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RAMESSIDE
ADMINISTRATIVE
DOCUMENTS
I

Edited by

SIR ALAN GARDINER

Printed for and distributed by

GRIFFITH INSTITUTE, ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM, OXFORD

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PREFACE
REPRINTED LITHOGRAPHICALLY IN OXFORD
BY ALDEN & MOWBRAY LTD AT THE ALDEN PRESS
FROM SHEETS OF THE FIRST EDITION
PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, OXFORD

~i

TO THE MEMORY OF
JEAN CAPART

First published by the Oxford University Press 1948
Reprinted and distributed by the
Griffi.th Institute 1968

It is hoped that the title of this book will not have raised too great expectations.
Since my two parallel volumes Late-Egyptian Stories and Late-Egyptian Miscellanies
made an attempt .(not entirely successful, it is true), to exhaust the material for both
those literary genres, it might perhaps have been supposed that the present work
would pursue the same aim in regard to texts concerned with the Ramesside administration. My purpose has been much more modest. The primary intention was to
make accessible a number of documents which might throw light upon the subject of
the great Wilbour papyrus, in course of publication by me on behalf of the Brooklyn
Museum; some of these documents are translated in my article 'Ramesside Texts
relating to the Taxation and Transport of Corn' (JEA XXVII, 19 ff.), while renderings of others will be found in my commentary on the said papyrus. The opportunity
seemed too good, however, to omit various other texts in which I have had a longstanding interest or for the pliblication of which I lay under a definite obligation; to
the former category belongs the Turin Strike papyrus (XVIII) and to the latter the
'Gurob' fragments entrusted to me thirty years ago by the late Sir Flinders Petrie
(II-XVI). The outcome of the above considerations has been a somewhat incongruous
and motley array of transcripts from the hieratic, the main bond between which is
that all belong to the Ramesside period and that all in one way or another throw light
on the public management of life under the Pharaohs. It is true that, for instance,
the Turin Indictment papyrus (XXV) might have been more in place in a collection
of Egyptian juristic texts, and that the Valen~ay letter (XXIV) would have found a
happier niche in a corpus of Late-Egyptian epistolography. But no immediate project
seems contemplated for the juristic texts and the Valen~ay papyrus came to light too
late for inclusion in Cernfs Late Ramesside Letters. The most questionable item in
the present undertaking is the re-edition (XXVI) of the beginning of the first page
of a Turin Miscellany, new fragments of which had been discovered by Capart in
the Geneva Museum; but here I have the somewhat lame excuse that these first lines
allude to the registration and transport of corn, due as harvest-taxes to the temple of
Amiin at Karnak; this little text differs from all the rest in the book inasmuchas it
is a purely literary composition and not an original official document.
With these remarks my apologia is at an end, and leaves me free to hazard a few
observations in the contrary sense. It is not without some measure of self-congratulation that I here make accessible to my colleagues what I believe to be reasonably
trustworthy transcriptions of a considerable number of texts either wholly unpublished hitherto or else not hitherto presented .in a handy form. But at this point
my conscience reminds me that the merit for such an achievement is far from solely
mine. It is improbable that I should have embarked upon an enterprise so laborious
had not my ever helpful friend Cerny volunteered to shoulder the mechanical side
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XVI . but also to publish such of them as took my fancy. W. Relating to Garments. Fragments of another List of Clothing . Four Fragments relating to Garments . and in a post-war issue of the Chroni9ue d'Egypte mention of the fact was made by the indefatigable Director of the Fondation Jean Cap art. BB. Plf1r-. E. and it is. n. Except in two cases where I have had to content myself with good photographs. . etc. whose notebooks containing transcripts of the Turin and Amiens papyri are now in my possession. Alas. Temples. Mus. !V ~' CONTENTS I PREFACE 111 CONTENTS V INTRoDuCTION (Descriptions of the various Manuscripts) V! THE TEXTS I I II-XVI II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI I'' i The Amiens Papyrus Papyri from K6m Medlnet Ghurfib ('Gurob') Nineteenth Dynasty Papyrus from 'Gurob' . Needless to say. I 8 6 9-7 6. f'n11ntries n 9~. and though it is earnestly to be hoped that Capart's death will not mark the end of this splendid enterprise of his. Deliveries of Fish to the Harem at Mi-wer . 10447) XX The Varzy Papyrus . Nf1mes of Persons. p. etc. Part of a Report. Deliveries of Fish . f!4 TI. that the first impulse towards the present edition of texts arose from the enthusiasm and organizing ability of Jean Capart. V . . therefore. . the sudden and wholly unexpected demise of that most able and successful promoter of our science and friend of all its adepts has thrown into some confusion the plans for the continuance of the Bibliotheca. . . Delivery and Branding of Cattle G. . mainly actuated by apprehension lest the Amiens papyrus might be destroyed in the turmoil of war. List of Priests and other Officials XVII The Turin Taxation Papyrus XVIII The Turin Strike Papyrus XIX Corn for a Statue of Ramesses II (P. Nor do Cernfs services to this book stop there. the issue of the present volume would undoubtedly have been delayed had I not arranged to withdraw it for inclusion among the publications of the Griffith Institute at Oxford. Brit. Relating to the Corn-tax of the 67th Year of Ramesses II XIII . Account of Bricks issued. and in some cases have been collated afresh after intervals of many years. Title. anrl Occunatiom r qn TTT. I have tested my earlier readings afresh. XIX relating to the Corn-tax XV . L. when I studied all the papyri given in facsimile by Pleyte and Rossi in their fundamental Papyrus de Turin. p 99. not only to utilize my transcriptions for the Berlin Dictionary. IV. his specific contributions have always received acknowledgments in the notes. Record of Measurements of Corn 1n Different Places . . . Other duties have until now prevented me from availing myself of this generous permission. . Farina.PREFACE of the business. Distribution of Fish to a Number of Women XII . My first and longest stay at Turin was in I905. A few faulty readings in that provisional publication have been corrected in the present definitive edition. . Y. Prof. verso) INDEXES I 14 IS 20 22 22 24 26 27 27 30 32 33 34 35 35 45 59 59 6o 64 68 72 73 82 84 T. At the outset my book was designed to take its place in the invaluable Bibliotheca Aegyptiaca of the Fondation Egyptologique Reine Elisabeth at Brussels. M. in I937 and again last year (I947). . F. 97. Cult-places and Cult-objects. XXI Louvre Leather Fragments XXII From a Journal relating to the Theban Necropolis XXIII The Griffith Fragments XXIV Papyrus Valen~ay I XXV The Turin Indictment Papyrus XXVI Beginning of Turin A (P. Z. all the texts in this work have been transcribed in front of the originals. Mekhitarian most warmly for so gracefully assenting to my wishes in this respect. on the former occasion by the late Prof. I have to thank M. On two later occasions. Schiaparelli. only just that I should offer it as a humble monument to his memory. .o. at the same time receiving permission from the kindly Director of the Museum. Turin I882.e:o: Reginns. N. U. XIV . however. while elsewhere his concurrence in my readings has lent me valuable moral support. etc. a generous offer whereby students will reap the benefit of his beautiful handwriting. I owe something also to the industry and acumen of my deeply regretted friend Peet. With his profound knowledge of hieratic and his scrupulous accuracy he has not seldom succeeded in detecting errors on my part. Scamuzzi. and on the latter by Dr. true. . J. V. . K. My indebtedness to the Keepers of the Egyptian antiquities in other museums will be acknowledged below in the appropriate places. thanks to the facilities accorded me. A privately printed and distributed instalment of the first 23 pages of this book appeared in I 940. T. AA. It remains. Main Contents of the Notes. . . Fragmentary List of Garments . although in certain cases my original copies have formed the basis of publications by others. Part of another Papyrus of Dyn. 'Gurob' Fragments. Leyden.

the last of which (vs.d XXVII. he is no more cursive than.. 37 ff. 2. there. 1941) at Turin. hoping to secure better prices for the separate half-rolls than if they sold the whole intact. I would have stood behind the last page of the recto or behind the afore-mentioned blank space. I vii 1 See my P.. JE. in point of fact vs. since in that case vs. 2 follows in smaller writing·than is used elsewhere. 6) runs right up to the inner margin of the papyrus. Bacchi. there it was flattened and repaired by the skilled hands of Dr.g. Sometimes. whose second car3· touche occurs in rt. 3. the widely divergent variants of the two component words can be s. The manuscript. I think. The texts on the verso. x+7. its writing being upside down from the standpoint of the recto. the latter being the normal dimension with business and legal documents of Ramesside times. Another expression often very seems twice to be curiously substituted. It is not at all clear why. and especially in rt. 3. I-I3)· This is a papyrus of fine texture now measuring a little more than 2· S metres in length by a height of from I 7 to I 8 cm. Vandier. after the join. Yet another example is the Ritual of Amenophis I. s. rt. 1-4. p. seep. r anri 2. amidst a very cursive context. which. who restored to their proper places the wrongly joined fragments of rt. in its present state. I 3a. 24. I have given a full translation in JE. but elsewhere he uses ligatures that would be undecipherable but for the constant recurrence of the same formulre. Ibscher. I only the ends of two lines are left with some red numbers below them. 23· 5. with as detailed a Commentary as seemed possible in our ignorance of the exact working ofRamesside fiscal arrangements.-··~ ~ ~ ~"' 1 . it is just possible that in the lost top half there were some very short pages or memoranda. the corn-taxes to which the two documents refer belong to widely distant parts of Middle Egypt. as usual. Vs. he seems to have decided to add three more pages. the scribe of the Lansing Miscellany. The reigning king is alluded to. rt. 6. starting on the right: I4· 23.<. . on reaching this decision. 5. and the lower part (ed. date. the height may have been between 35 and 42 cm. 2. I. 6. Boreux. preserves only the upper portion of the recto (horizontal fibres uppermost). To all who have thus combined to make this publication possible I tender my cordial thanks. I939). Later.. shows analogies with the Amiens papyrus so striking that one could easily believe they came from the same find. The Amiens papyrus shares with the Wilbour the reduction of. 10.' cut the complete roll into two nearly equal halves. The demonstrative word. presents a neat appearance and was obviously the work of an experienced official scribe. s.::_ also suffers extreme abbreviation (p. quality of papyrus employed. I a. whence it is clear that the day of his accession lay between the 29th of the 3rd Winter-month and the 7th of the I st month of Summer. was perhaps at first intended by the scribe to be the conclusion of his work. which is of moderate size except in vs. and then cut off the remainder of his original roll at 4 cm. seconded by his ever willing assistant J. having lain on the outside of the roll. I. however. though. Joins are found at the following distances from one another. and a clue to his identity might be afforded by vs. however. The writing. seen from the facsimiles accompanying my text (cf. I a. x+ 8 and x+9. It was Spiegelberg. note 4 ').. but my experience with the Wilbour papyrus has enabled me to add important new readings. 2). note 2'. 4 a space of 77 cm. and the lower portion of the verso. crew') Phamniite (rt. r. here it must suffice to say that the papyrus deals with the shipping apparently to Thebes of corn belonging to a number of different temples. I and S. 7). are not the continuation of those on the recto. ::--.:: to a mere oblique stroke. 24. but this is written distinctly in uncia! characters only in vs. Originally. I. I then transcribed only a few lines. looking closer..' It seems likely that the fella.d XXVII. The rare word rmny(t) here found is frequent in the Wilbour papyrus belonging to the Brooklyn Museum. PI. The Amiens Papyrus (pp. while the Wilbour papyrus came to light little more than 20 years ago. realizing its difficulty. probably mere jottings. I have profited much by the excellent transcription in one of his notebooks now in my hands.INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION 1 CemY in JEA XXXI. the Amiens papyrus has been in the possession of that city for half-acentury at the very least. 24. for which see vs. too the photographs of rt. vs. x+ IO. thohgh not in the extraordinary manner adopted by the scribes of the \Vilbour. E. 3. 30. 23· 23· 23· 23· 5. though emanating from the same hand and dealing with the same topic. with n. and it must be fully 40 years ago that I visited Amiens for the express purpose of seeing it. vocabulary and some of the ligatures. however. 2. so that this. e. Other clues might be the names of the 2).. moreover. x+2. and 4 cm. as well as an extremely abbreviated form of~. 11 Ibid. the Municipality of Amiens sent the original to the Louvre for my especial benefit (March. let us say. the principal references are given below. 2. seep. which would then account for this problematical blank space.g. n. 2). 2. As regards the contents. notes 3'·b 4b. Through the kind offices of M. Of vs. After the writing of the recto was finished-five pages remain. as previously explained. However. The beginning of both recto and verso is lost. we discern an amazing inconsistency in his forms. there is no commoner phrase in the papyrus than ~ . he left before vs. x+9. and the chief of workmen (or 'ship's Steward of Amiin Racmessenakhte (rt. s. I a.' by the designation 'Pharaoh' (e. who first informed me of the existence of this papyrus. Much later Peet interested himself greatly in the document. together with a total which constitutes almost all that is left of vs. p. The date must be one of the reigns following Ramesses Ill.= s. if only we could recover the history of those individuals. with trace of a red hundred-sign from the top line of the page preceding the first-the scribe left a blank space of I 8 cm. cursively written is ~::-. and was working upon an edition at the time of his death.hln finders. H. following a common custom of theirs. Wilbour Commentary. For example. I stands at the back of rt. while his prenomen is found a number of times. v. s. unused. of which the upper part is in Cairo. The pages of the verso are curiously disposed. alike in subject-matter. VI s. withnn. note I'. curiously enough. 24.

3 9. first records sundry deliveries or distributions of oil (vs. while its commandant. q) as vs. receipts of fish delivered as taxes in kind are enumerated in the two remaining lines. The verso. mostly fragmentary. sale belonging to the 33rd year of Amenophis III and a long Ramesside letter. All of which was faithfully performed. Nineteenth Dynasty Papyrus from 'Gurob' (pp.e. and which are nowalmostnniversa11vaclnnteci T" the l:ah•· . etc. a sort of k. No. viii I . of the advances made m Egyptian philology during the past years Griffith's so ix .. Text. etc. London. being locally pronounced as 'alif. and many were crushed up as waste paper. cit. interpreted it as 'AhG. and a number of them being literary. is referred to in vs. The only fragment hitherto mentioned in print by myself is Q. 38). Text. however. r b. p. All the fragments. ro. Third Series. parts of letters. S as setting apart food for the sustenance of the establishment. do not concern us in the present volume. London. I-6. I 20 f All the fragments here published for the first time have been most carefully so. The subject is similar to that of the memorandum at the bottom of the recto. and concerning the papyri he found there he wrote in his Kahun. Ib respectively. 392) and :JEA XXIX. III-XV came from the same place. Since the top of the recto is also the top of the verso the text of the verso must be the continuation. see Hieratic Papyri in the British Museum. a few additional fragments have been found by Cerny at University College. None of the rolls were sealed. 3 In lllahun. hearing the name IllahUn. and under these letters they will be found referred to in the Be!egste!len of the Berlin dictionary and in Ranke's Agyptische Personennamen. the town of Moeris.. Papyri from Kom Medinet Ghurab ('Gurob'). etc. p. etc. F. or the like.RAMESSIDE ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS INTRODUCTION 11-XVI. p. Arrived at the end of the recto. This I would supplement by conjecturing that we have here a sample of the records kept concerning the business transacted from day to day within the Royal Harem at Mi-wer. the Overseer of the King's Apartments. of this papyrus and the lesser fragments from the same source have been discussed in the above paragraphs. I collated by Cerny. Pis. sections of this book are devoted to papyri. top right. 115* (No. 6). Petrie (later Sir Flinders Petrie) at Ki\m Medinet Ghurab near the entrance to the Fayyum.. the exception adds 9 · 5 cm.e. pp. Gurob. and I have recently extended it as far as BB.' To Petrie this site was known as Gurob.. are now back at University College. It was obviously desirable that this lettering should be retained here. from a lady of high rank concerning some foreign people placed in her charge for some sort of education or training. and partly because internal evidence clearly points to Mi-wer as the provenance. the Arabic t]. The Harem is explicitly mentioned in rt. 51. PI.. I. o-r 8). The next fifteen See my Ancient Egyptian Onomastica. 27 ff. Not all the texts seemed worthy of being placed on slips for the Berlin dictionary. thus implying that there were others found on the same site. who. The recto contains the latter part of a letter to the Pharaoh. the name Kahun is merely a mistake of Petrie's. ra. partly because they must be the papyri alluded to in the quotations from the works by Petrie and Griffith given above (for the name of Ramesses II. II. 39-40. or report. i. cit. 2 I. and 40. written in the same hand. to the breadth of the sheet at the point here described (p. Petrie's intention. and utilize them for the Berlin dictionary. ~~e Scharff in ZAS LIX. the site of ~~@ Mi-wer. They seem all to emanate from finds made by W. probably Sethos II.. Below this the text divides into two columns or pages here designated as vs. The manuscript here under consideration consists of a single sheet of very coarse texture measuring 4 2 cm. in which receipts of tribute are entered and copies of correspondence kept'.' It seems certain that all the other fragments here transcribed under Nos. I4-I 8). part of a hymn to Amiin of which a very defective copy was found among the Chester Beatty papyri. partly because Petrie explicitly declared them to be such when entrusting them to me for study. and this naturally holds good also of the related papyri in the Berlin Museum edited by myself in ZAS XLIII. my main alterations consisting in conforming the whole to the conventions which were first proposed by myself in ']EAXV. London. as being 'the most important papyri' from Gurob. in handing over the fragments for my safe-keeping.' In the Griffith mentions the two deeds of same author's 1!/ahun. in breadth.' The only royal name is that ofRamessu II. p. II. but none in such fine state as those ofKahun. as well as by myself. 50. 36.. Illahun) a few miles to the north-east. The provenance. z. I. is probably not very far wide of the mark: 'The papyrus appears to have been the journal kept by a royal scribe. belonging to the cpllection at University College. though classed with the Gurob papyri. 94). but to the supplies of fish a record of the distribution of bread and beer has been added. M. II in the present volume) and (2) a letter in duplicate to Amenophis IV (op. A subsequent note made by Griffith when publishing the deeds of sale (Hieratic Papyri from Kahun and Gurob. The series must.. doubtless after a long interval. Hieratic Papyri.. of that upon the recto. was that I should take them to Berlin._. and Hawara (I89o). inscribed on both sides in a very neat smallish hand. have them mounted by Ibscher there. I 2 According to M Oiler. I a and vs. see below. the scribe will have followed the usual practice of turning the roll horizontally and continuing the text in the direction of the beginning of the recto. Thus the only papyri from Ki\m Medlnet Ghurab hitherto published are (I) the 'Ramesside letter or report' (Griffith. in height by 2 7 cm. p. Pis. begin with the large sheet already published by Griffith. p. The description of the whole given by Griffith (op. 48 ff. For convenience I lettered the entire series from A to U. Griffith's transcription has needed but little correction. Of these only one preserves more than figures meaningless in the lack of a context. This is followed by a memorandum mentioning the palace of Sethos II in Memphis and dated in the second Year.n preceded by the article. Since Griffith's publication in Hieratic P "J'Yri. as follows: 'Of papyri a few were found. By the kindness of Professor Glanville I was able to collate the original in the comfort of my former London home. and Gurob. 92) reveals the fact that these. Kahun. apart from one or two in Oxford. 37 ff. Griffith gave Kahun as the provenance of this. actually came from 'Kahun' (i.

The very scanty remams of another extremely threadbare sheet. I 8. I8-I9)· This consists of an extremely threadbare sheet of fine papyrus. pp. T (p. scribe Mal. left) with some uncommon words. from p.) is shown by the fibres to have stood above Fragment b (8 X 12· 5 cm. 'Gurob' Fragments. the small port10n of a report made in the 6rst Year of Ramesses I I. on the recto. Three fragments of Nineteenth Dynasty date inscribed on the recto m a much more upright. of a rather cursive business type. AA and BB. A small sheet (I 3 x 22 cm. Y (pp. I I. A small square sheet (I4X IJ·5 cm. G (pp. F (pp. but of which reign is unknown. probably belonged to the reign of that king.. withdrawn from the storeroom of 'this house'. The verso has some traces of accounts not worth publishing. for a join is visible between cols. of which the first refers to garments sent to the Delta Residence. and the mention of the 'Harem-people' in p. Both sides are written in the same hand. bottom.RAMESSIDE ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS INTRODUCTION translation is less satisfactory. the second enumerates quantities of semi-precious stones. but this is not a suitable place in which to attempt an business hand. while b preserves part of the Journal of a voyage. which are written the same way up. both recto and verso name a temple of Ramesses II known elsewhere only from the Wilbour papyrus. No. 2. height 34 cm. 9. 'Gurob' Fragments. Among the articles of cloth mentioned. inscribed on the horizontal fibres (~) with considerable portions of a first page and the initial signs of a second page or column. An irregularly shaped fragment (I 2 X I 5 cm. I VII. VIII. I and 2 of the verso. N (pp. consists of the much frayed portions of the lower half of two adjoining sheets.d. 'Gurob' Fragments. 'Gurob' Fragments. is rather larger than that of U (VI below) and doubtless the work of another. the writing is a little smaller and apparently more painstaking.. rather prone to ligatures and abbreviations. 24-26). 24. Two senarate C'arts nf a sheet of papyrus measuring 2 2 X 2 7 (I 2 +I 5) cm. 'Gurob' Fragments. which mentions the same deputygovernor of the Royal Harem at Mi-wer. p. very legible. the guess 'Year 2' in I. For the. The subject is deliveries of fish to the Harem at Mi-wer. The main piece measures I 9 cm. b. 2a. 27-28). reckoned in silver. I Sa. and this gives a terminus a quo for the papyrus. Deliveries of fish. XI.) complete except for some signs at the beginning of ll. IOX5cm. J (pp. the damaged beginning of a second list alludes to garments 'given as gifts' (or 'tribute') by a scribe Seti. in breadth. 26-27). Both recto and verso are inscribed in the same thick business hand. The texts of the verso are the work of a different scribe who used a slanting cursive. . though possibly contemporary. the values of which. I. · ~X. doubtless likewise from the end of the Nineteenth Dynasty. This lists a number of garments. 30-32). 11. 24. are now lost in lacunre. 4. The verso gave a statement of some deliveries of fish. r 2. 'Gurob' Fragments. The garments or material mentioned on the recto of band c belonged wholly or in part to the Hittite princess MaaJ:wrnefrurec (?). and No. see the textual note. p. mentioned also on the verso. is remarkable for the difficulties presented by some of its signs or words. note'·h of I. K lrr. the original position of Fragment c (4 x 7 cm. p. Dimensions of fragments: a. r is very uncertain. This fragment. may possibly be the same on both recto and verso. 4-5. I. The handwriting. scribe. 22). 23a. 20. see my Commentary thereto. Here the subject is the delivery and branding of cattle belonging to the Royal Harem.) is uncertain. however. N. parts of six lines from the top of a page containing V. 22 cm. The writing.. The recto (lJ) has a blank strip of some breadth before the preserved page. I. by JI cm. see below.)with. The verso has two columns. X. shows the relationship of the document to many others in this collection of fragments. 'Gurob' Fragments. etc. one at least seems clearly destined for a male member of the Royal Household. by which presumably the Royal Harem at K6m Medinet Ghurab is meant. for another scrap of papyrus dealing with the making of similar identification marks on the foreheads of cattle. on the recto only. Fragment a (5· 5 X 9 cm. U (rr 22-24-. The admirable business hand may possibly be the same as that of Fragment K (below XI. XX. II. Under this letter are given four fragments enumerating garments belonging or delivered to various houses. 27). in my p. Ill. breadth 2 6 cm. c. 'Gurob' Fragments.ll common in accounts or else the word ---' 'piece(s)'. since only part of this is preserved. 2 I x 7· 5 cm. 2 8). as we have seen. _'Gurob' Fr~g~ents. The verso of Fragments a and b. mostly introduced by an always indistinct sign whrch may be erther the . IV. possibly written by the same scribe as L. it emerges that the date is not earlier than Ramesses Ill. p. 59· The date of Fragment F is undoubtedly the Nineteenth Dynasty. p. · VI. I2X9cm. a appears to have n_amed objects supplied in connection with some work.n!e 1 In the autographed text a closing bracket ought to have stood across the Horusbird. ~he red additions... n.28-2ol. There is also a small detached fragment (p. 1 whom Ramesses II took into his Harem in his 34th year. see above. I 6 X I 8 cm.) mscnbed on both srdes m the same difficult slanting business hand. 3. The fine large black writing on the recto (~) shows this to have been an official memorandum of some importance. not improbably identical with that of L below (XII. inscribed on the vertical fibres X xi si.). in height by 29 cm. I. improvement upon it. some reason is given for thinking that the mortuary temple of Sethos II was mentioned. 26. 20-2I). W (p. there.m of p. are due to the same scribe.

and consists of a continuous piece some I02 cm. 35-44).I RAMESSIDE ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS INTRODUCTION with two columns in a rough. PI. 'Gurob' Fragments. in height. I o. but rather at or near Er-Rtze*at.. but legible. once again dated in the 67th Year of Ramesses I I. p. I4I-I50· The subject is the receipts of corn from various towns' to the south of Thebes. Measuring along the recto joins are visible at 7· 5. two overseers of cattle. A translation of the more important lines will be found in my Papyrus Wi!bour. I. 96-97. however. Commentary. among the last is the First Prophet of the House of Onuris. being a sort of title-page. in a good business hand neater than that of L. The recto. remains ofa list of commodities in jars. 77 ff. and had the beginning of the lines been preserved. a. 24. n'·. M (p. L. AA (p. The personage responsible for these proceedings was the scribe Dhutmose so well known from the . A fragment measunng I I· 5 X ro cm.. on the recto. on a and c only. The scribe responsible for this fragment may well have been the same as that of F.) written. Nineteenth Dynasty business hand. legible. So at least seems to have emerged from Griffith's latest rese~rches. Reasonably good facsimiles of the hieratic are given in the publication of Pleyte and Rossi. the remains of 9 lines from the bottom of a page. The handwriting of our fragment may be that of the scribe of L. Deliveries of fish. 2 8. and four prophets of different temples. Commentary. from which only the word for 'Pharaoh' has survived. parts of IO much worn lines of a third page. end of one page of 9 lines rather widely spaced out. xiii 11 . to a number of women. XVI. I 2 X 6 cm. probably Ramesses I I. IOO-IOI and I 55-I 57. see J. 206-207. A single fragment (IS X I2 cm. I 896 2006 in the Catalogue by Fabretti. is a record of bricks issued to certain classes of people. Anl]. N. ' XII. 30-32). 33). dated in Year I 2 of Ramesses XI. The verso gives the XVII. Rossi and Lanz. 244. The form seems somewhat similar to that of the Amiens papyrus (I. see my /lnrient Pf(l'hfian Ouomastica. Red is used for figures and dates wherever appropriate. The hand is bold and black. N. in length preceded by a strip I I· 5 cm. 24. who seems likely to be identical with the wellknown owner of a tomb. 'vas probably not at Gebelen. not improbably identical with that of N. dated in the reign of MeneptaJ:l. valued in terms of the corn-unit. The scribe may have been the same as that of L. The subject appears to have been the measurement of plots in different places in connection with the corn-tax. L (pp. XIII. Z (p. 14) has been found in F and is known also from a stela found at K6m Med1net Ghurab. as I m company wtth most Egyptologists had supposed. possibly referring to sacks of corn. is written in a small.. see ZAS LXXIII.one (Vol. if so. 207. Inscribed on the recto only. their transport thence to the southern capital. Since equivalences with the true page-numbering have been given. not only in a footnote (p. etc. I. pp. In its present reconsti- + tuted and remounted state this manuscript. The handwriting is practised and legible.. above). more uncia! hand. I. 34). see Pleyte and Rossi. 22. Two fragments which join together to form nearly the complete breadth of a single page measuring I 5 X I 2· 5 cm. Verso. though possibly to be attributed to the same scribe. The text of the recto. Originally. I. c. I Sa. BB (P·35). and beginnings of I I lines of a second page. 32). I 8 X I 5 cm.) preserving. b. after a blank space of more than 7 cm. of about 4 cm. 'Gurob' Fragments. therein are enumerated two overseers of prophets. U verso and AA. 'Gurob' Fragments. between the two must have been a fold. written in a blacker. at Nag< el-Meshay1kh. secular papyri in the Turin collection. The first of the five pages. the 22nd Year here mentioned may be that of either Ramesses 1I or Ramesses Ill. II. has a certain interest on account of its points of contact with Text A of the Wilbour papyrus. they might have been seen to refer to shipments. 96. 2 6 I). see above. The deputy-governor of the Royal Harem U simacrecemhab (p. One large and two smaller portions of the same papyrus dealing. it must have been still longer. from the beginning of the continuous strip. AA and BB.. now lost. p. but also at the commencement of each page in the hieroglyphic transcription in the present work.. 'Gurob' Fragments. L. which figures so largely in this text. XIV. Very scanty remains. The verso has only a few figures. XV. 2 I· 5 X 30· 5 cm. Date. it will probably date from the last years of Ramesses I I. U verso and BB. The Turin Taxation Papyrus (pp. making the total length of the existing manuscript about I I 6 or I I 7 cm. 27 4* f. 22-37. These doubtless likewise belonged to an agricultural text. 'Gurob' Fragments. since there clearly once was a page in front of verso I. 23 and 23 cm. which. but curiously separated in four different places. namely in Pis. 6 5. Nos.. 'Les recits de recolte dates dans l'ancienne Egypte comme elements chronologiques' in Recuei! de Travaux. on the recto (t'). with 7 lines belonging to the lower part of the page. only a few words legible from the ends of lines of a similar page. Lieblein. and even so· only the first page of the verso has been reproduced. that it formed part of the same text was first recognised by Lieblein in an article containing translations which I overlooked when writing my own account in JEA. n. with the corn-tax of the 67th Year of Ramesses I I. This measures 20 cm. broad. a good deal nearer Thebes. Substantial parts of I I lines have survived and are concerned with the corn-tax. pp. is written in rather larger characters than the rest. A translation is given in my Papyrus Wi!bour. I xii 1 It seems desirable here to note that the town of lmiotru. and was probably written byadifferentscribe. ·. business hand with red· rubrics and figures wherever suitable. and their delivery into the appointed granaries.Partofasinglesheet(I6·5XI6cm. Details with regard to the separate portions: L. 4) to my translation and commentary in JEA XXVII.ermose. for all its small size and extremely defective text. forms one of the best-preserved and most complete among the non-royal. The verso (here t') is completely blank. extensive correspondence published by Cerny in his Late Ramesside Letters. in breadth. we may proceed at once to a description of the papyrus as a whole.

At the outer end of the roll a considerable portion may have been cut away in antiquity. 45-58).J .lt'll!i'!l#//t fN..c==~~~'-=~ Col. r. on the second occasion permission was granted by his successor Professor Farina.J6) j WIIIHIIIUHIII~WIIIIIIIH11(p. which I have not seen.&'II. since the fourth and last page of the recto is followed by a blank space of I o· 3 cm.W/#II/IIIHI$HI/IHIQI. in length by a height of 40· 5 cm.. preceded by a page or column now lost.4. <9'/ft.w . Wt-lBWPI/IIIIIIIIIfiiAI'IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIl'flfllllll/lllll!llll/llil!llfl/111#1/ll'~!"'r/t X +! 4 11 <¥1111/IIIIMWIJ/11/IIH#H/II!I..< l'C Z'/1///1//l///lll/l/lllll/lllllff/llllllflllllllll/lllllll!l#i/llillllllll/s.W#IIIHII/Ifll/llhWI!I/11/145 >71//IIIIHI//IIIIIUIH!II$/II@/HHIIf!W'UUHIH/MIOO llll/1.w. often but not always to the advantage of the document's legibility.INTRODUCTION RAMESSIDE ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS The verso-the side on which the vertical fibres are . pp.wti. 50-6 5.'AWI.IWH#M'II-l0W~MIW~ lt om'HH#AI'M'MW.. the analysis by W.WI//bt.V/"'X+"-4 ~1/IIH#MWIIPI//IH/IIIIfhri/III&. 5 111 11111111111. only very imperfectly recognizes the nature of the contents.w::::tfoJf. !0 WI/IIW#PPIIMMW_.. as already said.W/1.:z.. There appears to have been a brief earlier account by G.WII#NIPIIHI!I#IIIIMWI###A2- ~~ . lists amounts of corn received in several towns from certain foreign cultivators.wtl/1/fi/#{{IMV/{#IIflugi/IA!Y!.rw&mu~t.i x +! 1 .l~!~--~.wJihi.WIPifiiiiiiiiii14WIIIIMrl!lllli'<m\11 o:y. 'I'll!> X+l 3 WH#I!III!#Iflllfi/IIIIIIIIIIHUIJ. _:.wtm.. XVIII. I 8 8 3. 'Wl. WJ/11111/IIIr.w l) .:!i7·ti) w\ Cot:3(p.W/#II$U/I/I/I#IHIHIIQJIU!/H t ( '>'lf/l/lfl/flf/11/#//IAWIIIII/!MIIfAifWJW¥$&'##~ 2.W.52. 1Ht/IWIII#II.53-4) : \ W!!.J6jf.'} 9t! ZZ Vf/#. and this may have obliterated any traces of the original text. he refused to qualify the revolts of the workers at the Royal Tomb as strikes through too narrow a definition of that term.:w. X+l:Z fWIIIIIIHII!IIIIH.~ WIIHHit.WJII$1/HHAI2. was given by W. is complete or practically complete. carefully revised with the original in I 9 3 8 .W/UihW#II!II.W.WII/PIIf!IHIIHIII/I/HIIfiii//Hifl!lfii/. Rossi in Pleyte and Rossi.~----' PLAN OF THE STRIKE PAPYRUS The numbering. it being desired to preserve only the records concerning the strikes.::J< 15 WHM'IHH&tttMmwmu.W/. XV Wf///11111111. An admirable translation of the narratives of the recto.W#I#/1/4 4 ¥.PPUJWt. Wlh'f. XXXV-XLVIII.&Mt#/11. _5 WI!IINII/IHIIIHI.. g o////1/II#IH//IIII/III/H//I//////IHIIIJI!IIIIIIIIHI/f/llfl/llt"' 9 «WM'. Strassburg.WI/I.. Vf/IP/ff!W//t.I'HH#/1/114 3 Col 2(pp. These are found mainly on the true recto.< 6 '{1/ltll/llfii/IIHIIII/1.W/IIIWIIP.0'1 'YIM'IM'I#IIIIIfiii/H/J/fi/IHIIHM'fMw.W&M'IIINI. IJ$1/IIIHII#Ml!'hl/.~mH/.. Peet ctudied the XlV join C join B join A .of the columns and tines is in the main that oJPte!::lte and Rossi RejeT"ences in -r-ound brackets ar-e to the uutosraphed pages of this book. In its present state the papyrus measures 9 I cm. Spiegelberg in his brochure entitled Arbeiter und Arbeiterbewegung im Pharaonenreich unter den Ramessiden.#rllf.. I 8 ff. when T made mv latest collation in r q j8 the papier ve~hal harl been removed.tl//lfiiZJ. 34-38. pp. Maspero cites also Lectures Historiques.-3 W&'ffffll//. Ill <W. W!/IIIIPM~ . which are concerned with very miscellaneous matters connected with the workpeople afore-mentioned.M'M#ZWPt4 J. i. JWIHIIIIPP#UIIP//IHIIWIIII/HIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIII/111/IIIIfll/41 t W$AI'Ifiii. f'PIIIHI/1/UII#~ I'M'II/11/!IQ. '--.J2 wwllta<HHI11t!tllllllt1HIImltmwti1Htlllt1Httlllflrullumm.-----~~~~~.. 5 X+I 6 X +l] 1HMI212.1 (pp.Jih.ltwlllt. This text. it is to be presumed that the original text of the recto had been washed off and subsequently replaced..0 W.!¥11.WIIIIIINIIIIIIMMJWI. and its first page stands at the back of recto 5.W.ss) .'/lflflllfi!IIIIIHHIHIIII!HI/IIII. Facsimile by F.WU&WIIIIIHIII/III. Papyrus de Turin..16t ¥1/1//f/1111/III!I/III!IIIIH/PII!Hfllfi/IIIIIIJ'I/IIJI?o/f/ll&'lllllll!l/lllllll/lf/IU/flll/11{1{.6 1'$/. 1 WHI/111/IUJ W#lfi!IPP/1/. On the verso the existing text was written over one that has been deleted.m'H/11/Jifii!PI!IIIHIIHI/IIIIhr/lt.um!l::. reckoned to the end of a small newly added projecting strip.Wifi/UHIM'@I/IIIIHII. where col. JO f'/#1/. Now bears the number I88o in the Turin Collection.<W»2J. Both scholars readily consented to my publishing my work if ever opportunity should arise.\)WgJ.WH#H.. 8 .. the then Director of the Egyptian Museum.-. In the early days of Egyptology the whole manuscript was covered with papier vegetal.W#Ii. Clearly we possess the entire inner end of the roll.¥/mW~ 6 q!IJ!IIIIIi/lfh'I'II!.wi/Ufii/UJWIUINPM 10 W#l!llm'III!A Wl/11111111!1. 2. Though the records of the strikes constitute the most important part of the papyrus. Pls./f~ 'WHH.w!Hiti.W///IIIHIIIIM¥#/III/IfiHIHIPnmwlllllhi'I//111//Y. but while he fully grasped their purport. ¥11/llll///ll/ll/lf/JIII/If/II/IIII/IIIIIIIIIIIUI/IIIIIti/Uft. on the former occasion all facilities for study were accorded by Professor Schiaparelli. Wt.WIMfiiM'#Htiii/UIII/WIU/IIIMWIPi¥/fH/b. I.«® 1 <r.e. This conclusion agrees with the data of the verso. 'I}Ji<'.V#Hh Wlllll##!tl. pp. cit.U5 iw. pp. <.W/It. they by no means exhaust the whole contents.W!h.. op.WII/II~& W/1//1111/l!fl WP#/.. J?.WHI.2° 11 RECTO (VH ) . J 7 '¥/hWfMW/. I'MH/11/1//.wttllllltllttlltllfl't"lll!l!llflllt/flll/lltiii!Htlftllllllllllf/IIA 1 9w~ VJIIHIW#IIIIHII!HAI'IIAI'IIII!III/1/1/IIII/III/IIIII/I//!U////I#/11.Y/IJWHIHIH/H/PIII/Iff Plllflll/hf/11111111171111111.>.'/~4 V/.W~m. Pleyte.#'f/#!#/q. f'///fllllllll/#lt/III/1!/IIIIII!I.WM'illltii/A'M'MfflwAW4m'hY/I!I'i#HIIIA'/##1f4}. the side with the horizontal fibres over the vertical.W!PPIIW/1419~ 'lm'Ju./fii!Ht/. Such was the condition of the papyrus when I first studied it in I 90 5. 3 •11111/fflflll/14 '/lllfllfiiii/1/Hl WII#Pfl/1/h 9 W/1111/lt/111!. <mwii/IHI~ :I-WI/IIIh'.IIJII/HIHM'IIM'fiii!II!.uppermost-consists at present of three columns once.W/I/I/INI.&'1111##//IW#h'PII/111/WI//II/11111111#!!11!1/f!/flh 7 "lfi/IIIIM'IIfhW&Witt##AI'#o. 13 W/AWf#I!PMW. running close up to the inner margin.iiiAIWQI~ Col.W#Q'#I"l>WMW. written in Year I 4.WII...JO Hl/////""/""/fiiii/IIIW/1/Iflfiii/IAI'fllllllfl/llll/1/h.WIIHIIIMW/IIm'li'm¥fiM WI/IIIII#PIP/IIII!IIII/111/I/IJI/IHIII!!III!II/I/IIIHII/fl/llllllllllltnt15 lf/t!lllllilllfllfltllt~ (P. 3 1/lflll/llffiii.W. The Turin Strike Papyrus (pp. but since the dates show the narratives to have been written later than che earliest texts on the true verso. .Jit!I.f#IIUHIIII!#Ht/Mw/fi~M'Miott '8WIW#h'H/WHHIHNII{{{ffHINIIIHIQnpi/IIIH/flth 8 PA:WII#II//bbi!IIIIIHHIIII////IH/#II#IIII#I!I/IHIHHtl/. 2.W/IIN/IHNII!HIHIPtmtm J '7(1/H#HIIII/#IM "'1/HI.7 WIPI/11/IM l'ltllf!tlllilt (pp:J4·6) 9 'M(Xj'#/...W. The transcription here published is that made by me in I 90 5. Maspero in a lecture given to the Saint-Simon Club and published in the Bulletin du Cercle Historique.ioC I>. 11 13 dti/Pttumu "' W/IIIWtttthWitntPt...WIIIIhAWII. :W. I895.l' Wlff.W.. Wl/llffl/1/111#.YtHHIIIHti!HIIIIItJPI!ti.4(pP.MWAWIIIHIM'III/~I/f/(.'t. 14 15 'YI&'MW'MWAI'IMW!III/IlflfM'.0 W'/IH/!1/IIIIfi/$/IHHII/f/#///Q. . 6 8-7 I .1~ .W.wtHI!IIfllll/111!.J.OW. for this.ZW/MWII!IIIIWHIHH###!HtJ WII/1#.1H/Im'IM!H14Wt~mu~ 111!1/llllttt.

24 P· vii. J. 2. The subjects are too varied to be specified afresh. 14 'Or 31. 3. 7 p. The character ofthe handwriting. However. and checked my final readings. I. Is). 6 ix. I. ro' 7. 20 p. some may desire to confine their attention to the troubles which broke out in the Necropolis on the roth day of the 2nd month of Winter. J. except in the case of one paragraph of the recto (rt. I7' vs. I 1x. I 3 vii or viii. I. I4 p. that the accompanying plans. 1. s ix. The few dates on the verso dovetail into those of the narratives on the recto. I r8 1 I I rt. I. on the 2nd day of the I st month of Winter. 7 v1. 5S. I. my p. ii (?). I. For convenience the naming of the three seasons (Inundation. 4. This papyrus bears eloquent testimony to the scarcity of writing material at the period when it was written. I.J. nor does the numbering of the lines in Pleyte and Rossi. 3. 4). so. There is one more date on the verso precedent to any on the recto. ll. 55. 20. undated] rt. 2. Page and line in thic. I. the name of that monarch does not occur. 2. 2 (?)• rt. and the spacing is rather more generous. I. this paragraph was added after the completion of A-C in the space available below the short column vs. ]. so that in the list below the texts in question have been furnished with an asterisk. 4 Single-line record of the death of the scribe of the Necropolis Pentwere.ss.' We have no certain means of dating those entries which are not supphed With a date. The earliest written memoranda are those occupying the centre of the verso and lettered A. IS vs. with no salient peculiarities. 23 P· 54. the day before the accessiondate of Ramesses III. I. ). 5 ff. I2 rt. 6). SI. however. 48. though the size of the writing varies in different places. on the 2 sth of the I st month of Summer. particularly on the verso. Cerny was with me at Turin in I 9 3 S. these two dates are the 2nd day of the 3rd month of Inundation (vs. 8 P· 49. 6 P· 56. place the matter beyond a doubt. I viii. I. iii. 2. It may be assumed as broadly true that the dates given in the papyrus. p. 1 the other on the recto (rt. book p. 7. i. 3 ss. my p. with the result that the sequence of the individual narratives or memoranda is not quite easy to realize. if not actually the dates on which the memoranda were written. 1J• DATES IN THE STRIKE PAPYRUS Date Place in the papyrus Yr. I. II rt. I. 1. I. [I] rt. 41. z. There are two dates here. P· 57. IJ rt. v. and in this connection the headings to the individual texts must be consulted. 4 rt. where the position between two dated paragraphs of this severely consecutive narration affords an approximate dating. will go far towards elucidating the facts. I I vs. can be judged roughly from the published facsimile. I6 rt.RAMESSIDE ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS INTRODUCTION text in I923 and I owe one or two readings to his notebook now in my possession. 6 I 3' rt. I. here the writing is a trifle larger than elsewhere. ix. 2. Is (p. r. Winter and Summer) has been here discarded in favour of a numbering of the' months in their consecutive order. 57. 6 P· 53. in any way clarify the position. There are two dates later than this. 2) respectively. 7 s. *" " *" " *" " " " * " " * " " * " " *" " ·*[" " *" " * " " *" " *" " * " " * " " VI.LIS Obviously from its position a very late addition to the 2 This paragraph is a later insertion. I. a p. p. see below).\:L'<:lJlHJll~ 'o<:C xvii. 6 P· 54. IS P· 58. I7 v1. VI. 2 vs. and used an experienced business style. 4. which may have been due to the same scribe throughout. I. 25 VS. nn. 5J. 2 Yr. IS 1 verso. VS. 10r . where it is not quite certain whether the year was the 30th or the 3 I st. which it has been found necessary to retain. s Distribution of the rations for the sixth month. were at all events not very far removed therefrom. B and C in my text. I. Is). P· 5 I' I. For those students who wish to read the texts in their correct chronological order the following conspectus will be of help. 4. 4 5-48. 2 " " " IV. 2. and continue consecutively down to the I 6th day of the I st month of Summer (rt. rt. 2. the scribe was a skilled professional. both in the 29th Year like practically all the entries in the papyrus (for the one exception. 46. sz. 2 z)is For two probable l'. I. one on the verso (vs. 4 v1. 30 (?). I I-!7. 9 1x. I. and reveals the component leaves as having had the not unusual breadth of 2 3-2 5 cm. J. but they belong to mere jottings. but the high year-dates. which start on the Ioth day of the 2nd month of Winter (rt. 1 See Sethe in LVIII. Every available space has been utilized. 2. 2) and the last day of the 4th month (vs. VI. I. I4). 8-19 (my D2. 5. 49. The date is towards the end of the reign of Ramesses III. " . when the regnal year will have changed from 29 to 30. I. 14). my p. It is hoped. 2 8 rt. r. namely that which heads the lines vs. 2 P· 47. xvi xvii ss. 57. I01 vs. 3. JO 2 IO v1. 49. and the mention of the Vizier To in rt. being written upside down in relation to the other texts of the recto. together with the indications introducing the individual texts. I. I. I. The position of the joins is shown in the plans on the preceding page. 2. 5 p. 29. my p. P· ss. which will have temporarily relieved the discontents. 3. my D7. r P· p. or at all events to its scarcity in the Theban Necropolis. pp. I.. I4 I p.

Pap. Perhaps it was intended as a convenient receptacle xviii XIX XX. however..ts deserved to be compared and discussed together. Attention was first called to this 1 The article by Chabas (really a letter to Lepsius) was probably prin~ ted without a proof being submitted. in JE. little doubt will be felt that the Varzy Papyrus once formed part of the same manuscript. The right-hand portion was bought by the Trustees in I 877. the name which Pharaoh had said to him. The three preserved lines of an excellent Ramesside hand (with a single group from a fourth line). not only did he arrange for Ibscher to put the fragments in order and cause some infra-red photographs to be taken which have proved of great assistance.e. 59-60). p. was given by me in JE. Mus. The subject. but also an admirable photograph whence the transcription here given has been made. and I owe it to the kindness of M. To make known the fashion of the branding-marks . The topic is the corn delivered in the 55th Year of Ramesses II from estates near N efrusi in the Hermopolite no me ' belonging to a statue named 'Ra<messe-miamun Beloved-of-Atum'. behind the top part of the side with the main text. PI. Pis. 11. This indicates presumably that the document. is here published for the first time. and our thanks are due to the Keeper of the Egyptian Department for the necessary facilities. The Varzy Papyrus (pp. 2-3. will be found in my Papyrus Wilbour Commentary.A XXVII. . with tentative conclusions. now again reunited in the British Museum. If the annexed photograph be compared with the reproductions of the Lee Papyrus given in New berry. rather widely spaced business hand... but when Glanville published his account under the title 'Book-keeping for a Cult of Rameses II' in the Journal of the Royal .. It is not altogether easy to determine the nature of the manuscript of which these fragments are the scanty remains.Amherst Papyri. not only a letter giving the dimensions as 3 I X I 7· 8 cm. And he .. accordingly. had been doubled over bdore the docket was written and this official record stored away.. were acquired some ten or more years ago. and I have printed a new rendering. Otherwise the mis~ print Narzy instead of Varzy could hardly have been possible. 10447 (p. The excellent paper by Glanville contained both translation and discussion. since when it has never been republished. 6o-63). Boreux that everything was done to render this possible. I8. The original provenance is unknown.------------- RAMESSIDE ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS . perhaps. inscribed on the side where the vertical fibres are uppermost with five long lines of text in a clear. The Louvre Leather Fragments (pp.rn I : in the 'apportioning' paragraphs of Text A of the Wilbour Papyrus. 8. some comments. The. is the indictment of one or other of the criminals who conspired to compass the death of Ramesses III. A single sheet of light-coloured papyrus measuring I 2 X 40· 5 cm.. but also he gave me all facilities for study and conceded to me the right of publication. after being rolled up from the bottom.A XXVII. as well as a photographic reproduction of the right-hand portion. The full text of the portions relevant to problems of land-taxation or rent (whichever it may be). 'Heliopolis prospers'). leather.Asiatic Society for January. 59). These fragments of tantalizingly incomplete sheet of papyrus by Chabas in zAs V (I 867). and flattened and restored by Ibscher in the spring of I 939· It was Cerny who drew my attention to them... to which the number S. ll. Brit. (I906). 58 ff. who published his transcription in his Rechnungen aus der Zeit Setis I. This. he having noticed the recurrent assessment f\ I: which strongly recalled a similarly recurrent assessment .q4 has been given. 66-67. II-I2. XXI. V).. 70 f.N. the left-hand portion had temporarily disappeared. I929. And he took the palette in his hand and made a 't)\-sign with a ~ inside it. Mt!moires et Fragments (Bibliotheque Egyptologique. that (l) you have branded all my cattle with this branding-mark which says (5\ ~ (i. but a preliminary account. II. had been copied in the Musee Guimet at Paris by Spiegelberg.. pp. andagainp. I owe to the courtesy of the Conservateur of the Museum ofVarzy1 (Departement de Nievre). I2-I3. The following is an attempt to render the few surviving sentences: He caused the branding-marks to be obliterated. with notes. lie along the horizontal fibres. and with that of the Rollin Papyrus in Deveria. unhappily not altogether free from errors. It was obvious that the two documel]. Unhappily little can be made out of the Varzy fragment except the reference to the removal and replacement of a mark branded upon certaincattle-acustomreferred to below. 77· The completed document was collated in the British Museum in I 9 37 by Cerny and myself. p. but for many years separated. 57. . though that which he had already possessed was the name of a servant of lowly birth.. . ·- ---· INTRODUCTION XIX. There is also a docket at the bottom of the left half of the reverse side. A further consequence of the doubling may well have been that the manuscript divided into two halves. (at the end a-figure of the type described above) . 208 f.

per aroura. of the house of the Mayor of the City Henufe. pp. . and starting at the back of the aforementioned blank strip. but may perhaps have been Ramesses II or Meneptah. 6o. each devoted to the land owned by some The ban temple or chapel. like the texts here given. since the space under 2. Later study of the photographs showed that each of the two fragments) had its own short separate heading. The text.. succeeded by a blank strip 20 cm. The date of the papyrus is undoubtedly the middle of the Twentieth Dynasty.. Joins are found. To the left followed substantial remains of three columns or pages (below. 6oa. and so does a fisherman named Kadore (for references see in the Index later). and various work involving furniture and the quarrying of gypsum.!n@l You have built me a . A preliminary account. in the 3rd month of Summer of Year 2. and is not impossibly that of the same scribe. but on some larger ones are entries from a journal dated. administrative acts on the part of the Vizier Wennofre. was given by me in ]EA XXVII. pp. 64 ff. p. .. This name has been given I. PI.n 1 _~:it ro ]!. On the other hand.. In the body of these paragraphs. 6I. 6 8 of this book).1 n ::. the events recorded are quite different.. The defective remains of some eight narrow columns are visible. Ll.. the total length 66· \ cm. highly competent.. 2. this page was probably the last. To the right of the recto (horizontal fibres above vertical) must have stood the bulk of the unplaced fragments.mtmose occurs in both. There is a patch extending the full height of INTRODUCTION the papyrus 26 cm. In my ]EA article (p. 7I) I made the mistake of supposing that the heading at the top of fragments A and B was one single continuous line. with the exception of some larger pieces displaying writing on both sides. the principal difference being that here some paragraphs conclude with a statement of the revenue in corn received from the fields previously specified. There are also portions of a letter from a scribe Amenemone to a builder of the Estate of Amun named Pyiay. p. proved to be too incoherent to be published here. with short extracts in hieroglyphic transcription and a full-size photographic reproduction of recto. by a height of I 8 cm. From a Journal relating to the Theban Necropolis (pp.~ . replaces earlier texts. Griffith at Luxor in I 8 87. is included here on account of its relationship to the Turin Taxation Papyrus (below.RAMESSIDE ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS for such jottings or copies of business transactions as appeared of interest to its owner. are enumerated in a very small. I 8·5 and I 6 cm.Committee of the Griffith Institute. written the same way up as the writing of the recto. that of the Taxation Papyrus is the I 2th Year ofRamesses XI. I. from the left end. though cursive. 6 9-7 I).. My sincere thanks are due to the . I. starting from the right-hand margin... I 6 I). wide. As already hinted.'. legible uncia! hieratic hand subsequently used as headings of the separate paragraphs. is that rents rather than taxes were in view. but also for enab1ing me to take it awav frnm Oxforrl in war-time so as to nut the fragments in order.11. ~. of I I. these being mounted under glass. 64-68). mostly inscribed on . while the earlier parts of the present Journal (before 2. apparently entirely in red. The height is 2 I cm. There seems to have been an introduction of considerable length in the moderate sized. -~. Most plots appear to have been situated in or near the Xth name of Upper Egypt. The present document has been very considerably augmented since the publication by Pleyte and Rossi. It seems unlikely that the verso will yield much information of value. the subject is the assessment of plots of land held by various smallholders at the uniform rate of 2! sacks of corn. not only for giving me facilities for studying this tantalizingly interesting document.. The well-known Necropolis scribe DJ. apart (p. I 4 is blank. but there seems no evidence concerning the reign in which he lived.£<. 14).. I.. XXIII. and my latest conjecture. 20. that have been erased. [in?] the street which [is at the] back . ~2. In both papyri the handwriting is small and legible.f·-. I I by me to the tattered remains of a single papyrus purchased by F. the whole was remounted by myself between glass in five pieces. The subject of the texts on the verso is probably similar to that of the recto. Many of the pieces are too small to convey anything intelligible. of which the communication proper begins with the words [iiljj= "i::. cursive writing the individual plots with their measurements. in particular the second page being now completed. These. p. and many of them in the bigger writing ' from two pieces that are slightly more informative used for headings. and apparently unstudied until they came to light a few years ago in the Griffith Institute of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford. which is found only on the side where the horizontal fibres are uppermost. at distances. I4. 6I. of which a considerable portion is reproduced in the hand-facsimile Pleyte and Rossi.~:>~~~ . but there are no headings and the cursive writing is even more difficult to decipher.. 7. Col. This document. based on the recurrence of the verb ] 'acquirer (p.one side only. its main interest being that of a palreographical puzzle. Papyrus de Turin. After a number of joins had been made. see my note I o•·b on p. here the memoranda deal with such things as supplies of oil.. and the position of the larger pieces determined... The fragments were pasted on strips of tracing paper two or three at a time. 35-44). "'tl!. 62. 68-7 I).e. The Mayor of Ne (i. · XXII.. Nor are the dates far apart.. the king is not named. I4). on the other hand it seemed desirable to give in their entirety the fragments which I have lettered A to F. The form of the document resembles somewhat that of Text B of the Wilbour Papyrus (see my Commentary. the entire continuous piece measures some 6 3 cm. ~~]!. Whereas the Taxation Papyrus is concerned solely with deliveries of corn. Here it would obviously have been out of place to include the letter and the journal above alluded to. record events doubtless belonging to the I 3th Year. Thebes) here in question is quite a well-known person. The Griffith Fragments (pp.

shows. o. one not far from the norm of important legal documents belonging to the Ramesside period . As regards the contents. Papyrus de Turin. since there are intercalated lines. very inconveniently for whoever might be the next reader. It has not been possible to learn the dimensions of the original. Late Ramesside Letters.') 3 at the beginning of a fresh line. Salt I24 of the British Museum.. and is mounted as a single piece between glass within a wooden frame. I-5). my friend M. To students who have read the above attentively and are able to visualize the situation. . The Mayor of Elephantine writes to the Chief Taxing Officer Menmacrecnakhte (whose name shows the papyrus to be not earlier than Ramesses XI). cut away all but a word or two belonging to its conclusion. while previous lines had revealed his predecessor as Ramesses IV. I. or wherever it was found. This papyrus. This demand he claims to have been unjustifiable. Papyrus Valen. his carelessness has deprived him of some words at the end of most lines1 in the last page of a document which ex hypothesi he was anxious to preserve. I shall make no statement about the joins. p. 3 See Studies presented'to F. 2 we can still read jound true' or 'innocent'. 2. with facsimiles made by Cerny from photographs will be given in Revue d'Egyptologie. which appears otherwise to be preserved very nearly complete. On reaching the end of the recto the scribe turned his manuscript horizontally. while even here there are some minor lacunre. and the designation 'Pharaoh' is known to mean the still reigning king. 1.' was to place each fresh accusation (introduced by the words s/}1 r . 10055. I-7). I. having no use for what must accordingly have been the proce verbal of a lawsuit. there having been some slight injury to the ragged vertical edge here. VI. pp. 26 f. Ll. 2 of the verso. last edited by Cem)· in ]EA XV. while in the latter case only a small part of the area had been flooded. when deposited in the tomb. Numerous traces of the earlier writing are still visible. . Indictment Papyrus (pp. 72-73). however.ii x:xiii ! 'JEA XXVII. The Turin 1 Seeabovep. It would appear that the manuscript is an original. 205 f. That page 3 of the verso was really the end of that document is almost certain.• 'Memorandum concerning . There seems but little doubt that rt. Red writing occurs here only for the The date is indicated as that of Ramesses V by facts which Maspero• was the first to point out. At the top of this strip are seen the ends of two lines in the uncouth writing of the later scribe. 73-82 ). The central page of the verso is completely intact. Pis. It is unusual for a text destined to cover both front and back of a papyrus to begin on the side where the vertical fibres lie uppermost. At the top a single group is lacking at the beginning (vs. pp. . 1 One has to remember that a few of the lines may have been short ones. The purpose. as I found much difficulty in detecting them. Several patches are very conspicuous. especially on the nearly unoccupied strip preceding p. n. We come now to the question of the handwriting. The verso has three pages. as will be shown further on. students may be directed to the essay by Peet referred to below. as well as additions above the line. I of the recto. As the extremely poor facsimile in Pleyte and Rossi. of which the first is naturally incomplete in ' exactly the same way as the second page of the recto. r. I 6.l. but this has happened in our papyrus for reasons that are not apparent. 663. o. protesting against a demand for harvest-taxes on fields in the neighbourhood of Ombi and Edfu. . At the opposite inner end. due no doubt to the papyrus having been used previously. vi. I. o. It is owing to the kind mediation of amounts of corn specified on p. since there is space at the bottom for at least one line more. the outside of a roll is always more vulnerable than the inside. when allowance has been made for some rather insignificant gaps at the points where the outer folds of the flattened roll turned over.. XXV. In rt. across. 1 A translation will be found also in my Papyrus Wilbour.ay I (pp. The height is 4I cm. and in such a case may be all but complete.its last ancient owner. Here. is one of the most curious and interesting in the entire Turin collection. at the exterior as the roll was left by . it will already have become apparent that the roll.1 the total breadth is about I 34 cm. The effect of this was to leave a fairly wide protecting strip in front of the text that henceforward alone interested him. A fuller account. and continued in the direction of the beginning of the recto. bearing the number I 8 8 7 in the official catalogue. 2 No. . there are practically no lacunre. . In the latter part of the text most of the accusers' charges are levelled at a ship's captain. but the third and final page lacks a few words at the end of its lines. Khnemnakhte. as in Pap. 49. p. Hence page I of the recto is practically intact. though written in black. and it looks as though one of the owners of the papyrus. 2. ' Les momies royales de Deir-el-Bahari. Commentary. 6-8. two folds are missing in the lower two-thirds of the manuscript. and time having elapsed during which it may have suffered more or less serious damage. who had many confederates among the employees of the temple of Khnum at Elephantine. the main delinquent was the priest Pencanuke mentioned in rt. If the last owner proceeded in the fashion above conjectured. in spite of a difficulty presented by rt. I and rt. Griffith.' of indicating amounts of barley in contradistinction to amounts of emmer. where the final fold measures no more than 35 mm. n. 2451£. which were clearly afterthoughts. while the second page-there are but two on the recto-is complete only in its upper lines (I. I constitutes the title to that text. where it served the special function.. the lines varied very greatly in length. LI-LX. as I have shown in connection with other papyri. Xvii foiL RAMESSJDE ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS INTRODUCTION XXIV.1 See CemY. It forms an imposing document written on both sides in the same unusually large and irregular hand. and this has to be stigmatized as quite the most execrable that xx.. Vandier that courteous permission to publish here the text of one of the two XXth Dynasty letters belonging to the Due de Valen~ay has been obtained. the form and handwriting of which differ in no respect except the absence of an outside address from those of other letters of the same period. since in the former case the land had not been cultivated by himself at all. and to these lines I have given the designations rt. the first to the third years of 'Pharaoh' are mentioned in vs. 2. but I will here place on record my belief that. had the beginning of its text on the inside.

has since been removed. The translation published by Peet in JEA X. above. cf. whereby several pages of the original could be completed. 9a-12a). 1882. Ill. XXVI. f' I 11 xxiv ~· I' f h . op. "':JT' in vs. I 9· I take this opportunity of expressing the appreciation which all Egyptologists will share for the action of M. but he at least had the excuse of incompetence. 7 3 ff. The facsimiles given in my notes will give some idea of the difficulties. The transcription I offer here is the result of collations made atlong intervals from one another. verso (pp. was in great disorder. Beginning of Papyrus Turin No. 8. but I must warn the student that these are merely copies of my own none too competent free-hand drawings. Hieranc Papyri in the BritishMu. o. Much of the hieratic text is easily decipherable. and the whole is now exhibited in a satisfactory way. though it may be fairly described as containing one of the most picturesque and illuminating records that we possess. i.. 2.1 Not that the scribe was incompetent. cit. as may be seen from the facsimile in Pleyte and Rossi. For an account of the Late-Egyptian Miscellany. p.lft in vs. which at that time added greatly to the difficulties of decipherment. to whom we owe the verso of the Dream Book (P.ikhop­ shef.. 2. sr-52· I think I may claim to have been the first to arrange these pages in their true positions. PJs. The reason for the inclusion here of a short excerpt from a purely literary composition has been stated in the Preface. 8. e. while he never hesitates to let one sign run into another. The first serious attempt to cope with the papyrus in a scholarly fashion was that published by Spiegelberg in zjjs XXIX (I 89 I). has come down to us.. all of them acknowledged in my notes. 1i . "Ji'> in rt. Deonna. and now again in I 94 7. as well as of a collation of his own. 1i 1lft in rt. under the title 'A Historical Document of Ramesside Age' made use of my transcription. The varnished papier vegetal. When first I saw this formidable text.RAMESSIDE ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS 1 A close rival in this respect is the scribe ~enQ. '{HE TEXTS r! )i lq i/j . he added a few new good readings. 59-60. in returning the missing fragments to the Turin collection.e. But elsewhere the same signs display shapes quite fantastic in their appearance. which I have designated with the title 'Turin A'. I. the central portion. see my book LateEgyptian Miscellanies. 82-83). a splendid pioneering effort considering it was made over fifty years ago. I I 6 ff. in I 90 5. for when he wished he could form most signs reasonably well.seum. Pis. page iii. Chester Beatty HI. the Director of the Geneva Museum. 3. Since then no one seems to have paid much attention to the text.')' . page 2 of the reao and page I of the verso. see Gardiner.g. but in other places we are faced with almost insoluble problems. I. I 9 3 8. and varied their thickness from a stout stroke to one barely thicker than a hair.

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