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Why breastfeeding is important

After completing this session participants will be able to:

• state the advantages of exclusive breastfeeding

• list the disadvantages of artificial feeding

• describe the main differences between breast milk and artificial milk

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Advantages of breastfeeding

Breast milk

• Perfect nutrients

• Easily digested; efficiently used

• Protects against infection

digested; efficiently used • Protects against infection Breastfeeding • Helps bonding and development • Helps

Breastfeeding

• Helps bonding and development

• Helps delay a new pregnancy

• Protects mothers’ health

Costs less than artificial feeding

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Nutrients in human and animal milks

Human Cow Goat Fat Protein Lactose
Human
Cow
Goat
Fat
Protein
Lactose

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Differences in the quality of proteins in different milks

Human milk

in the quality of proteins in different milks Human milk Easy to digest Whey protein Curds

Easy to digest

Whey proteinin the quality of proteins in different milks Human milk Easy to digest Curds Cow’s milk

the quality of proteins in different milks Human milk Easy to digest Whey protein Curds Cow’s

Curds

the quality of proteins in different milks Human milk Easy to digest Whey protein Curds Cow’s

Cow’s milk

the quality of proteins in different milks Human milk Easy to digest Whey protein Curds Cow’s

Difficult to digest

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Protection against infection

2/5 Protection against infection 1. Mother infected 2. White cells in mother’s body make antibodies to

1. Mother infected

2. White cells in mother’s body make antibodies to protect mother

in mother’s body make antibodies to protect mother 4. Antibodies to mother’s infection secreted in milk
in mother’s body make antibodies to protect mother 4. Antibodies to mother’s infection secreted in milk
in mother’s body make antibodies to protect mother 4. Antibodies to mother’s infection secreted in milk
in mother’s body make antibodies to protect mother 4. Antibodies to mother’s infection secreted in milk

4. Antibodies to mother’s infection secreted in milk to protect baby

3. Some white cells go to breast and make antibodies there

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Differences between colostrum and mature milk

Fat

Protein

Lactose

2/6 Differences between colostrum and mature milk Fat Protein Lactose Colostrum Foremilk Hindmilk Mature milk

Colostrum

Foremilk

2/6 Differences between colostrum and mature milk Fat Protein Lactose Colostrum Foremilk Hindmilk Mature milk

Hindmilk

2/6 Differences between colostrum and mature milk Fat Protein Lactose Colostrum Foremilk Hindmilk Mature milk
2/6 Differences between colostrum and mature milk Fat Protein Lactose Colostrum Foremilk Hindmilk Mature milk

Mature milk

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Colostrum

Property

• Antibody rich

• Many white cells

• Purgative

• Growth factors

• Rich in Vitamin A

Importance

- protects against allergy & infection

- protects against infection

- clears meconium - helps to prevent jaundice

- helps intestine to mature - prevents allergy, intolerance

- reduces severity of infection

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Risk of diarrhoea by feeding method

Philippines, infants aged 0-2 months

20

18

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

17.3 13.3 3.2 1
17.3
13.3
3.2
1

Breast milk only

Breast milk and non-nutritious liquids

Breast milk and nutritious supplements

No breast milk

Source: Popkin BM. Breast-feeding and diarrheal morbidity. Pediatrics 1990; 86: 874-82.

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Psychological benefits of breastfeeding

Emotional bonding

• close, loving relationship between mother and baby

• mother more emotionally satisfied

• baby cries less

• baby may be more emotionally secure

Development

• children perform better on intelligence tests

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Disadvantages of artificial feeding

• Interferes with bonding

• More diarrhoea and persistent diarrhoea

• More frequent respiratory infections

• Malnutrition; Vitamin A deficiency

• More allergy and milk intolerance

• Increased risk of some chronic diseases

• Obesity

• Lower scores on intelligence tests

• Mother may become pregnant sooner

• Increased risk of anaemia, ovarian cancer, and breast cancer in mother

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Breast milk in the second year of life

100% 75% 50% 25% 0% Percentage of daily needs
100%
75%
50%
25%
0%
Percentage of daily needs

Energy

Protein

Iron

Nutrient

Vitamin A

Gap

Provided by 550 ml breast milk