Sie sind auf Seite 1von 52

Span

Tables
for

Joists
and

Rafters
AMERICAN SOFTWOOD LUMBER
STANDARD SIZES PS 20-70

Recommended by

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION


(formerly National Forest Products Association)

1993

Span
Tables
for

Joists
and

Rafters
AMERICAN SOFTWOOD LUMBER
STANDARD SIZES PS 20-70

Copyright 1993, 2004


American Forest & Paper Association
Washington, D.C.

Recommended by

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION


(formerly National Forest Products Association)

1993

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

Contents
Table
No.

Description of Tables
Explanation of Tables

Page

................................................................................................................. 1

FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS


F-1
F-2
F-3
F-4

Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 4


Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 5
Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 6
Live Load of 60 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 7

F-5
F-6
F-7

Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 8


Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 9
Live Load of 60 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 10
CEILING JOISTS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS

C-1
C-2

Live Load of 10 psf plus dead load of 5 psf ....................................................................................... 11


Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 12
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS

R-1
R-2
R-3
R-4

Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 13


Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 14
Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 15
Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 16

R-5
R-6
R-7
R-8

Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ..................................................................................... 17


Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ..................................................................................... 18
Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ..................................................................................... 19
Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ..................................................................................... 20

R-9
R-10
R-11
R-12

Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 21


Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 22
Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 23
Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 24

Table of Contents

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

Contents (cont'd)
Table
No.

Description of Tables

Page

RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITS


R-13
R-14
R-15
R-16

Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 25


Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 26
Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 27
Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..................................................................................... 28

R-17
R-18
R-19
R-20

Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ..................................................................................... 29


Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ..................................................................................... 30
Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ..................................................................................... 31
Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ..................................................................................... 32

R-21
R-22
R-23
R-24

Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 33


Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 34
Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 35
Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..................................................................................... 36
Commentary

ii

Table of Contents

................................................................................................................. A-1

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

EXPLANATION OF TABLES
1. SCOPE

4. MOISTURE CONTENT

These span tables for joists and rafters are calculated on the basis of a series of modulus of elasticity
(E) and bending design values (Fb). Additionally,
compression perpendicular to grain design values
(Fc) are included as a consideration for selection of
joist and rafters. The range of values in the tables
provides allowable spans for all species and grades of
nominal 2-inch framing lumber customarily used in
construction. These span tables assume installation
of at least three joists or rafters that are spaced not
more than 24" on center. The calculated spans
assume fully supported members, properly sheathed
and nailed on the top edge of the joist or rafter.
Straight-line interpolation shall be permitted for intermediate spans and design values.

The listed dry sizes are based on lumber at 19


percent maximum moisture content. Since the change
in dimension that occurs in wet service conditions has
already been accounted for in the fully adjusted design
value, tabulated spans are applicable to lumber in dry
or wet service conditions.

2. LUMBER DESIGN VALUES

6. ROOF LOADS

Use of these span tables requires reference to the


applicable design values for the various species and
grades of lumber. Tables W-1 and W-2 of Design
Values for Joists and Rafters, a supplement to these
span tables, provide such values for the most commonly used framing sizes. Modulus of elasticity (E),
bending design values (Fb) and compression design
values perpendicular to grain (Fc) therein are based
on the National Design Specification (NDS)
for Wood Construction and incorporate adjustments appropriate for repetitive-member use under
various durations of load.

Rafter spans are tabulated for the most common


roof loads. The loads are based on adjusted roof snow
loads from the governing building code. For roof live
loads less than 20 pounds per square foot (psf), rafter
spans and required E values tabulated for 20 psf shall
be permitted to be adjusted in accordance with the
following table:

5. SPAN MEASUREMENT
Tabulated spans are the distance from face to
face of supports. For sloping rafters the span is
measured along the horizontal projection. The commentary provides further information on span measurements including a chart which converts horizontal
distances to sloping distances, or vice versa.

For roof live loads of 12 psf or 16 psf


Table Multiply tabulated
number span by

3. LUMBER SIZES
Tabulated spans apply to surfaced (S4S) lumber
having dimensions which conform to the American
Softwood Lumber Standard, PS 20-99. These sizes
are as follows:
Nominal
Size
2x4
2x6
2x8
2 x 10
2 x 12

Actual Surfaced
Dry Size
1-1/2 x 3-1/2
1-1/2 x 5-1/2
1-1/2 x 7-1/4
1-1/2 x 9-1/4
1-1/2 x 11-1/4

R-1
R-5
R-9
R-13
R-17
R-21

12 psf

16 psf

1.17
1.14
1.12
1.17
1.14
1.12

1.07
1.06
1.05
1.07
1.06
1.05

Multiply required
E-value by
12 psf
0.96
0.89
0.84
0.96
0.89
0.84

16 psf
0.99
0.96
0.94
0.99
0.96
0.94

For intermediate values of roof live loads, use straight


line interpolation.

Explanation of Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

7. LUMBER IDENTIFICATION
The tabulated spans in these tables apply to
lumber identified by the grade stamp of, or certificate
of inspection issued by, a lumber grading or inspection
bureau or agency recognized as being competent by
the Board of Review of the American Lumber Standards Committee or the Canadian Lumber Standards
Accreditation Board.
8. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
The quality of wood products and fasteners and
the design of load-supporting members and connections shall conform to the NDS. All members shall be
so framed, anchored, tied, and braced that they have
the necessary strength and rigidity. Adequate bracing
and bridging to resist wind and other lateral forces
shall be provided.
9. REQUIRED COMPRESSION
PERPENDICULAR TO GRAIN
The required compression perpendicular to grain
design value, Fc, for the joist or rafter shall be
determined from Table 9.1. The table assumes a total
load of 66.67 plf on the joist or rafter. The required Fc
value shall be permitted to be adjusted in direct
proportion to alternate total loads using factors tabulated in Table 9.2. The commentary outlines several
examples that include provisions for determining required compression perpendicular to grain design
values.

Explanation of Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

Table 9.1

Required compression perpendicular to grain design values (Fc) in pounds per


square inch for simple span joists and rafters with uniform load
Bearing Length, in

Span, ft

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26

30
59
89
119
148
178
207
237
267
296
326
356
385

22
44
67
89
111
133
156
178
200
222
244
267
289

18
36
53
71
89
107
124
142
160
178
196
213
231

15
30
44
59
74
89
104
119
133
148
163
178
193

13
25
38
51
63
76
89
102
114
127
140
152
165

Notes:

1) Bearing width is assumed to be 1.5".


2) Total uniform load is assumed to be 66.67 plf.
3) Alternate Fc values are possible by adjusting the tabulated values in direct proportion to the
desired load. Adjustment factors are tabulated in Table 9.2.
4) See A.1.3 for 2 span floor joist requirements.

Table 9.2

Adjustment factors for alternate loading and spacing conditions for determining
required compression perpendicular to grain design values (Fc) for joists and rafters

Loads, psf
Live
10
20
30
40
50
60
20
30
40
50
20
30
40
50
60
Note:

Dead
5
10
10
10
10
10
15
15
15
15
20
20
20
20
20

On-center spacing, in
12

16

19.2

24

0.23
0.45
0.60
0.75
0.90
1.05
0.53
0.68
0.83
0.98
0.60
0.75
0.90
1.05
1.20

0.30
0.60
0.80
1.00
1.20
1.40
0.70
0.90
1.10
1.30
0.80
1.00
1.20
1.40
1.60

0.36
0.72
0.96
1.20
1.44
1.68
0.84
1.08
1.32
1.56
0.96
1.20
1.44
1.68
1.92

0.45
0.90
1.20
1.50
1.80
2.10
1.05
1.35
1.65
1.95
1.20
1.50
1.80
2.10
2.40

Multiply Table 9.1 values by adjustment factors to obtain required compression perpendicular to
grain design values.

Explanation of Tables

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

TABLE F- 1
FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Deflection - For 30 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 360.
Strength - Live load of 30 psf plus dead load
of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Joist
Size
(in)

Modulus of Elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 psi


Spacing
(in)
0.8

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

2x12

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9887-

0.9

1.0

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

10- 1
9- 2
8- 8
8- 0

10- 5
9- 6
8-11
8- 3

10- 9
9- 9
9- 2
8- 6

11- 0
10- 0
9- 5
8- 9

11- 3
10- 3
9- 8
8-11

11- 7
10- 6
9-10
9- 2

11-10
10- 9
10- 1
9- 4

12- 0
10-11
10- 4
9- 7

12- 3
11- 2
10- 6
9- 9

12- 6
11- 4
10- 8
9-11

12- 9
11- 7
10-10
10- 1

12-11
11- 9
11- 1
10- 3

13- 1
11-11
11- 3
10- 5

13121110-

14-11
13- 6
12- 9
11-10

15- 3
13-10
13- 0
12- 1

15141312-

15-10
14- 5
13- 7
12- 7

16- 2
14- 8
13-10
12-10

16151413-

6
0
1
1

16151413-

9
3
4
4

17151413-

0
6
7
6

17151413-

17- 7
15-11
15- 0
13-11

17-10
16- 2
15- 3
14- 2

21191816-

0
1
0
8

21191817-

5
5
3
0

21191817-

9
9
7
3

22- 1
20- 1
18-10
17- 6

22201917-

22201918-

4
6
0
5

9- 9
8-10
8- 4
7- 9

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

12- 4
11- 3
10- 7
9-10

12-10
11- 8
11- 0
10- 2

13121110-

4
1
4
7

13- 9
12- 6
11- 9
10-11

14- 2
12-10
12- 1
11- 3

14131211-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

15141312-

9
4
6
6

16- 5
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

17151413-

0
5
6
6

17- 6
15-11
15- 0
13-11

18161514-

0
5
5
4

18- 6
16-10
15-10
14- 8

19171615-

0
3
3
1

19171615-

5
8
7
5

19-10
18- 0
17- 0
15- 9

20181716-

3
5
4
1

20181716-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

19171615-

2
5
5
2

19-11
18- 1
17- 0
15-10

20181716-

8
9
8
5

21- 4
19- 4
18- 3
16-11

21-11
19-11
18- 9
17- 5

22- 6
20- 6
19- 3
17-11

23211918-

1
0
9
4

23212018-

7
6
2
9

24- 2
21-11
20- 8
19- 2

24222119-

8
5
1
7

25- 1
22-10
21- 6
19-11

25- 7
23- 3
21-10
20- 3

26232220-

0
7
3
8

24- 0
22- 7
21- 0

24- 5
22-11
21- 4

24- 9
23- 3
21- 7

25- 1
23- 7
21-11

861
947
1007
1084

912
1004
1067
1149

962
1059
1125
1212

1011
1112
1182
1273

1105
1216
1292
1392

1150
1266
1345
1449

1195
1315
1398
1506

1239
1364
1449
1561

1282
1411
1499
1615

1324
1458
1549
1669

1366
1504
1598
1721

1407
1549
1646
1773

1448
1593
1693
1824

696
766
814
877

753
829
881
949

808
889
945
1018

6
2
5
6

1058
1165
1238
1333

7
2
4
4

8
9
8
5

4
9
9
9

4
1
5
7

5
4
2
9

13121110-

6
3
7
9

9
8
5
0

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

Note:

The required bending design value, Fb, in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26'
and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

TABLE F- 2
FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Deflection - For 40 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 360.
Strength - Live load of 40 psf plus dead load
of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Joist
Size
(in)

Modulus of Elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 psi


Spacing
(in)
0.8

1.1

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

10- 0
9- 1
8- 7
7-11

10- 3
9- 4
8- 9
8- 2

10- 6
9- 6
9- 0
8- 4

10- 9
9- 9
9- 2
8- 6

10-11
9-11
9- 4
8- 8

11- 2
10- 2
9- 6
8-10

11- 4
10- 4
9- 8
9- 0

11- 7
10- 6
9-10
9- 2

11- 9
10- 8
10- 0
9- 4

11-11
10-10
10- 2
9- 6

12- 1
11- 0
10- 4
9- 7

12- 3
11- 2
10- 6
9- 9

15- 0
13- 7
12-10
11-11

15- 3
13-10
13- 0
12- 1

15141312-

15141312-

15-11
14- 6
13- 8
12- 8

16- 2
14- 8
13-10
12-10

9- 2
8- 4
7-10
7- 3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

11- 3
10- 2
9- 7
8-11

11- 8
10- 7
10- 0
9- 3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

14131211-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

718
790
840
905

Note:

The required bending design value, Fb, in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26'
and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x10

2x12

4
0
3
4

6
7
1
6

9- 9
8-10
8- 4
7- 9

12- 1
11- 0
10- 4
9- 7

12- 6
11- 4
10- 8
9-11

12-10
11- 8
11- 0
10- 2

13121110-

2
0
3
6

13121110-

6
3
7
9

13-10
12- 7
11-10
11- 0

14- 2
12-10
12- 1
11- 3

14131211-

5
1
4
5

14131211-

14-11
13- 6
12- 9
11-10

15141312-

15-11
14- 6
13- 7
12- 8

16- 5
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

16-10
15- 3
14- 5
13- 4

17151413-

3
8
9
8

17161514-

8
0
1
0

18161514-

0
5
5
4

18161514-

5
9
9
7

18- 9
17- 0
16- 0
14-11

19171615-

1
4
4
2

19171615-

5
8
7
5

19- 9
17-11
16-11
15- 8

20- 1
18- 3
17- 2
15-11

20181716-

4
6
5
2

20181716-

18161514-

18- 9
17- 0
16- 0
14-11

19171615-

19-11
18- 1
17- 0
15-10

20181716-

21- 0
19- 1
17-11
16- 8

21191817-

6
6
4
0

21-11
19-11
18- 9
17- 5

22201917-

5
4
2
9

22-10
20- 9
19- 6
18- 1

23- 3
21- 1
19-10
18- 5

23212018-

7
6
2
9

24- 0
21-10
20- 6
19- 1

24- 5
22- 2
20-10
19- 4

24222119-

9
6
2
8

25- 1
22-10
21- 6
19-11

833
917
975
1050

888
977
1039
1119

941
1036
1101
1186

993
1093
1161
1251

1043
1148
1220
1314

1092
1202
1277
1376

1140
1255
1333
1436

1187
1306
1388
1496

1233
1357
1442
1554

1278
1407
1495
1611

1323
1456
1547
1667

1367
1504
1598
1722

1410
1551
1649
1776

1452
1598
1698
1829

1
5
6
4

4
7
7
4

6
7
6
3

8
4
7
8

6
1
3
3

9
3
5
6

8
9
8
5

1494
1644
1747
1882

Span Tables
5

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

777
855
909
979

5
0
2
3

9887-

1.2

8-10
8- 0
7- 7
7- 0

2x 8

8776-

1.0

6
9
3
9

2x 6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.9

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

TABLE F- 3
FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Deflection - For 50 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 360.
Strength - Live load of 50 psf plus dead load
of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Joist
Size
(in)

Modulus of Elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 psi


Spacing
(in)
0.8

0.9

8877-

9
0
6
0

9877-

1
3
9
2

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

10- 2
9- 3
8- 8
8- 1

10- 4
9- 5
8-10
8- 3

10- 6
9- 7
9- 0
8- 4

10- 9
9- 9
9- 2
8- 6

10-11
9-11
9- 4
8- 8

11- 1
10- 1
9- 6
8- 9

11- 3
10- 2
9- 7
8-11

11- 5
10- 4
9- 9
9- 1

10- 5
9- 6
8-11
8- 3

10-10
9-10
9- 3
8- 7

11- 3
10- 2
9- 7
8-11

11- 7
10- 6
9-11
9- 2

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

13121110-

3
1
4
7

13-10
12- 7
11-10
11- 0

14131211-

4
0
3
4

14131211-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

16- 2
14- 8
13-10
12-10

16-10
15- 3
14- 4
13- 4

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

18161514-

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

743
817
869
936

803
884
940
1012

862
949
1008
1086

918
1011
1074
1157

Note:

The required bending design value, Fb, in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26'
and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'. The governing building code may require a check for concentrated loads for occupancies with this
uniform load condition.

2x12

6
9
3
9

1.3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x10

8776-

1.2

7-11
7- 2
6- 9
6- 3

2x 8

3
6
0
6

1.1

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x 6

8776-

1.0

9- 3
8- 5
7-11
7- 4

9887-

6
8
2
7

9- 9
8-10
8- 4
7- 9

9-11
9- 1
8- 6
7-11

11-11
10-10
10- 2
9- 6

12- 3
11- 1
10- 6
9- 9

12111010-

7
5
9
0

12-10
11- 8
11- 0
10- 2

13- 1
11-11
11- 3
10- 5

13121110-

5
2
5
8

13- 8
12- 5
11- 8
10-10

13-11
12- 7
11-11
11- 0

14- 2
12-10
12- 1
11- 3

14131211-

4
1
3
5

14131211-

7
3
6
7

14-10
13- 5
12- 8
11- 9

15- 0
13- 8
12-10
11-11

9
5
8
9

15- 2
13-10
13- 0
12- 1

15141312-

7
2
4
5

16141312-

0
7
8
8

16- 5
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

16151413-

9
2
4
3

17151413-

1
6
7
7

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

17161514-

9
1
2
1

18161514-

0
5
5
4

18161514-

4
8
8
7

18- 7
16-11
15-11
14- 9

18-11
17- 2
16- 2
15- 0

19171615-

0
4
4
3

18- 6
16-10
15-10
14- 8

19171615-

0
3
3
1

19171615-

6
8
8
5

19-11
18- 1
17- 0
15-10

20181716-

4
6
5
2

20- 9
18-10
17- 9
16- 6

21- 2
19- 3
18- 1
16-10

21191817-

7
7
5
1

21-11
19-11
18- 9
17- 5

22201917-

3
3
1
8

22201918-

23- 0
20-10
19- 8
18- 3

23- 4
21- 2
19-11
18- 6

973
1071
1138
1226

1026
1130
1201
1293

1129
1243
1321
1423

1179
1298
1379
1485

1228
1351
1436
1547

1275
1404
1491
1607

1322
1455
1546
1666

1368
1506
1600
1724

1413
1555
1653
1781

1502
1653
1756
1892

1545
1700
1807
1946

1078
1187
1261
1359

8
7
4
0

1458
1604
1705
1837

2
5
5
2

TABLE F- 4
FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Deflection - For 60 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 360.
Strength - Live load of 60 psf plus dead load
of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Joist
Size
(in)

Modulus of Elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 psi


Spacing
(in)
0.8

3
6
1
7

8776-

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

8- 9
7-11
7- 6
6-11

8-11
8- 2
7- 8
7- 1

9- 2
8- 4
7-10
7- 3

10-11
9-11
9- 4
8- 8

11- 3
10- 2
9- 7
8-11

11- 6
10- 6
9-10
9- 2

11-10
10- 9
10- 1
9- 4

6
3
6
8

13-11
12- 8
11-11
11- 0

14131211-

14131211-

15-10
14- 4
13- 6
12- 7

16- 5
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

16-11
15- 4
14- 5
13- 5

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

830
913
971
1046

890
980
1041
1122

949
1044
1110
1195

1005
1107
1176
1267

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

10- 1
9- 2
8- 8
8- 0

10- 3
9- 4
8- 9
8- 2

10- 5
9- 6
8-11
8- 3

10- 7
9- 7
9- 0
8- 5

10- 9
9- 9
9- 2
8- 6

10- 7
9- 7
9- 0
8- 5

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

12- 6
11- 4
10- 8
9-11

13- 0
11-10
11- 1
10- 4

13121110-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

15- 2
13-10
13- 0
12- 1

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

767
844
897
967

Note:

The required bending design value, Fb, in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26'
and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

4
0
3
4

4
6
0
5

9887-

7
8
2
7

9- 9
8-10
8- 4
7- 9

9-11
9- 0
8- 6
7-10

12- 1
11- 0
10- 4
9- 7

12- 4
11- 3
10- 7
9-10

12111010-

7
5
9
0

12-10
11- 8
11- 0
10- 2

13- 1
11-11
11- 2
10- 5

13121110-

4
1
4
7

13121110-

6
3
7
9

13- 9
12- 6
11- 9
10-11

13-11
12- 8
11-11
11- 1

14- 2
12-10
12- 1
11- 3

15- 1
13- 8
12-11
11-11

15141312-

5
0
2
3

15141312-

9
4
6
6

16141312-

1
7
9
9

16- 5
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

16151413-

8
2
3
3

17151413-

0
5
6
6

17151413-

3
8
9
8

17- 6
15-11
15- 0
13-11

17161514-

9
2
2
1

18161514-

17-11
16- 3
15- 3
14- 2

18161514-

18- 9
17- 0
16- 0
14-11

19171615-

2
5
5
2

19171615-

7
9
9
6

19-11
18- 1
17- 0
15-10

20181716-

3
5
4
1

20181716-

8
9
8
5

21- 0
19- 1
17-11
16- 8

21- 4
19- 4
18- 3
16-11

21191817-

7
8
6
2

21-11
19-11
18- 9
17- 5

1061
1167
1240
1336

1114
1226
1303
1404

1167
1284
1365
1470

1218
1341
1425
1535

1317
1450
1541
1660

1366
1503
1597
1721

1460
1607
1708
1840

1506
1658
1761
1897

1551
1707
1814
1955

8
4
7
8

4
8
8
7

9887-

1.8

1268
1396
1483
1598

1413
1556
1653
1781

0
5
5
4

1596
1757
1867
2011

Span Tables
7

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

6
9
3
9

1.7

10- 2
9- 3
8- 9
8- 1

2x12

8776-

1.2

9-10
8-11
8- 5
7- 9

2x10

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7766-

1.1

8- 0
7- 3
6-10
6- 4

2x 8

7- 5
6- 9
6- 4
5-11

1.0
9
0
7
2

2x 6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.9

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

TABLE F- 5
FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Deflection - For 40 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 360.
Strength - Live load of 40 psf plus dead load
of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Joist
Size
(in)

Modulus of Elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 psi


Spacing
(in)
0.8

1.1

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

10- 0
9- 1
8- 7
7-11

10- 3
9- 4
8- 9
8- 2

10- 6
9- 6
9- 0
8- 4

10- 9
9- 9
9- 2
8- 6

10-11
9-11
9- 4
8- 8

11- 2
10- 2
9- 6
8-10

11- 4
10- 4
9- 8
9- 0

11- 7
10- 6
9-10
9- 2

11- 9
10- 8
10- 0
9- 4

11-11
10-10
10- 2
9- 6

12- 1
11- 0
10- 4
9- 7

12- 3
11- 2
10- 6
9- 9

15- 0
13- 7
12-10
11-11

15- 3
13-10
13- 0
12- 1

15141312-

15141312-

15-11
14- 6
13- 8
12- 8

16- 2
14- 8
13-10
12-10

9- 2
8- 4
7-10
7- 3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

11- 3
10- 2
9- 7
8-11

11- 8
10- 7
10- 0
9- 3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

14131211-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

Note:

The required bending design value, Fb, in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26'
and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x10

2x12

6
7
1
6

9- 9
8-10
8- 4
7- 9

12- 1
11- 0
10- 4
9- 7

12- 6
11- 4
10- 8
9-11

12-10
11- 8
11- 0
10- 2

13121110-

2
0
3
6

13121110-

6
3
7
9

13-10
12- 7
11-10
11- 0

14- 2
12-10
12- 1
11- 3

14131211-

5
1
4
5

14131211-

14-11
13- 6
12- 9
11-10

15141312-

15-11
14- 6
13- 7
12- 8

16- 5
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

16-10
15- 3
14- 5
13- 4

17151413-

3
8
9
8

17161514-

8
0
1
0

18161514-

0
5
5
4

18161514-

5
9
9
7

18- 9
17- 0
16- 0
14-11

19171615-

1
4
4
2

19171615-

5
8
7
5

19- 9
17-11
16-11
15- 8

20- 1
18- 3
17- 2
15-11

20181716-

4
6
5
2

20181716-

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

18161514-

18- 9
17- 0
16- 0
14-11

19171615-

19-11
18- 1
17- 0
15-10

20181716-

21- 0
19- 1
17-11
16- 8

21191817-

6
6
4
0

21-11
19-11
18- 9
17- 5

22201917-

5
4
2
9

22-10
20- 9
19- 6
18- 1

23- 3
21- 1
19-10
18- 5

23212018-

7
6
2
9

24- 0
21-10
20- 6
19- 1

24- 5
22- 2
20-10
19- 4

24222119-

9
6
2
8

25- 1
22-10
21- 6
19-11

862
949
1008
1086

932
1026
1090
1174

1000
1101
1170
1260

1066
1173
1246
1343

1129
1243
1321
1423

1191
1311
1393
1501

1251
1377
1464
1577

1310
1442
1533
1651

1368
1506
1600
1724

1424
1568
1666
1795

1480
1629
1731
1864

1534
1688
1794
1933

1587
1747
1857
2000

1640
1805
1918
2066

1692
1862
1978
2131

1742
1918
2038
2195

4
0
3
4

1
5
6
4

5
0
2
3

9887-

1.2

8-10
8- 0
7- 7
7- 0

2x 8

8776-

1.0

6
9
3
9

2x 6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.9

4
7
7
4

6
7
6
3

8
4
7
8

6
1
3
3

9
3
5
6

8
9
8
5

1793
1973
2097
2258

TABLE F- 6
FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Deflection - For 50 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 360.
Strength - Live load of 50 psf plus dead load
of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Joist
Size
(in)

Modulus of Elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 psi


Spacing
(in)
0.8

0.9

8877-

9
0
6
0

9877-

1
3
9
2

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

10- 2
9- 3
8- 8
8- 1

10- 4
9- 5
8-10
8- 3

10- 6
9- 7
9- 0
8- 4

10- 9
9- 9
9- 2
8- 6

10-11
9-11
9- 4
8- 8

11- 1
10- 1
9- 6
8- 9

11- 3
10- 2
9- 7
8-11

11- 5
10- 4
9- 9
9- 1

10- 5
9- 6
8-11
8- 3

10-10
9-10
9- 3
8- 7

11- 3
10- 2
9- 7
8-11

11- 7
10- 6
9-11
9- 2

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

13121110-

3
1
4
7

13-10
12- 7
11-10
11- 0

14131211-

4
0
3
4

14131211-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

16- 2
14- 8
13-10
12-10

16-10
15- 3
14- 4
13- 4

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

18161514-

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

866
954
1013
1092

937
1032
1096
1181

1005
1107
1176
1267

1071
1179
1253
1350

Note:

The required bending design value, Fb, in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26'
and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'. The governing building code may require a check for concentrated loads for occupancies with this
uniform load condition.

2x12

6
9
3
9

1.3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x10

8776-

1.2

7-11
7- 2
6- 9
6- 3

2x 8

3
6
0
6

1.1

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x 6

8776-

1.0

9- 3
8- 5
7-11
7- 4

9887-

6
8
2
7

9- 9
8-10
8- 4
7- 9

9-11
9- 1
8- 6
7-11

11-11
10-10
10- 2
9- 6

12- 3
11- 1
10- 6
9- 9

12111010-

7
5
9
0

12-10
11- 8
11- 0
10- 2

13- 1
11-11
11- 3
10- 5

13121110-

5
2
5
8

13- 8
12- 5
11- 8
10-10

13-11
12- 7
11-11
11- 0

14- 2
12-10
12- 1
11- 3

14131211-

4
1
3
5

14131211-

7
3
6
7

14-10
13- 5
12- 8
11- 9

15- 0
13- 8
12-10
11-11

9
5
8
9

15- 2
13-10
13- 0
12- 1

15141312-

7
2
4
5

16141312-

0
7
8
8

16- 5
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

16151413-

9
2
4
3

17151413-

1
6
7
7

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

17161514-

9
1
2
1

18161514-

0
5
5
4

18161514-

4
8
8
7

18- 7
16-11
15-11
14- 9

18-11
17- 2
16- 2
15- 0

19171615-

0
4
4
3

18- 6
16-10
15-10
14- 8

19171615-

0
3
3
1

19171615-

6
8
8
5

19-11
18- 1
17- 0
15-10

20181716-

4
6
5
2

20- 9
18-10
17- 9
16- 6

21- 2
19- 3
18- 1
16-10

21191817-

7
7
5
1

21-11
19-11
18- 9
17- 5

22201917-

3
3
1
8

22201918-

23- 0
20-10
19- 8
18- 3

23- 4
21- 2
19-11
18- 6

1135
1250
1328
1430

1198
1318
1401
1509

1317
1450
1541
1660

1375
1514
1609
1733

1432
1576
1675
1804

1488
1637
1740
1874

1542
1698
1804
1943

1596
1757
1867
2011

1649
1815
1928
2077

1752
1928
2049
2207

1802
1984
2108
2271

1701
1872
1989
2143

Span Tables
9

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

1258
1385
1472
1585

8
7
4
0

2
5
5
2

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

10

TABLE F- 7
FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Deflection - For 60 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 360.
Strength - Live load of 60 psf plus dead load
of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Joist
Size
(in)

Modulus of Elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 psi


Spacing
(in)
0.8

3
6
1
7

8776-

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

6
9
3
9

8- 9
7-11
7- 6
6-11

8-11
8- 2
7- 8
7- 1

9- 2
8- 4
7-10
7- 3

10-11
9-11
9- 4
8- 8

11- 3
10- 2
9- 7
8-11

11- 6
10- 6
9-10
9- 2

11-10
10- 9
10- 1
9- 4

6
3
6
8

13-11
12- 8
11-11
11- 0

14131211-

14131211-

15-10
14- 4
13- 6
12- 7

16- 5
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

16-11
15- 4
14- 5
13- 5

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

949
1044
1109
1195

1018
1120
1190
1282

1084
1193
1268
1366

1149
1265
1344
1448

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

10- 1
9- 2
8- 8
8- 0

10- 3
9- 4
8- 9
8- 2

10- 5
9- 6
8-11
8- 3

10- 7
9- 7
9- 0
8- 5

10- 9
9- 9
9- 2
8- 6

10- 7
9- 7
9- 0
8- 5

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

12- 6
11- 4
10- 8
9-11

13- 0
11-10
11- 1
10- 4

13121110-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

15- 2
13-10
13- 0
12- 1

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

877
965
1026
1105

Note:

The required bending design value, Fb, in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26'
and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

4
0
3
4

4
6
0
5

9887-

7
8
2
7

9- 9
8-10
8- 4
7- 9

9-11
9- 0
8- 6
7-10

12- 1
11- 0
10- 4
9- 7

12- 4
11- 3
10- 7
9-10

12111010-

7
5
9
0

12-10
11- 8
11- 0
10- 2

13- 1
11-11
11- 2
10- 5

13121110-

4
1
4
7

13121110-

6
3
7
9

13- 9
12- 6
11- 9
10-11

13-11
12- 8
11-11
11- 1

14- 2
12-10
12- 1
11- 3

15- 1
13- 8
12-11
11-11

15141312-

5
0
2
3

15141312-

9
4
6
6

16141312-

1
7
9
9

16- 5
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

16151413-

8
2
3
3

17151413-

0
5
6
6

17151413-

3
8
9
8

17- 6
15-11
15- 0
13-11

17161514-

9
2
2
1

18161514-

17-11
16- 3
15- 3
14- 2

18161514-

18- 9
17- 0
16- 0
14-11

19171615-

2
5
5
2

19171615-

7
9
9
6

19-11
18- 1
17- 0
15-10

20181716-

3
5
4
1

20181716-

8
9
8
5

21- 0
19- 1
17-11
16- 8

21- 4
19- 4
18- 3
16-11

21191817-

7
8
6
2

21-11
19-11
18- 9
17- 5

1212
1334
1418
1527

1273
1402
1489
1604

1333
1468
1559
1680

1392
1532
1628
1754

1506
1657
1761
1897

1561
1718
1826
1967

1669
1837
1952
2102

1721
1894
2013
2169

1773
1951
2074
2234

8
4
7
8

4
8
8
7

9887-

1.7

10- 2
9- 3
8- 9
8- 1

2x12

8776-

1.2

9-10
8-11
8- 5
7- 9

2x10

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7766-

1.1

8- 0
7- 3
6-10
6- 4

2x 8

7- 5
6- 9
6- 4
5-11

1.0
9
0
7
2

2x 6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.9

1449
1595
1695
1826

1615
1778
1889
2035

0
5
5
4

1824
2008
2133
2298

TABLE C-1
CEILING JOISTS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Deflection - For 10 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Strength - Live Load of 10 psf plus
dead load of 5 psf determines the required fiber stress value.
Joist
Size
(in)

Modulus of Elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 psi


Spacing
(in)
0.8

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9-10
8-11
8- 5
7-10

1.0

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9

2.0

10- 3
9- 4
8- 9
8- 1

10- 7
9- 8
9- 1
8- 5

10-11
9-11
9- 4
8- 8

11- 3
10- 3
9- 8
8-11

11- 7
10- 6
9-11
9- 2

11-10
10- 9
10- 2
9- 5

12- 2
11- 0
10- 4
9- 8

12- 5
11- 3
10- 7
9-10

12- 8
11- 6
10-10
10- 0

12-11
11- 9
11- 0
10- 3

13- 2
11-11
11- 3
10- 5

13121110-

16151413-

8
2
3
3

17151413-

2
7
8
8

17161514-

8
1
2
1

18161514-

2
6
7
5

18- 8
16-11
15-11
14- 9

19171615-

19171615-

6
8
8
6

19-11
18- 1
17- 0
15- 9

20181716-

20181716-

8
9
8
4

21- 0
19- 1
17-11
16- 8

0
9
6
0

24222119-

7
4
0
6

25- 2
22-10
21- 6
19-11

25- 8
23- 4
21-11
20- 5

23-10
22- 5
20-10

24- 3
22-10
21- 2

24- 8
23- 3
21- 7

1176
1294
1375
1481

1221
1344
1429
1539

1266
1394
1481
1595

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

15141312-

6
1
3
3

16141312-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

20181716-

5
6
5
2

21- 2
19- 3
18- 1
16-10

21-11
19-11
18- 9
17- 5

22201918-

8
7
5
0

23- 4
21- 2
19-11
18- 6

24212019-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

26232220-

0
8
3
8

24- 7
23- 1
21- 6

25- 5
23-11
22- 3

24- 9
22-11

25- 5
23- 8

24- 3

24-10

25- 5

26- 0

769
847
900
969

825
909
965
1040

880
968
1029
1108

932
1026
1090
1174

983
1082
1150
1239

1033
1137
1208
1302

1082
1191
1265
1363

1129
1243
1321
1423

711
783
832
896

1
7
9
9

1
4
4
2

3
5
4
1

2.1

2.2

2.3

13- 9
12- 6
11- 9
10-11

14121211-

21- 4
19- 5
18- 3
16-11

21191817-

8
8
6
2

22- 0
20- 0
18-10
17- 5

22201917-

25- 2
23- 8
21-11

25- 7
24- 0
22- 4

25-11
24- 5
22- 8

24- 9
23- 0

25- 2
23- 4

1310
1442
1533
1651

1354
1490
1583
1706

1396
1537
1633
1759

1438
1583
1682
1812

1480
1629
1731
1864

4
2
5
7

13121110-

7
4
7
9

2.4
0
9
0
1

14- 2
12-11
12- 2
11- 3
4
3
1
8

Span Tables

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

Note:

The required bending design value, Fb, in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26'
and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

11

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

0.9

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

12

TABLE C-2
CEILING JOISTS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Deflection - For 20 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Strength - Live Load of 20 psf plus
dead load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Joist
Size
(in)

Modulus of Elasticity,

E, in 1,000,000 psi

Spacing
(in)
0.8

0.9

1.0

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

10- 0
9- 1
8- 7
8- 0

10- 3
9- 4
8- 9
8- 1

10- 5
9- 6
8-11
8- 3

10- 7
9- 8
9- 1
8- 5

10- 9
9- 9
9- 3
8- 7

10-11
9-11
9- 4
8- 8

11- 1
10- 1
9- 6
8-10

11- 3
10- 3
9- 8
8-11

16141312-

16- 4
14-11
14- 0
13- 0

16151413-

16-11
15- 5
14- 6
13- 5

17151413-

2
7
8
8

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

17161514-

22201918-

8
7
5
0

23- 0
20-11
19- 8
18- 3

23- 4
21- 2
19-11
18- 6

5
8
2
8

8- 8
7-11
7- 5
6-11

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

12- 3
11- 2
10- 6
9- 9

12- 9
11- 7
10-11
10- 2

13121110-

3
0
4
6

13- 8
12- 5
11- 8
10-10

14121211-

1
9
0
2

14131211-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

16- 2
14- 8
13-10
12-10

16-10
15- 3
14- 5
13- 4

17- 5
15-10
14-11
13-10

18161514-

18- 6
16-10
15-10
14- 8

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

20181716-

21191817-

22201917-

22-11
20-10
19- 7
18- 3

23212018-

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

896
986
1048
1129

1108
1220
1296
1396

1174
1293
1374
1480

Note:

The required bending design value, Fb, in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26'
and less.Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x10

8
9
8
5

6
6
4
0

969
1067
1134
1221

3
2
0
8

1040
1145
1216
1310

8
6
2
9

9887-

5
7
1
6

5
1
4
5

14131211-

9
5
8
9

15- 2
13- 9
12-11
12- 0

15141312-

6
1
3
3

15141312-

19171615-

0
3
3
1

19171615-

6
9
8
6

19-11
18- 1
17- 1
15-10

20181716-

5
6
5
2

20-10
18-11
17- 9
16- 6

21- 2
19- 3
18- 1
16-10

21191817-

7
7
5
2

21-11
19-11
18- 9
17- 5

22201917-

24222019-

3
1
9
3

24-10
22- 7
21- 3
19- 9

25232120-

26232220-

0
8
3
8

24- 1
22- 8
21- 1

24- 7
23- 1
21- 6

25- 0
23- 7
21-10

25- 5
23-11
22- 3

25-10
24- 4
22- 7

24- 9
22-11

25- 1
23- 4

25- 5
23- 8

1302
1433
1522
1640

1363
1500
1594
1717

1423
1566
1664
1793

1481
1631
1733
1866

1539
1694
1800
1939

1595
1756
1866
2010

1651
1817
1931
2080

1706
1877
1995
2149

1759
1936
2058
2217

1812
1995
2120
2283

1864
2052
2181
2349

1239
1364
1449
1561

5
1
9
2

9-10
8-11
8- 5
7-10

1.8

8776-

2x 8

8
9
3
8

1.7

8- 1
7- 5
6-11
6- 5

0
4
5
3

9887-

1.6

7-10
7- 1
6- 8
6- 2

2x 6

9- 2
8- 4
7-10
7- 3

1.5

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x 4

8-11
8- 1
7- 8
7- 1

1.4

9
4
6
6

1
7
9
9

8
2
3
3

4
3
1
9

8
1
2
1

TABLE R-1
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 20 psf plus
Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 20 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 6

2x 8

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

400

500

600

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7655-

1
2
7
0

8- 2
7- 1
6- 6
5-10

9- 2
7-11
7- 3
6- 6

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9876-

4
1
5
7

10-10 12- 1
9- 4 10- 6
8- 7
9- 7
7- 8
8- 7

700

800

900

1000

1100

1200

1300

1400

1500

1600

1700

1800

1900

10-10 11- 7
9- 5 10- 0
8- 7
9- 2
7- 8
8- 2

12- 4
10- 8
9- 9
8- 8

13- 0
11- 3
10- 3
9- 2

13- 7
11- 9
10- 9
9- 7

14121110-

2
4
3
0

14- 9
12-10
11- 8
10- 5

15- 4
13- 3
12- 2
10-10

15-11
13- 9
12- 7
11- 3

16141311-

5
2
0
7

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17151312-

17-10
15- 6 15-11 16- 3
14- 2 14- 6 14-10 15- 2
12- 8 13- 0 13- 3 13- 7

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

14121110-

4
5
4
1

15- 3
13- 3
12- 1
10-10

16- 3
14- 0
12-10
11- 6

17- 1
14-10
13- 6
12- 1

17-11
15- 6
14- 2
12- 8

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

19- 6
16-10
15- 5
13- 9

20171614-

20-11
18- 1
16- 7
14-10

21181715-

7
9
1
3

22191715-

3
4
7
9

22-11
19-10
18- 1
16- 3

23201816-

7
5
7
8

20-11 21- 5
19- 1 19- 7
17- 1 17- 6

20- 0 20- 6
17-11 18- 4

18- 9

25-10
22- 4 23- 1 23-11 24- 7
20- 5 21- 1 21-10 22- 6
18- 3 18-11 19- 6 20- 1

25- 4
23- 1
20- 8

26- 0
23- 9
21- 3

24- 5 25- 0
21-10 22- 4

25- 7
22-10 23- 5

23-11

2.31
2.11
1.89

2.43
2.18

2.48

3
6
0
4

5
1
9
4

2000

2100

2200

2300

2400

15- 7
13-11 14- 2

11-11 13- 9
10- 4 11-11
9- 5 10-11
8- 5
9- 9

15- 5
13- 4
12- 2
10-11

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

18- 3
15-10
14- 5
12-11

19- 6
16-11
15- 5
13- 9

20- 8
17-11
16- 4
14- 8

21-10
18-11
17- 3
15- 5

22-10
19-10
18- 1
16- 2

23-11
20- 8
18-11
16-11

24-10
21- 6
19- 8
17- 7

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

14121110-

16- 9
14- 6
13- 3
11-10

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

20171614-

22191715-

23201816-

25- 2
21- 9 23- 0
19-11 21- 0
17- 9 18- 9

24- 1
22- 0
19- 8

25- 2
23- 0
20- 6

23-11 24-10 25- 8


21- 5 22- 2 23- 0

23- 9

24- 5

25- 2

25-10

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.15
0.13
0.12
0.11

0.24
0.21
0.19
0.17

0.33
0.29
0.26
0.24

0.44
0.38
0.35
0.31

0.80
0.70
0.64
0.57

1.09
0.94
0.86
0.77

1.24
1.07
0.98
0.88

1.40
1.21
1.10
0.99

1.91
1.65
1.51
1.35

2.09
1.81
1.65
1.48

2.28
1.97
1.80
1.61

2.47
2.14
1.95
1.75

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x10

2x12

6
7
6
3

6
9
3
6

2
3
6
8

0.55
0.48
0.44
0.39

9
6
9
9

0.67
0.58
0.53
0.48

0.94
0.82
0.75
0.67

1.56
1.35
1.23
1.10

1.73
1.50
1.37
1.22

2.48
2.27
2.03

2.60
2.33

Span Tables
13

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

14

TABLE R-2
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 30 psf plus
Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 30 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 6

2x 8

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

400

500

600

700

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6- 2
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

7655-

1
2
7
0

7-11
6-10
6- 3
5- 7

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 2

9876-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8765-

9876-

4
1
5
7

10- 6
9- 1
8- 3
7- 5

1
0
5
9

800

900

1000

1100

1200

1300

5
2
5
8

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

10- 8
9- 3
8- 5
7- 6

11- 3
9- 9
8-11
7-11

11- 9
10- 2
9- 4
8- 4

12- 4
10- 8
9- 9
8- 8

11- 6
9-11
9- 1
8- 1

12- 5
10- 9
9- 9
8- 9

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

14- 0
12- 2
11- 1
9-11

14-10
12-10
11- 8
10- 6

15131211-

6
5
3
0

1400

1500

1600

1700

1800

1900

2000

2200

2300

2400

12-10 13- 3
11- 1 11- 6
10- 1 10- 6
9- 1
9- 5

13- 9
11-11
10-10
9- 9

14121110-

2
4
3
0

14121110-

8
8
7
4

15- 1
13- 1
11-11
10- 8

15- 6
13- 5
12- 3
10-11

15-11
13- 9 14- 1 14- 5
12- 7 12-10 13- 2
11- 3 11- 6 11- 9

13- 6
12- 0

12- 4

16- 3
14- 0
12-10
11- 6

16-10
14- 7
13- 4
11-11

17- 6
15- 2
13-10
12- 5

18- 1
15- 8
14- 4
12-10

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

19161513-

4
9
3
8

19-10
17- 2
15- 8
14- 0

20171614-

5
8
2
5

20-11
18- 1 18- 7 19- 0
16- 7 16-11 17- 4
14-10 15- 2 15- 6

17- 9
15-10 16- 3

21181715-

23-11
20- 8
18-11
16-11

24211917-

7
4
6
5

25- 4
21-11
20- 0
17-11

26222018-

0
6
7
5

23- 1 23- 8
21- 1 21- 8
18-11 19- 4

24- 3
22- 2 22- 8
19-10 20- 3

20- 8

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

10- 4
8-11
8- 2
7- 4

11-11 13- 4
10- 4 11- 7
9- 5 10- 7
8- 5
9- 5

14121110-

8
8
7
4

15-10
13- 8
12- 6
11- 2

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17-11
15- 6
14- 2
12- 8

18-11
16- 4
14-11
13- 4

19-10
17- 2
15- 8
14- 0

20- 8
17-11
16- 4
14- 8

6
8
0
3

22- 4
19- 4
17- 8
15-10

23201816-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

12- 7
10-11
9-11
8-11

14121110-

16- 3
14- 1
12-10
11- 6

17151412-

9
5
1
7

19161513-

20171614-

21- 9
18-10
17- 3
15- 5

23- 0
19-11
18- 2
16- 3

24- 1
20-10
19- 0
17- 0

25- 2
21- 9 22- 8
19-11 20- 8
17- 9 18- 6

23- 6
21- 6
19- 3

24- 4 25- 2
22- 3 23- 0
19-11 20- 6

25-11
23- 8 24- 4
21- 2 21- 9

25- 0
22- 5

25- 8
23- 0

23- 6

24- 1

24- 8

25- 2

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.15
0.13
0.12
0.11

0.23
0.20
0.18
0.16

0.32
0.28
0.26
0.23

0.43
0.37
0.34
0.30

0.78
0.68
0.62
0.55

0.92
0.80
0.73
0.65

1.06
0.92
0.84
0.75

1.21
1.05
0.95
0.85

1.52
1.32
1.20
1.08

1.69
1.46
1.33
1.19

2.04
1.76
1.61
1.44

2.41
2.08
1.90
1.70

2.60
2.25
2.05
1.84

2.42
2.21
1.98

2.60
2.37
2.12

2.53
2.27

2.41

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x10

2x12

6
7
6
3

3
8
2
7

0.54
0.47
0.43
0.38

6
9
3
6

0.66
0.57
0.52
0.46

1.36
1.18
1.08
0.96

1
0
3
4

2100

1.86
1.61
1.47
1.31

2.22
1.92
1.75
1.57

TABLE R-3
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 40 psf plus
Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 40 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

1100

1200

1300

1400

1500

1600

1700

1800

1900

2000

2100

2200

2300

2400

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5- 6
4- 9
4- 4
3-11

6554-

4
6
0
6

7655-

1
2
7
0

7665-

9
9
2
6

8- 5
7- 3
6- 8
5-11

9776-

9876-

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

10- 6
9- 1
8- 4
7- 5

11- 0
9- 6
8- 8
7- 9

11- 5
9-11
9- 1
8- 1

11-11 12- 4
10- 3 10- 8
9- 5
9- 9
8- 5
8- 8

12- 8
11- 0
10- 0
9- 0

13- 1
11- 4
10- 4
9- 3

13- 6
11- 8
10- 8
9- 6

13-10
12- 0
10-11
9- 9

14121110-

12- 7
11- 6
10- 3

12-11
11- 9 12- 0
10- 6 10- 9

12- 4
11- 0

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7655-

3
3
9
2

8- 4
7- 3
6- 7
5-11

9876-

4
1
5
7

10- 3
8-11
8- 1
7- 3

11- 1
9- 7
8- 9
7-10

11-10 12- 7 13- 3


10- 3 10-10 11- 6
9- 4
9-11 10- 6
8- 4
8-11 9- 4

13-11
12- 0
11- 0
9-10

14121110-

6
7
6
3

15- 1
13- 1
11-11
10- 8

15131211-

8
7
5
1

16- 3
14- 0
12-10
11- 6

16- 9
14- 6
13- 3
11-10

17- 3
14-11
13- 8
12- 2

17151412-

18- 3
15-10
14- 5
12-11

18- 9
16- 3 16- 7
14-10 15- 2
13- 3 13- 7

17- 0
15- 6 15-10 16- 3
13-11 14- 2 14- 6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9876-

3
0
4
6

10- 8
9- 3
8- 5
7- 7

11-11 13- 1
10- 4 11- 4
9- 5 10- 4
8- 5
9- 3

14121110-

2
3
2
0

15- 1
13- 1
11-11
10- 8

16- 0
13-10
12- 8
11- 4

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17151412-

9
4
0
6

18161413-

6
0
8
1

19161513-

3
8
3
7

20- 0
17- 4
15-10
14- 2

20- 8
17-11
16- 4
14- 8

21- 4
18- 6
16-11
15- 1

22191715-

22- 8
19- 7
17-11
16- 0

23201816-

23-11
20- 8 21- 2
18-11 19- 4
16-11 17- 4

21- 8
19-10 20- 3
17- 9 18- 1

20- 8
18- 6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

11- 3
9- 9
8-11
7-11

13- 0
11- 3
10- 3
9- 2

14121110-

15-11
13- 9
12- 7
11- 3

17- 2
14-11
13- 7
12- 2

18- 4
15-11
14- 6
13- 0

19- 6
16-10
15- 5
13- 9

20171614-

21181715-

7
8
0
3

22- 6
19- 6
17- 9
15-11

23201816-

5
3
6
7

24211917-

25- 2
21- 9
19-11
17- 9

26222018-

23- 2 23-10 24- 6


21- 2 21- 9 22- 5
18-11 19- 6 20- 0

25- 2
23- 0
20- 6

25- 9
23- 6
21- 1

24- 1
21- 7

24- 8
22- 0

25- 2
22- 6

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.14
0.12
0.11
0.10

0.22
0.19
0.18
0.16

0.31
0.27
0.24
0.22

0.41
0.35
0.32
0.29

0.51
0.44
0.41
0.36

0.63
0.54
0.50
0.44

0.75
0.65
0.59
0.53

0.88
0.76
0.69
0.62

1.15
1.00
0.91
0.81

1.30
1.12
1.03
0.92

1.61
1.39
1.27
1.14

1.77
1.54
1.40
1.25

1.94
1.68
1.54
1.37

2.48
2.15
1.96
1.75

2.31
2.11
1.89

2.48
2.26
2.02

2.42
2.16

2.58
2.30

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

2x12

6
7
6
3

0
9
1
4

6
3
6
9

6
9
3
6

1.01
0.88
0.80
0.71

4
1
3
2

1.45
1.26
1.15
1.03

0
6
6
4

0
1
5
7

9
5
0
7

2.12
1.83
1.67
1.50

3
2
5
6

2.30
1.99
1.81
1.62

2
4
3
0

Span Tables
15

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

300

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

16

TABLE R- 4
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load
of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 50 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

1100

1200

1300

1400

1500

1600

1700

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5443-

0
4
0
7

5-10
5- 0
4- 7
4- 1

6554-

6
7
1
7

7655-

1
2
7
0

7665-

8- 2
7- 1
6- 6
5-10

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 2

9- 2
7-11
7- 3
6- 6

9- 7
8- 4
7- 7
6-10

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

10- 5
9- 1
8- 3
7- 5

10-10 11- 3
9- 5
9- 9
8- 7
8-11
7- 8
7-11

11- 7
10- 0
9- 2
8- 2

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6554-

7
9
3
8

7665-

8766-

7
5
9
0

9876-

4
1
5
7

10-10 11- 6
9- 4
9-11
8- 7
9- 1
7- 8
8- 1

12- 1
10- 6
9- 7
8- 7

12- 8
11- 0
10- 0
9- 0

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

13- 9
11-11
10-11
9- 9

14121110-

4
5
4
1

14-10
12-10
11- 8
10- 6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8766-

5
4
8
0

9- 9
8- 5
7- 8
6-11

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17- 7
15- 3
13-11
12- 5

18- 3
15-10
14- 5
12-11

21- 5
18- 6
16-11
15- 1

22191715-

1.24
1.07
0.98
0.87

1.38
1.20
1.09
0.98

8
7
0
5

8
8
1
5

10- 1
8- 9
8- 0
7- 2

10-11 11-11 12-11 13- 9


9- 5 10- 4 11- 2 11-11
8- 7
9- 5 10- 2 10-11
7- 8
8- 5
9- 1
9- 9

8
7
5
1

15- 5
13- 4
12- 2
10-11

16141211-

2
0
9
5

16- 9
14- 6
13- 3
11-10

17151412-

9
5
1
7

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

19- 8
17- 0
15- 7
13-11

20171614-

0.60
0.52
0.47
0.42

0.71
0.62
0.56
0.50

0.83
0.72
0.66
0.59

0.96
0.83
0.76
0.68

1.10
0.95
0.87
0.77

2
3
6
8

2100

2200

2300

2400

11-11 12- 4
10- 4 10- 8
9- 5
9- 9
8- 5
8- 8

12- 8 13- 0
10-11 11- 3
10- 0 10- 3
8-11 9- 2

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 5

11- 9
10- 9
9- 7

12- 0
11- 0
9-10

11- 3
10- 0

15- 3
13- 3
12- 1
10-10

15131211-

9
8
5
2

16- 3
14- 0
12-10
11- 6

16141311-

8
5
2
9

17- 1
14-10
13- 6
12- 1

17- 6
15- 2 15- 6
13-10 14- 2
12- 5 12- 8

18-11
16- 4
14-11
13- 4

19- 6
16-11
15- 5
13- 9

20- 1
17- 5
15-11
14- 3

20- 8
17-11
16- 4
14- 8

21- 3
18- 5
16-10
15- 0

21-10
18-11
17- 3
15- 5

22- 4
19- 4 19-10 20- 3
17- 8 18- 1 18- 6
15-10 16- 2 16- 6

18-11
16-11

23- 0
19-11
18- 2
16- 3

23201816-

24211917-

25- 2
21- 9
19-11
17- 9

25-10
22- 5 23- 0
20- 5 21- 0
18- 3 18- 9

23- 6
21- 6
19- 3

24- 1
22- 0
19- 8

24- 8
22- 6
20- 1

23- 0
20- 6

1.53
1.33
1.21
1.08

1.69
1.46
1.33
1.19

2.01
1.74
1.59
1.42

2.18
1.89
1.73
1.54

2.54
2.20
2.00
1.79

2.35
2.15
1.92

2.52
2.30
2.06

2.45
2.19

9
6
9
9

5
2
4
3

15-10
14- 6 14-10
12-11 13- 3

11-10 13- 3
10- 3 11- 6
9- 4 10- 6
8- 5
9- 4

14121110-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.14
0.12
0.11
0.10

0.21
0.18
0.17
0.15

0.39
0.34
0.31
0.27

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

0.49
0.42
0.39
0.35

6
9
3
6

2000

10- 3
8-11
8- 1
7- 3

0.29
0.26
0.23
0.21

15131211-

8
8
7
4

1900

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x12

6
7
6
3

14121110-

1800

1.85
1.60
1.46
1.31

2.36
2.04
1.86
1.67

TABLE R-5
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 20 psf plus
Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 20 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

2x 6

2x 8

7
8
2
8

400

500

600

7665-

8766-

9876-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6554-

7
7
0
4

6
4
9
0

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8- 8 10- 0 11- 2
7- 6 8- 8 9- 8
6-10 7-11 8-10
6- 2 7- 1 7-11

700

4 10- 0
1 8- 8
4 7-11
7 7- 1

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700

10- 9 11- 5
9- 4 9-10
8- 6 9- 0
7- 7 8- 1

12- 0 12- 7
10- 5 10-11
9- 6 9-11
8- 6 8-11

13- 2
11- 5
10- 5
9- 4

13- 8
11-10
10-10
9- 8

14121110-

2
4
3
0

14121110-

8
9
7
5

15131210-

2
2
0
9

12- 3
10- 7
9- 8
8- 8

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

14121110-

2
3
2
0

15- 0
13- 0
11-10
10- 7

15-10
13- 8
12- 6
11- 2

16141311-

7
4
1
9

17151312-

4
0
8
3

18151412-

0
7
3
9

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

19161513-

5
9
4
8

20- 0
17- 4
15-10
14- 2

22191715-

1
2
6
8

23- 0
19-11
18- 2
16- 3

23-11
20- 8
18-11
16-11

24211917-

9
5
7
6

25222018-

15131211-

8
7
4
1

20- 8
17-10
16- 4
14- 7

16- 1
13-11
12- 9
11- 5

16141311-

21181615-

21-10
18-11
17- 3
15- 5

3
5
9
0

7
4
1
8

17141312-

0
8
5
0

22- 4
19- 5
17- 8
15-10

17151312-

5
1
9
4

22-11
19-10
18- 1
16- 3

17-10
15- 5 15- 9 16- 1 16- 5
14- 1 14- 5 14- 8 15- 0 15- 4
12- 7 12-10 13- 2 13- 5 13- 8 13-11
23201816-

6
4 20- 9 21- 3 21- 8
7 19- 0 19- 5 19- 9 20- 2
7 17- 0 17- 4 17- 8 18- 0 18- 5

11- 1
9- 7
8- 9
7-10

12- 9
11- 1
10- 1
9- 0

14121110-

3
4
3
1

15131211-

8
6
4
1

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

18151412-

1
8
3
9

19161513-

2
7
2
6

20- 2
17- 6
15-11
14- 3

21181615-

2
4
9
0

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

13- 5
11- 8
10- 8
9- 6

15131211-

17151312-

4
0
9
3

19161513-

0
6
0
5

20171614-

21-11
19- 0
17- 4
15- 6

23201816-

3
2
5
6

24211917-

25222018-

9
4 23- 3 24- 3 25- 2 26- 0
4 21- 3 22- 2 23- 0 23- 9 24- 7 25- 4 26- 0
2 19- 0 19-10 20- 6 21- 3 21-11 22- 8 23- 3 23-11 24- 7 25- 2 25- 9

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.12
0.11
0.10
0.09

0.19
0.16
0.15
0.13

0.54
0.46
0.42
0.38

0.64
0.55
0.51
0.45

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x10

2x12

6
5
3
0

0.26
0.23
0.21
0.19

0.35
0.30
0.27
0.25

6
9
3
6

0.44
0.38
0.35
0.31

7
3
5
4

0.75
0.65
0.59
0.53

0.86
0.75
0.68
0.61

0.98
0.85
0.78
0.70

1.11
0.96
0.88
0.78

1.24
1.07
0.98
0.88

1.37
1.19
1.09
0.97

6
1 22-10 23- 5 24- 1 24- 9 25- 4 25-11
2 20-10 21- 5 22- 0 22- 7 23- 1 23- 8 24- 2 24- 9 25- 3 25- 9
1 18- 7 19- 2 19- 8 20- 2 20- 8 21- 2 21- 8 22- 1 22- 7 23- 0 23- 5

1.51
1.31
1.20
1.07

1.66
1.44
1.31
1.17

1.81
1.56
1.43
1.28

1.96
1.70
1.55
1.39

2.12
1.83
1.67
1.50

2.28
1.97
1.80
1.61

2.44
2.11
1.93
1.73

2.26
2.06
1.85

2.41
2.20
1.97

2.56
2.34
2.09

2.48
2.22

2.35

Span Tables
17

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

18

TABLE R-6
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 30 psf plus
Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 30 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

400

500

600

700

800

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5-10 6- 8 7- 6 8- 2 8-10
5- 0 5-10 6- 6 7- 1 7- 8
4- 7 5- 4 5-11 6- 6 7- 0
4- 1 4- 9 5- 4 5-10 6- 3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7665-

8-10 9-10
7- 8 8- 7
7- 0 7-10
6- 3 7- 0

10-10
9- 4
8- 7
7- 8

11- 8 12- 6
10- 1 10-10
9- 3 9-10
8- 3 8-10

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9- 9 11- 3 12- 7
8- 5 9- 9 10-11
7- 8 8-11 9-11
6-11 8- 0 8-11

13- 9
11-11
10-11
9- 9

14-11
12-11
11- 9
10- 6

8
7
0
5

9876-

900

6 10- 0
2 8- 8
6 7-11
8 7- 1

1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700
12- 1 12- 6
10- 5 10-10
9- 6 9-11
8- 6 8-10

13- 0
11- 3
10- 3
9- 2

13- 5
11- 7
10- 7
9- 6

13-10
11-11
10-11
9- 9

14121110-

2
4
3
0

14121110-

7
8
6
4

15- 0
13- 0
11-10
10- 7

15- 4
13- 3
12- 2
10-10

15131211-

13- 3 13-11 14- 8 15- 3


11- 6 12- 1 12- 8 13- 3
10- 6 11- 0 11- 7 12- 1
9- 4 9-10 10- 4 10-10

15-11
13- 9
12- 7
11- 3

16141311-

6
4
1
8

17- 1
14-10
13- 6
12- 1

17- 8
15- 3
13-11
12- 6

18- 2
15- 9
14- 5
12-10

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

19161513-

3
8
2
7

19- 9
17- 1
15- 7
13-11

20171614-

20- 8
17-11 18- 4 18- 9
16- 4 16- 9 17- 1 17- 5 17- 9
14- 8 15- 0 15- 3 15- 7 15-11 16- 3

15-11
13- 9
12- 7
11- 3

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17-10
15- 5
14- 1
12- 7

18161413-

19- 6
16-11
15- 5
13- 9

20171614-

4
7
1
4

21- 1
18- 3
16- 8
14-11

21-10
18-11
17- 3
15- 5

22- 6
19- 6
17-10
15-11

23201816-

23-11
20- 8
18-11
16-11

24211917-

6
3
5
4

25- 2
21-10
19-11
17-10

25-10
22- 4 22-10 23- 5 23-11
20- 5 20-10 21- 4 21-10 22- 3 22- 8
18- 3 18- 8 19- 1 19- 6 19-11 20- 4 20- 8

20171614-

21181715-

22- 8
19- 8
17-11
16- 1

23201816-

24211917-

8
5
6
5

25222018-

0.89
0.77
0.70
0.63

1.01
0.88
0.80
0.72

6
9
3
6

13- 8
11-10
10-10
9- 8

15- 4
13- 3
12- 1
10-10

16- 9
14- 6
13- 3
11-10

18- 1
15- 8
14- 4
12-10

19161513-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.13
0.11
0.10
0.09

0.19
0.17
0.15
0.14

0.27
0.24
0.22
0.19

0.36
0.31
0.28
0.25

0.45
0.39
0.36
0.32

0.55
0.48
0.44
0.39

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

0.77
0.67
0.61
0.54

9
6
9
9

3
1
4
5

3
6
0
4

8
7 13-11 14- 2
5 12- 8 13- 0 13- 3 13- 6
1 11- 4 11- 7 11-10 12- 1 12- 4

11-10
10- 3
9- 4
8- 5

0.66
0.57
0.52
0.46

8
9
1
4

8
2
9
2

11- 7
10- 0
9- 2
8- 2

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x12

4
9
4
8

10- 7 11- 1
9- 2 9- 7
8- 4 8- 9
7- 6 7-10

1.14
0.99
0.90
0.81

7
2 23- 0 23- 9 24- 5 25- 2 25-10
3 21- 0 21- 8 22- 4 23- 0 23- 7 24- 2 24-10 25- 5 25-11
1 18- 9 19- 4 20- 0 20- 6 21- 1 21- 8 22- 2 22- 8 23- 3 23- 9 24- 2 24- 8 25- 2

1.28
1.10
1.01
0.90

1.41
1.22
1.12
1.00

1.56
1.35
1.23
1.10

1.71
1.48
1.35
1.21

1.86
1.61
1.47
1.31

2.02
1.75
1.59
1.43

2.18
1.89
1.72
1.54

2.34
2.03
1.85
1.66

2.51
2.18
1.99
1.78

2.33
2.12
1.90

2.48
2.26
2.02

2.41
2.15

2.55
2.28

2.41

TABLE R-7
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 40 psf plus
Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 40 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

400

500

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5443-

6544-

6- 9 7- 5 8- 0
5-10 6- 5 6-11
5- 4 5-10 6- 4
4- 9 5- 3 5- 8

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6-11 8- 0 8-11 9- 9
6- 0 6-11 7- 9 8- 6
5- 6 6- 4 7- 1 7- 9
4-11 5- 8 6- 4 6-11

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8-10 10- 2 11- 5 12- 6


7- 8 8-10 9-10 10-10
7- 0 8- 1 9- 0 9-10
6- 3 7- 2 8- 1 8-10

3
6
2
8

1
3
9
3

600

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700

8766-

9- 1
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

7
5
9
1

7 10- 0
3 8- 8
7 7-11
9 7- 1

10- 6
9- 1
8- 3
7- 5

10-11
9- 5
8- 8
7- 9

11- 4
9-10
8-11
8- 0

11- 9
10- 2
9- 3
8- 3

12- 1 12- 6
10- 6 10-10
9- 7 9-10
8- 7 8-10

12-10
11- 1
10- 2
9- 1

13- 2
11- 5
10- 5
9- 4

13- 6 13-10 14- 2


11- 9 12- 0 12- 4 12- 7 12-10
10- 8 11- 0 11- 3 11- 6 11- 9 12- 0 12- 2
9- 7 9-10 10- 0 10- 3 10- 6 10- 8 10-11 11- 1

10- 7 11- 3
9- 2 9- 9
8- 4 8-11
7- 6 8- 0

12- 0 12- 7 13- 3


10- 4 10-11 11- 6
9- 6 10- 0 10- 6
8- 6 8-11 9- 4

13-10
12- 0
10-11
9- 9

14121110-

14-11
12-11
11-10
10- 7

15- 5
13- 5
12- 3
10-11

16- 0
13-10
12- 7
11- 3

16141311-

16-11
14- 8
13- 5
12- 0

17151312-

5
1
9
4

17-10
15- 5
14- 1
12- 7

18- 3
15-10
14- 6
12-11

18- 9
16- 3 16- 7 16-11
14-10 15- 2 15- 5 15- 9 16- 1
13- 3 13- 6 13-10 14- 1 14- 5 14- 8

13- 6
11- 8
10- 8
9- 6

14121110-

15- 3
13- 3
12- 1
10-10

16- 1
13-11
12- 9
11- 5

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17- 8
15- 3
13-11
12- 6

18- 4
15-11
14- 6
13- 0

19161513-

1
6
1
6

19- 9
17- 1
15- 7
13-11

20171614-

4
8
1
5

21- 0
18- 2
16- 7
14-10

21181715-

22191715-

2
3
7
8

22191816-

23201816-

23-11
20- 8 21- 2 21- 7
18-11 19- 4 19- 9 20- 2 20- 6
16-11 17- 3 17- 8 18- 0 18- 4 18- 9

16- 5
14- 2
12-11
11- 7

17- 6
15- 2
13-10
12- 5

18161413-

19- 7
17- 0
15- 6
13-10

20171614-

21181715-

22191715-

23201816-

2
1
4
5

24201917-

24211917-

9
5
7
6

25222018-

0.44
0.39
0.35
0.31

0.54
0.47
0.43
0.38

0.65
0.56
0.51
0.46

0.76
0.66
0.60
0.54

0.88
0.76
0.69
0.62

5
6
5
2

4
2
5
6

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

1.26
1.09
0.99
0.89

1.40
1.21
1.10
0.99

1.54
1.33
1.22
1.09

6
1 22- 9 23- 5 24- 0 24- 7 25- 2 25- 9
2 20- 9 21- 4 21-11 22- 5 23- 0 23- 6 24- 0 24- 6 25- 0
1 18- 7 19- 1 19- 7 20- 1 20- 6 21- 0 21- 5 21-11 22- 4 22- 9

1.68
1.46
1.33
1.19

1.83
1.59
1.45
1.30

1.99
1.72
1.57
1.41

2.15
1.86
1.70
1.52

2.31
2.00
1.83
1.63

2.48
2.15
1.96
1.75

2.29
2.09
1.87

2.45
2.23
2.00

2.37
2.12

2.52
2.25

2.38

Span Tables
19

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

Note:

1.13
0.98
0.89
0.80

0
9
0
0

9
9
0
1

0.12
0.11
0.10
0.09

1.00
0.86
0.79
0.71

4
4
8
9

7
9
1
3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.35
0.31
0.28
0.25

5
7
0
2

5
3
0
8

E
E
E
E

0.27
0.23
0.21
0.19

6
9
3
6

5
6
5
2

10- 9 12- 5 13-10 159- 3 10- 9 12- 0 138- 6 9-10 10-11 127- 7 8- 9 9-10 10-

0.19
0.17
0.15
0.14

7
1
8
2

9876-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x12

2
2
0
9

700

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

20

TABLE R- 8
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load
of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 50 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

2x12

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

4-10 5- 7 6- 3 6-10 7- 4 7-11 8- 4 8-10


4- 2 4-10 5- 5 5-11 6- 5 6-10 7- 3 7- 8
3-10 4- 5 4-11 5- 5 5-10 6- 3 6- 7 7- 0
3- 5 3-11 4- 5 4-10 5- 3 5- 7 5-11 6- 3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6554-

4
6
0
6

7- 4 8- 3
6- 4 7- 1
5-10 6- 6
5- 2 5-10

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8765-

1
0
5
9

9876-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9-10 11- 5
8- 7 9-10
7-10 9- 0
7- 0 8- 1

0.12
0.11
0.10
0.09

9776-

0
9
1
4

9- 9
8- 5
7- 8
6-10

10- 5
9- 0
8- 3
7- 4

11- 0
9- 6
8- 8
7- 9

11- 7
10- 1
9- 2
8- 3

4 10- 6 11- 6 12- 5 13- 3 14- 1 14-10


1 9- 1 9-11 10- 9 11- 6 12- 2 12-10
5 8- 3 9- 1 9-10 10- 6 11- 1 11- 9
7 7- 5 8- 1 8- 9 9- 4 9-11 10- 6

0.19
0.16
0.15
0.13

12- 9 13-11 15- 1


11- 0 12- 1 13- 1
10- 1 11- 0 11-11
9- 0 9-10 10- 8

16- 1
13-11
12- 9
11- 5

17- 1
14-10
13- 6
12- 1

18151412-

0.26
0.23
0.21
0.18

0.53
0.46
0.42
0.37

0.63
0.55
0.50
0.45

0.74
0.64
0.58
0.52

0.34
0.30
0.27
0.24

0.43
0.37
0.34
0.31

0
7
3
9

9876-

3
0
4
6

9- 8 10- 0
8- 4 8- 8
7- 8 7-11
6-10 7- 1

10- 5
9- 0
8- 3
7- 4

10- 9 11- 2 11- 6


9- 4 9- 8 9-11
8- 6 8-10 9- 1
7- 8 7-11 8- 1

11-10
10- 3
9- 4
8- 4

12- 2 12- 5 12- 9


10- 6 10- 9 11- 1
9- 7 9-10 10- 1
8- 7 8-10 9- 0

13- 1
11- 4
10- 4
9- 3

13- 4
11- 7 11-10 12- 1
10- 7 10- 9 11- 0 11- 3 11- 5
9- 5 9- 8 9-10 10- 0 10- 3

16- 0
13-10
12- 8
11- 4

16141311-

16-10
14- 7
13- 4
11-11

17- 3
14-11
13- 7
12- 2

17- 7
15- 3 15- 7 15-11
13-11 14- 3 14- 6 14-10 15- 1
12- 5 12- 9 13- 0 13- 3 13- 6

20-11
18- 2
16- 7
14-10

21181715-

22191715-

22- 6
19- 5 19-10 20- 3
17- 9 18- 2 18- 6 18-11 19- 3
15-11 16- 3 16- 7 16-11 17- 3

12- 2
10- 7
9- 8
8- 7

12- 9
11- 0
10- 1
9- 0

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

13- 9
11-11
10-10
9- 9

14121110-

15131211-

6
5
3
0

16- 3
14- 1
12-10
11- 6

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17- 6
15- 2
13-10
12- 5

18-11
16- 4
14-11
13- 4

19- 9
17- 1
15- 7
13-11

20171614-

0.85
0.74
0.67
0.60

0.97
0.84
0.77
0.69

1.10
0.95
0.87
0.77

6
9
3
6

3
4
3
1

8
9
7
5

15131210-

2
1
0
8

15131211-

18- 2
15- 9
14- 4
12-10

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

19161513-

4
9
3
8

19-10
17- 3
15- 9
14- 1

20171614-

21- 4
18- 6
16-10
15- 1

22191715-

22191816-

23201816-

6
4
7
7

24- 2
20-11
19- 1
17- 1

24-10
21- 6
19- 8
17- 7

25222018-

1.22
1.06
0.97
0.87

1.36
1.18
1.07
0.96

1.78
1.55
1.41
1.26

1.94
1.68
1.53
1.37

2.09
1.81
1.65
1.48

1
1
5
7

14121110-

9
9
0
1

1.50
1.30
1.18
1.06

1.64
1.42
1.30
1.16

7
6
4
0

5
8
2
5

5
3
0
7

6
7
0
2

0
0
4
6

6
1 22- 7 23- 2 23- 8 24- 2 24- 8
2 20- 8 21- 1 21- 7 22- 1 22- 6 23- 0 23- 5
0 18- 6 18-11 19- 4 19- 9 20- 2 20- 6 20-11

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2.25
1.95
1.78
1.59

2.41
2.09
1.91
1.71

2.58
2.23
2.04
1.82

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2.38
2.17
1.94

2.53
2.31
2.07

2.45
2.19

2.59
2.32

TABLE R-9
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 20 psf plus
Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 20 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

2x 6

2x 8

400

500

600

7-11 8- 8
6-10 7- 6
6- 3 6-10
5- 7 6- 2

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6- 2
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

7655-

1
2
7
0

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8765-

9876-

4 10- 6 11- 6
1 9- 1 9-11
5 8- 3 9- 1
7 7- 5 8- 1

1
0
5
9

700
9876-

800

5 10- 0
2 8- 8
5 7-11
8 7- 1

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700
10- 8 11- 3
9- 3 9- 9
8- 5 8-11
7- 6 7-11

11- 9
10- 2
9- 4
8- 4

12- 4
10- 8
9- 9
8- 8

12-10
11- 1
10- 1
9- 1

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 5

13- 9
11-11
10-10
9- 9

14121110-

2
4
3
0

14121110-

8
8
7
4

15- 1
13- 1
11-11
10- 8

15- 6
13- 5
12- 3
10-11

15-11
13- 9
12- 7
11- 3

16- 3
14- 1
12-10
11- 6

16141311-

8
5
2
9

20-11
18- 1
16- 7
14-10

21- 5
18- 7
16-11
15- 2

21-11
19- 0
17- 4
15- 6

17141312-

0
9
6
0

5
1
9
4

17151412-

9
4
0
7

18- 1
15- 8 16- 0
14- 4 14- 7
12-10 13- 1

22-11
19-10
18- 1
16- 3

23201816-

5
3
6
7

23-10
20- 8 21- 1
18-10 19- 3
16-10 17- 2

12- 5
10- 9
9- 9
8- 9

13- 3 14- 0 14-10


11- 6 12- 2 12-10
10- 6 11- 1 11- 8
9- 4 9-11 10- 6

15131211-

6
5
3
0

16- 3
14- 0
12-10
11- 6

16-10
14- 7
13- 4
11-11

17- 6
15- 2
13-10
12- 5

18- 1
15- 8
14- 4
12-10

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

19161513-

4
9
3
8

19-10
17- 2
15- 8
14- 0

20171614-

5
8
2
5

21181715-

22- 4
19- 4
17- 8
15-10

23201816-

23-11
20- 8
18-11
16-11

24211917-

7
4
6
5

25- 4
21-11
20- 0
17-11

26222018-

0
6 23- 1 23- 8 24- 3 24-10 25- 4 25-10
7 21- 1 21- 8 22- 2 22- 8 23- 1 23- 7 24- 1 24- 6
5 18-11 19- 4 19-10 20- 3 20- 8 21- 1 21- 6 21-11

10- 4
8-11
8- 2
7- 4

11-11
10- 4
9- 5
8- 5

13- 4
11- 7
10- 7
9- 5

14121110-

8
8
7
4

15-10
13- 8
12- 6
11- 2

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17-11
15- 6
14- 2
12- 8

18-11
16- 4
14-11
13- 4

19-10
17- 2
15- 8
14- 0

20- 8
17-11
16- 4
14- 8

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

12- 7
10-11
9-11
8-11

14121110-

16- 3
14- 1
12-10
11- 6

17151412-

9
5
1
7

19161513-

20171614-

21- 9
18-10
17- 3
15- 5

23- 0
19-11
18- 2
16- 3

24- 1
20-10
19- 0
17- 0

25- 2
21- 9 22- 8 23- 6 24- 4 25- 2 25-11
19-11 20- 8 21- 6 22- 3 23- 0 23- 8 24- 4 25- 0 25- 8
17- 9 18- 6 19- 3 19-11 20- 6 21- 2 21- 9 22- 5 23- 0 23- 6 24- 1 24- 8 25- 2 25- 8

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.10
0.09
0.08
0.07

0.15
0.13
0.12
0.11

0.22
0.19
0.17
0.15

0.28
0.25
0.23
0.20

0.52
0.45
0.41
0.37

0.61
0.53
0.48
0.43

0.71
0.61
0.56
0.50

0.80
0.70
0.64
0.57

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x12

6
7
6
3

3
8
2
7

0.36
0.31
0.28
0.25

6
9
3
6

0.44
0.38
0.35
0.31

0.91
0.79
0.72
0.64

1.01
0.88
0.80
0.72

1
0
3
4

1.13
0.97
0.89
0.80

1.24
1.07
0.98
0.88

1.36
1.18
1.07
0.96

1.48
1.28
1.17
1.05

1.60
1.39
1.27
1.13

1.73
1.50
1.37
1.22

1.86
1.61
1.47
1.32

2.00
1.73
1.58
1.41

2.14
1.85
1.69
1.51

2.28
1.97
1.80
1.61

2.42
2.10
1.91
1.71

2.57
2.22
2.03
1.82

2.35
2.15
1.92

Span Tables
21

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x10

6
8
0
3

22- 5
19- 5
17- 9
15-10

17151312-

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

22

TABLE R-10
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 30 psf plus
Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 30 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

400

500

600

700

800

900

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5- 6
4- 9
4- 4
3-11

6554-

4
6
0
6

7655-

1
2
7
0

7665-

8- 5
7- 3
6- 8
5-11

9776-

9876-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7655-

3
3
9
2

8- 4
7- 3
6- 7
5-11

9876-

4 10- 3 11- 1
1 8-11 9- 7
5 8- 1 8- 9
7 7- 3 7-10

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9876-

3 10- 8
0 9- 3
4 8- 5
6 7- 7

9
9
2
6

0
9
1
4

1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700

6 10- 0
3 8- 8
6 7-11
9 7- 1

10- 6
9- 1
8- 4
7- 5

11- 0 11- 5
9- 6 9-11
8- 8 9- 1
7- 9 8- 1

11-11
10- 3
9- 5
8- 5

12- 4
10- 8
9- 9
8- 8

12- 8
11- 0
10- 0
9- 0

13- 1
11- 4
10- 4
9- 3

13- 6
11- 8
10- 8
9- 6

13-10
12- 0
10-11
9- 9

14121110-

2
4
3
0

14121110-

7
7
6
3

14-11
12-11
11- 9
10- 6

15131210-

3
2
0
9

15131211-

7
6
4
0

15-11
13- 9 14- 0 14- 3
12- 7 12-10 13- 1
11- 3 11- 5 11- 8

18- 3
15-10
14- 5
12-11

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

19161513-

2
7
2
7

19- 8
17- 0
15- 6
13-11

20- 1
17- 5
15-10
14- 2

20171614-

6
9
3
6

20-11
18- 1 18- 6 18-10
16- 7 16-10 17- 2
14-10 15- 1 15- 5

23201816-

23-11
20- 8
18-11
16-11

24211917-

6
2
4
4

25- 1
21- 8
19-10
17- 9

25222018-

11-10
10- 3
9- 4
8- 4

12- 7
10-10
9-11
8-11

13- 3 13-11 14- 6 15- 1


11- 6 12- 0 12- 7 13- 1
10- 6 11- 0 11- 6 11-11
9- 4 9-10 10- 3 10- 8

15131211-

8
7
5
1

16- 3
14- 0
12-10
11- 6

16- 9
14- 6
13- 3
11-10

17- 3
14-11
13- 8
12- 2

17151412-

22191715-

22- 8
19- 7
17-11
16- 0

11-11
10- 4
9- 5
8- 5

13- 1
11- 4
10- 4
9- 3

14121110-

2
3
2
0

15- 1
13- 1
11-11
10- 8

16- 0
13-10
12- 8
11- 4

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17151412-

9
4
0
6

18161413-

6
0
8
1

19161513-

3
8
3
7

20- 0
17- 4
15-10
14- 2

20- 8
17-11
16- 4
14- 8

21- 4
18- 6
16-11
15- 1

15-11
13- 9
12- 7
11- 3

17- 2
14-11
13- 7
12- 2

18- 4
15-11
14- 6
13- 0

19- 6
16-10
15- 5
13- 9

20171614-

21181715-

7
8
0
3

22- 6
19- 6
17- 9
15-11

23201816-

5
3
6
7

24211917-

25- 2
21- 9
19-11
17- 9

26222018-

0.31
0.26
0.24
0.22

0.38
0.33
0.30
0.27

0.47
0.41
0.37
0.33

0.56
0.49
0.44
0.40

0.66
0.57
0.52
0.46

0.86
0.75
0.68
0.61

0.97
0.84
0.77
0.69

1.21
1.05
0.95
0.85

1.33
1.15
1.05
0.94

6
9
3
6

7
2 22- 8 23- 1 23- 7 24- 0
3 20- 8 21- 1 21- 6 21-11
1 18- 6 18-11 19- 3 19- 7

11- 3
9- 9
8-11
7-11

13- 0
11- 3
10- 3
9- 2

14121110-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.11
0.09
0.09
0.08

0.17
0.14
0.13
0.12

0.23
0.20
0.18
0.16

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

0.76
0.66
0.60
0.54

4
1
3
2

3
2
5
6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2x12

6
7
6
3

0
1
5
7

9
5
0
7

1.09
0.94
0.86
0.77

0
6 23- 2 23-10 24- 6 25- 2 25- 9
6 21- 2 21- 9 22- 5 23- 0 23- 6 24- 1 24- 8 25- 2 25- 8
4 18-11 19- 6 20- 0 20- 6 21- 1 21- 7 22- 0 22- 6 23- 0 23- 5 23-10

1.46
1.26
1.15
1.03

1.59
1.37
1.25
1.12

1.72
1.49
1.36
1.22

1.86
1.61
1.47
1.31

2.00
1.73
1.58
1.41

2.14
1.86
1.70
1.52

2.29
1.99
1.81
1.62

2.44
2.12
1.93
1.73

2.60
2.25
2.05
1.84

2.39
2.18
1.95

2.53
2.31
2.06

TABLE R-11
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 40 psf plus
Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 40 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
400

500

600

700

800

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5443-

0
4
0
7

5-10
5- 0
4- 7
4- 1

6554-

6
7
1
7

7655-

1
2
7
0

7665-

8- 2 8- 8 9- 2 9- 7 10- 0
7- 1 7- 6 7-11 8- 4 8- 8
6- 6 6-10 7- 3 7- 7 7-11
5-10 6- 2 6- 6 6-10 7- 1

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6554-

7
9
3
8

7665-

8766-

7
5
9
0

9876-

4 10- 1
1 8- 9
5 8- 0
7 7- 2

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8766-

5
4
8
0

9- 9
8- 5
7- 8
6-11

10-11
9- 5
8- 7
7- 8

11-11
10- 4
9- 5
8- 5

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

10- 3
8-11
8- 1
7- 3

11-10
10- 3
9- 4
8- 5

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

14121110-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.11
0.09
0.09
0.08

0.17
0.15
0.13
0.12

0.24
0.20
0.19
0.17

0.31
0.27
0.24
0.22

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

2x12

8
7
0
5

6
7
6
3

8
8
1
5

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700
10- 5
9- 1
8- 3
7- 5

10-10
9- 5
8- 7
7- 8

11- 3
9- 9
8-11
7-11

11- 7
10- 0
9- 2
8- 2

11-11
10- 4
9- 5
8- 5

12- 4 12- 8 13- 0


10- 8 10-11 11- 3
9- 9 10- 0 10- 3
8- 8 8-11 9- 2

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 5

13- 7 13-11 14- 2


11- 9 12- 0 12- 4 12- 7 12-10 13- 1
10- 9 11- 0 11- 3 11- 5 11- 8 11-11
9- 7 9-10 10- 0 10- 3 10- 5 10- 8

10-10
9- 4
8- 7
7- 8

11- 6
9-11
9- 1
8- 1

12- 1
10- 6
9- 7
8- 7

12- 8
11- 0
10- 0
9- 0

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

13- 9
11-11
10-11
9- 9

14121110-

4
5
4
1

14-10
12-10
11- 8
10- 6

15- 3
13- 3
12- 1
10-10

15131211-

9
8
5
2

16- 3
14- 0
12-10
11- 6

16141311-

8
5
2
9

17- 1
14-10
13- 6
12- 1

17- 6
15- 2
13-10
12- 5

17-11
15- 6
14- 2
12- 8

18- 4
15-10
14- 6
12-11

18- 9
16- 3 16- 7 16-10 17- 2
14-10 15- 1 15- 5 15- 8
13- 3 13- 6 13- 9 14- 0

12-11
11- 2
10- 2
9- 1

13- 9
11-11
10-11
9- 9

14121110-

8
8
7
4

15- 5
13- 4
12- 2
10-11

16141211-

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17- 7
15- 3
13-11
12- 5

18- 3
15-10
14- 5
12-11

18-11
16- 4
14-11
13- 4

19- 6
16-11
15- 5
13- 9

20- 1
17- 5
15-11
14- 3

20- 8
17-11
16- 4
14- 8

21- 3
18- 5
16-10
15- 0

21-10
18-11
17- 3
15- 5

22- 4
19- 4
17- 8
15-10

22-10
19-10
18- 1
16- 2

23201816-

23-11
20- 8 21- 1 21- 6 21-11
18-11 19- 3 19- 8 20- 0
16-11 17- 3 17- 7 17-11

15131211-

16- 9
14- 6
13- 3
11-10

17151412-

9
5
1
7

18- 9
16- 3
14-10
13- 3

19- 8
17- 0
15- 7
13-11

20171614-

21- 5
18- 6
16-11
15- 1

22191715-

23- 0
19-11
18- 2
16- 3

23201816-

24211917-

25- 2
21- 9
19-11
17- 9

25-10
22- 5 23- 0 23- 6 24- 1 24- 8 25- 2 25- 8
20- 5 21- 0 21- 6 22- 0 22- 6 23- 0 23- 5 23-11 24- 4
18- 3 18- 9 19- 3 19- 8 20- 1 20- 6 21- 0 21- 5 21- 9

0.48
0.41
0.38
0.34

0.57
0.49
0.45
0.40

0.67
0.58
0.53
0.47

0.77
0.67
0.61
0.54

0.88
0.76
0.69
0.62

0.99
0.86
0.78
0.70

1.10
0.96
0.87
0.78

1.22
1.06
0.97
0.87

1.35
1.17
1.07
0.95

1.61
1.39
1.27
1.14

1.75
1.51
1.38
1.23

8
7
5
1

0.39
0.34
0.31
0.28

2
0
9
5

6
9
3
6

2
3
6
8

9
6
9
9

5
2
4
3

1.48
1.28
1.17
1.04

1.89
1.63
1.49
1.33

2.03
1.76
1.60
1.43

2.18
1.88
1.72
1.54

5
3
6
6

2.33
2.01
1.84
1.64

2.48
2.15
1.96
1.75

2.28
2.08
1.86

2.42
2.21
1.98

2.56
2.34
2.09

Span Tables
23

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

300

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

24

TABLE R-12
RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load
of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 50 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 240.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
300

400

500

600

700

800

900

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

4433-

5- 4
4- 8
4- 3
3-10

6544-

6554-

7
8
2
8

7655-

1
2
7
0

7665-

8765-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6- 2
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

7655-

1
2
7
0

7-11 8- 8
6-10 7- 6
6- 3 6-10
5- 7 6- 2

9876-

4 10- 0
1 8- 8
5 7-11
7 7- 1

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7-10 9- 0
6- 9 7-10
6- 2 7- 2
5- 6 6- 5

10- 1 11- 1
8- 9 9- 7
8- 0 8- 9
7- 2 7-10

11-11
10- 4
9- 5
8- 5

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9876-

12- 3
10- 8
9- 8
8- 8

13- 5
11- 8
10- 8
9- 6

14121110-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.11
0.09
0.09
0.08

0.23
0.20
0.18
0.17

0.31
0.27
0.24
0.22

0.39
0.34
0.31
0.27

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

2x12

8
0
8
3

6 11- 0
3 9- 6
6 8- 8
9 7- 9

0.17
0.14
0.13
0.12

0
2
9
3

6
7
6
3

7
7
0
4

6
4
9
0

8-11
7- 8
7- 0
6- 4

10- 7 11- 2
9- 2 9- 8
8- 5 8-10
7- 6 7-11

11- 9
10- 2
9- 3
8- 4

12- 3
10- 7
9- 8
8- 8

12- 9
11- 1
10- 1
9- 0

12- 9
11- 1
10- 1
9- 0

13- 6
11- 9
10- 8
9- 7

14121110-

3
4
3
1

15- 0
13- 0
11-10
10- 7

15131211-

8
6
4
1

15131211-

16141311-

17151312-

4
0
9
3

18- 2
15- 9
14- 5
12-10

19161513-

0
6
0
5

0.76
0.66
0.60
0.54

0.87
0.75
0.69
0.61

6
5
3
0

0.47
0.41
0.37
0.33

1
0
4
8

1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700

6
3
0
8

0.56
0.49
0.45
0.40

8766-

0.66
0.57
0.52
0.47

9876-

4
1
4
7

9- 8 10- 0
8- 5 8- 8
7- 8 7-11
6-10 7- 1

10- 5
9- 0
8- 3
7- 4

10- 9 11- 1 11- 5


9- 4 9- 7 9-10
8- 6 8- 9 9- 0
7- 7 7-10 8- 1

11- 8
10- 2
9- 3
8- 3

12- 0
10- 5
9- 6
8- 6

12- 4 12- 7
10- 8 10-11
9- 9 9-11
8- 8 8-11

12-10
11- 2
10- 2
9- 1

13- 2
11- 5 11- 7 11-10 12- 1
10- 5 10- 7 10-10 11- 0
9- 4 9- 6 9- 8 9-10

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

13- 8
11-10
10-10
9- 8

14121110-

2
3
2
0

14121110-

7
8
6
4

15- 0
13- 0
11-10
10- 7

15- 5
13- 4
12- 2
10-11

15-10
13- 8
12- 6
11- 2

16- 3
14- 0
12-10
11- 6

16141311-

7
4
1
9

17141312-

0
8
5
0

17151312-

4
0 15- 4 15- 7 15-11
8 14- 0 14- 3 14- 6
3 12- 6 12- 9 13- 0

16- 3
14- 1
12-10
11- 6

16-11
14- 8
13- 4
11-11

17- 6
15- 2
13-10
12- 4

18151412-

1
8
3
9

18161413-

7
1
9
2

19161513-

2
7
2
6

19- 8
17- 0
15- 7
13-11

20- 2
17- 6
15-11
14- 3

20- 8
17-11
16- 4
14- 8

21181615-

2
4
9
0

21181715-

8
9
1
4

22191715-

1
2 19- 7 19-11 20- 4
6 17-10 18- 2 18- 6
8 15-11 16- 3 16- 7

19-10
17- 2
15- 8
14- 0

20171614-

21- 3
18- 5
16-10
15- 0

21-11
19- 0
17- 4
15- 6

22- 8
19- 7
17-11
16- 0

23201816-

3
2
5
6

23-11
20- 9
18-11
16-11

24211917-

25- 2
21- 9
19-11
17- 9

25222018-

9
4 22-10 23- 3 23- 9 24- 3 24- 8
4 20-10 21- 3 21- 8 22- 2 22- 7
2 18- 7 19- 0 19- 5 19-10 20- 2

0.98
0.85
0.77
0.69

1.10
0.95
0.87
0.77

1.21
1.05
0.96
0.86

1.34
1.16
1.06
0.95

1.47
1.27
1.16
1.04

1.60
1.38
1.26
1.13

1.73
1.50
1.37
1.22

1.87
1.62
1.48
1.32

2.01
1.74
1.59
1.42

2.16
1.87
1.71
1.53

6
9
3
6

7
3
5
4

2.31
2.00
1.82
1.63

2.46
2.13
1.94
1.74

2.26
2.07
1.85

2.40
2.19
1.96

2.54
2.32
2.07

TABLE R-13
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 20 psf plus
Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 20 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

3- 8
3- 2
2-11
2- 7

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

5443-

3
6
1
8

5-10
5- 1
4- 7
4- 1

6554-

6-11
6- 0
5- 5
4-11

7- 5
6- 5
5-10
5- 3

7-10
6- 9
6- 2
5- 6

8- 3
7- 2
6- 6
5-10

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 1

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5-10
5- 0
4- 7
4- 1

7655-

1
2
7
0

8- 2
7- 1
6- 6
5-10

9- 2
7-11
7- 3
6- 6

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

10-10 11- 7
9- 5 10- 0
8- 7 9- 2
7- 8 8- 2

12- 4
10- 8
9- 9
8- 8

13- 0
11- 3
10- 3
9- 2

13- 7
11- 9
10- 9
9- 7

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7665-

9876-

4 10-10 12- 1
1 9- 4 10- 6
5 8- 7 9- 7
7 7- 8 8- 7

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

14121110-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9- 9
8- 5
7- 8
6-11

8
7
0
5

4
5
4
1

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5
14121110-

2
4
3
0

9876-

5
2
5
8

9- 9
8- 5
7- 9
6-11

10- 1
8- 9
8- 0
7- 2

10- 5
9- 0
8- 3
7- 5

14- 9 15- 4 15-11 1612-10 13- 3 13- 9 1411- 8 12- 2 12- 7 1310- 5 10-10 11- 3 11-

15- 3 16- 3 17- 1 17-11 18- 9 19- 6 2013- 3 14- 0 14-10 15- 6 16- 3 16-10 1712- 1 12-10 13- 6 14- 2 14-10 15- 5 1610-10 11- 6 12- 1 12- 8 13- 3 13- 9 14-

3
6
0
4

20-11 2118- 1 1816- 7 1714-10 15-

10- 9
9- 4
8- 6
7- 7

11- 1
9- 7
8- 9
7-10

5
2
0
7

16-11 1714- 8 1513- 4 1311-11 12-

7
9
1
3

22191715-

3
4
7
9

5
1
9
4

11- 4
9-10
9- 0
8- 0

11- 8
10- 1
9- 3
8- 3

11-11 12- 3
10- 4 10- 7
9- 5 9- 8
8- 5 8- 8

17-10 18- 4 18- 9 1915- 6 15-11 16- 3 1614- 2 14- 6 14-10 1512- 8 13- 0 13- 3 13-

22-11 2319-10 2018- 1 1816- 3 16-

7
5
7
8

24- 2 2420-11 2119- 1 1917- 1 17-

9
5
7
6

3
8
2
7

12- 6
10-10 11- 1 11- 4 11- 6
9-11 10- 1 10- 4 10- 6 10- 9
8-10 9- 0 9- 3 9- 5 9- 7 9- 9

9-11 10- 1

19- 8
17- 0 17- 5 17- 9 18- 1
15- 7 15-11 16- 2 16- 6 16-10
13-11 14- 2 14- 6 14- 9 15- 1 15- 4 15- 7 15-11

25- 4 25-11
21-11 22- 5 22-11 23- 5 23-10
20- 0 20- 6 20-11 21- 4 21- 9 22- 2
17-11 18- 4 18- 9 19- 1 19- 6 19-10 20- 3 20- 7 20-11

11-11 13- 9 15- 5 16-11 18- 3 19- 6 20- 8 21-10 22-10 23-11 24-10 25-10
10- 4 11-11 13- 4 14- 8 15-10 16-11 17-11 18-11 19-10 20- 8 21- 6 22- 4 23- 1 23-11 24- 7 25- 4 26- 0
9- 5 10-11 12- 2 13- 4 14- 5 15- 5 16- 4 17- 3 18- 1 18-11 19- 8 20- 5 21- 1 21-10 22- 6 23- 1 23- 9 24- 5 25- 0 25- 7
8- 5 9- 9 10-11 11-11 12-11 13- 9 14- 8 15- 5 16- 2 16-11 17- 7 18- 3 18-11 19- 6 20- 1 20- 8 21- 3 21-10 22- 4 22-10 23- 5 23-11 24- 5 24-10 25- 4 25-10

Span Tables

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.12
0.10
0.09
0.08

0.18
0.15
0.14
0.13

0.25
0.22
0.20
0.18

0.33
0.28
0.26
0.23

0.41
0.36
0.33
0.29

0.51
0.44
0.40
0.36

0.60
0.52
0.48
0.43

0.71
0.61
0.56
0.50

0.82
0.71
0.64
0.58

0.93
0.80
0.73
0.66

1.05
0.91
0.83
0.74

1.17
1.01
0.93
0.83

1.30
1.13
1.03
0.92

1.43
1.24
1.13
1.01

1.57
1.36
1.24
1.11

1.71
1.48
1.35
1.21

1.85
1.60
1.46
1.31

2.00
1.73
1.58
1.41

2.15
1.86
1.70
1.52

2.31
2.00
1.82
1.63

2.47
2.14 2.28 2.42 2.57
1.95 2.08 2.21 2.34 2.48
1.74 1.86 1.98 2.10 2.22 2.34 2.47 2.60

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

25

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04

5
6
1
6

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

26

TABLE R-14
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 30 psf plus
Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 30 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

3222-

2
9
6
3

3-11
3- 5
3- 1
2- 9

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

5443-

1
4
0
7

5- 6
4-10
4- 4
3-11

6544-

0
2
9
3

6554-

5
6
1
6

6- 9
5-10
5- 4
4-10

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5443-

0
4
0
7

6- 2
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

7655-

1
2
7
0

7-11
6-10
6- 3
5- 7

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 2

9876-

5 10- 0
2 8- 8
5 7-11
8 7- 1

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6554-

7
9
3
8

8765-

9876-

4 10- 6
1 9- 1
5 8- 3
7 7- 5

11- 6
9-11
9- 1
8- 1

12- 5
10- 9
9- 9
8- 9

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8766-

5 10- 4
4 8-11
8 8- 2
0 7- 4

11-11 13- 4
10- 4 11- 7
9- 5 10- 7
8- 5 9- 5

14121110-

15-10 16-11 17-11 18-11 19-10 20- 8 2113- 8 14- 8 15- 6 16- 4 17- 2 17-11 1812- 6 13- 4 14- 2 14-11 15- 8 16- 4 1711- 2 11-11 12- 8 13- 4 14- 0 14- 8 15-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04

0.17
0.15
0.14
0.12

0.32
0.28
0.25
0.23

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

1
0
5
9

0.11
0.10
0.09
0.08

0.24
0.21
0.19
0.17

8
8
7
4

0.40
0.35
0.32
0.29

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

0.49
0.43
0.39
0.35

2
2
8
1

7- 6
6- 6
5-11
5- 4

7-10
6- 9
6- 2
5- 6

10- 8
9- 3
8- 5
7- 6

11- 3
9- 9
8-11
7-11

11- 9
10- 2
9- 4
8- 4

12- 4
10- 8
9- 9
8- 8

14- 0
12- 2
11- 1
9-11

14-10 1512-10 1311- 8 1210- 6 11-

0.59
0.51
0.47
0.42

7655-

0.69
0.60
0.54
0.49

6
5
3
0

0.79
0.69
0.63
0.56

9876-

4
1
4
7

14121110-

8
8
7
4

15- 1 15- 6 15-11 16- 3 1613- 1 13- 5 13- 9 14- 1 1411-11 12- 3 12- 7 12-10 1310- 8 10-11 11- 3 11- 6 11-

16- 3 16-10 17- 6 18- 1 18- 9 1914- 0 14- 7 15- 2 15- 8 16- 3 1612-10 13- 4 13-10 14- 4 14-10 1511- 6 11-11 12- 5 12-10 13- 3 13-

4
9
3
8

19-10 2017- 2 1715- 8 1614- 0 14-

5
8
2
5

7
4
6
5

25- 4 2621-11 2220- 0 2017-11 18-

0
6 23- 1 23- 8 24- 3 24-10 25- 4 25-10
7 21- 1 21- 8 22- 2 22- 8 23- 1 23- 7 24- 1 24- 6 25- 0
5 18-11 19- 4 19-10 20- 3 20- 8 21- 1 21- 6 21-11 22- 4 22- 9 23- 1

0.91
0.78
0.72
0.64

8765-

2
1
5
9

8766-

5
4
8
0

12-10 13- 3
11- 1 11- 6
10- 1 10- 6
9- 1 9- 5

6
8
0
3

1.02
0.88
0.81
0.72

8- 9
7- 7
6-11
6- 2

13- 9 1411-11 1210-10 119- 9 10-

22- 4 2319- 4 2017- 8 1815-10 16-

1.14
0.99
0.90
0.81

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

1
0
3
4

1.27
1.10
1.00
0.89

2
4
3
0

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

1.39
1.21
1.10
0.99

1.53
1.32
1.21
1.08

9876-

7
4
7
9

1.66
1.44
1.32
1.18

9-10
8- 6
7- 9
7- 0

1.80
1.56
1.43
1.28

10- 1
8- 9
8- 0
7- 2

10- 4
9- 0
8- 2
7- 4

10- 7
9- 2
8- 5
7- 6
8
5
2
9

10-10 11- 1
9- 5 9- 7 9- 9 10- 0
8- 7 8- 9 8-11 9- 1 9- 3
7- 8 7-10 8- 0 8- 2 8- 4
17141312-

0
9
6
0

17151312-

9- 5
8- 5

8- 7

8- 9

5
1 15- 4 15- 8
9 14- 0 14- 4 14- 7 14-10
4 12- 7 12-10 13- 1 13- 3 13- 6 13- 9

20-11 21- 5 21-11 22- 5 22-11


18- 1 18- 7 19- 0 19- 5 19-10 20- 3 20- 8
16- 7 16-11 17- 4 17- 9 18- 1 18- 6 18-10 19- 3 19- 7
14-10 15- 2 15- 6 15-10 16- 3 16- 7 16-10 17- 2 17- 6 17-10 18- 1

1.95
1.69
1.54
1.38

2.10
1.82
1.66
1.48

2.25
1.95
1.78
1.59

2.40
2.08
1.90
1.70

2.56
2.22 2.36 2.50
2.03 2.15 2.28 2.42 2.55
1.81 1.93 2.04 2.16 2.28 2.41 2.53

TABLE R-15
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 40 psf plus
Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 40 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

4- 0
3- 6
3- 2
2-10

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

4-11
4- 3
3-11
3- 6

5443-

5- 9
4-11
4- 6
4- 0

6- 1
5- 3
4-10
4- 3

7665-

9776-

9876-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2-10
2- 6
2- 3
2- 0

3322-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

5- 6
4- 9
4- 4
3-11

6554-

4
6
0
6

7655-

1
2
7
0

9
9
2
6

8- 5
7- 3
6- 8
5-11

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5-11
5- 2
4- 8
4- 2

7655-

3
3
9
2

8- 4
7- 3
6- 7
5-11

9876-

4 10- 3
1 8-11
5 8- 1
7 7- 3

11- 1
9- 7
8- 9
7-10

11-10 12- 7 13- 3


10- 3 10-10 11- 6
9- 4 9-11 10- 6
8- 4 8-11 9- 4

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7665-

9876-

3 10- 8
0 9- 3
4 8- 5
6 7- 7

11-11 13- 1
10- 4 11- 4
9- 5 10- 4
8- 5 9- 3

14121110-

15- 1 16- 0 16-11 1713- 1 13-10 14- 8 1511-11 12- 8 13- 4 1410- 8 11- 4 11-11 12-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04

0.23
0.20
0.18
0.16

0.38
0.33
0.30
0.27

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

7
6
0
4

6
0
9
6

0.17
0.14
0.13
0.12

0.31
0.26
0.24
0.22

2
3
2
0

0
9
1
4

0.47
0.41
0.37
0.33

5
6
1
6

6- 8
5-10
5- 4
4- 9

7- 0
6- 1
5- 6
4-11

6 10- 0
3 8- 8
6 7-11
9 7- 1

10- 6
9- 1
8- 4
7- 5

11- 0
9- 6
8- 8
7- 9

0.56
0.49
0.44
0.40

6554-

0.66
0.57
0.52
0.46

13-11 1412- 0 1211- 0 119-10 10-

9
4
0
6

0.76
0.66
0.60
0.54

18161413-

7655-

3
4
9
2

11- 5
9-11
9- 1
8- 1

7665-

15- 1 1513- 1 1311-11 1210- 8 11-

6
0
8
1

19161513-

0.86
0.75
0.68
0.61

0.97
0.84
0.77
0.69

7-10
6- 9
6- 2
5- 6

11-11 12- 4
10- 3 10- 8
9- 5 9- 9
8- 5 8- 8

6
7
6
3

3
8
3
7

7
7
0
4

8
7
5
1

8765-

1
0
5
9

8- 4
7- 3
6- 7
5-11

12- 8
11- 0
10- 0
9- 0

13- 1
11- 4
10- 4
9- 3

1.21
1.05
0.95
0.85

1.33
1.15
1.05
0.94

0
1
5
7

1.46
1.26
1.15
1.03

7
5
9
1

13- 6
11- 8
10- 8
9- 6

16- 3 16- 9 17- 3 1714- 0 14- 6 14-11 1512-10 13- 3 13- 8 1411- 6 11-10 12- 2 12-

20- 0 20- 8 21- 4 2217- 4 17-11 18- 6 1915-10 16- 4 16-11 1714- 2 14- 8 15- 1 15-

1.09
0.94
0.86
0.77

8766-

9
5
0
7

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

9876-

3
0
4
7

14121110-

7
7
6
3

14-11 1512-11 1311- 9 1210- 6 10-

15131211-

7
6
4
0

15-11
13- 9 14- 0 14- 3
12- 7 12-10 13- 1 13- 3 13- 6
11- 3 11- 5 11- 8 11-11 12- 1 12- 4

18- 3 18- 9 1915-10 16- 3 1614- 5 14-10 1512-11 13- 3 13-

2
7
2
7

19- 8 20- 1 2017- 0 17- 5 1715- 6 15-10 1613-11 14- 2 14-

6
9
3
6

20-11
18- 1 18- 6 18-10
16- 7 16-10 17- 2 17- 6 17-10
14-10 15- 1 15- 5 15- 8 15-11 16- 3

6
2
4
4

25- 1 2521- 8 2219-10 2017- 9 18-

13-10 1412- 0 1210-11 119- 9 10-

22- 8 2319- 7 2017-11 1816- 0 16-

1.59
1.37
1.25
1.12

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

3
2
5
6

1.72
1.49
1.36
1.22

2
4
3
0

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

1.86
1.61
1.47
1.31

2.00
1.73
1.58
1.41

9876-

6
2
6
8

2.14
1.86
1.70
1.52

9- 8
8- 5
7- 8
6-10
3
2
0
9

9-11
8- 7
7-10
7- 0

10- 1
8- 9 8-11 9- 1
8- 0 8- 2 8- 4
7- 2 7- 3 7- 5

8- 5
7- 7

8- 7
7- 8

7-10

7
2 22- 8 23- 1 23- 7 24- 0
3 20- 8 21- 1 21- 6 21-11 22- 4 22- 9
1 18- 6 18-11 19- 3 19- 7 20- 0 20- 4 20- 8

2.29
1.99
1.81
1.62

2.44
2.12
1.93
1.73

2.60
2.25 2.39 2.53
2.05 2.18 2.31 2.43 2.57
1.84 1.95 2.06 2.18 2.30 2.41

Span Tables
27

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

0.11
0.09
0.09
0.08

4
8
3
9

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

28

TABLE R-16
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load
of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 50 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2- 7
2- 3
2- 1
1-10

3222-

2
9
6
3

3- 8
3- 2
2-11
2- 7

4- 1
3- 7
3- 3
2-11

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

4-11
4- 3
3-10
3- 5

5443-

3
6
1
8

5- 6
4-10
4- 4
3-11

5-10
5- 1
4- 7
4- 1

6- 1
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

4- 1
3- 7
3- 3
2-11

5443-

0
4
0
7

5-10
5- 0
4- 7
4- 1

6554-

6
7
1
7

7655-

1
2
7
0

7665-

8- 2
7- 1
6- 6
5-10

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 2

9- 2
7-11
7- 3
6- 6

9- 7
8- 4
7- 7
6-10

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

10- 5
9- 1
8- 3
7- 5

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5- 5
4- 8
4- 3
3-10

6554-

7
9
3
8

7665-

8766-

7
5
9
0

9876-

4 10- 1
1 8- 9
5 8- 0
7 7- 2

10-10 11- 6
9- 4 9-11
8- 7 9- 1
7- 8 8- 1

12- 1
10- 6
9- 7
8- 7

12- 8
11- 0
10- 0
9- 0

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

13- 9 1411-11 1210-11 119- 9 10-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6-11
6- 0
5- 5
4-11

8766-

5
4
8
0

9- 9
8- 5
7- 8
6-11

0.06
0.05
0.04
0.04

0.10
0.09
0.08
0.07

8
7
0
5

0.16
0.14
0.13
0.11

8
8
1
5

10-11 11-11 12-11 13- 9 149- 5 10- 4 11- 2 11-11 128- 7 9- 5 10- 2 10-11 117- 8 8- 5 9- 1 9- 9 10-

0.22
0.19
0.17
0.16

0.29
0.25
0.23
0.21

0.37
0.32
0.29
0.26

0.45
0.39
0.35
0.32

8
8
7
4

0.53
0.46
0.42
0.38

15- 5 1613- 4 1412- 2 1210-11 11-

0.63
0.54
0.49
0.44

2
0
9
5

0.72
0.62
0.57
0.51

6554-

5
6
1
6

6554-

8
9
3
8

6-11
6- 0
5- 5
4-11

2
2
8
1

7- 5
6- 5
5-10
5- 3

10-10 11- 3
9- 5 9- 9
8- 7 8-11
7- 8 7-11

11- 7
10- 0
9- 2
8- 2

4
5
4
1

7655-

7665-

7
7
0
5

7-10
6- 9
6- 2
5- 6

11-11 12- 4
10- 4 10- 8
9- 5 9- 9
8- 5 8- 8

14-10 15- 3 1512-10 13- 3 1311- 8 12- 1 1210- 6 10-10 11-

9
8
5
2

8765-

0
0
4
8

8- 3
7- 2
6- 6
5-10

12- 8 13- 0
10-11 11- 3
10- 0 10- 3
8-11 9- 2

16- 3 1614- 0 1412-10 1311- 6 11-

8
5
2
9

8766-

5
4
8
0

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 1

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 5

13- 7
11- 9
10- 9
9- 7

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

13-11 1412- 0 1211- 0 119-10 10-

0.93
0.80
0.73
0.66

1.04
0.90
0.82
0.73

1.15
0.99
0.91
0.81

1.26
1.10
1.00
0.89

1.39
1.20
1.10
0.98

1.51
1.31
1.19
1.07

1.64
1.42
1.29
1.16

3
0
3
6

8- 2
7- 5
6- 8

8- 4
7- 7
6- 9

8- 5
7- 9 7-10 8- 0
6-11 7- 0 7- 2

6
7 12-10 13- 1 13- 3
5 11- 8 11-11 12- 2 12- 4 12- 7
3 10- 5 10- 8 10-10 11- 0 11- 3

17- 1 17- 6 17-11 18- 4 18- 9 1914-10 15- 2 15- 6 15-10 16- 3 1613- 6 13-10 14- 2 14- 6 14-10 1512- 1 12- 5 12- 8 12-11 13- 3 13-

1
7 16-10 17- 2 17- 6
1 15- 5 15- 8 16- 0 16- 3 16- 7
6 13- 9 14- 0 14- 4 14- 7 14-10

1.77
1.53
1.40
1.25

1.90
1.65
1.50
1.34

2.04
1.77
1.61
1.44

5
3
6
6

2.18
1.89
1.72
1.54

2
4
3
0

987614121110-

16-11 17- 7 18- 3 18-11 19- 6 20- 1 20- 8 21- 3 21-10 22- 4 22-10 2314- 8 15- 3 15-10 16- 4 16-11 17- 5 17-11 18- 5 18-11 19- 4 19-10 2013- 4 13-11 14- 5 14-11 15- 5 15-11 16- 4 16-10 17- 3 17- 8 18- 1 1811-11 12- 5 12-11 13- 4 13- 9 14- 3 14- 8 15- 0 15- 5 15-10 16- 2 16-

0.82
0.71
0.65
0.58

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

2.32
2.01
1.84
1.64

5
1 21- 6 21-11 22- 4
3 19- 8 20- 0 20- 5 20- 9 21- 1
3 17- 7 17-11 18- 3 18- 7 18-11

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2.47
2.14 2.27 2.40 2.54
1.95 2.07 2.19 2.32 2.44 2.57
1.75 1.85 1.96 2.07 2.18 2.30

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

TABLE R-17
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 20 psf plus
Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 20 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

3- 5
2-11
2- 8
2- 5

4- 2
3- 7
3- 4
2-11

4-10
4- 2
3-10
3- 5

5- 5
4- 8
4- 3
3-10

5-11
5- 1
4- 8
4- 2

6554-

5
6
1
6

6-10
5-11
5- 5
4-10

7655-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5- 4
4- 8
4- 3
3-10

6554-

7665-

8766-

9876-

4 10- 0
1 8- 8
4 7-11
7 7- 1

10- 9
9- 4
8- 6
7- 7

11- 5
9-10
9- 0
8- 1

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7655-

1
2
7
0

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 2

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

11- 2
9- 8
8-10
7-11

12- 3
10- 7
9- 8
8- 8

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

14121110-

2
3
2
0

15- 0 15-10 1613- 0 13- 8 1411-10 12- 6 1310- 7 11- 2 11-

7
4
1
9

17151312-

4
0
8
3

18151412-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

11- 1
9- 7
8- 9
7-10

12- 9
11- 1
10- 1
9- 0

14121110-

15131211-

16-11 1814- 8 1513- 4 1411-11 12-

1
8
3
9

19161513-

2
4
9
0

22191715-

1
2
6
8

0.09
0.08
0.07
0.07

0.14
0.12
0.11
0.10

0.20
0.17
0.16
0.14

7
7
0
4

6
4
9
0

3
4
3
1

8
6
4
1

0.26
0.23
0.21
0.18

0.33
0.28
0.26
0.23

0.40
0.35
0.32
0.28

2
7
2
6

0.48
0.41
0.38
0.34

7665-

8
7
0
5

12- 0
10- 5
9- 6
8- 6

8- 0
6-11
6- 4
5- 8

12- 7 13- 2
10-11 11- 5
9-11 10- 5
8-11 9- 4

20- 2 2117- 6 1815-11 1614- 3 15-

0.56
0.49
0.44
0.40

8- 4
7- 3
6- 7
5-11

0.65
0.56
0.51
0.46

0.74
0.64
0.58
0.52

8- 8
7- 6
6-11
6- 2

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

9876-

4
1
5
7

14121110-

8
9
7
5

15131210-

18- 9 1916- 3 1614-10 1513- 3 13-

5
9
4
8

20- 0 20- 8 2117- 4 17-10 1815-10 16- 4 1614- 2 14- 7 15-

23- 0 23-11 2419-11 20- 8 2118- 2 18-11 1916- 3 16-11 17-

9
5
7
6

25222018-

13- 8 1411-10 1210-10 119- 8 100


7
3
9

0.83
0.72
0.66
0.59

2
4
3
0

0.93
0.80
0.73
0.66

1.03
0.89
0.81
0.73

9- 8
8- 4
7- 8
6-10
2
2
0
9

9-11
8- 7
7-10
7- 0
15131211-

8
7
4
1

10- 3
8-10
8- 1
7- 3

10- 6
9- 1
8- 4
7- 5

16- 1 1613-11 1412- 9 1311- 5 113


5
9
0

7
4
1
8

10-10 11- 1
9- 4 9- 7
8- 6 8- 9
7- 8 7-10

11- 4
9-10
8-11
8- 0

17141312-

17-10 18- 2 1815- 5 15- 9 1614- 1 14- 5 1412- 7 12-10 13-

0
8
5
0

17151312-

5
1
9
4

21-10 22- 4 22-11 2318-11 19- 5 19-10 2017- 3 17- 8 18- 1 1815- 5 15-10 16- 3 16-

6
4
7
7

11- 7
10- 0
9- 2
8- 2

24201917-

0
9
0
0

11-10 12- 1
10- 3 10- 5
9- 4 9- 7
8- 4 8- 6

24211917-

12- 4
10- 8
9- 9
8- 8

12- 7
10-10 11- 1 11- 3 11- 5
9-11 10- 1 10- 3 10- 5
8-10 9- 0 9- 2 9- 4

7
1
8
2

19161513-

0
5
0
5

19161513-

4
9
4
8

19- 9
17- 1 17- 5 17- 8 18- 0
15- 7 15-11 16- 2 16- 5
13-11 14- 2 14- 5 14- 8

6
3
5
4

25211917-

0
8
9
8

25222018-

6
1
2
0

26222018-

0
6 22-11 23- 4 23- 9
7 20-11 21- 4 21- 8
5 18- 9 19- 1 19- 5

6
1 22-10 23- 5 24- 1 24- 9 25- 4 25-11
2 20-10 21- 5 22- 0 22- 7 23- 1 23- 8 24- 2 24- 9 25- 3 25- 9
1 18- 7 19- 2 19- 8 20- 2 20- 8 21- 2 21- 8 22- 1 22- 7 23- 0 23- 5 23-11 24- 4 24- 9

Span Tables

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

1.14
0.98
0.90
0.80

1.24
1.08
0.98
0.88

1.36
1.17
1.07
0.96

1.47
1.27
1.16
1.04

1.59
1.37
1.25
1.12

1.71
1.48
1.35
1.21

1.83
1.59
1.45
1.29

1.96
1.70
1.55
1.38

2.09
1.81
1.65
1.48

2.22
1.92
1.75
1.57

2.35
2.04
1.86
1.66

2.49
2.16 2.28 2.40 2.53
1.97 2.08 2.19 2.31
1.76 1.86 1.96 2.06

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

29

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

0.05
0.04
0.04
0.04

7
8
2
8

3
3
9
1

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

30

TABLE R-18
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 30 psf plus
Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 30 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

3222-

0
7
5
2

3- 8
3- 2
2-11
2- 7

4333-

4433-

5443-

3
6
1
8

5- 8
4-11
4- 5
4- 0

6544-

0
3
9
3

6554-

5
6
1
6

6- 9
5-10
5- 4
4- 9

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

4433-

9
1
9
4

5-10
5- 0
4- 7
4- 1

6- 8
5-10
5- 4
4- 9

7- 6
6- 6
5-11
5- 4

8- 2
7- 1
6- 6
5-10

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

9876-

6 10- 0
2 8- 8
6 7-11
8 7- 1

10- 7
9- 2
8- 4
7- 6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6- 3
5- 5
4-11
4- 5

7665-

8
7
0
5

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

9-10
8- 7
7-10
7- 0

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8- 0
6-11
6- 4
5- 8

9- 9
8- 5
7- 8
6-11

0.05
0.04
0.04
0.04

0.09
0.08
0.08
0.07

3
8
4
0

9
1
9
4

10-10 11- 8
9- 4 10- 1
8- 7 9- 3
7- 8 8- 3

1
1
7
0

7- 5
6- 5
5-10
5- 3

11- 1
9- 7
8- 9
7-10

11- 7
10- 0
9- 2
8- 2

7665-

8
8
1
5

12- 1
10- 5
9- 6
8- 6

8- 0
6-11
6- 4
5- 8

8
8
7
4

15- 3 15-11 1613- 3 13- 9 1412- 1 12- 7 1310-10 11- 3 11-

11- 3
9- 9
8-11
8- 0

12- 7 13- 9 14-11 15-11 16-11 17-10 1810-11 11-11 12-11 13- 9 14- 8 15- 5 169-11 10-11 11- 9 12- 7 13- 4 14- 1 148-11 9- 9 10- 6 11- 3 11-11 12- 7 13-

8
2
9
2

19- 6 2016-11 1715- 5 1613- 9 14-

0.15
0.13
0.12
0.10

0.20
0.18
0.16
0.14

0.34
0.29
0.27
0.24

0.41
0.36
0.33
0.29

0.49
0.43
0.39
0.35

0.58
0.50
0.46
0.41

0.67
0.58
0.53
0.47

0.76
0.66
0.60
0.54

4
7
1
4

0.86
0.74
0.68
0.61

8- 3
7- 2
6- 6
5-10

9876-

3
0
4
7

14121110-

7
8
6
4

15- 0 15- 4 1513- 0 13- 3 1311-10 12- 2 1210- 7 10-10 11-

17- 1 17- 8 18- 2 18- 9 1914-10 15- 3 15- 9 16- 3 1613- 6 13-11 14- 5 14-10 1512- 1 12- 6 12-10 13- 3 13-

3
8
2
7

19- 9 2017- 1 1715- 7 1613-11 14-

6
3
5
4

25- 2 25-10
21-10 22- 4 22-10 23- 5 23-11 24- 5 24-10 25- 4 25-10
19-11 20- 5 20-10 21- 4 21-10 22- 3 22- 8 23- 1 23- 7 24- 0 24- 5
17-10 18- 3 18- 8 19- 1 19- 6 19-11 20- 4 20- 8 21- 1 21- 5 21-10

12- 6 13- 0
10-10 11- 3
9-11 10- 3
8-10 9- 2

13-11 1412- 1 1211- 0 119-10 10-

0.27
0.23
0.21
0.19

12- 6 13- 3
10-10 11- 6
9-10 10- 6
8-10 9- 4

7655-

6
4
1
8

8766-

6
5
9
0

13- 5
11- 7
10- 7
9- 6

8- 9
7- 7
6-11
6- 3

13-10 1411-11 1210-11 119- 9 10-

21- 1 21-10 22- 6 2318- 3 18-11 19- 6 2016- 8 17- 3 17-10 1814-11 15- 5 15-11 16-

0.96
0.83
0.76
0.68

1.06
0.92
0.84
0.75

1.17
1.01
0.92
0.83

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

3
1
4
5

1.28
1.11
1.01
0.90

2
4
3
0

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

1.39
1.21
1.10
0.99

1.51
1.31
1.20
1.07

9876-

6
3
6
9

1.63
1.41
1.29
1.15

9- 9
8- 5
7- 9
6-11

3
6
0
4

1.76
1.52
1.39
1.24

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1
8
7
5
1

10- 3
8-10
8- 1
7- 3

16- 1 1613-11 1412- 8 1311- 4 11-

20- 8 2117-11 1816- 4 1614- 8 15-

1.88
1.63
1.49
1.33

10- 5
9- 0
8- 3
7- 5

2
4
9
0

2.01
1.74
1.59
1.42

21181715-

10- 8
9- 3
8- 5
7- 6

10-10 11- 1
9- 5 9- 7 9- 9 9-11 10- 1
8- 7 8- 9 8-11 9- 1 9- 3
7- 8 7-10 8- 0 8- 1 8- 3

5
2
0
7

16- 9 1714- 6 1413- 3 1311-10 12-

7
9
1
3

22191715-

2.15
1.86
1.70
1.52

1
1
5
7

2.28
1.98
1.80
1.61

1
9
6
1

17151312-

5
1 15- 4 15- 7 15-11
9 14- 0 14- 3 14- 6
4 12- 6 12- 9 13- 0

22- 6 22-11
19- 6 19-10 20- 3 20- 7 20-11
17- 9 18- 1 18- 5 18- 9 19- 1
15-11 16- 3 16- 6 16-10 17- 1

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2.42
2.10
1.91
1.71

2.56
2.22 2.34 2.47 2.60
2.03 2.14 2.25 2.37
1.81 1.91 2.02 2.12

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

TABLE R-19
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 40 psf plus
Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 40 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2- 9
2- 4
2- 2
1-11

3- 4
2-11
2- 8
2- 4

3-10
3- 4
3- 1
2- 9

4333-

4433-

5443-

5- 5
4- 9
4- 4
3-10

5544-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

4333-

5443-

6544-

1
3
9
3

6- 9
5-10
5- 4
4- 9

7- 5
6- 5
5-10
5- 3

8- 0
6-11
6- 4
5- 8

8766-

7
5
9
1

9- 1
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5- 8
4-11
4- 6
4- 0

6-11
6- 0
5- 6
4-11

8- 0
6-11
6- 4
5- 8

8-11
7- 9
7- 1
6- 4

9- 9
8- 6
7- 9
6-11

10- 7
9- 2
8- 4
7- 6

11- 3
9- 9
8-11
8- 0

12- 0
10- 4
9- 6
8- 6

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7655-

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

10- 2
8-10
8- 1
7- 2

11- 5
9-10
9- 0
8- 1

12- 6 13- 6
10-10 11- 8
9-10 10- 8
8-10 9- 6

14121110-

15- 3 16- 1 16-11 17- 8 18- 4 1913- 3 13-11 14- 8 15- 3 15-11 1612- 1 12- 9 13- 4 13-11 14- 6 1510-10 11- 5 11-11 12- 6 13- 0 13-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.05
0.04
0.04
0.04

0.14
0.12
0.11
0.10

0.20
0.17
0.16
0.14

0.26
0.23
0.21
0.19

0.41
0.35
0.32
0.29

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

3
8
5
0

2
3
8
1

3
6
2
8

9
1
9
4

1
5
0
7

0.33
0.29
0.26
0.24

5
6
5
2

9
0
7
1

0.49
0.42
0.38
0.34

6- 1
5- 3
4-10
4- 4
9876-

6554-

5
6
1
6

7 10- 0
3 8- 8
7 7-11
9 7- 1

12- 7 13- 3
10-11 11- 6
10- 0 10- 6
8-11 9- 4

0.57
0.49
0.45
0.40

0.66
0.57
0.52
0.46

6554-

8
9
3
9

10- 6
9- 1
8- 3
7- 5

6-11
6- 0
5- 6
4-11

3
3
8
1

7- 6
6- 6
5-11
5- 3

10-11 11- 4
9- 5 9-10
8- 8 8-11
7- 9 8- 0

11- 9
10- 2
9- 3
8- 3

13-10 1412- 0 1210-11 119- 9 10-

0.75
0.65
0.59
0.53

5
6
5
2

0.84
0.73
0.67
0.60

7655-

7665-

8
8
1
5

12- 1
10- 6
9- 7
8- 7

7-11
6-11
6- 3
5- 7

8- 5
7- 3
6- 8
5-11

8- 7
7- 6
6-10
6- 1

12- 6 12-10 13- 2


10-10 11- 1 11- 5
9-10 10- 2 10- 5
8-10 9- 1 9- 4

13- 6
11- 9
10- 8
9- 7

14-11 15- 5 16- 0 1612-11 13- 5 13-10 1411-10 12- 3 12- 7 1310- 7 10-11 11- 3 11-

1
6
1
6

0.94
0.82
0.75
0.67

19- 9 2017- 1 1715- 7 1613-11 14-

1.05
0.91
0.83
0.74

4
8
1
5

1.15
1.00
0.91
0.82

5
3
0
8

8765-

16-11 1714- 8 1513- 5 1312- 0 12-

21- 0 2118- 2 1816- 7 1714-10 15-

1.26
1.09
1.00
0.89

2
1
6
9

7
9
1
3

1.38
1.19
1.09
0.97

22191715-

9876-

3
0
4
6

14121110-

6
7
6
3

14-10 1512-10 1311- 9 1210- 6 10-

5
1
9
4

17-10 18- 3 18- 9 1915- 5 15-10 16- 3 1614- 1 14- 6 14-10 1512- 7 12-11 13- 3 13-

2
7
2
6

19- 7 19-11 2016-11 17- 3 1715- 5 15- 9 1613-10 14- 1 14-

4
7
1
5

2
3
7
8

22191816-

5
2
4
3

24-11 2521- 7 2219- 9 2017- 8 18-

0
6 22-11 23- 4 23- 9 24- 2
6 20-11 21- 4 21- 8 22- 1
4 18- 9 19- 1 19- 5 19- 9

1.49
1.29
1.18
1.06

9
9
0
1

1.61
1.40
1.27
1.14

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

13-10 1412- 0 1211- 0 119-10 10-

23201816-

4
2
5
6

1.73
1.50
1.37
1.23

2
4
3
0

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

1.86
1.61
1.47
1.31

1.99
1.72
1.57
1.41

9876-

5
2
6
8

2.12
1.83
1.67
1.50

9- 8
8- 4
7- 7
6-10
2
1
0
8

6
1
2
0

2.25
1.95
1.78
1.59

9-10
8- 6
7- 9
6-11

10- 0
8- 8 8-10 9- 0
7-11 8- 1 8- 2
7- 1 7- 3 7- 4

15- 5 1513- 4 1312- 2 1210-11 11-

26222018-

2.39
2.07
1.89
1.69

20181614-

9- 2
8- 4
7- 6

9
7 13-10 14- 1 14- 4
5 12- 8 12-11 13- 1
1 11- 4 11- 6 11- 9
9
0 18- 3 18- 7 18-11
5 16- 8 17- 0 17- 3
8 14-11 15- 2 15- 5

2.53
2.19 2.31 2.44 2.56
2.00 2.11 2.22 2.34
1.79 1.89 1.99 2.09

Span Tables
31

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

0.09
0.08
0.07
0.07

4
9
5
1

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

32

TABLE R-20
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load
of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 50 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2221-

3222-

1
8
5
2

3- 7
3- 1
2-10
2- 6

4- 0
3- 5
3- 2
2-10

4333-

4433-

5443-

5443-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

3-11
3- 5
3- 1
2- 9

4-10
4- 2
3-10
3- 5

5- 7
4-10
4- 5
3-11

6- 3
5- 5
4-11
4- 5

6-10
5-11
5- 5
4-10

7- 4
6- 5
5-10
5- 3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5443-

2
6
1
8

6554-

4
6
0
6

7- 4
6- 4
5-10
5- 2

8- 3
7- 1
6- 6
5-10

9776-

0
9
1
4

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6554-

7
9
3
8

8765-

1
0
5
9

9876-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.05
0.04
0.04
0.04

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

6
2
0
9

0.09
0.08
0.07
0.06

4 10- 6
1 9- 1
5 8- 3
7 7- 5

0.14
0.12
0.11
0.10

0.20
0.17
0.15
0.14

4
9
5
1

8
1
8
4

0
4
0
7

4
7
2
9

5- 7
4-10
4- 5
4- 0

5-11
5- 1
4- 8
4- 2

6- 2
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

7-11
6-10
6- 3
5- 7

8- 4
7- 3
6- 7
5-11

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

9876-

3
0
4
6

9- 8
8- 4
7- 8
6-10

9- 9
8- 5
7- 8
6-10

10- 5
9- 0
8- 3
7- 4

11- 0
9- 6
8- 8
7- 9

11- 7
10- 1
9- 2
8- 3

12- 2
10- 7
9- 8
8- 7

12- 9
11- 0
10- 1
9- 0

11- 6
9-11
9- 1
8- 1

12- 5
10- 9
9-10
8- 9

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

14- 1
12- 2
11- 1
9-11

14-10 1512-10 1311- 9 1210- 6 11-

0.26
0.22
0.20
0.18

0.32
0.28
0.26
0.23

0.40
0.34
0.31
0.28

0.47
0.41
0.37
0.33

0.55
0.48
0.44
0.39

6
5
3
0

0.64
0.55
0.51
0.45

6554-

5
6
1
6

6554-

8
9
3
8

6-10
5-11
5- 5
4-10

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

10- 5
9- 0
8- 3
7- 4

10- 9
9- 4
8- 6
7- 8

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

13- 9 1411-11 1210-10 119- 9 10-

7655-

1
2
7
0

7655-

4
4
9
2

7- 6
6- 6
5-11
5- 4

7665-

9
8
1
6

7-11
6-10
6- 3
5- 7
12- 5
10- 9
9-10
8-10

11- 2
9- 8
8-10
7-11

11- 6
9-11
9- 1
8- 1

11-10 12- 2
10- 3 10- 6
9- 4 9- 7
8- 4 8- 7

14121110-

15131210-

2
1
0
8

15131211-

16- 3 16-11 17- 6 18- 2 18- 9 1914- 1 14- 8 15- 2 15- 9 16- 3 1612-10 13- 4 13-10 14- 4 14-10 1511- 6 11-11 12- 5 12-10 13- 3 13-

4
9
3
8

19-10 2017- 3 1715- 9 1614- 1 14-

0.73
0.63
0.58
0.52

0.82
0.71
0.65
0.58

0.92
0.80
0.73
0.65

3
4
3
1

1.02
0.88
0.81
0.72

8
9
7
5

1.12
0.97
0.89
0.79

1.23
1.06
0.97
0.87

7
6
4
0

1.34
1.16
1.06
0.95

16- 0 1613-10 1412- 8 1311- 4 11-

5
8
2
5

1.45
1.26
1.15
1.03

5
3
0
7

8765-

1
0
5
9

8- 4
7- 2
6- 7
5-11

12- 9
11- 1
10- 1
9- 0

13- 1
11- 4
10- 4
9- 3

6
4
9
0

13- 4
11- 7
10- 7
9- 5

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 2

6
7
0
2

1.69
1.46
1.33
1.19

22191715-

0
0
4
6

1.81
1.57
1.43
1.28

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

9876-

3
0
3
6

9876-

14121110-

6
6
5
3

14121110-

0
7
3
9

18- 4 18- 9 1915-11 16- 3 1614- 6 14-10 1513- 0 13- 3 13-

1
6
1
6

19- 5
16-10 17- 1 17- 5
15- 4 15- 8 15-11
13- 9 14- 0 14- 3

4
1
3
3

24211917-

22- 6 22-11 2319- 5 19-10 2017- 9 18- 2 1815-11 16- 3 16-

1.93
1.67
1.53
1.37

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

13- 8 13-11 1411-10 12- 1 1210- 9 11- 0 119- 8 9-10 10-

16-10 17- 3 17- 7 1814- 7 14-11 15- 3 1513- 4 13- 7 13-11 1411-11 12- 2 12- 5 12-

20-11 2118- 2 1816- 7 1714-10 15-

1.57
1.36
1.24
1.11

8766-

2.06
1.78
1.63
1.46

5
3
6
7

2.19
1.90
1.73
1.55

2
4
3
0

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

2.32
2.01
1.84
1.64

2.46
2.13
1.94
1.74

5
1
5
8

8- 3
7- 7
6- 9

8- 5
7- 8
6-10

9
9 13- 0 13- 3
8 11-10 12- 1
5 10- 7 10- 9

9
6 21-10 22- 3
7 19-11 20- 3
6 17-10 18- 2

2.60
2.25 2.37 2.49
2.05 2.16 2.28
1.84 1.94 2.04

TABLE R-21
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 20 psf plus
Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 20 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

3222-

2
9
6
3

3-11
3- 5
3- 1
2- 9

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

5443-

1
4
0
7

5- 6
4-10
4- 4
3-11

6544-

0
2
9
3

6554-

5
6
1
6

6- 9
5-10
5- 4
4-10

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5443-

0
4
0
7

6- 2
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

7655-

1
2
7
0

7-11
6-10
6- 3
5- 7

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 2

9876-

5 10- 0
2 8- 8
5 7-11
8 7- 1

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6554-

7
9
3
8

8765-

9876-

4 10- 6
1 9- 1
5 8- 3
7 7- 5

11- 6
9-11
9- 1
8- 1

12- 5
10- 9
9- 9
8- 9

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

8766-

5 10- 4
4 8-11
8 8- 2
0 7- 4

11-11 13- 4
10- 4 11- 7
9- 5 10- 7
8- 5 9- 5

14121110-

15-10 16-11 17-11 18-11 19-10 20- 8 2113- 8 14- 8 15- 6 16- 4 17- 2 17-11 1812- 6 13- 4 14- 2 14-11 15- 8 16- 4 1711- 2 11-11 12- 8 13- 4 14- 0 14- 8 15-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03

0.12
0.10
0.09
0.08

0.21
0.18
0.17
0.15

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

1
0
5
9

0.16
0.14
0.13
0.11

0.27
0.23
0.21
0.19

0.33
0.28
0.26
0.23

2
2
8
1

7- 6
6- 6
5-11
5- 4

7-10
6- 9
6- 2
5- 6

10- 8
9- 3
8- 5
7- 6

11- 3
9- 9
8-11
7-11

11- 9
10- 2
9- 4
8- 4

12- 4
10- 8
9- 9
8- 8

14- 0
12- 2
11- 1
9-11

14-10 1512-10 1311- 8 1210- 6 11-

0.39
0.34
0.31
0.28

0.46
0.40
0.36
0.32

6
5
3
0

0.53
0.46
0.42
0.37

9876-

4
1
4
7

14121110-

8
8
7
4

15- 1 15- 6 15-11 16- 3 1613- 1 13- 5 13- 9 14- 1 1411-11 12- 3 12- 7 12-10 1310- 8 10-11 11- 3 11- 6 11-

16- 3 16-10 17- 6 18- 1 18- 9 1914- 0 14- 7 15- 2 15- 8 16- 3 1612-10 13- 4 13-10 14- 4 14-10 1511- 6 11-11 12- 5 12-10 13- 3 13-

4
9
3
8

19-10 2017- 2 1715- 8 1614- 0 14-

5
8
2
5

7
4
6
5

25- 4 2621-11 2220- 0 2017-11 18-

0
6 23- 1 23- 8 24- 3 24-10 25- 4 25-10
7 21- 1 21- 8 22- 2 22- 8 23- 1 23- 7 24- 1 24- 6 25- 0 25- 5 25-10
5 18-11 19- 4 19-10 20- 3 20- 8 21- 1 21- 6 21-11 22- 4 22- 9 23- 1

0.60
0.52
0.48
0.43

8765-

2
1
5
9

8766-

5
4
8
0

12-10 13- 3
11- 1 11- 6
10- 1 10- 6
9- 1 9- 5

6
8
0
3

0.68
0.59
0.54
0.48

8- 9
7- 7
6-11
6- 2

13- 9 1411-11 1210-10 119- 9 10-

22- 4 2319- 4 2017- 8 1815-10 16-

0.76
0.66
0.60
0.54

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

1
0
3
4

0.84
0.73
0.67
0.60

2
4
3
0

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

0.93
0.80
0.73
0.66

1.02
0.88
0.80
0.72

9876-

7
4
7
9

1.11
0.96
0.88
0.78

9-10
8- 6
7- 9
7- 0

1.20
1.04
0.95
0.85

10- 1
8- 9
8- 0
7- 2

10-10 11- 1
9- 5 9- 7
8- 7 8- 9
7- 8 7-10

11- 4
9- 9
8-11
8- 0

11- 6
10- 0
9- 1
8- 2

17141312-

17151412-

9
4
0
7

18- 1 1815- 8 1614- 4 1412-10 13-

20-11 21- 5 21-11 22- 5 22-11 2318- 1 18- 7 19- 0 19- 5 19-10 2016- 7 16-11 17- 4 17- 9 18- 1 1814-10 15- 2 15- 6 15-10 16- 3 16-

5
3
6
7

23-10 2420- 8 2118-10 1916-10 17-

1.30
1.13
1.03
0.92

10- 4
9- 0
8- 2
7- 4

1.40
1.21
1.10
0.99

10- 7
9- 2
8- 5
7- 6
8
5
2
9

1.50
1.30
1.18
1.06

0
9
6
0

1.60
1.39
1.27
1.13

17151312-

5
1
9
4

1.71
1.48
1.35
1.21

1.82
1.57
1.44
1.28

1.93
1.67
1.52
1.36

11- 9
10- 2
9- 3
8- 4

11-11 12- 2
10- 4 10- 6
9- 5 9- 7
8- 5 8- 7

12- 4
10- 9
9- 9
8- 9

5
0
7
1

18- 9 1916- 3 1614-10 1513- 3 13-

19- 5
16-10
15- 4
13- 9

4
1
3
2

24211917-

2.04
1.76
1.61
1.44

9
5
7
6

2.15
1.86
1.70
1.52

1
7
1
6

25- 2 2521-10 2219-11 2017-10 18-

2.27
1.96
1.79
1.60

8
2
3
1

2.39
2.07
1.89
1.69

Span Tables
33

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

0.08
0.07
0.06
0.05

8
8
7
4

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

7655-

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

34

TABLE R-22
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 30 psf plus
Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 30 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2-10
2- 6
2- 3
2- 0

3322-

4- 0
3- 6
3- 2
2-10

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

4-11
4- 3
3-11
3- 6

5443-

5- 9
4-11
4- 6
4- 0

6- 1
5- 3
4-10
4- 3

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

5- 6
4- 9
4- 4
3-11

6554-

4
6
0
6

7655-

1
2
7
0

7665-

9
9
2
6

8- 5
7- 3
6- 8
5-11

9776-

9876-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5-11
5- 2
4- 8
4- 2

7655-

3
3
9
2

8- 4
7- 3
6- 7
5-11

9876-

4 10- 3
1 8-11
5 8- 1
7 7- 3

11- 1
9- 7
8- 9
7-10

11-10 12- 7 13- 3


10- 3 10-10 11- 6
9- 4 9-11 10- 6
8- 4 8-11 9- 4

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

7665-

9876-

3 10- 8
0 9- 3
4 8- 5
6 7- 7

11-11 13- 1
10- 4 11- 4
9- 5 10- 4
8- 5 9- 3

14121110-

15- 1 16- 0 16-11 1713- 1 13-10 14- 8 1511-11 12- 8 13- 4 1410- 8 11- 4 11-11 12-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03

0.17
0.15
0.14
0.12

0.29
0.25
0.23
0.20

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

7
6
0
4

6
0
9
6

0.08
0.07
0.06
0.06

0.12
0.11
0.10
0.09

0.23
0.20
0.18
0.16

4
8
3
9

2
3
2
0

0
9
1
4

0.35
0.31
0.28
0.25

5
6
1
6

6- 8
5-10
5- 4
4- 9

7- 0
6- 1
5- 6
4-11

6 10- 0
3 8- 8
6 7-11
9 7- 1

10- 6
9- 1
8- 4
7- 5

11- 0
9- 6
8- 8
7- 9

0.42
0.36
0.33
0.30

6554-

0.49
0.43
0.39
0.35

13-11 1412- 0 1211- 0 119-10 10-

9
4
0
6

0.57
0.49
0.45
0.40

18161413-

7655-

3
4
9
2

11- 5
9-11
9- 1
8- 1

7665-

15- 1 1513- 1 1311-11 1210- 8 11-

6
0
8
1

19161513-

0.65
0.56
0.51
0.46

0.73
0.63
0.58
0.52

7-10
6- 9
6- 2
5- 6

11-11 12- 4
10- 3 10- 8
9- 5 9- 9
8- 5 8- 8

6
7
6
3

3
8
3
7

7
7
0
4

8
7
5
1

8765-

1
0
5
9

8- 4
7- 3
6- 7
5-11

12- 8
11- 0
10- 0
9- 0

13- 1
11- 4
10- 4
9- 3

0.91
0.78
0.72
0.64

1.00
0.86
0.79
0.71

0
1
5
7

1.09
0.95
0.86
0.77

7
5
9
1

13- 6
11- 8
10- 8
9- 6

16- 3 16- 9 17- 3 1714- 0 14- 6 14-11 1512-10 13- 3 13- 8 1411- 6 11-10 12- 2 12-

20- 0 20- 8 21- 4 2217- 4 17-11 18- 6 1915-10 16- 4 16-11 1714- 2 14- 8 15- 1 15-

0.82
0.71
0.65
0.58

8766-

9
5
0
7

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

9876-

3
0
4
7

14121110-

7
7
6
3

14-11 1512-11 1311- 9 1210- 6 10-

15131211-

7
6
4
0

15-11 16- 2 1613- 9 14- 0 1412- 7 12-10 1311- 3 11- 5 11-

18- 3 18- 9 1915-10 16- 3 1614- 5 14-10 1512-11 13- 3 13-

2
7
2
7

19- 8 20- 1 2017- 0 17- 5 1715- 6 15-10 1613-11 14- 2 14-

6
9
3
6

20-11 21- 4 21- 9 2218- 1 18- 6 18-10 1916- 7 16-10 17- 2 1714-10 15- 1 15- 5 15-

6
2
4
4

25- 1 2521- 8 2219-10 2017- 9 18-

13-10 1412- 0 1210-11 119- 9 10-

22- 8 2319- 7 2017-11 1816- 0 16-

1.19
1.03
0.94
0.84

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

3
2
5
6

1.29
1.12
1.02
0.91

2
4
3
0

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

1.39
1.21
1.10
0.99

1.50
1.30
1.19
1.06

9876-

6
2
6
8

1.61
1.39
1.27
1.14

9- 8
8- 5
7- 8
6-10
3
2
0
9

9-11
8- 7
7-10
7- 0

10- 1
8- 9
8- 0
7- 2

10- 4
8-11
8- 2
7- 3

10- 6
9- 1
8- 4
7- 5
6
3
1
8

10- 8
9- 3
8- 5
7- 7

10-11 11- 1
9- 5 9- 7
8- 7 8- 9
7- 8 7-10

16-10 17- 1 1714- 7 14-10 1513- 3 13- 6 1311-11 12- 1 122


2
6
8

5
1
9
4

22- 6 22-11
19- 6 19-10
17-10 18- 1
15-11 16- 3

7
2 22- 8 23- 1 23- 7 24- 0 24- 6 24-11 25- 4
3 20- 8 21- 1 21- 6 21-11 22- 4 22- 9 23- 1
1 18- 6 18-11 19- 3 19- 7 20- 0 20- 4 20- 8

1.72
1.49
1.36
1.22

1.83
1.59
1.45
1.30

1.95
1.69
1.54
1.38

2.07
1.79
1.63
1.46

2.19
1.89
1.73
1.55

2.31
2.00
1.83
1.63

2.43
2.11
1.92
1.72

2.56
2.22
2.03
1.81

TABLE R-23
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 40 psf plus
Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 40 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2- 7
2- 3
2- 1
1-10

3222-

2
9
6
3

3- 8
3- 2
2-11
2- 7

4- 1
3- 7
3- 3
2-11

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

4-11
4- 3
3-10
3- 5

5443-

3
6
1
8

5- 6
4-10
4- 4
3-11

5-10
5- 1
4- 7
4- 1

6- 1
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

4- 1
3- 7
3- 3
2-11

5443-

0
4
0
7

5-10
5- 0
4- 7
4- 1

6554-

6
7
1
7

7655-

1
2
7
0

7665-

8- 2
7- 1
6- 6
5-10

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 2

9- 2
7-11
7- 3
6- 6

9- 7
8- 4
7- 7
6-10

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

10- 5
9- 1
8- 3
7- 5

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5- 5
4- 8
4- 3
3-10

6554-

7
9
3
8

7665-

8766-

7
5
9
0

9876-

4 10- 1
1 8- 9
5 8- 0
7 7- 2

10-10 11- 6
9- 4 9-11
8- 7 9- 1
7- 8 8- 1

12- 1
10- 6
9- 7
8- 7

12- 8
11- 0
10- 0
9- 0

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

13- 9 1411-11 1210-11 119- 9 10-

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6-11
6- 0
5- 5
4-11

8766-

5
4
8
0

9- 9
8- 5
7- 8
6-11

0.08
0.07
0.06
0.06

0.13
0.11
0.10
0.09

10-11 11-11 12-11 13- 9 149- 5 10- 4 11- 2 11-11 128- 7 9- 5 10- 2 10-11 117- 8 8- 5 9- 1 9- 9 10-

0.18
0.15
0.14
0.13

0.23
0.20
0.18
0.16

0.29
0.25
0.23
0.21

0.36
0.31
0.28
0.25

8
8
7
4

0.43
0.37
0.34
0.30

15- 5 1613- 4 1412- 2 1210-11 11-

0.50
0.43
0.40
0.35

2
0
9
5

0.58
0.50
0.46
0.41

5
6
1
6

6554-

8
9
3
8

6-11
6- 0
5- 5
4-11

2
2
8
1

7- 5
6- 5
5-10
5- 3

10-10 11- 3
9- 5 9- 9
8- 7 8-11
7- 8 7-11

11- 7
10- 0
9- 2
8- 2

4
5
4
1

7655-

7665-

7
7
0
5

7-10
6- 9
6- 2
5- 6

11-11 12- 4
10- 4 10- 8
9- 5 9- 9
8- 5 8- 8

14-10 15- 3 1512-10 13- 3 1311- 8 12- 1 1210- 6 10-10 11-

9
8
5
2

8765-

0
0
4
8

8- 3
7- 2
6- 6
5-10

9876-

3
0
3
6

14121110-

6
7
5
3

14- 9 15- 1 15- 4 1512-10 13- 1 13- 3 1311- 8 11-11 12- 2 1210- 5 10- 8 10-10 11-

17- 1 17- 6 17-11 18- 4 18- 9 1914-10 15- 2 15- 6 15-10 16- 3 1613- 6 13-10 14- 2 14- 6 14-10 1512- 1 12- 5 12- 8 12-11 13- 3 13-

1
7
1
6

19- 6 19-10 2016-10 17- 2 1715- 5 15- 8 1613- 9 14- 0 14-

5
1
3
3

24-10 25- 4 25-10


21- 6 21-11 22- 4 22- 9 23- 1
19- 8 20- 0 20- 5 20- 9 21- 1
17- 7 17-11 18- 3 18- 7 18-11

12- 8 13- 0
10-11 11- 3
10- 0 10- 3
8-11 9- 2

16- 3 1614- 0 1412-10 1311- 6 11-

8
5
2
9

8766-

5
4
8
0

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 1

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 5

13- 7
11- 9
10- 9
9- 7

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

13-11 1412- 0 1211- 0 119-10 10-

16-11 17- 7 18- 3 18-11 19- 6 20- 1 20- 8 21- 3 21-10 22- 4 22-10 2314- 8 15- 3 15-10 16- 4 16-11 17- 5 17-11 18- 5 18-11 19- 4 19-10 2013- 4 13-11 14- 5 14-11 15- 5 15-11 16- 4 16-10 17- 3 17- 8 18- 1 1811-11 12- 5 12-11 13- 4 13- 9 14- 3 14- 8 15- 0 15- 5 15-10 16- 2 16-

0.66
0.57
0.52
0.46

0.74
0.64
0.59
0.52

0.83
0.72
0.65
0.59

0.92
0.80
0.73
0.65

1.01
0.88
0.80
0.72

1.11
0.96
0.88
0.78

1.21
1.05
0.95
0.85

1.31
1.13
1.04
0.93

1.41
1.22
1.12
1.00

1.52
1.32
1.20
1.08

1.63
1.41
1.29
1.15

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

5
3
6
6

1.74
1.51
1.38
1.23

2
4
3
0

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

1.86
1.61
1.47
1.31

1.98
1.71
1.56
1.40

9876-

5
2
5
8

2.10
1.82
1.66
1.48

9876-

7
4
7
9

2.22
1.92
1.75
1.57

9- 9
8- 5
7- 9
6-11

3
6
0
4

2.34
2.03
1.85
1.66

9-11
8- 7
7-10
7- 0
7
6
4
0

10- 1
8- 9
8- 0
7- 2
15-11
13- 9
12- 7
11- 3

20- 7 20-11
17-10 18- 1
16- 3 16- 7
14- 7 14-10

Span Tables

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2.47
2.14
1.95
1.75

2.60
2.25
2.05
1.84

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

35

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03

8
7
0
5

8
8
1
5

6554-

Span Tables

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

36

TABLE R-24
RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITS

DESIGN CRITERIA:
Strength - Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load
of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.
Deflection - For 50 psf live load.
Limited to span in inches divided by 180.
Rafter
Size
(in)

Bending Design Value, F b, (psi)

Spacing
(in)
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

2- 5
2- 1
1-11
1- 8

2-11
2- 7
2- 4
2- 1

3- 5
2-11
2- 8
2- 5

3-10
3- 4
3- 0
2- 8

4- 2
3- 7
3- 4
2-11

4- 6
3-11
3- 7
3- 2

4-10
4- 2
3-10
3- 5

5443-

1
5
1
7

5- 5
4- 8
4- 3
3-10

5- 8
4-11
4- 6
4- 0

5-11
5- 1
4- 8
4- 2

6- 2
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

3-10
3- 3
3- 0
2- 8

4433-

5- 4
4- 8
4- 3
3-10

6544-

6554-

7
8
2
8

7655-

1
2
7
0

7665-

8765-

1
0
4
8

8766-

6
4
9
0

8-11
7- 8
7- 0
6- 4

9876-

4
1
4
7

9- 8
8- 5
7- 8
6-10

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

5- 0
4- 4
3-11
3- 6

6- 2
5- 4
4-10
4- 4

7655-

1
2
7
0

7-11
6-10
6- 3
5- 7

8- 8
7- 6
6-10
6- 2

9876-

4 10- 0
1 8- 8
5 7-11
7 7- 1

10- 7
9- 2
8- 5
7- 6

11- 2
9- 8
8-10
7-11

11- 9
10- 2
9- 3
8- 4

12- 3
10- 7
9- 8
8- 8

12- 9
11- 1
10- 1
9- 0

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

6554-

7-10
6- 9
6- 2
5- 6

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

10- 1
8- 9
8- 0
7- 2

11- 1
9- 7
8- 9
7-10

11-11 12- 9
10- 4 11- 1
9- 5 10- 1
8- 5 9- 0

13- 6
11- 9
10- 8
9- 7

14121110-

15- 0 1513- 0 1311-10 1210- 7 11-

E
E
E
E

12.0
16.0
19.2
24.0

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03

0.18
0.15
0.14
0.12

0.23
0.20
0.18
0.16

0.29
0.25
0.23
0.21

0.42
0.37
0.33
0.30

0.50
0.43
0.39
0.35

Note:

The required modulus of elasticity, E, in 1,000,000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table, is limited to 2.6 million psi and less, and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.
Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.

2x 4

2x 6

2x 8

2x10

5
6
1
6

8
0
8
3

0.08
0.07
0.06
0.06

0.13
0.11
0.10
0.09

0
2
9
3

7
7
0
4

0.35
0.31
0.28
0.25

3
4
3
1

0.57
0.50
0.45
0.40

8
6
4
1

0.65
0.56
0.52
0.46

7
9
3
8

6-10
5-11
5- 5
4-10

10- 0
8- 8
7-11
7- 1

10- 5
9- 0
8- 3
7- 4

10- 9
9- 4
8- 6
7- 7

13- 3
11- 6
10- 6
9- 4

13- 8 1411-10 1210-10 119- 8 10-

16- 3 16-11 17- 6 1814- 1 14- 8 15- 2 1512-10 13- 4 13-10 1411- 6 11-11 12- 4 12-

0.74
0.64
0.58
0.52

6554-

5
6
1
6

0.82
0.71
0.65
0.58

6554-

0.91
0.79
0.72
0.64

3
3
9
1

7- 5
6- 5
5-11
5- 3

11- 1
9- 7
8- 9
7-10

11- 5
9-10
9- 0
8- 1

11- 8
10- 2
9- 3
8- 3

2
3
2
0

14121110-

7
8
6
4

15- 0 15- 5 15-10 16- 3 1613- 0 13- 4 13- 8 14- 0 1411-10 12- 2 12- 6 12-10 1310- 7 10-11 11- 2 11- 6 11-

7
4
1
9

17141312-

0
8
5
0

17151312-

1
8
3
9

18161413-

7
1
9
2

19161513-

2
4
9
0

21181715-

8
9
1
4

22191715-

1.00
0.87
0.79
0.71

7655-

0
1
7
0

1.10
0.95
0.87
0.78

7655-

2
7
2
6

1.20
1.04
0.95
0.85

7665-

8
7
0
5

7-10
6- 9
6- 2
5- 6

12- 0
10- 5
9- 6
8- 6

12- 4
10- 8
9- 9
8- 8

8- 0
6-11
6- 4
5- 8

1.40
1.21
1.11
0.99

1.51
1.31
1.19
1.07

2
1
6
9

8- 4
7- 3
6- 7
5-11

12- 7 12-10 13- 2


10-11 11- 2 11- 5
9-11 10- 2 10- 5
8-11 9- 1 9- 4

19- 8 20- 2 20- 8 2117- 0 17- 6 17-11 1815- 7 15-11 16- 4 1613-11 14- 3 14- 8 15-

1.30
1.12
1.03
0.92

8765-

1.62
1.40
1.28
1.14

1.73
1.50
1.37
1.22

8766-

6
5
9
0

8- 8
7- 6
6-11
6- 2

8-10
7- 8
7- 0
6- 3

9- 0
7-10
7- 2
6- 5

9876-

2
0
3
6

9876-

4
1
5
7

14121110-

5
6
5
3

14121110-

8
9
7
5

18- 5 18- 9 1915-11 16- 3 1614- 6 14-10 1513- 0 13- 3 13-

1
6
1
6

19161513-

5
9
4
8

4
1
3
2

24211917-

9
5
7
6

13- 5
11- 7
10- 7
9- 6

13- 8 13-11 1411-10 12- 1 1210-10 11- 0 119- 8 9-10 10-

4
0
8
3

17151412-

18151412-

1
2
6
8

22- 7 23- 0 2319- 7 19-11 2017-10 18- 2 1815-11 16- 3 16-

1.84
1.60
1.46
1.30

8
4
0
6

1.96
1.70
1.55
1.39

0
7
3
9

2.08
1.80
1.64
1.47

5
4
6
7

2.20
1.91
1.74
1.56

2
4
3
0

23-11 2420- 8 2118-11 1916-11 17-

2.32
2.01
1.84
1.64

2.45
2.12
1.94
1.73

2.58
2.23
2.04
1.82

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

APPENDIX A
COMMENTARY
A.1

Floor Joists

A.1.1 Floor Joists with L/360 Deflection


Limitations

stress must be less than the allowable bending design


value, Fb, the allowable bending design value can be
calculated as:
wL2

Tables F-1 through F-7 list spans for floor joists,


used over a single span, with calculations based on
modulus of elasticity, E, and the required bending
design values, Fb, shown. Floor joist spans are
determined based on a deflection limitation of L/
360, where L is the span in inches. The deflection
equation for a simple span beam with uniformly
distributed load is:
max =

5wL4
[Eq. A.1-1]
384EI

Fb =

A.1.2 Floor Joists with L/480 or L/600


Deflection Limitations
Most codes require a minimum deflection limitation of L/360 for floor joists. In cases where a
stricter deflection limit is desired, and the length
shown is controlled by the L/360 deflection limit, the
tabulated span lengths may be adjusted by the factors
shown as follows:

Since max L/360 this equation can be rewritten


to solve for L as follows:
3

[Eq. A.1-4]
8S

Deflection Limit
L/480
L/600

Adjustment Factor
0.91
0.84

384EI

L =

[Eq. A.1-2]

A.1.3 Two-Span Floor Joists

5w (360)
The uniform load, w, is based on the live load
and joist spacing. The moment of inertia, I, is based
on the joist size.
The required bending design value, Fb, is determined based on the calculated span. Note that the
maximum moment, Mmax, of a single span beam with
uniform load is calculated as:
wL2
M max =

[Eq. A.1-3]
8

where the uniform load, w, is based on the total


dead plus live load and joist spacing. The actual
bending stress in a beam is calculated as fb = M/S
where S is the section modulus of the joist. The
allowable bending design value, Fb, is based on a
fully supported member, properly sheathed and
nailed on the top edge of the joist. Since the actual

Tables F-1 through F-7 list spans based on floor


joists with a uniform load over one span. Calculations are based on E with required Fb values shown.
Note that a uniform live load acting on equal spans
of a continuous two-span joist will create less
deflection and stress than an identical uniform load
acting on a single span joist. Therefore, Tables F-1
through F-7 may conservatively be used for continuous, two-span joists supporting a uniform load. Note
also that the required compression design value
perpendicular to grain at the center support will be
twice that required for a single span joist as shown
in Table 9.1.
A.2

Ceiling Joists

Tables C-1 and C-2 list spans for ceiling joists


used over a single span with calculations based on E
and the required Fb values shown. The spans and
required bending design values are determined from
the same equations for a single span, uniformly
Commentary

A-1

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

loaded beam as shown above for single span floor


joists. The only difference in design criteria is L/240
deflection limitations for ceiling joists supporting
drywall ceilings which are typically required by
building codes. The allowable bending design
value, Fb, is based on a fully supported member,
properly sheathed and nailed on one edge of the joist.
A.3

Rafters

A.3.1 Rafters with L/240 Deflection Limitations


Tables R-1 through R-12 list spans for rafters
with deflection limitations of L/240, used over a
single span with calculations based on F b values and
the required E values shown. The allowable bending
design value, Fb, is based on a fully supported
member, properly sheathed and nailed on the top
edge of the rafter. Generally, a deflection limitation
of L/240 applies to rafters with a drywall ceiling
attached to the underside (e.g., cathedral ceilings).
The maximum moment for a single span beam
with a uniform load is defined above. This equation
can be rewritten to solve for L as follows:
8 Fb S

L=

and required modulus of elasticity are the same as


those for single span beams with deflection limitations of L/240, except that 180 is substituted for 240
in the numerator of Equation A.3.1-2. Generally, a
deflection limitation of L/180 applies to rafters
without a drywall ceiling attached to the underside.
Some governing building codes also consider the
slope of the rafter in determining deflection limitations, and only allow L/180 deflection limitations for
rafters with slopes greater than 3 in 12 and no ceiling
attached.
A.3.3 Roof Loads
Section 6 outlines adjustment factors for determining rafter spans and required E values for roof
live loads of 12 psf or 16 psf. The tabulated spans
are modified by the square root of the ratio of the
total uniform load at 20 psf and the total uniform load
at the reduced level (12 or 16 psf). This is based on
Equation A.3.1-1 which is used to calculate the span
of a rafter based on the square root of the total
uniform load.
The E values are adjusted based on the modified
span as noted above and the uniform live load ratio.
Based on Equation A.3.1-2:

[Eq. A.3.1-1]

E2

The uniform load, w, is based on the total dead


plus live load and joist spacing.
The required modulus of elasticity, E, is determined based on this calculated span as follows:
5wL3 (240)

E1
=

w2
w1

)(

L2
L1

LL2

LL 1 +DL 1

LL 2 +DL 2

( LL ) (

[Eq. A.3.3-1]

3/2

[Eq. A.3.3-2]

The uniform load, w, is based on the live load


and joist spacing.

where subscript 1 denotes variables associated


with the 20 psf uniform live load and subscript 2
denotes variables associated with the uniform live load
at the reduced level. LL is the uniform live load and
DL is the uniform dead load. All other variables are
as previously defined in A.3.

A.3.2 Rafters with L/180 Deflection Limitations

A.4

Tables R-13 through R-24 list spans for rafters


with deflection limitations of L/180, used over a
single span with calculations based on F b values and
the required E values shown. Calculations for span

Compression perpendicular to grain is also a


design consideration for joists and rafters. Required
compression perpendicular to grain design values

E =

[Eq. A.3.1-2]
384 I

A-2

Commentary

Compression Perpendicular to Grain


Design Requirements

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

are tabulated in Table 9.1. These values are calculated assuming a bearing width of 1.5", a total load of
66.67 plf, and the calculated span. The 66.67 plf total
load is based on a 40 psf live load and 10 psf dead load
on joists at 16" on center, which is a typical condition
of use. Alternate Fc values are possible by adjusting
the tabulated values in direct proportion to the desired
load. Adjustment factors for various loads and
spacings are tabulated in Table 9.2 for convenience.
Required compression design values perpendicular to
grain are also applicable to bearing plates.
A.5

Lumber Design Values

The spans for nominal 2x5 joists or rafters are 82


percent of the spans tabulated for the same spacing of
nominal 2x6 joists or rafters. For each joist or rafter
spacing, the values of E for 2x5s are the same as the
tabulated E values for 2x6s. The values of Fb for
2x5's shall be determined by multiplying the tabulated
Fb values for 2x6's by 1.077.
A.6

Load Requirements

Applicable design criteria for each condition of


use appear at the top of each table. While these
criteria are directed principally to residential construction they are suitable for other occupancies having
similar conditions of loading. Examples include, but
are not limited to, assembly areas with fixed seats,
cornices, fire escapes for single family residential
buildings, cell blocks of penal institutions, multiple
family dwelling units and hotel guest rooms. Check
governing building code requirements for other applicable occupancies. Tabulated spans for rafters also
apply to other types of occupancy, since the occupancy has little bearing on roof loading.
The live and dead load requirements are based on
various common loading conditions. The following
tables (Tables A-1, A-2, A-3 and A-4) are intended to
provide guidance regarding the type of material or
occupancy that might create the loads in each span
table. Tables A-1, A-2, A-3 and A-4 are intended as
a guide only and are superseded by the governing
building code in the applicable jurisdiction.

A.7

Support Requirements

Adequate support shall be provided for all joists


and rafters. Ridge beams shall be installed at roof
peaks, and rafters shall bear directly on the ridge beam
or be supported by hangers or framing anchors.
Ceiling joists shall not be required when properly
designed ridge beams are used.
A ridge board shall be permitted to be substituted
for a ridge beam when the roof slope equals or
exceeds 3 in 12, except that ridge beams shall be
required for cathedral ceilings. Ridge boards shall be
at least 1 inch nominal in thickness and not less than the
depth of the cut end of the rafter. Rafters shall be
placed directly opposite each other, and ceiling joists
shall be installed parallel with rafters to provide a
continuous tie between exterior walls.
A.8

Repetitive Member Use

Repetitive member use is that condition where


framing members such as joists, rafters, studs, planks,
decking or similar members are in contact or spaced
not more than 24 inches on-center, are not less than 3
in number and are joined by floor, roof or other loaddistributing elements adequate to support the design
load. Bending design values (Fb) for such use are 15
percent greater than for single-member use. Tables
W-1 and W-2 of Design Values for Joists and
Rafters, a supplement to these tables, provide bending
design values for repetitive member use of joists and
rafters.
A.9

Load Duration

For joists and rafters, bending design values (Fb)


are adjusted for load duration by the following factors:
1.00 for 10 years (normal) duration, as for occupancy live load,
1.15 for 2 months duration, as for snow,
1.25 for 7 days duration, as for construction
loading.

Commentary

A-3

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

Table A-1. FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITATIONS


Table
No.

Live
Load
(psf)

Dead1
Load
(psf)

F-1
F-2

30
40

10
10

F-3
F-4

50
60

10
10

F-5

40

20

F-6

50

20

F-7

60

20

1.

Material or Occupancy
All rooms used for sleeping areas and attic floors
Decks and all rooms except those used for sleeping areas and
attic floors
Office space (concentrated load checks may be required)
Decks or corridors
All rooms, except those used for sleeping areas and attic floors,
with 1.5" or less lightweight concrete floor fill
Office space (concentrated load checks may be required) with 1.5"
or less lightweight concrete floor fill
Decks or corridors with 1.5" or less lightweight concrete floor fill

Dead load includes the weight of the framing members.

Table A-2. CEILING JOISTS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATIONS


Table
No.

Live
Load
(psf)

Dead1
Load
(psf)

C-1
C-2

10
20

5
10

1.

Material or Occupancy
Drywall ceiling attached, no attic storage
Drywall ceiling attached, limited attic storage where development
of future rooms is not possible

Dead load includes the weight of the framing members.

Tables W-1 and W-2 of Design Values for Joists


and Rafters, a supplement to these tables, provide
bending design values for repetitive member use of
joists and rafters under 10 years (normal), 2 months
and 7 days load duration.
A.10

Use of the Span Tables

Spans for floor and ceiling joists are calculated on


the basis of the modulus of elasticity (E) with the
required bending design value (Fb) listed below each
span. Spans for rafters are calculated on the basis of
bending design values (Fb) with the required modulus
of elasticity (E) listed below each span. Required
compression perpendicular to grain design values
A-4

Commentary

(Fc) are tabulated based on span and bearing length


with adjustments for different loading and on-center
spacings. Use of the tables is illustrated in the
examples which follow. Values determined from the
span tables should be compared to values from Tables
W-1 and W-2 of Design Values for Joists and
Rafters. Species and grades with design values
greater than or equal to those shown in the span tables
are appropriate.
Example 1. Floor Joists. Assume a required
single span of 12'-9", a live load of 40 psf, dead load
of 10 psf and joists spaced 16 inches on centers.
Table F-2 shows that a grade of 2x8 having an E
value of 1,600,000 psi and an Fb value of 1255 psi

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

Table A-3. RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATIONS


(Drywall ceiling attached to underside of rafter)
Table Live
No.
Load
(psf)

Dead1
Load
(psf)

R-1
R-2
R-3
R-4

20
30
40
50

10
10
10
10

Light roof (1 course of asphalt shingles)


Light roof (1 course of asphalt shingles)
Light roof (1 course of asphalt shingles)
Light roof (1 course of asphalt shingles)

R-5
R-6
R-7
R-8

20
30
40
50

15
15
15
15

Medium roof covering (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles, or wood shakes/shingles)


Medium roof covering (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles, or wood shakes/shingles)
Medium roof covering (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles, or wood shakes/shingles)
Medium roof covering (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles, or wood shakes/shingles)

R-9
R-10
R-11
R-12

20
30
40
50

20
20
20
20

Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile)


Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile)
Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile)
Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile)

1.

Material or Occupancy

Dead load includes the weight of the framing members, wood structural panels, gypsum, and insulation.

Table A-4. RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATIONS


(No drywall ceiling attached to underside of rafter)

1.

Table Live
No.
Load
(psf)

Dead1
Load
(psf)

R-13
R-14
R-15
R-16

20
30
40
50

10
10
10
10

Light roof (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles, or wood shakes/shingles)


Light roof (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles, or wood shakes/shingles)
Light roof (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles, or wood shakes/shingles)
Light roof (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles, or wood shakes/shingles)

R-17
R-18
R-19
R-20

20
30
40
50

15
15
15
15

Medium roof covering (up to 1/4" slate)


Medium roof covering (up to 1/4" slate)
Medium roof covering (up to 1/4" slate)
Medium roof covering (up to 1/4" slate)

R-21
R-22
R-23
R-24

20
30
40
50

20
20
20
20

Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile)


Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile)
Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile)
Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile)

Material or Occupancy

Dead load includes the weight of the framing members, and wood structural panels.

Commentary

A-5

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

would have a span of 12'-10", which satisfies the


condition. Assuming a 2" bearing length, Table 9.1
shows 156 psi for Fc at a 14' span. Table 9.2
shows an adjustment factor of 1.0. The grade of
2x8 would also need an Fc value greater than 156
psi.
Example 2. Rafters. Assume a horizontal projection span of 13'-0", a live load of 20 psf, dead
load of 10 psf, L/240 deflection limitation and
rafters spaced 16 inches on centers. Table R-1
shows that a 2x6 having an Fb value of 1400 psi
and an E value of 1,350,000 psi would have a span
of 13'-3" of horizontal projection. Conversion of
horizontal to sloping distance is illustrated on page
A-7. Table 9.1 shows a required F c value of 89
psi assuming a 3.5" bearing length. Table 9.2
allows that to be adjusted by a factor of 0.60,
which equals 53 psi. The grade of 2x6 would need
an Fc value greater than 53 psi.

a 40 psf live load and the corridor requires an 80


psf live load. All spans require a 10 psf dead load.
Table F-2 shows a 2x12 at 16" on-center with
E=1,200,000 psi and Fb=1036 psi will span 18'-1".
By overlapping these joists across the corridor, as
shown in Figure A.10-1, a spacing of 8" on-center
will be achieved on the corridor, which effectively
carries twice the live load. This provides adequate support for the required 80 psf live load
across the corridor. Table 9.1 shows a required
Fc value of 114 psi assuming a 3.5" bearing
length. Doubling this value in accordance with
A.1.3 gives 228. Table 9.2 shows an adjustment
factor of 1.0. The grade of 2x12 would need an
Fc value greater than 228 psi.
Since many combinations of size, spacing, E, F b
and Fc values are possible, the user should examine
the tables to determine which combination fits the
particular case most effectively.

Example 3. Two-span Floor Joists. Assume


two floor systems are required to span 12' rooms
on either side of a 6' corridor. The rooms require

12'

6'

12'

8"

16"

Figure A.10-1 Two-span floor joists overlap at interior span to


double load-carrying capacity of the floor system
for the corridor.

A-6

Commentary

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

CONVERSION DIAGRAM
FOR RAFTERS

Member Length

28

Length of Horizontal
Projection

20 19
18

26

17
16
15

14
13

24

12
11

22

Slope (x in 12)

10
20

9
8

18

Member Length (feet)

16

14

12

10
8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

Length of Horizontal Projection (feet)

To use the diagram, select the known horizontal distance and follow the vertical line to its intersection with the radial line of the specified slope, then
proceed along the arc to read the sloping distance.
Interpolation is appropriate between the one foot
increments. The diagram also gives the horizontal
distance corresponding to a given sloping distance or

the slope when the horizontal and sloping distances are


known.
Example: With a roof slope of 8 in 12 and a
horizontal distance of 20 feet the sloping distance is
read as 24 feet.

Commentary

A-7

Span Tables for Joists and Rafters

-NOTES-

A-8

Commentary

American Forest & Paper Association


American Wood Council
1111 - 19th Street, NW, Suite 800
Washington, D.C. 20036
awcinfo@afandpa.org
www.awc.org