Sie sind auf Seite 1von 15

Prop-001

Revised: October, 2012

Generate Ethylene Vapor Pressure Curves with Aspen Plus V8.0


1. Lesson Objectives

Learn how to use the Methods Assistant to select physical property methods
Generate vapor pressure curves for Ethylene

2. Prerequisites

Aspen Plus V8.0


Introduction to vapor-liquid equilibrium

3. Background
Separation processes involving vapor-liquid equilibrium exploit volatility differences that are indicated by the
components vapor pressure. Higher vapor pressure means a component is more volatile.
Ethylene is an important monomer for polymers and there are many ethylene plants around the world. A vital
step in ethylene production is separating it from other compounds and as a result the vapor pressure of
ethylene is an important physical property for ethylene production.
The examples presented are solely intended to illustrate specific concepts and principles. They may not
reflect an industrial application or real situation.

4. Problem Statement and Aspen Plus Solution


Problem Statement
Determine the vapor pressure of ethylene at room temperature (25 C), and its normal boiling point.

Aspen Plus Solution


If you are unfamiliar with how to start Aspen Plus, select components, or define methods, consult Get Started
Guide for New Users of Aspen Plus.pdf for instructions.

Prop-001

Revised: October, 2012

4.01.

Create a new simulation in Aspen Plus using the Blank Simulation template.

4.02.

The Components | Specifications | Selection sheet is displayed.

4.03.

We must first specify which components will be used in the simulation. Enter ETHYLENE into the first
row under the Component ID column and hit enter. The Component ID is a user defined parameter
that Aspen Plus will use to report and identify components in a given simulation. Aspen Plus will also
guess as to which specie the user has entered based on the given Component ID and retrieve physical
properties from its databases. The other fields can be entered manually if the information is incorrect
or was not found. In our case, Aspen Plus successfully retrieved accurate information for ETHYLENE
from the Component ID alone.

Prop-001

Revised: October, 2012

4.04.

Next, we will specify the method that Aspen Plus will use to calculate physical properties in this
simulation. We will be using the Methods assistant to help us select an appropriate Base method. Go
to the Methods | Specifications | Global sheet by pressing the F4 key or using the tree view in the
navigation pane. Click the Methods assistant button.

4.05.

The methods assistant window should appear. Click the Next arrow.

Prop-001
4.06.

Revised: October, 2012

Click the Specify component type link.

Prop-001
4.07.

Revised: October, 2012

Since we know ethylene is a small hydrocarbon, we will select Hydrocarbon system.

Prop-001
4.08.

Revised: October, 2012

We are not using pseudocomponents or petroleum assays, so we will select the corresponding option.

Prop-001
4.09.

Revised: October, 2012

The methods assistant is now displaying several methods that are well suited to our components. We
will use the Peng Robinson equation of state.

Prop-001
4.10.

Revised: October, 2012

Close the Assistant Property method selection window. On the Methods | Specifications | Global
sheet, set the Base Method field to Peng-Robinson which is listed as PENG-ROB.

Prop-001
4.11.

Revised: October, 2012

Upon selecting this option, your window should now appear as follows. You are now ready to beg in
generating vapor curves for ethylene using the Peng-Robinson equation of state.

Prop-001

Revised: October, 2012

4.12.

We will now generate a new analysis object. From the Home tab of the ribbon, click the Analysis | Pure
button

4.13.

A pure component analysis, PURE-1, is created and the Analysis | PURE-1 | Input | Pure Component
sheet is displayed. Note that the Run analysis button at the bottom of the sheet is not enabled because
the necessary inputs for the analysis have not been entered yet.

10

Prop-001
4.14.

Revised: October, 2012

Next, select the physical property you would like to analyze. In this case, select PL from the Property
drop-down list. Physical properties are given unique identifiers in Aspen Plus. PL signifies vapor
pressure of a liquid. Some commonly used ones are DHVL (enthalpy of vaporization), and PHI (fugacity).

11

Prop-001
4.15.

Revised: October, 2012

Next, we will tell Aspen Plus what to plot. In the Temperature frame, set the Lower Limit to 110 and
the Upper Limit to 25. In the Components frame, select ETHYLENE from the list of Available
components and click the single right arrow. This will move only the selected items from the list on the
left to the list on the right. Clicking the double arrow will move all of the items, which is useful for
moving a large number of items. Note that the Run analysis button is now enabled.

12

Prop-001
4.16.

Revised: October, 2012

Press the Run analysis button. This will generate a plot of the vapor pressure in a new tab. Note that at
25 C, ethylenes vapor pressure is about 70 bar.

13

Prop-001
4.17.

Revised: October, 2012

Repeat actions from step 4.12 to step 4.16 except that we use -100 C as the Upper limit instead of 25
C. The generated plot is shown below. Note that the normal boiling point is about 104 C.

14

Prop-001

Revised: October, 2012

5. Conclusions
As we can see from the generated plots, ethylene is a very volatile component. At room temperature (25 C), its
vapor pressure is about 70 bar. From this analysis, we also see that ethylenes normal boiling point temperature
is about 104 C.

6. Copyright
Copyright 2012 by Aspen Technology, Inc. (AspenTech). All rights reserved. This work may not be
reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means without the prior written consent of
AspenTech. ASPENTECH MAKES NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, WITH
RESPECT TO THIS WORK and assumes no liability for any errors or omissions. In no event will AspenTech be
liable to you for damages, including any loss of profits, lost savings, or other incidental or consequential
damages arising out of the use of the information contained in, or the digital files supplied with or for use with,
this work. This work and its contents are provided for educational purposes only.

AspenTech, aspenONE, and the Aspen leaf logo, are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc.. Brands and
product names mentioned in this documentation are trademarks or service marks of their respective companies.

15