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Client Details
Firm Name
Generic Name

Internet Router

ISDN_HUB_NAP

INET-800

ISDN_HUB_NP
ISDN_HUB_NA
ISDN_HUB_Prn

File Details
Files
File size

998912

Number of Pages

86

Date Printed

Dec. 16, 1999

ISDNLink
INET-800

ISDN Router

Users Guide

FCC Statement:
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference.
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

CE Marking Warning
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio
interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
Copyright 1998. All Rights Reserved.
Document Version: 1.0

All trademarks and trade names are the properties of their respective owners.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 ABOUT YOUR INTERNET ROUTER........................................... 1
Internet Router Features ................................................................................. 1
Requirements ................................................................................................... 4
Package Contents............................................................................................. 4
LED Indicators ................................................................................................ 5
Rear Panel Connectors & Switches................................................................. 5
DIP Switches .................................................................................................... 6
Reset The
Device.6
CHAPTER 2 SETUP: INTERNET ROUTER ....................................................... 7
Overview .......................................................................................................... 7
Hardware Installation ..................................................................................... 7
Internet Router Configuration ........................................................................ 8
Web Browser Configuration ........................................................................... 8
Home Setup Screen.........................................................................................11
Configuration Utility ......................................................................................15
Quick Setup
Screen..17
Status
Screen.21
Password
Screen...25
LAN
Screen...27
Dial-In Access
Screen...30
Access Control
Screen..34
Internet Application Screen39
LAN-to-LAN Screen46
ISDN Screen.50
CHAPTER 3 PC CONFIGURATION..55
PC Configuration.55
Operation - Internet Access56
CHAPTER 4 ADVANCED FEATURES ...............................................................59
Available Options ...........................................................................................59

CHAPTER 5 ROUTING ..................................................................................... 641


Overview....................................................................................................... 641
Router Configuration .....................................................................................61
Routing Example ............................................................................................62
Routing Table
Entries..64

ii

About Internet Router


CHAPTER 6 STATUS & MONITORING............................................................67
Overview .........................................................................................................67
Status Screen...................................................................................................67
APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING.................................................. ...70
APPENDIX B SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................73

iii

Chapter 1

About Internet Router


This Chapter provides an overview of the Internet Router's
features and capabilities.

The Internet Router allows multiple SOHO (Small Office Home Office) users to
share a single Internet user account (IP address) over an ISDN phone link. It
provides a low-cost method of giving users of your network easy access to the vast
resources available on the Internet.

Figure 1: Office to Internet

Internet Router Features


The Internet Router incorporates many advanced features, carefully designed to
provide sophisticated functions while being easy to use.

LAN Features
10/100 BaseT Support. The LAN connection will auto-detect 10BaseT and
100BaseT connections
DHCP Server Support. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol provides a
dynamic IP address to PCs and other devices upon request.
The Internet Router can act as a DHCP Server.
1

Internet Router User Guide


Multi Segment LAN Support. If you have a Router, PCs on other LAN
segments can use the ISDN Internet Router to access the Internet. A static routing table is provided to support multiple routers if needed.

Internet Access Features


Shared Internet Account. All users on the LAN can share the same Internet
Account (IP address).
Dial-On-Demand & Auto-Disconnect. A connection is established to the
Internet as required, and automatically disconnected when no longer needed.
This reduces on-line charges to the minimum possible level.

PPP Authentication. This is used to validate the log-on to your Internet


Service Provider.
Advanced Internet Functions.
Virtual Servers. This feature allows Internet users to access Internet servers on your LAN. The required setup is quick and easy.
User-Defined Virtual Servers. Internet users can access non-standard
Internet Servers on your LAN by using this feature.
Special Internet Applications. Internet applications such as Internet Videoconferencing, Telephony, Games Servers, and other specialpurpose Servers are supported.
Exposed Computer. One (1) PC on your local LAN can be exposed to the
Internet. This allows unrestricted 2-way communication between this PC and servers or users on the Internet.

ISDN Features
Easy Configuration. No complex technical data or unintelligible prompts.
Youll be finished in minutes!
Intelligent B Channel Utilization. Internet access will automatically switch
between 1 or 2 B channels, depending on the volume of data.
Outgoing call ID. The Internet Router supports Outgoing call ID for both
MSN (Multiple Subscriber Numbering) and SAD (Sub Address).

About Internet Router

Configuration & Management


Easy Setup. Use your WEB browser from anywhere on the LAN for configuration.
Remote Management. The Internet Router can be managed, if required,
from a workstation anywhere on the LAN, using a WEB browser. A friendly
utility in MS Windows does the advance setup to achieve functions and performance.
Remote Monitoring. Internet access via the ISDN link, can be monitored
from any workstation on the LAN.

Advanced Functions
Dial-in Remote Access. Remote users can dial in using their ISDN phone line,
and use the ISDN Internet Router to connect to the LAN and access LAN resources..
LAN-to-LAN Connectivity. Using 2 ISDN Internet Routers, 2 LANs can be
connected via the ISDN link. The ISDN Internet Router will dial the remote
LAN whenever required. Operation is completely automatic and transparent.

Security Features
Configuration Data. Optional password protection is provided to prevent
unauthorized users from modifying the configuration.
Firewall Protection. All incoming data packets are monitored and all
incoming server requests are filtered, thus protecting your network from malicious attacks from external sources.

Firewall Protection
The firewall protection provided by the Internet Router is an intrinsic side
effect of IP sharing. All users on the LAN share a single external IP address. From the external viewpoint, there is no network, only a single
device.

Internet Router User Guide


For internal users, the Internet Router acts as a transparent proxy server,
translating the multiple internal IP addresses into a single external IP address.
For external requests, any attempt to connect to local resources are blocked.
The Internet Router will not reverse translate from a global IP address to
a local IP address.
This type of natural firewall provides an impregnable barrier against m alicious attacks.

Requirements

PCs with Ethernet Network cards and 10/100 BaseT connectors

10/100 BaseT network

ISDN line, fitted with a NT-1 (Network Termination 1) termination and RJ45
sockets for S/T connection.

Internet Access account with a local ISP (Internet Service Provider).

Package Contents
The following items should be included:

The Internet Router Unit.

Power Adapter.

One (1) 1.44M floppy disk or CD, containing the configuration utility.

Quick Users Manual.

ISDN cable

If any of the above items are damaged or missing, please contact your dealer as
soon as possible.

About Internet Router

LED Indicators
A

Power

LAN

ISDN

Lights when power is ON.


LNK ON when a LAN connection is established. Flash
while data traffic is on the LAN.
ERR Indicates an error, but normally lights up briefly
during power On.
LAN ON when a LAN connection is established.
B1 ON when a B1 channel is established. Flash while the
B1 channel is in use.
B2 ON when a B2 channel is established. Flash while the
B2 channel is in use.
LK ON while the ISDN control signal is established.
All 7 LEDs will light briefly on power on. This is normal.

Rear Panel Connectors & Switches


1

Power port

Connect the power adapter here. Use only the unit


provided. (12VDC, 1Amp)

10/100BaseT
ports

Connect 10/100 BaseT cabling here, and the other


end to the PC.

DIP switches

See the following section.

ISDN port

Use a cable with RJ45 connectors to link this port


to the S/T interface on the NT-1.

Internet Router User Guide

DIP Switches
Settings

Off

Off

On

On

Off

On

On

SW4

SW5
ISDN Terminator

Off

SW3

ISDN Terminator

SW2

Reserved1

SW1

Description

Normal operation
Disable DHCP server2
Restore defaults IP address3
Reserved

Do not change the default values unless advised to do so by technical support staff.

This will override the setting on the DHCP Server screen.

Restores the default IP address (192.168.0.1), network mask (255.255.255.0) and


clears the password, provided the following procedure is carried out.
If you merely leave the DIP switches is this position, the Internet Router will
function normally.

ISDN Terminators: Please leave them as default.

Reset the device


If the Internet Router's IP Address or password is lost, the following procedure can
be used to recover from this situation.
1. Turn the power to the Internet Router OFF.
2. Set DIP switch 1 ON, and DIP switch 2 OFF.
3. Turn the power to the Internet Router ON.
4. Operate DIP switch 1 in the following sequence (you have 15 seconds to
complete the sequence):
5.

OFF, ON, OFF


The Internet Router will now reset, and the Red LED will flash. The following
changes will have been made. (Other configuration data is unchanged.)

IP Address set to its default value of 192.168.0.1

Network Mask set to 255.255.255.0

The password cleared (no password).

About Internet Router


6.

You can now connect to the Internet Router and make any configuration
change required.

Chapter 2

Setup:
Internet Router

This Chapter explains how to install and configure the Internet


Router for Internet Access.

Overview
Setup involves:

Hardware Installation

Internet Router configuration

PC configuration

Hardware Installation
1. Connect Network Cables

Use standard UTP network cable, with RJ45 connectors, to connect the ISDN
Internet Router to a 10BaseT or 100BaseT hub.
The ISDN Internet Router will auto-detect the network speed (10M or 100M)
and full/half duplex mode.

2. Connect ISDN Phone Line


Using a cable fitted with RJ45 plugs, connect the ISDN port on the Internet Router
to the S/T interface on the ISDN NT-1 (Network Termination 1).

3. Power On and Check the LEDs


Connect the supplied power adapter to the Internet Router. When the Internet
Router is powered On, all LEDs should blink, then, except for the PWR LED, go
off. If LAN and ISDN connection is working fine, the LNK and LK leds will stay
ON.

Setup: Internet Router


If the ERR LED stays on, or both the ERR and LNK LEDs continue to blink, there
is a hardware problem.

Warning!

Only use the power adapter provided. Using a different one


may cause hardware damage.

Internet Router Configuration


There are two methods to configure the Internet Router, one is using web browser
and the other is using utility working in Win95/98/NT. The browser configuration
provides a quick start configuration (only one screen) and an extra utility provides
more powerful configuration for users. But first of all, please make sure that the
default IP address, 192.168.0.1 is used by Internet Router ONLY at the first stage
until you change it to another one after configuration.

Web Browser Configuration


Preparation
Ensure Internet Router is in the LAN, your PC is using the TCP/IP protocol, and
configure PC to use the Internet Routers DHCP server, as fo llows:

DHCP Client Setup - Windows 95/98 and use Internet Router


DHCP server
1.

Select the Network Neighborhood icon on the desktop, then Properties. You
will see a screen like the one below: (Start - Settings - Control Panel Network)

Internet Router User Guide

Figure 2: Network Configuration tab


2.
3.

If a line like the one highlighted ("TCP/IP -> Network Card) is not listed,
select Add-Protocol-Microsoft-TCP/IP-OK to add it.
Select Properties for the TCP/IP -> Network card entry. You will see a
screen like the following:

Figure 3: TCP/IP Properties


4.

On the IP Address tab, click the radio button for Obtain an IP address automatically, as above, then reboot. Your PC will obtain an IP Address from the
Internet Router.

If you do not want to use the DCHP Server in Internet Router:

You may set DIP switch 2 ON to disable the DHCP server in the Internet
Router or leave it as Default (DHCP ON).

Enter a fixed IP Address on your PC, as shown below. Please make sure it does
not conflict with other PCs in the same LAN environment.

10

Setup: Internet Router

Figure 4: TCP/IP Properties Fixed IP Address

Connecting to the Internet Router


1.
2.

Start your WEB browser


In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the IP Address of the Internet Router.
For example (using default IP Address):
HTTP://192.168.0.1

3.

You will see the Home setup screen and detailed description below.

If you can't connect, check:

The Internet Router is properly installed, LAN connections are OK,


and it is powered ON.

Your PC and the Internet Router are on the same network segment. (If
there is no router, this must be the case.)

If another PC or device is using the same IP address (192.168.0.1) as


the Internet Router, turn the other device OFF until you assign a new
address to the Internet Router.

That your PC has a compatible IP address (either static or obtained as a


DHCP client)

In the Windows 95/98/NT Run dialog, enter:


winipcfg

Ensure that the drop-down list is set to your Network card. The
current IP Address and Network mask (Subnet Mask) will be dis11

Internet Router User Guide


played.

12

The IP address must be in the range 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254,


and the Network mask must be 255.255.255.0

Ensure that your PC is NOT configured to use a Proxy Server. In


Internet Explorer, this can be checked using View Internet Options Connection. In Netscape, check Options Network Preferences Proxies.

Setup: Internet Router

Home Setup Screen

Figure 5: Home Setup Screen

13

Internet Router User Guide

Internet Access Account Details


Account (User) Name

Enter the account name provided by your ISP.


This name will be used to log in to the ISPs
server.

Account Password

Enter the current password for the above account.

Verify Password

Re-enter the password to ensure it is correct.

IP Address
provided by ISP

Enter the IP address assigned to you by your ISP.


If the ISP issues dynamic IP addresses, leave this
field as 0.0.0.0. (With dynamic IP addresses, a
valid address is provided upon connection.)

DNS IP Address

The DNS (Domain Name Server) translates


names (e.g. microsoft.com) to IP Addresses.
Enter the DNS IP address supplied or recommended by your ISP.

Telephone

Enter the telephone number used to connect to


your ISP.

ISDN Details
Country

Select your country from the drop-down list.


Note that there are 5 entries for the USA. If in the
USA, select the entry to match the Switch Type
used by your telephone company.

SPID (1st B Channel)

If you live in the USA, enter the SPID (Service


Profile Identifier) provided by your phone company.
The most common format for the SPID is 10 digits
(area code + local number) for the phone number,
followed by 4 digits for the device ID.
e.g. 555-555-1234-0101

14

Setup: Internet Router


Where 555-555-1234 is the phone
number, and 0101 is the device ID.
However, there is wide variation in SPID formats,
and you must use the method advised by your phone
company.
If your telephone company did not provide this
information, leave this blank.
SPDI (2nd B Channel)

Enter the SPID for the 2nd B Channel. (See above)

LAN Settings
We recommend that you use the DHCP server function in the Internet Router.
If you wish to use the built-in DHCP server:
No changes are required. However, all devices on your LAN must either be a
DHCP Client OR use a compatible IP Address and Network mask.
If your LAN already has a DHCP server:

Set DIP switch 2 ON to disable the DHCP server in the Internet Router

Give the Internet Router an IP address compatible with the addresses allocated by the DHCP server. (i.e. the last 3-digit number is NOT within the
addresses allocated by the DHCP server; the other numbers are the same as
the addresses allocated by the DHCP server.)

The Network Mask must be the same as the value used by the DHCP server.

If you wish to use static (fixed) IP Addresses:

Give the Internet Router an IP Address within the same address range as
PCs on your LAN. (Only the last 3-digit number should be different for
each device.)

The IP Sharers Network Mask must be the same value as PCs on your
LAN.

If you want to change the Internet Router IP address,


please read following statements carefully.
15

Internet Router User Guide

Give an IP address to the Internet Router and network mask.

Click the Save button and then the Internet Router device IP
address is changed to your setting. At this time, your PC may be
not in the same network mask as Internet Router if you change it
to another segment. You need to re-configure your PC to the
same segment as Internet Router. Then you can access Internet
Router again.

If you forget the IP address, network mask, or password of


Internet Router, please refer the RESET THE DEVICE section in
Chapter 1 for more information.

16

Setup: Internet Router

Configuration Utility
The following procedure assumes you have a Windows 95/98/NT 4.0 or later
system available. The supplied Windows utility provides a quick and easy way to
make your ISDN Internet Router operational. Normally, only 1 screen (Quick
Setup) must be configured to make the ISDN Internet Router operational.
Other setup is required only for the following situations:
l
l
l
l
l

Your LAN has a Router or an existing DHCP Server.


The default IP Address range is not suitable for your situation.
The default values for the ISDN link do not suit your installation.
You wish to use a password to protect the configuration data.
You wish to take advantage of some of the advanced features of the ISDN
Internet Router.

Preparation
1. Insert the supplied CD-ROM into your drive.
2.
3.

If the Setup program does not start automatically, run SETUP.EXE in the root
directory.
Follow the prompts to complete the installation.

Using the Windows Utility


1.

Start the program. If using the default installation, use Start Menu - Programs - ISDNLink Router Utility ISDNLink Router Utility.

2.

The first screen will list all compatible ISDN Internet Routers. Select the
desired unit, then click the Setup button if ISDN Internet Router and PC
are in the same network mask.

17

Internet Router User Guide

Figure 6: ISDN router configuration utility


3.

If the selected device has an IP Address which is incompatible with your


PC, you will see the following TCP/IP Settings screen.

Figure 7: TCP/IP Settings


The screen will display suggested values, rather than current values.
Change the suggested values only if you know they will not work (for example, the IP Address is already allocated to a PC which is powered off).
Otherwise, click "No Change" to continue.
4.

18

If a password has been set for the ISDN Internet Router, you will be
prompted for the password, as shown below. (If no password has been set,
you will not see this dialog box.)

Setup: Internet Router

Figure 8: Password Dialog


Leave the "User Name" blank, and enter the password you assigned to the
ISDN Internet Router.
5.

Configure the Quick Setup tab as described below.

Quick Setup Screen


The Quick Setup tab is displayed by default. You will see a screen like the example
below.

19

Internet Router User Guide

Figure 9: Quick Setup Screen

Data - Setup Screen


Internet Access Account Details (from ISP)
Account (User)
Name

20

Enter the account name provided by your ISP (Internet


Service Provider). This name will be used to log in to the
ISP's server.

Setup: Internet Router

Account Password

Enter the current password for the above account.

Verify Password

Re-enter the password to ensure it is correct.

IP Address
provided by ISP

Enter the IP address assigned to you by your ISP. If the


ISP issues dynamic IP addresses, leave this field as
0.0.0.0. (With dynamic IP addresses, a valid address is
provided upon connection.)

Idle Time-out

If there is no data traffic in the ISDN line in setting value,


internet router will disconnect ISDN connection automatically to save money.

DNS IP Address

The DNS (Domain Name Server) translates names (e.g.


microsoft.com) to IP Addresses.
Enter the DNS IP address supplied or recommended by
your ISP.

Telephone

Enter the telephone number used to connect to your ISP.

Telephone (2) & (3)

Optional.
Enter the telephone number to try if the first number is
busy.

ISDN Details (from Telephone Company)


Country

Select your country from the drop-down list.


Note that there are 5 entries for the USA. If in the USA,
select the entry to match the "Switch Type" used by your
telephone company.

SPID (1st B Channel)

If you live in the USA, enter the SPID (Service Profile


Identifier) provided by your phone company.
21

Internet Router User Guide


The most common format for the SPID is 10 digits (area
code + local number) for the phone number, followed by 4
digits for the device ID.
e.g. 555-555-1234-0101
Where 555-555-1234 is the phone number, and 0101 is the device ID.
However, there is wide variation in SPID formats, and you
must use the method advised by your phone company.
If your telephone company did not provide this information, leave this blank.
SPID (2nd B Channel) Enter the SPID for the 2nd B Channel. (See above)
LAN Settings
The TCP/IP settings displayed on the screen are read-only.

Once setup is complete:

Restart the ISDN Internet Router by disconnecting and reconnecting the


power.

Refer to the next document (LAN/PC Setup) for details on setting up each
PC, including the one used for configuration.

Other Setup
Except in the following circumstances, no other configuration is required.

22

Setup: Internet Router

If using an existing DHCP Server:

Configure it to provide the ISDN Internet Router's IP Address as the Default Gateway.

The DHCP Server in the ISDN Internet Router should be disabled. This
setting is on the LAN Tab of the Manager utility.

ISDN Router's DHCP Server Settings unsuitable


If your LAN already has some devices using fixed IP Addresses, you need to set the
IP Address range used by the DHCP Server to be compatible. The DHCP Server
settings are on the LAN Tab of the Manager utility.

Your LAN has a Router


The Routing feature can be completely ignored if you do not have a router in your
LAN.
If you DO have a router, it is necessary to configure BOTH the Router and the
Routing table in the ISDN Internet Router correctly. See Routing for details.

Default ISDN Settings unsuitable


In rare cases, it may be necessary to change the ISDN settings (B Channel Speed,
Initialization string). These settings are on the ISDN Tab screen.
This screen also allows you to:

Temporarily switch the ISDN link OFF.


Use 2 B Channels for Internet access, rather than 1.
Set the outgoing call MSN and SAD. (MSN and SAD allow you to have
multiple phone numbers).

Once setup is complete:

Restart the ISDN Internet Router by disconnecting and reconnecting the


power.
Refer to the next document (LAN/PC Setup) for details on setting up each
PC, including the one used for configuration.
23

Internet Router User Guide

Status Screen
The Status tab on the Windows utility can be used to review the current settings
and operation of the ISDN Internet Router. An example screen is shown below.

Figure 10: Status Screen


24

Setup: Internet Router

Data - Status Screen


System
Firmware Version

Version of the firmware (embedded software) which is


currently installed. Technical support staff may ask for
this information.

Hardware Address

The Network Address (hardware address) of this


device. This is equivalent to the "Network Adapter
Address" on a PC.

Hardware ID

The hardware ID of this device, used by the manufacturer for identification.

ISDN Connection
Idle/Dial-in/LAN-toLAN

Indicates what the ISDN link is being used for. If not


being used, "Idle" will be displayed.

Name

Dial-in use:- The name of the user performing


dial-in.
Internet access:- The account name.
LAN-to-LAN connections:- The login name.
The login name could be either accepted or provided, depending which end initiates the
connection.

Connection Log
Log

This shows status messages relating to ISDN link.


Common messages are shown in the following table.

25

Internet Router User Guide

Connection Log Messages


Message

Description

Dialing

Dialing the ISP

Try to establish
physical connection.

The device is trying to connect with the ISP.

Busy error

The number dialed was busy.

Physical line is
connected

Physical connection to ISP has been established.

Start PPP

A PPP connection is now being established.

PPP up fail

The PPP connection could not be established.

PPP up successfully

The PPP connection was established successfully.

Stop PPP

The PPP connection was terminated. This will occur at the


end of a session, or an error condition.

Idle timer expires

The "Idle time-out" has been triggered. (There was no data


sent or received for the duration of the "Idle time" period.)

26

Password Screen
The password protects the ISDN Internet Router's configuration data. If a password
is not set, anyone can connect to the ISDN Internet Router and change its configuration. If the password is lost, a DIP switch setting is provided to clear the password.
Refer the RESET THE DEVICE for more information.
Selecting the Password tab will reveal a screen like the example below.

Figure 11: Password Screen

27

Internet Router User Guide

Enter the password on this screen:

28

Passwords are case sensitive and can be up to 8 alphanumeric characters


(no spaces or punctuation).

To create or change the password, enter the required password in both the
New Password and Verify Password input fields.

LAN Screen
Unless your LAN has a Router, it is usually unnecessary to change the settings
on this screen. An example screen is shown below. This screen has 3 sections
relating to the LAN on which the ISDN Internet Router is installed.

DHCP Server
Routing Table
DNS (Domain Name Server) IP Addresses

Figure 12: LAN Screen

29

Internet Router User Guide

DHCP Server

A DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server provides a valid


IP address, Gateway address and DNS addresses to a DHCP client (PC or
device) upon request.

The ISDN Internet Router can act as a DHCP Server. The default value is
ON (Enabled), and use of this feature is strongly recommended.

To use this feature, ensure that Enable is checked.


Also, the PCs must be configured to act as a DHCP clients. See above
DHCP Client Setup section of Web Browser Configuration for details of
this procedure.

IP Address allocated by the DHCP Server

30

Normally, the default values for the DHCP Server do not need to be
changed. However, if your LAN already has some devices using fixed IP
Addresses, you must ensure that each of those devices uses an IP Address
which is compatible with the IP Addresses allocated by the DHCP Server.
"Compatible" means:
o

The IP Address is from the same address range as the DHCP


Server. By default, the ISDN Internet Router uses the IP Address
range 192.168.0.1 to 192.168.0.254.

The IP Address must NOT be within the group allocated by the


DHCP Server. By default, the ISDN Internet Router allocates addresses between 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.51. Therefore,
addresses between 192.168.0.52 and 192.168.0.254 are available
for other devices.

All devices must use the same Network Mask (Subnet Mask).

If you have non-PC devices on your LAN, it may be more convenient to


change the IP Addresses allocated by the DHCP Server function in the
ISDN Internet Router, rather than change the IP Addresses used by the existing devices.
To do this:

Setup: Internet Router


1.

For the Start IP Address, enter the first IP Address of the range of
IP Addresses to be allocated by the DHCP Server.

2.

In the End IP Address, enter the last IP Address of the range of IP


Addresses to be allocated by the DHCP Server function.

3.

Ensure that the range is large enough for all of the PCs and devices which will be acting as DHCP clients and requesting an IP
Address. The default number of clients is 50; the maximum is
253.

Routing Table
This is a static Routing Table. Entries are required only if your LAN contains 1 or
more Routers. See Chapter Routing for further details.
If you are using the ISDN Internet Router for LAN-to-LAN connectivity, an entry
will automatically appear here for the remote LAN you are connecting to. Do NOT
delete this entry.

DNS (Domain Name Server) IP Address


Space is provided for 3 entries. The first entry will display the DNS value entered
on the Quick Setup screen.
Enter additional values if you wish. If multiple entries are provided, the first available DNS will be used.

31

Dial-In Access Screen


The ISDN Internet Router's dial-in feature allows remote users to:

Use an ISDN TA to connect to the ISDN Internet Router, using the same
PPP communication software (e.g. Dial-up Networking) that they use for
dial-in Internet access.

Have their user name and password verified by the ISDN Internet Router.
(Note: If dial-in PPP link security is set to "None", no verification is performed.)

Access the LAN resources as if they were a local user. To other users on
the LAN, the remote users appear to be a local PC, using the IP Address
allocated by the ISDN Internet Router.

For additional security, the dial-back function can be used. In this situation, the
ISDN Internet Router will hang-up the user's incoming connection, and then call
them back.
To use the Dial-in Feature:
1.

Dial-in must be Enabled on the Dial-in Tab.

2.

User access data is required. The options are as follows:

3.

Allow access by anyone and everyone (not recommended) - If


Authentication on the Dial-in screen is set to None, then the user
name and password is not checked, so anyone who dials in can
gain access.

All users use the same log-in - Create a single user (on the Dialin screen) with dial-in access, and all users use this log-in.

Enter data for each user - Each person requiring dial-in access
has their data entered on the Users screen.

The remote user can use the same dial-up software they use for Internet
access. Once connected, the remote user can access LAN resources as they
normally would. They will appear to other LAN devices as a normal PC on
the LAN, using the IP Address allocated by the ISDN Internet Router.
32

Setup: Internet Router

Figure 13: Dial-In Screen

Data - Dial-in Access


Dial-in Access
Enable Dial-in
Access

If checked, dial-in will be allowed. Otherwise, any attempt to


dial-in will be blocked.

Idle Time-out

If a dial-in connection remains inactive, it is terminated after


this time period. Allowable range is 0-99 minutes; 0 means no
33

Internet Router User Guide


limit.
Authentication

Select the desired security option for log-in:


Disable means no user name/password check is performed.
Anyone can connect. It is not necessary to enter each user's
details if this option is chosen.
Warning! This is a major security risk.
Enable uses the industry-standard PAP system.

User List
Entering of user data is required only to provide secure dial-in access.

All users who have been created will be listed here.

The Dial-in column indicates whether or not each user currently has Dialin access. Click any entry in this column to Enable/Disable dial-in access.

The user "Guest" is pre-defined, with no password or Dial-in access. This


name will initially appear in the list.

Note the limitations on user names:


o
o
o

Multiple words are NOT allowed.


Punctuation and special characters must NOT be used.
User names are case insensitive (case is ignored).

Data - User List


User
Name

Name of this user.

Password

The password for the current user. Passwords are case sensitive. When
creating or changing a password, enter it in the Verify field also.

Enable

Check this to enable dial-in; uncheck to suspend dial-in access.

34

Setup: Internet Router


Dial-in
Time
limit

After this time period, the user is disconnected. Allowable values are 0
(default) to 999 minutes. Zero means no time limit.

Call Back

Options are:

Disabled:- User can simply dial-in; the device will not hangup and call back.
Roaming:- After providing their name and password, the
user is prompted for the call-back number.
Fixed:- The number entered in the Telephone No. field is
always used as the call-back number.

Remote Users
Remote users can use the same dial-up software they use for Internet access. They
should check the following:

Their ISDN TA must dial the telephone number of the ISDN Internet
Router.

Their software should be set to obtain an IP Address from the dial-in host.
(This is the standard configuration; no changes should be required.)
Upon connection, the ISDN Internet Router will allocate a suitable unused
IP Address.

When prompted for user name and password, they must enter the Name
and Password stored in the ISDN Internet Router.

Once connected, the remote user can access LAN resources as they normally would.
They will appear to other LAN devices as a normal PC on the LAN, using the IP
Address allocated by the ISDN Internet Router.

35

Internet Router User Guide

Access Control Screen


The Access Control feature allows administrators to restrict Internet Access by
individual workstations. The process uses "Packet Filtering" to block or discard
data packets. You can apply the pre-defined filters, and optionally define your own
filters.
By default, filtering is disabled; no packets are blocked or discarded.
Selecting the Access Control tab will reveal a screen like the example below.

36

Setup: Internet Router

Figure 14: Access Control Screen

To use the Access Control feature:


1.

Set the desired restrictions on the "Everyone"group, by selecting this group


and clicking "Setup". By default, all PCs are in the "Everyone"group
unless explicitly moved to another group.

37

Internet Router User Guide


2.

Set the desired restrictions on the other groups ("Group 1", "Group 2", etc)
as needed.

3.

For each Workstation you wish to move from the "Everyone" group, enter
their data and assign them to the desired group.
You can limit Internet access for ALL PCs without entering ANY
workstation data. Simply apply the desired restrictions to the "Everyone" group.

Security Groups
To Set or Change restrictions for a Security Group:
1.

Select the group from the drop-down list. Note that the Security groups are
pre-named "Everyone", "Group 1", "Group 2", "Group 3", and "Group 4".
These names cannot be changed.

2.

Click the Setup button to define restrictions for the selected group. An example screen is shown above.

3.

Enter data on this screen as explained below. Click OK when finished.

Data for each Group


No restrictions

No packets are blocked. Use this to create an "Unlimited Access"


group, or to temporarily remove restrictions from a group.

Block all
Access

Groups members cannot access the Internet at all. Use this to create
the most restrictive group.

Use List
Below

Enable or disable individual items as required. If set to Block, the


item will be blocked, and the group will NOT have access.
This table is ignored unless the Use List Below radio button is
selected.

38

Setup: Internet Router

Workstations
This list shows all workstations (PCs) which have been defined.
It is only necessary to define workstations in the following situations:

To assign the workstation to a particular security group.

To reserve an IP Address for this PC (or device), so that the DHCP Server
function in the ISDN Internet Router will always allocate the same IP Address to this device, and never assign the reserved IP Address to any other
device.

Use the Add, Edit, and Delete buttons to modify the list as required. An example
Add or Edit screen is shown below.

Figure 15: Workstation

39

Internet Router User Guide

Workstation Data
Name

Enter an identifier for this workstation. The


name cannot contain spaces or punctuation.

Group

Select the security group for this workstation.


If you only wish to reserve an IP Address,
and are not using the Access Control
features, simply leave this at "Default".

Hardware (MAC) Address

Hardware or physical address. On a PC,


this is often called the Network Adapter
Address. You can use the Windows
"Winipcfg" program or your LAN management program to find this address. (By
default, there is no Start Menu item for
Winipcfg so you must use the "Run" command or create your own shortcut.)

Reserve IP Address in DHCP


Table

Check this if you wish to reserve an IP


address for this workstation. This is useful
if you have to provide the IP Address for
other programs or users.
If this is left unchecked, the following entry
can be ignored.

Reserved IP Address

This relates to the entry above.


Enter the reserved address here. This
MUST be within the range used by the
DHCP server (set on the LAN screen).

40

Internet Application Screen


This screen provides access to some advanced features of the ISDN Internet Router.
Clicking the Internet Application tab will display a screen like the example below.

Figure 16: Internet Application Screen

Special Applications
This feature is only required if you wish to use Internet applications which require
2-way communication, multiple connections, or combined TCP/UDP connections.

41

Internet Router User Guide

Examples of such applications are Internet Videoconferencing, Telephony,


Games Servers, and other special-purpose Servers. A number of the more
common applications have been pre-defined, and will appear in the list.
Generally, you will become aware of the need for this feature when an
Internet application is unable to function correctly.
At any time, only one (1) PC can use each Special Application.

Operation
To enable an existing entry:
On the list of special applications, you can click the "Enable" column
to toggle the "Enable" value On and Off.
If creating or editing an entry, an Enable checkbox is available.
To create a new entry:
1.

Click the Add button. A screen like the following will be shown.

Figure 17: Special Applications

42

2.

Enter data as described below.

3.

Click OK when finished. The new entry will appear in the list, and can be
enabled and disabled like the pre-defined entries.

Setup: Internet Router

Data - Special Applications


Enable

Use this to Enable or Disable support for this application, as required.

Name

Enter a descriptive name to identify this application entry.

Outgoing Data
Protocol

The protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you connect to the special
application service.

Port
Range:
Start

The beginning of the range of port numbers used by the application


server, for data you send to it. If the application uses a single port
number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

Port
Range:
Finish

The end of the range of port numbers used by the application server,
for data you send.

Incoming Data
Protocol

The protocol (TCP or UDP) used when the application or service


sends data to you.

Port
Range:
Start

The beginning of the range of port numbers used by the application


server when data is sent to you. If the application uses a single port
number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

Port
Range:
Finish

The end of the range of port numbers used by the application server,
when data is sent to you.

43

Internet Router User Guide

Virtual Servers
This feature is available only if you are using the ISDN Internet Router for shared
Internet access, rather than for LAN-to-LAN connection.
The Virtual Servers feature allows Internet users to access Servers on your LAN,
via the ISDN Internet Router.
Normally, Internet users would not be able to access a server on your LAN because:

Your Server does not have a valid external IP Address.

Attempts to connect to devices on your LAN are blocked by the firewall in


this device.

The "Virtual Server" feature solves these problems and allows Internet users to
connect to your servers. However, your LAN must have an existing connection to
the Internet. Internet users cannot open a connection.
Virtual Server operation is illustrated below.

44

Setup: Internet Router


Figure 18: Virtual Server Operation

IP Address seen by Internet Users


Note that, in this illustration, both Internet users are connecting to the same IP
Address, but using different protocols.
To Internet users, all virtual Servers on your LAN have the same IP Address.
This IP Address is the IP Address from ISP on the Quick Setup screen. This address
should be static (fixed), rather than dynamic, to make it easier for Internet users to
connect to your Servers.

Using Virtual Servers


1.

Enable the Server type or types you wish to use.


This can be done by clicking within the "Enable" column, to toggle the
value On or Off.
If creating or editing an entry, an Enable checkbox is available.

2.

Enter the IP Address of each server on your LAN.

3.

Click OK when finished.

4.

Advise Internet users of the IP Address to use. (The IP Address allocated


by the ISP, not the address on your LAN.) Note that because all Servers
have the same IP Address, the appropriate client software (e.g. Browser,
FTP client, Mail Client) must be used so that Internet users will be connected to the correct server.

5.

Ensure that the connection to the Internet is established. Internet users


cannot open a connection.

Defining Virtual Servers


If the type of Server you wish to use is not listed, you can define it by clicking the
Add button. You will see a screen like the example below.

45

Internet Router User Guide

Figure 19: Virtual Server


Enter data on this screen as follows.
Enable

Use this to Enable or Disable support for this Server, as required.

Protocol

Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used by the Server.

Name

Names can not contain spaces or punctuation, and are case insensitive (case is ignored).

IP Address

The IP Address of the PC on your LAN which is running the


Server software.

Internal Port Enter the port number used by the Server to connect to clients.
Number
The port number used by clients when connecting to the Server.
External
Port Number This is normally the same as the Internal Port Number.
If it is different, this device will perform a "mapping" or "translation" function, allowing you to configure the server to use one port
address, while clients use a different port address

46

Setup: Internet Router

Exposed Computer
This feature, if enabled, allows one (1) computer on your LAN to be exposed to all
users on the Internet, allowing unrestricted 2-way communication between the
"Exposed Computer" and other Internet users or Servers.

Internet users will see the PC as having the IP Address allocated by ISP
shown on the Quick Setup screen of this device. (This is the same IP Address used by the Virtual Servers.)

Any Internet user who knows this address can connect to the Exposed
Computer. (What happens after connection depends on what software both
computers are using).

This allows connection to special-purpose servers which require proprietary client software, or 2-way user connections such as Video-conferencing,
which requires both users to run special software.

To allow unrestricted access, the Firewall in this device is disabled,


creating a security risk.

You should use this feature only if the "Special Applications" feature
is insufficient to allow an application to function correctly.

This feature should be enabled only when required.

Operation

Enter the IP Address of the PC on your LAN which you wish to be the Exposed Computer.

Enable this feature as and when required.

47

LAN-to-LAN Screen

The LAN-to-LAN feature allows the ISDN Internet Router to connect to a


remote LAN, via the ISDN link.

The remote LAN must also have an ISDN Internet Router or compatible
device; each device must be configured to connect to the other. One Server
can be configured to initiate the connection, or both can dial-up as necessary. (In the latter case, there is a possibility that neither can connect
because each is dialing the other.)

NAT (Network Address Translation - the feature that allows all PCs on the
LAN to share 1 external IP Address, and also provides firewall protection)
is disabled when using the LAN-to-LAN function.

Selecting the LAN-to-LAN tab will reveal a screen like the following example.

48

Setup: Internet Router

Figure 20: LAN-to-LAN Screen

Data - LAN-to-LAN
Enable LAN-to-LAN / Disable
Internet Access & Dial-in

Use this to Enable and Disable the LAN-toLAN feature.


Note that if using LAN-to-LAN, both
Internet Access and Dial-in are disabled.

49

Internet Router User Guide


Remote Site
Device IP Address

IP Address of the ISDN Internet Router at


the remote LAN.

Network Mask

Network Mask (Subnet mask) of the ISDN


Internet Router at the remote LAN.

Act as Receiver
Enable

In Act as Receiver mode, this device will


accept a connection from the remote device.
Use this to Enable/Disable this mode. Note
that if both Act as Receiver and Initiate
Connection are Disabled, LAN-to-LAN
mode cannot function.

Authentication

Select the desired security option:


Disable means no name/password checking
is performed. No login name or password is
required if this option is chosen.
Warning: Anyone can connect; this is a
major security risk.
Enable uses the industry-standard "PAP"
security method.

Login Name

When another ISDN Internet Router attempts to connect to this one, a log-in name
and password will be requested.
Enter the name and password (below) which
permit access to this ISDN Internet Router.

Password

The password associated with the log-in


name above. Enter the password in the
Verify field also.

50

Setup: Internet Router

Initiate Connection to Remote Site


Enable

In this mode, the ISDN Internet Router will


connect to the remote site as required. Use
this checkbox to Enable/Disable this mode.
Note that if both Act as Receiver and Initiate
Connection are Disabled, LAN-to-LAN
mode cannot function.

Telephone

Telephone number to dial to connect to the


remote LAN. The remote site must have
another ISDN Internet Router or compatible
device.

Login using:

The remote ISDN Internet Router will


request a Log-in name and password.

Name
Password

Enter the name and password required to


gain access to the remote ISDN Internet
Router.

51

Internet Router User Guide

ISDN Screen
In most situations, there is no need to change these settings. They are provided to
allow you to:

Use 1 B Channel for Internet access, rather than both.


Set the outgoing call MSN (Multiple Subscriber Numbering) and SAD
(Sub-address).
Set the B Channel line speed to 56K, rather than 64K, and enter an "Initialization String" for the ISDN link. (Note: You should only do this if
advised to do so by your phone company.)

52

Setup: Internet Router

Figure 21: ISDN Screen

Data - ISDN Screen


Internet Access Usage
Always use 1 B Channel

Only 1 B Channel is used for Internet Access.


The 2nd B Channel is never used for Internet
53

Internet Router User Guide


The 2nd B Channel is never used for Internet
Access, but is available for Dial-in Access (if
enabled and configured).
Dynamically use 2 B Channels

For Internet Access, 1 or 2 channels are used,


depending on the volume of traffic. If Dial-in
Access is enabled, then the 2nd B Channel will
be dropped if required to allow connection of an
incoming call.

Always use 2 B Channels

If an Internet connection is required, both 2 "B"


channels are always used. Howevery, the 2nd B
Channel is still available for Dial-in Access (if
enabled and configured).

Outgoing Call ID

MSN

If provided, enter the MSN (Multiple Subscriber


Numbering) which receivers of your calls will see
(using caller ID). The phone company will bill
this number.

SAD

If provided, enter the SAD (SubAddress). The


SAD acts like an extension number to your main
ISDN number. You can dial-up from this number
instead of the main number.

Incoming Call ID

MSN

If provided, enter the MSN (Multiple Subscriber


Numbering) which callers should use to connect
to this device.

SAD

If provided, enter the SAD (SubAddress). The


SAD acts like an extension number to your main
ISDN number. Incoming callers can connect by
dialling this number.

54

Setup: Internet Router

Advanced B Channel Settings


B Channel Line Speed

The default is 64K. Set to 56K only if advised to


do so by your phone company.

B Channel Init String

This is normally not needed. If required, enter


the value advised by technical support staff.

55

Internet Router User Guide

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56

Chapter 3

PC
Configuration

This Chapter contains an overview of PC configuration.

PC Configuration
Check this figure and refer below condition to take different actions.

Figure 22: TCP/IP configuration of PC

TCP/IP Settings
If you use the DHCP Server function:

Configure each PC to be a DHCP client, as shown in Preparation of Web


Browser Configuration in Chapter 2.

If your LAN already has a DHCP server:

On the LAN Tab of Utility, disable the DHCP server in the ISDN Internet
Router.

Configure your existing DHCP server to provide the Internet Routers IP


Address as the Default Gateway.

57

Internet Router User Guide

If your LAN has a Router or Routers

Do NOT change any TCP/IP settings on any PC.

Configure the router. See Chapter Routing for details.

If you use static (fixed) IP Addresses:


On each PC:

Make sure the IP address is unique in the LAN.

Set the Default Gateway Address (on the Gateway tab) to the IP Address of
Internet Router.

On the DNS tab, enter the same value as entered in the Internet Router.

Internet Settings
Each PC must be configured for Internet access via the LAN, rather than by dial-up
connection. In Windows 95/98:

Select Start Menu Settings Control Panel Internet.

When prompted, select Access via LAN or click the SETUP to set this option.
For other application, you may escape it and configure it later.

Operation Internet Access


Once your PC is configured to use Internet access via the LAN, simply use your
Browser to connect to any Internet site.

Accessing AOL
To access AOL (America On Line) through the Internet Router, the following items
are required:

Internet account with an ISP, in addition to your AOL account. The Internet
Router must be configured with details of the Internet account, as described in
this chapter.

Version 2.5, 3.0 or later of AOL for Windows communication software.

The AOL for Windows software must be configured to use TCP/IP network
access, rather than a dial-up connection. The configuration process is described
below.

58

PC Configuration

AOL for Windows Configuration


Ensure that the Internet Router is configured first, then carry out the following
procedure.

Start the AOL for Windows communication software (Version 2.5, 3.0 or later).
Click the Setup button.

Select Create Location, and change the location name from "New Locality" to
"Internet Router".

Click Edit Location. Select TCP/IP for the Network field. (Leave the Phone
Number blank.)

Click Save, then OK.


Configuration is now complete.

Before clicking "Sign On", always ensure that you are using the "Internet
Router" location.

59

Internet Router User Guide

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60

Chapter 4

Advanced
Features

Generally, the following Settings and Features are optional. Only


if you need to configure ISDN link, get powerful functions, or
your LAN contains a Router or Router, is any further configuration required.

Available Options
The available options are listed below. Follow the relevant link to locate detailed
information.
Password

Set or change the password for the ISDN Internet Router.


The password is used to protect the configuration data.
Please refer ISDNLink Router Configuration Utility
section of Chapter 2 for more information.

LAN

Use this to:

Enable/Disable the DHCHP Server, or change


the IP Addresses allocated by the DHCP server,
or increase the number of DHCP clients supported. (Default is 50, maximum is 253.)
Add or Delete entries in the Routing Table
Enter additional DNS (Domain Name Server) IP
Addresses
Please refer ISDNLink Router Configuration Utility
section of Chapter 2 for more information.
Dial-in

Configure the ISDN Internet Router to allow users to


Dial-in and use network resources on the local LAN.

61

Internet Router User Guide


Please refer ISDNLink Router Configuration Utility
section of Chapter 2 for more information.
Access Control

Impose restrictions on the Internet Access enjoyed by


particular workstations.
Please refer ISDNLink Router Configuration Utility
section of Chapter 2 for more information.

Internet Applications

Use Virtual Servers, Special Internet Applications, or the


Exposed Computer feature.
Please refer ISDNLink Router Configuration Utility
section of Chapter 2 for more information.

LAN-to-LAN

Use the ISDN Internet Router to connect to another


LAN, via the ISDN link.
Please refer ISDNLink Router Configuration Utility
section of Chapter 2 for more information.

ISDN

These settings allow you to use 1 B channel instead of 2,


set B channel parameters as advised by the phone company/technical support, or set the outgoing call ID.
Please refer ISDNLink Router Configuration Utility
section of Chapter 2 for more information.

62

Advanced Port Settings

63

Chapter 5

Routing

This Chapter explains the Routing features of the Internet Router.

Overview
While the ISDN Internet Router includes a standard routing table, this feature can
be completely ignored if you do not have a router in your LAN.
If you DO have a router, it is necessary to configure BOTH the Router and the
Routing table in the ISDN Internet Router correctly, as described in the following
sections.

Router Configuration
It is essential that all IP packets for devices not on the local LAN be passed to the
ISDN Internet Router, so that they can be forwarded to the Internet. To achieve this,
the Routers must be configured to use the ISDN Internet Router as the Default
Route or Default Gateway.

Local Router
The local router is the Router installed on the same LAN segment as the ISDN
Internet Router. This router requires that the Default Route is the ISDN Internet
Router itself. Typically, routers have a special entry for the Default Route. It should
be configured as follows.
Destination IP Address

Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.

Network Mask

Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.

Gateway IP Address

The IP Address of the ISDN Internet Router.


64

Routing
1

Metric

Other Routers
Other routers must use the ISDN Internet Router's Local Router as the Default
Route. The entries will be the same as the ISDN Internet Router's local router, with
the exception of the Gateway IP Address.

For a router with a direct connection to the ISDN Internet Router's local
Router, the Gateway IP Address is the address of the ISDN Internet
Router's local router.

For routers which must forward packets to another router before reaching
the ISDN Internet Router's local router, the Gateway IP Address is the address of the intermediate router.

Routing Example

Figure 23: Routing Example


For the LAN shown above, with 2 routers and 3 LAN segments, the required
entries would be as follows.

For the ISDN Internet Router's Routing Table


The ISDN Internet Router requires 2 entries as follows.
65

Internet Router User Guide


Entry 1 (Segment 1)
Destination IP Address

192.168.1.0

Network Mask

255.255.255.0
(Standard Class C)

Gateway IP Address

192.168.0.100 (ISDN Internet Router's local


Router)

Entry 2 (Segment 2)
Destination IP Address

192.168.2.0

Network Mask

255.255.255.0

Gateway IP Address

192.168.0.100

For Router A's Default Route

66

Destination IP Address

0.0.0.0

Network Mask

0.0.0.0

Gateway IP Address

192.168.0.1
(ISDN Internet Router's IP Address)

Routing

For Router B's Default Route


Destination IP Address

0.0.0.0

Network Mask

0.0.0.0

Gateway IP Address

192.168.1.80
(ISDN Internet Router's local router)

Routing Table Entries


On the LAN tab, routing entries will appear as in the example screen below.

67

Internet Router User Guide


Figure 24: LAN Tab

Operations
To delete an existing entry:

Select the desired name from the list.


Click the Delete button.

To create a new entry:

Click the Add butto.


Enter data as shown below.
Click OK to save.

Routing Table Data


An entry in the routing table is required for each LAN segment on your Network,
other than the segment to which this device is attached. The data for each entry is
as follows.
Destination
IP Address

The network address of the remote LAN segment. For standard


class "C" LANs, the network address is the first 3 fields of this
Destination IP Address. The 4th (last) field can be left at 0.

Network
Mask

The Network Mask used on the remote LAN segment. For class "C"
networks, the standard Network Mask is 255.255.255.0

Gateway
IP Address

The IP Address of the Router on the LAN segment to which this


device is attached. (NOT the router on the remote LAN segment.)

Metric

The number of routers which must be navigated to reach the remote


LAN segment. The default value is 1.

68

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69

Chapter 6

Status &
Monitoring

Overview
The Internet Router allows you to connect to it through the LAN while it is operating. You can monitor the operation of the ISDN link. Browse the Internet Router
and click the STATUS tab to get below window. The other way is to use ISDNLink
Router Configuration Utility and click STATUS tab, please refer Chapter 2 for
more information.

Status Screen

Figure 25: Status Screen


70

Status & Monitoring

Current Connection
Usage

This indicates whether the ISDN Internet Router is being used


for Internet Access, LAN-to-LAN connection, or dial-in.

Name

For Internet access, the account name is displayed.


For Dial-in, the name of the dial-in user is displayed.
For LAN-to-LAN, the name of the remote device is displayed.

IP Address

The IP Address used by this device, allocated by the remote


device. This address is provided by the ISP if connected. (Or by
the remote ISDN Internet Router, if using LAN-to-LAN.

Connection Log
This shows status to the PPP link over the ISDN line. Common messages are
shown in the following table.
Message

Description

Dialing

Dialing the ISP

Try to establish
physical connection.

The device is trying to connect with the ISP.

Busy error

The number dialed was busy.

Physical line is
connected

Physical connection to ISP has been established.

Start PPP

A PPP connection is now being established.

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Internet Router User Guide


PPP up fail

The PPP connection could not be established.

PPP up successfully

The PPP connection was established successfully.

Stop PPP

The PPP connection was terminated. This will occur at


the end of a session, or an error condition.

Idle timer expires

The "Idle time-out" has been triggered. (There was no


data sent or received for the duration of the "Idle time"
period.)

Buttons

Dial/Hang Up - Dial your ISP or hang up, depending on whether or not


a connection exists.

Tech Log - Display ISDN messages, instead of connection messages. This is


only to assist technical support staff.

Clear Log - Delete existing data in the log. This makes new data easier to read.

Refresh - Update the Log.

72

Appendix A
Troubleshooting

This Appendix covers the most likely problems and their solutions.

Overview
This section covers some common problems that may be encountered while using
the Internet Router and some possible solutions to them. If you follow the suggested
steps and the Internet Router still does not function properly, contact your dealer for
further advice.

Internet Access
Problem 1

Cant connect to the Internet Router to configure it.

Solution 1

Check the following:

The Internet Router is properly installed, LAN connections are OK, and it is powered ON.

Ensure that your PC and the Internet Router are on the


same network segment. (If you don't have a router, this
must be the case.)

Ensure that your PC is using an IP Address within the


range 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 and thus compatible
with the Internet Router's default IP Address of
192.168.0.1.
In Windows, this is done by using Control PanelNetwork to check the Properties for the TCP/IP protocol.
You can also use the WinIPcfg program by entering
WinIPcfg (without the quotes) in the Run dialog
box.

Problem 2

When I enter a URL or IP address I get a time out error.

Solution 2

A number of things could cause this. Try the following


troubleshooting steps.
73

Internet Router User Guide


troubleshooting steps.
1.

2.

3.

4.
5.
6.

If using static IP Addresses, ensure that your workstations IP settings are correct, including IP address, default
gateway and DNS.
Ping the Internet Router. Use the Run command to
enter the following command:
Ping xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the IP address assigned to the
Internet Router.
If the ping command fails, check that the Internet Router
is connected and ON. If it is connected and on, there is a
problem with your LAN.
Run your Browser and connect to the Internet Router.
On the ISDN screen, check that Operation is set to
"Enable".
Check the ISDN Status screen, and examine the Connection Log. For details of the Log messages.

Problem 3

Some applications do not run properly when using the


Internet Router.

Solution 3

The ISDN Internet Router processes the data passing through


it, so it is not transparent.
The Internet Application screen has 2 features designed to
assist with running non-standard applications:

74

Special Applications
Exposed Computer
You should use the Special Applications feature if
possible. If necessary, additional applications can
be defined, using data provided by the service provider.
Remember that at any time, only one (1) user can
use a particular Special Application.
If this cannot be made to work, use the Exposed
Computer feature. This is a security risk, so
should only be used if essential.

r
Problem 4

My modem can't establish a connection to the ISDN Internet


Router.

Solution 4

You can NOT use a modem. You must use an ISDN TA, and
establish an ISDN link.

Problem 5

When using Dial-in, I get an IP Address conflict involving


the dial-in PC.

Solution 5

This can happen if you are not using the DHCP Server
feature of the ISDN Internet Router.
The ISDN Internet Router must allocate an IP Address to the
dial-in PC, even if the DHCP Server is disabled. It uses the
IP Address shown in the Start IP Address field for the DHCP
Server, on the LAN tab. If this causes an IP Address conflict,
you can change this value as follows:
1.

On the LAN tab, enable the DHCP Server function.

2.

Select an unused IP Address from the address range


used on your PC, and enter in the Start IP Address
field.

3.

Disable the DHCP Server function.

75

Appendix B
Hardware
Specifications

Internet Router INET-800


Dimensions

245mm(W) * 140mm(D) * 40mm(H)

Operating
Temperature

0 C to 40 C

Storage
Temperature

-10 C to 70 C

Network Protocol:

TCP/IP

Network Interface:

10/100M BaseT (UTP) connectors

ISDN Port

RJ45 connector, S/T interface, 4 wire full duplex, AMI


line code

LEDs

1 Power indicator
3 LAN status
3 ISDN Status

Power Adapter

External 12V DC

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