Sie sind auf Seite 1von 17

NO.

TOP OF
TITLE
IC WEE
KS
1 Introduction to Chemistry 1
2 Kinetic Particle Theory 2
3 Atomic Structure 2
4 Chemical Bonding 3
5 Chemical Formulae 1
Types of Common Chemical
6 5
Reactions
Stoichiometry and Mole
7 5
Concept
8 Experimental Chemistry 3
9 Acids, Bases and Neutralisation 5
10 Salts 3
11 Qualitative Analysis 4
12 Metals and Extraction 5
Total 39
No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s
TOPIC 1 Students should be able to: Activity 1.1 • http://www.chym
Introduction to Short briefing on chemistry ist.com/Measure
Chemistry (a) Understand chemistry and its related career ment.pdf
 Importance of importance. • http://ucdsb.on.c
Activity 1.2
chemistry a/tiss/stretton/C
(b) Name and recognise the symbols of Safety in the lab and hazard
HEM1/ametricx.h
the first 20 elements in the Periodic symbols
 Introduction of the tml
Table. 1
first 20 elements Activity 1.3 • http://www.physi
Chemistry in our life cs.nist.gov/Geni
nt/Time/time.ht
Activity 1.4 ml
Use mnemonics to familiarize
with names and symbols of
first row of the common
transition metals.
2
TOPIC 2 Students should be able to: Activity 2.1 • http://youth.net/
Kinetic Particle Theory Demonstration: Using kinetic nsrc/sci/sci023.h
(a) Describe the solid, liquid and
 States of matter particles theory model. tml#anchor1265
gaseous states of matter and
 A theory of matter 203
explain their interconversion in Activity 2.2
 Particulate models of • http://www.uky.e
terms of the kinetic particle theory Using role play to demonstrate
matter du/Projects/Che
and of the energy changes involved. the movement of particles in
 Changes in states mcomics/
(b) Describe and explain the evidence solid, liquid and gas.
• http://www.scien
for the movement of particles in Activity 2.3 ce.co.il/PTeleme
liquids and gases. Experiment: To determine nts.asp?
 Heating / cooling the melting point of s=Discovery
(c) Describe the heating / cooling
curves naphthalene using cooling • http://www.levity
curves of a substance.
curve. .com/alchemy/e
(d) Define elements, mixtures and gyption_symbols
 Elements, mixtures, Activity 2.4
CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 1
YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
and compounds Demonstration: To .html
compounds and give their
determine the purity of ethanol • http://www.levity
diagrammatic representation.
by determining its boiling .com/alchemy/va
point. l_symb,html
• http://www.levity
Activity 2.5
.com/alchemy/d
Diagrammatic representation
altin_s.html
of elements, mixtures, and
compounds.

No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 2


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
TOPIC 3 Students should be able to: Activity 3.1 • http://molaire1.c
Atomic Structure Demonstration: Using optic lub.fr/e_histoire.
 Introduction to (a) State the relative charges and chart viewer to show the html
Periodic Table approximate relative masses of a structure of an atoms (if • http://www.aip.o
 Protons, neutrons proton, a neutron, and an electron. available). rg/history/electr
and electrons (b) Describe with the aid of diagrams, on/jjhome.htm
 The structure of an the structure of an atom as • http://web.vision
atom. containing protons and neutrons learning.com/cus
(nucleons) in the nucleus and tom/chemistry/a
electrons arranged in shell (energy nimations/CHE1.
levels) (no knowledge of s, p, d, f 2-an-
classification will be expected). atoms.shtml
• http://www.chem
(c) Define proton number and nucleon 4kids.com/files/a
number. tom_isotopes.ht
2
(d) Interpret and use the symbols such ml
12 • http://www.chem
as 6
C .
4kids.com/files/a
(e) Deduce the number of protons, tom_structure.ht
neutrons, and electrons in atoms ml
and ions from protons and nucleon • http://www.chem
numbers. 4kids.com/files/e
 Isotopes lements/index.ht
(f) Define the term isotopes ml
 Ions (g) State that some isotopes are
radioactive.
(h) Describe the formation of ions by
electron loss/gain in order to obtain
the electronic configuration of an
inert gas.

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 3


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
TOPIC 4 Students should be able to: Activity 4.1 • http://web.jjay.c
Chemical Bonding Demonstration: To show the uny.edu/~acrpi/
(a) Describe the formation of ionic
 Ionic bonding ionic bonding by burning NSC/5-
bonds between metals and non-
magnesium in air (oxygen). bonds.htm
metals, e.g. NaCl ; MgCl 2 . • http://www.dac.n
3 Activity 4.2
(b) State that ionic materials contain a eu.edu/physics/b
Practice on drawing diagrams .maheswaran/ph
giants lattice in which the ions are
of ionic and covalent y1121/data/ch09
held by electrostatic attraction, e.g.
compounds. /anim/anim0904.
NaCl (students will not be required
to draw diagram of ionic lattice) htm

No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s
(c) Deduce the formula of the other • http://www.bbc.c
ionic compounds from diagrams of o.uk/schools/gcs
their lattice structures, limited to ebitsize/chemistr
binary compounds. y/classifyingmat
erials/ionic_bond
(d) Relate the physical properties
ingrev5.shtml
(including electrical property) of
• http://www.bbc.c
 Covalent bonding ionic compound to their lattice
o.uk/schools/gcs
structure.
ebitsize/chemistr
(e) Describe the formation of a
y/classifyingmat
covalent bond by the sharing of a
erials/covalent_b
pair of electrons in order to gain the
ondingrev3.shtm
electronic configuration of an inert
l
gas.
• http://ithacascie
ncezone.com/ch
(f) Describing, using ‘dot and cross’
emzone/lessons/
diagrams, the formation of covalent
03bonding/mlee
bonds between non-metallic
bonding/metallic
elements, e.g.
bonding.htm
H2 ;Cl 2 ; O2 ; HCl ; N2 ;
• http://www.acdla
H2O ;CH 4 ; C2H4 ;CO2 bs.com/products
CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 4
YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
(g) Deduce the arrangement of /chem_dsn_lab/c
electrons in other covalent hemsketch/
molecules. • http://www.suce
sslink.org/colear
(h) Relate the physical properties
n/cl_lesson.asp?
(including electrical properties) of
offset=-
covalent compounds to their
1&lid=4378
structure and bonding.
(i) Describe metals as a lattice of
positive ions in a ‘sea of electrons’.
 Metallic bonding (j) Describe metals as a lattice of Activity 4.3 • http://www.rdg.a
positive ions in a ‘sea of electrons’ Build crystal lattice of NaCl c.uk/~scsharip/t
and MgCl 2 ube.htm
(k) Relate the malleability of metals to
• http://www.pa.m
their structure and the electrical Activity 4.4 su.edu/cmp/csc/
conductivity of metals to the Show models of diamond and nanotube.html
mobility of the electrons in the graphite.
 Structure and structure.
properties of
materials (l) Compare the structure of molecular
substances, e.g. methane, iodine,
with those of giant molecular
substances, e.g. poly(ethene); sand;
diamond; graphite in order to
deduce their properties.
No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 5


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
(m) Compare the bonding and
structure of diamond and graphite
in order to deduce properties such
as electrical conductivity,
lubricating or cutting action
(students will not be required to
draw the structure).
(n) Deduce the physical and chemical
properties of substances from their
structures and bonding and vice
versa.
TOPIC 5 Students should be able to: Activity 5.1
Chemical Formulae To work out the formula of
(a) Deduce the formula of simple
 Formula of ionic and ionic compound using card
compound from the relative
covalent compounds games.
numbers of atoms present and vice 1
versa.
(b) Deduce the formula of simple ionic
compounds from the charges on the
ions present and vice versa.
5
TOPIC 6 Students should be able to: Activity 6.1
Types of Common (a) Describe the general rules of Practical: To show
Chemical Reactions solubility of common salts include neutralisation between dilute
 Introduction to nitrates, chlorides (including silver hydrochloric acid and dilute
Reactivity Series of and lead), sulphates (including sodium hydroxide (using
Metals. barium, calcium and lead), various indicators including
 Solubility of salt carbonates, hydroxides, Group I phenolphthalein).
 Neutralization cations and ammonium salts. Activity 6.2
 Metal + water Practical: To show relative
(b) Describe and give examples of
 Metal + acid different types of common chemical reactivity of metals with water.
 Acid + carbonate reactions. Activity 6.3
reaction
Practical: To show reaction
between metals and dilute
CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 6
YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
hydrochloric acid.
Activity 6.4
Practical: To show reaction of
carbonates with dilute
hydrochloric acid.

No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s

 Precipitation reaction Activity 6.5


Practical: To show
precipitation reactions.
 Displacement Activity 6.6
reaction Practical: To show
displacement reactions
between metals.
 Thermal
decomposition Activity 6.7
Practical: To show
displacement reaction
 Direct reaction (c) Interpret and construct chemical between halogens.
equation, with state symbols, Activity 6.8
including ionic equation. Practical: To show thermal
 Chemical equation
 Ionic equation decomposition of carbonates.
Activity 6.9
Practical: To show direct
reaction by heating.

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 7


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
TOPIC 7 Students should be able to: Activity 7.1 • http://www.carlt
Stoichiometry and Mole (a) Deduce the formula of simple Practical: To prepare on.paschools.pa.
Concepts compound from the relative standard solution of copper(II) sk.ca/chemical/M
 Relative atomic mass numbers of atoms present and vice sulphate. olemass/default.
 Relative molecular versa. htm
Activity 7.2
(or formula) mass • http://www.carlt
Experiment: To determine
 Avogadro’s number (b) Define relative atomic mass, Ar . on.paschools.pa.
the percentage purity of
** sk.ca/chemical/M
(c) Define relative molecular mass, sodium carbonate in a mixture
(** although not in olemass/moles6.
Mr , and calculate relative 5 of sodium carbonate and
syllabus but it is an htm
molecular mass (relative formula ammonium carbonate.
important chemistry
mass) as the sum of relative atomic
concept)
masses.
(d) Calculate the percentage mass of
an element in a compound when
given appropriate information.
(e) Calculate empirical and molecular
formulae from relevant data.
No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s
 Molar mass (f) Calculate stoichiometric reacting
 Molar volume masses and volumes of gases (one
 Molar concentration mole of gas occupies 24 dm3 at
room temperature and pressure);
 Empirical formula calculating involving the idea of
 Limiting reactants limiting reactants may be set
(questions on the gas laws and the
calculation of gaseous volumes at
different temperatures and
pressures will not be set).
(g) Apply the concept of solution
concentration (in mol/dm3 or g/dm3

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 8


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
) to process the results of
 Percentage volumetric experiments and to
yield and percentage solve simple problems (appropriate
purity guidance will be provided where
unfamiliar reactions are involved)
(h) Calculate % yield and % purity.

TOPIC 8 Students should be able to: Activity 8.1


Experimental Chemistry (a) Describe methods of purification by Practical: To obtain
 Separation the use of a suitable solvent, copper(II) sulphate crystals
techniques filtration and crystallisation, from a mixture of copper(II)
 Tests of purity distillation and fractional distillation, sulphate and sand.
with particular references to the Activity 8.2
fractional distillation of crude oil, Demonstration on decanting
liquid air and fermented liquor. and using separating funnel.
(b) Suggest suitable methods of Activity 8.3
purification, given information Demonstration on simple
about the substances involved. 3 distillation (using salt solution).
(c) Describe paper chromatography Activity 8.4
and interpret chromatograms Demonstration on fractional
including comparison with ‘known’ distillation (using ethanol and
samples and the use of Rf values. water).
(d) Explain the need to use locating
agents in the chromatography of
colourless compounds.
(e) Deduce from the given melting
point and boiling point the identities
of substances and their purity.
No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 9


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
(f) Explain that the measurement of Activity 8.5
purity in substances used in Experiment: To separate
everyday life, e.g. foodstuffs and various dyes in food colouring
drugs, is important. and measure the Rf values.
5
TOPIC 9 Students should be able to: Activity 9.1 • http://www.levity
Acids, Bases, and (a) Describe the meaning of the terms Practical: To neutralise .com/alchemy/sy
Neutralization acid and alkali in term of the ions hydrochloric acid by titrating macids.html/
 The characteristics they contain or produce in aqueous with sodium hydroxide
properties of acids solution and their effect on solution.
and bases universal indicator paper. Activity 9.2
 Acid – base titration Practical: To titrate sodium
(b) Describe how to test hydrogen ion
concentration and hence relative carbonate and hydrochloric
acidity using universal indicator acid and to find percentage
paper and the pH scale. purity of sodium carbonate

(c) Describe the characteristics Activity 9.3


properties of acids as in reactions Experiment: To show reaction
with metals, bases and carbonates. between sodium hydroxide
and ammonium chloride.
(d) Describe qualitatively the difference
between strong and weak acids in
term of the extent ionisation.
(e) Describe neutralisation as a
reaction between hydrogen ions
and hydroxide ions to produce
water. H+ + OH- 
→ H2O

(f) Describe the importance of


controlling the pH in soils and how
excess acidity can be treated using
calcium hydroxide.

 Types of oxides (g) Describe the characteristics


properties of bases in reaction with
acid and with ammonium salts.
CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 10
YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
(h) Classify oxides as acidic, basic and
amphoteric, based on metallic/non-
metallic character.

No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s
TOPIC 10 Students should be able to: Activity 10.1
Salts Practical: To prepare
(a) Describe the technique used in the copper(II) sulphate crystal by
 Preparation and
preparation, separation and reacting sulphuric acid with
purification of salts
purification of salts (method of copper(II) oxide or copper(II)
preparation should include carbonate.
precipitation and titration together
with reactions of acid with metals, Activity 10.2
insoluble bases and insoluble Practical: To prepare
carbonates). 3
 Precipitation
insoluble salt.
(b) Suggest a method of preparing a Activity 10.3
given salt from suitable starting Experiment: To investigate
materials, given appropriate
information. solubility of salts in water.
Activity 10.4
Experiment: To determine
the solubility of salts in g/cm3.
4
TOPIC 11 Students should be able to: Activity 11.1
Qualitative Analysis Practical: To identify the
 Identification of ions (a) Describe the use of aqueous sodium following cations:
hydroxide and aqueous ammonia to Al 3+, NH 4
+
, Ca 2+, Cu 2+, Fe 2+, Fe 3+, and Zn2+
identify the following aqueous Activity 11.2
cations: aluminium, ammonium, Practical: To identify the
calcium, copper(II), iron(II), iron(III) following anions:
and zinc (formula of complex ions
CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 11
YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
are not required). 2−
CO 3 , Cl −
, I −, NO3
− 2−
, and SO 4

(b) Describe test to identify the


following anions: carbonates (by Activity 11.3
addition of dilute acid and Practical: To test for gases:
subsequent use of limewater); ammonia, carbon dioxide,
chloride (by reaction of aqueous chlorine, hydrogen, oxygen
solution with nitric acid and and sulphur dioxide.
aqueous silver nitrate); iodide (by
reaction of aqueous solution with
nitric acid and aqueous lead(II)
nitrate); nitrate (by reduction with
aluminium and aqueous sodium
hydroxide to ammonia and
subsequent use of litmus paper)
and sulphate (by reaction of an
aqueous solution with nitric acid
and aqueous barium nitrate).
No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s
 Identification of (c) Describe test to identify the
gases following gases: ammonia (using
damp red litmus paper); carbon
dioxide (using limewater); chlorine
(using damp litmus paper);
hydrogen (using burning splint);
oxygen (using a glowing splint) and
sulphur dioxide (using acidified
potassium dichromate (VI)).

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 12


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
TOPIC 12 Students should be able to: Activity 12.1 • http://en.wikipedi
Metals and Extraction Experiment: To compare the a.org/wiki/Thermi
(g) Describe the general physical
 Properties of metals reactivity of metals by te
properties of metals (as solids
 Alloys and uses displacement reaction. • http://jchemied.c
having high melting point and
hem.wisc.edu/JCE
boiling points; good conductor of
Activity 12.2 Soft/CCA/samples
heat and electricity) in term of their
Demonstration: To show /cca7thermite.ht
structure.
Thermit reaction (reduction of ml
(h) Describe alloys as a mixture of a metal oxide). • http://davidavery
metal with another element, e.g. .co.uk/thermite/
brass; stainless steel. Activity 12.3 • http://www.bbc.c
Experiment: To show action o.uk/history/britis
(i) Identify representation of metals of heat on the carbonates. h/victorians/launc
and alloys from diagrams of h_ani_blast_furna
structures. ce.shtml
(j) Explain why alloys have different • http://www.howst
physical properties to their urffworks.com.iro
3
constituent elements. n.htm

 Metal + water (k) Place in order of reactivity calcium,


 Metal + acid copper, (hydrogen), iron, lead,
magnesium, potassium, silver,
sodium and zinc by reference to
(i) The reactions, if any, of the
metals with water, steam and
dilute hydrochloric acid.
(ii) The reduction, if any, of their
oxides by carbon and/or by
hydrogen.
(f) Describe the
reactivity series as related to the
tendency of a metal to form its
positive ion, illustrated by its
reaction
CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 13
YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s
(i) The aqueous ions of the other
listed metals
(ii) The oxides of the other listed
metals

(g) Deduce the other of


reactivity from a given set of
Displacement experimental results.
reaction
(h) Describe the action of
heat on the carbonates of the listed
metals and relate thermal stability
to the reactivity series.

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 14


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
 Iron (i) Describe the ease of obtaining Activity 12.4
metals from their ores by relating Experiment: To determine
the elements to their positions in conditions for rusting.
the reactivity series.
Activity 12.5
(j) Describe metal ores as a finite
Experiment: To show
resource and hence the need to
sacrificial protection of metal.
recycle metals.
(k) Discuss the social, economic and Activity 12.6
environmental advantages and Experiment: To reduce
disadvantages of recycling metals, lead(II) oxide by carbon.
e.g. aluminium and copper.
(l) Describe and explain the
essential reactions in the reaction of
iron using haematite, limestone and 2
coke in the blast furnace.
(m) Describe steels as alloys
which are a mixture of iron with
carbon or other metals and how
controlled use these additive
changes the properties of the iron,
e.g. high carbon steels are strong
but brittle whereas low carbon
steels are softer and more easily
shaped.
(n) State the uses of mild steel (e.g.
car bodies; machinery) and
stainless steel (e.g. chemical plant;
cutlery; surgical instruments)
No. of
Topic / Sub-topic Lesson Objectives Week Suggested Activities Resources
s

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 15


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)
(o) Describe the essential condition
for the corrosion (rusting) of iron as
the presence of oxygen and water;
prevention of rusting can be
achieved by placing a barrier
around the metal (e.g. painting;
greasing; plastic coating;
galvanising)
(p) Describe the sacrificial
protection of iron by a more
reactive metal in terms of the
Aluminium reactivity series where the more
reactive metal corrode
preferentially (e.g. underwater
pipes have a piece of magnesium
attached to them).

(refer to electrolysis)

CHEMISTRY – SPN 21 SCHEME OF WORK 16


YEAR 9 (2 + 2)