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PRIVACY BY DESIGN
AND BY DEFAULT
Sbas(en FANTI

AIorney at law and public Notary
Elected as Cantonal Data Privacy Ocer (Valais)

www.sebas(enfan(.ch
sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch





FLORENCE, NOVEMBER 1st, 2014
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 2
Preliminary remarks and deni(ons
The example of the Blackphone
The Swiss Privacy by Design and by Default
approach
Impact analysis about privacy - modeliza(on of
risks a prac(cal approach
Future evolu(ons
Conclusions
Overview
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 3
Privacy by Design refers to the philosophy and approach of
embedding privacy into the design specica(ons of various
technologies. Ann Cavoukian
Privacy by Default has another dimension than Privacy by
Design. Privacy by Default covers applying default se`ngs in
such a way that the best possible privacy is guaranteed.
Privacy by Default reacts to the enormous growth of internet
facili(es and apps and must ensure that the low-threshold use
leads too quickly to the unwanted showing and/or sharing of
(too much) of personal data or compromising of security.
Viviane Reding
Preliminary remarks and deni(ons
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 4
The 7 Founda(onal Principles of Privacy by Design:
- Proac&ve not Reac(ve; Preven&ve not Remedial
- Privacy as the Default Se1ng
- Privacy Embedded into Design
- Full Func(onality Posi&ve-Sum, not Zero-Sum
- End-to-End Security Full Lifecycle Protec&on
- Visibility and Transparency Keep it Open
- Respect for User Privacy Keep it User-Centric

Opera(onalizing Privacy by Design: A Guide to Implemen(ng Strong Privacy Prac(ces, Ann Cavoukian, Ph.D., Informa(on
and Privacy Commissioner, Ontario, Canada, December 2012, p. 8
Preliminary remarks and deni(ons
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 5
The example of the Blackphone www.blackphone.ch
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 6

Spider Oak: Online File
Sharing & Secure Cloud
Backup strongly
recommanded by Edward
Snowden
Our smartphone wont
make you NSA-proof, but its
a good start
Phil Zimmerman
The example of the Blackphone
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 7


Source: ars technica: hIp://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2014/02/everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-the-security-focused-
blackphone/
The example of the Blackphone
Feature Android Default PrivateOS Enhancement
Search
Trackable Anonymous
Bundled Apps
Many, with privacy disabled by
default
Few, and all privacy-enabled
Wi-Fi usage
Always on for geolocalisa(on and
user tracking
Smart disabling of all Wi-Fi except
trusted hotspots
App permissions
All-or-nothing Fine-grained control in a single
interface
Communica(ons tools
Traceable dialer, SMS, MMS,
browser. Vulnerable to spoofed
cell networks and wi-
Private calls, tex(ng, video chat,
le exchange up to 100 MB,
browsing, and conference calls
Updates
Supplied infrequently aker carrier
blessing
Frequent secure updates from
Blackphone directly
Remote Wipe & An( Thek
Requires use of centralized cloud
account
Anonymous
Business Model
Personal data mining for tracking
and marke(ng
Delivering privacy as a premium,
valued feature
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 8


I have read this ar(cle and Im
very surprised. I have bought this
phone because it was a secured
phone. If not, I think you should
give the money back! I would be
happy to have a feed-back
quickly.
August 12, 2014 / 08:00 PM



The example of the Blackphone:
Nothing is perfect!
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 9
Thanks for contac(ng us and I
understand your concern. I think
the links in
hIps://support.blackphone.ch/
customer/portal/ques(ons/
8315538-blackphone-rooted-
in-5mn will address your
concerns.

Please let me know if you have
any more ques(ons.
August 13, 2014 / 01:44 AM





The example of the Blackphone:
Nothing is perfect!
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 10
No legal rule refers explicitly to these principles at the
moment in the Federal Act on Data Protec(on of 19 June
1992.
Federal Data Protec(on and Informa(on Commissioner has
taken part to the 32
th
interna(onal Conference of Data
Protec(on and Privacy Commissioners in Jerusalem, where
one resolu(on was adopted about the need to include the
principle of Privacy by Design in the legisla(on.
The need to revise our Federal Act on Data Protec(on is
evaluated by a Commission of experts.
The Swiss Privacy by Design and by Default
approach
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 11
Each Swiss Company who handles the data of
European ci(zens or receives such data from one
member of the UE should respect the legal rules of
the UE and of all the Member States.

Art. 23 of the future European regula(on:
Data protec(on by design and by default

The Swiss Privacy by Design and by Default
approach
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 12

















hIps://www.apps.edoeb.admin.ch/dsfa/fr/index.html

Privacy and data protec(on impact assessment : a prac(cal
approach !
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 13
Switzerland cant aord to stay out of signicant legisla(ve
changes which will undoubtedly impact a lot a companies
in our country
Ordinarily, we adopt new UE legal rules with a slight delay
Even if the rules arent changed immediately in our
country, most interna(onal companies will have to adapt
their legal approach and become early adopters
The global market with a erce compe((on is the best way
to uphold these principles
The Swiss Privacy by Design and by Default
approach
PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 14


















Future evolu(ons
Two postulates are now pending before our Parliament to
introduce in our Federal Act on Data Protec(on of 19 June
1992 the principles of Privacy by Design and Privacy by
Default (postulates Schwaab).

The Government agrees with both postulates.

Our law should normally change in some years!


PRIVACY BY DESIGN AND BY DEFAULT
| Switzerland | Me Sbas(en FANTI | sebas(en.fan(@sebas(enfan(.ch

Page 15
Swiss ci(zens really love Privacy !
Our companies and schools are
for some of them between the
best in the world in their scale of
c o mp e t e n c e s ( L o g i t e c h ,
Swisscom, EPFL, etc.).

The only solu(on is to apply
immediately both principles and
go further than what the law
currently requires.






Conclusions
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