOUSING AND
COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT
G
IL
M
E
R
R
D
SMELLEY RD
YOUNG ST
D
E
L
I A

D
R
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E
R
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L
PAGE RD
G
U
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G
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R
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REEL RD
N
E
A
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T
M
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W
LO
O
P 281
W FAIRMONT ST
E
S
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P
K
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BLUE RIDGE PKWY
HOLLYBROOK DR
F
M
2
2
0
8
S
G
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V
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IH 20
B
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B
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3
1
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8
7
9
E COTTON ST
E
L
O
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P
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8
1
S
E MARSHALL AV
EDEN DR
H
G
M
O
SLEY
PKWY
A
L
P
IN
E
R
D
W
MARSHALL AV
E LOOP 281
W HAWKINS PKWY
T
R
Y
O
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R
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COUNTRY CLUB
RD
W
B
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D
S
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G
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T
RUPE HUFFMAN RD
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FM 2011
F
O
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H
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T
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R
D
M
L
K
B
L
IH 20 Frontage Rd
S
A
B
IN
E
S
T
G
A
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D
IN
E
R
M
IT
C
H
E
L
L
P
K
W
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S
P
R
IN
G
H
IL
L
RD
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W
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3
1
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8
7
S
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IG
H
S
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J
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O
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R
D
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E
A
S
T
M
A
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R
D
M
O
B
B
E
R
L
Y

A
V
R
E
D
M
O
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R
D
E
N
T
E
R
P
R
I S
E
S
T
IN
D
U
S
T
R
IA
L

D
R
CALLAHAN RD
R
a
b
b
it
C
re
e
k
Grace Creek
R
a
b
b
it C
re
e
k
M
a
s
o
n
C
re
e
k
S
a
b
in
e
R
iv
e
r
S
a
b
in
e
R
iv
e
r
H
a
rris
C
re
e
k
Wood Creek
Massey Branch
Rabbit Creek
G
ra
b
le
C
re
e
k
M
o
cca
sin
C
re
e
k
S
c
h
o
o
l
B
ra
n
c
h
Preliminary Future Land Use Plan (Core Area)
Low Density Residential
Medium Density Residential
High Density Residential
Downtown
Office (Light Intensity Business)
Retail (Medium Intensity Business)
Commercial (High Intensity Business)
Business Campus (Regional Office Development)
Industrial
Transit Oriented District
Mixed Use
Parks and Open Space
Public/Semi-Public
Floodplain
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
County Lines
Streams and Rivers
Note:
A comprehensive plan shall not
constitute zoning district regulations
or establish zoning district boundaries.
0 1,200 2,400 3,600 600 Feet
]
Date: October 7, 2014
3
Future Land Use
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 36
Chapter 3: Future Land Use
OVERVIEW
Incommunitiesworldwide,theuseoflandisacriticalfactorinthewaypeopleliveandwork.
InthecitiesoftheUnitedStates,mostpropertyisheldinprivateownership.Asaresult,there
arethreeaspectsoflandusethatmustbeconsideredandbalanced.Firsttheownershouldbe
abletobuildstructuresandmakeotherimprovementsthatenablethemtousetheirproperty.
Second,theadjacentpropertyownersshouldbeassuredthattheirpropertiesandliveswillnot
benegativelyimpactedbytheactionsofthepropertyowner.Third,allthepropertyownersina
communityhaveasharedinterestinensuringthatthepropertyheldincommon(suchaspublic
land)andthecumulativeresultsofalltheindividuallandusedecisionscreateacommunitythatis
astableanddesirableplacetoliveandwork.
TheFutureLandUseElementoftheComprehensivePlansetsthepublicpolicydirectionforthe
useoflandinLongviewanditsExtra-TerritorialJurisdiction(ETJ).Themajorideasguidingthis
policydirectionareexplainedinthediscussionherein.TheFutureLandUseElementsgoalsand
policiesexplainthecommunitysobjectivesaboutdevelopment,useandredevelopmentofland.
ItsFutureLandUseMapprovidesageographicapplicationofthesepoliciestotheareaswithin
theCityandETJ.AnalsectionintheFutureLandUseChapterdescribesthewaythispolicy
directionshouldbeusedinthereviewofindividualdevelopmentproposals.
Therightofamunicipalitytomanageandregulatelanduseisrootedinitsneedtoprotect
thehealth,safetyandwelfareoflocalcitizens.Therststepinestablishingtheguidelinesfor
suchmanagementandregulationistheComprehensivePlan.Althoughitisonecomponentof
theComprehensivePlan,thesignicanceoftheFutureLandUsePlantextandmapcannotbe
overstated.Similartothewayinwhicharoadmapservesasaguidetoaparticulardestination,
theFutureLandUsePlanshouldserveLongviewasaguidetoitsparticular,uniquevisionforthe
future.Eachmiledriventhatisrepresentedonamapcanalsobecomparedtoeachindividual
decisionthattheCitymakeswithregardtolanduseandzoning;theseindividualdecisionscan
eitherleadtoordetractfromtheCityattainingitsvision.Inordertoprovidethemostcomplete
mappossible,theFutureLandUsePlanestablishesanoverallframeworkforthepreferred
patternbasedprincipallyonbalanced,compatible,anddiversiedlanduses.Graphically
depictedinFigure9andFigure11,theFutureLandUsePlanshouldultimatelybeimplemented
throughtheCityspolicyanddevelopmentdecisions.ItisimportanttonotethattheFutureLand
UsePlanisnotazoningmap,whichlegallyregulatesspecicdevelopmentrequirementson
individualparcels.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Future Land Use | Page 37
THECOMPATIBILITYOFLANDUSES
Compatibilityoflanduseshaslongbeenanimportantconsideration.Infact,zoningwas
originallyrecognizedasapublic,health,safety,welfareissueduetotheneedtoseparate
incompatiblelanduses.Therefore,animportantconsiderationofthisFutureLandUsePlanisto
guidetheallocationoflandusesinapatternthatisintendedtoproducegreatercompatibility
betweenthedifferenttypesoflanduse.AsshownonFigure8,themoreintensethetypeof
nonresidentiallanduseis,thelesscompatiblethelanduseiswithresidentialuses.Ingeneral,
ofceusesandsmall(neighborhood)retailestablishmentsadjacenttoresidentialusescreate
positiverelationshipsinterms
ofcompatibility;theseare
consideredlowerintensity
landuses.Therearemany
techniques,includingbuffering,
screening,andlandscaping,
thatcanbeimplemented
throughzoningandsubdivision
regulationthatwouldhelp
increasecompatibilitybetween
differentlanduses.Specic
considerationshouldbegiven
tohowthevarioustypesofland
userelatetooneanotherwithin
thedevelopmentaswellasto
howtheoveralldevelopment
relatestotheexistinglanduses
surroundingit.

Low Density
Residential
Medium Density
Residential
High Density
Residential
Office Uses
Retail Uses
Commercial
Uses
Industrial Uses
Compatibility of Various Types of Land Uses
Least Intense
NOTE: Most
park and
public uses
are generally
considered
to be
compatible
with any
type of land
use
Most Intense
D
e
c
r
e
a
s
i
n
g

C
o
m
p
a
t
i
b
i
l
i
t
y


Figure8:CompatibilityLandUseChart
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 38

20

80

259

31

259

80
LONGVIEW REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER
ROTARY PARK
HERITAGE PLAZA
GOODSHEPHERD MEDICAL PLAZA
GOODSHEPHERD MEDICAL CENTER
LONGVIEW FAIRGROUNDS & EXHIBIT BUILDING
LOIS J ACKSON PARK
MCWHORTER PARK
PINE TREE J R HIGH SCHOOL
SABINE RIVER WATER TREATMENT PLANT
BRAMLETTE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
WATER TOWER
KILGORE COLLEGE LONGVIEW CENTER
LEAR PARK
CITY HALL LIBRARY
DOWNTOWN POST OFFICE
HUMANE SOCIETY OF NORTHEAST TEXAS
CARGILL LONG PARK
ALPINE GOLF COURSE
J ULIEANNA PARK
AKIN PARK
PINE TREE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
WARD PARK
PATTERSON PARK
PTISD TRANSPORTATION CENTER FLEWELLEN PARK
TEXAS BAPTIST COLLEGE
PINE TREE HIGH SCHOOL
GUTHRIE PARK
SPRING CREEK PARK
FIRE STATION 2
BIRDIE PARK
FIRE STATION 5
TEAGUE PARK GRACE HILL CEMETERY
MAGRILL PARK / CITY BUS TERMINAL TENNIS COURTS
SAFETY CITY
GREENWOOD CEMETERY
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
LISDAQUATIC CENTER ANDATHLETIC FACILITIES
SPRING HILL J UNIOR HIGH SCHOOL
OAK FOREST GOLF COURSE
WOODHOLLOW GOLF COURSE
NORTHSIDE POST OFFICE
HINSLEY PARK
PANTHER PARK ANDCOMMUNITY CENTER
J UDSON MIDDLE SCHOOL
J OHNSTON-MCQUEEN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS-TYLER LONGVIEW CENTER
LAKE O' THE PINES WATER TREATMENT PLANT
J UDSON POST OFFICE
SPRING HILL PRIMARY SCHOOL
WATER TOWER
LEADERS' CORE PARK
FIRE STATION 7
WHITE CEMETERY
WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT
WOMACK FIELD
PINEWOOD PARK
LETOURNEAU UNIVERSITY
WILLOW PARK
TIMPSON PARK
HARVEY J OHNSON COMMUNITY CENTER
PINECREST GOLF COURSE
GREEN STREET SENIOR RECREATION CENTER
BENNIE J ACKSON PARK
ROLLINS PARK
MAIN POST OFFICE
RAW WATER INTAKE STRUCTURE
FOSTER MIDDLE SCHOOL
BROUGHTON PARK ANDRECREATION CENTER
LISDEDUCATION SUPPORT CENTER
STAMPER PARK
SOUTH WARD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
STAMPER PARK RESOURCE CENTER
SOUTH WARD COMMUNITY PARK
FIRE STATION 3
CHEROKEE WATER TREATMENT PLANT
WARE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
EAST TEXAS REGIONAL AIRPORT
STROH BASEBALL COMPLEX
STROH SOCCER COMPLEX
GREGG COUNTY APPRAISAL DISTRICT
INGRAM PARK / POOL AND TENNIS COURTS
LONGVIEW PARTNERSHIP
PAULA MARTIN J ONES RECREATION CENTER
PUBLIC WORKS SERVICE CENTER
DANA CORPORATION
GLOVER-CRIM BUILDING
LONGVIEW EOC
NEIMAN MARCUS NATIONAL SERVICE CENTER
GREGG COUNTY HISTORICAL MUSEUM
LONGVIEW MUSEUMOF FINE ARTS
SPRING HILL PARK
LETOURNEAU TECHNOLOGIES
LONGVIEW HIGH SCHOOL
PINE TREE PIRATE STADIUM
PINE TREE HIGH SCHOOL LITTLE THEATRE
LONGVIEW SWIMCENTER
T.G. FIELD AUDITORIUM
PINE TREE AUDITORIUM
PTISD TENNIS COURTS
PAR 10
PAR 20
PAR 30
PAR 50
POLICE STATION
PAR 60
LOBO STADIUM
PINE TREE PRIMARY SCHOOL
SPRING HILL INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL
WATER TOWER
WATER TOWER
WATER TOWER
PTISD MAINTENANCE BUILDING
PINE TREE MIDDLE SCHOOL
PINE TREE HIGH SCHOOL 9TH GRADE CENTER
PAULG. BOORMAN TRAIL
WATER TOWER
WATER TOWER
WATER TOWER
LONGVIEW TRANSIT
PTISDMULTI PURPOSE CENTER
PTISDADMINISTRATION / PACE COMMUNITY CENTER
J .L. EVERHART ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
WHITE OAK VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 1
WHITE OAK VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 2
EAST MOUNTAIN VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT
J UDSON METRO VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT
ELDERVILLE LAKEPORT VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT
WEST HARRISON VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 1
WEST HARRISON VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 2
WEST HARRISON VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT STATION 3
CITY OF KILGORE CENTRAL FIRE STATION
CITY OF KILGORE FIRE STATION 2
CITY OF KILGORE FIRE STATION 3
CLARKSVILLE WARREN CITIES VOL FIRE DEPARTMENT
PINE TREE POST OFFICE
SPRING HILL HIGH SCHOOL
STRANGENT LARGE DOGPARK
STRANGENT SMALL DOGPARK
LONGVIEW ARBORETUM
EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY
CITY OF LONGVIEW COMPOST SITE
DEVELOPMENT SERVICES
HUDSON PEP ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
FOREST PARK MAGNET SCHOOL OF GLOBAL STUDIES
NEDE. WILLIAMS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
PINE TREE INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL
GREGG COUNTY COURTHOUSE
PARKS OPERATIONS ANDMAINTENANCE
AMTRAK STATION
GREGG COUNTY HEALTH CLINIC
GREGGTON COMMUNITY CENTER
PARKS AND RECREATION
LISDSTUDENT DEVELOPMENT CENTER
FIRE STATION 8
MAUDE COBB ACTIVITY CENTER
CENTRAL FIRE STATION
LISDPLANT & AUXILIARY SERVICES CENTER
FIRE STATION 6
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
FIRE STATION 4
DEPT. OF TRANSPORTATION-MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE OFFICE
TEXAS HEALTH ANDHUMAN SERVICES
J UDSON COMMUNITY CENTER
PAR 40 HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
GILMER RD
SMELLEY RD
JUDSON RD
YOUNG ST
PINE TREE RD
N WHI TE OAKRD
GRAYSTONE RD
D E L I A D R
HWY 300
HERITAGEBL
SI LVER F AL L SRD
W MARSHALL AV
GUM SPRINGS RD
REEL RD
N EASTMAN RD
W LOOP 281
DUNCAN ST
W FAIRMONT ST
FM 1845
PREMIER RD
NPAGER D
ESTES PKWY
BLUE RIDGE PKWY
HOLLYBROOK DR
SGREE N ST
E BIRDSONG ST
TENNERYVILLE RD
AVENUE B
IH 20
BI LL OWENSPKW Y
BALSAM ST
TRYON RD
S HWY 31
MEDLIN RD
E COTTON ST
E LOOP 281 S
JANET KAY DR
E MARSHALL AV
EDENDR
H G MOSLEY PKWY
ALPINE RD
MAIN ST
FM 726 S
FM 2879
W HIGHWAY 80
W HARRISON RD
FM 349
E LOOP 281
E OLD HWY 80
WHAWKINS PKWY
E GEORGE RICHEY RD
W B I R D S O N G S T
FM 1844
E HIGHWAY 80
RUPE HUFFMAN RD
E CENTER ST
E NELSON ST
FM 2011
FOURTH ST
BRENT RD
WILEY PAGE RD
MLK BL
IH 20 Frontage Rd
FM 2963
SABINE ST
WHATLEY
DUNDEE RD
W PLILER PRECISE RD
BROOKWOOD LN
FM 449
SNODDY RD
FM 2206
FM726
W CHERYL ST
ADRIAN RD
MCCANNRD
GARDINER MITCHELL PKWY
FM 968
NEIMAN MARCUS PKWY
SPRING HILL RD
BARK RANCH RD
PAGE RD
WHITEHURST RD
COUNTRY CLUB RD
N H WY 42
N FM 2087
HWY 31
SHI GH ST
S E A S T M A N R D
FM 2208
MOBBERLY AV
FISHER RD
REDMON RD
US HWY 259
FM 3358
E N T E R P R I S E S T
INDUSTRIAL DR
CALLAHAN RD
HWY 322
FM 2751
N FULLER RD
POWDERHORN RD
Sti llhouse Creek
Grace Creek
Mil l
Creek
Campbells Creek
Clarks Creek
Star Creek
Panther Creek
Prairi e Creek
Cherokee Bayou
Harris Creek
Mil l Creek
Mil l Creek
Johnson Branch
Mason Creek
Li ttl e Cypress Bayou
Moody Creek
Hawkins Creek
Tiawi chi Creek
Mil l Creek
Mil l Creek
Clear Creek
Turkey Creek
Li ttl e Cypress Creek
El m Branch
Wood Creek
Barnes Creek
Grable Creek
Caney Creek
Moccasi n Creek
School Branch
Glade Creek
Bog Creek
Mud Creek
Moody Creek
Rabbi t Creek
Eagle Creek
Moody Creek
Pope Creek
Massey
Branch
Wi tcher Creek
Sabine Ri ver
Peavi ne Creek
Bi ghead Creek
EastTexas Regional Airport
Preliminary Future Land Use Plan
Low Density Residential
MediumDensity Residential
High Density Residential
Downtown
Office (Light Intensity Business)
Retail (MediumIntensity Business)
Commercial (High Intensity Business)
Business Campus (Regional Office Development)
Industrial
Transit Oriented District
Mixed Use
Parks and Open Space
Public/Semi-Public
Floodplain
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
County Lines
Streams and Rivers
0 1 2 0.5 Miles
]
Note:
Acomprehensive plan shall not
constitute zoningdistrict regulations
or establishzoning district boundaries.
Date: October 7, 2014
Figure9:FutureLandUsePlan
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Future Land Use | Page 39
Issues Affecting Longview
ThefollowingareconsideredthemostimportantissuesregardingfuturelanduseinLongview.
1. TheEdge-SuburbanExpansionisoccurringnorthandeast.ItwillbeimportantforLongview
toguidethisgrowthinapositivemanner.
2. InllAlthoughLongviewhasbeenexpandingoutwardinsomeareas,inlldevelopmentand
redevelopmentwillbeimportantstrategicactions.Manyareasalreadyhaveinfrastructure
andclosecommunityservices.SouthLongviewoffersatremendousopportunityfor
redevelopment.
3. CorridorsInthepastmanyofLongviewscorridorshavebeendevelopedasnonresidential.
Althoughthisstyleofdevelopmenthasoccurredovermanyyears,itisgenerallynot
sustainableandadifferentapproachshouldbeconsideredalongfuturecorridors.
4. DowntownMuchhasbeendoneindowntown(list)butmoreisneeded.
5. DevelopmentintheETJDevelopmentisnowoccurringintheETJ,especiallyeast.These
developmentswillaffectadjacentdevelopmentintheCityLimits.
6. NewIndustryAsnewindustryseekstolocateintheLongviewregionitwillbeimportantto
havechoicesforlargernewsites.
7. FiscalBalanceLongviewsLandUsepatternisitsprimerevenuesource.Thereforeagood
balanceofnewLanduseswillaidinitsscalhealth
8. TheFrontDoorThereareseveralkeyentrancesorgatewaysintoLongview.Itwillbe
importanttohaveapositiveappearancefortheseareas.Thisincludesqualitylanduse.
ADIVERSIFIEDLANDUSEPATTERNKEYTOFISCALBALANCE
FutureLandusesinthiselementhavebeenrecommendedbasedinthreeprincipalfactors:1)
recognizingexistinglandusesbyensuringcompatibility,2)maximizingnonresidentiallanduses,
3)creatinganoverall
balancedlanduse
pattern.Knowledgeof
therecommendedfuture
useofthelandcanhelp
theCityapplyitszoning
regulationsaccordingly.
Thisknowledgecanalso
helptheCityensurethat
thereareadequatepublic
facilitiesavailable,such
aswater,wastewater,
policeprotection,and
parkfacilitiesthe
variouschaptersofthis
ComprehensivePlanthat
addresstheseneedshave
beenbasedinparton
thisFutureLandUsePlan.
Thefollowingsections
outlinethevarioustypes
oflandusesthatwillhelp
provideapositiveland
usepatterninLongview.
Acres Percent
16,871 55.0%
Low Density Residential 15,638 51.0%
Medium Density Residential 584 1.9%
High Density Residential 649 2.1%
1,983 6.5%
Parks & Open Space 603 2.0%
Public/Semi-Public 1,380 4.5%
11,797 38.5%
Office 370 1.2%
Retail 2,644 8.6%
Mixed Use 417 1.4%
Central Business District 104 0.3%
Commercial 1,996 6.5%
Industrial 1,934 6.3%
Business Campus 626 2.0%
TOD 83 0.3%
Floodplain 3,623 11.8%
30,651 100.0% Total Acreage Within the City Limits
Land Use Category
Residential Uses
Non Residential Uses
Public Uses
Table10:FutureLandUseCategory
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 40
51.0%
1.9%
2.1% 2.0%
4.5%
1.4%
1.2%
8.6%
0.3%
6.5%
6.3%
2.0%
0.3%
11.8%
Low Density Residential Medium Density Residential High Density Residential
Parks & Open Space Public/Semi-Public Mixed Use
Office Retail Central Business District
Commercial Industrial Business Campus
TOD Floodplain
Figure10:FutureLandUsePieChart
Land Use Category Acres Percent
Residential Uses 46,903 57.5%
Low Density Residential 46,451 56.9%
Medium Density Residential 102 0.1%
High Density Residential 350 0.4%
Public Uses 1,025 1.3%
Parks & Open Space 274 0.3%
Public/Semi-Public 751 0.9%
Non Residential Uses 33,708 41.3%
Retail 734 0.9%
Commercial 1,977 2.4%
Industrial 7,930 9.7%
Business Campus 34 0.0%
Floodplain 23,033 28.2%
Total Acreage Within the ETJ 81,636 100.0%
Table11:FutureLandUsewithintheETJ
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Future Land Use | Page 41
Low-Density Residential Land Use
Thisuseisrepresentativeoftraditional,singlefamilydetached
dwellingunits.Oftheresidentialcategories,itisrecommended
thatlowdensityresidentialcontinuetoaccountforthelargest
percentage.Theareasdesignatedforlowdensityresidential
landusearegenerallynotadjacenttoincompatiblelanduses,
andareinproximitytoexistingsinglefamilyresidentiallanduse.
Althoughallsinglefamilyareashavebeenlabeledlowdensity,
theCityshouldstriveforarangeoflotsizestodevelop,and
shouldreinforcethisbyprovidingachoiceofseveralsinglefamily
zoningdistrictswithvariouslotsizesintheZoningOrdinance.
ForthepurposeofdiscussingLongviewsultimatepopulation
capacity,lowdensityresidentialareashavebeencalculatedat
threedwellingunitspergrossacrewithintheCitylimits,and2.5
unitspergrossacrewithintheETJ.
Medium Density Residential Land Use
Thisuseisrepresentativeoftwo-familyattacheddwellingunits,
suchasduplexunitsandtownhomes.Mediumdensitylanduses
oftenprovideareasforemptynesterswhomaynotwantthe
maintenanceofalarge-lotsinglefamilyhome,andforyoung
familieswhomayndatownhomeorduplexmoreaffordable
thanasinglefamilyhome.Itisanticipatedthatnewareasfor
mediumdensitylandusewillbedevelopedinthefuture.TheCity
shouldconsidereachproposedmediumdensitydevelopmenton
itsownmerit,butalsogenerallyonthefollowing:
Patiohomesortownhomesprovideabufferbetweensingle
familylandusesandhigherintensitylanduses,suchas
multifamilyornonresidential.
Patiohomesortownhomesprovideabufferbetweensingle
familylandusesandhigherintensitylandusesandmajor
thoroughfaresorcollectors.
Landproposedfordevelopmentofpatiohomesor
townhomesshouldbelocatedinproximitytoanarterialor
collectorroadway.
Residential Land Uses
ResidentiallanduseisthepredominateusewithintheCitycurrently,anditisrecommended
withintheFutureLandusePlanthatthiscontinue.Itshouldbenotedthatlowdensityresidential
landusescanbebufferedfromnonresidentialuseswithmediumandhighdensityresidential
landuses.Thefollowingsectionsdiscussspecicaspectsoftherecommendedresidentialland
useswithinLongviewanditsETJ.
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Park & Open Space Land Uses
Thislandusedesignationisprovidedtoidentifyallpublicparksandopenspaceswithin
Longview.Acommunitysparksystemiskeytoahighqualityoflife.TheCityhasrecognizedthis
notonlythroughitsallocationofsignicantparkareas,butalsobythefactthataParkRecreation
andOpenSpacePlanforLongviewhasbeenincorporatedaspartofthisComprehensivePlan.
TheParkRecreationandOpenSpacePlanaddressesspecicfutureparklocations,localpark
andopenspaceneeds,andotherrecreationalrelatedissues,aswellasfundingmechanisms.It
isintendedtohelpLongviewmeettheparkandrecreationneedsofitscitizensasitcontinuesto
growinpopulationoverthenexttwodecades.
Public/Semi-Public Land Uses
Thislandusedesignationisrepresentativeofusesthatareeducational,governmentalor
institutionalinnature.Public/semi-publicusesaregenerallypermittedwithinanyarea;therefore,
theareasshownontheFutureLandUsePlanmapincludetherelatedusesthatarecurrently
inexistence.Itis,however,anticipatedthattherewillbeaneedforadditionalpublicuseswith
futurepopulationgrowth.TheCityshouldremainawareofnecessaryincreasesinpoliceand
reprotectionbasedonpopulationgrowthandofpotentialneededincreasesinspaceand
personnelforcityadministration.ThePublicFacilitiesAssessmentaddressessomeofLongviews
anticipatedpublicfacilitiesneedsbasedonthepopulationprojectionsmadewithinthisFuture
LandUsePlan,andwillmakesomelocationalrecommendationsforthosefacilities.
High Density Residential Land Uses
Traditionalapartment-typeunitsinattachedlivingcomplexes
characterizehighdensityresidentiallanduse.Therearecurrently
anumberofhighdensityresidentialareaswithinLongviewand
futureareasthathavebeenrecommendedforhighdensityare
alsoshown.Itshouldalsobenotedthatmediumdensityuses
shouldalsobepermittedinanyareadesignatedforhighdensity
use.Inordertoensurethatmultifamilyareasaredesignedto
ahighstandardwherevertheydevelopinthefuture,theCity
shouldconsiderincorporatingtheguidelinesintotheappropriate
LongviewZoningOrdinance.
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Future Land Use | Page 43
Non-Residential Land Use
Generally,residentsofacommunityshouldbeabletolive,work,andrecreateallwithinthe
communityitself;theexistenceofnonresidentialusesallowsthistooccur.Notonlyisthata
positiveelementofacommunityforresidents,itisalsoapositiveelementforecommunityitself
becauseofthetaxbaseandrevenuethatisprovidedbynonresidentialuses.CitizensofLongview
shouldnothavetotraveltotheothercitiesinordertomeettheirneedsforemployment,
goods,orservices;thoseneedsshouldbemetwithintheCity.Therefore,thereareseveral
areasoftheCitythathavebeenrecommendedforvarioustypesofnonresidentialuse,primarily
dependingonthearea'slocationandproximitytoothertypesoflanduse.Thefollowingsections
discussspecicaspectsoftherecommendednonresidentiallanduseswithinLongviewandits
extraterritorialjurisdiction(ETJ).
Ofce Land Uses (Light Intensity Business)
OfceusesinLongviewtodayaregenerallylocatedintermittently
betweenretailandcommercialusesthroughouttheCity.Ofce
landusesaregenerallyappropriateinallothernonresidential
areasoftheCity,suchasalongtheLoopwheremanyofces
existtoday.Ofcedevelopmentshouldbecompatiblewithany
adjacentresidentialarea.Ofceusesarealsoappropriatewithin
theCentralBusinessarea.
Retail Land Use
Retaillandusesareasareintendedtoprovideforavarietyof
retailtrade,personal,andbusinessservicesandestablishments.
Retailestablishmentsgenerallyrequiregreatervisibilitythando
othertypesofnonresidentiallanduse(e.g.,ofce,commercial).
Inresponsetothisneed,retaillanduseshavebeendesignatedin
thehighertrafcareasofLongview,withconcentratedretailuses
recommendedalongInterstateHighway20,alongtheLoop,and
atmajorintersections.Thetypeofretailthatdevelopsineach
oftheseareaswilllikelybedifferent,however,asthefollowing
sectionsexplain.
Interstate Highway 20 A Regional Retail Corridor
InterstateHighway20currentlyhasbeendevelopedwithvarious
typesofretailandcommercial.MuchoftheInterstatecorridoris
aoodplainhencemuchofLongviewsretailwillbealongthe
easternportionofLongviewplanningarea.Generally,regional
retailusesdrawfromaservicearearadiusofvemilesormore,
dependingontheactualuse.Forexample,alargesingle-item
retailermaydrawfroma5-mileradius,whileashoppingmallmay
drawfromaradiusofmorethan15miles.Anotherexampleof
aregionalretailuseisatnesscenterwhichdrawsfromabouta
5-milearea.ItisanticipatedthattheInterstatewillcontinueto
developwithretailandcommercialthatisintendedtoservea
largerpopulationthanLongviewitselfprovides.Itisimportant
tonotethatthisretailcorridor(aswellasitsloop)iscapturing
salestaxdollarsfrompeopletravelingfromadjacentlocalities,
therebyincreasingtheCityssalestaxrevenue.Thecontinued
opportunitiesforregionalretaildevelopmenthavepotential
tohaveapositivenancialimpactonLongview.Examplesof
regionalretailusesinclude:
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Page 44
Multi-itembigboxretailers,suchasTarget,Walmart,Samsor
Costco
Single-itemretailers,suchasrestaurants
Anoutletmall
Recreation,entertainmentandtnessuses,suchasmovie
theaters,indooramusementuses
Hardwarestores,suchasLowesandHomeDepot
FoodstoressuchasH.E.B.
Clothingretailers,suchasKohlsoradepartmentstore
Pet-itemretailers,suchasPetsMartorPetco
Sportinggoodsretailers,suchasAcademy
Hotelsandmotels
Smallerscaleretailusesthatservearegionalpopulationand
thereforewouldbeappropriatewithintheInterstate20corridor
includecoffeeshops,suchasStarbucks,anddine-inrestaurants.
Neighborhood Retail Nodes
ThesmallredcirclesatvariousintersectionswithintheCityand
ETJthatcanbeseenontheFutureLandUsePlanmaprepresent
smallconcentrationsofretailuses.Theseareas,whichmaybe
termedneighborhoodretailnodes,areintendedtosupport
limitedorlightretailactivitythatwouldprimarilyservenearby
residentialareaswithinaone-mileradius.Examplesofusesthat
wouldbelocatedwithinretailnodesinclude:
Conveniencestores,
Beautysalons,
Drycleaners,
Coffeeshops,
Daycarecenters,
Smallgrocery/pharmacystores
Smallrestaurants,fastfood,etc.

Aswiththeofcelandusesthatareincloseproximityto
residentialareas,theretailuseswithinthesenodesshouldbe
designedinamannerthatiscompatiblewithresidentialland
uses;thiswillallowthemtobufferadjacentrecommendedlow
densityresidentialareasfrommajorthoroughfares.
Severalotherareashavebeendesignatedforfutureretail
development,asshows.Also,similartoofcelanduses,retail
usesaregenerallyappropriateinareasdesignatedforhigher-
intensitynonresidentiallanduses,specicallyinCommercialand
Industrialareas.Itshouldbenotedthatdevelopmentalongmajor
intersectionswillbecomeincreasinglyimportantintermsoftax
revenuefortheCityasthelocalpopulationcontinuestogrow.
Therefore,theCityshouldprotecttheoptimallocationsforretail
development;apieceofpropertyshouldnotbedevelopedas
anothertypeoflanduse,suchasresidentialorcommercial,when
ithasallthecharacteristicsofaprimeretaillocation.Thisisfurther
discussedwithintheAdministrationoftheFutureLandUsePlan
sectionlaterwithinthischapter.
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Future Land Use | Page 45
Central Business District (Downtown)
TheCentralBusinessareadesignatedonthefutureLandUse
PlanmaprepresentstheareaoftheCitycommonlyknownas
DowntownLongview.DowntownLongviewhasbeenasignicant
areawithintheCitysinceitsincorporation.ManyTexascitieshave
beenstrugglingwithkeepingtheirdowntownareasvitaland
prospering.TheCityhaspreparedseveralplansfortheDowntown
areaanditspast.TheCityhasbeenusingtheseplanstoguide
decisionsforDowntownwithregardtoaesthetics,landuse,the
realestatemarket,andeconomics.Itisrecommendedthatland
usescontinuetobeorientedtowardpublic/semi-public,retail,
andofceuses.Someofceusesshouldalsobeencouraged,
especiallyonupperoors.Inaddition,residentialapartment-type
unitsshouldbeallowedintheupperoorsofretailandofce
buildings.Restaurantsandentertainment-baseduseswouldalso
helpcreateactivityDowntown.
Commercial Land Uses (High Intensity Business)
Areasdesignatedforcommerciallanduseareintendedfora
varietyofcommercialusesandestablishmentsthatmayrequire
outsidestorage,displayandsales.Examplesofsuchuses
includeautomobile-relatedservicesanddealership.Commercial
usesoftenlocatealongmajorthoroughfaresnotbecausethey
needthevisibility,asretailusesgenerallydo,butbecausethey
needtheaccessibility.Thechallengeliesinthefactthatsome
commercialusesgenerallyhaveagreaterneedforoutside
storageareas,itemsothersandtheseareastendtolessenthe
visualqualityofmajorthoroughfares.
Forareasinwhichcommercialuseshavebeenrecommendedand
thatarealongInterstateHighway20andHighway80,increased
design-relatedguidelinesshouldbeappliedtofuturecommercial
developmentwithincloseproximityofInterstateHighway20(e.g.,
100feet).Thiscouldbedonewithanoverlaydistrict,andwould
helptoensurethatthesecommercialusestodonotdetractfrom
thepositiveaestheticqualityofLongviewalongthishigh-trafc
thoroughfare.Theseguidelinesshould,ataminimum,require1)
openstorageareastobebufferedand/orscreenedfrompublic
view,and2)buildingfacadestobeofmasonrymaterial.
Itshouldbenotedthatwithinrecommendedcommercialareas,
ofceusesandretailusesshouldbepermittedaswell;however,
commercialusesshouldgenerallynotbepermittedwithinofce
orretailareas.Commercialusesshouldbepermittedwithin
industrialareas,providedthattheyarebufferedfromless-
intenseusesproperlyandtheyfollowtheguidelinespreviously
recommended.
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Industrial Land Uses
Theindustriallandusedesignationisappliedtoareasintended
forarangeofheavycommercial,assembly,warehousing,and
manufacturinguses.Largetractsoflandwitheasyaccessto
roadwayandrailtransportationarebecomingincreasinglyhard
tondfortheindustrialbusinesscommunity.Severallargeareas
withinLongviewandETJ,allwithproximitytorailroadlines,have
beenrecommendedforindustriallanduse.
Examplesofdesirableuseswithinthedesignatedindustrialareas
includeresearchandtechnologycomplexes.Itisrecommended
thattheCityconcentrateonattractingbusinessesengagingin
lightindustrial-typeactivitiesthatwouldbecontainedwithina
building(i.e.,aminimalamountofopenstorage),suchashigh-
techservices,medicalservices,andsoftwaremanufacturing.Such
businessestendtohavemanyadvantages,includingemployment
andincreasedthetaxbase.
Transit Oriented Development (TOD)
TheareadesignatedforTransitOrientedDevelopment(TOD)
alongtheBNSFRailroadisintendedtoenhancetherelationship
betweenlanduseandtransportationbyfocusingondesign,
layoutandintensityofuse.Thisareaissituatedonthesouthside
oftherailroadlinesouthofdowntown.Thepresentplanforthis
areaincludesco-locationofanewcentraltransitstationwiththe
AmtrakRaildepotandsupportivereusesurroundingthesite.
Whencombinedwitheffectivetransitservice,theneighborhood
buildsontheeffectivenessofthetransitbyallowingmore
walkableopportunitiesnearby,andsafe,comfortableoptionsfor
routestowalkaswellasdestinationstowalkto.Inturn,thetransit
enablesresidentsandworkersintheareareliabletransportation
choices,extendingtheiroptions,andsupportsthemoreintense
useofland.Inadditiontotransitaccess,characteristicsofthis
landusetypeoftenincludelowerspeedroadsandnarrower
crosssectionstoencouragesafewalking,amixofresidentialuses
withinaquartermileofthetransitservice,multistoryresidential,
sidewalksbufferedfromroads,somereducedparkingand
parkingbehindbuildings,andamixofusestoencourageoptions
nearbytolive,work,andplay.Theymayalsoincludeadaptive
reuseofexistingbuildings,designelementslikeawningson
buildingstoprotectresidentsfromweather,pedestrianscaled
lighting,benches,streettreesandlandscaping.Safebiking
facilitieslikebikelanesandlowerroadspeedroadscanextend
therangeoftheTODeffectiveareaandcanfurtherprovidegood
alternativestowalkinganddrivingshortdistances.
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Future Land Use | Page 47
Mixed Use Description
MixedUseAreasallowresidentsandworkerstheopportunityto
utilizemultiplelandusesinverycloseproximity.Theendgoalis
asynergyofusesinoneareathatcapturessomepersonaltrips
thatwouldotherwiserequireanadditionaltripinavehicle.Retail,
commercial,residentialandevencivicusescanbecombinedon
onesitetotakeadvantageofeachotherscharacteristicsand
shareinfrastructurelikekeyroadwayaccess,sitetopography,
waterlinesanddrainagetreatment,andproximitytoactivity
centers.Tangibleresultscanincludereducedvehicletrips
generatedbytheusesonthesiteandsharedandevenreduced
parkingneededifcombineduseshaveseparatepeakuse
timeperiods.ThereareseveraldesignatedMixedUseareas
designedarounddowntownandsouthalongSouthHighStreet.
CharacteristicsofMixedUseareasincludearequiredmixofland
usetypes,particularlyresidentialandretail,orcommercialand
retail,orallthree.Oftentheyareorientedvertically,withretail
orcommercialontherstoorandresidentialorofceonthe
upperoors,buttheareascanalsohavemixedusesondifferent
lots.Sincemuchoftheseareasarealreadyplatted,anew
zoningdistrictwillbeneededtoallowthedifferentusestobe
constructednexttotheexistingones.
Business Campus
TheBusinessCampusareaislocatedalongGeorgeRicheyRoad
westofJudsonRoadinnorthLongview.Theareaistheonlyarea
designedforthiscategory.Thisareaisintendedtoaccommodate
largecampusstylemasterplannedcorporateofcesformajor
employers.Retailshouldbeallowedbuttheprimarypurpose
ofthisareaistoprovidealargeenoughlandareatoattract
corporatestyleheadquarters.
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Page 48
FUTURELANDUSESTRATEGIES
GOAL: PREMIER COMMUNITY
Objective: Preserve land along Longviews Loop and Interstate for retail and limited
commercial land uses, as designated on the Future Land Use Plan map.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Promoteaestheticallypleasingdesignsforretailandcommerciallandusesthatare
locatedatmajorintersectionsasdestinationsintheirownright,butalsoascorridor
framinguses.
Allowmediumdensityusestobepermittedinanyareadesignatedforhighdensity
use.
Encourageneighborhoodretailnodestodevelopatkeyintersectionsinordertoserve
theneedsofadjacentneighborhoodareaswithinanapproximateone-mileradius.
Permitandencourageofceandretailuseswithinrecommendedcommercialareas.
Restricthigherintensitycommercialuseswithinrecommendedindustrialareas.They
shouldnotgenerallybepermittedwithrecommendedofceorretailareas.
GOAL: HEALTHY CHOICES
Objective: Promote community wellness
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Locateusesadjacenttoeachotherthatarecompatibleandcomplimentary,suchas
residentialandsomenonresidentialdevelopment.Ofcesandsmall(neighborhood)
retailestablishmentshouldbeadjacenttoresidentialuses.
Encourageneighborhoodretailnodestodevelopatkeyintersectionsinordertoserve
theneedsofadjacentneighborhoodareaswithinanapproximateone-mileradius.
Considermixedusedevelopment,combiningresidentialandnonresidentialuses,
basedprincipallyon1)howthevarioustypesoflandusesrelatetooneanotherwithin
thedevelopment,and2)howtheoveralldevelopmentrelatestotheexistinglanduses
surroundingit.
Encourageauto-orientedlandusessuchasdrive-throughconveniencestolocateon
majorcorridorswithhighwayaccess,butdiscouragetheminmoreresidentialand
traditionalneighborhoods.
Encouragesitedesignthatpromoteswalkingandbiking,andallowbreaksinbarriers
todo.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
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Future Land Use | Page 49
GOAL: ENHANCE NATURAL BEAUTY AND PRESERVE NATURAL RESOURCES
Objective: Strategically allow for development to occur where it is most appropriate to
the surrounding land uses
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Bufferlowdensityresidentiallanduses(singlefamilyhomes)fromnonresidentialuses
withmediumandhighdensityresidentiallanduses,whereverpossible.Examples
includebuildingsetbacksandorientationaswellastakingadvantageofexisting
topographyandlandscaping.
Promotelocationofregionalretaillanduses,thosewhichgenerallydrawfroma
serviceareagreaterthanvemiles,alongInterstate20whereexistingtransportation
infrastructuresupportsthem.
Considersitedesignsthatpromoteretentionofprominent,healthytreesornatural
landfeatures.
GOAL: SENSE OF PLACE
Objective: Invest in development that provides identity and belonging to the community.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Encourageandpromoteresidentialusesasthepredominatetypeoflandusewithin
theCity.
Considerandevaluateeachproposedmediumandhighdensitydevelopmentonits
ownmerit,butalsobyusingthecriteriaoutlinedwithintheFutureLandUsePlan.
IncorporatedesignguidelinesoutlinedwithintheComprehensivePlanintothe
ZoningOrdinanceinordertoensurethatfuturemultifamilyareasaredesignedtohigh
standards.
3.1
3.2
3.3
4.1
4.2
4.3
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Page 50
GOAL: PHYSICALLY AND FISCALLY BALANCED COMMUNITY
Objective: Promote and expand growth that contributes to the Citys economy
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Asdevelopmentmovesoutwardfromitspresentboundaries,Longviewshouldensure
thatappropriatehighqualitydesignstandardsareinplace.
UtilitiesinLongviewshouldnotbeextendedintotheETJunlesstheareaproposed
fordevelopmentisannexedorhasanapproveddeveloperagreement.
TheCityshoulddevelopadetailedareaplanwithdevelopmentincentivesfor
revitalizationsinsouthLongview.
TheCityshouldnotpermitlinearorstriptypedevelopmentpatterns
exceptformajorexistingcorridors(i.e.Loop281,IH20,etc.).
ContinuetorevitalizeDowntownandupdatemasterplanonaperiodicbasis.
SeverallargeindustrialareashavebeenidentiedintheeasternportionsofLongview
thathaverailandhighwayaccess.Theseareasshouldbeprezonedfornewlanduses.
TheFutureLandUsePlanillustratealandusepatternforLongviewthatwillyielda
scallywell-balancedcommunityinthefuturedecades.
TheCityshouldmakesurethatthemajorentrywaysinLongviewaremaintainedata
highvisualquality.Bothqualitylandusesaswellasgatewayentrytreatmentswillbe
required.
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
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Future Land Use | Page 51
ADMINISTRATIONOFTHEFUTURELANDUSEPLAN
Development proposals & the Future Land Use Plan
Attimes,theCitywilllikelyencounterdevelopmentproposalsthatdonotdirectlyreectthe
purposeandintentofthelandusepatternshownontheFutureLandUsePlan.Reviewofsuch
developmentproposalsshouldincludethefollowingconsiderations:
Willtheproposedchangeenhancethesiteandthesurroundingarea?
lstheproposedchangeabetterusethanthatrecommendedbytheFutureLandUse
Plan?
Willtheproposeduseimpactadjacentresidentialareasinanegativemanner?Or,willthe
proposedusebecompatiblewith,and/orenhance,adjacentresidentialareas?
Areusesadjacenttotheproposedusesimilarinnatureintermsofappearance,hoursof
operation,andothergeneralaspectsofcompatibility?
Doestheproposedusepresentasignicantbenettothepublichealth,safetyand
welfareofthecommunity?WoulditcontributetotheCity'slong-termeconomicwell-
being?
DevelopmentproposalsthatareinconsistentwiththeFutureLandUsePlan(orthatdonot
meetitsgeneralintent)shouldbereviewedbasedupontheabovequestionsandshouldbe
evaluatedontheirownmerit.Itshouldbeincumbentupontheapplicanttoprovideevidence
thattheproposalmeetstheaforementionedconsiderationsandsupportscommunitygoalsand
objectivesassetforthwithinthisComprehensivePlan.
ItisimportanttorecognizethatproposalscontrarytothePlancouldbeanimprovementoverthe
usesshownonthePlanforaparticulararea.Thismaybeduetochangingmarket,development
and/oreconomictrendsthatoccuratsomepointinthefutureafterthePlanisadopted.Ifsuch
changesoccur,andespeciallyifthereisasignicantbenettotheCityofLongviewthenthese
proposalsshouldbeapproved,andtheFutureLandUsePlanshouldbeamendedaccordingly.
Zoning and the Future Land Use Plan
Chapter211oftheTexasLocalGovernmentCodestatesthatzoning regulations must be
adopted in accordance with a comprehensive plan.Consequently,azoningmapshouldreect
theFutureLandUsePlantothefullestextentpossible.
Reactive Use of Zoning and the Plan
ApprovalofdevelopmentproposalsthatareinconsistentwiththeFutureLandUsePlan
mayresultininconsistencybetweenthefutureLandUsePlanandzoningregulations.Itis
recommendedthatLongviewamendtheFutureLandUsePlanpriortorezoninglandthatwould
resultinsuchinconsistency.InordertoexpeditetheprocessofamendingtheFutureLandUse
Plantoensurezoningregulationscorrespond,therelatedamendmentrecommendation(s)
couldbeforwardedsimultaneouslywiththerezoningrequest(s).Itisrecommendedthatthe
CityofLongviewengageinregularreviewoftheFutureLandUsePlantofurtherLandUse
Plantofurtherensurethatzoningisconsistentandthatthedocumentandthemapreectall
amendmentsmadesubsequenttothePlansinitialadoption.Itshouldbenotedthatspecic
implementationmeasuresrelatedtozoningareaddressedwithintheImplementationStrategies
ofthisComprehensivePlan.
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20

259
LONGVIEW
REGIONAL
MEDICAL CENTER
ROTARY
PARK
GOOD SHEPHERD
MEDICAL PLAZA
GOOD SHEPHERD
MEDICAL
CENTER
LONGVIEW
FAIRGROUNDS &
EXHIBIT BUILDING
LOIS
J ACKSON
PARK
MCWHORTER
PARK
PINE TREE
J R HIGH
SCHOOL
BRAMLETTE
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
WATER
TOWER
KILGORE COLLEGE
LONGVIEWCENTER
LEAR
PARK
CITY
HALL LIBRARY
DOWNTOWN
POST OFFICE
HUMANE SOCIETY
OF NORTHEAST
TEXAS
CARGILL
LONG PARK
ALPINE
GOLF
COURSE
J ULIEANNA
PARK AKIN
PARK
WARD
PARK
PATTERSON
PARK
FLEWELLEN
PARK
TEXAS
BAPTIST
COLLEGE
PINE TREE
HIGH SCHOOL
GUTHRIE
PARK
SPRING
CREEK
PARK
FIRE
STATION2
FIRE
STATION5
TEAGUE
PARK GRACE HILL
CEMETERY
MAGRILL PARK
/ CITY BUS
TERMINAL
TENNIS
COURTS
SAFETY
CITY
GREENWOOD
CEMETERY
DEPARTMENT
OF PUBLIC
SAFETY
LISDAQUATIC CENTER
ANDATHLETIC
FACILITIES
OAK FOREST
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NORTHSIDE
POST OFFICE
HINSLEY
PARK
UNIVERSITY OF
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SPRING HILL
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WASTEWATER
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WOMACK
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PINEWOOD
PARK
LETOURNEAU
UNIVERSITY
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PARK
TIMPSON
PARK
HARVEY J OHNSON
COMMUNITY
CENTER
PINECREST
GOLF COURSE
GREEN STREET SENIOR
RECREATION CENTER
BENNIE
J ACKSON
PARK
ROLLINS
PARK
MAIN POST
OFFICE
FOSTER
MIDDLE
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BROUGHTON PARK
ANDRECREATION
CENTER
LISDEDUCATION
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STAMPER
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SOUTH WARD
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STAMPER PARK
RESOURCE
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COMMUNITY
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CHEROKEE WATER
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APPRAISAL
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LONGVIEW
PARTNERSHIP
PAULAMARTIN J ONES
RECREATION CENTER
DANA
CORPORATION
GLOVER-CRIM
BUILDING
LONGVIEW
EOC
NEIMAN MARCUS
NATIONAL
SERVICE CENTER
GREGG COUNTY
HISTORICAL MUSEUM
LONGVIEW
MUSEUM OF
FINE ARTS
LETOURNEAU
TECHNOLOGIES
LONGVIEW
HIGH SCHOOL
PINE TREE
HIGH SCHOOL
LITTLE THEATRE
LONGVIEWSWIM CENTER
T.G. FIELD
AUDITORIUM
PTISD
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PAR 30
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POLICE
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PAUL G.
BOORMAN
TRAIL
WATER
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WATER
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WATER
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LONGVIEW
TRANSIT
PTISDMULTI
PURPOSE CENTER
J .L. EVERHART
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
WEST HARRISON
VOLUNTEER FIRE
DEPARTMENT STATION 1
WEST HARRISON
VOLUNTEER FIRE
DEPARTMENT STATION 2
STRANGENT
LARGE
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STRANGENT
SMALL
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LONGVIEW
ARBORETUM
EASTMAN
CHEMICAL
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CITY OF
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COMPOST SITE
DEVELOPMENT
SERVICES
HUDSON PEP
ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL
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MAGNET SCHOOL OF
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PARKS AND
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MAUDE COBB
ACTIVITY
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CENTRAL
FIRE
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FIRE
STATION6
SOCIAL SECURITY
ADMINISTRATION
DEPT. OF
TRANSPORTATION-MOTOR
VEHICLE TITLE OFFICE
TEXAS HEALTH
ANDHUMAN
SERVICES
PAR 40
HOUSING AND
COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT
GILMERRD
SMELLEY RD
YOUNG ST
D E L I A D R
HERITAGE BL
PAGE RD
GUM SPRINGS RD
REEL RD
N EASTMAN RD
W LOOP 281
W FAIRMONT ST
ESTES PKW
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BLUE RIDGE PKWY
HOLLYBROOK DR
FM 2208
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G R E E N
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BALSAM ST
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E LOOP 281 S
E MARSHALL AV
EDEN DR
H G MOSLEY PKWY
ALPINE RD
W MARSHALL AV
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W HAWKINS PKWY
TRYON RD
COUNTRY CLUB RD
W B I R D S O N G S T
RUPE HUFFMAN RD
E NELSON ST
FM 2011
FOURTH ST
MCCANN RD
MLK BL
IH 20 Frontage Rd
SABINE ST
GARDINER MITCHELL PKWY
NEIMAN MARCUS PKWY
SPRING HILL RD
HWY 31
N FM 2087
S HIGH
ST
JUDSON RD
S E A S T M A N R D
MOBBERLY AV
REDMON RD
E N T E R P R I S E S T
INDUSTRIAL DR
CALLAHAN RD
Rabbit
Creek
Grace Creek
Rabbit Creek
Mason Creek
Sabine River
Sabine
River
Harris Creek
Wood Creek
Massey Branch
Rabbit Creek
Grable Creek
Moccasin Creek
School
Branch
Preliminary Future Land Use Plan (Core Area)
Low Density Residential
MediumDensity Residential
High Density Residential
Downtown
Office (Light Intensity Business)
Retail (MediumIntensity Business)
Commercial (High Intensity Business)
Business Campus (Regional Office Development)
Industrial
Transit Oriented District
Mixed Use
Parks and Open Space
Public/Semi-Public
Floodplain
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
County Lines
Streams and Rivers
Note:
Acomprehensive plan shall not
constitute zoningdistrict regulations
or establish zoning district boundaries.
0 1,200 2,400 3,600 600 Feet
]
Date: October 7, 2014
Figure11:FutureLandUsePlan-CoreArea
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Future Land Use | Page 53
Proactive Use of Zoning and the Plan
WhiletherecommendedFutureLandUsePlanmaphereinwaspartiallybasedonexistingland
useandtheCitysadoptedzoningmap,someareaswithinLongviewconictintermsofthe
wayinwhichtheyarerecommendedtodevelopbasedontheFutureLandUsePlanmapand
thewayinwhichtheyarecurrentlyzoned.Incertaininstances,suchinconsistencycanbeinthe
Citysfavor;thiswouldbethecaseifthezoningmapshowedanareazonedasAgricultural,while
theFutureLandusePlanshowedthesamearearecommendedforanonresidentialuse.Sucha
reactivepositioncanenabletheCitytorezone,therebyallowingthenonresidentialuse,whenthe
particularproposeduseisidealforthelocation.
INCONCLUSION
TherecommendationscontainedhereinshouldguideLongviewfuturelanduseplanningand
relatedpolicies.ItisimportanttonotethattheFutureLandUsePlanisnotthecommunitys
ofcialzoningmap.Rather,itisaguidetodecisionmakinginthecontextoftheCitysfutureland
usepatterns.TheFutureLandUsePlanshouldbeusedconsistentlyandupdatedasneeded.
Ascoordinated,qualitydevelopmentcontinuesinLongviewovertime.Theofcialcopyofthe
FutureLandUsePlanmapisonleatLongviewsCityHall.Theboundariesoflandusecategories
asdepictedontheofcialmapshouldbeusedtodeterminetheappropriatelandusecategory
forareasthatarenotclearlydelineatedonthesmaller-scaleFutureLandUsePlanmapcontained
withinthisComprehensivePlandocument.
DRAFT 10/28/2014

20

80

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31

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East Texas
Regional
Airport
Thoroughfare Plan
Road Types
Highway
Principal Arterial - Other
Proposed Principal Arterial
Minor Arterial
Proposed Minor Arterial
Major Collector
Proposed Major Collector
Minor Collector
Proposed Minor Collector
Exit ramp
Airport
Potential Toll 49, Segment 7
USA Named Streams and Rivers
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
County Lines
0 2,000 4,000 6,000 1,000 Feet
]
DRAFT 10/28/2014

20

80

259

31

259

80
Exit Ramp
G
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Minor Arterial
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Major Collector
Proposed Major Collector
Minor Collector
Proposed Minor Collector
Exit ramp
Airport
Potential Toll 49, Segment 7
USA Named Streams and Rivers
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
County Lines
0 2,000 4,000 6,000 1,000 Feet
]
4
Transportation and Circulation
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 56
Chapter 4: Transportation and Circulation Plan
OVERVIEW
Thethoroughfaresystemformsoneofthemostvisibleand
permanentelementsofacommunity.Itestablishesthe
frameworkforcommunitygrowthanddevelopmentand,
alongwiththeFutureLandUsePlan,formsalong-range
statementofpublicpolicy.Asthealignmentandright-of-way
ofmajortransportationfacilitiesareestablishedandadjacent
propertydeveloped,itisdifculttofacilitatesystemchanges
withoutsignicantnancialimpacts.However,byincorporating
programmedlandusesanddensitiesoftheFutureLandUse
Plan,strategiescanbedevelopedthatmaximizethelanduse/
transportationrelationship.
Thechangingsocialandeconomicclimatedictatesthatan
integratednetworkoftransportationsystemsbeconsidered
tosupportandsustainviablelong-termgrowth.Inaddition
tovehicularmobility,transportationplanninghasexpanded
toincludeabroaderrangeofconsiderationsfortransit,bike
andpedestrianinitiatives.TheCityhasbeenmovingtowards
thisapproachthroughcoordinatedmulti-modalplanningwith
theLongviewMetropolitanPlanningOrganization,sustainablelandplanningstrategies,transit,
pedestrianandtrailsplanning,aswellastransportationplanningthroughtheNorthEastTexas
RegionalMobilityAuthority(NETRMA.)
TheTransportationandCirculationPlanwillserveasablueprintforfutureinvestmentrelated
decisionsintothetransportationsystem.Severalkeyprincipleswererecognizedinthe
preparationofPlanrecommendationsandincluded:
Thethoroughfarenetworkshouldbeexpandedto
addresscontinuedgrowthandstrategicinitiativesof
thecommunity.Theplanshouldconsiderpotential
MPOandNETRMAplanninginitiativesaspartof
thoroughfarenetworkdevelopment.
Longviewshouldhavesafeandconvenientinternal
circulationbetweenneighborhoods,corecommunity
assets,andspecialareas.Transportationfacilities
shoulddeneratherthansplitresidentialareasinorder
topreserveneighborhoodintegrity.
Thethoroughfarenetworkshouldconsiderandintegratemulti-modalformsoftravelto
enhancetransportationchoices,aswellasmaximizingthecarryingcapacityofthesystem.
Thecontextofthecommunityandadjacentlandusesthroughwhichtheroadwaynetwork
traversesshouldalsobeconsidered.Thetransportationsystemshouldnotonlyprovide
formobilitybutsupportstrategiclandplanningandeconomicdevelopmentinitiatives.
Exampleofahigh-ratedstreetdesign
photofromtheVCSexercise.
Roadwaywithruralcharacterandadjacent
sidewalks.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 57
ISSUESAFFECTINGLONGVIEW
Ahostoflocalmobilityandcongestionissueswereidentiedaspartofthepublicinputprocess.
OtherkeyissuesaffectingtheCityinclude:regionalplanninginitiatives,networkexpansionto
addresscontinuedcommunitygrowth,andplanningtoaddressstrategicgrowthconsiderations.
Regional Planning Initiatives
RegionalplanninginitiativesthatstandtopotentiallyaffectmobilityinLongviewinclude:theToll
49Corridor,Dallas-to-ShreveportRegionalCommuterRail,andtheIH-20CorridorStudy.
Toll49:TheNETRMAhasproposedthecontinuationofToll49toconnectthecitiesof
Tyler,Longview,andMarshall.Asapriorityproject,thiscorridorhasbeenbrokeninto
tensegmentsforevaluation/implementation.Segments1,2,3A,3B,and5havealready
beencompleted.ThesesegmentsprovideconnectionfromSouthTylertoIH-20.Future
segment4willactasarelieftotheCityofLindale,connectingUS-69toIH-20.

Theremainingsegments6,7,8,and8A,arereferredtoastheEastTexasHourglass
(ETHG)and
corridorrouting
hasnotbeen
nalizedatthis
timedueto
potentialimpacts
toexisting
communitieswithin
thisstudyarea.
Threepotential
alignmentshave
beenidentied
althoughnone
traversethrough
theLongviewETJ.
TheTransportationandCirculationsectionofthisComprehensivePlanisintendedtoserveas
aguidefortransportationdecisionswithintheCityofLongview.Itwasdevelopedbasedupon
pasttransportationplanningefforts,connectivityeffortsonkeythoroughfareswithadjacent
communitiesandinputfromtheComprehensionPlanAdvisoryCommittee(CPAC),CityStaffand
publicinput.
ThisPlanshouldbeusedasareferencewhenconsideringawiderangeofgrowthand
developmentrelateddecisionsaswellas,whenpreparingThoroughfarePlanamendments,
updateofRoadwayDesignStandardsand/oranyrelatedordinances.Aproactivemonitoring
processofotherregionaltransportationplanningand/orregionalgrowthinitiativesshouldalso
beconductedinordertoassessimplicationstothecurrentthoroughfareplan.
Figure12:Toll49
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 58
RegionalCommuterRail:In2011,theTexas-LouisianaRailCoalition(TLRC)wasformedby
NETRMAandDallasAreaRapidTransit(DART)todiscusspotentiallinkingofEastTexas
andLouisianatotheDFWmetropolitanarea.Thisneweast-westcorridorwilllinktheeast
TexascommunitieswiththeDARTtransitsystemandtheShreveport-BossierArea.
Therearecurrentlytwostudiesunderwaytoexaminethefeasibilityofsuchaconnection.
TherstistheAmtrakCorridorStudy,conductedbyEastTexasCorridorCouncil(ETCC),
TxDOT,TLRC,andEastTexasCouncilofGovernments.Thisstudyisexaminingcapital
andoperatingrequirementsfortheadditionoftworoundtripswithinthecorridor.The
secondstudy,theTxDOTStatewideRidershipAnalysis,isevaluatingtransitconnectivity
andlevelofserviceoperations.Estimatesofprojectcostsandnecessaryfundingwillbe
determinedaspartofbothstudies.
Interstate20(IH-20):TxDOTiscurrentlyconductingacorridorstudyofIH-20fromIH-635
inDallastotheTexas/LouisianaLine.Thisstudywilldeterminetheneedformainlane
facilityexpansionaswellasneedsforsupportingfrontageroads.TraveldemandinEast
Texaswithinthiscorridorhasgrownby80percentsincethe1970swithconcernsofsafety
andcapacityneeds.

AnotherstudyofIH-20isalsobeingconductedbytheCitytoexaminegateway
enhancementsatthefrontdoorofthecommunity.Currently,avarietyofolderlanduses
occupymuchofthecorridorandpresentsapoorimageofthecity.Thedesireistocreate
amorepositiveimpressionalongthiskeycorridortherebyencouragingmotoriststostop
inLongview.Currently,over45,000vehiclespassthroughthissectorofthecommunity.
Local Factors Affecting Mobility
Incomplete Radial Roadways
Loop281servesasakeyradialcorridortraversingthenorthernsectorofthecity.Extending
fromIH-20inthesoutheasttoFM2206(HarrisonRoad)inthewest,Loop281offersa
traditionalradialconnectivitytoseveralUSandstatehighways,priortoaseriesoftighter
curvaturebendsbeforetraversingSH31andculminatingatSouthHighStreet.Currently,the
Loopdoesnotmakeacompletecircle(duetoavoidanceofenvironmentalconstraints)and
returnstoIH-20inrelativecloseproximity(about5miles)fromitsoriginationpoint.
Figure13:RegionalCommuterRail
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 59
Lack of Sufcient East-West Connectivity
Generally,theroadwaynetworkoffersmorecontinuousnorth-southcorridorsthaneast-west
corridorstherebylimitingtheabilityfortrafctoweavethoughthecommunityasdesired.As
aresultofdiscontinuouseast-westcorridorsinsideofLoop281,north-southtrafciseither
forcedtoremainonnorth-southcorridorsorcut-throughexistingneighborhoods.Current
existingdevelopmentinhibitstheabilitytoprovideforcontinuouseast-westconnected
corridors.BeyondLoop281,twokeyeast-westcorridorsofferlengthyconnectivity,whichare
HawkinsParkwayandGeorgeRicheyRoad.
Discontinuous Collector Network
Thesupportingcollectorstreetnetworkdoesnotprovidegeneralconnectivitywithother
collectorfacilities.Inmanycases,eitherthedesiretopromoteadiscontinuousnetwork
tolimitthroughtravelorexistingdevelopmentimpededtheabilitytoconnectthe
collectorstreetnetwork.Theresultisaseriesofoff-setstreets(jogs)toinhibittheability
ofamajornetworktooffercontinuousowtherebyreducingcorridorcapacity.While
existingdevelopment,orexpenseinright-of-wayacquisition,inmanycaseswouldprevent
realignmentopportunities,asredevelopmentoccursaneyeshouldbekepttowardscreating
suchconnections.
Excessive Driveways on Major Corridors
Developmentovertimehascreatedasituationofanexcessivenumberofaccesspointsalong
majorcorridors.Whilepropertieshaveaccessrightstopubliccorridors,theexcessivenumber
ofdrivewayshasreducedthecarryingcapacityofkeycorridors.Asredevelopmentoccurs,
sharingdrivesthroughtheuseofcross-accesseasementswouldreducethenumberofcurb
cutstherebyenhancingthecarryingcapacityofthecorridor.
Expanded Thoroughfare Network to Growth Areas
AsLongviewcontinuestogrowtothenorthandnorthwest,aconnectednetworkofarterial
andcollectorclassfacilitiesshouldbeconsideredinordertoenhancecarryingcapacityalong
keycorridors.Asupportingconnectedcollectornetworkwouldreducecorridorimpedances
onthearterialnetwork,butalsoservetoprovideforneighborhoodconnectivityaswellas
lowertraveledcorridorsforbike/pedestrianopportunities.
Thoroughfarenetworkexpansiontotheeastwouldalsoservetofacilitateaccess/circulation
togrowthoccurringintheeasternETJsector.Aseriesofroadwayenhancementsinvolvingthe
followingstreetswouldhelptoenhancemobilityto/fromthisarea:
ExpansionofEastBirdsongStreettointersectwithLoop281,
ExtensionofFM3317torunparalleltoFM968,
ExtensionofCountryClubRoadtoN.PaigeRoad,
ExtensionofSmellyRoadtotheETJline,
ExtensionofRupeHuffmanRoadbeyondtheETJ,
ExtensionofEastGeorgeRicheyRoad,beyondtheETJ,
ExtensionofBarkRanchRoadtoFM2879.
ProvideaconnectionofCountryClubRoad,EastBirdsongStreet,US-80,andSmelley
Road,and
ExtendCountryClubRoadnorthofUS80toconnectwithNorthPageRoad.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
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CURRENTTRANSPORTATIONSYSTEMS
Regional Highways
TherearesixmajorhighwaysthatrunthroughLongviewandplayakeyroleinprovidingcurrent
mobilitytothecity.
IH-20
Thisfour-lanehighwaywithlimitedfrontageroadsprovideskeyregionalmobilitytoand
fromtheEastTexasarea.Carryingadailyvolumeofalmost46,000vehiclesdaily,thiscorridor
providesaccesstoLoop281,SH31andseveralkeynorth-southarterialsfromHighand
EastmanStreets.
US-259
US-259isahighwaythatrunsthroughLongview,fromNacogdoches,Texastothestateof
Oklahoma.ThehighwayactsasaconnectorfromIH-20toOklahoma.Thehighwayalso
connectshighvolumesoftrucktrafcfromIH-20toIH-30.Thecurrentdailytrafcisabout
18,000vehiclesnorthofLongviewcitylimits.WhentheroadwaygetswithintheCitylimits,the
trafcgrowstoabout23,000vehicles.
US 80
ProvidinginitialaccesstoLongview,thisfour-lanefacilityprovideskeyeast-westaccessto/
fromthedowntownarea.Thisroadwaycurrentlycarriesbetween22,000and31,000vehicles
dailywithinLoop281.BeyondLoop281,dailyvolumesfallbelow20,000inboththeeastand
westandtaperoffthefurtherawayfromLoop281.
SH 31
ThehighwaycrossesIH-20atmilemarker589.Theintersectionactsasthesecondmajor
gatewaytoLongviewfortravelerscomingfromthewestwithabout28,000vehiclesdaily.
SH-31runsfromLongviewtoWaco,passingthroughTyler.TheroadwaynorthofIH-20is
surroundedbynature.ThehighwayrunsovertheSabineRiverandisboundedbyood
plains,whichhavepreventeddevelopmentinthearea.
Loop 281
Loop281isacircumferentialroadwayofLongviewthatconnectstoIH-20.Loop281has
becomeahighlydevelopedroadway.Thenorthsideoftheroadway(NorthEastmanRoad
toPineTreeRoad)hasrecentlybeenexpandedtoasix-lanethoroughfaretohelpwiththe
dailytrafcofabout32,000vehicles.Thispartisacommercialcorridor.Theeastandwestpart
oftheloopisdevelopedwitheitherindustrialorlargecommercialcompanies,addingtruck
volumetotheroadway.Thecurrentdailytrafcforbothareasisabout20,000vehicles.
SH 300
SH-300actsasaminorarterialtosurroundingneighborhoodsinnorthwestLongview.The
highwayconnectstodowntownLongviewfromtheoutskirtsoftheCity.Thishighwayextends
about13milesbeyondtheLongviewcitylimitsintotheCityofGilmer.Theaveragetrafc
volumedailyis20,000intownanddecreasestoabout10,000outsidetheCitylimits.
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 61
Arterial Network
Thereareseveralothermajorandminorarterialsthatprovideaccessandcirculationthroughout
thecommunity.Examplesofsuchfacilitiesinclude:EastmanRoad,HighStreet/JudsonRoad,
MobberlyAvenue,CottonStreet,HawkinsParkway,andGeorgeRicheyRoad.Theseroadways
connectorstemfromthesixregionalhighwayspreviouslyidentiedandhelpdistributetrafcto
thelocalcollectorsandstreets.
Transit Service
BustransitserviceisprovidedbyLongviewsTransit.Thecurrentserviceplanofferssixroutes
thatoperateon60-minuteheadwaysandservekeylocationsthroughoutthecity.Transitservice
isprovidedMonday-Fridayfrom6:15AM-7:15PM,Saturdayfrom7:15AMto7:15PM,andno
serviceonSunday.Withhourlybusservice,mostpassengersarriveearlytotheroutetoensure
theydonotmissthebus.Currently,therearenearly50formalbusstopsservingthetransit
network.Howeverthedepartmentoperatesaag-and-ridesystem,meaningaridercanstopand
board/alightthebusatanypointalongitsroute.
Fromanoperationsperspective,thecurrentpracticeforLongviewsTransitistopick-upand
drop-offpassengersatanypointalongbusroutes.Theexistingbussheltersalongthetransit
pathindicatehighbusutilizationactivities.Theone-quartermileradiussurroundingtheshelters
needtobeimprovedforpedestriansthatarewaitingfortheTransit.Forthesafetyofthe
pedestrians,itisidealtoseparatepedestriansfromvehiculartrafc.Currentlyalargeportionof
thethreecorridors(MobberlyAvenue,CottonStreetandFourthStreet)lacksidewalks.
In2013,aPedestrian-TransitAccessStudypreparedbyFreeseandNichols,Inc.wasconducted
todeterminepedestrianaccessconditionsalongthesethreekeycorridorswiththepurposeof
deningsidewalkneedstoexistingbusstops.Thecorridorsevaluatedincluded:
Mobberly Avenue
Thecorridorcontainsamixofresidentialareasandcommercialbusinesses.Theresidential
areasarecomprisedofbothsingleandmultifamilyunits.Thecorridorisethnicallydiverseand
intersectsseveralareaswithlow-incomehouseholds.LeTourneauUniversityislocatedonthe
routessouthernedgeandisalargecontributortoridership.
Cotton Street
ThecorridorpassesthroughtheCitysdowntownareaandoffersaccesstoseveralbusinesses,
someindustrialinnature.Atitswesternpoint,theroutepassesLearPark,alargesporting
venuewithintheCity.Thisparkdoesnotcurrentlycontributealargevolumeofridership.The
majorityoftransitusealongthecorridoriscontributedbypeopleaccessingthedowntown
businessdistrict.
Fourth Street
Thiscorridorprovidesridersaccesstomanyoftheregionsmedicalfacilities.Nearthe
MultimodalCenter,theroutepassesbytheGoodShepherdMedicalCenterandseveralother
medicalofces.Astherouteextendsnorth,itgoesthroughalargeresidentialarea,which
iscomprisedofmostlysinglefamilyresidentialdevelopment.Continuingnorthward,the
corridorpassestheLongviewRegionalMedicalCenterandamajorretailareaneartheLoop
281intersection.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
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Passenger Transportation
Amtrak Service
TheLongviewstationwasbuiltin1940byTexasandPacicRailway.Thestationstilloperates
todayandhasrecentlybeenrenovated.LocatedinDowntownLongview,serviceisprovided
byAmtraksTexasEagleline.TwodailytrainstravelthroughLongviewofferingserviceto
Chicago,Dallas,andSanAntoniowithconnectionstoLosAngeles.Itisalsoaconnecting
pointfordedicatedmotorcoachserviceto/fromShreveportandBossierCity,Louisiana,as
wellasNacogdoches,HoustonandGalveston,Texas.Boardingandalightingrecordsindicate
thattheLongviewstationwasthefthhighesttraveledstationwithover41,000travelersin
2013.
Air Transportation
East Texas Regional Airport
TheEastTexasRegionalAirportwasconstructedin1945.Theairportislocated9milessouth
ofLongviewsbusinessdistrict.Currently,thisgeneralaviationairportservesavarietyofneeds
includingLeTourneauUniversitysSchoolofAeronauticalScience.Theairportisusedfor
militarytrainingoperationsaswell.CommercialtravelisprovidedthroughAmericanAirlines
withservicetoandfromtheDallas-FortWorthInternational(DFW)Airporttwiceaday.The
airporthostseachsummeroneofLongviewsbiggestfestivals,theGreatTexasBalloonRace.
Peopletravelfromallovertocompeteintheracesortowatchtheballoon glow.
AccesstotheEastTexasRegionalAirportisprovidedviaSH322andSH149.FromLongview,
bothroutesextendfromEstesParkway(SH-149).SH322andSH149areclassiedasprincipal
arterials(four-lanefacilities)andcarryabout20,000vehiclesdaily.
Recommendedimprovementstobusshelters,sidewalksandoperationswereprovidedaspartofthestudy.
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 63
EXISTINGCONDITIONS
AnevaluationofLongviewsexistingtransportationsystemwasperformedtoserveasabasis
inthedevelopmentoftheThoroughfarePlan.Topicareasaddressedinthisanalysisinclude;
existingfunctionalclassication,existingtrafcsignallocations,existingandfuturemajortrafc
generators,availableTxDOTAADTvolumes,andobservationsofexistingtrafccongestionas
identiedbytheP&Zmembers.
Current Functional Classication
Functionalstreetclassicationrecognizesthatstreetsarepartofasystemhavingdiverseorigins
anddestinations.Functionalclassicationsalsodescribeandreectasetofcharacteristics
commontoallroadwayswithineachclass.Functionsrangefromprovidingmobilityforthrough
trafcandmajortrafcows,toprovidingaccesstospecicproperties.Characteristicsunique
toeachclassicationincludethedegreeofcontinuity,generalcapacity,andtrafccontrol
characteristics.FivegeneralclassesofroadwayscurrentlydeneLongviewsthoroughfarenetwork
andinclude:highway,principalarterial,minorarterial,majorcollectorandminorcollector.
Trafc Volumes on Roadways in City
Existing Condition
Ananalysisofexistingtrafcvolumewasconductedtoidentifytravelpatternsandserveasa
basisforidentifyingroadwayneeds.Thelatesttrafcvolumedatawascollectedfromthe2013
AADTvolumesbyTxDOT.ThehighesttrafcvolumeswerefoundonLoop281,US-259,SH-
31,andUS-80.Loop281experiencesthehighestvolumeoftrafcwithover32,000vehicles
dailyinthecommercialbusinessareaandabout24,000intheotherareas.BothUS-259and
SH-31haveabout28,000vehiclesdailyaroundtheCityandsouthwestofLongview.IntheCity
ofLongview,US-80iswidelyused.Thishighwaycarriesaleveloftrafcrangingfrom20,000to
31,000vehicles.
Project Condition
Theassessmentofprojectedtravelconditionsonthethoroughfarenetworkisimportantto
determiningthecapabilityoftheroadwaysystemtoaccommodateprojectedareagrowth
androadwayneedsforatwenty-yearplanningperiod.
Existing Level of Service on Local Roadways
Level of Servicereferstotheoperationconditionofaroadwaysegmentundertrafcdemandand
isacalculationofvolumetocapacity.LevelofserviceisgaugedwithameasureofAthrough
F,withAreectingroadwayswithfreeowandlittleornocongestion,andFreecting
roadwayswithseverecongestion.LevelofserviceCisgenerallythelowestacceptedlevel.
Theanalysistakenfrom2009to2014revealedthatthemajorityofroadwaysintheinnerCity
ofLongviewappeartobeoperatingatnon-acceptablelevelsofservice(D/E/F).Theroadways
experiencingcongestionareDundeeRoad,ReelRoad,partofBillOwensParkway,portionof
McCannRoad,partofJudsonRoad,portionofEastLoop281,majorityofWestandEastMarshall
Avenue,WestSouthStreet,SouthHighway31,portionofSouthEastmanRoad,partofAlpine
Road,andportionofFourthStreetthesesegmentswerecalculatedtooperateatorbelow
acceptablelevelsofservice(LOSD/E/F).
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 64

20

80

259

259

259

80
G
I
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R
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AY 80
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reek
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reek
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Existing Transportation Plan
Road Types
Interstate
Major Collector
Minor Arterial
Minor Collector
Principal Arterial - Other
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
USA Named Streams and Rivers
0 2,000 4,000 1,000 Feet
]
Figure14:ExistingTransportationPlan
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 65
Functional Street Classication
Thefunctionalclassicationofstreetsprovidesforthecirculationoftrafcinahierarchyof
movementfromoneclassicationtothenext.Functionalclassescanbesubdividedfurtherinto
majorandminordesignationstofurtherdetailtheirroleinthecommunity.
Accessandmovementfunctionsaredirectlyrelatedinthatasinhibitedmovementincreases
(speed),pointsofaccessdecreaseandviceversa.Thisistypicallywhyfreeways,withahighlevel
ofmovement,havelimitedaccesspointswhereasstreetsinneighborhoodareashavemore
accesspointsandreducedspeed.LongviewscurrentThoroughfarePlanrecognizesvegeneral
classicationsforroadwaysbaseduponahierarchicalfunctionandinclude:
Principal Arterial
Four-tosix-lanedividedroadwaywithin120ROW.Thesestreetsaredesignedtoprovidea
highdegreeofmobility,servicerelativelyhightrafcvolumes,havehighoperationalspeeds,
andserviceasignicantportionofthroughtravel.
Minor Arterial
Four-laneroadwayswithasimilarfunctiontotheMajorThoroughfare,butmorelocalin
nature.Thissectionisacurbedroadwaywithin90ROW.
Major Collector
Fourandthree-laneundividedstreetsservingasconnectionsbetweenarterialsandlocal
roadways.Thesestreetsrangebetween48-38ofpavementwithina80ROW.Thisroadtype
typicallyservestosupportcommercialandtransitionalareasfromresidentialdevelopment,
howeverthethree-lanesectionmayalsoserveresidentialapplications.Thethree-lanesection
containsacontinuousleft-turnlaneandinresidentialareamayallowforon-streetparking.
Minor Collector
Similartothemajorcollector,thisroadtypeservestoprovideforcollectionanddistribution
oftrafcbetweenarterialandlocalstreets.Thistwo-laneroadwayconsistsof24ofpavement
withina60ROW.MinorCollectorsmayservetocollectinternalresidentialtrafcfromwithin
neighborhoodsaswell
asservetosupportsmall
scalenon-residentialtype
developmentwithrelatively
shorttriplengths.
Local Street
Two-lanestreetsfor
accommodating
neighborhoodtrafc.An
urbanandrural(open
drainage)sectionare
containedwithina50ROW.
Theurbansectioniscurbed
with31ofpavementand
theruralsectioncontains27
ofpavement.
Completeaccess control,
littlelocal traffic
ALLMOVEMENT
ALLACCESS
FREEWAY ARTERIAL COLLECTOR LOCAL CUL
DE
SAC
Nothroughtraffic,
unrestrictedaccess
MOVEMENT
FUNCTION
F
U
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T
I
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S
S
ACCESS
FUNCTION
Figure15:RoadwayHierarchyandFunction
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Page 66
H
i
g
h
w
a
y
Traffic Movement;
long distance travel.
1
-
5
Provided by
on/off ramping
schematics to
continuous
frontage
roads.
1 mile
45,000 to
125,000
55-70
Supplements
capacity of arterial
street system and
provides high
speed mobility.
P
r
i
n
c
i
p
a
l

A
r
t
e
r
i
a
l
Moderate distance
inter-community,
intra-metro area,
traffic movement.
Serves long trip
lengths.
Restricted
some
movements
may be
prohibited;
number and
spacing of
driveways
controlled.
1/4 mile
36,000 to
45,000
40-55
Backbone of the
street system.
M
i
n
o
r

A
r
t
e
r
i
a
l
Mobility function is
primary; access
function is
secondary. Serves
moderate trip
lengths.
May be limited
to major
generators;
number and
spacing of
driveways
controlled.
1/8 mile
20,000 to
34,000
30-45
Provides route
and spacing
continuity with
major arterials.
M
a
j
o
r

C
o
l
l
e
c
t
o
r
Primary collect /
distribute traffic
between local
streets and arterial
system. Serves
commercial/ mixed
use development;
inter-neighborhood
traffic movement.
300 feet
12,000 to
28,000
30-40
L
i
m
i
t
e
d
M
i
n
o
r

C
o
l
l
e
c
t
o
r
Primary internal to
one neighborhood;
serves short trip
lengths. Provides
land access.
300 feet
1,000 to
15,000
30-35
L
i
m
i
t
e
d
L
o
c
a
l

S
t
r
e
e
t
Land access.
2

l
o
t

l
e
n
g
t
h
s
Safety control
only.
125 feet 200 to 1,500 20-30
P
e
r
m
i
t
t
e
d
(2) Denser spacing needed for commercial and high-density residential districts.
(3) Spacing and intersection design should be in accordance with state and local thoroughfare standards.
S
p
e
e
d

L
i
m
i
t

(
M
P
H
)
P
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r
k
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m
m
e
n
t
s
N
o
n
e


-
1


(
2
)


(
2
)Safety
controls;
limited
regulation.
Through traffic
should be
discouraged.
T
y
p
e

o
f

R
o
a
d
w
a
y
F
u
n
c
t
i
o
n
S
p
a
c
i
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g

(
M
i
l
e
s
)
D
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e
c
t

L
a
n
d

A
c
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e
s
s
R
o
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w
a
y

I
n
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s
e
c
t
i
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n

S
p
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c
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n
g

(
3
)
V
o
l
u
m
e

R
a
n
g
e
s

(
V
e
h
.
/
D
a
y
)
(1) Spacing determination should also include consideration of (travel within the area or corridor based upon) ultimate anticipated
development.
Table12:FunctionalStreetClassicationChart
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 67
Cross Sections
Highdegreeofregionalmobility,trafcvolumesandhigheroperationalspeeds
Connectedtoregionalarterialplans
Accessiscarefullymanaged
4-6lanedividedroadwaywithmedian
Curbandgutterwithundergroundstormwaterutilities/drainage
ExamplesinLongviewincludeLoop281,US-80,SH-31,SouthHighStreet,EastmanRoad,
JudsonRoad,andGilmerRoad
PRINCIPALARTERIAL6LD(Midblock)
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Page 68
PRINCIPALARTERIAL4LD(Midblock)
Highdegreeofregionalmobility,trafcvolumesandhigheroperationalspeeds
Connectedtoregionalarterialplans
Accessiscarefullymanaged
4-6lanedividedroadwaywithmedian
Curbandgutterwithundergroundstormwaterutilities/drainage
ExamplesinLongviewincludeMarshallAvenue,GilmerRoadandHwy31
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 69
Cross-townmobility
SecondarytoMajorThoroughfarebutstillaccommodatehigheroperationalspeedsand
trafcvolumes
Accessiscarefullymanaged
4LaneDividedRoadway
Curbandgutterdrainage
ExamplesinLongviewincludePineTreeRoad,FM1844,Loop485andMobberlyAvenue
MINORARTERIAL4LD(Midblock)
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Page 70
MAJORCOLLECTOR4LC
Collection/distributionoftrafc
BackaccesstoFrontageRoaddevelopment
Connectivitytoarterialandresidentialcollectorstreets
ExamplesinLongviewincludeMLKBoulevard,YoungStreet,HawkinsParkway,BillOwens
Parkway,CottonStreetandGreenStreet
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 71
Collection/distributionoftrafc
BackaccesstoFrontageRoaddevelopment
Connectivitytoarterialandresidentialcollectorstreets
ExamplesinLongviewincludeSpringHillRoad,FairmontStreetandGayAvenue
MAJORCOLLECTOR2LC
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Page 72
Collection/distributionoftrafc
BackaccesstoFrontageRoaddevelopment
Connectivitytoarterialandresidentialcollectorstreets
ExamplesinLongviewincludeHeritageBlvd,CenterStreetandFredoniaStreet
MINORCOLLECTOR
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Traverseinternallywithinresidentialneighborhoods
Accesstoproperties
2laneundividedsection
Undergroundstormwaterutilitieswithcurbandgutter
Onstreetparkingpermitted
ExamplesinLongviewincludeClearwoodDrive,HarrisonStreet,BettyDriveandBerryLane
LOCALRESIDENTIALSTREET
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PARTIALIMPLEMENTATIONSTREETSECTION
Thoroughfaresthatonlyrequiretwolanesoftravel,additionalspaceispreservedononeside
oftheroadtoallowexpansionopportunitiestofourlanesifneeded.Themediancanalso
beconvertedintoacenterturnlaneasnecessary.Thetypicalcrosssectionforthispartial
implementationisshownbelow.
PartialImplementation
FullImplementationasNeeded
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 75
IDENTIFIEDNEEDS
Duringthevisioningsessions,stakeholderssharedtheirthoughtsonwheretransportation
improvementsshouldcenter.ThegroupquicklyagreedtheCitysfuturegrowthisexpectedalong
itseasternlimits.Extensionofseveralexistingeast-westroutes,suchasBirdsongStreetand
CottonStreet,shouldbeconsidered.Currently,IH-20andUS80makesupmostoftheeast-west
connectionalongtheseeasternboundary.Whentrafcconditionsarenotfavorablealongoneof
thesehighways,therearelimitednorth-southroutesavailabletoshifttrafctotheotherforrelief.
Thelackofnorth-southroutesbetweenIH-20andUS80alsorestrictstheowofcommutersinto
theCity.Stakeholdersrecommendedthatadditionalnorth-southconnectionsbeidentied.
AllstakeholdersagreedthegatewaysintoLongview,especiallyalongIH-20,needimprovement.
TheentrancealongIH-20doesnothighlightthebestLongviewhastooffer.Itischaracterized
byunoccupiedbuildingsandvacantlots.ThegroupsuggestedfocusingonlimitedpublicCIP
projectsthatspurredprivateinvestment.OthergatewaysdenedincludedUS80east/west,SH
31,SH300,andUS259.
Pedestrianandbicyclistconnectionswerealsoatopdesire.Althoughconnectionscity-wide
werediscussed,detailedconversationsrevolvedaroundtheconnectionbetweenLeTourneau
Universityandthedowntownmultimodalcenter.Stakeholdersbelievedthisareaiscriticaland
couldbenetfromsuchimprovements.
Roadway Capacity
Capacityoftheroadwayisthenumberofvehiclesaroadwaycansupportwithoutcongestion.
Thisiscalculatedwhendesigningtheroadway.Toidentifytheneedsoftheroads,thecurrent
dailyvolumeisdividedbythecapacity.ThisiscalledtheVolume-Capacity(VC)Ratio.The
LongviewsVCratiousedprojectedtrafcandroadconditionsin2040.Thetargetratiois
<.64.ThedatafoundthatroadwayimprovementindowntownLongviewisneededgreatly.
Improvementscanbefromwideningaroadwaytocreatingaturnlane.Iftheroadwaywas
wideneditwouldspreadthetrafcalongthelanes.Providingturnlanesforvehiclesneedingto
turnpreventsthedisturbanceoftrafc.
Roadway Network
TheexpansionintotheeastoftheETJishighlyneeded.TheCitydiscussedtheirplansforthe
futureandrealizedthatitisimportanttobecomebetterconnectedthroughgrowthintheeast.
Pedestrian and Bicyclist
Mobility
InthePedestrian-TransitAccess
Study,aseriesofinfrastructure
improvementswererecommended
toenhancethesafetyandeaseof
pedestrianaccesstotransit.The
improvementprojectswerebroken
downintothethreemaincorridors
(MobberlyAvenue,CottonStreet,
andFourthStreet).Theoverall
enhancementsforeachcorridoris
asfollows:
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 76
Mobberly Avenue
Thisprojectconsistsof14,795linearfeetofconstructionforsidewalkandcurbramps.
PedestrianupgradesatthesignalizedintersectionsofSouthHighStreetandSouthStreetand
FifthStreetandEastWhaleyStreetareneeded.Inaddition,PedestrianHigh-IntensityActivity
Crosswalk(HAWK)signalsshouldbeaddedonMobberlyAvenueattheMainPostOfce
andonSouthHighStreetatWorkForceStation.TheHAWKsignalswillincreasetheoverall
safetyatthesemid-blockcrossingconditionsthatexperiencehighnumbersofpedestrians.A
traditionaltrafcsignalshouldalsobeinstalledattheintersectionofGreenStreetandAvalon
Avenue.Herebothpedestrianandvehiculartrafcwillseeincreasedsafetybenets.
Cotton Street
Thisprojectconsistsof2,180linearfeetofconstructionforsidewalkandcurbramps.
PedestrianupgradestoexistingsignalizedintersectionofSpur63andWestMarshallAvenue
willalsoimprovepedestriansafety.
Fourth Street
Thisprojectconsistsofover20,000linearfeetofconstructionforsidewalkandcurbramps.
InadditiontoatraditionaltrafcsignalattheintersectionofFourthStreetandClinicDrive
tobetterfacilitatethemovementofalargenumberofpedestrianscrossingFourthStreetto
accesstheSocialSecurityOfce.
FromthediscussionwiththeCityofLongviewandCPACmembers,thereisaneedforcomplete
streets,incorporatingbikelanesalongthesestreets.WiththeCitysinputandthedatacollected,
thebeststreetsforthisprojectareSouthGreenStreet,MobberlyAvenue,andMartinLutherKing
Jr.Boulevard.Allthreeofthestreetshaveshownalargenumberofbicyclists.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 77
THOROUGHFAREPLAN
Therecommendedplanbuildsuponthetransportationprinciplesestablishedattheoutset
ofthechapter,coordinationwithLongviewMPOMTPUpdateplanninginitiatives,goalsand
objectivesidentiedinChapter2,andinputobtainedthroughouttheplanningprocess.Several
thoroughfaremodicationshavebeenmadeaimedatenhancingsystemfunctionalityandinclude
Buildingupontheexistingroadwayfunctionalstreetclassicationsystem,
Alignmentofspeciccorridorstoaddressgrowthareasandmobility,
Networkimprovementstoconnectneighborhoods,and
Expansionofthebike/trailsystemtoconnectcommunityassets.
TheThoroughfarePlanaimstoprovideforincreasedmobility,connectivity,andreducereliance
ontheautomobile.ThoroughfarePlanrecommendationsarenotall-inclusiveandasneeds
change,theplanshouldbeamendedtomaximizesysteminvestmentstothecommunity.
Transportationplanninginitiativesshouldbecoordinatedwithotherinfrastructureinvestments
withintheCityand/orotheragenciestoleveragenancialresourcesandimplementationtime
frames.Figure16illustratestherecommendedThoroughfarePlan.
Thefollowingdetailskeydifferencesintherecommendedplan.
Functional Street Classication
Thecompositionofthefunctionalnetworkwascomparedtoyear2040travelforforecastto
determineiftherewasaneedforstructuralchangestostreetclassications.Generally,the
planwasdeemedadequatewithonlyminorchangestoafewcorridorsinnewergrowthareas
tothenorthandnortheastwheretheirincreasewasdeemednecessaryinordertofacilitate
mobilityneeds.Figure17depictschangesinfunctionalclassicationandarehighlighted
inyellow.TwokeycorridorsnorthofLoop281includeGeorgeRicheyRoadandHawkins
Parkway.Bothofthesecorridorsprovidekeyeast-westmobilityandasarterialclassfacilities
heavieremphasisshouldplaceonpreservingcorridorcapacity.Asamajorarterial,George
Richeyshouldalsoemployaccessmanagementstrategiestoreducethepotentialnumberof
drivewayswithinthiscorridor.
Roadway Network Changes
KeychangestothethoroughfareplannetworkarealsoillustratedinFigure17andare
depictedinalightgreencolor.Similartofunctionalstreetclassicationchanges,amajority
ofadditionsaresituatedinthenorthandeasttoaddressdevelopmentareasaswellaskey
strategicgrowthareas.
Otherkeynetworkrecommendationsinclude:
Increaseduseofthecollectornetworktosupplementarterialcapacityandsupport
neighborhoodconnectivity,
Promotemultipleaccesspointsthroughconnectionoflocalstreets,
Requiresidewalksforallnewdevelopments,
Wherepossible,promoteconnectionstothecitytrailnetwork;encouragesiteplanning
practicesthattieon-siteamenitiestotrailnetworks/othercommunityplaces,and
Providepedestrianaccesspointstoadjacentcommercialretailareastopromotewalking
andbikingtherebyreducingdependenceonautorelatedtrips.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
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Exit Ramp
G
I
L
M
E
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R
D
SMELLEY RD
E H
IG
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YOUNG ST
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FM 349
E
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IC
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6
W
CHERYL ST
A
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FM 968
M
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A
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IN
G
HILL RD
BARK RANCH RD
WHITEHURST RD
PAGE
R
D
COUNTRY CLUB R
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4
2
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F
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2
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8
7
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8
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2
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9
F
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3
3
5
8
H
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3
2
2
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2
7
5
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N

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G
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C
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arris C
reek
T
u
rk
e
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C
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Jo
hn
son
B
ra
nch
G
la
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e
C
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e
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k
Little Cypress Bayou
H
a
w
k
in
s
C
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k
M
occasin Creek
P
ea
vin
e C
ree
k
Bog Creek
S
a
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R
iv
e
r
M
a
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E
lm
B
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rable C
reek
S
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B
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R
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b
it C
r
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e
k
W
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C
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e
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k
M
a
s
s
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y
B
ra
n
c
h
B
ig
h
e
a
d
C
re
e
k
Witcher Creek
P
a
n
th
e
r C
re
e
k
East Texas
Regional
Airport
Thoroughfare Plan
Road Types
Highway
Principal Arterial - Other
Proposed Principal Arterial
Minor Arterial
Proposed Minor Arterial
Major Collector
Proposed Major Collector
Minor Collector
Proposed Minor Collector
Exit ramp
Airport
Potential Toll 49, Segment 7
USA Named Streams and Rivers
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
County Lines
0 2,000 4,000 6,000 1,000 Feet
]
Figure16:ThoroughfarePlan
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 79
Figure16:ThoroughfarePlan

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80
G
ILM
E
R
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D
SMELLEY RD
J U
D
S
O
N
R
D
YOUNG ST
P
IN
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TR
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E
R
D
N
W
H
ITE
O
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GRAYSTONE RD
D
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HW
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HERITAGE
BL
PAGE RD
S
I LV
E
R
FA
LLS
RD
W MARSHALL AV
GUM
SPRINGS RD
REEL RD
N
E
A
S
TM
A
N
R
D
W
LO
O
P
281
W FAIRMONT ST
E LOOP 281
FM
1845
P
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M
IE
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R
D
N
PA
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S
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P
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BLUE RIDGE PKWY
HOLLYBROOK DR
S
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TENNERYVILLE RD
IH 20
B
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P
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TR
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RD
S HW
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MEDLIN
RD
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LO
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281 S
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EDEN DR H G MOSLEY PKWY
ALPINE RD
MAIN ST
FM 726 S
FM
2879
W HIGHWAY 80
W HARRISON RD
FM 349
E OLD HWY 80
WHAWKINS PKWY
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W
B
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D
S
O
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G
ST
FM 1844
E HIGHWAY 80
RUPE HUFFMAN RD
E CENTER ST
FM 2011
FM 2963
BROOKWOOD LN
FM 449
FM 2206
FM 726
GARDINER
M
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PKW
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FM 968
BARK RANCH RD
COUNTRY CLUB RD
N
FM
2087
HW
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S
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2208
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FM
3358
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tillho
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C
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G
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reek
Clarks Creek
Little
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Creek
P
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M
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C
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iver
P
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Little
Cypress
Creek
Johnson
Branch
Mill Creek
C
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C
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M
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ree
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M
oody C
reek
Pope Creek
H
a
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kin
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Clear Creek
M
ill C
reek
M
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M
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reek
Turkey Creek
Little Cypress Creek
E
lm
B
ranch
W
ood C
reek
Barnes C
reek
Grable Creek
M
oo
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ree
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M
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y C
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e
k
Moccasin Creek
C
aney C
reek
School B
ranch
G
la
de C
ree
k
Bog Creek
Rabbit Creek
E
a
g
le
C
re
e
k
M
assey B
ranch
Sabine River
Witcher Creek
Peavine Creek
Little Cypress Bayou
B
ig
h
e
a
d
C
re
e
k
East Texas
Regional
Airport
Areas that Changed in Functional Class
Change in Functional Class
New Thoroughfare Alignments
Highway
Principal Arterial - Other
Proposed Principal Arterial
Minor Arterial
Proposed Minor Arterial
Major Collector
Proposed Major Collector
Minor Collector
Proposed Minor Collector
USA Named Streams and Rivers
0 2,000 4,000 6,000 1,000 Feet
]
Figure17:FunctionalClassChange
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 80
Bicycle Plan
Improvementsrelatedtobicyclistscenteredontheconnectivitybetweenon-streetfacilities
andoff-streettrails.TheCityofLongviewhaspreviouslyidentiedareasoftrailexpansions.By
connectingthesetrailswithfutureon-streetfacilitiestheabilitytotravelacrosstheCitywithout
thedependenceonanautomobilebecomesareality.Figure18highlightthebicyclefacilities
recommendedbythisComprehensivePlan.
Transit Plan
Nochangestothetransitplanarerecommended.
Complete Streets
CompleteStreetsisarelativelynewinitiativethat
aimstomaximizetheutilizationofpublicrights-of-
wayforalltransportationusers,regardlessofageor
ability.Thismethoduseshigh-levelpolicydirection
toinuenceeverydaydecision-makingprocesses
inroadwaydesign,ratherthandesignprescription.
CompleteStreetsisnotaboutspecialprojects,but
aboutchangingtheapproachtoprojectsonallstreets.
Itisanincrementalapproachaimedforlong-term
results.Thesepoliciesutilizetheentireright-of-way
whilefocusingonsafety,comfort,andconvenienceaswellascohesivenesswiththecontextof
thecommunity.CompleteStreetsmakeiteasiertocrossthestreet,walktoshops,andbicycleto
work,whichinturnmakestheCityabetterplacetolive.

Benets
CompleteStreetsimprovesafety,providechoices,reducecosts,andleadtobetterhealthand
strongereconomies.Byconsideringthemanydifferentusersoftheroadway,streetscanbe
designedtoaccommodateeveryoneandimprovethelivabilityofthecommunity.
ImproveSafetyReducedtravelspeedwhichlowersrisktopedestriansandcyclists
aswellasincludepedestrianinfrastructuresuchassidewalks,bicyclelanes,crossings,
medianislands,andcurbextensions.
ProvideChoicesBybuildingsafe,comfortable,andconvenientinfrastructureforother
modesoftransportation,residentsaremorewillingtousethem.
ReducedCostsByreevaluatingtheneedsoftheresidentsandincorporatingcommunity
inputatthebeginningoftheproject,theschedule,scope,andbudgetcanoftenbe
reduced.Narrowingthepavementareawillalsoreducecosts.
BetterHealthWithanagingpopulation,olderadultslooktobemoreactive.This
demographic,alongwithkidsandteens,cannotdriveandlookforpedestrianandbicycle
facilitiestobecomemoreactiveandindependent.
StrongerEconomiesAreasthatprovidesafeandcomfortablewalkabilityhavelower
commercialvacanciesandhigherhomeandofcespacevalues.
Dedicatedbicyclelaneisanexampleofacomplete
street.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
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MARY JANE DR
CLEMENSRD
CLARK ST
W
L
O
O
P
2
8
1
IH 20
G
ILM
E
R
R
D
WINDSOR DR
D
U
N
B
A
R
D
R
MALEDON DR
RYDER DR
TENNERYVILLE RD
SA
B
IN
E
S
T
E COTTON ST
P
IN
E
T
R
E
E
R
D
W NIBLICK ST
S
IL
V
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R
F
A
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L
S
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S
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S
P
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W
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DR
YOUNG ST
GREENLEAF ST
JEWEL DR
F
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2
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9
M
C
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HORTON CI
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W CHERYL ST
REGINA ST
THELMA ST
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HOLLYBROOK DR
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MYRTLE ST
DEAN ST
COLEMAN DR
B
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N
M
A
W
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ARAPAHO ST
MILES ST
REEL RD
E MARSHALL AV
HILLSIDE LN
CASEY CT
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WELLS ST
BROWN
ST
ASAFF ST
M
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DANVILLE CT
CASTLEBERRY ST
TIMBERWOOD
T
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ANNETTE DR
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HOMER AV
BERMUDA LN
MONA DR
ELM CREEK DR
PALISADES BL
C
A
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N
C
T
WALNUT ST
NUECES TR
W HAWKINS PKWY
L
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IA
N
A
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HALE ST
E MELTON ST
P
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C
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GRAYSTONE RD
TIFFA
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S
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W COLLEGE ST
ALICE CI
RUTH DR
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MESA DR
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LUCKETT ST
CASTLEGATE ST
Y
A
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BAYLOR DR
WILSON ST
WFAIRLANE DR
LILAC DR
K
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GRAY ST
WSYCAMORE LN
AMHERST LN
KENWOOD LN
BAYLEE DR
LOVERS LN
HARRISST
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FM
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F
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RUSSELL ST
ROCKDALE ST
T
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WARREN ST
N
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MOCKINGBIRD LN
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RUPE HUFFMAN RD
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BLUE RIDGE PKWY
GLENDA DR
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JONQUIL DR
BRAMLETTE LN
E PLILER PRECISE RD
N
L
A
N
E
W
E
L
L
S
D
R
SPRING ST
GUM S
P
R
IN
G
S
RD
MYRA ST
F
I R
C
T
SIBLEY ST
W
E
S
T
O
N
C
T
E
D
N
A
L
N
G
IB
S
O
N
R
D
TERRACE DR
ORANGE CT
K
E
R
R
I
CT
PINNACLE DR
LULA DR
MAGNOLIA ST
ROBERTS CI
HENDERSON RD
E EDGEFIELD AV
A
M
E
S
B
U
R
Y
C
I
EGLENN DR
P
A
R
K
S
T
VESTA ST
B
U
C
C
A
N
E
E
R
D
R
GRAYSON
CT
J
E
S
S
IC
A
D
R
LEMMONS DR
WWHALEY ST
LEHIGH DR
PEGUES PL
BEATY DR
V
IC
T
O
R
D
R
AZALEA DR
MEADOWBROOK DR
FENTON RD
J
A
R
V
I S
A
V
S
H
W
Y
31
R
I D
G
E
W
O
O
D
D
R
R
O
S
E
M
O
U
N
T
D
R
M
O
O
R
E
S
T
E
A
S
T
S
T
I-20 EAST ACCESS RD
RAYNA DR
L
O
IS
L
N
JASPER CT
P
R
IN
C
E
S
S
L
N
PEARL ST
I-20 WEST ACCESS RD
WELCH ST
GEMI DR
B
E
N
N
Y
S
T
SPRING HILL RD
K
E
L
S
O
T
R
A
C
K
RIDGELEA AV
GLENCREST LN
NIMROD TR
OLIVE ST
LAWNDALE AV
LEVEL ST
K
I M
S
T
CHAPPELL ST
WILLOWD
R
JOPLIN DR
O
A
K
L
A
N
D
DR
W HOPE DR
GREGG TEX RD
WSOUTH ST
D
U
N
C
A
N
S
T
TRISTAN LN
PADON ST
LEONA ST
VALLEY DR
A
T
O
K
A
C
I
S
A
N
D
L
I N
S
T
TEX PACK ST
E BRENTWOOD ST
CREPE MYRTLE LN
JANE ST
W COTTON ST
WHITNEY ST
LAZY LN
H
G
MOSLEY PKWY
N
I X
S
O
N

D
R
M
Y
R
A
L
Y
N
N
L
N
P
A
M
S
T
OAK KNOLL CI
SECLUDED
LN
F
R
E
N
C
H
D
R
E FAIRMONT ST
L
I V
I N
G
S
T
O
N
S
T
WINGATE LN
B
L
U
E
B
O
N
N
E
T

L
N
V
E
L
M
A
S
T
F
L
E
E
T
W
O
O
D
D
R
STONEWALL DR
W
IL
L
O
W
V
IE
W
S
T
CAPACITY DR
F
U
L
T
O
N
R
D
C
A
R
D
I N
A
L
S
T
WINDSONG LN
VICKY DR
SALEM
C
T
OAK ST
OAKWOOD DR
W
B
I R
D
S
O
N
G
S
T
R
U
I D
O
S
O
S
T
PITTMAN ST
HARLEM
AV
R
E
E
V
E
S
S
T
DELLBROOK DR
E
D
D
IE
D
R
B
E
C
K
Y
D
R
RANDLE ST
D
O
G
W
O
O
D
L
N
G
E
N
E
D
R
S
W
E
E
TB
R
IA
R
S
T
CRAIG ST
MCCORD ST
J
A
M
IE
C
T
D
IX
O
N
S
T
PARK DR
D
A
V
IS
S
T
B
A
T
E
S
S
T
SAPPHIRE ST
CLEARWOOD DR
MARY ELLEN DR
B
R
O
N
C
O
S
T
TER
R
A
PIN
CT
SHEFFIELD DR
MAISIE LN
PRUITT ST
G
PR
2290
C
O
U
N
T
R
Y
P
L
N
S
P
U
R
6
3
C
O
L
U
M
B
I A
D
R
CORNELL ST
LINCOLN DR
W
A
T
K
IN
S
S
T
DELMAR ST
A
R
K
A
N
S
A
S
S
T
K
E
IT
H
S
T
S
M
A
L
L
W
O
O
D
D
R
E FAIRLANE DR
SYLVAN DR
PARK
PL
M
A
R
K
D
R
ROWE AV
GARDENIA LN
W
IM
B
E
R
L
Y
S
T
E LOOP 281
FM 2208
LINCO RD
S
P
R
IN
G
D
A
L
E
S
T
C
L
Y
D
E
S
T
BRANDON AV
KIOWA
CT
HUGHES ST
B
E
A
S
L
E
Y
ST
ARDEN ST
LE DUKE BL
J
U
N
IP
E
R
S
T
E METHVIN ST
ALMA ST
ENCORECI
C
A
R
R
I E
L
N
DOCTORCI
J
O
Y
L
N
F
O
U
R
T
E
E
N
T
H
S
T
D
O
U
G
L
A
S
S
T
T
IM
B
E
R
L
IN
E
DR
MAGNOLIA LN
B
A
Y
D
R
E
ANN
D
R
S
J
O
A
N
L
N
R
A
M
B
L
IN
G
R
D
A
S
P
E
N
S
T
E SHOFNER DR
LEEST
W
ILDW
OOD
ST
ALTA ST
N
J
O
A
N
L
N
SHERWOOD DR
ESTATES CT
WOODCREST LN
CRYSTAL ST
WAIN DR
RHETTA DR
H
U
N
T
IN
G
T
O
N
S
T
C
A
N
N
O
N
S
T
WALTER ST
C
O
O
K
LN
N
W
A
R
D
D
R
L
A
T
O
N
I A
S
T
J
O
A
N
I E
D
R
SIOUX CT
EASTWOOD RD
D
O
W
E
L
L
D
R
K
E
N
T
U
C
K
Y
D
R
H
O
M
E
A
V
WGLENN DR
WILLIAMS RD
W LYNNWOOD LN
JONES ST
DEL
R
O
Y
S
T
SHA CT
AGNESS ST
DON KOBLE LN
RALPH ST
JOHNSON
ST
RANEY DR
C
A
B
E
C
D
R
EITELMAN LN
MEMPHIS ST
DENNARDST
S
W
A
R
D
D
R
N
IK
K
I C
T
HUNTSMAN WA
KIMBERLY LN
P
A
L
L
A
D
IO
L
N
P
I E
R
C
E
L
N
LINDSEY LN
N
F
M
2
0
8
7
R
A
W
LE
Y
ST
C
A
R
R
IE

D
R
VALLEY BROOK LN
LESLEY
L
N
VIRGINIA ST
LORI LN
ROLLINS ST
GREGG AV
V
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K
S
B
U
R
G
C
T
TAMMY LYNN DR
M
A
R
T
H
A
D
R
WILKESDR
H
IL
L
C
R
E
S
T
D
R
P
IC
K
E
T
T
S
T
W METHVIN ST
N
O
B
L
E
D
R
L
A
N
E
Y
D
R
E
IG
H
T
H
S
T
JORDAN ST
COLONIAL
DR
K
IN
G
S
LN
STRACENER RD
T
H
O
R
N
T
O
N
S
T
DARNEY ST
DOUBLEWOOD DR
CHASE WOOD WA
G
R
O
V
E
C
T
SPRING CREEK PL
S FM
2087
F
IN
C
H
D
R
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P
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R
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L
C
I
HUBBARDDR
LAURA LN
B
E
T
H
D
R
W
IL
L
O
W
S
P
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IN
G
S
D
R
CUMMINGS ST
BERTHA AV
BUTLER DR
AUREL BL
OWINGS AV
M
O
N
T
IE
S
T
TRAVIS AV
M
A
P
L
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S
T
W
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S
T
D
A
L
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S
T
PLEASANT DR
HUDSON AV
W BANK AL
GREEN OAK DR
HARVARD ST
W
TYLER ST
C
R
O
C
K
E
T
T
S
T
PEARSON LN
M
A
R
T
Y
D
R
T
O
L
E
R
C
T
R
U
B
Y
L
N
HARRIET ST
WEAVER LN
R
IV
E
R
W
O
O
D
DR
D
A
L
E
S
T
FALCON WA
G
A
R
L
A
N
D
R
D
C
O
O
L
A
N
T
L
N
S
S
P
U
R
6
3
A
D
R
IA
N
R
D
ST CLAIR ST
REDBUD LN
CLAY ST
P
A
T
T
Y
C
T
EWINGST
D
O
L
L
A
H
IT
E
L
N
MELISSA ST
B
O
L
T
O
N
A
V
V
IL
L
A
G
E
D
R
HENDERSON LN
PORTER LN
N JEAN DR
C
H
E
R
IE
L
N
M
O
N
T
C
L
A
I R
C
I
H
O
B
S
O
N
R
D
LOST CREEK
CI
NOEL DR
E HAWKINS PKWY
DOWDEN PL
B
O
S
C
O
S
T
R
O
E
N
IA
C
I
LA
G
O
T
R
B
O
L
IV
A
R
S
T
H
A
R
V
E
S
T
L
N
SOUTHLOOPCI
GAY ST
S
U
E
S
T
SHADY TR
C
L
A
R
E
N
D
O
N
S
T
RICHFIELD ST
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A
SH
B
R
IA
R
LN
L
A
W
R
E
N
C
E
D
R
K
E
N
N
E
D
Y
T
R
H
A
L
L
IE
D
R
L
A
D
D
L
N
HOLIDAY ST
HIETT LN
PALSP
K
W
Y
RICE RD
P
IN
E
B
R
O
O
KP L
STEPHANIE ST
SWANCY ST
IVY LN
SHAWNEE DR
BROOKS ST
WOODBROOK CT
SKYLINE DR
RICK DR
PACIFICAV
HILL ST
B
R
A
D
L
E
Y
S
T
C
A
M
E
L
O
T
D
R
C
O
N
R
O
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S
T
WARE ST
W
E
B
S
T
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R
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T
K
ATH
LE
E
N
D
R
S
T
A
N
L
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Y
D
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VINE ST
P
A
T
IO
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T
LAKESIDE
DR
AMY ST
LYNN ST
IRVING ST
ELM ST
PINE RIDGE DR
ASH ST
B
E
L
L
S
T
A
A
R
S
S
T
S
A
N
A
N
T
O
N
I O
S
T
C
O
V
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P
L
WOODEDW
A
BOSTON DR
ENVY LN
BODIES
T
WOODGROVE L
N
BLAKE DR
RICHARDS MHP
HEARNE RD
MYRLE AV
OASIS DR
AMBASSADOR ROW
CHAMPION WA
C
A
T
T
A
IL
L
N
PLAYERD
R
STADIUM DR
CREEKSIDE
DR
FOREST SQ
REX LN
TRACY DR
D
E
E
D
E
E
S
T
BLAINE TR
D
A
W
N
S
T
C
L
A
Y
T
O
N
S
T
S
Y
L
V
IA
S
T
MILTON LN
L
E
T
O
U
R
N
E
A
U
D
R
G
P
R
2173
L L MACKEY PKWY
MOPAC RD
GPR
2
3
1
4
N
O
R
M
A
D
R
AKINDR
SMELLEY RD
MOBILE DR
LARRY DR
WAL ST
BURKS RD
SMALL RD
CLINIC DR
M
C
K
E
S
S
O
N
D
R
JOHNSTON ST
IN
W
O
O
D
R
D
GARMONLN
GPR 1217
RAINBO
W
D
R
H
O
L
L
Y
T
R
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JANET ST
BIG OAK BL
LUCY DR
H
O
L
L
Y
R
ID
G
E
D
R
S
H
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L
T
O
N
S
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KATE ST
MISTLETOE LN
W
IL
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Y
PA
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RD
BELLA TERRA DR
CUMBERLAND DR
S MOSLEY CI
ROTHROCK DR
F
M
2
8
7
9
ALEXIS DR
J
U
A
N
ITA
S
T
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GREEN HILL RD
L
O
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G
A
L
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Y
W
A
JOHN C MURPHY W
A
HW
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M
L
K
B
L
R
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S
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L
L
DR
L
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L
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P
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W
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N
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BOSTIC D
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V
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N
T
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BIRDWELL L
N
MARION DR
E
L
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C
T
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A
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T
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D
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O
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R
D
L
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K
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B
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N
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L
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F
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W
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D
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FOREST DR
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W
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P
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W
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H
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W
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N
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J
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RIDGE DR
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C
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KODAK BL
D
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N
N
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Non-Motorized Mobility
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Schools and ISD Recreation
Trail System
Existing Trails
Proposed Mountain Bike Trail
Suggested Routes
Proposed Trails
Potential Bike Lanes
High Priority Trails
MediumPriority Trails
Existing Parks
Major Employers
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
0 1,000 2,000 500 Feet
]
Figure18:BicyclePlan
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Page 82
Economic Benet
CompleteStreetsaffectthelocaleconomyinvariousways.Byprovidingconvenient
alternativestodriving,suchastransit,walking,orbiking,residentsandvisitorssavemoneyon
transportationcostswhichcanthenbeusedinotherways,suchashousing,restaurants,and
entertainment.Congestioncostscanalsobereducedifresidentsusealternativemodes.
Localbusinessesseethebenetsinimprovingaccesstopeopletravelingbyfootorbicycle.
Byincreasingpedestrianandbicycleactivity,businessesoftenseeincreasedsales.Bicycle
infrastructurecanoftencreatejobsdirectlythroughincreasedtourism,bicyclemanufacturing,
salesandrepair,biketours,andotheractivities.
CompleteStreetsalsospurprivateinvestmentbyimprovingthepublicspaceandmakingit
morepedestrian-andcyclist-friendly.Byrevitalizingpartsofthecommunitywithpedestrian-
onlyplazas,widersidewalks,landscaping,andtrafccalming,privateinvestorsaremore
willingtobuildorredevelopresidential,retail,andofcebuildings.Inadditiontoprivate
investments,propertyvaluesincreasewiththewalkabilityofaneighborhood.Todaysyoung
collegegraduates,whocompriseaworkforcethatcanfurtheraddtoeconomicgrowth,prefer
walkableurbanneighborhoods.
Access Management
Accessmanagementreferstothepracticeofcoordinating
accessconnectionpointsontoaroadwaybyconsideringspecic
designcriteriaforthelocation,spacing,designandoperationof
driveways,medianopeningsandintersections.Generally,asthe
mobilityandcapacityofaroadwayareincreased,theaccessto
aspecicfacilityisdecreasedinordertomaintaintheroadway
efciencyandenhancetrafcsafety.
Accessmanagementprovidesasignicantbenettothe
mobilityandfunctionoftheroadway,andmoreimportantly,
reducesthepotentialforaccidentsbyminimizingspeed
differentialsbetweenvehiclesandturningmovements.Research
hasshownthataccidentratesincreaseconsistentlywithan
increaseinthenumberofroadwayaccesspoints,whileaccident
ratesdecreasewiththeconstructionofraisedmediansand
controlledsignalizedcrossaccess.
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20

259
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Proposed Complete Streets Corridor
Highway
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Proposed Principal Arterial
Minor Arterial
Proposed Minor Arterial
Major Collector
Proposed Major Collector
Minor Collector
Proposed Minor Collector
USA Named Streams and Rivers
0 2,000 1,000 Feet
]
Figure19:ProposedCompleteStreetsCorridors
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 84
TRANSPORTATIONSTRATEGIES
GOAL: PREMIER COMMUNITY
Objective: Ensure infrastructure systems are adequate to meet future demand.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Maintainahierarchyofthoroughfareclassicationsthatwillprovideforsafeand
convenientowoftrafcthroughoutthecommunity.Maintainathoroughfareplanning
processtoensureefcientanddesirableconnectionsbetweenmajorthoroughfares,
neighborhoodsandcommunityfacilities.
Maintainroadwaydesignstandardsinconformancewithafunctionalstreetsystem
classication.Developalternativestandardsforwalkableenvironmentsinspecialareas
withinthecommunity.
Maintainaprocessofassessingefcientaccessandcirculation,andtheidentication
ofnetworkdeciencies.Programimprovementstoexistingtransportationnetwork
linkagestoenhancesystemsafety,carryingcapacity,andreducedcongestion.
Maintainaproactivecapitalimprovementsprogram(CIP)processtoprovideregular
projectschedulingandfundingtoensuresubstantialcompletionoftransportation
systemimprovements.
Coordinate/managecorridoraccesstoenhancethelong-termcorridorviability
throughcoordinateddrivewaysharing,crossaccesseasements,intersectioncontrol
andasapplicable,coordinatedmedianapplicationsorspacingonprincipalarterial
roadways,especiallyalongGeorgeRicheyRoadandretroactivelyalongUS80
betweentheextentsofLoop281.
CoordinatewiththeregionalMPO,forplanningcoordination,proactiveproblem
solving,andfundingandimplementationassistanceofprojectstoenhance
transportationsystemimprovementswithinthecityandETJ.UtilizetheThoroughfare
PlanasavehicletoinformtheMPOplanningandimplementationprocesses.
CoordinatewiththeTexasDepartmentofTransportation(TxDOT)onimprovements
tothestatehighwaysystem.Asappropriate,considerlanduse,economicbenetand
communityimplicationstoplanninginitiatives.
Coordinatewiththecountyand/oradjacentcities,countiesoragenciestoensure
appropriatetransportationsystemconnectionsandasnecessary,coordinated
responsetosystemneeds.
Leveragetransportationinvestmentstoenhancelanduseandeconomicbenet
decisionswithinthecityorstrategiccorridors.Forexample,implementbackageroads
wherepossiblealongbothsidesofIH-20toenhancelanduse/economicbenettothe
city.
Utilizethecollectornetworkofstreetstosupplementthemajorroadwaynetwork,
connectneighborhoodswithcommercialcorridors.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 85
GOAL: HEALTHY LIVING
Objective: Continue to expand the trail system to connect neighborhoods with parks and
other amenities.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
ContinueexpansionoftheHikeandBikeTrailcommunity-widesystem.Utilizeexisting
majorwatershedsand/orotheropenspaceconnectionsforpromotingthetrailsystem
connectivityorexpansion.
Identifyideallocationsandimplementsidewalksalongkeylocalstreetsandall
collectorandarterialstreetsleadingfromneighborhoodstoallparksandtrailswithin
aone-halfmilewalkingdistance.
Onanongoingbasis,identifyandpursueprivate,regional,stateandfederalrevenue
sourcesforfundingmulti-modaltransportationimprovements.
Objective: Create policy for funding and implementation of sidewalks and connectivity
with new development.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Requireallnewdevelopmenttoprovidesidewalksonbothsidesofallcollectorand
minorarterialroadwaysandkeyprincipalarterialswithinthedeveloped/developing
areaofthecity.Establishasidewalk bankforpaymentinlieuofsidewalksfor
developmentsnotlocatedwithinwalkingdistanceofotherdevelopments.
Promotelandusepatternsthatreducethenumberandlengthofautotripsand
supportwalkingandbicycling.Encouragefriendly,walkableenvironmentswithin
keydestinationareasofthecommunitybyofferingincentivestodeveloperssuchas
reducedparkingrequirements.
UsetheThoroughfarePlanasamechanismforsecuringMPOfundingforstreets
withinexistinganddevelopedareasofthecity.
2.1
2.2
2.3
3.1
3.2
3.3
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 86
Objective: Increase access to non-motorized transportation options to promote healthy
living.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Prioritizesidewalkimprovementareasbaseduponpropensitytogeneratepedestrian
trafc,withsaferoutestoschoolsandsaferoutestotransitofhighestpriority.Solicit
availablefundingforthesetypesofpedestrianmobilityaccommodations.
Enhancethesafetypedestriancrossingofmajorthoroughfaresandotherhightrafc
volumestreetsbyprovidingaccessiblepedestriansignalsatnolessthanone-quarter
milespacingwithinthedevelopedareasofthecity.
Implementroaddietsonunder-utilizedminorarterialsandcollectorstreetstoinstall
bikelanesandsidewalks.FocusonthoseroadwaysthatwouldhaveVCof0.64orless
inthe2040projectoftrafcvolumes,includingGreenStreetfromMobberlytoCotton
andMartinLutherKingJrBoulevardfromCottontoEstesParkway.
Createanenhancedpedestrianenvironmentalongkeyentryroadwaysandthose
withadjacentresidentialdevelopmenttoencouragewalkingtolocalretailandservice
destinations,especiallyalongCottonStreetfromHighStreettoMLKJrBoulevardand
alongMobberlyAvenuefromEstesParkwaytoE.Marshall.
WorkwithLongviewTransittoprovideneededenhancementstothepublic
transportationsystemofbusroutes,busstops,andsidewalkaccesstoandfromthe
stops.
Coordinatewithlocalindependentschooldistrictsontransportationsystem
implicationsofproposedschoolfacilityexpansion/needs.Establishproactiveplanning
dialogueandcoordinationtooptimizingtrafcoperationsandschoolsafetyto
specicsiteissues.
ContinueproactiveplanningwiththeLongviewMPO,theEastTexasRegional
MobilityAuthorityand/orotherinterestedagenciestofurtheradvancetheprovision
ofregionalcommuterrailinEastTexas.ChargetheTransportationAdvisoryBoard
withdevelopingactionsaimedatpromotingcommuterrailopportunitytotheCity.
Promoteactivedialogueforlong-terminvestmentwithinoradjacenttotheexisting
railcorridoralongUS80.
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 87
Objective: Add bike lanes that connect to major activity generators
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
InstallbikelanesandsidewalksonGreenStreetbyreducingthetravellanestoone
throughlaneineachdirectionwithturnlanesatkeyintersections,providingadirect
bicyclefacilityconnectionbetweenLeTourneauUniversityandDowntownwhile
servingaresidentialareawithsignicantnon-motorizedaccessneeds.
InstallbikelanesandsidewalksonMartinLutherKingJrBoulevardbyreducingthe
travellanestoonethroughlaneineachdirectionwithturnlanesatkeyintersections,
providingakeynorth-southbicyclefacilitybetweenCottonStreetandEstesParkway
andacrossingofIH20,whileservingaresidentialareawithsignicantnon-motorized
accessneeds.
IntroduceandimplementCompleteStreetconceptstokeycorridorswithintheCity.
5.1
5.2
5.3
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Page 88
GOAL: SAFETY
Objective: Design key streets and high trafc pedestrian areas to include sidewalks and
other pedestrian-friendly amenities.
.................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
CoordinatewithlocalIndependentSchoolDistrictsontransportationsystem
implicationsofproposedschoolfacilityexpansion/needs.Establishproactiveplanning
dialogueandcoordinationtooptimizingtrafcoperationsandschoolsafetyto
specicsiteissues.
Promotelandstrategiesthatfostercreationofwalkableandpedestrianfriendly
places.
6.1
6.2
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 89
Objective: Improve and maintain older existing street networks.
.................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Throughthedevelopmentprocess,secureadditionalright-of-wayatcritical
intersectionstoenabletheimplementationofchannelizedturnmovementsand
adequatepedestrianlandingsandrampsatthecorners.
Identifyanddeneminimumdesignandconstructionstandardstobemetby2025.
Maintainimplementationprioritiesforallstreetimprovementsthroughacapital
improvementsplanningprocess.
Identifyfundingalternativesandresourcesavailableforroadwaymaintenance
implementation.
DevelopapolicyandprogramsforCityconsiderationofpublic/privatepartnerships
anddonationstofundtransportationinfrastructure,amenitiesandaesthetics.
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
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Page 90
GOAL: WELCOMING ENVIRONMENT
Objective: Develop gateway and main corridor standards and themes that generate a
positive rst impression.
.................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Developstreetscape/urbandesignstandardstoenhancetheCitysvisual/aesthetic
appeal(e.g.,designguidelinesforconsistentstreetscape,landscaping,signage,
entrywaytreatments,etc.)ofroadways/speciccorridorswithintheCity,especiallyUS
80fromtheeastandfromthewest,US259fromthenorth,SH31fromthesouthwest,
andUS259andLoop281fromthesouth.OthercorridorstoconsiderincludeEstes
Parkway,MobberlyAvenue,HighStreetandGreenWishboneStreet.
Requirecontextsensitivityandincorporationofthenaturalandbuiltenvironmentinto
thedesignprocessofthetransportationsystem.
Consideralternativetrafcintersectiondesigns,suchasbulb-outs,chicanes,mid-
blocktreatmentsandtrafccirclesorroundaboutsforenhancingstreetaesthetics,as
wellasprovidingfortargetedoperationalenhancements.
Encouragepublic/privateparticipationandcooperationinbeauticationefforts.
Exploreutilizingassistancethatmaybeavailablefromprivate/volunteergroupsto
performurbandesignrelatedprojectsandtohelpmaintainenhancedpublicareas
(e.g.,streetmedians,smalllandscapedareas,intersectioncorners,etc.).
Usethedevelopmentreviewprocesstoevaluateprivateprojectsandtheir
contributionstourbandesigninitiativesortheircompliancewithadoptedstudies/
guidelines.
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
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Transportation and Circulation Plan | Page 91
GOAL: ATTRACT VIBRANT PEOPLE
Objective: Revitalize distressed commercial corridors to attract new investment and
activity.
.................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Alongwithwater/drainagesystemsplanning,usethethoroughfareplanasa
mechanismtofostercatalystarearedevelopmentandrevitalizationtostrategically
identiedlocationswithintheCity.Coordinateinfrastructureinvestmentswithland
planningandeconomicinitiativesoftheCity.
UsetheCIPprocesstoincrementallyidentifyandimplementspecicprojectswithin
target/strategicinvestmentareas.Developaprocesstorankandidentifycatalyst
priorityprojectswithinreinvestmentareas.
GOAL: HOME
Objective: Promote neighborhood stability within SLIP (South Longview Improvement
Program) neighborhoods through a coordinated strategy that addresses housing,
neighborhood economic development, improved infrastructure, cultural programs, and
human services.
.................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Developpedestrian-friendlyaccesstokeycommunityresourcesandareas.Employ
trafccalmingtechniques,asnecessary,tomoderatespeedsandtrafcvolumes,
particularlyonresidentialstreets.
10.1
9.1
9.2
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5
Public Facilities Assessment
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Page 94
Chapter 5: Public Facilities Assessment
OVERVIEW
Providingandmaintainingpublicfacilitiesisessentialtotheprotectionofthehealth,
safety,welfareandqualityoflifeoftheresidentsandbusinessesinLongview.Adequate
landallocationforpublicfacilitiesisnecessarytomaintainhighlevelsofserviceasgrowth
continues.AsLongviewcontinuestoexperiencedevelopmentofresidentialandnonresidential
uses,itbecomesvitalthatthelandallocationneedsforpublicfacilitiesareidentiedbefore
developmentoccursandlimitsoptions.Whensafetyservices(Police/Fire/EMS)areable
toprovidehighlevelsofservice,thecommunityissaferandlowerinsuranceratescanbe
maintained.
Publicfacilitiesthathousethevariousgovernmentalandservicefunctionsofamunicipalityare
generallyoftwotypes:(1)thoserequiringacentraloracommonlocationandthatservethe
entiremunicipalarea,and(2)thoseservingsegmentsofthecommunityonaservice-areabasis.
LongviewsCityHallisanexampleofagovernmentalbuildingthatservestheentirecommunity,
whilelocalrestationsrepresentapublicfacilitythathasaservice-arearelationshipwiththe
community.
Publicfacilitiesshouldbedesignedandconstructedtobeenvironmentallysensitiveand
consistentwiththeurban/suburbanforminwhichtheyarelocated.Theyshouldalsomaintain
desiredlevelsofservicewhereapplicable,maximizetheexistinginfrastructure,andbecost
efcient.Finally,itisimportanttoenhancecommunityfacilitieswherepossible,andidentify
decienciesinordertoaccommodatetheexpectedgrowth.
Planningforpublicfacilitiesisbased,inpart,onattainingadesiredandreasonablelevelof
service.Alevelofservice(LOS)standardisawayfortheCitytomeasuretheservicesbeing
provided.ALOSstandardforpublicfacilitiescanbederivedfromexistingdataorgoals.As
Longviewcontinuestogrow,publicserviceandfacilityneedsshouldbeaddressed.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Public Facilities Assessment | Page 95
EXISTINGFACILITIES
TheCitycurrentlyownsandoperatesapproximately46facilities.Facilitiesrangefromrecreation
centerstorestations(seeFigure20).
City Hall
ManyofLongviewsadministrativedepartmentsandservicesarecurrentlyoperatedout
ofCityHall,whichislocatedonthesouthwesternedgeofDowntown.Otherdepartments
andoperationalservicesaredistributedthroughouttheCity,asshownonFigure20.Table
14outlinesthevariousdepartmentsandnumberofemployees,andshowswhichoperate
outofCityHall.Typically,about25percentofacommunitysemployeesarehousedincity
hall;LongviewissignicantlybelowtheaveragewithonlysixpercenthousedinCityHall.
LongviewsCityHallwasbuiltin1976andhousesthecitymanager,cityattorney,citysecretary,
informationtechnology,waterutilities,nance,andmailroomofces.ParksandRecreation
ofces,notlocatedinCityHall,arenotadequate,andHumanResourcesandPartners
InPreventionareleasingspacedowntown.Thereisnotmuchroomforaccommodating
additionalpersonnelwithoutexpansion.ThepresentCityHallcanexpandslightlytothe
northandsouthofitscurrentlocation.ItispreferablethattheCitymaintainitslocationand
servicesneartheDowntownarea.Thenumberofadditionalemployees(part-timeandfull
time)thatneedtobeaccommodatedinCityHallcouldpotentiallydoublein10yearstomeet
theneedsoftheCitysanticipatedpopulationgrowth.
Library Services and Facilities
CitizensofLongviewandGreggCountyareprovidedlibraryservicethroughtheLongview
PublicLibrary,withapproximately60,000borrowers.Thelibraryiscentrallylocatednearthe
DowntownareadirectlyeastofCityHall.Builtin1987,thelibraryiscurrently35,000square
feet,butisinneedofstudyspaces.Inadditiontothemainlibrary,theBroughtonBranch
LibrarywithintheBroughtonRecreationCenterislocatedinsouthLongviewonSouthMartin
LutherKingJrBoulevard.BroughtonBranchLibraryisinneedofremodeling.
TheAmericanLibraryAssociation(ALA)standardforlibraryspaceinrelationtopopulationis
0.75squarefeetperlibrarypatron.Whenthisratioisappliedtoacityspopulation,itneedsto
beadjustedforthenumberofcitizensthatareactuallylibrarypatrons.Thisadjustmentresults
inaratioof0.50squarefeetperpopulation,whichisusedinTable13toshowthesquare
footageneededforlibraryservicesinLongview.(Populationprojectionsarediscussedwithin
theFutureLandUseChapter.)
2024 2034
Population 83,722* 92,481 102,157
Square Footage
Needed Based on
Adjusted ALA
Standards
41,861 46,240 51,078
Current Square Footage Current Need
Project Population
Basis and Needs
* Population projection is an estimate for 2014 based on compound annual growth rate (see
page 8).
35,000
Table13:CityEmployeesNeeds
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!
City Facilities
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
0 2,000 4,000 1,000 Feet
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1. Fire Station #4
2. Panther Park and Community Center
3. Fire Station #8
4. Fire Station #6
5. Fire Station #7
6. Fire Station #5
7. Public Works Service Center
8. PD Training Building
9. Longview Fairgrounds and Exhibit Building
10. Maude Cobb Activity Center
11. Fire Station #2
12. Fire Training Facility
13. Housing and Community Development
14. Longview Emergency Operations Center
15. Police Annex/CID
16. Mechanical Annex
17. Police Station
18. City Hall
19. Library
20. EMS Central Supply
21. Central Fire Station
22. Historic Longview Depot
23. Broughton Park and Recreation Center
24. Harvey J ohnson Community Center
25. Fire Station #3
26. Paula Martin J ones Recreation Center
27. Green Street Senior Recreation Center
28. Parks and Recreation
29. Stamper Park Resource Center
30. Development Services
31. Parks Operations and Maintenance
32. Fire Training Field
Figure20:CityFacilityLocations
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Public Facilities Assessment | Page 97
Location Department Full-Time Part-Time
LongviewPublic Library Broughton Branch 1 0
Broughton Recreation (801 S. MLK Blvd) Parks Broughton Recreation 3 5
Total Broughton Recreation 4 5
Cherokee Water Purification 6 0
Water Purification Total 6 0
City Attorney 5 0
City Manager 5 2
City Secretary 3 0
Finance 7 0
GIS 2 0
IT 9 0
Parks - Mail Room 1 0
Media Development 2 0
Purchasing 2 0
Utilities 14 0
City Hall Total 50 2
Community Services 6 0
Community Services 6 0
Building Inspections 12 0
Development 3 0
Environmental Health 18 0
Metropolitian Planning Organization 2 0
Planning & Zoning 3 1
Development Services Total 38 1
Fire 25 0
Station #1 Total 25 0
Fire 25 0
Station #2 Total 25 0
Fire 27 0
Station #3 Total 27 0
Fire 12 0
Station #4 Total 12 0
Fire 31 0
Station #5 Total 31 0
Fire 23 0
Station #6 Total 23 0
Fire 12 0
Station #7 Total 12 0
Fire 13 0
Station #8 Total 13 0
Fire 3 0
Training Center Total 3 0
HR & Risk 11 1
Partners in Prevention 5 1
Glover Crim Total 16 2
Parks 2 3
Green Street Recreation Center Total 2 3
Health Clinic 0 2
Health Clinic Total 0 2
Community Development 2 0
Housing 8 1
Housing & Community Development Total 10 1
Lake O' the Pines Water Purification 19 0
Water Supply 2 0
Water Purification Total 21 0
MCAC Operations & Maintenance 1 0
Exhibit Building Total 1 0
Library 17 14
Library Total 17 14
MCAC 7 0
MCAC Total 7 0
Parks Custodial/Service Worker 0 1
Longview Rec Association Total 0 1
Operations & Maintenance 34 0
Parks Operations & Maintenance Total 34 0
PMJ RC 4 7
Paula Martin Jones Total 4 7
Municipal Court 18 1
Police & CID 190 0
Public Safety Communicaitons 44 0
Police Station Total 252 1
City Architect 1 0
Fleet 12 0
GIS 4 0
Public Works Engineering/Administration 6 0
Public Works/Drainage 22 0
Public Works/Streets 18 0
Public Works/Traffic 7 0
Sanitation 30 0
WDWC 52 1
Public Works Total 152 1
Parks Recreation Office 7 4
Parks Recreation Total 7 4
Sabine Water Purification 6 0
Water Purification Total 6 0
Plant Automation Technology 4 0
WWTP 22 1
WWTP Total 26 1
830 45
Police Station (302 W. Cotton St)
Public Works Building (933 Mobile Drive)
Recreation Office (130 Timpson St)
Sabine River Water Treatment Plant (1400 Swinging Bridge Rd)
WWTP (5211 W Loop 281)
Longview Public Library (222 W Cotton St)
Maude Cobb Activity Center (100 Grand Blvd)
Panther Community Center / Park (2511 E George Richey Rd)
Parks Operations & Maintenance (321 Gum St)
Paula Martin Jones Rec Center ((PMJRC) 1230-B S. High St)
Green Street Recreation Center (814 S Green St)
Health Clinic - (815 " A" North 4th St)
Housing & Community Development (1202 N 6th)
Lake O' the Pines Water Treatment Plant (2901 FM 1844)
Longview Exhibit Building (1123 Jaycee Drive)
Employee Counts
City Employee by Location Total
Cherokee Water Treatment Plant (3512 MLK Blvd)
City Hall (300 W. Cotton St)
Development Services (410 S High St)
Community Services Administration (321 Gum St)
Fire Station #1 (200 S. Center St)
Fire Station #2 (708 N. Eastman Rd)
Fire Station #3 (1133 E. Birdsong St)
Fire Station #5 (102 W. Niblick)
Fire Station #4 (2022 E. George Richey Rd)
Fire Station #6 (2808 McCann Rd)
Fire Station #7 (2811 Gilmer Rd)
Fire Station #8 (4508 McCann Rd)
Fire Training Center (411 American Legion Blvd)
Glover Crim Building (140 E. Tyler St)
Table14:CityEmployeesbyLocation
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 98
Baseduponthestandardof0.5squarefeetperperson,thecurrentCitypopulationrequires
nearly41,000squarefeetoflibraryspace.Therefore,thepresentlibraryspaceof35,000
squarefeetisslightlyinsufcienttoservetheexistingpopulation.(Thisdoesnotincludeany
servicecalculationsfortheCountyoutsidetheCitylimitseventhoughtheLibraryofcially
servesastheCountyLibrary.)Thisdecitcorrespondswiththecurrentneedofadditional
studyspace.Itisrecommendedtoaddanadditionallibrarybranchinthefutureasthe
populationcontinuestogrow(seeFigure21forfuturelibrarylocation).
Importanttonoteinthisdiscussionisthatthephraselibraryservicehaschangedinrecent
years.Itisnolongeradequatetoprovideonlybooksandothertraditionalresearchmaterials.
Librariesneedtobemorediverse,withcomputerandinternetrelatedservicesaswell.When
theCityconsidersadditionallibraryservices,thesenewertechnology-relatedservicesalso
needtobeconsideredalongwiththetraditionalprovisions.
ThereareanumberofwaystheLongviewPublicLibrarycouldprovideadditionallibrary
services,ifitisdeterminedthatexpansionofanadditionalbranchisnotfeasiblefornancial
orspatialreasons.Forexample,libraryneedscouldbemetwithasatellitefacilityinanother
partofLongview.Anotheroptiontoprovidesuchservicesisnotwithadditionalbuilding
space,butwithadditionalservicesthatarenottiedtotraditionalbrick-andmortar.These
includeoutreachservices,suchasbookserviceprograms(i.e.,delivery)forchildrenandthe
elderly,tutoringprograms,andcooperative-useprogramswithlocalschooldistricts(i.e.,for
books,researchmaterials,etc.).Othertypesofservicesthatarebecomingmorecommonwith
theadventoftheinternetincludecheckingbooksandresearchmaterialsoutelectronically
withdownloads,payinglatefeeson-line,orre-checkingoutbooksonline.Establishing
suchprogramswouldrequiresomeCityinvestment,butwouldlikelybelessexpensivethan
buildingadditionalfacilitiestomeetshort-termneeds.
Approximate area of
Future Public Library
Branch.
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JANET KAY DR
Figure21:FutureLibraryLocation
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Public Facilities Assessment | Page 99
Police Services
Policeserviceisanextremelyimportantfactorinassessingacommunitysqualityoflife.Safety
isoftenaprimeconsiderationforpeoplewhendecidingwheretoestablishahome.Ahigh
crimerate(orperceptionofcrime)cancausepeopletodecidenottolocateinaparticular
area.Conversely,alowcrimeratecanbeanattractorforpopulationgrowth.Communitieslike
Longviewoftenexperiencepopulationgrowthpartlyduetothefeelingofsafetythatalow
crimerateprovides.
Police Ofcers
WithintheLongviewPoliceDepartment,Longviewcurrentlyhas172policeofcersand62
civilianpersonnel.Overtheyears,theLongviewPoliceDepartmenthasplacedsignicant
importanceonthecommunitypolicingmodelindeterminingtheallocationofpolice
resources.Patrolstafngplansmustmeettheminimumlinestafngtorespondtothe
emergencyandnon-emergencycitizendemands.
TheLongviewPoliceDepartmentmaintainsaPriority1responsetimetoemergencycalls
offewerthanveminutes.Therearemanyfactorsthatmustbeconsideredwhenitcomesto
thedeploymentofpoliceresourcessuchaspolicingphilosophy,policiesandpractices,calls
forservice,population,andavailabilityofpoliceresources.Inordertoeffectivelysustainthe
communitypolicingmodel,anofcerstimemustbecloselymonitoredthroughencumbered
andunencumberedtime.Theirtimeis
monitoredbythetimespentansweringcalls
forservice,conductingadministrativeduties,
(i.e.paperwork,court,etc.)andproviding
proactivepoliceservices.
Whiletherearemanyvaryingpolice
allocationmodelsavailabletodetermine
stafngofpoliceagencies,thevariables
mostimportanttothecommunityandthe
agencyhavetobeconsideredindetermining
theagenciesstafnglevel.TheLongview
PoliceDepartment,reviewsannually,stafng
needstoensuretheyaremeetingthe
demandsofthecommunitytheyserve.
Police Department Facilities
LongviewsPoliceDepartmentcurrently
operatesoutoftwofacilitiesthatarelocatedonCottonStreetdirectlywestofCityHall.These
twofacilitiesareapproximately37,700squarefeettotal.Aportionofthepolicedepartments
37,700squarefootfacilityisdedicatedtothemunicipalcourt.Thesefacilitiesarecurrently
atcapacityforthenumberofpersonnelwithinthedepartment.Thepoliceannexhousesthe
CriminalInvestigationsDivision,thisfacilityisleasedandisalsoatcapacity.GiventhePolice
Departmentwillneedtogrowincorrelationwithpopulationgrowth,thisimmediateneed
shouldbeaddressedassoonaspossible.SeeFigure22forthepotentiallocationoffuture
policesubstation.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 100

20

80

259

259

259

80
1.5 Mile Service Area
(typical)
1.5 Mile Service Area
(typical)
El dervill e
Fire Department
Kil gore
Fire Department
Proposed
Lonview
Fire Station #11
West Harri son
Fire Department
Longview
Fire Station #3
White Oak
Fire Department
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Longview
Fire Station #2
Longview
Fire Station #1
Longview
Fire Station #5
Longview
Fire Station #6
Longview
Fire Station #7
Longview
Fire Station #8
West Harri son
Fire Department
Longview
Fire Station #4
Proposed Longview
Fire Station #9
White Oak
Fire Department
East Mountain
Fire Department
Judson-Metro
Fire Department
West Harri son
Fire Department
Proposed Longview
Fire Station #10
Proposed Location of
Police Department
Substation
Proposed Location
of Regi onal
Fire/Police
Trai ning Center
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Emergency Services
Location Map
Existing 1.5 Mile Service Zone
Proposed Fire Station Location
!
Existing Fire Station Location
!
Proposed Police Substation and
Fire/Police Training Center
Location
Proposed Service Areas
Figure22:EmergencyServicesLocationMap
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Public Facilities Assessment | Page 101
Fire Services and Facilities
Likepoliceservice,reserviceisimportanttoacitysqualityoflife.Inadditiontoghting
res,acommunitysrepersonnelareoftencalledontoprovideemergencymedicalservice
(EMS),alongsidepoliceandtraditionalambulanceservices.Fireserviceandfacilitiesare
thereforeasignicantelementensuringthepublicshealth,safetyandwelfare.Amajor
factorintermsofreprotectionserviceistheservice-areaofrestationstothegeographic
areaofthecommunity.AccordingtotheNationalFireProtectionAgency(NFPA),the
generallyacceptedreserviceareaforurbanareasis1.5miles,whileforruralareas,it
is2.5miles.ThesedistancescorrespondtotheNFPAstandardofa4-minutemaximum
responsetime.ThereisaneedforanadditionalLadderTruckCo.atFireStation#2,withnine
additionalreghters.Also,anadditionalFireEngineCo.isneededatFireStation#8,with
nineadditionalreghters.
Longviewcurrentlyhaseightrestationsusedforreprotectionservices.Thereisalsoa
retrainingfacilitythathastwolocations.Firestations#5,#7,and#8areinneedofeither
renovation/expansionorreconstruction.Thesestationswerebuiltin1985,1971,and1982
respectively.Theageofthesefacilities,reequipmentandtheshiftintrendofmorefemale
reghtershavecausedthesestationstobecomeinadequate.Thesestationsareinagreat
locationandthedesirewouldbefortheirlocationstoremainwhenconsideredforupdating.
TheFireTrainingCenterisalsoinneedofexpansionandconsolidation.Theoutdoor
trainingfacilityislocatedwithinaresidentialneighborhoodthatrequiresrepersonnelto
notifyeachresidentbygoingdoor-to-doorbeforeperformingtraining.Thelocationisnot
conduciveforthenoiseandchemicalsusedduringtraining.Itisrecommendedthatanew
regionalre/policetrainingcenterbeconstructedontheouteredgesofthecitylimits,on
anapproximately20-30-acresite.SeeFigure22forpotentiallocationofanewregionalre/
policetrainingcenter.Thenewfacilitywillallowfortherelocationoftheexistingretraining
eldfromtheStamperParkneighborhoodforbetterqualityoflifeanditwouldprovide
additionalparkspace.
AstheCitygrows,newrestationswillbeneededtomaintainadequatecoverage.For
Longview,theNFPAsurban-areastandardofone-and-one-halfmileshasbeenrecommended
fortheplanningoffuturestations.Figure22showsexistingandrecommendedstation
locationsbasedonthesecoveragestandards.However,basedonfutureannexation,theCity
mayneedtoprovideadditionalcoveragenotcurrentlyproposed.
Population Estimate of
89,064 in 2025
Population Estimate of
97,702 in 2035
168 1.5 Firefighters per 1,000 177 195
Current Ratio of Officers Per Population in Longview: 1.0 per 1,000
Ratio Analysis of Existing and Future Fire Service Needs
Accepted Ratio of Firefighters to Population: 1.5 per 1,000 People
Current # of Firefighters Ratios
Future # of Firefighters Needed
Current Population (Est. 2012): 81,092
Table15:ExistingandFutureFireServiceNeeds
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 102
Parks Operations and Maintenance
TheParksOperationsandMaintenancefacilitylocatedinsouthLongviewonGumStreetis
outdated,needrepairs,andisdecientinspace.Therearecurrently34cityemployeesthat
operatefromthisfacility.ItisrecommendedthatanewParksOperationsandMaintenance
facilitybeconstructedthatwillhelpwiththephysicalexpansionoffutureparks,thatcould
leadtothehiringofmoreemployees.Oneideallocationforthenewfacilitywouldbe
adjacenttoLearPark.LearParkhasundergonerecentrenovationsandexpansion,andits
easyaccesstoWestLoop281wouldprovidegoodvisibility.
Infrastructure Assessment as it Relates to Future Expansion
Planningforandprovidinginfrastructureisperhapsoneofthemostimportantresponsibilities
ofamunicipality.Citizensneedtobesecureintheknowledgethattheycanrelyontheirlocal
governmenttoensurethatthereisadequateandsafewatersupplyandwastewatercapacityfor
currentpopulations,andthatproperplansaredevelopedtoprovideforfuturegrowth.Thereare
numeroustechnicalstudiesthatcanbeusedtoanalyzethesecurrentandfutureneedsforthe
City.This2015ComprehensivePlanisnotintendedtotaketheplaceofthesedetailedtechnical
efforts.ThepurposeoftheComprehensivePlanistodeterminewhethertheCityhasmadeor
plansonundertakingtheseefforts.Thisinfrastructureassessmentisintendedtoprovideavery
briefoverviewofLongviewsinfrastructuresystemandcapacityofthatsysteminrelationtothe
currentpopulationandthefutureprojectedpopulation.
Water and Wastewater Systems
TheCityofLongviewcurrentlyreceivesitswaterforthreedifferentsources:LakeCherokee,
LakeOthePinesandtheSabineRiver.Undernormaloperatingconditions,thewater
collectedfromthesethreesourcesistreatedanddistributedtoelevatedandgroundstorage
tankswiththecapacityofapproximately6milliongallonsofwaterthroughouttheCityinover
600milesofpipeline.TheeastandsoutheastregionsofLongviewreceivewaterfromthe
CherokeeWaterTreatmentPlant.ThewestandsouthwestregionsofLongviewreceivewater
fromtheSabineRiverWaterTreatmentPlant.ThenorthregionreceiveswaterfromtheLake
OthePinesWaterTreatmentPlant.
MuchoftheeasternexpansionareasdiscussedinChapter8donotcurrentlyreceivetheir
waterfromtheCityofLongview.InsteadtheyreceivewaterfromeithertheTryonWater
DistrictorGumSpringsWaterDistrict.TheTryonWaterDistrictservesjustover2,000
residents.ItreceivesmostofitswaterfromLakeOthePinesandCarrizo-WilcoxAquifer.The
GumSpringsWaterDistrictcurrentlypurchasesitswaterfromtheCityofLongview.
TheCityofLongviewsWastewaterTreatmentPlantisdesignedandpermittedtotreatan
annualaverageowof21milliongallonsperday(MGD)andhastheabilitytotreata2-hour
peakowof63MGDofrawsewage.Twenty-onelift-stationssupportthegravitysystemof
morethan800milesofpipebypumpingthesewagethroughmilesofforcemainstothe
TreatmentPlant.Aftergoingthroughtheefuentattheendoftheprocess,thewaterenters
JacksonsCove,andthenowsintoGraceCreek.FromGraceCreek,thewaterowsintothe
SabineRiverandnallyintoToledoBendReservoir.
Asforthewastewaterserviceinthepotentialexpansionareas,Longviewdoesprovideservice
tosomeoftheareasadjacenttoitsCityslimits.TheTryonWaterDistrictalsoprovidesservice
toasmallpercentageofresidentsapproximately330customers.Howeverthemajorityof
propertiesrelyontheirownindependentsepticsystems.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Public Facilities Assessment | Page 103
Water Supply
Longviewsupplieswatertoitsownmunicipalandindustrialcustomersaswellasseveral
smallerentitiesinthesurroundingareaincludingHallsville,WhiteOak,EldervilleWSC,and
GumSpringsWSC.LongviewalsoutilizesitsownwaterrightsonBigSandyCreekandthe
SabineRiver.Thepopulationandwaterdemandprojectionsfromthe2011RegionDWater
PlanshowthatLongviewhasnearlya70percentsurplusinavailablewatersupplythrough
year2060.WhilethepopulationprojectionsintheRegionDWaterPlan,areslightlyless
thantherateofgrowthprojectedinthiscomprehensiveplan,thesignicantsurplusshould
beenoughforLongviewtopursuegrowthinbothpopulationandindustry.Longviewwill
needtocontinuetoinvestinwaterandwastewatertreatmentandcollection/distribution
improvementsandinoverallmaintenanceofthesystem.
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Longview Water Supplies (acre-feet per year)
Longview Water Demands (acre-feet per year)
Figure23:LongviewWaterSupplyComparedtoDemands
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 104
County 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Gregg 75,229 78,835 82,562 86,875 92,714 101,063
Harrison 1,598 1,598 1,598 1,598 1,598 1,598
Total 76,827 80,433 84,160 88,473 94,312 102,661
Entity 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Longview Municipal 10,671 10,812 11,029 11,397 12,149 13,225
Manufacturing 5,300 6,360 7,420 8,480 9,540 10,600
Hallsville 737 737 737 737 737 737
White Oak 1,120 1,120 1,120 1,120 1,120 1,120
Elderville WSC 737 737 737 737 737 737
Gum Springs WSC 1,105 1,105 1,105 1,105 1,105 1,105
Steam Electric 6,161 6,161 6,161 6,161 6,161 6,161
Total 25,831 27,032 28,309 29,737 31,549 33,685
Source 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Cherokee Water Company 16,000 16,000 16,000 16,000 16,000 16,000
NETMWD 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000
Big Sandy Creek 1,120 1,120 1,120 1,120 1,120 1,120
Sabine River Authority 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000
Sabine River ROR 19,337 19,337 19,337 19,337 19,337 19,337
Reuse 6,161 6,161 6,161 6,161 6,161 6,161
Total 82,618 82,618 82,618 82,618 82,618 82,618
Surplus 56,787 55,586 54,309 52,881 51,069 48,933
Longview Population Projections
Longview Water Demands (acre-feet per year)
Longview Water Supplies (acre-feet per year)
Table16:LongviewWaterNeedsProjections
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Public Facilities Assessment | Page 105
RECOMMENDATIONS/EXPLANATIONOFSTRATEGIES
ThefollowingarerecommendationsrelatedtotheCityspublicfacilities.Eachrecommended
strategyisshownwithitsassociatedgoalandobjective(s)fromthevisioningsection.Priority
strategieswillbenotedintheimplementationchapter.
GOAL: Be recognized as the most livable city in East Texas.
Objective: Maintain scal responsibility through evaluating the capital improvements
program on a consistent basis.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Addpublicfacilitiestobeconstructedorrenovatedtothecapitalimprovements
programinordertoplanforfutureavailabilityoffunding.
GOAL: Have quality education through collaborative efforts to reach the highest
educational attainment at all levels.
Objective: Encourage the cooperative programming and shared uses of City and School
District land and facilities to allow for the best use by citizens.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
ExploretheopportunitiestoshareusesbetweentheCityandSchoolDistrictssuch
ashousingalibrarybranchonaschoolcampusorresidentaccesstoschoolgyms.
Schoolauditoriumscouldbeusedforsmallcommunityplaysorevents.Jointuse
agreementsbetweencitiesandschoolshavebeengainingpopularityaslocal
governmentsandschooldistrictsrecognizethecostandspacebenetsoffacility
sharing.FortCollins,acitywith130,000residents,operates11jointpark/schoolsites
asaresultofaninteragencyagreementwiththelocalschooldistrict.Thetwogroups
sharemaintenanceoftheparksaswellasthecostsfortheirrigationwater,delivery
systems,pumphousesandpondsatsevensites.Bycollaboratingwithlocalschool
districts,citieshavesucceededinmaximizingthespaceandresourcesavailableto
them,whileatthesametimeminimizingcosts.Althoughtheyareseparateentities,
localgovernmentandschooldistrictshavemanyofthesamegoals:toservetheir
communitiesbyprovidingeducational,recreationalandculturalopportunities.
1.1
2.1
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Page 106
GOAL: Promote a community that encourages cross-cultural understanding, nurturing,
respect and celebration.
Objective: Expand and support the arts and entertainment venues.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Studythefeasibilityofadditionalconventionoreventspace,suchasamulti-purpose
eventcenter,hotelconferencecenter,orotherentertainmentandmeetingvenues.
Identifypartnershipsandcollaborateonfundingsources.Identifypotentialeventsthat
maybeattractedtoaneweventscenter.
GOAL: Ensure adequate facilities and services to maintain safety of Longviews visitors,
residents and workers.
Objective: Provide the necessary and appropriate technology, buildings, equipment and
people for delivery of quality services now and in the future.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Renovate,expand,orrebuildrestations#5,#7,and#8.Prioritize,inorderof
need,therestationrehabilitationplanandconductinternalpreliminarybuilding
programmingexercise.
Buildaregionalre/policetrainingcenter.Identifyintergovernmentalagenciesfor
possiblepartnershipsandfundingopportunities,andselectsitefornewtraining
centerandacquireproperty.Conductinternalpreliminarybuildingprogramming
exercise.
Expandthepolicedepartmentinordertoconsolidatepersonnel.Movedetectives
fromcurrentleasespacetoapermanentlocation,preferablywithinapolice
department.Considermovingdepartmentstopotentialnewpolicesubstation.
Openapolicesubstation(s)inunderservedareas.Locateatleasttwoareasforpolice
substation(s).Developascheduleandtimelineofsubstationopeningandidentify
numberofpersonnelthatwillbehousedinnewsubstation(s).
BuildanewlibrarybranchinarapidgrowthareaornewlyannexedareaoftheCity.If
orwhentheCityannexesareasintheETJ,evaluatelocationsfornewlibrarybranch.
Determinetheappropriatesizeoflibrarybyissuingacommunitysurvey.
Buildanewparksoperationsandmaintenancefacilityinalocationwithmorevisibility
andtoaccommodateemployees.
BuildanewofcespaceforthepossibilityofCityHallexpansionandconsider
spreadingoutservicessuchasHumanResourcesnotlocatedatCityHall.
3.1
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
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GOAL: Invest in designated areas to create an urban mixed-use environment to attract
people and create a sense of place.
Objective: Support the activities and developments that draw persons from outside the
area to Downtown for the purpose of entertainment, site-seeing and shopping and living.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
ProvideadequateparkingfacilitiesintheDowntownareatoserveexistingandnew
businessesanddevelopmentprojects.
5.1
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6
Parks, Recreation and
Open Space
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Page 110
Chapter 6: Parks, Recreation and Open Space Plan
OVERVIEW
Purpose
ThisParks,RecreationandOpenSpacePlanprovidesaplanningprocess,long-termvision
andtheguidancetomakeinformeddecisions.Itestablishesdirectionforthenext10years
(to2024)tomeetbothcurrentandfuturepark,recreationandopenspaceneeds.Theplanis
intendedtohelpmanageLongviewsparksystemdevelopmentinanorderlyfashionandto
guideimplementationandpolicydecisionsforfuturerecreationamenitiesandparklandneeds.
Theplanidentiescommunitydesiresforrecreationalusesandassociatedparkgrowthareas
aswellasemphasizingtrailrecommendations.ThisplancanaidtheCityinseekingfunding
opportunities.Thisdocumentshouldbeusedasaplanningtoolbycitizens,electedofcials,
boards,theCityCouncil,anddeveloperstounderstandcommunitydesiresandmakecertain
long-termcommunitysuccess.TheplanisintendedtohelpcoordinatelocaleffortsforLongview
andtoworkinconjunctionwithGreggandHarrisoncounties,areaschooldistricts,local
organizationsandsportsleagues,andtheEastTexasCouncilofGovernments.
Longviewspark,recreationandopenspacesystemneedstorespondtotheareasgrowth
andtakeadvantageofnaturalfeatures.Withlargeareascurrentlyunderservicedbyparks,it
isobviousoneofthekeypurposesforthisMasterPlanistobalancenewparkexpansionwith
maintainingexistingparkfacilities.Planningandimplementinganincreasedbutbalanced
parkandtrailsystemwillhelppreservethevaluesthatalreadymakeLongviewanattractive
community.TheCityneedstoprovideincreasedparkservicelevelsthatareconsistentwiththe
citizensdesiresbasedonthisMasterPlansneedsassessment.Thedevelopmentofnewparks,
improvedexistingfacilitiesandexpandedtrailsconnectionswillplayakeyroleinincreasing
qualityoflife.
Specic Objectives of the Parks, Recreation and Open Space Plan
LongviewisauniqueEastTexascommunitywhosediversitygivesitcharacter.Theuniquenessisa
pointofcommunitypride.ThespecicobjectivesofthisPlanareto:
Provideaframeworkfororderlyandconsistentparkplanninganddevelopment
Provideresearchandfactsaboutthecommunitycharacteranddemographics
Establishparksystemstandardsandcriteriatoguidefutureparkdevelopmentandland
acquisition
Guidestaffandelectedofcialdecision-makingforpark,recreationandopenspace
fundinganddevelopment
Identifytheneedforadditionalparkserviceandfacilities
Evaluatethespatialdistributionofexistingparkstomeasureservicelevels
Establishpark,recreationandopenspacegoals
Makecertainfuturegrowthanddevelopmentisaccompaniedwithappropriatepark
servicelevelsandrecreationamenities
Determineneedsbasedoncitizenmeetingsandestablishstandards
Establishrecommendationsandprioritizations
Createaplantohelpwithgrantfundingopportunities
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Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 111
About Longview
ThetownofLongviewitselfwasfoundedintheearly1870s,whentheSouthernPacic
RailroadextendeditstrackfromMarshallinHarrisonCountywestwardintoGreggCounty.
TherailroadbypassedEarpvilleandlaidoutanewtownamiletothewestonlandpurchased
fromOssamusHitchMethvin,Sr.RailroadmanagementcalledthenewsettlementLongview,
reportedlybecauseoftheimpressiveviewfromMethvinshouse,whichwasonwhatisnow
CenterStreet.ApostofcewasestablishedinJanuary1871beforeregularrailservicetothe
townbegan.DuetonancialproblemstheSouthernPacicdelayedfurthertrackconstruction
fortwoyears,andLongviewbecamethewesternterminusoftherailroad.Wagonsfrom
throughoutEastTexasjourneyedtothetown,whichquicklydevelopedasanimportant
regionaltradingcenter.OnMay17,1871,Longviewincorporated,therstcommunityin
GreggCountytodoso.
ThediscoveryoftherichEastTexasoileldintheearly1930ssavedthetownfromthe
harsheconomiceffectsoftheGreatDepression.Locatedseveralmilesoutsidetheoileld,
Longviewwassparedtheworstaspectsofboomtownchaosbutwasabletocapitalizeonits
positionastheestablishedbusinesscenterandgovernmentalseatofGreggCounty.TheCity
wastransformedfromasleepycotton,lumber,andrailroadtownpopulatedlargelybynatives
toathrivingcommercialandindustrialcitydominatedbymostlySouthernnewcomers.The
populationmorethandoubledduringthe1930s,to13,758in1940.
In1942constructionbeganontheBigInchpipeline,whichoriginatedinLongview.From
February13,1943,throughAugust31,1945,thispipelinetransportedmorethan261million
barrelsofcrudeoiltotheEastCoastforrening.
Duringthe1940sand1950sthepopulationofLongviewgrewsteadily,from24,502in1950
to40,050in1960.TheCitysgrowthwasfueledbyagrowingmigrationfromruralareasof
GreggCountyandbytheannexationofneighboringGreggtonandSpringHill.Morerecently
theLongviewmetropolitanareahasspreadeastintoHarrisonCounty.TheCityspopulation
reached45,547in1970and62,762in1980.
EugeneW.McWhorter,LONGVIEW,TX(GREGGCOUNTY),HandbookofTexasOnline(http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/
online/articles/hdl03),accessedJune12,2014.UploadedonJune15,2010.PublishedbytheTexasStateHistoricalAssociation.
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Page 112
Asmentionedinpreviouschapters,Longviewisseeingarevitalizationeffortofitsdowntown
andisakeyregionalmedicalcenter.LongviewisconsideredamajorhubcityforEastTexas,asis
thenearbycityofTyler.Topemployersincludemedicalservices,heavyindustriesandeducation.
TheCityhasfour(4)independentschooldistrictsthatmakeupatleastaportionoftheCity:
Longview,PineTree,SpringHillandHallsville,eachhavingamajorhighschool.Longviewis
hometothe162acreLetourneauUniversitywithanenrollmentof2,800students.Theuniversity
offersfour-yearandtwo-yearundergraduatedegreeprogramsinengineering,technology,the
liberalarts,business,aeronauticalscience,educationandthesciences;plusmastersdegree
programsinbusiness,education,engineeringandpsychology.
Longviewsclimateisattractiveforallweatheractivities.Theannualaveragehighis76.2Fand
theannualaveragelowis55.3Fwithandaveragetemperatureof65.8F.Longviewreceivesan
averageof49inchesofprecipitationayear.TheCityandsurroundingregionfallswithinthepiney
woodsecosystem.Thisecosystemconsistoftemperateconiferousforestdominatedbypinesas
wellassomehardwoodssuchashickoryandoaks.TheSabineRiverisamajorriverwhichows
throughLongview.
Inaddition,Longviewisblessedwithuniquelandcharacteristicsofrollinghillsandishome
tolargewetlandsandgreenbelts,manyofwhichframetheCitysexistinglanduses.These
greenbeltsarenotablelargeandspantheCitynorthtosouthandeasttowest.Theirfeatures
includelowlandterrain,signicanttreecover,habitat,riversandcreeks.AsLongviews
populationincreasedandtheparksystemfurtherdevelops,thesegreenbeltsshouldplayakey
roleindeningcommunitycharacter,senseofopenspaceandrecreationalopportunities.
Location
Longviewisapproximately125mileseastofDallas,Texasand40milesfromtheLouisianaborder.
LongviewisprimarilylocatedinGreggCountywithasmallerportionoftheCityextendinginto
HarrisonCounty.Asofthe2010Census,thepopulationwas80,455withanestimated2012
populationof81,092.LongviewiseasilyaccessiblefromthesouthbyInterstate20andState
Highway31and149andfromtheeastandnorthfromU.S.Highways80and259.Longviewis
theprincipalcityoftheLongviewMetropolitanStatisticalArea(population271,669),comprising
Gregg,UpshurandRuskcounties.
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Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 113
TotalStudyAreacontains
35,689acresintheCityLimitsand
96,800acreswithintheETJ.
Longviews2012populationwasanestimated81,092.
[ ]
ZoneI:11,979acres
ZoneII:17,456acres
ZoneIII:6,254acres
inCityLimits
[ ]
ZoneI:52,296acres
ZoneII:19,569acres
ZoneIII:24,935acres
intheETJ
Study Area and Newly Established Park Planning Areas
TheParks,RecreationandOpenSpacestudyareaincludesLongviewscitylimitsanditsETJ.In
total,theCityhas35,689acreswithinitscitylimitsand96,800acreswithintheETJ.
Thestudyareashavebeendividedintothreeparkplanningzones,seeFigure24.ThePlanning
Teamsinitialassessmentconcludedmanyfactorsinuencedthebenetstosubdividethecitys
parkplanningeffortsandtheyinclude:
Toaddressexistingnaturalandmanmadebarriers
Tohelpunderstandparkserviceneeds
Toaidwithimplementationandparklandacquisitionlocations
TohelpmaintaincontinuityandcharacterforLongview,itshouldbenotedthatthepark
standardsandclassications,inventoryandneedsassessmentarebaseduponthestudyarea
asawhole.Whileman-maderestrictionsarebeingconsidered,notallmajorbarriersthatpose
connectivityandsafetychallengescanbeusedtoseparateplanningareas.Also,theuseofsub
planningareasisnotintendedtodiscourageorlimitconnectivity,parklanddedication,fundingor
creativityinparkdesign.
ZoneIincludesallthelandssouthofU.S.Highway80.ZoneIIincludestheareanorthofU.S.
Highway80andwestofStateHighway502.ZoneIIIincludestheareanorthofU.S.Highway80
andeastofStateHighway502.
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Clark Branch
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Barnes Creek
Grable Creek
Little Cypress Bayou
Moccasin Creek
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G
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Bog Creek
Rabbit Creek
Sabine River
Peavine Creek
M
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Witcher Creek
E
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B
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Park Planning Zones
Park Planning Zones
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
0 1 0.5 Miles
]
Figure24:ParkPlanningZones
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Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 115
Benets of Parks
AccordingtotheAmericanPlanningAssociation(APA),therearefourmainbenetsofparks:
1. Parksprovidepeoplewithcontactwithnature,knowntoconfercertainhealthbenets
andenhancewell-being
2. Physicalactivityopportunitiesinparkshelptoincreasetnessandreduceobesity
3. Parksresourcescanmitigateclimate,air,andwaterpollutionimpactsonpublichealth
4. Citiesneedtoprovidealltypesofparks,toprovidetheirvariouscitizengroupswitha
rangeofhealthbenets
Societysgrowinghealthconsciousnessmakesrecreationalopportunitiesincreasinglyimportant
forallagegroups.Ultimately,thisplanwillhelpenhancequalityoflifeforLongviewresidentsby
promotingincreasedparkservicelevelsandtrailconnections.Withpopulationincreasingfrom
anevergrowingurbanizedarea,Longviewrecognizespreservationofitsopenspaceandparksas
atoppriority.AstheEastTexasregioncontinuestoexpand,citizensarebecomingmoreaware
ofthediminishingamountsofopenspacesaroundtheircommunities.Thisawarenessleadsto
anincreasedinterestinopenspacepreservation.Likewise,rurallandscapesandnaturalareas
includingcreeks,lakes,prairiesandwoodedareas,arereceivingmorevisitorsthanprevious
years.
Researchhasshownthatthequalityofacitysenvironmentsuchasclimate,parkspaceand
naturalresources,playsasignicantfactorinattractingnewresidents.Table17showsthat
climate,parkspaceandnaturalresourceswererankedthehighestbyastudyonhumancapital
investment.Theavailabilityandqualityofopenspacesplayalargeroleindeterminingwhere
peoplechoosetoresideandthereforemaintainingpopulationandeconomicgrowth.Inreturn,
itisimportanttounderstandthetrendsinparksandrecreationintheregiontoensurethat
Longviewcanattractandretainitsresidentsandbusinessesintothefuture.
City Attribute Score Rank (2009) Rank (2007)
Environment - Climate, Park Space, Natural Resources 1106 1 1
Affordability - Cost of Living, including Housing 941 2 4
Entertainment - Arts, Culture, Dining, Music, Recreation 758 3 3
Opportunity - Professional and Personal (for Self or Spouse) 654 4 2
Family - Great Place to Raise Children or Support Elderly 638 5 5
Community - Connectivity and Sense of Place 531 6 6
Image - Appearance and Reputation 481 7 8
People - Backgrounds, Talents, Perspectives 431 8 7
Health and Safety - Care and Protection 378 9 9 (tie)
Transportation - Ease of Travel 266 10 9 (tie)
City Attributes Attracting Americans
Table17:CityAttributesAttractingAmericans.Source:AdaptedfromSchweyer,Allan.NationalTalentMarkets-
2009:AStudybytheHumanCapitalInstitute
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Page 116
The Longview Parks and Recreation Department
AsdepictedinpreviousLongviewPark,RecreationandOpenSpacemasterplans,this2015
updatendsitimportanttoreviewthehistoryofcommunityparkchoicesthathaveledtothe
currentinventoryandservicelevel.Pastdecisionshaveledthegroundworkforfutureneedsand
fundingcriteria.
The City acquired its rst park in 1939 that was aptly named City Park. From 1939 until 1969
the Park Division was operated by The Department of Public Works. Prior to 1969, with only
seven parks consisting of 105 acres, the City didnt seriously feel that parks were necessary
for the well-being and happiness of the citizens. Longview was far behind the national parks
average established by the National Recreation and Parks Association.
This attitude changed in 1969, and the rst Parks and Recreation Director was hired. A
$200,000 bond issue also passed, to be used for the development of a new park and an
upgrade of the seven existing small municipal parks. Additional bond issues were passed in
the late 1970s and again in 1998, and several state and federal grants were obtained during
that time. A subsequent $12.5 million Parks and Recreation bond issue was passed in 2004.
The passage of these bond issues has allowed the City to purchase needed parkland and to
develop and upgrade additional park and athletic sites throughout the community.
Source:2004CityofLongviewParks,RecreationandOpenSpaceMasterPlan.
In2007,Longviewpassed$7.48millioninParksandRecreationbonds.However,the2007bond
fundinghasbeenusedtodateandcurrentlynolargesourcesforparkimprovementfunding
exist.
AccordingtoanarticleintheAmericanJournalofPublicHealth,parkswithmorefeaturesare
morelikelytobeusedforphysicalactivity.Thefollowingamenitiespromotehigherlevelsof
physicalactivity:
Playgrounds
Basketballcourts
Multi-purposerooms(gymnasiums)
Walkingpaths
Swimmingareas
Streetlights
Floodlights
Shadedareas
Drinkingfountains
Additionally,parksthatonlyhaveonefeature,likeaskatepark,havethetendencytoexclude
certaingroupsofpeople.Thesurveyalsorevealedthatcertainparkamenitiescanleadto
lowerlevelsofphysicalactivity.Whiletheseamenitiescanbeusefultocertaingroups,the
amenitieslimittheversatilityofthepark.Thefollowingamenitieshavebeenlinkedtolower
levelsofphysicalactivity:
Picnicshelters
Grills
Topromoteahealthy,livelyparkthatwillattractallcitizenstheparkshouldincorporate
multipleamenities,basedontheareatheparkislocatedwithin.
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Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 117
TheCityhasexperiencedgrowthinbothparkdevelopmentandrecreationalopportunitiesinthe
past45years.Asitapproachesits46thyear,theparksystemincludes41developedrecreation
sites,consistingofneighborhoodparks,communityparks,recreationcenters,linearparks,a
regionalparkandspecialuseparks.Intotal,Longviewhasover650acresoflanddedicatedfor
recreationuse.
Related Plans Current and Previous Park Plans
TheCityhasdoneanoutstandingjobinupdatingtheParksandRecreationmasterplans
approximatelyeveryveyearsstartingin2000,withupdatesin2004,2009andthiscurrent2015
MasterPlan.Otherrecentandrelevantparkplansincludethefollowing:
Trail Master Plan Map
Thismapillustratestheexisting18milesoftrailsinadditiontoproposedtrailroutes.The
futuretrailsarecategorizedbyCity-ownedandprivatelyownedpropertytoshowwhat
propertiestheCityhasundercontrol.
2009 Park System Master Plan
ThemostrecentParkSystemMasterPlanwascompletedin
October2009byBucher,Willis&RatliffCorporation.The2009
plansetaveyeartimeframefortheComprehensiveParks,
Recreation,andOpenSpaceMasterPlan.Itisimportanttonote
this2015planisseenasanextensionofthepastparksystem
plans.Asthiscurrentplanbuildsonthe2004and2009plans,
itdoesnotnditnecessarytocompletelyreinventthewheel,
butrathermoveforwardwithafocusoncontinuingtomeetthe
currentandfutureparkneeds.Whilethepreviousplanstimehas
expired,this2015effortndsitrelevanttoreviewandmaintain
consistencyinplanningdirectionasappropriatelybasedonthe
2015needsassessment.
Topromotethistransition,the2009and2004planswerebothreviewed.Muchofthe
previousparkclassicationandstandardsremainrelevant.Inaddition,reviewofprevious
recommendationsandprioritizationsprovidedaknowledgeframeworkforthisupdate,but
newrecommendationsandprioritizationareprovidedtomeetnewlydiscoveredneedsand
desires.
Park System Master Plan
Prepared by:
Bucher, Willis &Ratliff Corporation
In Association with:
ETC/Leisure Vision, Inc.
FINAL REPORT FINAL REPORT
October 2009
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FLEWELLEN
PARK
INGRAM PARK
/ POOL AND
TENNIS COURTS
SPRING
CREEK
PARK
MAGRILL PARK
/ CITY BUS
TERMINAL
HINSLEY
PARK
PANTHER PARK
AND COMMUNITY
CENTER
SOUTH WARD
COMMUNITY
PARK
WOMACK
FIELD
BIRDIE
PARK
CARGILL
LONG PARK
AKIN
PARK
GUTHRIE
PARK
MCWHORTER
PARK
ROTARY
PARK
HERITAGE
PLAZA
LEAR
PARK
JULIEANNA
PARK
WARD
PARK
PATTERSON
PARK
LEADERS'
CORE PARK
PINEWOOD
PARK
WILLOW
PARK
TIMPSON
PARK
BENNIE
JACKSON
PARK
ROLLINS
PARK
BROUGHTON PARK
AND RECREATION
CENTER
STAMPER
PARK
LOIS
JACKSON
PARK
TEAGUE
PARK
PAUL G.
BOORMAN
TRAIL
LONGVIEW
ARBORETUM
DEPOT
PARK
LONGVIEW
SWIM
CENTER
LONGVIEW HS
TENNIS
COURTS
PAULA MARTIN JONES
RECREATION
CENTER
STRAGENT
DOG PARK
GREEN
STREET SENIOR
RECREATION CENTER
Guthrie
Trai l
Cargill Long
Trai l
Akin
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Paul G. Boorman
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Grace Creek
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Trail System
Existing Trail System
Future Trail Development (City Owned Property)
Proposed Future Trail Development (Privately Owned Property)
Mountain Bike Trail
Existing Parks
Longview City Limits
0 1 0.5 Miles
]
Figure25:TrailSystems
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Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 119
Master Plan for Rice Park, McHaney Park and Trail
DesignandengineeringconsultantshaveassistedtheCityindesigningtrailimprovements
toexistingPaulG.BoormanTrailandtoCargillLongTrail.Theimprovementsincludedtrail
extensionsfromU.S.Highway80toNorthFourthStreet(PaulG.BoormanTrailtoCargillLong
Trail).
Boththeproposedparks,McHaneyParkandRicePark,needtobeillustratedinfuture
parkgrowthandrecommendationmaps.Thesetwonewparksarekeyactionitemstobe
completedwithtrailexpansions.
Lear Park Master Plan
ImplementationcontinuesforLearParkwiththesplashpadexpansionsunderway.Trailsand
eightbaseballeldsremainuncompletedaspartoftheexistingLearParkmasterplan.
Spring Hill Park Master Plan
WalkingtrailsandparkinglotexpansionsremainuncompletedaspartoftheSpringHillPark
MasterPlan.
Longview Arboretum Master Plan
TheLongviewArboretumandNatureCenterisplannedforawoodedareaadjacentto
theMaudeCobbConventionandActivityComplex.TheMasterPlancallsforaphased
developmentofthismuchanticipatedproject.Currently,fundraisingactivitiesareinprogress
tonanceinitialconstruction.
Project Priority Year Current Status
Completion of the Lear Park Master Plan 1 2011 Ongoing
Completion of the Spring Hill Master Plan 2 2011 Ongoing
Trail linkage between Cargill and Paul Boorman 3 2012 Partially implemented
Improve park system security 4 2012 Not complete
Installation of Spray Parks at Community Parks 5 2012
Five new spray parks
completed
Upgrades to Existing Parks: Equipment, Facilities
and Infrastructure: Playgrounds, Restrooms,
Pavilions, Swimming Pools, Lakes, Multi-Purpose
Courts etc.
6 2011/2012/2013
Partially implemented
but on very limited
basis
Construct Practice Fields 7 2013 Not complete
Renovate Athletic Facilities: McWhorter, Hinsley,
Timpson, Broughton, and Stamper/ Womack
8 2013 Not complete
Land acquisition for parks in growth area 9 2014 Not complete
Upgrades/ Repair to Existing Trails 10 2014
Partially complete,
ongoing
Table18:TopPrioritiesofthe2009ParkSystemMasterPlan
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Recent Park Accomplishments Since the 2009 Master Plan
Sincethe2009MasterPlanwasacceptedbytheCityCouncil,theCityofLongviewParksand
RecreationDepartmenthascelebratedthefollowingmilestones:
FY09-10:Purchased9.4acresofland,nowdesignatedforthedevelopmentofThe Green
FY10-11:SpringHillParksplashpadwasdonatedtotheCity
11/5/10:GrandopeningforPaulBoormanTrailphase2
3/2/11:GrandopeningofSpringHilluniversallyaccessibleplayground(donation)
FY11-12:NewrestroomsatRicePark(servesPaulBoormanTrail)andSpringHillPark
(servessplashpadandplayground)
11/11/11:GrandopeningofStragentDogPark(donation)
FY11-12:DepotPark
6/29/12:GrandopeningofJackMannsplashpadphase1
FY12-13:ExpandedplaygroundatMcWhorterPark
FY12-13:OpenedGraceCreekMountainBikeTrail(donation)
FY12-13:ConstructedBennieJacksonParkwalkingtrail
Multi-yearProject:AddingshadetoLearParkathleticelds
FY13-14:RenovationstoAkinTrail
FY13-14:OpenedHinsleyParkdiscgolfcourse
LongviewArboretumMasterPlancompletedandapproved
Completed2007voterapprovedCIPbondprojects
Rehabbed/reconstructedswimmingpools:PaulaMartinJones,LongviewSwimCenter
andIngramPool
FundraisingbeganforconstructionofaMiracleLeagueFieldtobelocatedatLearPark
Comunity Snapshot
PleaseseeChapterOneforfullcommunitydemographicandbaselineassessment.
Plan Developments Process
Longviews2015Park,RecreationandOpenSpacePlanwaspreparedbyFreeseandNichols,Inc.
aspartofthe2015ComprehensivePlan.ThisMasterPlanwaspreparedusingaseveralkeytask
andisconsistentwithTexasParksandWildlifeMasterPlanGuidelines.
Task of the Park Plan Development
Task 1- Public and Committee Input
ThersttaskinvolvedpublicandcommitteeinputaspartoftheComprehensivePlanning
processandspannedmuchoftheproject.Inputwasgatheredattwopublicmeetings,
multipleparksubcommitteemeetingsandanonlinesurvey.
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Task 2- Goals and Objectives
Next,goalsandobjectivesweredevelopedaspartoftheComprehensivePlanprocessand
specicparksandrecreationsobjectivesweredeveloped.Thegoalsandobjectiveswere
furtherrenedthroughouttheprocessandhelpedtoinformrecommendations.
Task 3- Context and Baseline Data
Theintroductionportionofthedocumentwascreatedtodenetheoverallcontentsand
factorsinuencingthemasterplan.Suchinuencesincludeparksbackground,history,
existingplansandareagrowthtrends.Reviewsofexistingparkplansandpreviousplanning
documentssetthestagefortheplanningteamtobetterunderstandhowpastCityefforts
haveproducedtheexistingparkstatus.
Workingmaps,aerialsandGISinformationwascollectedasaknowledgebaseofassessment.
AreviewofrelevantdemographicsoftheCitywasconductedtounderstandcurrentand
futuretrendsaffectingparksandopenspace.Variablessuchasageandfamilycomposition
canhelptheCitymakecertainthatappropriateparkfacilitiesareselectedandprioritizedto
meetdemographictrends.
Task 4- Park Classications and Standards
ThistaskincludedrenementoflocalparkstandardstomakecertainLongviewsinuences
andpreferencesarecorrectlymatchedwithavailablelands,economicandnaturalresources.
Longviewsexistingparkfacilitieswerecomparedtopastmasterplansandtonational
standardspublishedbytheNationalRecreationandParkAssociation(NRPA).Appropriate
adjustmentsweremadetoparkdenitions,sizesandservicelevelstobetteralignwith
Longviewsparksystem.
Task 5- Inventory
Next,aninventoryoftheexistingparksystemandafacilitymatrixwasdevelopedthat
identiedparktypes,trails,amenitiesandexistingparkacres.Thistaskreliedheavilyon
theCityscurrentparkmatrixanddescriptions.Thepurposeofthistaskwastodevelopa
thoroughunderstandingoftherecreationsystemasitstandstoday.
Task 6- Needs Assessment
Oneofthemostimportanttasksistoestablishalocalneedsassessmenttodeterminethe
parkandrecreationneedsofthecommunity.Thistaskincludedaseriesofstepsrevolving
aroundthreeassessmenttypes:demand,standardsandresources.Publicmeetings,anonline
survey,mappingexerciseandcommitteediscussionsallformulatedthedemand-based
criteria.Theplanningteamusedseveralstandard-basedanalysestoestablishabaselineand
tocomparelevelsofservice.Thisshowshowwellcitizensneedsarebeingmetbasedon
acres,facilityquantitiesandserviceareas.Andnally,research,interviewsanddatagathering
helpedtoidentifyresource-basedopportunities.
Task 7- Recommendations and Prioritization
Thisstepblendedprevioustasksintoworkablesolutions.Theresultsareparkandrecreation
recommendations.Task7involvedaprocessofrankingtheprioritiesforfutureparkfacilities,
trailsandparkdevelopmentfromhighestexpressedneedstolowestexpressedneeds.
Citizenandcommitteeinputobtainedduringtheprevioustaskswereusedtodetermine
prioritiesforrecreationopportunities.ThisMasterPlandocumentestablishestheguidelines
thatwilldirecttheacquisition,development,andmaintenanceofparks,recreationareasand
openspacesforthenextveyears.
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Goals and Objectives
Pleaseseechapter2,TheLongViewforcommunitygoalsandobjectives.
AREAANDFACILITYCONCEPTSANDSTANDARDS
Traditionally,themostcommonstandardsforparkplanningusedbycitiesthroughoutTexasand
theUnitedStateshavebeenthepublishedguidelinesbytheNRPA.AstheNRPAguidelines
provideintheirintroduction,theyrecognizedtheimportanceofestablishingandusingparkand
recreationstandardsas:
1. ANationalexpressionofminimumacceptablefacilitiesforthecitizensofurbanandrural
communities.
2. Aguidelinetodeterminelandrequirementsforvariouskindsofparkandrecreationareas
andfacilities.
3. Abasisforrelatingrecreationneedstospatialanalysiswithinacommunitywidesystemof
parksandopenspaceareas.
4. Oneofthemajorstructuringelementsthatcanbeusedtoguideandassistregional
development.
5. Ameanstojustifytheneedofparksandopenspacewithintheoveralllandusepatternof
aregionorcommunity.
Thepurposeoftheclassicationsandstandardsistoestablishguidelinesforparksandtrails.
Theseclassicationsbalanceamenitiesandaccessyetareappropriateforthecommunitys
sizeandexistingconditions.Thefollowingclassicationsandgeneralconsiderationswere
developedtopromoteaparksystemthatismeasurableandsupportsthecommunitysvision.
Theclassicationscreateahierarchyofparktypesthroughsizes,location,recreationaltypesand
serviceareas.TheseparkstandardsareuniquetoLongview,tocapitalizeonlocalfeaturesand
communitydesires.
Longviewsclassicationsweredevelopedbasedonmanyfactors.First,theNationalRecreation
andParkAssociationsPark,Recreation,OpenSpaceandGreenwayGuidelines,published
in1995,wereusedasabaselinetooltodetermineparktypesbutwithsomemodications.
Justicationformodicationswerebasedonthecommunityssize,communityinput,arealistic
approachtoimplementation,andthecurrentandfutureneedsofthecommunity.Onlythe
parktypesselectedforLongviewareshowninthissection.Itpromotesnewaccessforcurrent
neighborhoodsandhelpstocreateappropriateservicelevelsforfuturedevelopments.In
addition,theclassicationsconsiderlocalresources,culturalfactorsandphysicallandattributes
suchastheabundanceofoodplainareas.
Existinginventory,parkclassicationsandtheneedsassessmentworkhand-in-handin
determiningtheultimateparkrecommendations.Analysisonthecommunityssizeandthesize
ofexistingparkswerealsoconductedtodetermineparkclassications.Traditionalclassications
formini,neighborhoodandcommunityparkswereanalyzed,includingtheirrespectiveservice
radiusandrecreationalfeaturesincomparisontothecitysphysicallayout.Itwasdetermined
thatsixprimaryclassicationsareappropriateforLongview.Thetraditionalneighborhood
andcommunityparktypeswillbewellservedwithclose-to-hometypeparks.Larger,all-
encompassingtypeparkswillbeprovidedintheregionalparkcategory.Thenaltwopark
classicationsincludegreenbelt/trailparksandspecialuseparks,bothtypesusuallyexhibiting
singleamenitytypes,speciallocationsorverytargetedusers.
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WhiletheminiparkclassicationhasbeenusedbyLongviewforseveralpastParkand
RecreationalMasterPlans,onlygeneraldescriptionsareprovidedinthis2015MasterPlan.
Also,duetothefactthatLongviewwasfoundtobehighlyunderservicedbyneighborhood
andcommunityparks,thestrategiesforclose-to-homeparksdonotrelyonminiparksbut
rathertheothertwoclose-to-homeparkcategories.Thisstrategyaimstogetthemostoutof
limitednancialresourcesfortheneededparklandacreagesandneededincreasedservice
levels.Focusingontheclose-to-hometypeclassicationswillbetterpositionthecommunity
towardsreachingtheirparkgoals.Whileminiparkclassicationsarenotbeingdeterminedas
astandard,theuseofminiparksisnotdiscouragedforfuturemasterplanneddevelopment,as
longasneighborhoodandcommunityparkservicelevelsaremet.Essentially,thecommunity
couldgetmorebangforthebuckbytargetingneighborhoodandcommunityparksservicearea
capabilities.
Thefollowingidentiesclassicationsforparksandtrails,includingtheirdescription,sizeand
servicearea,locationandsiteselectionanddevelopmentconsiderations.Onceestablished,
theseguidelineswillthenbeapplicabletoformaparksystemthatisresponsivetothe
communitysneeds.
Mini Park
Aminiparkisasmallpublicpark
thatservesuptoa1/4mileradius
andisnormallylocatedwithina
residentialarea.Miniparksgenerally
rangeinsizefrom2,500squarefeet
tooneacreandusuallycontaina
playgroundandpicnicarea.Many
ofthesearebuiltbydevelopersand
canbeoperatedandmaintainedbya
homeownersassociation.
Figure26:Aconceptualminipark
Pocket Park 0.25 to 0.5 acres 1 acres or less About 0.25 mile radius NA
Neighborhood Park 1.0 to 2.0 acres 2.0 to 10.0 acres
About 0.5 mile radius,
or single neighborhood
2.0 acres
Community Park 5.0 to 8.0 acres 20.0 to 40.0 acres
1.0 mile radius up to 2.0
mile, multiple
neighborhoods
6.0 acres
Sub total 6.25 to 10.5 acres 8.0 acres
Other Parks
Special Use Park Varies Varies by use Varies by use Varies
Linear Park/Greenway Varies Varies Varies Varies
Regional Park 5.0 to 10.0 acres 150.0+ acres
Varies by uses, large
portion of the City
5.0 to 10.0 acres
Sub total 5.0 to 10.0 acres 7.5 acres
TOTAL 11.25 to 20.5 acres 15.5 acres
Longview Park Standards
Recommended
Acres per 1,000
Persons
Park Type
NRPA Recommended
Standards Acres per
1,000 Persons
Recommended
Size
Recommended Service
Area
Table19:LongviewParkStandards
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Neighborhood Parks
NeighborhoodparksarethefoundationforLongviewsparksystem.Thesemedium-sizedparks
aregenerallycentrallylocatedinaneighborhood.Neighborhoodparksaddressanisolated
development,limitedpopulationorsmallgroupofresidents.Thesetypesofparksgenerallyonly
serveasingleneighborhoodunit.Theycanserveasaneighborhoodscentertodenecharacter
orasaplace-makingelement.Inaddition,neighborhoodparkscanbeusedasaneighborhood
stabilizationtechniquetoincreasebranding,propertyvaluesandthelivabilityforspecic
neighborhoods.Theseparksshouldbeveryaccessible.
Neighborhoodparksgenerallyhavemoretargetedprogrammingthancommunityparksand
provideclose-to-homeparkservices.Theycanofferarangeofpassiveandactiverecreational
amenitiesfromplaygroundstosportscourts,totrailaccessandareasforfamilyfunctions.
Neighborhoodparksarenotusuallydesignedforheavyusebyorganizedteamsports.
Size, Service Area and Service Levels
Neighborhoodparksshouldbebetweentwoandtenacresinsize;however,theycanbe
greaterinsizethantenacresdependingonfunction,surroundingdevelopmentandland
attributes.Theirserviceareaincludes0.5mileradius.Therecommendedservicelevelis2.0
acresofneighborhoodparksper1,000residents.
Locations and Site Selection
Neighborhoodparksarebestlocatednearthegeographiccenterofaresidentialareasor
centraltoseveralneighborhoods.Whilepopulationdensitiesplayaroleintheirpositionin
thecommunity,theirlocationselectionisoftenjustieduponspatialneedbasedona0.5mile
servicearea.
Generally,neighborhoodparksshouldnotbelocatedalongheavilytraveledstreets.
Accessibilitybywayoftrailsandsidewalksorlow-volumeresidentialstreetsincreasesuseand
viability.Theparkshouldhaveadequatesoilsforsustainingplantings.Generally,theirsites
shouldbeagentleslopetoincreaseusabilityandshouldproperlydraintoallowsafeuse.
Streetaccessshouldberequiredonatleastonesideofthepark.Placementneargreenbelts
andtrailcorridorswillhelptoprovidetrailaccessandconnectivitytoparksthroughoutthe
communityssystem.
Whenpossible,newparksandparkexpansionsshouldconsiderparkvisibilityfromadjacent
roadways.Insomecases,existingparkscouldbeexpandedtowardsmajorroadwaysasa
placemakingtechniqueandrevitalizationeffort.
Implementthe2009UrbanGraphicsMasterPlansareaidentitysignageprogramat
existingparks
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Development Considerations
Additionalresidentinputmaybeconsideredduringdesignphases
Somevehicularsurfaceparking,inadditiontoon-streetparking,maybeneededand
shouldbebasedontheindividualparkdesign,usersandprogramming
Safepedestrianaccessshouldbeprovidedtotheparkandincludesafeinternal
circulation
Trailaccessshouldbeprovidedwhenadjacenttotrailcorridors
Parksmaybelocatedalongatrailsystemandserveasatrailaccesssite
Protectionfromthesunshouldbeconsideredthroughshadestructuresortrees
Facilitiesshouldhaveaestheticlandscapeplantings
ParksignageshouldincludeareaidentitysignsconsistentwiththeCityofLongview2009
UrbanGraphicsMasterPlan.Additionaltrailsignsandpostedadministrativerequirements
arerecommendedwhereappropriate.
TypicalamenitiesprovidedforNeighborhoodParksinclude:
o Childrensplaygroundwithfallsurfaceandequipment
o Hardsurfaceplayareasorcourtgamessuchasbasketball,tennisandvolleyball
o Limitedsporteld(s)
o Smalllawnforpassivenon-organizedplaysuchastossorFrisbee
o Pavilions
o Looptrailsandtrailheadconnectionstoanyadjacentcity-widetrailsystem
o Passiverecreationelementsandsitefurnishingsuchastables,benches,trash
receptacles,bikeracks,walksandsmallshadestructuresorpavilions
o Gardensorwaterfeatures
Figure27:NeighborhoodParkConceptualPlan
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Community Parks
CommunityParksarelargerinsizethanneighborhoodparks.Theirfocusisonservingabroad
populationtomeettherecreationalneedsforseveralneighborhoodsoralargegeographic
sectionofthecommunity.Communityparksincludeawiderangeofactiveandpassiverecreation
opportunities.Theycanhelptoprovidethoserecreationalneedsnotfeaturedatneighborhood
parks.Theseparksmayalsoservetopreservenaturalresourcesincludingcreeks,streams,slopes,
greenbeltsoroodplainareas.Communityparksconsistofamenitiesforallusergroupsand
shouldincludefacilitiesfororganizedteamsports.Communityparkscanalsoincludeanarrayof
specialrecreationalamenitieslikesportscomplexes,atrailnetwork,tness-focusedequipment
andeducationalfacilities.
Size and Service Area
OptimalsizeforLongviewscommunityparksarebetween20and40acres.Eachparkssize
shouldbedeterminedbasedonintendedusesandpopulationsbeingserved.Theservice
areashouldbea1mileradiusbutcanbeuptoa2mileradius.Therecommendedservice
levelis6acresofneighborhoodparksper1,000residents.
Locations and Site Selection
Communityparksshouldbeintegratedtomaximizeserviceareasandaccessibilitywhile
minimizingunnecessaryoverlapinservicelevelcoverage.Siteselectionsshouldconsider
thephysicalbarrierssuchashighways.Adequatevehicularaccessandparkingshouldbe
provided.Thesitemayincludepreserveareasforpassiverecreationbutthesitesslopesand
soilsshouldaccommodatesafeuseforparkfacilitiesandallowproperdrainage.Community
parksshouldincorporatenaturefeatureswhenpossibleandcouldbesituatedalong
greenbeltstoincludenatureareasandaccesstoadjacenttrailsystems.
Whenpossible,newparksandparkexpansionsshouldconsiderparkvisibilityfromadjacent
roadways.Insomecases,existingparkscouldbeexpandedtowardsmajorroadwaysasa
placemakingtechniqueandrevitalizationeffort.
Anexampleofacommunitypark
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Development Considerations
Additionalcommunityinputmaybeconsideredduringdesignphases
Vehicularparkingshouldberequiredbasedontheindividualparksprogramming
Safepedestrianaccessshouldbeprovidedtotheparkandasinternalcirculation
Trailaccessshouldbeprovidedwhenadjacenttotrailcorridors
Parksmaybelocatedalongatrailsystemandserveastrailaccesssites
Protectionfromthesunshouldbeconsideredthroughshadestructuresortrees
Facilitiesshouldhaveaestheticlandscapeplantings
ParksignageshouldincludeareaidentitysignsconsistentwiththeCityofLongview2009
UrbanGraphicsMasterPlan.Additionaltrailsignsandpostedadministrativerequirements
isrecommendedwhereappropriate.
Typicalamenitiesprovidedforneighborhoodparkscouldinclude:
o Childrensplaygroundwithfallsurfaceandequipment
o Hardsurfaceplayareasorcourtgamessuchasbasketball,tennisandvolleyball
o Sportandpracticeeldsfororganizedteamsports
o Walkinglooptrails,accesstotrailsystemsandtrailheadconnectionstoany
adjacentcity-widetrailsystem
o Splashpadsorswimmingpool
o Openlawnforpassivenon-organizedplaysuchastossorfrisbee
o Passiverecreationelementsandsitefurnishingsuchastables,benches,trash
receptacles,bikeracks,walksandsmallshadestructuresorpavilions
o Pavilionsormulti-purposestructuresforfamilyeventsoractivities
o Restrooms
o Supportfacilitiessuchasmaintenancebuildings
o Naturalorpreservedareasincludinguniqueterrain,oodplains,greenbeltsor
waterfeatures
Examplesofacommunitypark
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Social/Cultural/Historic Sites
Plaza,square,municipalsiteor
historicsite
Recreational Facilities
Seniorcenter,golfcourse,
naturecenter,communitycenter
oraquaticfacility
Outdoor Recreational Facilities
Stadiumorsportscomplexfor
singletypeevent
1 2 3
Special Use Parks
Specialuseparkscancoverawiderangeoffacilitiesanddescriptionsbutaremostlikelyoriented
forasinglepurpose.Thesetypesofparksservethecommunityinmanywaysincludingeconomic
development,deningcharacterandpromotingcommunitypride.Theiractivitiescaninclude
singleusessuchasperformingarts,gardensoracommunitycenter.Specialuseparksgenerally
fallintothreecategories:
Size and Service Area
Specialuseparksvaryinsizedependingonprogramming,locationandnaturalfeatures.
Generallyadestinationpoint,theirserviceareaistheentirecommunity.
Locations and Site Selection
Duetothetargetedprogramelementoftheseparks,therearenospecicsiteselection
criteria.However,thesiteshouldconsiderexistingpointsofinterestandavailableland.
Specialuseparksshouldbevisibleandtintothecommunitysexistingdevelopment
patterns.Theirlocationsshouldserveasahubtosurroundinguses.
Whenpossible,newparksandparkexpansionsshouldconsiderparkvisibilityfromadjacent
roadways.Insomecases,existingparkscouldbeexpandedtowardsmajorroadwaysasa
placemakingtechniqueandrevitalizationeffort.

Development Considerations
Additionalcommunityinputcouldbeconsideredduringdesignphases
Vehicularparkingshouldberequiredbasedontheindividualparksprogramming
Safepedestrianaccessshouldbeprovidedtotheparkandasinternalcirculation
Designforspecialuseparksshouldconsiderthecommunitiesoverallcharacterand
theirimpactforeconomic
development
Facilitiesshouldhave
aestheticlandscape
plantings
Parksignageshouldinclude
areaidentitysignsconsistent
withtheCityofLongview
2009UrbanGraphics
MasterPlan.Additional
trailsignsandposted
administrativerequirements
isrecommendedwhere
appropriate
Figure28:SpecialUseParkConceptualPlan
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Regional Parks
RegionalParksarethelargestparkclassicationforLongviewsparksystem.Theyprovide
recreationalamenitiestotheentirecommunityandevenserveasahubforsurrounding
communities.Often,regionalparkshelptoprotectandshowcasevaluablenaturalresourcessuch
ashabitatpreservesorbodiesofwater.Regionalparksincludeaverywiderangeofactiveand
passiverecreationopportunities.Theycanhelptoprovidethoserecreationalneedsnotfeatured
atneighborhoodparks.Thesetypesofparkscanbeaneconomicgeneratorbyattractingleague
playandsportstournamentsfromseveralcommunitiesorevenotherpartsofthestate.Regional
parkshavedynamicprogrammingofferingsandareappropriateinsizetohostcommunityevents.

Size and Service Area


Whilesizecanvarybynationalstandards,Longviewsregionalparksarelikelygreaterthan
150acresandcanbemuchlarger.Theirsizesshouldbedeterminedbasedonintendeduses,
availablelands,naturalresourcesandotherspecialprogrammingrequirements.Theservice
areaistheentirecommunity.Therecommendedservicelevelisbetween5and10acresof
regionalparksper1,000residents.
Locations and Site Selection
Regionalparksshouldbeintegratedtomaximizeserviceareas.Theirspeciclocationswill
likelybebasedonnaturalamenitiesandpreserves.Manytimes,regionalparklocationsare
solelybasedonavailablelandstoaccommodatesuchlargesites.Siteselectionsshould
considerregionalaccessandconvenientwayndingforvisitors.Also,highlyvisiblelocations
supportthegreatereconomicimpactregionalparkscanhave.
Aswithotherparks,adequatevehicularaccessandparkingshouldbeprovided.Thesite
mayincludepreserveareasforpassiverecreationbutthesitesslopesandsoilsshould
accommodatesafeuseforparkfacilitiesandallowproperdrainage.Theseparksshould
incorporatenaturefeatureswhenpossibleandcouldbesituatedalonggreenbeltstoinclude
natureareasandaccesstoadjacenttrailsystems.
Whenpossible,newparksandparkexpansionsshouldconsiderparkvisibilityfromadjacent
roadways.Insomecases,existingparkscouldbeexpandedtowardsmajorroadwaysasa
placemakingtechniqueandrevitalizationeffort.
Regionalparksserveasahubforsurroundingcommunities
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Development Considerations
City-wideParksandRecreationalofcesandmaintenancefacilities
Additionalcommunityinputmaybeconsideredduringdesignphases
Vehicularparkingshouldberequiredbasedontheindividualparksprogramming
Safepedestrianaccessshouldbeprovidedtotheparkandasinternalcirculation
Trailaccessshouldbeprovidedwhenadjacenttotrailcorridors
Parksmaybelocatedalongatrailsystemandserveastrailaccesssites
Protectionfromthesunshouldbeconsideredthroughshadestructuresortrees
Facilitiesshouldhaveaestheticlandscapeplantings
ParksignageshouldincludeareaidentitysignsconsistentwiththeCityofLongview2009
UrbanGraphicsMasterPlan.Additionaltrailsignsandpostedadministrativerequirements
isrecommendedwhereappropriate.
Typicalamenitiesprovidedforregionalparkscouldinclude:
o Destinationchildrensplaygroundwithfallsurfaceandequipment
o Hardsurfaceplayareasorcourtgamessuchasbasketball,tennisandvolleyball
o Largesportcomplexesandpracticeeldsfororganizedteamsports
o Walkinglooptrails,accesstotrailsystemsandtrailheadconnectionstoany
adjacentcity-widetrailsystem
o Lightedfacilities
o Watersportssuchaskayakingorshing
o Amphitheatersandeducationalfacilities
o Splashpadsorswimmingpool
o Openlawnforpassivenon-organizedplaysuchastossPassiverecreationelements
andsitefurnishingsuchastables,benches,trashreceptacles,bikeracks,walksand
smallshadestructuresorpavilions
o Pavilionsormulti-purposestructuresforfamilyeventsoractivities
o Restrooms
o Supportfacilitiessuchasmaintenancebuildings
o Naturalorpreservedareasincludinguniqueterrain,oodplains,greenbeltsor
waterfeatures
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Linear or Greenway Parks
Linearorgreenwayparksarelandssetasideforpreservingnaturalfeatures,man-maderesources,
uniquelandscapes,openspaceorvisualaesthetics.Theseareascanserveastrailcorridorsand
passiverecreationalamenities.Inaddition,thesesystemsareusedtoprotectwildlifeandnatural
processesorprovideforoodwaysordrainage.
Linearorgreenwayparkscanhelpcreatesiteamenitiesforadjacentusesandshouldbethought
ofasacommunityasset.Maintenanceisgenerallynotamajorfactorasmuchofthespace
isnon-programmable.However,occasionalmaintenanceandsafetycheckswillbeneeded.
Thesetypesofrecreationareashavemanyimportantfunctionsincludingconnectingparksand
pointsofinterestwithintheCity.Also,theyemphasizenaturalenvironmentswhileallowingfor
uninterruptedpedestrianmovementsthroughouttheCity.Finally,theyprovideauniquesenseof
placeandcanenhancepropertyvalues.
Size, Service Area and Service Levels
Standardsizesandservicelevelsarenotapplicablebecausemuchoftheexistinglandis
denedbyexistingnaturalfeatures.Essentially,preservingtheexistinggreenwaysdenes
servicelevel,withvaryingpopulationsbeingservedbasedoncurrentandfuturedensities.
ServiceareasincludetheentireCity.
Locations and Site Selection
Resourceavailabilityandnaturalcorridorsaretheprimarydeterminantsforlocations.
Coordinationwithfuturetraillocationsandneighborhoodaccesswillalsobemajorfactors.
Integratingthesetypesofparksandspacesintotheparksystemoftenrequirescoordination
withresourceagenciessuchastheU.S.ArmyCorpsofEngineers.Inaddition,accessmay
requireuniqueacquisitionsorconsiderationofpublic-privatepartnerships.
Development Considerations
Additionalcommunityinputcouldbeconsideredduringdesignphases
Safepedestrianaccessanduseshouldbeprovidedinassociationwithanytrails
ParksignageshouldincludeareaidentitysignsconsistentwiththeCityofLongview2009
UrbanGraphicsMasterPlan.Additionaltrailsignsandpostedadministrativerequirements
isrecommendedwhereappropriate.
Therearenospecicsizesfortheseareas,however,establishingaminimumwidthis
importanttothefunctioninassociationwithtrailsandgrading.Asageneralrule,50feet
shouldbetheminimumwidth.Wherealinearparkisoneithersideofanaturaldrainage
course,aminimumof12feetshouldbeprovidedforfoottrafcormotorizedvehicles
performingmaintenancealonggreenways.
Greenwayparkscanprotectwildlife
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Trail Facilities
Allpedestrianandbicyclefacilitiesshouldmeettheminimumstandardsrequiredbythelocal
CodeaswellastherecommendationsoftheAmericanAssociationofStateHighwayand
TransportationOfcials(AASHTO)intheirpublicationGuideforthePlanning,Designand
OperationofBicycle(Pedestrian)Facilities.Pavementstriping,signageandsignalsshouldbein
accordancewiththelocalCodeandthemostcurrentTexasversionoftheManualonUniform
TrafcControlDevices(MUTCD).Hikeandbiketrailsandsidepathsshouldbeaccessibleand
traversablebyphysicallydisabledpersonsandshouldcomplywiththeguidelinessetforthbythe
AmericanswithDisabilitiesActof1990(ADA),asenforcedinTexasbytheArchitecturalBarriers
SectionoftheTexasDepartmentofLicensingandRegulations.
Principles for Trail Placement and Access
Generally,off-streettrailsshouldfollowtheexistinggreenwayssystemframework,including
naturalfeatures,areasofsignicanttreecoverageorcreekcorridors.Akeydesignelement
willbetyingthesenaturalsystemsintoexistingandproposeddevelopments.
Thetrailsystemshouldincorporateaccesspointsthroughoutthecommunityinorder
tomaximizeusability.Trailheadaccessshouldbelocatedinexistingandfutureparks.
Eachneighborhoodunitshouldhaveatleastoneaccesspointtoadjacenttrailsthat
maybebetweenresidentiallots,alongneighborhoodstreets,alongcul-de-sacsornear
neighborhoodentrances.Alltrailaccesspointsshouldbeclearlymarkedbysignageand
providetrailidenticationtotrailusers.
Trail or Side Paths Standards
Trailsshouldbe10to12feetwide,asadesirablestandarddependinguponactivitylevels,
withaminimumwidthof8feet.Maintenancevehiclesdrivingon8-foot-widepathstend
todamagetheedges.Therefore,8-foot-widepathsshouldbeavoidedunlessphysical
limitationscannotaccommodateagreaterwidth.Trailswithhightrafcvolumesshouldbe12
feetwideormore,butshouldnarrowto10feetinthevicinityofastreetintersection.One-
waysidepathsaredifculttopoliceandshouldbeavoided,ifpossible.Wheretheyareused,
theyshouldbeclearlysignedasone-way,withastandardwidthof6feetandaminimum
widthof5feet.Trailsshouldhaveanadditional2feetofsmoothlygradedareaoneither
sideofthepavement.Inaddition,thereshouldbe3feetofhorizontaland10feet(8feet
minimum)ofoverheadclearanceoneithersideofthepavement.Trailsandsidepathsshould
beconstructedofsmooth,hard,all-weatherpavingsuchasconcreteorasphalt.
Trailsystemsshouldhavededicatedaccesspointsthroughoutthecommunity
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20

259

259

259
FLEWELLEN
PARK
INGRAM PARK
/ POOL AND
TENNIS COURTS
SPRING
CREEK
PARK
MAGRILL PARK
/ CITY BUS
TERMINAL
HINSLEY
PARK
PANTHER PARK
AND COMMUNITY
CENTER
SOUTH WARD
COMMUNITY
PARK
SPRING
HILL PARK
WOMACK
FIELD
BIRDIE
PARK
CARGILL
LONG PARK
AKIN
PARK
GUTHRIE
PARK
MCWHORTER
PARK
ROTARY
PARK
HERITAGE
PLAZA
LEAR
PARK
JULIEANNA
PARK
WARD
PARK
PATTERSON
PARK
LEADERS'
CORE PARK
PINEWOOD
PARK
WILLOW
PARK
TIMPSON
PARK
BENNIE
JACKSON
PARK
ROLLINS
PARK
BROUGHTON PARK
AND RECREATION
CENTER
STAMPER
PARK
LOIS
JACKSON
PARK
TEAGUE
PARK
PAUL G.
BOORMAN
TRAIL
LONGVIEW
ARBORETUM
DEPOT
PARK
LONGVIEW
SWIM
CENTER
LONGVIEW HS
TENNIS
COURTS
PAULA MARTIN JONES
RECREATION
CENTER
STRAGENT
DOG PARK
GRACE CREEK
MOUNTAIN BIKE
TRAIL
GREEN
STREET SENIOR
RECREATION CENTER
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Existing Parks
Existing Parks
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
0 1 0.5 Miles
]
Figure29:ExistingParks
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 134
INVENTORY
ThefollowinginformationdocumentscurrentparkfacilitiesforLongview.TheCitycurrentlyoffers
fortyone(41)developedrecreationsites.PlanningforthefuturelivabilityofLongviewrequires
anunderstandingoftheexistingrecreationfacilities.Inordertoidentifydecienciesbasedon
thedevelopedclassicationsandstandards,thisinventoryprovidesabaselineunderstandingfor
parksastheycurrentlyexistatthebeginningofthisstudy.
Thefollowingarecurrent
publiclyaccessiblepark
spaceswithasinglejointISD
facilitybeingattheLongview
HighSchooltenniscourts.A
parkclassication,location
andexistingfacilitiesare
summarizedforeachpark.The
informationinthischapterwas
determinedthroughtheCitys
existingparkdatabase,aerial
imageryandGISinformation.
SeetheInventoryMapsand
theExistingTrailsMapfor
existinglocations.
Neighborhood Parks
Akin Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:414Delwood
Size:11.5Acres
Facilities:
Pavilion(lightedandelectricalplugs)
Hike/biketrail-0.75Mile
Playarea
2tenniscourts(lighted)
Drinkingfountain
Birdie Parkway Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:701W.Niblick
Size:2.5Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Pavilion (lighted and electrical plugs)
Hike / bike trail - 0.25 Mile
Play area
Multi use court (lighted)
Drinking fountain
Neighborhood Park 14 63.80 acres
Community Park 9 222.10 acres
Special Use Park 8 49.75 acres
Linear Park/Greenway 4 133.80 acres
Regional Park 1 182.00 acres
Recreation Centers 5 N/A
Total 41 651.45 acres
Longview Existing Recreation Sites
Park Type Number of Parks Total Parkland
Table20:LongviewExistingRecreationSites
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 135
Bernie Jackson Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:2229Neal
Size:5.3Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Pavilion (bbq pit, lighted and electrical plugs)
Hike / bike trail 0.36 Mile
Play area (lighted)
Multi use court (lighted)
2 Practice backstops
Drinkingfountain
Flewellen Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:100Iris
Size:3.1Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area (bbq pit)
Pavilion
Irrigation system
Lois Jackson Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:200BillOwensParkway
Size:8.0Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Pavilion (bbq pit, lighted and electrical plugs)
Hike / bike trail 0.25 Mile
Play area (lighted)
2 Racquet ball courts (lighted)
Hose connection
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 136
Patterson Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:1313Hyacinth
Size:3.1Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Pavilion (lighted and electrical plugs)
Play area (lighted)
Multi use court
Pinewood Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:500Patricia
Size:6.4Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Pavilion (bbq pit, lighted and electrical plugs)
Play area (lighted)
Multi use court (lighted)
Practice backstop
Drinking fountain
Hose connection
Rollins Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:705Ethel
Size:4.4Acres
Facilities:
Pavilion (lighted and electrical plugs)
Play area (lighted)
Multi use court (lighted)
Practice backstop
Volleyball area
Drinking fountain
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 137
Rotary/AMBUCS Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:400Baylor
Size:1.0Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Pavilion (lighted and electrical plugs)
Restrooms
Play area (lighted and universally accessible)
Splash pad
Multi use court (lighted)
Practice backstop
Drinking fountain
Hose connection
Spring Creek Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:3100Mona
Size:3.7Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Play area (lighted)
Hike / bike trail 0.25 Mile
Multi use court
Practice backstop
Drinking fountain
Spring Hill Leader Core Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:3513Denson
Size:0.4Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Play area (lighted)
Irrigation system
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 138
South Wade Community Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:1011S.Mobberly
Size:2.5Acres
Facilities:
Pavilion (lighted and electrical plugs)
Play area (lighted)
Hike / bike trail 0.25 Mile
Fitness area
Ward Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:1700Julieanna
Size:6.3Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area (bbq pit)
Play area (lighted)
2 practice backstops
Drinking fountain
Willow Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:301E.Birdsong
Size:5.6Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Pavilion (bbq pit, lighted and electrical plugs)
Play area (lighted)
Multi use court (lighted)
Practice backstops
Drinking fountain
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 139
Community Parks

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INGRAM PARK
/ POOL AND
TENNIS COURTS
HINSLEY
PARK
SPRING
HILL PARK
MCWHORTER
PARK
TIMPSON
PARK
BROUGHTON PARK
AND RECREATION
CENTER
STAMPER
PARK
TEAGUE
PARK
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Community Parks
Community Parks
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
0 1 0.5 Miles
]
Figure30:CommunityParks
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 140
Broughton Park
Classication:Community
Address:801MLKBoulevard
Size:19.3Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
2 pavilions (bbq, lighted and electrical plugs)
Restrooms
Softball feld (lighted)
Hike / bike trail - 0.25 Mile
Play area (lighted)
Multi use courts (lighted)
Splash pad
2 drinking fountains
Hose connection
Irrigation system
Guthrie Park
Classication:Neighborhood
Address:301Tupleo
Size:28.6Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Hike / bike trail 1.25 Mile
Disc golf
2 tennis courts (lighted)
Multi use court
Practice backstop
Hinsley Park
Classication:Community
Address:3101NorthHighway259
Size:38.3Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area (lighted)
2 pavilions (bbq, lighted and electrical plugs)
Restrooms
4 softball felds (lighted)
Disc golf
Hike / bike trail - 0.25 Mile
Play area (lighted)
Multi use court
Drinking fountain
Irrigation system
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 141
Ingram Park
Classication:Community
Address:1400N.10th
Size:9.9Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area (bbq)
2 pavilions (lighted and electrical plugs)
Restrooms
2 tennis courts (lighted)
Disc golf
Play area (lighted)
Multi use courts (lighted)
Practice backstop
Swimming pool (lighted)
Drinking fountain
Hose connection
McWhorter Park
Classication:Community
Address:1000Toler
Size:41.4Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area (bbq)
Pavilion (bbq, lighted and electrical plugs)
3 restrooms
4 baseball felds (lighted)
4 softball/ kickball felds (lighted)
Play area (lighted)
Hike / bike trail - 0.25 Mile
Multi use court
Practice backstop
Drinking fountain
Hose connection
Irrigation system
Spring Hill Park/ Neal McCoy AMBUCS TOO
Playground
Classication:Community
Address:738Fenton
Size:30.0Acres
Facilities:
Pavilion (lighted and electrical plugs)
2 restrooms
4 baseball felds (lighted)
Play area (lighted and universally accessible)
Splash pad
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 142
Stamper Park
Classication:Community
Address:400Fair
Size:12.3Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area (bbq and lighted)
Pavilion (bbq, lighted and electrical plugs)
Restrooms
Baseball feld (lighted)
Softball feld (lighted)
Horseshoe pits (16)
Play area (lighted)
Multi use court (lighted)
Splash pad
Drinking fountain
Hose connection
Irrigation system
Teague Park
Classication:Community
Address:415AmericanLegionBoulevard
Size:30.0Acres
Facilities:
2 picnic area (bbq)
2 pavilions (lighted and electrical plugs)
Restrooms
Lake with fshing pier
Amphitheater
Play area (lighted)
Hike / bike trail - 0.25 Mile
Practice backstop
Drinking fountain
Hose connection
Irrigation system
Timpson Park
Classication:Community
Address:500Timpson
Size:12.3Acres
Facilities:
Restrooms
3 baseball felds (lighted)
Play area (lighted)
Drinking fountain
Irrigation system
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 143
Special Use Parks

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259
MAGRILL PARK
/ CITY BUS
TERMINAL
WOMACK
FIELD
HERITAGE
PLAZA
ARBORETUM
DEPOT
PARK
SWIM
CENTER
STRAGENT
DOG PARK
Longvi ew
Hi gh School
Tennis Courts
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Special Use Parks
Special Use Parks
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
0 1 0.5 Miles
]
Figure31:SpecialUseparks
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 144
Depot Park
Classication:SpecialUse
Address:905Pacic
Size:1.0Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Play area
Heritage Plaza
Classication:SpecialUse
Address:219E.Methvin
Size:1.0Acres
Facilities:
Urban plaza with benches
Irrigation system
Longview Arboretum and Nature Center
Classication:SpecialUse
Size:30.0Acres
Facilities:
Undeveloped
Longview High School Tennis Courts
Classication:SpecialUse
Address:201E.Hawkins
Size:2.75Acres
Facilities:
12 tennis courts
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 145
Longview Swim Center
Classication:SpecialUse
Address:1111W.Fairmount
Size:1.0Acres
Facilities:
2 swimming pools (recreation pool and
competitionpool)
Drinking fountain
Meeting rooms
Magrill Plaza
Classication:SpecialUse
Address:500N.Green
Size:1.5Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area (lighted)
Pavilion
Restrooms
Irrigation System
Stragent Dog Park
Classication:SpecialUse
Address:121Summers
Size:9.0Acres
Facilities:
Drinking fountain
Agility course
Womack Football Field
Classication:SpecialUse
Address:WalnutandJarvis
Size:3.5Acres
Facilities:
Restrooms
2 football felds
Irrigation system
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 146

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CARGILL
LONG PARK
JULIEANNA
PARK
PAUL G.
BOORMAN
TRAIL
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Linear Parks
Linear Parks
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
0 1 0.5 Miles
]
Figure32:Linearparks
Linear Parks
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 147
Cargill Long Park
Classication:LinearUse
Address:3112N.4th
Size:43.0Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Pavilion (lighted and electrical plugs)
Restrooms
Hike / bike trail 3.0 Mile
Drinking fountain
Grace Creek Mountain Bike Trail
Classication:LinearUse
Address:100GrandBoulevard
Size:43.0Acres
Facilities:
Cleared trail 6.5 Mile
Julieanna Trail
Classication:LinearUse
Address:726Reel
Size:15.8Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
Hike / bike trail 1.5 Mile
Paul G. Boorman Trail
Classication:LinearUse
Address:919W.Marshall
Size:70.0Acres
Facilities:
Restroom
Hike / bike trail 2.85 Mile
Fitness area
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 148
Regional Parks
Figure33:RegionalParks
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 149
Lear Park Athletic Complex and Kidsview
Playground
Classication:LinearUse
Address:100H.G.MosleyPkwy
Size:182.0Acres
Facilities:
Picnic area
8 pavilions
7 restrooms
4 baseball felds (lighted)
15 soccer felds
Play area
8 softball felds (lighted)
Hike/bike trail
Splash pad
Hose connections
Irrigation system
Recreation Centers
Broughton Recreation Center
Classication:RecreationCenter
Address:801MartinLutherKingBlvd.
Size:15,151squarefeet
Facilities:
3 meeting rooms
Gym
Branch: Longview Public Library
Panther Park Community Center
Classication:RecreationCenter
Address:200GeorgeRichey
Size:1,200squarefeet
Facilities:
Pavilion (bbq, lighted and electrical plugs)
Play area
Meeting room
Hose connection
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GREEN STREET SENIOR
RECREATION CENTER
PAULA MARTIN JONES
RECREATION CENTER
BROUGHTON PARK
AND RECREATION
CENTER
PANTHER PARK AND
COMMUNITY CENTER
STAMPER
PARK RESOURCE
CENTER
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Recreation Centers
Recreation Centers
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
0 1 0.5 Miles
]
Figure34:RecreationCenters
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 151
Paula Martin Jones Recreation Center
Classication:RecreationCenter
Address:1230-BS.High
Size:23,287squarefeet
Facilities:
Fitness area
Multi use court
Racquetball court
Swimming pool
Drinking fountain
Meeting room
Irrigation system
Green Street Senior Recreation Center
Classication:RecreationCenter
Address:814S.Green
Size:7,000squarefeet
Facilities:
Meeting room
Activity room
Irrigation system
Stamper Park Resource Center
Classication:RecreationCenter
Address:502S.CenterSt.
Size:4,000squarefeet
Facilities:
Meeting rooms
DRAFT 10/28/2014
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Park Inventory Matrix
ParkInventoryMatrix
ParkName
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AkinPark 11.5 X*+ 2* X 0.75M X
BirdieParkway 2.5 X X*+ X 0.25M X* X
BennieJacksonPark 5.3 X
X*+
BBQ
X* 0.36M X* 2 X
BroughtonPark 19.3 X
2*+
BBQ
X* X* X*
0.25M
X* X 2 X X
BroughtonRec.Center 1.0 15,151 3 X
CargillLongPark 43.0 X X*+ X* 3.0M X
DepotPark 1.0 X X
FlewellenPark 3.1
X
BBQ
X X
GraceCreekMountain
BikeTrail
5.0 6.5M
GuthriePark 28.6 X X 2* 1.25M X 1
HeritagePlaza 1.0 1Lightedplazawithbenches X
HinsleyPark 38.3 X*
2*
BBQ
1 4* X X* 0.25M X X X
IngramPark 9.9
X
BBQ
2*+
X* 2* X* X* 1 X* X X
JulieannaPark 15.8 X 1.5M
LearPark(Kidsview) 182 X 8X 7X 4* 15 8* X X X X
LoisJacksonPark 8.0 X
X*+
BBQ
X* 0.25M 2* X
LongviewArboretum 30.0
LongviewH.S.Tennis
Courts
2.8 12
LongviewSwimCenter 1.0 2 X 1
MagrillPlaza 1.5 X* X X X
McWhorterPark 41.4
X
BBQ
X*+
BBQ
3X* 4* 4* X* 0.50M X 1 X X X
PantherPark
CommunityCenter
2.0 1,200
X*+
BBQ
X X X
PattersonPark 3.1 X X*+ X X
PaulG.BoormanHike
andBikeTrail
70.0 X 2.85M X
PaulaMartinJones
Rec.Center
6.0 23,287 X X 1 X X X X
PinewoodPark 6.4 X
X*+
BBQ
X* X* 1 X X
RollinsPark 4.4 X*+ X X* X* 1 X
Rotary/AMBUCSPark 1.0 X X*+ X* X* X X X
SeniorRecreation
Center
1.5 7,000 X X
SpringCreekPark 3.7 X X* 0.25M X 1 X
SpringHillPark/Neal
McCoy
30.0 X*+ 2 4* X* X
SpringHillLeader's
COREPark
0.4 X X* X
StamperPark 12.3
X*
BBQ
X*+
BBQ
X 1* 1* X* X* 16 X X X X
StamperResource
Center
1.0 4,000 X
StragentDogPark 9.0 X
SouthWardPark 2.5 X*+ X* 0.25M X
Teague
Park/Lake/Amph.
30.0
2
BBQ
2*+ X* X*
0.25
M*
1 X X X X
TimpsonPark 12.3 X* 3* X* X X
WardPark 6.3
X
BBQ
X* 2 X
WillowPark 5.6 X
X*+
BBQ
X* X* 1 X
WomackFootballField 3.5 X* 2 X
TOTAL 662.95 50,638 24 33 23 16 15 2 18 2 18 1 24 18.46M 3 14 12 16 3 1 5 4 21 10 8 15
Legend:
*Lighted
+ElectricalPlugs
BBQBarbeque
Grill/Pits
Table21:ParkInventoryMatrix
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 153
NEEDSASSESSMENT
Aneedsassessmentisanobjectiveplanningtooltodeterminewhetherparksandtrailsarebeing
effectivelysuppliedtomeettheneedsofthecommunity.Theinformationbeingassessedis
baseduponexistingconditions,communityinput,communityresourcesandareatrends.Results
arethenmatchedwithavailablelandsandfutureamenitiestodeterminecurrentandfuture
needs.Thedesiresanddecienciesidentiedformthebasisforparkandtrailrecommendations.
Whilemanyparkplansrelyheavilyonnationalstandards,itisveryimportanttonotetheseare
onlyaportionoftheoverallneedsassessment.Whilemanynationalstandardsappeardifcult
toapply,theyareonlyaguideline;thus,thisplanningeffortndsthemvaluableasabenchmark
butwilluseadditionalmethodsofassessmenttoaidindeterminingthecommunitysneeds.This
needsassessmentreliesheavilyonpubliccomments,staffknowledgeandstateddesires.As
determinedforLongview,thecommunityisshortofdedicatedparklandacres.Thiswillpresenta
challengeinthefuturewhenbalancinglimitedresourcestobothcreatenewparks,newfacilities
whilemaintainingexistingparksthatarebeginningtoshowtheirage.
Assessment Methodologies
LongviewsPark,RecreationandOpenSpace
MasterPlanhasemployedthreemethods
forassessingcurrentandfutureparkneeds.
ThesethreeapproachesfollowTexasParksand
WildlifeDepartmentsMasterPlanGuidelines
approach.Thethreemethodsaredemand-
based,standard-basedandresource-based.The
resultsofthethreemethodsarenotweighed
equally.However,allthreeassessmentsprovide
abroadrangeofplanninginformationthatwill
beblendedintotherecommendationsand
priorities,withthemostweightappliedtothe
demand-basedinformation.
Demand-Based Assessment
Thedemand-basedapproachisthereectionofacommunitysneeds.Itessentiallyrelieson
publicinputasdeterminedthroughvariouscommunityengagementchannels.Inthiscase,
communityengagementincludedadvisorycommitteemeetings,publicmeetingsandonline
surveys.Summariesandconclusionsareprovidedbelow.Thefullonlinesurveyresultsare
providedaspartoftheComprehensivePlanappendix.
Public Meetings
TheCityofLongviewandthe2015ComprehensivePlanconsultantsconductedpublic
workshopsonFebruary10,2014andOctober28,2014toreceivecitizenscommentsonparks
andrecreationaswellasarangeofotherComprehensivePlantopics.
TheFebruary10,2014meetingwasheldatLeTourneauUniversitysS.E.BelcherCenterwith
approximately400citizensparticipated.Themeetingparticipantsincludedarangeofages
fromchildrentoseniorcitizens.Thepublicmeetingwaskickedoffwithanoverviewsession
intheauditorium.Duringthekick-off,theconsultantteamprovidedanoverviewpresentation
Figure35:TypesofAssessment
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 154
aboutLongviewsComprehensivePlanspurpose,processandresultsofanonlinesurvey.
Following,breakoutsessionswereconducted.Duringthebreakoutsessioncitizenscould
participateinpark-focusedexercisesincludingvision/generaldiscussion,existingpark
visitationmapexercise,andaparkandrecreationinputstation.Thefollowingcitizen
commentswerereceived.
Dot Exercise (February 10, 2014)
Figure36:ExistingParksDotExercise.Thismapdisplaysthetotalnumberofvotesbyparticipants.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 155
Parks and Recreation Input Station (February 10, 2014)
GeorgeRicheyExtension
FixtheoldonesandmakeatrailthatgoesaroundLongview
Fixtheoldonesrst
NorthLongview
Eitherimproveorbuildoutdooramphitheater
SouthLongview,1milesouthofMobberlyLane
NorthJudson
ExtremenorthJudson&259area
Completeexistingparksbeforeconstructingnewones
AroundLakeLamond
Downtown
BehindmyhouseinsteadofthatnastypondattheendofRuidoso
Connectparkswehave
Q
u
e
s
t
i
o
n

1
:

W
h
e
r
e

w
o
u
l
d

y
o
u

b
u
i
l
d

n
e
w

p
a
r
k
?
ConnectedbikepathsN.S.E.W.;CentralFestivalarea
Sensoryparkforautistickids
Aquaticcenterandwaterparkcombo
Indoorswimming
Planningtrailsareimportant
Walkingtrailsareveryappreciated
Restroomfacilitiesinparks
Skatingrink
Waterpark/publicpool(SanAngelo,Texas)
Mixedvariety
Kidsplayequipment,walkingtrails,waterfeatures
Moresidewalks
Smalllakesinoodplain
Decentsizelakeforkayaks,standuppaddleboards,shing,etc.
Betterqualityandsafetyputintotheparks;tenniscourts
MorerestaurantsonsouthsideofCityclosetoLeTourneauUniversity
Morewalkingtrails
Q
u
e
s
t
i
o
n

2
:
W
h
a
t

t
y
p
e

o
f

f
a
c
i
l
i
t
i
e
s

d
o

y
o
u

n
e
e
d
?
StartatLeTourneauandgoDowntown;bikelanesonmain
thoroughfares
ExtrememountainbiketrailneartheSabinewatertreatmentplant
SouthofHarrisonRoad
Needtointerlinkexistingparks
SouthsideofLongviewnearcollege
SouthLongviewlinkingtoDowntownandnorthbridgetherailroad
tracks
NorthofLoopandnearI-20
Along/near259
Bicycleroads/trailsthatconnectmajorareas
BetweenLeTourneauandDowntownandonhighstreet
Bikepaths(largerthanside-walks)longtheloopandothermain
thoroughfaresandunderpowerlines;rightofways
EastandWest
Utilizeoodplains
GoSouthofLongview
WalkingdistancetoLeTourneauUniversityorconnectedsystemto
LeTourneau
AlongcreeksPaul Boorman
Q
u
e
s
t
i
o
n

3
:
W
h
e
r
e

w
o
u
l
d

y
o
u

b
u
i
l
d

t
r
a
i
l
s

a
n
d

b
i
k
e

f
a
c
i
l
i
t
i
e
s
?
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 156
Indoorswimming
WhyistherenowaterinTownLake?
Waterpark
SpecialneedsparklikeonenearSanAntonio
Waterpark
Minizoo
Multiparklikezooitem
Skatepark(TipsyGypsywillputup10Ktomatchwithnetworkand
designready)
Walkingandbike
Workwithlocaldiscgolfassociationtocreatetournamentquality
courses
Lake
Publiclakewithrunningtrailarounditandbathrooms
Aparkwithtrucksandtractorsandnon-traditionalplayground
equipment(likeBrookshireplaygroundinTyler)
Q
u
e
s
t
i
o
n

4
:
P
r
i
o
r
i
t
i
e
s
:

I
f

y
o
u

c
o
u
l
d

o
n
l
y

b
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e

p
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k

f
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l
i
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y
,

w
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t

w
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d

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t

b
e
?

Breakout Discussion Groups (February 10, 2014)


Thefollowingaregeneralcommentsaboutparkandrecreationdesirescapturedasipchart
notesduringthepublicmeetingsbreakoutdiscussiongroups.
Moreparks
Sidewalksthatconnect
Bikelaneson-streetwithcitysupport
Biketrails(peoplewouldbikemoreifthereweremore)
Lightingontrails
Water(aesthetics,parts)
Sportsarenawouldbewonderful,long-termforconcerts,RollerDerby,Americankennel
Club,HockeyMatches,BasketballTournaments
Safetyissuesnearwalkingtrails
Topfacilitiestohaveconnectingbiketrails:
o Downtownarea
o Mallarea
o BelcherCenter
o LeTourneauUniversity
Recreation center tied in with other amenities (hike/bike/skate)
Bike/ped access
Maintenance (e.g., Teague)
Special needs equipment
Disc golf (currently have but are outdated)
Boorman Trail is good
Long park
Update on City parks
More amenities/disc golf
o Skatepark(matchingfunds)
o Workonexistingparks
Trail connectivity between existing trails
Trailsarealsocorridorsforwildlife.Peopleenjoynatureinthisarea.Includeinthe
planningtoprotectnaturalareasandcorridors.Thereareuniquespeciesherebutalmost
nowetlandwalks,naturewalks,resourcestohelpyoungpeoplelearnaboutthelocal
natureandbio-diversity.SeveralcountiesinTexasincludingLee&HayesuseiNaturalist
(Online-free)tosurveythelandbiodiversity.Citizensdothesurveyingandputrecordson
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 157
thewebsite.AlsoTexasParks&WildlifeDepartmentusesiNaturalisttosurveywildlifein
Texas.UnderstandingthebioneedsiscriticaltopreservingwildlifeintheCityandCounty.
Willthecountyparticipateintheplanning?Seemstobealsocritical.
Integratedtransportation/recreation
Consistentstandardamongparks
Runningtrails(safe)
Moreaccessiblesmalldogpark
Publictrailsecurity
Parksshouldbeconnectedbyhike/biketrails
Morespaceandfacilitiesatparks(restroomsandpicnicareas)
Connectivityoftrails&greenway
Runningtrails(safe)
Moreaccessiblesmalldogpark
Specialneedspark
Inventoryandparksfacilities
RVpark
Specialeventscomplex
Betterlitareas/trails
Enhanceoodplainsforgreenway
Purposelydevelopmentalongcreeksandretentionplans
Natureparks
Studentaccessibilitytomajordestinations(nopublictrainsortrails)
Longertrail(availabilityof10K)
Comprehensive Plan Survey
AspartoftheoverallComprehensivePlan,a15questiononlinesurveywasconducted.In
total,2,470citizensparticipated.Thefullsurveyresultsandresponsescanbefoundaspartof
thefullComprehensivePlanappendix.Thesurveyquestionsandresultswereslightlydifferent
thanthecommentsheardfromtheparksubcommitteeandthepublicmeeting.Overall,the
surveyidentiedageneraldesireforparkandrecreationasakeyelementtoLongviews
qualityoflife.Theparksandrecreationanswersonthesurveysupporttheideathatparksand
recreationremainanimportpartofcitizensdesiresandakeypartofLongviewsfuture.
19.8% responded Parks
What would you consider to be Longviews
greatest asset?
11.2% responded Park System
What would you consider to be Longviews
greatest opportunity?
47% rated Good
22.9% rated Excellent
For each of the services provided by the City,
please rate the service as Excellent, Good, Fair,
or Poor.
Q10:
Q11:
Q12:

Q13:
How important or unimportant are the
following to you in terms of Longviews quality
of life?
88% responded Parks and
Recreation as important or very
important
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 158
[ Q01: How often do you use the Longview trails for
walking, running and other? ]
20.3
%ofrespondedseveraltimesaweek
15.3
%respondedatleastweekly
14.8
%respondedasnotusingtrailsatall
This expresses trails as a high demand use.
[ Q03: How would you describe the quality and
physical condition of EXISTING parks and trails in
Longview? ]
54.9
%respondedGoodcondition
36.1
%respondedFairtoPoorcondition
The limited responses in the Excellent category along with
written responses suggest improving existing parks a top
priority.
[ Q05: How important or unimportant are the
following athletic facilities for how YOU would use
future park and trail improvements? ]
MostathleticfacilitiesscoredhighestintheImportant
category.Oftheathleticfacilitytypes,onlyfootball
eldsscoredhighestintheUnimportantcategory.These
surveyresultsillustratethecontinueddemandforathletic
facilitieswithpracticeelds,baseballeldsandsoccer
eldsscoringthehighestintheVeryImportantand
Importantcategories.
[ Q07: How important or unimportant are the
following outdoor/special facilities for how YOU
would use future park and trail improvements? ]
94%
ratedRestroomsasimportantorvery
important
89.1
%ratedtrailsasimportantorveryimportant
84.6
%ratedopenspace/naturalareasas
importantorveryimportant
81.9
%ratedpavilionsasimportant/very
important
Skate parks and disc golf had their most responses in the
Unimportant category.
[ Q08: What would you consider the greatest issue
facing Longview parks and trails today? ]
ThegreatestissuefacingLongviewparksandtrailswere
theneedfornewamenitiesatcurrentparks.Written
responsesforthisquestionvariedgreatlybutsafety
responseswereprovidednumeroustimes.
[ Q09: What would you consider the greatest
opportunity for future Longviews parks and trails? ]
Improvementstoexistingparkswasidentiedasthe
greatestopportunityforthefutureofLongviewsparks
andtrails.Alongwithresponsestoquestionseight,
improvementstoexistingparksisahighpriorityneed
basedonsurveyresponses.
[ Q10: Which of the following recreation uses would
your household be most willing to support with tax
dollars? ]
Trails,naturecenterandplaygroundsscoredthehighest
intheVeryWillingtoSupportcategory.Alongwiththese
results,question11identiedtrailsasthenumberone
recreationdesireby25.5percentofallresponses,the
clearfavoriterecreationaluse.
Top Online Survey Responses to Needs
Trails
Restrooms
Improveexistingparks
Athleticelds
Openspaceandnaturalareas
Playgrounds
Practiceelds
Baseballelds
Soccerelds
Pavilions
Naturecenter
Parks and Recreation Online Survey Results
Thefullonlineparksandrecreationsurveyresults,alongwithwrittenresponses,canbe
foundintheappendix.A15-questionparksandrecreationsurveywasconductedandresults
wereverysimilartootherneedsassessmentsndings.Thecontinuityinresponsesisan
encouragingfordeterminingconsistencyinLongviewsdemand.Theonlinesurveyresultsare
notscienticallyorgeographicallybased.
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 159
Parks Subcommittee Meetings
TheComprehensivePlansparksubcommitteemetseveraltimesduringthecourseofthe
planningproject.Thefollowingaregeneralcommentsanddesiresrecordedduringthe
meetings.
1

Expand
trailsby
implementing
existingtrail
study
2
Improve
existingparks
withincrease
inpark
funding
3
Implement
existingpark
masterplans
4

Acquirenew
parklandwith
purposeof
buildinginthe
future
Park Subcommittee Highest Park and Recreation Priorities
Exploreaparklanddedication
ordinance
Thetotalparklandacrelevelofservice
shouldbeabout15.5acresper1,000
persons
Completetheimplementationofthe
LearParkmasterplan
Parkandmaintenancestafffacilitiesare
outdatedandbetterspaceutilizationis
needed
Completetheimplementationofthe
SpringHillParkmasterplan
Increasedmarketingandpublic
relationswouldbenetthecommunity
byeducatingaboutparksand
recreationopportunitiesinLongview
Workwitheconomicdevelopmentto
purchasevacantlandsandabandoned
buildingsnearexistingparksforfuture
parkexpansions
Placeparksignageatmajorroadways
todirectvisitorsandresidentstoparks
hidinginneighborhoods
Needtocontinuetopromoteregional
drawsinsportstourism
Exploretheuseofviewshedsbecause
existingparksarenothighlyvisible,
expandparklandatexistingparks
towardsmajorroadtocreateview
windowsintoexistingparks,thiseffort
shouldhelpcorridorandneighborhood
revitalization
Developnewparksinthemost
underservedareas,especiallyinthe
northwestsectionoftheCity
Clubsportsareimportant
Increaseparkfundingfornewparks,
newamenitiesandrenovations
Thecommitteewouldprefertoimprove
existingparksratherthanbuildseveral
newparks
Acquisitionoflandshouldbe
implementedinpartwithaparkland
dedicationordinance
Afuturebondwillbeneededtofund
newparks
Amenitytypesdesiredarebasketball,
volleyballandtrails
Anewindoorrecreationfacilityis
desired
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 160
Standard-Based Assessment
Thestandard-basedassessmentusesestablishedguidelinessetbytheNationalRecreation
andParkAssociation(NRPA)andrenedforthe2014MasterPlan.ALevelofService(LOS)is
describedforparktypesandhowtheyservethecommunity.LOSguresrepresentaspecic
acreageofparkland,facilityornumberofparksneededpergivenpopulationorarea.Threetypes
ofstandardswereexamined.
TherststandardisAcreageLevelofService(ALOS)isbasedonNPRAparkacreageandis
appliedtoonlytheidentiedLongviewparktypes,forthisexercisenominiparkcategories
wereexamined.Theresultsareexpressedasparkacreageper1,000residents.TheALOSisthe
standard.ATargetLevelofService(TLOS)isdenedthroughrenementoftheNPRAstandards
tobetteralignwiththecommunitysgoals,localchallengesandtrends.TheTLOSisthenused
todetermineparkacreageneedsbasedonexistingparkacreage,currentpopulationsand
futurepopulations.ThesecondisaSpatialLOSassessmentandidentiesLOS-basedonspatial
distributions.ThestandardsarebasedonNRPAserviceradiusandareexpressedorillustrated
perparktypewithinaspecicdistance.TheSpatialLOShelpstoidentifyunderservedareasand
howmanyparksarespatiallyneededtoprovideservicecoverage.
Athirdtype,FacilityLOSassessment,wasconductedtoidentifygeneralparkfacilitiesneeds
basedonrenedlocalstandards.Thistypeofassessmentprojectstheneededquantityof
aspecicfacility,i.e.baseballeld,peranestablishedlocalstandard.Inthiscase,the2014
recommendedFacilityLOSwasdeterminedthroughstudyofcurrentlevelofservice,NRPA
recommendationsandbyexaminingsimilarlevelsofserviceforcitiesthroughoutTexas.Again,
theNRPAfacilitystandardsarenationalguidelinesandtheorganizationitselfpointsoutthat
theirdataistobeusedonlyasaguide.Therangeofrecreationaldemandsandpreferences
foractivitieswillgreatlyvarywithdifferencesinsocio-economicandculturalcharacteristics.The
needsassessmentandrecommendationsreliedheavilyondemand-basedresultstodetermine
specicamenitytypesandfacilitieswithinparksduetocitizeninput,communitysize,funding
challenges,growthpotentialandexistinginventory.
Acreage Level of Service
Itshouldbenotedthataminimumof10acresper1,000residentsasageneralruleofthumb
hasbeenusedinplanningfordecades.Whilethisisabasicstandardandhassincebeen
scienticallyrened,itremainsasimplecheckpointtoseeifstandardassessmentsareon
course.According
totheNRPA,
close-to-home
parks(mini,
neighborhoodand
community)park
acreageshould
bebetween6.25
and10.25per
1,000residents.
SeeTable20
forLongviews
recommended
acresper1,000
persons.
Pocket Park 0.25 to 0.5 acres 1 acres or less About 0.25 mile radius NA
Neighborhood Park 1.0 to 2.0 acres 2.0 to 10.0 acres
About 0.5 mile radius,
or single neighborhood
2.0 acres
Community Park 5.0 to 8.0 acres 20.0 to 40.0 acres
1.0 mile radius up to 2.0
mile, multiple
neighborhoods
6.0 acres
Sub total 6.25 to 10.5 acres 8.0 acres
Other Parks
Special Use Park Varies Varies by use Varies by use Varies
Linear Park/Greenway Varies Varies Varies Varies
Regional Park 5.0 to 10.0 acres 150.0+ acres
Varies by uses, large
portion of the City
5.0 to 10.0 acres
Sub total 5.0 to 10.0 acres 7.5 acres
TOTAL 11.25 to 20.5 acres 15.5 acres
Longview Park Standards
Recommended
Acres per 1,000
Persons
Park Type
NRPA Recommended
Standards Acres per
1,000 Persons
Recommended
Size
Recommended Service
Area
Table22:LongviewParkStandards
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 161
Conclusions
Acreagesassessedareforneighborhood,community,specialuse,linearandregionalparks,
miniparkswerenotincluded.AsshowninTable22,arecommendedTotalLevelofService
(TLOS)wasselectedinthemiddleoftheNRPAstandardsat8.0acresper1,000persons(2.0
acresforneighborhoodand6.0acresforcommunity)forclose-to-hometypeparks.Other
Longviewparkstypes(specialuse,linearandregional)includedarecommendedTLOSof7.5
acrespersons.Whencombined,thiscreatesarecommended15.5acresper1,000residents
forallparkservicetypes.AsshowninTable23,whencomparedtosimilarcitiesacross
Texas,LongviewsrecommendedTLOSforparkacresisonthelowerend.However,thatis
appropriateforLongviewduetothecurrentlevelofservice,fundingandprojectedgaps.
Parkland Service Levels
BasedontherecommendedTLOS,Table24takes
LongviewsnewlyestablishedTLOSastepfurther
toidentifyparkacreagesneededforthecurrent
populations,ve-yearprojectionand10-year
projection.Thecurrentandfuturepopulations
arebasedontheCommunitySnapshotsgrowth
projections.TheCurrentLevelsofService(CLOS)
forclose-to-homeparksarea3.46acresper1,000
residents,wellbelowtherecommend8.0acres.
Theotherparkscategoriesarecurrentlyproviding
4.42acresper1,000residents,alsowellbelowthe
recommend7.5acres.Intotal,LongviewhasaCLOS
of7.88acres,wellshortoftherecommendedTLOSof
15.5acres.
City
Recommended
Level of Park Acres
per 1,000 Persons
Cedar Hill (46,461) 17.50
Cedar Park (59,207) 15.00-19.00
Frisco (128,127) 13.00-19.00
Killeen (134,654) 17.75
Lewisville (99,453) 20.00
Mansfield (59,317) 21.00
Mckinney (143,223) 25.00
Midland (119,385) 11.25-20.50
Tyler (107,405) 15.00
Waxahacie (31,091) 20.00
Note: Estimated population shown in parentheses
Comparable Adpoted Total Park Acre
Standards
Table23:ComparableAdoptedTotalPark
AcreStandards
Neighborhood Park 63.80 1.00 to 2.00 0.77 2.00 165.00 175.98 184.96
Community Park 222.10 5.00 to 8.00 2.69 6.00 495.00 527.95 554.88
Sub Total 285.90 6.00 to 10.00 3.46 8.00 660.00 703.93 739.84
Other Parks
Special Use Park
49.75 Varies 0.60 Varies Varies Varies Varies
Linear Park/Greenway
133.80 Varies 1.62 Varies Varies Varies Varies
Regional Park
182.00 5.00 to 10.00 2.20 Varies Varies Varies Varies
Sub Total 365.55 5.00 to 10.00 4.42 7.50 618.75 659.94 693.60
Total Acres
651.45 11.00 to 20.00 7.88 15.50 1,278.75 1,363.87 1,433.44
*Based on 2014 estimated population of 82,500
**Based on 2019 estimated population of 87,992
***Based on 2024 estimated population of 92,481
Existing Park
Acres
Current Level of
Service per 1,000
Persons (CLOS)*
TLOS Park Acres
Needed for
Existing
Population*
Longview Total Park Acreage Analysis
TLOS Park Acres
Needed for 2019
Population**
TLOS Park Acres
Needed for 2024
Population***
Park Type
NRPA
Recommended
Acres per 1,000
Persons (ALOS)
Longview's
Recommended
Acres per 1,000
Persons (TLOS)
Close-To-Home Park
Table24:LongviewTotalParkAcreageAnalysis
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 162
Intheclose-to-homeparkcategory,forthecurrentpopulationof82,500withinthecitylimits,
660.0acresareneeded,consistingof165.0acresforneighborhoodparksand495.0acres
ofcommunityparks.Intheotherparkscategory,618.5acresareneededforthecurrent
population.Thisresultsinatotalof1,278.75acresofparklandneededtomeetcurrent
demands.
Forthe5-yearprojections,close-to-homeparksneedatotalof703.93acresandtheother
parkscategorywillneed659.94acres.ThisresultsintheveyearLongviewpopulationof
87,992willrequireapproximately1,363.87acresdedicatedtoparks.

Close-to-Home Parkland Acreage Needed to Close the Gap


Table25examinesLongviewsCurrentLevelofService(CLOS)andTLOSforclose-to-
homeparkcategoriesinordertodeterminelandacquisitionneeds.Longviewsexisting
populationhasaCLOSof3.46acresper1,000personsforneighborhoodandcommunity
parkscombined.Thisshowsthatbothneighborhoodandcommunityparksarecurrently
belowthestandardandclearlydecientinparkacres,8.0acresisrecommended.Basedon
theTable23TLOS,neighborhoodparksneedtogrowby112.18acresandcommunityparks
needtoacquire305.85acresby2019.Thisisatotalgapof418.03acresby2019.Thetable
alsoprojectsatotalof453.94acresdecientby2024.BasedonthisMasterPlansAreaand
FacilityConceptsandStandards;the453acreswouldneedtoconsistofapproximately11
newneighborhoodparksandapproximately8newcommunityparksneedby2019.
Neighborhood Park 63.80 acres 0.77 acres 2.00 acres 175.98 acres 112.18 acres 184.96 acres 121.16 acres
Community Park 222.10 acres 2.69 acres 6.00 acres 527.95 acres 305.85acres 554.88 acres 332.78 acres
TOTAL 285.90 acres 3.46 acres 8.00 acres 703.93 acres 418.03 acres 739.84 acres 453.94 acres
*Based on 2014 estimated population of 82,500
**Based on 2019 estimated population of 87,992
***Based on 2024 estimated population of 92,481
Notes:
Existing neighborhood parks are 36.25% of 2019 TLOS acres
Existing community parka are 42.06% of 2024 TLOS acres
Based on size standards approximately 11 neighborhood parks short for 2019 and 12 short for 2024
Based on size standards approximately 8 community parks short for 2019 and 9 short for 2024
Existing
Park Acres
Current Level
of Service
Within City
Limits per
1,000 Persons
(CLOS)*
TLOS Park
Acres Needed
for 2024
Population***
Total Acres
Needed to
Acquire to
Meeting
2024 TLOS
Longview Level of Service and Acquisitions
Total Acres
Needed to
Acquire to
Meeting
2019 TLOS
TLOS Park
Acres Needed
for 2019
Population**
Park Type
Longview's
Recommende
d Acres per
1,000 Persons
(TLOS)
Table25:LongviewLevelofServiceandAcquisitions
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 163
Other Parks Category Land Acreage Needed to Close the Gap
Table26examinesLongviewsCurrentLevelofService(CLOS)andTLOSfortheotherparks
categoryinordertodeterminelandacquisitionneedstoclosethegaps.Longviewsexisting
populationhasaCLOSof4.42acresper1,000personsforspecialuse,linearandregional
parks.Inordertoclosethegapandmeetthe2019populationsneeds,294.39acresof
parklandwillneedtobeacquired.ThisindicatedtheotherparktypesCLOStobegreatly
underservicedandfutureparkeffortswillneedtofocusonincreasingparklandandpark
quantities.
Spatial Level of Service
Acoverageanalysiswasconductedtodeterminethenumberoffutureparksneededperpark
type.Thisspatialanalysesisverygeneralinnatureandexaminesparksneedsspatiallyfor
100percentfuturecoverage.Thegoalistominimizeserviceareaoverlapwhilemaximizing
servicecoverage.SpatialLOShasbeenconductedforneighborhoodparksandcommunity
parks.Serviceareasinclude0.5and1.0mileradiirespectively.Theserviceareasareappliedto
existingresidentialareasonly.SeeSpatialLOSAssessmentMaps,Figure37andFigure38.
Note:Thecoverageanalysisdoesnotillustraterecommendedparklocations;ratheritisaplanningresourcepreparedin
conjunctionwithAcreageLOStodeterminethenumberoffutureparksneeded.
Spatial LOS Conclusion
WitharesultmuchhigherthantheAcreageLOSanalysis,theSpatialLOSanalysisidentied
aneedforapproximately21additionalneighborhoodparksatfullcommunitybuild-out.This
againsupportstheanalysisthatLongviewisveryunderservedbyneighborhoodparktypes.
CommunityParksSpatialLOSanalysismorecloselyresembledtheAcreageLOSanalysis,
butconcludedthatapproximatelyvenewcommunityparksareneedinthefuturefor100
percentservicecoverage.
Facility Level of Service
PleaseseetwoFacilityAnalysistables,Table27andTable28.AnotherwayLongviews
parksystemiscomparedtoNRPAandlocalstandardsisbyanassessmentoffacilities.This
FacilityLOSisusedtodeterminecurrentandfutureneedsbydeninghowmanypeople
areservicedbyaparticularamenitytype.Anexamplewouldbeonesoccereldper5,000
residents.LongviewsFacilityLOSwasdeterminedbyexaminingLOSrecommendedin
previousLongviewmasterplans,NRPAstandards,existingpublicdemand,currentLOSand
bystudyingthefacilitystandardsforsimilarcitiesacrossTexas.TherecommendedLOSfor
Longviewwasthenadjustedandatargetnumberoffacilitieswereprojectedforthe2019and
2024populations.Theseprojectednumbersoffacilitiesneededperamenitytypesidentify
decienciesorgapsinfutureservice.Thisiscriticalinformationforparkstafftoidentifyhow
futureparksfundingwillbeinvestedandhowexistingandfutureparkswillbeimproved.
Note:Thisfacilityassessmentdoesnotincludetheneedsforrenovationandredevelopmentofexistingequipmentandfacilities.
Other Parks* 365.55 acres 4.42 acres 7.50 acres 659.94 acres 294.39 acres 693.60 acres 328.05 acres
^Combined total for special, linear and regional parks
Note: Existing other parks are 55.4% of 2019 TLOS acres
Longview Level of Service and Acquisitions
Park Type
Existing
Park Acres
Current Level
of Service
Within City
Limits per
1,000 Persons
(CLOS)*^
Longview's
Recommende
d Acres per
1,000 Persons
(TLOS)
TLOS Park
Acres Needed
for 2019
Population**
Total Acres
Needed to
Acquire to
Meeting
2019 TLOS
TLOS Park
Acres Needed
for 2024
Population***
Total Acres
Needed to
Acquire to
Meeting
2019 TLOS
Table26:LongviewLevelofServiceandAcquisitions
DRAFT 10/28/2014
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Figure37:NeighborhoodParksSpatialAnalysis1/2Mile
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Figure38:CommunityParksSpatialAnalysis1Mile
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 166
Soccer Fields 15 1/5,500 1/5,000 1/5,000 18 (3) 18 (3)
Softball Fields 18 1/4,583
1/5,000 youth and
1/10,000 adult
1/5,000 18 (0) 18 (0)
Baseball Fields 16 1/5,156 1/5,000 1/4,000 22 (6) 23 (7)
Football Fields 2 1/41,250 1/10,000 1/20,000 4 (2) 5 (3)
Practice Fields 12 Backstops 1/6,875 N/A 1/6,000 15 (3) 15 (3)
Disc Golf Course 2 1/41,250 N/A 1/41,250 2 (0) 2 (0)
Racquet Ball Court 3 1/27,500 N/A 1/27,500 3 (0) 3 (0)
Outdoor Swimming Pools 3 1/27,500 1/20,000 1/20,000 4 (1) 5 (2)
Indoor Swimming Pools 1 1/82,500 N/A 1/50,000 2 (1) 2 (1)
Pavilion 33 1/2,500 N/A 1/2,500 35 (2) 37 (4)
Spray Parks 5 1/16,500 N/A 1/16,500 5(0) 6 (1)
Play Area 24 1/3,438 N/A 1/3,000 29 (5) 31 (7)
Dog Parks 1 1/82,500 N/A 1/80,000 1 (0) 1 (0)
Tennis Courts 18 1/4,853 1/5,000 1/5,000 18 (0) 18 (0)
Multi-use Courts (includes
basketball in most parks)
14 1/5,893 N/A 1/5,000 18 (4) 18 (4)
Volleyball area 1 1/82,500 N/A 1/15,000 6 (5) 6 (5)
Horseshoe Pits 16 1/5,156 N/A 1/8,000 11 (0) 11 (0)
Skate park 0 N/A N/A 1/80,000 1 (1) 1 (1)
Amphitheater 1 1/82,500 N/A 1/80,000 1 (0) 1 (0)
Trails 18.46 miles 1 mile per 4,469 Implement trail plan 1 mile per 4,000 21.99 (3.54) 23.12 (4.66)
Recreation Centers
5 total
destinations
(50,638 s.f.)
1 destination per
16,500
1.62 s.f. per
person
1 destination/50,000 1 s.f per person
87,992 s.f. (37,354)
Add new 70,000+ s.f.
92,481 s.(41,843)
Add new 70,000+ s.f.
*Basedon2014estimatedpopulationof82,500
**Basedon2019estimatedpopulationof87,992
***Basedon2024estimatedpopulationof92,481
2024 Target
Number of
Facilities (Current
Gap in
Parentheses)***
Current Level
of Service*
Longview Facilities Analysis
Facility
Recommended
Total Level of
Service
2019 Target
Number of
Facilities (Current
Gap in
Parentheses)**
Existing
Public
Facilities
2009 Master Plan
Recommended
Level of Service
Table27:LongviewFacilitiesAnalysis
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 167
Soccer Fields 1/5,000 1/7,000 N/A 1/5,000 1/4,000
Softball Fields 1/13,500 1/8,000 N/A 1/12,000 1/2,500
Baseball Fields 1/6,500 1/8,000 N/A 1/8,000 1/2,500
Football Fields 1/15,000 1/20,000 1/20,000 1/60,000 1/20,000
Practice Fields 1/4,000
1/7,000
softball/baseball
and 1/10,000
soccer/football
N/A 1/5,000 1/7,000
Disc Golf Course 1/30,000 1/50,000 N/A 1 hole per 4,500 N/A
Racquet Ball Court N/A N/A N/A 1/40,000 N/A
Swimming Pools N/A 1/25,000 1/20,000
1/20,000 aquatic
center outdoor
1/85,000 indoor
aquatic
1/20,000, aquatic
center 1/50,000
Indoor Swimming Pools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Pavilion 1/3,500 1/4,000 1/2,000 1/2,000 1/3,000
Spray Parks 1/23,500 1/10,000 N/A 1/20,000 N/A
Playgrounds 1/3,500 1/2,000 1/1,000 1/2,000 1/1,000
Dog Parks 1/50,000 N/A N/A 1/80,000 N/A
Tennis Courts 1/6,000 1/10,000 1/2,000 1/8,000 1/2,000
Multi-use Courts N/A N/A N/A 1/25,000 N/A
Volleyball court (sand) N/A 1/10,000 1/5,000 1/25,000 sand
1/7,000 court,
1/5,000 sand
Horseshoe Pits N/A N/A N/A 1/8,000 N/A
Skate park 1/50,000 1/100,000 N/A 1/60,000 N/A
Amphitheater 1/55,000 N/A N/A 1/75,000 N/A
Trails 1 mile per 3,500
1 mile hard trail
per 4,000 and 1
mile of soft trail
per 8,000
1 mile per 10,000
1 mile hard trail
per 2,500 and 1
mile of soft trail
per 5,000
1 mile hard trail
per 4,000 and 1
mile of soft trail
per 10,000
Recreation Centers 1/40,000 1 sf per person 1/25,000
1/30,000,
1/75,000 senior
center
1 sf per person
Comparable Facilities Level of Service
Frisco Facility Lewisville Edmond, OK Midland Mckinney
Table28:ComparableFacilitiesLevelofService
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Page 168
Conclusions
Longviewsresidentsarewellservedwithmanyathleticandnon-athleticfacilities.Generally,
majorservicegapsfor2019and2024arenotprojectedforthefollowing:softball,disc
golf,racquetball,indoorswimming,sprayparks,dogparks,tenniscourts,horseshoepits,
andamphitheater.Thetopdecienciesareseeninbaseball,playareas,multi-usecourts,
volleyballandtrails.Football,practiceelds,outdoorswimming,pavilions,skateparksand
recreationcentersshowfutureneedsbutdisplaymoderateservicegaps.
Resource-Based Assessment
Theresource-basedassessmentisthethirdanalysisfortheneedsassessment.Thisexercise
recognizeskeyphysical,man-madeornaturalresourceswithinthecommunity.Foreachelement,
opportunitieswiththeresourceandhowthefeaturecanplayafutureroleintheparksystem.
Floodplains
TheCitylimitsandETJcontainlargeamountsofoodplainsandgreenbeltareas.Manyof
theareashavesignicantnaturalfeaturesincludingtreecoverage,creeks,pondsandnatural
drainageways.Landdesignatedasoodplainistypicallydifculttodevelopwithincreased
developmentcostsandenvironmentalconcernsregardingpreservationandprotectionof
wetlands.AsillustratedonFigure39,oodplainsmakeupapproximately3,600acresofthe
citylimitsorabouttenpercent.Inaddition,oodplainmakeupapproximately23,000acresof
theETJorabout23percent.Theoodplainandgreenbeltsarehomefornaturalprocesses
suchasoodprotection,wildlifehabitatandwaterqualityltration.Futureeffortsshould
respecttheoodplainsandgreenbeltstorecognizetheiruniqueopportunitiesforrecreation.
Longviewshouldtakeadvantageofexistingoodplainsandgreenbeltsonmanylevels.
First,theycanserveasanaturaledgealongmajorroadways,offeringaglimpseofnatural
aestheticsandvisualinterestuniqueforLongview.Greenbeltsofferagreatopportunityto
framefuturedevelopmentpatternsandfuturelandusesshouldcreateanamenityedge
adjacenttotheoodplainsandtrees.Theseamenitiescanserveasbuffersforresidential
neighborhoodsandasbackdropstocommercialandrestaurantuses.Forrecreational
purposes,thegreenbeltsshouldserveasmajortrailcorridorsastheydoforexistingLongview
trails.Futuretrailroutingshouldtakefulladvantageofthegreenbeltsformulti-purposetrails
thatconnectparks,neighborhoodsandpointsofinterestthroughoutthecommunity.
Top Priority Facility Level of Service
Needs
Baseballelds
Playarea
Volleyballarea
Trails
Multi-usecourts
Other Top Priority Facility Level of
Service Needs
Recreationcenters
Pavilions
Soccerelds
Practiceelds
Footballelds
Outdoorswimmingpools
Skatepark
Indoorswimmingpools
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 169
Sabine River
Longviewisthelargestcitytositontheriver,alongwithothercitiesincludingMarshall,
Orange,andGreenville.TheSabineRiverowsfor555milesandemptiesintotheSabine
Lake.TheLakeisthendrainedbytheSabinePassintotheGulfofMexico.Thebasincanbe
characterizedwithatslopesandwhite,timberedoodplains.TheSabineRiverAuthorityof
Texascurrentlymanagestheriveranditswatershed.
Creeks and Greenbelts
CreekcorridorsareanassettotheCitybecausetheyprovidenaturalbeautyandofferunique
opportunitiesforrecreation.Thereareseveraltributaries,orcreeks,thatowintotheSabine
River.GraceCreekowssouth-easterlyintotheSabineRiverandmakeupthelargestgreen
beltwithintheCityat10-1/2miles.OthersmallertributariesthatowintotheSabineRiver
include:
RayCreek
ElmBranch
OakCreek
MurrayCreek
SchoolBranch
GilmerCreek
OaklandCreek
CoushattaHillsCreek
GuthrieCreek
JohnstonCreek
HarrisCreek
HawkinsCreekTributary
LafamoCreek
WadeCreek
EastmanLakeCreek
IronBridgeCreek
Creeksandgreenbeltsalsoprovideopportunitiesforrecreation
Creeksandgreenbeltsprovidenaturalbeauty
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Figure39:FloodProneAreas
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Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 171
PARK,RECREATIONANDOPENSPACE
RECOMMENDATIONS
Therecommendationsandimplementationstrategiesarethe
resultofincorporatingtheinventory,parkclassicationand
standards,andneedsassessment.Itisthecommunitysdesire
toincreaselivabilitythroughqualityoflifebypromoting
improvementstotheexistingparksandtrailsystem.Thefull
parkplanningprocesshelpedtoformulatepriorityactions
whilesettingrealisticgoalsforLongview.Longviewsparkand
recreationfacilitiesfacemanychallengesincludingfunding,
existingparkconditionsandanextremelylargeparkacreage
LOSgapasidentiedintheneedsassessment.Because
Longviewisextremelyfarfromreachingitsgoalof15.5acres
ofparklandper1,000residentsandduetoexistingpark
funding,itisunrealistictothink15.5acresper1,000residents
couldbereachedinveor10years.However,leadership
inCitystaffandelectedofcialsmusthelptoaccomplish
continuousimprovementsandfocusonmeasurableand
achievableactions.Milestonesshouldbesetinordertoraise
thebarforparklandexperiencesinLongview.
WhileLongviewisshortonparkland,thenewfacilities
implementedinrecentyearsareshiningstarswithinthepark
system.Newsprayparks,accessibilityplaygrounds,PaulG.
BoormanTrailandLearParkofferlocalandregionaldraws.
Althoughthenewparksandnewfacilitiesarewonderful,a
20-plusyearlackofinvestmentinexistingparksbefore1990,
hasresultedinoutdatedfacilitiesandmanyexistingparksare
beginningtoshowtheirage.Thiscreatesatoughsituation
forLongviewsparkstaffhavingtodecidebetweenbuilding
neworimproveexisting,withthesolutionlikelyincluding
alittleofboth.Inordertocontrolthisbalancingact,City
staffwillbeatremendousresourceinmanagingbudgetand
implementation.Competinginterestsforfundingresources
andresourceallocationhasnowidentiedtheneedfor
increasedparkfundingtomeetthecommunitysdesires.In
thefuture,itwillrequiremoredeveloperdrivenrequirements,
particularlyfortheComprehensivePlansexpansionareas.
Theimprovementsforexistingparks,particularly
neighborhoodparks,shouldgohandinhandwith
neighborhoodrevitalizationeffortsoftheComprehensive
Plan.
Parksandtrailsarepartofaservicehierarchysystem.
NeighborhoodparksareLongviewsbaseunitand
provideadeningcharacterofindividualresidentialareas.
Neighborhoodparksshouldprovideamenitiesbased
Park Planning Area I Key
Enhancements:
Acquiring/securinglands
fortrails
Expandingtrailsandtrail
connections
Improvingexistingparks
Continuousandsuperior
maintenance
Park Planning Area II Key
Enhancements:
Acquiringnewparkland
Acquiring/securinglands
fortrails
Expandingtrailsandtrail
connections
Improvingexistingparks
Continuousandsuperior
maintenance
Park Planning Area III Key
Enhancements:
Ensuringparksare
providedwithfuture
neighborhoods
Improvingexistingparks
Continuousandsuperior
maintenance
DRAFT 10/28/2014
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onadjacentpopulationsandprimarilyservethesurroundingneighborhoodwithinwalking
distance.Communityparksarethenextlevelofparkserviceandhaveamuchlargerservicearea.
CommunityparksproviderecreationopportunitiestoanentireCityregion.RegionalParksand
specialuseparkshelptoprovideregionalsignicanceandyearroundvisitors.Withtheservice
levelsestablished,itisimperativetoconnectresidentstomajordestinationpoints.Existingand
futuretrailswillprovideaccesstodestinationpoints,greenbeltsandpromotenaturalareas.While
expectationshavebeenestablished,theseparksandtrailsshouldnotbeviewedasminimum
standardsbutratheressentialelementstofulllthecommunitysneeds.
LongviewstopParkandRecreationpriorityneedsaresummarizedinTable29.Theseare
basedonallthreeneedsassessment,consultantevaluation,staffinputandthecomprehensive
planplanningprocess.FutureParkandRecreationeffortsshouldworktowardsfulllingthese
communityneeds.
Key Areas of Focus
1. Increase Linear Miles of Trails with Focus on Creating Large Loop Segments in
Existing Greenbelt and Linear Park
Trailswereatoppriorityidentiedbythecommunityduringpublicinputandtheneeds
assessment.ThekeyconceptforLongviewstrailrecommendationsaretobuildonthe
successesofthePaulG.BoormanandCargillLongtrails.Expandedtrailopportunities
shouldfocusonimplementingexistingtrailplanstoconnectthesetwotrails.Thiswill
requireaphasedapproach.

Asasecondarytrailimplementationpriority,proposedtrailsasshownontheTrailsMaps
shouldbeimplementedtoconnectTeagueParkwithStamperPark.Thecommunity
desiresconnectionstogreenbeltsandtoconnectkeypointsofinterestsuchasparks,
schoolsandshoppingareas.Asalong-termstrategy,attentionshouldbeonbothlinear
Five Year Top Priority Recommendations
1. Increase trails and implement existing trail studies
2. Make improvements to existing parks, repair and update existing facilities
3. Complete the implementation of the Lear Park master plan
4. Complete the implementation of the Spring Hill Park master plan
5. Acquire new parkland and increase parkland acres level of service with focus in the north west section of the City
6. Provided new facilities at existing parks and at new parks including:
a. Trails
b. Baseball fields
c. Play areas
d. Soccer fields
e. Volleyball areas/Multi-use Courts
f. Restrooms
g. Pavilions
h. Practice fields
i. Indoor and Outdoor Swimming Pools
7. Increase park funding and annual budget
8. Continue to raise funds and implement the Longview Arboretum
9. Continue to explore new indoor recreation facilities
10. Continue to explore multiple funding opportunities
Table29:FiveYearTopPriorityRecommendations
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Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 173
pathwaysandtrailsthatcreatelargeloopsegmentsthroughouttheCity.TheTrailsMap
hasproposedtrailroutesformajorgreenbelttrailsthatshouldworkinconcertwithfuture
sidewalkimprovements.

TrailtypesforLongviewprimarilyincludegreenbelttrailsandroadsidetrails.Greenbelt
trailsemphasizeastrongrelationshipwiththenaturalsurroundingswithinapark-like
setting.Thesetrailtypescanbemulti-purposeandaregenerallylocatedwithinnatural
areas.Thegreenwaytrailsproviderelativelyuninterruptedtravelthroughoutportions
oftheCity.Theycanserveasanelementoflinearparks/greenwaysorasconnectors
betweenparks.Off-streettrailtypescanvarytoaccommodatemultipleusergroups
includingwalkers,joggers,bicyclists,andevenhorsesinsomeportions.Surfacetypes
mayvarydependingontheanticipatedusersandwhatisbeingconnected.Surfacetypes
couldincludesmooth,hard,all-weatherpavingsuchasconcreteorsoftsurfacessuchas
gravel,decomposedgraniteorcrushedlimestone.
2. Provide Updates, Repairs, and Renovations to Existing Parks
Theoperationofimprovingexistingparksandinllofnewamenitieswillneedtobe
overseenbyparkstaffwiththisdocumentservingasaresource.Itwillrequiresteadfast
commitmentsfromelectedandappointedofcialsinordertomakecertainappropriate
fundingisprovided.

NeighborhoodandcommunityparksarethefoundationforLongviewsparksystem.
Bothprovideimportantclose-to-homeamenitiesfortheirsurroundingresidentialareas.
However,duetotheirexistingageandfacilityconditions,itistimetoreinvestinthese
vitalcommunityassets.Ingeneral,theexistingcommunityparksareinbettercondition
thanexistingneighborhoodsparks.Thefairtopoorqualityofexistingneighborhood
parks,alongwithotherCityeffortstorevitalizeexistingresidentialareas,formthe
foundationfortherecommendationtofocusonimprovingexistingneighborhoodparks.

Generallyspeaking,existingneighborhoodsparkshavemanyissuesinneedof
repair.Theseincludeoutdatedequipment,agingstructures,erosion,andaccessibility
challenges.Inaddition,mostwouldbenetfromincreasedgeneralmaintenancesuch
aspruning,brushclearing,reseedingandweedcontrol.Manyoftheneighborhood
parkswouldbenetfromnewsidewalkstotheparkandsurroundingtheparksroadside
perimeters.Also,manyoftheirparkinglotsandentrydrivesareinneedofresurfacing,
restripingandrepairs.
3. Implement Existing Park Master Plans
TheCityandtheCommunityServicesDepartmenthavemadesignicantinvestments
oftimeandmoneytoplanforthefuture.Itisprudenttocontinuetheselong-term
investmentsaseachwasidentiedashighpriorityfromtheneedsassessment.Eachof
themasterplansshouldcontinuetobeimplementedasfundingbecomeavailable.
4. Increase Future Park Level of Service through Parkland Acquisition with the Purpose
to Build in the Future
BecauseLongviewscurrentlevelofserviceis7.89acresper1,000residentsandover
700acresshortofmeetingtheirestablishedstandards,steadylandprocurementsare
recommended.Makingcertainappropriatelandsaresetasideandavailableforfuture
parkdevelopmentisadeterminingfactorintheparksystemslong-termsuccess.In
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COMMUNITY CENTER
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PARK
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PARK
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PARK
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PARK
GRACE CREEK
MOUNTAIN
BIKE TRAIL
Neighborhood and
Communi ty Parks
Community Parks
Neighborhood Parks
One Mile Service Zone
1/2 Mile Service Zone
Approximate existing
residential areas not
serviced
Longview City Limits
Longview ETJ
0 1 0.5 Miles
]
Figure40:NeighborhoodandCommunityParksServiceZones
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Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 175
ordertopromoteaqualityandsustainablerecreationsystem,itwillbeimperativeto
providenewspaceforneededfacilitiesandacquiringlandinordertoreachtarget
levelsofservice.Thenewlandacquisitionsarenotmeanttocompetewithfundingfor
improvementstoexistingparks.Rather,acquiringlandsnowisvitalinordertoreachthe
guidelinesestablishedduringthisMasterPlan-15.5acresofparklandper1,000residents.
Acquiringnewlandsinthenextvetotenyearsisnecessarytocreateaparklegacyfor
futuregenerations.
5. Increase Quantity for Park Facilities and Amenities Based on the Needs Assessment
TherecentadditionsatLearParkaswellasnewtrails,splashpadsandnewplaygrounds
throughouttheCityhavegonealongwaystoimprovingFacilityLOSbutmuchisstill
needed.Thereareseveralkeyrecommendationsfornewandexpandedamenitiesthat
shouldbeconsideredwiththedevelopmentofnewparksandasinllatexistingparks.
Asshownintheneedsassessmentsection,thetopFacilityLOSneedsare:baseballelds,
playareas,volleyballareas,trailsandmulti-usecourts.Whencombinedwithpublicinput,
thefollowingshouldbeconsideredastoppriorityneedsforLongview(verifywithnal
surveyresults):
a. Trails
b. Baseballelds
c. Playareas
d. Soccerelds
e. Volleyballareas/Multi-useCourts
f. Restrooms
g. Pavilions
h. Practiceelds
i. Indoorandoutdoorswimmingpools
6. Explore New Indoor Recreation Opportunities
Thecitizensurveyandpublicmeetings,theexistingconditionobservationsandsizeof
currentindoorfacilitieshasallrecognizedashortageofindoorrecreationspace.The
establishcommunitystandardis1squarefootperperson;leavingaprojecteddeciency
of37,354s.f.by2019.Theonlinesurveyfoundfamilyaquaticcenters,recreationcenters
andswimmingasatoprankingamenitydesire.Thosescoresalongwithexisting
conditionsmakeindoorrecreationacontinuedneedforLongview.However,dueto
needsofexistingparks,fundingresourcesandotherneedsassessmentfactors,newand
improvedindoorrecreationfacilitiesremainamid-tolong-termactionitem.
7. Increase the Park and Recreation Annual Budget
Longviewscurrentparkandrecreationbudgetisabout$6.5millionandincludesregular
management,operationandmaintenancecost.Theexistingbudgetdoesnotinclude
fundsfornewparks,signicantparkimprovementsorexpandedtrails.Inaddition,
nootherfundingsourcearecurrentlybeingusedfornewparksasthe2007voter
approvedCIPbondprojectsarenowcompleteandnobondfundsremain.Basedonthe
ComprehensivePlanprocessandcommunityinputaspartoftheparkmasterplan,parks
andrecreationsareavitalpartofLongviewslivability.Withthis,forparksandrecreations
toremainprominentforitscitizens,increasestotheannualparkbudgetmustberealized.

5
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Smallincreasestotheannualparkbudgetareneededtoaccomplishevenminor
upgradessuchasresurfacingparkinglots,repairingfacilitiesandreplacingoutdated
equipmentsitefurnishings.Conversely,thegoalsandobjectivesforthisplanasdirected
bycitizensarenotinsignicantandseriousbudgetincreasesareneededtoexpand
Longviewsparks,meetresidentsexpectationsandimprovevisitorsperceptions.
8. Advance Park and Recreation Funding Sources
ForLongviewsparksystemtoseetheneedednoteworthyexpansionandupdates,
additionalsourcesofparkrevenueneedtobeprogressed.Amulti-toolapproachis
recommended,inwhichmultiplestrategies,fundingsourcesandpartnersareemployed
inordertocollectivelyworktoachievethedesiredresults.Arangeofstrategiesmay
beappropriatewithinagivenlocationand,therefore,eachpossiblestrategyshouldbe
understoodandexaminedinordertodeterminewhereitmaybemostappropriately
used.Inmanycases,fundingcouldincludemultiplesourcessuchasprivatefunding,City
funds,bonds,stateandfederalgrants,andsponsor-basedfunding.Thefundingresources
areexamplesandadditionalopportunitiesmaybediscoveredduringimplementation.
8
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IMPLEMENTATIONSTRATEGIES
Goal: Be recognized as the most livable city in East Texas.
Objectives: Provide excellent quality of life for residents and visitors.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Providesignicantimprovementstoolderneighborhoodparksasakeyrevitalization
effort.
Rehabonetotwoneighborhoodparksperyear.
Increaseannualparkbudgettoincludefundstoimproveexistingparks.
Increaseannualparkmaintenancefundingtoprovideincreasedparkcarebeyond
regularmowingandlitterremoval.
Continuetoprovidesuperiorstandardsofcare/maintenanceforrecentparkadditions
suchastrailsandnewathleticelds.
Continuetomonitorrecreationfacilitiestomakesuretheyareincompliance
withStateandFederalRegulations,includingADA,ASTM,CPSC,andtheTexas
DepartmentofStateHealthServices.
Goal: Have quality education through collaborative efforts to reach the highest
educational attainment at all levels.
Objectives: Promote equal access to and benets from quality education for all
Longview.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
ContinuefundraisingandpartnershipeffortsfortheLongviewArboretumandbegin
implementationfortheArboretummasterplan.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
2.1
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3.1
Objectives: Create partnerships among schools, families, community groups, and
individuals designed to share and maximize resources.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
BegintoexplorealargeregionalparkinthelowlandsareaofParkPlanningArea
I,nearHighway31andnorthofInterstate20.Thiswillrequirediscussionsand
partnershipswiththecounty,stateandlocalcollegesanduniversities,research
institution,landpreservationorganizationsandstateagencies.Recommended
preliminaryfacilitieswouldinclude:landpreservationareas,researchfacilities,
educationfacilities,dayuseareas,watersports,shing,birding,hiking,campingand
pavilionandrentalcabins.
Goal: Create a thriving city that attracts people of all ages, provide opportunities
to young professionals and graduates to stay in Longview, allows young people to be
engaged, and fosters a family-friendly atmosphere.
Objectives: Encourage programs, events, amenities, and land uses that benet families.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Implementaparklanddedicationordinance.
Identifyparkgrantmatchingfundsforfutureopportunities.
ExplorenewMunicipalBondopportunitiesforadditionalparklandandfacilities.
Continuetotargetparkgrantsfundingsources.
Providenewfundingforparklandacquisitions.
Acquireparklandsinthemostunderservicedareas,particularlyinParkPlanningArea
II.
Coordinatewithotherdepartments,localorganizations,landpreservation
organizationsandstateagenciesaboutassistanceinparklandacquisitions.
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
DRAFT 10/28/2014
Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 179
Objectives: Seek development of additional family-friendly entertainment venues and
recreational amenities.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
ContinuetoimplementtheLearParkMasterPlan.
ContinuetoimplementtheSpringHillParkMasterPlan.
Continuediscussionswithcitizens,citystaff,parksboard,electedandappointed
ofcialsaboutindoorrecreationneeds,locationsandfunding.
Conductfeasibilitystudytodetermineexactspacingneedsandcostfornewindoor
recreationfacilitiesandimprovementstoexistingfacilities.
Increasecurrentannualbudgetforparkandtrailoperationsandmaintenance.
Providenewfundingtoimproveexistingparks.
Providenewfundingtoimplementnewparks.
Thetoppriorityathleticandnon-athleticfacilitiesshouldbeprovidedaspartofthe
KeyAreasofFocus1-4atexistingparks.
Whendesigningfutureparks,considerthefollowingprogramsasatoppriorityto
meetfuturedemand:trails,baseballelds,playareas,soccerelds,volleyballareas/
multi-usecourts,restrooms,pavilions,practiceelds,andindoor/outdoorswimming
pools.
Basedonadditionalpublicinput:design,fundandimplementnewamenitytypes
throughoutLongview.Theseincludeskateparks,kayaking,shingandadditional
specialneedsplaygrounds.
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.2
5.1
5.3
5.10
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6.1
6.2
6.3
7.1
8.1
Goal: Provide opportunities and healthy choices for Longviews citizens.
Objectives: Continue to expand the trail system to connect neighborhoods with parks
and other amenities.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
FundandimplementtheMasterPlanforRicePark,McHaneyParkandtrails.
Acquire/securelandneededforeast-westtrailexpansionsshownontheTrailsMap
(fromTeagueParktoStamperPark).
Acquire/securelandneededfornorth-southtrailexpansionsshownontheTrailsMap
(fromStamperParktoPaulG.BoormanTrail).
Objectives: Increase access to non-motorized transportation options to promote healthy
living.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
PromotetheuseofgreenbeltsasprivatetraillocationssimilartoGraceCreek
MountainBikeTrail.
Goal: Invest in designated areas to create an urban mixed-use environment to attract
people and create a sense of place.
Objectives: Include improved signage in beautication efforts to direct residents and
visitors to activity areas and Downtown.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Implementthe2009UrbanGraphicsMasterPlansareaidentifysignageprogramat
existingparks.
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Parks, Recreation and Open Space | Page 181
Additional Funding Sources
General Funds
Thissourceoffundingissupportedbyadvaloremtaxrevenuesandisgenerallytheprimary
sourceoffundsformaintenanceandoperationoftheexistingparksystem.Thegeneralfund
isalsothesourceforprojectsrequiringsmalleramountsofcapitalinvestment.Although
projectsfundedbythissourcemakeasmallannualcontributiontotheexpansionofthe
parksystem,analysisoveranumberofyearsusuallyreectsamajoraccomplishment
inimprovementstotheparksystem.Itisimportanttoincludefundingforon-going
maintenanceandstaffrequirementsfornewtrailandparkimprovements.
Economic Development Corporation
EconomicDevelopmentCorporations(EDCs)areoftenutilizedincommunitiesasameans
ofconcentratingresourcestowardseconomicdevelopmentandcreatingnewjobs.The
advantagestoEDCsarethattheymayexistasapublicentity(directlyassociatedwith
municipalgovernment)ormayexistasanon-protorganization.EDCsmaybecreatedto
promoteandattracteconomicdevelopmentfortheCityasawhole,ortheymaybecreated
tospecicallyaddressissueswithinaparticularneighborhoodorareawithinthecommunity.
EDCsoftenreceivefundingfrombothpublicandprivatesources,suchasfundingby4Bsales
taxrevenues,andessentiallyactasanambassadorfortheareathattheyserve.Advocacyand
proactiveoutreachareimportantfunctionsofEDCsintheirattempttoexplainandreachout
topotentialdevelopmentandprovidereasonsandofferincentivesforchoosingtolocate
withintheidentiedarea.ItisrecommendedthatmembersoftheEDCusethisdocumentas
aguideinpromotingandattractingdevelopmentwithinthestudyarea.
Bonds
Bondsaregenerallythemostcommonsourceusedbycitiesforthepurchaseoflandandfor
providingdevelopmentmonies.Debtnancingthroughtheissuanceofmunicipalbondsis
oneofthemostcommonwaystofundpark,recreation,andopenspaceprojects.Thistype
offundingisastrategywhereinacityissuesabond,receivesanimmediatecashpaymentto
nanceprojects,andmustrepaythebondwithinterestoverasetperiodoftimerangingfrom
afewyearstoseveraldecades.
Ageneralobligationbondisamortizedusingadvaloremtaxesandisusedforthefunding
ofcapitalprojectsthatarenotsupportedbyarevenuesource.Theseprojectsincludewater
service,sanitarysewerservice,andparkacquisitionanddevelopment.Theavailabilityof
bondingforparksisoftendependentupontheoverallmunicipalneedsnancedbythis
source.Capitalitemssuchaspurchaseoflandandphysicalimprovementswithausablelife
expectancyof15to20yearscanbefundedwithgeneralobligationbonds.
Arevenuebondnancesprojectswhichproduceenoughrevenuetoretiretheirdebt,suchas
golfcourses,battingcagesandenterprise-orientedparkprojects.
Developer Requirements
Thisinvolvesrequiringnewdevelopmenttoprovideadedicationoflandforparks(orfee-in-
lieuofland),parkdevelopmentfees,andtrailrights-of-wayoreasementstooffsettheCitys
costs.
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Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Outdoor Recreation Grants
Thisgrantprovides50percentmatchinggrantfundstomunicipalities,counties,MUDsand
otherlocalunitsofgovernmentwithpopulationslessthan500,000toacquireanddevelop
parklandortorenovateexistingpublicrecreationareas.Eligiblesponsorsincludecities,
counties,MUDs,riverauthorities,andotherspecialdistricts.Projectsmustbecompleted
withinthreeyearsofapproval.
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Indoor Recreation Grants
Thisgrantprovides50percentmatchinggrantfundstomunicipalities,counties,MUDsand
otherlocalunitsofgovernmentwithpopulationslessthan500,000toconstructrecreation
centers,naturecentersandotherindoorrecreation-relatedbuildings.
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Community Outdoor Outreach Program (CO-OP)
Grants
TheCO-OPgranthelpstointroduceunder-servedpopulationstotheservices,programs,
andsitesofTexasParks&WildlifeDepartment.Thisisnotalandacquisitionorconstruction
grant;thisisonlyforprograms.Grantsareawardedtonon-protorganizations,schools,
municipalities,counties,cities,andothertax-exemptgroups.Fundsmaybeusedfordirect
programcostsforoutdoorrecreationorenvironmentaleducationandconservationprograms.
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Recreational Trail Grants
TPWDadministerstheNationalRecreationalTrailGrantsinTexasundertheapprovalofthe
FederalHighwayAdministration(FHWA).Thisfederallyfundedprogramreceivesitsfunding
fromaportionoffederalgastaxespaidonfuelusedinnon-highwayrecreationalvehicles.
Private Donations
Thissourceofnancialassistancewouldusuallycomefromacitizen,organization,orbusiness
thathasaninterestinassistingwiththedevelopmentoftheparksystem.Landdedication
isnotanuncommonoccurrencewhenpropertyisbeingdeveloped.Thelocationofa
neighborhoodparkwithinaresidentialdevelopmentoffersadditionalvaluetoresidential
unitswithinthatneighborhood,especiallyiftheresidentialdevelopmentisoccupiedby
youngerfamilieswithchildren.Oncepropertyisacquiredthroughthismethod,theCity
shouldbepreparedtoimprovethefacilityforusewithinareasonablelengthoftime.
Privatedonationsmayalsobereceivedintheformoffunds,facilities,recreationequipment,
artorin-kindservices.Donationsfromlocalandregionalbusinessesassponsorsforevents
orfacilitiesshouldbepursued.AParksImprovementTrustFundmaybesetuptomanage
donationsbyserviceorganizations,benevolentcitizens,willedestatesandotherdonated
sources.Thepurposeofthistrustistoestablishapermanentsourceofprincipalvaluethat
willincreaseasdonationsoccur.Theprincipalcannotbedecreased;however,theannual
interestcanbeusedforparkdevelopment.
Public Improvements District (PID)
WhenauthorizedbyCityCouncilincompliancewithstatelaws,newdevelopmentscan
establishaPublicImprovementDistrict(PID).Asataxingdistrict,thePIDprovidesfunds
specicallyfortheoperationandmaintenanceofpublicfacilitiessuchasparksandmajor
boulevards.
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Tax Increment Reinvestment Zones (TIRZ)
ATIRZisatoolusedbylocalgovernmentstonancepublicimprovementsinadenedarea
asapprovedbytheCityCouncil.WhenanareaisdesignatedasaTIRZdistrict,thetaxbase
isfrozenatthecurrentlevel.AsdevelopmentoccurswithintheTIRZ,theincreasedvalueof
property,orthetaxincrement,iscaptured.Thetaxincrementsarepostedtoaseparatefund
tonancepublicimprovementswithinthedistrict.
Partnership with the School District and County
TheCityshouldinvestigateopportunitiestoshareparkfacilitiesandtheirassociatedcostwith
boththelocalschooldistrictsandcounties.TheCity,schooldistrictsandcountieshavemany
commongoals.Additionally,assetsandcostscanbesharedbetweentheentitiestohelp
meeteachentitysspecicneeds.Forexample,theCitymaypurchaselandnexttoafuture
schoolsiteandaschooldistrictmayinstallthefacilities,suchasaplayground,whichcanbe
enjoyedbytheentirecommunity.Asaresult,theentirecommunitybenetsbecauseeach
entitycangenerallysavetaxdollarsthanifaparksiteisdevelopedindependently.
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7
Neighborhood
and Community Livability
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Chapter 7: Neighborhood and Community Livability
OVERVIEW
Qualityoflifeisimportantwhenmakingadecisiontocontinuelivinginaparticularcityor
neighborhood,andinmakingadecisiontorelocatetoanothercommunity.Qualityoflife
describestheintangiblesthatmakecommunitiescompetitiveandattractiveandcaninclude
factorssuchasbuiltandnaturalenvironments,economicprosperity,socialstabilityandequity,
educationalopportunity,andcultural,entertainmentandrecreationpossibilities.
Alivablecommunityisonethatissafeandsecure,hasaffordableandappropriatediverse
housingandtransportationoptions,andsupportivecommunityfeaturesandservices.The
conceptoflivabilityhasbeenappliedtoanincreasinglydiversesetofcommunityelements,from
healthcaretoenvironmentalprotectiontoeconomicdevelopmentandtheaccessibilityofthe
arts.Itisapositivesignthatsomanysectorshavecometobeconcernedwithandinvestedin
whatmakesacommunitylivable.Thereisadirectcorrelationintheaspectsoflivabilityandwhat
onewouldconsiderahighqualityoflife.
Growthmanagement,continuouslyimprovedsocialwell-being,inllandredevelopment,
housing,communityappearanceanddesign,andhistoricpreservationshouldbeafocusas
LongviewseekstoberecognizedasthemostlivablecityinEastTexas.Inanefforttobeknown
asalivablecity,Longviewwillneedtoaddressandbeconsciousofitsneighborhoods,districts,
corridors,entryways,andedges.Thefollowingcomponentswillbecriticaltothelivabilityand
qualityoflifeinLongview:
Corridors
Corridorsarelifelinesconnectingneighborhoods,employmentcentersanddestinations.
Corridorscomeinavarietyofsizes,lookandfeel,andshouldprovideapleasantexperience
foritsdriversandpedestrians.Theyshouldbemorethanjuststreets,butprovidesensible
routesandcirculationsthroughoutthecity.
Neighborhoods
Neighborhoodsshouldserveastheprimarybuildingblocksofacommunitysbuilt
environment.Theyshouldbewalkableandconnectedwithamixofhousingtypes.A
neighborhoodshouldbewithinwalkingdistanceofschools,parks,neighborhoodshopping,
placesofwork,andothercommunityamenities.
Entryways
Therstimpressionavisitorhasaboutaparticularcity,neighborhood,andcorridorcomes
fromtheexperienceenteringthearea.Entrywaysserveasawelcomingcommitteeinto
communitiesandshouldbeaddressedwithsuchimportance.Anentrywaycanbecomea
catalysttohowcertainareascontinuetodevelopintothefuture.
Edges
Similartoentryways,theedgeshelptellastoryofthecommunitywithin.Edgesshould
reectatransitionfromthedevelopedareastotheundevelopedextraterritorialjurisdiction
boundaries.Theformedgestakeon,whetherintheformofopenspaceandnaturalareas,
agriculturalland,andurbandevelopmentisimportant.
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Downtown Longview and Districts
DistrictsarelargerareasofactivitysuchasDowntown,andhaveuniqueorspecializeduses
andactivities.Districtsshouldbedistinctenvironments,providingopportunitiesandchoices
thatareuniquetoLongviewwithspecializedactivitiesfromotherareasofthecommunity.
Districtscreatetheirownidentityintheformofbuildingstandards,signage,landscape,and
otheraestheticfeaturesthathelpattractvisitorsfromoutsidedistrictboundaries.
SowhyisDowntownimportanttoLongview?BecauseDowntownistheheartoftheCity.
Manycitizenshaveanunderlyingbeliefthatavibrantandhealthyurbansettingisthebest
formulatomaintainDowntownLongviewssignicantroleasahubofactivities,aheadquarter
forbusinesses,andafocalpointofcivicgatherings.Downtownsaretheimageofacityand
anattractive,busydowntownforLongviewsupportsprivateinvestment,visitorperceptions
andcommunitypride.
Social, Cultural and Health Well-Being
Positivesocialinteractionsnaturallysupportthetermcommunity.Excellentculturaldiversity
impliesthecongregationandinteractionofpeople.Residentsidentiedthatoneofthe
deningfeaturesforLongviewwereitsresidentsandthesenseofcommunitythatneedsto
beinstilledinfuturegenerations.
Inthischapter,thesecomponentsandotherrecommendationsandstrategiesareaddressed
toprovideaguideforthefuturegrowthanddevelopmentofLongview,andhelptoenhance
itsneighborhoodandcommunitylivability.
Alivableneighborhoodcontributestoahighqualityoflife
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EXISTINGCONDITIONS
Evaluating Neighborhood and Community Livability
Livabilitycanbedifculttoevaluateandmeasure.Peopleoftenhavedifferentpreferencesand
prioritiesregardingneighborhoodandcommunitylivability.Factorssuchassafety,aestheticsand
friendliness,andresidentsprideareallimportantattributes,butmaybedifculttodetermine
factorsofmostimportance.However,livabilitycanbeevaluatedusingvariousindicators.
Indicatorscanbeusedtomeasurethesuccessofcommunitygoals,objectives,andstrategies.
Belowisalistofafewgeneralneighborhoodandcommunitylivabilityobjectivesthatshouldbe
considered.
Perceptionofpublicsafety.
Attractivestreetscapesandotherpublicfacilities.
Communitycharacter.Alivablecommunitytendstovaluehavingauniqueidentitythat
makesitspecialandinstillsasenseofcommunitypride.
Friendlinessandconsideration.Positivepersonalinteractionsbetweenpeople(including
residents,employeesandvisitors)contributetocommunitylivability.
Walkability.Walkingisaprimarywaythatpeopletravel,interactandexperiencetheir
community.
Convenience,Accessibility,andTransportationChoices,whichincreasepeoples
opportunitiesforemployment,shoppingandrecreation.
Quiet,freshairandcleanliness.
Recreation.Opportunitiesforfun,exerciseandinformalcommunityinteraction.
Affordabilityallowspeopleofallincomeclassestobepartofacommunity,andreduces
stressanduncertaintyonresidents.
Corridors
CorridorsinLongviewareimportanttothecirculationandconnectionofvariousareas,butalso
tothegeneralappearanceandattractivenessoftheCity.CorridorswithintheCitylimitscurrently
handlevehicularcapacitywell,buttheiraestheticappealandlandusesneedtobeenhancedto
achievecitizendesires.Highway80,alsoknownasMarshallAvenue,runspredominatelyeastand
west,andlackspedestrianandstreetscapeimprovements,especiallyenteringLongviewfrom
theeast.EstesParkwayandSouthEastmanRoadareotherimportantcorridorsthatarefactors
insouthLongviewseconomicdevelopment.MobberlyAvenueandEstesParkwayneedsthe
mostattentionpresentlybecausethesearemajorvisitorcorridors.Specialareaplansforthese
corridorsareneededtofurtherinvestigatetheirpotential.
Neighborhoods
Withanestimated2012populationof81,092,Longviewhas23constituentneighborhoods
andover1,700subdivisions.Longviewisthe41stlargestcommunityinTexas.Neighborhood
livabilityisveryimportantsince23.8%ofLongviewsexistingCitylimitlanduseissinglefamily,
representingapproximately8,500acres.In2011,therewereapproximately32,324housingunits
withintheCitylimits;andsince2000,owner-occupiedunitsandmedianhousevalueshaverisen.
Longviewssubdivisionmapshowstheneighborhooddevelopmentpatternsthroughoutthe
yearshavedevelopedfromthesouthtothenorth,andisboundwithinLoop281.Themost
recentresidentialgrowthisoccurringtothenorthandnorthwestofLoop281.Newgrowthareas
shouldreceiveconsiderableattentionsonewerneighborhoodsblendintotheoverallcommunity
togivethelookandfeelofonecontinuouscity.
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Page 190
Entryways
TherehavebeensomerecententrywayimprovementsinLongviewandanupcoming
improvementwillbeseenattheintersectionofHighway31andSpur63.Entrywaysalong
Interstate20andotherkeylocationsintheCitywillhelptosetthetoneforvisitorsastheyenter,
aswellaspromoteasenseofpride.Manyofthecurrententrywaysperceptionsareheavily
inuencedbyindustriallandusesanddonotportrayinspiringarchitectureorsitedesigns.
Continuityintheentrywaysbuildingmaterials,plantpaletteandsignagearelacking.
Edges
Longviewsedgeconditionsvary,butsimilartoentrywaystheyplayanimportantroleinhowthe
Cityisviewedfromoutsiders.Alongthesouthernedge,industrialusesllthelandscapeanda
largeoodplainhugsthecityssouthernboundaries.Theeasternedgehasamixofindustrial,
commercial,andresidentialuses.ThewesternedgeisadjacenttotheCityofWhiteOakand
hasgrowingresidentialareas.Thenorthernedgeistheleastpopulatedandcontainsmanylarge
vacantparcels.
Downtown Longview and Districts
Presently,Downtown,GoodShepherdMedicalCenter,andLeTourneauUniversityareareasthat
couldbeconsideredspecialdistrictsinLongview.InDowntown,thelandscapeandstreetscape
improvementsalongGreenStreet,NorthFredoniaandEastMethvinStreetshavehelpedspur
interest,butdaytimeparkingissuesneedtobeaddressedtofurtherpromotethesuccessinthe
area.Downtownhasonlyscratchedthesurfaceasavibrant,urbanattraction.Itwasmadeclearin
publiccommentsthatsupportexiststocontinuethemomentumofDowntowninvestment.
JustnortheastofDowntownistheGoodShepherdMedicalCenter.GoodShepherdisoneof
Longviewsmajoremployersandhastheopportunityforcontinuedexpansion.Preservingand
enhancingitscurrentlocationhasalong-termeconomicbenetstotheCityandcouldserve,
throughcoordinatedefforts,asacatalysttohelpwithDowntownscontinuedrevitalization.
LeTourneauUniversity,locatedinsouthLongview,isa162-acrecampuswhere1,346students
attend.Atleast74percentofLeTourneausstudentsliveoncampus,whichopenstheopportunity
fortheUniversityandsurroundingareastobecomeaspecialdistrictinthefuture.
Social, Cultural and Health Well-Being
Throughoutthecomprehensiveplanningprocess,Longviewsresidentsmentionedtheneedfor
improvedsocial,culturalandhealthrelatedcommunityissues.Thiscontinuousdialogueand
communityinputonsocialissuesisevidencetheresidentswishtoimprovethecurrentcondition.
Longviewisinneedforimprovedsocialactivitieswhichpromoteexposuretonewcultural
experienceswithafocusonimprovingtheappreciationwithinthecity.Notedcurrentissues
includedhomelessness,lackofcommunicationbetweendemographicgroups,healthyfood
choices,andaccesstoculturalevents.
Muchofthenotedissueswereidentiedbyresidentsasstemmingfromeconomicand
educationalchallengesexperiencedbylowerincomepopulationsinLongview.Overcoming
theseissueswillrequirecoordinationbetweenresidents,thecity,socialserviceentities,andthe
localschooldistricts.
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Neighborhood and Community Livability | Page 191
NEIGHBORHOODLIVABILITY
NeighborhoodsarethemostimportantcomponentwithinLongview.Theyarethebackboneof
theCityandthehealthofitsneighborhoodsisthesinglegreatestpriorityofitsresidents.Livable
neighborhoods,regardlessofwhattypeofenvironment,havesomecommoncharacteristics.The
followingisadiscussionofsomeofthesecommoncharacteristicsaswellasstrategiestoensure
thatneighborhoodsareprotected,preservedandenhancedasdevelopmentoccurs.
Long-term Neighborhood Vitality
Neighborhoodsareoftendenedinmoreabstracttermsbythesenseofcommunityandthe
qualityoflifeenjoyedbythepeoplewholivethere.Well-designedneighborhoodsprovide
asettingforresidentstodevelopastrongsenseofbelonging,whichispromotedbytheir
interactions.ThequalityandlivabilityoftheCitysneighborhoodsareintegralcomponentsof
itsoverallcharacter.Thekeytoasuccessfulneighborhoodiscreatingalivableenvironment
wheretheongoingprivateinvestmentonpropertyissupportedbypublicinvestmentinparks
andgreenbeltareas;opportunitiesforsocialinteraction;accessibilityforpedestrians,bicyclists
andvehicles;anddistinctivecharacteristicsthatgiveanareaauniqueidentity.Longviews
neighborhoodsmaybequantiedintermsofthefollowingcharacteristics:
Opportunitiesforsocialinteraction,suchasneighborhoodevents;
Carefulandstrategicplacementofretailusesandothernon-residentialuses,particularly
whensuchusesabutneighborhoods;
Continuedinvestmentinpublicandprivatepropertytostabilizepropertyvalues;
Conditionofpublicfacilitiesandinfrastructureservingthearea;
Asenseofcommunityandbelongingamongresidentsthroughdistinctive
neighborhoodidentities;and
Accesstorecreationsuchasparks,openspaces,publicfacilitiesandtrails.
Theprecedingprinciplesareusedtoguidenewdevelopment,andwillprotectthelong-term
viabilityandinvestmentinLongviewsneighborhoodsinthefuture.Inparticular,futureresidential
developmentsshouldincludeneighborhoodparksthatprovideopportunitiesforresidentsto
socializeandforchildrentoplay.Additionally,asnewnonresidentialdevelopmentoccurs,the
long-termeffectsofthatdevelopmentshouldbeevaluated,particularlywhetherornotsuch
developmentwouldhaveadverseeffectsonadjacentresidentialareas.Whennon-residential
developmentabutsresidentialareas,thelandscapingshouldbeenhancedandscreeningand
bufferingshouldbeincreased.
Housing Mix
Itisimportantforcommunitiestoprovideavariety
ofhousingforitscitizensandtomeettheneedsof
differentsegmentsofthepopulation.Thefulllife-cycle
isintendedtodescribeallstagesoflifeyoungsingles,
professionals,familieswithchildren,familieswithout
children,empty-nesters,retireesandseniors.Planning
alife-cyclecommunitytakesintoconsiderationthat
housingpreferencesmaychangethroughoutoneslife.
Forexample,whilelarge-lottraditionalsinglefamily
homesmaybeveryattractiveandsuitableforafamilywith
children,emptynestersandretireesmaydesireasmaller,
highqualityhomewithlessphysicalmaintenance.
Figure42:FullLife-CycleHousing
Multfamily
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Page 192
Life-Cycle Housing
Allowavarietyofhousing
typesandsizesto
accommodatedifferent
stagesoflifewithin
Longview.Ensurethatall
housingtypesarebuilt
tothehighestpossible
quality.
Neighborhood
Conveniences
Incorporateneighborhood
retailcentersinstrategic
locationswhichoptimize
convenienceforadjacent
neighborhoods.
Encouragewalkabilityand
connectivitytoadjacent
neighborhoods.
Connectivity
Encourageconnected
neighborhoods
emphasizingbothinternal
andexternalconnectivity.
Neighborhoodsshouldbe
linkedtoeachotheraswell
astothecommunityasa
whole.
Society
Encourageevents,such
asNationalNightOut,
blockpartiesandother
neighborhoodeventsto
promotesocialinteraction
amongneighborsand
tofosterasenseof
community.
Recreational Access
Createparksinorder
toprovideoutdoor
recreationalopportunities
forbothneighborhoods
andthecommunity,
enhancingthequalityof
lifeofLongview.
Open Space
Inadditiontoparksand
trails,neighborhoods
shouldincludeopen
space.
Quality Development
Considerminimum
residentialstandardsand
requirequalitybuilding
materialsthatreduce
maintenanceandpreserve
long-termappearance.
Neighborhood
Signage
Delineatedifferent
neighborhoodsthrough
entrancefeaturesand
signagetoppers.
TheVisualCharacterSurveyindicatedsinglefamilyhomesarethepreferredhousingtypewithin
Longview.However,toaccommodateresidentsatdifferentphasesintheirlives,thereshouldbe
otherhousingtypesavailable.Multifamilycomprisesalmostthreepercentofresidentialuses,and
perhapsthereisanopportunityformixed-useresidentialdevelopmentthatwouldhelpincrease
optionsforfulllife-cyclehousing.
Key Elements to Implement
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COMMUNITYLIVABILITY
Accordingtothecommunitysurvey,over50percentofresidentsweresatisedwithLongviews
qualityoflife,butmorethan30percentwerenotsatised.Thisindicatesthereisroomto
improveintermsoflivabilitythatwouldhelpincreaseresidentssatisfactionwithLongviews
qualityoflife.
Communitylivabilitydirectlybenetspeoplewholivein,workinorvisitanarea,increases
propertyvaluesandbusinessactivity,andcanimprovepublichealthandsafety.However,
improvingcommunitylivabilitycanhelpachievetransportationplanningobjectivessuch
asreducedautomobiletravel,increaseduseofothermodes,andmorecompactlanduse
development.Livabilityislargelyaffectedbyconditionsinthepublicrealm,placeswherepeople
naturallyinteractwitheachotherandtheircommunity,includingstreets,parks,transportation
terminalsandotherpublicfacilities,andsoitisaffectedbypublicpolicyandplanningdecisions.
Downtown Longview and Districts
DowntownLongviewpossessesoneoftheCityslargestopportunitiestodeneandexpand
itsregionalidentityandmarketpopularitythroughcoordinatedinvestmentinurbanliving,
restaurants,entertainmentandthedowntownworkplace.AcontinuedfocusontheDowntown
anditscorewillstrengthentheCitysregionalprolethroughanenhancedsenseofthe
communityscenterdevelopment.ThecontinuedredevelopmentofDowntownwillprovidethe
largercommunitywithadestinationforwalkingandentertainmentpotential.Itsredevelopment
canexpandtheprogrammaticofferingsintheformofnewhousing,employmentandrestaurant
entities;therebyexpandingitscompetitiveposition.
ThechallengewithnewdevelopmentinDowntownislargelyoneoflandassemblyasmanyofthe
parcelsareverysmall.Thereisaneedforlandassemblystrategiesthatfocusoncatalyticproject
areastocreateaneconomicincentiveprogramthatdeveloperscanutilizetomitigatethecost
associatedwithsuchassembly.Thereisaneedforcatalystinllprojectstosolidifythecoreand
boundariesoftheurbandistrict,whilealsobetterdeningthegatewayentryintoDowntown.
Ledinpartbynewresidentialuses,theDowntowndistrictforLongviewneedstocontinue
inducementofnewdevelopment.Increasecriticalhousingmasscanleadtoincreasesin
nighttimeactivity,attractrestaurants,andcreateastrongerplace.Thisstrongersenseofplacein
turncanleadtonewmarketopportunitiesforofceusers.
Buildinguponthepastdecadeofpublicinvestmentinstreetscapesandinfrastructure,the
targetfordowntownistohelpimplementtheresidentsdesireforaprimedestinationtolive,
workandbeentertained.Longviewmustcontinuetoworktomakeitsdowntownastronger
choiceforbusinessandofceenvironments.Thismustbecoupleswithexpandedentertainment
venues,festivals,eventsandrestaurantvenuestoattractdayandnightvisitors.Withsuchpublic
investmentalreadyexpended,itisprudenttobudgetforandimplementawellmaintained
environmentwithastrongreputationforcleanlinessandsafety.
SowhyandhowshouldLongviewtakeadvantageofitsuniquedistricts?
CapitalizeontheMillennialpopulation.Thisagesegment(bornbetweenapproximately
1982and2003)hasexpectationsregardingurbanenvironmentsandmixeduseurban
areas.Inparticular,knowledge-basedworkers,suchasengineers,doctors,architects,
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scientists,accountants,lawyersandteachers,nddistrictsappealingthatincludewalkable
environmentswithsmall-scaleamenitiessuchascafes,galleriesandindependentstores.
EmbracetheCreativeClass.Consumerpreferencesarechangingbasedontheriseofthe
CreativeClass.AsdenedbyRichardFlorida,thisinnovativeandcreativesectorofthe
workforcecomprises40millionworkers(about30percentoftheU.S.workforce).There
isapent-updemandforwalkableplacesandthedemandforwalkableurbanismwill
representatleastonethirdoftheU.S.housingmarket.Notallindividualswanttoliveina
walkableurbanplace,buttheyallexpecttohavetheopportunitytodosoatvarioustimes
oftheirlifeandwillgravitatetometroareasthatoffermultiplehousingchoices.
Accommodatetrendsinhousingproducts.Housingneedsandexpectationsarechanging
basedonnationalandlocaltrendsthatincludeshiftingdemographics,decreased
householdsizesandagingpopulations.Thisrelatesdirectlytosmallerhouseholdsizes,
theincreaseinsingle-personhouseholdsandhouseholdswithoutchildren,inadditionto
theamplieddemandforhousingvarietyrelatedtoanagingbabyboomerpopulation.
Promotebetterdevelopmentimpactstothelocalairqualityandtrafc.Continued
sprawlandauto-centricdevelopmentmodelscancausetrafccongestion,increased
fuelconsumption,addedvehicletripsandincreasedburdenoncitiestoprovidefornew
infrastructureandthemaintenanceofexistinginfrastructure.Newdevelopmentsofurban
centersarehelpingtoaddresstheseissueswithincreaseddensities,mixeduses,new
amenitiesanddesirableworkenvironments.
Supportthehighereducationexperiences.Expandingdowntownresidentialspacewill
addmarketforcesthatsupporteducation,retailanddiningandentertainmentoptions.
Moreresidentsandthebuildingsthathousethemwillalsoaddtotheexperienceof
Downtown,closedevelopmentgapsandmakeDowntownamorewalkableurbanplace.
PositionLongviewtoattractnewworkersandthosethatemploythem.Capitalandtalent
aremobileandsomeplaceswillmaketheinvestmentstoattractthemandprosperwhile
otherswillnot.Downtownshouldpositionitselfasavibrant,urbancorethatenticesand
servesthenext-generationofcompanies,professionals,educatorsandresearchers.
PositioningLongviewsdistrictsasapartnerswithLeTourneauUniversity,thepubliclibrary,
publicschools,andsocialentitiestocancreateadestinationforlifelonglearning.These
afliationswillmostlikelyyieldsignicanteconomic,socialandimagebenetsforthe
communityasawholeandthepresentandfuturecompanies,residentsandworkers.
Social, Cultural and Health Well-Being
AccordingtotheCentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention(CDC),healthyplacesarethose
designedandbuilttoimprovethequalityoflifeforallpeoplewholive,work,worship,learn,and
playwithintheirborders-whereeverypersonisfreetomakechoicesamidavarietyofhealthy,
available,accessible,andaffordableoptions.AsoutlinedbytheCDC,Longviewshouldstriveto
improvebothphysicalandsocialwellbeinginorderto:
Increasingphysicalactivity;
Reducinginjury;
Increasingaccesstohealthyfood;
Improvingairandwaterquality;
Minimizingtheeffectsofclimatechange;
Decreasingmentalhealthstresses;
Strengtheningthesocialfabricofacommunity;and
Providingfairaccesstolivelihood,education,andresources.
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Thehealthofacommunitysresidentscanbedirectlyimpactedthroughdevelopment
decisionsandaccesstoqualityhealthchoicessuchasfoodandwalking.Physicaldesignof
thebuiltenvironment,availabilityofrecreationalfacilitates/activities,andincentivizeduses
areopportunitiesforcitiestohaveapositiveimpactonthehealthoftheircitizens.These
considerationsareparticularlyimportantforcommunitieswithlowermedianincomelevelswhere
residentsmaynothaveasmanyoptionsoropportunitiesasotherfamiliesorcommunities.
Walkability
Acityswalkabilityisdeterminedbytheavailabilityofpedestrianconnectionsandproximity
ofresidentialandretaillanduses.Byofferinganalternativetodrivingforbasicerrands,
citizenshaveahealthieroptionthatsavesmoneyforgasandhelpstoimproveairquality.
Sidewalksandbikelanesallowforsafepedestriantravel.Withneighborhoodsupportservices
incorporatedwithinneighborhoods,citizenscanwalkorbiketoagrocerystore,restaurant,or
conveniencestore.
Recreation
Recreationalamenitiesshouldprovideopportunitiesforincreasingphysicalactivityand
socialinteraction.Inadditiontoprovidingtraditionalparkspace,citiesshouldconsider
developmentofatrailnetworkwithadequatesignageandinstructionalworkoutstations
locatedalongthetrails.Otherparkoptionsincludedogparks,orsmallerpocketparksthat
aretypicallylocatedinavacantlotofadevelopedneighborhood.Communitygathering
placesshouldalsobeavailable,suchaspavilions,theaters/amphitheaters,andseating
areasnearwaterfeaturesorpublicart.Organizedeventsincludingfestivalsandparadescan
encouragecommunityactivity,withbothphysicalandsocialinvolvement.
Land Uses
Certainlandusescanbemoreconducivetopromotingpublichealth,suchastheavailability
ofmedicalcareandaccesstofresh,healthyfoods.Citiescanencouragetheseusesby
ensuringtheyarepermitteduseswithinthezoningordinance,anddevelopingincentivesto
encouragethesebusinessestolocatewithinthecity.Doctoranddentistofcesandurgent
carecentersareoftenimportantdestinationsforfamilieswithyoungchildrenorelderly
people.
Grocerystores,smallneighborhoodmarkets,farmersmarkets,andcommunitygardensare
differentoptionsforaddressingareasinneedofadditionalaccesstohealthyfoods.The
numberoffarmersmarketsnationwidehasincreased17percentfrom2010to2011,with
thesecondlargestgrowthoccurringTexasat38percent(USDepartmentofAgriculture
AgriculturalMarketingServicenewsrelease,Aug5,2011).
Farmersmarketsandcommunitygardenscanalsobebenecialinsupportingthelocal
economy,encouragingsocialinteraction,andaretypicallymoreenvironmentally-friendlywith
reducedtransportationandpackagingneeds.Lowerincomeareascansometimesbecome
fooddeserts,whicharelesslikelytohaveaccesstofresh,healthyfoods,andmorelikelyto
haveeasieraccesstofastfoodrestaurantsandgasstationsnacks.

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Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED)
CrimePreventionthroughEnvironmentalDesign(CPTED)isadesignapproachthat
originatedinthe1960stodetercriminalbehaviorinpublicspacesandprivateareasby
relyingonthedesignofthebuiltenvironmenttoaffecthumanbehavior.CPTEDcanbean
inexpensivemethodforcitiestodetercrimeifincorporatedintotheinitialdesign.Developed
areascanoftenberetrottedwithsomeCPTEDprinciples;however,thecostofmodifying
existingdevelopmentsistypicallymorecostly.
Community Image and Appearance
ManywhohavemovedtotheLongviewexpresstheirdiversereasonsforrelocatingincluding
friendlypeople,schools,ruralfeelwithbutaccesstolargecityamenities.WhileLongviewisa
uniquecommunitywithlocalhistoryandcharm,itstillhasmanyobstacleswhenitcomestothe
physicalappearanceoftheCityanditsneighborhoods.Theseperceptionsinuencevisitorsand
privateinvestmentchoices.Whilefacingchallenges,Longviewisnotalone.Citiesthroughout
Texasandtheunitedstatesareexperiencingtheeffectsofagingcommercialcorridorsandaging
residentialareas.Longviewspastdevelopmentpatternsandgrowthisoneofannexinglarge
areasandedgedevelopment,particularlytothenorthinrecentyears.Thishasresultedinlack
ofidentityasawholeandlimitedcontinuityinbuildingstockdesign.Alsoresultingarewidely
rangingpropertyconditionswithareasinsouthLongviewbeginningtoshowtheirage.
Longviewneedstocreateimprovedcommercialdevelopmentguidelinesthatspecically
addressbuildingfacades,materials,landscaping,andsignage.Thegoalforthenewcommercial
developmentguidelinesaretoimprovetheoverallaestheticsalongnonresidentialareasand
theirlongevityandviability.Inadditionandbasedoncitizeninputduringthecomprehensive
planningprocess,Longviewneedstoadoptapropertymaintenancecodeinordertoaddress
propertyconditionsconcerningadjacentownersandarearesidents.
Corridors
SeeFigure43.SpecialAreaStudiesarerecommendedandneedtobeconductedforkey
corridorsinLongview.ThefareasternandwesternportionsofHighway80needtobefurther
examine,inaddition,southerngatewaysfromInterstate20suchasEstesParkwayandS
EastmanParkway.NotonlydotheseroadwayscarryhighvolumesoftrafcthroughtheCity,
thecorridorsplayanimportantroleintheultimateperceptionandidentityforthecommunity.
Eachofthecorridorareaisuniqueinfunctionalityandcharacter;andthefuturespecialarea
plansshouldbuilduponthoseelementstorecommendstrategiesfortheenhancement
ofthesecorridors.Althougheachisunique,thecorridorscurrentlyfacemanycommon
challenges.Vacantbuildings,deterioratingstructures,inconsistentlandusetypes,and
unattractiveareasresultinlackofcontinuityandlimittheareafromreachingitsfullpotential.
Entryway Features
Thevisualmonotonythatisofteninherenttocommunitieswithinaparticulargeographicarea
makesitappearthateachoneisjustlikeitsneighbors.Thislackofdesignvariety,especially
alongmajorcorridors,tendstocreateanonymity,anditbecomesdifcultforpeopletoknow
whentheyhaveleftonecommunityandenteredanother.Gateway-styleentrywayfeatures
canprovideastrongersenseofarrival,aswellasasenseofdeparturefrom,thecommunity.
Thesefeaturesaretherstthingvisitorsseewhentheyarriveandthelastimpressionvisitors
havewhentheyleave.
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Figure43:EntrywayandSpecialAreasStudy
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SeeFigure43.NewentrywayfeaturesarerecommendednearthecitylimitsalongHighway
300,SEastmanParkway,Highway259,andeastandwestHighway80.Thedesignofgateway
entrywayfeaturesintotheCityofLongviewshouldbeguidedbyseveralfactors.Oneof
themostobviousfactorsisthenumberofpeopleusingaparticularentrypoint.Itcanbe
challengingtocreateaneffectiveandaesthetically-pleasinggatewayvisiblefromthehighway.
Itisrecommendedthatthebridgesandthefrontageroadsarealternateoptions.Improved
overpasseswithdecorativerails,landscaping,lighting,andpossiblysignagearepossibilities.
Thesegatewayscouldincludetheuseofsignage,landscaping,andotherdesignelements
suchaslighting,fencing,pavingpatterns,art/sculpturalelements,avarietyofearthforms,or
otheridentierthatsigniesarrivalintotheCity.

Anotherimportantfactorinthedesignofgatewaysistodevelopanentrywaythatprovides
asenseofidentityforthecommunitywhileprojectingadesirableimagefortheCity.For
example,averticalstructurewiththecityslogosurroundedbyinterestinglandscapingmay
beusedasacomponentoftheentrywayfeature.Designofentryfeaturesshouldtakeinto
considerationthesettinginwhicheachfeaturewillbeplaced.Althoughanentryfeature
mightideallybeplacedatthecornerofaroadwayintersectionornearthetruecitylimits,the
designofthefeaturemightconicteithervisuallyoraestheticallywithanadjacentlanduses
Insuchasituation,itmaybeprudenttomovetheentryfeaturefurtherintothecommunityto
provideabettersettingandbettervisibility,suchasplacingituponthethoroughfaremedian.
Thetrafcspeedatwhichanentryfeatureisviewedmustalsobetakenintoaccount,andthe
size,boldnessandscaleofthefeatureshouldbedesignedaccordingly.
Neighborhoods Historic Preservation
Historicpreservationisoftenoverlookedingrowingcommunities,butitisawayforcities
torememberandpreservetheirhistory.Historicpreservationhelpstoconserveandprotect
buildings,neighborhoods,andotherartifactsthathavehistoricalsignicance.Longviewhas
arichhistoryisseeninthedowntownarea,butspecicallyinitshistoricneighborhoods.It
isimportanttothelivabilityandtheoverallcharacterofLongviewtopromoteandpreserve
historicneighborhoods.
TheNuggetHillHistoricDistrictwaslistedintheNationalRegisterofHistoricPlacesin
1998.Theneighborhoodwascreatedin1931byHarryS.Turner,andincludesNorthSixth
Street,NorthSeventhStreet,NorthEighthStreet,TurnerDrive,TeagueStreet,Stuckey
Drive,andCharlotteDrive.Thedistrictcoversapproximately40acres.NuggetHillHistoric
Districtconsistsofmostly1930speriodrevivalhousesrangingfrommodest-sizeddwellings
withTudorandColonialRevivalinuencestolarge,sprawlinghouseswithSpanishColonial
RevivalandMediterraneaninuences.Otherprominentandhistoricneighborhoodsinclude
Brownwood,Covington,andSouthMain.Thesehistoricneighborhoodsandothersshould
beidentiedandbrandedasspecialplaces;helpingtoaddtothecommunitycharacterof
Longview.
Historicneighborhoodscanbedesignatedashistoricdistricts,usespecialdesignoverlays,or
featurespecialsignagetohelpcreateitsidentityandbrand.

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RECOMMENDATIONS/EXPLANATIONOFSTRATEGIES
ThereareseveralareastobeaddressedregardingLongviewsneighborhoodandcommunity
livability.Thefollowinggoals,objectives,andstrategieswillhelpprovideaguideaddressing
concernsandsolveanycriticalissues.Prioritystrategieswillbenotedintheimplementation
chapter.
GOAL: Be recognized as the most livable city in East Texas.
Objective: Provide an excellent quality of life for residents and visitors.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Everytwoyears,conductacommunitysurveytomeasurethequalityoflifein
Longview.Thesurveyshouldseekthoughtsandopinionsonsuchtopicsasaccess
totransportation,parksandopenspace,andcommercial/retailareas.Wherepeople
connectandmeet,andtopservicestoimplementtoimprovethecommunityarejust
afewndingsthesurveyshouldaimtomeasure.Thepurposeofthesurveywillhelp
measurequalityoflifeinLongview,andexaminehowwellthecityisimplementingthe
comprehensiveplan.
Evaluatetheeffectivenessofcommunityservicesthatareassociatedwithqualityoflife
suchastransportation,housingprograms,parksandrecreation,etc.Thoseprograms
andservicesthatarenotperformingwellshouldbereviewedforimprovementsor
elimination.Theresourcesofanyprogramorserviceseliminatedshouldbeshiftedto
strengthenorimproveexistingservices.
GOAL: Have quality education through collaborative efforts to reach the highest
educational attainment at all levels.
Objective: Create partnerships among schools, families, community groups, and
individuals designed to share and maximize resources.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Organizeacommitteeconsistingoflocalgovernment,schooldistricts,community
groups,andresidentstodiscussandexploreideasforcollaborativeeffortsinsharing
andmaximizingresources.Thecommitteeshoulddeveloponetothreeachievable
goalseachyeartoaccomplish.
Identifyexistingornewlycreatedannualeventsthatincludelocalgovernment,
schools,families,andcommunitygroupsandrotatebetweenlocationsand
facilitiesthatwouldallowvariousentitiesandgroupstohostinordertostrengthen
partnerships.
Pursueagreaterpresenceofa4-yearpublicuniversityforthecommunitytoenhance
thehighereducationexperience.
1.2
1.3
2.1
2.2
2.3
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3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
GOAL: Foster a strong and diverse economy which provides a full range of employment
and economic choices.
Objective: Promote a range of living opportunities for Longview residents in order to
attract and retain a stable and diversied population.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Meetwithresidentialdeveloperstodiscusszoning,landuse,andpermitting
processesanddetermineoptionsandpossibleincentivestoencouragearangeof
residentialchoices.
EncourageadaptivereuseofDowntownbuildingsasakeystrategytoensurea
diversehousingmix.
Establishlanduseandzoningdesignationsthatpermittheconstructionofmixed-use
apartmentsandlive-workloftsalongcorridors,Downtown,andnewcenters.
Workwiththedevelopmentcommunityandotherstakeholderstoplan,designand
buildoneormorecatalyticmixed-useprojectsbasedontheComprehensivePlans
FutureLandUsePlan.
Establishandmaintainaforecastofhousingtypeneeds,andsetperiodicgoalsfor
housingproductiontomeetanticipatedhousingdemand.
Whenengaginginasmallareaplanningprocess,asrecommendedinthischapter,
ensurethatthemixofhousingtypesprovidedforintheplanreectcitywideneeds.
Developandexecuteanactionplantocreatearangeofhousingoptionsdowntown,
includingretrottingexistingofcebuildingsintolofts,condominiums,orapartments.
Developandutilizeaninllandrevitalizationtoolkittohelpfacilitatehousing
developmentindowntownandotherestablishedneighborhoods.
Worktocoordinatebusinessretention,recruitment,andothereconomicdevelopment
activitieswithhousingdevelopmentprograms.
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4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
5.1
GOAL: Promote a community that encourages cross-cultural understanding, nurturing,
respect and celebration.
Objective: Provide social activities and cultural events to bring unity within diverse
groups.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
IdentifyandmakeavailableparkswithintheCitytoaccommodatespecialeventsand
festivalsthatfocusonculturaldiversity.
Organizeacommitteeofadiverse,culturalrepresentationinLongviewtodevelop
ideasforsocialandculturalevents.TheCityshouldofferresourcestoassistthe
committeewhenavailable.
Arrangeamulticulturalnightfeaturingfood,dance,music,craftsandartfromdifferent
partsoftheworld.Choosecountriesthatarenotcommonlyrepresentedinyour
community.Theobjectiveistointroducenewinformationtothecommunityina
funandcelebratorymanner.Asklocalinternationaldance,musicorperformingarts
groupstodemonstratetheirtalents,utilizingaparkorpublicfacility.
Establishasmallgrantforculturalgroupsororganizationstohosteventspromoting
diversity.
Objective: Provide opportunities for cross-cultural exchange among ethnically diverse
populations in the community.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Hostannualcross-culturalforumsthathighlightspecicculturalgroupsinthe
communityinordertoacknowledgecurrentissuesandsolutionsforimprovement.
Thepurposeoftheseforumsisforculturalanddiversityawareness.
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Objective: Enhance the relationship between the City and the community to expand
communication and appreciation of diverse groups.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Makeacommitmenttobeawelcomingandsupportingcommunitythatvalues
diversitythroughcontinualandconstantdialoguewithdiversepopulationgroupsin
Longview.
Createongoingcommunicationwithdiversegroupsororganizationstodiscussbest
practicesandevaluateotherstrategicinitiatives.
Collaboratewithculturalorganizationstoimplementaregularlyscheduledseriesof
speakersdesignedtobringthinkersonissuesofdiversitytoLongview.
Ensurethecontinuedinclusionofrepresentativesofminoritygroupsonlocalplanning
committees.Thiswillalsohelptoincreasetheawarenessandimportanceofadiverse
community.
DuringCityCouncilmeetings,recognizecitizensforoutstandingcontributionsto
diversityinitiatives.
Supportoutreachprogramsthattargetminorityneighborhoodstoincrease
communicationamongsuchprograms.
Objective: Expand and support the arts and entertainment venues.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Helptoprovidepromotionalandnancialassistancetoartandculturalvenuesand
eventsenhancingLongviewsuniquenessasadestinationforlocalresidentsand
culturaltourism.
Analyzeandevaluatefacilitiesavailabletoaccommodateartsandentertainment
events.Alistofattributesshouldbecreatedforthetypeofeventinorderto
determineappropriatenessoffacility.Thelistofattributescouldinclude:type
ofspace,numberofseatsorsquarefootage,outdoororindoor,andtypesof
entertainmentitcanaccommodate,tonameafew.
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
7.1
7.2
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GOAL: Build on Longviews historical signicance and heritage.
Objective: Develop a public arts initiative to help promote the communitys heritage.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Developapublicartsmasterplan.Publicartisideallysite-specicandattunedto
itssocial,economic,andenvironmentalcontext.Thedevelopmentandadoptionof
apublicartmasterplancanprovideanopportunitytoestablishasharedvisionfor
Longviewspublicrealmandtocoordinatetheactivitiesofmultiplestakeholders.
GOAL: Enhance Longviews natural beauty and preserve its natural resources.
Objective: Demolish dilapidated buildings in commercial and neighborhood districts.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
DevelopacomprehensivelistofallvacantanddilapidatedpropertiesinLongview.If
staffislimited,citizensgroupsinterestedintheproblemcoulddoasurveyofaffected
propertieswithintheirrespectiveneighborhoods.Alistingofpropertiescouldbe
integratedintheCitysGISsysteminordertosharebetweendepartmentsand
citizens.
Prioritizepropertieslistedfordemolitionandgiveprioritytothosethathavethemost
feasibilityforreuseorhavethemosteconomicimpact.(Seeappendixforsample
prioritizinggridforvacantanddilapidatedproperties.)
Identifyfundingsourcesthatcouldbeusedforsmallerdemolitionprojects.Smaller
demolitionprojectsmaybedilapidatedhousesinneighborhoodstoassistand
encouragepropertyownersforinllrevitalization.
GOAL: Provide opportunities and healthy choices for Longviews citizens.
Objective: Seek development of healthy food options including grocery stores,
community gardens, farmers market, and specialty food stores.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Buildpartnershipswithfarmers,localgrowingassociations,andfoodretailerstoassist
inthedevelopmentofhealthyfoodoptions.
Providenancialincentivesintheformoftaxbreaksand/orsubsidiesfordevelopers,
foodretailers,andinvestorsinvolvedinspecialtyfoodstores,farmersmarkets,and
communitygardens.
Supportinfrastructuredevelopmentbyensuringadequatelinkagetoawater
supplyforgardens,publicparkingfacilitiesadjacenttofuturefarmersmarkets,and
communitygardens,andofferingappropriatechangesininfrastructureimprovements.
10.1
10.2
10.3
9.3
8.1
9.1
9.2
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Objective: Develop annual health and wellness fair to promote healthy living and
activities.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
CreateapartnershipandworkingrelationshipwiththeCentersforDiseaseControl
andPreventiontoprovideopportunitiestoLongviewscitizensregardingtheir
health.CDCsHealthyCommunitiesProgramworkswithcommunitiesthroughlocal,
stateandterritory,andnationalpartnershipstoimprovecommunityleadersand
stakeholdersskillsandcommitmentsforestablishing,advancing,andmaintaining
effectivepopulation-basedstrategiesthatreducetheburdenofchronicdiseaseand
achievehealthequity.Currently,331communitiesand52stateandterritorialhealth
departmentshavebeenfundedthroughthisprogram.
PartnerwithGoodShepherdandLongviewMedicalCenterstohostanannual
wellnessandhealthfestival.
GOAL: Ensure adequate facilities and services to maintain safety to Longviews visitors,
residents and workers.
Objective: Increase feeling of safety in the Downtown and southside residential
neighborhoods.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
IncreasevisibilityandlightingincommunalareaswhereinefcientinDowntownand
residentialneighborhoods.
Promotecrimeandsafetyprogramstocitizensforincreasedcommunityawareness.
Increasepolicepresenceinareasperceivedtobeunsafeoruntilperceptionchanges.
ProvidetrainingtoappropriateCitystaffregardingordinancesandguidelinesfor
CrimePreventionThroughEnvironmentalDesign(CPTED)standards.Specically,
provideCPTEDtrainingtotheplanningdepartmentandorientationstothepolice
department,communitygroups,businessleaders,andeconomicdevelopment
ofcials.
Organizeasmallgrouprepresentingplanning,zoning,building,andcrimeprevention
todeveloptheCPTEDinitiative.
DevelopalistofCPTEDinitiativestoincorporateintozoning,redevelopment,or
economicdevelopment.Theyshouldaddresslighting,securityhardware,streetand
buildingaccesscontrol,visibility,andlandscaping.
11.1
11.2
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
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GOAL: Strengthen Longviews image, identity, and character to foster a distinctive and
appealing place live and visit.
Objective: Establish a community image theme with participation of residents, business
owners and property owners.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Identifyhistoricneighborhoodsandcreateneighborhoodthemes.Brandhistoric
neighborhoodswithstreettoppersandsignage.
Developspecialareaplansforkeycorridors.Furtherstudiesarerecommendedfor
thefollowingcorridors:EstesParkway,S.EastmanRoad,andMarshallAvenue.Special
areaplanswillprovideadetailedstudyofcorridorsandvisuallydisplayhowthey
shoulddevelopandredevelop.
Developdesignguidelinestoensureneighborhoodandcorridorintegrity.
Enhanceanddevelopbuildingstandardsforcommercialandretaildevelopmentby
creatingalistofdesiredaestheticsandmaterialslist.
Performdiagnosticandupdatezoningordinancestoincludebuildingstandards
appropriatetozoningdistricts.
Objective: Develop incentive program to encourage business owners to use landscaping
and other design aesthetics to beautify their buildings, entrances and parking lots.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Developoverlaysforlandscapingandincentivesforsustainabledesign.Some
citiesofferfeewaiversandotherdesignincentivesfordevelopersthatincorporate
sustainabilitygoalsestablishedbylocalgovernments.Sustainabilitygoalscaninclude
greenroofs,improvedbuildingperformancerating,renewableon-siteenergysource,
permeablepavementtechnologies,etc.
Developarecognition/rewardprogramtoencouragebusinessownerstoenhance
theirpropertiesthroughlandscapingandotherdesignaesthetics.
Provideandcoordinateprogramstopreventthedeteriorationofbuildings,landscape,
andparkingareas.
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
14.1
14.2
14.3
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Objective: Develop incentives to offer developers to minimize monotonous and
repetitive residential design.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Encourageresidentialdeveloperstodesignsubdivisionstoincorporatecharacterthat
enhancesLongviewscommunitythemethrougheducationandpossibleincentives.
Developaresidentialdesignpatternorideabooktoencourageappropriate
neighborhooddesigns.Patternandideabooksincludestandardsandgraphicsto
assistdeveloperswithinlldevelopmentandnewconstruction.Neighborhoodand
architecturalpatterns,maintenance,newconstruction,andlandscapingareafew
itemsaddressedinresidentialpatternandideabooks.
GOAL: Invest in designated areas to create an urban mixed-use environment to attract
people and create a sense of place.
Objective: Support the activities and developments that draw persons from outside the
area to Downtown for the purpose of entertainment, site-seeing and shopping and living.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
ProvideadequateparkingfacilitiesintheDowntownareatoserveexistingandnew
businessesanddevelopmentprojects.
Continuetofundpublicinfrastructureandgatewayimprovements,suchassidewalks,
lighting,benches,etc.,wherenecessary,inordertocomplementprivateinvestment
andmarketingeffortsfortheDowntown.
Rehabilitateandreusehistoricallysignicantorolderproperties,wheneconomically
feasible,forbusinessandresidentialusesintheDowntown.
Supportwell-planned,safeandinvitingpedestrianandopenspaceareasinand
aroundtheDowntown.
Objective: Support development of unique restaurants and entertainment that cater to
young adults.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
Developalistoffunthemedrestaurantsandentertainmentthatcatertoyoungadults
thataresuccessfulinothercommunitiesforevaluation.
CreateapartnershipbetweentheCity,LongviewEconomicDevelopment
Corporation,andprivatedevelopersforthesolepurposeofattractinganddeveloping
uniquerestaurantsandentertainment.
15.1
15.2
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
17.1
17.2
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GOAL: Be a community that instills passion and pride for the love of its city and where all
citizens are proud to call Longview their HOME.
Objective: Promote neighborhood stability within SLIP neighborhoods through a
coordinated strategy that addresses housing, neighborhood economic development,
improved infrastructure, cultural programs, and human services.
..................................................................................................................................................................................
Strategies:
ExpandtheSouthLongviewIncentivePrograminidentiedareasthatwouldbenet.
Continuetoencouragedeveloperstomakeinvestmentsinthoseneighborhoods.
Holdadeveloperforumtopromoteandeducateinvestorsofpotentialopportunities
andbenetsthroughSLIP.

18.1
18.2
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Annexation and Growth
Management Strategies
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Chapter 8: Annexation and Growth Management Strategies
OVERVIEW
ThepurposeofthischapteristorecommendareasthatmaybeappropriateforLongviewto
expandbeyonditspresentCitylimits.Thiselementisnotintendedtobeanannexationplan
butratheradiscussionofareasthatarelogicalandreasonableintowhichtheCitymaywishto
expandinthefuture.AlthoughLongviewispermittedtoannexterritoryonitsownaccord,ithas
notdonesoinmanyyears.AbalancedComprehensivePlanshouldaddressopportunitiesfor
growth.InLongview,thoseopportunitiesoccurintwogeneralareas:inll(thatis,usinglandthat
isvacantinsidetheexistingCitylimits)andannexationofvacantordevelopedareasoutsideofits
Citylimits.
ANNEXATIONANDEXTRATERRITORIALJURISDICTION(ETJ)OVERVIEW
Annexationistheprocessbywhichcitiesextendmunicipalservices,regulations,votingprivileges
andtaxingauthoritytonewterritorywiththepurposeofprotectingthepublicshealth,safety,
andgeneralwelfare.Chapter43oftheTexasLocalGovernmentCodeprescribestheprocess
bywhichcitiescanannexlandwithinTexas.Annexationisessentialtotheefcientandlogical
extensionofurbanservices.SinceLongviewisahome-rulecity,itcanannexlandonanon-
consensualbasis.TheStatestatue,however,setsforthservicerequirementstokeepcitiesfrom
misusingtheirannexationpower.Annexationisimportanttothelong-termwell-beingofcities
andshouldbecarriedoutinaccordancewithestablishedpolicies,andnotonanad-hocbasis.
Ideally,annexationpoliciesshouldbeincludedwithintheComprehensivePlanandlinkedto
theCapitalImprovementsProgram(CIP).Forthisreason,thefollowingsummaryofannexation
proceduresandrecommendationsareincludedwithintheComprehensivePlan.
Citiescanonlyannexlandthatlieswithintheirextraterritorialjurisdiction(ETJ),whichisbased
upontheirpopulationandsize.LongviewsETJisthreeandone-halfmilesfromitsexistingCity
limits,andisbaseduponapopulationof80,455persons.WhentheCityattainsapopulationof
morethan100,000persons(accordingtothelatestfederalcensus),itsETJwillexpandtove
milesassumingtherearenoconictswithadjacentETJs.TheETJservestwopurposes.Primarily,
itisastatutoryprohibitionagainstanothermunicipalityannexinglandthatiswithintheETJof
anothercity.Secondly,itallowscitiestoextendandenforcetheirsubdivisionregulationswithin
theirETJ.Thisgivescitiessomecontroloverthesubdivisionanddevelopment(especiallythe
provisionandconstructionofpublicimprovements)oflandthatiscurrentlynotincorporated,but
whichwilleventuallybecomepartoftheCityinwhoseETJitlies.Citiescannot,however,enforce
zoningregulationswithintheirETJ.
ThefollowingsummarizestheannexationprocessthatcitiesmustfollowinTexas(pleaserefer
toChapter43oftheTexasLocalGovernmentCodeforamoredetailedexplanationofthese
requirements):
TheannexationmustbecontiguoustotheCityscorporatecitylimits,andstrip
annexationsoflessthan1,000feetareprohibitedunlessinitiatedbytheowneroftheland
(i.e.,voluntaryannexations).
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Thetotalamountoflandannexedduringanycalendaryearcannotexceed10percent
oftheCitystotalareaasofJanuary1ofthatyear.Ifacitydoesnotannexthefull10
percentduringanygivenyear,thenitmaycarryovertheunusedallocationforusein
subsequentyears.Includingacreagethatiscarriedoverfrompreviousyear(s),thearea
annexedduringagivencalendaryearcannotexceed30percentoftheCitystotalarea
asofJanuaryofthenextyear.Theexceptiontothisruleisthatgovernmentpropertyis
notincludedinthetotal,norislandthatisbeingannexedattherequestoftheproperty
ownerorresident(i.e.,voluntaryannexation).
TheannexationproceduremandatedbyChapter43includespublichearings,mailings,
andnoticesinthelocalnewspaperforexistingorpossiblefutureresidentstoprovide
inputpriortotheannexationproceedings.
Thelocalgovernmentmustprepareanannexationserviceplanfortheareathatwillbe
servedbypublicfacilitiesandservices,andmustmakeitavailableaspartofthepublic
hearingprocess.Theserviceplanmustprovidefortheextensionofservices,suchas:
reandpoliceprotection;solidwastecollection;maintenanceofwaterandwastewater
facilitiesintheannexedareathatarenotwithintheserviceareaofanotherwateror
wastewaterutility;maintenanceofpublicroadsandstreets,includingroadandstreet
lighting;andsimilarpublicservices.Theserviceplanmayprovidefordifferentlevelsof
servicebasedupontopography,landuseandpopulation;however,theserviceplanmay
notproposefewerservicesnorlowerlevelsofservicethanwereinexistencepriorto
annexationorthatwereavailabletootherpartsoftheCityhavingsimilarcharacteristics.
Theannexationstatutealsorequiresthatcitieswiththeirownmunicipalwaterand
wastewaterutilityextendthoseservicestoareasbeingannexedthatarenotwithinthe
serviceareaofanotherutilityprovider.Constructionofcapitalimprovementsrequiredfor
servicemustbeginwithintwoandone-halfyearsoftheannexationandbesubstantially
completedwithinfourandone-halfyears.Theserequirementsdonotapplyifthe
annexationisinitiatedbyownersofthelandtobeannexed(i.e.,voluntary),provided
thattheownersandtheCityhaveagreedthatthecapitalimprovementswithinthearea
annexedarenotexpectedtobecompletedwithinfourandone-halfyears.
Amunicipalannexationplanisrequiredforpopulatedareas,andspecicallyoutlines
thattheseannexationsthatmayoccurbeginningonthethirdanniversaryofthedateof
adoption.
Ifthemunicipalityisproposingtoannexareasthatcontainfewerthan100tractsoccupied
byresidentialdwellings,thennoannexationplanisrequired.Allproceduralhearingsand
noticationsstillmustbefollowed.Notethatpropertiesthatareagricultureexemptfor
taxpurposesmustbeofferedanon-annexationagreement.
Longviewhasapproximately35,000acresoflandwithinitscurrentcitylimits.SincetheCityhas
notannexedanylandonaninvoluntarybasisforthreeyears,Longviewcouldannexupto10,500
acresoflandthisyear.Also,theCitycannotaccruemorethanthisacreage;itwillstaycappedat
thisamountuntillandisannexed.TheCityshouldconsiderthefollowingpolicyandobjectives
forannexation.
Policy
TheCityshouldpursueagradualbutsustainedprogramofannexingsomelandeachyear.
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Objectives
1. Aphasingandpriorityplanshouldbeestablishedforthoseareasthataresuitablefor
annexation.
2. Emphasisshouldbeplaceduponannexinghighlyvisibleareas,suchasalongmajor
thoroughfaresorfreewaycorridors.
3. Areasthatcaneasilybeservedbyextendingpublicservicesorbythereasonable
extensionofutilitylinesshouldbepursuedrst.
4. AreasoutsidetheexistingCitylimits,butthatarealreadydevelopedorpartially
developed,shouldbeevaluateduponscal,aestheticandsocialimpacts.
5. Areaswithinspecialwaterdistrictsshouldbeevaluatedbaseduponproximityand
visibilitytocirculationcorridorsandavailablelandforfuturegrowth.
Byfollowingamodestannexationprogram,theCitywillbebetterabletoassesswhatareasit
shouldconsiderservingwithpublicfacilitiesandmunicipalservices;itcanthenprogramthe
provisionoffacilitiesandservicesmoreefciently.Anannualassessmentshouldbeconductedto
determinehowmuchlandisbeingabsorbedbydevelopment,itsproximitytoexistingservices,
anditsimpactupontheCitysbudget.
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20

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RECOMMENDEDAREASFORANNEXATIONCONSIDERATION
Figure44showstheareasconsideredforannexationandtheapproximateacreagesforeach
area.Theareasoutlinedaregeneralplanningareasconsideredforannexation,however,the
totalacreageshown(over15,000acres)ismorethantheCitycouldreasonablyabsorbinthenear
future.Inaddition,eachareadoesnotrepresenttheexactannexationboundaryrecommended.
Basedontheproposedpolicyandoneoralloftheobjectivesabove,thefollowingareasare
recommendedforconsideration(notdiscussedinorderofimportance).
Area A (1,110 +/- AC)
LocatednorthoftheLoopwestofUS259,thisareaisincloseproximitytooneofLongviews
presentgrowthcorridors.Asignicantamountofresidentialandnonresidentialdevelopment
isoccurringintheareaandmoreisplanned.Thisisahighvisibilityarea.OnceGeorgeRichey
Roadisextendedfromthewest,itwillfurtherencouragegrowthinthisarea.TryonWater
SupplyCorporationcurrentlyserveswaterintheareawiththeavailabilityofwastewater
servicesnearby.
Area B (partial acreage)
AlthoughtheCityhasannexedsomefrontagealongUS259(EastmanRoad),only
developmentalongthefrontageofEastmanRoadandtheLoopthatisnotpresentlyinthe
Citylimitsshouldbeconsidered.
Area D (925 +/- acres)
ThisareaisalongtheLoopnorthofUSHighway80.SimilartothestrategyforAreaB,the
frontageisimportanttoprotect.ThisareaismostlyservedbytheGumSpringsWSCandthe
CityofLongview.
Area I (580 +/- acres)
ThisareacoverstheextensionsofUS259southofUSHighway80.AlsoservedbyGum
SpringsWSC,thiswillbeanimportantcorridorinthefuture.Somedevelopment(mainly
nonresidential)hasalreadybeenoccurringalongthefrontage.Thislandusetrendis
expectedtocontinue,thereforethisisanimportantareatomanageforfuturegrowth.
Areas J & K (2,000 +/- acres)
TheseareasoffersomeofthebestpotentialforLongviewinthenearfuture.TheCityhasa
limitedamountoffrontageremainingalongInterstate20toexpand.Manyareastothewest
areintheoodplainorimpactedbytheETJofKilgoreandothercities.Thisareanorthof
theEastmanplantshouldbeoneofthehigherpriorityareasforexpansion.Inadditionto
beinghighvisibilityfrontage,italsocouldbeanareaformoreindustrialorhightechnology
corporateofces.Bothofthesetypesoflandusesneedlargeracreages,accesstofreeways
andpossiblyrailroad.
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Annexation and Growth Management Strategies | Page 215
CONCLUSION
ThetotalacreageofthepossibleexpansionshownonFigure44isapproximately15,000+/-
acres.However,therecommendedareasforannexationconsiderationisapproximatelyunder
8,000acres.Theseareasarethemostvisibleandvaluableexpansionareastoconsider.TheCity
shouldprepareanannexationprogramtobeginannexingatleastsomeoftheseareasinthe
nexttwoyears.Theareasnotincludedintheshort-termannexationstrategyarealsoimportant,
butduetothepresenceofruralwatersupplycorporations,itissuggestedthatthoseareasbe
consideredinthenextvetotenyears.TherecommendedprioritieswillserveLongviewwell
intheshortterm.Muchoftheareacanbeservedwithutilitiesandothermunicipalservices.
AmunicipalserviceplanisrequiredforallannexationsinTexas.IftheCitydecidestobegin
anannexationprogram,itshoulddeveloplongrangeserviceplans(2.5to4.5years)forthe
recommendedareas.Iftheseareasareannexed,theneedforanadditionalrestationtomeet
standardsofcoveragewillneedtobeevaluated.Theseareasaretheonlysignicantandrealistic
areasforexpansioninLongview.Themoredevelopmentthatoccursintheseareas,themore
difcultitwillbetomanageitsfuturegrowthonitsperimeter.

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9
Economic Development
Summary
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Chapter 9: Economic Development Summary
OVERVIEW
Longviewsvisionasitrelatestoeconomicdevelopmentistobetheeconomicenginefor
theEastTexasI-20corridor,supportinginnovativebusiness,talentandplacedevelopment.
Economicdevelopmentismorethanjusttherecruitmentofnewbusinessbuttheredevelopment
oflaggingbusiness.Thedevelopmentofplaceiscreatinganenvironmentthatwelcomesnew
industry,attractsnewresidentstowanttoliveinLongviewandcreatesanincentivepackagethat
makesLongviewcompetitivetosimilarcities.Inotherwords,economicdevelopmentisfarmore
thantheresponsibilitiesofalocalchamberbutitencompassesintrinsiccharacteristicsthatlaythe
foundationforathriving,economicallybustlingcity.
ForLongview,muchoftheeconomicresponsibilitiesliewiththeLongviewEconomic
DevelopmentCorporation(LEDCO)whichisfundedby4Asalestax.LEDCOcompletedits
strategicplaninJanuary2014.Theplanincludedbothquantitativeresearchandeldwork.A
numberofstakeholderinterviewswereconductedrepresentingareaemployers,CityandCounty
ofcialsandstaff,educationandworkforcedevelopment,andkeyplayersinthecommercial
andretailindustry.LEDCOsplaninvolvedbenchmarkingcompetitorcommunitiesanddening
strengths,weaknesses,opportunitiesandthreats.
TheinputandanalysisderivedduringtheComprehensivePlanfoundconsistencieswithLEDCOs
strategicplan.Manyofthesamefactorsanddesireswerenoted.Becauseoftherelevantand
recentreportofLEDCOsstrategicplan,thischaptersimplysummarizestheplan(alsoincludedin
theAppendix)andhighlightsafewadditionalareasofnotethatwasnotincludedinthestrategic
plan.
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Key Findings
Therewereanumberofchallengesandopportunitiesidentiedintheplanningprocess.Some
oftheareasworthyofnoteinclude:
Throughinnovativeprogramsinbusinessrecruitment,businessretention,and
workforcedevelopment,LEDCOhasplayedaleadershiproleinsupportingeconomic
developmentintheLongviewarea.Theareasbusinesssites,infrastructure,incentives,
anddevelopmentprocessmakeLongviewhighlycompetitiveforbusinessexpansion
andnewlocations.Theboardandcityleadershipshouldtakeprideintheorganizations
achievementsandcontinuetomakeeconomicdevelopmentapriorityinthecommunity.
ThereismuchmoretoLongviewthanmeetstheeye.World-classemployers(e.g.,
EastmanChemical,LeTourneauUniversity),fullysupportedindustrialsites,andstrong
publicschoolsystems,areafewexamplesofassetsthatwouldmakemanycommunities
envious.Whilemanyintheareaknowtheassetswell,thereisanopportunitytobettertell
theLongvieweconomicdevelopmentstory,bothinternallyandexternally.
LongviewhasnotfullyexploiteditslocationaspartoftheI-20corridor.Thisisduetoa
combinationofreasons,including:(1)limitedvisibilityofLongviewfromtheinterstate,
(2)lackofadjacentdevelopablelandsduetooodplain,(3)lackofattractivegateways
leadingtothecity,and(4)developmentinothercompetingareas(e.g.,northLongview).
Inspiteofstrongeducationandtrainingassetsinthecommunity,someareabusinesses
arestillstrugglingtondthetalenttheyneed,specicallyintechnicalandprofessional
areas.Someshortagesareduetocausesoutsideofcommunitycontrol(i.e.,company
wageratesornationalskillsshortages),butmanycouldbemitigatedwithbetter
alignmentofbusinessneedswithareaeducationandtrainingproviders.
WhileLongviewsatisestheworkandlifeneedsofmany,therearelimitedassetsto
attractandretainyoungprofessionals.Thisissue,citedbyseverallargeemployers,
remainsabarriertotherecruitmentofyoungprofessionals(e.g.,engineers,management,
andhealthcare)tothearea.WhileLongviewshouldnotattempttoreplicatethe
urbancoresofAustinorDallas,thereareopportunitiesforthecommunitytoenhance
entertainment,dining,andotheractivitiestosupportyoungprofessionals.
Note:TheabovekeyndingsweretakendirectlyfromtheEconomicDevelopmentStrategicPlanpreparedfortheLongview
EconomicDevelopmentCorporation,January2014.
SUMMARYOFLEDCOSTRATEGICPLAN
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Strategies
Strategy One: INDUSTRY
Leadtheattraction,retention,andexpansionofhighimpactbusinessintheregion.LEDCO
shouldcontinueitssuccessfuleconomicdevelopmentprogramsandconsidernewefforts,
suchas(1)targetingHRdirectorsofprospectrmsusingnewworkforcedata;(2)marketing
LongviewasacenterfortransportationequipmentmanufacturingalongtheI-20corridor;
(3)developingadowntowncatalystemploymentsite;and(4)targetingnewinternational
investmentinLongview.
Strategy Two: TALENT
Leadthedeliveryofasustainabletalentpooltomeettheneedsofcurrentandfuture
employers.LEDCOhaslongsupportedtheneedsofitsemployersthroughcutting-edge
workforceprograms.Itmustnowsharpenitsfocusby(1)enhancingitsexistingCareer
Choicesprogram;(2)facilitatingbetteralignmentofemployerneedswitheducationand
trainingproviders;(3)andworkingtorecruitandretainyoungprofessionalstoLongview.
Strategy Three: ENTREPRENEURSHIP
PlayapivotalroleinmakingLongviewthepreferredlocationfornewbusinessformation.
LEDCOshouldenhanceitsentrepreneurshipeffortsby(1)establishinganinnovationcenter;
(2)facilitatinganentrepreneursforum;(3)providingnancialsupportforhigh-growthstartups;
and(4)buildingalocalclimatethatembracesandcelebratesentrepreneurship.
Strategy Four: PLACE
Supportthesuccessofcriticalredevelopmentareaswithinthecommunity.Therearethree
distinctareasinLongview(outsideofthetraditionalindustrialparksandsites),which,if
therightstrategiesandresourcesareapplied,couldenhancethecommunityseconomic
competitivenessthroughredevelopment.Considerationsforthesethreeareas(I-20/Estes
Parkwaycorridor,WestIndustrialDistrict,anddowntown)areprovidedaspartofthisplan.
Note:TheabovestrategiesweretakendirectlyfromtheEconomicDevelopmentStrategicPlanpreparedfortheLongviewEconomic
DevelopmentCorporation,January2014.
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Economic Development Summary | Page 221
RECOMMENDATIONS
ThemostsignicantimpacttheCitycanhaveoneconomicdevelopmentisstrategyofPLACE.
Deninglocationsfornewbusiness,providinginfrastructure,andassistingwithredevelopment
strategiesareallwithintheCityspurviewtosupporteconomicdevelopment.Aspartofthe
FutureLandUsePlaninChapter3,anindustrialareaisreservedforalong-termbusinesspark.
Additionally,attentionisgiventoplanforlong-termexpansion.However,specicemphasisis
placedonredevelopmentofexistingcorridorsandcontinuingdevelopmentofDowntown.
ContinuedrevitalizationofDowntownisanimportantelementoftheComprehensivePlanfor
morereasonthanbeingthehistoriccenterandcoreofgovernmentactivities.Asstatedinthe
NeighborhoodandCommunityLivabilitychapter,Downtownsareincreasinglybecomingthehub
ofnewtalentandthemillennialgenerationsneighborhoodofchoice.Attractingandmaintaining
youngtalentwaslistedasakeyfactorforfuturegoalsandhavingavibrantDowntownhasmuch
todowithattractingthattalent.
Whenattractingnewindustryandbusiness,usuallythethreemostimportantfactorsare
neighborhoods,schooldistricts,andtheavailabilityoflandandtalent.TheCityshouldconsider
thecurrentstateofneighborhoodsandcorridorsnotjustforthesakeofcurrentresidents,but
asakeyapproachtoattractingnewbusinesses.Faadeenhancementprogramsareneeded,
especiallyalongthesekeycorridors.Theaestheticandpropertytaxbaseimprovementsis
imperativeforthecommercialcorridorslong-termcompetitiveness.
LEDCOshouldcontinueitsacquisitionstrategiesofpurchasingunderutilizedpropertiesand
demolishingdilapidatedstructures.Thisprogramofferspublic-private-partnershipsbyattracting
developerstonon-traditionaldevelopmentformatsthroughtheuseoflanddonationorwrite-
downs.Inaddition,thecitymustpositionitselfforthenextbigthing.Alltoomanycities
havefailedtoadequatelyplanforthefutureandthereforehavebeenbypassedforsignicant
newdevelopments.Longviewthrivesoffitsbigbusinessesandmajoremployers.Futureefforts
mustbecoordinatedwithLEDCOtoattractlargeemployers,largedevelopmentsandkey
redevelopmentinunderutilizedlocations.
Asacontinuedpartnership,keystrategiesforeconomicdevelopmentmustincludedevelopment
incentives.FinancialincentivesshouldbeutilizedbytheCityinordertoattractthedesired
development.Inmostcases,fundingcouldincludeCityfunds,TaxIncrementReinvestment
Zonesfunds,lowinterestloans,taxexemptnancing,improvementdistricts,taxabatements,and
stateandfederalgrants.Asawhole,theCityshouldworkwithLEDCOtoputinplacefunding
mechanismstosustainon-goingnancingtools(ex.TIF,PID,BID),reviewthecurrentincentive
packages,andmonitorandseekoutgrantandfundingsourcesforpublicimprovementsand
propertyconsolidation.
ItisrecommendedthatLEDCOconductsmallareaplanstoidentifymorespecicdevelopment
opportunitiesandkeypropertiesbasedonmarketassessments.Thesesmallareaplansshould
includedetailparcelassessmentsbasedonblock-by-blockanalysisoflanduses,urbanformsand
redevelopmentpotential.Thesmallareaplansshouldbefocusedindistrictssuchasdowntown
andalongkeycorridors,specicallyoldercommercialcorridors.Resultsoftheareaplanning
shouldidentifyspeciccatalyticprojectsthatinturncanbemarketedtotargetedregional
developersorinvestors.

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Implementation Matrix
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Chapter 10: Implementation Matrix
OVERVIEW
TOBEADDED.
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