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NTFS vs FAT vs exFAT

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NTFS vs FAT vs exFAT


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NTFS General Information > NTFS vs FAT vs exFAT

NTFS vs FAT vs exFAT


Criteria

Operating System

NTFS5

NTFS

Windows 2000

Windows NT

Windows XP

Windows 2000

Windows 2003

Windows XP

Server

Windows 2003

Windows 2008

Server

Windows Vista

Windows

Windows 7

2008Windows Vista

exFAT

FAT32

FAT16

Windows CE 6.0

DOS v7 and higher

DOS All versions of

Windows Vista SP1

Windows 98

Microsoft Windows

Windows 7

Windows ME

WinXP+KB955704

Windows 2000
Windows XP
Windows 2003
Server
Windows Vista

Windows 7

Windows 7
Limitations
264 clusters minus

232 clusters minus

1 cluster

1 cluster

Max Files on

4,294,967,295

4,294,967,295

Volume

(232-1)

(232-1)

264 bytes

244 bytes

Max File Size

(16 ExaBytes)

(16 TeraBytes)

minus 1KB

minus 64KB

Max Clusters

264 clusters minus

232 clusters minus

Number

1 cluster

1 cluster

Up to 255

Up to 255

Max Volume Size

Max File Name


Length

32GB for all OS.

2GB for all OS. 4GB

2TB for some OS

for some OS

Nearly Unlimited

4194304

65536

16EB

4GB minus 2 Bytes

4294967295

4177918

65520

Up to 255

Up to 255

Extended - up to

128PB

2GB (Limit Only by


Volume Size)

Standard - 8.3
255
File System Features

Unicode File

Unicode Character

Unicode Character

Unicode Character

System Character

System Character

Names

Set

Set

Set

Set

Set

MFT Mirror File

MFT Mirror File

No

Boot Sector

First and Last

First and Last

Sectors 0 to 11

First Sector and

Location

Sectors

Sectors

Copy in 12 to 23

Copy in Sector #6

Standard and

Standard and

Custom

Custom

Standard Set

Standard Set

Standard Set

Alternate Streams

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

Compression

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

Encryption

Yes

No

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

System Records
Mirror

File Attributes

Object
Permissions

Second Copy of FAT Second Copy of FAT


First Sector

27-02-2013 11:11

NTFS.com. NTFS vs FAT vs exFAT

2 of 2

http://www.ntfs.com/ntfs_vs_fat.htm

Disk Quotas

Yes

No

No

No

No

Sparse Files

Yes

No

No

No

No

Reparse Points

Yes

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

Volume Mount
Points

Overall Performance
Built-In Security

Yes

Yes

Yes minimal ACL


only

Recoverability
Performance

Yes

Yes if TFAT

Yes

activated

Low on small

Low on small

High on small

Highest on small

volumes High on

volumes High on

volumes Low on

volumes Low on

Large

Large

large

large

Trust Rating

Max

Max

Max

Average

Minimal on large

93%

Max

Max

Yes if TFAT

Minimal

Disk Space
Economy
Fault Tolerance

High

volumes

ntfs.com

Average

activated
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