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You are on page 1of 3

Solution to Test on EMI, AC, EM waves

1. Welders wear special goggles with glass windows to protect the eyes from Ultra Violet rays [UV rays].

The range of UV rays is 4 10 7 m (400 nm) to 6 10 10 m (0.6 nm)

[1]

2. Here the north pole is approaching the magnet, so the induced current in the face of loop viewed from

left side will flow in such a way that it will behave like north pole so, south pole developed in loop

when viewed from right hand side of the loop. The flow of induced current is clockwise hence, A

acquires positive polarity and B negative.

[1]

3. (i) Magnetic brake.

(ii) Magnetic furnace.

[1/2]

[1/2]

B

Bk

(ii) As, c

E0

B0

[1]

E

B

E and B are instantaneous value of E and B.

[1]

5. (i) Microwaves are used for aircraft navigation, their frequency range is 109 Hz to 1012 Hz.

(ii) X-rays are used to study crystal structure, their frequency range is 1018 Hz to 1020 Hz.

6.

[1]

[1]

2A

t 10 10

V 200 V

Induced emf e

200

200

[1]

10 10

L 2 102

Self-induction L = 1H

[1]

7. Given, l = 15 cm = 0.15 m, B = 2T

Resistance of loop = RABCD = 1

PQRS is a balanced Wheatstone bridge

SQ wire of 2 resistance can be removed.

The equivalent resistance across PR is given by

R

4 4

4 4

=1 +2 =3

I = 2 mA = 2 10 3 A

V = IR = (2 10 3) 3

= 6 10 3 V

But potential difference across conductor = vBl

vBl = 6 10 3 V

v 2 0.15 = 6 10 3 V

v

6 10 3

2 0.15

2 10

v = 2 cm/s

[1]

[1]

m/s

[1]

1114/XII.15/CBSE/Test/Phy/Test.6.Soln/Pg.1

Physics

10 2 H,

R = 110

800

800

10 6 F

(i) Average power observed by L-C-R series AC circuit is maximum when circuit is in resonance.

Resonant frequency,

1

0

LC

1

v0

LC

1

v0

2

2 10

1000

125 s

2 4

125 s 1

v0

800

Irms

Vrms 220

Z

110

R 110

10

[1 ]

2A

2A

I0

Irms 2

magnitude of induced emf is given by

e

[1 ]

2 2A

dl

dt

[1]

Magnitude of induced emf = Applied voltage

dl

dt

i.e.,

or

dl

V0 sin t

V0

sin t dt

L

I

or

or

V0

sin t dt

L

V0

cos t

L

V0

cos t

L

V0

sin

t

L

2

V0

sin t

XL

2

[1]

(i)

I I0 sin

But,

V = V0 sin t

(ii)

(iii)

From Eqs. (ii) and (iii), it is clear that AC lags behind the voltage by phase

1114/XII.15/CBSE/Test/Phy/Test.6.Soln/Pg.2

[1]

10. (i) Lenzs law the induced emf of induced current is a circuit which always opposes the cause that

produces it.

[1 ]

When north pole of the bar magnet approaches towards the loop, the induced current in coil is

anticlockwise (Forming north pole of current loop) when viewed from magnetic side. The face of

coil being north pole opposes the arrival of north pole of magnet. Hence, opposes the cause that

produces it.

[1/2]

Also, certain amount of work has to be done by external agency to bring the north pole near the

coil in against of force of repulsion applied by induced current loop. The work done by external

agency appears in the form of electrical energy. So, Lenzs law is a consequence of the principle of

law of conservation of energy.

[1/2]

(ii)

[1/2]

Let coaxial solenoid, P is wound over an another solenoid.

Let

l = length of both solenoid.

r1 and r2 = radii of P and S

r22 [Area of secondary coil, S]

A2

B1

l

0n11

[1]

N1

l

where, n

2

B1A 2N2

( 0n1 1) r22N2

N1

0

I1

r22N2

l1N1N2r22

(i)

But

2 = Ml1,

where, M = coefficient of mutual induction

0

Ml1

N1N2r22

I1

N1N2r22

[1]

1114/XII.15/CBSE/Test/Phy/Test.6.Soln/Pg.3

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