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Training Guide

Practical Training
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List of Contents:
This training guide presents and explains not only the training objectives,
the subject-related contents, the admission prerequisites and the necessary
examinations but also the qualifications to be achieved together with the
associated course certificates, attestations, DVS, IIW and EWF diplomas
attestations or certificates.
Training in Gas Welding
Training in Manual Metal-Arc Welding
Training in Tungsten-Inert Gas Welding
Training in Gas-Shielded Metal-Arc Welding
Welder's Qualification Test
Influencing Variables for Welders' Qualification Tests
DIN EN 287-1 (Steel Materials)
Influencing Variables for Welders' Qualification Tests
DIN EN ISO 9606-2 (Aluminium Materials)
International
Institute of Welding
European Federation
for Welding Joining
and Cutting
German Welding
Society
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Training in Gas Welding (G)
Gas welding is principally used in
order to join plates and tubes made
of unalloyed and low-alloy steels. In
most cases, the plate or tube-wall
thicknesses to be welded are less
than 6 mm.
This training path guarantees that the student receives
comprehensive practical training and theoretical education
and is thus qualified according to the requirements in practice
(testing standard: DIN EN 287-1).
The main areas of application are:
- General pipeline construction
- Heating engineering and ventilation technology
- Boiler construction
- Bodymaking and apparatus engineering
Comprehensive training to become a gas welder is possible by
attending a according to
the DVS -IIW/EWF 1111 guideline. According to this training concept,
also specific demands for materials can be regarded.
DVS -IIW/EWF course in "Gas Welding"

Fig. 1-1: Training paths in gas welding


Training modules:

Internationaler Rohrschweier
Internationales Diplom
Schweierzeugnis DIN EN 287
DVS -IIW/EWF G6

Internationaler Rohrschweier
Internationales Diplom
DVS -IIW G5

/EWF
DVS -IIW G4

/EWF
DVS -IIW G3

/EWF
Course certificate
International Plate Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, EN ISO 9606
International Tube Welder
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
IIW-Diploma
Course certificate
311 T BW 1.1 S t02 D38 PF ss nb
1)
311 T BW 1.1 S t02 D38 PC ss nb
PC PF
311 T BW 1.1 S t04 D50 PF ss nb
1)
311 T BW 1.1 S t04 D50 PC ss nb
311 T FW 1.1 S t04 D50 H-l045 ss nb
PC PF H-L045
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Every participant receives not only the corresponding DVS

-IIW/EWF
welder's diploma with the appropriate test certificates according to
DIN EN I287-1SO 9606 (after the modules G4 and G6).
If sufficient background knowledge is available or if the welder is to
be deployed in sub-fields, a particular training measure which
corresponds to Fig. 1-2 and is specially adapted to the fabrication
conditions is mostly possible after consultation in situ.
This training measure also encompasses practical training and
theoretical education.
The welding job relates to exercise and fabrication tasks which
are adapted to the conditions for taking one of the specified
welders' qualification tests according to DIN EN 287-1.
Fig. 1-2: Particular training measure adapted to
fabrication conditions
Tube Welder Leftward Welding
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
Tube Welder Rightward Welding
Position H-L045 as an alternative to BW PF/PC two-pass
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
1)
Similar training can also be carried out in the material group 1 or 3
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Training Modules:
Subjects: Theory

Welding equipment, welding gases and consumables


Operating techniques as well as weld preparation and representation
Health and safety - accident prevention, also on construction sites
Shrinkage, stress, distortion and corrective measures
Introduction to steel science
Manufacture of tubes and welded joints in tubes
Quality assurance in welding technology
Weld imperfections and weld-testing procedures
Thermal cutting
Training and further training according to the DVS
and IIW guidelines
Welders' qualification tests according to DIN EN ISO 287-1
The protective working clothes, safety shoes and eye protectors
must be provided by the participant. These health-and
- safety articles can also be purchased at the training centre.

Health-and-Safety Articles
Fig. 1-3: DVS -IIW/EWF course in gas welding

Workpiece thickness: 1 3 mm
T : > 25 mm ube diameter
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
Tube diameter: > 25 mm
Workpiece thickness: 1 3 mm
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
DVS -IIW/EWF

- G 4

DVS -IIW/EWF -

G 5

DVS -IIW/EWF

- G 6

PE PC
PF
DVS -IIW/EWF

- G 3

PA PF
105 h
7 h
8 h
________________
120 h
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
72 h
0 h
8 h
________________
80 h
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
58 h
18 h
4 h
________________
80 h
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
51 h
25 h
4 h
________________
80 h
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
PC
PF PC
Training in Manual Metal -Arc Welding (E)
The main areas of application are:
- Structural steel engineering and bridge construction
- General pipeline construction
- Boiler construction and power-station engineering
- Tank construction and apparatus engineering
Comprehensive training to become a manual metal-arc welder is
possible by attending a
according to the DVS EWF-1111 guideline.
Training modules:
DVS -IIW/EWF course in "Manual Metal
-Arc Welding"

Fig. 2-1: Training paths in manual metal -arc welding


Manual metal-arc welding is
principally used in order to join
plates and tubes made of unalloyed
and alloyed steels. It is possible to
weld all plate and tube-wall
thicknesses in all positions.
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Internationaler Rohrschweier
Internationales Diplom
Schweierzeugnis DIN EN 287

DVS -IIW/EWF E6

DVS -IIW/EWF E5

DVS -IIW/EWF E4

DVS -IIW/EWF

E2
DVS -IIW/EWF

E1
DVS -IIW/EWF

E3
International Tube Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
Course certificate
International Plate Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
Course certificate
International Fillet Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
Course certificate
111 P BW 1.1 RB t15 PF ss nb
111 P FW 1.1 RB t15 PF ml
This training path (Fig.2-1) guarantees that the student receives
comprehensive practical training and theoretical education and is
thus qualified according to the requirements in practice (testing
standard: DIN EN 287-1).
Every participant receives not only the corresponding DVS -IIW/EWF
welder's diploma with the appropriate test certificates according to
DIN EN I287-1SO 9606 (after the modules E2, E4 and E6).
If sufficient background knowledge is available or if the welder is to
be deployed in sub-fields, a particular training measure which
corresponds to Fig. 2-2 and is specially adapted to the fabrication
conditions is mostly possible after consultation in situ.
This training measure also encompasses practical training and
theoretical education.
The welding job relates to exercise and fabrication tasks which
are adapted to the conditions for taking one of the specified
welders' qualification tests according to DIN EN 287-1.

Fig. 2-2: Particular training measure adapted to fabrication conditions


(Upon request, also in other material groups)
Plate Welding
(Skilled Metall-Construction Trade)
111 P BW 1.1 RB t12 PF ss nb
111 P FW 1.1 RB t12 PF ml
Plate Welding
(Structural Steel Engineering and Bridge Construction)
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge
PF fillet weld PF butt weld
PF fillet weld PF butt weld
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111 P BW 5 RB t15 PF ss nb
111 P FW 5 RB t15 PF ml
111 T BW 1.1 RB t12 D150 PF ss nb
111 T BW 1.1 RB t12 D150 PC ss nb
111 T BW 5 C t12 D150 PG ss nb
PF PC PG H-L045
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Plate Welding
(Apparatus Engineering and Tank Construction)
PF-fillet weld PF-butt weld
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
Tube Welding
(Pipline Construction)
Position as an alternativ to ,
two-pass welding
BW PF/PC H-L045
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
Fig. 2-3: Particular training measure adapted to fabrication conditions
(Upon request, also in other material groups)
Subjects: Theory

Welding equipment, welding gases and consumables


Operating techniques as well as weld preparation and representation
Health and safety - accident prevention, also on construction sites
Shrinkage, stress, distortion and corrective measures
Introduction to steel science
Manufacture of tubes and welded joints in tubes
Quality assurance in welding technology
Weld imperfections and weld-testing procedures
Thermal cutting
Training and further training according to the DVS
and IIW guidelines
Welders' qualification tests according to DIN EN ISO 287-1

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Fig. 2-4: DVS -IIW/EWF course in manual metal-arc welding

DVS -IIW/EWF

- E 4

DVS -IIW/EWF

- E5

DVS -IIW/EWF

- E 6

PE PC
PF
H-L045
Workpiece thickness: 5 10 mm
T : 60 200 mm ube diameter
Workpiece thickness: 5 10 mm
Tube diameter: 80 200 mm
Workpiece thickness: 4 13 mm
DVS -IIW/EWF - E 1

DVS -IIW/EWF

- E 2

DVS -IIW/EWF

- E 3

PB PF
PF
PA PF
PD
Workpiece thickness: 3 13 mm
Workpiece thickness: 3 13 mm
Workpiece thickness: 3 ... 5 mm
Tube diameter: 50 159 mm
h
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85h
7
12
________________
104
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
132 h
0
12
________________
144
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
74 h
18
4
________________
96
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
66 h
8
6
________________
80
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
66 h
8
6
________________
80
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
87 h
5
4
________________
96
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
PC
Health-and-Safety Articles
The protective working clothes, safety shoes and eye protectors
must be provided by the participant. These health-and
- safety articles can also be purchased at the training centre.
Training Modules:
Training in Tungsten-Inert Gas Welding (TIG)
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Tungsten-inert gas welding is
principally used in order to join
plates and tubes made of unalloyed,
alloyed steels, aluminium and special
materials. It is possible to weld all
plate and tube-wall thicknesses
in all positions.
The main areas of application are:
- Plate processing
- General pipeline construction
- Boiler construction and power-station engineering
- Tank construction and apparatus engineering
Comprehensive training to become a TIG welder is possible by
attending a
according to the DVS -IIW/EWF-1111 guideline.
According to this course concept, the training measures for stainless
steels and aluminium materials are also taken with modifications
typical of the materials.
Training modules:
DVS F course in "Tungsten-Inert Gas Welding

-IIW/EW

Fig. 3-1: Training paths in TIG welding

Internationaler Rohrschweier
Internationales Diplom
Schweierzeugnis DIN EN 287

DVS -IIW/EWF T6

Internationaler Rohrschweier
Internationales Diplom
Schweierzeugnis DIN EN 287
DVS -IIW/EWF

T5
DVS -IIW/EWF

T4
DVS -IIW/EWF

T2
DVS -IIW/EWF

T1
DVS -IIW/EWF

T3
International Tube Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
Course certificate
International Plate Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
Course certificate
International Fillet Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
Course certificate
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Subjects: Theory

Welding equipment, welding gases and consumables


Operating techniques as well as weld preparation and representation
Health and safety - accident prevention, also on construction sites
Shrinkage, stress, distortion and corrective measures
Introduction to steel science
Manufacture of tubes and welded joints in tubes
Quality assurance in welding technology
Weld imperfections and weld-testing procedures
Thermal cutting
Training and further training according to the DVS
and IIW guidelines
Welders' qualification tests according to DIN EN ISO 287-1

Health-and-Safety Articles
The protective working clothes, safety shoes and eye protectors
must be provided by the participant. These health-and
- safety articles can also be purchased at the training centre.
This training path (Fig.3-1) guarantees that the student receives
comprehensive practical training and theoretical education and is
thus qualified according to the requirements in practice (testing
standard: DIN EN 287-1).
Every participant receives not only the corresponding DVS -IIW/EWF
welder's diploma with the appropriate test certificates according to
DIN EN I287-1SO 9606 (after the modules T2, T4 and T6).
If sufficient background knowledge is available or if the welder is to
be deployed in sub-fields, a particular training measure which
corresponds to Fig. 3-2 and is specially adapted to the fabrication
conditions is mostly possible after consultation in situ.
This training measure also encompasses practical training and
theoretical education.
The welding job relates to exercise and fabrication tasks which
are adapted to the conditions for taking one of the specified
welders' qualification tests according to DIN EN 287-1.

141 P BW 8 S t02 PF ss nb
141 P FW 8 S t02 PF sl
141 P BW 8 S t06 PF ss nb
141 P FW 8 S t06 PF ml
141 T BW 8 S t06 D86 HL-045 ss nb
PF PF H-L045
141 T BW 8 S t02 D16 HL-045 ss nb
141 T BW 8S t06 D86 HL-045 ss nb
141 T BW 8 S t06 D86 PF ss nb
PF PC H-L045
Page: 10
Fig. 3-2: Particular training measure adapted to fabrication
conditions (Upon request, also in other material groups)
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Plate Welding
(Apparatus Engineering and Tank Construction)
PF-fillet weld PF-butt weld
Tank Construction
Position H-L045 as an alternativ to BW PF/PC
Tube Welding
(Pipeline Construction)
Position H-L045 as an alternativ to BW PF/PC
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
Page: 11
Fig. 3-3: DVS

-EWF course in tungsten-inert gas welding


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Training Modules:
DVS -IIW/EWF

- T 4
DVS -IIW/EWF

- T 5
PE PC
PF
H-L045
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
T : ube diameter eglible
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
Tube diameter: eglible
Workpiece thickness : > 1 mm
PB PF
DVS -IIW/EWF - T 1

DVS -IIW/EWF

- T 2
DVS -IIW/EWF

- T 3
PF
PA PF
PD
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
Workpiece thickness: > 1mm
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
Tube diameter: 40 ... 80 mm
h
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h
53h
7
4
________________
64
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
152 h
0
8
________________
120
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
58 h
18
4
________________
80
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
52 h
0
4
________________
56
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
56 h
20
4
________________
80
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
71h
5
4
________________
80
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
DVS -IIW/EWF

- T 6
PC
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Gas-shielded metal-arc gas welding
is used in almost all fields of metal
processing. The area of application
extends from the welding of sheets in
bodymaking to the joining of thick-
walled components in structural steel
engineering and heavy-machine
construction. In the case of steels,
the weld pool is protected from the
ingress of air by active shielding gases
(MAG). Non-ferrous metals are welded
using inert shielding gases (MIG).
Comprehensive training for the metal-active gas welding (MAG) of
unalloyed and low-alloy steels is achieved by attending the
according to the DVS -IIW/EWF-1111 guideline. According to this
course concept, the training measures for stainless steels and
aluminium materials are also taken with modifications typical
of the materials.
Training modules:
DVS -IIW/EWF course in "Metal-Active Gas Welding"

Fig. 4-1: Training paths in MAG welding


Training in Gas-Shielded Metal-Arc Welding (MAG/MIG)

Internationaler Rohrschweier
Internationales Diplom
Schweierzeugnis DIN EN 287

DVS -IIW/EWF M6

Internationaler Rohrschweier
Internationales Diplom
Schweierzeugnis DIN EN 287
DVS -IIW/EWF

M5
DVS -IIW/EWF

M4
DVS -IIW/EWF

M2
DVS -IIW/EWF

M1
DVS -IIW/EWF

M3
International Tube Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
Course certificate
International Plate Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
Course certificate
International Fillet Welder
IIW-Diploma
Welder`s certificate, DIN EN 287-1
Course certificate
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Subjects: Theory

Welding equipment, welding gases and consumables


Operating techniques as well as weld preparation and representation
Health and safety - accident prevention, also on construction sites
Shrinkage, stress, distortion and corrective measures
Introduction to steel science
Manufacture of tubes and welded joints in tubes
Quality assurance in welding technology
Weld imperfections and weld-testing procedures
Thermal cutting
Training and further training according to the DVS
and IIW guidelines
Welders' qualification tests according to DIN EN ISO 287-1

This training path (Fig.4-1) guarantees that the student receives


comprehensive practical training and theoretical education and is
thus qualified according to the requirements in practice (testing
standard: DIN EN 287-1).
- Vehicle construction and vehicle repair
- Structural steel engineering, bridge construction and
crane construction
- Mechanical engineering
The main areas of application are:
Every participant receives not only the corresponding DVS -IIW/EWF
welder's diploma with the appropriate test certificates according to
DIN EN I287-1SO 9606 (after the modules M2, M4 and M6).
If sufficient background knowledge is available or if the welder is to
be deployed in sub-fields, a particular training measure which
corresponds to Fig. 4-2 and is specially adapted to the fabrication
conditions is mostly possible after consultation in situ.
This training measure also encompasses practical training and
theoretical education.
The welding job relates to exercise and fabrication tasks which
are adapted to the conditions for taking one of the specified
welders' qualification tests according to DIN EN 287-1.

Page: 14
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Fig. 4-2: Particular training measure adapted to fabrication conditions
(Upon request, also in other material groups)
Sheet Welding
(Car Repair)
135 P BW W01 wm t01 PA ss nb
135 P FW W01 wm t01 PA
135 P FW W01 wm t01 PG
PA butt weld PA fillet weld PG fillet weld
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
Structural Steel Engineering and
Mechanical Engineering
135 P BW W01 wm t08 PF ss nb
135 P FW W01 wm t08 PF
PF butt weld PF fillet weld
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
Steel Structures
(Consisting of Tube or Hollow Sections)
135 T BW W01 wm t05 D150 PF ss nb
135 T BW W01 wm t05 D150 PC ss nb
135 T FW W01 wm t05 D150 PF
PF butt weld PC butt weld PF fillet weld
The training duration can be
stipulated according to the
background knowledge.
Page: 15
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Training Modules:
Health-and-Safety Articles
The protective working clothes, safety shoes and eye protectors
must be provided by the participant. These health-and
- safety articles can also be purchased at the training centre.
Bild 4-3: DVS -IIWEWF course in gas-shielded metal-arc welding

DVS -IIW/EWF

- M 4
DVS -IIW/EWF

- M 5
PE PC
PF
H-L045
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
T : ube diameter eglible
Workpiece thickness
Tube diameter: eglible
: > 1 mm
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
PB PF
DVS -IIW/EWF

- M 1
DVS -IIW/EWF

- M 2
DVS -IIW/EWF

- M 3
PF
PA PF
PD
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
Workpiece thickness: > 1mm
Workpiece thickness: > 1 mm
Tube diameter: 40 ... 80 mm
h
h
h
65h
7
8
________________
80
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
76 h
0
12
________________
88
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
78 h
18
8
________________
104
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
72 h
0
8
________________
80
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
88 h
20
4
________________
112
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
h
h
h
85 h
7
4
________________
96
Exercises:
Theory:
Test:
Total:
DVS -IIW/EWF

- M 6
PC
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Page: 16
Testing of Welders
- Fusion Welding -
Steels
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys
Kupfer und Kupferwerkstoffe
Nickel und Nickellegierungen
Titan und Zirkonium
Welding of Reinforcing Steel
Aviation and Space Travel:
Testing of Welders and Welding of
Metallic Components
Testing of Welders, Manual Metal-Arc
Welding on Tubes Made of Ductile
Cast Iron for Pipelines in the Public
Gas and Water Supply System
Testing of Cast-Iron Welders
DIN EN 287-1
DIN EN ISO 9606-2
DIN EN ISO 9606-3
DIN EN ISO 9606-3
DIN EN ISO 9606-3
DIN 4099
DIN 29591
DVS 1148
DVS 1149
Testing of Welders
On the basis of the quality requirements on welding-technology
fabrication, the welding and acceptance regulations imposed by
supervisory authorities, monitoring bodies, classification societies
or the customer demand that welders prove their aptitude according
to the following testing regulations.
The area of application of these welders' qualification tests is
oriented towards the testing conditions.
An explanation of the testing structure is given on the following pages.
The purpose of welders' qualification tests is to ensure the quality of
welding work. In the "governed area", the deployment of certified
welders is prescribed. In the "non-governed area", adequately
qualified personnel are demanded by the requirements related to
product liability.
Thus, the customer must pay precise attention to the required
area of application.
Why is a Welder's Qualification Test
Necessary?
Purpose
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Page: 17
Area of Application
For manual welds according to the G, E, MAG, MIG and TIG processes
on components made of steel or aluminium,e.g. on
tank structures, hydraulic structures, rail and
steam boilers, pipelines, road vehicles,
superstructures, tanks,
bridge structures, naval structures,
the body responsible for the area of application (governed area)
or the customer (non-governed area) demands the deployment
of certified welders.
Scope
The test applies to the manual skills and specialist knowledge of
the welders.
Period of Validity
As a rule, the welder's qualification test has a validity of 2 years if the
employer or the welding supervisor responsible confirms every
6 months in writing on the welder's qualification test certificate that
the welder welds regularly; (the max. permissible interruption
is 6 months),
the welder welds in the area of application of his/her welder's
qualification test,
the ability and knowledge of the welder are not in doubt.
The period of validity can only be extended by 2 more years if
the tester or the testing body is in possession of corresponding
test reports about the quality of the fabrication welds manufactured
by the welder, e.g. documents about radiographic, ultrasonic or
fracture tests.
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Theoretical Test
Every welder's qualification test involves a theoretical test section,
including the following subject areas:
Prevention of accidents and fire damage
(BGR 500 Welding, Cutting and Allied Working Processes")
Handling of the welding equipment according to the process:
In Gas Welding (G) In Arc Welding (E, MAG, TIG)
Welding flame Influence of arc length
Welding gases Welding amperage, polarity
Operating techniques Magnetic arc blow, slag control
(leftward, rightward) Shielding gases
Avoidance and elimination of defects during the welding process
Steels, aluminium and alloys as well as their consumables,
depending on the test
Welding signs and welding symbols
Preparation of the workpieces for the welding process
Designation of a welder's qualification test and ist area
of application
The following sequence makes it possible to easily establish
the welder's qualification test necessary for the working area.

1. Influencing Variables for the Selection of the


Welder's Qualification Test for Steel According
to DIN EN 287-1 (Steel)
Welding Process Please mark
111 Manual metal-arc welding (E) o
114 Flux-cored metal-arc welding o
131 Metal-inert gas welding (MIG) o
135 Metal-active gas welding (MAG) o
136 Flux-cored metal-active gas welding o
137 Flux-cored metal-inert gas welding o
141 Tungsten-inert gas welding (TIG) o
311 Gas welding (G) o
Product type
T Tube o
P Plate o
Weld Type
BW Butt weld o
FW Fillet weld o
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Material Groups
Please mark
1 Steels with a specified minimum yield strength
ReH ? 460 N/mm a and with special analysisin
1.1 Steels with a specified minimum specified yield strength
ReH ? 275 N/mm
o
1.2 Steels with a specified minimum yield strength 275 N/mm <
ReH ? 360 N/mm
o
1.3 Normalized fine grain steels with a specified minimum yield
strength ReH > 360 N/mm
o
1.4 Steels with improved atmospheric corrosion resistance whose
analysis may exceed therequirements for the single elements
as indicated under 1
o
2 Thermomechanically treated fine grain steels and cast steels
with a specified minimumyield strength ReH > 360 N/mm
o
3 uenched and tempered steels and precipitation hardened
steels except stainlesssteels with a specified minimum yield
strength ReH > 360 N/mm
o
4 Low vanadium alloyed Cr-Mo-(Ni) steels with Mo ? 0,7 %
and V ? 0,1 %
o
5 Cr-Mo steels free of vanadium with C ? 0,35 % o
6 High vanadium alloyed Cr-Mo-(Ni) steels o
7 Ferritic, martensitic or precipitation hardened stainless steels
with C ? 0,35 % and10,5 % ? Cr ? 30 %
o
8 Austenitic stainless steels o
9 Nickel alloy steels with Ni ? 10,0 % o
10 Austenitic ferritic stainless steels (duplex) o
11 Steels covered by group 1 d except 0,25 % < C ? 0,5 % o
9.2 + 9.3
X - - X - X X X X X X X X 7
X - - X - X X X X X X X X 5
X - - X - - - - - X X X X 3
9.1 +
9.2
9.1
- - X - - - - - - - - - X
X - - - - - - - - - - X X 11
- X X - X - - - - - - - - 10
X - - X - - - - - X X X X 9.1
- X X - X - - - - - - - - 8
X - - X - X X X X X X X X 6
X - - X - X X X X X X X X 4
X - - X - - - - - X X X X 2
X - - X - - - - - X X X X 1.3
- - - - - - - - - - - - X 1.1 1.2 1.4
11 10
9
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1.3
1,1
1.2
1.4
Material-
gruppe des
Prfstckes
9.2 + 9.3
X - - X - X X X X X X X X 7
X - - X - X X X X X X X X 5
X - - X - - - - - X X X X 3
9.1 +
9.2
9.1
- - X - - - - - - - - - X
X - - - - - - - - - - X X 11
- X X - X - - - - - - - - 10
X - - X - - - - - X X X X 9.1
- X X - X - - - - - - - - 8
X - - X - X X X X X X X X 6
X - - X - X X X X X X X X 4
X - - X - - - - - X X X X 2
X - - X - - - - - X X X X 1.3
- - - - - - - - - - - - X 1.1 1.2 1.4
11 10
9
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1.3
1,1
1.2
1.4
Material-
group of the
test piece
Material Groups
Area of Application
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Test-Piece Dimensions (in mm)
Test-Piece Thickness t
e.g. material thickness 5 mm
results in an area of application from 3 mm to 10 mm
Area of Application:
1)
for gas welding, only up to 1.5 t
Thickness t of the
Test Piece in [mm]
Area of
Application
3 mm up to 2 t
1)
5 mm
3 t mm
3 mm < t 12 mm
t > 12 mm
t up to 2 t
1)
Tube Diameter D
e.g. tube diameter 86 mm
results in an area of application from 43 mm to 172 mm
D86
t05
Filler Material
Please mark
Filler material typ Welding process
nm No filler metal G, TIG o
S With filler metal G, TIG,
MIG,MAG
o
Electrode core
M electrode core - metal powder o
B electrode core - basic o
V electrode core rutile or basic /
fluoride
o
W electrode core - basic / fluoride,
slow freezing slag
o
Y electrode core - basic / fluoride, fast
freezing slag
o
P
R
Z
electrode core - rutile, fast
freezing slag
electrode core rutile, slow
freezing slag
electrode core - other types
MAG
o
o
o
Stabelektroden
A acid covering o
B basic covering o
C cellulosic covering o
R rutile covering o
RA rutile-acid covering o
RB rutile-basic covering o
RC rutile-cellulosic covering o
RR rutile-thick covering
MMA
o
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Area of Application:
Thickness t of the
Test Piece in [mm]
Area of
Application
D up to 2 D D 25 mm
D > 25 mm
Welding Position
Test-Piece Dimensions: t = mm
D = mm
Please mark
Flat position o
Horizontal position o
Transverse position o
Overhead position o
Overhead position o
D 0.5 D
(25 mm min.)
Vertical-down position
(tube axis horizontal)
45 vertical-up weld
(tube axis inclined by 45)
Vertical-up position
(tube axis horizontal)
o
o
o
o
PA
PB
PC
PD
PE
rotierend
PF
PG
H-L045
J- L045 45 vertical-down weld
(tube axis inclined by 45)
Page: 22
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Weld details
Please mark
ss Welding on one side o
bs Welding on both side o
mb
Welding with weld-pool
backing
o
ng
Without gouging and grinding-
out
o
sl Single layer o
ml Multi layer o
BW
FW
Butt weld
Filler weld
Weld type
Test Designation According to DIN EN 287-1 (Sample)
EN 287-1 141 T BW 8 S t3.6 D60 PF ss nb
111
114
121
125
131
135
136
141
15
311
manual metal arc welding
self-shielded tubular-cored arc welding
without
submerged arc welding with one wire electrode
submerged arc welding-tubular cored electrode
metal inert gas welding (MIG welding)
metal active gas welding (MAG welding)
tubular cored metal arc welding
tungsten inert gas arc welding (TIG welding)
plasma arc welding
oxy-acetylene welding.
active gas shield
Welding Process
1 Fusion welding-steel
Test i ng St andard
Leftward welding
Welding with weld pool backing
Multi layer
Rightward welding
Singel layer
Welding on two sides
Welding without weld pool backing
Welding one side
bs
lw
mb
ml
nb
rw
sl
ss
Weld details
PA
PB
PC
PD
PE
PF
PG
H-L045
J-L045
Flat position
Horizontal position
Transverse position
Overhead position
Overhead position
Vertical-up position
Vertical-down position
Vertical-up weld -tube axis inclined by 45
Vertical-down weld -tube axis inclined by 45
Welding position
t Material thickness
Material thickness
D Tube diameter
Tube diameter
nm
A
B
C
M
P
R
RA
RB
RC
RR
S
V
W
Y
Z
No filler metal
Acid covering
Basic covering, electrode core - basic
Cellulosic covering
Electrode core - metal powder
Electrode core - rutile,
fast freezing slag
Rutile covering; electrode core rutile,
slow freezing slag
Rutile-acid covering
Rutile-basic covering
Rutile-cellulosic covering
Rutile-thick covering
With filler metal
Electrode core rutile or basic/fluoride
Electrode core - basic/fluoride,
slow freezing slag
Electrode core - basic/fluoride,
fast freezing slag
Electrode core - other types
Filler material
P
T
Plate
Tube
Produkt type
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Steels with a min. ReH 460 N/mm
Thermomechanically treated fine grain steels
Quenched and tempered steels
Low vanadium alloyed Cr-Mo-(Ni) steels
Cr-Mo steels free of vanadium with
High vanadium alloyed Cr-Mo-(Ni) steels
Ferritic, martensitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Nickel alloy steels
Austenitic ferritic stainless steels
Steels covered by group 1 0,25 % < C 0,5 %
Material groups
Page: 23
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2. Influencing Variables for the Selection of the
Welder's Qualification Test for Aluminium according
to DIN EN ISO 9606-2 (Aluminium)
Please mark
Welding process:
Metal-inert gas welding 131
Tungsten-inert gas welding 141
Plasma welding 15
= P Plate
= T Tube
Semi-finished product:
= BW Butt weld = FW Fillet weld
Weld type:
Material group:
Material
Weld type
Semin-finished products
Welding process
21 Pure aluminium and similar
22 Aluminium alloys
23 Hardenable aluminium alloys
Filler material:
wm = with filler material
S = Solid wire
Filler Material
Test piece thickness (Dimensions in mm)
Dimensions: t
3 6 9 12 15 20 25 30 35
Area of application 0,5 t up to 2 t
Test-piece thickness
Area of application 6 t <
24 Aluminium-silicium alloy
25 Aluminium-silicium-copper alloy
26 Aluminium-copper alloy
Prfstckdurchmesser (Mae in mm)
D
50 62,5 100 125 150 200 250 mm
Test piece diameter
Area of application D up to 2 D
Test piece diameter > 25 mm
Area of application > 0,5 D
Abmessungen:
PA
PB
PC
PD
PE PF
PG H-L045
J-L045
Schweiposition
25
Test-piece thickness
Flat position; tube rotating
Horizontal-vertical position
Overhead position
Tube fixed; axis inclined;
vertical-up weld
Tube fixed; axis inclined;
vertical-down weld
Transverse position;
tube rotating
Horizontal- overhead-
position; tube fixed
Vertical-up position;
tube fixed
Vertical-down position;
tube fixed
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Page: 24
Please mark
Weld execution:
Welding on one side
Welding on both sides
Welding with weld-pool backing
Welding without weld-pool backing
Fillet weld one single layer
Fillet weld one multi layer
ss
bs
mb
nb
sl
ml
Weld Execution
Test Designation According to DIN EN ISO 9606-2 (Sample)
ISO 9606-2 141 T BW 23 S t03 D60 PF ss nb
131
141
15
1 Welding on two sides
Welding with weld pool backing
Multi layer
Welding without weld pool backing
Singel layer
Welding one side
bs
mb
ml
nb
sl
ss
PA
PB
PC
PD
PE
PF
PG
H-L045
J-L045
Flat position
Horizontal position
Transverse position
Overhead position
Overhead position
Vertical-up position
Vertical-down position
Vertical-up weld -tube axis inclined by 45
Vertical-down weld -tube axis inclined by 45
t Material thickness
Werkstoffdicke
D Tube diameter
nm
S
No filler metal
With filler metal
P
T
Plate
Tube
BW
FW
Butt weld
Fillet weld
20
21
22
23
24
25
Pure aluminium and similar
Aluminium alloys
Hardenable aluminium alloys
Aluminium-silicium alloy
Aluminium-silicium-copper alloy
Aluminium-copper alloy
Weld type
metal inert gas welding (MIG welding)
tungsten inert gas arc welding (TIG welding)
plasma arc welding
Welding Process
Fusion welding-steel
Test i ng St andard Weld details
Welding position
Material thickness
Tube diameter
Filler material
Produkt type
Material groups
Contacts:
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt SLV Berlin-Brandenburg
Niederlassung der GSI mbH
Luxemburger Strae 21, 13353 Berlin
Tel.: (+49 30) 4 50 01-116, Fax: (+49 30) 4 50 01-144
Internet: www.slv-bb.de, E-Mail: ausbildung@slv-bb.de
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt SLV Duisburg
Niederlassung der GSI mbH
Bismarckstr. 85, 47057 Duisburg
Tel.: (+49 2 03) 37 81-0, Fax: (+49 2 03) 37 81-2 28
Internet: www.slv-duisburg.de, E-Mail: info@slv-duisburg.de
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt SLV Fellbach
Niederlassung der GSI mbH
Stuttgarter Str. 86, 70736 Fellbach
Tel: (+49 7 11) 5 75 44-0, Fax: 07 11/5 75 44-33
Internet: www.slv-fellbach.de, E-Mail: slv-fellbach@t-online.de
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt Halle GmbH
Kthener Strae 33A, 06118 Halle (Saale)
Tel.: (+49 3 45) 52 46-343, Fax:(+49 3 45) 52 340
Internet: www.slv-halle.de, E-Mail: mail@slv-halle.de
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt SLV Hannover
Niederlassung der GSI mbH
Am Lindener Hafen 1, 30453 Hannover
Tel.: (+49 5 11) 2 19 62-15, Fax: (+49 5 11) 2 19 38
Internet: www.slv-hannover.de, E-Mail: info@slv-hannover.de
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern GmbH (seit 1.1.2004)
Alter Hafen Sd 4, 18069 Rostock-Marienehe
Tel.: (+49 381) 81150-40, Fax: (+49 381) 81150-99
Internet: www.slv-rostock.de, E-Mail:office@slv-rostock.de
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt SLV Mnchen
Niederlassung der GSI mbH
Schachenmeierstr. 37, 80636 Mnchen
Tel.: (+49 89) 12 68 02-0, Fax: (+49 89) 18 16 43
Internet: www.slv-muenchen.de, E-Mail: slv@slv-muenchen.de
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt SLV im Saarland
Niederlassung der GSI mbH
Heuduckstr. 91, 66117 Saarbrcken
Tel.: (+49 6 81) 5 88 23-0, Fax: (+49 6 81) 5 88 23-22
Internet: www.slv-saar.de, E-Mail: slv@slv-saar.de
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt Mannheim GmbH
Kthe-Kollwitz-Strae 19, 68169 Mannheim
Tel.: (+49 6 21) 30 04 - 139; Fax: (+49 6 21) 3004 - 292
Internet: www.slv-mannheim.de; E-mail: @slv-mannheim.d info e
Schweitechnische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt Nord
an der Handwerkskammer Hamburg im DVS
Goetheallee 3, 22765 Hamburg (Altona)
Tel.: (+49 40) 3 59 05-762/716, Fax: (+49 40) 3 59 05-722
Internet: www.slv-nord.de, E-Mail: slvinfo@slv-nord.de
The SLVs in Germany
SLV Mannheim
SLV Hannover
SLV Nord
SLV Duisburg
SLV Halle
SLV Berlin
Brandenburg
SLV Mecklenburg
Vorpommern
SLV Saarland
SLV Fellbach
SLV Mnchen
Mannheim