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abstract = extras/compendiu
(upon) acceleration = in avans
account party: The person who requests a bank or some other person to issue a letter of credit.
account balance = regularizare
accounting records, entries of receipts and payments, record of assets and liabilities
accretion: (From Latin accretio: "increase.") The slow and imperceptible addition of land to a state's
acquiescence: (From French acquiescer: "to yield to," from Latin acquiescere, "to be quiet.") To accept or
comply passively or tacitly without implying assent or agreement.
acquisition by prescription / adverse possession = uzucapiune
action in subrogation = actiune in regres
adjective law = drept procedural/ procedural law -------substantive law = drept material
affirmative/negative covenants = oblig. de a face/de a nu face ceva
aforethought = premeditat
aggregate causes of action = toate capetele de cerere
appurtenance = servitute / accesoriu al unui drept / easement appurtenant = an easement to benefit
another tract of land, the use of the easement being incident to the ownership of that other tract
avoidance of tax = sustragere de la plata impozitului
actionable subsidy: A subsidy that may be challenged as trade distorting if it injures the domestic
industry of another World Trade Organization member state, nullifies or impairs the benefits due another
member state, or causes or threatens to cause serious prejudice to the interests of another member state.
actual nullity/substantive nullity = nulitate de fapt / nulitate de fond
advising bank: A bank engaged by the issuer of a letter of credit to advise the beneficiary that it has a
credit for delivery and to deliver the credit upon verification of the beneficiary's signature.
agency endorsement: An endorsement to a negotiable instrument which requires the endorsee to pay
the proceeds from the negotiation of the instrument to the endorser or a designated third party.
aging analysis = analiza vechimii soldurilor
air waybill: An instrument issued by an air carrier to a shipper that serves as a receipt for goods and as
evidence of the contract of carriage, but is not a document of title for the goods. = scrisoare de transport
aerian/ fraht aerian
amenity = amenajari
anticipatory avoidance: Remedy available to either party when it becomes clear that the other party
will commit a fundamental breach.
abuse of process/abuse of legal process/malicious abuse of process/wrongful process (of

law) = viciu de procedura

acquittal = 1. achitare / 2. =acquittance = stingere a unor obligatii /datorii
Act of God = calamitati naturale vs. Force Majeure = caz de f.m. = both acts of God/nature +acts of
aggrieved party = parte vatamata
appellant = recurenta
appraisal rights / right of dissent and appraisal = statutory right of corporate shareholders who oppose
some extraordinary corporate action (such as a merger) to have their shares judicially appraised and to
demand that the corporation buy back their shares at the appraised value.
arm's length principle: Transactions between affiliated firms must be carried on as if they were unrelated
companies dealing at arm's length. = principiu declarat inaintea inceperii negocierilor
arrearages = arierate
asset-striping = eliminarea activelor nerentabile
assignment: The transfer of all or part of an assignor's contractual rights to an assignee. = cesiune
attachment of earnings/wages = poprire pe salariu
attorney-in-fact = imputernicit
avulsion: (From Latin avell: "to pull from.") The sudden and abrupt change in the border between two
lands, without change in ownership.
backlog = restanta / registru de sarcini / (of demand) cereri nesatisfacute / (of materials) materiale
neprelucrate / (of orders) portofoliu de comenzi neonorate
bad debts = creante nerecuperabile
balancing test: A jurisdictional test used by United States courts. According to this test, foreign
businesses will be subject to United States antitrust laws (e.g., the Clayton Act and the Sherman Antitrust
Act)if factors showing a connection to the United States outweigh those showing a foreign connection
bankruptcy judge = judecator sindic
barometer / bellwether (berbec cu talanga) stocks = actiuni (de obicei detinute la societati sigure) care
indica evolutia pietei
bearer paper: A bill of exchange or promissory note that is payable to the bearer or to cash. = titlu de
valoare la purtator
beneficial owner = uzufructuar / beneficial interest = uzufruct
(to file) briefing = a pune concluzii
budget bond title = titlu de creanta begetara
bill of exchange: A written, dated, and signed three-party instrument containing an unconditional order by
a drawer that directs a drawee to pay a definite sum of money to a payee on demand or at a specified
future date. Also known as a draft. = cambie / polita / trata

bill of lading: An instrument issued by a warehouseman or carrier to a shipper that serves as a receipt
for goods shipped, as evidence of the contract of carriage, and as a document of title for the goods. =
scrisoare de trasura / conosament
blue-chip (adj.) = secure/law-risk / blue chips = actiuni detinute la societati care nu implica un grad de
risc ridicat
bonded warehouse: A facility at a port of entry where shippers can store goods until they clear customs.
bottle-neck principle: Participants in an industry-wide patent pool must grant reasonable access to the
pool to any firm wishing to compete so that no firm will be disadvantaged.
branch = sucursala
bridging loan: Short-term loan that allows a debtor to meet its current obligations until a permanent loan
can be obtained.
budgetary debt certificate = certificat de obligatii bugetare
building societies = societati de credit imobiliar
burden of proof (onus probandi): The responsibility of proving a disputed charge or allegation. =
sarcina probei
the burden of proof includes the burden of persuasion (partys duty to convince the fact-finder to view
the facts in a way that favours that party) and the burden of production (partys duty to introduce
enough evidence.)
business interruption insurance (loss of earnings, loss of profit insurance) = asigurare contra
pierderilor in exploatare
business trust: In common law countries, a business arrangement in which the owners of a property,
known as beneficiaries, transfer legal title to that property to a trustee who then manages it for them. The
beneficiaries hold transferable trust certificates entitling them to the income generated by the property and
a residual equitable share at the time the trust is terminated. The trustee has unlimited personal liability
while the beneficiaries have limited personal liability.
buyer in the ordinary course of business = cumparator (in mod regulat) de buna credinta
bybid = licitatie fictiva
Calvo Clause: A clause in an agreement between a host state and a foreign investor that says that the
investor will not seek the diplomatic assistance of its home state in resolving disputes with the host state.
carrier = operator de telefonie mobila (context de telecomunicatii) / companie de transport
marfa/pasageri (contextual) / societate de asigurari (contextual)
? carryback of a loss or credit = deduceri raportate la o perioada anterioara aferente unei pierderi sau
unui credit
cash dispenser = masina automata de eliberare de numerar catre posesorii de carduri = ATM =
automated teller machine
cash tracking reports = rapoarte de evidenta a situatiei lichiditatilor

cash pooling arrangements = acorduri de fuzionare a lichiditatilor

casual labor = mana de lucru ocazionala
ceiling price = limita/plafon de pret
certified from a professional standpoint = atestat profesional
? Certificate of charges = certificat fiscal
collateral estoppel = autoritatea de lucru judecat
estoppel: (From Old French estoupail: "stopper" or "bung.") Legal rule that one cannot
make an allegation or denial of fact that is contrary to one's previous actions or words. =
autoritatea de lucru judecat
commitment charge = comision de angajament
? condition precedent = conditie suspensiva/conditie precedenta
consent decree = sentinta judecatoreasca acceptata de ambele parti
consequential / incidental damages = daune indirecte
contractors all risk insurance = asigurare pentru toate riscurile din constructii
cotenancy = tenancy with two or more coowners who have unity of possession/ proprietate in
indiviziune (cuprinde atat tenancy in common = tenancy with two or more coowners who take identical
interests simultaneously by the same instrument and with the same right of possession each joint tenant
has a right of survivorship =

cat si joint tenancy = tenancy by

two or more persons in equal or unequal undivided shares, each person having an equal right to possess
the whole property but no right of survivorship )
covenant = angajament/obligatie
counterclaim = cerere reconventionala
country risk insurance = asigurare contra riscului de tara
court pronouncing decisions on the merits = instanta de fond
credit worthiness = bonitate financiara
criminal prosecution/proceedings = urmarire penala
curtilage = teren aferent cladirii
capital gains: Increases in the value of capital or other long-term investments. = castiguri de capital
cartel: A combination of independent business firms organized to regulate the production, pricing and
marketing of goods by its members.
case law: Law based upon judicial decision or precedent rather than statutes. = jurisprudenta/practica
.certificate of deposit: A promissory note issued by a bank in which the bank promises to repay money it
has received, plus interest, at a time certain. = certificat de depozit
(to be) challenged as unlawful = a fi atacat pentru ilegalitate
characteristic performance test: Choice of law test for determining the law governing an international
contract in the absence of a choice by the parties. The law to be applied is that of the country of the party

who is obligated to deliver the "characteristic performance of the contract"; i.e., performance in kind, not in
money. (For example, the seller's performance in a contract for the sale of goods).
charter: A document outlining the principles, functions, and organization of a juridical entity.
-eg.: municipal charter / home-rule charter
corporate charter = certificate of incorporation = often the articles of incorporation
corporate bylaws = are usu. enacted apart from the articles of incorporation = regulation
civil law silent partnership: A secret relationship between two or more persons, one of whom carries on
a business in his name alone without revealing the participation of the other who has limited liability. =
societate in comandita
classical system for integrating company and personal taxes: Company taxes are imposed on a
company's earnings and personal taxes are imposed on distributed dividends.
classified stock: Stock that is categorized according to the persons who may own it or by the benefits it
gives its owners.
collusive action: (From Latin cullosio: "a secret understanding.") A suit where the parties are not at odds
but where they co-operate to obtain a judgement. = conventie tacita
commercial paper: An alternative name for a negotiable instrument. = efect de schimb comercial
(folosit ca mijloc de plata pe termen scurt)
compensatory damages: Money is to be paid for the cost of the injury suffered. =despagubiri
consequential loss/completion daily insurance = asigurare pt. pierderi indirecte / intarziere in
finalizarea lucrarilor
consolidation: When two companies join to become parts of one new company. = contopire
merger = absorption of one company that ceases to exist into another that retains its own
name and identity and acquires the assets and liabilities of the former

buyout = purchase of all or a controlling percentage of the assets or shares of a business
leveraged buyout = purchase of a publicly held corporations outstanding
stock by its management or outside investors, financed mainly with funds
borrowed from investment bankers or brokers and usu. secured by the
corporations assets LBO =
management buyout = buyout of a corporation by its own directors and
contentious jurisdiction: The power of a court to hear a matter that involves a dispute between two or
more parties.
credit system for relieving dual taxation: Tax paid in one state may be used as credit for tax due in
another state.

creeping expropriation: A series of administrative acts that in combination result in depriving persons of
their property.
cumulative voting: A system of voting by which a voter, having a number of votes equal to the offices to
be filled, may concentrate the whole number upon one candidate, or may distribute them as he sees fit.
currency basket: A selected group of currencies whose weighted average is used to define the amount
of an obligation. = cos/grup de valute

damages to reputation / emotional distress claims = daune morale

? death row = people sentenced to death but still alive ~ the area of a prison where those sentenced to
death are confined. =
default judgement = judecare in lipsa paratului
default interest = dobanda moratorie
dishonour = refuz de a plati un instrument de plata wrongful dishonour / notice of dishonour
distress goods seized in satisfaction of a claim = drept de retentie/sechestru
divestiture = operatiune de instrainare de active
deceit / fraudulent misrepresentation/ fraud = dol = inselaciune
de facto: In reality, in fact, existing.

de jure: (Latin: "by right" or "by law.") According to law.

debt equity swap = conversie a actiunilor rezultate din debite

debt funding: Loans to a person or company. = imprumut/credit acordat unei persoane fizice sau
deemed income: Income is deemed to have come from a particular place depending upon the activity
involved. = venit estimat
deep seabed: The seabed and ocean floor and its subsoil beyond the limits of national jurisdiction (also
called the "Area").
defalcation = misappropriation of funds / embezzlement = delapidare
defeasance = anulare/abrogare
defendant = the other party, in both civil and criminal actions = parat/acuzat
delict: (From Latin delictum: "a fault.") In civil law countries, any private wrong or injury, or a minor public
wrong or injury. - tort
demurrage: A charge made by a ship owner when a charterer keeps a ship idle for more than the agreedupon lay days. = contrastalii taxa de stationare
denial of justice: a defect in a countrys organisation of courts or administration of justice, resulting in the
countrys violating its international legal duties to protect aliens. =
diminished capacity = lipsa de discernamant
discharge (of obligation) = stingerea obligatiilor / descarcare de gestiune (contextual)

disposals = 1. acte de dispozitie 2. vanzare

dissenting opinion = opinie minoritara/ separata
document of title to the goods = doc. de insotire a marfii
docket = rolul (unei curti) / on the docket / judgement roll
double taxation: The payment of taxes on one source of income to two different states. = dubla
double/single-entry = contabilitate in partida dubla/simpla
doubtful customers = clienti rau-platnici
due = cotizatie
duly annotated and signed = cu mentiunile necesare si semnate
duly incorporated and legally operating = (soc.) legal infiintata si care functioneaza in mod
durables = bunuri de folosinta indelungata
effet utile: (French: "useful effect.") Rule that a treaty is to be interpreted so as to give practical effect to
its provisions.
endorsement: The act of a payee, drawee, accommodation party, or holder of a negotiable instrument in
signing the back of the instrument, with or without qualifying words, to transfer rights in the instrument to
another. = andosare / gir
endorsement of executory title = investire cu formula executorie
entrustment agreement = contract de imputernicire
egragious violation = incalcare flagranta
employability = mobilitatea fortei de munca/recalificare
employers liability insurance = asigurare de raspundere a angajatorului
equity funding: Investments in the capital of a company. = plasament/investitie in actiuni
estoppel per rem judicatam/estoppel by record = autoritatea de lucru judecat (penal)
exequatur: (From Latin exequi: to perform or to execute.) Hearing to determine if a foreign judgment
should be recognized and enforced locally.
exhaustion of remedies: Before suit may be brought against a state in an international tribunal on behalf
of a private person, the private person must first seek to obtain relief from that state. =
to extinguish the pledge = a radia gajul
far-flung = intins/vast/larg/widely distributed
first degree court = prima instanta
field-of-use restrictions: Provision limiting the fields in which goods acquired or produced under license
may be used.
final corporate tax return = impozit definitiv pe venit

Fire Prevention & Control Permit

firm offer: An offer which the offeror promises to keep open for a fixed period of time. = oferta ferma
? for cause/without cause.(termination) = (reziliere) pe baza unui motiv legal intemeiat / denuntare
force of attraction rule: Because a firm has a permanent establishment within a state, that state may tax
all of the firm's income whether earned by the permanent establishment or not.
foreign exchange risk insurance = asigurare contra riscului valutar
foreseeability: The reasonable anticipation that some harm or injury is a likely result of an act or a failure
to act.
foreseeability test: A breaching party is liable only for those damages which he or she foresaw or ought
to have foreseen.
forgery: The false making or altering of a writing with the intent to defraud. = fals/uz de fals/fals in
forfeit = gaj, amenda, penalizare, confiscare
? forfeit clause = clauza de dezicere, de forfetare forfeiture clause / commissoria lex = an agreement
in which a seller could rescind the sale if the purchaser failed to pay for the item at the appointed time
forfeited share = actiune anulata
forfeiture of a patent = contrafacere
forfeiture of shares = declaratie de decadere din drepturile de actionar
fourth rank termination agreement = pact comisoriu de gradul IV
friendly society = casa de ajutor reciproc
(to) furnish collateral = a prezenta o garantie, a gira
? fraudulent transaction = manevra? tranzactie dolosiva
friendly settlement: A mutually negotiated and agreed upon resolution of a dispute.
full authority and legal competence
fundamental breach: A failure to perform that substantially deprives the other party of that which he was
entitled to expect.
gap = bresa deficit, ecart, penurie
genuiness of assent = consimtamant sincer
gilts / gilt-edged securities = titluri de valoare de prim rang
golden handshake = large sum of money paid as compensation to someone who is obliged to leave a
job or retire early
goodwill = 1. reputatia firmei 2. fond de comert
gross negligence = culpa grava
grossing up = calcularea echivalentului brut

hard-core (organized crime activity) = dur

(to) have an adverse impact on to severely impact up(on)
headhunting = the search, esp. by professional recruiters, for executives to fill high-level positions. =
recrutare de profesionisti pt posturi cheie .
health and safety laws = legislatie referitoare la sanatatea si siguranta la locul de munca
hearing date = termen (de judecata)
hire purchase = cumparare in rate / leasing
hiving-off = creare de filiale
impute: (From Latin imputare: "to charge.") To attribute something done by one person, as a crime or a
fault, to another.
inchoate: (From Latin inchoare: "to start work on.") Begun, but not completed; imperfectly formed or
inchoate offences (attempt, solicitation, consiracy) = participatie penala
(to be) incumbent on/to devolve upon (a transfera) = a reveni cuiva (obligatii)
incumbent (adj.) = holding a current office (eg.: the incumbent president) = actual, in functie
in form and substance = in forma si continut
income tax: Tax on a person's income and profits. = impozit pe profit
industrial injuries insurance = asigurare impotriva accidentelor de munca
? information-sharing agrements = acorduri de dezvaluire de informatii
information retained in unaided memories = informatii pe care () si le amintesc fara a beneficia de
asistenta in acest sens
? injunction = plaintiff may ask the court to award an injunction against the defendant = to order the
defendant not to do something which would be in breach of contract (prohibitory injunction) or carry out
a certain act (mandatory injunction). interlocutory /interim & perpetual injunction = ordonanta
injunctive relief = hotarare de despagubire cu efect obligatoriu
insider: A person, such as a corporate officer, director, or majority shareholder, who has access to
material nonpublic information about a company or the securities market.
insider trading: The use of material nonpublic information about a company or the securities market to
buy or sell securities for personal gain.
insourcing = productie in interior
instrument: A formal legal document or commercial paper, such as a bill of exchange, bond, check, draft,
stock, etc. (1) A negotiable instrument is one that is capable of being transferred by endorsement or
delivery. (2) A nonnegotiable instrument is one that is not capable of being transferred by endorsement or
delivery alone, though it may be assigned

(joint/concurrent) tortfeaser = delicvent

joint tenancy = proprietate indiviza
joint stock company: In common law countries, an unincorporated assocation of persons whose
ownership interests are represented by transferable shares. The shareholders in such a company have
unlimited personal liability. = societate pe actiuni
joint venture: An association of persons or companies collaborating in a business venture for more than
a transitory time period. = societate mixta
letter of discharge = scrisoare de eliberare de gaj
letter of support = scrisoare de confirmare / suport
Know all men by these presents that = In atentia tuturor celor interesati

masters = matrite
material contract = c. oneros
material: (1) Of substantial importance. (2) According to British securities law, when the price of
something (i.e., a security) would be significantly affected. (3) According to United States securities
law, when something is of significance to a reasonable person (i.e., an investor).
Memoranum of Association: An instrument creating and describing the basic details of a particular
corporation which is filed with a state agency at the time of the firm's incorporation. articles of
association = document regulating the internal management of a company
mentions request = inscriere de mentiuni
misdemeanor/petty /minor offence = contraventie
misdemeanant = contravenient
money supply = emisiune monetara
mortgagor/mortgagee = debitor /creditor ipotecar
negligence = tort = breach of a legal duty of care (din culpa)
no litigation, arbitration or administrative proceedings are current, pending or threatened - - no par share: A share that may be sold by a company for any value. The company may designate a
"stated value." The stated value amount becomes part of the company's capital. = valoare nenominala
nominalism: The principle that an obligation to pay a particular sum of money is fixed and does not
change even if the purchasing power or foreign exchange rate of the money does change.
nonactionable subsidy: A subsidy that is permissible and nonchallengeable, such as government
funding to underwrite research activities, to aid disadvantaged regions, and to help existing facilities adapt
to new environmental requirements. = subventii permise
non-core services = servicii conexe

no-fault insurance = despagubire automata a asiguratului

non-qualified deferred compensation benefits = acorduri prin care sunt oferite compensatii cu
amanarea platii impozitului aferent
no win, no fee = conditional fee agreement
nonprofit nongovernmental organization: An international organization that draws its members from
among individuals and domestic organizations (sometimes including local governments, such as
municipalities) who reside in two or more states.
notice of motion = dovada citarii partii reclamate / dovada comunicarii cererii de chemare in judecata
notification/notice of claims = declaratie/aviz de sinistru
notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this
nuisance = paguba, dauna, prejudiciu
null by operation of law = nul de drept
Nullities have been divided into absolute and relative. Absolute nullities are those which may be
insisted upon by any one having an interest in rendering the act, deed or writing null, even by the public
authorities, as a second marriage while the former was in full force. Everything fraudulent is null and void.
Relative nullities can be invoked only by those in whose favor the law has been established, land, in fact,
such power is less a nullity of the act than a faculty which one or more persons have to oppose the
validity of the act. nulitati absolute / partiale / ramanere in vigoare
order bill of lading: A bill of lading that is negotiable.
order paper: A bill of exchange or promissory note that is payable to a named payee. = bilet la ordin
objection to the writ of execution = contestatie la titlu (executoriu)
obligatory demand = cerere cu titlu de obligatie
obsolescence = desuetudine / uzura morala
occupational disease = boala profesionala
occupational disease damages = despagubiri acordate in cazul contactarii unor boli profesionale
off-set amounts = sume de compensare
on the merits of the case = pe fond
(to be) opposed under a plea of forgery = a fi contrazis prin procedura inscrierii in fals
order to show cause = ordin/hotarare de expunere a temeiurilor/prezentare a motivelor
ordinary creditor = creditor chirografar
outcry trading = tranzactie prin strigare
outsourcing = externalizare/aprovizionare prin subcontractare
overdraft agreements = contracte de linii de credit
overdraft = sold debitor

qualified endorsement: An endorsement in which the endorser does not guarantee that a negotiable
instrument will be accepted and paid by the drawer or maker.
qualifying event = any one of several specified occasions that but for the provisions of COBRA
(Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985) would result in a loss of benefits to a covered
employee under a qualified benefit plan.
(to be) qualified to sue = a avea legitimare procesuala
(to) quash decision = anula

election = invalida

indictment = infirma o acuzare

rate = desfiinta o taxa

quota: (1) A share, proportion, or part of a total. (2) The number of persons or things permitted to enter a
country. (3) The amount of funds which a member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is required to
contribute. It determines the voting rights of a member and the sum of IMF funds that a member may
draw upon to stabilise its currency and to meet balance-of-payments obligations.
quorum: The number of persons, or persons owning a number of shares, who must be present before a
meeting of a deliberative body may be convened and business transacted.
pacta sunt servanda: Latin for "agreements and stipulations [of the parties to a treaty, convention, or
contract] must be observed."
parentage = filiatie
par share: A share that must be sold by a company for at least par value (the value printed on its face).
This amount becomes part of the company's capital.
particular average: A loss to a ship or its cargo which is not to be shared in by contributions from all
those interested, but is to be borne by the owner of the injured thing. avarie particulara
partnership: (1) In civil law countries, a company of two or persons who co-own and manage a business
and who are each liable to the full extent of their personal assets for its debts. (2) In common law
countries, an association of two or more persons who co-own and manage a business for profit and who
are each liable to the full extent of their personal assets for its debts. = asociere in participatiune?
partnership limited by shares: A civil law company of one or more general partners who have unlimited
personal liability for the debts of the company and limited participation by investors in the form of shares.
The company is taxed as corporation. = societate in comandita pe actiuni
parol evidence rule: A common law rule that holds that, if a contract describes itself as being complete
and final, any preliminary or informal agreements made prior to or at the same time the contract was
made will be ignored when interpreting the contract.
passage of risk: The point in time when the buyer becomes responsible for losses to the goods
=transferul riscurilor
past due = cu scadenta depasita

patent pool: An agreement to share patents and other technology.

pay-back schedule = plan de rambursare
pawn = amanet / zalog
pawnbroker = camatar
pecuniary right: Right of an author to exploit a copyrighted work for economic gain.
(under) penalties of perjury = sub sanctiunea pedepsei pentru marturie mincinoasa
perfidy: The act of one who has promised, in apparent good faith, to do something, and then who does
the exact opposite. In the law of war, perfidy includes feigning an intent to negotiate under a flag of truce
or surrender; pretending to be wounded or sick; or pretending to be a noncombatant or to have a
protected status by the use of the signs, emblems, and uniforms of the United Nations or of a neutral
phonogram = inregistrari
piercing the company veil: An expression indicating that the legal fiction that a company is a separate
legal entity will be set aside and the shareholders of the company will be held liable for its conduct as if
they were partners in a partnership. = a tine raspunzatori pentru actiunile unei companii pe directori
sau pe administratori

minister plenipotentiary is one who by custom ranks immediately below an ambassador and is of
the same rank as an envoy extraordinary.

piggy-back relationship = relatie de sustinere a unui produs prin intermediul altuia

plaintiff / claimant = party bringing a civil action = reclamant
pledgor/pledgee = debitor gajist/creditor gajist
preferred stock: Stock that gives its owners benefits that ordinary stockholders do not have. = actiuni
prescription: (From Latin praescriptio: "by order.") The legal process of acquiring property by reason of
uninterrupted occupation for a period of time. prescriere
(statute of limitations = statute establishing a time limit for suing in a civil case based on the date
when the claim acrrued = prescriptie)
probate transfer = transfer / instainare in baza unui testament
proceeds = sume
professional liability and errors and omissions coverage = asigurare de raspundere profesionala si
asigurarea in cazul producerii unor pagube datorate unor erori si omisiuni
professional risks indemnity insurance = asigurare impotriva riscurilor profesionale
progressive tax: A tax in which the rate of taxation increases as income increases.
prohibited subsidy: A subsidy that is presumed to be trade distorting because it requires export
performance or is contingent upon the use of domestic instead of imported goods.
long term structured high-yield project bond = emisiune de obligatiuni / titluri de stat cu grad ridicat de
profit structurat pe term lung

promissory note: A written, dated, and signed two-party instrument containing an unconditional promise
by a maker to pay a definite sum of money to a payee on demand or at a specified future date. = bilet la
proof of service of summons = dovada inmanarii citatiei
property damage = pagube materiale
to protest = to have a document drawn up by a notary, certifying that a bill of exchange has not been
paid on the due date = a protesta (o cambie)
? (to) prove the guilt beyond reasonable doubt criminal law =
? (to) prove the case on the balance of probabilities civil action =
publicly traded companies = societati deschise
recital = expunere/preambul
reconciliation in the money = regularizare valorica
(to) record a separate opinion = a consemna opinie separata
redeployment = reconversia fortei de munca
red subsidy: A General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade subsidy that is forbidden.
registered letter with notice of receipt = scrisoare recomandata cu confirmare de primire
release of liens = ridicarea sarcinilor, garantiilor
representative by operation of law = reprezentant de drept
reprisal: The act of punishing another for some injury the latter caused. = represalii
rescheduling of a debt = reesalonarea unei datorii
respondent in appeal = intimat
restitution in kind: The item taken is to be returned. =restituire in natura
restrictive endorsement: An endorsement which restricts the rights of subsequent holders.
retainer = plati in avans
road map = foaie de parcurs / plan / program
Sanitary Operation License
satisfaction: Remedy in international law that provides for the honor of an injured state to be restored.
savings and loan associations = cooperative de credit
savings banks = banci/case de economii
secret partnership: A common law partnership in which the participation of one or more persons as
partners is not disclosed to the public by any of the partners. All of the partners have unlimited personal
securitization = inlocuirea unui imprumut cu titluri negociabile
security, guarantees, pledges and liens = garantie, giruri, gajuri si drepturi de sechestru
(to) service a debt = a rambursa un credit

seizure = confiscare/luare in posesie

senior debt = imprumut principal
? servitude =an encumbrance consisting in a right to the limited use of a piece of land without the
possession of it. The three types of servitudes are easements (? right of passage = drept de trecere),
licenses (? agreement allowing the licensee to enter the licensors land to do some act that would
otherwise be illegal, such as hunting game) and profits (? a servitude that gives the right to pasture
cattle, dig for minerals or otherwise take away some part of the soil) = drept de servitute
settlement of account = incheiere de conturi
severability = nulitati partiale/ clauza de salvgardare
? severance = separation of claims, by the court, of multiple parties
sickness and disablement insurance = asigurare de boala si invaliditate
sight bill: Bill of exchange that is payable at the time it is presented or at a stated time after
presentment. = cambie la vedere
slight negligence = simpla neglijenta
slow moving stocks/obsolete stocks = stocuri greu vandabile/nevandabile
sole agency agreement = acord de exclusivitate
specific performance/specific relief = executare in natura a unui contract (court-ordered remedy that
requires precise fulfillment of a legal or contractual obligation when monetary damages are inappropriate
or inadequate as when the sale of real estate or a rare article is involved)
standby letter of credit: A letter of credit obtained by a buyer naming the seller as a beneficiary.-de
staple goods = marfuri de prima necesitate
stock split = divizarea actiunilor/a valorii nominale a actiunilor
straddle period = perioada de utilizare combinata a optiunilor de vanzare/cumparare de actiuni
straight bill of lading: A bill of lading issued to a named consignee which is not negotiable.
=conosament nominativ
? strict liability: Imposing liability on an actor regardless of fault. = absolute liability / liability without
fault = raspundere nebazata pe culpa / raspundere delictuala
subjective intent: The actual intent and understanding of a party at the time of the making of an
subservient: (From Latin subservire: "to serve under.") Subordinate in capacity or function.
subsidiary: Company owned by a parent or a parent's holding company. Unlike a branch, it is separately
incorporated. = filiala
substituted service = comunicarea actelor de procedura unei alte persoane in locul paratului / in alt mod
decat personal
succes fee = onorariu de succes
sundry debtors = debitori diversi

suport order = hotarare privind stabilirea obligatiei de plata a pensiei de intretinere (divort)
surety = garantie / cautiune
joint and several surety = cautiune conjuncta si solidara
suspension of performance: Remedy available to either party when it becomes clear that the other
party will not perform a substantial part of his obligation because of a serious deficiency in his ability to
perform, his creditworthiness, his preparations for performing, or his performance.
secret ballot = vot secret
to serve notice upon = a cita
special share = actiune nominativa de control
statement of account = extras de cont
statute of limitations = prescriptie extinctiva (to be subject to a statute of limit)
substantive law = drept material
to substantiate an allegation = a sustine o acuzatie
substantiation of a claim =definirea fondului unei reclamatii
? syndicated loan = credit cartelar / imprumut in participare
tax amnesty: One-time authorization for taxpayers to pay delinquent taxes and thereby avoid possible
tax avoidance: Taking advantage of legal or arguably legal tax loopholes.
tax evasion: The intentional misrepresentation or concealment of a person's tax obligations.
tax haven: A state which imposes taxes that are substantially lower than those in other states.
tax holiday = dispensa fiscala provizorie / degrevare fiscala temporara
taxpayer: A person who must pay a tax.
tax sink: A state which imposes no income taxes.
tax sparing: Recognition by a home state that tax incentives granted by a host state are equivalent to the
payment of a tax to the host state.
termination dissolution liquidation /winding up
thin capitalization: The intentional financing of a company with debt funding rather than equity funding.
tied vote = balotaj
time bill: Bill of exchange that is payable at a definite future time. cambie la termen
tippee: A person who acts for his own pesonal account on information received from a tipper knowing that
the information is not available to the public.
tipper: A person who has access to material nonpublic information about a company or the securities
market who discloses it to a tippee.
tranche: (French: "installment" or "block of shares.") A percentage of an International Monetary Fund
member's quota that it may withdraw to stabilize its currency or to meet balance-of-payments obligations.
tender book = caiet de sarcini

third party liability = raspundere civila (pentru pagube produse tertilor)

through the good offices of = prin grija
tort = delict civil
Transcription and Inscription Register = Registru de transcriptiuni
true copy/true owner = copie conforma / proprietar legitim
underwriting department = serviciu de subscriptii
Undertakings for Collective Investments in Transferable Securities = organisme de plasament
colectiv in valori mobiliare
unjust enrichment = imbogatire fara justa cauza
? unilateral termination of a contract = denuntare
use, possess and dispose = usus, fructus & abusus
value-added tax: Taxes are paid by a taxpayer only on the value added to a good. =TVA
vertical competition agreements: Agreements between sellers and buyers.
vested rights doctrine: Doctrine that courts should apply the law of the state where the rights of the
parties legally became effective.
to vacate a judgement = a respinge o hotarare
vicarious liability = raspundere solidara
yellow subsidy: A General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade subsidy that is actionable.
vendors lien = privilegiul vanzatorului
waiving all rights of objection and defense = renuntare la beneficiul de discutiune
watchdog = organism de supraveghere si control
Water utilization Permit
weather insurance = asigurare de vreme nefavorabila
well-grounded reason with full justification
willful misconduct = abatere savarsita cu intentie
without recourse = neconditionat
with full recourse = cu drept de pretentii de daune interese
write-off = casare
? within the company powers (according to the object clause) = intra vires
? beyond its powers (outside the object clause) = ultra vires

FOR Loan Agreement / Loan Facility Contract de Credit / Facilitate de Credit

Arranger = aranjor

commitment = suma creditata

advance = transa de credit
borrowed money = sume luate cu imprumut
contribution = suma contribuita la credit
drawdown = tragere
borrower = debitor principal
net derivatives liability = obligatii nete generate de instrumente financiare derivate
obligor = debitor obligatar (debitor principal si garant)
construction of certain terms interpretation
market disruption = conditii de piata nefavorabile
grossing-up for taxes by the borrower = gross-up pentru taxe de catre debitorul principal
binding obligations = obligatii ferme
pari passu (obligations) = (obligatii) de acelasi rang
cross-default = incalcarea mai multor obligatii
cash collateralisation = garantarea prin lichiditati
repudiation = refuzul de a-si indeplini obligatiile
currency of account / currency indemnity = moneda de cont / despagubiri in valuta
absolute discretion = putere de decizie absoluta
to forgo a return = a renunta la venitul rezultat din investitii
benefit and burden = beneficii si sarcini
discharged obligations/rights = o/d stinse
professional advice = consultanta de specialitate
professional indemnity insurance = asigurare profesionala
amalgamation = termen general combination of two or more companies by acquiring others / by
merger of two/several / by existing companies being dissolved and a new company formed to take over
the combined business conversion / consolidation / merger / reorganization
submission to jurisdiction = acceptarea jurisdictiei
agent for service of process = agentul pentru primirea citatiilor

in the event that one of the members is unable on an irrevocable basis = in cazul imposibilitatii
.in contemplation of law = in conformitate cu legea

1.1 A
abatere grava

gross misconduct

abtine, a se
abuz in functie
accesoriu (al unui drept)
achitarea facturii
achita un cont
acord tacit expres
a acorda un credit
act cu titlu gratuit
acreditiv documentar
act de renuntare
acte constitutive
actiune nominativa
actiune in constatare
actiune in despagubire
actiune in regres
administrator al averii falitului
Adunarea Generala a Actionarilor
agent de proces
ambalaj care protejeaza
anexa (vb)
anexa (subst)
a anula

restrain, abstain from (a vote)
abuse of discretion
settlement of the invoice
clear an account
express tacit agreement
grant a credit
letter of credit
gratuitous agreement
documentary letter of credit
Statutes , Company Acts, Deed of Incorporation
nominative share
claim for recognition of rights
action for damages
action in subrogation
official receiver
General Meeting of the Associates (GMA)
agent of the service of process
pilfer-proof packing
enclose (herewith)
annex, schedule, appendix
employer, builder, sub-contractor
cancel, annul, rescind

1.2 B
beneficiu nerealizat
beneficiu de discutiune
beneficiarii renuntarii
billet de ordin (titlu de credit)
boala profesionala
bonitate financiara
bun care a pierit
bunuri de larga folosinta
bun sesizat
bun caruia i s-a aplicat sechestru
bunuri corporale/ incorporale
bunuri imobile si mobile

loss of bargain, loss of profit

benefit of discussion
balance sheet
promissory note / emitent (drawer) - subscriitor (indorser)
occupational disease
credit worthiness
perished good
consumer goods
good seized
movable good distrained
tangible/ intangible goods
real estate and movable assets

carte funciara
caiet de sarcini
ca rezultat
ca urmare a
cambie (tras/ tragator)

land register
land book
tender book
pursuant to
bill of exchange

Camera Deputatilor
Camera Internationala de Comert
capital de dotare
capital social
cautiune (depusa la judecatorie)
cautiune reala
caz de neexecutare
cerere de arbitrare
cerere neconventionala
certificat de sarcini
certificat de urbanism
certificat de trezorerie
cedare a unui drept
cedare proprietate
cesiune de creanta
cheltuieli de casa
cheltuieli de regie
cheltuieli care revin
chirie, termen de inchiriere
cifra de afaceri
cita (vb)
comert cu ridicata
comert cu amanuntul
comisia de cenzori
Comisia Nationala a Val Mobiliare
compensatie/ a compensa
competenta materiala
comunica o somatie
conditie/ garantie
conditie rezolutorie
conditii de descarcare
conditii de plata
conditii de livrare
Consiliul de Admnistratie
consimtamant sincer
cont de profit si pierderi
contencios administrativ
cont operativ
contesta o decizie

Deputy Chamber
International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
endowment capital
registered, social capital
criminal record
several guarantee
event of default
request for arbitration
certificate of charges
town planning certificate
treasury bill (T-bill)
surrender of a right
surrender of an ownership right
transferor/ assignor
assignment/ cession/ transfer
transferee/ assignee
accounts receivable
cash outlays
overheads, markups
incumbent expenses
territorial range
wholesale trade
retail trade
censors committee (Internal Auditors committee )
National Securities Commission
indemnity/ to indemnify
material competence
communication of the summons
immediate dismissal
licensee, leaseholder, concessionaire
resolutory condition
terms of discharge
terms of payment
delivery terms
bill of lading
in due form
Board of Directors
genuineness of assent
profit and loss accounts
administrative claim/litigation department
operative account / overdraft credit
challenge a decision
fusion, merger

contract de comodat
contract de imputernicire
contract de inchiriere cu persoane
contract de societate
contract de asistenta legala
contract de comodat
contract de gaj pe act
contract solemn
contract de vanzare pe credit
contravenient (subst)
contributie in natura
convoca, vb AGA
cota unica de impozitare
creanta bugetara
credit ipotecar
cu puteri depline

commodate contract
entrustment agreement
cross border lease agreement
Articles of Association/ Memorandum of Association
legal assistance agreement
commodate contract - leader, borrower
share pledge agreement
contracts by deed
credit sale agreement
misdemeanant (noun)
misdemeanor / petty offence
in-kind contribution
convene (meeting): call/ calling of GSM
flat tax
budget obligation
mortgage loan (pledgee- persoana creditata)
with full powers
bailment (bailor, bailee)

2. D
a da o hotarare de fond
data de incepere
data intrarii in vigoare
daune stipulate de comun acord
bazate pe o estimare
daune morale
daune cominatorii
daune moratorii
daune patrimoniale
21eposit21, final si definitiv
decizie, rezolutie, hotarare
decizie de imputare
declaratie a
defini fondul unei reclamatii
delict civil
denumirea marfii
depozit de garantii suplimentare
depune eforturi
depune o garantie
desfasura o afacere
desfiinta o hotarare

make a judgement on the merits

date of commencement
date of coming into force
impair/ damage
liquidated damages
damages to reputation/ emotional distress claims
penalty damages
delay penalties
damages of property
conclusive and binding
charging decision (in a labour contract)
representation by (debtor, buyer)
substantiation of a claim
denomination of goods
repudiating party
unilateral termination of a contract
collateral deposit
post a bond
conduct a business
repeal a decision
indemnity, compensation (fair and prior compensation/
despagubire dreapta, prealabila)

devolutiune legala
disjunge un capat de cerere
dizolva, vb
dizolvare (a unei societati)
dobanda acumulata
document, fapt
domeniu public
drept de abitatie al sotului
drepturi banesti
drept decurgand din proprietatea
asupra partilor sociale
drept de concurenta
drept de dispozitie
drept de gaj
drept material
drept procedural
drept pentru care
drept de preferinta
drept real asupra proprietatii
drept de retentie
drept de retentie al antreprenorului
drept de retentie al proprietarului
drept de proprietate
dreapta judecata
dresa un protest
durata a unei societati

forced heirship
splitting a cause of action
accrued interest
public domain
pecuniary entitlement
rights arising from the shares ownership
competing right
right to dispose the property
substantive law
adjective law
in witness thereof
pre-emptive (preemption) right
right in rem over the property
distress (upon the goods of a tenant in satisfaction of
unpaid rent)
employers lien (securing priority of payment of the value
of work performed) / builders lien
landlords lien
ownership right
due process of law
draft/ draw up a protest
duration of the companys activities

3.1 E
22ffect (al unei calamitati)
competenta materiala
elabora, vb
eroare de procedura
evidente de publicitate imobiliara
executare fortata/silita a unei datorii
executor judecatoresc
extras de cont

material competence
error of law
real estate publicity evidencing documents
motion to dismiss
foreclosure of a debt
licensed foreclosure officer
statement of account

3.3 F
favorizant, adj

bill / invoice
conducive to

fideiusor ipotecar
foaie de varsamant
fond aservit
fond dominant
fond de comert
Fondator (al unei societati)
furnizare reciproca

egregious (incalcare flagranta - egregious violation)
payment slip
servient estate
dominant estate (tenement)
fond de commerce (consisting of movable tangible,
including but not limited to furniture, equipment, vehicles
and intangible)
Incorporator / promoter
mutual provision of information

3.5 G
gaj pe fond de comert
gaj de rang superior
gaj fara deposedare
garanta de evictiune
garanta posesia linistita
garantie si asigurare bancara
garantii suplimentare
greva cu datorii

Clerk of the court

floating charge, pledge of fond de commerce; floating lien
pledgor/ pledgee (debitor gajist/ creditor gajist)
prior lien
pledge/ distraint without seizure
defend and warrant the Pledges right against the claims;
provide warranties of title
warrant the quiet enjoyment
collateral/ security/ pledge
bank guaranty & sureties (bail bonds)
secured person
further assurances
endorser, surety
charge/encumber with duties

3.7 H
hotarare judecatoreasca
hotararea este definitiva

award is final and binding

3.9 I
iertare de datorie

forgiveness of debt

impiedica (de la)
imprevizibil, insurmontabil
impune o limitare
imbogatire fara justa cauza
imputernici, vb
impiedica, vb

prevent (from)
unpredictable and unavoidable (force majeure)
unjust enrichment
vest (in)/ empower

impozit la sursa
in baza facturii
incasarea acreditivului
incheiere de autentificare (la
incheiere motivata
incheiere (act)
incheiere de autentificare (la
incheiere motivata
informatie confidentiala
insusi a-si
acte intre terti
intre vii
intarziere de plata
intra vires
investi, a plasa bani, vb
investi cu formula executorie


withholding tax
against the invoice
cashing the letters of credit
accused (person)
authentication decision
reasonable conclusion
authentication decision
reasonable conclusion
co-tenancy (cuprinde si tenancy in common si joint
formation, incorporation, foundation
confidential or proprietary information
criminal offense, felony
deed, writ
answer raised in the defense
inter alios acta
inter vivos
payment delay
within the company powers (according to the object
vest in
invest with executory formula (writ of execution);
endorsement of executory title

judecare in lipsa paratului
judecator sindic
just titlu


default judgement
district court
bankruptcy/ syndic judge
paramount title

la cheie
lege cazuta in desuetudine


bequest, bound
obsolete law

mai sus mentionat


mandat aparent
marca de intregistrare
membru fondator
mens rea
mostenitori legali


apparent authority
founding member
guilty mind
mention / amendment (ca si act)
forced heirs

neconcordanta cu
neglijenta grava
negociere colectiva
negrevat de sarcini
nud proprietar


inconsistency with / non-compliance with
gross negligence
collective bargaining
free of encumbrances
bare owner

obliga, vb
obligatiune la purtator
oferta de servicii
Oficiul Municipal si de Protectia
Oficiul de Stat pt Inventii si Marci
opozant, care se opune majoritatii
ordonanta presidentiala
ordin de plata
ordin judecatoresc


bearer bond
Chamber of Labor & Social Protection
State Office for Inventions and Trademarks
opposable (to)
dissenting (minority of dissenting shareholders)
payment order
injunction/ restraining order

parte integranta
parte interes
parte vatamata
participatie penala
parti sociale
pensionare la cerere
perioada de gratie

part and parcel of
part of interest
injured/aggrieved party
inchoate offences
retirement upon request
grace period
from time to time

plan de credit
ptata in avans
plata in transe
pluralitate de creditori
polita de asigurare
prerogativa de administrare si
prescriptie extinctiva
prezumtie relativa
prima instanta
prin care
prin grija
poces-verbal de receptie
proces-verbal de adjudecare
proces-verbal de predare - primire
proces-verbal de sechestru
proportional cu
pune sechestru
punere in concluzii
pune in functiune


overdraft credit
down payment
payment in arrears
mass of creditors
insurance policy
powers of management and disposal
statutes of limitations
claim (indemnities)
rebutable presumption
first degree court
through the good offices
reception minutes
minutes of adjudication
delivery - receipt minutes; hand-over protocol
minutes of distraint
power of attorney
pro rata to
protest (the nonperformance of the other party)
levy a distraint
start up; call into operation

radiere a ipotecii
rambursarea creditului
raspundere civila delictuala a partilor
pt copiii minori
raspundere solidara
raspunde solidar si individual
raspuns la o intampinare
ratio legis
recalificare profesionala
recupera o datorie
reducere a activitatii
refuz de a plati un instrument de
regim juridic
registru de transcriptiuni
relatie de reprezentare

erasing of a mortgage
disburse the credit
parental liability
vicarious/joint liability (responsibility)
jointly and severally liable
reply to answer
underlying principle
professional re-conversion
recover a debt
restraint of activity
legal regime
transcription and inscription register
fiduciary relationship

renuntare la un drept
renuntare la judecata
renunta la o pretentie/ drept
respinge un apel
respinge o hotarare
restanta de plata
restructurare de personal
ridicarea unei exceptii


waive a claim/ right
dismiss an appeal
vacate a judgement
carry over
overdue payment
personal lay-off
notice of motion


sanctiune pentru neplata

sau neindeplinirea obligatiilor

penalty for nonpayment or nonperformance

sarcina care greveaza patrimonial
scrisoare de intentie
scrisoare de revenire
scrisoare de trasura
scrisoare de garantie bancara
scuti (de o oblig.)
sechestru judiciar
servitute de trecere
societate cu asociat unic
societate in comandita simpla
societate infiintata si functionand
conform legislatiei
societate inchisa
societate pe actiuni
solicita repararea unui prejudiciu
solicita despagubiri
sprijini, sustine
statutar si obligatoriu
stinge o plata
sub control
subsemnat, subscris (d.soc)
suma platita intr-o singura transa
suporta o obligatie, vb
supune, a se

encumbrances over the patrimony
maturity date
memorandum of understanding
exonerate/exempt (from)
sequestration, distress, seizure
court-ordered seizure of goods
executed, signed
easement (appurtenance)
right of way
wholly-owed company
limited liability partnership
company organized and existing under the laws
privately held company
joint stock company
claim indemnities for the prejudice
raise a claim
bolster (up)
valid and binding
pay-off, extinguish a debt
under scrutiny
bear a charge
abide by

sustine o acuzatie


substantiate an allegation

taxa de succesiune
taxe vamale
teren aferent unei cladiri
termen de judecata
termen de incarcare
titlu de creanta bugetara
titlu executoriu
titlu de stat
titlu de valoare la purtator
trata la vedere
tine raspunzatori pentru act unei
companii pe directori sau
3.30 U

death tax / inheritance tax
customs duties
budget bond title
execution title
bearer paper
sight draf
municipal court
piercing the corporate veil

ultra vires
uni mai multe capete de cerere
urmarire penala
usus, fructus & abusus
uzufruct viager
uzura fizica
uzura morala

beyond its powers (outside the object clause)

aggregate causes of action
criminal prosecution
use, possess & dispose
acquisition by prescription/adverse possession
usufruct/beneficial interest
beneficial owner
life estate (freehold estate)
wear and tear

valori mobiliare
valuta liber convertibila
venit real
viciu ascuns
vot decisiv
votul secret este obligatoriu

fully convertible currency
duty paid
net profit
hidden fault/on ascertaining hidden faults
casting vote
secret ballot is mandatory

zile libere

clear days



**no earlier than** 1 year

s nu fie anterioar cu mai mult de un an

*the exeption of claiming the benefit of option*

excepia invocrii beneficiului de opiune

*the right to raise against your company*

dreptul de a intenta actiuni legale ( impotriva companiei dvs)

Accompanying Spouse Program

Program pentru soii/soiile nsoitori/nsoitoare

accounting set-up

...o singura taxa de infiintare pentru serviciile de contabilitate furnizate etc

acts of terror

acte de terorism

actual resident

rezident efectiv

against all expenses

pentru toate cheltuielile



all-inclusive rate

tarif forfetar

Amended and Restated

modificat i actualizat

amusement caterers hire purchase

contract in rate cu furnizori de servicii de divertisment

any action taken or omitted to be taken

orice aciune ntreprins, respectiv omis


formular de solicitare a sumei de bani pentru achizitii/destinat achizitiei/pt. plat

approved basis

baza pt aprobarea proiectului

appurtenances belonging or in any way

appertaining thereto

toate cele aferente

arbitration agreement

acord de arbitraj

arm's length dealings

tranzactii/operatii independente/nepreferentiale

as is

ca atare

assign an agreement/contract

a cesiona un contract

assignment of claims

cesiune de crean

assured shorthold tenancy

inchiriere asigurata/ valabila pe termen scurt/limitat

at law or in equity

n virtutea legii sau a echitii

at no cost to the other Parties

fr niciun fel de costuri pentru cealalt parte



authenticating notary

notarul care autentific actul

Background note

informaii de fond

bank comfort letter

scrisoare de garanie bancar

bareboat charterers

navlositor nava nuda

base claims as against

a-si baza reclamatiile pe ...

base monthly service payment (BMSP)

plat lunar pentru serviciul de baz

be it resolved

se hotareste/stabileste

best efforts


billed on a per 5 keystroke source word basis

facturat pe baza cuvntului surs format din 5 caractere



binding value and force of evidence

valoare obligatorie i for probatorie

blended hourly rates

tarif orar mediu ponderat

bona fide policy

obligatie de utilizare a aplicatiei software cu buna-credinta


depozit vamal

borrowing powers by directors

capacitate de a imprumuta a directorilor

Branding Guidelines

ndrumri referitoare la folosirea numelor

mrcilor nregistrate


(segment de) activitate

Business and Management

afaceri si conducerea lor

by letter of yours

prin scrisoarea dumneavoastr

by way of charge

prin crearea/constituirea unei sarcini/garantii


solicitare de achitare a aciunilor

call on shares

solicitare de achitare a actiunilor

call-forward notice

cerere de aprovizionare

calls are not payable

apleurile sunt netaxabile

cancellation period

preaviz de reziliere/denunare (contract)



cash and credit traders

comercianti de instrumente financiare in

numerar sau de credite

cash pooling

strategia de distributie optima a

fondurilor/optimizarea distributiei

cautionary statement

not de avertizare

certificate of collation

certificat de colaionare

certificate of incorporation

certificat de nfiinare/nregistrare

certificate of obligation

certificat de garanie

certified true copy

copie conforma cu originalul

certifying officer

funcionar nsrcinat cu legalizarea


Change Order

ordin de schimbare

Channel Partner

partener de [canal de] distribuie [i

charge-out rates


charging of shares

grevare (cu sarcini) a aciunilor

civic address

situat n ...


pretenie - substantiv, a ridica pretenii - verb,

a formula aciune (civil) n pretenii

claiming acts of God

invocarea forei majore



closing protocol

protocol de incheiere

code of good practice

cod de bune practici

collusive practice among Bidders

practic neltoare ntre licitani

comfort letter

scrisoare de confort

commercially reasonable efforts

diligena unui bun comerciant


punere in uz/ dare in lucru/ exploatare

Companies House

Registrul Comertului

company limited by guarantee

societate cu raspundere limitata de garantii

compliance officer

ofier de conformitate

Concession Provider




consolidated net turnover

cifra de afaceri neta consolidata

consortium agreement

acord de consoriu

consultant designed and contractor build

vezi mai jos

contract appraisal table

tabel de comparare si evaluare a contractelor de aprovizionare

contract for car terminal operations

contract de servicii de terminal portuar auto

Contract manufacturer


Contract Manufacturing Agreement

contract de fabricaie la comand

contract on call-out basis

contract pentru munc pe baz de solicitare / ocazional /


contract principal


corporate officers

directori ai corporatiei

corporate statutory instruments

instrumentele prevzute n statutul societii

counsel of record

avocatul desemnat, inregistrat

county clerk

funcionar de la consiliul judeean/ prefectur

Course of dealing

conduita anterioara a partilor

criminal investigation body

organ de cercetare penal

damage to persons and property

pagube produse persoanelor i bunurilor

datum wall

perete frontal / faad




blocajul (impasul) in negocieri

debenture stocks

stoc de obligatiuni

declaration of no objections

Declaratie de lipsa de obiectii

deed of delegation and amendment

act de delegaie i de modificare

deed poll

act unilateral

deep distribution

distributie pe arii extinse


n absen / lips

default event

motiv de neexecutare

default fee

taxa pentru intarziere

defaulting/non-defaulting party

partea care nu si-a ndeplinit obligatiile/partea care si-a ndeplinit


defect liability period

perioada de garanie

defense of inconvenient forum

excepia instanei necompetente

deferral agreement

contract de esalonare

del credere


deliver an agreement

a remite un contract



deliverable issues

produse livrabile

delivery call vs. delivery slip

cerere de livrare vs. borderou de livrare

delivery items

articole (produse, elemente) livrate (furnizate)

dematerialised shares

aciuni dematerializate

Department of the Public Prosecutor


depository credit

credit de depozit

desirous of being formed into a company

Am hotrt nfiinarea unei societi

Direct labour operations

contracte n regie proprie

Directorate for International Law and


Direcia Drept Internaional i Tratate

disclosed agent

agent declarat/recunoscut



district officer

funcionar districtual

district officer

functionar districtual

district officer

funcionar/ef departament/funcionar districtual

division counsel

consilier legal (juridic) de departament

draft employment contract

proiect de contract de munc

Draft Inception Report

proiect de raport iniial

draw upon

a executa

duty of care

obligaia de pruden i diligen

earn-out price

pret de cumparare cu clauza de indexare pe

beneficiile ulterioare

employee for hire

persoana eligibila pentru angajare

employee settlement and release


contract de munc

equitable or contingent interest

interes de participare i drept eventual

equitable relief

reparaie echitabil


capital propriu

equity securities

titluri de capital

escalator clause

clauz de indexare

ex store

franco depozit

except as specifically provided

cu exceptia celor prevazute in mod explicit in

prezentul acord/contract

Excess funds

surplus de fonduri

Excess Rental

Surplus/ supliment la chirie



executed and delivered as a deed

semnat i predat ca act juridic

execution, delivery and performance

executia, livrarea si indeplinirea obligatiilor

executory contract

contract neexecutat sau executat partial



exercise due diligence

a depune diligena necesar

external buffer time

timp tampon extern

facility agent

agent de facilitate / agent



fall within

se incadreaza in

fara protest

no protest

fee-based contract

contract pe baza de onorariu

filing for a plan of arrangement

a formula un proiect de concordat

Financial Close

definitivarea clauzelor financiare / contractuale

first priority debentures over fixed

and floating free assets,

titluri de gaj/ ipoteci prioritare ( pe termen lung ) pe

capital fix si variabil

fisa de calcul

detailed cost schedule

floor plan

plan de etaj/nivel

for good and valuable consideration

cu titlu oneros

for the account of public clients

n contul clienilor publici

free from molestation or hindrance


free on loan

leasing gratuit

freedom from any defect of title

lipsa de vicii a titlului de proprietate

full title guarantee

garanie deplin de proprietate

general direction

coordonare generala

Geographical Call-off contract

contract cadru pentru o anumita zona geografica

give effect

aducerea la ndeplinire

grant secondary procurements

achiziii secundare efectuate de beneficiarii finanrii


Hand-Over Certificate

certificat de predare

he may be interested

ar putea avea interese

head agreement

Acord/contract principal

heads of term

scrisoare de intenie/protocol

hierarchy of laws

ierarhie de acte juridice normative

hold a share upon a trust

a deine aciuni printr-un fond fiduciar

hold harmless against any and all

liability for

a garanta mpotriva oricrei rspunderi izvorte din

holiday entitlement

Dreptul la concediu de odihn

homestead rights

drept de abitatie

Hospital Agreement to Clinical Trial

Study code

Acordul spitalului pentru desfasurarea studiului clinic

avand codul...

hourly rate

tarif orar

hull war risks

asigurare CASCO ( a aparatului de zbor ) contra

pagubelor cauzate de razboi si

immediate effect

cu efect imediat

improper machine design

destinaie improprie a utilajului

in accordance with the scope of work

n limita serviciilor prevzute/stabilite...

set forth
in action

in folosinta

In attendance

Secretarul firmei participa la sedinta / este participant

la sedinta.

In commercial confidence

secret comercial

in the best interests

n interesul

in the due course of business

pe parcursul derulrii afacerii

Incentive Contract

contract de co-interesare

indemnitee & indemnitor

partea exonerata ( de raspundere) / partea care

elibereaza de raspundere ( alta parte participanta)

indemnity/form of indemnity

angajament de despgubire



Information provided 'as-is'

ca atare

Injunctive Relief

masuri punitive/ clauza care reglementeaza


input into (aici)

informatii relevante in vederea ...

Institution Research Agreement

contract de cercetare ncheiat cu instituia

intending to be legally bound

nelegnd s se oblige conform legii/s-i asume

obligaii reciproce

intercompany commision contract

contract de comision intercompanie / ntre companii



international burden sharing

impartirea responsabilitatilor la nivel international

International Executive Services


servicii de consultanta privind forta de munca mobila

investment letter

declaraie de investiie

Invoice Dispatch Method: FCM

metod de expediere a facturilor: curier rapid

issued and outstanding share capital

aciuni emise i aflate in circulaie

joinder agreement

act adiional

Joint Administrators

administratori asociati

joint liquidator

colichidator / lichidator asociat

Joint Operating Company

societate n participatiune

joint representation

reprezentare comuna

joint tenants

coproprietari cu dreptul supravieuitorului

joint venturer

participant/parte la o asociere n participaiune

jurisdiction by submission

competen teritorial convenional

kept by the President of the City of


tinut de

Known all men by these presents

Se face cunoscut prin prezenta

known parties concerned

alte pri cunoscute ca avnd interes

laying accounts in general meetings

situaii financiare

Legal Exposure

implicaii legale

legal notice

aviz juridic

legally binding document

act cu efecte juridice



lessor/lessee (finance lease contract)

finantator (locator) / utilizator (locatar)

Letter of Agency

scrisoare de mputernicire

letter of conveyance

scrisoare de insotire



light-flooded rotundas

rotonde inundate de lumina

Loan number

nr . de ordine pt imprumut ( evidenta interna)

long lead

pe termen lung

mala fide

rea credinta



mandatory contract

contract de mandat

manning agent

agent de recrutare pentru echipaj



matching support

fonduri n completare

material breach

nclcare grav

mechanics' lien

privilegiul constructorului (sau al furnizorului de


membership agreement

contract de utilizare

memorandum of intent

memorandum de intentie

merging companies

societi care fuzioneaz

mutually represent

declar reciproc

named dependant driver

persoan dependent desemnat ca ofer

Netting agreement

Contract de compensare

New Reality application

aplicatie New Reality

No objection


Non-Circumvention, Non-

Contract de confidenialitate, de neeludare i cu privire

Disclosure and Working


la conduita prilor


non-coluziune, necoluziune

Non-Consenting Party

partea care nu consimte

Non-Solicit Clause

clauza de non-solicitare

Non-Tip Area Employment

angajat care nu poate primi baci


nota marginala, apostila

notwithstanding this article

fr a prejudicia prevederile prezentului articol

of the essence

de esenta

off-court deed

documente/acte nejuridice

on a case-by-case basis

n funcie de caz / de la caz la caz / de la un caz la altul

on a best effort basis

va depune toate diligentele

on a full indemnity basis

indemnitate total

On-demand bond

obligatiune cu plata la cerere

option notice

notificare de opiune


titularul unei opiuni

or such earlier date

la o data cat mai recenta

order letter

scrisoare de comanda

order of precedence

ordinea prioritii

Organic Law of the Judicial


legea organic a Sistemului Judiciar

organizational division

departament organizare ( si administrare)

outstanding amount

sum restant

ownership proceedings

demersuri pentru dreptul de proprietate

parent company


Parent Guaranty


Parity Committee, Commercial


Comisia Paritar a Camerei de Comer

Payment due to the contractor

plata datorat contractantului


pli, viramente

performance bond

scrisoare de garanie

person deriving title under

succesor n drepturi

physical examination

inspecie fizic


dotat cu placute de identificare

place of jurisdiction

instana competent

placing of monies

depunerea banilor

pleas in defence that are not

personal to the principal obligator

excepii care nu sunt personale debitorului principal



Pre-arbitral Referee Procedure

procedura de delegare premergatoare procedurii


precautionary garnishee attachment

poprire asigurtorie

preliminary point of law

ncheiere preliminar/n principiu

preparation project

proiect de pregtire



pricing letter

lista de preuri (propuse)

prima parte

vezi mai jos



principle office

sediu/birou principal/central

privacy law

legislaia privind confidenialitatea

(datelor/informaiilor (personale))

proceed to business

a trece la ordinea de zi



procurement plan table

tabelul care contine planul de aprovizionare

project document

document privind un/al unui proiect

proposed contract

propunere de contract prestri servicii

proprietary property

proprietate brevetat

public holidays

Zilele de srbtoare legal

Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998

Legea privind dezvluirile de interes public din 1998

punch list

lista cu lucrrile rmase de executat

pushers and barges delayed

impingatoare si barje

put option agreement

contract de opiuni de tip put sau de vnzare

quiet enjoyment and peaceful


folosin linitit i posesie netulburat

Quotations or acknowledgements

oferte de pret sau confirmari de comanda





records manager

administrator de arhiv

referring party



Directorul Oficiului Registrului Comertului

regranting partners

parteneri de refinanare

regulated materials panel

lista materialelor reglementate

release of the escrow amount

eliberarea sumei din contul escrow



relocation expenses

cheltuieli de relocare

remain in effect

ramne n vigoare



representative trustee

agent custode


cerinta referitoare la marja bancii



responding party

partea prt

return authorization

permis de reintrare

review date

data revizuirii/recalculrii/actualizrii

right of survivorship

dreptul supravietuitorului

Roll Over rights

drept de prelungire a termenului/scadenei

Romanian national registry

registru naional

royalty payments

pli cu titlu de redevene

royalty-free right

dreptul de liber reproducere

rules of evidence

norme/reguli n materie de probe

screen failure

(test) screening esuat

seconded personnel

personal detaat

sectoral authorising officer

ofier/oficiant de autorizare sectorial

Secured Parties

parti cu drepturi/creante garantate

Security Deposit

depozit de garantie

security interest in bank accounts

garanie real mobiliar constituit n conturi

existente la banc

seeking the assessment of

countervailing duties

nu necesita evaluarea si plata de taxe vamale de


Senior Facilities Agreement

Contract de mprumut prioritar

service level agreement

acord asupra nivelului de calitate a serviciilor

set off

compensa (pretentiile/creantele Creditorului)

set-off (in context)

drept de compensare

shall be - absent any imperative law settled

va fi - n absena unei legi imperative - solutionat

shall cease save

va inceta cu exceptia (cazului cand)

shall make no admission of liability

nu-si va asuma raspunderea

shall not be liable in contract, tort,


nu va fi rspunztor contractual, delictual sau n caz

de neglijen


cota-parte / participaie

share contracts

contracte pe actiuni/parti sociale

share premium account

Prime de emisiune

single expenditures

cheltuieli distincte

snag item

impedimente / dificulti minore

some referrals were made to


s-a recomandat arbitrajul

stable value clause

clauza de nemodificare valorii/sumei

stakeholder pension scheme

plan de pensii personale private (stakeholder)

standard of care

Standardul profesional (de ngrijire)

standard physical warehousing


contract tip de depozitare fizic

standard security

securizare standard

statement of fulfillment

declaraie de ndeplinire (a unor condiii)/declaraie

de accept

statement of work

specificatii de lucru

statutory sick pay

indemnizaia de concediu medical legal (prevzut

de lege)

Steering Committee

comitet de direcie

stock exchange broker

broker la bursa

Stock Option Agreement

Contract privind optiunea de a achizitiona actiuni/de

a deveni actionar

Stop and Go Warranty

garantie pentru rulare intermitenta (ref. la anvelope)

stranded on


subject thereto

sub rezerva urmatoarelor conditii[in contextul de fata]

subject to further disclosure by the


[poate] face obiectul altor dezvluiri din partea primitorului



subsidiary/parent undertaking

filial / companie mam

substantive laws

norme de drept material

successor in title

succesor in drepturi


deajuns, potrivit

supplied under

furnizate n baza (acordului)

survival (n context)


survive the termination of this order

se va prelungi si dupa terminarea/derularea (sau anularea) prezentei comenzi

tailor-made data collection systems

sisteme adaptate de colectare a datelor

tax credit

credit fiscal

Terminal Phaseout Management Plan

plan de gestiune al eliminarii totale/ graduale pana la disparitia completa

( inserati aici subst)

terminate an agreement

a rezilia un contract/o convenie

the balance [..] in addition to the


soldul/restul de plat

the banns have been published

s-a fcut vestirea

the contract will be tolled


the Escrow Agent shall require

customary proof of identity

agentul escrow trebuie s cear dovada identitii conform uzanelor

the leaflet's framework

structura brourii

the party not claiming excuse by

reason of

partea care nu solicita exonerarea din acest motiv

the sole means of proof thereof

singurul mijloc de prob (al actului juridic)

then obtaining

n vigoare la acea dat

these liabilities are reasonably

expected to be liquidated within a

este de ateptat ca aceste obligaii s fie lichidate n termen de un an

they have been the subject of a

judgement which has the force of res

Au fost pri ntr-un proces/procedur judiciar ce se bucur de autoritate de

lucru judecat


recurgere / apel la o ter parte

to be bound by the terms of an


a fi obligat sa respecti clauzele contractului

to be entered into

(ce urmeaz a fi) ncheiat

to be redeemed

sa fie rascumparate

to complete 24 months of the Defects

Notification Period

expirarea celor 24 de luni de perioada de garantie(de reclamare a defectelor )

to continue the performance of the

agreement to the extent not

sa continue executarea contractului in masura in care acesta nu a fost reziliat

to control

a prevala

to offset (the purchase price) against a a stinge obligaia de achitare a preului de achiziie prin compensarea de
to reach during the same period

a (se) ndeplini n aceeai perioad

to the contrary notwithstanding

in caz contrar, netinandu-se seama de...

tohave no performance risk exista riscuri legate de indeplinirea obligatiilor...

took the chair

a prezidat sedinta


fapta ilicita

Trading as

sub denumirea comercial Y

transaction-detail report

raport detaliat al tranzaciilor





trecere in extrabilantier

moving off balance sheet

true copy

conform cu originalul

trustees upon such trusts

... administratori ai unor asemenea fonduri fiduciare

tshall permit seller to control

completely the defense or
compromise of any such allegation or

va permite vanzatorului sa detina controlul complet asupra apararii sau

realizarii unui compromis contra oricaror astfel de afir

turn the same to account

s le valorifice

unbundle a contract

a ncheia contract separat

underwrite finance agreement

contract de subscriere

unearned revenue when adjusting


venituri nregistrate n avans

uninterrupted timely and error free


serviciu neintrerupt, furnizat la timp i fr erori

union of interests

uniune de interese

unsound mind

deplinatatea facultatilor mintale

unsubscribed shares

aciuni nesubscrise

unto the Company


upholds the rule of law

vegheaz la stricta aplicare a legii

variation order

modificarea clauzelor

Vehicle routes and records

foaie de parcurs/ fisa autovehicul/ centralizator parcurs

Vesting Schedule

plan de investire

waiver of breach

renunarea la invocarea nclcrii unei clauze contractuale

waiver of defences

renunarea la aprri

waiver shall be effective

Renuntarea va produce efecte


reclamatii in perioada de garantie

warranty bill of sale

contract de vnzare(-cumprare) cu garanie

warranty bond

(Scrisoare de) garanie bancar de bun execuie pentru perioada de garanie

warranty work

lucrari in garantie

We hereby agree to be jointly and

severally obligated and bound by this

Ne luam angajament impreuna si separat prin aceasta scrisoare

which is hereby incorporated by


anexat spre referinta

willful misconduct

conduit ilicit intenionat

with powers

cu puteri

with relevant fees prepaid

taxele/costurile aferente pltite n prealabil

without prejudice to

fara sa aduca atingere


se confirm urmtoarele


au luat cunostiinta

working outlet

punct de desfacere operational ( adica in stare de functionare)

written ballot

vot exprimat in scris

X shall indemnify and hold Y

harmless against any claim relating to
such future operations

X va despgubi i va exonera Y de rspundere mpotriva oricror pretenii n

legtur cu astfel de operaiuni viitoare

xxx's failure to insist on strict

adherence to any provision

omisiunea lui xxx de a insista asupra respectarii stricte a oricarei



admiteri, acceptri




ca atare

brand name & trademark

denumire (comerciala) si marca comerciala

consequential damages

daune indirecte


control / controlare

courtesy translation

traducere neoficial

european trade mark and design


avocat (atestat) in conformitate cu standardele Oficiului European pentru

Marca si Design

fair use doctrine

doctrina folosirii cu buna credinta

in specie

n specie

Individual Voluntary Agreement

intelegere/acord individual de reesalonare a datoriilor


hotrre judectoreasc de suspendare (sau) de amnare,interdicie





music cue sheet

lista muzicii; playlist cu muzic din filme

neighbouring rights

drepturi similare

notice of claim

aviz/instiintare de revendicare



Product Certification Manager

director certificare produse

product divestment

cesiunea produsului

Product License Agreement

acord de licen (a produsului)

right thumbprint of signer/ top of

thumbprint here

amprenta policarului drept al semnatarului/locul semnturii papilare

rights of reversion

drept de revocare (reintoarcere) a cesiunii

screening rights

drepturi de distributie/ difuzare



surplus of assets

excedent de active

to put forward all defences

a opune toate mijloacele de aparare

To the best of my knowledge and


Subsemnatul XY, declar n deplin cunotin de cauz i cu bun-credin



marca comerciala

US National Fire Protection

Association (NFPA) 704

standardul NFPA 704

utility model

model de utilitate

web properties

proprieti web

foreign exchange accounts

conturi n valut

"citizenship denouncement

procedura/procesul de renunare la cetenia romn

"prevailing party"

parte ctigtoare


dreptul la indulgenta curtii de justitie

(assignment of the) insured


(cesiunea) ipotecii asigurate

***Living Quarter*** of the

Hanoi University of the Foreign

cminul / internatul

, inter alia

inter alia

... my position criminal cases, my

...pozitia mea in cazuri penale, semnatura mea fiind opozabila.
signature being demurable.

a bloated payroll and ever-rising

salary increases

un stat de plata "umflat" si nesfarsite majorari salariale

a subcontracted third-party

ter subcontractant



abuse pf process

abuz de drept

access order

hotarare judecatoreasca care acorda acces la documente

acknowledged before me

autentificat/recunoscut/confirmat in fata mea

acquire juristiction

a fi nvestit cu judecarea


Lege - Legea Casatoriei


putere administrativa

administration de bonis non

administrarea de bonis non

Administration of Justice

administrarea justitiei

administrative power

drepturi/puteri de administrare

administrative solicitor

avocat cu functii administrative

admission of the claim

admiterea / recunoasterea acuzatiei / pretentiei

admitted equity

pretentie admis

Advocates Clerk

secretar al unui birou de avocai


afidavit/declaratie prestata sub juramant

affidavit in support of request for


afidavit/declaraie scris sub jurmnt n susinerea cererii de


agency memorandum

comunicare interna sau informala ( a institutiei respective)

aggravated mayhem

vtmare corporal grav

agreement under hand

conventie sub semnatura privata


porecle sau nume false

All Souls Report

raportul cu privire la dreptul administrativ emis de colegiul All Souls

- Oxford,Regatul Unit

alternate judge

(aici) membru supleant al unui juriu sau al unei comisii instituite

pentru acordarea unui premiu etc.

anticipated inheritance

mostenire anticipata

anticipated inheritance


any award

orice hotarare

any persons claiming under either nici o alta persoana pretinzand ca actioneaza in numele vreuneia
of them
dintre ele
appeal for reversal

cerere de revocare


apelabil /recurabil

Appellants Notice

ntiinarea/informarea prilor reclamante

application for cover

cerere de garantie; solicitare de compensatii


persoana care numeste in functie

Appropriate adult


approval requirements

cerinte de autorizare

AR (acknowledgement of receipt) confirmare de primire

are conducted

sunt administrate

Article 49(2)(a) to (d)

articolul 49 alineatul (2) literele (a)-(d)

articles of amendment

act adiional

articles of organization

Statut/Act constitutiv al societatii


date/probe criminalistice (extrase de pe calculator)

as far as I can throw you

nu dau doi bani pe tine

As is

mrfuri fr garanie, ca atare /ca atare, aa cum sunt, n starea n care se afl,

as is

ca atare, aa cum sunt, n starea n care se afl/eventual (actiuni) la valoarea lor


as part of the settlement to Maori

of commercial fishing claims

v. mai jos

assault and battery

lovire si alte violente

assault with a deadly weapon

atac cu mn narmat

associated appeal

apel conex/cerere de apel conex

at a term of the District Court of

the US held pursuant to law at x

ntr-o edin a tribunalului districtual/regional al SUA, inut conform l

at stake

sunt n pericol/risc s fie afectai

attachment in aid of execution of

a judgement

sechestru judiciar

attend court ordered / institutional

particip (la program) in urma hotrrii judectoresti/trimis de o institutie


audit trail

circuitul sau pista de audit

award for/against

decizie n favoarea/n defavoarea

bail bond

angajament de cauiune

bail-bonding firm

firm responsabil de plata/depunerea cauiunii/garaniei


I. intendent, administrator;II. aprod, portarel, executor judecatoresc ; III. serif,


bank's entries

nregistrrile/evidenele bncii

Basic Law

Constituia Federal / Republicii Federale Germania

be prevented


being duly sworn

sub jurmnt potrivit legii



Bill of Rights

Declaratia/Legea/Lista Lista Drepturilor

bills for assessment

note (de plat) ce trebuie examinate

bind itself

obliga compania insasi

Blank Consideration Counseling


vezi mai jos

Blank Response and Petition

formular n alb pentru petiie i rspuns la petiie

bond hearing

audiere pentru eliberarea pe cauiune

bond of continuance

legtura de continuitate

book-entered shares

aciuni dematerializate


practicarea meseriei de avocat ca la carte

branch of family

Ramura ( a ) familiei


brokeraj, curtaj

brokering weapons transactions

intermediere de tranzactii cu arme/armament

burden of proof

sarcina probei

business transfer

Transferul/cesiunea afacerii/firmei

business transfer agent

agent de transfer

by the assistant directed estate

management in Romania

sa-mi ofere asistenta legala in fata conducerii Administratiei Fondului Funciar

din Romania

California Jurat Loose Certificate

Legalizare notariala a unei declaratii (semnata in prezenta notarului)

Canada Evidence Act

Legea Canadei privind probatoriul

cannot make inapplicable

a face inaplicabil

care, custody and control

custodie si control

cartel law

legislatie anti-trust

Case on the ground

to investigate on the ground - \"a analiza pe fond\"

cash-based (accounting)

decontare bazat pe sistemul cash


Curtea de Apel pentru Concurenta/ Consiliul Concurentei/ Oficiul Britanic al


Certain underwriters at Lloyd's

anumii ageni de asigurare de la Lloyd's

certificate of acknowledgment

ncheiere de legalizare

certificate of title

carte de identitate

certified matters of record

documentatia legala aferenta dosarului.


martor/persoana care certifica nasterea - medicul care a asistat nasterea

chamber law

vezi comentariu


birou de avocatura/cabinetul judecatorului



Character Certificate

certificat de bun purtare

Chief Justice (US)

eful Curii Supreme de Justiie a Statelor Unite ale Americii

Circuit Court

tribunal itinerant



civil attorney general

procuror general civil

claim settlement

soluionarea reclamaiei

Class Action lawsuits

aciune legal/judiciar de grup

clean report

raport fara rezerve


centru de schimb de informaii

Clerk of the ***common pleas***

court of common pleas

Clerk's Cooperative Authority

Agenia Cooperativ a Grefierilor

clerk's cooperative authority

Autoritatea Cooperativ a Funcionarilor Curii Supreme a Statului Georgia

close out

a lichida

closed off

inchis la minte/inchis in tine (prima mai cu siguranta)

closing certificate

certificat de ncheiere (a tranzaciei)




colecie de legi (n Republica Ceh; "Monitorul Oficial")

combined single limit

polita combinata de raspundere civila cu limita unica


autorizarea contractului de antrepriza

Commissioner for Oaths

imputernicit cu prestarea juramantului/notar

committal hearing

audiere preliminar

common law

drept cutumiar, drept jurisprudential



Companies House

Oficiul Registrului Comertului

company culture

cultura organizaional/companiei/ de ntreprindere/corporativ/principiile


company secretary

secretarul societii

complaint referral form

formular de transmitere/naintare a plngerii

completion account

Raport de finalizare

compliance with applicable


conformitatea cu liniile directoare aplicabile


a tranzaciona/a ncheia tranzacie

compulsory purchase


Computer Crime and Intellectual

Property Section

Secia infraciuni electronice i proprietate intelectual

computer intrusion/ hacking

acces ilegal la un sistem informatic

condominium rider

act adiional privind imobilulul n coproprietate



confidential marriage

casatorie fara martori

contradictory procedures

procedura (discutie) contradictorie


ara care contribuie cu trupe

copyright fee paid service

serviciu (de copiere) cu tax pentru drepturile de autor

Corporate Claimants

societate reclamant

corporate constituency statutes

legi privind constituenii companiei

corporate legal

departament juridic din cadrul unei firme/companii/societi

Cost recharge agreement

contract de rambursare costuri

Council Regulation

Regulamentul Consiliului

county clerk and clerk of the county

un functionar public cu pregatire si atributii in domeniul juridic
..having by law a common seal
county of Kings

Comitatul Kings

course of justice

cursul justitiei

Court Attorney

magistrat asistent

court of competent jurisdiction

instan competent

court of petty session

instanta pentru cauze minore

court of record

tribunal de arhive

Court of The First Instance

Tribunalul de Prima Instanta

Craiova's Court of First Instance

Judecatoria Craiova

credible fear interview

interviu de solicitare al azilului pe motiv de persecutie grava

criminal - remedial code

codul penal

Criminal division, Office of

International Affairs

Departamentul Penal, Oficiul Afaceri Internaionale


procuror (Canada)

crown witness

martor al acuzrii

cursory search

perchezitie sumara

dating relations

relatii amoroase

defaulted party

partea fa de care nu au fost ndeplinite obligaiile (contractuale)


partea care nu i-a ndeplinit obligaiile

defense of mental disease or defect

aprare pe motiv(e) de alienare mintal

dematerialized security

titlu n form dematerializat



Department of Justice Trial Attorney

avocat pledant din partea Departamentului de Justitie / Ministerului Justitiei

din SUA

deputy governor

guvernator adjunct

detention order

msur de siguran privativ de libertate

determination of the proceedings

Finalizarea procedurilor

devolution of assets and liabilities

transferul activului i pasivului

Director of Public Prosecutions

Procuroul General de pe linga Inalta Curte de Casatie si Justitie


precizari legale

discovery motion

cerere de prezentare a dovezilor

dismembered right



dreptul de dispoziie

Diversity Project

Proiectul Diversitatea

divorce settlement

solutionarea divortului

domestic partner


doubling reading

dubla lectur

dovad sediu

business address documents ( lease, title ) / proof of business address



drop charges

a-i retrage plngerea mpotriva cuiva; a renuna la acuzaiile formulate

mpotriva cuiva

Due Process

tratement echitabil/egal conform cu legea locala

emergency care order

hotarare judecatoreasca privind incredintarea copilului in regim de urgenta

enforceable against them

avnd efect obligatoriu fa de ele

enforcement proceedings

proceduri executorii

Enforcement Directorate

Enforcement Directorate (Biroul insarcinat cu aplicarea legilor al SOCA)



entry of appearance

declaraie de constituire/prezentare ca parte n proces


motenire vacant





Estimate for Construction works

deviz pentru lucrrile de construcie

estoppel - cause of action

estoppel/issue estoppel

autoritate de lucru judecat - cu privire la cauza/obiectul aciunii

European Court of Auditors

Curtea European de Conturi

evidence vs. proof

indicii/semne versus probe

evidential and persuasive burden

sarcina dovezii si a probei legale

evidentiary examination

examen (medico-legal) constatator

executive decree

decret/ordonanta guvernamentala

executive officer

Director executiv

exemptive relief

degrevare / scutire de la indeplinierea unor criterii/ solicitari

exit conference

sedinta de inchidere

expectant right

drept condiionat

expert journal

publicatiile de specialitate

expungement of criminal records

reabilitare judecatoreasca

fair use

utilizare permis fr consimmntul autorului

family retainer

persoana aflata in serviciul familiei/asistenta personala (in context)

fan articles

produse gonflabile

felony murder

omor cu premeditare


per domeniu

filing procedure

procedura de depunere

final warning

ultim avertisment

Finder's fee contract

contract de comision

first circuit

(curtea de apel din) prima circumscripie/circumscripia nr. 1

first hand

n mod direct, fr intermediere (aici)

Floating Charge

rata variabil (a dobnzii)

forced heir

motenitor rezervatar



Foreign Assets Control Regulations

reglementri privind controlul activelor strine

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Legea privind practicile de corupie n strintate

forum non conveniens

forum non conveniens

forward-looking statement

declaratii anticipative

foster mother

asistent maternal


iniiator, fondator, printe, autor

Freedom of establishment

libertatea de stabilire, dreptul la libera stabilire

Freedom of Information law requests

cereri adresate in baza legii privind liberul acces la informatiile de

interes public

freelancer contract

Contract de prestri servicii (persoane fizice autorizate)

fully advised in the premises

cu deplina cunoatere a lucrrilor dosarului

GAFTA Register of Superintendents

Registrul Inspectorilor al GAFTA (Asociatia de Comert pentru Cereale

si Furaje)

general power of attorney for lawsuits

procura generala pentru reprezentare in proces

Gentlemen's Agreement for a Joint Venture contract de asociere bazat pe buna credinta
given under my hand

ntocmit/redactat sub semntura mea

good leaver

persoan plecat din motive neimputabile


administratie publica (centrala)

Government Chamber

birou/corp/agentie guvernamental(a)

grant relief

se acord ctig de cauz



Guarantee Trust

fond fiduciar de garantare

guidance document

document de orientare

had leave to enter

permisiunea de intrare

haeredes proximi

mostenitor direct/ intaiul

mostenitor legal de drept

Haeredes remotiores

mostenitori lineari indirecti


juriu mixt.../de medietate


halfway house

Centru corectional de tranzit

harmless error

Eroare/greseala lipsita de

have an interest

are interese (financiare) legate

de conturile bancare in cauza

hazards of freedom

riscurile libertatii

health-care proxy

Imputernicire privind deciziile

de natura medicala

hereof fail not

a se executa/ndeplini ntocmai

high crimes and misdemeanors

crime i delicte majore

hoeres factus

mostenitor testamentar

hoeres natus

mostenitor legal

hold unto

a avea in posesie

holiday rotation

rotaie pentru concediu

horizontal property


Human Trafficking Team

echipa pentru combaterea

traficului de fiinte umane

hung jury

juriu divergent

I do not get into any debt of the state.

nu am nici o datorie la stat (nu

sunt dator la stat)

I make it knowing that, if it is tendered in evidence, I shall be liable to...

o dau cunoscnd c, dac este

folosit ca mijloc de prob, voi
rspunde conform legii

ICH Harmonised Tripartite Guideline

linii directoare tripartite

armonizate in conformitate cu
cerintele ICH

Identity Parade

trecerea n revist a suspecilor

(pentru identificare)


Singularul include si pluralul

improved work release

program ( imbunatatit) de lucru

pentru detinuti

in full satisfaction of claims either may have to interest

spre deplina satisfacere a

pretentiilor pe care oricare
dintre parti le poate avea pentru
cota parte

in good faith

cu buna credin

in its discretion deems advisable

va considera potrivit

in principal (en principal in limba franceza)

n principal/suma principal

in witness whereof

drept pentru care


limitarea capacitii juridice

Inns of Court

Inns of Court

interlocutory appeal

apel interlocutoriu

international humanitarian law

drept international umanitar

interposed appeal

apel introdus

is not entitled to these fair trial rights

nu beneficiaz de/ nu i se acord

dreptul la un proces corect

islamic contract

contract conform cu legea

It is hereby ordered and adjudged that the marriage between the said Plaintiff
and the Defendant be and the same hereby is dissolved and a divorce from the
bonds of matrimony between said parties is also ADJUDGED

Prin prezenta se ordon i

decide desfacerea cstoriei
ntre numiii reclamant i prt i
se decide divorul ntre susnumitele pri

It is understood

se nelege c, prile
consimt/neleg s/sunt de acord
cu faptul c

join family, to

a rentregi familia

joint agent signature

semnatura mandatarului comun

joint and several liability

raspundere solidara

joint holder


judgment and decree

hotrre judectoreasc

judgment may be entered in terms of the award

poate fi dat o hotrre judectoareasc

n sensul hotrrii arbitrale

judicial circuit

circumscripie teritorial a unei instane

de judecat

jurat with affiant statment

legalizare de semnatura

jurisdiction and venue of the court

competena material i teritorial a


Justice Curriculum Vitae Card

Cazier juridic


dorete (vezi explicaia)

Known by all men by these presents

se aduce la cunostinta publicului prin

prezenta imputernicire

Lakeland high school certificate of attendance

certificat de prezen al liceului


land use title

titlu de folosin a terenului

Law Enforcement Crime Free Multi Housing Coordinator

coordonator al programului de
eradicare a criminalitii din
complexele de locuine

lawful claim for a preliminary distraint

se renunta la beneficiul de discutiune

(si beneficiul de diviziune)

Laws of Tort

dreptul raspunderii civile delictuale

legacy contract

contract pre-existent

legal aid lawyer

consultant juridic gratuit (angajat ale

unei organizatii non-profit)

legal binding/to be legally bound

obligatoriu din pdv legal / obligat legal

legal drafting

redactare juridic

legal vacuum

vid legislativ

legality vs. legitimacy

legalitate vs. legitimitate

legally acceptable representative

reprezentant acceptabil din punct de

vedere legal

legally defensible

fundamentat din punct de vedere juridic

Leper's Act

Legea privind lepra

letter of formal notice

scrisoare de somare

letter of payment

ordin/dispozitie de plat

letter on hire

agenie (persoan) care se ocup cu

nchirierea proprietilor altora

liability in tort

raspundere delictuala

liable on conviction on indictment

responsabil in urma condamnarii pe

baza rechizitoriului

lien & charge

drept de retenie & sarcin

lien release

scutire de garanie

litigation deal

motiv de disputa

loss of bargain

beneficiu/ castig nerealizat

lynch law

justitiar privat (legea lui Lynch)

magistrates's court

Curtea Magistratilor

maintenance enforcement officer

agent/ofier nsrcinat cu recuperarea

pensiei alimentare

male/female applicant


man year

ani de munca/om

manifest injustice

injustiie flagrant

Margin deposit

depozitul marjei / depozit colateral

Marriage Settlement Agreement

acord de partajare/impartire a bunurilor

may weaken our patent situation

pot afecta negativ situaia brevetelor




means of redress of grievances

mijloace de solutionare a plangerilor



mentally incompetent person

persoan lipsit de discernmnt

merits of the case

pe fond / pe fondul cauzei

MFO Code

codul bncii vechi (MFO)

middle-ranking police officers

ofieri de poliie de rang mediu


punct de referin

misdemeanor fraud

frauda, ncadrat ca delict minor

misdemeanor loitering


missing beneficiary bond

cauiune n favoarea motenitorilor-lips

mistaken identity

eroare asupra persoanei


Proces nul

motion for default judgment

cerere de judecare a actiunii in contumacie

mug shot

fotografie judiciara

multilateral surveillane and excessive-deficite procedure

supraveghere multilaterala si procedura in

caz de deficit excesiv

Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters

asisten judiciar internaional n materie


My commission continues so long as I shall practise

mandatul meu/autorizatia va continua atat

timp cat voi exercita/profesa

Narey Hearing

audiere Narey

negative equity situation

capital propriu negativ

negative pledge

angajament negativ

neighbourhood judge

judector de proximitate

no business shall be transacted

nu se va lua nici o decizie

No contest

nu a contestat


aciune achitat integral

non-EU country

stat nemembru al UE / ar nemembr a UE

norme conflictuale

conflict norms

notary or recorder of exceeding property

notar sau sef al biroului de carte funciara

note of hand

bilet la ordin

notice of entry waived

scutit de notificare de depunere

nuisance contraband

bunuri interzise cu grad de periculozitate

redus sau moderat

Oaths Act 1867

Legea din 1867, privind declaraiile sub


Office of the Public Guardian and Trustee

Biroul Autoritii Tutelare

Official Receiver

administrator judiciar/lichidator

oficial receiver

Oficiul Registrului Comerului

on file with

depus la

on recall

n executarea restului de pedeaps/revocarea

liberrii condiionate
on the books of

in registrele

open verdict

deces (caz) neelucidat

opinion procedure

avizul / procedura de avizare

ordeal of the bier

ordalia catafalcului / sangelui

Order to show cause Re Injunctive Order

hotarare/ordin a(l) curtii de judecata de a fi

prezentate motivele cererii/hotararii de

ordinary process

proces ordinar/normal

Orphan's Court Division

Curte de Justitie specializata in drept



i n alte circumstane/ privine

otherwise establishing exercising or defending legal rights

stabilirea, exercitarea sau aprarea drepturilor



restante la data ...

Palestinian Liberation Front

Frontul de Eliberare a Palestinei

participating merchants

prile participante (la contract)

participation in the euro area

participarea la zona euro

participative account

cont participativ

particular favour

scutire special

passive joint litigation

coparticipare procesual pasiv

patent lawyer

avocat specializat n proprietate industrial

period of release

perioad liber/de scutire (de sarcini de


Permission to Appeal

permisiunea de a face recurs

petty patents

brevet de inovaie


escrocherie, chichite

physical vs. trace evidence

probe fizice c/a probe criminalistice (urme)



Plausible deniability

dezmintire plauzibila

Players have no legal claim to a game account

juctorii nu au drepturi legale asupra..

plea bargaining

negocierea pedepsei

Points of Dispute

obiectele/punctele disputate / n litigiu /ale


Police Clearance Certificate

CERTIFICAT de nenregistrare in evidenta


Policy strait-jacket

cma de for pentru politici / s nu-i

ngrdeasc politicile


formarea unui cartel

pre-sentence report

raport premergator pronuntarii sentintei



prepaid letter

plic timbrat (autoadresat)

prescribed punishment

pedeapsa stabilita/primita prin lege

principle of adequate reasoning

principiul rationamentului corect

prior proceedings

n instanele anterioare


via privat

private cause of action

temei pentru acionare n judecat

probate judge

judecator specializat in dreptul succesoral

procedural guarantees

garanii procedurale

process agent

mandatar pentru comunicarea actelor de


procurement of insurance

cumprarea/achiziionarea unei asigurri

prohibited foreign trade practices by issuers

practici de comer exterior interzise


proof of affidavit

(dovada a) declaratie(i) pe proprie


proprietary technology

tehnici brevetate

prorogated jurisdiction against himsef

extinderea competentei instantelor de

judecata engleze asupra sa

prosecuting charges

urmarire penala

prosecution of claims

intentarea actiunilor in pretentii

public hearing

audiere publica a unui martor/sesiune a unui

proces desfasurata cu usile deschise

public path

cale/drum de acces public

QC (queen's counsel)

consilier al reginei


culpa simpla (greseala)

race to the bottom

o curs dincolo de limitele admise

rank speculation

pure speculaii


referitor la






expunere de motive

reckless endangerment

Neglijena criminal



recovery abroad of maintenance

obtinerea pensiei de intretinere in strainatate

referral order

ordin de trimitere


trimis spre conciliere

register of charges

registru de sarcini

Register Office

registratura orasului/registrul general al

firmelor/ registrul comertului/ administratia

registered agent

reprezentant procesual

regulatory mandate

mandat de control


a renuna la / a retrage

remand proceedings

sedinta de judecata a ramanerii/retrimiterii

acuzatului in stare de arest


(domeniu/sfera de) competenta; atributii

Reserved Matter

aspecte rezervate

restraining order

ordin de restricie

retained entity

entitate angajata



rocket-propelled granade launchers

lansatoare de grenade propulsate de rachete

Running Expenses of Means

Cheltuieli curente cu mijloacele (de


s.r.o. (self-regulatory organisation)

OAR (organism de autoreglementare)


cu excepia

second degree murder

crima nepremeditata sau omor prin

imprudenta/ ucidere din culp/ lovituri
cauzatoare de moarte

security interest

garanie real mobiliar

security interest

garanie real

seeks evidence for use

cauta probe pentru a fi folosite

self-initiative report

raport scris din proprie iniiativ

Senior Deputy to the State Attorney

prim viceprocuror general (Rep.Moldova);

prim-adjunct al procurorului general (Romania)

Senior Trial Attorney

avocat pledant principal

service by publication

notificare/ comunicare prin publicitate

service of process

notificarea actelor de procedur

Skeleton Argument

prezentarea (pe scurt a) motivelor/temeiurilor


small claims court

tribunal de procese minore

special prosecutor

procuror special insarcinat cu (cazul)

Specified Services Certificate

certificat al Serviciilor Specializate



State aid backlog

intirzierea acordarii subventiei (de stat)/sursa de

subventii (de la stat)-depinde de context

State Prosecutor vs Prosecuting Attorney

procuror general vs. procuror

statement of offer

descrierea ofertei

States Parties

state semnatare/ state membre

statutory declaration

Declaraie (pe propria rspundere) legalizat

statutory seat

sediul administrativ

subject access

acces la informatii/date personale

subject of rights

titular de drepturi

Subject to Immigration control

Aveti statut care presupune control/verificarea

( documentelor) de imigrare ?

subordination contract

contract de subordonare a creditorului

substantial state purpose

o reclamatie intemeiata si dovedita ca atare in

statul respectiv

summary judgement

procedur sumar


director/administrator de district scolar

Superseding Indictment

rechizitoriu multiplu

sworn and subscribed

dat sub prestare de jurmnt i semnat

Table A

Modelul A

tag notice

eticheta aviz

take acknowledgements

a lua declaraii (de recunoatere)

tank tourism

turism pentru carburani

tax liens

sarcini fiscale

test case

precedent judecatoresc, caz de referinta

the causes of action accrued afresh

prescripia dreptului la aciune s-a ntrerupt

the Court orders, ***good cause appearing***

Fiind prezentate suficiente motive/dovezi,

Tribunalul hotrte

the day and year first above written

n ziua i anul menionate mai sus

the entity of law

subiect de drept

the person executed the instrument

persoana a semnat documentul

The Prosecution of Offences Act 1985

Actul urmririi judiciare a infraciunilor 1985

the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby


acceptate i considerate suficiente prin prezenta

The Registrar of Companies

Directorul Oficiului Registrului Comertului /

Director ORC

the settlement price

pret de lichidare

third degree murder

ucidere din culp

third party right

drepturi ale terilor

this is to certify act

Prezentul document certifica faptul ca...

threatened damage

ameninare iminent de prejudiciu

threw the book at him

i-a aplicat pedeapsa maxim

to all to whom these presents shall come

tuturor celor care vor primi prezenta

to allege criminality

implica/ presupune vinovia/ caracterul infracional

to be bound to see to the application of purchase


s fie obligat / constrns s supravegheze ca suma de

cumprare / achiziie s fie utilizat

to black the prices

a nnegri preurile

to cause

a dispune

to cook the books

a mslui/falsifica contabilitatea

to decommission

a scoate din uz

to launder trigger words

a atenua duritatea unor cuvinte sensibile

to me known and known to me

care s-a prezentat personal in fata mea

to merge criminal punishments

contopirea pedepselor

to reallege

a re-invoca/ a invoca din nou

to report

a reclama

to solicit

a solicita ( clientela)/ a-si oferi serviciile clientilor


to subscribe

a subscrie

to wit

si anume, cu alte cuvinte


fapt ilicit

translated true copy

traducere conform cu originalul


transferat/predat (autoritilor romne)

transnational organized crime

crima organizat transnaional

transposing legislation

adaptarea legislatiei

trial competition

concurs de procese simulate

trial held on camera

proces televizat/public/mediatizat

true and lawful attorney

imputernicitul/reprezentantul legal



Trustee member

(membru) administrator (teritorial)


membrii ai Consiliului de Administratie

U. S law enforcement agents and prosecutors

agenti de aplicare a legii si procurori din SUA

U.S. copyright interest

cot-parte/procent drepturi de proprietate

intelectuala SUA

underlying asset

activ subiacent

Unites States Drug Enforcement Administration

Departamentul Antidrog din SUA

unless procures

inafara cazului in care se obtine

unqualified (opinion)

opinie fara rezerve (necalificata sau favorabila)

unsound mind

nu se afl n deplintatea facultilor mintale

upon information and belief

pe baza informaiilor i a convingerii

upon signing

sub semntur/n baza semnturii

upon the footing of the value

in baza valorii fixate

US Safe Harbor privacy principles

Principiile de Confidentialitate Port Sigur

verbal abuse

violenta verbala, abuz verbal, agresiune verbala

(in functie de contextul specific)


a dobndi

vesting certificate

certificat de atribuire, investire cu un drept, de


voire dire examination

audiere preliminar

voting securities

titluri cu drept de vot

ward's money

banii administrai n calitate de tutore

warrant arrest record

situatia/numarul/lista mandatelor de arestare

whichever is later

oricare dintre acestea survine mai trziu



who is personally known to me in testimony whereof

pe care il cunosc personal; drept marturie, semnez

mai jos

Will to live

neaplicarea i ntreruperea terapiilor de meninere

n via

withdrawal treatment

tratamentul sevrajului / sindromului de sevraj

without prejudice

fr pronunare asupra fondului

Work-life balance

echilibru ntre viaa profesional i viaa social

(sau personal)

writ of error

ordonan pentru revizuirea procedurii

written submission

memoriu/note scrise/observaii scrise

zoning laws

plan urbanistic zonal (PUZ)

capital items

obiective de investiii de folosin ndelungat

curial proceedings

proceduri judiciare

defensive duty

taxa vamala protectionista

duty free zone

zon liber

Excise license

licena de acciz (autorizaie de operator economic

cu produse accizabile)

exit tax

taxarea/impozitarea la ieirea/plecarea din ar

federal or state return tax

declaraie de venituri realizate la nivel statal sau


fiscal capital

capital financiar

Generalized System of Preference (GSP)

sistem generalizat de preferine (GSP)

Hereof due:

(suma) datorata prin prezenta:

IC sales listings

nregistrri ale livrrilor intracomunitare

imports and customs compliance

Reglementarile vamale in domeniul importului

in-state tuition benefit rate

taxa de scolarizare in acelasi stat

lack of territoriality

nendeplinirea criteriului teritorialitii

Lodgement of claim

Declaraie de crean

National Insurance number

Numrul de Asigurare Naional

notional tax

impozit ipotetic

principle of non-refoulement

principiul nereturnrii

progressive tax

impozit progresiv



regressive tax

impozit regresiv

severance tax


Standard Rate Band

plafon/valoare-maxim pentru rata (de impozitare)


tax benefits

scutiri la plata impozitelor si taxelor

tax credit certificate

certificat de credit fiscal

tax return/self assessment


Trade tax law

legea impozitului comercial

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

Serviciul American pentru Controlul Imigratiei si

Normelor Vamale

Unique Taxpayer Reference

cod de identificare fiscal, cod fiscal

vehicle ownership taxes

taxe asupra mijloacelor de transport

Working tax credit

credit de impozit pentru munc

Dividende = dividends
Proportional = pro rata
Vot deschis show of hands
Actiune in anulare = action for annulment / action in avoidance
cauiune n favoarea motenitorilor-lips = missing beneficiary bond
declaratie de retragere = statement of withdrawal
rea credinta - dishonesty
majoritate absoluta = absolute majority
majoritate simplpa = simple majority