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- ixjdo uKavmhla Odhl ckdm;s l%uh wfydais lsu iy j;udk ;;a;ajh

fkdjen 12 fjksod iji 3'30 g fld<U kaia mdf iudc yd iduhsl flakafha
foaYlfhda
wdpdh chm;s l%ur;ak" wpdh pka.=ma; f;akqjr" udOHf lag whsjka
ixOdkh
jD;a;Sh i;s taldnoaO uKav,h
uy ;eme,a yf,a ,shdmx wxlh ( CME/QD/15/News/2014

ldKavh 29 m;%h 17

fojdplfhka mdv
ymq;f,a fldia,kao j;af;a hneoao fldgfia is jQ
fLojdplfha f;dr;=re f jkg fndfyda fok oks;s'
fndfyda udOH wdh;khka th mdGlhska wdlIKh
lr .ekSug ;e;a l< wdldrh iuyr g ms<sl=,a
iy.; h' iuyreka fun fYdalckl isu ;=<ska
lsish wdldrhl ld,lkaks wdiajdohla ,nkafka o
hk ielh mjd we;s u je<ela h fkdyels h'
f wNd.H imkak isug uqyqK ka ifydaor
rgjeishkag Wmldr lsug nyq;r ck;dj la jQ
Woafhd.h ienkau w.h l< hq;=h' tfia jqj o tu
Woafhda.fhka ;ukag yd ;u wdh;khkag m%pdrhla
,nd .eksug iuyr mqoa.,hska ;e;a l< wdldrh YsIag
imkak ksiqka ;=< we;s lf<a fldamhls' kEu
m;la ;u nv jvd .ekSf ud.hla njg m;a fldg
.ekSug m%h;ak orkakjqka ms<sn|j j.lsjhq;a;kag
wk;=re ye lsug mjd is jqfha tneks'
flfia jqj o jeo.;a jkafka fujeks m;a j<lajd
.kafka flfia o yd fkdje<ela h yels fya;= ksid
we;s jk m;l j.lsh hq;= n,Odka lghq;= l<
hq;af;a flfia o hkak ms<sn|j f isoafhka ,enQ
w;alSj,ska mdv Wf.k .ekSuh'
m%:ufhkau furg iuia; iudchu f m;ska
W.; hq;= mdvula we;' tk furg meje;aug
Yd, odhl;ajhla is lrk tfy;a ;ju;a fndfyda
fofkl=f.a ksis wjOdkhg fhduq fkdue;s j;=
llrejkag ksiqka fuka j;a ug yels mirhla
jyd ilia fldg uh' %;dkH wrdcHjdka .ska
.gu Tjqka jy,a ;;ajfha ;nd f.k is w;r
tlai;a cd;sl mlaIh Tjqkaf.a mqrjeis whs;sh o
wys fldg fh' f mS; ck fldgi ksid
Tjqka fjkqfjka igka lrk ju n,j;a fh hk
ielh thg fya;=j h' f jk g Tjqka fjkqfjka
fmks isf jHdcfhka Okm;sSkag Tjqka mdjd fok
kdhl;ajfhka o Tjqka uqojd .; hq;=j we;'
fojkqj fuu fLojdplhg jro tlsfkld msg
mgjka tlsfkld j.lsfuka ksoyia ug ;e;a lssu
o ksYaM,h' fuu isoahg inkaO mdYaj y;rls'
tk cd;sl f.dvke.s,s mfhaIK ixOdkh"
rcfha mmd,k wdh;khkays ks,Odka" uiafl<sh
j;= iud.u yd kdh .sh ia:dkfha moisxj is
llre mjq,ah' kg we;s f;dr;=re wkqj fuu
ia:dkfha mej;s wjodk ;;ajh ms<sn|j f ish
fok O m%udKj,ska kqj;aj isg we;' tfukau
fjk;a ia:dkhl llre ksjdi o ;kd we;' tfy;a
wk;==r is jk g;a merKs ksjdij, ish .Kkla
j;a ;sf' fuhska meye,s jkafka kqj;a u"
wjYH l,am iemhSu fukau kS;s l%shd;aul lsu
u.ska fyda wod< mqoa.,hka wdrlaIs; ;ekaj,g
heu o l< hq;=j ;snQ njhs' tfy;a tnkaola is
fkdjQfha ukao@ fld<U ixjOk lghq;=j, Okm;s
jHdmdlhskaf.a wjYH;d wkqj n,fhkau ksiqka
bj;a lrk wdldrh wm oel we;af;uq' tjeks Woafhda.
hla mam;a llrejkaf.a hym; i|yd lghq;= lsf
o wjYHh hkak wfkla mdvuhs'

mqj;am;la f,i Y%S ,xldf ,shdmx lrk ,

32

/l .;
hq;af;a Odhl
ckdm;s o'''

53

tod
fuod
whjeh

2014 fkdjen 09 jeks od bod

rks,a fjkqjg

tcdmfhka
fjk;a
wiaifhla

b ckdm;sjrKh ch.%yKh lsug wdKavq frda ish n,f.j,


iy Y%S,ksmh iq/lSf lKavdhf iyh jvd myiqfjka ,nd .ekSug yels
mlaIfhau fjk;a mqoa.,fhl= wfmalaIlhd yehg bm;a lsug;a ta
wfmalaIlhd fmd ,l=Kla hgf;a bm;a lsug;a tcdm cd;sl kdhl
rks,a l%uisxy uy;d ;SrKh lr we;'
Odhl ckdm;s l%uh fjkia ,nd u iar neka Tyq mrdch lsug
lsf fmdfrdkaj iys; igka mdGh k mlaIfha ish n,f.j,g tl
uq,a lrf.k fuu wfmalaIlhd bm;a h yels wfmalaIlfhl= tcdmfhka
lsug o rks,a l%uisxy uy;d ish bm;a lsu w;HjYH ldrKhla nj
f idlPdj,g iyNd.S jQ msi rks,a
tl;ajh m< lr we;'
l%uisxy uy;dg wjOdrKh lr we;'
rks,a l%uisxy uy;d f ;SrKhg
t<eU we;af;a mlaIfha by< fmf<a miq.sh od fld<U yhs msfha mej;s
kS;s{jreka iy uka;%Sjreka msila tcdmfha Pkao fmd< ksfhda;hkaf.a
tcdmfha
ckdm;s
iu;a mlaIfhka ndysr il%Sh iuqf
foaYmd,khg inkaO ke;s nqoau;=ka wfmalaIlhd rks,a l%uisxy uy;d nj
iy wd.l kdhlhka lsysm fofkl= i;a fm%auodi uy;d m%ldY lsfuka
iu;a mej;s idlPdjlska miqjh' miq mlaIh ;=< ksudKh jQ wnqold
b
ckdm;sjrKfha
uyskao jd;djrKh yuqf .; hq;= mshjr ms<sn|
rdcmlaI uy;dg kg ikaOdkhg ;SrKh lsug fmr rks,a l%uisxy
wh;a iEu mlaIhlau mdfya iyfhda.h uy;d fuu idlPdj mj;ajd we;'

uf.a ia:djrh;a

mlaIfha
ia:djrhhs

Odhl ckdm;s l%uh wfydais lsu


wo furg foaYmd,k lafIa;%fha nyq;rh Odhl
ckdm;s l%uh wfydais l< hq;= hhs ;rfha lshd is'
tu l%uh rgg ykajd ka tlai;a cd;sl mlaIh mjd
wo thg reoaOh' wdrNfha isgu Odhl ckdm;s
l%uh o we;=<;a wdKavql%u jHjia:dju m%;slafIam
lsug kdhl;ajh ka furg jdudxYsl mlaI f
;;ajh ms<sn|j wdvnr h hq;=h'
tfy;a wNd.Hhlg fuka tod fuu jHjia:djg
reoaO jQ msilau wo th /l .ekSug ;e;a lr;s' th
Tjqkaf.a wNd.Hhlg;a jvd uquy;a Y%s ,xldfu
wNd.Hhls' Tjqka Odhl ckdm;s l%uhl
wjYH;djh ms<sn|j bosm;a lrk tla ;lhla k
th furg is,a hqoaOh wjika lsug wjYH Yla;sh
,nd ka m%Odk idOlhh hk :Hdjhs' kqj;aj
fyda fkdkqj;aj Tjqka fuhska is lrkafka hqoaOh
wjika lsug fya;= jQ cd;sl yd cd;Hka;r idOl
wj;lafiare lsuls' we;a; jYfhkau Odhl
ckdm;s l%uh ksid is we;af;a hqoaOfhka miq
we;s l< hq;=j ;snQ ;sridr iduhg ndOd meKuh'
cd;sl iu.sh fjkqjg ckj. w;r wYajdih mq,a
cd;sljd yd wd.jd n,f. Yla;su;a uh'
tfukau cd;Hka;lr jYfhka o furg wmlS;shg
m;a uh'
Odhl ckdm;s l%uhg mlaIjkakjqka m;a
lrk ;j;a ;lhla k furg wrdcHjdofha
;ckfhka wdrlaId fldg .ekSug th Wmfhda.S jk
njh' tfy;a i;Hh k Odhl ckdm;s l%ufha
wdrlaIdj ,nka furg jOkh jk .c;=re
Okjdoh yd jHdma; jk IKh yd {d;s ix.%yh
wrcHjdofha ueosy;aulg ux mdok njhs'
f ;;a;ajh j;udk rch iska jyd wjfndaO
fldg .; hq;= w;r rch ;=< isk iudcjd fmruqK
b;d meye,sj fmkajd we;s m f rcfha Oqr
ld,h ;=< u Odhl ckdm;s l%uh we;=<;a
wdKavql%u jHjia:dj fjkia l< hq;=h' ta i|yd g
jvd W; wji:djla fuf;la Wod ke;ehs lSu
w;sYfhdala;shla fkdf'

LTTE ;%ia;jdofhka rg uqodf.k


ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI uy;d
b;sydifha fY%aIaGfhl= njg m;a u
lsisfia;a ;uka wj;lafiare fkdlrk
fiau Odhl ckdm;s l%ufha we;s
wiS; n,;, wfydais fkdl<
fyd;a t;=ud w;am;a lr .;a lS;sh
iyuq,ska kdY hdf wjikdj o
fkdje<elah yels nj cd;sl fy<
Wreufha kdhl wdpdh mQcH u,afma
fidaNs; ysfhda we;a;g mejiQy'

we;a; ksji" wxl 91" wdpdh weka' we'


fmfrd udj;" fld<U 08'
fg,s $ *elaia - 011 2695925
oHq;a ;emE, - aththa@sltnet.lk
fj - www.aththa.lk

fuys Odhl ckdm;s l%ufha wksis


n,;, ke;s l< hq;h
= hkak jdohla
keye' ta inkaOj wm mlaIh f.k we;s
ia:djrfha uu f,i msyg
s d iskjd'
Wka jykafia wjOdrKh l<y'

76

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r .kak
foia wue;slu
fod< msfoakhs g
f i|yd uQ,sl;ajh f.k lghq;=
lrkafka
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Y%S,ksmfha m%n,u weue;sjrfhl= nj
o tu wdrx ud. i|yka lrhs' r
lreKdkdhl uy;d Y%S,ksmh iu
tl;= jkafka k tu mlaIfha ks,hla
o foaY lghq;= ms<sn| weue;s Oqrh
o Tyqg mskeug ikaOdk wdKavqj
iQodk nj tu m%n, weue;sjrhd
kq we;'
tu m%n, weue;sjrhd r lreKdkdhl
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mejfia'
i|yka lrhs'

wdKavjq g tkak ux.,f.ka fldkafoais

ux., iurr uy;d wdKavqj iu inkaO lr .ekSug


l%shd;aul jQ by< fmf<a jEhu wid:l we;s nj jd;d
f'
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bm;a l< fldkafoaisj,g ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI
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o k .kakg we;' 13 jk ixfYdaOkh imQKfhka
l%shd;aul lrka cd;sl m%Yakh iug;a |je we;s
rf wka; cd;sl m%;srEmh h<s ksudKh lsug yels
j.lSula ;uka fj; mejh hq;= hehs ux., iurr uy;d

fldkafoais bm;a lr we;' tlai;a cd;sl mlaIh ;=<


fuf;la l%shd;aul jQ mq,a fmruqKla f.dv ke.Sf jEhu
wid:l jk ;ekg ;,a lrka i;a fm%auodi uy;d
ljdj yd wjia:djdj l%shd lsug tfrysj ux.,
iurr uy;d tcdm kdhl;ajhg Tyqf.a frdaOh m< lr
we;' f wjia:dfjka m%fhdackh f.k Tyq wdKavqj iu
inkaO lr .ekSf jEhu l%shd;aul we;' flfia
fj;;a fjk;a j.lSula Ndr .ekSug ux., iurr uy;d
leu;s lrjd .ekSf jEhu ;ju;a mj;sk nj o jd;d
f'

Y%dl 12] fmd,sh


nexl=j,g wjq,la

fcHIaG mqrjeishka iy Y%dlhka


rdcH nexl=j, ;ekam;a lrk uqo,aj,g
12] l fmd,shla ,nd u i|yd miq.sh
whjefhka bm;a lrk ,o fhdackdj
l%shd;aul lrk wdldrg inkaOfhka
wmeye,s ;;a;ajhla u;=j we;ehs
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;uka jykafiaf.a mQK iydh lrhs'
ckdm;sjrKfha uyskao rdcmlaI
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uy;dg yefjk km;d mqj;am;l
m< jQ mqj;la inkaOfhka l<
uiqul Wka jykafia tfia mejiQy'
Y%S,ksmh ;=<;a ikaOdkh ;=<;a
t;=udf.a lS;sh flf<ik mi
;=re l%shdjka is fjkjd' wmpdr"
rdpdr lrkjqka t;=ud jg lrf.k
bkakjd' Odhl n,;, wjYH
we;af;a t;=udf.ka ;u /ljrKh
m;k f Is; fydr ;lalkaghs' ta
ksid ;udf.a;a ;u wdKavqf;a rf;a
.re;ajh /l .ekSu wo ojfia uyskao
rdcmlaI uy;df.a m%Odk ldhhla'

f;dr;=re
k .ekSf
whs;sh

f.jkq ,nkafka whjeh l;djg wkqj


kg rdcH nexl=j, .sKq mj;ajdf.k
hk
fcHIaG
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iy
Y%dlhkag muKla o tfia ke;s k
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mqrjeishkag iy Y%dlhkag 12]
fmd,sh f.jkafka o fkdf.jkafka o
hkak wmeye,s ;;a;ajh u;= ug tla
fya;=jls'

wfkla m%Yakh u;= we;af;a


wf;ka .sKq mgka .kakd fcHIaG
mqrjeishkag iy Y%dlhkag rdcH
nexl=j, 12] fmd,shla f.jkafka
k fm!oa.,sl wxYfha nexl=j,
kg .sKq mj;ajdf.k hk fcHIaG
mqrjeishkag iy Y%dlhkag mdvq
| ordf.k 12] l fmd,shla ,nd

02 msgqjg

f.daGdf.a wjfndaOh .ek


ro.=re kulf.a lk.dgqj

mdma jykafiaf.a Y%S ,xld ixpdrh


inkaOfhka
;SrKhla
.ekSf
lsisu n,hla ;ukag ke;ehs Y%S ,xld
ro.=re iuqjg ke;s nj wdrlaIl
f,al f.daGdNh rdcmlaI uy;dg
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fkd;su
w;sYh
lK.dgqjg lreKla nj tu iuqf
ro.=re ys kula we;a;g mejiSh'

miq.sh 21 jk od fld<U fld<U


w.ro.=re ks, ksjfia ro.=re
uKav,fha ysjreka yuq jQ f.daGdNh
rdcmlaI uy;d mdma jykafiaf.a
ixpdrh l=uk ;;a;ajhla hgf;a jqj;a
is h hq;= njg ;ukag l< n,mEu
inkaOfhka we;a; l< uiSul ta
ro.=re ys ku tfia i|yka lf<ah'

h rgl ixpdrh lsf mdma


jykafia wkq.ukh lrk im%odhka
.Kkdjla we;s nj;a tajd >
ld,hl isg wkq.ukh lrk
wkq,a,x>kSh
im%odhka
nj;a
ro.=re iuqf ysjreka f.daGdNh
rdcmlaI uy;dg fmkajd ka nj;a
ro.=re ys mejiSh'

02 msgqjg

2014 fkdjen 09 jeks od bod

kS;sh fkdoek isu ksoyig


lreKla fkdfh hk wdma;h wm
kS;s moaO;sh ;=< by<ska ms<s.eKqko
kS;suh idlaIr;dj ,nd.ekSug
,xldj ;=< we;s m%fY ud. myiq
fkdf' fYaIfhkau isxy, iy
fou< udOHfhka kS;suh f;dr;=re
,nd.ekSu jvd;a Ialrh'
udkj
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ckudOHlrejka iu. jir lsysmhla
lghq;= lsf ckudOHfkago
fuu ;;a;ajh lsis fjkilska
f;drj Tjqkaf.a jD;a;Sh ;hg
n,md we;s nj ug meye,s
h' tfiau ckudOH lafIa;%fha
YajoHd, YsIH YsIHdjkago fuu
;;a;ajh tf,iskau n,mdk nj
uf.a w;alSu h'
le,Ksh
YajoHd,fha
ckikaksfok wOHhk wxYfha
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lSmhla lghq;= lsf ud ,o
w;alSu jQfha ckudOHhg wod<
kS;s ;s ms<sn| YsIHhka Wkkajla
lajqjo ta ms<sn| yeoEu i|yd
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fkdu fya;=fjka Tjqka ks;r
ks;r wmyiq;djhg m;ajk njhs'
kS;s{ c.;a ,shk wdr f
lreKq bm;a lrkafka Tyqf.a
ckudOHfkag n,mdk kS;s
lD;sh i|yd fmrjokla imhks'
fuu lD;sh bl=;a 5od cd;sl
mqia:ld, Y%jKd.rfha t<slaKs'
ksoyia udOH jHdmdrfha m%ldYkhla
jk fuys mfo 14 la hgf;a
udOHfkag n,mdk O kS;suh
;;a;ajhka ms<sno ia;r bm;a lr
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jD;a;Sh wdpdr Ou" m%;sm;a;s ud,d"

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fmd,Sis iy ksiqrkaZ ,smsfha wjika jdlHh m%udo fodaIhla ksid tys
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fyd;a wmg miq;eug fyda wjia:djla fkd,efnkq we;'

;sf k muKh' kS;s{ c.;a


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fuu lD;sh ,shd ;sfnk w;r ta
w:fhka Tyq m%Yia: ldhNdrhla
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Y%S

/l.; hq;af;a

Odhl ckm;s o@
m%cd;ka;%jdoh o@
wdpdh uhsl,a m%kdka

m%Yakhg ud fok ms<s;=r


jkafka wo wm isska
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jvd;a ksjerj lsjfyd;a h<s
ia:dms; fldg .; hq;=j we;af;a
m%cd;ka;%jdoh
njhs'
Odhl
ckdm;s Oqrh muKla fkdj
th o we;=<;a iuia; wdKavql%u
jHjia:dju imQKfhka wfydais
fldg kj foaYmd,k ixialD;shla
ia:dms; lsu o fkdmudj l< hq;=j
we;af;ah' tfiau m%cd;ka;%jdoh
h<s msysgqu hkq wmf.a wjidk
wruqK fkdj idOdrK iudchla
ys fldg .ekSf m%:u fukau
w;HjYH mshjr nj o f,i
wjOdrKh l< hq;=j ;sf'
Odhl
ckdm;s
l%uh
wdrNu;a
iu.
idOdrK
iudchla lrd hk .ukg ndOdld
f,i rg ;=< jOkh fjka mej;s
iudc yd foaYmd,k m%jK;djhka
tla;rd WPia:dkhlg meKs
nj ish m%.;sYS,s foaYmd,lhka"
foaYmd,k mlaI yd foaYmd,k
oHd{hka iska o wjdofhka ms<s
.kq ,en we;s neka ta ms<sn| .ska
.g ia;r lsu wkjYHhh'
wo wm bofha we;s m%Odk;lu

zOdhl ckdm;s l%uh fm%davdjlaZ


ne rfldaka lreKq olajhs
ld,a udlaia llre mdi, u.ska ixOdkh lrkq ,nk udisl
foaYk ud,df fujr foaYkh Odhl ckdm;s l%uh fm%davdjla
uefhka fkdje' 13 jeks od iji 4'45 g wdpdh weka' we' fmfrd
uOHia:dkfha meje;af'
fujr tys foaYlhd jkafka ,xld iu iudc mlaIfha ysgmq kdhl
w kS;s{ ne rfldaka uy;dh' fuys uq,iqk wdpdh ksud,a
rx;a foajis uy;d iska fydnjkq ,ef'

ud;r
kdgHlrKh
mdGud,djla

iri Whk

udOH
uKavmfhys
wOHlaI
m%K
udOHf
fg,skdgH
wOHlaI cd;sl rEmjdysksfha ysgmq
kdgH wxY m%OdkS iy ksfhdacH
wOHlaI ckrd,a jevigyka ;s,la
.=KjOk iska fufyhjk
rx.kh
kdgHlrKh
iy
rEmjdyskS kdgHlrKh ms<sn|
Wiia mdGud,dj ,nk fkdjen
22 fikiqrdod k isg ud;r kQfm
iKi ukarfha wdrN lsug
lghq;= i,id we;' jhi wjq' 16
- 20 olajd ksudKlrKfhys
kshe,Sug iy fg,s kdgHlrKfhys
kshe,Sug leu;s whg f i|yd
b,a l< yelsh' uiS 0771414242" 0717421517

ckdm;s;=ud wh-jeh f,aLkh


bm;a l<dg miafia iri Whkg
y| mEhqjd' fl,a,kaf.a fld,a,kaf.a
uQKq rkajka mdka TmjqKd' uyfmd<
YsIHdOdrh ydrodyla lr,d' mmqf
ysrfj,d ;snqK fudllafoda tlla
yaya lshdf.k m%Yajdifhka t<shg
mekakd' wyfia mdfj,d hkjd jf.a
f,dl= i;=gla fkkak .;a;d'
fl ,enqfKa kslxu kslx
fkfjhs' wfma jqka mdrg neye,d
W.=r f,a ry fjkl,a lE .eyqj tfla
m%;sm,hla f' ckdm;sjrKfh
wfma Pkao lg bj w,a,.k lrmq
fohla ;uhs' ta;a wfma jqka l
.Eia fgdka .Kka ldf.k mq
igka fkdfjkak fl f yg
fkdfjkak ;snqKd'
ta nefpla'
,,s;a we;=<;auqo,s uy;a;hd we;s
lrmq uyfmd< ksid iri Whkg

wdvnrldr orejka
tk mam;a wms jf.a jqka tflka
y jkjd' tal;a fkd;snqKd k'''@
f iudcfha nyq;rhla ys;dk
bkafka lemia fl,af,da fld,af,da
iemg ld,d ,d *ka tfla fnd.
odf.k bkakjd lsh,d' mska bo,d
n,k whg fmakafka tfyufka'
ta;a ta whf.ka nyq;rhl ;j,
h:d;h Bg jvd f.dvla fjkia'
ta ;j, m;=<g t,d n,kak
mqjka k ;rhs tal f;are .kak
mqjka fjkafka'
wmsg f fjkl,a udfilg
uyfmdf<ka
,enqfKA
remsh,a
foodia foish mkyla ;rhs' wms
taflka iri ;hu kv;a;=
lr.kak fka' udfilg 2250$la lshkafka ojilg wmsg ho
lrkak ;sfhkafka remsh,a 75$-hs'
lekaf mam;au lEu f, .;a;;a
tl f,lg remsh,a ismyla
hkjd' f,a ;=k lEfjd;a uyfmd,
YsIHdOdrh bjrhs' mEkla mekai,la
.kak y uqo,la b;s lr.kak k
lEu f,a lmamd lrkak fjkjd'
ta;a b;ska f ,efnk uqo, ;=kaf,
lkakj;a u lsh,d wms fudlo
lrkafka@
;=kaf,u lkak ;r uqo,la
,efnkjd k uoE lsh,d flfkl=g

ysf;kak mqjka' ta;a lk tl ;ro


wmsg lrkak ;sfhkafka' bf.k
.kak ;j fldprla k foaj,a
wjYHho' fmd;a-m;a" mEka-mekai,a"
we`-me< ta ;rla fkfjhs'
wms fnda fj,d bkak ;ekg
fnda .dia;= f.jkak fka' ta
mSvkh fkkafka jdishg fj,d
tal w;aolsk YsIHhkag ;ruhs'
we;a;gu welvlaj,g jvd ta
mSvkh wfma ys;aj,g nrla' n,dk
b`o,d neu wjia:df zuyfmd,
ukd jelrZ lsh,d b,a,S
lr,d mdrg nysoa wmsg i`
,efnkafka l .Eiaj,ska k'
c, m%ydrl ;=jlal=j,ska k' tal
fldpr widodrKo@ ta;a yeuodu
isfjkafka ta widodrKhu ;uhs'
tfyu neju uyfmd< ukdf
f je lsu;a wfma m%YAkj,g
m%udKj;a i`ula fkf' ka
udfilg ydrodyhs' ojilg tlish
;sia ;=khs' tl f,lg wms ho
lrkak mqjka fjkafka remsh,a
y;<sia y;rhs' lekafuka ismfya
f,g jvd lla nvg fkk
lEu f,la lkak mqjka' ta;a wms
;du;a wirKhs' wmsg welvlaj,g
fka lsisu fohla .kak fflka
l%uhla kE'

fldfydu jqK;a hka; l=i


mqrjd.kakg fyda m%udKj;a jk
yg uyfmd< YsIHdOdrh jel<
tl .ek wms ckdm;s;=udg wfkal
jdrhla ia;=;s lrkjd' f yg
l=i fmd;a; msg me;a;g fkdwef,k
ugug f,a ;=k lekafuka lEu
lkak mqjka YsIHdOdrhla ,ndu
.ek'
yenehs wms leu;shs ;=kaf,
lkjg wu;rj Wfoaghs oj,aghs
f;a tlla fndkak;a' mEkla
mekai,la fmd;la fka jqKdu
lrorhlska f;drj tal .kak;a'
kdgHhla n,kak j,g nyskak jf.a
ixialD;sl ;hla .; lrkak;a'
fjg wjYH uqo,a ms<sn| .egjla
ke;s <uhskq;a iEfyk m%udKhla
irifha bkakjd ;uhs' ta;a f
uQ,sl ho lj;a fydhd.kak
ne <uhskq;a ta jf.au bkakjd'
ojfia l=,shg jevg hk mam;a
foumshkaf.a mam;a orejka' wkak
ta wirKhkag msysgla fjk fya
YsIHdOdr l%uhla l%shd;aul lrkak
mqjkak fldhs ;r fydoo@
ckdm;s;=udg ta yelshdj ,enqK
k wmsg wdvnrldr ;d;a;f.a
wdvnrldr
orejka
fjkak
;snqKd'

,SId

wNsfhda.h
jkafka
Odhl
ckdm;s l%uh wfydais fldg
m%cd;ka;%jdoh ia:dms; lsuhs'
ta ms<sn| lreKq lSmhla fufia
olajkq leue;af;'
m%:ufhkau wo rf iuia;
iudc foayh jid jHdma;j we;s
IKfha" kS;sfha md,kfha |
jef m%Odk idOlh jkafka
tla mqoa.,fhl= fyda mqoa.,hka
w;f<diaila fj; n,h mjrk
Odhl ckdm;s l%uh nj uu
o is;' th wo cd;sjdoh yd
wd.jdoh yd w;aje,a ne| .;a
*eisia iajrEmfha wldjdoS"
,sgjd md,khla lrd rg
f.k hka mj;S' tneka tn
wk:ld .ukla w;aysgqjd rg
kj u.lg fhduq lsu werf
mQj wjYH;djh we;Af;a
Odhl ckdm;s l%uh wfydais
lsuhs' lsis jdudxYslfhl=g"
m%.;sYS,sfhl=g
fyda
ksoyia
u;Odfhl=g Odhl ckdm;s
l%ufha meje;aug wkqn, fok
mshjrla .ekSf iodpdrd;aul
whs;shla ;sh fkdyelsh'
fojkqj"
Odhl
ckdm;s
Oqrhg reoaO jk lsisjl=g;a
j;udk Odhl ckdm;sjrhd
f;jk jrg;a Odhl ckdm;s
Oqrh i|yd wfmalaIlfhl= f,i
bm;a jqjfyd;a l< hq;af;a
l=ulahs hkak ms<sn|j ielhla
fyda
wksYa;Ndjhla
;sh
fkdyelsh'
;=ka fjkqj" tla w;lska wo
mj;sk .c;=re Okjdoh iska
fufyhjkq ,nk w: l%uh
;=<ska lsisfia;a wrdcH frdaOhla
wfmalaId l< fkdyelsh' th
kj
,snr,ajdoh
fyda
kj
,snr,ajdohg;a jvd lD; jQ
mdov *eisiajd jHdmdrhls'
wrdcHjdofha iydh fkdue;sj
thg mej;sh fkdyelsh' tneka
fuu Odhl ckdm;s l%uhg
iydh fuka wrdcHjdofhka
rg uqod.; yelshhs is;Su wd;au
jxpdjls' tfukau jHdc wjia:djd
;lhls'
is fjkqj" Odhl n,;, iys;
ckdm;s Oqrfha n,h hqoaOh ch
.ekSug Wmldhhs fyda rf
ia:djr;ajh /l .ekSug tu
n,;, wjYHhh hk ;lh o
tfiau mok rys;h' i;Hh
k f mj;sk wdldrfha Odhl
n,;, wjYH jkafka kS;sfha
md,khla fkdue;s uer md,khla
mj;ajd .ekSug njh' f,dalfha
iudc idOdrKhla ls%hd;aul jk
yeu rglu tn\q mirhla we;s
ug m%Odk idOlh we;af;a
m%cd;ka;%jdoh iska yslrkq
,en we;s hy md,khhs hkq uf.a

o Yajdihhs'
wjidk
jYfhka
f,dalfha
wkd.;h r|d mj;skafka iudc
idOdrKh
fukau
mirfha
iqrlaIs;Ndjh u;h hkak j;udk
oHd{hkaa" iudc oHd{hka
fukau wd.l kdhlhka we;=
is,a iudc l%shdldf.a ms<s.ekSu
njg m;a fjka we;s wdldrh
flfrys Tnf.a wjOdkh fhduq
lsug leue;af;' tn mirhla
cks; l< yelafla m%cd;ka;%jdoS
mirhla ;=< muKh hkak
ms<sn| ielhla ke;s w;r furg
m%cd;ka;%jdoh f.dv ke.Sf
m%Odk idOlh Odhl ckdm;s
l%uh wfydais lsuhs'
fuys we,an whskaiaghska
iska 1949 ,shk ,o iudcjdoh
l=ug o hk rpkh" 1990 *%ekaisia
*ql=hdud ,shQ b;sydifha wjidkh
.%ka:h" 2010 Tyq iskau ,shQ
iudcjdofha mqkrd.ukhla is
f o@ hk rpkh yd m<uqjk
*%ekaisia mdmajrhd wrdcHjdoh
.ek lrk m%ldYk" bkaoshdf
wu;ahd fika" wfulkd tlai;a
ckmofha fcdai*a ia.a,sia fukau
m%xYfha
flduia msfl jeks
j;udk wdl oHd{hkaf.a
woyia fukau j;udk f,dalfha
oHd{hka msila iska m%p,s;
lrkq ,en we;s tlu fi!LHhla
fyj;a One Health ixl,amh
m%cd;ka;%jdoh
yd
iudc
idOdrKfhka
f;drj iuia;
mD ;,fhau wkd.; meje;aula
;sh yels o hk m%Yakh k.d we;s
wdldrh o wmf.a l=vd rg uqyqK
fok m%Yakh mq,a miq;,hla u;
;nd kslaIKh lsu i|yd kj
wdf,dalhla imhkafkahhs is;'
miq.sh 31 jk isl=rdod tlai;a
cd;Skaf.a udkj ysl lgqj
fyj;a United Nations Human
Rights Panal kue;s wdh;kh
,xld rch fj; ksl=;a fldg
we;s
mKsvh
;SrKd;aul
jeo.;alulska hqla; m%ldYkhls'
th ,xld rchg okajd we;af;a
rf ckdm;sjrhdg wiS;
n,;, mjrk 18 jk jHjia:d
ixfYdaOkh wfydais lrk f,ihs'
wm rg iuyrekaf.a fpkhg
,laj we;s tlai;a cd;Skaf.a
udkj ysl fldiu t<efUk
ud;= udifha f.k taug ksh;
fhdckdjg jvd fuh m%n, nj;a
;SrKd;aul nj;a wm wu;l l<
hq;= ke;'
^b ckdm;sjrKfha
uyck kHdh m;%hla bhg
.kafka flfiao@ uefhka bl=;a
w.yrejdod urodk iduhsl
iy iudh flakafha meje;s
uyck ixjdoh iNdj wu;d
wdpdh uhsl,a m%kdka uy;d
l< l;dj&

01 msgqfjka'' f.daGdf.a wjfndaOh'''''''''''


fun ixpdrj, mdma jykafia ixpdrfha fhug ksh; rf
mj;sk ;;a;ajhka f,i wjOdkhg ,la lsu wksjdhfhka is
jkjd' wfma rf mdma jykafia fhug ksh; ixpdrh ms<sn| i,lk
l, j;sldkqf wjodkh fhduq jkafka rf mj;sk jd;djrKh
fkdj ue;sjrKh meje;afjk k jljdkq ms<sn|jhs' ta mdma im%odh
wkq.ukh lsf iaridr ms<sfj;la mj;sk ksidhs' f ;;a;ajh
wms f.daGdNh rdcmlaI uy;dg meye,s lr kakd' tu ro.=re ys
wjOdrKh lf<ah'
f w;r mdma jykafiaf.a Y%S ,xld ixpdrh ms<sn| lreKq uiSug yd
mj;sk ;;a;ajh wOHhkh lsu msKsi j;sldkqf fYaI ; msila
bl=;a m<fjksod jhskg meKshy' tu ksfhda; msi foaY lghq;=
wud;HxYH ks,Odka iy Y%S ,xld ro.=re iuqj iu idlPd lsfuka
wk;=rej j;sldkqjg f.dia jd;djla bm;a lsug ksh; h'

01 msgqfjka'' Y%dlhkag'''''''''''
ug tu nexl=j,g is ;suh' ta tfia jqj fyd;a fm!oa.,sl nexl=j,
kg .sKq mj;ajdf.k hk fcHIaG mqrjeishka iy Y%dlhka ;u
.sKq fm!oa.,sl nexl=j,ska bj;a lrf.k rdcH nexl= lrd hEf
wjodkula we;s ksidh'
flfia fj;;a fm!oa.,sl nexl=j, kg .sKq mj;ajdf.k hk
fcHIaG mqrjeishkag iy Y%dlhkag rdcH nexl= bfha f.jk
fmd,shu fm!oa.,sl nexl= u.ska o ,nd ug lghq;= lrkq we;s nj
fm!oa.,sl nexl= lafIa;%fha wdrx ud. i|yka lrhs'
f w;r whjeh fhdackd wkqj fcHIaG mqrjeishkag iy Y%dlhkag
Tjqkaf.a ;ekam;= i|yd 12] l fmd,shla f.ug k uyd NdKavd.
rfhka ;ukag nelr wjYH nj rdcH nexl= l<uKdld;ajh kq
we;s nj o jd;d we;'

2014 fkdjen 09 jeks od bod

Y%S

,xld md,sfka;=f 69
wh-jeh l:dj Tlaf;dan
24 jeksod wdrN fkdjen
m<uqjeksod fojk jr
lshf
jdoh wjikah' wh - jehg mCIj
Pkao 157 la o" mCIj Pkao 57 la
o ,e iNd iu; h' ;=kajk jr
lshu i|yd jQ ldrl iNd wjia:df
jdoh oeka isfjka mj;S'

1947 wh - jeh bossm;a lrkq


,enqf tod tlai;a cd;sl mCIfha
uqo,a weu;s f' wd' chjOk
uy;d iskah' jdoh wdrN lf<a
mCI kdhl wdpdh tka' t'
fmfrdh' jdohg fome;af;kau
bosm;a lrkq ,enqf YsIaGhskah'
fojk jr lshf jdoh
w;s YsIaG ugka isjQ nj
md,sfka;= yekaid jd;d
lshjk g f;are .; yelsh'
tu yekaid jd;d ft;sydisl
f,aLk f' iNdj fufyh jQ
l:dkdhl m%ekaisia fud,uqf
uy;d ;u ksfhda. iy ;Ska ka
wmCImd;S wdldrh wo k woyd.
kakg;a fkdyelsh' tod wh- jeh
jdohg ijkaoSug meKs whf.ka
.e,h ms b;s f.dia ;sk' bka
w;s nyq;rh YajoHd, YsIHhska"
oaj;=ka" foaYmd,k{hska" jD;a;Sh
i;s kdhlhska wdoSkah' jdohg
miqosk Wfoa oelsh yelsj ;snqfka
yekaid jd;dj ,oS .ekSug
os. fmda,sj, fm< .eiS is fmd
ck;djh'
2014 wh-jeh bosm;a lrkq
,enqfha uqo,a weu;s jYfhka rdcH
kdhlhd iskah' tod .e,h ms
b;s fkd.sh o" iNd .Nfha
uka;%Sjreka ;u wiqkaj, is nj
k oelsh yels h' ta fndfyda
g rdcH kdhlhd" wdKavqf
kdhlhd" mCIfha kdhlhd" ;%sO
yuqodf kdhlhd jQ ksid h
yelsh' tfy;a miqod fojk jr
lshf jdoh wdrN lrk g
mej;sfha fYdapkSh ;;a;ajhls'
jdoh wdrN lrkq ,enqf 1947
oS fuka mCIfha kdhlhd iska
fkdj idudkH uka;%Sjrhl= jQ
r lreKdkdhl uy;d iskah'
fujr jdofha fYaI ,CIKh
jQfha ta i|yd mCI kdhlhd
iyNd.s fkduh' oeka th
im%odhla njg m;aj we;' ukao
h;a" mCI kdhl rks,a l%uisxy
uy;d 2004 isg wh jeh jdohg
^fojkjr lshf& iyNd.s
ke;' we;a; jYfhkau jdoh
wdrN lsu fyda wjika lsu
wksjdhfhkau isl< hq;af;a
md,sfka;=f mCI kdhljrhd
iskah' mCI kdhlhd whjeh
jdohg iyNd.s fkdu o oeka

md,sfka;= im%odhla ;sf'


th wjdofhkau f,dal jd;djls'
md,sfka;=j fufia nd,au
wdrN jQfha ljod isgo hkak
fidhd ne,sh hq;= ldrKhls'
meyeos,sju" Odhl ckdm;s
l%ufha wd.ukh;a iu.h' tfia
jqjo" 1977 - 1988 md,sfka;=f
fujeks msySula ;snqfka ke;'
fndfyda g tu md,sfuka;=f
is nyq;rh" merKs md,sfka;=
im%odhkays msysgd is wh h
yelsh' tu md,sfka;=f mCI
kdhlhd jQfha ta w;,sx.
uy;dh' Tyq YsIaG .Kfha mCI
kdhlhl= h' iNd kdhl jQfha
wd' fm%auodi uy;dh' 1947 ka miq
md,sfka;= b;sydifha nrm;,
msySula olakg we;af;a j;auka
md,sfka;=j ;=<h' tu msySu
wdKavq mCIhg fukau mCIhg o
wod<h'

wdKavq mCIfha l:d


w;=ka wh-jeh
ms<sn| .%yhka
bosm;a lrkq
,enqf w;f<diails'
mCIh me;af;ka"
.%yhka bosm;a
lrkq ,enqfu
ke;' wdKavq mCIfha
w;snyq;rh whjeh
l:df wvx.= foa
h<s h<s;a f.kyer
mEy' mCIh
me;af;ka IKh
iy wl%l;dj,g
;u l:d iSud lf<ah'
wdl Wmdh
ud.h ms<sn| h
fpkhla isjQfha
k th isjQfha
jf uka;%Sjrekaf.
ka muKh' tjekakla
tlai;a cd;sl
mCIfhka wfmaCId
l< fkdyel' ukao
h;a Tjqkg l,am
Wmdh ud.hla
bosm;a l< fkdyels
fyhsks'

wh - jeh jdoh hkq mCIh


iska fufyhjkq ,nk jdohls'
ta wkqj" th by< ugulska
mj;ajdf.k
hEf
j.lSu
mejfrkafka mCIhgh' jdofha
wdrNl l:dj mejrefka r
lreKdkdhl uka;%Sjrhdg jQ
w;r wjika l:dj mejrefka

nhsfhdhs - fgdhsfhdhs - lfndhs


mdma ;=udf.a ,xld .ukhs

md

ma ;=ud;a wka;sug fyfKag ysh fkao iag is,ajd@ iSiS


uy;a;hd jd wdydr mdi,h . ykakg;a fmr l;djg
uq, msrefh'
fudlla o fyfKa@ mdma jykafia j;sldkqfj Th wmQrejg bkafka'
iSiS uy;a;hd woyia l< l;dj fkdf;areKq wdldrhg uu lSfj'
mdma ;=ud j;sldkqfj fydka bkakjd ;uhs' uu lsfj
Wkajykafiaf.a ,xld ixpdrh;a ka nrm;, m%Yakhla fj,d fkao
lsh,hs' iSiS uy;a;hd l;dj f. mska weo uqfh'
wehs fnd nf,a lh tfyu mdma jykafiaf. ixpdrhg
reoaO;ajh tfyu m< lr, o@ uu ;j rg;a cd frd .ekSf
woyiska weiqfj'
fnd n, fiakd f,vla weoao k tal wrhg lsh, fIama lr .kak
nehe' iSiS uy;a;hd lSfh'
fldrhg lsh, o@ ixjOk ks,Od kdu,a lg fh'
wehs f.daGdNh Wkakeyeg lsh,d Wkakefyhs fnd n,fhdhs fyd|
hdfjdfk' myq.sh ojiaj, m;a;rj, msx;+r mjd ;snqfK' iSiS
uy;a;hd lSfh'
ta ;rlahe iSiS uy;a;hd fnd n,hkaf.a f,vla k
ckdm;s;=udg Wk;a freula lr .kak mqjka' wehs wr fnd
n,hkaf.a /iaug wr fldfyo rgl wka; cd;sjd NslaIqjlg
fufya tkak id kafk;a ckdm;s;=ud uey;a fj,d lsh,fk
lshkafka' ksu,a lSfh'

tod fuod

wh - jeh jdo
foaYmd,k ,shqlre isks
rkacka rdukdhl uy;dgh' tu
f;afukau" mCI kdhlhd tu
jdohg oS we;s m%uqL;ajh uek
.; yelsh' wdKavq mCIfha m%Odk
l:dj ksfhdacH uqo,a weu;sjrhd
iy wjika l:dj wdKavq mCIfha
ixOdhljrhd fj; mej ;sK'
th m%YxikShh'
jdofha l:dj, yrj;a nj"
rij;a nj ms<sn|j lau yer
fjk;a l< yels fohla ke;'
fuysoS oskm;d ,xldoSm m;%fha
^29'10'2014& W;a;;r jeh hgf;a
m<lr ;snQ fpkhla Wmqgd
oelau jeo.;ah' th fufiah'
tlai;a cd;sl mCIfhka Bfha
jdoh wdrN lf<a ics;a fm%auodi
uy;dh' ish l:dfjka Tmamq lf<a
Tyq ckdm;s wd' fm%auodi
uy;df.a mq;d hkak muKla nj
lSf .=Kfialr uy;dh'
.=Kfialr
uy;d"
jdiqfoaj
kdkdhlaldr uy;d" uydpdh
;siai ;drK hk uy;ajre whjeh .ek fyd| .%yhla l<y' tu
l:d ;=ku wh - jeh l:d h'
.=Kfialr uy;d nqoahg l:d
lf<ah' Tyqg ld,h ,ndoSug
,afrdahs m%kdka uy;d ksf,daNS
h' merKs ju ksfhdackh lrk
fuu
ifydaorjre
weue;sl
ork ksid wh-jehg wdjevqjdhhs

lshkakg fkdyel' lreKq oek"


tajd fyd|ska f;are f.k th
iudchg fyd|ska .,md l< f
l:d meiish hq;=h' Okjdohg
tfrysj iudcjdoh ys lsug
fjr oerE f ifydaorhska ish
foaYmd,k ia:djrh /l f.k
iudcjdoS fkdjk rcfha iudc
m%cd;ka;%jdoS l%uh ;=<;a ck;djg
isflfrk fiajh we.hSu w.h
l< hq;=h'
wdKavq mCIfha l:d w;=ka whjeh ms<sn| .%yhka bosm;a lrkq
,enqf w;f<diails' mCIh
me;af;ka" .%yhka bosm;a lrkq
,enqfu ke;' wdKavq mCIfha
w;snyq;rh
whjeh
l:df
wvx.= foa h<s h<s;a f.kyer
mEy' mCIh me;af;ka IKh
iy wl%l;dj,g ;u l:d iSud
lf<ah' wdl Wmdh ud.h
ms<sn| h fpkhla isjQfha k
th isjQfha jf uka;%Sjrekaf.ka
muKh' tjekakla tlai;a cd;sl
mCIfhka wfmaCId l< fkdyel'
ukao h;a Tjqkg l,am Wmdh
ud.hla bosm;a l< fkdyels
fyhsks' Tjqkaf.a wdl Wmdh
ud.h jk kj ,snr,ajdoh f,dj
mqrd wnqohg m;aj we;s fyhsks'
fndfyda g" mCI kdhl rks,a
l%uisxy wh-jeh jdofhka l

kE kE whsfi tal fkf m%Yafk' iSiS uy;a;hd lshk gu h<s


ksu,a ueog mekafkah'
tfyk mdma jykafiaf.a .uk ngysr l=uka;%Khla lsh, wr
fgdhshd Wmjdihlaj;a lrkak hkj o@
fudk fgdhsh o hs@ iSiS uy;a;hd weiqfh'
wfma nhshf. lgq f,jlk fgdhshd' ksu,a lSfh'
iSiS uy;a;hd ud foi n,d m,a yskdjla fh'
y b;ska fudlla o m%Yafk@ uu weiqfj'
ckdm;s Pkafo ckjd uq, ;sfnd;a mdma;=ud fufy tkakE'
Pkaohla ;shk rglg Pkafolg udfilg fmr;a Pkafoka udfilg
miafi;a ld,h w;fr ta rf ixpdrh fkdlsu mdma im%odh' ta
ksid ka y cruf' iSiS uy;a;hd lSfh'
wd''' tal o@ ta im%odh fjkia lrkak mdma jykafia leu;s lrj
.kak wfma ckdm;s;=udg ne fjk tlla kE iSiS uy;a;hd' t;=ud
jg y olaIhs' ksu,a lSfh'
;uqfi ys;=j o ksu,a mdma jykafia,d lshkafk ;E.s fnda.
," m,;=re jhla ,d ku .kak mqjka wh lsh,d@ ta wfma
jykafia,d fldpr y fldfydu y mdma jykafia f.kak .kak
kh" tal flfrkaku fkh lsh, f.daGdNh Wkakeye lf;da,sl
ro.=re uKavf,ag;a fmd i;a;ula uhs lsh, m;a;rj, ;snqfK
jef nrm;, ksidfk' iSiS uy;a;hd lSfh'
f.daGdNh Wkakefy tfyu l<d k talu mdma jykafiaf. .uk
yryg yshsfk' fkao is,ajd uy;a;hd@ uf.a ksy~;djh .ek
Tpug fuka ksu,a lSfh'
Th m%Yak rdcH ;dka;%sl ugfuka if|hs' uu flfhka lSfj'
rdcH ;dka;%sl ugfuka n,ka bkakjd iag is,ajd' rdcH ;dka;%sl
ugfuka i| .kak mqjkao n,kakfk ks, wdrdOkd lrkak lsh,
mgm,a fndrejla lshdf.k f,dlal j;sldkq .sfha' ta;a tal y .sfha
kE' taflka jqfKa ks, wdrdOkdj lr, ;sfhkafka g udi yhlg
fmr lsh, m;a;rj,ska fy<s u ;rhs' iSiS uy;a;hd lSfh'
y b;ska talg lrkak ;sfhkafk ckdm;s Pkafo l,a odk
tlfk' ksu,a lSfh'
t;fldg wr y|ykaldrhd ckdm;sjrfK ;shkak uyskao
uy;a;hg fyd|u kel; ;sfhkafk ,nk wjqreoafo ckdjd 8 o 9 o
lsh, lsjfk' t;fldg ta y|ykaldrhf, kel; m,a fjkjfka@

mkskafka ta ksid nj lsj hq;=h'


md,sfka;=f fuu msySug
;j;a fya;=jls m%;s,dN -jrm%ido
foaYmd,kh' tu ksidu" m%;sm;a;s
foaYmd,kfhka l mekSu
oeka im%odhla njg m;aj we;'
wdKavq mCIfha uka;%Sjreka tu
uv f.dfydref .s,S is;s'
Tjqka w;ka jdohlhl= u;=
fkdu fidapkSh ;;a;ajhls'
tjeks ,CIK ;sfnk wh ish
o Tjqkg wjia:dj ,efnkafka
ke;' uqo,a wud;HdxYh" foaY
wud;HdxYh jeks wud;HdxYj,g
wod< jdoj,g wdKavq mCIfhka
bosm;a lrkq ,nkafka uv .eiSug
mqyqKqjla ,nd we;s wh muKh'
IKh
ms<sn|
fpdaokdj,g
ms<s;=re iemhSu fndfyda g
mjrkq ,nkafka tjeks IK
fpdaokdj,g ,laj we;s wh u
lK.dgqjg lreKls'
mCIh me;af;ka" wh-jeh
.ek .%yhka bosm;a l< yels
uka;%Sjreka /ils' tfy;a fujr"
Tjqka fjkod fuka tjeks
.%yhla bosm;a lsug wiu;a jQ
nj lsj hq;=h' wh-jeh fhdackdf
iyk u,a,g Tjqka maCIsma;
jkakg we;' jdofha ;=kajk
osk" md,sfka;=j miajre 4'15 g
wjikajQfha' llhska fkdue;su

ksidh' tu ld,h" wdKavq mCIfha


fjk;a uka;%Sjreka g ,ndoSuo
je,lS .sfha Tjqka iNdjg fkdtk
nj okajd fkd;snQ ksidh'
mCIh me;af;ka llhska
fkdue;sug lsis f,ilska iudj
osh fkdyelsh' ukao h;a" jdoh
mCIfha jdohla jk neks'
fujr jdofhaoS" jdoh wdrN
lrkg o iNd .Nfha is
uka;%Sjreka ixLHdj w;f<diails'
wh-jeh bosm;a l< oskg miq" h<s
iNd .en ms b;s .sfha fojk
Pkao uik gh' uka;%Sjreka
225 fokdf.ka uka;%Sjreka 215
lau iNd .Nfha ishy' b;s wh
fndfyda g foaY .;jh'
jdoh w;r u. l:dkdhl
;=udf.a
fYaI
ksfokhla
m%ldYhg m;a lrkq ,enqKs' tk
md,sfka;=f ia:djr wKmk;a
ixfYdaOkh
lsug
wfmaCId
lrk fyhska" ta i|yd jQ iqiq
ixfYdaOkhka bosm;a lrk f,i
lr ;snQ b,a,Suh' fuh ldf,da;
mshjrls' h,a mek .sh ia:djr
wKmk;aj,g kj mKla osh hq;=j
we;' fYaIfhkau uQ,H md,kh
ms<sn|j md,sfka;=j i;= n,h
wod< lgq ud.fhka l%shd;aul
lr,Su ld,Sk wjYH;djhls'
md,sfk;=j i;=j we;s W;a;;r
ck;d n,h ksis f,i l%shd;aul
l< yels jkafka ia:djr wKmk;a
ud.fhks' fY%aIaGdlrKfha w.
ksiqrejh bj;a l< wdldrh
uq f,dfu ms,sl=,g Ndckh
h' fuysoS ia:djr wKmk;aj,
we;s j,;djh fudkjg meyeoss<s
h' wlrKfha iajdk;ajh
f.!rjh iy wNsudkh /
flk
wkaoka
W;a;;r
md,sfka;=f n,h md
l< hq;=j we;' Odhlhg kE
hg yeisug jHjia:dodhlh
bv fkdosh hq;=h' Odhlhg;a"
wlrKhg;a by<ska jech
hq;af;a jHjia:dodhlhhs' ta ck;d
mrudm;Hh
jHjia:dodhlh
;=<ska l%shd;aul jk fyhsks' tfia
jqjo Odhlh" jHjia:dodhlh
iy wlrKfha n,h ksis f,i
;=,kh h hq;af;a ta ;=<ska
mqrjeishdf.a ksoyi iqrCIs; h
hq;= fyhsks'
wksla w;g tjeks W;a;;r
n,hla ck;djf.a iffj;ajhka
m%ldYjk jHjia:dodhlh wo
fuka msySulg bv ykafka k
m%cd;ka;%jdoh wk;=rg ,lajkq
fkdwkqudkh'
Odhl ckdm;s l%uh yryd
ksudKh we;s m%;s,dN jrm%ido foaYmd,kh fjkqjg
m%;sm;a;s
foaYmd,khg
rg
fhduqlru ish foaYmd,k
mCIj, j.lSuhs'
Bg u`. jD; l< yelsjkafka
wdKavql%u jHjia:d ixfYdaOkhlska
muKs'

iSiS uy;a;hd lSfh'


wd tal o@ tal m%Yakhla kE' ksy kauu ksyf. kel; m,a
fkd frf.k bjrhs' ckjd ke;s k ud;=j,;a fyd| kel;a
;shkjd lsh, ksy lsh, ;snqKfk' ksu,a lSfh'
tfyk b;ska m%Yakhla kEfka' mdma;=ud ckjdj, fhdod .;a;=
wdldrhgu ths' ckdm;s Pkafo ud;=j, ;shhs' t;fldg fudk
fyKhlaj;a kEfka' iSiS uy;a;h,d f;a fldamafm l=Kdgq olskj
jf.a uu lSfj'
uu lsfj m;a;rj, ;sfhk foa is,ajd uy;a;hd' tajd fndre k
wdKavqj fndre lsh, lshkak tmdhe' y ckdm;s Pkafo ud;=jg
od,d jef fr .kakjd lshuqfld' ta;a m%Yafk ;sfhkafk we;a;gu
T;k fkffka' iSiS uy;a;hd lSfh'
tfyk fld;k o@ uu weiqfj'
mdma;=ud wdmqjdu f.d,afmaia msgkshg ;rla fkfuhs"
uvq m,a,shg;a hkjd' ta .shdu W;=fr ksiaiqhs" wfkla whhs
Wkajykafiag fudkj lshhs o lshk m%Yafk' ta l;d wy,d
Wkajykafia fmd y wdKavqjg w.=K m%ldYhla flrefKd;a ;uhs
f,f' iSiS uy;a;hd lSfh'
t;fldg lshkak ;sfhkafk mdma;=ud ngysr l=uka;%Khlg
f.dre fj,d lsh, ;rhs' t;fldg tal;a y' ksu,a lSfh'
tfyu lsfjd;a tal ckdm;s Pkafo wdfh;a lf;da,sl Pkaoj,g
krlg n,mdkjfk' t;fldg uyskao uy;a;hg W;=fr fou<
Pkao;a kE" uqia,s Pkao;a kE" lf;da,sl Pkao;a ke;s fjkjfk'
iSiS uy;a;hd lSfh'
tal k m%Yakhla ;uhs' ug bfgu lsheKs'
wkak is,aj uy;a;hg f;areKd' f m%Yak whjefhka fhda.
fldamafml , remsh,a ;=klska wvq lr, fldfydu o nhshf. jev
lsh, wy, nhsfhdhs" fgdhsfhdhs" lfndhs pQka lrkj jf.a f,ais
kE' fudlo mdma;=udf.a nv w;.d,d y" msg w;.d,d y" tfyu
ke;a; jvd f.k Wu , y jef fIama lr .kakhe@ iSiS
uy;a;hd lSfh'
uu lsis;a fkdlshd w; fydaod .kakg kesfg'

isks

wms ckdm;sjrhdg
Th lshk l;dj
iydh fokak ;SrKh l<d weka'wef.a' mska;+rh
,xld iu iudc mlaIfha m%Odk f,al

bmsg lshkak

uydpdh ;siai ;drK

pr fmfrd"
uOHu ldrl iNsl - ,'i'i'm'

ckdm;sjrKfha uyskao
rdcmlaI
ckdm;sjrhdg
iyfhda.h
,ndug
,xld
iuiudc mlaIfha uOHu ldrl
iNdj .;a ;SrKh ms<sn| kqf
udOH yuqjla bl=;a 04jkod ,xld
iu iudc mlaI uQ,ia:dkfha
meje;aKs'
ckdm;sjrKfha
uyskao rdcmlaI ckdm;sjrhdg
iydh h hq;= njg f.k wd
fhdackdjg uOHu ldrl iNdf
Pkao ismyla ,enqKq nj;a
fhdackdjg reoaOj Pkao oy;=kla
,enqK nj;a tys ,xld iuiudc
mlaIfha m%Odk f,al fcHIaG
wud;H uydpdh ;siai ;drK
udOH yuqf mejiqfh'
tys
weue;sjrhd
fufiao
mejiqfh'
,xld iuiudc mlaIfha u;hg
reoaO msila jer m%pdrl
jevms<sfj<la l%shd;aul lrkjd'
ta .ek wm lK.dgqfjkjd' wfma
mlaIfha jHjia:djla ;sfnkjd' wm
lghq;= lrkafka tu jHjia:djg
wkqjhs' jir mylg jrla mlaIfha
if,kh mj;ajkjd' tys
foaYmd,k ;;a;ajh uek,d n,,d
b jevms<sfj< wkqu; lrkjd'
fuhg jir y;rlg l,ska wm
wkqu; l<d Y%S ,xld ksoyia mlaIh
iu .gu lghq;= lrkjd lsh,d'

if,kh .;a ;Ska mok


lrf.k mlaIhg u. fmkajkafka
uOHu ldrl iNdjhs'
miq.sh 26fjks bod meje;s uOHu
ldrl iNd /iaug jhs'' moauis
ksfhdacH weue;s;=ud fhdackdjla
f.kdjd b ckdm;sjrKfha
uyskao rdcmlaI uy;dg iydh h
hq;=hs lsh,d' thg mlaIj uOHu
ldrl iNslhka ismia fofkla
Pkaoh kakd' thg reoaOj fmd
wfmalaIlhl=g iydh h hq;=
njg uOH ldrl iNdf oy;=ka
fofkla Pkaoh m%ldY l<d' tk
fkdmeKs fofofkla wmg iydh
olaj,d ,sms tjd ;snqKd'
uOHu ldrl iNdf je
Pkaofhka iu; jQ fhdckdjg
wkqj wm l%shd lrkjd' wdKavqj
f.k hk m%;sm;a;s .ek wmg fjk
fjk u; ;shkjd' tajd wms .sh uehs
kfha bm;a l<d' jHjia:dj
ixfYdaOkh lr Odhl ckdm;s
l%uh wfydais lsu f;a ldrl
iNdf fhdackd wkqj ue;sjrK
l%uh fldGdY mok lr.;a
l%uhlg ielish hq;=hs' 17 jk
ixfYdaOkh l%shd;aul l< hq;=hs'
Kh nr iy ixjOkfha nr
Okm;s mka;sh msg megfjk n
l%uhla ilia l< hq;=hs'

'i'i'm' f,al ;siai ;drK


ifydaorhd udOH yuqjla
le|jd ;uka mCIfha jHjia:dj
wkqj lghq;= l< nj;a" fiiq
wh Bg reoaOj fndre lshka
hk nj;a mjid we;' we;a;gu
;drK ifydaorhd l< hq;af;a"
udOH yuqjla le|jd Th foa m%ldY
lsug fmr" foaYmd,k uKav,h
/iajk ldurfha we;s weka' we'
ifydaorhdf.a msx;+rh bhg
f.dia Th m%ldYh lsuh' f,al
ifydaorhdg ;uka ,shQ foaYmd,k
jd;dj .ek l,amkdjla ke;s
l,ays" mCIfha jHjia:dj fyda weka'
we" fld,aka ifydaorjrekaf.a
m%ldYk .ek l=uk l;do@
;drK
ifydaorhd
miq.sh
uOHu ldrl iNdjg bm;a l<
foaYmd,k jd;df fufia i|yka
lrhs(
zzrdcmCI mjq, fukau Y%s','ks'mfha
iuyr kdhlhka iska foaYmd,k
n,h m%dfoaYShj iy rdcH ugf
wksis f,i myrKh lsu" keS
tk kj Okj;a mka;sfha n,h
jeu" kS;sh yd iudc iduh
|jeu iy jer mmd,kh
jejk Is; ls%hdjk iuyr m%Odk
lreKqh'''ZZ
zzOdhl ckdm;s OQrh yd
ks,Odjdofha n,h Yla;su;a u;a
tys n,;, wjNd;h lsu;a
Okj;a yd n,j;a wfmaCIlhkag
ys;lr Yd, ^ia;s%la& ugf
Pkao fldGdYj, ue;sjrK l%uh"
uqla;shg uqjd Pkao odhlhkg
m%isoafha w,a,ia ,ndu" jejk
jk hou iy m%udKj;a fkdj
wdodhu fYaIfhkau W!j m<df;a
meje;s kshh iy jefjka
mj;sk uqia,s m%cdjf.a h fuys
uQ, c fjhs'''ZZ
zzta yd iudk ;j;a wk;=rla
jkafka
yuqodf
fldgiao
iys; isxy, fn!oaO wka;jd

n,f. iuyrg f.daGdnhf.a


kdhl;ajfhka hq;=j wm;sjd
fyda taldm;sjd ula .eksuhs'
fnd n, fiakdjg fkdahka
iyh ysjkafka iuyrg Tjqkaf.a
wrdcHjd fnjd m%;sm;a;s
ksidh'''ZZ
by;
Wmqgd.ekS
ish,a,u
f,al ;drK ifydaorhd ,shQ
foaYmd,k jd;dfjkah' wdKavqj
W!f ,enQ miqnEug fya;= fukau
kqre wkd.;fha f.daGdNhf.a
uey;afuka ,sg iajrEmfha
md,khla we;sug we;s bvlv
Tyq o ms<s.ekSuh' Odhl mjqf,a
mj;sk fuu wldjdoh" uqo,a
kdia;sh"
wka;jdohg
olajk
mCImd;SNdjh hkd ish,a, ms<s.
kska" wjidkfha CIKslj rdcmCI
uy;dg kej; iyh h hq;= hehs
;SrKh lrkafka udOHj,g mejiQ
foaYSh yd cd;Hka;r ;;a;ajh lsrd"
uek n,d fkdj j;auka rdcmCI
md,kh .j, md," fndalal="
ldm mdrj,a ,ndfoka ck;djf.a
tfkod wjYH;d bgqlrk ksidh
hk b;d ir, idOlh uq,alrf.
kh' ka iu iudc jHjia:dj .ek
m%ldY lrk f,al ifydaorhd"
jHjia:df ;sfnk foaYmd,k
yr moaO;Ska ms<sn|j iq fyda
f.!rjhla we;ak fujeks ir,
fya;= u; Odhl ckdm;s OQrh
mj;ajd .ekSug;a" lsislf,l th
;u mjqf,ka msg ,ndug wlue;s
rdcmCI
ckdm;sjrhdg"
th
wfydais fkdlr kej; m;aug
iyh m, fkdlrkq we;' wfkla
me;af;ka jf mCI f,aljrhl=
f,i zck;djZ ms<sn|j Tyqg we;s
wdl,amho nrm;, .egjls' ck;dj
yqfolau ;ukaf.a tfkod lEu"
u yd mfNdackh i|yd lghq;=
lrk i;a;ajhska fldGdYhlah
hk" ,snr,a foaYmd,k wdl,amh
u" iu iudch k zksoyi"
idOdrK;ajh yd iudkd;au;djhZ

2014 fkdjen 09 jeks od bod


hehs 1935 mCIh wdrN lrk g
iNdm;s f,i fld,aka ifydaorhd
l< m%ldYhg brdu mgyeks
jQjls'
ck;dj tfkod ;h .ek
muKla
fyda
wjYH;djhka
jelr .ekSug lghq;=
lrk
i;a;ajhka fldgila muKlao@
Tjqkag ksoyi" m%cd;ka;%jdoh jeks
i;aNdl foaYmd,k jkdl
.ek Wkkajla ke;ao@ thska
yefjkafka jdudxYsl jHdmdrh
wjqre 75lg jvd je ld,hla
ck;dj ;=< fuu jkdl jemsug
lghq;= fkdl< njo@ foaYmd,kh
lsu ck;d ldHhla njg m;al<
foaYmd,k jHdmdrhl ihl=g
tjekakla is;Sugj;a fkdyel'
ck;dj tfkod wjYH;djhka
.ek muKla is;k msila
hehs is;k wdldrhgu" ;drK
ifydaorhd
foaYmd,kh
f,i
olskafka l=ulao hkak wjfndaOhla
.; yel' lEu" u mfNdackhg
ck;djf.a foaYmd,k ls%hdld;ajh
iSudlrk ;drK ifydaorhd"
Tyqf.a
foaYmd,kho
wud;H
;k;=r" WmfoaYl" WmfoaYsldjkag
iSudlrf.k we;s nj wuq;=fjka
lsj hq;= fkdf' th tfia jqo yeu
iu iudc ldrhl=g" Th ,snr,a
foaYmd,kh ms<s.; fkdyel'
;ju;a wm ms<s.kafka i;aNdl
jkdlu w;a fkdyer w,a,df.k
isk iu iudc foaYmd,khhs'
b;ska th wfma jrolao@
lE.,a, ia;s%lalfhka meKs
uOHu ldrl iNsl ifydaorjreka
wu;l l< jeo.;a foaYmd,k
lreKla we;' ta weka' we'
ifydaorhd lsisgl zck;djZ"
;ukaf.a
tfkod
;fha
lghq;=j,
iSudjQ
i;a;aj
fldGdYhla f,i fkdlSuhs'
zzwm ck;djf.a tfkod wjYH;d
.ek l;d lf<a" jev lf<a" wm
ms<s.;a ksoyi" idOdrK;ajh yd
iudkd;au;djh tu wjYH;djhka
yd uqiq lrka' tfkod wjYH;d
bgqlr.kak ck;dj foaYmd,khg
/f.k wdf wmsZZ weka' we'
ifydaorhd ,shQ zwfmka bgq jQ
fiajhZ ,smsh lshjqjfyd;a f .ek
;j;a wjfndaO lr.; yelsf'
;drK ifydaorhd ms<sf.k we;s
mu" rdcmCI mjq, rf ish
uuia:dkhka ;ukaf.a .%yKhg
f.k" Tjqkaf.a wNsu;hg hula
,ndfok ;ekg ck;dj fukau
ck;d ksfhda;hkajo yE,a lr

hdplfhla fydrK m%foaYfha orejl= meyerf.k f.dia oUq,a,


m%foaYfha isufka fhdojd ;sh fmd,sia w;awvx.=jg m;af
isu miq.sh kj, ckudOHfha m%uqL mqj;la njg m;aj ;sK'
hdplhka inkaO fuf,i ck;d wjOdkhg ,lajk mqj;a jka jr
udOH Tiafia m%ldYhg m;ajk g w;ajk hdpl f,dalh ms<sn|
isflfrk uYKd;aul .%yhls f'

ksiqka ys`.d lEug fhduqf


m%n,u fya;=j k wdl
jYfhka M,odhs hula lsug
fkdyels uhs' ldhsl jYfhkq;a
wdOHdmksl jYfhkq;a msySug
m;au ksid fudjqka ys`.d lEug
fhduq f' wkqkag w;mdkakg
is jQ" ck iudcfhka fldka
jQ mqoa.,fhl= hdplfhl= f'
fuys ;j;a me;a;la ;sf' Ydlj
fjfyi uqo,a fidhkjdg jvd
ys`.d lEu ;=<ska uqo,a bmhsh yels
k wd;au .re;ajhla ke;s ksiqka
thg fhduq f' wdl wiykh
fyda iudc wiykh fyda fkdue;s
mqoa.,hka mjd ys`.kafkl= ug
wjYHh ,laIK fmkakq lrka
ys`.d lhs' fuys ckudOHho
lsish n,mEula lrk nj fmfka'
we;e udOHj,ska ys`.kafkl=f.a
udisl wdodhu m%ldY lrhs' tjeks
wjia:dj, lue,s ksiqka thska
lsish W;af;ackhla ,nd ys`.d
lEug fhduq f'
ksjfia yyrKla fkdue;s hdu
ksid o we;eyq ys`.ukg msfi;s'
fuu msig Wmldr lsug iudc
fiajd
fomd;fka;=j
jeks
wdh;k ;snqKo fuu msig
ta ms<sn`oj wjfndaOhla ke;'
wdrNfha yyrKla fkdue;sj
mdrg nisk we;e mssia yyrKla
,enqko bka bj;a wdh;k.;
ug wleue;sh' fya;=j Tjqkaf.a
wNsu;h m tys uqo,a fidhd
.; fkdyels u;a Tjqka leue;s
wdldrfha lEu u fkd,eu;ah'
tfiau fuu hdpl msia is;kafka
Tjqkag wdrlaIdj ;sfnkafka tu
hdpl iudch ;=< muKla njhs'
ta wkqj fuu hdpl ixialD;sh
w;ayeug
hdplfhda
leu;s
fkdfj;s'
hdplhka we;e wjia:dj,
iajdkj lghq;= lrk njla

fkdfmfka'
uqo,a
Wmhk
jHdmdlhka
hgf;a
fudjqka
ixOdk.; we;' tla tla
ld,j, hdplhka tla tla
m%foaYj,g f.k f.dia oud ijig
Tjqkaf.a uqo,a ,ndf.k hdplhkago
uqo,la u fuh ixOdkh lrk
fldgfia ldhhls' Y%Smdo jkaokd
ld,fha ta wi,;a
fmryer
ld,fha kqjr;a fuu ;;ajh l
n,d.; yelsh' w;ska ys`.ukg
tk flfkl= keje;aug mjd
fudjqkag Yla;shla we;'
ys`.kakkaf.a Tjqkagu wdfKsl
jq WmixialD;shla we;' ta ;=<ska
Tjqka wk m<k wdldrh" l;d
l< hq;= wdldrh b.ekaf' ys`.
kakka msisj bkakd fndfyda
wjia:dj, ys`.uka fkd,ef'
we;e g ghsflda oud is`.ufka
wd wjia:do wmg olakg ,ef'
tjka wjia:dj, Tjqkag ys`.
uka ,efnkafka Tjqka ksfhdackh
lrk mka;sfhka muKs' ta ksid
tu Wml%uh wid:l h' fuu
WmixialD;sh uyd ixialD;sfha
fldgils' fudjqka uyd ixialD;sh
ksfhdackh lrka ys`.d lEu
jD;a;Shla njg m;a lrf.k uyd
ixialD;sh yd fndfyda foa yqjudre
lr.ksska lghq;= lrhs'
ys`.d lEu i`oyd hlsis yelshdjla
;sh hq;=h' ta yryd iudcfha
wdlIKh ,nd.; yelsh' ys`.d
lEf m%Odku l%uh jkafka
;ukaf.a Ydl fkdyelshdj
fmkauhs' f i`oyd O fya;=
lshka we;e g idjoH ffjoH
jd;d fmkakka ksiqkaf.a
wkqlmdj ,nd .ekSug lghq;=
lrhs' f i`oyd fYaIfhkau
ldka;djka Wmfhda.S lr.kakd
w;r wx. l, njg m;ajqjkao
fhdod.kS'
we;e wjia:dj, ys`.d lEu i`oyd

hdpl f,dalh
uydpdh lreKd;siai w;=fldar,

iudc oHd wxYh - fmardfoKsh YajoHd,h


wd.u Wml%uhla lr.kS' ug
fufia isjqfha fmr l< mdmhla
ksidh' kafkd;a Tng tfia
fkdjkafkahehs lshka ksiqka
wd.u yryd ne`o ;nd .ekSug
W;aiyd lrhs' fuh udkisl
w,a,ils'
hlsis kaokhla ,nd is`.
ufka fhuo j;udkfha nyq,j
olakg ,ef' lhla iskajla
lshd fnrhla jhd is`.uka fok
mqoa.,hdg hlsis kaokhla
,nd foa' udkisl ;Dma;shla ,nk
mqoa.,hd thska i;=gq uqo,la
,nd foa'
j;udkfha
ys`.kakka
;=<
olakg ,efnk ;j;a Wml%uhla
k ksiqkaj udkislj jO
ysxidjg ,la lsuhs' uqo,a b,a,d
<`.g meKs miq uqo,a fkdkafka
k f whg wksldf.a lla
f;afrkafka ke;sh f wh uefrk

wh fkdfhehss lshka ksiqka


bfha wmyiq;djhg m;a lrhs'
tla wfhl=g tfia lshkjd wefik
g wksla wh lShla fyda thska
fug W;aidy lrhs'
ys`.uka i`oyd <uhska fhdod
.ekSuo
hdplhka
fhdod.
kakd ;j;a Wml%uhls' fndfyda
wjia:dj, f <uhska Tjqkaf.a
fkdf' Wfoaa isg ijia jk ;=re
<uhska <. ;ndf.k Tjqkaj
fmkakka is`.d lhs' <uhskag
fndfyda fokd wkqlmd lrk
neka uqo,a ,nd fohs'
miq.sh ld,fha is`.d lEu krl
Ydk;shlg .uka lsug uyd
ixialD;sfha foaYmd,kh n,md we;'
IKh jxpdj kS;sfha wdm;Hh
ke;slu fukau we;eg uyd
ixialD;sh iq fohla ,nd .ekSug
jqj;a mdrg nysk ;;ajhla o we;'
mdif,a
.egjl
.=rejreka
<uhska mdrg niS' fuh olsk

hdplhka o fujeks Wml%uhla


fhdod .ekSu hym;ahehs is;sh
yel' rf m%jK;djh krla jk
g fuu m%jK;d fyd`o jkafka
ke;' uyd ixialD;sh yslafuka
lghq;= lrkafka k ys`.kakkao
yslafuka lghq;= lrkq we;'
kuq;a ,xldf mj;skafka m%pKav
ixialD;shls' f m%pKav;ajh
b;sydifha isg mefKkafkls'
th Iag .dKs" mshd urd rc fjk
isxy mq;%fhl= .ek lshfjk f,a
je.sreK b;sydihls' tnekau
ksiqkaf.a
yeisu;a
m%pKav
fjhs' ksiqka kEu fohla
mgka .kafka krlu wdhqOh
w;g .kskah' tksidu hdpl
f,dalh;a m%pKavld we;'
<uhska fydrl lrk" ksiqka
Nh .kajk ;;ajhg Tjqka m;aj
we;af;a tneks'
,xldf hdpl .eg i`ug
wdh;k rduqjla we;' .egj k

we;s fudfyd;l" thg wNsfhda.


lsug ck;dj foaYmd,khg f.k
tau fjkqjg Tjqka tfkod mqoa.,sl
;hg iSudlsu foaYmd,k
frda"
rdcmdCIsl
ls%hdjls'
fuf,i foaYmd,k frdahl= f,i
lghq;= lrk f,al ifydaorhd"
;ukao fkdlshQ mCI jHjia:djla
.ek udOHhg lSfuka we;s M,h
l=ulao@ jHjia:dj muKlao" Tyq
;ukaf.a ududjo wu;l lf<a
mCI ia:djrhg tfrysj hka 18
jHjia:d ixfYdaOkhg Pkaoh
fukah'
fuys
wjidk
jYfhka
hula wjOdrKh l< hq;=h'
Tlaf;dan 26 k meje;ajQ
uOHu ldrl iNdj ;=<" rks,a
l%uisxy fjkqfjka lsisfjla
fmkS fkdish nj wjOdrKh
l< hq;=h' wm tys u;=lf<a
lreKq lSmhls' tlla Odhl
ckdm;s OQrh wfydais fkdfldg"
j;udk
ckdm;sjrhdg
ckdm;sjrKhlg hdug bv
fkdh hq;=h' tfukau ta i|yd
Y%S','ks'mfha m%.;sYS,s fldgia
iu n,mE lsug jydu lghq;=
l< hq;= nj' ys;=jlald f,i
j;udk ckdm;sjrhd lghq;=
lrhs k" Y%S','ks'mfha m%.;sYS,s
fldgia iu fmd jevms<sfj,la
we;slr.; hq;= njhs' tk kHdh
m;%fhaj;a ;SrKhla .ekSu ms<sn|j
lsis i|ykla fkdjQ w;r" ;drK
yd jhs' ' moauis ifydaorjre
fmr ie,iqula u;" CIKslju
;SrKhla .ekSug fhdackd lf<ah'
rdcmCIjreka f jk g mCIfha
;SrKj,g n,mE lrk wdldrh;a"
mCIfha b f,aljrhd ljqreka
h hq;=o hkak wdl ixjOk
wud;HdxYfhkau bs m,fjka
we;s nj lE.,a, ia;s%lalfhka
jd;d f' iuq;Ska fkdbjik"
reoaOjdoh nrm;, jrola f,i
wfma j;udk rdcmCI mjq,"
wdh;k"
mqoa.,hka"
uyck
ksfhda;hka ;ukag wjYH m
wjk; lr.ekSug lghq;= lr
we;' Odhl ckdm;s OQrfha
nrm;,lu thhs' m%cd;ka;%jdohg
th
olajk
m%;sfrdaOhhs'
j;udkfha ,'i'i'mhg t,a,
we;s wk;=r;a thuhs' Odhlfha
.%yKhg
m;af
wk;=rhs'
Odhl ckdm;s OQrh jydu
wfydais lsu rf m%cd;ka;%jdohg
fukau mCIhla f,i ,'i'i'mfha
iajdk;ajhg
o
w;HdjYH
fldkafoaishls

th l%shd;aul fkduhs' iudc


fiajd
fomd;fka;=j
iska
wdnd; mqoa.,hkag Wmldr ,nd
fohs' kuq;a tys ,ndfok m%udKh
hdplfhl=g j;a ug fld;r
m%udKj;ao hkak .egjls' fuu
wdh;k mj;ajdf.k hdug ;r
m%d.aOkhla o tajdg fkd,ef'
tfyhska fuu wdh;k kdlj
we;s wdh;k muKls' we;e
g wirK Ndjhg m;ajq <uhska
ms<sn`oj wdh;kh .;fyd;a ta
wdh;k ;=<u <uqka wirK njg
m;a ysrldrhka fia isug isuo
,sx.sl
wmfhdackhg
,lauo
isf' fuu wdh;k kv;a;= lsu
i`oyd we;s uqo,a m%;smdok m%udKj;a
fkdf' jeys ksjdij, ;;ajho
tfiah' Tjqka wirKNdjfhka
wirKNdjhg m;a we;'
fudjqka i`oyd rlaIK l%u we;s
l< hq;=h' Tjqkag fyd`o wdrlaIK
;;ajhla ,nd hdplhka bj;a
lsug rchg yelshdj ;sf'
,xldf rlaIK l%uh j,h'
we;e rgj, tjeks hdka;%Khla
ls%hd;aul f' mdf isk hdplhka
fmd ia:dkj,g f.kf.dia oud
Tjqkaf.a ;j, wjidk ld,hg
wjYH myiql tu rgj,ska imhkq
,ef' ukqIH;ajh jkafka thhs'
bkakSishdf tla ludka;
Yd,djl fiajlhka jkafka wdnd;
mqoa.,hkah' wdnd; mqoa.,hdg
iqiq m ueIska ilia lr we;'
tu`.ska ksIamdokhla o isjk
w;r ys`.kakka njg m;aug
is msilg bka je<lS isug
yelshdj ,e we;' ta wdldrhg
wfma rf fm!oa.,sl wxYho
f i`oyd fhoh yelsh' rdcH
wxYfha ludka; wdrN lrk
g f ksudKld;ajh ms<snoj
ie<ls,su;a h yelsh' tu`.ska
hdplhka i`oyd iudc wdrlaIK
cd,h mq,a lr th Yla;su;a lsu
yryd hdpl .egjg i` ,nd
.; yelsh'

t' tia' ' by<f.or

2014 fkdjen 09 jeks od bod

f;d

r;=re oek.ekSf
whs;shla
.ek
ljr l;d o@ nridr f;dr;=re
me;a;lska ;shuqflda' wvq;rka
fldahla ;shk fj,dj yhg
k.kak myiqlula ;shkjo
wmsg@
;=frla miq.sh fkl uf.ka
tfia uiQf f;dr;=re k.ekSf
whs;sh ms<sn| lreKq fidhdne,Sul
ksr;j is wjia:djlh' uu
Tyqf.ka ta .ek lreKq uik
w;fh' wk;=rej Tyq jer
lreKq meye,s lsul o fhKs'
uu i;sfha ojia mfyau rUqlalk
fld<U
w;f
fldafhka
hk tk ksyd' uu okakjd
idudkHfhka rUqlalk fld<U
flda jk fj,dj,a' ojila uu
jdyfkal w,jg wdjd fld<U
hk .uka' ta fjkfldg w,f
kj;a;k fldahla hk fj,dj'
uu blaukg iafIka tlg .syska
biafIka udiagf.ka weyqjd ka
fld<Ug ;shk fldah .shd o
lsh,d' ksy lsjd ka fld<Ug
fldahla kE lsh,d' uu lsjd
ke;af;a kE f fj,djg w,f
kj;a;k tlla tkjfka lsh,d' Bg
miafia ksy ghs fn,a j.hla
fpla lr,d wdfh;a lsjd kE ka
fldahla kE lsh,d' t;fldgu
jf.a yria mdf f.agqj jefyk
fn,a tl jkak .;a;d' fldah
we,a,d keje;a;=jd' uu iafIka
udiagg lsjd fukak fl ;uhs
f fj,djg hk fld<U hk
w,j iafIka tfla k;r lrk
fldh lsh,d' tal ghs fn,a
tlg od.kak lsh,d uu fldahg
ke.a.d' ;j ojila fmd,a.yfj,
iafIug .sys,a,d'''
f whqka Tyq h .uka
ms<sn| uikakg f.dia uqyqK
ka is lSmhla lshdf.k .sfha
tl yqiaugh' f f;dr;=re wmf.a
wruqKg wod< fkdjQ neka uu
yria m%YaKhla oud Tyqf.a fldah
keje;aug W;aidy lf<'
'''kE uu lshkafka f jf.a
rgl f;dr;=re k.ekSf whs;sh
kS;s.; lsu jf.a nridr ud;Dld
l;d lr,j;a jevla kE' ka
fldgqj iafIf wgj,d ;shkjd
g,a ghs fn,a ,hs fnda
tlla' idudkH ksfyl=g tal
yd n,,d ;ukaf.a .ukg wjYH
fldah fydhd.kak fldpr
wudre o@ tal yd n,df.k bkak
fldg nvje, jf.a tlska tl
tkjd hkjd' Th w;f ;uka
hk fldah fydhd.kak fka'
m<fjks ief ia jqfKd;a wdh
B< rjqu lerls,d tklx bkak
fka' tal yd n,df.k bkak
fldg fldah hkjd' biair
;snqK wr fnda ,E,af,a odk
l%f fldhs;rx myiq o@ fka
ksfyl=g .sys,a,d tal lshj,d
n,,d fydhd.kak mqjka' f
jf.a ldr rgl'''
Tyqf.a f pdr .%y flda
mrojk iq h' wmf.a l;dny
wjika flrefKa ;uka lshkafka
fndrejla k fldgqj h
kej;=fmd,g f.dia kslug ta
.ek uid n,k f,i b,a,Sula o
lrks'
bka k lSmhlg miq ta l;dj
uid ne,Sug ug wjia:djla
Wodh' kdh hd ms<sn| f;dr;=re
fidhd n,a,g hdug wjYH;djla
u;=jQfhka ta i|yd hla we;s
f,djla
fidhd.ekSug
uu
wka; cd,fha h ld, igyka
fj wvhla fhs fijqfj'
f kj ;dlaIKsl myiqlu
u.ska iefklska uf.a wjYH;dj
bgqlr .; yelsjkq we;ehs uu
is;=fj' tfy;a jeis iys; kj,
fndfyda g we;sjk wka; cd,
l%shdld;ajfha ukao.d;ajh Bg
yriaa h' ug fndfyda f,djla
m.Kl ;srh foi n,d bkakg
isu fya;=fjka ta m%h;akh
mfil,d 1919 rdcH f;dr;=re
flakah weu;=fj'
uf.a wjYH;dj mejiQ iefkka
Bg ms<s;=re ka ks,Odhd rd;%s
wjika n h ;shk f,dj
lSfh' kg mj;sk jeis iy
kdhhd iys; ld,.=kh fya;=fjka
n,a, olajdu h .uka lrkq
we;ahs tg uu ta ks,Odhdf.
ka uiqfj' ta ms<sn| f;dr;=re
;u wdh;kh i;=j ke;s neka
th uid k.kakd f,i Wmfoia
foka ks,Odhd ug rl:k
wxlhla kafkah' uu tu wxlhg
weu;=fj' th Nd;fha fkdue;s
njg m%;spdr ,eK' wk;=rej uu

h<s;a 1919g wu;d ta nj mejiqfj'


tg ms<s;=re kafka fjk;a
ks,Odfhls' Tyq ;j;a rl:k
wxlhla foka thska uiSula
lrk f,i kq kafkah' uu tu
wxlhgo weu;=fj' > f,djla
kdofuka
miq;a
m%;spdrhla
fkdue;sj rl:kh bf ika
h' n h .ukajdr idudkH
m l%shd;aulo hkak k.ekSu
i|yd orkakg isjQ f fjfyi
yuqf ta m%h;akh w;yer
uqfj'
f;dr;=re k.ekSf whs;sh
ms<sn| ck;d w;alS iy wdl,am

we;s lsu f;dr;=re k.ekSu


u.ska isf'
f;dr;=re k.ekSf whs;sfha
we;s jeo.;alu Article XIX ys
wjOdrKh flfrkafka tf,isks'
f whs;sh wdrlaIdu i|yd uQ,sl
lreKq ;=kla imQK h hq;=
f,i ie<fla' ck;djg wjYH
f;dr;=re ndOdjlska f;drj ,nd.
ekSug we;s yelshdj" ck;djg
jeo.;ajk ish f;dr;=re myiq
udOHkaf.ka ck;djg f;are
.; yelsjk fia ir<j ,ndf
j.lSula rdcH wdh;k i;=u iy
ck;dj b,a,d isk f;dr;=re

yu fyd| uy;a;fhla lsh,d


wmsg ys;=Kd' Kh uqo, ,ndf.k
we,a,d ojia fol ;=klg miafia
ta uy;a;hd rl:kfhka l;d
l<d' ziag u,afoKsh" f,daka tl
yfka' ka b;sx uf.a .kqfokq;a
frejkx fyd|hsZ lsh,d lsjd'
uu weyqjd ta lshkafka fudllao
lsh,d' tla yefudau okak yefudau
lrk fok fohla lsh,d Tyq lsjd'
uu weyqjd lShlao .dk lsh,d'
mkaoyla fokak lsjd' miafia
fndfydu wudrefjka remsh,a
fooyla ,d fYama jqKd'
f;dr;=re muKla fkdj Kh

foaYfm%a w,xldluh ;srh msgqmi olajk

;Kayd r;S r`.d

kshqfudakshdjg mekfvda,a
fndk wmsg

f;dr;=re k .ekSf
whs;sh

uid ne,Sug uE;l wmg wjYH


jQfha rg lsish foaYmd,k
m%;sixialrK l%shdj,shla uqjgg
meK we;snjg wm ;=< we;sjQ
Yajdih
fya;=fjks'
tjeks
foaYmd,k
m%;sixialrKhl
f;dr;=re k.ekSf whs;shg
ffk;sl j,x.=Ndjhla yslrug
tjekakla Wmldr jkq we;ehs hk
;lafiarej fya;=fjks'
m%cd;ka;%jd foaYmd,k l%uhla
;=< f;dr;=re k.ekSf whs;sh
w: ksrEmkh we;af;a iy
n,d;aul jkafka is,a iy

udOHfka" jD;a;Sh
i;s l%shdldka"
uka;%Sjreka ta w;r
m%uqL h' udOHfka
w;r f;dr;=re
k.ekSf whs;sh
ms<sn| mej;sfha
by< ugf
i{dKl;ajhls'
Tjqkaf.ka ie<lsh
hq;= msila is,a iy
foaYmd,ksl whs;shla
f,i jeo.;ajk
f;dr;=re k.ekSf
sjO w;alS iys;
wh jQy' tfy;a
Tjqka je msila ta
f;dr;=re ,ndf.k
;snqfKa ryiH iy
ks, fkdjk wh:d l%u
Nd; lrks'

foaYmd,k whs;shla f,igh'


f;dr;=re hkq m%cd;ka;%jdofha
Tlaiscka f' ck;dj Tjqkaf.a
iudch ;=< isjkafka l=ulahs
fkdokS k" Tjqka md,kh lrk
l%shdjka ie we;ak" Tjqkag
iudc l%shdldrl i|yd w:j;a
f,i odhl h fkdyel' kuq;a
f;dr;=re k.ekSu ck;djf.a
idudkH wjYH;djhla fkdj th
hymd,kfha w;HjYH fldgils'
whym;a md,khg ish meje;au
i|yd ryiHNdjh wjYH f'
tu.ska wldhlaIu;djh kdia;sh
iy IKh wkqu; lrhs' ck;dj
iska rcfha l%shdjka ishq
mlaIdjg ,la lsu yd ta u; tlS
ls%hdjka u;a ms<sn| jdohla

,ndug rch i;= neu tu


lreKqh' fuf,i m%cd;ka;%jdoh
;=< ck;d iyNd.s;ajh ;yjqre
ls jia f;dr;=re k.ekSf
whs;sh ms<sn| isjk ixjdofha
wjOdkh fhduqjkafka ck;djg
,ndug kS;suh neula fkdue;s
tfy;a iodpdrd;aul neula iys;
f;dr;=reh'
h Odjk ld, igyklg
wod< f;dr;=re idudkHfhka
f hg;g fkdjefghs' fya;=j
th Rcqj m%cd;ka;%jdoh fyda
hymd,khg wod< jk f;dr;=rla
fkdjk neks' tfy;a h
tkaka , .ekSulg wod<
f;dr;=re fyda W;=re h ud.h
m%;sixialrKhg wod< f;dr;=re
f hg;g jefghs' ukao th
hymd,kh iy m%cd;ka;%jdoh
iu Rcq inkaOhla we;s
neks'
h .ukajdr ms<sn| uiSug
ck;djg we;s whs;sh fukau Bg
ms<s;=re ug h n,Odkag
we;s j.lSu m%Yak lsulska f;drj
md,lhd o md,s;hd o ms<sf.k
we;s fohls' nexl= Khla .ekSug
wod< f;dr;=re ,nd.ekSu" bv
ysl ms<sn| f;dr;=re ,nd.ekSu
wd jYfhka g iu.d ;j;a
f;dr;=re j. rdYshla ;sf' O
ndOl iy wvqmdvq iys;j jqjo
tajd wo ojfia o m%Yak lsulska
f;drj ck;dj w;r yqjudre
fjhs' tfy;a ;=rd fy<or
lf<a tjeks f;dr;=rla mjd ,nd.
ekSf ck;djg uqyqK mdkakg
isjk .eg ms<snojh' nridr
f;dr;=re .ek ljr l;dhs
fyf;u uid isfha tneks'
;=rdf.a m%Yak lsug ;jrg;a
j,x.=Ndjhla f.k ka l;d
rdYshla bka miq O mqoa.,hkaf.
ka wikakg ,enqKs'
uf.a jhs*a jevlrkafka fi!LH
wud;HdxYfha' wmsg f.hla yod.
kak Khla .kak yehla k.kak
fka fj,d fi!LH wud;HdxYfha
ta lghq;= ndrj bkak ks,Odhd
yuqfjkak .shd' fndfydu fyd|g
wmsj ms<swrf.k l;d lr,d Kh
.kav jqjukd yeu f;dr;=rlau
wmsg kakd' yhg wfma {d;sfhla
jf.a wmsg kqfKa' wka;sug i;s
folla hoa Kh mdiafj,d wdjd'''
ta ;j;a mqoa.,hl=f.a w;alSuls'
ta wjia:df ;ukag rcfha
fujeks wdoYu;a ks,Odkq;a
iskjd fkahs Yauhla fukau
wfkla w;g f.!rjhla o we;s jQ
nj Tyq lSfh'

uqo,a ,nd.ekSu o ta ;ru myiq


we;af;a ta miqmi l%shd;aul jk
;j;a l%shdj,shla fya;=fjka nj
Tyqg wjfndaO we;af;a fuysh'
f;dr;=re k.ekSf whs;sh
ms<sn| mqoa.,hka oy fofkla iu
l;d lrk g kj fofkl=g muK
;snqfKa f wdldrfha w;alSh'
bka tyd .sh f;dr;=re k.ekSu
i|yd Tjqkaf.a ; ld,h ;=<
tlu jrla fyda W;aidy l< njla
fyda Tjqkaf.a u;lhg k.d .ekSu
Ialr h'
f ish fokdu jhi wjqre
30 iy 60 w;r wh jQy' tfukau
kd.l iy by< wOHdmk
iqiql iys; wh jQy' jD;a;sh
jYfhka fukau iudh jYfhka
o h by< ugula ksfhdackh
l< wh jQy' tjeks msila
w;ka w;suy;a nyq;rh mjd
m%cd;ka;%jdoh iy hymd,khg
inkao jk f;dr;=re k.ekSug
ish ; ld,h ;=< W;aidy ord
fkd;su hkq hkq fkdi<ld
fkdyeh yels ;;a;ajhls' Tjqyq
mejiqf
tjeks
wjYH;djla
;ukag we;s fkdjQ njh' tu.ska
fmkS hkafka rgl mqrjeishka
jYfhka ysh hq;= is,a iy
foaYmd,k whs;Ska ms<sn| Tjqkag
wjfndaOhla fkdue;slu muKla
fkdj tjeks lghq;= flfrys
uey;aug Tjqkag wjodkhla
fyda wjYH;djla o fkdue;s
njh' wm rf mqrjeis iudch
iuia:hla jYfhka miqjkafka
tjeks ;;a;ajhl k tjeks
iudchl zf;dr;=re k.ekSf
whs;shZ ms<sn| jk ixjdohlg
ysjk jeo.;alu ljrla o hkak
.egjls'
bka miqj uu f ms<sn|
lreKq uqif ish jD;a;Sh fyda
iudh ;h ;=< foaYmd,ksl
ldhNdrhla
bgqlrk
msia
fj;sks' udOHfka" jD;a;Sh i;s
l%shdldka" uka;%Sjreka ta w;r m%uqL
h' udOHfka w;r f;dr;=re
k.ekSf whs;sh ms<sn| mej;sfha
by< ugf i{dKl;ajhls'
Tjqkaf.ka ie<lsh hq;= msila
is,a iy foaYmd,ksl whs;shla
f,i
jeo.;ajk
f;dr;=re
k.ekSf sjO w;alS iys; wh
jQy' tfy;a Tjqka je msila ta
f;dr;=re ,ndf.k ;snqfKa ryiH
iy ks, fkdjk wh:d l%u Nd;
lrks'

07 msgqjg

Y%S,d,a fifkr;ak

ksf,aka foaYm%shf.a ;Kayd r;S r.d ;%mgh mYapd;a hqoaO isxy,


iskudf u;= jQ fYaI lD;shls' iskud mgh wdrN jkafka
m%Ndlrkaf.a urKh ms<sn| mqj; forK rEmjdysKsfhka ldYkh jk
iy ta mqj; iurd uyckhd nei isk oYkhlsks' uyckhd
uymdf lsn;a Wh;s' r;s[a[d m;a;= lr;s' fuu wdrNl oYkhu
m%n, iskud;aul Wml%uhla /.;a tlls' wmg f lsn;a lk isxy,hd
fmfkkafka rEmjdysksfhks' rEmjdysks oYkh wfma weia u;gu <x
th ienE f,dalh njg m;a f' iuia; iskud lD;shu mdfya 2009ka
miq ,xldf ;h rEmjdysksfhka fmfkk wdldrh o rEmjdysksfha
fya;=M, ;lkh o rEmjdysksfha wdpdr Ou o W;am%difhka olsk
iskud lD;shla jeksh' iskud mgfha ndysr wdLHdk rduqj ilia jkafka
,ald iukau,Sf.a y`ka bm;a flfrk m%jD;a;s m%ldY lsysmhlska
u W;am%did;aulh' tfy;a ,aldf.a i;Hh iy l,d;au; iskudf
i;Hh w;r mr;rh fmkau u.ska fuu iskud mgh forK u.ska
ksfhdackh lrk ish fg,s i;Hhka o Wmydihg ,la lrhs' ta w;=re
l;djls'
wms rEmjdysksfha m%jD;a;sj,ska wNHka;rhg f.dia ta lsn;a lk
ksia wysfka isk ;reKhka ;sfofkl=f.a ; fj; <x fjuq'
rEmjdysksh kej;S iskudj wdrN jkafka tgh' wr ;sfokdf.ka
flfkla ^ir;a fld;,dj,& Tyqf.a ksjfia we w,audh wjqiaid
cd;sl fldhla fidhd .kshs' Tyq ta cd;sl fldh .id ouk g ,s
fyda mqia is fjhs' m%Ndlrkaf.a fom jQ ysi rEmjdysksfha fmkajk
w;r Tyq isxy fldh Tijhs' Tyq f hqo l%shdj,shg wLKavj iydh
ka foaYfm%afhl= fkdjk nj cd;sl fldh mqiald ;sfuka fmfka'
tfy;a hqoaOfha wjidkh ms<sn| Tyqg we;af;a wjxl i;=gls' ta u<kS
m%oYkfha jQ foaYmd,k Wjukdj .ek .eg ;snqK o wms o tod
wfmalaId iy.;j isfhuq' hqoaOfha wjidkh;a iu. Y%S ,xldf
foaYmd,k ka;kfha iy ieleiaf ;SrKd;aul iqiudoY udrejla
is w;au wdldrhl ,xldjla ml,amkh lsu wdrN flfr;shs
wfmalaId flK'
iskudlrejd f;dard.kafka ta ,laI ixLHd; m%S;su;a ckhdf.ka
;sfofkls' Tjqkaf.ka tla wfhla tod r;s[a[d m;a;= l< ;%S,
hfrls' ^l=udr ;sudr& tlaflfkla YajoHd, YsIHfhls' ^kdu,a
chisxy& fofofkla wjdylh' tlaflfkla ore ;sfofkl=f.a msfhls'
^ir;a fld;,dj,& iskud mgh wdrNfha cd;sl fldh Tijkafka
Tyqh' f ;sfokd j;a jk .=Kisxy mqrh hkq hqoaOh wjidk fuka miq
laIKsl foaYfm%auhlska ;djld,slj tla lrkq ,enQj o O wNHka;r
.egq iys; ksia msil jdiia:dkhhs' ta mqrh ,xldju ixfla;j;a
lrk laIq f,dalhls' cd;sfha ksoyi iurk od f ;sffokd jik mqrh
tlu foaYfm%auhlska we<,S f.dia we;s nj fmkqK o ta f,dalh tl
tl pKakaf.a rcoykls' fou< ;%ia;jdoh mrdch jqj o ;%ia;jdoh
ixl,amhla yehg mrdch ke;' cd;sl fld jdykj, .id.;a
uerfhda mdf rc lr;s' ta ksid Wod we;af;a kshu m%cd;ka;%jdoh
iy iduh o hkak jgyd .ekSu i|yd iskudlrejd f p; ;=k wmg
im lr fmkajhs' rEmjdysksfha i;Hh fjkqjg iskud l,df i;Hh
wmg fmkajhs'
f ;sfokdgu kshu m%cd;ka;%jd iduhla ke;' ;sore mshdg
orefofokdf.a wkd.;h .ek iy;slhla ke;' Tyq ojia l=,Slrefjls'
u uf.a z,arka T*a fyjkaZ ;%mgfha mshd fuks' YajoHd,
YsIHhdg ish fmj;shf.a fidfydhqrdf.a ysxil uey;au ksid f
YsIHhdg ksoyfia wdorh lrkakg bv ke;' ;%S ,a hrd ;ukaf.a uj
kx.S iy u,a,S /ln,d .kakd ksid Tyqg lidohla lr.kakg hla
ke;' tmuKla fkdj m%foaYfha foaYmd,k n,jf;l= yd pKafhl=
jk Tyqf.a ndmamd Tyqf.a mjq,g lror lrhs' m%Ndlrkaf.a urKfhka
Woaodu jk iudcfha foaYfm%a w,xldlfha ;srh msgqmi l;kaorh
tfiah'
hqoaOfha ksudfjka miq ta kuh mdr jD; l< jydu W;=f
ixpdrhl fhfok f ;reKfhda l;sld cd;sl fldh o fn!oaO
fldh o /|s lymdg ;%S,rfhka Tjqyq W;=rg h;s' hqoaOfha rEmjdySks
oYkj, lshjqKq bka fmr lsisodl fkdweiQ ia:dkj, k isys
lrka Tjqyq tajd n,kakg h;s' ta .ufka wkqrdOmqr mQcKSh k.rh
ixfla;d;aulj fmkajkq ,ef' isxy, {dkh ;=< we;s ;sfnk kj
foaYfm%a m%fndaOfha mekke.au yd rejkaje,sfha Ydka; iqkaor;ajfha
ksfjkiqnj iumd; lrkq ,ef' th o iskud;aul W;am%dihls'
ta .ufka fld<U isg W;=f hqo ch.%yK kerug hk kvhl
isk ciska;d k ;reKsh ^iqf,dapkd l%uisxy& fj; jdyhla .ek
is;ka isk ;S%, hre u,isf.a is; hhs' Tyqf.a is; weh fj;
wefok wjia:dj weka;kS kafy,df.a zbka.a,sIa fmaIkaZ ;%mfha
w,audisf.a is; le;ka la,s*agka fj; we hk .sks ue, wjia:dj isys
lrk iskud;au; njla .;a;ls' .sks ue,h iy wdor-wdidj tlsfkl
fmdaIKh lrhs' f .uk u,is ;=< we;s lrk wfmalaIdj idudkH
mqrjeishd ;=< 2009 we;s l< wfmalaIdj jeksh'
pf,a fjrf<a isjk wynhla ksid iduld fjr<l ksoyfia
.ejiSu hkq l< fkdyels fohla njg m;a f' fjrf<a .ila hg je<
msiaf;da,hla u,isg yuqf' th ;=rka ;sfokd w;r fnula we;s
lrhs' tfy;a Tjqka j;a jkafka h<s ljodj;a msiaf;da,hla wkjYH
jk idufha fyda m%cd;ka;%jdofha f,dalhl fkdjk ksid Tjqkaf.
ka fofofkla msiaf;da,h ms<sn| Wmfhda.S;djdj l,amkd lr;s' ta
ksid nyq;rfha u;h chf.k Tjqyq th fld<U f.k t;s' th fojrla
i{dklj m;a;= lrkakg is jk w;r tla jrla jerulska m;a;= f'
ta ;=ka jeks jr h hkafka msiaf;da,hg reoaO jQ mshdf.a hKshhs'
wdhqOj,g reoaO jqj o iskudmgfha uq,skau mqialld ;snQ cd;sl
fld Tiajkafka f mshdh' ta ksid mYapd;a hqoaO rKldufha
oDIajdohg wysxilj iyNd.S jQ ksid f isjk ysxikfhka we;a;gu
msgia;rfhl= o hk m%Yakh iskudlrejd iska wikq ,ef'
tfy;a fork iska ksfhdackh flfrk udOH f,dalh f fj
jef l;dj;a ia;r lrkafka isxy, fld iy foaYfdayS w,xldl
Tiafiah' f udOHhg i;Hh ksjej yiq ke;s nj wmg olakg
,ef' forKu fhdodf.k forKg iskdiSu jeks W;am%dihla wmg
fmfka' ;=rka ;sfokd ysf f.dia ksoyia toa mfilska fld<U
k.rfha f.dvke.s,s wyi t,af,a k.sk w;r ysxikh o wyi Wig
k.S' 2009 uehs ,xldf ysxikh wjika ke;' f jQl,s 2009 miq
isxy, iskudj wmg fkdlshQ l;djls' ta ksid th w.h l< hq;= iskud
lD;shls'

2014 fkdjen 09 jeks od bod

fy

udhdjla fyda Y%S N+;shla m;k


ta ii< jk lmkh jk kEu
rglg Tk idOdrK w;alSula
jia;= fldg .;a;ls

ka chfiak wm
w;ka fjka 2014
fkdjen 11 fjksodg jir myla
imsf' ta ks;af;ka ;efnk
igykls f'

fykaf.a mj;k w;r by<u


ckm%sh;ajhla kd.;a kdgHhla
jQfha nfgda,a fn%Iaf.a fpdala
il,ah' zyqKqjgfha l;djZ kka
fldjg f.k wd f kdgH
mj;khlg;a jvd wkqj;khla
h' f kdgH isxy, fm%laIlhka
w;rg lejeoaug fyka iu;ah'
Yd,
k
ks<s
ixLHdjla
fldj u; yiqrejka wfkl=;a
ldhhkao" wx.hkao ukd f,i
yiqrejd .kska ksudKh lr we;s
yqKqjgfhaa l;dj w;sYh id:l
kdgH ksudKhls' 1968 fyka
ksIamdokh l< wmg mqf;a u.la
kef;a kdgHfha m%ia;=;h jkafka
jfkdamdh i|yd l=,shg .,a
lvk ujla ish mq;= YajoHd,hg
hjd mj;sk l%uh hgf;a Wiia
wOHdmkfhka ;h kd ug
ork jEhuhs' olaI;dj fya;=fjka
YajoHd,hg we;=<;aug orejd
jr ,enqjo bka Tng hdug
orejd i;= bf.kSf olaI;dj
muKla m%udKj;a fkdjk nj
tu kdgH ;=< idlPdjg Ndckh
lrhs' YajoHd, ;h ;=<
w;rux jk orejd wjidkfha f.<
je<,d .kakd ;;a;ajhlg m;af
fojdplh fuu.ska fm%alaIlhd
bfha m%;s ksudKhs' whsrdx.kS
fiarisxy isxy, fldjg f.k
wd kdgH jQfhao thhs'

foaYSh kdgH l,df woH;k .uka


uf.ys iajfoaYSh kdgH im%odh
j;auka ;;a;ajhg m%jOkh lsug
uq,ajQ iq.;md, o is,ajdf.a Y%
kdgH im%odh ckm%sh;ajhg m;a
lf<a fyka chfiakh'
kdgHlrefjla jYfhka fyka
u;=jkafka 1959 Tyqf.a zmjqldrfhdaZ
l,d uKav,fha kdgH rpkd
;r.fhka m%:u ia:dkh yslr.
ekSu;a iusKs' uq,a hq.fha cdklS
^1951&" ukud,fhda ^1953& hk kdgH
yer Tialdjhs,a" weiafgdmdksia
jeks
foia
kdgHlrejkaf.a
kdgH isxy, fldjg f.k wd
kdgHlrejd jQfha fykah' Tyqf.a
mjqldrfhda kdgH tf;la meje;s
m%yikd;aul kdgH fonia l,dj
fjkia u.lg fhduql< kdgHhla
h' kdgH ksIamdok fndfyduhl
iq,nj olakg ,efnk ydiH rih
fjkqjg tys u;=msg ydiHhg hka
fjk .eUqre wre;lao h'
irpkahkaf.a ukf ysu;a
iu
h
ld,hla
.;jk
f;la kdgH lafIa;%h tl;ek
m,afjk
;;a;ajhla
olakg
,eK' ukd jegySulska f;drj
wkaOdkqlrKfhka
ffY,.;
kdgH im%odh u; ckl;d"
cd;l l;d fyda f:;sydisl l;d
weiqre lr.kska kdgH ysjQfha
.;dkq.;sl
f,isks'
tksid
j;udkfha
mj;sk
ixlSK
udkqIsl m%YaK yd .eg ffY,.;
im%odh ;=< bm;a l< yelso
hk m%YaKh u;=h' ta ms<sn| O
pdr isfjka mj;sk fgl
1961 jif fyka zcfka,hZ kdgH
ksIamdokh lrka Bg ms<s;=rla

fykaf.a mj;k
w;r by<u
ckm%sh;ajhla kd.;a
kdgHhla jQfha
nfgda,a fn%iaf.a
fjdala il,ah'
zyqKqjgfha l;djZ
kka fldjg
f.k wd f kdgH
mj:khlg;a
jvd wkqj:khla
h' f kdgH isxy,
fm%laIlhka w;rg
lejeoaug fyka
iu;ah'
iemhqfh'
cfka,h kdgH bm;a flrefKa
.dhkh jdokh ix.S;h kegq
wd ffY,s.; wx.o we;=<;a

05 msgqfjka''
ug k f;dr;=re k.ekSu
.ek f,dl= .egjlg ljodj;a
uQK fokak fj,d kE'
fudlo uu hula .ek f;dr;=rla
k.kak hkafka Bg l,ska yhgu
wod< mqoa.,hka ykf.k Tjqka
iu rl:kfhka l;d lr,d
wdrlaIs; l%ufohla yodf.khs'
ta ksid yeu fj,djlu jf.a ug
wjYH f;dr;=re lrorhla ke;=j
uu ,ndf.k ;shkjd'
ish
w;alS
ia;r
l<
.fIKd;aul
udOHffhla
tfia mejiqfh' iudcfha h
lsis ks, n,hla we;s msia h
f;dr;=rla ,nd.ekSug wjYH
jQ g ta i|yd ish ks,n,h
fhdod.kakd njo tneka Tjqkag
o nrm;, .egjlska f;drj
f;dr;=re ,nd.ekSug yelsj we;s
njo tjeks msia mejiQy' ta lsis;a
ks, iy ms<s.;a l%ufo u; isjk
foa fkdK' jerg;a ta ish
fokdu mdfya ms<s.;a ldrKh
jQfha ish ks, n,h fkd k
tu f;dr;=re ,nd.ekSu Ialr
lghq;a;la jkq we;s njh'
f;dr;=re k.ekSu inkaofhka
h woyila iudcfha fndfyda
fofkl=g we;' tfy;a ta ms<sn|
m%udKj;a
kqj;aNdjhla

fldg iajdNdl kdgH ,laIKo


iys;j fmr wmr. iqixfhda.
hla f,isks' cfka,h fya;=fldg
isxy, kdgH l,df iSud udhs
mq,a jQfhah' tys tk p; y;ru
wyig keSug fjr orkafkdah'
Tjqyq ish wruqK ch.ekSug O
uxfm;a f;dard.;ay' tf,i wyig
ksk Tjqkag fmdf<df isk
ksiqkaf.a mr;rh fmfkhs' tfy;a
fmdf<df isk ksiqkaf.a laL
fodaukiai foi wyig kes f
ksiqka n,kafka oafYfhks'
j;udkh iy w;S;h .eg.ik
kdgH ksudKhla f,i fyka
zl=fKsZ fldjg f.k tkafka
1962 jifh' th ffY,s.;
im%odfhka neyerj flreKq
ksudKhla h' l=fKs kdgH
u.ska mila lrkafka tod fukau
wo;a
.eyeKshlg
w;aug
isjk i;Hhh' tys l=fKsh
iu;hg tfrys jQ .eyeKshl
fia olajhs' ish j.hd w;skau
.,auq,a m%ydrhkag ,laj Tjqkaf.
ka iudj whk uq,au mldh

l=fKsh f' ish orejka /f.k


uyjkhg jka .eyeKsh l=fKsh
muKla fkdf hehs fykaf.a
l=fKsh lshhs' 1963 jif meje;s
kdgH Wf<f,a YsIag kdgH f,i
l=fKs iudkhg md;%h'
;j;a WoEikla ^1964&" ukrxck
jevjcK
^1965&
fykaf.a
iaj;ka;% ksudK folls' Y%
im%odfhka
bm;a
flreK
ukrxck jevjcK kj u.la .;a
mfhaIKd;aul kdgH ksudKhla
h'
fiajl
jevjcKhla
f;audfldg .; th wjidkfha
l;djla fkdue;' jevjcKhla
jeks fmd iduQysl w;alSula m%:u
jrg fldj iamY lsula tys
olakg h'
1966 fyka chfiak zwyia ud<s.
dZ kka l< mj;k kdgH .ek
fyka l< ioykla fufiah'
fuh kEu rgl kEu
ia:dkhl w;ru. ksIamdokh l<
yels kdgHhls' wirK jQ fukau
udkisl mSvdjg m;ajQ lsish

f wdldrfhka fyka ish


ksIamdok fndfyduhl iudchla
jYfhka wm uqyqKmd isk
fockl
;;a;ajhka
ms<sn|
jrK bm;a lsfuys olaI h'
1972 fld.; l< zh uj
iy wef.a orefjdaZ kdgHo isxy,
fldjg tjeks w;alSula tla
l< kdgHhls' hqoaOfha ysiqKqlu
iy lDDr;ajh ueo ixpdrl
lr;a;hl fj<odf fhfok
ldka;djlf.a p;hla jgd th
f.dvkd ;snqfKa rg hqoaOhla
.ek fkdis;+ wjhlh' tla
wf;lska hqoaOfha mSvkh;a wfkla
w;ska hqoaOh ;=<u isjk ,dN
wfmalaIs; fj<odu;a W;am%difhka
hq;=j bm;a l< tu kdgHfhka
Tyq i;=j ;snQ foaYmd,k b lau
o m%lg h'
kdgH ksIamdokfha fukau
rx.kfhao fyka fjfiia oial
m%oYkh
lf<ah'
yqKqjgfha
l;dj kdgHfha wiavla f.a p;h
fykaf.a rx. m%;sNdj fudkjdg
m%oYkh l< kdgHhla h' tfy;a
Tyq je jYfhka ksr; jQfha kdgH
ksudKh lsf lghq;af;ysh'
isxy, fld kdgHfha iSud
udhs mq,a l< kdgHlrejka
lsysmfokdf.a k w;r fyka
chfiakf.a ku;a we;=<;a f'

rgl wkd.;h ndrfokak


f wh iqiq kE
w
ms msgia;r f,dalfhka
fldkafj,d
ysgmq
ksid;a" wms wms iskau yod.;a
foaYmd,k jd;djrKhla hgf;a
w;ruxfj,d ysgmq ksid;a uu ta
;%mh zzid.rhla ueoZZ lshd k
l<d' ta ;%mh fl<jr jqKdg
tys foaYmd,kfha l;dj tf,i
fl<jr lrkak neye' tod isoaO
jqK foa wo;a isoaO fjkak mqjka'
fyg;a isoaO fjkak mqjka'
tal isoaO fjkak fkd j. n,d
.ekSu uyckhdf.a hq;=lula' tal
uyckhdg whs;s ldhhla'
wo;a
bkak
mqjka
foaYmd,k{fhla ta ;;a;ajhg
tkak o.,k' tod uf.a id.rhla
ueo ;%mfha ysh wdldrfha
oro~q" kS;sh lk" kS;s{hdg
Wmfoia fok" kvqldrhkag Wmfoia
fok fya mqoa.,fhla wo;a
bkak mqjka' tjeks mqoa.,fhla
we;sug bv fkdh hq;=hs lshk
j.lSu uyckhdg u;la lrkakhs
Th ;%mh uu yef'
wmsg tod kak isoaO fjp la
.eyeg" wms ke;slr.;a; ksoyi"
wmsg wdfh;a kak isoaOfjkak
bv ;shkjd' uyck ;j, fyda
rgl wkd.;fha j.lSu ndrfokak
tjeks mqoa.,fhda fldfy;au iqiq
kE' md,sfka;=j jeks ;eklg
hjkak;a tjeks mqoa.,fhda iqiq
kE'
ljqre y flfkla lshkjd
k wms m%cd;ka;%jdhs lsh,d"
tfyuk wms m%cd;ka;%jdoh;a
tlal inkaO" m%cd;ka;%jdoh tlal
.eg.eysp" nep wx. fldgila
wms
n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjkjd'
fudkjo
ta
n,dfmdfrd;a;=
fjkafka' fpkh lsf ksoyi'
wd.ula weoySf ksoyi' m%isoafha
l;d lsf ksoyi' wvq.dfka
nv.skshs lsh,d lE .ykakj;a
ksoyila ;sfhkak fka'
wmsg u;lhs /ia meje;af
;ykula ;snqKd' fpk lsf
;ykula ;snqKd' wjqre yhla tl
.gu yis kS;sh hgf;a rgla
md,kh lrkak mgka.;a;du
uQ,slj we;sfjkafka NS;shla'
fpkh lrkak nE" lE.ykak
nE" wvkak nE" /ia ;shkak nE
lsh,d lsjg miafia" flrefjd;a
f ovqj ,efnkjd lsjdg
miafia fudlo fjkafka@
ug u;lhs tl kS;shla ;snqKd

.dKS f*dkafiald
rch fpkh flrefjd;a wjqre
oyhl isr ovqjul=;a ;ukaf.a
foafmd, rdc ika;l lsul=;a
lrk' tjeks nh ksiaiqkaf.a
is;aj,g jeoajg miafia uQ,slj
we;sfjkafka ;ukaf.a whs;sjdisl
.ek
l;d
lrkak
nhla'
ch.%dylhkag mqjka jqKd mrdch
fjp mqoa.,hkaf.a f.j,aj,g
mek,d ta ksiaiqkag jo ysxid
lr,d fj ;sh,d fndan mqmqrj,d
ksiaiq urkak' ug u;lhs uyr.u
fmda tfla fiajlfhla nfha jevg
kE;a bo,d iqudfklg miafia
jevg wdj fj,df hlv mgulska
Tjg .eyqjd' uereKd' wo fjkl
ta .ek lsisu fiula isjqfKa kE'
ta jf.a yq.dla ;ekaj, isjqKd' ud
mjd y;rfjks ;gqjg wrf.k
.shd' Tn okakjd we;s y;rfjks
;gqjg hk ksiaiq yq.fofkla
ta ldf,a tkafka cfka,fhka'
;rmamqfjka wdmyq neye,d wdj iq
mqoa.,fhda msfika tla flfkla
fjkak fka uu' ta rcfha f,dl=
flfkl=f.a ;hg ;cKh
flrejd lsh,d uu fkdlrmq
foalg meh y;r yudrla fkdfhla
fkdfhla fudav m%YaK f.dvla
uf.ka weyqjd'
ta ke;sfjp ksoyi uyckhd
ke;slr.;af;a
fldfyduo@
Pkaohla f uyckhdf.a j.lSu
fudllao@ wfma wkd.;h ;ld wms
fldhs wdldrhgo f Pkaoh md
l< hq;af;a lshk tl uyckhdg
u;la lr ula jYfhka uyckhd
fjkqfjka lrk hq;=lula jYfhka
ta ;%mh ;kkak isoaO jqKd'
^ FB fhda ls,smhlsks&

Y%S,d,a fifkr;ak

lmqjd lfmda;s

15 od fnd/,a, mqx ;shgys

v'fla'ta'v' m%kdka

ksfudakshdjg mekfvda,a'''''''''''
fkdue;' f;dr;=re k.ekSf
whs;shg kS;suhNdjhla ysh
hq;= nj fndfyda fofkla ms<s.
kS' tfy;a ta kS;suh Ndjh u.ska
;yjqre h hq;= lreKq ldrKd
fudkjdhs uik g udOHfka
iy foaYmd,lhka iS; msila
yer fiiq ish fokdu mdfya
f.d fj;s' tjeks kS;suh
Ndjhla mej;Sfuka m%fhdack
w;ajkafka ldyghs hk m%Yakhg
iEu flfkl=f.kau ,efnk
ms<s;=r jkafka wms yefudagu
ksiaiqkag wd jYfhka jk
wsksYa; tlls' foaYmd,kslj
kqj;a iudcfha iq fldgila
iska iudc.; lrka ;sfnk
f;dr;=re k.ekSf whs;sh
ms,sn| jk lldj uyck
ixjdohg ,la fkdjkafka;a ta
whs;sh fkd isug md,lhkag
yels we;af;a;a ta miqu u;h'
f;dr;=re k.ekSf whs;sh
ms<sn| furg kqj;a is,a
iudcfha
uey;afuka
h
l;sldjla werfUkafka b;du;a
uE;lh' Bg m%uqL fya;=jla jkafka
wi,ajeis bkahdjo we;=<;aj
f,dalfha rgj,a Yd, ixLHdjl
tu whs;sh kS;shla jYfhka
l%shd;aulNdjhg m;aj ;suh'

tys m%;sM,hla f,i ck;dj


m%cd;ka;%jd
foaYmd,khg
l%shdYS,Sj odhlfjk ;;a;ajhla
tu rgj, l.; yelsuh'
.=Kfhka ySk m%cd;ka;%jdohla
l%shd;aul jk wm rggo fuh
w;HjYH nj tu msfia woyi
h'
udOH ksoyi iy m%ldYkfha
ksoyig n,mdk kS;s ixfYdaOh
i|yd f;dr;=re k.ekSf ksoyi
ms<sn| mk;l wjYH;dj uq,ajrg
ks, m%ldYkhlg we;=<;a jQfha
1995 m;alrk ,o wd'fla'v'
.=Kfialr lgq jd;dj u.sks'
tjlg flgqm;a lrka ;snQ kj
wdKavql%u jHjia:d flgqm;g
f;dr;=re iy woyia b,a,Sf
,nd.ekSf yd n,h fnodyef
ksoyi ms<sn| lreKq we;=<;a
l< hq;= njgo tu.ska ksfoaY
lr ;snqKs' ta u; mokj
kS;s fldiu iska f;dr;=re
k.ekSf whs;sh ms<sn| mk;la
flgqm;a l< uq;a th bka bhg
.uka lf<a ke;'
miqj l;D ixioh ksoyia udOH
jHdmdrh yd l,am m%;sm;a;s
flakah tlaj 2004 jif mk;a
flgqm;la imdokh lf<ah'
tjl meje;s tlai;a cd;sl mlaI

wdKavqf lek uKav,fhkao


th wkqu; jqjo ta wdikakfha
md,sfka;=j iqrejd yefhka ta
W;aidyho jHd: h'
h<s f;dr;=re k.ekSf whs;sh
ms,sn| jk foaYmd,k ixjdoh
we;sjkafka 2010 jif lre chiQh
uka;%Sjrhd ta ms<sn| fhdackdjla
fm!oa.,sl uka;%S fhdackdjla f,i
md,sfka;=jg f.k taug ork
W;aidyh;a iu.sks' ta wjia:df
wdKavq mlaIh m%ldY lf,a wdKavq
mlaIh ta i|yd mk;la f.k tk
neka f fhdackdj m,la fkdjk
njh' tfy;a wdKavq mlaIh tjeks
W;aidyhl ksr; fkdjQ miqul
kej;;a lre chiQh uka;%Sjrhd
f fhdackdj md,sfka;=jg
bm;a lf<ah' tg wdKavq mlaIh
ish nyq;r n,h fhdod.kska th
mrdch lf<ah'
kshqfudakshdjg;a
mekfvda,a
fuka iEySulg m;ajk iudchl
kshqfudakshdjg T!Ih m%;Sldr
.ek jk ixjdohla f.dvkefkq
we;af;a wvq;rka mekfvda,aj;a
wmyiqfjka f;drj ,nd.ekSug
yelsjk miqula mj;skafka k
muKls' wfma iudch ka mj;skafka
fmkfvda,aj;a
fkd,efnk
;;a;ajhlh'

fY%AIaG reishdkq f,aLl ksfld,hs f.df.d,af.a w;sYhskau


ydfiH;amdol ksudKhla jk zo uefZ weiqka uydpdh tr
irpkahka iy ta'mS' .=Kr;ahka iska wkqj;kh lrk ,j
,,s;d irpka ksudKh l< zlmqjd lfmda;sZ kdgHh fkdjen
ui 15 jk fikiqrdod miajre 3'30 g iy 6'45 g jdhq iukh l<
fnd/,a, kdfu,a ud,skS mqx ;shgys fld.; ug ksh;h'
ch kkaois" mdks is,ajd" ir;a l=,dx." jika; g"
wdhr;ak lwdr" ,,s;a rdcmlaI" l=uq m%Ydka;s" l=ud ueKsfla
rx.kfhka odhl jk fuys wx. rpkh jika; gf.ks' ,,s;d
irpkaf.a fjia ksudKfhka iy Wmd,s risxyf.a fld
wdf,dallrKfhka Tmj;a jQ zlmqjd lfmda;sZ kdgHfha ixOdhl
f,i cQ YS%ud,a lghq;= lrhs'

fohsfhd;a okafk kE

16 od fnd/,a, mqx ;shgys


ch kkaois rk w;sYhskau fkdaod;aul ksudKhla jk
zfohsfhd;a okafk kEZ kdgHfha fYaI oYk folla fkdjen
ui 16 jk bod miajre 3'30 g iy 6'45 g fnd/,a, jdhq iukh l<
kdfu,a ud,kS mqx ;shgys fld.; ug ksh;h'
ch kkaois" l=udr ;sudr" ysr is;s,l" ir;a l=,dx." ;=Id
.=Kr;ak" ;drl Wfmaka fuys p; ksrEmKh lr;s'

2014 fkdjen 09 jeks od bod

Nhdkl iy jer ;SrKhla


wdpdh chka; Okmd,
f ;SrKh .ek weisfuka ud
;=< we;s jQfha n,j;a lmkhla
yd ms<sl=<la' ud tys idudlfl=j
fkdish;a ;reK wjfha isgu
iuiudc mlaIfha m%;sm;a;s .ek
uf.a ;snqfKa Yd, meyeula' ta
jf.au weka we fld,aka jeks
kdhlhka ms<sn|j ud ;=, mej;sfha
f.!rjhla' Odhl ckdm;s
l%uhg uq, isgu iuiudc mlaIh
b;d ;ka reoaO jqKd' 2010
tu mlaIh 18 jk jHjia:d
ixfYdaOkhg mlaIj Pkaoh fuka

lf<a n,j;a jrola' tfia jqj;a miq


.sh wjfha tu mlaIh iudcjd
fmruqfKa wfkla mlaI;a iu. f
rcfha ks, ld,h ;=<u Odhl
ckdm;s l%uh fjkia l, hq;=hhs
b;d ksjer ;SrKhla .;a;d'
tu ;SrKh fjkqfjka igka l<d'
ta;a ka j;auka ckdm;sjrhd
;=ka jk jrg;a ckdm;s Oqrhg
;r. l<fyd;a Tyqg iyfhda.h
ug ;SrKh lsu Nhdkl jer
;SrKhla'

;ldkql+, ;SrKhla fkdf


wdpdh l%undyq lreKdr;ak
mlaI
kdhl;ajh
wrf.k
;sfhkafka wnqOld ;Skajla'
kdhl;ajh g l,saka bm;a l<
,she,a,l lsh,d ;shkjd f
rch ;=<u ie meisia ;d,fha
n,f.hla
f.dvkefka
;sfnk nj' taflka rgg Nhdkl
;;a;ajhla we;slr,d ;shkjd
lshk nj' jdudxYslhka yehg ta
.ek fYaIfhka ie<ls,su;a h
hq;=hs lsh,;a lshd ;sfnkjd' tfyu
lshka tjeks ;;a;ajhla lrd
rg f.khka isk f wdKavqj
fjkqfjka
ckdm;sjrhdg
Pkaoh fokak ;SrKh lsf
lsisu ;ldKql+, njla kE' ta
ksid iuiudc mlaIfha isk
;ldkql+,j lghq;= lrk b
laula ;shk nqoau;a msi talg
reoaO fj,d ;shkjd' th ;uhs
;ldkql+, ;Skaj' kuq;a iuyr
whg f wk;=r fmfkkafka kE'

uyskao rdcmlaIf.a p; ,laIK;a


tlal .,mf.k talg jYS fjp
msi ys;kjd fl iq ldf,lska
io.kak yelsfjhs lsh,d' ,iaik
uqyqKla ;snqKd lsh,d iudc m%YaK
iokak nE' uyskao rdcmlaI f.k
.sh wd.jd cd;sjd uey;a
;=<ska rf *eisia ;d,fha n,hla
f.dvkes,d oreKq wdldrfhka
ixOdk.;j
ia:dms;
fj,d
;shkjd' ks, fkdjk yuqod yodf.k
;shkjd' ta moku Wvhs uyskaof.a
foaYmd,kh ;Skafjkafka' iudc
mokka hqla;j kdhlhl=g
f.dvkefkak neye' wo jk
g uyskao *eisia n,f.j,
.%yKhg ,lajqK mqoa.,fhla'
tfyu mqoa.,hl=f.a foaYmd,k
n,h ;jrg;a f.dvkkak
iuiudc mlaIh .;a; ;SrKh
jer ;SrKhla njhs uu Yajdi
lrkafka'

,xld iu iudc mlaIh b ckdm;sjrKfha uyskao


rdcmlaI ckdm;sjrhdg iydh laug ;SrKh lsu
miq.sh ui wjika i;sfha foaYmd,k lafIa;%fha;a
ckudOHfha;a m%uqL wjOdkhg ,lajQ isoahls' iEu
ckudOHhlu mdfya fYaI jeo.;a lulska jd;d l<
tu isu;a bka miq iu iudc mlaIfha l,am lKavdhu
u.ska mj;ajk ,o udOH yuqj;a ms<sn| tlu jpkhla fyda
we;a; mqj;amf;a jd;d fkdu ms<sn| we;a; mdGlfhda
l;D uKav,h wu;ka m%Yak lrkakg h' ta w;ka
we;e mdGlfhda tu ;;a;ajh ms<sn| fpk o
wm fj; t,a, l<y' j;auka foaYmd,k fm<.eiS ;=<
fYaI wjOdkhg ,lah hq;= isula tf,i fkdi<ld
yef we;a; l%shd ms,sfjf;a we;s iodpdrh o we;efula
m%Yak l<y'
b ckdm;sjrKfha uyskao rdcmlaI ckdm;sjrhdg
iydhug iu iudc mlaI uOHu ldrl iNdf nyq;rhla
.;a ;SrKh ms<sn| we;a; mdGlhka lsysm fofkl= wm
fj; lajQ woyia fufiah' bvlv ms<sn| mj;sk iSudl
fya;=fjka wm yd l;d l< ish fokdf.a woyia m<
lsug fkdyels u ms<sn| wms lK.dgq fjuq'

wdpdh chka; Okmd,

wdpdh l%undyq lreKdr;ak

Wfoaks idkdhl

flfhka lshkjd k f wrx


;shk ;SrKh mlaIh l=K.k
lk ck;d fdaySka lKavdhul
;SrKhla' wfkla m;a;r jf.a
fkfjhs
we;a;
m;a;fgj;a
fldkaola ;shkjd k uu f
lshmq foaj,a lshmq ygu odkak'

ju fkfjhs jufka
iqks,a chfialr
leojqlre ksoyia udOH jHdmdrh
f wd Odhl ckdm;s
l%uh ykajd fok wjia:df
wkd.;fha bka rgg we;sh
yels m%;smdl ;dlslj fmkajd
kafka iu iudc mlaIfha tod
ysh kdhlhd wdpdh weka'
we' fmfrd uy;a;hd' t;=ud
fjpkd;aul
Yaf,aIKhla
lshk fmd; ,shk ldf,a Th wo
bkak kdhlfhda j;a ta jf.a fohla
olskak ke;sj we;s' weka'we' f.
fmkajdu;a tlal ;uhs rf
nqoau;=ka foaYmd,k Yaf,aIlhka
ka;lhka w;f mjd f Odhl
ckdm;s l%uh ms<sn| wjOdkhla
fhduqjqfKa' wjdikdj lshkafka
wo ta mlaIfhau kdhl;ajh" mlaI
m%;sm;a;s ;SrKh lrk uOHu
ldrl iNdj tod weka'we' fmkajd

ka ucr Odhlfha l=Kq idrh


Wrka tys o,k mKqjka njg
m;afj,d ;shkjd' fjk kEu
foaYmd,k mlaIhlg fujeks
;;a;ajhla lsish fyda rlg
idodrKSlrKh l< yels jqj;a
tfyu ke;ak f ;;a;ajhg
tl fjkak mqjkalu ;snqK;a
ta yelshdj ke;a;gu ke;s mlaIh
,xld iu iudc mlaIhhs' fudlo
tod tys kdhlhd l< .%yh ;uhs
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;sh mlaIh fujeks ;SrKhla
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ka ;=kafjks j;djlg;a ckdm;s
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mq ck;djgj;a yelshdjla kE
kej;;a Tyqg iydh olajkak'

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mlaIh
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b;sydi.; N+ldj wu;l fldg
hlsis fm!oa.,sl wjYH;djla
fjkqfjka lghq;= lrk njhs
fflka fmakafka' ta b;sydih
yqfolau b;sydihla muKla
njg m;alsu wfma lK.dgqjg

f l%uh fjkia l< hq;=hhs rchg


udi lSmhl isgu fhdackd lrkjd'
ta ksid j;udk ckdm;sjrhd
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ud k thg reoaOhs' ud muKla
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reoaOhs'

mlaIfha n,h;a folv


lr.ekSula
nqoal m;srK
tlai;a cd;sl mlaIfha md,sfka;= uka;%S

pkamd, l=udrf.a

iqks,a chfialr

iuka r;akm%sh

kS;s{ pkamd, l=udrf.a


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tfyu
fkdl,dk
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talhs' mlaIh l=K.k lk f
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O lafIa;%j, mq,a cku;hla


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tlla' ta jf.au jf f:;sydisl
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b;sydi.; N+ldj
wu;l lsula

fuh Odhl ckdm;s l%uh


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ula' f taldm;s Odhl
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ta jdf.au iuiudc mlaIh we;=
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mlaIh l=Kd f.k lEula


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mlaIj Pkaoh kakd' Th mlaIfha
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;snqKd wms 18g mlaIj Pkaoh

iu iudc mlaIh
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ldrl iNdfj ta fjkqfjka fmkS
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s u YdLdf f,al

rdcH l<uKdlr iyldr ix.ufha m%Odk f,al

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foaYmd,k laula ;shk kdhlfhda
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jf.a kdhlfhda' ta kdhlhkag;a
wmydi fjk yg wrf.k ;shk
f ;SrKh uu fy<d olskjd'

Y%S ,xldf fldhqksia mlaIfha uOHu ldrl iNsl

tuka l%uisxy

Wfoaks idkdhl
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uq,alrf.k
;uhs
iuiudc
mlaIfha Th ;Skaj m%ldYhg
m;afj,d ;sfhkafka' Odhl
ckdm;s Oqrh wfydais l< hq;=hs
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m;ajqKdu bfha rg wrdlug
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rdcd Wiajegflhshdj

m%;sm;a;s mdjdula

nyq;rh lshk foa meye,shs


iu iudc mlaIfha f ;SrKh
b;du jer ;SrKhla' ta jer
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wo
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leu;s kE' jdudxYslfhda jqK;a

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mlaIfha n,h;a folv lr.ekSula'
wehs
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ta fjkaug fya;=jqK moku;a
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jdudxYsl
tlai;a
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tfyu we,a,d jf b;sydifha

isl< foaYmd,k m%;sixialrK


yd iudk m%;sixialrK i|yd
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n,h;a
folv
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iu iudch Tfjka isgqula


mqnq chf.dv

fcdaYma iagd,ska

nqoal m;srK

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,xld .=re ix.ufha f,al

wdpdh pka.=ma; f;akqjr

rdcd Wiafjgflhshdj

yekqm; ke;slr .ekSula


iuka r;akm%sh
fyo ix.uh
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uqyqKqjrla
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jHmdrhla yghs wms jf
jHmdrh olskafka' kuq;a wo f
jf jHdmdrh .kak ;Ska ;SrK
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tal ;jrg;a ;yjqre fjkjd'
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wh jf jHdmdrh lshk tl
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lf.k' rf ksiaiqkag f,dalfha
ksiaiqkag
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.ek
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;shk .uka f wh fm!oa.,sl

jdis ;ld Okjdofha myi ,nkak


lghq;= lrkjd' tal mriamrhs' tfia
lrkjd k tlaflda th m%isoafha
m%ldY l< hq;=hs' kuq;a tfyu
fkdfjhs fjkafka' kg ;shk
;;a;ajh b;du fydog Okjdofha
myi ,nk .uka jdudxYsl
iajrEmhla fmkajk tlhs'
jf jHdmdrfha msySu ;uhs
iu iudc mlaIh;a f m%oYKh
lr,d ;sfhkafka' ixLHdfjka
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laula u; ;Ska ;SrK .ekSu iy
ta m%;sm;a;s fjkqfjka tl f,i
fmkS isuhs' ka tal;a ke;s nj
;uhs f lshkafka'

18
jk
ixfYdaOkh
md,sfka;=jg f.kdj fj,df
iu iudc mlaIh talg mlaIj
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fmkakqf iudcjdoh fkfjhs
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fjkqfjkaj;a ta mlaIh fmkS
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ckdm;sjrKh inkaOfhka f
jk g we;sfj,d ;sfhk lldj
mqoa.,hd ms<sn| tlla fkdfjhs'
ta Oqrfha n,h ms<sn| tlla' ta

n,h uqukskau md,sfka;=jg


f.akak fka lshk woyihs
wo bhg we,a,d ;sfhkafka'
Odhl ckdm;s l%uh ykajd
fok
wjia:df
tys
we;s
Nhdkllu .ek f rgg uq<skau
meye,s lf<a iu iudc mlaIfha
tod ysh kdhlfhd' wo tys issk
kdhlfhda Odhl ckdm;s
Oqrh ;yjqre lsu fjkqfjka f
yg bm;au mlaIh Tfjka
ysgula'

jf iodpdrh .ek m%Yakhla


mqnq chf.dv
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ck n,hla f.dv ke=Kd' ta
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f,dl= j.lSula ;shkjd' wms
ys;kjd oYl .dklg miqj ka y
ta je/oao ksjer lsf Ydjlg
ta mlaIh whla y ;eh hq;=hs

lsh,d' tfyu ke;ak fjkafka


tl Okm;s kdhlfhl=g reoaOj
fjk;a Okm;s kdhlhl= n,hg
m;alrk foaYmd,khl ;uhs
jug bkak fjkafka' ljodj;au
jf mdrla yod.kak fjkafka
kE' uOHu ldrl iNdf nyq;r
wkque;shla ,nd.kska iu iudc
mlaIh wrf.k ;shk ;Skaj 1965
wdrN fjp mlaIfha msySu
;jrg;a iS>% lrk ;Skajla
yghs uu olskafka'
lsisu
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fyda
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mlaIj w; Tijkak tlu
iodpdrd;aul
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fyda
;shkjd lsh,d uu ys;kafka kE'

talhs f rf Pkaoodhlhdf.a
yeisu' fl we;=f<a ljqre kqj;a
ck;d kHdh m;%hla l%shd;aul
fjkafka kE' uyskao kqj;a rks,a
kqj;a fjkafka tlu fohhs'
iudc idodrKh we;s lsf mq,a
p,s;hla wo iudcfha kE' fmd
wfmalaIl l;dj ka b;du my<
ugulg je,d'

2014 fkdjen 09 jeks od bod

fha meje;aug ksh;


ckdm;sjrKfha
ck;d
kHdh m;%hla bhg .kafka
flfia o uefhka ixjdohla bl=;a
4 od iji urodk iudc iy
iduhsl flakafha meje;aK' th
ixOdkh lr ;snqfKa iudcjd
wOHk ljh u.sks' wdpdh ksud,a
rx;a foajis fufyhjQ ixjdoh
whr follska hqla; h' m<uq
whf wdpdh iqukis ,shkf.a"
wdpdh uhsl,a m%kdka iy
wdpdh l=uq l=iq iNdj weu;+y'
fojk whf mQcH w;=r,sfha
r;k ys" Woh .ukams," rdcd
Wiajegflhshdj" m%ikak ;dkf.a
iy fla'v' ckrxck iNdj
weu;=fh' j;auka foaYmd,k
fm<.eiau iy ta ;=< ish yels
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ckdm;sjrKfha ck;d kHdh
m;%hla bhg .ekSu wNsfhda.hla
njg m;aj we;s njh'

mlaIhg ue;sjrK ch.ekSf


yelshdj
.ek
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f

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yuqf

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fjkila isl< fkdyels hehso
Tyq wjOdrKh lf<ah' iudcfha

m%cd;ka;%jdoh fjkqfjka wr.,


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ck;d kHdh m;%hla


bhg .ekSf

wNsfhda.h

78 jHjia:dj hgf;a Odhl


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f,v wef|a isg ,shk ta fmd; .ek
uydpdh Tiauka l< uiSul
Tyq ;snqKq ms<s;=r flhs'
zfflka fjkafka foaYmd,k
we;a;hka yok tl ;rhs'
ys;kjo md,sfka;=jg fl;a
tlal yemafmkak mqjka lsh,d'
fjkafka ysi kudf.k bkak fjk
tl ;rhs' wkak ta h yels foa
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mSg flkuka .=K iurej

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ics;a - ;d;a;df.a mq;d


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