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Herbarium of India

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herbarium of
INDIA

Withaniasomnifera

Scientific classification
Kingdom:

Plantae

(unranked):

Angiosperms

(unranked):

Eudicots

(unranked):

Asterids

Scientific classification
Order:
Solanales

Characteristics
1. This species is a short annual shrub growing 35 to 75
centimeters tall.
2. Tomentose branches extend radially from a central stem.
3. The flowers are small and green.
4. The ripe fruit is orange-red.

Parts used= The plant's long, brown, tuberous roots are


used for medicinal purposes

Kingdom:
Family:

Plantae
Solanaceae

Class:
Genus:

Asterids
Withania

Order:
Species:

Lamiales
W. somnifera

Family:

Lamiaceae

Medicinal uses
1. In Ayurveda, the berries and
leaves are applied externally
to tumors, tubercular glands,
carbuncles, and ulcers.
2. The roots are used to
prepare the herbal remedy
ashwagandha, which has been
traditionally used to treat
various symptoms and
conditions.

TULSI

Species:

O. tenuiflorum

1. Tulsi has anti inflammatory

2.
2. Leaves have petioles and are ovate,
up to 5 cm long, usually slightly
toothed. The flowers are purplish in
elongate racemes in close whorls. The
two main morphotypes cultivated in
India and Nepal are green-leaved.

Ocimum

Medicinal uses

Characteristics
1. It is an erect, many branched
subshrub, 3060 cm tall with hairy
stems and simple opposite green or
purple leaves that are strongly
scented.

Genus:

3.

Parts used =whole plant


4.
5.

properties as it reduces vata. Hence


its external application on swollen
parts helps to diminish swelling and
pain.
Tulsi helps in many skin disorders. It
is effective in skin rashes, insect
bites and itching. Leaves of this
plant are effectively used in ring
worm infections and lucoderma.
Fresh juice of Tulsi leaves is used in
nasya karma. This method helps to
relieve headache and diseases of
head and neck. Tulsi leaves act as
nervine tonic and help to sharpen
memory.
Paste and Juice of Tulsi leaves help
to reduce acne, pimples and scars.
According ayurveda, preparations of
Tulsi are beneficial in indigestion,
intestinal parasites and
constipation.

Turmeric
Scientific classification
Kingdom:

Plantae

Division:

Angiosperms

class:

Monocots

Order:

Zingiberales

Family:

Zingiberaceae

Genus:

Curcuma

Species:

C. longa

Characteristics
Medicinal uses
1. Turmeric is
a perennial herbaceous plant, which
reaches a stature of up to 1 meter.
2. There are highly branched, yellow
to orange, cylindrical,
aromatic rhizomes . The leaves
are alternate and arranged in two
rows.
3. They are divided into leaf
sheath, petiole and leaf blade. From
the leaf sheaths, a false stem is
formed. The petiole is 50 to 115 cm
long.
4. The simple leaf blades are usually
of a length of 76 to 115 cm and rarely
up to 230 cm. They have a width of
38 to 45 cm and are oblong to elliptic
narrowing at the tip.

Parts used= whole plant

1. It is used as a remedy for stomach and


liver ailments, as well as topically to heal
sores.
2. Turmeric was a medicine for a range of
diseases and conditions, including those of
the skin, pulmonary, and gastrointestinal
systems, aches, pains, wounds, sprains,
and liver disorders.
3. A fresh juice is commonly used in many
skin conditions, including eczema, chicken
pox, shingles, allergy, and scabies.
Turmeric is also used for potential
treatment of Alzheimer's disease,
diabetes, and other clinical
Scientific classification
disorders.

Aloe vera

Kingdom:

Plantae

Division:

Angiosperms

Class:

Monocots

Order:

Asparagales

Family:

Xanthorrhoeaceae

Subfamily:

Asphodeloideae

Genus:

Aloe

Species:

A. vera

Characteristics
1. Aloe vera is found to grow in hot
humid and high rainfall conditions.
2. It is grown in all kind of soils but
well drained soil with high organic
matter, is most suitable.
3. It grows well in bright sun light.
Shady conditions results in disease
infestation.
4. It is highly sensitive to water
stagnation. Therefore, well drained
high land should be selected for its
cultivation. A rainfall ranging from
1000 1200 mm is ideal for aloe
vera cultivation.
Parts used= leaves

Medicinal uses
1. It is used in reducing blood
glucose in diabetic patients
and in lowering blood lipid
levels in hyperlipidaemia.
2. It might be useful as a
treatment for genital
herpes and psoriasis.
3. Aloe Vera might be an
effective interventions
used in burn wound
healing for rst- to seconddegree burns.
4. Some evidence shows that
applying an aloe extract
0.5% cream 3 times daily
increases healing rates in
men with cold sores.

Garlic
Scientific classification
Kingdom:

Plantae

Division :

Angiosperms

Class:

Monocots

Order:

Asparagales

Family:

Amaryllidaceae

Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus:

Allium

Species:

A. sativum

Characteristics
Medicinal uses
1. It grows under a wide range of
climatic conditions. It cannot stand
too hot or cold weather. In India it is
cultivated in Madras, Andhra Pradesh,
Uttar Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and
Gujarat.
2. Garlic is easy to grow and can be
grown year-round in mild climates. Its
close relatives include the onion,
shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo.
3. With a history of human use of over
7,000 years, garlic is native to central
Asia,and has long been a staple in the
Mediterranean region, as well as a
frequent seasoning in Asia, Africa, and
Europe. It has been used for both
culinary and medicinal purposes.

Parts used = whole plant

1. It is helpful in cardiovascular
diseases.
2. Garlic supplementation
significantly reducing aortic
plaque deposits of
cholesterol-fed rabbits.
3. Garlic is used as an
antiseptic to prevent
gangrene.
4. Garlic has been found to
enhance thiamin
absorption, and therefore
reduces the likelihood for
developing the thiamin
deficiency beriberi.