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NEAR-INFRARED LED BASED NON-INVASIVE BLOOD GLUCOSE SENSOR

Abstract
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or
electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints It is embedded as part of a complete
device often including hardware and mechanical parts. By contrast, a general-purpose computer,
such as a personal computer (PC), is designed to be flexible and to meet a wide range of end-user
needs. Embedded systems control many devices in common use today. Modern embedded systems
are often based on microcontrollers (i.e. CPUs with integrated memory and/or peripheral
interfaces). But ordinary microprocessors (using external chips for memory and peripheral interface
circuits) are also still common, especially in more complex systems. In either case, the processor(s)
used may be types ranging from rather general purpose to very specialized in certain class of
computations, or even custom designed for the application at hand. A common standard class of
dedicated processors is the digital signal processor (DSP).
Diabetes is a metabolic pathological condition of concern, which affects vital organs of body if not
diagnosed and treated on time. Regular monitoring of blood glucose is important to avoid
complication of diabetes. Commonly used glucose measurement methods are invasive which
generally involves finger puncturing. These methods are painful and frequent pricking cause calluses
on the skin and have risk of spreading infectious diseases. Therefore there is need to develop a noninvasive monitoring system which can measure blood glucose continuously without much problem.
The present work is focused on development of non-invasive blood glucose measurement sensor
system using Near-infrared (NIR) technique. Initially in-vitro glucose measurement prototype is
developed using continuous wave (CW) from NIR LED (940 nm) to check the sensitivity of the system
for different glucose concentrations. Later a Sensor patch was designed using LED and a photodiode
to observe diffused reflectance spectra of blood from the human forearm. Diffused reflectance
spectra of the subjects obtained with this technique was also compared with commercially available
invasive finger tip glucose-meter. The results are promising and show the potential of using NIR for
glucose measurement.
PROPOSED SYSTEM
Here we are going to implement LED based non-invasive Blood Glucose sensor. LED noninvasive blood glucose sensor is used to detect the blood glucose content, if any abnormality occurs,
then it will send message to two persons may be doctor and any relative. We can also send the
persons location through GPS.
HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
MICROCONTROLLER
LED NON-INVASIVE BLOOD GLUCOSE SENSOR
UART
GPS
GSM