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Mechanics of Solids(GPA Credits-3)

1. Three-Dimensional Linear Theory of Elasticity (04 Hours)

Elasticity and internal-energy density.
Elasticity and complementary internal energy density.
A brief introduction to anisotropic elasticity.
Linear isotropic elasticity.
Strain-displacement relations for linear elastic isotropic materials.
Strain-stress relations for linear elastic isotropic materials.
Hookes law for linear elastic isotropic materials.
2. Two-Dimensional Linear Theory of Elasticity (02 Hours)
Plane stress and plane strain problems.
Airy stress function.
Applications to Problems in rectangular and polar coordinates.
3. Inelastic Material Behavior (04 Hours)
Nonlinear material response.
Yield criteria: maximum Principal stress criterion, maximum principal strain criterion, strain-energy
density criterion, maximum shear-stress (Tresca) criterion, distortional energy density (von-Mises)
General yielding: Elastic-plastic bending, fully plastic moment.
4. Energy Method (04 Hours)
Principle of Stationary Potential Energy.
Castiglianos theorem on deflections for linear load-deflection relations.
Deflections of statically determinate structures: dummy load method and unit dummy load method.
Deflections of statically indeterminate structures.
5. Torsion of Prismatic Bars (04 Hours)
Saint Venants semi-inverse method.
Prandtls membrane analogy.
Torsion of narrow rectangular cross section.
Torsion of sections comprised of thin rectangles.
Torsion of hollow thin-walled sections.
Torsion of multi-compartment thin-walled sections.
Torsion of thin-walled sections with end restraints.
Inelastic torsion.
6. Buckling of Columns (04 Hours)
Critical load.
Buckling of pin-ended columns.
Columns with other end conditions.
Classification of columns: short, intermediate and long.
Eccentrically loaded columns.
Design formulae.
7. Failure Modes (02 Hours)
Fracture, fatigue, buckling, large deflections, plastic collapse
8. Finite Element Method for Numerical Analysis (06 Hours)
Finite elements.
Element interpolation functions.
Element strains.
Stress and strain energy density.
Element stiffness matrix.
Global stiffness matrix.
Boundary loading.
Structural Design (GPA Credits-4)

1. Reinforced Concrete Design (30 hours)

a. Introduction to design [2 hours]
Design criteria.
Factors of safety.
Use of reinforcement in concrete construction.
Standard of practice (design codes).
b. Design of reinforced concrete beams [6 hours]
Under-reinforced and over-reinforced sections.
Singly reinforced and doubly reinforced beams.
Use of design charts.
Design of beams with flanges.
Design for shear and use of shear reinforcements.
Serviceability limit state requirements.
c. Design of reinforced concrete slabs 5 hours]
Types of slabs: one-way and two-way spanning slabs.
Design of reinforcements for slabs.
Other design checks.
Composite beam slab systems.
Curtailment and detailing of reinforcements.
d. Design of reinforced concrete columns [5 hours]
Types of columns.
Effective height of columns and end conditions.
Columns with uniaxial and by-axial bending.
Slender columns.
Braced and un-braced columns.
e. Design of reinforced concrete column bases [6 hours]
Different types of footing, types of loads on footings,
Design for bending.
Design for shear.
Checks for cracking and anchorage.
Design of combined footing.
f. Design of stair cases [2 hours]
Different types of stair cases.
Types of loads on stair cases.
Design for bending.
Check for shear.
2. Steel Structural design (20 hours)
a. Introduction [2 hours]
Steel structures and design codes.
Properties of structural steel.
Steel grades and section types.
Partial safety factors and load combinations.
Ultimate limit state.
Serviceability limit states.
b. Design of axially loaded members [4 hours]
Tension members (uses, type of sections, net and effective area, tensile capacity of members).
Compression members (Uses, sections used, behavior of compression members, section
classification, effective length, compressive capacity of members).
c. Design of flexural members [5 hours]
Sections used.
Classification of sections.
Moment capacity.
Shear capacity.

Effective length.
Lateral torsional buckling.
Bearing and buckling of the web.
d. Design of a members with axial loads and moments [4 hours]
A tension with moments.
A compression member with moments.
a member with biaxial bending.
e. Design of steel connections [3 hours]
Types of connections (welded and bolted connections),
Shear capacity,
Tensile capacity,
Bearing capacity of bolts,
Connection with tensile load,
Pure shear,
Shear with tension,
Direct shear with torsion
f. Design of base plate [2 hours]
Size of the base plates.
Thickness of the base plates.
3. Introduction to Timber Structures and design (06 hours)
Strength properties and working stresses of structural timbers.
Timber grades, treatments, defects and remedies etc.
Introduction to simple design techniques for timber members.
Wooden members as flexural members.
Compressive members.
Tension members.
Combined bending and axial members with Connections and joints.
4. Introduction to Pre-stressed Concrete (02 hours)
Methods of pre-stressing and losses in pre-stressed concrete.
5. Introduction to design of masonry structures (4 hours)
Treatment of safe loads in masonry,
Limit state design,
Selection of different types of section,
The design process,
Seismic resistance masonry designs.
Design of walls, columns, masonry arch design, retaining walls, abutments and foundations etc.
Civil Engineering
Construction II (GPA Credits-4)
Section A Building Processes and Construction (38 hours)
1. Introduction to Civil engineering perspectives, Planning and design of building
services [7 hours]
Major areas of civil engineering, opportunities.
Importance of planning.
Interfacing of civil engineering applications in service like HVAC, fire, electrical, data, telephony,
sanitary appliances, waste disposal systems, refuse disposal, drainage systems, hot and cold water
supply systems, plumbing work and selection of appropriate building finishes etc.
2. Plant selection and Maintenance [6 hours]
Construction Machinery and applications & limitations, selection criteria.
Plant management, plant and equipment maintenance, preventive maintenance.

Safety and environmental considerations.

Availability and government policy.
Common difficulties in plant management including HR, skills, capital investments etc.
3. Planning and design of circulations in buildings 2 hours]
Vertical movements
Horizontal movements
Emergency evacuation
Lifting equipment
4. Fire safety in buildings [2 hours]
Design and selection of fire safety systems
Fire resistance for service runs
Fire detectors
5. Thermal comfort in buildings [3 hours]
Passive techniques
6. Lighting design of buildings [3 hours]
Electrical installations
Day lighting
7. Planning of multi storey buildings [3 hours]
Build ability Including Facilities and finishes etc.
8. Integration of building services [3 hours]
Fire detection and protection
Lightening protection,
Telephones, CCTV, MATV, internet connections
HVAC, plumbing
9. Building regulations [4 hours]
Planning and building requirements
10. Green buildings and systems [2 hours]
11. Building environment assessment methods (BEAM) [2 hours]
12. Construction materials [4 hours]
Reinforced steel (mild, tore and high yield steels) manufacturing processes, properties, section
available, ordering,
Production of aggregates and types
Rubble work,
Production of clay
Bricks, cement-sand blocks, soil-cement blocks and their types, brick laying methods,
Production of cement and types, cement-sand aggregate ratios used in construction,
Construction materials requirements for each type of work etc.
Section B Heavy Civil Engineering Construction Processes and
1. Construction techniques in Heavy Civil Engineering projects [48 hours]
1. Construction techniques for building, High-rise building construction and special considerations as
earth quakes, winds etc.
2. Embankments, playgrounds, soil transport, grading, and compaction,
3. Pipe laying in trenches, drainage works,
4. Tunneling works and rock blasting,
5. Irrigation structures and systems,
6. Airport and sea port construction and processes, offshore structures,
7. Power generation project, roads and bridges, (Hydro, thermal, wind, nuclear, sea wave
etc.), Water supply and sewer treatment plant construction and process,
8. Road works, bridge works,

9. Pilling works and testing (Static, dynamic, integrity, sonic logging etc.)
10. Form work systems for concreting, R/F systems, special concretes etc.
11. Scaffolding and False works
12. Safety and environmental aspects Etc.
Section C- Natural Disasters and Mitigation Processes (24 hours)
1. Introduction to natural disaster [6 hours]
Natural disasters their types and nature of occurrence; Level of prediction; time and
place; Concept of vulnerability and how to avoid it; Concept of risk and methods of
assessing it.
2. Mitigation techniques [12 hours]
What is mitigation? ; Identifying a technique for a disaster; Preparedness as mitigation tool;
Evacuation; Engineering principals, Sociological aspects and presently available evacuation
models; Broad overview of other mitigation techniques.
3. Experiences from other countries [6 hours]
Case studies from various countries; possible application to Sri Lanka.

Advanced Engineering Surveying(GPA

1. Aerial photogrammetry [2 hours]
Introduction to areal photogrammetry and its fundamentals and its application, new trends.
2. Terrestrial photogrammetry [3 hours]
3. Electronic distance measurements [3 hours]
Introduction to EDM instruments and method of observations, errors in EDM
observations and methods to corrections
4. Stereoscopic observation [2 hours]
5. Field astronomy [2 hours]
6 Spherical trigonometry [2 hours]
Introduction to important theories such as Napiers rule, Cos and Sin rule etc and practical
7. Introduction to global positioning system 4 hours]
Introduction to GPS, methods of observations and engineering usage, new trends.
Structural Analysis
1. Introduction [4 hours]
Introduction to basic structural elements, basic forms of structures, types of loads and
combinations, analysis procedures, expressions used in structural analysis.
2. Analysis of struts and columns [4 hours]
Analysis of short column, maximum and minimum stresses, core of a section, analysis of
real and Ideal struts, Eulers buckling loads for struts with different end conditions,
eccentrically loaded struts.
3. Energy theorems [6 hours]
Status of equilibrium; strain energy due to axial, bending, torsional and shear effects, total
potential energy, principle of virtual works, Castiglianos theorems and complementary
energy theorem, analysis of statically determinate and indeterminate structures using energy
4. Slope deflection method [4 hours]
Slope deflection equations and analysis steps, applications in beams and plane frames
subjected to various loading and support settlements, support rotations and sway, bending
moment diagrams.

5. Three moment theorem [6 hours]

Three moment equation, analysis of continuous beams subjected to various loadings,
bending moment diagrams.
6. Moment Distribution Method [6 hours]
Stiffness of elements, distribution factors, carryover factors, fixed end and carryover
moments, moment distribution procedures, applications in beams and frames subjected to
various loadings.
7. Analysis of springs [4 hours]
Analysis of helical springs; Analysis of leaf springs
8. Analysis of trusses [5 hours]
Types and use of trusses, method of joints, method of section, zero force members
9. Arches [5 hours]
Type of arches, profile of parabolic arch, analysis of three hinged and two hinged arches
subjected to various loadings, temperature effects on arches, bending moment, axial thrust
and radial shear in arches
10. Suspension bridges [4 hours]
Main features of a suspension bridge, properties of suspension cables, analysis of cables,
anchorage of cables and support systems, analysis of three hinged and two hinged stiffened
11. Theories of failure [4 hours]
Elastic and plastic behaviours, maximum principal stress theory, maximum shear stress
theory, maximum shear strain theory, plastic bending of beams and shape factor
12. Plastic theory for design of structures [6 hours]
Stressstrain relationship of materials and loaddeflection relationship of structures, basic
theorems of plastic collapse, plastic behaviour and collapse mechanisms of beams, plastic
behaviour and collapse mechanisms of portal frames, yield line theory etc.
13. Introduction to Structural Dynamics and its applications and considerations in SL
(2 hours)

Information Technology-IIB(GPA
1. Visual Basic 11 Contd..,
2. The use of information systems
The range of scope of data used in information systems bibliographic/free text ,
formatted text, record oriented, file based , legacy data analyze and evaluate
existing information systems, investigate emerging developments in information
systems, extend existing information systems, apply multimedia formats and
their storage, and use transmission and compression techniques
3. Data management in information systems
Data management and data mining and the concept of a data warehouse, the role
of a database administrator, multi user relational database product including; data
management, application development techniques,
4. Use of forms as a metaphor to the interface to an information system
Database user interface including; menu design, use of color, use of graphics
5. Assess programming
Form activations using 4GL code, embedded SQL, event procedures, static and
dynamic programming techniques.

Technical Communication Skills(None GPA

Part I - Theory
1. Review of essentials of communication (01 Hours)
2. Introduction to public speaking and communication anxiety, communication and the
self. (02 Hours)
3. Communication with credibility and confidence. (03 Hours)
4. Organizing and outlining for persuasive speaking. (03 Hours)
5. Communication climate, introduction to managing conflicts. (03 Hours)
6. Introduction to interpersonal communication, Impression management, perception.
(03 Hours)
Part I Practical/Laboratory
5. Employ the principles of invention by devising creative speech topics, exercise ethical
considerations in the development and presentation of ideas. Select verbal and
audio/visual supporting material according to the needs of the speech subject and
situation. Adapt ideas to listeners' attitudes, values and beliefs. Conduct library research,
personal interviews, and other information-gathering activities. Develop effective speech
introductions and conclusions. Listening, none verbal communication, relational stages;
intimacy and distance. (10 Hours)
6. Delivering effective speeches; Language, perception, emotions, Present three speeches
including informative, epideictic (speech of tribute), and forensic (speech of argument).
(08 Hours)
7. Evaluate classroom speeches, their own presentations, and messages to which students
are exposed in everyday life. Attraction and self-disclosure, Gain control and command
over speech anxiety. (06 Hours)
9. Listening and paraphrasing. (06 Hours)

Structural Analysis
1. S. P. Gupta, G. S. Pandit and R. Gupta (1999), Theory of Structures (Vol. II), McGraw Hill.
2. Andrew Pytel and F. L. Singer (1997), Strength of Materials, Harper Collins.
3. P. Bhatt and H. M. Nelson (1999), Structures A revision of Structure, Longman.
4. D. A. Dadeppo (1999), Introduction to Structural Mechanics and Analysis, Prentice Hall.
5. M. S. Williams and J. D. Todd (2000), Structures - Theory and Analysis, Macmillan.
Advanced Engineering Surveying
1. Bannister, Stanley Raymond and Raymond Baker (1998), Surveying, 7th Edition.
2. James M. Anderson and Edward M.Mikhail (2000), Surveying: Theory and
Practice, International Editions. The McGraw - Hill Companies, Inc
Civil Engineering Construction-II
1. David Chadderton, Building Services Engineering, Spon Press
2. Fred Hall, Building Services and Equipment: vol. 2, Longman
3. MTR Jayasinghe, Loadbearing brickwork Construction for Sri Lanka, STRAD
Consultants, Sri Lanka. 1997.
4. MTR Jayasinghe, Energy efficient houses for tropical climates, MacBolon Polymer, Sri
Lanka. 2003.

5. Harris, F. Modern Construction and Ground Engineering Equipment and Methods 2nd
Edition. (Longman, 1994)
6. Holmes, R . Introduction to Civil Engineering Construction 3rd Edition. (College of
Estate Management, 1995)
7. Tomlinson, M. Foundation Design and Construction 6th Edition. (Addison-Wesley,
8. Warren, D. Civil Engineering Construction. (Palgrave Macmillan, 1996)
Structural Design
1. P. N. Khanna, Indian Practical Civil Engineers hand book, 18th edition
2. A M Neville and J J Brooks, Concrete Technology, International Student Edition
3. W H Mosley, J H Bungey and R Hulse, Reinforced Concrete Design, Fifth Edition
4. Reinforced Concrete - Theory & examples; T J Mac Ginley
5. Structural steel work; T J Mac Ginley.
Mechanics of Solids
1. Advanced Strength of and Applied Elasticity, A. C. Ugural and S. K. Fenster,
Prentice Hall, 2003.
2. Advanced Mechanics of Materials, A. Boresi, R. Schmidt,, 6th ed., John Wiley &
Sons, Inc., 2003.
3. Intermediate Mechanics of Materials, M. Vable, Oxford University Press, 2008.
4. An Introduction to the Finite Element Method, 3/e, J.N. Reddy, McGraw-Hill,
5. A first course in the finite element method, 3 ed., D.L. Logan, Brooks/Cole, 2002.
Information Technology-IIB
1. Engineering the Human Computer Interface Downton McGraw Hill
2. Fundamentals of Database Systems Elmasri, Navathe Addison Wesley
3. A Guide to SQL Pratt Boyd & Fraser
4. Designing the User Interface Scheiderman Addison-Wesley
Technical Communication Skills
1. Lumsden, G. and Lumsden, D. (2003). Communication with credibility and confidence,
2nd edition. Thomson-Wadsworth.
2. Adler, R., Proctor,R. and Towne, N. (2005), Looking Out/Looking In, 11th ed.
Belmont,CA: Wadsworth.
3. Wiemann, M. (1996), Activities Manual for Looking Out/Looking In, 8th ed.
Ft. Worth, Texas: Harcourt Brace.
4. Jaffe, C.I.(2004). Public Speaking: Concepts and Skills for a Diverse Society
4th edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.