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UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
LENGUA
EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

Virtual or plastic?
1
A short but growing list of recording stars that includes Prince, Madonna, and Radiohead are willing to
depart from the control of the four multinational corporations that dominate the industry. The members of the British
rock band Radiohead said that they are going to sell their new album, at least initially, exclusively as a digital
download and allow fans to decide how much to pay for it, if anything.
5
The band also said they expected a conventional CD release of the album, the 10-song In Rainbows,
early next year, although Radiohead have not yet reached an agreement with the EMI Group, with whom they have a
contract. A number of other record companies seem to be interested in the rights to distribute the album, even
though the value of such a deal for a record company is reduced when the members of the band keep the digital
sales entirely to themselves. Extra profits could then be made by selling the old-fashioned plastic CD as a package,
with extra new songs and photographs, at a much higher price (about $50 per copy).
11
The bands digital pricing plan represents a break from the industry standard established by Apples iTunes
service, which generally sells individual songs for 99 cents apiece and complete albums for $10 to $12. The band
have never sold their recordings on iTunes because of their desire to sell their albums only in their full original
form. Early reaction suggests that listeners are ready to pay, but much less than they would do for a CD in stores.
A * COMPREHENSION (4 points)
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1 Will buyers have to pay for Radioheads new album? Explain.
2 How can conventional music companies be affected by Radioheads decision?
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3 Radiohead are alone in this new marketing strategy.
4 Radiohead will sell their new album only as a digital download.
5 The extras cannot be downloaded.
6 The albums 10 songs will be sold for 99 cents apiece.
B * USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7 GIVE ONE SYNONYM for profit (NOUN; LINE 9). (0.25 points)
8 FIND IN THE TEXT THE WORD WHICH HAS THE FOLLOWING DEFINITION:
privileges given by law(NOUN). (0.25 points)
9 FIND IN THE TEXT ONE OPPOSITE FOR forbid (NOUN). (0.25 points)
10 GIVE AN ADJECTIVE WITH THE SAME ROOT AS value (NOUN; LINE 8). (0.25 points)
11 GIVE A QUESTION FOR THE UNDERLINED WORDS: (0.5 points)
Some users spent hours and hours downloading a full music album years ago.
12 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO THE PASSIVE VOICE: (0.5 points)
Radiohead couldnt release their new record last december.
13 FILL IN THE GAP WITH A CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS: (0.5 points)
I will never forget (PLAY) .......... video games when I was ten.
14 USE THE WORDS IN THE BOXES TO MAKE A MEANINGFUL SENTENCE. USE ALL AND ONLY THE
WORDS IN THE BOXES WITHOUT CHANGING THEIR FORM: (0.5 points)
writing to computers students used with are
C * PRODUCTION (3 points)
15 WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) What do you think about music/dance competitions on TV?
b) Internet piracy: discuss.

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

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Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
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EXTRANJERA
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a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

Spain: a migration country


1
Emigration was a constant feature in Spain during the 20th century, with emigrants originally going
overseas to the Latin-American countries. Later, during the second half of the century, when northern and western
European countries began to employ foreign workers, Spanish emigration altered its direction. For many years, the
outward flow of migrants balanced the excess of workers, particularly in rural areas. However, the seventies and
eighties saw a large drop in emigration, aggravating Spains unemployment problems.
6
But there has been a significant change in the migratory tendencies during the last 20 years or so and
Spain, which for years was a traditional country of emigration, has at present become a new pole of attraction of
migration flows. The reasons for Spains transformation from an emigration country into an immigration one are
diverse and caused both by Spains domestic situation and socioeconomic and political developments abroad.
10
The countrys membership in the European Union and its relatively continuous economic growth have
made Spain an attractive destination.
12
Immigrants have helped increase the Spanish population by over 4 million; legislation has been modified
many times in order to keep pace with this situation. From the beginning, the focus has been on controlling the
massive arrival of immigrants and combating illegal migration, which represents a central problem for Spain.
15
Significant changes have taken place in this country, not only at the demographical level, and immigration
has become an important topic both as a social and a political issue in the public debate.
A * COMPREHENSION (4 points)
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1 Why did emigration cause a problem in Spain in the late decades of the 20th century?
2 What changes have occurred in migration flows in Spain more recently? Give two.
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3 After the 50s, western European countries employed Spanish workers.
4 The only reason why Spain receives immigrants today is that this country belongs to the EU.
5 Immigration has not altered the Spanish population numbers.
6 Legislation radically solved the problem of illegal immigration from the beginning.
B * USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7 GIVE ONE OPPOSITE FOR rural (ADJECTIVE; LINE 4). (0.25 points)
8 FIND IN THE TEXT ONE WORD MEANING related to the internal affairs of a nation (ADJECTIVE). (0.25 points)
9 FILL IN THE GAP WITH A CORRECT PREPOSITION: (0.25 points)
Hassan always dreamt .......... a better life in Europe.
10 WHICH WORD IS NOT AN ADJECTIVE? Last / Lost / Low / Loan / Loud. (0.25 points)
11 FILL IN THE GAP WITH A CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS: (0.5 points)
If he (NOT RIDE) .......... his bike, he would not have suffered the accident.
12 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO REPORTED SPEECH: (0.5 points)
Mary said to Ellen: Dont ever marry again.
13 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO THE ACTIVE VOICE: (0.5 points)
Although help has been offered by some non-profit organizations, the situation of the newly arrived immigrants is
very poor.
14 GIVE A QUESTION FOR THE UNDERLINED WORDS: They found Johns book. (0.5 points)
C * PRODUCTION (3 points)
15 WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) Would you emigrate to another country to start a new life?
b) What measures could be taken to solve the problem of illegal immigration?

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
LENGUA
EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

The high price of low-cost airlines


1
No plans yet for the weekend? Berlin-Madrid for 19 euros! Low-cost airlines are conquering the European
travel market with competitive prices, and the aeroplane is fast becoming an everyday means of transport. But this
has dramatic consequences for the environment as no other form of transport has such a damaging ecological effect
as the aeroplane.
5
The recent growth in air travel is above all due to the success of budget airlines. At first sight, they do not
seem to have a worse ecological effect than conventional airlines, thanks to near-full capacity usage. The root of
the problem lies in the acquisition of a new, wider type of customer through aggressive prices. A two-day
shopping trip to London or a relaxing weekend in Majorca would remain a luxury that few could afford without
these carriers.
10
So, for the moment, it is still the travellers individual responsibility to resist frequent flying. Those who
cannot, or will not, stop flying have the possibility to compensate for the negative effects of travelling by donating
money to climate protection projects. It is obvious that such voluntary initiatives will only be supported by a
minority of environmentally conscious European citizens and can represent no real or credible alternative to a
political solution. The coming months will show if EU states take the Kyoto protocol seriously and put a stop to
cheap flights which are so costly to the environment.
A * COMPREHENSION (4 points)
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1 Why are low-cost airlines so dangerous for the environment?
2 Can travellers radically solve the environmental problem? Why?
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3 In one sense, low-cost airlines are more efficient than conventional ones.
4 Many people can now afford short pleasure trips thanks to low-cost airlines.
5 It is up to travellers to stop flying so frequently.
6 EU states have already decided to put a limit on low-cost flights.
B * USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7 FIND IN THE TEXT THE WORD WHICH HAS THE FOLLOWING DEFINITION: (0.25 points)
the action of taking the first step doing something (NOUN).
8 COMPLETE THE SERIES WITH ANOTHER WORD OF THE SAME SEMANTIC GROUP: (0.25 points)
Damage / Harm / Injure.
9 FIND IN THE TEXT A SYNONYM FOR duty (NOUN). (0.25 points)
10 WHICH WORD IS NOT AN ADJECTIVE? Credible / Difference / Conventional / Aggressive. (0.25 points)
11 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO THE PASSIVE VOICE: (0.5 points)
They never gave me instructions
12 REWRITE THE SENTENCE WITHOUT CHANGING ITS MEANING. BEGIN AS INDICATED: (0.5 points)
The ticket was too expensive for him to pay. | The ticket was not ....
13 FILL IN THE GAPS WITH A CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS: (0.5 points)
If he (BRING) .......... his passport, he would not have had trouble at the airport.
14 GIVE A QUESTION FOR THE UNDERLINED WORDS: (0.5 points)
Peter lost his wifes luggage at the airport two days ago.
C * PRODUCTION (3 points)
15 WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) Where, outside Spain, would you like to go to on a short pleasure trip? Give reasons.
b) Attracting more tourists is essential for the Spanish economy. Discuss.

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
LENGUA
EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

Graphic warnings on cigarette packets


1
Graphic images of the health consequences of smoking are to be shown on cigarette packets in Britain
from September this year. The pictures include a dead man on a steel mortuary table, patients wearing oxygen
masks in hospital, a baby in an incubator and a man with a large tumour below his chin with the words Smoking can
cause a slow and painful death.
5
The health secretary said the aim was to raise consciousness, help smokers to give up tobacco and reduce
smoking-related illnesses. He added that picture warnings are a vital step in reducing the number of people who
smoke. Smoking is still the highest cause of ill health and early death. Picture warnings, together with the introduction
of a law about smoke-free public areas and the Governments plans to raise the legal age of sale for tobacco
products, will potentially save thousands of lives; in addition, others will avoid the misery of watching family and
friends die prematurely from smoke-related illnesses.
11
A series of 15 images have been chosen following market research, public consultation and a vote on the
mosteffective warnings. These measures will help promote better awareness of the damage that smoking does, an
essential step towards reducing the number who start smoking.
14
According to the Cancer Research Institute, smoking accounts for 85% of lung cancers. Each year the
disease causes 33,500 deaths in the UK. They also state that international evidence shows that graphic picture
warnings lead to greater awareness of the risks associated with smoking and help encourage people to cut down or
quit.
A * COMPREHENSION (4 points)
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1 What messages are the pictures intended to transmit? Give at least two.
2 How will the governments other two measures work?
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3 One of the images makes allusion to the effects of smoking on the respiratory system.
4 The graphic images have been chosen by the Government.
5 All lung cancers are caused by smoking.
6 It has already been proved that this kind of measures is effective.
B * USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7 GIVE ONE SYNONYM FOR aim (NOUN; LINE 5). (0.25 points)
8 GIVE ONE OPPOSITE FOR painful (ADJECTIVE; LINE 4). (0.25 points)
9 COMPLETE THE SERIES WITH ANOTHER WORD OF THE SAME SEMANTIC GROUP: (0.25 points)
Lung / Stomach / Liver.
10 GIVE A NOUN WITH THE SAME ROOT AS save (VERB; LINE 9). (0.25 points)
11 JOIN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES USING AN APPROPRIATE LINKER (DO NOT USE AND OR BUT).
MAKE CHANGES IF NECESSARY: (0.5 points)
It was a rainy day. They decided to go fishing.
12 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO THE PASSIVE VOICE: (0.5 points)
Medical advances have greatly reduced the number of deaths.
13 FILL IN THE GAP WITH A CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS: (0.5 points)
Id rather you (STOP) .......... talking about things you dont know.
14 GIVE A QUESTION FOR THE UNDERLINED WORDS: (0.5 points)
The Burtons sent hundreds of e-mails asking for help.
C * PRODUCTION (3 points)
15 WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) What is your opinion about the prohibition of smoking in bars?
b) Should the Government stop paying for smoking illnesses? Give reasons for/against.

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
LENGUA
EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

Global warming
Global warming has emerged as the most serious environmental threat of the 21st century. Only by taking
action now can we ensure that future generations will not be put at risk (taken from a letter to the US President from
49 Nobel Prize winning scientists).
4
When carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide are released into the air, they cover the Earth, trapping
heat inside the atmosphere this is known as the greenhouse effect, and it is this that keeps our planet at a
temperature at which life can prosper. But the massive increase in the production of these and other greenhouse
gases since industrialisation has caused the effect to intensify.
8
The 1990s was the hottest decade on record. Over the course of the 20th century, average global
temperature rose by around 0.6C. Over the past two decades the Earth has been warming faster than at any point
in the last 1,000 years. It is now almost universally agreed that the major cause of this problem is the burning of
coal and oil.
12
Climate scientists predict that this ratio of change will have serious consequences. Although it is difficult to
judge how our weather systems will adapt to higher global temperatures, possible scenarios include an increase
in unexpected floods and prolonged dry periods. The melting of the polar ice caps is one of the most worrying
possibilities, causing sea levels to rise by more than 40cm by 2100.
A * COMPREHENSION (4 points)
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1 How is industrialisation affecting the atmosphere?
2 Why is it thought that sea levels will change?
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3 Nobel Prize winning scientists are not convinced about the consequences of global warming.
4 All gas emissions are harmful for life on Earth.
5 Over the last 20 years, the worlds temperature has gone up more slowly than in the preceding centuries.
6 It is certain that there will be an increase in floods and dry periods.
B * USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7 FIND IN THE TEXT ONE EXPRESSION MEANING in danger. (0.25 points)
8 FIND IN THE TEXT THE WORD WHICH HAS THE FOLLOWING DEFINITION: (0.25 points)
of intermediate value (ADJECTIVE).
9 GIVE ONE OPPOSITE FOR warming (NOUN; LINE 1). (0.25 points)
10 GIVE AN ADJECTIVE WITH THE SAME ROOT AS threat (NOUN; LINE 1). (0.25 points)
11 REWRITE THE SENTENCE WITHOUT CHANGING ITS MEANING. BEGIN AS INDICATED: (0.5 points)
It was such a boring book that I couldnt finish it. | This book was.
12 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO REPORTED SPEECH: (0.5 points)
Will hurricane Katrina be a warning for politicians?, asked the scientist.
13 FILL IN THE GAP WITH A CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS: (0.5 points)
When I came into the room he .......... (LIE) on the floor.
14 USE THESE WORDS TO MAKE A MEANINGFUL SENTENCE. (0.5 points)
before heard I speaking never her had
C * PRODUCTION (3 points)
15 WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) What would you do to help the environment?
b) Is life in our planet in danger of extinction?

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
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EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

Ultra-thin Barbie: girls potentially in danger


1
Two British universities claim Barbie could promote girls insecurity about their image. Barbie dolls, an icon
for many young girls, may contribute to eating disorders in adolescence, according to a new research. These dolls,
thinner than traditional shapes, make girls want to be unrealistically slim when they grow up.
4
This study is the first to identify body worries in such young children. It analyses the effects of images of
several dolls on almost 200 primary school girls aged five to eight. The girls saw different images of dolls, including
Barbie and Emme, a new doll whose body proportions represent a larger body shape; afterwards, the girls were
asked to choose figures that represented: a) their real body shape, b) the body shape they ideally desired and c)
their ideal body shape as an adult.
9
The study analysed the difference between the shape girls thought they had and the shape they wanted.
The results showed that girls aged five to six were more dissatisfied with their shape and wanted more extreme
thinness after seeing Barbie doll images than after seeing other pictures. For those aged six to seven, the negative
effects were stronger.
13
These results are very important and show that children can be influenced at a very early age. The
researchers say their findings suggest schools should educate their youngest children about the risks of being too
worried about having an ideally thin body shape. Such programmes need to make girls aware that the thin beauty
ideal is unachievable and unhealthy. In fact, less than one in 100,000 women has the body of the Barbie doll.
A * COMPREHENSION (4 points)
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1 Why can Barbie dolls be a danger to young girls? Give two reasons.
2 How could this problem start being solved?
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3 A doll can be an archetype of the ideal figure for girls.
4 Barbie is slimmer than Emme.
5 Younger girls thought their shape coincided with the one they wanted.
6 Older children were the least affected by the Barbie images.
B * USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7 FIND IN THE TEXT THE WORD WHICH HAS THE FOLLOWING DEFINITION: (0.25 points)
the particular physical form or appearance of something (NOUN).
8 GIVE A NOUN WITH THE SAME ROOT AS choose (VERB; LINE 7). (0.25 points)
9 FIND IN THE TEXT ONE OPPOSITE FOR similarity (NOUN). (0.25 points)
10 GIVE ONE SYNONYM FOR desire (VERB; LINE 7). (0.25 points)
11 REWRITE THE SENTENCE WITHOUT CHANGING ITS MEANING. BEGIN AS INDICATED: (0.5 points)
When did you start playing with Barbies? | How long ?
12 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO REPORTED SPEECH: (0.5 points)
She told me: I will lend you my doll next week.
13 JOIN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES USING AN APPROPRIATE LINKER (DO NOT USE AND OR BUT).
MAKE CHANGES IF NECESSARY: (0.5 points)
I like to be slim. I also like eating a lot.
14 COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONAL SENTENCE: (0.5 points) You wouldnt be hungry now if
C * PRODUCTION (3 points)
15 WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) What do you think about eating disorders in adolescence?
b) The influence of the world of fashion on physical appearance.

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
LENGUA
EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

MAXIMISING CHILDREN
1
Are you enrolling your small children in a violin course? Do you somehow add ballet, drama, and judo to
football and English lessons? The great news is that this will all make your children do better in school! Well, it might
or it might not. It may turn them into exhausted, disciplined automatons or it may block their imaginations, and leave
them no time to themselves.
5
If only middle-class parents would stop trying to maximise their children! Children dont have to be
accomplished violinists or athletics champions or black-belt karate kids. Why cant they just have fun? Certain
enjoyable activities are very difficult to pick up as an adult, and these are worth learning when young.
8
Playing an instrument is one; skiing (if you can afford it) is another. But it is pointless to push children
where they dont want to go. And you wonder: do all these children really want to be stars, or is it their parents
ambition for them?
11
A childs chances of success in life are determined mainly by its innate ability. There is not much you can
do about that. Mozarts are born, not made. A certain amount of application helps, particularly in secondary school.
Beyond that, a happy, loving and accepting family providing emotional stability is about all children really need.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why are many children so busy?
2) Do these courses provide everything children need to succeed? Why?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Enrolling in different types of courses only has negative consequences for children.
4) Children learn more easily than adults.
5) It is useful to consider childrens opinion rather than compelling them to register for extra activities.
6) Innate abilities are necessary to become masters in most fields.
7) Find in the text one synonym for ROBOT (noun) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
highly trained or skilled (adjective)
9) Give one opposite for ENJOYABLE (adjective) (line 7) (0.25 points)
10) Give a noun with the same root as ACCEPT (verb) (line 12) (0.25 points)
11) Fill in the gap with a correct form of the verb in brackets. (0.5 points)
Those trees (grow) ___________ so high that they block the view.
12) Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). (0.5 points)
I was determined to develop my natural talent for music. I started to take lessons at an academy.
13) Complete the following conditional sentence. (0.5 points)
If Mary had shown real passion for ballet,
14) Give a question for the underlined word: (0.5 points)
It took Mozart only eighteen days to compose his last opera.

15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) Whats your parents attitude regarding extracurricular activities?
b) What famous people do you consider geniuses? Why?

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

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Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
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EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

STOP SMOKING OR WE MAY NOT OPERATE ON YOU


1
Patients will have to try to give up the habit if they want to get treatment, such as knee replacement.
Posters with Those who dont, may not be treated are all over hospitals. The Health Service in Britain is millions of
pounds in debt and this strategy will help save money on care. Hospital managers say smokers are at greater risk of
complications when having operations, they take more time to recover, and they have longer and more expensive
stays in hospital.
6
Critics accuse them of putting finances before the health of patients, but the hospitals are giving an
opportunity to smokers, proposing that if they need surgery they must undergo therapy for three months in order to
get out of the habit. If they have made a strong effort to stop smoking but have failed, they may still get surgery, but if
it is believed that they have not tried hard enough, then they may not be operated on.
10
The National Health Service is following guidelines from the Government, which allows them to consider
patients lifestyles when deciding if a treatment would be effective. Smokers, however, say that they are being
discriminated against.
13
The pro-smoking pressure group Forest says: Smokers pay their taxes like everyone else, they have the
right to free healthcare. Last year, health authorities in Suffolk stopped obese people from having operations until
they tried to lose weight.

a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why do critics say that hospitals put money before health? (Give two reasons)
2) How does the British Health Service want to solve its financial problems?

b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Hospitals warn patients.
4) If you have smoked for less than three months, you may be operated on.
5) Smokers say they are put at a disadvantage.
6) Smokers are not the only patients who are not allowed to have surgery.
7) Give an adjective with the same root as CARE (noun) (line 3) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text one synonym for CHANCE (noun). (0.25 points)
9) Give one opposite for FAIL (verb) (line 7) (0.25 points)
10) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
advice on what to do about something (noun)
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
Medicine is a complicated subject. I know very little about it.
12) Turn the following sentence into reported speech: (0.5 points)
Ill pay for the operation, he said.
13) Complete the following sentence: (0.5 points) If I were a smoker...
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all and only the words in the boxes without
changing their form. (0.5 points)
make heavy can ineffective smoking treatment
15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) What do you think about the prohibition of smoking in public places?
b) Is health the most important concern for people?

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

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Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
LENGUA
EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

PLASTIC SURGERY: BEAUTY OR BEAST


1
Some psychologists are worried about the psychological impact on those who undergo drastic cosmetic
surgeryand also on those who don't and, consequently, may feel inadequate. Although radical transformations are
rare, some psychologists plan to investigate the surge in cosmetic procedures and whether these surgeries have any
lasting psychological consequences. The number of cosmetic operations increased by 44 percent from 2003 to 2004,
according to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Plastic surgeons conducted a record 11.9 million
procedures last year, both non-surgical (like Botox) and surgical (like breast augmentation or liposuction).
7
How do such practices affect patients psychologically? Social workers have made a recent analysis of 37
studies on patients' psychological and psychosocial functioning before and after cosmetic surgery. It suggests
positive outcomes in patients, including improvements in body image and possibly a quality-of-life increase too. But
the same research published in April 2005 also found several elements of poor outcomes, especially for those
11 who hold unrealistic expectations or have a history of depression and anxiety. The researchers found that patients
who are dissatisfied with surgery may request repeat procedures or experience depression and adjustment
problems, social isolation, family problems, self-destructive behaviours and anger toward the surgeon and his or her
staff.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) How may plastic surgery affect patients?
2) Are all patients psychologically prepared for plastic surgery?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Radical transformations are frequent after cosmetic surgery.
4) Botox is a cosmetic technique used by surgeons
5) Plastic surgeons conducted the analysis of 37 studies on patients psychological reactions
6) People suffering from depression usually react well after surgery
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text one word meaning: (0.25 points) "a doctor whose job is to perform medical operations (noun)
8) Give one opposite for AUGMENTATION (noun) (line 6) (0.25 points)
9) Find in the text a synonym for RESULT (noun) (0.25 points)
10) Complete the series with another word of the same semantic group: (0.25 points)
REQUEST, SOLICIT, IMPLORE, BEG
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
Martins mother is Spanish. She speaks both Spanish and English fluently
12) Fill in the gap with a correct form of the verb in brackets: (0.5 points)
Someone (hit) _________ me as I came into the room.
13) Give a question for the underlined words: (0.5 points)
The Members of Parliament met the Prime Minister last Friday.
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all and only the words in the boxes without
changing their form. (0.5 points)
whole with infected the her she enthusiasm class
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) What is your opinion about changes in physical appearance?
b) The importance of being beautiful. Discuss.

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

A NEW TAX ON RUBBISH


1
A new tax, known as payas-you-throw, in which British families will be charged for the amount of rubbish
they produce, is to be brought nationwide.
The Government thinks there must be a radical revision of the way in which rubbish is thrown away, otherwise
there is a real danger that city council taxes will have to rise and the environment will continue to suffer. In this sense,
the Environment Minister has said he would look sympathetically at this new system, which would encourage
recycling and make the polluter pay, as he is contributing to climate change.
7
According to figures published recently by a prestigious institute, Britain has the third worst recycling rate in
the European Union, after Greece and Portugal. So, the Local Government Association has threatened to increase
council tax bills if recycling doesnt improve. It has said that this tariff will be needed to cover EU fines.
10
As in Britain every family owns its waste container, there is a project to secretly fit thousands of bins with
microchips with a serial number identifying the home to which waste belongs. This is detected by a sensor on the
truck as the bins are lifted for emptying. The weight of the rubbish it contains is calculated by equipment on the truck.
13
This information is then transmitted to a central computer where it is recorded for its later use on household
waste bills.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) What will the pay as you throw system prevent? (Give two reasons)
2) Which are the two reasons why microchips are used in bins?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Families are already paying extra money for rubbish.
4) The Environment Minister doesnt agree with this new system.
5) Great Britain is the third country in the European Union in recycling waste.
6) The information is sent from a waste lorry to a computer.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text one synonym for stimulate (verb). (0.25 points)
8) Give a noun with the same root as PRESTIGIOUS (adjective) (line 7) (0.25 points)
9) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
sum of money fixed as penalty for offence (noun).
10) Give one opposite for EMPTY (verb) (line 12). (0.25 points)
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
Citizens have to pay taxes. Local Governments fix them.
12) Turn the following sentence into passive voice: (0.5 points)
My father has brought us up in the respect for human rights.
13) Give a question for the underlined words. (0.5 points)
In towns you will pay taxes twice a year.
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all and only the words in the boxes without
changing their form. (0.5 points)
be law by issued this September will
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) How would you solve the rubbish problem?
b) Are people conscious of climate change? Explain.

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

CHILD EXPLOITATION
1
Dhiraj Kumar, who is 14 years old, works at a tea shop at Delhi's bus station. His 12-hour work shift begins
at 9 pm. He makes tea, washes pots, pans and glasses, and serves the customers. For his work, he is paid 50
rupees (a little less than one euro) a day. When a glass is stolen from the tea shop, he is held responsible. His family
lives 1,000km away, in the state of Bihar, and the small piece of land the family owns is unable to sustain everyone.
Dhirajs pay is crucial in the family's battle to survive.
6
Children under 14 are vulnerable to physical, mental and even sexual abuse. Their exploitation goes
unreported and unnoticed inside the closed confines of homes and food stalls. Parents say poverty forces them to
send their children, sometimes as young as five, to work in other people's homes and businesses.
9
An Indian government law banning children from working as domestic servants or in roadside food stalls
came into effect on 10 October, 2006. Anyone found exploiting children will face penalties, including imprisonment.
According to the authorities, the ban will affect 185,000 children working as domestic help and 70,000 who work in
roadside food stalls. But many people say the real number of exploited children could be as high as 20 million, and
consequently they believe the prohibition will not solve the entire problem.

a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Can a child under 12 work legally as a housemaid in India? Why?
2) Why may the Governments measure not solve the entire problem of child labour?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Dhiraj has to work the whole night.
4) His family does not need the money he earns.
5) In India some children start working when they are five years old.
6) Children cannot work in roadside food stalls.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
which can be easily attacked or easily hurt (adjective)
8) Find in the text one opposite for WEALTH (noun). (0.25 points)
9) Give an adjective with the same root as SURVIVE (noun) (line 5). (0.25 points)
10) Find in the text one synonym for FORBID (verb). (0.25 points)
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
A friend of mine is a famous scientist. He was born in India.
12) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice: (0.5 points)
They say he is very young to work.
13) Rewrite the sentence without changing its meaning. Begin as indicated. (0.5 points)
Many Indian people are too poor to have their own houses.
Many Indian people arent
14) Turn the following sentences into reported speech: (0.5 points)
I am very sorry for what I have done, he said.
15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) What are the problems affecting children in poor countries?
b) Would you like to travel to an underdeveloped country? Give reasons.

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

THE BIG BOTTLE


1
In Spanish cities, at night, crowds of young people wander the streets in search of a party, meeting their
friends and stopping to drink. When a large mass of people get together, a party spontaneously breaks out. This
phenomenon, translated into English as booze-up or binge-drinking, is perceived by local governments as a social
problem because it is impossible to predict where it will take place and because drinkers are as young as 12.
5
In addition, now it has become fashionable to compete for the biggest national drinking party, as cities from
Mlaga to Madrid and Barcelona to Bilbao try to outdo one another by organizing the largest gathering. Word is
spread by e-mail and text messages, and teenagers crowd into city centres, armed with bottles of soft drinks
generously mixed with alcohol.
9
City councils are very cautious about calling in the police for fear that drunken youths will turn to violence.
Government has tried to introduce emergency legislation but this is unlikely to have much impact, because, across
Spain, regional authorities have set different minimum ages to buy alcohol.
12
Despite Spains reputation for civilised Mediterranean drinking habits, the big bottle leaves city centres full
of rubbish, and residents, who have been kept up all night, furious. Under-age drinkers claim that this way they can
enjoy a night out for as little as 6 euros a night, whereas bars are too expensive.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why is the big bottle an informal party? (Give two reasons)
2) How do these parties affect residents? (Name two ways)
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Local authorities think very favourably of the big bottle.
4) Drinking parties of this type have been organized by Spanish cities for many years.
5) The police are afraid teenagers will become violent.
6) There is a single policy regarding the big bottle in Spain.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
to walk around without a particular destination (verb)
8) Give one opposite for BREAK (verb) (l. 2). (0.25 points)
9) Find in the text one synonym for LITTER (noun) (0.25 points)
10) Complete the series with another word of the same semantic group. (0.25 points)
CROWD, PARTY, GATHERING,
11) Join these sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). (0.5 points)
The Government has a good reputation. It has not solved the problem yet.
12) Fill in the gap with a correct form of the verb in brackets. (0.5 points)
He shouldnt (go) to that party yesterday.
13) Rewrite the sentence without changing its meaning. Begin as indicated. (0.5 points)
It is quite unlikely that she will pay for the drinks.
It is not ...
14) Give a question for the underlined words. (0.5 points)
My friend drank three beers last night.
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) Are you for or against the big bottle? Why?
b) What alternatives can the Government offer young people to encourage a healthy life?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

A LIFES AMBITION: TO CROSS THE BORDER


1
Until recently the main news about immigration in this part of the world focused on the boatloads of Africans
attempting to reach the shores of southern Spain. Lately, however, a new phenomenon has hit the headlines:
immigrants have been storming the borders between Morocco and the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla
massively.
5
The double three-metre-high barbed-wire fences that divide Spanish and Moroccan territories have not put
them off. Hundreds or even thousands of sub-Saharan Africans camp out in the woods near the border. They choose
their place and moment carefully according to the position of the Spanish and Moroccan guards, and use their
handmade ladders to scale the fences always after dark. If several hundreds attempt to get across, at least a few are
bound to succeed.
10
These men and women can go nowhere else because they have nothing to eat; they have no job and
many have no family left. Thats why they are going to try it again and again, says the president of a non-profit
organization that tries to provide aid for these immigrants. Meanwhile, the centres that run as temporary shelters for
homeless immigrants are more than overflowing.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) What has changed about immigrants efforts to reach Spain?
2) Which are the two means that Spain uses to prevent Africans from crossing the border?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Immigrants are so desperate that they jump the fence at any time.
4) The double three-metre-high barbed-wire fence is effective.
5) Poverty is the only reason why they risk their lives.
6) There are not enough temporary shelters for immigrants.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Give one synonym for BORDER (line 3) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text the word which has the following definition (0.25 points)
a place giving protection from bad weather or danger (noun)
9) Give an adjective with the same root as PROFIT (line 11) (0.25 points)
10) Give one opposite for TEMPORARY (adjective) (line 12) (0.25 points)
11) Rewrite the sentence without changing its meaning. Begin as indicated. (0.5 points)
These men and women can go nowhere else.
These men and women cannot ...
12) Complete the following sentence: (0.5 points)
If rich countries helped poor ones...
13) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice: (0.5 points)
A new phenomenon has hit the headlines
14) Give a question for the underlined words: (0.5 points)
Africans wait in the woods for the right moment.
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) Would you like to go abroad for a temporary job? Why?
b) Why do African immigrants want to come to Spain?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

DONT FORGET THE CLASSICS


1
Read the best books first, or you may not have a chance to read them at all. This seems good advice
nowadays since most students read just a few classics in high school. Their teachers, tired of pushing teenagers
through 19th century novels, long ago replaced traditional works with more reader-friendly texts. Consequently, we
have a generation of students who never heard of Odysseus or turned on the switch in Victor Frankenstein's
laboratory.
6
Students who are used to the pace of MTV and video games have less and less patience for slow-moving
plot and detailed, descriptive passages. In an attempt to reach this new audience, teachers brought contemporary
and multicultural literature into their classrooms. But there is the danger of forgetting literary criteria. Instead of
choosing books with literary meri t universal themes, rich language, complex characters teachers select simpler
stories with characters to whom they think their students can relate.
11
Hopefully, reading such high-interest, familiar stories would lead students to increasingly challenging
works. However, many teenagers never take the next step. Teenagers are hungry for stories that mirror their lives.
Yet students also need books that are windows to other worlds. We should not underestimate our students' ability to
make connections between Odysseus's heroic journey and their own personal odysseys.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) How different is MTV from the classics?
2) What criteria are used to choose high school readings?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Nowadays teachers like using 19th century novels in their courses.
4) Literature courses are changing to attract students.
5) Most students who first read familiar stories then continue with classics.
6) Students will enjoy the classics if they are taught.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Give an adjective with the same root as FORGET (verb) (headline) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text a synonym for OPPORTUNITY (noun) (0.25 points)
9) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
the plan or main story of a literary work (noun)
10) Give one opposite for FAMILIAR (adjective) (line 10) (0.25 points)
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
John Bloom died recently. His novel The French Affair was made into a beautiful film.
12) Turn the following sentence into reported speech: (0.5 points)
The doctor asked: Do you ever feel this pain in your stomach before meals?
13) Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). (0.5 points)
Any English conversation must begin with the weather. The English weather is not a fascinating topic.
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. (0.5 points)
THE AT ? YOU ENJOY DID PARTY DANCING
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) What is your favourite kind of books? Why?
b) Do you think young people prefer computers and video games to reading books? Why?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

APRIL FOOLS DAY!


1
In Spain, many people play tricks on December 28, Holy Innocents Day. In many other countries, jokes are
played on April 1April Fools Day. The reason seems to be that, up until the mid-sixteenth century, France
celebrated New Years Day on April 1, but in 1562 Pope Gregory XIII introduced a new calendar to the Christian
world, which changed the date of the New Year to January 1. At that time news travelled slowly and some people
continued to celebrate on April 1. These poor, misinformed people were referred to as "April Fools" and other people
played tricks on them.
7
Nowadays, it seems that new technologies provide fresh ways of playing tricks on April 1. The Internet has
given birth to a rise in popularity and proliferation of tricks and hoaxes. E-mail inboxes are bombarded with messages
warning of terrible viruses that cause users to delete important data from their computers, or of credit card cheats
that request personal information, including passwords and bank account numbers.
11
In August 2001 an e-mail containing a photo of a shark trying to attack a helicopter was received by e-mail
throughout the world. The e-mail claimed the photo was National Geographic's "Photo of the Year", but National
Geographic said that the photo was a fake and finally found the people responsible for making the composite image.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) How did the tradition of April Fools Day originate?
2) How can you play a trick on someone using the new technologies? Give two examples.
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) New Years Day has always been celebrated on the same day.
4) New technologies help people to avoid tricks.
5) A shark attacked a helicopter in August 2001.
6) National Geographic was responsible for an April Fools Day joke.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text one synonym for NEW (adjective) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text a word meaning: remove by cutting out or erasing (verb) (0.25 points)
9) Complete the series with another word of the same semantic group: (0.25 points)
SEE, LOOK, OBSERVE, CONTEMPLATE,.
10) Which word is not a preposition? (0.25 points)
THROUGH OF OR FOR
11) Fill in the gap with a correct form of the verb in brackets. (0.5 points)
When she arrived home, her husband (not cook) ________ dinner yet.
12) Turn the following sentence into the active voice: (0.5 points)
They were shown a picture of an attacking shark.
13) Give a question for the underlined words: (0.5 points)
The e-mail warned about terrible viruses infecting computers.
14) Join the following sentences using a relative. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
He received an e-mail. Its content was spam.
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) Can you tell a joke that you have played on someone or one that has been played on you?
b) How has the Internet changed peoples habits?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

SEXISM IN LANGUAGE
1
When Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon in 1969 he uttered a memorable sentence: Thats one small
step for a man, one giant leap for mankind. If he had landed on the moon today, no doubt he would have said a
much more politically correct sentence: Thats one small step for a person, one giant leap for humankind. Less
poetic but certainly more literally representative of the whole of the human race!
5
Language tends to use male pronouns automatically whenever the sex of the person is not known: Every
student must bring his own calculator. This is a sexist use of language, which often suggests an inherent male
dominance in many fields of life, and can reinforce the idea of female inferiority.
8
There is a tendency to associate certain jobs with men or women. For instance, A director must do his best
for his company, but A nurse must treat her patients with kindness. In addition, job names often include reference
to the sex of the person: Im meeting a group of businessmen next Friday, or The housemaid must clean this. The
use of such words tends to emphasise the idea that it is not normal for women to be in professional, highly-paid,
technical or manual jobs, and that it is not natural for a man to work in such a caring (and generally poorly-paid) role
as that of a nurse.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) How has language changed since the 60s?
2) How is sexism expressed in some job names?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon in the early 60s.
4) When we dont know the sex of a person, we normally use male pronouns.
5) All job names contain an indication of the sex of the person doing it.
6) Mens jobs are usually better paid.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text a synonym for UNFORGETTABLE (adjective) (0.25 points)
8) Give one opposite for LAND (verb) (line 2) (0.25 points)
9) Find in the text one word meaning: essential, characteristic, intrinsic or innate (adjective) (0.25 points)
10) Complete the series with another word of the same semantic group: (0.25 points)
JOB, WORK, OCCUPATION, BUSINESS,.
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
He used a sexist word. Its meaning was pejorative for women.
12) Fill in the gap with a correct form of the verb in brackets: (0.5 points)
They ___________ (teach) medieval history by their teacher when they were at school.
13) Give a question for the underlined words: (0.5 points)
We attend English classes three times a week.
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. (0.5 points)
YOUR
ENOUGH
GOOD
NOT
IS
COOKING
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) What type of job would you prefertechnical or artistic? Why?
b) Is there still inequality between men and women? Why?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

THE ENGLAND PATIENT


1
The England football manager, Sven-Gran Eriksson, believes that modern football matches are not won
on the ground, but inside the players' minds. This film examines not just how Eriksson got inside his players' brains,
but how he is now starting a revolution in English football thinking.
4
Eriksson's plan has two critical elements: to eliminate the harmful effects of the fear of failure from the
minds of the England players, and to encourage them to train mentally as well as physically to reach the highest
levels of performance.
7
Psychologists from some of Britain's most prestigious universities believe anxiety and the fear of failure can
make top professionals perform like amateurs. Medical surveys show that people use different parts of the brain to
perform actions which they are learning and those which are instinctive. If the brain goes back to its learning mode,
that 89th minute penalty kick goes right over the bar.
11
Eriksson has another psychological tactic: as he is not there on the field, he relies on cultural architects:
players whose thinking is so close to their managers that they obey him without even realising they are doing so.
The captain, David Beckham, is clearly one of these architects.
14
Sports psychology cannot predict whether England will win the World Cup. However, it does show that
England is going into a major competition with an unprecedented degree of psychological preparedness.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why is the mind of football players important for their performance?
2) How does Eriksson carry his thinking onto the field?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Erikssons plans mean a radical, complete change in English football.
4) Erikssons ideas are opposed by scientists.
5) A penalty is not converted if the brain is in its learning mode.
6) England did not receive so much psychological training in previous World Cup competitions.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text one synonym for DAMAGING (adjective) (0.25 points)
8) Give one opposite for FAILURE (noun) (line 4) (0.25 points)
9) Give a noun with the same root as ENCOURAGE (verb) (line 5) (0.25 points)
10) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
an action or strategy planned to achieve a specific end (noun).
11) Fill in the gap with a correct form of the verb in brackets. (0.5 points)
Spain (beat) _________ Canada at football last year.
12) Join the following sentences using a relative. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
Nowadays new kinds of sport attract more and more people. They seldom appear on television.
13) Turn the following sentence into Reported Speech: (0.5 points)
He asked: Do you often play rugby?
14) Give a question for the underlined words: (0.5 points)
The new manager stayed three months in England.
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) Do you like practising some sport? Which one? Why?
b) Professional footballers are overpaid. Give your opinion.

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

SMOKING IN PUBS?
1
The Government is going to forbid smoking in all pubs under new proposals to protect drinkers and bar
staff from passive smoking. The Cabinet has given up plans to make an exception with pubs that do not serve food,
and is preparing to allow pubs to have separate smoking rooms. Similarly, Patricia Hewitt, the Secretary of State
for Health, is examining plans to allow a smoking-carriage option (smoking is banned on almost all British trains).
5
It would keep the bar smoke-free, protect staff, but permit smokers to light up in a separate area.
The Government had been worried about being accused of discriminating against smokers, particularly
working-class Labour voters. The plan for a total prohibition was going to be discussed at a cabinet meeting this
week but the deliberation has been postponed after last-minute doubts. Ms Hewitt is said to support a full
prohibition but wants to find a practical solution acceptable to the whole Cabinet. Ministerial supporters of a
complete ban believe that forbidding smoking in the workplace would help addicts to give up their habit.
11
Others in Government think they would be accused of operating an overprotective state if they prohibited
smoking. Smoking-related diseases kill more than 100,000 people a year and cost the National Health Service
millions of pounds treating people with such diseases. The move is now publicly welcomed.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why was the Government worried?
2) Why did some members of the Government disagree with the prohibition?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS
OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) The Government will prohibit pubs from serving food.
4) There are smoking-carriages on all British trains.
5) Labour voters are being discriminated against by the Government.
6) The Government expects to save millions of pounds.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text one opposite for FORBID (verb) (line 1) (0.25 points)
8) Give one synonym for PROPOSALS (noun) (line 1) (0.25 points)
9) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
group of persons carrying on work under manager (noun)
10) Give an adjective with the same root as DOUBT (noun) (line 8). (0.25 points)
11) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice. (0.5 points)
The lobby is putting severe pressure on Ministers.
12) Join the following sentences using a relative. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
John has given up smoking. He was a heavy smoker.
13) Complete the following conditional sentence: (0.5 points)
If people didnt pay taxes,
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. (0.5 points)
A ALCOHOL PLANNED BAN GOVERNMENT TOTAL THE ON
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) Should public money be spent on treating smoking-related diseases? Why?
b) What do you think of smoking in public places such as restaurants, pubs, etc.?

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a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

CLIMATE CHANGE
1
According to the UN, climate change will probably transform the way most people live. However, a group
of economists, including three Nobel Prize winners, says this is the least important of the world's immediate
problems.
4
The team of six American and two other economists concluded it is not worth spending money on
climate change because the effects were expected to happen in a far future. They recommended that money
should be spent on HIV/Aids, water and free trade. But they were immediately accused by international
development and environment groups of "understanding nothing about the real world". These recommendations,
which mainly throw doubts on the idea that there will be a serious climate change in a near future, have been very
well received by followers of the free market round the world. On the contrary, the experts conclusions have been
attacked by many scientists.
11
The leader of this group of economists, Professor Ludgrum, told the journalists they were what he called
the "Real Madrid" team of "galactica" economists. "We are here to reach consensus about how to help the world's
poor," he said. "We are economists, and not politicians; we have long, valuable experience in giving priority to
basic things, and moreover we are impartial.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE
YOUR OWN WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why dont the economists see climate change as a priority?
2) How did the environment groups react to the experts conclusions?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) There are not qualified voices within the group of economists.
4) According to the group of economists, there will be a serious climate change in the near future.
5) Nobody agrees with the conclusions of the team of economists.
6) The economists consider themselves the elite of experts.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Give one synonym for ATTACK (verb, line 10) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
those who got a prize in a competition or in a competitive situation
9) Find in the text one opposite for UNIMPORTANT (adjective). (0.25 points)
10) Give a noun with the same root as EXPECTED (adjective, line 5). (0.25 points)
11) Turn the following sentence into reported speech: (0.5 points)
He said: We are here today to reach consensus
12) Turn the following sentence into the active voice: (0.5 points)
Their conclusions have been attacked by many scientists.
13) Give a question for the underlined words. (0.5 points)
Money should be spent on HIV/Aids.
14) Complete the following sentence:
If governments spent less money on wars, (0.5 points)
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS.
SPECIFY YOUR OPTION.
a) Do you think that fighting climate change should be a real priority? Why?
b) What can be done to improve environmental conditions?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

MARRIED OR SINGLE?
1
The health benefits of being married are so large that single men are at greater risk of dying than
smokers, says a study. This study looked at comparative risks over a seven year period but experts warned that
the lifetime risks of smoking were much higher. Scientists have frequently found that married men and women tend
to be in better health than their single counterparts. This is partly because of the "social support" of having a wife or
husband and perhaps because both single men and women have a worse lifestyle and no-one to take care of them.
6
Moreover, the latest study by researchers at the University of Limerick showed that, even when the effects
of smoking, drinking and other poor lifestyles were taken into account, married men had a much lower risk of death.
Professor Martin Smith, who led the research, suggested that male smokers should get married as soon as possible
to avoid the risk. He said: "It is clear that a ring of gold, rather than money, is what keeps people alive."
10
However, while over a seven year period, the risks of smoking compared to single life are similar, over a
lifetime period the risks of smoking are much higher. Scientists think a long-term smoker has a one in two chance of
dying prematurely.

a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT.


USE YOUR OWN WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why could marriage be good for your health?
2) What is the risk of lifetime smoking?

b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Married people are usually healthier than single people.
4) Money can make you live longer.
5) Studies confirm that the effects of smoking and drinking are worse in married men than in single men.
6) Lifetime smokers have the same possibilities of dying as single people.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text a synonym for PROBABILITY (noun) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
Someone who knows a lot of a particular subject (0.25 points)
9) Give a noun with the same root as WARN (verb) (line 2) (0.25 points)
10) Give one opposite for LARGE (adjective) (line 1) (0.25 points)
11) Turn the following sentence into Reported Speech: (0.5 points)
My aunt said: Single men should drive slowly if they want to live longer
12) Give a question for the underlined words:
Ive been married for twenty years (0.5 points)
13) Complete the following sentence: (0.5 points)
I would give up smoking if
14) Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). (0.5 points)
That man talks a lot. He has more chances to become a politician.
15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) Smoking as a social problem nowadays.
b) Married or single? Advantages and disadvantages.

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a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

THE GLOBAL VILLAGE


1
In Aguaviva, a remote village in Aragn, significant details suggest that life here is not typical. To begin
with, the size of classes in the local school: the number of students per class is considerably higher here than in
other small villages. Very few places as far from big cities as Aguaviva can pride on such a substantial
attendance. This happens when many schools in the small villages of deep Spain close every year, anticipating
the death of communities with a history that can be traced back to the Middle Ages.
6
In Aguaviva, another remarkable abnormality can be detected in the childrens voices: Uruguayanaccented
Spanish can be heard, as well as Romanian. Foreigners now make up nearly half of all the pupils. They are all new
arrivals. According to the schools headmistress, At the beginning, the villagers thought it was just
another of those bright ideas the mayor has.
10
The idea that occurred to Aguavivas mayor is simple: fight the danger of extinction by importing
children. Foreign families with at least two children of school age can apply for a social package, which includes a
job and a house, as long as they promise to live there for at least five years. So far ten families, carefully
selected from thousands of applicants, have emigrated to Aguaviva.

a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why is the size of classes in Aguaviva larger than in other rural villages?
2) What is Aguavivas strategy for survival?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Aguaviva is not far from Aragns capital.
4) The number of Spanish children is now smaller than the number of foreign children at Aguavivas school.
5) Foreign families with three children can apply for a social package.
6) Only ten families have applied for a social package.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Complete the series with another word of the same semantic group: (0.25 points)
ARGENTINIAN URUGUAYAN PERUVIAN
8) Find in the text the word which has the following definition (noun): (0.25 points)
The chief authority of a city
9) Find in the text one opposite for CARELESSLY (adverb) (0.25 points)
10) Give an adjective with the same root as HISTORY (noun) (line 4) (0.25 points)
11) Fill in the gap with the correct form of the verb in brackets: (0.5 points)
While I (drive)___________ down the road, I came across a big cow.
12) Complete the following conditional sentence: (0.5 points)
If all those foreign families hadnt arrived at Aguaviva,
13) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice: (0.5 points)
You cant expect my little sister to behave responsibly. .
14) Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). (0.5 points)
He has been attending Italian lessons. His family moved to Rome five years ago.
15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your
option.
a) Advantages and disadvantages of living in the city and in the country.
b) What are the effects of immigration in the life of our country?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

YELLOW JOURNALISM
1
Yellow journalism is a type of journalism in which sensationalism triumphs over facts. Some journalists
employ colourful language and exaggeration to make a dull, dry story more exciting; sometimes facts are not
carefully checked, and even entire incidents are falsified. Human interest stories, accounts of murders, scandals
and gossip are habitually covered by the yellow press, which developed in the 19th century, especially in the United
States.
6
Two early examples of yellow newspapers were the New York World and the New York Journal American,
published by magnates Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst, respectively. They used a populist approach to
political and social issues, and competed with each other with attractive illustrations, articles by talented writers, and
cartoons (one of these, called The Yellow Kid, gave the journals their nickname). These papers had large
circulations and financial success; they became models for the popular press, and a powerful influence on public
opinion.
12
The Spanish/American War of 1898, for example, was preceded by intense campaigns in the yellow press
encouraging the U.S. publics patriotism and sympathy for Cuban rebels. Sensational anti-Spanish stories were
published distorting the news. Hearst is said to have told his reporters in Cuba, when they found the situation
peaceful: You supply the pictures, and Ill supply the war.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR
OWN WORDS... (1 point per answer)
1) How are facts treated by yellow journalism?
2) Why is the sensationalist press known as yellow journalism?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) The news published by the yellow press is always true.
4) Hearsts and Pulitzers papers were not read by many people.
5) Hearst and Pulitzer encouraged an anti-war atmosphere.
6) Hearst sent his reporters to Cuba after the war had started.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text one opposite for BORING (adjective). (0.25 points)
8) Give one synonym for INCIDENT (line 3) (noun) (0.25 points)
9) Find in the text one synonym for USE (verb).. (0.25 points)...................................................................................
10) Find in the text the word which has the following definition (0.25 points)..........................................................
a familiar or humorous denom ination for a person or thing (noun).
11) Turn the following sentences into reported speech:.(0.5 points)........................................................................
Buy me the paper if youre going out, Alice asked her brother.
12) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice:. (0.5 points)..........................................................................
Many people consider the yellow press dishonest.
13) Join the following sentences using a relative. Make changes if necessary.(0.5 points)...................................
Clark Kent worked for a newspaper. The newspaper was called The Daily Planet.
14) Give a question for the underlined words: (0.5 points)
The yellow press specializes in scandal and gossip.
15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) Gossip and yellow journalism in the Spanish media. Give your opinion.
b) Would you like to become famous and appear on TV?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

HOME ALONE
1
With marriage apparently in trouble, so many single-parent families and people living alone ready to
dominate the country, Britain is currently going through one of the most dramatic social changes in its entire
history. This is one more example of globalization, and many other countries around the world seem to be
accompanying Britain in the same process.
5
The statistics are shocking. Since 1961, the number of UK homes occupied by one person has risen
from 10 to 30 per cent, with predictions of 40 per cent for the year 2010. There are other fundamental social
changes behind Britains single-household explosion. The increasing independence of the working woman, more
orientated to her career than to personal relationships, has been essential. The prototypical Bridget Jones,
thirtysomething, single, and in search of a man, is becoming a little old-fashioned.
10
These changing social attitudes and the higher divorce and separation figures are the causes of the
growing numbers of single parents. More and more women, both in the UK and the USA, no longer think it
necessary to have a man around to have a child. Such radical social changes inevitably have their side effects,
which are often as interesting as the changes themselves. Obsession with work seem s to have provoked a
boom in online agencies for making friends.
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR
OWN WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) How is the family changing in Britain?
2) What is the role of women in family changes?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Family changes are also observed throughout the world.
4) Many women are trying to imitate Bridget Jones.
5) The large numbers of single parents are only due to changing attitudes.
6) Even people obsessed with their careers need relationships.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Give one opposite for INCREASING (adjective) (line 7) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text a synonym for NOW (adverb) (0.25 points)
9) Fill in the gap with a correct preposition: (0.25 points)
All my family was brought_____ in England.
10) Give an adjective with the same root as CHILD (noun) (line 12) (0.25 points)
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
Johnny Depp is starring in Finding Neverland. His portrait of Captain Sparrow is superb.
12) Turn the following sentence into reported speech: (0.5 points)
Michael asked her: Where did you find these trainers?
13) Complete the following sentence: (0.5 points)
If Harry were allowed to use magic at home, . . .
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all and only the words in the
boxes without changing their form. (0.5 points)
ENOUGH AT IM GOOD NOT TENNIS
15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) How do you meet new friends?
b) Men and womens new roles in society.

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

MOBILE PHONES

10

1
Mobile phones are not a luxury item anymore. While they have improved peoples lives, they have some
drawbacks and we need to be careful about when and where they should be used. Admittedly, they facilitate
communication with other people anywhere at any time. Parents feel more relaxed knowing their children can get in
touch with them immediately if they need help, and emergency services can be called without delay when there has
been an accident. Advanced features such as e-mail services and image messaging are packed into extremely light
and tiny models that fit into your pocket.
7
Yet mobile phones can be a serious threat to health, for children in particular. Experts warn that the
radiation of this type of phones can cause headaches and affect your memory in a negative way, although this has
not been proved convincingly. What is more, people who use a mobile phone while driving constitute a danger to
others and to themselves and sometimes have had fatal accidents.
11
Besides this, what for many people is a useful device can be a nuisance for others, who are always
complaining about the constant ringing tones in public places. Some people even claim that mobile phones should
carry health warnings as packets of cigarettes do.

15
(A) COMPREHENSION (3 points)

20

a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Is it true that mobile phones are dangerous for health? Why?
2) Why have some people died while using a mobile phone?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)

25

3) Mobile phones have reduced their size considerably.


4) Mobile phones can be risky for children.
5) Everybody is satisfied with this new device.
6) Mobile phones display health warnings.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

30

35

40

7) Find in the text a word meaning


great comfort and pleasure of expensive and beautiful things (noun)
8) Find in the text an opposite for HEAVY (adjective)
9) Give one opposite for HEALTH (noun)
10) Complete the series with another word of the same semantic group
headache, backache, stomach-ache,
11) Turn the following sentence into reported speech:
She said: Well go and get some food.
12) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence.
me
buy I my asked to mobile father
13) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice:
The traffic warden gave the driver a ticket.
14) Complete the following conditional sentence:
If I didnt have a mobile phone,

(0.25 points)
(0.25 points)
(0.25 points)
(0.25 points)
(0.5 points)
(0.5 points)
A
(0.5 points)
(0.5 points)

(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

45

15) Write a composition (120 words). Choose one of the following options. Specify your option.
a) How have new technologies changed our lives?
b) Could you live without a mobile phone? Why?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

WEB PIRATES

10

1
Internet users who distribute movies before they are sold in shops could face up to five years in prison under a
proposed USA bill, that is to say, a plan for a new law. Video recording of movies in cinemas would also be prohibited.
Those supporting the proposal say unauthorised copying costs film-makers an estimated $3 billion in lost sales.
4
The Motion Picture Association of America has tried to restrict the distribution of DVD previews to judges in film
festivals. Illegal copies of movies end up being sold on street corners and made available through online networks just
after they are shown in cinemas for the first time. This is due to audience members entering cameras into theatres and
recording the film. If the bill becomes law, the maximum sentence for such practices will be five years plus financial
damages.
9
Unauthorised video recording in cinemas is currently a crime in four states and the District of Columbia but it is
legal in other states. The person who puts online copyrighted material which is not legally available to the public should
be penalized, said California Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein. The law proposal has received strong support from
the movie and music industries. They also hope to have permission to explore personal computers to search for illegal
material.

15
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
(1 point per answer)
1) What is the bill against?
2) How do web pirates get illegal copies of movies?

20

25

b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES FROM
THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Film makers lose $3 billion due to illegal copying.
4) Web pirates could be imprisoned and sentenced to pay a sum of money.
5) Video recording in cinemas is illegal all over the United States.
6) The movie and music industries are examining personal computers to find illegal material.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

30

35

7) Give one opposite for PROHIBIT (verb) (line 3)


(0.25 points)
8) Find in the text a synonym for PUNISHED (verb)
(0.25 points)
9) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
(0.25 points)
accessible and capable of being used (adjective)
10) Give a noun with the same root as RESTRICT (verb) (line 5)
(0.25 points)
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary.(0.5 points)
Jane Halifax is the president of the committee. She does not support the proposal.
12) Turn the following sentence into active:
(0.5 points)
Many illegal copies are being sold on street corners.
13) Complete the following sentence:
If George had been a film star,
(0.5 points)
14) Turn the following sentence into reported speech:
(0.5 points)
Last week Julia said: We will meet our new instructor tomorrow

40
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)
15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) Advantages and disadvantages of the Internet.
b) Would you buy an illegal copy of a film or music album? Why?

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b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

SMOKING IN ASIA

10

1
While tobacco companies face restrictions in Europe and USA, tobacco consumption in many Asian countries is
on the increase. Smoking American or European cigarettes is seen as fashionable. A few Asian governments have followed
the example of Western nations: tobacco advertising on television and radio has been forbidden. However, the tobacco
companies still find ways to get their message to the people of these extremely populated countries.
5
While adult males have been the most common smokers in Asia, advertising aimed particularly at women and
young people is trying to change that. Growing numbers of Asian women see smoking as a sign of their liberation. The
multinational tobacco companies say that they do not intend to promote smoking among non-smokers in Asia. Instead, they
say that they want Asian smokers to change their favourite kind of cigarettes. The evidence suggests the opposite,
however. It was precisely in Hong Kong, where few women smoked, that the American company S&M introduced their
Victoria Slims, a cigarette brand aimed at women.
11
Doctors and scientists are concerned about how smoking will affect the health of the Asian people. Scientists
estimate that because of the rising tobacco consumption in Asia, the annual worldwide number of deaths due to tobacco will
triple over the next two or three decades.

15
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)

20

1) Why is Asia an attractive market for tobacco multinationals?


2) Why did S&M introduce their Virginia Slims in Hong Kong?
b)

25

30

35

40

45

ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Asian governments havent done anything to control tobacco consumption.
4) It is impossible for tobacco companies to advertise their products in Asia.
5) Women are an attractive part of the tobacco market.
6)The deaths due to smoking will triple only in Asia.

(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)


7) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
(0.25 points)
the commercial name of a product (noun)
8) Which word does not have the same meaning?
(0.25 points)
SUGGEST
PROPOSE
SUPPOSE
ADVISE
9) Give a noun with the same root as WIDE (adjective).
(0.25 points)
10) Fill in the gap with a correct preposition.
(0.25 points)
More people get angry ________ smokers in western countries.
11) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice:
(0.5 points)
American companies have introduced a new product in Asia.
12) Complete the following conditional sentence: If tobacco were more expensive... (0.5 points)
13) Turn the following sentence into reported speech:
(0.5 points)
She said: Dont smoke if you want to save money.
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all and only the words in the boxes
without changing their form
(0.5 points)
cry her made story me
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)
15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) Suggest new ideas to make people smoke less.
b) Which foreign country would you like to visit? Why?

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
LENGUA
EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

NEXT STOP: MARS


1
People have been walking on the surface of Mars for more than a century, in fantasy. Now, however, the
possibility is so real that many people think the question is not whether humans will go to Mars, but when they will go,
how they will get there and who will go first.
4
Although there is growing agreement that reaching Mars will be some kind of multinational effort, a
prosperous nation, like the United States, seems capable of such an achievement by itself. For the US it is a political
priority. The cost of the project has been estimated at $60 billion, about double the price of the Apollo Moon project.
7
Of all the other planets in the solar system, Mars is the most like Earth. With about half the Earth's
diameter, with one third of the gravity and only one percent of the atmosphere, space vehicles have found that Mars
hides an important amount of water under its surface and in its frozen poles. While Venus is closer, with an average
temperature of about 850 degrees, it is hostile.
11
From the presence of water and a relatively moderate climate comes another powerful attraction. The
fascination with Mars centres around the issue of life. Mars is key to answering that critical question: Is there life
somewhere other than on Earth?
(A) COMPREHENSION (3 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Is reaching Mars only a scientific challenge? Why?
2) What is the most interesting reason for exploring Mars?
b)

ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Mankind has actually set foot on Mars.
4) Reaching Mars can cost as much as reaching the moon.
5) Mars is the same size as the Earth.
6) Venuss climate is gentle.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
(0.25 points)
a plan for work or activity of any kind (noun)
8) Find in the text one opposite for FRIENDLY (adjective).
(0.25 points)
9) Give a noun with the same root as POLITICAL (adjective).
(0.25 points)
10) Give one synonym for PROSPEROUS (line 5) (adjective).
(0.25 points)
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary.(0.5 points)
A dog was sent into space in 1957. Its name was Laika.
12) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice:
(0.5 points)
We are going to invite Dr Livingstone to participate in the project.
13) Rewrite the sentence without changing its meaning. Begin as indicated.
(0.5 points)
African countries are too poor to build a space station.
African countries arent
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all and only the words in the boxes
without changing their form.
(0.5 points)
useless space people exploration consider many

(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)


15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) Should the money of the Mars project go to poor countries? Why?
b) Do you believe there is life outside our planet? Why?

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
LENGUA
EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

COMING DOWN TO EARTH

10

15

20

25

1
A hot shower and a new wife helped two astronauts come down to earth Thursday after six months in orbit. Russian
cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and U.S. astronaut Edward Lu landed in Kazakhstan after an unproblematic flight from the
International Space Station. The crew, accompanied by Spaniard Pedro Duque, who was on a one-week mission, arrived as
planned.
5
Lu said the exciting life on the 16-nation orbital platform had amply compensated for not enjoying common comforts.
"It's a small price to pay not to be able to eat your favorite food or take a shower if you have the opportunity to live and work in
space," he told a news conference. "But that being said, that first hot shower felt really good."
8
Having married his fiance Ekaterina Dmitriev in August via a satellite video link from space, Malenchenko went
straight into married life enthusiastically. "Life continues on earth and we've got lots of plans," he said.
10
The astronauts said they had been able to keep in touch with their families from the station via e-mail and video
telephone. "I missed my family and fiance, but we had very good communications on board and we were able to talk," said Lu.
"I didn't feel very much separated from my loved ones on the ground."
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
(1 point per answer)
1) How different was daily life on board the Space Station?
2) How did the astronauts manage not to miss their families very much? (Give two reasons)
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE
TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Pedro Duque was in orbit for six months.
4) The orbital platform was exclusively a Russian and American enterprise.
5) Living in the orbital platform was so stimulating that astronauts could manage without ordinary comforts.
6) The Russian astronaut got married while in space.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

30

35

7) Give one opposite for EXCITING (adjective) (line 5)


(0.25 points)
8) Give one synonym for CONTINUE (verb) (line 9)
(0.25 points)
9) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
a group of people working on a spaceship (noun)
(0.25 points)
10) Give an adjective with the same root as ENJOY (verb) (line 5)
(0.25 points)
11) Give a question for the underlined words:
(0.5 points)
Edward Lu met his fiance after Christmas.
12) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all and only the words in the boxes without
changing their form.
(0.5 points)
station had a Malenchenko walk the around
13) Turn the following sentence into passive:
The astronauts are giving the journalists a lot of information
(0.5 points)
14) Complete the following conditional sentence: If I ever went to space,
(0.5 points)
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)

40

15) Write a composition (120 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a. Are dangerous professions attractive for young people today? Why?
b. Do you like science fiction stories/films? Why?

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instruccion
es:

PLANES DE 1994 y
DE 2002
ANLISIS DE TEXTO
LENGUA
EXTRANJERA
INGLS

a) Duracin: 90 minutos
b) No est permitido el uso de diccionario

TRAFFIC IN LONDON

10

1
When cars first replaced horses in London, everyone was pleased. Thank goodness, the streets would no
longer be full of smelly excrements. But Londoners have changed their minds about cars since then. In February
2003, in fact, the city introduced a plan to cut traffic and make it a nicer place to live in. All motorists coming into the
capital between 7.00 a.m. and 6.30 p.m. have to pay a 5 admission fee.
5
The success of this system is highly unexpected. It was introduced by the Mayor, Ken Livingstone, in the
face of opposition from business leaders, politicians, and a lot of people who just love their cars. Business leaders
claimed that their companies would suffer, while politicians said it would unfairly penalise various groups. Even the
Government took an attitude of wait and see. Against predictions, private traffic is now down by 20 per cent, while
fees and fines provide 130 million each year for improving public transport.
10
In order to sell this plan to the public, you cannot just introduce it, you have to get people to accept it. If you
ask motorists directly, they say no, but if you put it in a package with a reduction in the price of petrol, or in a package
including better roads and better public transport, a majority of motorists will support it.

15
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why do you think Londoners have changed their minds about cars since they replaced horses in their city?
2) How does this system help public transport? (Give two reasons)

20
b)

25

30

35

ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWER WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) If motorists want to drive into London between 7.00 a.m. and 6.30 p.m., they are charged some money.
4) The Government agreed to support this plan introduced by the Mayor.
5) In spite of this plan, traffic has not decreased in London.
6) Most motorists will support the plan if it is combined with other measures.

(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)


7) Give one opposite for PLEASED (adjective) (line 1)
(0.25 points)
8) Find in the text the word that has the following definition:
(0.25 points)
Sum of money paid as punishment for breaking a law or rule
9) Give one adjective with the same root as SUCCESS (noun) (line 5)
(0.25 points)
10) Give one noun with the same root as IMPROVE (verb) (line 10)
(0.25 points)
11) Turn the following sentence into the active voice:
(0.5 points)
The scheme had been introduced by the Mayor, Ken Livingstone.
12) Complete the following sentence: If I were a driver,
(0.5 points)
13) Turn the following sentence into reported speech:
(0.5 points)
In 2001 the councillor said: The city will launch a radical traffic plan next February
14) Give a question for the underlined words:
(0.5 points)
This system has been running for two years.

40
(C) PRODUCION (3 points)
15) Write a composition (120 WORDS). Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) Give reasons for and against reducing traffic in the city centre.
b) Would you like to be a politician? Why?

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UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instrucciones:

ANLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLS)

a) Duracin: Una hora y treinta minutos.


b) La puntuacin de cada pregunta est indicada en las mismas.

NON-SEXIST LANGUAGE
1
English, like most languages, is androcentric, or sexist. A preoccupation with making the language more
inclusive began in the 1950s and 1960s, when feminists started analysing sexist language in English. With women
joining the workforce and entering the professions, people found it harder to assume that a doctor was a man, or a
nurse was a woman.
5
The 1975 Sex Discrimination Act made it illegal to advertise jobs as specifically for men or for women.
Personnel departments had to find new words for many which were too specific, like fireman or policeman.
However, it wasnt till the 1980s that institutions such as universities and the Church started to eliminate sexist
language from their documents; but they found it difficult to find a replacement for the male pronoun He when
referring to God.
10
In 1995 a new inclusive version of the New Testament and Psalms was published in the United States. In
that version, the Lords Prayer begins Our Father-Mother in heaven, and Jesus is called the Human One rather
than Son of Man. If some of these cases may seem extreme, then consider the case of Ellen Cooperman, who
fought a year-long legal battle for the right to change her name to Cooperperson. She won.
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR
OWN WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1. What were feminists complaining about in the 1950s and 1960s, concerning the use of English?
2. Why does the Lords Prayer begin differently in the 1995 version?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3. Nowadays people have no problems advertising jobs for men only.
4. The complaints of feminists had an immediate effect on the way university documents were written.
5. Introducing non-sexist vocabulary has not been difficult for the Church.
6. The desire for non-sexist language can meet legal problems.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7. Give a verb with the same root as INCLUSIVE (adjective, line 2) and give an adjective with the same root
as INSTITUTION (noun, line 7). (0.5 points)
8. Turn the following sentence into the active voice: (0.5 points)
In 1995 a new version of the New Testament was published.
9. Turn the following sentence into reported speech: (0.5 points)
She exclaimed: I want to change my name to Cooperperson!
10. Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). Make changes if
necessary: (0.5 points)
There is a law against sex discrimination. Companies cant offer jobs for men only.
11. Rewrite the sentences without changing its meaning. Begin as indicated: (0.5 points)
It wasnt until the 1980s that institutions started to eliminate sexist language.
Before the 1980s..
12. Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
The Sex Discrimination Act made sexist language illegal. It was passed in 1975.
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)
13. WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) Do you think that some jobs are only for men? Why?
b) Do all people have the same opportunities in our society? Why?

BACHILLERATO

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instrucciones:

ANLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLS)

a) Duracin: Una hora y treinta minutos.


b) La puntuacin de cada pregunta est indicada en las mismas.

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN


1
Inside the family there is a historical tradition ignoring violence. Abuse by a male relative is the most
general form of violence against women. This abuse is directed at women who are wives or partners, and who are
classified by society as male property. According to a survey, between one quarter and one third of women from
different countries report physical abuse within their families, and even more report emotional or psychological
abuse. This is a large number, especially when one considers that many incidences of domestic violence are often
silenced.
7
For women, there is a greater risk for violence in the home than anywhere else. Both physical violence and
intimidation result in health problems. By repeated violations of their physical and mental autonomy, basic human
rights are taken away from women.
10
Domestic violence against women must be perceived as a global problem rather than a private matter. It
must receive appropriate attention from the international community as an issue affecting womens health and their
ability to participate fully in society.
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE
YOUR OWN WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1. Is there violence inside the family? Why?
2. Why must the international community pay attention to violence against women?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3. Less than one quarter of women report having been physically abused.
4. Public opinion is not informed of all cases of domestic violence.
5. Women are mainly abused at work.
6. Women suffering intimidation may have health problems.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7. Give an adjective with the same root as HEALTH (noun) (line 8). (0.25 points)
8. Which word does not have the same meaning?
INVESTIGATE EXAMINE PERCEIVE SURVEY (0.25 points)
9. Find in the text a word meaning: (0.25 points)
a danger, something that may have a bad result (noun)
10. Find in the text one opposite for PUBLIC (adjective). (0.25 points)
11. Turn the following sentence into the passive voice: (0.5 points)
The international community is not paying enough attention to this issue.
12. Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). Make changes if
necessary: (0.5 points)
Domestic violence is a global problem. It must receive more attention from the community.
13. Fill in the gap with a correct preposition: (0.5 points)
My cousin is very good _____________ golf but he practises many other sports.
14. Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence: (0.5 points)
SOLVE DIFFICULT SOCIAL ARE EXTREMELY PROBLEMS TO
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) Violence at school.
b) Is this a mans world? Why?

BACHILLERATO

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instrucciones:

ANLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLS)

a) Duracin: Una hora y treinta minutos.


b) La puntuacin de cada pregunta est indicada en las mismas.

ENERGY DRINKS
1
Recent events in Australia suggest that energy drinks in excess may be dangerous. Last Spring a
student who had drunk eleven cans of an energy drink robbed a supermarket armed with a knife. According to
his lawyer, this student was suffering from "caffeinism," that is, an unusual condition of excitement,
sleeplessness, agitation, and confused thought and speech, as a result of the consumption of high levels of
5
caffeine. The judge did not quite accept this defence, but he accepted that energy drinks may have
influenced the boy's behaviour.
7
This is not the first incident concerning energy drinks. In Sweden, there have been warnings about
mixing them with alcohol or drinking after exercise, when three people died shortly after having an energy
drink.
10
In Ireland, a 19-year-old man died suddenly after he had drunk three cans of it, and the matter is still under
investigation. The company insists that there is nothing dangerous in its product, and that it increases alertness,
concentration, and endurance. But experts do not agree: "Energy drinks are high in sugar and may increase
alertness, but there is no evidence to show that they are better than a cup of coffee."
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) When can energy drinks become dangerous?
2) How does caffeinism influence ones behaviour?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) A student stole a knife from a supermarket.
4) Three teenagers died in Ireland.
5) Sugar may reduce attention.
6) Everybody agrees about the effects of energy drinks.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
round metal box for preserving food or drink (noun) (0.25 points)
8) Give an adjective with the same root as EXCITEMENT(noun). (0.25 points)
9) Find in the text one synonym for INSOMNIA (noun). (0.25 points)
10) Give one opposite for INCREASE (verb) (line 10) (0.25 points)
11) Turn the following sentence into reported speech: (0.5 points)
He has drunk too much tonight, Peter said.
12) Turn the following sentence into the active voice: (0.5 points)
Tea has been made by his mother.
13) Use the words in the box to make a meaningful sentence. (0.5 points)
WANTED DRINK MARY THE TO CAT WATER
14) Complete the following sentence: (0.5 points)
If he had not drunk so much,...
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)
15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY
YOUR OPTION.
a) Drinking alcohol may be the cause of many problems. Why?
b) Healthy drinks and sports. Give your opinion.

BACHILLERATO

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instrucciones:

ANLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLS)

a) Duracin: Una hora y treinta minutos.


b) La puntuacin de cada pregunta est indicada en las mismas.

VILLAGE WELCOMES VAMPIRE

10

1
The residents of a North Yorkshire town are stocking up with garlic and crucifixes after a real-life Dracula
announced plans to move to the small seaside village where his literary ancestor arrived in a wooden coffin in Bram
Stokers classic novel. Vlad Dracula Prince Kretzulesco, the last living member of the clan, is considering settling in
Whitby.
5
He currently lives in Castle Dracula, in eastern Germany. But Prince Kretzulesco indicated he would be
delighted to return to the town where the terrifying legend began. He said: To visit the place where Mr Stoker wrote
the book would be wonderful. I know a little of Whitby and my familys connection with the town, and if I were
welcome, maybe I could go there and look for a place to live.
9
Prince Kretzulesco, an antique dealer, is anxious to leave Germany after numerous attacks and death
threats from neo-Nazis. He said: The British are good to foreigners and have liberal attitudes no matter if you are
black, green or lilac. If anyone offered me their castle, I would jump at the opportunity.
12
Craig Collier-Huckins from Whitbys Dracula Society said: It would be wonderful to have him here and we
would welcome him with open arms.

15
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) What made Whitby famous?
2) Why has Prince Kretzulesco chosen a British village?

20
b)

25

ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Prince Kretzulesco is a character in Bram Stokers novel.
4) Prince Kretzulesco is having trouble in Germany.
5) Prince Kretzulesco believes that the British are racist.
6) The residents of Whitby have offered a castle to Prince Kretzulesco.

(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

30

35

40

7) Find one word/expression in the text meaning FRIGHTENING (adjective).


(0.25 points)
8) Give a verb with the same root as CONNECTION (noun).
(0.25 points)
9)Turn the following sentence into reported speech:
(0.5 points)
Prince Kretzulesco said: I have been considering leaving Germany next year
10)Turn the following sentence into the passive voice:
(0.5 points)
We would receive him with open arms.
11) Fill in the gap with a correct adjective:
(0.5 points)
The patient is too __________ to leave the hospital.
12) Give a question for the underlined words.
(0.5 points)
Sally went to this school last year.
13) Complete the following sentence:
Mary would look for a place to live in London if
(0.5 points)
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)

45

14) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) Racism in Europe.
b) Do you like horror films? Why?

BACHILLERATO

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instrucciones:

ANLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLS)

a) Duracin: Una hora y treinta minutos.


b) La puntuacin de cada pregunta est indicada en las mismas.

VIOLENCE AND ENTERTAINMENT

10

1
Most people think that instinct disappeared out of the human lifestyle as civilization began. This, however,
is not in accordance with our natural tendency to violence. Violence could be associated with instinct, so there is no
reason in a civilized world for violence. In order to compensate for this lack of violence, people become involved in
dangerous activities. They watch action films, they read adventure books, etc. But what are the effects of violence in
entertainment?
6
It is commonly thought that people watching violent films get excited and might want to perform violent acts
in real life. The results of a test on two groups of children was that those who had played Street Fighter behaved
more aggressively than the ones playing a peaceful video game. In this respect one could say that the influence is
negative.
10
But there is another, less common explanation regarding the lost human instinct of violence: we have to
find a way to express this need. In this sense, the influence of violence in films would be positive, because it would
satisfy our need for violence. Watching them gives viewers satisfaction, and so they do not have to express their
urge for violence in real life.

15
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)

20

25

a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Has civilization suppressed instinct in the human being? Why?
2) Why did one group of children behave more aggressively than the other?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) It is a natural thing to feel the need for violence.
4) A civilized society offers non-violent ways of satisfying violent instincts.
5) Experiments show that the influence of violent video games is not significant.
6) Violent films cannot have a positive influence.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

30

35

40

7) Find in the text one synonym for GENERALLY (adverb).


(0.25 points)
8) Give a noun with the same root as THINK (verb) and a noun with the same root as BEHAVE (verb). (0.5 points)
9) Complete the series with another word of the same semantic group:
FILM, ACTOR, DIRECTOR,
(0.25 points)
10)Turn the following sentence into the active voice.
(0.5 points)
Children are easily influenced by violent games.
11) Complete the following sentences:
(1 point)
If films were less violent,
Drinking is dangerous for you when
12) Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT).
(0.5 points)
He was reading a book. Its characters were zombies.
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)

45

13) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a.- Do you think young people are very violent nowadays? Why?
b.- Write about an action film you have recently watched.

BACHILLERATO

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instrucciones:

ANLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLS)

a) Duracin: Una hora y treinta minutos.


b) La puntuacin de cada pregunta est indicada en las mismas.

PIE IN THE SKY

10

15

20

1
It is not clear precisely why, with the whole galaxy at their disposal, extra-terrestrials should wish to visit
Hereford. But if local reports are to be believed, the town and surrounding countryside have lately become a magnet
for alien visitors.
4
Over the past few months there have been a series of sightings of UFOs in the area, and witnesses reports
coincide on the appearance of the flying saucers. It was a big ball of very bright light, said one woman; I thought I
could see figures with big ears inside it, but to be honest it was moving so fast I couldnt be sure.
7
People have been seeing strange objects in the sky around Hereford for almost two decades now, but
never as many as now. Were getting three or four sightings a week at the moment, said one local UFO enthusiast.
Ive never known anything like it.
10
Nobody knows why aliens should be interested in Hereford, although one local butcher has a theory. Its
our pies, he explained. They have the sort of delicate crust and meat filling you just dont get anywhere else in the
universe.
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Is Hereford a new destination for UFOs? Why?
2) Is the butchers theory believable? Why?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) People in Hereford have been seeing many UFOs in the last few months.
4) Witnesses do not agree on what they saw.
5) One witness saw figures inside the UFO.
6) According to the butcher, the aliens come to Hereford to eat meat pies.

25
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

30

35

7) Find in the text one opposite of DISAGREE (verb) and one synonym of SOFT (adjective). (0.5 points)
8) Give one noun with the same root as BRIGHT (adjective)
and one noun with the same root as REPORT (verb).
(0.5 points)
9)Turn the following sentences into reported speech.
(1 point)
The UFO enthusiast explained: Ive never known anything like it.
The butcher exclaimed: You cant get these pies anywhere else in the universe!
10) Fill in the gap with a correct preposition.
(0.5 points)
The Martians climbed ___________ the UFO, closed the door, and flew away.
11) Give a question for the underlined words.
(0.5 points)
People have been seeing strange objects in the sky for centuries.

(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)

40
12) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) Is there life in outer space? Why?
b) Do you like science fiction films? Why?

BACHILLERATO

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instrucciones:

ANLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLS)

a) Duracin: Una hora y treinta minutos.


b) La puntuacin de cada pregunta est indicada en las mismas.

THE WORLDS OLDEST WOMAN

10

15

20

25

1
The worlds oldest woman according to the Guinness Book of Records, who attributed her long life to a
daily whisky, died in a British nursing home on Thursday, six days before her 115th birthday. Eva Morris died at the
Autumn House home in the town of Stone in the English Midlands. Eva died peacefully in her sleep, a
spokesperson at the home said. We are very privileged to have nursed her for the last eight years of her life.
5
She was a grand old lady. Eva Morris, a former domestic servant who was widowed in the 1930s, was
said by friends to enjoy the occasional cigarette and to have ridden a bicycle.
7
The Guinness Book of Records said it could not yet confirm who would succeed Morris as the worlds
oldest woman because her death might encourage several candidates. A Dominican woman says she is 125 years
old, but does not have the documents to prove it, a Guinness spokesperson said. We dont doubt that she is 125
years old, but we need to be able to verify it, the spokesperson continued. She is gathering the evidence so we
may be able to make an announcement.

(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)


a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) How long did Eva Morris live in the nursing home where she died?
2) What will the Dominican woman have to do to enter the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest woman
in the world?
b)

ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Drinking was the cause of Evas death.
4) Evas husband died in the 1930s.
5) Eva was resting when she died.
6) The people from Guinness Book of Records do not believe that the Dominican woman is 125 years old.

(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

30

35

40

7) Find in the text one synonym for QUIETLY (adverb).


(0.25 points)
8) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
(0.25 points)
person who speaks in representation of a group (noun)
9) Turn the following sentence into reported speech.
(0.5 points)
The director said: We are very privileged to have nursed her.
10) Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). (0.5 points)
She lived for a long time. She had a whisky everyday.
11) Put the following words in the correct order to make a meaningful sentence.
people / homes / old / in / live / nursing
(0.5 points)
12) Give a question for the underlined words.
(0.5 points)
She is said to be 115 years old.
13) Complete the following sentence:
(0.5 points)
If Eva had lived six more days,
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)

45

14) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) How do you imagine yourself when you are 64?
b) Old people: living at home or nursing homes.

BACHILLERATO

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instrucciones:

ANLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLS)

a) Duracin: Una hora y treinta minutos.


b) La puntuacin de cada pregunta est indicada en las mismas.

PEACE AND SILENCE

10

1
Visitors who leave behind the city centre of Charleston, South Carolina, and drive only 30 miles south, may
come upon the monastery of Our Lady of Mepkin. Twenty-eight monks live at Mepkin Abbey, following the same
routine established in France 900 years ago: praying, reading the Bible, and working.
4
Monasteries and spiritual centres throughout the United States find that demand for temporary accommodation
is increasing. More and more visitors come to this peaceful abbey every day, men and women who are tired of the
fast pace of life and work in 21st-century America.
7
These people usually stay in the abbey between one and six days. Most come for the silence, explains one of
the monks. They pray with the monks (attending the first service of the day, at 3.20 in the morning, if they wish),
observe the same silence as the monks, eat the same vegetarian food.
10 The abbeys guest rooms, most with private baths, are full much of the time, and rooms for the weekend are
booked for the next six months. The monks hope that their visitors will find peace, joy and perspective on life.

(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)

15

a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why have monasteries and spiritual centres become popular in the USA?
2) What is it that visitors find most appealing in monasteries?

20

b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES
FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Mepkin Abbey was founded in France 900 years ago.
4) Visitors have to wake up at 3.20 in the morning.
5) All guests have to do some work in the Abbey to pay for their accommodation.
6) It is difficult to get a room at Mepkin Abbey.

25

(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

30

35

40

7) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
(0.25 points)
sequence of actions regularly followed (noun)
8) Give one synonym for PEACEFUL (line 5).
(0.25 points)
9) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice.
(0.5 points)
Visitors find peace and joy at the monastery.
10) Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). (0.5 points)
Lindsay is the eldest child. She has to look after the other children.
11) Fill in the gap with a correct preposition.
(0.5 points)
My friend insisted __________ paying the bill.
12) Give a question for the underlined words.
(0.5 points)
This dictionary cost fifty dollars ten years ago.
13) Complete the following sentence:
(0.5 points)
If the visitors wish
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)

45

14) WRITE A COMPOSITION (120 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS. SPECIFY YOUR
OPTION.
a) Would you stay for a month in a monastery? Why?
b) Spiritual life today

BACHILLERATO

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCA

PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD

Instrucciones:

ANLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLS)

a) Duracin: Una hora y treinta minutos.


b) La puntuacin de cada pregunta est indicada en las mismas.

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