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Valve Regulated Pocket Plate

Nickel Cadmium Battery


Technical Manual

Contents
Pages
1.0. Introduction to VRPP battery

01

2.0. VRPP - Solution to varied applications

01

3.0. Oxygen recombination cycle - A technological innovation

01

4.0. Battery sizing principles

02

5.0. Constructional features of the VRPP battery


5.1 Plate construction
5.2 Separator
5.3 Electrolyte
5.4 Terminal current carriers
5.5 Venting system
5.6 Cell container

03
04
04
04
05
05

6.0. Advantages of the VRPP battery

05

7.0. Characteristics of VRPP battery


7.1 Capacity and nominal voltage
7.2 Internal resistance
7.3 Effect of temperature on performance
7.4 Short circuit values
7.5 Loss due to self discharge
7.6 Cycling
7.7 Water consumption
7.8 Gas evolution

06
06
06
07
07
08
08
08

8.0. Battery charging


8.1 Charging methods
8.2 Charge acceptance
8.3 Commissioning requirements

09
10
10

9.0. Special operating factors


9.1 Electrical abuse
9.2 Mechanical abuse

11
11

10.0. Installation and storage


10.1 Emplacement
10.2 Ventilation
10.3 Storage

12
13
13

11.0. Maintenance of VRPP batteries in service

14

12.0. Refurbishment of VRPP batteries

14

13.0. VRPP range

15

14.0. Cell performance data in amperes at end voltage 1.00V/cell

16

15.0. Cell performance data in amperes at end voltage 1.05V/cell

17

16.0. Cell performance data in amperes at end voltage 1.10V/cell

18

17.0. Cell performance data in amperes at end voltage 1.14V/cell

19

18.0. Cell performance data in watts at end voltage 1.00V/cell

20

19.0. Cell performance data in watts at end voltage 1.05V/cell

21

20.0. Cell performance data in watts at end voltage 1.10V/cell

22

21.0. Cell performance data in watts at end voltage 1.14V/cell

23

22.0. Battery arrangement - Racks

24

1.0
1.0 Introduction
Introduction to
to VRPP
VRPP battery
battery
Nickel Cadmium battery continues to be most reliable battery systems available as a source of DC power.
Its advantageous features enables it to be most preferred battery systems. With the advent of valve
regulated lead acid battery, a new concept was available, a battery that did not require water
replenishment. HBL NIFE on this concept developed the VRPP recombination nickel cadmium pocket plate
battery.

2.0 VRPP - Solution to varied applications


VRPP batteries are designed to meet the needs of applications requiring the traditional high reliability of
nickel- cadmium pocket plate cells without the need to top-up with water. They are indeed the best
solution for installations, whether they are UPS systems, emergency lighting systems, telecommunications,
where the risk of failure of the system is unacceptable. VRPP batteries are also eminently suitable for
remote applications such as photovoltaic systems, offshore applications and switching substations, where
the system must have total reliability without the need for battery maintenance.
Emergency lighting
Railway signaling
Switchgear
Telecommunications
Fire and Security systems
UPS
Offshore oil and gas
Photovoltaics
Process control
Mass transit

3.0
3.0 Oxygen
Oxygen recombination
recombination cycle
cycle -- A
A technological
technological innovation
innovation
In a conventional pocket plate nickel cadmium flooded electrolyte battery, water is lost from the battery on
o v e r c h a r g e
d u e
t o
t h e
f o l l o w i n g
r e a c t i o n s :

At cathode (negative)
4H2O + 4e_
At anode (positive)
4OH_

2H2 + 4OH_ (Hydrogen evolution)

O2 + 2H2O + 4e_ (Oxygen evolution)

This corresponds to a theoretical loss of 36 g of water for 107 Ah of overcharge ie., 0.335 cc per Ah.
Hence a conventional cell requires periodic addition of water. The frequency of this operation depends
upon the cumulative amount of charge received and the operating temperature.
During charging process evolution of Oxygen begins just before the positive plate is fully charged state
and then becomes the main reaction when the fully charged condition is reached. The cadmium negative
plate has a better charge acceptance than the positive plate. Hydrogen is not evolved until the plate is
virtually fully charged.
The VRPP battery has been designed with an excess of Cadmium active material to enhance this effect
and ensure that oxygen commences prior to the hydrogen evolution.
The oxygen which is produced at the positive plate surface is collected by the special porous separator and
thus not allowed to escape from the region between the plates. Some displacement of electrolyte within
the separator occurs, thus generating extra unfilled pores for the diffusion of Oxygen directly to the
adjacent cadmium negative plate.

When Oxygen reaches the negative plate it reacts either chemically:


2Cd +O2 +2H2 O

2Cd (OH)2
OR

O2 + 2H2 O + 4e_

.......................1

electrochemically
4OH_

.......................2

Reaction 1 has the effect of chemically discharging some of the cadmium to cadmium hydroxide. The
current passing through the battery is used to recharge this material.
Reaction 2 consumes the current directly. Thus the hydrogen evolution at the negative plate is
suppressed because the preferred reaction is oxygen recombination. The total process of oxygen generation
and consumption is referred to as an oxygen recombination cycle.
The efficiency of this oxygen recombination process depends upon the relationship between the rate at
which oxygen is produced and the rate at which it can be collected and transferred to the negative plate
surface. The rate of collection and transfer of oxygen is controlled by the separator type and the cell design.
The rate at which oxygen is produced on overcharge is directly related to the charge current once the
positive plate has reached a full state of charge. The charge current in turn is controlled by the charging
voltage level set on the charging equipment and the ambient temperature. By controlling the charge
voltage high efficiencies can be obtained and in this way the rate of water loss can be reduced to a fraction
of that from conventional batteries.
Though the efficiency of this oxygen recombination is high it will never achieve 100% as small quantities
of oxygen will escape from the separator before reaching and reacting at the negative plate. Thus a small
quantity of hydrogen will ultimately be generated and hence a low rate of water loss will occur. The battery
is designed to accommodate this by provision of a generous electrolyte reserve both above and around
each cell pack within the battery. This ensures a long service life without the need to top-up with water.
The VRPP battery is fitted with a low pressure vent on each cell, on overcharge the cell have an internal
pressure above atmospheric pressure. This vent provides an outlet for the release of small quantities of
hydrogen and non combined oxygen and thus controls the internal pressure. If the pressure falls below
the release pressure, the vent reseals to prevent air entering inside the cells and minimizes self-discharge
reactions.

4.0 Battery sizing


Battery sizing principles
VRPP is designed to impart an comfortable acquisition for the consumer, based on the performance data
generated after the cell kept on float for several months
Thus in a situation at normal ambient temperature without any specific requirement with regard to
recharge time the published data can be used directly to size the battery. However, if there are
requirements with regard to recharge time or temperature then this will modify the result.
Examples
A standby system is to be sited in a building with an ambient temperature of 20OC and the temperature
will always lie between 10OC and 30OC. It has a maximum voltage of 54 V and a minimum voltage of 42 V
and requires a back-up of 48 A for 3 hours.
In this case a simple 1.42 V/cell single level charger without temperature compensation can be used.
Number of cells = 54/1.42 = 38 and the final voltage will be 42/38 = 1.105 V/cell.
The Cell performance data shows that the VRPP 156 gives 50.2 A for 3 hours to 1.10 V/cell and so the
battery should be 38 cells of VRPP 156. At this single level voltage and at this temperature the battery would
give 20 years without topping-up.
2

However, if for this example there was a restriction that the battery must give 90% of its performance
after 10 hours from a totally discharged state then certain modifications need to be made to the calculation.

If the single level 1.42 V/cell charger is retained, then from the graph 4 it can be seen that after 10 hours
about 75% of the capacity is available and so the battery size will have to be increased by the factor 90/75
or, in other words, 20%. Thus for a current of 57.6 A (48 A + 20 %) to 1.10 V/cell the battery required is
38 cells of VRPP 184 as this gives 59.2 A to 1.10V/cell. This battery will still give the 20 years without
topping-up.

From the graph 4 , it can be seen that a voltage of 1.45 V/cell gives 80% of the capacity after 10 hours
is need to increase the cell capacity to compensate for the charge. 90/80 ie., 12.5%, a current of 54 A
(48 A + 12.5%). However, the battery has to be recalculated as, with the same voltage window, the higher
charge voltage will modify the end of discharge voltage.
Thus, the number of cells = 54/1.45 = 37 and so the end of discharge voltage becomes 42/37 = 1.135 V.
The VRPP performance table gives VRPP 212, which can discharge a current of 55.2 A to 1.14 V/cell.
Hence, in this case the battery is 37 VRPP 212.

The disadvantage of this solution is that a single level charge of 1.45 V/cell will only give 10 years without
maintenance and so to achieve the 20 year maintenance level a two stage charger is required.

5.0 Construction features of VRPP battery

The construction of VRPP is based on conventional pocket plate technology by introducing special features
to enhance the low water consumption, by means of recombination cycle.

5.1 Plate Construction


The Nickel Cadmium cell consist of two groups of plates, one containing Nickel Hydroxide (the positive plate)
and other containing Cadmium Hydroxide (the negative plate).

The active material of pocket plate are retained in pockets formed from double perforated nickel-plated
steel strips. These pockets are mechanically linked together, cut to the size corresponding to the plate
width and compressed to the final plate dimension. This process leads to a component which is not only
mechanically robust but also retains its active material within a steel boundary which promotes conductivity
and minimizes electrode swelling.

These plates are then welded to a current carrying busbar which further ensures the mechanical and
electrical stability of the product.

The alkaline electrolyte does not react with steel, which means that the supporting structure of the VRPP
battery stays intact and unchanged for the life of the battery. There is no corrosion and no risk of sudden
death.

5.2 Separator
The separator is an important feature of the VRPP battery. It is a poly-propylene fibrous material. Using
this separator and plastic spacing ribs, the distance between the plates is carefully controlled to give the
necessary gas retention to provide the level of recombination required. By providing a large spacing
between the positive and negative plates and a generous quantity of electrolyte between plates, the
possibility of thermal runaway is eliminated.

Valve regulated vent


(Low pressure, flame arresting)

Nickel coated terminal pillar


(Provides good electrical conductivity)

Special polypropylene fibrous


separator
Positive plate
(facilitates recombination)
(Double perforated steel strip
with positive active material)

Negative plate
Polypropylene cell container
(Double perforated steel strip
with negative active material)

(Fusion welded to lids, makes the cell


mechanically sturdy and facilitates visual
electrolyte level inspection)

VRPP battery is available in both welded (shown here) and bolted construction.

5.3 Electrolyte
The electrolyte used in VRPP battery is a solution of Potassium Hydroxide and Lithium Hydroxide to give
the best performance and life over a wide range of temperature. The electrolyte concentration is such that
it allow the cell to be operated down to -20 deg.C, and it is not necessary to change the electrolyte during
the life of the cell
It is an important consideration of VRPP, and indeed of all nickel-cadmium batteries, that the electrolyte
concentration does not change during charge and discharge. It retains its ability to transfer ions between
the cell plates irrespective of the charge level.

5.4 Terminal current carriers


The Nickel plated terminals are connected to plates by nut and bolt / welded construction.

5.5 Venting system


VRPP battery is having a unique venting system. The vent releases the Hydrogen and non combined
Oxygen, when the internal pressure increases more than 0.2 bar. If the internal pressure is less, the
system reseals to prevent the air entering inside the cell.

A flame arresting porous disc is incorporated in the venting system to prevent the possibility of any
external ignitions spreading into the VRPP cell.

5.6 Cell container


VRPP cells are available in polypropylene containers. The polypropylene container can withstand
mechanical stress, shocks and vibrations. It performs in extreme temperature without losing strength,
insulating well and resists corrosion.

The translucent nature of polypropylene allows visual check of

electrolyte. If electrolyte level is less than the minimum indication level, there is a provision to adjust it.

6.0 Advantages of the VRPP battery

Long life

Reliable and predictable performance

Resistant to abuse, electrical and mechanical

Zero or low maintenance

No sudden death failure due to internal corrosion

Wide operating temperature range

Low installation costs

Negligible gassing - gassing under normal charging conditions is minimal making it


safe for installation in human environments such as offices and hospitals

7.0 Characteristics of VRPP battery


7.1 Capacity and nominal voltage
The rated capacity C5 of a cell is the capacity in ampere hours (Ah) available at 5 hr discharge rate to 1.0
Volt/cell in accordance with IEC 60623 and standard nominal voltage is 1.2 Volt/cell. In practice VRPP
c e l l s

a r e

u s e d

i n

f l o a t

a p p l i c a t i o n s

7.2 Internal resistance


The internal resistance of the cell varies with the type of service and state of charge and is therefore,
difficult to define and measure accurately. The most practical value for normal application is the discharge
voltage response to a change in discharge current. The internal resistance per 1/C5 of a VRPP cell at room
temperature when measured after float charging at normal temperature is 80 milliohms for VRPP 8 to
VRPP 50 and 100 milliohms to VRPP 55 to VRPP 744. These figures are for a fully charged cell. For lower
s t a t e s
o f
c h a r g e
t h e
v a l u e
i n c r e a s e .
For cells 50% discharged, the internal resistance is about 20% higher and when the cells with
90% discharged condition, the internal resistance is about 80% higher. The internal resistance of fully
d i s c h a r g e d

c e l l

h a s

v e r y

l i t t l e

r e l e v a n c e .

7.3 Effect of temperature on performance


Variation of cell performance with the temperature are considered in sizing a battery. Low temperature
operation gives a low performance due to the decrease in conductivity of the electrolyte at low
temperature. The normal recommended operating temperature range is 0 deg. to 40 deg. C.

Performance variation in VRPP cells with temperature


1.1

Derating factor

0.9
5 Hour rate
30 Minute rate
1 Minute rate

0.8

0.7

0.6

10

15

20

25

Temperature: Deg. C
Graph 1

30

35

40

45

7.4 Short-circuit values


The typical short-circuit value in amperes for an VRPP cell is approximately 15 times the ampere-hour
capacity. The VRPP battery is designed to withstand a short-circuit current of this magnitude for many
minutes without damage.

7.5 Loss due to self discharge


The state of charge of VRPP cells on open circuit slowly decreases with time due to self-discharge. This
decrease is relatively rapid during the first two weeks but then stabilizes to about 2-3% per month
at 20 deg.C.
The self-discharge characteristics of a nickel-cadmium cell are affected by the temperature. At low
temperatures the charge retention is better than at normal temperature and so the open circuit loss is
reduced. However, the self-dischrage is significantly increased at higher temperatures.

The open circuit loss for VRPP for the standard temperature and the extremes of the normal operating
range is shown in the graph 2.
It is necessary to recharge the VRPP cells each year.

Percentage of initial capacity (%)

Typical open circuit loss variation with time

100
90

0O C

80

20OC

70
60

40OC
70
0

50

100

150

200

250

Open circuit period (days)

Graph 2

300

350

400

7.6 Cycling
VRPP is a low maintenance battery used in standby application and not in continuously cycling applications.
The battery is designed using conventional pocket plate electrode technology. Therefore it retains the
cycling capability of the parent product. The cycling operation requiring deep discharges and fast
recharges involves significant gas evolution and ultra low maintenance properties of the product will be
severely reduced.

7.7 Water consumption


The VRPP battery works on the Oxygen recombination principle and therefore has a much reduced water
consumption. The level of recombination of these cells are 85 - 95%. Normal vented type cells will have
only 30 - 35% recombination efficiency. At suitable charging voltages and temperature the VRPP cell will
not need water topping for a longer time when compared to the conventional vented type Nickel Cadmium
Pocket Plate batteries.

7.8 Gas evolution


The gas evolution is a function of the amount of water electrolyzed into hydrogen and oxygen which is not
involved in the recombination cycle. The electrolysis of 1 cc of water produces about 2000 cc of gas
mixture and this gas mixture is in the proportion of 2/3 hydrogen and 1/3 oxygen. Thus the electrolysis of
1 cc of water produces about 1300 cc of hydrogen.

As stated in the previous paragraph, under normal recommended float conditions VRPP has a recombination
level of 85% to 95% and so the amount of water which is electrolyzed into gas is small. Typically an VRPP
cell will electrolyze about 0.002 cc of water per Ah of cell capacity per day. This value will be smaller or
larger depending on the float voltage value. Thus a typical value of gas emission would be 3.5 cc per Ah
of cell capacity per day, or 2.5 cc of hydrogen per Ah of cell capacity per day.

Effect of charging voltage on maintenance free period

Float charge voltage per cell

1.46
1.45
Temperature 20OC
1.44
1.43
1.42
1.41
1.40
8

10

12

16

14

18

Maintenance free period (years)

Graph 3

20

22

24

8.0
8.0 Battery
Battery charging
charging
In order to achieve the ultra low maintenance properties of the VRPP battery, it is necessary to control the
charge input to the battery to minimize the rate of water loss during the life of the product. Therefore it is
i m p o r t a n t

t o

a d h e r e

t o

r e c o m m e n d e d

c h a r g e

c o n d i t i o n s .

8.1 Charging methods


VRPP batteries may be charged by the following methods:
A) Two rate charging:
The initial stage of two rate constant potential charging consists of a first charging stage, with a current
limit of 0.1 C5 to a maximum voltage of 1.45 V/cell.
Alternatively, if a faster rate of recharge is required, a voltage limit of 1.55 V/cell can be used. However,
if frequent recharges are required this will increase the rate of water loss.
After this first stage the charger should be switched to a second maintenance stage at a float voltage in
the range of 1.41 to 1.43 V/cell. After a prolonged mains failure the first stage should be reapplied
manually or automatically.

B) Single rate charging:


VRPP batteries may be float charged at 1.41 to 1.43 V/cell from a fully discharged condition to a high
stage of charge. This is detailed in section 7.2 and about 80% of the capacity will be available after 16
hours of charge.
Alternatively, VRPP can be float charged at 1.45V/cell if a faster recharge time is required. This will,
however, increase the rate of water loss and reduce the maintenance interval by a factor of two.
Temperature compensation may be required as described.

8.2 Charge acceptance


The performance data sheets for VRPP are based upon several months floating and so are for fully float
charged cells.
A discharged cell will take a certain time to achieve this and graph 4 gives the capacity available for the two
principal charging voltages recommended fo VRPP, 1.42 V/cell and 1.45 V/cell, during the first 30 hours of
charge from a fully discharged state.
If the application has a particular recharge time requirement then this must be taken into account when
calculating the battery.

100

Available capacity (% of rated capacity)

90

Charging voltage
1.45 Volts per cell

80
70

Charging voltage
1.42 Volts per cell

60
50
40
30

Current Limit 0.1 C5A


Temperature 20OC

20
10
0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

Charge time (hours)


Available capacity on float charge from a fully discharged cell

Graph 4

8.3 Commissioning requirements

8.3.1 Batteries filled and charged


VRPP batteries are normally supplied charged, ready for immediate use and provided they have not been
stored for more than six months, they may be put directly into service on float charge. Under these
circumstances they should not be given a commissioning charge before putting into service.

Batteries stored between six and twelve months should be treated as batteries filled and discharged.

8.3.2 Batteries filled and discharged


Batteries in a filled and discharged state require a commissioning charge prior to putting into service.
This is a once only operation and is essential to prepare the battery for its long service life.

The commissioning charge requires an input of 160% of the rated (C5) capacity before putting the battery
into service.

Prolonged overcharging is not harmful to VRPP batteries are normally supplied charged but will reduce
the initial electrolyte reserve and thus service life without topping up.
The following methods of commissioning charge are recommended
a. Charge 16 hours at 0.1 C5 A maximum.
b. Charge at 1.65 V/call for 16 hours maximum (0.1 C5 A current limit)
If these recommended methods are not available in practice, then charging may be carried out at
lower float voltages for extended periods.

10

9.0 Special operating factors


9.1 Electrical abuse
Ripple effects

The nickel-cadmium battery is tolerant to high ripple from standard charging systems. VRPP batteries have
been tested with voltage ripple values of up to 15% without any effect on water loss.

Over discharge

If more capacity is drawn out than the rated capacity, the battery is said to be over discharged. This abuse
situation should be avoided. In the case of lead acid batteries this will lead to failure of the battery and is
unacceptable.

The VRPP battery is designed to make recovery from this situation possible.

Over charge

Overcharge of the battery will increase the water loss of the system. In case of VRPP battery, with its
generous electrolyte reserve, a small degree of overcharge will not significantly alter the maintenance period.
In the case of excessive overcharge, a situation which will immediately destroy a valve regulated lead acid
battery, VRPP can be refurbished as described in section 12.

9.2 Mechanical abuse


Shock load
The VRPP block battery concept has been tested as per IEC 68-2-29 (bump tests at 5 g, 10g and 25 g)
and IEC 77 (shock test 3 g).

Vibration resistance
VRPP cells are tested as per IEC 77 for 2 hours at 1 g.

External corrosion
VRPP batteries are manufactured in durable polypropylene, all external metal components are nickel-plated
and these components are protected by a neutral grease and a rigid plastic cover.

11

10.0 Installation and storage


10.1 Emplacement
The HBL NIFE brand VRPP valve regulated recombination battery can be fitted onto stands, can be floor
mounted or can be fitted into cabinets.

Local standards or codes normally define the mounting arrangements of the batteries, and these must be
followed if applicable. However, if this is not the case the following comments can be used as a guide.

When the battery is housed in a cubicle or enclosed compartment, it is necessary to provide adequate
ventilation depending on utilization.

Allow sufficient space over the battery to ensure easy access during assembly.

HBL NIFE offers a wide selection of stands to suit most applications.

It is desirable to have easy access to all blocks on a stand mounted battery and they should be situated in
a readily available position. Distances between stands, and between stands and walls, should be sufficient
to give good access to the battery.

The overall weight of the battery must be considered and the load bearing on the flooring taken into
account in the selection of the battery accommodation. In case of doubt, please contact HBL NIFE for advice.

When mounting the battery ensure that the cells are correctly interconnected with the appropriate polarity.
The battery connection to load should be with nickel-plated cable lugs.

Recommended Torque

Cell connection bolt

Recommended Torque

per pole

Nm

lbf.in

M5

7.5

70

M8

20

180

M10

30

270
Table 1

To avoid accelerated ageing of the plastic due to UV light, batteries should not be exposed to direct
sunlight, UV light sources or strong daylight for prolonged periods.

12

10.2 Ventilation
Under normal floating conditions the HBL NIFE VRPP battery gives off up to 10 times less gas than a
conventional open cell. Thus the need for ventilation is much reduced and in many cases no special
ventilation requirements other than normal room ventilation are required. The quantity of hydorgen given
off is given in section 7.8, Gas evolution. However, if the VRPP battery is commissioned in the final location
or if the maximum recommended charge current of 0.1 C5 is used then the quantity of gas given off will be
increased.
A typical figure for room ventilation is about 2.5 air changes per hour and under such conditions it is
satisfactory to install 700 watt hours of battery capacity per cubic meter if the final charge current is at
0.1 C5 A.
Please refer to ventilation standards and requirements applicable in your country or area.
Care should also be taken with cubicle installations to ensure sufficient ventilation and battery spacing to
prevent overloading and, hence, excess water usage.

10.3 Storage
VRPP batteries are normally supplied filled with electrolyte and charged ready for immediate use. They may
be stored in this condition for up to twelve months from the date of despatch from HBL NIFE.
If batteries are not put into service immediately, they should be stored in a clean, dry cool (+10OC to +30O C)
and well ventilated store on open shelves. They should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Before storage
ensure that the batteries are clean, with on adequate protective finish, such as an approved neutral grease,
on the connectors, and that the flame-aresting low pressure vents remain undisturbed.
Batteries filled and charged can be stored for up to one year without any conditioning charge requirement.
If they are stored up to six months they should be put directly into service without any commissioning
charge. If they have been stored for between six months and one year they should be given and
commissioning charge as described.
Before putting into service ensure that the batteries are externally clean and with an adequate protective
finish, such as an approved neutral grease, on the connectors.
If it is necessary to store the batteries for more than one year then they should be given the following
conditioning discharge/charge cycle at the end of each year of storage:

- Discharge at 0.1 C5 A to an end of discharge voltage of 1.1 V/cell, where C5 is the rated
capacity of the battery
- Charge 160% batterys rated capacity at a maximum of 0.1 C5 A for 16 hours
- Return battery to store
- Repeat every 12 months
Storage at temperatures above +30O C can result in loss of capacity. This can be as much as 5% per 10O C
above +30O C.
13

11.0 Maintenance of VRPP batteries in service

VRPP Battery requires minimum of attention if properly designed for the application. However, it is good
practice with any standby system to carry out a full discharge - charge cycle once per year to make
sure

that

c h a r g e r,

battery

and

ancillary

electronics

are

functioning

correctly.

It is recommended that for system servicing, electrolyte levels should be visually checked and ensure
that level is above the minimum, battery should be checked for external cleanliness and if necessary
clean with damp cloth. If there is evidence that electrolyte has been ejected from vents or that there
has been excessive of water this could indicate a charger or system malfunction. Action should be taken
to rectify this.

12.0 Refurbishment of VRPP battery


Refurbishment of the VRPP

battery is recommended when the electrolyte level reached the normal

minimum mark on the cell but must be carried out before it reached the warning level on the cell.
Batteries operated at float charge rates above 1.42 V/cell will require refurbishment during their operating life.
Refurbishing of the VRPP battery is carried out as follows:
1. Disconnect the battery from the load. Remove the terminal cover.
2. With the terminal cover removed, the tops of the individual cells of the VRPP battery will be in
view.
3. Confirm that an adequate protective finish remains on glands, poles and connectors. Replenish if
necessary.
4. Carefully loosen the flame-arresting low pressure vents to release any gas pressure and then
remove each vent completely and retain for refitting.
5. Top-up each cell with distilled or de-ionized water to the specified maximum level.
6. Wipe up any small spillage on cells using a clean cloth. Replace the vents taking care to tighten
them correctly i.e., Until resistance against a stop is experienced, and ensure that the seating
rubber has not been disturbed out of position. If there is any doubt about the quality of the sealing
ring replace with a new vent assembly.
7. Replace the terminal cover.
The refurbished VRPP battery is now ready for re-commissioning.

14

VRPP Range
Cell dimensions and weight

Cell
type

VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP

Capacity
at the
5 hr rate
(Ah)

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

Cell dimensions in mm
Length
1.2 V

102
102
102
102
102
102
102
102
193
193
193
193
193
193
193
193
193
277
277
277
277
277
277
277
277
362
362
362
362
362
362
362
446
446
446
446
446
446
446
446
530
530
530
530
530

Width

2.4 V

3.6 V

79
79
79
79
113
113
113
113
137
137
137
137
137
137
193
193
193
193
193
193
193
193
362
362
362
362
362
362
362
362
362

110
110
110
110
161
161
161
161
197
197
197
197
197
197
362
362
362
362
362
362
362
362
530
530
530
530
530
530
530
530
530

Height

Approx
weight
(1.2V Block)
in kgs

123
123
123
123
123
123
123
123
123
123
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195
195

264
264
264
264
264
264
264
264
264
264
349
349
349
349
349
349
349
349
349
405
405
405
349
349
349
349
349
405
405
405
405
349
349
349
405
405
405
405
405
349
349
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405
405

In accordance with its policy of continuous improvement the company reserves the right to change specifications and designs without notice.
Illustrations, data, dimensions and weights given in this brochure are for guidance only and cannot be held binding on the company.

15

1.45
1.45
1.50
1.60
1.70
2.60
2.65
2.70
3.10
3.20
4.00
4.20
4.20
4.40
9.20
9.40
9.70
10.1
10.5
11.3
11.9
12.5
19.0
19.5
20.0
20.6
20.7
21.9
22.9
24.2
29.7
30.3
31.1
32.6
33.2
34.3
34.4
34.5
36.2
39.7
41.5
42.0
43.0
45.3
46.0
47.6
53.0
53.2
53.5
53.6
55.0
56.2
58.0
60.0
61.2
64.8
67.3
71.2
72.8

Container
Reserve
reference electrolyte
cc/cell
B21-1
B21-1
B21-1
B21-1
B23-1
B23-1
B23-1
B23-1
B24-1
B24-1
B32-1
B32-1
B32-1
B32-1
B31
B31
B31
B31
B31
B41
B41
B41
B31-2
B31-2
B31-2
B31-2
B31-2
B41-2
B41-2
B41-2
B41-2
B31-3
B31-3
B31-3
B41-3
B41-3
B41-3
B41-3
B41-3
B31-4
B31-4
B41-4
B41-4
B41-4
B41-4
B41-4
B41-5
B41-5
B41-5
B41-5
B41-5
B41-5
B41-5
B41-5
B41-6
B41-6
B41-6
B41-6
B41-6

90
90
90
90
145
145
145
145
185
185
880
880
880
880
1260
1260
1260
1260
1260
1260
1260
1260
2520
2520
2520
2520
2520
2520
2520
2520
2520
3780
3780
3780
3780
3780
3780
3780
3780
5040
5040
5040
5040
5040
5040
5040
6295
6295
6295
6295
6295
6295
6295
6295
7555
7555
7555
7555
7555

Cell Performance Data


Available amperes at 20OC (68O F) fully charged
Cell
Type

VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

End Voltage 1.00V/cell

Hours
C5
Ah

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

Minutes

Seconds

10

90

60

45

30

10

60

30

10

0.82
1.02
1.33
1.63
1.94
2.45
2.86
3.27
3.67
4.08
4.69
5.10
5.61
6.22
7.93
8.34
8.95
9.35
9.76
10.4
11.4
12.2
15.9
16.7
17.7
18.7
19.5
20.7
21.6
23.2
24.4
26.8
28.1
29.7
31.3
32.5
33.3
34.6
36.2
37.4
39.4
41.5
43.9
46.4
47.2
48.0
50.0
52.1
53.3
54.9
56.1
57.3
59.0
61.0
62.2
65.9
69.1
72.4
75.6

1.01
1.27
1.65
2.03
2.41
3.04
3.54
4.05
4.56
5.06
5.82
6.33
6.96
7.72
9.84
10.3
11.1
11.6
12.1
12.9
14.1
15.1
19.7
20.7
22.0
23.2
24.2
25.7
26.8
28.8
30.3
33.3
34.8
36.9
38.9
40.4
41.4
42.9
44.9
46.4
49.0
51.5
54.5
57.6
58.5
59.6
62.1
64.6
66.1
68.2
69.7
71.2
73.2
75.7
77.2
81.8
85.8
89.9
93.9

1.61
2.01
2.61
3.22
3.82
4.83
5.63
6.43
7.24
8.04
9.25
10.1
11.1
12.3
15.6
16.4
17.6
18.4
19.2
20.4
22.4
24.0
31.2
32.8
34.8
36.7
38.3
40.7
42.3
45.5
47.9
52.7
55.1
58.3
61.5
63.9
65.5
67.9
71.1
73.5
77.5
81.5
86.3
91.1
92.7
94.3
98.3
102
105
108
110
113
116
120
122
129
136
142
149

2.57
3.22
4.18
5.14
6.11
7.72
9.00
10.3
11.6
12.9
14.8
16.1
17.7
19.6
25.0
26.3
28.3
29.5
30.8
32.7
36.0
38.5
50.1
52.6
55.9
59.1
61.6
65.5
68.1
73.2
77.0
84.8
88.6
93.7
98.9
103
105
109
114
118
125
131
139
146
149
152
158
164
168
173
177
181
186
193
196
208
218
229
239

3.78
4.73
6.14
7.56
8.98
11.3
13.2
15.1
17.0
18.9
21.7
23.6
26.0
28.8
37.2
39.1
42.0
43.9
45.8
48.7
53.4
57.3
74.4
78.2
83.0
87.8
91.6
97.3
101
109
115
126
132
139
147
153
156
162
170
176
185
195
206
218
221
225
235
244
250
258
263
269
277
286
292
309
324
340
355

4.70
5.87
7.63
9.40
11.2
14.1
16.4
18.8
21.1
23.5
27.0
29.4
32.3
35.8
45.9
48.2
51.8
54.1
56.5
60.0
65.9
70.6
91.8
96.5
102
108
113
120
125
134
141
155
162
172
181
188
193
200
209
216
228
240
254
268
273
278
289
301
308
318
325
332
341
353
360
381
400
419
438

6.12
7.65
9.95
12.2
14.5
18.4
21.4
24.5
27.5
30.6
35.2
38.3
42.1
46.7
59.6
62.7
67.3
70.3
73.4
78.0
85.6
91.7
119
125
133
141
147
156
162
174
183
202
211
223
235
245
251
260
272
281
297
312
330
349
355
361
376
391
401
413
422
431
443
459
468
495
520
544
569

6.90
8.62
11.2
13.8
16.4
20.7
24.1
27.6
31.0
34.5
39.7
43.1
47.4
52.6
67.5
71.0
76.2
79.7
83.1
88.3
97.0
104
135
142
151
159
166
177
184
197
208
229
239
253
267
277
284
294
308
319
336
353
374
395
402
409
426
443
454
468
478
488
502
519
530
561
589
616
644

7.99
10.0
13.0
16.0
19.0
24.0
28.0
32.0
36.0
40.0
46.0
50.0
54.9
60.9
77.8
81.8
87.7
91.7
95.7
102
112
120
156
164
173
183
191
203
211
227
239
263
275
291
307
319
327
339
355
367
387
407
431
455
463
471
491
510
522
538
550
562
578
598
610
646
678
710
742

10.9
13.6
17.7
21.8
25.9
32.7
38.1
43.5
49.0
54.4
62.6
68.0
74.8
83.0
103
108
116
122
127
135
148
159
206
217
230
243
254
270
280
302
317
349
365
386
407
423
434
450
471
487
513
540
571
603
614
624
651
677
693
714
730
746
767
794
810
857
899
942
984

12.3
15.3
19.9
24.5
29.1
36.8
42.9
49.0
55.1
61.3
70.4
76.6
84.2
93.4
110
116
124
130
136
144
158
169
220
232
246
260
271
288
299
322
339
373
390
412
435
452
463
480
503
520
548
576
610
644
655
667
695
723
740
763
780
797
819
847
864
915
960
1006
1051

16.2
20.2
26.3
32.3
38.4
48.5
56.6
64.6
72.7
80.8
92.9
101
111
123
135
142
153
160
167
177
194
208
271
285
302
319
333
354
368
396
417
458
479
507
535
556
569
590
618
639
674
708
750
792
806
819
854
889
910
938
958
979
1007
1042
1063
1125
1181
1236
1292

17.9
22.3
29.0
35.7
42.4
53.6
62.5
71.4
80.4
89.3
103
112
123
136
147
155
166
174
181
193
212
227
295
310
329
348
363
386
401
431
454
499
522
552
582
605
620
643
673
696
733
771
817
862
877
892
930
968
991
1021
1043
1066
1096
1134
1157
1225
1285
1346
1406

21.1
26.3
34.2
42.1
50.0
63.2
73.7
84.2
94.7
105
121
132
145
161
168
177
190
198
207
220
241
259
336
353
375
397
414
440
457
491
517
569
595
629
664
690
707
733
767
793
836
879
931
983
1000
1017
1060
1103
1129
1164
1190
1216
1250
1293
1319
1397
1466
1534
1603

25.6
31.9
41.5
51.1
60.7
76.7
89.5
102
115
128
147
160
176
195
196
206
221
231
241
256
281
302
392
412
437
462
482
513
533
573
603
663
693
734
774
804
824
854
894
925
975
1025
1085
1146
1166
1186
1236
1286
1317
1357
1387
1417
1457
1508
1538
1628
1709
1789
1869

Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.42 Volts

16

Cell Performance Data


Available amperes at 20OC (68O F) fully charged
Cell
Type

VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

End Voltage 1.05V/cell

Hours
C5
Ah

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

Minutes

Seconds

10

90

60

45

30

10

60

30

10

0.81
1.02
1.32
1.62
1.93
2.44
2.84
3.25
3.65
4.06
4.67
5.08
5.58
6.19
7.85
8.25
8.85
9.25
9.66
10.3
11.3
12.1
15.7
16.5
17.5
18.5
19.3
20.5
21.3
22.9
24.1
26.6
27.8
29.4
31.0
32.2
33.0
34.2
35.8
37.0
39.0
41.0
43.5
45.9
46.7
47.5
49.5
51.5
52.7
54.3
55.5
56.7
58.3
60.4
61.6
65.2
68.4
71.6
74.8

1.01
1.26
1.64
2.02
2.39
3.02
3.53
4.03
4.54
5.04
5.80
6.30
6.93
7.69
9.74
10.2
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.7
14.0
15.0
19.5
20.5
21.7
23.0
24.0
25.5
26.5
28.5
30.0
33.0
34.5
36.5
38.5
40.0
41.0
42.5
44.4
45.9
48.4
50.9
53.9
56.9
57.9
58.9
61.4
63.9
65.4
67.4
68.9
70.4
72.4
74.9
76.4
80.9
84.9
88.9
92.9

1.58
1.97
2.57
3.16
3.75
4.74
5.53
6.32
7.11
7.90
9.08
9.87
10.9
12.0
15.5
16.3
17.5
18.3
19.1
20.2
22.2
23.8
31.0
32.6
34.5
36.5
38.1
40.5
42.1
45.3
47.6
52.4
54.8
58.0
61.1
63.5
65.1
67.5
70.7
73.0
77.0
81.0
85.7
90.5
92.1
93.7
97.7
102
104
107
110
112
115
119
121
129
135
141
148

2.53
3.17
4.12
5.07
6.02
7.60
8.87
10.1
11.4
12.7
14.6
15.8
17.4
19.3
25.0
26.3
28.3
29.5
30.8
32.7
36.0
38.5
50.1
52.6
55.9
59.1
61.6
65.5
68.1
73.2
77.0
84.8
88.6
93.7
98.9
103
105
109
114
118
125
131
139
146
149
152
158
164
168
173
177
181
186
193
196
208
218
229
239

3.54
4.42
5.75
7.08
8.41
10.6
12.4
14.2
15.9
17.7
20.4
22.1
24.3
27.0
35.8
37.6
40.3
42.2
44.0
46.8
51.4
55.0
71.5
75.2
79.8
84.4
88.0
93.5
97.2
105
110
121
127
134
141
147
150
156
163
169
178
187
198
209
213
216
226
235
240
248
253
259
266
275
281
297
312
326
341

4.34
5.42
7.05
8.67
10.3
13.0
15.2
17.3
19.5
21.7
24.9
27.1
29.8
33.1
42.0
44.2
47.4
49.6
51.8
55.0
60.4
64.7
84.1
88.4
93.8
99.2
104
110
114
123
129
142
149
157
166
173
177
183
192
198
209
220
233
246
250
254
265
276
282
291
298
304
313
323
330
349
367
384
401

5.44
6.80
8.84
10.9
12.9
16.3
19.0
21.8
24.5
27.2
31.3
34.0
37.4
41.5
50.8
53.5
57.4
60.0
62.6
66.5
73.0
78.2
102
107
113
120
125
133
138
149
156
172
180
190
201
209
214
222
232
240
253
266
282
297
302
308
321
334
342
352
360
368
378
391
399
422
443
464
485

5.90
7.38
9.59
11.8
14.0
17.7
20.7
23.7
26.6
29.6
34.1
37.0
40.7
45.2
56.8
59.7
64.0
67.0
69.9
74.2
81.5
87.3
114
119
127
134
140
148
154
166
175
192
201
213
224
233
239
247
259
268
282
297
314
332
338
344
358
373
381
393
402
410
422
437
445
472
495
518
541

6.46
8.08
10.5
12.9
15.3
19.4
22.6
25.8
29.1
32.3
37.2
40.4
44.4
49.3
65.5
68.8
73.9
77.2
80.6
85.6
94.0
101
131
138
146
154
161
171
178
191
202
222
232
245
259
269
275
285
299
309
326
343
363
383
390
396
413
430
440
453
463
474
487
504
514
544
571
598
625

8.50
10.6
13.8
17.0
20.2
25.5
29.8
34.0
38.3
42.5
48.9
53.1
58.4
64.8
82.2
86.4
92.7
96.9
101
107
118
126
164
173
183
194
202
215
223
240
253
278
291
308
325
337
346
358
375
388
409
430
455
481
489
497
518
540
552
569
582
594
611
632
645
683
717
750
784

9.86
12.3
16.0
19.7
23.4
29.6
34.5
39.5
44.4
49.3
56.7
61.7
67.8
75.2
91.5
96.2
103
108
113
120
131
141
183
192
204
216
225
239
249
268
282
310
324
343
362
376
385
399
418
432
455
479
507
535
545
554
577
601
615
634
648
662
681
704
718
761
798
836
873

13.3
16.6
21.6
26.5
31.5
39.8
46.7
53.1
59.7
66.3
76.3
82.9
91.2
101
117
123
132
138
144
153
168
180
234
246
260
275
287
305
317
341
359
395
413
437
461
479
491
509
533
551
581
611
647
683
695
707
737
766
784
808
826
844
868
898
916
970
1018
1066
1114

15.0
18.7
24.3
29.9
35.5
44.9
52.3
59.8
67.3
74.8
86.0
93.5
103
114
125
132
141
148
154
164
180
193
250
263
279
295
308
327
340
366
385
424
443
469
494
514
526
546
571
591
623
655
693
732
745
758
790
822
841
867
886
905
931
963
982
1040
1091
1143
1194

17.6
22.0
28.6
35.2
41.6
52.6
61.3
70.0
78.8
87.7
101
110
121
134
140
147
158
165
173
183
201
216
281
295
313
331
345
367
381
410
432
475
496
525
554
576
590
612
640
662
698
734
777
820
835
849
885
921
942
971
993
1014
1043
1079
1101
1165
1223
1281
1338

22.1
27.6
35.9
44.2
52.5
66.3
77.3
88.4
99.4
110
127
138
152
169
164
172
184
193
201
214
235
252
327
344
365
386
403
428
444
478
503
553
579
612
646
671
688
713
746
771
813
855
906
956
973
990
1031
1073
1099
1132
1157
1182
1216
1258
1283
1358
1426
1493
1560

Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.42 Volts

17

Cell Performance Data


Available amperes at 20OC (68O F) fully charged
Cell
Type

VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
648
612
680
648
712
680
744
712
744

End Voltage 1.10V/cell

Hours
C5
Ah

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

Minutes

Seconds

10

90

60

45

30

10

60

30

10

0.80
1.00
1.31
1.61
1.91
2.41
2.81
3.22
3.62
4.02
4.62
5.02
5.53
6.13
7.78
8.18
8.77
9.17
9.57
10.2
11.2
12.0
15.6
16.4
17.3
18.3
19.1
20.3
21.1
22.7
23.9
26.3
27.5
29.1
30.7
31.9
32.7
33.9
35.5
36.7
38.7
40.7
43.1
45.5
46.3
47.1
49.1
51.0
52.2
53.8
55.0
56.2
57.8
59.8
61.0
64.6
67.8
71.0
74.2

1.00
1.25
1.62
2.00
2.37
2.99
3.49
3.99
4.49
4.99
5.74
6.24
6.86
7.61
9.65
10.1
10.9
11.4
11.9
12.6
13.9
14.9
19.3
20.3
21.5
22.8
23.8
25.2
26.2
28.2
29.7
32.7
34.2
36.1
38.1
39.6
40.6
42.1
44.1
45.5
48.0
50.5
53.5
56.4
57.4
58.4
60.9
63.4
64.9
66.8
68.3
69.8
71.8
74.3
75.7
80.2
84.2
88.1
92.1

1.55
1.94
2.52
3.10
3.68
4.65
5.43
6.20
6.98
7.75
8.92
9.69
10.7
11.8
15.1
15.9
17.1
17.8
18.6
19.8
21.7
23.3
30.3
31.8
33.8
35.7
37.2
39.6
41.1
44.2
46.6
51.2
53.5
56.6
59.7
62.1
63.6
66.0
69.1
71.4
75.3
79.1
83.8
88.5
90.0
91.6
95.4
99.3
102
105
107
109
113
116
119
126
132
138
144

2.28
2.84
3.70
4.55
5.40
6.83
7.96
9.10
10.3
11.4
13.1
14.3
15.7
17.4
25.1
26.4
28.3
29.6
30.9
32.8
36.0
38.6
50.2
52.7
55.9
59.2
61.7
65.6
68.2
73.3
77.2
84.9
88.7
93.9
99.0
103
105
109
114
118
125
131
139
147
149
152
158
165
168
174
177
181
186
193
197
208
219
229
239

2.97
3.71
4.83
5.94
7.05
8.91
10.4
11.9
13.4
14.8
17.1
18.6
20.4
22.6
31.9
33.5
36.0
37.6
39.3
41.7
45.8
49.1
63.8
67.1
71.2
75.3
78.5
83.4
86.7
93.3
98.2
108
113
119
126
131
134
139
146
151
159
167
177
187
190
193
201
209
214
221
226
231
237
245
250
265
278
291
304

3.51
4.39
5.70
7.02
8.34
10.5
12.3
14.0
15.8
17.6
20.2
21.9
24.1
26.8
36.8
38.7
41.5
43.4
45.3
48.1
52.8
56.6
73.6
77.4
82.1
86.8
90.6
96.2
100
108
113
125
130
138
145
151
155
160
168
174
183
192
204
215
219
223
232
242
247
255
260
266
274
283
289
306
321
336
351

4.42
5.52
7.18
8.84
10.5
13.3
15.5
17.7
19.9
22.1
25.4
27.6
30.4
33.7
43.0
45.2
48.5
50.7
53.0
56.3
61.8
66.2
86.0
90.5
96.0
101
106
113
117
126
132
146
152
161
170
177
181
188
196
203
214
225
238
252
256
260
271
282
289
298
304
311
320
331
338
357
375
393
410

4.78
5.97
7.76
9.55
11.3
14.3
16.7
19.1
21.5
23.9
27.5
29.9
32.8
36.4
47.0
49.4
53.0
55.4
57.8
61.4
67.5
72.3
94.0
98.8
105
111
116
123
128
137
145
159
166
176
186
193
198
205
214
222
234
246
260
275
280
284
296
308
316
325
333
340
349
361
369
390
410
429
448

5.27
6.59
8.56
10.5
12.5
15.8
18.4
21.1
23.7
26.4
30.3
32.9
36.2
40.2
51.8
54.5
58.5
61.1
63.8
67.8
74.4
79.7
104
109
116
122
128
136
141
151
159
175
183
194
205
213
218
226
237
245
258
271
287
303
308
314
327
340
348
359
367
375
385
399
407
431
452
473
494

6.48
8.10
10.5
13.0
15.4
19.4
22.7
25.9
29.1
32.4
37.2
40.5
44.5
49.4
64.0
67.3
72.2
75.5
78.8
83.7
92.0
98.5
128
135
143
151
158
167
174
187
197
217
227
240
253
263
269
279
292
302
319
335
355
374
381
388
404
420
430
443
453
463
476
493
502
532
558
585
611

7.56
9.45
12.3
15.1
18.0
22.7
26.5
30.3
34.0
37.8
43.5
47.3
52.0
57.7
71.0
74.6
80.1
83.7
87.4
92.8
102
109
142
149
158
167
175
186
193
207
218
240
251
266
280
291
298
309
324
335
353
371
393
415
422
429
448
466
477
491
502
513
528
546
557
590
619
648
677

10.5
13.2
17.1
21.1
25.0
31.6
36.9
42.2
47.4
52.7
60.6
65.9
72.5
80.4
90.1
96.2
103
108
113
120
131
141
183
192
204
216
225
239
249
268
282
310
324
343
362
376
385
399
418
432
455
479
507
535
545
554
577
601
615
634
648
662
681
704
718
761
798
836
873

11.9
14.9
19.3
23.8
28.3
35.7
41.7
47.6
53.6
59.5
68.5
74.4
81.8
90.8
102
107
115
120
125
133
146
157
204
214
227
240
251
266
277
298
313
345
360
381
402
418
428
444
465
480
507
533
564
595
606
616
642
668
684
705
721
736
757
783
799
846
888
930
971

14.1
17.6
22.9
28.2
33.5
42.3
49.4
56.4
63.5
70.5
81.1
88.2
97.0
108
112
118
127
132
138
147
161
173
224
236
250
265
276
294
305
328
345
380
397
420
443
460
472
489
512
529
558
587
622
656
668
679
708
737
754
777
794
812
835
863
881
932
978
1024
1071

17.9
22.3
29.0
35.7
42.4
53.6
62.5
71.4
80.4
89.3
103
112
123
136
122
129
138
144
150
160
176
188
245
257
273
288
301
320
332
357
376
414
433
458
483
502
514
533
558
577
608
639
677
715
727
740
771
803
821
846
865
884
909
940
959
1016
1066
1116
1166

Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.42 Volts

18

Cell Performance Data


Available amperes at 20OC (68O F) fully charged
Cell
Type

VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
648
612
680
648
712
680
744
712
744

End Voltage 1.14V/cell

Hours
C5
Ah

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

Minutes

Seconds

10

90

60

45

30

10

60

30

10

0.77
0.96
1.25
1.57
1.82
2.30
2.69
3.07
3.46
3.92
4.51
4.90
5.39
5.98
7.59
7.98
8.56
8.95
9.34
9.92
10.9
11.7
15.2
16.0
16.9
17.9
18.7
19.8
20.6
22.2
23.3
25.7
26.8
28.4
30.0
31.1
31.9
33.1
34.6
35.8
37.7
39.7
42.0
44.4
45.1
45.9
47.9
49.8
51.0
52.5
53.7
54.9
56.4
58.4
59.5
63.0
66.1
69.3
72.4

0.95
1.19
1.55
1.91
2.26
2.86
3.34
3.81
4.29
4.77
5.48
5.96
6.55
7.27
9.37
9.85
10.6
11.0
11.5
12.2
13.5
14.4
18.7
19.7
20.9
22.1
23.1
24.5
25.5
27.4
28.8
31.7
33.1
35.1
37.0
38.4
39.4
40.8
42.8
44.2
46.6
49.0
51.9
54.8
55.7
56.7
59.1
61.5
62.9
64.8
66.3
67.7
69.7
72.1
73.5
77.8
81.7
85.5
89.3

1.52
1.90
2.47
3.04
3.61
4.57
5.33
6.09
6.85
7.61
8.75
9.51
10.5
11.6
14.8
15.6
16.7
17.5
18.2
19.4
21.3
22.8
29.6
31.1
33.0
34.9
36.5
38.7
40.3
43.3
45.6
50.1
52.4
55.5
58.5
60.8
62.3
64.6
67.6
69.9
73.7
77.5
82.1
86.6
88.1
89.6
93.4
97.2
100
103
105
107
110
114
116
123
129
135
141

1.97
2.47
3.21
3.95
4.69
5.92
6.91
7.89
8.88
9.86
11.3
12.3
13.6
15.0
20.3
21.4
22.9
24.0
25.0
26.6
29.2
31.3
40.6
42.7
45.3
47.9
50.0
53.2
55.2
59.4
62.5
68.8
71.9
76.1
80.3
83.4
85.5
88.6
92.8
95.9
101
106
113
119
121
123
128
133
137
141
144
147
151
156
159
169
177
186
194

2.40
3.00
3.90
4.80
5.71
7.21
8.41
9.61
10.8
12.0
13.8
15.0
16.5
18.3
24.2
25.4
27.3
28.5
29.7
31.6
34.7
34.7
48.3
50.8
53.9
57.0
59.5
63.2
65.7
70.7
74.4
81.8
85.5
90.5
95.4
99.2
102
105
110
114
120
126
134
141
144
146
152
159
162
167
171
175
180
186
190
201
211
221
231

2.75
3.43
4.46
5.49
6.52
8.24
9.61
11.0
12.4
13.7
15.8
17.2
18.9
20.9
26.0
27.3
29.3
30.7
32.0
34.0
37.3
40.0
52.0
54.7
58.0
61.3
64.0
68.0
70.7
76.0
80.0
88.0
92.0
97.3
103
107
109
113
119
123
129
136
144
152
155
157
164
170
175
180
184
188
193
200
204
216
227
237
248

3.37
4.21
5.47
6.73
7.99
10.1
11.8
13.5
15.1
16.8
19.4
21.0
23.1
25.7
29.8
31.3
33.6
35.2
36.7
39.0
42.8
45.9
59.6
62.7
66.5
70.3
73.4
78.0
81.0
87.2
91.7
101
106
112
118
122
125
130
136
141
148
156
165
174
177
180
188
196
200
206
211
216
222
229
234
248
260
272
284

3.67
4.59
5.96
7.34
8.72
11.0
12.8
14.7
16.5
18.3
21.1
22.9
25.2
28.0
31.3
32.9
35.3
36.9
38.5
40.9
44.9
48.2
62.6
65.8
69.8
73.8
77.0
81.9
85.1
91.5
96.3
106
111
117
124
128
132
136
143
148
156
164
173
183
186
189
197
205
210
217
222
226
233
241
246
260
273
286
299

4.08
5.10
6.63
8.16
9.69
12.2
14.3
16.3
18.4
20.4
23.5
25.5
28.0
31.1
36.2
38.0
40.8
42.7
44.5
47.3
51.9
55.7
72.4
76.1
80.7
85.3
89.1
94.6
98.3
106
111
122
128
135
143
148
152
158
165
171
180
189
200
212
215
219
228
237
243
250
256
262
269
278
284
301
315
330
345

5.30
6.63
8.61
10.5
12.5
15.8
18.4
21.1
23.7
26.4
28.2
30.7
33.8
37.4
45.9
48.2
51.8
54.1
56.5
60.0
65.9
70.6
91.8
96.5
102
108
113
120
125
134
141
155
162
172
181
188
193
200
209
216
228
240
254
268
273
278
289
301
308
318
325
332
341
353
360
381
400
419
438

6.15
7.69
10.0
12.3
14.6
18.5
21.5
24.6
27.7
30.8
35.4
38.5
42.3
46.9
53.2
56.0
60.1
62.8
65.5
69.6
76.5
81.9
106
112
119
126
131
139
145
156
164
180
188
199
210
218
224
232
243
251
265
278
295
311
317
322
336
349
358
369
377
385
396
410
418
442
464
486
508

8.33
10.4
13.5
16.7
19.8
25.0
29.2
33.3
37.5
41.7
47.9
52.1
57.3
63.5
69.1
72.6
77.9
81.5
85.0
90.3
99.2
106
138
145
154
163
170
181
188
202
213
234
244
259
273
283
291
301
315
326
344
361
383
404
411
418
436
453
464
478
489
500
514
531
542
574
602
631
659

9.69
12.1
15.7
19.4
23.0
29.1
33.9
38.8
43.6
48.5
55.7
60.5
66.6
73.8
74.7
78.5
84.3
88.1
92.0
97.7
107
115
149
157
167
176
184
195
203
218
230
253
264
280
295
307
314
326
341
352
372
391
414
437
444
452
471
490
502
517
529
540
556
575
586
621
651
682
713

11.6
14.5
18.8
23.1
27.5
34.7
40.5
46.2
52.0
57.8
66.5
72.3
79.5
88.2
84.0
88.3
94.7
99.0
103
110
121
129
168
177
187
198
207
220
228
245
258
284
297
314
332
344
353
366
383
396
418
439
465
491
499
508
530
551
564
581
594
607
624
646
659
698
732
766
801

15.1
18.9
24.6
30.3
35.9
45.4
52.9
60.5
68.1
75.6
87.0
94.5
104
115
95.2
100
107
112
117
125
137
147
190
200
212
225
234
249
259
278
293
322
337
357
376
391
400
415
435
449
474
498
527
557
567
576
601
625
640
659
674
689
708
733
747
791
830
869
908

Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.42 Volts

19

Cell Performance Data


Available Watts at 20OC (68O F) fully charged
Cell
Type

VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

End Voltage 1.00V/cell

Hours
C5
Ah

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

Minutes

Seconds

10

90

60

45

30

10

60

30

10

0.93
1.17
1.52
1.87
2.22
2.80
3.27
3.74
4.21
4.67
5.37
5.84
6.43
7.13
9.08
9.55
10.2
10.7
11.2
11.9
13.0
14.0
18.2
19.1
20.3
21.4
22.4
23.7
24.7
26.5
27.9
30.7
32.1
34.0
35.9
37.3
38.2
39.6
41.4
42.8
45.2
47.5
50.3
53.1
54.0
54.9
57.3
59.6
61.0
62.9
64.3
65.7
67.5
69.8
71.2
75.4
79.2
82.9
86.6

1.16
1.45
1.88
2.32
2.75
3.48
4.06
4.64
5.22
5.80
6.67
7.25
7.97
8.84
11.3
11.9
12.7
13.3
13.9
14.7
16.2
17.3
22.5
23.7
25.1
26.6
27.7
29.5
30.6
32.9
34.7
38.2
39.9
42.2
44.5
46.2
47.4
49.1
51.4
53.2
56.1
59.0
62.4
65.9
66.9
68.2
71.1
74.0
75.7
78.0
79.8
81.5
83.8
86.7
88.4
93.6
98.3
103
108

1.84
2.30
2.99
3.68
4.37
5.52
6.45
7.37
8.29
9.21
10.6
11.5
12.7
14.0
17.8
18.8
20.1
21.0
22.0
23.3
25.6
27.4
35.5
37.5
39.8
42.1
43.9
46.7
48.5
52.1
54.9
60.4
63.1
66.8
70.4
73.2
75.0
77.8
81.4
84.2
88.7
93.3
98.9
104
106
108
113
117
120
123
126
129
133
137
140
148
156
163
170

2.95
3.68
4.79
5.89
7.00
8.84
10.3
11.8
13.3
14.7
16.9
18.4
20.2
22.5
28.7
30.1
32.3
33.8
35.3
37.5
41.2
44.1
57.3
60.3
64.0
67.6
70.6
75.0
77.9
83.8
88.2
97.0
101
107
113
118
121
125
131
135
143
150
159
168
171
173
181
188
193
198
203
207
213
221
225
238
250
262
273

4.33
5.41
7.03
8.66
10.3
13.0
15.2
17.3
19.5
21.6
24.9
27.1
29.8
33.0
42.6
44.8
48.1
50.3
52.4
55.7
61.2
65.6
85.2
89.6
95.1
101
105
111
116
125
131
144
151
160
168
175
179
186
194
201
212
223
236
249
253
258
269
280
286
295
302
308
317
328
334
354
371
389
406

5.38
6.72
8.74
10.8
12.8
16.1
18.8
21.5
24.2
26.9
30.9
33.6
37.0
41.0
52.5
55.2
59.3
62.0
64.7
68.7
75.4
80.8
105
110
117
124
129
137
143
154
162
178
186
197
207
216
221
229
240
248
261
275
291
307
313
318
331
345
353
364
372
380
391
404
412
436
458
480
501

7.01
8.76
11.4
14.0
16.6
21.0
24.5
28.0
31.5
35.0
40.3
43.8
48.2
53.4
68.3
71.8
77.0
80.5
84.0
89.3
98.0
105
137
144
152
161
168
179
186
200
210
231
242
256
270
280
287
298
312
322
340
357
378
399
406
413
431
448
459
473
483
494
508
525
536
567
595
623
651

7.90
9.87
12.8
15.8
18.8
23.7
27.6
31.6
35.5
39.5
45.4
49.4
54.3
60.2
77.3
81.3
87.2
91.2
95.2
101
111
119
155
163
172
182
190
202
210
226
238
262
274
289
305
317
325
337
353
365
385
404
428
452
460
468
488
508
519
535
547
559
575
595
607
642
674
706
738

9.15
11.4
14.9
18.3
21.7
27.5
32.0
36.6
41.2
45.8
52.6
57.2
62.9
69.8
89.0
93.6
100
105
110
116
128
137
178
187
199
210
219
233
242
260
274
301
315
333
352
365
374
388
406
420
443
466
493
521
530
539
562
584
598
616
630
644
662
685
699
740
776
813
849

12.5
15.6
20.3
24.9
29.6
37.4
43.6
49.9
56.1
62.3
71.7
77.9
85.7
95.0
118
124
133
139
145
154
170
182
236
248
264
279
291
309
321
345
363
400
418
442
466
485
497
515
539
557
588
618
654
691
703
715
745
775
794
818
836
854
878
909
927
981
1030
1078
1127

14.0
17.5
22.8
28.1
33.3
42.1
49.1
56.1
63.1
70.1
80.7
87.7
96.4
107
126
133
142
149
155
165
181
194
252
265
281
298
311
330
343
369
388
427
446
472
498
518
530
550
576
595
627
660
699
737
750
763
796
828
847
873
893
912
938
970
990
1048
1100
1151
1203

18.5
23.1
30.1
37.0
43.9
55.5
64.8
74.0
83.3
92.5
106
116
127
141
155
163
175
183
191
203
223
239
310
326
346
366
382
406
421
453
477
525
549
580
612
636
652
676
708
732
771
811
859
906
922
938
978
1018
1042
1073
1097
1121
1153
1193
1217
1288
1352
1415
1479

20.4
25.6
33.2
40.9
48.6
61.3
71.6
81.8
92.0
102
118
128
141
156
169
177
190
199
208
221
242
260
338
355
377
398
416
442
459
493
519
571
597
632
667
693
710
736
771
797
840
883
935
987
1004
1022
1065
1108
1134
1169
1195
1221
1255
1299
1325
1403
1472
1541
1610

24.1
30.1
39.2
48.2
57.3
72.3
84.4
96.4
108
121
139
151
166
184
192
202
217
227
237
252
276
296
385
405
429
454
474
503
523
563
592
651
681
721
760
790
809
839
878
908
957
1007
1066
1125
1145
1165
1214
1263
1293
1333
1362
1392
1431
1481
1510
1599
1678
1757
1836

29.3
36.6
47.6
58.5
69.5
87.8
102
117
132
146
168
183
201
223
224
236
253
265
276
293
322
345
449
472
501
529
552
587
610
656
690
759
794
840
886
921
944
978
1024
1059
1116
1174
1243
1312
1335
1358
1415
1473
1507
1554
1588
1623
1669
1726
1761
1864
1956
2048
2140

Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.42 Volts

20

Cell Performance Data


Available Watts at 20OC (68O F) fully charged
Cell
Type

VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

End Voltage 1.05V/cell

Hours
C5
Ah

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

Minutes

Seconds

10

90

60

45

30

10

60

30

10

0.95
1.19
1.54
1.90
2.26
2.85
3.33
3.80
4.28
4.75
5.46
5.94
6.53
7.24
9.18
9.65
10.4
10.8
11.3
12.0
13.2
14.1
18.4
19.3
20.5
21.7
22.6
24.0
24.9
26.8
28.2
31.1
32.5
34.4
36.2
37.7
38.6
40.0
41.9
43.3
45.7
48.0
50.8
53.7
54.6
55.5
57.9
60.3
61.7
63.5
65.0
66.4
68.3
70.6
72.0
76.3
80.0
83.8
87.6

1.18
1.47
1.92
2.36
2.80
3.54
4.13
4.72
5.31
5.90
6.78
7.37
8.11
8.99
11.4
12.0
12.9
13.4
14.0
14.9
16.4
17.5
22.8
24.0
25.4
26.9
28.0
29.8
31.0
33.3
35.1
38.6
40.3
42.7
45.0
46.7
47.9
49.7
52.0
53.8
56.7
59.6
63.1
66.6
67.8
69.0
71.9
74.8
76.5
78.9
80.6
82.4
84.7
87.7
89.4
94.7
99.3
104
109

1.85
2.31
3.00
3.70
4.39
5.54
6.47
7.39
8.32
9.24
10.6
11.5
12.7
14.1
18.1
19.0
20.4
21.4
22.3
23.7
26.0
27.9
36.2
38.1
40.4
42.7
44.6
47.4
49.2
52.9
55.7
61.3
64.1
67.8
71.5
74.3
76.2
79.0
82.7
85.5
90.1
94.8
100
106
108
110
114
119
122
125
128
131
135
139
142
150
158
165
173

2.96
3.71
4.82
5.93
7.04
8.89
10.4
11.9
13.3
14.8
17.0
18.5
20.4
22.6
29.3
30.8
33.1
34.6
36.1
38.3
42.1
45.1
58.6
61.6
65.4
69.1
72.1
76.6
79.6
85.6
90.1
99.2
104
110
116
120
123
128
134
138
146
153
162
171
174
177
185
192
197
203
207
212
218
225
230
243
255
267
279

4.14
5.18
6.73
8.28
9.84
12.4
14.5
16.6
18.6
20.7
23.8
25.9
28.5
31.6
41.8
44.0
47.2
49.4
51.5
54.7
60.1
64.4
83.7
88.0
93.3
98.7
103
109
114
122
129
142
148
157
165
172
176
182
191
197
208
219
232
245
249
253
264
275
281
290
296
303
311
322
328
348
365
382
399

5.07
6.34
8.24
10.1
12.0
15.2
17.8
20.3
22.8
25.4
29.2
31.7
34.9
38.7
49.2
51.7
55.5
58.0
60.5
64.3
70.6
75.7
98.4
103
110
116
121
129
134
144
151
167
174
184
194
202
207
214
225
232
245
257
272
288
293
298
310
323
331
341
348
356
366
378
386
409
429
449
469

6.36
7.95
10.3
12.7
15.1
19.1
22.3
25.5
28.6
31.8
36.6
39.8
43.7
48.5
59.5
62.5
67.1
70.2
73.2
77.8
85.4
91.5
119
125
133
140
146
156
162
174
183
201
211
223
235
244
250
259
272
281
296
311
329
348
354
360
375
391
400
412
421
430
442
458
467
494
519
543
567

6.91
8.63
11.2
13.8
16.4
20.7
24.2
27.7
31.1
34.7
39.9
43.3
47.7
52.9
66.4
69.8
74.9
78.3
81.7
86.9
95.4
102
133
140
148
157
163
174
181
194
204
225
235
249
262
272
279
290
303
313
330
347
368
388
395
402
419
436
446
460
470
480
494
511
521
552
579
606
634

7.56
9.45
12.3
15.1
18.0
22.7
26.5
30.2
34.0
37.8
43.5
47.3
52.0
57.6
76.6
80.6
86.4
90.4
94.3
100
110
118
153
161
171
181
189
200
208
224
236
259
271
287
303
314
322
334
350
362
381
401
424
448
456
464
483
503
515
530
542
554
570
589
601
637
668
699
731

9.95
12.4
16.2
19.9
23.6
29.8
34.8
39.8
44.8
49.7
57.2
62.2
68.4
75.8
96.2
101
108
113
118
126
138
148
192
202
215
227
237
252
261
281
296
325
340
360
380
395
404
419
439
454
478
503
533
562
572
582
607
631
646
666
681
695
715
740
755
799
838
878
917

11.5
14.4
18.8
23.1
27.4
34.6
40.4
46.2
51.9
57.7
66.4
72.1
79.3
88.0
107
113
121
126
132
140
154
165
214
225
239
253
264
280
291
313
330
363
379
401
423
439
450
467
489
505
533
560
593
626
637
648
676
703
720
742
758
775
796
824
840
890
934
978
1022

15.5
19.4
25.2
31.0
36.9
46.6
54.6
62.1
69.9
77.6
89.3
97.0
106.7
118
137
144
154
161
168
179
196
210
273
287
305
322
336
357
371
399
420
462
483
511
539
560
574
596
624
645
680
715
757
799
813
827
862
897
918
946
967
988
1016
1051
1072
1135
1191
1247
1303

17.5
21.9
28.4
35.0
41.6
52.5
61.2
70.0
78.7
87.5
101
109
120
133
146
154
165
173
180
192
210
225
293
308
327
346
361
383
398
428
451
496
518
548
578
601
616
639
669
691
729
766
811
856
871
886
924
962
984
1014
1037
1059
1089
1127
1149
1217
1277
1337
1397

20.6
25.7
33.4
41.1
48.6
61.6
71.7
81.9
92.2
103
118
128
141
157
164
173
185
194
202
215
236
253
328
345
366
387
404
429
446
480
505
556
581
614
648
673
690
715
749
774
816
859
909
960
976
993
1035
1077
1103
1136
1162
1187
1221
1263
1288
1364
1431
1498
1566

25.9
32.3
42.0
51.7
61.4
77.6
90.5
103
116
129
149
162
178
197
191
201
216
226
235
250
275
294
383
402
427
451
471
500
520
559
589
648
677
716
755
785
805
834
873
903
952
1001
1060
1118
1138
1158
1207
1256
1285
1325
1354
1383
1423
1472
1501
1589
1668
1746
1825

Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.42 Volts

21

Cell Performance Data


Available Watts at 20OC (68O F) fully charged
Cell
Type

VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

End Voltage 1.10V/cell

Hours
C5
Ah

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

Minutes

Seconds

10

90

60

45

30

10

60

30

10

0.96
1.20
1.56
1.92
2.28
2.88
3.36
3.84
4.32
4.80
5.52
6.00
6.60
7.32
9.29
9.77
10.5
11.0
11.4
12.2
13.3
14.3
18.6
19.5
20.7
21.9
22.9
24.3
25.3
27.2
28.6
31.5
32.9
34.8
36.7
38.1
39.1
40.5
42.4
43.8
46.2
48.6
51.5
54.3
55.3
56.2
58.6
61.0
62.4
64.3
65.8
67.2
69.1
71.5
72.9
77.2
81.0
84.8
88.6

1.19
1.49
1.94
2.38
2.83
3.58
4.17
4.77
5.37
5.96
6.86
7.45
8.20
9.09
11.5
12.1
13.0
13.6
14.2
15.1
16.6
17.7
23.1
24.3
25.7
27.2
28.4
30.2
31.4
33.7
35.5
39.0
40.8
43.2
45.6
47.3
48.5
50.3
52.7
54.4
57.4
60.3
63.9
67.4
68.6
69.8
72.8
75.7
77.5
79.9
81.6
83.4
85.8
88.7
90.5
95.8
101
105
110

1.85
2.32
3.01
3.71
4.40
5.56
6.49
7.41
8.34
9.27
10.7
11.6
12.7
14.1
18.1
19.0
20.4
21.3
22.3
23.6
26.0
27.8
36.2
38.0
40.3
42.7
44.5
47.3
49.1
52.9
55.6
61.2
64.0
67.7
71.4
74.2
76.0
78.8
82.5
85.3
89.9
94.6
100
106
108
109
114
119
121
125
128
131
134
139
142
150
158
165
172

2.72
3.40
4.42
5.44
6.46
8.16
9.52
10.9
12.3
13.6
15.7
17.0
18.8
20.8
30.0
31.5
33.8
35.4
36.9
39.2
43.0
46.1
59.9
63.0
66.9
70.7
73.8
78.4
81.5
87.6
92.2
101
106
112
118
123
126
131
137
141
149
157
166
175
178
181
189
197
201
207
212
217
223
231
235
249
261
274
286

3.55
4.44
5.77
7.10
8.43
10.6
12.4
14.2
16.0
17.7
20.4
22.2
24.4
27.1
38.1
40.1
43.0
45.0
46.9
49.9
54.7
58.7
76.2
80.2
85.0
89.9
93.8
99.7
104
111
117
129
135
143
151
156
160
166
174
180
190
199
211
223
227
231
240
250
256
264
270
276
283
293
299
317
332
348
364

4.19
5.24
6.82
8.39
10.0
12.6
14.7
16.8
18.9
21.0
24.1
26.2
28.8
32.0
44.0
46.2
49.6
51.9
54.1
57.5
63.1
67.6
87.9
92.4
98.1
104
108
115
120
129
135
149
156
165
174
180
185
192
201
207
219
230
244
257
262
266
277
289
295
304
311
318
327
338
345
365
383
401
419

5.28
6.60
8.58
10.6
12.5
15.8
18.5
21.1
23.8
26.4
30.4
33.0
36.3
40.3
51.4
54.0
58.0
60.6
63.3
67.2
73.8
79.1
103
108
115
121
127
134
140
150
158
174
182
192
203
211
216
224
235
243
256
269
285
301
306
311
324
337
345
356
364
372
382
395
403
427
448
469
490

5.71
7.13
9.27
11.4
13.6
17.1
20.0
22.8
25.7
28.5
32.8
35.7
39.2
43.5
56.2
59.0
63.3
66.2
69.1
73.4
80.6
86.4
112
118
125
132
138
147
153
164
173
190
199
210
222
230
236
245
256
265
279
294
311
328
334
340
354
369
377
389
397
406
418
432
441
466
490
513
536

6.30
7.87
10.2
12.6
15.0
18.9
22.0
25.2
28.3
31.5
36.2
39.4
43.3
48.0
61.9
65.1
69.9
73.0
76.2
81.0
88.9
95.3
124
130
138
146
152
162
168
181
191
210
219
232
245
254
260
270
283
292
308
324
343
362
368
375
391
407
416
429
438
448
461
476
486
515
540
565
591

7.74
9.68
12.6
15.5
18.4
23.2
27.1
31.0
34.8
38.7
44.5
48.4
53.2
59.0
76.5
80.5
86.3
90.3
94.2
100
110
118
153
161
171
181
188
200
208
224
235
259
271
286
302
314
322
334
349
361
381
400
424
447
455
463
483
502
514
530
542
553
569
589
600
636
667
699
730

9.04
11.3
14.7
18.1
21.5
27.1
31.6
36.2
40.7
45.2
52.0
56.5
62.1
68.9
84.8
89.2
95.7
100
104
111
122
130
170
178
189
200
209
222
231
248
261
287
300
318
335
348
357
370
387
400
422
444
470
496
505
513
535
557
570
587
600
613
631
652
665
705
739
774
809

12.6
15.7
20.5
25.2
29.9
37.8
44.1
50.4
56.7
63.0
72.4
78.7
86.6
96.0
109
115
123
129
135
143
157
168
219
230
244
258
269
286
297
320
337
370
387
410
432
449
460
477
499
516
544
572
606
640
651
662
690
718
735
757
774
791
813
842
858
909
954
999
1044

14.2
17.8
23.1
28.5
33.8
42.7
49.8
56.9
64.0
71.1
81.8
88.9
97.8
108
122
128
137
144
150
159
175
187
243
256
271
287
300
318
331
356
374
412
431
456
480
499
512
530
555
574
605
637
674
711
724
736
768
799
817
842
861
880
905
936
955
1011
1061
1111
1161

16.9
21.1
27.4
33.7
40.0
50.6
59.0
67.4
75.9
84.3
96.9
105
116
129
134
141
151
158
165
175
193
206
268
282
299
316
330
351
365
392
413
454
475
502
530
550
564
585
612
633
667
702
743
784
798
812
846
880
901
928
949
970
997
1032
1052
1114
1169
1224
1279

21.3
26.7
34.7
42.7
50.7
64.0
74.7
85.4
96.0
107
123
133
147
163
146
154
165
172
180
191
210
225
292
307
326
345
360
382
397
427
450
494
517
547
577
599
614
637
667
689
727
764
809
854
869
884
922
959
981
1011
1034
1056
1086
1124
1146
1214
1274
1334
1394

Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.42 Volts

22

Cell Performance Data


Available Watts at 20OC (68O F) fully charged
Cell
Type

VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP
VRPP

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

End Voltage 1.14V/cell

Hours
C5
Ah

8
10
13
16
19
24
28
32
36
40
46
50
55
61
78
82
88
92
96
102
112
120
156
164
174
184
192
204
212
228
240
264
276
292
308
320
328
340
356
368
388
408
432
456
464
472
492
512
524
540
552
564
580
600
612
648
680
712
744

Minutes

Seconds

10

90

60

45

30

10

60

30

10

0.93
1.17
1.52
1.91
2.22
2.80
3.27
3.73
4.20
4.76
5.48
5.96
6.55
7.27
9.22
9.69
10.4
10.9
11.3
12.1
13.2
14.2
18.4
19.4
20.6
21.7
22.7
24.1
25.1
26.9
28.4
31.2
32.6
34.5
36.4
37.8
38.8
40.2
42.1
43.5
45.9
48.2
51.1
53.9
54.8
55.8
58.1
60.5
61.9
63.8
65.2
66.7
68.6
70.9
72.3
76.6
80.4
84.2
87.9

1.16
1.45
1.88
2.32
2.75
3.47
4.05
4.63
5.21
5.79
6.66
7.24
7.96
8.83
11.4
12.0
12.8
13.4
14.0
14.9
16.3
17.5
22.8
23.9
25.4
26.8
28.0
29.8
30.9
33.3
35.0
38.5
40.3
42.6
44.9
46.7
47.9
49.6
51.9
53.7
56.6
59.5
63.0
66.5
67.7
68.9
71.8
74.7
76.5
78.8
80.5
82.3
84.6
87.5
89.3
94.6
99.2
104
109

1.85
2.31
3.01
3.70
4.39
5.55
6.47
7.40
8.32
9.25
10.6
11.6
12.7
14.1
18.0
18.9
20.3
21.2
22.2
23.5
25.8
27.7
36.0
37.8
40.2
42.5
44.3
47.1
48.9
52.6
55.4
60.9
63.7
67.4
71.1
73.8
75.7
78.5
82.2
84.9
89.5
94.2
99.7
105
107
109
114
118
121
125
127
130
134
138
141
150
157
164
172

2.40
3.00
3.90
4.79
5.69
7.19
8.39
9.59
10.8
12.0
13.8
15.0
16.5
18.3
24.7
26.0
27.9
29.1
30.4
32.3
35.5
38.0
49.4
51.9
55.1
58.2
60.8
64.6
67.1
72.2
76.0
83.6
87.4
92.4
97.5
101
104
108
113
116
123
129
137
144
147
149
156
162
166
171
175
179
184
190
194
205
215
225
236

2.92
3.65
4.74
5.84
6.93
8.76
10.2
11.7
13.1
14.6
16.8
18.2
20.1
22.3
29.4
30.9
33.1
34.6
36.1
38.4
42.2
45.2
58.7
61.7
65.5
69.3
72.3
76.8
79.8
85.8
90.4
99.4
104
110
116
120
123
128
134
139
146
154
163
172
175
178
185
193
197
203
208
212
218
226
230
244
256
268
280

3.34
4.17
5.42
6.67
7.92
10.0
11.7
13.3
15.0
16.7
19.2
20.8
22.9
25.4
31.6
33.2
35.6
37.3
38.9
41.3
45.4
48.6
63.2
66.4
70.5
74.5
77.8
82.6
85.9
92.3
97.2
107
112
118
125
130
133
138
144
149
157
165
175
185
188
191
199
207
212
219
224
228
235
243
248
262
275
288
301

4.09
5.11
6.64
8.18
9.71
12.3
14.3
16.4
18.4
20.4
23.5
25.6
28.1
31.2
36.2
38.1
40.9
42.7
44.6
47.4
52.0
55.7
72.5
76.2
80.8
85.5
89.2
94.7
98.5
106
111
123
128
136
143
149
152
158
165
171
180
189
201
212
216
219
229
238
243
251
256
262
269
279
284
301
316
331
346

4.46
5.57
7.25
8.92
10.6
13.4
15.6
17.8
20.1
22.3
25.6
27.9
30.7
34.0
38.0
40.0
42.9
44.9
46.8
49.7
54.6
58.5
76.1
80.0
84.8
89.7
93.6
99.5
103
111
117
129
135
142
150
156
160
166
174
179
189
199
211
222
226
230
240
250
255
263
269
275
283
293
298
316
332
347
363

4.96
6.20
8.05
9.91
11.8
14.9
17.3
19.8
22.3
24.8
28.5
31.0
34.1
37.8
44.0
46.2
49.6
51.8
54.1
57.5
63.1
67.6
87.9
92.4
98.1
104
108
115
119
128
135
149
156
165
174
180
185
192
201
207
219
230
243
257
261
266
277
289
295
304
311
318
327
338
345
365
383
401
419

6.44
8.05
10.5
12.8
15.2
19.2
22.4
25.6
28.8
32.0
34.3
37.3
41.0
45.5
55.7
58.6
62.9
65.8
68.6
72.9
80.0
85.8
111
117
124
132
137
146
152
163
172
189
197
209
220
229
234
243
254
263
277
292
309
326
332
337
352
366
375
386
395
403
415
429
437
463
486
509
532

7.48
9.35
12.2
15.0
17.8
22.4
26.2
29.9
33.6
37.4
43.0
46.7
51.4
57.0
64.7
68.0
73.0
76.3
79.6
84.6
92.9
99.5
129
136
144
153
159
169
176
189
199
219
229
242
255
265
272
282
295
305
322
338
358
378
385
391
408
425
435
448
458
468
481
498
508
537
564
590
617

10.1
12.7
16.5
20.3
24.0
30.4
35.4
40.5
45.6
50.6
58.2
63.3
69.6
77.2
83.9
88.2
94.7
99.0
103
110
121
129
168
176
187
198
207
220
228
245
258
284
297
314
331
344
353
366
383
396
418
439
465
491
499
508
529
551
564
581
594
607
624
646
659
697
732
766
801

11.8
14.7
19.1
23.5
27.9
35.3
41.2
47.1
53.0
58.9
67.7
73.5
80.9
89.7
90.8
95.4
102
107
112
119
130
140
182
191
203
214
223
237
247
265
279
307
321
340
358
372
382
396
414
428
452
475
503
531
540
549
573
596
610
628
642
656
675
698
712
754
791
829
866

14.0
17.6
22.8
28.1
33.4
42.1
49.2
56.2
63.2
70.2
80.8
87.8
96.6
107
102
107
115
120
126
133
146
157
204
214
228
241
251
267
277
298
314
345
361
382
403
419
429
445
466
481
507
534
565
596
607
617
643
670
685
706
722
738
759
785
800
847
889
931
973

18.4
23.0
29.9
36.8
43.6
55.1
64.3
73.5
82.7
91.9
106
115
126
140
116
122
131
136
142
151
166
178
231
243
258
273
285
303
315
338
356
392
409
433
457
475
487
504
528
546
576
605
641
676
688
700
730
760
777
801
819
837
860
890
908
961
1009
1056
1104

Discharge data is for cells after floating at 1.42 Volts

23

Battery arrangement as per rack design


CONT. REF

1 TIER
2 STEP

1 STEP
W

4 STEP

1 STEP

B21/B22
B23/B24
B31/32, B32-1
B41/42

296

703

434

818

572

933

440
440

788
844

650
650

903
959

860
860

1018
1074

440
440

B31-2
B31-3
B31-4
B31-5
B31-6

436
604
774
942

788
788
788
788

644
896

903
903

852

1018

436
604
774
942

844
844
844
844

644
896

B41-2
B41-3
B41-4
B41-5
B41-6

565

2 STEP

565

3 STEP

481
565

673
959
959

852

1160
1160

1074

481
565

729

1320
1320

2 TIER
3 STEP

4 STEP

434

1450

572

1700

1400
1550

650
650

1620
1800

860
860

1850
2050

436
604
774
942

1400
1400
1400
1400

644
896

1620
1620

852

1850

436
604
774
942

1550
1550
1550

644
896

1800
1800

852

2050

Calculation of length :
length of rack = (x + 5) x no. of block cells in a row ( for all block cells )

Where x = length of cell or block cell for row-wise mounting ( i.e. For B 31, B 32-1, B 41, B 21-1, B 23-1, B 24-1)
= width of cell or block cell for cross-wise mounting ( i.e. For B 31-2,3,4 & B 41-2,3,4,5,6 )
The value of length should be rounded-off to nearest to 50 mm and 5mm should be added.

Important changes :
1. For single tier racks lower step gable height increased to 300mm instead of 115mm
for better accessibility of bottom row cells and terminal assembly.
2. But for two tier racks lower step gable height is maintained as 115mm since terminal
assembly will be provided on the upper tier.
3. Rack legs or side supporters assembled to inside, reducing the width of rack by
angle width.
4. The changes have been taken into consideration while calculating above dimension.

1 step, 1 tier rack

3 step, 1 tier rack

1 step, 2 tier rack

2 step, 1 tier rack

3 step, 2 tier rack

4 step, 1 tier rack

24

2 step, 2 tier rack

4 step, 2 tier rack

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