You are on page 1of 3

Std.

XII (CBSE) : Test Paper # 6 : Physics (Subjective)


Solution to Test on EMI, AC, EM waves
1. Welders wear special goggles with glass windows to protect the eyes from Ultra Violet rays [UV rays].
The range of UV rays is 4 10 7 m (400 nm) to 6 10 10 m (0.6 nm)
[1]
2. Here the north pole is approaching the magnet, so the induced current in the face of loop viewed from
left side will flow in such a way that it will behave like north pole so, south pole developed in loop
when viewed from right hand side of the loop. The flow of induced current is clockwise hence, A
acquires positive polarity and B negative.
[1]
3. (i) Magnetic brake.
(ii) Magnetic furnace.

[1/2]
[1/2]

4. (i) Magnetic field must oscillate along Z-direction.


B

Bk

B will be along X-axis.

(ii) As, c

E0
B0

[1]

E
B

Where, E0 and B0 = peak value of E and B.


E and B are instantaneous value of E and B.

[1]

5. (i) Microwaves are used for aircraft navigation, their frequency range is 109 Hz to 1012 Hz.
(ii) X-rays are used to study crystal structure, their frequency range is 1018 Hz to 1020 Hz.
6.

[1]
[1]

2A

t 10 10
V 200 V

Induced emf e
200
200

[1]

10 10
L 2 102

Self-induction L = 1H

[1]

7. Given, l = 15 cm = 0.15 m, B = 2T
Resistance of loop = RABCD = 1
PQRS is a balanced Wheatstone bridge
SQ wire of 2 resistance can be removed.
The equivalent resistance across PR is given by
R

4 4
4 4

Net resistance of circuit


=1 +2 =3

I = 2 mA = 2 10 3 A
V = IR = (2 10 3) 3
= 6 10 3 V
But potential difference across conductor = vBl
vBl = 6 10 3 V
v 2 0.15 = 6 10 3 V
v

6 10 3
2 0.15

2 10

v = 2 cm/s

[1]

[1]

m/s

[1]
1114/XII.15/CBSE/Test/Phy/Test.6.Soln/Pg.1

(2) Vidyalankar : XII CBSE

Physics

10 2 H,

8. Given, Vrms = 220 V, L = 20 mH = 2


R = 110
800

800

10 6 F

(i) Average power observed by L-C-R series AC circuit is maximum when circuit is in resonance.
Resonant frequency,
1
0

LC
1

v0

LC
1

v0
2

2 10

1000
125 s
2 4
125 s 1

v0

800

Irms

Vrms 220
Z
110
R 110

(ii) As, Irms

10

[1 ]
2A

2A

Maximum current amplitude,


I0

Irms 2

9. Let, an alternating voltage, V = V0 sin


magnitude of induced emf is given by
e

[1 ]

2 2A

t is applied across pure inductor of inductance L. The

dl
dt

[1]

For the circuit,


Magnitude of induced emf = Applied voltage
dl
dt

i.e.,

or

dl

V0 sin t

V0
sin t dt
L

On integrating both sides


I

or

or

V0
sin t dt
L

V0
cos t
L
V0
cos t
L
V0
sin
t
L
2
V0
sin t
XL
2

[1]

(i)

where, XL = L = inducting reactance


I I0 sin

where, I0 = peak value of AC


But,
V = V0 sin t

(ii)
(iii)

From Eqs. (ii) and (iii), it is clear that AC lags behind the voltage by phase

1114/XII.15/CBSE/Test/Phy/Test.6.Soln/Pg.2

[1]

Solution to test 6: Physics (3)


10. (i) Lenzs law the induced emf of induced current is a circuit which always opposes the cause that
produces it.

[1 ]
When north pole of the bar magnet approaches towards the loop, the induced current in coil is
anticlockwise (Forming north pole of current loop) when viewed from magnetic side. The face of
coil being north pole opposes the arrival of north pole of magnet. Hence, opposes the cause that
produces it.
[1/2]
Also, certain amount of work has to be done by external agency to bring the north pole near the
coil in against of force of repulsion applied by induced current loop. The work done by external
agency appears in the form of electrical energy. So, Lenzs law is a consequence of the principle of
law of conservation of energy.
[1/2]
(ii)

[1/2]
Let coaxial solenoid, P is wound over an another solenoid.
Let
l = length of both solenoid.
r1 and r2 = radii of P and S
r22 [Area of secondary coil, S]

A2

Magnetic induction in solenoid, P;


B1

l
0n11

[1]

N1
l

where, n

number of turn per unit length.

Total flux linked with solenoid, S;


2

B1A 2N2

B1( r22 )N2


( 0n1 1) r22N2

N1
0

I1

r22N2

l1N1N2r22

(i)

But
2 = Ml1,
where, M = coefficient of mutual induction
0

Ml1

N1N2r22

I1

N1N2r22

[1]

This is required expression for coefficient of mutual induction.

1114/XII.15/CBSE/Test/Phy/Test.6.Soln/Pg.3