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Dissertation Topics:

Research topic 1: Quality of Experience (QOE) in Video Streaming over Long Term
Evaluation (LTE) networks

Research Questions:
1. What is the effect of TCP and UDP protocols on OWD, IPD and Packet loss in LTE network
uplink with different payloads at different data rates?
2. How is the user perception affected by the delay variation in video streaming over LTE
network using TCP and UDP protocol?
3. How is the user perception affected by the packet loss in video streaming over LTE
network using TCP and UDP protocol?

Research Objectives:

To understand the user perception of video quality for high definition videos with
packet losses and delay variations over LTE network, with H.264 as codec.

To understand the user perception of video quality for different protocols.

To understand the LTE network performance in terms of OWD, IPD and Packet loss
at different data rates for different payloads.

Methodology:
NS2 simulation

Research Topic 2: Quality of Service in VoIP networks using six different queuing
techniques A simulation based research on GNS3
Research Question:
Which type of queuing technique is considered best for VoIP networks?

Research Objectives:
Following are the objectives of this dissertation and completion of these objectives in the
dissertation will declare the success of whole work.
1. Brief study of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and its components and services in
the network
2. Implementing the designed network in the lab to analyze the network for its quality
of service.
3. Implementing the six types of queuing techniques in the network and collecting the
data during each queuing in the network.
4. Analyzing the collected data with each other and comparing the packet losses, jitters
and delays in the network during the each queuing.
5. Compare and analyze the packet loss for voice and data signals during each queuing
6. Compare and analyze the QoS parameters during the mixed formation of queuing
deployed on different interfaces of the routers.
7. Identify the best and efficient queuing technique in the network based on the results
taken during all the queuing techniques.

Methodology:
GNS3 simulation designing test network by using virtual machines and virtual routers and
switches.

Research Topic 3: Analysing Denial of Service (DOS) attack in VoIP networks using GNS3
simulation network

Research Question:
What are the effects of denial of service attacks on VoIP networks?
What are the key countermeasures for assessing the denial of service attacks in VoIP
networks?

Research Objectives:
This whole research work is based on the following objectives. These objectives are as
follow
1. To write a literature review that will be showing the integrity and vulnerability of
phone call from VOIP phones
2. To determine the various types of threats and attack from VOIP phone call and
methods for removing these threats and attacks.
3. To implement a safe system Asterisk and make a report on the strengths and
weaknesses that the company need to improve in VOIP system
4. To critically evaluate the overall VOIP project which will include the testing, sponsor
feedback and discussion with my supervisor.
5. To produce a good final dissertation.

Methodology:
Using GNS3 simulation network to analyse effects of denial of service attacks in VoIP
networks. This can use virtual machines, routers, switches and VoIP system.

Research topic 4: Analysing Quality of Service of video conferencing systems over LTE
networks using OPNET simulation platform

Research Question/ requirements:


Research and report that provides the investigation and information of LTE
architecture, its processes and components.
Analysing the impact of packet delays, packet loss and end-to-end delay on
performance and QoS of Video conferencing over LTE network.
Analysis and comparison of results obtained from simulation and classifying the load
levels .

Research Objectives:
1.4 Research Objectives:
Following are the Term of Reference objectives that are set with complete considerations:
1. Research on mechanism and structure LTE air interface communication.
2. Analysing the impact of packet delays, packet loss and end-to-end delay on
performance and QoS of Video conferencing over LTE network.
3. Designing and building the LTE simulations for video conferencing.
4. Building the Prototype for investigation of the impacts of the parameters on the
video conferencing. Testing the built design and evaluating the results. Analysing the
collected data and checking its validity in the light of previous researches and
theories.

Methodology:
Using OPNET 16.1 for analysing the quality of service of videoconferencing system over LTE
networks

Research topic 5: TCP and UDP Based Comparison of MANET Routing Protocols Using
OPNET simulation

Research Questions:
Which routing protocol provides a better performance in Mobile Ad hoc Networks?
What are the key factors that influence the performance of these routing protocols?
Research Objectives:
Following the mentioned guidelines, the major objectives of the study are summarized as
follows:
Apply both qualitative and quantitative research methods that will guide the study in
proper direction.
Set up a platform for performing the simulation in OPNET and becoming familiar with
different tools of OPNET software.
Employ the TCP congestion control algorithms during the implementation of the proposed
existing TCP variants in a MANET simulation environment.
Discuss different constraints that affect the TCP performance in wireless network and
critically examine various approaches that are suggested in the literature for improving the
TCP performance.
Perform a simulation study of TCP's behavior when many active flows compete for
bandwidth over the same link.
Simulate different routing protocols in different network scenarios against several
performance metrics, and analyze the results.
Compare and analyze the protocols and the TCP versions based on their performance in
the simulated environment.
Draw conclusions by presenting and interpreting the outcomes.