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Branches of Social Sciences

1. ____________ is an academic discipline concerned with society and the relationships among
individuals within a society
Social Society
2. ____________ is the holistic "science of man", a science of the totality of human existence.
3. ____________ is a social science that seeks to analyze and describe the production, distribution,
and consumption of wealth.
4. ____________ is the continuous, systematic narrative and research into past human events as
interpreted through historiographical paradigms or theories
5. ____________ investigates the cognitive and social aspects of human language
6. _____________ is an academic and research discipline that deals with the theory and practice
of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior
Political Science
7. ____________ can be broadly described as the development, implementation and study of
branches of government policy
Public Administration
8. ____________ is an academic and applied field involving the study of behavior and mental
9. ____________ is the systematic study of society and human social action
10. ____________ is the science that studies human cultures through the recovery, documentation,
analysis, and interpretation of material remains and environmental data, including architecture,
artifacts, features, biofacts, and landscapes.
11. ____________ is a term that encompasses all the disciplines that explore the activities of and
interactions among organisms in the natural world.
Behavioral science
12. ____________ is the statistical study of all human populations.
13. ____________ cover both the study of foreign affairs and global issues among states within the
international system and the comprehensive approach that intentionally prepares people to be
active and engaged participants in an interconnected world
International studies
14. ____________ in all business and human organization activity is simply the act of getting people
together to accomplish desired goals and objectives.
15. ____________ the identification of human needs and wants, defines and measures their
magnitude for demand and understanding the process of consumer buying behavior to
formulate products and services, pricing, promotion and distribution to satisfy these needs and
wants through exchange processes and building long term relationships.

16. ____________ is the study of production, buying and selling, and their relations with law,
custom, and government.
Political economy
17. ____________ is the study of the great theoretical and practical aspects of citizenship, its rights
and duties; the duties of citizens to each other as members of a political body and to
the government
18. ____________ is the study of relationships among countries, the roles of sovereign states, intergovernmental organizations, international non-governmental organizations, non-governmental
organizations, and multinational corporations
International Relations
19. ____________ is a branch of economics that studies the behavior of individuals and small
impacting organizations in making decisions on the allocation of limited resources
20. ____________ is a branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and
decision-making of an economy as a whole, rather than individual markets
21. ____________ is a branch of the social sciences that studies the world, its people, communities
and cultures with an emphasis on relations of and across space and place
Human Geography
22. ____________ is that branch which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural
environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the
cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography
Physical Geography
23. ____________ is a scientific discipline in which research is concerned with the biological and
behavioral variation of human beings, other non-human primates, and
extinct hominin ancestors of the human species
Biological anthropology
24. ____________ is the study of the relations between language and culture and the relations
between human biology, cognition and language
Anthropological linguistics
25. ____________ is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among
humans and is in contrast to social anthropology which perceives cultural variation as a subset
of the anthropological constant
Cultural anthropology

A)has been used to study social interaction for over 500 years.
B)is the scientific study of social interaction and organization.
C)has little bearing on public policy.
D)is most useful when applied to abstract - as opposed to practical matters.
Feedback: See page 1 for more information.


Who coined the term "sociology" and is generally considered to be the

"founder" of sociology?
A)Karl Marx
B)Auguste Comte
C)Max Weber
D)Emile Durkheim
Feedback: For information about Comte's other contributions to
sociology, see page 8.


The application of evolutionary notions and the concept of the "survival of the
fittest" to society is called:
A)class conflict.
B)dialectical materialism.
C)social dynamics.
D)social Darwinism.
Feedback: More information about Spencer's discussion of social
Darwinism can be found on page 9.


Those aspects of social life that have to do with order, stability, and social
organization that allow societies and groups to hold together and endure are
A)social statics.
B)social dynamics.
C)social absolutes.
D)constructed reality.
Feedback: Comte's concept of social dynamics is discussed on page 8.
Try again.


Who wrote the first book on the methodology of social research, How to
Observe Manners and Morals?
A)Herbert Spencer
B)Emily Post
C)Harriet Martineau
D)Emile Durkheim
Feedback: For information about Emile Durkheim's contributions to
sociology, see pages 11-13. Try again.


Weber's view that sociologists must not allow their personal biases to affect
the conduct of their research is called:
B)dialectical materialism.

C)social facts.
D)value-free sociology.
Feedback: Marx's concept of social change is discussed on pages 1011. Try again.


Which of the following was supported by Durkheim's study of suicide?

A)Catholics had higher rates of suicide than Protestants.
B)Rates of suicide were higher in times of war than in times of peace.
C)Rates of suicide were lower in times of recession than in times of
economic stability.
D)Individuals who were enmeshed in meaningful social bonds were less
inclined to commit suicide.
Feedback: Rates of suicide were lower in times of economic stability.
See page 12 for an overview of Durkheim's findings. Try again.


What major contribution did W.E.B. DuBois make to sociology?

A)He developed a theoretical understanding of racial inequality.
B)He conducted research on the upper classes of Philadelphia.
C)He chaired the first Department of Sociology at the University of
D)none of the above
Feedback: See page 14 to learn more about W.E.B. DuBois's
contributions to society and to American culture.


Contemporary sociology includes:

A)evolutionary relativism.
B)liberal feminism and explicit examination of women's social roles and
C)postmodernism, feminism, and critical theory.
D)a combination of biological theory, conflict theory, and evolutionary
Feedback: Conflict theory was developed before contemporary
sociology. See pages 15-18 for a discussion of contemporary
sociology. Try again.



Students at Bailey University staged a sit-in to protest the University's

decision to cancel its longstanding policy of exempting graduating seniors
from final exams. Which theoretical perspective provides the strongest
framework for analyzing this situation?
A)Interactionist, because the University and the students didn't share
the same understanding about final exams.
B)Conflict, because this is an example of a power struggle between two
groups with conflicting ideas and interests.
C)Functionalist, because teaching college students to protest is a
manifest function of education.
D)none of the above
Feedback: While teaching students about the world in which they
live is a manifest function of education, teaching students to protest
is not. See pages 18-20 for a discussion of the functionalist
perspective. Try again.



One purpose of education is to help students acquire the skills they need to
be successful in society. This is an example of a(n):
A)constructed reality.
B)latent function.
C)manifest function.
D)entrenched function.
Feedback: This is a made-up term. Try again.



Constructed reality is:

A)the ability to control the behavior of others.
B)the principle that meaning derives from social interaction in daily life.
C)the observed consequences that permit the adaptation or adjustment
of a system.
D)an artificial explanation of culture that exists apart from any social
reality or shared social meaning.
Feedback: This is the definition of power. See page 22 for a
discussion of constructed reality. Try again.



In the library, Louanne observes a woman sitting at a table by herself. A man

comes up and sits at the other end of the table. The woman frowns and
shakes her head "no." The man gets up and moves to another table. Louanne
concludes that the woman did not want to share a study table. The
theoretical perspective Louanne is using is:
A)the conflict perspective.
B)the functionalist perspective.
C)the interactionist perspective.
D)none of the above.
Feedback: Louanne is not conducting a macrosociological analysis of
social change and power. See pages 18-24 for discussion of the three
perspectives. Try again.


UNANSWERED In her research on nannies, Wrigley:

A)was easily able to tap into the social world of nannies and their
relationships with their employers.
B)used field methods of intensive interviewing and participant
C)found nannies eager to talk to her, even to be tape recorded.
D)was unable to speak with employers because of their busy schedules.



In an experiment, two groups are identical except for the change that
researchers introduce into one group. That group is called:
A)the contaminated group.
B)the control group.
C)the experimental group.
D)the neutral standard.
Feedback: See pages 26-27 for more information about the
experimental setting.



When conducting social research, what is the next step in the scientific
method after a review of the literature?
A)collecting data

B)choosing a research design

C)selecting a researchable problem
D)formulating a hypothesis
Feedback: You cannot collect data until you know what data to collect
and how to collect it. See the chart on page 33 for an overview of all
the steps in the scientific method. Try again.



A)is one of the easiest tools for sociological inquiry because it requires
only good note taking.
B)is not subject to the same controls that are applied to other methods.
C)requires the involvement of the researcher in the activity being
D)may be unobtrusive or participant.
Feedback: Observation is subject to the same controls as other types
of scientific investigation. See pages 28-29 for more information
about observation. Try again.



A)are exempt from the considerations of research ethics that govern
biological researchers.
B)have not been able to agree on a code of ethics.
C)enjoy the same privileges as attorneys in protecting subjects'
D)should obtain informed consent in cases where subjects may be
exposed to risks of research that are greater than the risks of
everyday life.
Feedback: See page 35 for a discussion of research ethics that
sociologists are expected to observe. Try again.



The authors explain that feminist research methodology:

A)is an approach to research which emphasizes inclusion, fairness, and
B)places its main emphasis on concrete theories.
C)stresses that all human emotions are to be ignored.
D)all of the above



Which of the following research methods uses existing records?

A)survey research
B)questionnaire research
C)archival research
D)observational research