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Experiment No.

4
Impedance and Admittance of Parallel RLC
Circuit
Group No. 6
Abajay, Jomer A.
Members:
Cabales, Lieell !.
"e #eralta, Juan Carlos \$.
Eniso, \$ejie %.
&C'(E
82
)mpedane and Admittane o* a #arallel (LC
Ciruit
Abajay, Jomer A.
+
, Cabales, Lieell !.
,
, "e #eralta, Juan Carlos \$.
-
Eniso, \$ejie %.
4
#
School of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering Mapua Intitute of Technology
1
liecellcabales@ymail.com

3
ejiebop@yahooo.com
2
abajayjomer@live.com
4
cj_deperalta12@yahoo.com
Abstract Experiment 6 discusses the impedance and
admittance of a Parallel RLC circuit. Durin the experiment!
inductor and capacitor"s reactance #eha\$es differentl% on this
format. &he \$oltae source has an amplitude of ' (rms )ith
\$ar%in fre*uenc%. &he current )ere measure throuh ammeter
on each #ranch. +o that! )e could ,no) the total current! and
current on each component. -ased from the data athered! the
reactance of inductor #ecame in\$ersel% proportional to fre*uenc%
)hile the capacitor #ecame direct proportional. +ince this is in
parallel circuit! )e could represent the current and \$oltaes in a
trianle. (oltae must #e the reference since it is consistent in
each components.
Keywords. RLC circuit. Impedance. Admittance. Parallel.
Reactances.
). ME!/'"'L'G0
Experiment number - or )mpedane o* a &eries (LC iruit
1ill s2o1s us t2e impedane o* a series (LC iruit and
di**erentiate it 1it2 t2e impedane o* t2e ot2er omponents.
!2e be2a3iour o* t2e t2ree omponents 12i2 are t2e resistor,
indutor, and apaitor 1ill depend on t2e ma4nitude o* 5L
and 5.
6or t2e *irst part o* t2e experiment, 1e onnet t2e 4i3en
iruit t2en 1e set t2e *untion 4enerator to +77 /8 *re9ueny
1it2 4 :rms output measured usin4 t2e 3oltmeter. ;e 3ary
t2e *re9ueny and by t2e use o* t2e 3oltmeter and t2e ammeter
1e measure t2e 3alues o* :!, )! respeti3ely. !2en 1e also
4et t2e 3olta4e aross t2e resistor, indutor and apaitor <:(,
:L, and :C=. A*ter ompletin4 t2e data on table -.+, 1e
sol3e *or t2e needed 3alues by t2e 4i3en *ormulas. And 1e
dra1 t2e p2asor dia4ram 12i2 s2o1s :!, :(, :L, and :C
1it2 t2e )! is t2e re*erene.
!2e seond part is about t2e internal resistane and
indutane o* a pratial indutor <oil=. ;e *irst onnet t2e
4i3en iruit and set t2e sine 1a3e *untion 4enerator to 67 /8
1it2 output amplitude o* 4:. Li>e in t2e *irst part, 1e also
measure t2e total urrent, 3olta4e aross t2e resistor and t2e
3olta4e aross t2e oil t2en alulate t2e 3alues re9uired.
.
)). (E&?L! '6 ")&C?&&)'N
6or t2is Experiment, t2e 2arateristis o* resistor, indutor
and apaitor 1ere tested on a parallel iruit. !2e urrent and
3olta4es 1ere measured in order to ompare and 2e> i* t2ere
1as any di**erene on ea2 omponents. Alon4 t2ese
measurements, 1e 3ary t2e *re9ueny in order to 3eri*y t2e
e**et o* same 3olta4e amplitude but 3aryin4 *re9ueny.
%ased *rom t2e 4at2ered data, in table 4.+, t2e urrent
2an4es as 1e 3ary t2e *re9ueny. ;e an see t2at t2e supply
3olta4e is ommon to all t2ree omponents 12ilst t2e supply
urrent )& onsists o* t2ree parts. !2e urrent *lo1in4 t2rou42
t2e resistor, )(, t2e urrent *lo1in4 t2rou42 t2e indutor, )L and
t2e urrent t2rou42 t2e apaitor, )C.
%ut t2e urrent *lo1in4 t2rou42 ea2 bran2 and t2ere*ore
ea2 omponent 1ill be di**erent to ea2 ot2er and to t2e
supply urrent, )&. !2e total urrent dra1n *rom t2e supply
1ill not be t2e mat2ematial sum o* t2e t2ree indi3idual
bran2 urrents but t2eir 3etor sum.
6urt2ermore, t2e urrent o* apaitane is exponentially
proportional to t2e *re9ueny. !2at@s 12y as 1e inreases t2e
*re9ueny, t2e urrent also inreases. 6or t2e indutor, t2e
urrent is in3erse to t2e be2a3ior o* t2e apaitor. !2e start o*
urrent o* indutor is 2i42. %ut, as 1e inreases t2e *re9ueny,
t2e urrent dereases.
A. Tables
!A%LE 4.+:
6re9ueny
</8=
!otal
:olta4e
<:!=
!otal
Current
<)!=
(esistor
Current
<)(=
)ndutor
Current
<)L=
Capaitor
Current
<)=
-77 ,.A +A +6 +7 A.B
477 ,.C +A +C D +,
B77 ,.C+ +C.B +C 6 +B
677 ,.CC +D +C B +C
C77 ,.D +D.B +C 4 +D
!able 4.,
6ormula
6re9ueny </8=
-77 477 B77 677 C7
7
'2ms@ La1
B.B
,m
6.-
7m
6.,
Cm
6.+
4m
6.7
Cm
,.C
6m
,.A
6m
,.,
+m
+.D
+m
+.4
-m
-.,
Dm
4.4
4m
B.B
4m
6.+
4m
6.4
-m
+B,
.6-
+4,
.++
+B4
.D6
+B-
.DA
+B
+.-
B
6.B
Bm
C.7
4m
6.4
6m
6.B
7m
6.6
+m
E9uation
impedane
7.7
+
7.7
+
7.7
+
7.7
+
7.7
+
B.-
+m
-.A
Dm
-.+
Dm
,.6
Bm
,.,
Cm
-.C
Cm
B.7
-m
6.,
Dm
C.B
4m
D.D
7m
#yt2a4orea
n !2eorem
+.B
4m
E
+.7
Bm
E
-.+
m
E
4.D
Am
E
6.B
-m
7.7
+7+
7.7
7+7
+
7.7
+7B
7.7
+++
7.7
++A
D.C
B
E
B.A
A
E
+C.
,,
E
,6.
76
E
--.
+4
Complex
Number
7.7
+E
j+.
B4
m
7.7
+Fj
+.7
Bm
7.7
+Fj
-.+
7m
7.7
+Fj
4.D
Am
7.7
+Fj
6.B
,m
7.7
+7+
D.C
B
7.7
+7+
E
B.A
A
7.7
+7B
E
+C.
,,
7.7
+++
E
,6.
76
7.7
++A
E
--.
+4
AA.
7+
AA.
7+
AB.
,4
A7.
7A
D4.
7-
E
D.C
B
B.A
A
+C.
,,
,6.
76
--.
+4
%. Grap2s
))). Conlusions
An (LC iruit is an eletrial iruit onsistin4 o* a
resistor <(=, an indutor <L=, and a apaitor <C=, onneted in
series or in parallel. )n t2is experiment, 1e are onsiderin4 t2e
parallel iruits. #arallel (LC Ciruit is t2e exat opposite to
t2e series iruit. /o1e3er, t2e analysis o* parallel (LC
iruits an be a little more di**iult t2an t2e series (LC
iruits. Li>e in t2e experiment -, based on t2e 3alues 1e 4ot
in per*ormin4 t2is experiment 1e sa1 t2at, t2e 2arateristi
o* an e9ui3alent iruit 2a3in4 resistane, indutane, and
apaitane onneted in parallel is dependent upon t2e
relati3e ma4nitudes o* t2e induti3e reatane 5L 12i2 is
diretly proportional to *re9ueny and t2e apaiti3e reatane
5C 12i2 is in3ersely proportional to t2e *re9ueny. ;2en
5L is 4reater t2an 5L, a apaiti3e iruit exists. 'n t2e ot2er
2and an induti3e iruit exists 12en 5C is 4reater t2an 5L
and resisti3e iruit 12en 5L e9uals 5L. (esistane,
indutane and apaitane onneted in parallel 2a3e
absolutely no e**et on t2eir indi3idual impedanes. &o lon4
as t2e po1er supply is t2e same *re9ueny as be*ore, t2e
induti3e and apaiti3e reatane 1ill not 2a3e 2an4ed at
all. Currents *lo1in4 on resistane, indutane and
apaitane in parallelare dependent upon t2e inrease in
*re9ueny. As *re9ueny inreases, resistor urrent is onstant,
indutor urrent dereases and apaitor urrent inreases.
Current t2rou42 t2e resistor is in p2ase 1it2 t2e 3olta4e
dropped aross t2at resistor. Current t2rou42 an indutor la4s
t2e applied 3olta4e, so )L appears at EA7G and urrent t2rou42
a apaitor leads t2e applied 3olta4e, so )C appears at
FA7G.Ma4nitude o* t2e urrent at t2e input o* a parallel (ELEC
iruit at resonane is at its minimum
)mpedane in (LC iruit 2as a real and ima4inary
part. !2e real part means t2at ener4y is bein4 remo3ed *rom
t2e system by a dampin4 <resistane= term and t2e ima4inary
part means t2at ener4y is bein4 stored in t2e indutor <inertia=
and apaitor <sprin4= parts o* t2e system. )mpedane in
parallel (LC iruit is approximately e9ual to t2e iruit
resistane. !2is iruit is mostly resisti3e, and t2e ombined
3etor *or )! is at only a small p2ase an4le. Admittane 12i2
is t2e in3erse o* t2e impedane is a measure o* 2o1 easily a
iruit or de3ie 1ill allo1 a urrent to *lo1. )t is not only a
measure o* t2e ease 1it2 12i2 a steady urrent an *lo1
<ondutane, t2e in3erse o* resistane=, but also ta>es in to
aount t2e dynami e**ets o* suseptane <t2e in3erse o*
reatane=. )n a parallel (LC iruit, t2e total admittane is
simply t2e p2asor sum o* t2e ondutane, t2e
induti3e suseptane and apaiti3e suseptane.
Condutane 12i2 is t2e real part and t2e suseptane 12i2
is t2e ima4inary part. !2e admittane 0 is in*inity 12en t2e
iruit is in lo1 *re9ueny <L+ is s2ort=. Moreo3er t2e
admittane 0 is also in*inity 12en t2e iruit is in 2i42
*re9ueny <C+ is s2ort=.
):. #)C!?(E AN" &CANNE" #"&
!2ese are t2e piture durin4 experimentation:

:. (E6E(ENCE
H+I /'(!)NELA AN" :ALLE&!E('. ELEC!()CAL C)(C?)!&
LA%'(A!'(0 MAN?AL ,.