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# HEAT AND TEMPERATURE

A.

## Heat and temperature

There is a fundamental difference between temperature and heat. Heat is the amount of
energy in a system. The SI units for heat are Joules. A Joule is a Newton times a meter. A
Newton is a kilogram-meter per second squared. Heat is transferred through radiation,
conduction and convection. The amount that molecules are vibrating, rotating or moving is a
direct function of the heat content. Energy is transported by conduction as molecules vibrate,
rotate and/or collide into each other. Heat is moved along similar to dominos knocking down
their neighbors in a chain reaction. An increase of electromagnetic radiation into a system
causes the molecules to vibrate, rotate and/or move faster. With convection, higher energy
molecules are mixed with lower energy molecules. When higher energy molecules are mixed
with lower energy molecules the molecular motion will come into equilibrium over time. The
faster moving molecules will slow down and the slow moving molecules will speed up.

Heat

Temperature

Definition

## Heat is energy that is

transferred from one body
to another as the result of a
difference in temperature.

Temperature is a measure of
hotness or coldness expressed in
terms of any of several arbitrary
scales like Celsius and Fahrenheit.

Symbol

Unit

Joules

SI unit

Joule

Kelvin

## Heat is a measure of how

many atoms there are in a
substance multiplied by
how much energy each
atom possesses.

## Temperature is related to how fast

the atoms within a substance are
moving. The temperature of an
object is like the water level it
determines the direction in which
heat will flow.

work.

## Temperature can only be used to

measure the degree of heat.

Particles

Ability
work

to

## Temperature is the MEASURE of the AVERAGE molecular motions in a system and

simply has units of (degrees F, degrees C, or K). Notice that one primary difference between
heat and temperature is that heat has units of Joules and temperature has units of (degrees F,
degrees C, or K). Another primary difference is that energy can be transported without the
temperature of a substance changing (e.g. latent heat, ice water remains at the freezing point
even as energy is brought into the ice water to melt more ice). But, as a general statement
(ignoring latent heat), as heat energy increases, the temperature will increase. If molecules
increase in vibration, rotation or forward motion and pass that energy to neighboring
molecules, the measured temperature of the system will increase.

Heat and temperature are related and often confused. More heat usually means a higher
temperature.
Heat (symbol: Q) is energy. It is the total amount of energy (both kinetic and potential)
possessed by the molecules in a piece of matter. Heat is measured in Joules.
Temperature (symbol: T) is not energy. It relates to the average (kinetic) energy of
microscopic motions of a single particle in the system per degree of freedom. It is measured
in Kelvin (K), Celsius (C) or Fahrenheit (F).
When you heat a substance, either of two things can happen: the temperature of the
substance can rise or the state of substance can change.

B. Source
http://www.diffen.com/difference/Heat_vs_Temperature
related:coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/light_lessons/thermal/differ.html
temperature and hea

DICTIONARY

Fundamental

: Mendasar

Squared

: Squared

Convection

: Konveksi

Vibrating

: Vibrating

Knocking

: Ketukan

Electromagnetic

: Electromagnetic

Mixed

: Campuran

Equilibrium

: Kesetimbangan

Transported

: Diangkut

Vibration

: Getaran

Neighboring

: Tetangga

Transferred

: Ditransfer

Coldness

: Kedinginan

Multiplied

: Dikalikan

Arbitrary

: Sewenang-wenang

Determines

: Menentukan

Microscopic

: Mikroskopis

Direction

: Arah

Latent

: Tersembunyi

Within

: Dalam

Total amount

: Jumlah total