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Vocational Training Council

ENG30 11 Engineering Science A


2012/20 13 Semester 1
Examination

Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education


Foundation Diploma (Level 3) Programme
2012/2013 Semester 3
Examination
Stream:

Engineering

Date:

December 18,2012

Course Code:

FS113001E /I

Time:

9:30 11:30 a.m.

Module Title:

Engineering Science A

Time allowed:

2 hours

Module Code:

ENG3011

This paper consists of

Instructions to
candidates:

6pages including this page.

1. This paper consists of TWO sections.


2. Section A
Section B

Short Questions
Long Questions

Answer ALL Questions.


Choose 3 out of 5 questions.

Marks are allocated as follows:

Section A (Short Questions, 40 marks) - 5 questions, 8 marks each


Section B (Long questions, 60 marks) - 3 out of 5 questions, 20 marks
each
Graph paper is provided on a need basis.
Write all your answers in the answer book, supplementary answer sheets
and graph paper provided by the invigilators.
The question paper MUST BE RETURNED with your answer book and
supplementary answer sheets at the end of the examination.
Take g = 10 m s-' Show ALL workings and give two decimal places to
your answers.
Drawings in exam paper are not to Scale.

A set of Formulae is given on page 6.

Page 1 of 6

Vocational Training Council

ENG3011 Engineering Science A


2012/20 13 Semester 1
Examination

Section A: Short Questions (40 marks)


Answer all questions. Each question carries 8 marks.
A1

Figure A1 shows the yoke and the connection is subjected to a pair of


pulling forces of 10 kN at both ends of the rods.
Rod Diameter: 50 rnm

Pin Diameter: 30 rnm

Figure A1

Determine:
a) the direct stress on each rod;
b) the average shear stress acting on the pin.
A2.

By the use of the pulley stem shown in figure A2, the load W of 100 N is
raised by a force F of 40 N.

Determine
a) the velocity ratio, V.R.;
b) mechanical advantage, M.A. and
c) Efficiency of the pulley system.

A3

(4 marks)
(4 marks)

(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(4 marks)

A horizontal force of 21 N just starts the motion of 3 kg object.

Figure A3

a) Determine the value of coefficient of static friction, b.


b) If the coefficient of kinetic friction, pk is 0.65, what is the value of the
force required to keep the block to move in constant speed?

Page 2 of 6

(4 marks)
(4 marks)

Vocational Training Council

ENG3011 Engineering Science A


20 1212013 Semester 1
Examination

A4.

A stone, initially at rest (u=O) is released from a tower, 100 m high.


Assuming the air resistance is negligible.
Calculate
a) the time taken to reach the ground,
b) the veiocity of the stone when it hits the ground.

A5.

(4 marks)
(4 marks)

In Figure A5, a force of 30 N is pulling 2 blocks of 3 kg each on a smooth


surface.
T
3k9

3k9

* 30N

Figure A5
Find
a) the acceleration of the system and
b) the tension (T) of the string between two blocks.

(4 marks)
(4 marks)

- End of Section A 60

Section B: Lone Ouestiotls (a


marks)
Answer any 3 out of 5 questions. Each question carries 20 marks.
B 1.

Figure B 1 shows a motor car of mass 1000kg stands at a height of 20 m


on an incline of 1 in 10. The hand-brake is released and the car runs down
the incline.

mrawing not to scale)

a) Determine the potential energy at top of the incline.


b) If the frictional resistance to the motion of the car runs down the
incline is 50 N, determine the work done against the friction.
c) Determine the speed after travelling 200 m
d) If the frictional resistance is now negligible (i.e. F=O), by referring to
Question Bl(c), state the change of speed if the car mass is now increased
to 2000kg.

Page 3 of 6

(6 marks)
(4 marks)
(8 marks)

(2 marks)

Vocational Training Council

ENG3011 Engineering Science A


2012/20 13 Semester 1
Examination

B2.

a)

A weight of 80 N is suspended by two cords at D and E as shown in


Figure B2a. The lengths of OD and OE are 1 m and 2 m respectively
at right angle to each other.

Determine the tension of the two cords P and Q either by analytical


(10 marks)
method or by graphical method.
b)

A simple machine lifts a mass of 300 kg through a height of 4 m in 5


seconds. The effort applied to the machine is 600 N and move through a
distance of 30 m.

Determine:
(i) the power of the machine;
(ii) the efficiency of the machine.

B3.

(5 marks)
(5 marks)

A specimen of a metal rod of 10 mm diameter and 100 mm in length is


subjected to a tensile force of 9 kN which causes an extension in length of
0.05 rnm.
a) Determine:
(1) the tensile stress;
(ii) the strain;
(iii) the stiffness and
(iv) the Young's modulus of the material.

(6 marks)
(4 marks)
(4 marks)
(4 marks)

Refer to table B3, what kind of materials would the specimen be?

(2 marks)

b)

Material

Young's modulus, E
G N / ~ ~

200

Mild steel
Cast iron
Copper
Phosphor-bronze
Brass
Aluminium

110
100
95
85
70
Table B3

Page 4 of 6

Vocational Training Council

ENG3011 Engineering Science A


2012/20 13 Semester 1
Examination

B4.

a)

b)

B5.

a)

A car accelerates from rest, reaching a velocity of 8 m s-' after 20 s.


It is then decelerated at 0.4 m s ' until
~ its velocity drops to 6 rn s-'. At
this moment, the braking force is increased and the car comes to a
stop under a deceleration of 1.2 m s - ~ .
(i) Plot the Velocity Time Graph of the car.
(ii) Calculate the total distance covered.

(4 marks)
(8 marks)

A pin of radius 1 mrn is rotating at 20 000 revolutions per minute.


Determine:
(i) its angular velocity in radians per second (rad s"). and
(ii) the speed of a point on its surface in metre per second (m s")

(4 marks)
(4 marks)

A uniform horizontal beam, 6 m long, rests on two supports A and


B, 4 m apart, as shown in Figure B5a. A force of 50 N is acting at D
and the weight of the beam is 200 N at its centre of gravity C.
Calculate the reactions (RAandRB)of the supports on the beam.

b B

J.

200N

b)

(10 marks)

Figure B5a

Two identical cars of mass 1000 kg travelling at 20 m s*' collide


head on and lock together on impact.

mass 1000 kg
v = 20 m s-'

- -".- b

mass 1000 kg
v = 20 m s-'

*--.-

Figure B5b
(i) What is the total momentum of the two cars before collision?
(ii) What is the total momentum of the two cars after collision?
(iii) How much kinetic energy is lost during the collision?

- End of Section B - END OFALL QWSTIONS Page 5 of 6

(3 marks)
(3 marks)
(4 marks)

Vocational Training Council

ENG30 11 Engineering Science A


201212013 Semester 1
Examination

Useful Formulae
Caution! The following formulae are intended to be an aid to memory and do not
represent all the formulae needed for answering the questions. Also not all the
formulae may be needed.
Linear Motion

Circular Motion

u+at
v2 = U 2 +2as

8 angular displacement (radians)

V =

u+v
s = Xt
2
s=ut+%at2

360"
1radian = -

2n

o angular velocity (radiansls) =


8

-t

linear velocity, v = r o
linear displacement, s = r 0
Energy

Friction

F
coefficient of friction, ,u = N
Momentum

K.E. = % m v 2
P.E. = m g h
Work done W = F x d
W o r k done
Power = Time

P=mv

Machine

Stress and Strain

L
M.A. = E
distance of E
V.R.=
distance of L

Stress o = Area

M.A. x 100%
Efficiency = -

V.R.

Force

change i n length

Strain = original length

Young's modulus =

-End of Paper-

Page 6 of 6

Stress