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Information
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf 4.0
Technical Manual
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Technical Manual

Information
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf 4.0

Important Notice on Product Safety


Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment. Some of
the parts may also have elevated operating temperatures. Systems with forced ventilation have
rotating items.
Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal injury or in
property damage.
The system complies with the standard EN 60950-1 / IEC 60950-1. All equipment connected
has to comply with the applicable safety standards.
Mount the systems in areas with restricted access only. Only trained and qualified personnel
may install, operate, and maintain the systems.

The same text in German:


Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit
In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangslufig bestimmte Teile der Gerte unter Spannung.
Einige Teile knnen auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen. Anlagen mit
Zwangsbelftung haben drehende Teile.
Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu Krperverletzungen
und Sachschden fhren.
Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950-1 / IEC 60950-1. Angeschlossene
Gerte mssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfllen.
Die Anlagen drfen nur in Betriebssttten mit beschrnktem Zutritt aufgebaut werden. Die
Anlagen drfen nur durch geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal installiert, betrieben und
gewartet werden.

Trademarks:
All designations used in this document can be trademarks, the use of which by third parties for
their own purposes could violate the rights of their owners.

Copyright (C) Siemens AG 2006


Issued by the Communications Group
Hofmannstrae 51
D-81359 Mnchen
Technical modifications possible.
Technical specifications and features are binding only insofar as
they are specifically and expressly agreed upon in a written contract.

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Technical Manual

Contents
1

Notes on this Documentation .........................................................................................7

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.4
1.5

Customer Documentation...............................................................................................7
Complementary Documents ...........................................................................................7
Symbols Used in the Customer Documentation.............................................................8
Symbol for Warnings ......................................................................................................8
Symbols for Notes ..........................................................................................................8
Symbols for Menu Displays and Text Inputs ..................................................................8
Notes on Licensed Software...........................................................................................8
Standard Compliance .....................................................................................................8

Introduction ...................................................................................................................10

2.1

Application Types .........................................................................................................10

Overview of the Main Features.....................................................................................12

System Description.......................................................................................................13

4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.6.1
4.6.2
4.7
4.8

Subrack.........................................................................................................................13
Basic Functions ............................................................................................................14
User Data Interfaces.....................................................................................................15
Switch Fabric Functions ...............................................................................................15
Multiplex and Mapping Functions .................................................................................15
SDH Overhead Processing Function ...........................................................................16
Clock Pulse Supply, Synchronization...........................................................................17
Laser Safety Shut-down ...............................................................................................18
Software/Firmware .......................................................................................................18
Protection Architecture .................................................................................................18
SDH Traffic Protection..................................................................................................19
Hardware Protection.....................................................................................................21
Operating Terminal TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT ....................21
Connection to Network Management Systems ............................................................22

Components of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf............................................23

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.6.1
5.6.2
5.6.3
5.6.4
5.7

Subrack and Slot Arrangement ....................................................................................23


List of Cards Supported................................................................................................24
Power Supply Card: PWR ............................................................................................25
Fan Tray .......................................................................................................................26
System Controller Card: SC .........................................................................................26
Cross-connect and Timing Card with STM-4 Optical interface: CC + 1STM-4..........27
Cross-connect Architecture and Capacity ....................................................................27
Timing Function ............................................................................................................28
STM-4 optical Interface ................................................................................................28
CC Card Faceplate and LEDs ......................................................................................29
Electrical 2 Mbit/s Interface Card 63 E1 (W/P), 63 E1 IO ........................................29

System Control and Monitoring ....................................................................................32

6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.3

Indicating and Operating Elements of the Network Element........................................33


Operating Devices of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf ..................................33
Operating and Display Elements of the Cards .............................................................33
Control and Monitoring by TNMS-M Network Management System ...........................34
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT ....................................................34
TNMS-M .......................................................................................................................35
Management System Protection ..................................................................................36

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6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.4.5
6.5

NE Software................................................................................................................. 37
Application Management Module ................................................................................ 37
Hardware Driver Modules ............................................................................................ 38
Real-Time Multi-Task Operation System..................................................................... 38
SNMP Agent ................................................................................................................ 38
MIB Management Module............................................................................................ 39
Management Protocols and DCC................................................................................ 39

Commissioning and Maintenance ............................................................................... 40

7.1
7.2

Commissioning ............................................................................................................ 40
Maintenance ................................................................................................................ 40

Technical Data............................................................................................................. 41

8.1
8.1.1
8.1.2
8.2
8.2.1
8.3
8.3.1
8.4
8.4.1
8.5
8.6
8.6.1
8.6.2
8.7
8.8

Traffic Interfaces .......................................................................................................... 41


Optical STM-4 Interfaces ............................................................................................. 41
Electrical 2 Mbit/s Interfaces........................................................................................ 42
Control Interfaces ........................................................................................................ 42
SNMP/TCP/IP/Ethernet for Network Management System ........................................ 42
Signaling Interfaces ..................................................................................................... 42
Fault Indication and Services Status LEDs ................................................................. 42
Switching and Delay Times ......................................................................................... 43
MSP Line Protection Switching ................................................................................... 43
Power Supply............................................................................................................... 43
Environmental Conditions............................................................................................ 43
Climatic Conditions ...................................................................................................... 43
Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC ............................................................................ 44
Dimensions in mm ....................................................................................................... 44
Weights in kg ............................................................................................................... 44

Abbreviations ............................................................................................................... 45

10

Index ............................................................................................................................ 49

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Illustrations
Fig. 2.1
Fig. 4.1
Fig. 4.2
Fig. 4.3
Fig. 4.4
Fig. 4.5
Fig. 4.6
Fig. 4.7
Fig. 5.1
Fig. 5.2
Fig. 5.3
Fig. 5.4
Fig. 5.5
Fig. 5.6
Fig. 5.7
Fig. 5.8
Fig. 5.9
Fig. 5.10
Fig. 5.11
Fig. 6.1
Fig. 6.2

E1 Extension Shelf Application..................................................................................10


SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf.........................................................................13
Install SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelves in 19 Rack ......................................14
Functional Block Diagram..........................................................................................14
SDH/PDH Multiplex Structures ..................................................................................16
Linear 1+1 MSP, Fault-free Case ..............................................................................19
Linear 1+1 MSP, Switch to Protection Line ...............................................................20
Embedding of SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf in a TMN System ....................22
Overview of the System Components .......................................................................23
Subrack Slots.............................................................................................................24
Power Card Faceplate ...............................................................................................25
Fan Tray Faceplate....................................................................................................26
System Controller (SC) Card Faceplate ....................................................................26
CC Card Cross-connect Architecture - 2.5G CC .......................................................28
CC + 1xSTM4 Card Faceplate...................................................................................29
63 E1 Card (1:4 Protection) .....................................................................................30
63 E1 (W/P) Card Faceplate....................................................................................31
63 E1 IO (75 Ohm) Card Faceplate.........................................................................31
63 E1 IO (120 Ohm) Card Faceplate.......................................................................31
Embedding of SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs in a TMN System.......................................34
SURPASS hiT 7035 Software Architecture ...............................................................37

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Tables
Tab. 4.1
Tab. 4.2
Tab. 5.1
Tab. 5.2
Tab. 5.3
Tab. 5.4
Tab. 5.5
Tab. 5.6
Tab. 5.7
Tab. 5.8
Tab. 5.9
Tab. 5.10
Tab. 8.1

User Data Interfaces.................................................................................................. 15


SDH Overhead Process Function.............................................................................. 17
Subrack Slot Arrangement and Allowable Cards ...................................................... 24
Overview of SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf Release 4.0 Cards ..................... 25
Power Card LEDs ...................................................................................................... 25
System Controller (SC) Card Interface...................................................................... 26
SC Card LEDs ........................................................................................................... 27
1 STM-4 Interface on CC Cards .............................................................................. 28
CC Card LEDs ........................................................................................................... 29
63 E1 Protection Group Configuration Rule ............................................................ 30
63 E1 IO Card Interfaces ......................................................................................... 31
63 E1 (W/P) Card LEDs........................................................................................... 31
STM-4 Port 1300nm / 1550nm .................................................................................. 41

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1 Notes on this Documentation


1.1

Customer Documentation
The Customer Documentation of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf comprises the
following descriptions and manuals:

Technical Manual
The Technical Manual gives an overview of the application, performance features,
interfaces and functions of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf. It also contains the
most important technical data.

The Technical Manual does not contain any instructions to be carried out.

Installation and Test Manual


The Installation and Test Manual contains instructions on mounting, connecting, and
commissioning the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf, and connecting and
commissioning the LCT operating terminals.

Troubleshooting Manual
The Troubleshooting Manual provides information about the alarm list SURPASS hiT
7035 Extension Shelf supports and troubleshooting procedures.

LCT User Manual


The LCT User Manual provides information about the LCT (features, configuration,
installation, etc.) and how to operate, monitor and maintain the SURPASS hiT 7035
Extension Shelf using the Element Manager software (Application Software) running on
the LCT.

Besides the LCT User Manual, the Online Help of the SURPASS hiT 7035 ES software is of
high importance for the operator.

1.2

Complementary Documents
In addition to the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf customer documentation listed in
Chapter 1.1, there is further documentation:

SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf Release Note


This document identifies the specific version of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf
and provides information on Hardware, Software, LCT components and the limitations
of the release as well as important notes concerning the customer documentation.

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1.3
1.3.1

!
1.3.2

Information
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf 4.0

Symbols Used in the Customer Documentation


Symbol for Warnings
This symbol identifies notes which, if ignored, can result in personal injury or in permanent
damage to the equipment.

Symbols for Notes


Information which extends beyond the immediate context.
Cross reference to other chapters in this manual or reference to other manuals.

Help

1.3.3

Reference to the online help system of the Element Manager software.

Symbols for Menu Displays and Text Inputs


Menu options from pop-up menus or inputs to be made by the user (texts, commands) are
displayed consecutively in their hierarchical sequence in pointed brackets:
<Menu> <Menu item> <Command text> <Parameter> etc.

1.4

Notes on Licensed Software


This documentation refers to software products which were taken over from other companies
as licenses.
Should problems arise, you should contact Siemens AG as the licensee and not the relevant
licenser.

1.5

Standard Compliance
The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf is in compliance with the following standards (as
applicable):
Electronic Industry Association (EIA)
European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
IEEE 802.1Q Virtual LANs
IEEE 802.1p Traffic Class Expediting and Dynamic Multicast Filtering
IEEE 802.3
CSMA/CD Access Method
International Telecommunication UnionTelecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T)
Recommendations
G.703
Physical/Electrical Characteristics of Hierarchical Digital Interfaces
G.7041/Y1303 Generic Framing Procedure (GFP)
G.7042/Y1305 Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme (LCAS) for Virtual Concatenated
Signals
G.707/Y1322 Network Node Interface for the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH)
G.774
SDH Management Information Model for Network Element View
G.781
Synchronization Layer Functions

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G.783

G.784
G.803
G.813
G.823

G.825

G.826

G.828

G.829
G.831

G.841
G.842
G.957

G.958

G.691

G.664

M.3010
M.3300

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Characteristics of Synchronization Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Equipment


Functional Blocks
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Management
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Transport Network Architecture
Timing Characteristics of SDH Equipment Slave Clocks (SEC)
Control Of Jitter and Wander within Digital Networks which are Based On
The 2048 Kbit/s Hierarchy
The Control of Jitter and Wander Within Digital Networks which are
based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH)
Error Performance Parameters and Objectives For International,
Constant Bit-Rate Digital Paths At Or Above The Primary Rate
Error Performance Parameters and Objectives For International,
Constant Bit Rate Synchronous Digital Paths
Error Performance Events for SDH Multiplex and Regenerator Sections
Management Capabilities Of Transport Networks Based on the
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH)
Types and Characteristics of SDH Network Protection Architectures
Interworking of SDH Network Protection Architecture
Optical Interfaces for Equipment and System Relating to the
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
Digital Line Systems Based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy for Use
on Optical Fibre Cables
Optical Interfaces for Single-Channel STM-64, STM-256, and Other SDH
Systems with Optical Amplifiers
Optical Safety Procedures and Requirements for Optical Transport
System
Principles for a Telecommunications Management Network.
TMN F Interface Requirements

Technical Manual

Information
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf 4.0

2 Introduction
The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf is designed as an Extension Shelf for other
SUPRASS hiT 70xx serials products, such as the SURPASS hiT 7060HC and SURPASS
hiT 7060. This product supports a total of 252 E1 services which can be added and
dropped within single subrack. When connected with the main shelf, maximum four (4)
extension shelves can be supported via the MSP STM4 optical links simultaneously.
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf network elements provide fixed cross-connectivity. The
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT allows the operator to enable crossconnection, but by default it is disabled, even if all the cards are equipped. The switch
network capacity is up to 46 x 46 STM-1-equivalents. This applies to the VC-4 layer and to
all cross-connection types (unidirectional, bidirectional and broadcast).
State-of-the-art protection switching mechanisms are supported to enable an optimum
network with the very highest reliability possible depending on the relevant network
topology and the requirements of the network operator, see Chapter 4.6.
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf is single subrack equipment.
For detailed information about the features of SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf see
Chapter 3.

2.1

Application Types
A typical example of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf application is provided in Fig.
2.1.

hiT 7060HC
(Main Shelf)

STM-4 (MSP)
STM-4 (MSP)

STM-4 (MSP)

hiT 7035
Extension
Shelf

hiT 7035
Extension
Shelf

hiT 7035
Extension
Shelf

hiT 7035
Extension
Shelf

252 2 Mbit/s

252 2 Mbit/s

252 2 Mbit/s

252 2 Mbit/s

Fig. 2.1

10

STM-4 (MSP)

E1 Extension Shelf Application

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The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf is able to aggregate a large number of 2Mbit/s
PDH interfaces into one of the two MSP STM-4 interfaces. It always works with SURPASS
hiT 7060 or SURPASS hiT 7060HC to extend their E1 access ability. With the 1+1 MSP
STM-4 links, the maximum four Extension Shelves are supported to connect with one Main
Shelf.
While connected through the STM-4 links and used as a PDH extension chassis, the
SURPASS hiT 7035 can support 252 E1 in total. All of these PDH interfaces can have
protection configuration to provide high reliability PDH traffic. This means the E1 cards
support 1: N (N=1 to 4) equipment protection.

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3 Overview of the Main Features


Subrack Type

11 RU height, 1 system control board, 2 CC cards and 5 traffic slots

Switch Matrix
Fully non-blocking switching fixed matrix:

2.5 G switching capacity with VC-12 granularity

Interface Types

STM-4 optical interfaces: (1 per card)

2 Mbit/s electrical interfaces (63 per card)

NE features

STM-4 line timing

Near end performance monitoring

Far end performance monitoring

Automatic Software downloads

Auto link detection

Hardware Protection

Switch Fabric and Clock Unit Protection

1:N (N=4)Hardware Protection for E1 electrical interfaces

Traffic Protection

MSP (1+1) for STM-4

TNMS-M Embedding

12

Element management by TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT

Service/Network/Element management by TNMS-M

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4 System Description
The following sub-chapters give a functional and technical view of the main features of
SURPASS hiT 7035 separated from the physically interfaces. For information about
hardware relevant features please refer to Chapter 5.

4.1

Subrack
A picture of the SURPASS hiT 7035 subrack is shown below.
The subrack is 11 RU high and the physical dimensions are 400mm (W) x 486 mm (H) x 300
mm (D). It is designed to fit ETSI, EIA 300 and NEBS requirements.
The system racks used comply with the dimensions recommended by ETSI (European
Telecommunications Standards Institute): W = 600 mm, H = 2200 mm and D = 240 mm
(ETS 300 119).
Up to two or three (depending on the cabling, see Fig. 4.2) SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension
Shelves can be installed into a 2200mm or 2600 mm high ETSI rack or an EIA 310 19 rack.
Between the consecutive shelves at least 5-rack-unit space should be reserved.

Fig. 4.1

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cable ducts

hiT7035
Extension
Shelf

hiT7035
Extension
Shelf

hiT70xx
Main Shelf

hiT7035
Extension
Shelf

hiT7035
Extension
Shelf

cable ducts

Top Entry

Fig. 4.2

4.2

Bottom Entry

Install SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelves in 19 Rack

Basic Functions
Fig. 4.3 shows the basic functional structure of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf.
TNMS-M/
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT

System Controller

Timing controller

Maintenance Panel

Tributary
interfaces
Line interfaces
East

MS Overhead Process

Fixed CC

PDH
Interface

STM-4
Interface

Line interfaces
West
STM-4
Interface

Fig. 4.3

14

Functional Block Diagram

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Technical Manual

On the line side, the send/receive modules (SDH) carry out the conversion to
optical/electrical signals. The SDH cards are equipped with various transceiver modules
(differing SFP modules depending on distance) running at a 622Mbit/s rate.
For release 4.0, the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf only supports 2Mbit/s PDH
interface on the tributary side.
The central element of SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf includes system controller,
cross-connect matrix, timing controller, and maintenance panel.

4.2.1

User Data Interfaces


SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf can be equipped with the following data interfaces (line
and tributary signals):

Interface Type
SDH
PDH
Tab. 4.1

4.2.2

Bit Rate
622 Mbit/s (STM-4)

2 Mbit/s
User Data Interfaces

Connection

Ports per Card

optical

1 (bidirectional)

electrical

63 (bidirectional)

Switch Fabric Functions


The assignment between E1 port and STM-4 port of the extension shelf is fixed. This fixed
switching device has the capacity to simultaneously support 252 E1 add/drop.
Users are allowed to create or delete the cross-connection by using the TNMS-M or LCT.
Capacity of the Cross-connect Matrix:
Fixed cross-connect capacity: 2.5 G (1008 1008 VC-12s)

4.2.3

Multiplex and Mapping Functions


The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf transmits SDH and PDH signals. Fig. 4.4 shows
the organization and relationship of SDH and PDH multiplex structures.
Chapter 8.1 summarizes the available interfaces for SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelves.

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SDH

PDH

Nx

STM-N

AUG

N=4

AU-4

VC-4

3x

TUG-3

7x

TUG-2
3x

TU-12

Fig. 4.4

4.2.3.1

VC-12

C-12

D2

2 Mbit/s

SDH/PDH Multiplex Structures

SDH HO/LO Multiplexer and Mapping Functions


The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf implements the following HO/LO multiplexing and
mapping methods:

4.2.3.2

VC-4 containers are aligned (with frame offset information) with an AU-4, according to
ITU-T G.707. The AU-4 may further be mapped via AUG-1 into STM-1 or via AUG1and AUG-4 into STM-4.

VC-12 containers are aligned (with frame offset information) with a TU-12, according
to ITU-T G.707. The TU-12 is further mapped via TUG-2 and TUG-3 into VC-4.

PDH Mapping into SDH Containers


The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf implements the following mapping of PDH signals
on SDH containers:

4.2.4

2-Mbit/s signals are mapped into a VC-12 asynchronously, according to ITU-T G.707.
The VC-12 is further mapped on a VC-4, via TU-12, TUG-2 and TUG-3.

SDH Overhead Processing Function


The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf supports the following SDH overhead process:

16

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SDH Overhead Name


Description
A1, A2
Framing Bytes
J0
Regenerator Section Trace
B1
Regenerator Section BIP-8
RS-OH
E1
Regenerator Section Order wire
F1
Regenerator Section User Channel
D1~D3
Section DCC
B2
BIP-N24
K1, K2 (b1~b5)
APS
K2 (b6~b8)
MS-RDI
MS-OH
D4~D12
Multiplex Section DCC
S1
Synchronous Status
M0, M1
MS-REI
E2
Line Order wire
J1
Path Trace
B3
Path BIP-8
C2
Path Signal Label
G1
Path Status
F2
Path User Channel
VC-4 POH
H4
Position and Sequence Indicator
F3
Path User Channel
K3 (b1~b4)
APS
K3 (b5~b6)
Spare
K3 (b7~b8)
Data link
N1
Network Operator Byte
V5 (b1~b2)
BIP-2
V5 (b3)
LP-REI
V5 (b4)
LP-RFI
V5 (b5~b7)
Signal Label
VC-12
V5 (b8)
LP-RDI
POH
J2
Path Trace
N2
Network Operator Byte
K4 (b1)
Extension Signal Label
K4 (b2)
Virtual Concatenation ID
K4 (b3~b8)
Reserved
Tab. 4.2 SDH Overhead Process Function

4.3

Technical Manual

Support
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

Clock Pulse Supply, Synchronization


There is no need to select a timing reference on the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf.
When the operator specifies the relationship between the Main Shelf and the Extension Shelf
in TNMS-M, the system will automatically configure the timing source for the Extension
Shelf. The timing source will be internally fixed to the two STM-4 ports on CC cards of the
Extension Shelf.
From LCT, the timing reference information can only be viewed. The system clock mode is
always set to Auto mode, and is unchangeable from the LCT.

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In TNMS-M, the system clock of Extension Shelf is invisible and not configurable, but the
system clock alarms of Extension Shelf are able to be reported to TNMS-M and TNMS-Core.

4.4

Laser Safety Shut-down


To prevent possible personal injury from emerging laser light in the case of line interruption
(e.g. fiber break), the SURPASS hiT 7035 equipment contains a laser safety shut-down
function (ALS Automatic Laser Shut-down) according to ITU-T G.958 and ITU-T G664. In the
case of signal failure at the optical receiver of SURPASS hit 7035 equipment, the laser
transmitter is switched OFF in this equipment for the opposite direction and thereby the
disturbed field is taken out of operation. The laser transmitter is then switched ON cyclically
every 100 s for approximately 2 s for testing. If the receiver of the concerned device receives
a valid signal again, the laser transmitter of the opposite direction is immediately put into
continuous operation again.
When switching ON internal power supplies or after a laser switch-off caused by total failure
of the power supply in the telecommunications center, the laser transmitter(s) must be forced
switched ON for approximately 2s after the permissible operating conditions have been
reached. In this way the line is automatically put back into operation.
In the case of line interruption or for maintenance work, the laser transmitter must be
switched on manually for approximately 2s or approximately 90s (test purposes). The
transmitter is switched back ON via the operating terminal.

4.5

Software/Firmware
The System Controller (SC) board is equipped with micro controllers for monitoring,
controlling, and maintaining status information. They are programmed with embedded
firmware held in Flash-EEPROMs.
A software download facility is available. The download can be done remotely or locally via
the element manager or local craft terminal.
The internal configuration database of the system can be uploaded and downloaded. It is
stored redundantly and robust to any card failure.
Beside the configuration database, there are two embedded software images in the System
Controller. One is used by the active software and the other is for backup. During the system
upgrade, new software will be downloaded and stored into the backup image memory bank.
It will then be activated and the active image will be set as the new backup. Two software
images design can efficiently protect the system from system crash caused by wrong
operation.

4.6

Protection Architecture
As todays network carries more and more mission critical traffic, protection is a must to
guarantee minimum downtime. The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf features extensive
protection mechanisms according to a number of ITU-T standards.
The following sections assume working knowledge of standard SDH protection schemes. For
an introduction to protection schemes and their implementation under SURPASS hiT 7035
Extension Shelf refer to SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT user manual.

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4.6.1

Technical Manual

SDH Traffic Protection


The only traffic protection function the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf supports is STM4 multiplex section layer (Linear MSP).

4.6.1.1

Traffic protection functions are partly coupled with equipment protection features. This is in
general implicitly achieved by including some hardware components (e.g. SFP modules)
within a protected signal section.

1+1 Linear Multiplex Section Protection (MSP)


Protection switching is fullfilled in the equipment according to the relevant ETSI/ITU-T
standards ETS 300417-3-1 and G.841, respectively.
Fig. 4.5 shows the general switching architecture for completing a linear 1+1 MSP with two
line interfaces:

MSP
Bridge/Selector

Working port

Working
Traffic

Protection port

Fig. 4.5

Linear 1+1 MSP, Fault-free Case

In 1+1 Linear MSP, the client traffic is always transmitted over the working and protection
path simultaneously (MSP Bridge).
In case of fiber break (Fig. 4.6), the SDH card detects the fault and the MSP selector
automatically selects the incoming traffic from the protection path.

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MSP
Bridge/Selector

Working port

Working
Traffic

Protection port

Fig. 4.6

Linear 1+1 MSP, Switch to Protection Line

In SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf Linear MSP, all the optical traffic cards offer hot
changeable optical plug-in modules (SFPs) the 1+1 MSP protection always comes with
some kind of hardware protection.
In SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf, MSP operates in single-ended mode (revertive or
non-revertive).
All SDH traffic interfaces of SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf support 1+1 MSP protection
scheme.

4.6.1.1.1

MSP Protection Characteristics

Supported Interface: STM-4

Architecture : 1+1

Switching type : unidirectional (single ended) or bidirectional (dual-ended)

Operation type : revertive or non-revertive

The wait-to-restore (WTR) time for MSP is between 1-12 minutes and can be set from the
network management system in second increments. The default value is 5 minutes.

4.6.1.1.2

Criteria for Initiating the Protection Switching Process


Linear MSP can either be initiated automatically or manually using the operating
terminal/OS.
Internal switch requests:
SF (from LOS, RS-LOF, MS-AIS, RS-TIM, MS-EXC)

SD (from MS-DEG)

External switch requests (from values below; selected one at a time):


Lockout of Protection, LP

20

Forced Switch, FS_P (working traffic to protection line)

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4.6.2
4.6.2.1

Forced Switch, FS_W (working traffic to working line)

Manual Switch, MS_P (working traffic to protection line)

Manual Switch, MS_W (working traffic to working line)

Clear

Technical Manual

Hardware Protection
1:N Protection for electrical 2 Mbps interfaces
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf supports an optional 1:N (N=1 to 4) protection for the 2
Mbps PDH interface cards.
The automatic protection switching related information coming from the 63 E1 working
board (or protection board) is sent to the system controller unit (SC). When an E1 1: N
protection related defect is reported on the 63 E1 working board (or protection board) and
correlated by software as a valid Protection Switch Request (PSR), the SC initiates a switch
to the protection board (or the working board). As a result, the customer traffic will be
forwarded through the protection bus to the protection card. The switch matrix will then
select the traffic from the protection card.

4.6.2.2

Switch Fabric and Clock Unit Protection


In SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf the SETS is integrated as a module inside the switch
fabric card. Every NE can always be equipped with working and protection matrix/clock
cards.
All the transmission functions and information within the working switching fabric will be
duplicated and stored within the protection switching fabric, so that in case of failure, the
protection switching fabric will take over the task of the defect switching fabric without any
major delay.
From the SETS point of view, the working card will be configured as a master and
synchronized to a reference source, while the protection card will be operating as a slave
and synchronized to the working card.
In the event of failure of the working card, the protected card will take over the
synchronization function from the defect card.

4.7

Operating Terminal TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension


Shelf LCT
Network elements can be operated and monitored via the software TNMS-M SURPASS hiT
7035 Extension Shelf LCT software.
The TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT is used primarily for local
management and commissioning of network elements. The LCT is connected via the
Management Interface and allows for access to network element locally or remotely.

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Information
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf 4.0

For further information about operation, control and monitoring via operating terminals
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT; see TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035
Extension Shelf LCT User Manual.

4.8

Connection to Network Management Systems


In TNMS-M, the Extension Shelf is related to the Main Shelf and is represented as a single
NE in TNMS-M layer. TNMS-M detects all above premise conditions of the Extension Shelf
automatically, as well as prompting the service provision of the Extension Shelf.
Fig. 4.7 shows the integration of SURPASS hiT 70xx serials Main Shelf with Extension Shelf
in the TMN system. The access from TMN to NE is fulfilled via SNMP over TCP/IP (direct
access) and SNMP over TCP/IP/PPP, TCP/IP/HDLC, or TCP/IP/OsiLight (via dedicated
SOH channels within traffic links DCCM or DCCR) interfaces.

TMN
(Telecommunications Management Network)
EM
(Element Manager)

SNMP over TCP/IP

Main Shelf

IP over PPP
or HDLC

Extension
Shelf

LCT

Fig. 4.7

22

Embedding of SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf in a TMN System

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Technical Manual

5 Components of the SURPASS hiT 7035


Extension Shelf
This chapter explains SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf main system components. Fig.
5.1 gives a first overview.

System SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf

Hardware

SW Package

TNMS-M 7035 ES LCT

ETS System Rack

TNMS-M 7035 ES
LCT SW

SURPASS hiT 7035 ES Subrack

TNMS-M 7035 ES
LCT HW

SC
PWR
FAN
CC + 1 STM4

1)
1)

Can be equipped with various


pluggable optical transceiver modules
(SFP)

63 E1 (W/P)

Fig. 5.1

5.1

Overview of the System Components

Subrack and Slot Arrangement


The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf includes one subrack and all cards are front
pluggable. The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf consists of 1 SC slot, 2 power slots, 2
cross-connect slots (long card slots), 1 SI slot, 5 traffic slots and 4 I/O slots which can be
flexibly configured for interface cards usage.
The subrack layout is shown below (Fig. 5.2) and cards availability for each slot is described
in Tab. 5.1.

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LC7

LC8

LC9

LC10

LC11

PWR1

PWR2

LC3

LC4

LC5

CC1

CC2

SC

IO7
IO 4

LC2

IO6
IO 3

LC6

IO5
IO 2

LC1

SI

Information
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf 4.0

IO 1

Technical Manual

FAN

Fig. 5.2

Subrack Slots

SLOT

SC CC1 LC1 LC6 LC IO1 IO5 IO6 IO7 SI PWR F


A
1
to to to 10 to
N
to
CC2 LC5 LC9 to IO4
PWR
LC
2
11

Interface
SC

PWR
FAN
CC + 1STM-4
63E1(W/P)
63E1 IO
Tab. 5.1

Max. number
of modules

1
2
1
2
5(1:4 protection)
4

Subrack Slot Arrangement and Allowable Cards

Note 1: Slots SI, LC6 to LC11 and IO5 to IO7 are reserved for future use.

Note 2: Slots LC1 to LC5 and IO1 to IO4 are devoted to 63 x E1 interface cards with 1:N
(N=4)protection application.

5.2

List of Cards Supported


SURPASS hiT 7035 supports following cards:

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Card Name
PWR
FAN
SC
CC + 1STM4

Explanation
1 -48V (range 40V ~ 72 V) power supply
Fan unit
System controller
Cross-connect and timing function card with one STM-4 optical
line interface
63E1 (W/P)
63 E1 electrical interface card with up to 1:4 protection
function
63E1 IO
63 E1 electrical interface card
Tab. 5.2 Overview of SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf Release 4.0 Cards
For more detailed information about the modules/cards see the following chapters.

5.3

Power Supply Card: PWR


The power supply card supports -48V (range 40V ~ 72 V) DC power. It converts the input
supply voltage into regulated operating secondary voltages. The outputs are isolated from
the input. All output circuits have a common reference point, which is connected to the
grounding layers on the backplane.
There is one green LED labeled PWR on the module. LED ON indicates that the
corresponding power supply is on; otherwise the power supply is off.
The power supply card is a pluggable module and is hot swappable. The SURPASS hiT
7035 Extension Shelf supports dual 48V DC power supply. There are two power supply
slots located on the slot PWR1 and slot PWR2.
One power supply card can be equipped in any one of the power supply slots to support the
whole system.
Faceplate:

Fig. 5.3

Power Card Faceplate

LEDs:
LED Name
Power
Fault
Tab. 5.3

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Color
Green

Status
ON

OFF
ON
Red
OFF
Power Card LEDs

Functional Description
Power is on.
Power is off.
There are fault conditions presented in this card
This card is in normal condition

25

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5.4

Information
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf 4.0

Fan Tray
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf has one fan tray to support subrack cooling. The fan
tray is equipped with 4 fans and is located at the right bottom of the subrack. The fan tray is
replaceable when the system is in service.
Faceplate:

Fig. 5.4

5.5

Fan Tray Faceplate

System Controller Card: SC


Function:
The SC card performs system control function. The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf
system supports a single system controller. The system controller is equipped in SC slot to
manage the whole system.
Faceplate:

Fig. 5.5

System Controller (SC) Card Faceplate

External Interfaces:

Interface
CONSOLE
MGMT
Tab. 5.4

Description
RS232 interface, DB9 connector, local configuration interface
RJ45 connector,
1 10/100M Base-T management interface
System Controller (SC) Card Interface

Note: MDI MDO ALM and EOW Interfaces are not supported, but reserved for future use.
LEDs:

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Name

Color

ACTIVE

Green

PWR

Green

FAULT

Red

CR

MJ

MN

Tab. 5.5

5.6

Red

Orange

Technical Manual

Status

Functional Description

ON

This module is in the active mode

OFF

This module is in the standby mode

ON

Power is available to the system.

OFF

Power is off

ON

There are fault condition on this module

OFF

There is no alarm on this module

ON

One or more critical alarms are present.

Flashing

One or more critical communication alarms are


present, or any card is mismatch or faulty (Major
alarm LED will flash at the same time).

OFF

No critical communication alarms are present, and


card/system is in service.

ON

There are one or more major alarms present.

Flashing

Yellow

When any optional service card is mismatch or faulty,


Major alarm LED and Critical alarm LED will flash at
the same time.

OFF

No major alarms.

ON

There are one or more minor alarms present.


No minor alarms

OFF

(Note: warning and indeterminate alarms wont turn


the LED on.)

SC Card LEDs

Cross-connect and Timing Card with STM-4 Optical interface:


CC + 1STM-4
This CC + 1STM-4 card provides a fixed cross-connect function, timing function as well as
1STM-4 optical interface. The fixed cross-connections between 2Mbit/s and STM-4
correspond to each other, but can not be modified or deleted from the LCT.
The CC+1xSTM-4 cards support 1+1 hardware protection and should be installed in slots
CC1 and CC2 only.
The following sections describe their functions.

5.6.1

Cross-connect Architecture and Capacity


This fixed switching device provides a non-blocking square structured matrix with 1008 x
1008 VC12 capacity which is able to support 252 E1 added and drop simultaneously.
The SURPASS hiT 7035 cross-connect structure is shown below.

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LC1

CC1

LC2

CC2

LC3

Fixed 2.5G CC:


1008 x1008 VC12s
(1+1)

LC4
LC5
SC

622M
155M

Fig. 5.6

5.6.2

CC Card Cross-connect Architecture - 2.5G CC

Timing Function
System will pick up the STM-4 optical line inputs as the timing source automatically. The
timing source will not display on the TNMS-M system, but users can view the timing
reference information by using the LCT.
The only System Timing Reference is the STM-4 Optical Network Interface.
The synchronous mode of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf is always Auto. If all of
the reference sources fail, the system switches to holdover mode.

5.6.3

STM-4 optical Interface


The 2.5G CC provides a 1STM-4 optical interface. This interface is fully compliant with ITUT G.707 and G.957 standards.
The current optical line interface on the CC card uses SFPSmall Form-Factor Pluggable
with different SFP types for different transmission distance applications. The optical line
interfaces also support the ALS (Automatic Laser Shutdown) function, and support optical
performance monitoring including bias current, input and output optical power.
External Interfaces
Interface
STM-4 Optical Interface

Description
LC connector
STM-4 SFP options:

Tab. 5.6

28

STM-4 (L4.2 80Km)

STM-4 (L4.1 40Km)

STM-4 (S4.1 15Km)


1 STM-4 Interface on CC Cards

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5.6.4

Technical Manual

CC Card Faceplate and LEDs

Fig. 5.7

CC + 1xSTM4 Card Faceplate

LEDs
LED Name

PWR

Status

Description

ON

Power is available to the card. It indicates the


presence of the internal power supply after the
power conversion.

OFF

Power is not available due to broken power


converter or external power cable or connector.

ON

The card is in working state

OFF

The card in standby state

ON

There are fault conditions presented in this module

OFF

This module is in normal condition

ON

Optical link is normal

OFF

Optical link is off

Green

ACT

Green

FAULT

Red

LINK

Green

Tab. 5.7

5.7

Color

CC Card LEDs

Electrical 2 Mbit/s Interface Card 63 E1 (W/P), 63 E1 IO


Function
The 63 E1 interface module contains the following two long cards:
1)

63 E1 (W/P) Function card. This card provides ITU-T G.707 asynchronous mapping of
E1 signal into a VC-12 container.

2)

63 E1 IO Interface card. This card is connected with 63 E1 (W/P) card to provide 63


E1 interfaces using nine 56 2mm connectors. Each E1 interface is a 2.048Mbits/s
electrical interface and is in compliance with the ITU-T G.703 standard. Two different
card types for balanced 120 Ohm or unbalanced 75 Ohm signal lines are available for
this module.

The 63 E1 (W/P) and 63 E1 IO card work together to provide 63 E1 interface functionality


with up to 1:4 protection. The 1:4 protection group supports up to 252 E1 ports. (see Fig. 5.8)

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Back Plane

LC5

LC1

LC2

LC3

LC4

IO1

IO2

IO3

IO4

63 E1
Protection

63 E1
Working

63 E1
Working

63 E1
Working

63 E1
Working

63 E1
IO

63 E1
IO

63 E1
IO

63 E1
IO

63 E1

63 E1

63 E1

63 E1

Fig. 5.8

63 E1 Card (1:4 Protection)

In normal conditions, the IO cards connect to working cards. If one of the working cards fails,
the corresponding IO card will immediately switch to the protection card.
The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf chassis supports 1:1, 1:2, 1:3 or 1:4 63 E1
module protection groups. The 63 E1 protection card is always located in slot LC5, and the
63 E1 working cards can be installed in any slots from LC1 to LC4. The 63 E1 IO cards
are installed in slot IO1~IO4. Their locations must obey the configuration rules described
below:
63 E1 IO

63 E1 Working

IO1

LC1

IO2

LC2

IO3

LC3

IO4

LC4

Tab. 5.8

63 E1 Protection

LC5

63 E1 Protection Group Configuration Rule

Each port can support retiming function, retiming function can be enabled or disabled based
on per port.
Faceplate

30

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Fig. 5.9

63 E1 (W/P) Card Faceplate

Fig. 5.10

63 E1 IO (75 Ohm) Card Faceplate

Fig. 5.11

63 E1 IO (120 Ohm) Card Faceplate

E1 Interfaces
Interface

Description
Using 56 2mm Connectors:
E1 Interface, Electrical,
1-7, 8-14, 15-21; 22-28, 29-35, 36-42; 43-49, 50-56, 57-63
120 Ohm, balanced
Transmission distance: 0 to 730m (-15dB receiving sensitivity)
Using 56 2mm Connectors:
E1 Interface, Electrical,
1-7, 8-14, 15-21; 22-28, 29-35, 36-42; 43-49, 50-56, 57-63
75 Ohm, unbalanced
Transmission distance: 0 to 535m (-15dB receiving sensitivity)
Tab. 5.9 63 E1 IO Card Interfaces
LEDs
Name

Functional Description
Power is available to the card. It indicates the presence
ON
of the internal power supply after the power conversion.
PWR
Green
Power is not available due to broken power converter or
OFF
external power cable or connector.
ON
The card is in working state
ACT
Green
OFF
The card in standby state
ON
There are fault conditions presented in this module
FAULT
Red
OFF
This module is in normal condition
Tab. 5.10 63 E1 (W/P) Card LEDs

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Status

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6 System Control and Monitoring


In addition to the payload signals, control, monitoring and customer-specific data signals can
be transferred in the section overhead of the STM signals.
To ensure high operational safety, operation is continuously monitored by a network
management system or by an operating terminal.
Network elements not connected to an operating terminal still give information about the
operational state (for support in the case of maintenance work) via built-in indication
elements (see Chapter 6.1).
System control and monitoring are performed by the System Controller (SC). The MSC
communicates with the traffic cards via different internal interfaces.
The equipment provides an SNMP/TCP/IP over Ethernet interface to the connect to the
Local Craft Terminal (LCT). The equipment also provides a management interface to a LCT.
For feature enhancements or debugging, software download is possible for all units of the
system. During download, the traffic is not affected.
The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf is integrated in the following management
functions in conformity with the corresponding ITU-T Recommendations and ETS standards:
Fault Management

Configuration Management

Performance Management

Security Management

The following are of particular importance:


Alarm processing (e.g. AIS, FTP) for localizing faulty equipment in the transmission
network.

Fault diagnosis at the card level (e.g. localizing a faulty card).

Specifying and storing configuration data. This can be entered and requested by the
network management system or the LCT.

Determining the quality parameters according to the ITU-T Recommendation G.826.

Administration of the access authorization in the LCT for various user classes with
passwords.

General Fault Management Functions


Fault Management is concerned with the detection, localization, isolation, and reporting of
failures of the transmission signals processed by the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf
and of its equipment. The failures and the failure processing are differentiated in two failure
classes:
Transmission Failures and Equipment Failures.
In addition to these two failure categories, the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf supports
external alarm contacts, which can be used for signaling any kind of failure.
Failures are reported via the management interface and may also lead to alarm indications
at the LCT (card indications, NE indications, and transport functions indications).

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The tasks of the fault management functions are listed below:


Detect anomalies

6.1

Derive defects by eliminating spurious anomalies and to report some of them to the
fault management function

Trigger automatic maintenance actions (AIS insertion, Laser shutdown, etc)

Perform alarm reduction through correlation of defects

Perform further alarm reduction through adjustable persistence checks

Time stamp alarm events using the real system time clock

Issue spontaneous alarm event notifications to the LCT/OS

Prevent the report of unwanted alarm event notifications according to configurable


alarm forwarding

Report alarms to the local alarm system

Indicate the fault states of replaceable units

Store alarm events and the alarm states in the current problem list for later retrieval

Support fault location for diagnosis and maintenance assistance.

Indicating and Operating Elements of the Network Element


Indication elements (LEDs) on the cards are a useful aid, particularly if neither a Local Craft
Terminal (LCT) nor a network management system has been connected to the SURPASS
hiT 7035 Extension Shelf equipment when an alarm occurs. The LEDs signal alarms at
subrack and card level.

6.1.1

Operating Devices of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf


In the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf Subrack, there is a ACO key for manual
acknowledgment of the alarm messages.

6.1.2

Operating and Display Elements of the Cards


LED Displays of the Cards
To assist in maintenance work, there are two LEDs on the front of each card which are
visible.
A red FAULT LED to indicate card-internal alarms.

A green PWR status LED to indicate card power supply status.

In additionally to the red and the green LEDs which have the same behavior as on other
cards, the Ethernet cards contain yellow and green LEDs for each port giving
information about Link Status and Link Activity to the operator and service technicians.

Operating Elements of the Cards


No hardware settings have to be made on the printed circuit boards of the cards. The cards
are configured by software commands from the operating terminal or from a network
management system when commissioning or in the case of later changes.

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Help

Configuration of the cards using software is explained in the TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035
Extension Shelf LCT Use Manual and in online help.

6.2

Control and Monitoring by TNMS-M Network Management


System
Like other components of the SURPASS product range, the hiT 7035 Extension Shelf is
integrated to other units through a central network management system, the TNMS-M. The
TNMS-M network management platform consists of the following components:
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT (Local Craft Terminal)

TNMS-M (Sub-Network Management System)

TNMS-MSURPASS
SURPASS
TNMS-M
hiT
7035
Extension
hiT 7035 Extension
Shelf
LCT
Shelf LCT

TNMS-M
--TNMS-M

SNMP over
TCP/IP

SNMP over
TCP/IP

Sub-network

hiT 7035
Extension Shelf

Fig. 6.1

6.2.1

TCP/IP/
PPP/DCC

hiT 70xx
Main Shelf

hiT7035
7035
hiT
ExtensionShelf
Shelf
Extension

Embedding of SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs in a TMN System

TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT


The access to the Network Elements via operating terminals is enabled by TNMS-M
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT Software installed on the Craft Terminal.
The TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT (Local Craft Terminal) is an element management
system (EMS) with a graphical interface. The LCT can manage any single NE via the DCC
or DCN. The LCT supports SNMP and can be connected to hiT 7035 network elements via a
network interface (Ethernet) located at the system management interface panel.
The complete SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT software consists of the following
components:

Window 2000 or Window XP operation system;

SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT software package.

For details on SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT software components, see the
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT User Manual.

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6.2.2

Technical Manual

TNMS-M
The TNMS-M provides both element management and sub-network management functions.
It is compliant with the ITU-T FCAPS function and extends these functions to the subnetwork level. The TNMS-M not only provides SDH layer management functions, but also
supports the management of Ethernet, RPR, and ATM services, as well as other data
interfacesThe TNMS-M offers a TMF814 northbound CORBA interface to interact with the
TNMS-Core.
More detailed TNMS-M information is provided below:
TNMS-M Architecture
TNMS-M is based on a distributed client, server and database architecture. The
implementation technology is independent of operating systems, which enhances system
compatibility. The modular software design allows the TNMS-M to provide integrated
management of SDH, ATM, RPR, and Ethernet/IP networks in one platform and enables
scalability for introducing additional new technologies. The TNMS-M allows multiple TNMSM clients to manage the same network at the same time. Management at the Network
Management Level by The TNMS-M or other higher-level network management system can
be reached via the TMF814 northbound CORBA interface of the TNMS-M.
Element Management Function
TNMS-M offers an advanced graphical interface to facilitate the configuration of each NE.
Operations on NEs are shown directly on a graphical chassis view. A graphical interface of
the NE shows modules and ports, which directly correspond to the real ones being
managed. This gives the operator real-time status information, facilitating the management
process.
TNMS-M provides standard-based TMN capabilities, including
Fault Management

Configuration Management

Performance Management

Security Management

System Administration

Network Management Function


TNMS-M provides layered management capabilities. Networks and services of different
technologies (TDM, ATM, RPR, Ethernet, etc.) carried over the same MSTP platform can be
managed and optimized independently through graphical management interfaces, appearing
as if they were independent networks. One network of MSTP equipment will appear to the
user as three different networks: an SDH network, an IP/Ethernet network, and an ATM
network. The TNMS-M offers a total view of the managed MSTP network elements. It
provides many sophisticated network level functions in a user-friendly fashion.
Graphical End-to-End Provisioning and Maintenance

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TNMS-M supports multi-service (TDM, ATM, RPR, Ethernet, etc.), graphical, end-to-end,
and fast service provisioning. This makes the creation, maintenance and management of
services significantly simpler for the operators
Utilization statistics of network resources and bandwidth
This helps service providers optimize their networks by discovering potential bottlenecks
Topology Management
TNMS-M provides a variety of network topology information. For instance, the SDH
synchronization topology enables direct view and real-time monitoring of the timing status
and timing relationship between NEs. The TNMS-M shows the topology map with different
icons to indicate different types of NEs and by using different lines to indicate different
bandwidth and various other user-friendly features.
Correlation Analysis Among Circuits, PM Data, and Alarms
Provides intelligent alarm correlation analysis to enhance trouble-shooting.
Network Elements Auto-Discovery and Network Auto-Construction
For details on TNMS-M software components, see the TNMS-M User Manual.

6.3

Management System Protection


TNMS-M provides the following mechanisms to ensure system and data security:

(1)

Database backup and recovery


The TNMS-M is designed to allow operators to select the database back up as either
a backup per request, or to perform backups periodically (using pre-defined tasks). All
backups will be maintained in the backup table. Operators can retrieve any backup
copies as needed.
The database backup tool can work independently of the network management
system. This feature ensures that even if the network management system does not
run, the database can still be backed up in time.

(2)

MIB backup and recovery


A copy of the MIB in an NE can be transmitted to and saved at the SNM or kept in the
NE. When the MIB fails, the backup copy of the MIB can be downloaded to the NE for
use. The TNMS-M provides the switch over from the current MIB to the backup MIB.
The system provides a separate MIB backup tool (integrated with database backup
tool), which can do periodic backup and management.

(3)

NE software recovery
The TNMS-M supports remote NE software download and switch over between NE
software loads.

36

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6.4

Technical Manual

NE Software
The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf software architecture is highlighted below.

TNMS-M, or
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT

SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf

SNMP Agent

Application Management Module


MIB

Hardware Drivers

Real-time, Multi-Task Operating System


(VxWorks)

Fig. 6.2

6.4.1

SURPASS hiT 7035 Software Architecture

Application Management Module


The application management module is the application layer software in the embedded
software system. Its main function is to fulfill configuration management and monitoring for
the NE. Via standard SNMP protocol, the application management module can intercommunicate with the network management system, fulfill cross-connect management,
service protection configuration, performance monitoring, and alarm surveillance. The
application management module can be divided into the following sub-management system
functions:
CC (Cross-connect) module

FM (Fault management) module

PM (Performance management) module

TM (Timing management) module

IFM (Interface management) module

Data management module

MSP service protection module

Each software sub-system can be divided into two layers; Manager and Agent. The main
function of the Manager is to receive requests from the network management system, and
then convert them into operating commands, which will be sent to the Agent. The Agent then
receives operating commands from the Manager, and fulfills the configuration function via

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the interface provided by the hardware driven module. In addition, the Agent is in charge of
collecting hardware information (for example, hardware failure and performance statistics),
and sending them to the Manger. After related processing, the Manager converts this data
into information the network management software can read and sends it to network
management software.

6.4.2

Hardware Driver Modules


The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf hardware includes many integrated circuit
chipsets. Hardware driven modules control these chipsets. The hardware driven modules
provide the access interface between the hardware and the higher layer software (the
application management module). The main functions of hardware driven modules include:
Hardware initialization

6.4.3

System auto testing

Hardware configuration

Interruption service

Hardware information inquiring

Alarm/Performance monitoring data collection and reporting

Real-Time Multi-Task Operation System


The embedded software in the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf was developed using
the high performance VxWorks real time operating system. VxWorks is a reliable embedded
software platform. It includes a high performance real time kernel, which supports
preempting multi-task scheduling based on priority. It also includes task management, timing
management, storage management, resource management, event management, resource
management, message management, queue management and semaphore management.
These basic functions offer powerful support for rapid, reliable application development.

6.4.4

SNMP Agent
The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf embedded software includes a standard SNMP
agent module. The SNMP agent is responsible for responding to all EMS/SNM requests
including information requests and action requests. It will also automatically generate event
reports to the EMS/SNM.
The SNMP communication protocol includes 3 operations: Get, Set, and Trap. Through
these 3 combined operations, the SNMP Agent can fulfill all configuration management and
alarm monitoring functions by communicating with the MIB in the NE.
The intercommunication process among the SNMP Agent, the MIB management module,
and the application management module is as follows: the SNMP Agent receives requests
from network management software, and then sends these requests to the MIB
management module. When the MIB management module receives requests it will cause
the application management module to do the related operations. At the same time,
hardware driven modules and some application management modules may generate related
events and data, which will be needed to report to network management software. This
information will be sent to the network management software via the application
management module invoking interfaces provided by the SNMP Agent and transmitting them
by Trap.

38

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6.4.5

Technical Manual

MIB Management Module


The MIB management module is the interface of the management information database in
the embedded software system of the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf. The MIB
includes all configuration information and real time monitoring information in the NE. This
information is managed by the MIB management module uniformly to accomplish information
storage, recovery, retrieval, modification, and notification functions.

6.5

Management Protocols and DCC


The TNMS-M or TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT uses SNMPv2 protocols
to communicate with SURPASS hiT 7035 ESs.
The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf system uses TCP/IP over the SDH data
communication channels (DCC) or Ethernet LAN (RJ-45 connector) to provide a local or
remote craft interface for management and monitoring. The SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension
Shelf supports the following DCC channels:

Multiplex Section DCC (D4-D12 bytes)

Regeneration Section DCC (D1-D3 bytes)

In the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf, DCC is supported on the two STM-4 interfaces.
TNMS-M or TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT enables the users to select
which DCC is used on each STM-N interface.
TNMS-M supports TMF 814 CORBA northbound interface.

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7 Commissioning and Maintenance


7.1

Commissioning
If the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf has to be configured on initial commissioning, a
Local Craft Terminal (LCT) has to be connected to the Ethernet interface of the hiT 7035
Extension Shelf. The hardware and software requirements at the craft terminal are described
in the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf LCT User Manual. The craft terminal offers a
graphical, menu-driven user interface.
Detailed information for commissioning the SURPASS hiT 7035 ES equipment and the
operating terminals is given in the SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf Installation and Test
Manual.

7.2

Maintenance
The system provides sufficient alarm information to localize and clear the fault at card level.
No maintenance at regular intervals is required. Maintenance measures (e.g. fault localizing)
can be carried out locally via the local management interface (LCT/TNMS-M) or under
remote control via the TCP/IP over DCC (LCT or a network management system).
Maintenance of the SURPASS hiT 7035 ES equipment is described in the SURPASS hiT
7035 Extension Shelf Troubleshooting Manual and in the online help system.

40

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Technical Manual

8 Technical Data
8.1
8.1.1

Traffic Interfaces
Optical STM-4 Interfaces
622.080 Mbit/s

Unit

S-4.1

L-4.1

L-4.2

15

40

80

km

Distance variant

User class as per ITU-T G.957


Kbit/s

Bit rate

622 080

nm

Optical wavelength range

1274 to 1356

1280 to 1335

Code

1480 to 1580

Binary (NRZ)

Transmitting side
Laser type.

................

MLM

SLM

SLM

nm

2.5

n.a.

n.a.

nm

n.a.

........

dB

n.a.

30

30

..........

dB

8.2

10

10

dBm

-15 to -8

-3 to +2

-3 to +2

Laser class 1

Laser class 1

Laser class 1

PIN

PIN

PIN

dBm

-28

-28

-28

dBm

-8

-8

-8

dB

n.a.

-14

-27

Spectral width
Root Mean Square.

..........

Measured 20 dB below max. level)


Side mode suppression.
Extinction ratio value.

Launched power (at point S acc. To


ITU-T G.957)

...............

Maximum launched power in fault


condition (at point S) acc. to.

.....

Receiving side
Receiving diode. . . . . . . . . . . .
Minimum Receiving Sensitivity for
-12
(BER 10 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minimum Overload

..

..........

Maximum reflectance of receiver


(at point R)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

Fiber behavior
Fiber type.

Single mode

................

(acc.

Permissible dispersion.

. . . . . . . ..

Path penalty by dispersion.

. . . . . ..

to

Single mode
ITU-T

(acc.

to

Single mode
ITU-T

(acc.

to

G.652)

G.652)

G.652)

ps/nm

74

n.a.

n.a.

dB

10 to 24

10 to 24

ITU-T

Permissible section attenuation at


max. dispersion .

Tab. 8.1

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............
dB
0 to 12
STM-4 Port 1300nm / 1550nm

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8.1.2

Information
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf 4.0

Electrical 2 Mbit/s Interfaces


Bit rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 048 kbit/s
Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HDB3
Frequency tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 ppm (input)
Permissible cable attenuation at 1024 kHz . . . . . . . . 0 dB to 6 dB
Nominal impedance (input and output)
acc. to ITU-T G.703. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 (unbalanced) or
120 (balanced),
(Depending on hardware type)
Return loss
51 kHz to 102 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > 12 dB (in), > 6 dB (out)
102 kHz to 2 048 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > 18 dB (in), > 8 dB (out)
2 048 kHz to 3 072 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > 14 dB (in), > 8 dB (out)

8.2
8.2.1

Control Interfaces
SNMP/TCP/IP/Ethernet for Network Management System
Bit rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 10/100 Mbit/s
Plug connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RJ45

8.3
8.3.1

Signaling Interfaces
Fault Indication and Services Status LEDs
SC Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 LED (green) power
1 LED (red) FAULT
1 LED (green) ACT
1 LED (red) Critical
1 LED (red) Major
1 LED (red) Minor
Optical Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 LED (green) power


1 LED (red) FAULT

IO Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

42

1 LED (green) power

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8.4

Switching and Delay Times

8.4.1

MSP Line Protection Switching

Technical Manual

Switching time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . acc. to ITU-T G.841


External switch requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . manual switch, lockout, forced,
clear
Internal switch requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SF (from LOS, RS-LOF, RS-TIM,
MS-AIS, MS-EXC)
SD (from MS-DEG)
Switching type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . bidirectional (dual-ended)
Wait-to-restore time (for revertive operation) . . . . . . . 300 second
Operation type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . revertive

8.5

Power Supply
Input DC voltage (acc. to ETS 300 132-2) . . . . . . . .

48 V
(Range 40V ~ 72 V)

Power consumption (worst case equipped) . . . . . . .

about 260 W

Maximum power consumption of cards:


PWR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 W
FAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 W
SC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 W
CC + 1 STM- 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 W
63 E1 (W/P). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20 W

63 E1 EC (120 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 W
63 E1 EC (75 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.6
8.6.1

3W

Environmental Conditions
Climatic Conditions
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ETS 300 019-1-3 Class 3.1e
Long term Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

-5oC ~ 45 oC

Long term Relative Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10% ~ 90% (40 oC )

Short term Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

-10 oC ~ 50 oC

Short term Relative Humidity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5% ~ 95% (40 oC )

Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ETS 300 019 Class 1.2


Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

-20 oC ~ 60 oC

Relative Humidity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2% ~ 98%

Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ETS 300 019 Class 2.3


Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

-20 oC ~ 60 oC

Relative Humidity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2% ~ 98%

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8.6.2

Information
SURPASS hiT 7035 Extension Shelf 4.0

Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC


Electromagnetic immunity in compliance with. . . . . . ETS 300 386-1 v1.3.1
Conducted Emission
DC-power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ETS 300 386-1 (corresponds with
EN 55022 class B for 0.15 to 30 MHz)
Telecom ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CISPR 22 (1997), Class A
Electromagnetic emission in compliance with . . . . . . EN 55022 Class A
Electrostatic Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-2, Level 4
Radiated Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-3, Level 2
Electrical Fast Transients - DC Ports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-4, Level 1
Electrical Fast Transients - Telecom Ports . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-4, Level 2
Surges - Indoor Telecom Ports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-5, Level 1
Continuous Wave (all ports) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-6, Level 2

8.7

Dimensions in mm
Rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

600 2200 240 (WHD)

Subrack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400 486 240 (WHD)


Cards: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W H)
PWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6
Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245.1 51.8
SC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.5 29.6
CC + 1 STM-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.5 29.6
63 E1 (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.5 29.6
63 E1 IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329.1 32.6

8.8

Weights in kg
Rack according to ETSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43.0
Subrack (unequipped): . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.2
Cards:
PWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.339
Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.425
SC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.521
CC+ 1 STM-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.495
63 E1 (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.547
63 E1 IO (75 Ohm). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.700
63 E1 IO (120 Ohm). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.777

44

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Technical Manual

9 Abbreviations
1000BaseLX
1000BaseSX
1000BaseTx
ADM
AIS
ALS
ATM
AU
AUG
B3ZS
CC
CMI
CPE
DC
DCC
DCCM
DCCR
DEG
EM
EMC
EN
EOW
ETS
ETSI
F
FAULT
FCS
FE
FO
FTP
GBE
GBR
GFP
GUI
GUIMN
HBT
HDLC
HEC
HO
HW
IEC
IP
ITMN
ITU-T
LAN
LBT
LCT
LED
LLC
LO
LOF
LOS

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Gigabit Ethernet (Optical Interface)


Gigabit Ethernet (Optical Interface)
Gigabit Ethernet (Electrical Dual Twisted Pair Interface)
Add-/Drop Multiplexer
Alarm Indication Signal (G.782, G.783)
Automatic Laser Shutdown
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
Administrative Unit (G.782) (G.783)
Administrative Unit Group
Binary 3 Zero Suppression (Code)
Cross-Connect
Code Mark Inversion
Customer Premises Equipment
Direct Current
Data Communication Channel
DCC Multiplex Section (bytes D4 to D12)
DCC Regenerator Section (bytes D1 to D3)
Signal Degraded
Element Manager
Electromagnetic Compatibility
European Standard
Engineering Order Wire
European Telecommunication Standard
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
Standardized Interface for the Connection to a Local Craft Terminal
Fault Alarm LED
Frame Check Sequence
Fast Ethernet
Fiber Optic
File Transfer Protocol
Gigabit Ethernet
Gigabit Ethernet
Generic Framing Procedure
Graphical User Interface
Graphical User Interface Manual
High Bandwidth Tributary
High-Level Data Link Control
Header Error Control
High Order (SDH Traffic)
Hardware
International Electrotechnical Commission
Interworking Protocol (G.784)
Installation and Test Manual
Telecommunication Standardization Sector of ITU
Local Area Network
Low Bandwidth Tributary
Local Craft Terminal
Light Emitting Diode
Logical Link Control
Low Order (SDH Traffic)
Loss of Frame (G.783)
Loss of Signal (G.783)

45

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LP
LXC
MAC
MCF
MIB
MSP
MTS
NCT
NE
OA
OH
OHX
OK
opt.
OS
OSI
OSN
OSPF
PC
PDF
PDH
PoS
PRC
PWR
RS232
SC
SD
SDH
SEMF
SETS
SFF
SFP
SNC/I
SNCP
SNMP
SOH
SSF
SSM
STM
STM-N
SW
T0
T1
T3
T4
TCP
TDM
TED
TIF
TMN
TMX
TNMS LCT
TSD
TSF
TU
TUG

46

Lockout of Protection
Local Cross-connect
Media Access Control (ISO/IEC)
Message Communications Function (G.782/783/784)
Management Information Base
Multiplex Section Protection
Multiplex Timing Source
Network Craft Terminal
Network Element
Optical Amplifier
Overhead
Overhead Access and Overhead Cross-Connection Function
Service LED
optical
Operating System
Open Systems Interconnection
Optical Service Node
Open Shortest Path First (IP Protocol)
Personal Computer
Portable Document Format
Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
Packet over SDH
Primary Reference Clock
Power
Recommended Standard 232
System Controller
Signal Degrade (G.783)
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
Synchronous Equipment Management Function (G.782) (G.783)
Synchronous Equipment Timing Source SF Signal Fail (G.783)
Small Form-factor (STM-64 Optical Modules)
Small Form-factor Pluggable (Optical Modules)
Sub-Network Connection Inherent Monitoring
Sub-Network Connection Protection
Simple Network Management Protocol
Section Overhead (G.782)
Server Signal Fail
Synchronization Status Message
Synchronous Transport Module (G.782/G.783/G.784)
Synchronous Transport Module, Level N
Software
NE-Internal System Clock Pulse
Clock Pulse, Synchronizing from STM-N Port
Incoming Clock Pulse, Synchronizing from External 2048 kHz
Clock Pulse
Outgoing, External Synchronous Clock Pulse 2048 kHz
Transmission Control Protocol
Time Division Multiplex
Technical Description
Telemetry Interface
Telecommunications Management Network (G.782, G.783, G.784)
Terminal Multiplexer
Telecommunication Network Management System
Trail Signal Degrade
Trail Signal Failed
Tributary Unit
Tributary Unit Group

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ULED
UMN
VC
WAN

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Technical Manual

LED Voltage
User Manual
Virtual Container
Wide Area Network

47

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Technical Manual

10 Index

Application Management Module, 37

Optical STM-16 Interface Card 1 STM-16, 28

Climatic Conditions, 43
Commissioning, 40
Control Interfaces, 42
Cross-connect and Timing Card CC, 27
cross-connection capacity, 15

PDH Mapping into SDH Containers, 16


Power Supply Card PWR, 25

Dimensions, 44

Electrical 2 Mbit/s Interface Card 21 E1, 29


Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC, 44

Real-Time Multi-Task Operation System, 38

SDH, 15
SDH Overhead Processing Function, 16
SNMP Agent, 38
Subrack and Slot Arrangement, 23
SURPASS hiT 7035 subrack physical appearance, 13
Synchronization, 17
System Controller Card SC, 26

Fan Assembly, 26

Technical Data, 41
TNMS-M, 35
TNMS-M LCT, 34

Hardware Driver Modules, 38

Laser Safety Shut-down, 18

Maintenance, 40
Management System Protection, 36
MIB Management Module, 39
MSP Protection, 20

User Data Interfaces, 15

VxWorks, 38

Weights, 44

A42022-L5975-A 51-2-7618

49