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GROUP:

Geotechnical Exploration and Evaluation Report

Health Clinic Building


Florida

Date:-_____________

CLIENT
The General Services Administration (GSA) of
Atlantic City, Florida

The General Services Administration (GSA),

Our Ref:

Atlantic City,

Date:

Florida
Attention: The Manager
Subject:

Geotechnical Exploration and Evaluation Report of


Health Clinic Building, Florida

Dear Sir,
I

am

submitting

the

final

geotechnical

exploration

evaluation report of your proposed project of


building,

Florida.

The

report

includes

the

and

health clinic
recommended

foundation type and design based upon the field and laboratory
testing.
I hope that the investigation results presented in this report
will provide all the necessary information for the construction
of the subject building.
It is pleasure to provide services to you upon your request. If
you have any problem please dont hesitate to call for any kind
of assistance.

Yours Truly,

(Student Name)

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Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION

2. INVESTIGATION PURPOSE

3. GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION SCOPE

4. SUBSOIL STRATIFICATION

5. FIELD TEST

6. FOUNDATION DESIGN CONSIDERATION

7. ENGINEERING RECOMMENDATIONS

8. INSPECTION AND MONITORING

9. SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS

10.REFERNCE

11.APPENDIX

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1. INTRODUCTION
The site for Health Clinic Building, Florida was explored
through 6-boreholes maximum drilled up to 7.62 m depth. The site
is located near the Government Centre Florida and is almost at
road level. This detailed report presents the field testing for
geotechnical investigation and recommendation for foundation
design of the proposed project with the following information.

Project : Health Clinic Building


Client : The General Services Administration (GSA) of
Atlantic City
Location : Florida
Site Area : 8,825 m2
Height of building : 9.14 m
No of Floor : 02
Type of Construction : Reinforced Cement Concrete

2. INVESTIGATION PURPOSE
The main purpose of the report presents description of the site,
a general geotechnical assessment of the project area, details
of the investigation performed and an appreciation of the
subsurface conditions as well as recommendations and conclusions
with respect to the foundation design for the proposed structure
based on the investigation results. The report also includes
recommendations on earthwork including grading, excavation, fill
and compaction.

3. GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION SCOPE


The program of investigation comprised of following field and
laboratory testing;

Drilling of 06 Nos. bore holes of 50 mm diameter to a depth


of 7.62 m from, the respective borehole levels, using 63.5
kg weight using Cable tool Percussion method
Performance of related field test of SPT
Collection of representative disturbed & undisturbed
subsoil samples during soil exploration
Conducting various Laboratory tests
Evaluation of Field & Laboratory test results
Technical
Report
with
recommendations
of
suitable
type/depth of foundation & safe bearing capacity

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Fieldwork was initiated on 25/03/2008 and was accomplished


on 31/03/2008.

4. SUBSOIL STRATIFICATION
The site was explored through 6-boreholes maximum drilled up to
7.62 m depth from the respective existing levels. The subsoil
strata are explained as below:
BH-1
00.00 - 01.80 m = Grey Silty Sand With Some Shells
01.80 - 04.60 m = Black Decomposed Organic Material
04.60 - 07.62 m = Tan Fragmented Limestone
BH-2
00.00
01.80
02.43
04.60
06.10
BH-3

01.80
02.43
04.60
06.10
07.62

m
m
m
m
m

=
=
=
=
=

00.00 - 00.61
Limestone
00.61 - 01.22 m
01.22 - 03.05 m
03.05 - 06.10 m
06.10 07.62 m
BH-4

00.00
00.61
01.82
02.43
03.05
04.58
06.10

00.61
01.82
02.43
03.05
04.58
06.10
07.62

m
m
m
m
m
m
m

Sand With Fragmented Limestone


Gray Silty Sand With Organics And Shell
Black Decomposed Organic Material
Gray Silty Sand And Organics
Tan Fragmented Limestone

Tan

Silty

Sand

With

Trace

Fragmented

=
=
=
=

Gray Silty Sand With Trace Shells


Black Decomposed Organic Material
Black Decomposed Organic Material And Sand
Tan Fragmented Limestone

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Brown Sand With Trace Fragmented Limestone


Fragmented Limestone And Limestone
Black Decomposed Organic Material
Gray Silty Sand And Shells
Black Decomposed Organic Material
Gray Silty Sand With Some Shells
Tan Fragmented Limestone

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BH-5

00.00
00.61
01.22
01.83
04.60
06.10

00.61
01.22
01.83
04.60
06.10
07.62

m
m
m
m
m
m

= Sand With Trace Fragmented Limestone


= Gray Sand With Fragmented Limestone
= Tan Fragmented Limestone And Limestone
= Black Decomposed Organic Material
= Gray Silty Sand And Shells
= Tan Fragmented Limestone

02.43
04.60
06.10
07.62

m
m
m
m

=
=
=
=

BH-6

00.00
02.43
04.60
04.60

Gray Silty Sand With Shell


Black Decomposed Organic Material
Gray Silty Sand With Traces Shells
Tan Fragmented Limestone

Groundwater-LEVEL
Ground water was come upon at depths ranging from 0.61-1.52 m
from the explored ground level.

5. FIELD TEST
STANDARD FENETRATION TESTS
Standard penetration test (SPT's) is performed on a regular
basis at 15 cm intervals up to the investigated depth in
accordance with the drilling manual specified in ASTM D-1586.
The test was carried out using a manual drop hammer assembly,
which utilizes a manual trip mechanism to release the weight all
in accordance with ASTM D-1586. Results are presented on
borehole logs appendix B figure 03 to figure 09.

6. FOUNDATION DESIGN CONSIDERATION


PILE FOUNDATIONS
Alternatively, pile foundation can be used instead of
shallow foundations. Bored cast in situ or continuous
auger piles are recommended to be used. Table-1 gives
working loads for piles installed at a pile toe level
Limestone layers. Thus, the net (effective) length of
is (Y) m given in Table-1.

the
flight
the
of H into
the pile
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Table-01 (Working Loads for Piles)

These working loads are functions of both point (bearing)


resistance and skin friction and are estimated based on the N
values as well as the unconfined compressive strength of the
rock cores extracted from various depths of the boreholes
drilled. Moreover, the resulting pile capacities are compared
with structural capacities of each pile and taking into
consideration
the
compressive
strength
of
the
specified
concrete.
Even though the minimum value of the concrete compressive
strength of 30N/mm2 is allowed for the design of piles, the
concrete to be specified hereby is recommended to be of high
strength. For tall structures, a stiff raft foundation (Rite
Cap) has to be considered for the design of the pile system so
as to resist the differential and total settlement due to the
huge vertical and lateral forces (such as wind & earthquake).
The above working loads allow for a safety factor of at least
2.5.
The loads were calculated based on the method outlined in the
reference Foundation design and construction by Tomlinson.
It may be noted that the above recommended pile working load
capacities are tentative and hence these values should be
confirmed by carrying out pile load tests. Piling contractors
shall be contacted to confirm the working loads for their
respective system.
Every pile must be tested for its integrity (quality and
homogeneity) by carrying out non- destructive tests like sonic
test method. This is necessary to check out the defects or
damages (if any) which may occur after installation of piles due
to the lateral impacts, movements, soil instability and others.
Care should be taken into account during installation of piles
in such case good interactions between the concrete (or grout)
and the soil/rock are ensured in order to mobilize optimum
friction. Moreover, no disturbance shall be caused to the end
bearing strata so as to cause no excessive settlement under
initial loading.
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The recommended optimal spacing (S) between clustered piles is


in the order of (2.5 to 3.5 Diameter of the pile-C/C) for
vertical loads, such that: S > 76 cm tor Friction Piles
and S > 60 cm for Point Load Piles. Larger pile spacing is
usually more efficient for groups carrying lateral and/or
dynamic loads.

7. ENGINEERING RECOMMENDATIONS
During the construction measures should be taken as piling is a
critical activity and for the long stability of structure, it is
recommended to follow such measures.

The ground water table reported is expected to vary subject


to seasonal variations or any dewatering process in the
vicinity. Hence it is advisable to install a standpipe
Piezometer and monitor the ground water table at regular
intervals until it was established that the water level in
borehole had reached equilibrium. At the time of construction
it shall be made sure that the excavation levels for
foundations are at least 0.3m above the ground water table so
that compaction process at the excavated level can be
properly carried out to the required degree.

For excavations deeper than 2.0m, suitable side protections


have to be ensured so that the excavation shall not pause a
threat to the personnel working on the site or cause any
damage to nearby existing buildings or roads.

While carrying out dewatering, it shall be ensured that no


excessive settlement is caused to the nearby structures and
the process shall be carried out in stages. Moreover,
suitable precautions have to be taken especially in areas
with weak strata.

In case there is an existing structure, which is


demolition, and the soil investigation has to be
outside the existing structure it is advisable to
two more boreholes after demolition to confirm
pressure.

It is advisable to keep the foundations at least 1.0m below


the finished ground level so that any future excavations for
service lines may not undermine the foundations.

waiting for
carried out
sink one or
the bearing

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8. INSPECTION AND MONITORING


At the time of pile foundation construction, this office shall
be contacted to carry out compaction, plate load or other tests
if recommended in our report at random locations selected by us
in which case only a letter of confirmation can be issued for
the Safe Bearing Pressure and foundation levels. In case of
piles, this office shall be contacted for pile integrity tests
without which a confirmation letter cannot be issued.

9. SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS

Type of Foundation : Pile Foundation

Depth of Pile : 6.5 m

Size of Pile : 0.8 m diameter

Shape of Pile : Circular

Material : RCC 30MPA

Bearing Pressure : 2050 kN

10. REFERNCE

Braja M. Das, "Principles of Foundation Engineering ",Third


Edition, PWS Publishing company

Joseph E Bowles, "Foundation Analysis and Design ", Fourth


Edition, MeGraw Hill International Edition

Joseph E Bowles, "Physical and Geotechnical Properties


soils " Second Edition, MeGraw Hill International Edition

MJ Tomlinson, Foundation Design and Construction


Edition, Longman Scientific & Technical

Hsai - Yang Fang, "Foundation Engineering Handbook ", Second


Edition, Van Nostrand Reinhold

BS 5930:1999, Code of Practice for Site Investigation "

",

of

Fifth

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11. APPENDIX

Tables (Appendix A)

Bore Hole Logs figures (Appendix B)

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APPENDIX - A
Table-2
Calculation of Pile Length
The ultimate bearing capacity of pile is calculated by following formula

Qult Q friction Qtip


Q friction f As
f quc
As DL
Qtip q Atip
qtip 2 N quc
1

N tan 2 45
2

Atip

2
D
4

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APPENDIX - B

Figure -01: Site Plan


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Figure -02 (a) : Legends

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Figure -02 (b) : Legends

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Figure -03: Test bore log B-1

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Figure -04: Test bore log B-2

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Figure -05: Test bore log B-3

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Figure -06: Test bore log B-4

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Figure -07: Test bore log B-5

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Figure -08: Test bore log B-6

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Figure -09: Multiple Boring Profiles

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