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Our Lady of Carmel

Educational Center, Inc.


81 R. Tirona St., BF Homes, Paranaque

MATHEMATICS 8
SECOND QUARTER EXAMINATION
NAME:_________________________ Date:________________

Score:_____________

I. Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
( Each item is worth two points, show your solution for each item on the right side of this paper to get the
full points.)
______1.

Simplify

A.

C.

B.

D.

______2.
A.
B.

Multiply.

______3.
A.
B.

Multiply.

______4.
A.
B.

Multiply.

______5.
A.
B.

Factor

C.
D.

C.
D.

C.
D.
.
C.
D.

______6.
Factor the polynomial
A.
B. Cannot be factored
C.
D.
______7.

Simplify the rational expression

A. 3r; r
B. 3r; r

3
3 or 0

. Identify any excluded values.


C. 3r; no excluded values
D.
;r 3

______8.

Simplify the rational expression

A.

C.

B.

D.

______9.

Simplify the rational expression

A.

C.

B.

D.

______10.

Multiply. Simplify your answer.

A.
B.
______11.

C.
D.
Multiply. Simplify your answer.

A.

C.

B.

D.

______12.

Multiply. Simplify your answer.

A.

C.

B.

D.

______13.

Divide. Simplify your answer.

A.

C.

B.

D.

______14.

Divide

. Assume that all expressions are defined.

A.

C.

B.

D.

______15.

Add. Simplify your answer.

A.

C.

B.

D.

______16.

Subtract. Simplify your answer.

A.

C.

B.

D.

______17.

Add. Simplify your answer.

A.

C.

B.

D.

______18.
A.

Subtract and simplify. Find the excluded values.


;

B.
C.
D.

______19.

Add

and

and

and

A.

C.

B.

D.

______20.

Simplify

. Assume that all expressions are defined.

A.

C.

B.

D.

II. Arrange the steps in adding/subtracting rational expressions in order by writing the numbers 1 to 5, 1 being
the first step to be done and 5 being the last, on the space provided.
_____ Add or subtract the numerators.
_____ Simplify, if possible.
_____ If necessary, find equivalent fractions that have the same denominator.
_____ Factor, if possible.
_____ Combine any like terms in the numerator.
III. Discussion.
1. The area of a rectangle is equal to
square units. If the length of the rectangle is equal to
how will you find the expression that represents its width? What is this expression?

units,

2. The amount of paint needed to cover a wall is proportional to its area. The wall is rectangular and has an area of
(4z3 + 8z2 + 4z) square meters.
A. List all possible expressions for the length and width of the wall. (Assume the factors are polynomials.)
B. Give a value for z to find each possible length and width.

3. The formula for the difference in volumes between two square prisms of equal height is
, where h is
the height of the prisms, S is the base length of the larger prism, and s is the base length of the smaller prism. Write
the formula for the difference in volumes between two square prisms in factored form. Then, use the factored form
to find the difference in volumes with
cm,
cm, and
cm.
s

h
h

2ND QUARTER EXAM MATHEMATICS 8


Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. ANS: B
=

Rewrite

without negative or zero

exponents.
Simplify each part of the expression.
=

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Any number to the zero power is equal to 1. A negative exponent in the numerator
becomes positive in the denominator.
Correct!
Any number to the zero power is equal to 1. A negative exponent in the numerator
becomes positive in the denominator.
A negative exponent in the denominator becomes positive in the numerator.

PTS:
OBJ:
NAT:
2. ANS:

1
DIF: Advanced
REF: Page 396
7-1.4 Simplify Expressions with Zero and Negative Exponents
12.5.3.d
TOP: 7-1 Integer Exponents
KEY: exponent | negative exponent | simplify
C
Use FOIL.
Distribute n and 5.
Distribute n and 5 again.
Multiply.
Combine like-terms.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Distribute again, multiply and combine like-terms.


You did not multiply the outer terms.
Correct!
You did not multiply the inner and outer terms.

PTS: 1
NAT: 12.5.3.c
3. ANS: B

DIF: Basic
REF: Page 448
TOP: 7-8 Multiplying Polynomials

OBJ: 7-8.3 Multiplying Binomials


KEY: binomial | multiplication

Distribute
and .
Distribute
and
again.
Multiply.
Combine like terms.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Check the signs.


Correct!
Combine only like terms.
Combine only like terms.

PTS: 1
NAT: 12.5.3.c
4. ANS: A

DIF: Average
REF: Page 449
TOP: 7-8 Multiplying Polynomials

OBJ: 7-8.4 Multiplying Polynomials

Use the rule for


.
Use the FOIL method, and then combine like terms.
Simplify.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Correct!
The terms in the product should be squares.
First, use the FOIL method. Then, combine the like terms.
Use the FOIL method.

PTS: 1
DIF: Basic
REF: Page 457
OBJ: 7-9.3 Finding Products in the Form (a + b)(a b)
NAT: 12.5.3.c
TOP: 7-9 Special Products of Binomials KEY: binomial | multiplication
5. ANS: D
Since a = 2, the coefficients of the First terms must be factors of 2.
Since c = 6, the Last terms must be factors of 6.
Since b = , the Outer and Inner products must add up to .
The sum of the products of the outer and inner terms should be .
It may be helpful to make a table to check all the factors of 2 and all the factors of 6. Then check the products of the outer
and inner terms to see if the sum is .
Feedback
A
B
C
D

You reversed the second terms in the parentheses.


When b is negative, the factors of c are both negative. When b is positive, the factors of
c are both positive.
The coefficient of the x-term in the second binomial cannot be 1. Check your answer.
Correct!

PTS:
OBJ:
TOP:
6. ANS:

1
DIF: Basic
REF: Page 506
8-4.2 Factoring ax^2 + bx + c When c Is Positive
NAT: 12.5.3.d
8-4 Factoring ax^2 + bx + c
A
Find the GCF. The GCF of
,
, and
is
Write the terms as products using the GCF.
Use the Distributive Property to factor out the GCF.

Feedback
A
B
C

Correct!
First, find the GCF. Then, use the Distributive Property to factor out the GCF.
First, find the GCF. Then, write the terms as products using the GCF.

First, find the GCF. Then, write the terms as products using the GCF.

PTS: 1
DIF: Average
REF: Page 487
OBJ: 8-2.1 Factoring by Using the GCF
NAT: 12.1.5.b
TOP: 8-2 Factoring by GCF
7. ANS: A
Factor common factors out of the numerator and/or denominator. Divide out the common factors to simplify the
expression. Finally, use the original denominator to determine excluded factors.
Feedback
A
B
C
D

Correct!
Determine excluded values from the original denominator.
Determine excluded values from the original denominator.
Divide out common factors.

PTS: 1
NAT: 12.5.3.c
8. ANS: B

DIF: Basic
REF: Page 643
OBJ: 10-3.2 Simplifying Rational Expressions
TOP: 10-3 Simplifying Rational Expressions

Factor the numerator and denominator.


Divide out the common factors.
Simplify.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Factor the denominator. Divide out common factors.


Correct!
Factor the denominator. Divide out common factors.
Factor the denominator. Divide out common factors.

PTS:
OBJ:
NAT:
9. ANS:

1
DIF: Basic
REF: Page 643
10-3.3 Simplifying Rational Expressions with Trinomials
12.5.3.c
TOP: 10-3 Simplifying Rational Expressions
B

Factor.

Identify the opposite binomials.

Divide out the common factors, and simplify.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Factor the denominator also.


Correct!
Identify the opposite binomials. Then, divide out common factors and simplify.
Identify the opposite binomials. Then, divide out common factors and simplify.

PTS: 1
DIF: Average
REF: Page 644
OBJ: 10-3.4 Simplifying Rational Expressions Using Opposite Binomials

NAT: 12.5.3.c
10. ANS: C

TOP: 10-3 Simplifying Rational Expressions

Arrange the expressions so like terms are together:

Multiply the numerators and denominators, remembering to add exponents when multiplying:
Divide, remembering to subtract exponents:
Since

, this expression simplifies to

Feedback
A
B
C
D

A variable raised to the 0 power simplifies to 1.


When dividing powers with the same base, subtract the exponents.
Correct!
Multiply, then simplify.

PTS: 1
NAT: 12.5.3.c
11. ANS: B

DIF: Average
REF: Page 652
OBJ: 10-4.1 Multiplying Rational Expressions
TOP: 10-4 Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions

Write the polynomial over 1.

Factor the numerator and denominator.

Divide out common factors.

Multiply remaining factors.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Divide out common factors, and multiply the remaining factors.


Correct!
First, rewrite the polynomial as an expression over 1. Then, multiply and simplify.
Continue simplifying until the answer is in simplest form.

PTS:
OBJ:
NAT:
12. ANS:

1
DIF: Average
REF: Page 653
10-4.2 Multiplying a Rational Expression by a Polynomial
12.5.3.c
TOP: 10-4 Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions
A

Factor the numerator and denominator.

Simplify.

Multiply the remaining factors.

Feedback
A

Correct!

B
C
D

Factor the numerator and denominator and divide out the common factors.
Factor the numerator and denominator and divide out the common factors.
Factor the numerator and denominator and divide out the common factors.

PTS:
OBJ:
NAT:
13. ANS:

1
DIF: Average
REF: Page 653
10-4.3 Multiplying Rational Expressions Containing Polynomials
12.5.3.c
TOP: 10-4 Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions
A

Write as multiplication by the reciprocal.

Multiply the numerators and the denominators.

Divide out common factors. Simplify.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Correct!
Divide out common factors, and simplify.
First, write as multiplication by the reciprocal. Then, multiply the numerators and the
denominators.
Write as multiplication by the reciprocal first.

PTS:
OBJ:
NAT:
14. ANS:

1
DIF: Basic
REF: Page 654
10-4.4 Dividing by Rational Expressions and Polynomials
12.5.3.c
TOP: 10-4 Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions
A
Rewrite as multiplication by the reciprocal.
Simplify by canceling common factors.

=
=

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Correct!
To divide by a fraction, you multiply by its reciprocal.
To divide by a fraction, you multiply by its reciprocal.
Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second fraction.

PTS:
NAT:
KEY:
15. ANS:

1
DIF: Basic
REF: Page 579
OBJ: 8-2.4 Dividing Rational Expressions
12.5.3.c
TOP: 8-2 Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions
divide rational expressions | simplify
C

Combine like terms in the numerator.

Factor. Divide out common factors.


Simplify.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Divide out only common factors.


Factor the denominator and continue simplifying your answer.
Correct!
The denominators are the same, so keep the common denominator.

PTS:
OBJ:
NAT:
16. ANS:

1
DIF: Average
REF: Page 659
10-5.1 Adding Rational Expressions with Like Denominators
12.5.3.c
TOP: 10-5 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions
D

=
=

Subtract the numerators.

Combine like terms.

Factor. Divide out common factors.

Simplify.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Factor the numerator and the denominator. Then, divide out common factors.
Subtract, not add.
Subtract the numerator. Then, combine like terms.
Correct!

PTS:
OBJ:
NAT:
17. ANS:

1
DIF: Average
REF: Page 660
10-5.2 Subtracting Rational Expressions with Like Denominators
12.5.3.c
TOP: 10-5 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions
C
Identify the LCD,
.

=
=

Rewrite each fraction with a denominator of

Add.

and
are not like terms, so they cannot be combined.
Factor and divide out common factors.

Simplify.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

To simplify the numerator, factor out 3y.


First find a common denominator. Then add the numerators.
Correct!
To simplify the numerator, factor out 3y.

PTS:
OBJ:
NAT:
18. ANS:

1
DIF: Basic
REF: Page 661
10-5.4 Adding and Subtracting with Unlike Denominators
12.5.3.c
TOP: 10-5 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions
B

Factor the difference of squares.

Write each expression using the LCD.

Subtract the numerators.

Distribute.

Simplify.

Excluded values are values that make the denominator equal to 0. If


Therefore,
and
.

or

, then the denominator is 0.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

First, factor the difference of squares. Then, write each expression using the LCD,
subtract, and simplify.
Correct!
Excluded values are values that make the denominator equal to 0.
Check the step where you used the Distributive Property.

PTS: 1
DIF: Advanced
NAT: 12.5.3.c
TOP: 10-5 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions
19. ANS: D

KEY: rational expression

Factor the denominators. The LCD is


=

Multiply by

=
=

Add the numerators.

Factor the numerator.

Divide the common factor.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Find a common denominator before adding the fractions.


This is the first fraction rewritten with the common denominator. Add this to the second
fraction.
Find a common denominator before adding the fractions.
Correct!

PTS: 1
DIF: Average
REF: Page 584
OBJ: 8-3.3 Adding Rational Expressions
NAT: 12.5.3.c
TOP: 8-3 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions
KEY: add rational expressions
20. ANS: C
Method 1 Write the complex fraction as division.
Divide.
=

Multiply by the reciprocal.

Add by finding the LCD.

The common factor (

Simplify.

) cancels.

Method 2 Multiply the numerator and denominator of the complex fraction by the LCD of the fractions in the numerator
and denominator.
The LCD is

Cancel common factors.

Simplify.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Multiply both addends in the numerator by the reciprocal of the denominator, not just
the first.
Multiply the numerator by the reciprocal of the denominator.
Correct!
Multiply the numerator by the reciprocal of the denominator.

PTS: 1
DIF: Average
REF: Page 586
OBJ: 8-3.5 Simplifying Complex Fractions
NAT: 12.5.3.c
TOP: 8-3 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions
KEY: simplify complex fractions

21. ANS: B
Area of a rectangle equals length times width.
Substitute the area and length expressions given.
Factor and solve for w.
Simplify.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Multiply the expressions for length and width to be sure they create the polynomial
expression for area.
Correct!
Factor the polynomial to find the possible length and width.
In a rectangle, length times width equals area.

PTS: 1
DIF: Advanced
NAT: 12.5.3.c
TOP: 8-2 Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions
KEY: areas | divide rational expressions
22. ANS: A
The GCF is 2z.
A=
A = 2z(2z) + 2z(1)
Write each term as a product with the GCF as a factor.
A = 2z(2z + 1)
Use the Distributive Property to factor out the GCF.

Feedback
A
B
C
D

Correct!
Check your answer by multiplying the factors.
Check your answer by multiplying the factors.
Check your answer by multiplying the factors.

PTS: 1
NAT: 12.5.3.d
23. ANS: B

DIF: Average
REF: Page 488
TOP: 8-2 Factoring by GCF

OBJ: 8-2.2 Application

Factor out the GCF, h.


If

cm,

cm, and

cm, then

cm
Feedback
A
B
C
D

Substitute the values into the equation to find the difference in volumes.
Correct!
Factor out the GCF, h.
Factor out the GCF, h.

PTS: 1

DIF: Advanced

NAT: 12.5.3.c

TOP: 8-2 Factoring by GCF