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ASCE710

Components&Cladding
WindLoad Provisions
JohnHutton,P.E.,S.E.
MichaelStenstrom,P.E.,S.E.

ASCE710Wind
WebinarSeries
1. BasicsofWindLoadProvisions&MWFRSs
2. Components&CladdingWindLoadProvisions
Roofs&Walls
3. WindLoadsforSigns,OtherStructures,RoofTop
Structures,Equipment&OtherSpecialConditions
4. WindTunnelApplicationsforBuildings
5. WindLoadsonNonStandardBuildings

ChangesinASCE710

Completereorganizationofwindprovisions
BasicWindSpeedBasedonStrengthDesign
1.0WforLRFDloadcombinations
0.6WforASDloadcombinations
SeparateMapsforRiskCategories No
ImportanceFactors
SurfaceRoughnessDagainappliesalong
hurricanecoastline
Newsimplifiedmethodsforh<160ft

Outline C&CLoads
A.ImportantLimitations&Definitions
B.BuildingTypesandtheOrganizationof
Chapter30
C.ExampleProblems
Part1 LowRiseBuildings
Part2 LowRiseBuildings(Simplified)
Part3 Buildingswithh>60ft
Part4 Buildingswithh<=160ft(Simplified) New

ASCE7 10
Components&Cladding
WindLoads
ImportantLimitationsand
Definitions

ImportantLimitations
TousetheC&CdesignproceduresofASCE
710,thebuildingmustmeetthefollowing
conditions
Thebuildingmustbearegularshaped
building,abuildinghavingnounusual
geometricalirregularityinspatialform
Thebuildingmustnotbesubjectto
acrosswindloading,vortexshedding,
galloping,orflutter

ImportantLimitations

Thesitemustnotbesubjectto
channelingeffectsorbuffetinginthe
wakeofupwindobstructions
Thewindloadsforbuildingsfailingto
meettheselimitationsmustbe
determinedusingwindtunnel
proceduresorusingrecognizedliterature
documentingsuchwindloadeffects.

ImportantDefinitions
WhatareComponentsandCladding?
Section26.2Definitions:
C&C:Elementsofthebuildingenvelopethat
donotqualifyaspartoftheMWFRS.
MWFRS:Anassemblageofstructural
elementsassignedtoprovidesupportand
stabilitytotheoverallstructure,generally
receiveswindloadingfrommorethanone
surface.

ImportantDefinitions
Commentary:ComponentsandCladding:
Claddingreceiveswindloadsdirectly.
Componentsreceivewindloadsdirectlyor
fromcladdingandtransfertheloadtothe
MWFRS.Examplesofcomponentsinclude
fasteners,purlins,girts,studs,roofdecking,
androoftrusses.Componentscanbepartof
theMWFRSwhentheyactasshearwallsor
roofdiaphragms,buttheymayalsobeloaded
asindividualcomponents.

ImportantDefinitions
Certaincomponentsmayreceivemorethan
onetypeofwindloading,forexample,long
spanrooftrussesshouldbedesignedforloads
associatedwithMWFRSs(orC&Cbasedon
overalltributaryarea),andindividual
membersoftrussesshouldalsobedesigned
forC&Cloads(basedonmembereffective
areas).Examplesofcladdingincludewall
coverings,curtainwalls,roofcoverings,
exteriorwindows(fixedandoperable)and
doors,andoverheaddoors.

ImportantDefinitions
EffectiveWindArea theareausedto
determineGCp
C&CElements theeffectivewindareais
thespanlengthoftheelementtimesthe
spacingtothenextelement.Ifthe
spacingislessthanspanlength/3one
canusethespanlength/3whichwill
generatealargereffectivearea.

ImportantDefinitions
TributaryArea
ForC&Celementswithtributaryareaof
700squarefeetorless,usethe
provisionsofChapter30
ForC&Celementswithtributaryarea
greaterthan700squarefeet,the
provisionsforMWFRSmaybeused

ImportantDefinitions
CladdingFasteners Forcladding
fasteners,theeffectivewindareashallnot
begreaterthantheareathatistributaryto
anindividualfastener.

ImportantDefinitions
Therearetwoprimaryproceduresusedfor
determiningwindloadsonbuildings
DirectionalProcedureandEnvelope
Procedure
DirectionalProcedure Thepressure
coefficientsuseinthisprocedureare
basedonpastwindtunneltestingof
prototypicalbuildingmodelsforthe
correspondingdirectionofwind

ImportantDefinitions

EnvelopeProcedure Thepressure
coefficientsusedinthisprocedureare
basedonpastwindtunneltestingof
prototypicalbuildingmodelssuccessively
rotatedthrough360degreesunderthe
windloading.Thekeystructuralactions
(uplift,shear,overturning)aremonitored
andthemaximumeffectsofallwind
directionsareusedtocreateanenvelope
ofpseudopressurecases.

GeneralRequirements
MinimumDesignWindPressures the
designwindpressureforC&Cshallnotbe
lessthananetpressure(includinginternal
pressures)of16psfactingineither
directionnormaltothesurface
(i.e.10psfASD)

WindLoadParameters
WindLoadParameters specifiedin
Chapter26,GeneralRequirements

V=basicwindspeedfromoneofthethreeRisk
Categorywindspeedmaps,Fig26.51A,BorC,
threesecondgustspeedat33feetExposure
CategoryC
Kd=winddirectionalityfactorfromTable26.6

WindLoadParameters

ExposureCategory CategoryB,C,orD
selectedfrom26.7.3basedonsurface
roughnessfortheexposureresultinginthe
highestwindloadsforanydirectiononthesite
(ExposureDnowapplicabletohurricaneprone
coastalareas)
Kzt=topographicfactordefinedinsection26.8
toaccountforwindspeedupeffectoverhills,
ridges,andescarpments
G=Gusteffectfactorasdeterminedbysection
26.9.Forthetypicalrigidbuildingcanbetaken
as0.85

WindLoadParameters

EnclosureClassification usedindetermining
internalpressurecoefficient eitherenclosed,
partiallyenclosed,oropen
GCpi =internalpressurecoefficientincluding
gustfactorasdeterminedusingTable26.111

VelocityPressure

qz =0.00256Kz Kzt Kd V2

qz =velocitypressureevaluatedatanyheightz
qh =velocitypressureevaluatedatthemeanroofheight,
h
Kz =velocitypressureexposurecoefficientdefinedin
Section30.3.1andgiveninTable30.31evaluatedatany
heightz(onlyusedforPart3,h>60windwardpressures
andpositiveinternalpressuresforpartiallyenclosed
buildings)
Kh =velocitypressureexposurecoefficientevaluatedat
themeanroofheight,h(usedforlowrise,roof,leeward
andsimplifiedpressures,andcanbeusedforallcases)

BuildingTypes

BuildingTypes
LowRiseBuildings,h< 60
Part1 Analytical

ASEC705:Method2LowRise
Calculated
EnvelopeProcedure
EnclosedorPartiallyEnclosed
LowestPressures

Part2 Simplified

ASEC705:Method1LowRise
Tabulated
BasedonPart1
EnclosedBuildingsOnly
Flat,SingleGableorHipRoofsOnly

BuildingTypes
Buildings>60
Part3 Analytical

ASCE705:Method2AllHeights
>60
Calculated
DirectionalProcedure
EnclosedorPartiallyEnclosed

Part4 Simplified

NEW:BasedonPart3
< 160
Tabulated
EnclosedBuildingsOnly
Flat,Monoslope,Gable,Mansardor
HipRoofs&ParapetsOnly

BuildingTypes
SpecialTypes
Part5 OpenBuildings
AllHeights
Calculated
DirectionalProcedure
Monoslope,PitchedorTroughed
Roofs

Part6 Appurtenances,etc
Calculated
DirectionalProcedure
Parapets&RoofOverhangs(All
Heights)
RooftopStructures&Equipment(h
< 60)

BuildingTypes
Format
BuildingType
Description
Conditions
DesignWindPressure
Notes
StepbystepOutline

Part1:LowRise
Buildings
Componentand
Cladding

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Part1:LowRiseBuildingsComponentandCladding

PerTable30.41

StepstodetermineC&CWindLoads

Forthisexercisewewillassumethefollowing:

2StoryOfficeBuilding

WoodFramed,HipRoof

30FeetMeanRoofHeight

SuburbanLocation,FlatGround

Part1:LowRise
Buildings
30 ft

100 ft

34 ft
Mean roof height 30 ft
26 ft

15 ft

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Wallstudsare15feettalland16inchesoncenter(20squarefeettributary)

use5feetwidex15feettall=75sqftforEffectiveAreaforGCp

Refertopage243DefinitionofEffectiveArea Tributarywidthneednotbe
lessthan1/3spanlength

Rooftrussesspan30feet,2feetoncenter(60squarefeettributaryarea)

use10feetwidex30feet=300sqfeetforEffectiveAreaforGCp

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Step1:DetermineRiskCategory

OfficeBuildingCategoryII

(Table1.51Chapter1,page2)

Step2:DetermineBasicWindSpeed

(Figure26.51Apage247a)

WindSpeed=115mph

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Step3:DetermineWindLoadParameters

Kd=0.85(Table26.6page250)

ExposureCategory=B(suburbanpage251)
KztTopoCategory=1(flatper26.8.2lastparagraph)
EnclosureClass=Enclosed(officebuilding)

GCpi=+ 0.18(Table26.111page258)

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Step4:DetermineVelocityPressureExposure

Kh

Kh=0.70pertable30.31page317

Step5:DetermineVelocityPressureqh

qh=0.00256KzKztKd(V)2 perequation30.31page316

qh=0.00256(0.70)(1)(.85)(115)2

qh=20.1psf

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Step6:DetermineExternalPressure
CoefficientGCp
Walls
Gcp

Perfigure30.41page335
Zone4

Zone5

+0.85+0.85

0.95 1.1

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Step7:CalculateWindpressuresperEQ30.41

p=qh((GCp) (GCpi))
Walls
p=20.1((+0.85) ( 0.18))=+13.4psf,+20.7psf zone4&5

p=20.1((0.95) ( 0.18))= 15.4psf,22.7psf zone4

p=20.1((1.1) ( 0.18))= 18.5psf,25.7psf zone5

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

30ft

100ft

a=10%ofleastdimension

30x0.10=3ftOr.4h0.4x30=12ft

Or4%oflargesthorizontaldimension
0.04x100=4ftcontrolsforadimension

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

HipRoofPerfigure30.42Bpage337

Zone1Zone2Zone3

+0.3+0.3+0.3

0.81.21.2*

*Note:perfootnote7,Zone3=Zone2
forroofslopeslessthan25o

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Overhangs Perfigure30.42B(Assume10sf)

Zone2Zone3

RoofTrussTail

2.22.5

Usetributaryareaofaffectedpiece

RoofDeck

2.2

2.2

for10sf

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Step7:CalculateWindpressuresperEQ30.41(Continued)

HipRoof RoofTrusses

Zone1,2&3

p=20.1((+0.3) (0.18))=+4.4psf,+9.7psf

Zone1

p=20.1((0.8) (0.18))= 12.4psf,19.7psf

Zone2 needtoapplyatdiscontinuitiesonly

p=20.1((1.2) (0.18))=20.5psf,27.7psf

Zone3

p=20.1((2.0) (0.18))=36.4psf,43.8psf

16psfminimumgoverns

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Step7:CalculateWindpressuresperEQ30.41(Continued)

Overhangs RoofTrussTails

Zone2

p=20.1(2.2)= 44.2psfusetribareaoftail

Zone3

p=20.1(2.5)= 50.3psf

RoofDeckatOverhangs

Zone2

p=20.1(2.2)= 44.2psf

Zone3

p=20.1(3.7)= 74.4psf

Part1:LowRise
Buildings

Zone2occurswhen
windblowsfrom
right

WIND

Higherwinduplift(zone2and3)occurs
whenwindcrossesroofedge

Part1:LowRise
Buildings
Rooftrussat20on
center

CodeZoneDiagram

WIND

LoadApplicationDiagram

Part1:LowRise
Buildings
30 ft

Roof truss at 2-0


on center

100 ft

PositivePressure(Downward)

NegativePressure(upward)
Zone2canbeapplied
onbothsidesfor
simplifyingofload
cases
TrussLoadingDiagrams

Part1:LowRise
Buildings
ShallowSlopedRoofs(MonoslopedorGable)
Gable Roofs 0 < 70 (~ 1-3/4:12 )
And Monoslope Roofs 0 < 30 (~ 3/4:12 )
Refer to figure 30.4-5A Footnote #5

Zone 3

Zone 2

Roof Joist @ 5-0


WIND

Zone Zzzzzz

Zone 1

PositivePressure(Downward)

NegativePressure(upward)
Zone2canbeapplied
onbothsidesfor
simplifyingloadcases
TrussLoadingDiagrams

Part1:LowRise
Buildings
SteppedRoofs
Figure30.43page339

Zone2
Zone3

Zone1

h1

Zone3(treataszone2forGCp)

Zone2(treataszone1forGCp)
Zone1(treataszone1forGCp)
b

Whenh110ftb=1.5h1&b<100ft

(Notebiswayoutofscaleonfigure30.43,itlookslike.5h1
insteadof1.5h1)
Forareawithinbdistanceonlowroof,refertoFigure
30.43)usewallvaluesinfigure30.41forpositivevaluesof
GCp

Part1:LowRise
Buildings
KeystoRememberforPart1:

RoofZones2&3canbeappliedimmediatelyadjacenttoroof
discontinuitiesbasedonthedirectionofthewindforce

RefertoFigure30.45Aforflatroofs.Footnote#5directsuser
backtoFigure30.42Aformonoslopeslessthan30

Donotmixpositiveandnegativewindforcesoncomponentloading

Recommendusingwallpressuresforroofslopesgreaterthan450

Part1methodmaybeusedforh<90ft.iftheheight/widthratio< 1

Thismethodgenerallyyieldsthelowestwindpressures

Part2:LowRise
Buildings,h<60ft
(Simplified)
Componentsand
Cladding

Part2:LowRise
Buildings(Simplified)

Part2:LowRiseBuildings(Simplified)

ComponentandCladding

PerTable30.51

Forthisexercisewewillassumethefollowing:

2StoryOfficeBuilding

WoodFramed,HipRoof

30FeetMeanRoofHeight

SuburbanLocation,FlatGround

RoofSlopeis250

Part2:LowRise
Buildings(Simplified)

Wallstudsare15feettalland16inchesoncenter(20squarefeettributary)

use5feetwidex15feettall=75sqftforEffectiveAreaforGCp

Refertopage243DefinitionofEffectiveArea Tributarywidthneednotbe
lessthan1/3spanlength

Rooftrussesspan30feet,2feetoncenter(60squarefeettributaryarea)

use10feetwidex30feet=300sqfeetforEffectiveAreaforGCp

Part2:LowRise
Buildings(Simplified)

Part2:Buildingswithh60ftComponentsandCladding

PerTable30.51StepstodetermineC&CWindLoads

Thefirsttwostepsareexactly thesameasinPart1:
Step1:DetermineRiskCategory
OfficeBuildingCategoryII
Step2:DetermineBasicWindSpeed
WindSpeed=115mph
Step3:DetermineWindLoadParameters(Exp.Catonly)
ExposureCategory=B
(GCPi=+/0.18&Kd=0.85alreadyincorporatedintotables)
Step4:DetermineTopographicFactors
KztTopoCategory=1(flatper26.8.2lastparagraph)

Part2:LowRise
Buildings(Simplified)

UsesamebuildingasusedinPart1
30 ft

100 ft

34 ft
Mean roof height 30 ft
26 ft

15 ft

Part2:LowRise
Buildings(Simplified)

Step5&6:Enterfigure30.51todeterminepressureonwallsandroof,p.
346
pnet = Kzt pnet 30

(Eq.30.51)

=1.0,adjustmentfactorforbldg heightandexposurefromfig.30.51
pnet 30 =netdesignwindpressureforExposureB,ath =30ft.
Kzt =1.0,topographicfactorasdefinedinSection26.8evaluatedat
0.33meanroofheight,0.33h
Note:Figure30.51isonpage345,346and347Allfiguresforthismethod
arecalled30.51

Part2:LowRise
Bldgs (Simplified)
Step5&6:Enterfigure30.51
todeterminepressureonwalls
androof,p.346

Part2:LowRise
Buildings(Simplified)

Step5:EnterFigure30.51todeterminepressureonwallsandroof,p

p=pnet30 forh=30ft,HipRoofExposureB

Zone

19.8

27.8

44.0

22.8

25.8

+16

+16

+16

+20.8

+20.8

pfromPart1

Zone
1

19.7

27.7

43.8

22.7

25.7

+16

+16

+16

+20.7

+20.7

Part3:Buildingswith
h>60ft
Componentand
Cladding

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Part3:Buildingswithh>60ftComponentandCladding

DetermineC&CWindLoadsperTable30.61Steps

Forthisexercisewewillassumethefollowing:
6StoryOfficeBuildingwith13ftfloortofloor
GlassCurtainWallsystemwithverticalmullionsat4ftoncenter
FlatRoofframedwithbarjoistsspanning50ftat68oncenter.
78FeetMeanRoofHeight
SuburbanLocation,FlatGround

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft
This image cannot currently be display ed.

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

CurtainWallmullionsare13feettalland48inchesoncenter(52squarefeet
tributary)

Refertopage243DefinitionofEffectiveArea Tributarywidthneednotbe
lessthan1/3spanlength

use44widex13feettall=56sqftforEffectiveAreaforGCp

Roofjoistsspan50feetat68oncenter(333squarefeettributaryarea)

use168widex50feet=833sqfeetforEffectiveAreaforGCp

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Step1:DetermineRiskCategory

OfficeBuildingCategoryII

(Table1.51Chapter1,page2)

Step2:DetermineBasicWindSpeed

(Figure26.51Apage247b)

WindSpeed=115mph

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Step3:DetermineWindLoadParameters

Kd=0.85(Table26.6page250)

ExposureCategory=B(suburbanpage251)
KztTopoCategory=1(flatper26.8.2lastparagraph)
EnclosureClass=Enclosed(officebuilding)

GCpi=+/ 0.18(Table26.111page258)

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Step4:DetermineVelocityPressureExposure

KzorKh

Kh=0.92pertable30.31page317

Kz=varieswithheightfrom0.70to0.92
pertable30.31page317

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Step5:DetermineVelocityPressureqhandqz

qhisdeterminedatthemeanroofheight

qh=0.00256KhKztKd(V)2 perequation30.31page316

qh=0.00256(0.92)(1)(.85)(115)2

qh=26.5psf

qzisdeterminedattheheightoftheelementbeingconsidered

qz=0.00256KzKztKd(V)2 perequation30.31page316

qz=0.00256(Kz)(1)(.85)(115)2 =(Kz)28.8psf

qh=variesfrom20.1psfinthelower15ftto26.5psfatthetop

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Step6:DetermineExternalPressure
CoefficientGCp
Perfigure30.61page348

Roof
Joists

833sqft

Walls
Mullions
56sqft

Zone1Zone2Zone3Zone4Zone5
+0.8+0.8
0.9 1.6 2.3 0.85 1.55

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Step7:CalculateWallMullionWindpressuresperEQ30.61
p=q(GCp)qi(GCpi)
WindwardWallsq=qzwhichvaries frombottomtotop
p=qz(+0.8) 26.5( 0.18) zone4&5
forthefollowingselectedheights(40,60,78)
@40p=21.9(+0.8) 26.5( 0.18)=22.3psf
@60p=24.5(+0.8) 26.5( 0.18)=24.4psf
@78p=26.5(+0.8) 26.5( 0.18)=26.0psf

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Step7:CalculateWallMullionWindpressuresperEQ30.61
p=q(GCp)qi(GCpi)
LeewardWallsq=qhwhichisconstant frombottomtotop
p=qh(GCp) 26.5( 0.18) zone4&5

p=26.5(0.85) 26.5( 0.18)= 27.3psf

zone4

p=26.5(1.55) 26.5( 0.18)= 45.8 psf

zone5

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Step7:CalculateRoofJoistWindpressuresperEQ30.61
p=q(GCp)qi(GCpi)
Roofq=qhevaluatedatmeanroofheight
p=26.5(GCp) 26.5( 0.18)

zone1,2,&3

p=26.5(0.9) 26.5( 0.18)= 28.6psf

zone1

p=26.5(1.6) 26.5( 0.18)= 47.2psf

zone2

p=26.5(2.3) 26.5( 0.18)= 65.7psf

zone3

p=16psfminimumpositivepressureallzones

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft

Part3:Buildings
withh>60ft
KeystoRememberforPart3:
UseFigure30.61forwalls&flatroofs,<10degrees
ForRoofslopes>10degrees,usePart1FiguresforGCp
UseFig30.47fordomeroofs
SeeFig27.43,footnote4,forarchedroofs
Atroofperimeter,usetheexternalpressurecoefficientsin
Fig.30.42A,BandCwithbasedonspringlineslope
forremainingroofareas,useMWFRSexternalpressure
coefficientsmultipliedby0.87.

Part4:Buildingswith
h<160ft
Componentsand
Cladding

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

AssumethesamebuildingusedinPart3:Buildings>60ft
78FeetMeanRoofHeight,flatroof

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Part4:Buildingswithh>160ftComponentsandCladding

PerTable30.71StepstodetermineC&CWindLoads

Thefirsttwostepsareexactly thesameasinPart3:
Step1:DetermineRiskCategory
OfficeBuildingCategoryII
Step2:DetermineBasicWindSpeed
WindSpeed=115mph
Step3:DetermineWindLoadParameters(Exp.Catonly)
ExposureCategory=B
(GCPi=+/0.18&Kd=0.85alreadyincorporatedintotables)
Step5:DetermineTopographicFactors

KztTopoCategory=1(flatper26.8.2lastparagraph)

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Step4:EnterTable30.72todeterminepressureonwallsandroof,p

p=ptable (EAF)(RF)Kzt

(Eq.30.71)

ptable =TabulatedPressureforExp C,10ft2fromTable30.72


RF=EffectiveAreaReductionFactorfromTable30.72
EAF=ExposureAdjustmentFactor fromTable30.72
Kzt =1

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Step4:EnterTable30.72todeterminepressureonwallsandroof,p

p=ptable forh=78ft,FlatRoof

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Step4:EnterTable30.72todeterminepressureonwallsandroof,p

p=ptable forh=78ft,FlatRoof

Zone
1

54.6
NA

85.7
NA

116.8
NA

37.3
37.5

68.4
37.5

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Step4:EnterTable30.72todeterminepressureonwallsandroof,p
EAF=0.766(ExposureB,MeanRoofHt.=78)

UselinearinterpolationaspermittedforKz

Part4usesKhforallpressures.EAFvaluescouldbecalculated
foralternateheightsforwindwardpressures,butsinceleeward
pressuresarelargeranyway,thisisnottypicallyneeded.

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Step4:EnterTable30.72todeterminepressureonwallsandroof,p

RoofJoists

Curtain
Wall

EffectiveArea Effective
=833ft^2
Area=
56ft^2

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Step4:EnterTable30.72todeterminepressureonwallsandroof,p

RF,ReductionFactors
ForEffectiveWindAreas
RoofJoists

CurtainWall

EffectiveArea=833ft^2

EffectiveArea=56
ft^2

Sign
Pressure

Minus

Plus

NA

NA

NA

Minus

.7

.7

.7

.91

.82

.87

.87

Plus

Zone

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Step4:EnterTable30.72todeterminepressureonwallsandroof,p

Part 4:p=ptable (EAF)(RF)Kzt (psf)


RoofJoists

CurtainWall
Zone

29.3

46.0

62.6

26.0

43.0

16.0*

16.0*

16.0*

24.9

24.9

Part3,h>60ft:p
28.6

47.2

65.7

27.3

45.8

16.0*

16.0*

16.0*

26.0

26.0

Notethatthesimplifiedmethod
isnotalwaysthemost
conservative.

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

a isnotdefinedinPart4,
however,usezone
dimensionsasinPart3:

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft

Part4:Buildings
withh<160ft
KeystoRememberforPart4:

QuicksolutionforExposureC,10sfeffectivewindarea
MustbemodifiedforExposureBorD
Mustbemodifiedforeffectivewindareas>10sf
Maybeusedforallheights< 160ft
Notalwaysthemostconservativemethod lookforerrata

GeneralKeystoRememberforComponents&
Cladding:
ASCE710windloadsarestrengthmethod(0.6WforASD)
UseeffectiveareastoestablishGCp
Recommendusingwallpressuresforroofslopes>450
Mayuse0.42W(=.6*.7)forIBCdeflectionlimits(10yearwinds)

Questions