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AutoCAD MEP 2009

Piping Tutorial

April 2008
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Contents

Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1


Using This Tutorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Lesson 1: Starting a Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Exercise 1: Specifying a Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Exercise 2: Specifying a Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Exercise 3: Viewing Configuration Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Exercise 4: Inserting a Reference Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19


Lesson 2: Drawing Chilled Water Supply Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Exercise 1: Adding Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU . . . . . . . . . 53
Lesson 3: Finishing the Piping System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Exercise 1: Adding Valves to Chiller Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Exercise 2: Adding Valves to AHU Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Exercise 3: Adding Pipe Size Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Exercise 4: Adding Tags to Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

v
vi
Starting a Piping Drawing
1
In this tutorial, you learn how to create part of a piping system for a research laboratory. In
the process, you learn the primary concepts of how to use AutoCAD® MEP to draw piping
systems and produce construction documents.
In this lesson, you learn how to start a drawing. You also learn how to work with projects
and insert reference drawings.

Using This Tutorial


This tutorial is divided into lessons, each of which addresses a particular task.
Each lesson contains step-by-step exercises you can perform to achieve the goal
of the lesson. Drawings, referred to as datasets, are included in the project files.
You must extract the project files in order to complete any part of this tutorial.
You can complete the tutorial from beginning to end or, if you are an
experienced user, you can proceed to a specific lesson.
The lessons in this tutorial are designed to build upon your knowledge of
AutoCAD. If you are not familiar with basic AutoCAD functions and commands,
see the AutoCAD Help. These lessons also assume you are familiar with basic
AutoCAD MEP features such as tool palettes, the Properties palette, and AutoCAD
MEP snaps. If you are not familiar with these features, see “Getting Started” in
the AutoCAD MEP Help.

Extracting the Project Datasets

You must extract the project files in order to complete any part of this tutorial.
If you edit any of the project files, you can extract the files again to reset the
project to its original state. You can search My Documents\Autodesk\MyProjects
to see if the Research Laboratory dataset has already been extracted.

1
NOTE This tutorial references Windows XP file paths. If you run Windows Vista,
they might be different.

To extract the project datasets, go to


http://www.autodesk.com/autocadmep-tutorials. Locate the tutorial ZIP file for
your language; for example, the English language version of the tutorial files
is english_tutorials_AutoCAD_MEP_2009.zip. Follow the steps in the
corresponding readme.txt file to download the ZIP file and extract its contents
to your hard drive.

Working with Metric Content

This tutorial requires that the Global content pack be installed as part of the
AutoCAD MEP installation for your workstation. The Global content pack is
made up of metric content, metric templates, and an AutoCAD MEP (Global)
user profile.
While you may be accustomed to using imperial units in your day-to-day
work, the lessons in this tutorial cover all of the same tasks necessary for you
to complete designs and create construction documents using either metric
or imperial units.

Verifying the Current Profile

In order to complete the tutorial, you must have your current profile set to
AutoCAD MEP (Global). To check the profile setting, in AutoCAD MEP click

2 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing


Format menu ➤ Options. The name of the current profile is indicated at the
top of the Options dialog.

If AutoCAD MEP (Global) is not the current profile, select it from the list and
click Set Current. If AutoCAD MEP (Global) is not listed as a choice in the
Options dialog, this means that the Global content pack was not installed
when AutoCAD MEP was installed on your workstation.
To add the Global content pack to your AutoCAD MEP installation at any
time, rerun the installer, and select the Add or Remove Features option. To
rerun the installer, open the Add or Remove Programs dialog in the Control
Panel, and click Change/Remove. For more information, refer to the online
AutoCAD MEP installation guides.
If you installed a shortcut for the Global profile, double-click the shortcut to
launch AutoCAD MEP with the Global profile set as current.

Using This Tutorial | 3


Lesson 1: Starting a Drawing
In this lesson, you learn how to configure a project and use Project Navigator
to start a drawing. You also learn how to reference a floor plan drawing in a
current drawing.

Exercise 1: Specifying a Project


First, you specify a project using Project Browser. After you specify the current
project, you use Project Navigator to create directories for the AutoCAD MEP
drawings.

Specify the current project

1 If you do not have a drawing open, click QNEW on the


Standard toolbar to create a drawing.
2 On the Workspaces toolbar, specify Piping.

3 Open Project Browser using one of the following methods:

■ On the Navigation toolbar, click Project Browser .

■ Click File menu ➤ Project Browser.

4 In the lower-left corner of Project Browser, click New Project


.
5 In the Add Project dialog, enter 1 for Project Number, enter Piping
Sample for Project Name, and click OK.
In Project Browser, the new project is highlighted to indicate that
it is the current project. The right pane contains an HTML page.

4 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing


To facilitate sharing project information, you can create and store
HTML pages in the project location.

6 Click Close.
The Project Browser is closed, but the project is still active until
you change to another project. When you start AutoCAD MEP
the current project is the last one specified before the software
was closed.
The Project tab on Project Navigator displays general project
information.

Exercise 1: Specifying a Project | 5


Use Project Navigator

7 To add a level, click Edit Levels.

8 In the Levels dialog, click Add Level .


9 To edit values, such as floor elevation or height, click in the field,
and enter the desired value.

You assign construct drawings to floors, and then use those floor
assignments when creating view drawings.

10 Click OK.

6 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing


11 Review the other tabs on Project Navigator, which are used to
manage different types of drawings.
■ Constructs are drawings that model a unique portion of a
building system. For example, a piping plan for one floor can
be a construct. You create constructs of building plans, then
reference them onto views and sheets to create construction
documents. Because the views reference the constructs, and
the sheets reference the views, you only need to modify the
construct drawings. Views and sheets are updated either
automatically, or by regenerating a view.

■ Views comprise one or more constructs that show a specific


view of a building. For example, you can create a view of a
piping plan for an entire floor. You can create general views,
detail views, and section/elevation views.

■ Sheets are construction documents or presentation documents


that contain fully-annotated views and details. They are
generally plotted or published to DWF™.

12 To minimize Project Navigator automatically to make more room


for drawing space, click Autohide.

When you move the cursor off Project Navigator, it minimizes so


that just the title bar is visible. To open it, move the cursor over
the title bar.

Create a Piping constructs directory

13 Click the Constructs tab.


14 Select the Constructs directory, right-click, and click
New ➤ Category.
15 Change the name of the new category to Piping.

Exercise 1: Specifying a Project | 7


In this exercise, you learned how to create a project and use Project Navigator
to specify floor levels. You also created a new construct category.

Exercise 2: Specifying a Template


A drawing template contains information such as layer, object style definitions,
system definitions, and display settings. Template files are specified in the
project settings.

View the default template for the project


1 Click the Project tab in Project Navigator.
2 In the Current Project heading, click Edit Project.

3 In the Project Properties dialog, expand Templates.


4 Move the cursor over the field next to Common Model/View
Template.
A tooltip displays the complete file path. This is the default
template you use when starting a new construct drawing.

5 Click OK.
Create a new construct drawing

6 In Project Navigator, click the Constructs tab.


7 Under Constructs, select Piping.

8 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing


8 Right-click, and click New ➤ Construct.
9 In the Add Construct dialog, click in the field for Name, and enter
Piping Sample.
10 Move the cursor over the Drawing Template field to view the full
file path.
This is the default template specified in the project settings.

11 Select Level 0 to assign the construct to the first floor.

12 Click OK.
The new construct drawing is added to the Piping category under
Constructs. When you create a new construct drawing, it is not
automatically opened in the software. You can open a new
drawing from Project Navigator by double-clicking the drawing
name.

TIP In addition to creating a new drawing from the Constructs tab,


you can also add an existing drawing to a project. Open the drawing,
right-click the construct category where you want to place it, and
click Save Current Dwg as Construct.

Exercise 2: Specifying a Template | 9


In this exercise, you learned how to use a template to create a new construct
drawing.

Exercise 3:Viewing Configuration Settings


In Project Navigator, you viewed project settings such as building levels,
elevations, and templates. In this exercise, you view other important
configuration settings, such as routing preferences, pipe preferences, and
system definitions. These settings control how your systems look and function
in the drawing.

Open a new construct drawing


1 In Project Navigator, on the Constructs tab, expand Piping.
2 Double-click Piping Sample to open it.
Next, you view layer key settings for objects. Layer keys are used
to add layers automatically as you draw systems. You do not need
to create layers as you draw.

View layer key settings

3 Click Format menu ➤ Layer Management ➤ Layer Key Styles.


4 In the left pane of Style Manager, click Global-Descriptive (256
Color) (MEP).
5 In the right pane, click the Keys tab.

10 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing


6 Scroll to Pipe.

The layer specified is H-Pipework-G.


The template you specified for this drawing, Aecb Model (Global),
contains a custom, descriptive layer key system.
The first part of the layer name indicates the discipline, the second
part indicates the element, and the last part indicates the data
type. For the H-Pipework-G layer name, H indicates HVAC,
Pipework indicates the part, and G indicates the data type is
graphics. Because this layer standard is descriptive, the element
is described rather than assigned a code.
Layer keys are configured for parts and systems. When you add
a part, you specify a system for it before placing it in the drawing.
The layer on which the part is placed is based on the part type
and system definition.
For example, you draw a pipe system. You specify Hot Water
Service for the system. The pipe segments are automatically placed
on the H-HWS-G layer, where HWS indicates hot water service.

Exercise 3:Viewing Configuration Settings | 11


TIP Layer keying allows you to efficiently manage layers in your
drawing. For example, you can turn off a layer for a specific system,
or use filters to turn off specific objects on the layer.

7 Click Cancel.
Next, you view system definitions. These settings control the
appearance and function of parts in a system.

View system definitions

8 Click Piping menu ➤ Piping System Definitions.


9 In the left pane of Style Manager, under Pipe System Definitions,
click Chilled Water - Supply.
10 In the right pane, click the Design Rules tab.
Note the layer key. When you assign a system to a component,
this setting determines its layer and other settings, such as color
and linetype.

11 Click the Rise and Drop tab.


This tab specifies the rise and drop style used to display vertical
directions in the system.

12 Click the Pipe Size Displays tab.


This feature allows you to control the display of pipes based on
their size. For example, by default for chilled water supply, any
pipes 40 mm or smaller are displayed as 1-line. 1-line pipe displays
all pipe as 1-line, and fittings and inline components are displayed
as symbols scaled to their actual dimensions.
If the graphical 1-line check box were also selected, any pipes 25
mm or smaller would be displayed as graphical 1-line. In graphical
1-line, pipe is displayed as 1-line, and fittings are displayed as
schematic symbols. Fittings and inline components such as valves

12 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing


plot at the annotation size specified here. This ensures that small
components in a pipe system can be viewed on a plot sheet.

This feature is applied to systems, so you need to specify pipe size


display settings for each system. You can also turn off a pipe size
display configuration by deselecting it. For example, for chilled
water, you can deselect the 1-line configuration so that 40 mm
pipes display per the display configuration settings. If you are
using a display configuration where pipes are displayed as 2-line,
the 40 mm pipes, fittings, and inline components display as 2-line.

13 Click the Display Properties tab.


This tab specifies general display settings for the system
components. You can use it to override the display properties for
objects. For example, you can turn off contour lines for pipe, or
add a hatching pattern to visually enhance specific pipe systems
in the drawing.

14 Click Cancel.
Next, you view routing preferences that specify the default parts
to use during layout.

View pipe part routing preferences

15 Click Piping menu ➤ Routing Preference Definitions.


16 On the left pane of Style Manager, under Pipe Part Routing
Preferences, click Generic Threaded & Flanged Steel.

Exercise 3:Viewing Configuration Settings | 13


17 In the right pane, click the Preferences tab to view the routing
preference configuration.
You specify a routing preference whenever you add or modify
pipes. Routing preferences define the parts that are automatically
inserted in the pipe run during layout. You can use routing
preferences to specify different pipe connection joints depending
on the size of pipe being drawn. For example, when you draw
pipe runs using the Size Range 1 routing preference shown below,
any pipe you draw that is smaller than 100 mm will automatically
use the threaded fittings specified here. If you change to a nominal
size 125 mm or larger, flanged parts are automatically used.

18 Click Cancel.
The last settings you view are for pipe preferences.

View pipe preferences

19 Click Piping menu ➤ Pipe ➤ Preferences to open the Pipe Layout


Preferences dialog.

14 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing


This dialog controls various pipe run settings including how new
pipe runs connect with existing pipe objects, rise/run settings that
control the vertical rise to the horizontal run, and other settings
that control the layout method for labels and flow arrows on pipe
segments. Many of these properties are also mirrored on the
Properties palette as you draw a pipe run.

20 Click Cancel.
In this exercise, you viewed important configuration settings for pipes. You
viewed system definitions, which control how the pipes display and function,
and you viewed pipe preferences, which control how pipes behave as you
draw them. You also viewed pipe display by size in the system definitions,
and you viewed a routing preference with different connection types depending
on pipe size.

Exercise 3:Viewing Configuration Settings | 15


Exercise 4: Inserting a Reference Drawing
In this exercise, you insert an architectural floor plan as a reference drawing.
Reference drawings are also referred to as xrefs (external references) in the
software.

Add an external reference


1 Verify that Piping Sample is the current drawing. If not,
double-click it on the Constructs tab of Project Navigator.

2 Open the Project Browser and select the Research Laboratory


project. Click Close.
3 In the Project Navigator, browse to \Constructs\Architecture\Floor
Plans.
4 Right-click 2nd Floor, and click Xref Overlay.

5 On the Navigation toolbar, click Zoom Extents .


The floor plan displays in the drawing window. All elements in
the xref floor plan drawing are automatically screened as gray.

When you add an xref drawing, you can attach it or overlay it.
For construct drawings, overlays are recommended. If you attach
a drawing as an xref, you add all of the reference drawing data to
the current drawing. An overlay does not add its drawing data to
the current drawing, which can help minimize file sizes. For view
drawings, however, it is recommended that you attach xrefs if
you want the reference drawing geometry to display on the sheet.
It is recommended that you use 0,0,0 for the XYZ insertion
coordinates. As you develop construct drawings based on this
floor plan, you can xref them into views and other constructs by
inserting them at 0,0,0. This maintains accurate locations for each
subsequent system designed around the floor plan.

16 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing


NOTE When you are working with a Drawing Management project,
add an xref by dragging it from the Constructs tab of the Project
Navigator onto the current drawing. Xrefs that are not added in this
way are lost when the project is refreshed. When you add an xref by
dragging it from the Project Navigator onto a drawing, it is attached
instead of overlaid, referenced using its full file path, and placed at
the X,Y coordinates of 0,0. Its elevation (Z coordinate value) is also
updated to a value relative to the host drawing, and it is determined
using the elevations of the levels to which the 2 drawings are assigned.

In later lessons, you add pipe systems to the west side of the building. Next,
you clip the reference drawing to display only the west side in the drawing.
This makes it easier to work on this specific portion of the building.
Clip the reference drawing

6 Select the floor plan by moving the cursor over any linework, and
click.
The floor plan is highlighted.

7 Right-click, and click Clip Xref.


8 On the command line, enter n for New boundary.
9 Enter r to define a rectangular boundary.
10 Click outside the lower-left corner of the building to specify the
first point of the rectangular boundary.
11 Move the cursor to the second point as shown, and click to specify
the opposite corner.

Exercise 4: Inserting a Reference Drawing | 17


The west side of the floor plan is visible, and the east side has
been clipped from view.

12 In the Navigation toolbar, click Zoom Extents .


13 Close the current drawing, and click No when prompted to save
the drawing.
In this lesson, you created a project and created a new drawing based on a
template. You then viewed settings that affect the construction and appearance
of your systems. You also added an architectural floor plan drawing as a
reference and clipped it so that you could focus on the portion of the drawing
you will be working on.

18 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing


Drawing a Chiller Plant
Piping System 2
The lessons in this chapter show how to use AutoCAD MEP features to draw part of a piping
system for a rooftop chiller plant.

Lesson 2: Drawing Chilled Water Supply Piping


In this lesson, you learn how to add equipment, and draw pipe runs to connect
the equipment. You use features in the software that enable you to draw and
modify pipe runs.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment


In this exercise, you add chillers and pumps to the rooftop plan.

Specify the tutorial project and open the dataset drawing


1 On the Workspaces toolbar, verify that Piping is the current
workspace.

When the Piping workspace is active, the Piping menu is available


from the menu bar, and the Piping tool palettes group is opened.

2 Open the Project Browser by clicking File menu ➤ Project Browser.

19
If you are prompted to repath, click Yes.

3 In the Project Browser, double-click Research Laboratory to specify


it as the current project.
If the Piping tutorial is not displayed, browse to My
Documents\Autodesk\My Projects. The Windows default location
for My Documents is C:\Documents and Settings\<user
name>\My Documents. If the Research Laboratory project is not
in this location, it might not have been extracted. See Extracting
the Project Datasets on page 1.

4 Click Close.
5 In the Project Navigator, click the Constructs tab.
6 Expand Piping ➤ Lesson 2, and double-click Piping_L02_E01 to
open it.

7 Click Zoom Extents .


Set up the drawing

8 First, you specify object snap settings to aid you in placing


equipment on the floor plan geometry. On the application status

bar, select Object Snap to turn it on, if necessary.

9 Right-click Object Snap , and click Settings.

20 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


10 In the Drafting Settings dialog, select Endpoint and Midpoint.

11 Click OK.
12 Next, you change display configurations. On the application status
bar, click MEP Design, and select MEP Basic 2-Line from the list.

MEP Basic 2-Line is a good display configuration to use for fast


layout. No hidden lines are used, so drawing performance is
enhanced.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 21


Add a chiller

13 Pan and zoom to the area with the 2 equipment pads.

TIP A quick way to navigate a drawing is to use the scroll wheel on


the mouse. Turn the wheel to zoom in or out, hold down the wheel
and drag to pan, or double-click the wheel to zoom extents. You can
use these features even if a command is active.

14 On the Equipment tool palette, click the Centrifugal Chiller tool.

15 In the Add Multi-view Part dialog, the catalog in the Part tab opens
to Mechanical ➤ Chillers ➤ Centrifugal Chiller.
16 The centrifugal chillers in this location start at 600-670 KW. To
find the smaller chillers, scroll to Refrigeration Equipment, expand
it, and select Centrifugal Chillers.

22 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


17 For Part Size Name, specify 595 Nominal kW Centrifugal Chiller
from the drop-down list.

TIP To minimize dialogs while keeping them active, click the pushpin

icon in the upper-right corner of the dialog. When you move


the cursor off the dialog, it minimizes so that just the title bar is visible.
To restore the dialog, move the cursor over the title bar.

NOTE If you are running Windows Vista, the pushpin icon is not
available.

18 In the drawing, move the cursor to detect a snap point on the


pad as shown, and click to insert the chiller.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 23


19 Use the compass to rotate the chiller as shown, and click.

20 Press Enter to end the command.

Center the chiller on the pad

21 Select the chiller, right-click, and click AEC Modify


Tools ➤ Center.
22 Note the command line prompts. Press Enter so that you can
specify 2 points for the line on which to center the chiller.
23 Select the lower-right corner of the pad for the first point, as
shown.

24 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


24 Select the lower-left corner for the second point to center the
chiller on the pad horizontally.

25 Select the chiller, right-click, and click AEC Modify


Tools ➤ Center.
26 Press Enter so that you can specify 2 points for the line on which
to center the chiller.
27 Select the upper-right pad corner for the first point, and select
the lower-right corner for the second.

The chiller is centered on the pad.

28 The chiller was placed with an elevation of 0, and the pad height
is 100 mm. Select the chiller, and on the Properties palette, click
the Design tab.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 25


29 Under Basic ➤ Location, for Elevation, enter 100 mm.

Copy the chiller to the other pad

30 With the chiller still selected, right-click, and click Basic Modify
Tools ➤ Copy.
31 To specify the base point for copying, click the upper-right pad
corner as shown.

26 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


32 Click the same corner on the lower pad.

33 Press Enter to end the command.


Add a pump

34 Pan and zoom to the 4 pump pads.

35 On the Equipment tool palette, click the Base Mounted Pump


tool.
36 In the Add Multi-view Part dialog:
■ For Part Size Name, select the 200x200 mm Base Mounted
Pump.

■ For Elevation, enter 100 mm.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 27


37 In the drawing, click on the endpoint snap on the upper-right
corner of the left pad.

38 Use the compass to rotate the pump as shown, and click.

39 Press Enter to end the command.


Center the pump on the pad

40 Select the pump, right-click, and click AEC Modify Tools ➤ Center.
41 Press Enter to specify 2 points for the line on which to center the
pump.

28 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


42 Specify the endpoints for the long edge of the pad as shown.

43 Repeat the previous steps to center the pump along the short edge
of the pad.

Copy the pump to the other pads

44 Select the pump, right-click, and click Basic Modify Tools ➤ Copy.
45 To specify the base point, click the lower-right pad corner as
shown.

46 Click the same corner on the other 3 pads.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 29


47 Press Enter.

48 On the File menu, click Close, and click No when prompted to


save the drawing.
In this exercise, you learned how to add equipment and place it accurately
on the xref. Next, you draw pipe to connect the chillers to the pumps.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps


In this exercise, you draw piping from the chillers to the pumps. You add
vertical pipe runs, and you use grips and pipe snaps.
Dataset
On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L02_E02 under
Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 2.

Set up the drawing

1 On the application status bar, right-click Dynamic Input and


click Settings.
2 If necessary, select both Enable Pointer Input and Enable
Dimension Input Where Possible, and click OK.

30 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


Dynamic input allows you to enter dimensions in the drawing
window.

3 On the application status bar, verify that Dynamic Input ,

and Object Snap Tracking are selected.

4 Right-click Object Snap , and click Settings.


5 In the Drafting Settings dialog, click the Object Snaps tab and
scroll down to AutoCAD MEP.
6 Verify that Pipe Curve and Pipe Connector are selected, and click
OK.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 31


Add pipe from a chiller

7 Select the top chiller, and click the Add Pipe grip for chilled water
supply, as shown.

8 On the Properties palette:


■ Under General, for System, select Chilled Water - Supply.

■ Under Dimensions, for Routing Preference, select Generic


Threaded & Flanged Steel.

32 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


The nominal size and elevation are inherited from the chiller
connection. Do not change them.

9 Move the cursor directly to the right, enter 600, and press Enter.
A 600 mm long pipe is added.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 33


10 On the Properties palette, under Placement, enter 3650 for
Elevation. This adds a vertical pipe segment.

34 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


11 Specify the next point for the pipe run in the approximate location
shown.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 35


12 Specify the last point as shown, and press Enter to end the
command.

13 On the Views toolbar, click NE Isometric .


Verify that the riser was inserted properly.

36 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


Move the cursor over the last pipe segment, and verify the
elevation in the tooltip.

14 Click Top on the Views toolbar.


Connect the other chiller

15 Click the same Add Pipe grip on the second chiller.


16 On the Properties palette, verify that System (under General) is
set to Chilled Water - Supply, and that Routing Preference (under
Dimensions) is set to Generic Threaded & Flanged Steel.
17 Move the cursor directly to the right, enter 600, and press Enter.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 37


18 On the Properties palette, enter 3650 for Elevation (under
Placement).
19 Move the cursor to the pipe as shown to display a pipe curve
connector.

38 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


20 Click the curve connector, and press Enter to accept the
connection. A tee is added to complete the connection.

21 Press Enter to end the command.


Add pipe to pumps

22 Select the first pump on the left, and click the Add Pipe grip on
the outlet as shown.

23 On the Properties palette, verify that Generic Threaded & Flanged


Steel is specified for Routing Preference (under Dimensions).

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 39


24 Under Placement, enter 3650 for Elevation.
25 Move the cursor directly to the outlet on the next pump, and
click the pipe end connector as shown.

26 An elbow is inserted to route the pipe from the first pump to the
second. Enter a to accept the connection.
27 Press Enter to end the command.
28 Switch to NE Isometric view to see the results.

40 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


29 For a clearer view, click View menu ➤ Visual Styles ➤ Hidden.

30 Switch to top view.


31 Click View menu ➤ Visual Styles ➤ 2D Wireframe.
Connect chillers to pumps

32 Enter the Pipeadd command.


33 Click at the midpoint of the pipe.
34 On the Properties palette, under Dimensions, specify 200 for
Nominal size.
35 Specify the first endpoint in the approximate location shown,
and make sure it extends beyond the end of the chiller pipe.

36 Move the cursor directly to the chiller pipe end, and then move
the cursor down to display tracking lines as shown. Specify the

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 41


next point as shown so that the endpoint of the segment being
drawn is even with the chiller pipe end.

37 Move the cursor to the chiller pipe end, and click the pipe end
connector.

38 You are connecting a 200 mm pipe to a 150 mm pipe. The software


configures a routing solution that uses a 200 mm elbow and a
straight reducer.

39 Enter a to accept the layout.


40 Press Enter to end the command.

42 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


Resize pipe

41 Next, you modify the pipe sizes up to the tee. Select the tee and
the pipe segment.

42 Right-click, and click Properties.


43 On the Properties palette, under Dimensions, specify 200 for
Nominal Size.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 43


44 Notice that the pipe from the elbow to the tee is resized, and the
reducer is removed.

45 On the File menu, click Close, and click No when prompted to


save the drawing.
In this exercise, you learned how to add and modify pipe to equipment. Next,
you continue the pipe run.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU


In this exercise, you continue drawing pipe to supply the air handling unit
with chilled water.
Dataset
On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L02_E03 under
Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 2.

44 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


Add pipe
1 Select the elbow, and click the Add Pipe grip as shown.

2 Draw a pipe segment to the approximate location shown, click


the endpoint, and press Enter. The elbow is converted to a tee.

Add a fitting to start an angled run

3 Open the Fitting tool palette, and click the Connector tool.
4 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open
the Select a Part dialog.
5 Expand Commercial Pipe and Fittings ➤ Asymmetric
Connectors ➤ Flanged under Pipe (Global).
6 Select Flanged - Generic Flanged_gbm.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU | 45


7 For Select Part Size, select 200 mm Flanged - Generic Flange_gbm.

8 Click OK.
9 Move the cursor to the end of the pipe, and click on the pipe end
connector.

46 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


10 Use the compass to rotate the flange so the flat face is facing
outward as shown, and click.

11 Press Enter to end the command.


12 On the Fitting tool palette, click the Elbow tool.
13 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open
the Select a Part dialog.
14 Expand Elbows ➤ Flanged under Commercial Pipe and Fittings.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU | 47


15 Select Flanged - Generic Elbow_gbm.

16 Under Filter By Dimensions, select 200 for Nominal Connection


Diameter ND1.

48 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


17 Under Part Size Name, select 200 mm. Flanged - Generic
Elbow_gbm 45 Deg.

18 Click OK.
19 Move to the flange face, and click the pipe end snap.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU | 49


20 Note the command line prompt for elbow rotation. Enter 90, and
press Enter twice.
Change view and UCS to draw angled run

21 On the View toolbar, click Front .

22 On the Navigation toolbar, click (View) on the UCS flyout.

23 Deselect Ortho Mode if enabled.


24 Click the elbow, and click the Add Pipe grip.

25 Draw an angled pipe segment, and specify a point. Then draw a


horizontal segment approximately as shown, and press Enter.

Modify the elevation for the lower run

26 In the UCS toolbar, click World .

50 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


27 Select the pipe segment, click the elevation grip, and move the
pipe down slightly.

28 Verify the floor-to-centerline dimension is active, enter 2750 mm,


and press Enter.

29 Press Esc to deselect the pipe. The lower pipe segment is now at
the desired 2750 mm elevation, and the upper segment is still in
its original location.

Move pipe without breaking connections

30 Next, you refine the pipe run location.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU | 51


Change to top view.

31 Click the segment near the pumps as shown.

32 Click the location grip at the midpoint of the pipe, and move it
down approximately as shown.

33 Click to specify the new location. Note how the rest of the pipe
run moved down as well. The tee moved down, and the
connecting pipe adjusted its length to accommodate the new
location. The pipe run is still fully connected.

52 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


34 On the File menu, click Close, and click No when prompted to
save the drawing.
In this exercise, you added more pipe and fittings. Next, you connect to the
AHU.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU


In this exercise, you connect the pipe run to the AHU. You also modify the
pipe sizes.
Dataset
On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L02_E04 under
Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 2.

Start another angled drop run

1 Deselect Dynamic Input if enabled.


2 Open the Fitting tool palette, and click the Connector tool.
3 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open
the Select a Part dialog.
4 Expand Commercial Pipe and Fittings ➤ Asymmetric
Connectors ➤ Flanged under Pipe (Global).
5 Select Flanged - Generic Flange_gbm.
6 For Select Part Size, select 200 mm Flanged - Generic Flange_gbm.
7 Click OK.
8 Move the cursor to the end of the pipe, and click on the pipe end
snap.
9 Click to accept the rotation.
10 Press Enter to end the command.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 53


11 On the Fitting tool palette, click the Elbow tool.
12 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open
the Select a Part dialog.
13 Expand Elbows ➤ Flanged under Commercial Pipe and fittings.
14 Select Flanged - Generic Elbow_gbm.

15 Under Filter By Dimensions, select 200 for Nominal Connection


Diameter ND1.

54 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


16 For Select Part Size, select 200 mm Flanged - Generic Elbow_gbm
90 Deg.

17 Click OK.
18 Click the pipe end connector.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 55


19 On the command line, enter 0, and press Enter to end the
command.

Rotate the elbow before adding the angled drop

20 On the View toolbar, click NE Isometric .

21 Select Dynamic Input .


22 Zoom in on the elbow, select it, and click the Rotate grip.

56 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


23 Enter 315, and press Enter.

The part is rotated to the angle shown.

24 Press Enter to deselect the part.


Add a reducer

25 On the Fitting tool palette, click the Reducer tool.


26 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open
the Select a Part dialog.
27 Expand Reducers ➤ Flanged under Commercial Pipe and Fittings.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 57


28 Select Flanged - Generic Concentric Reducer_gbm.

29 For Filter By Dimensions, specify 200 for Nominal Connection


Diameter ND1 and 100 for Nominal Connection Diameter ND2.

58 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


Verify that 200 mm x 100 mm Flanged - Generic Concentric
Reducer_gbm is specified for Select Part Size.

30 Click OK.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 59


31 Use the pipe end connector to add the reducer to the elbow as
shown.

End the angled drop run and start a horizontal run

32 On the Views toolbar, click Right .

60 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


33 Select the reducer, and click the Add Pipe grip as shown.

34 Draw the segment horizontally from the reducer as shown.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 61


35 Specify the endpoint in the approximate location shown.

36 When prompted to choose a part, select Flanged - Generic


Elbow_gbm and click OK.
A 45 degree elbow is added.

37 Press ENTER to end the command.

38 On the Views toolbar, click Top .

62 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


39 Select the pipe segment shown, click the location grip at its
midpoint, and move the cursor to the pipe end connector on the
AHU as shown.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 63


40 Use tracking lines to align the pipe segment with the AHU
connector as shown, and click to place the pipe.

64 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


Connect to the AHU

41 Select the pipe, and click the Add Pipe grip on the open end.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 65


42 Specify the first point of the run past the first AHU and just
beyond the second AHU as shown.

43 With the command still active, on the Views toolbar, click 3D

Orbit .

66 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


44 Drag in the drawing window to rotate the view until you can
clearly see the side of the AHU with the connector.

45 Press Esc to end the orbit view.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 67


46 Move directly to the connector, and click the pipe end connector.

68 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


47 When prompted to connect to the highlighted object, press Enter
twice. The pipe is connected to the AHU.

NOTE If you have difficulty connecting to the AHU, zoom in closer,


or use 3D Orbit to get a better angle. Orbiting closer to a top view
may work best.

Connect the second AHU

48 Switch to NE Isometric view.


49 On the Pipe tool palette, click the Pipe tool.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 69


50 Select the pipe connector on the AHU as shown.

51 When prompted to connect with highlighted object, press Enter


to accept.
52 On the Properties palette, under Dimensions, enter 100 for
Nominal Size.

70 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


53 Move the cursor straight out from the AHU, and enter 450.

54 Move the cursor straight up, and click the pipe curve connector
as shown.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 71


55 Press Enter twice to accept the connection and to end the
command.

72 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


Reduce pipe size from the tee to AHUs

56 Select the pipe shown.

57 Right-click, and click Modify Run.


58 On the Modify Pipe Run dialog:
■ For Routing Preference, select Generic Threaded & Flanged
Steel.

■ For Nominal Size, select 50.

59 Click OK.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 73


Resulting layout

74 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


60 Repeat the previous steps to reduce the pipe size from the second
AHU to the tee.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 75


61 To preview the pipe system, zoom out, and switch to the
conceptual visual style on View menu ➤ Visual Styles.

62 On the File menu, click Close, and click No when prompted to


save the drawing.
For reference, a completed drawing is included in the project dataset. The file,
Completed_Piping, is located in the Constructs\Lesson 2 directory.
In this lesson, you learned how to lay out pipe runs using different features.

Lesson 3: Finishing the Piping System


In this lesson, you complete the piping system by adding valves, labels, and
tags.

Exercise 1:Adding Valves to Chiller Lines


In this exercise, you add gate valves to the chiller pipelines.
Dataset
On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L03_E01 under
Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 3.

76 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


Add a valve
1 Switch to NE Isometric view, and zoom in on the chillers.
Next, you hide the chillers to make it easier to select objects.

2 Select the chillers, right-click, and click Isolate Objects ➤ Hide


Objects.

3 On the Accessories tool palette, click the Valve - Gate tool.


4 In the Add Multi-view Parts dialog, for Part Size Name, specify
200 mm Gate Valve - Flanged PN6 - Cast iron.

Exercise 1:Adding Valves to Chiller Lines | 77


5 Move to the vertical segment on the front chiller, and click the
pipe curve snap as shown.

78 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


6 Use the compass to rotate the valve as shown so that the
handwheel is facing out.

7 When prompted to choose a part, select Flanged - Generic


Flange_gbm. This is the connector used to connect the pipe to
the gate valve.

Exercise 1:Adding Valves to Chiller Lines | 79


Add another valve

8 Repeat the previous steps to add another gate valve on the other
chiller as shown.

9 Select the first valve.

80 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


10 Zoom in so that you can see the elevation grip on the bottom of
the valve. Select it, enter 1500, and press Enter.

11 Repeat the previous step on the other gate valve to set its elevation
to 1500 mm.
12 Press Esc to deselect the valve.

Exercise 1:Adding Valves to Chiller Lines | 81


13 Right-click in the drawing, and click Isolate Objects ➤ End Object
Isolation.
14 Change to the hidden visual style to view the valves.
15 Close the drawing without saving.
In this exercise, you added gate valves to pipes and modified their elevation
using elevation grips.

Exercise 2:Adding Valves to AHU Lines


In this exercise, you add valves to the AHU lines.
Dataset
On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L03_E02 under
Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 3.

Add a valve
1 Switch to NE Isometric view, and zoom in on the 50 mm pipes
connected to the AHUs.

2 On the Accessories tool palette, click the Valve - Globe tool.

82 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


3 In the Add Multi-view Part dialog, for Part Size Name, specify 50
mm Globe Valve - Threaded - Soft seated bronze in the drop-down
list.
4 Move to the front AHU pipe, and click the pipe curve connector
as shown.

Exercise 2:Adding Valves to AHU Lines | 83


5 Use the compass to rotate it so the handwheel faces out, and press
Enter.

84 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


6 Use the elevation grip to place the handwheel at 1200 mm.

Exercise 2:Adding Valves to AHU Lines | 85


7 Pan and zoom to the pipe on the other AHU, and repeat the 3
previous steps to add a valve as shown.

8 Close the drawing without saving.


In this exercise, you added valves to the pipes connected to the AHUs.

Exercise 3:Adding Pipe Size Labels


In this exercise, you add pipe size labels to annotate the piping system.
Dataset
On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L03_E03 under
Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 3.
1 On the Annotation tool palette, click the Label tool.

86 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


2 On the Properties palette under General, specify Standard for Style
and One by one for Layout method.

3 Select the pipe shown, and press Enter.

Exercise 3:Adding Pipe Size Labels | 87


4 Specify the label location.

5 With the command still active, select the other pipes as shown,
and press Enter.

88 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


6 Specify the location for each label. You can pan and zoom as you
specify locations without exiting the command.

7 Press Enter to end the command, and close the drawing without
saving.
In this exercise, you added pipe size labels for annotation.

Exercise 4:Adding Tags to Pumps


In this exercise, you add tags to the pumps for scheduling.
Dataset
On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L03_E04 under
Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 3.
1 Open the Tag and Schedule tool palette, and click the Mechanical
Pump - Text tool.
2 Select the first pump on the left.

Exercise 4:Adding Tags to Pumps | 89


3 Specify an insertion point for the tag as shown.

4 In the Edit Property Set Data dialog, scroll to


GTagEquipmentObjects, enter P for MarkAbbreviation, and click
OK.

The tag is added as shown.

5 With the tag command still active, on the command line, enter
m to tag multiple objects.

90 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


6 Select the other 3 pumps, and press Enter.
7 In the Edit Property Set Data dialog, under
GTagEquipmentObjects, for MarkAbbreviation, select P from the
drop-down list, and click OK.
8 Press Enter to end the command.

Edit the tag property set data

9 Select one tag, right-click, and click Select Similar to select all 4
tags.
10 On the Properties palette, click the Extended Data tab.

Exercise 4:Adding Tags to Pumps | 91


11 Under Property Sets From Referenced
Objects ➤ GTagEquipmentObjects, edit the data as shown below
to turn off numbering and underlining.

12 Scroll through the rest of the property sets to view the other data
fields you can specify, such as technical specifications and
manufacturer information. These data values can be used in
schedules.

92 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System


13 Press Esc to deselect the tags and view the modified format. The
automatic numbering and underline was removed.

Prepare construct for view drawings

14 Check to make sure that the Automatically add scales to


annotative objects when the annotation scale changes icon is

enabled .

Exercise 4:Adding Tags to Pumps | 93


15 On the application bar, select 1:25 for the Annotation Scale.

The labels scale accordingly.

16 Change the annotation scale back to 1:100.


Now the annotation will be visible in the plan views (scaled 1:100)
and detailed views (scaled 1:25).

17 Close the drawing without saving.


In this lesson, you learned how to add valves to pipes, and you modified them
using elevation grips. You also added pipe size labels, and you tagged pumps
for scheduling.
For reference, a completed drawing is included in the project dataset. This
file, Completed_Piping_Plan, is located in the Constructs\Lesson 3 directory.

94 | Chapter 2 Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System