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12 December 2014 and 19 December 2014

Testimony; Witnesses; Qualifications of Witnesses; Disqualification of Witnesses;


Parental and Filial Privilege; Hearsay; Exceptions to Hearsay.
Rule 130 (Secs. 20-25; Secs. 36-42) Rules of Court.
Cases:
1. Rule 130 Section 20. Witnesses
People v. Taneo (218 SCRA 494 [1993])
People v. Balanon (G.R. No. 85248-49, prom. July 6, 1994)
People v. Baid (G.R. No. 129667, prom. July 31, 2000)
Republic v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 116372, prom. January 18, 2001)
People v. Lagarto (G.R. No. 118828, prom. February 29, 2000)
People v. Salomon (G.R. No. 96848, prom. January 21, 1994)
2. Rule 130 Section 22 Disqualification by reason of Marriage
Ordoo v. Daquigan (62 SCRA 270 [1975])
People v. Castaneda (88 SCRA 562 [1979])
People v. Francisco (G.R. No. 568, July 16, 1947)
Arroyo v. Court of Appeals (203 SCRA 760 [1991])
Lacurom v. Jacoba (484 SCRA 206)
People v. Carlos (47 Phil. 626)
3. Rule 130 Section 23 Dead Man Statute
Razon v. IAC (207 SCRA 234 [1992])
4. Rule 130 Section 24 Disqualification by Reason of
Communication
US v. Antipolo (G.R. 13109, March 6, 1918)
Fortich v. Court of Appeals (G.R. 120769, February 12, 1997)
Lezama v. Rodriguez (23 SCRA 1166)
Alvarez v. Ramirez (473 SCRA 72)
Genato v. Silapan (Adm. Case No. 4078, July 14, 2003)
Lim v. Court of Appeals (214 SCRA 273)
Krohn v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 108854 [1994])
5. Rule 130 Section 36 Hearsay Rule
People v. Valero (112 SCRA 660 [1982])
People v. Damaso (212 SCRA 547 [1992])
Agcaoilo v. Molina (AM 94-979, October 25, 1995)
People v. Briosa (37 SCRA 336 [1971])
People v. Mongado (28 SCRA 642 [1969])
People v. Quidato (297 SCRA 1 [1998])
People v. Cloud (265 SCRA 472 [1996])
Feria v. Court of Appeals (325 SCRA 525 [2000])
6. Rule 130 Section 37 Dying Declaration
People v. De Joya (203 SCRA 343 [1991])
People v. Dunig (215 SCRA 469 [1992])
People v. Amaca (G.R. No. 110129 [1997])

Privileged

People v. Sison (G.R. No. 109617, August 11, 1997)


7. Rule 130, Section 38 Declaration Against Interest
People v. Bermal (June 19, 1997)
8. Rule 130 Section 42 Part of the Res Gestae
People v. Amaca (G.R. No. 110129, August 12, 1997)
People v. tiozon (198 SCRA 236 [1991])
People v. Naranja (G.R. No. 13288, June 30, 1960)
People v. Palomones (336 SCRA 80 [2000])
People v. Raquel (265 SCRA 248 [1996])
09 January 2015
Admissions; Offer of Compromise; Confessions; Res Inter Alios Acta Rule; Similar
Acts; Opinion; Character Evidence.
Rule 130 (Secs. 26-35; Secs. 48-51), Rules of Court.
Cases:
1. Rule 130, Section 26 Admissions of a Party
People v. Agustin (G.R. 110290, January 25, 1995)
Tuazon v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 113779-80, February 23,
1995)
Manuel v. NC Construction Supply (G.R. No. 127553, September 20, 1996)
People v. Solayao (262 SCRA 255 [1996])
People v. Chua-Uy (G.R. No. 128046, March 7, 2000)
People v. Cepeda (G.R. No. 124832, February 1, 2000)
2. Rule 130 Section 27 Offer of Compromise Not Admissible
People v. Lase (219 SCRA 584 [1993])
Trans-Pacific Industrial Supplies v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 109172,
August 19, 1974)
People v. Buemio (G.R. No. 114011-22, December 16, 1996)
People v. Amaca (G.R. No. 110129, August 12, 1997)
3. Rule 130 Section 30 Admission by conspirator
Gardiner v. Magsalin (G.R. No. 48185, August 18, 1941)
People v. Condemna (23 SCRA 910 [1968])
People v. Provo (37 SCRA 19 [1971])
People v. Puesca (87 SCRA 130 [1978])
People v. Cedon (233 SCRA 187 [1994])
People v. Camiling (424 SCRA 698)
4. Rule 130 Section 32 Admission by Silence
US v. Bay (G.R. No. 9341, August 14, 1914)
People v. Navoa (143 SCRA 512 [1996])
People v. Luvendino (211 SCRA 38 [1992])
5. Rule 130 Section 33 - Confession
People v. Agustin (240 SCRA 541 [1995])
People v. Salazar (266 SCRA 607 [1997])
People v. Tiozon (198 SCRA 368 [1991])
People v. Tujon (215 SCRA 559 [1992])

People v. Macam (G.R. No. 91011-12, November 24, 1994)


People v. Olicares (299 SCRA 635 [1998])
6. Rule 130 Section 34 Similar Acts of Evidence
People v. Magpayo (226 SCRA 13 [1993])
7. Rule 130 Section 48 Opinion Rule
Lim v. Court of Appeals (214 SCRA 273 [1992])
People v. Galleno (291 SCRA 761 [1998])
8. Rule 130 Section 49 Opinion of Expert Witness
Cebu Shipyard v. William Lines (306 SCRA 762 [1999])
9. Rule 130 Section 51 Character Evidence
People v. Soliman (101 SCRA 767)
16 January 2015 and 23 January 2015
Documentary Evidence; Best Evidence Rule; Secondary Evidence; Parol Evidence
Rule; Interpretation of Writings; Hearsay; Exception to Hearsay; and Object Evidence.
Rule 130 (Secs. 1-19; 43-47). Rules of Court;
Rule 11 (Sec. 1), Rules on Electronic Evidence.
Cases:
1. Rule 130 Section 1 Object as evidence
People v. Manalo (219 SCRA 656 [1993])
People v. Mapan Le (G.R. No. 188976, prom. June 29, 2010)
People v. Solar (G.R. No. 181494, prom. March 17, 2009)
20th Century Fox Film Corporation v. Court of Appeals (164 SCRA
655 [1988])
Columbia Pictures Inc. v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 111267
September 20, 1996)
People v. Choi (G.R. No. 152950, August 3, 2006)
People v. Malimit (264 SCRA 167 [1996])
People v. Jumamoy (221 SCRA 333 [1993])
People v. Flores (328 SCRA 461 [2000])
People v. Penaso (326 SCRA 311 [2000])
People v. Adoviso (309 SCRA 1 [1999])
Mallari v. Court of Appeals (265 SCRA 456 [1996])
People v. Rugay (291 SCRA 692 [1998])
2. Rule 130 Section 3 Best Evidence Rule
Heirs of Gabatan v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 150206, prom. March 13,
2009)
Manila Mining Corporation v. Tan (G.R. No. 171702, prom. February 12,
2009)
Edsa Shangri-la Hotel v. BF Corp. (G.R. No. 145842, prom. June 27,
2008)
Borje v. Sandiganbayan (125 SCRA 736 [1983])
WIDORA v. Court of Appeals (212 SCRA 360 [1992])

People v. Tandoy (192 SCRA 28 [1990])


Security Bank v. Triumph Lumber (301 SCRA 537 [1999])
3. Rule 130 Section 5 -Secondary Evidence
De Vera v. Aguilar (218 SCRA 602 [1998])
Heirs of dela Cruz v. Court of Appeals (298 SCRA 172 [1998])
4. Rule 130 Section 9 Parol Evidence Rule
Inciong v. Court of Appeals (257 SCRA 578 [1996])
NIA v. GAMIT (215 SCRA 436 [1992])
Gurango v. IAC (272 SCRA 333 [1992])
CKH Industrial & Development Corp. v. Court of Appeals (272 SCRA
333 [1997])
Camacho v. Mun. of Baliuag (28 SCRA 466 [1914])
Pasuyuin v. IAC (193 SCRA 547 [1991])
Sarming v. Dy (383 SCRA 131 [2002])
Mactan Cebu Intl. v. Court of Appeals (263 SCRA 736 [1996])
Cruz v. Court of Appeals (192 SCRA 209)
Maulini v. Serrano (7 SCRA 750)
5. Rule 130 Section 43 Entries in the Course of Business
PAL v. Ramos (March 23, 1992)
6. Rule 130 Section 44 Entries of Official Records
People v. Bernaldez (294 SCRA 317 [1998])
People v. Divina (221 SCRA 209 [1993])
People v. Leones (117 SCRA 382 [1982])
People v. Crisostomo (160 SCRA 47 [1998])
Heirs of Cabais v. Court of Appeals (316 SCRA 338 [1999])
People v. San Gabriel (253 SCRA 184 [1996])
Feria v. Court of Appeals (325 525 [2000])
7. Rule 130 Section 45 Commercial Lists
Meralco v. Quisumbing (336 SCRA 172)
8. Rule 130 Section 47 Testimony or Deposition at Formal Proceeding
De Leon v. People (210 SCRA 151 [1992]
People v. ortiz v. Ortiz-Miyake (279 SCRA 145)
30 January 2015
Burden of Proof; Conclusive Presumptions;
Disputable Presumptions;
Presentation of Evidence; Rights and Obligations of Witness; Order of Examination;
Questions; Leading and Misleading; Impeachment; Character of Witness; Exclusion and
Separation of Witness; Reference to Memorandum; Part and Remainder of Transaction.
Writing or Record; Inspection of Writing Shown to witness.
Rule 131; Rule 132 (Secs. 1-18).
Rule on Examination of Child Witness (AM No. 00-4-07-SC; Dec. 15, 2000)
Cases:
1. Rule 131 Section 1 Burden of Proof
Jimenez v. NLRC (256 SCRA 84)
Quiajano v. Gonong (2 SCRA 601)

Mallari v. Court of Appeals (265 SCRA 456)


People v. Manalo (230 SCRA 309)
2. Rule 131 Section 2 Conclusive Presumptions
Lozano v. Delos Santos (274 SCRA 452)
Tijam v. Sibonghanoy (23 SCRA 29)
Crisostomo v. Court of Appeals (32 SCRA 54)
Capilitan v. Dela Cruz (55 SCRA 706)
SEAFDEC v. NLRC (206 SCRA 283)
Salen v. Dinglasan (198 SCRA 623)
LRT v. Natividad (397 SCRA 75)
Del San Transport v. C & A Transport (412 SCRA 524)
3. Rule 131 Section 3 Disputable Presumptions
People v. De Guzman (229 SCRA 795)
People v. Navaja (220 SCRA 524)
People v. Castaneda (252 SCRA 247)
People v. Simbulan (214 SCRA 537)
People v. Baludda (318 SCRA 503)
Feria v. Court of Appeals (325 SCRA 525)
4. Rule 132 Section 1 Examination to be done in open court
People v. Estenzo (72 SCRA 428)
5. Rule 132 Section 2 Proceedings to be recorded
People v. Obngayon (55 SCRA 465)
6. Rule 132 Section 3 Rights and Obligations of a Witness in relation to the right
against self-incrimination
People v. Salveron (228 SCRA 92)
People v. Malimit (264 SCRA 167)
7. Rule 132 Section 4 Order in the Examination of an individual witness
People v. Salas (143 SCRA 163)
Bachrach Motors v. CIR (86 SCRA 27)
People v. Padero (226 SCRA 810)
8. Rule 132 Section 6 Cross Examination; its purpose and extent
People v. Fabre (385 SCRA 185)
9. Rule 132 Section 10 Leading and Misleading Questions
People v. Caparas (118 SCRA 68)
10. Rule 132 Section 13 How witness impeached by evidence of inconsistent
statements
US v. Baluyot (40 Phil 385)
People v. Relucio (86 SCRA 2270
People v. Winston de Guzman (228 SCRA 356)
11. Rule on Examination of Child Witness
Recto v. Republic (440 SCRA 79)
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MIDTERM EXAM
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06 February 2015
Classes of Documents; Proof of Private Documents; Proof of Genuineness of
Handwriting; Public Documents as Evidence; Proof of Official Records; Public Records;
Judicial Records; Notarial Documents; Alterations; Offer of Evidence; Objections; Ruling;
Tender of Excluded Evidence.
Rule 132 (Secs. 19-40).
Cases:
1. Rule 132 Section 19 Classes of Documents
Joson v. Baltazar (194 SCRA 114)
Sales v. Court of Appeals (211 SCRA 858)
Lucente v. Evangelista (396 SCRA 627)
Yturralde v. Azurin (28 SCRA 407)
Monteverde v. People 9387 SCRA 196)
2. Rule 132 Section 20 Proof of Private Documents
Raz v. IAC (184 SCRA 720)
Ong v. People (342 SCRA 372)
3. Rule 132 Section 22 How genuineness of handwriting proved
Layno v. People (213 SCRA 686)
Jacob v. Court of Appeals (224 SCRA 189)
Security Bank v. Triumph Lumber (301 SCRA 537)
4. Rule 132 Section 23 Public documents as evidence
Dupilas v. Cabacungan (36 Phil 254)
5. Rule 132 Section 34 Offer of Evidence
Catuira v. Court of Appeals (236 SCRA 398)
Vda. De Onate v. Court of Appeals (250 SCRA 283)
Sy v. Court of Appeals (330 SCRA 550)
Makasiray v. People (291 SCRA 154)
Sheraton Palace v. Quijano (64 O.G. 9118)
Tuazon v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 113779-80, Feb. 21, 1995)
Rumbaua v. Court of Appeals (253 SCRA 78)
People v. Barellano (319 SCRA 567)
People v. Sanchez (308 SCRA 264)
People v. Franco (269 SCRA 211)
Philippine Bank of Commence v. Court of Appeals (195 SCRA 567)
Ramos v. Dizon (498 SCRA 17)
13 February 2015
Weight or Sufficiency of Evidence; Preponderance; Beyond Reasonable Doubt;
Extrajudicial Confession; Circumstantial; Substantial; Evidence in Motion; Perpetuation of
Testimony; Contents of Petition; Notice and Service; Order and Examination; Reference to

Court; Use of Deposition; Deposition Pending Appeal.


Rule 133; and Rule 134.
Cases:
1. Rule 133 Section 1 Preponderance of evidence, how determined; Section 2
Proof beyond reasonable doubt
People v. Mejia (55 SCRA 453)
People v. Matrimonio (215 SCRA 613)
People v. Gondora (265 SCRA 408)
People v. Malimit (264 SCRA 167)
People v. Turingan (282 SCRA 424)
People v. Espanol (256 SCRA 1370
People v. Calegan (233 SCRA 537)
People v. Danao (253 SCRA 146)
People v. Jalon (215 SCRA 680)
People v. Cabiles (248 SCRA 207)
People v. Lorenzo (240 SCRA 624)
People v. Rigodon (238 SCRA 27)
Tin v. People (362 SCRA 594)
2. Rule 133 Section 4 Circumstantial evidence, when sufficient
People v. Salvame (270 SCRA 766)
People v. Ramos (240 SCRA 191)
People v. Adofina (239 SCRA 67)
3. Rule 133 Section 5 Substantial evidence
Fabella v. Court of Appeals (282 SCRA 256)
PAL v. NLRC (263 SCRA 6380
Villaflor v. Court of Appeals (280 SCRA 297)
20 February 2015
Cases covered by the Rules on Electronic Evidence; Application of Other Rules on
Evidence; Definitions; Constructions; Electronic Documents; Admissibility; Privileged
Communication; Best Evidence Rule; Authentication of Electronic Documents.
Rules 1-5, Rules on Electronic Evidence.
Cases:
Vidallon-Magtolis v. Salud (469 SCRA 439)
Cuevas v. Muoz (348 SCRA 592)
Garvida v. Sales (271 SCRA 767)
Heirs of Sabanpan v. Comorposa (408 SCRA 692)
27 February 2015
Electronic Signature; Authentication; Disputable Presumptions (Electronic and
Digital Signatures); Evidentiary Weight; Integrity of Information and Communication
System; Business Records; Exception to hearsay Rule; Method of Proof; Examination of
Witness; Audio, Photographic, Video and Ephemeral Evidence.
Rules 6-11, Rules on Electronic Evidence

06 March 2015
Rule on DNA Evidence - A.M. No. 06-11-5-SC (2 October 2007)
Cases:
People v. Umanito (G.R. No. 172607, April 16, 2009)
Tijing v. Tijing (G.R. No. 125901, March 8, 2001)
Ong v. Diaz (G.R. No. 171713, December 17, 2007)
13 March 2015*
20 March 2015*
*allowance for suspension of classes
COURSE OUTLINE IN EVIDENCE
(Mondays - 5:00 pm to 9:00 p.m)
By: Prosecutor Tomas Ken D. Romaquin, Jr.

28 November 2014
INTRODUCTION; Rule 128. Section 1 Evidence Defined.
Cases:
Ong Chia v. Republic (328 SCRA 749)
People v. Ador (432 SCRA 1)
People v. Domingcil (419 SCRA 291)
Custodio v. Sandiganbayan (453 SCRA 24)
05 December 2014
Basic concepts: Admissibility; Relevancy; Judicial Notice; Judicial Admissions; Kinds of
Evidence.
Article III, Section 2, 3, 12 (1)(2)(3) 1987 Constitution;
Rules 128-130 (Sec. 1; Sec. 2; Sec. 20 of Rule 130 ) Rules of Court;
Pars. (g); (h); and (k) of Rules on Electronic Evidence.
Cases:
1. Bill of Rights
People v. Domontay (307 SCRA 1 [1999])
2. Rule 129 Section 1, 2 & 3. Judicial Notice
State Prosecutors v. Muro (263 SCRA 505 [1994])
People v. Pugal (215 SCRA 247 [1994])
People v. Lintang (126 SCRA 511[1983])
Strategic Alliance v. Radstock Securities Inc. (G.R. No. 178158. December 4, 2009)

People v. Reanzares (344 SCRA 624 [2000])


People v. Tundag (342 SCRA 704 [2000])
Laureano v. Court of Appeals (324 SCRA 414)
People v. kulais (292 SCRA 551)
3. Rule 129 Section 4. Judicial Admissions
Agueza v. Metropolitan Bank & Trust Co. (271 SCRA 1 [1997])
PHILAMGEN v. Sweet Lines Inc. (212 SCRA 194 [1992])
Republic v. Court of Appeals (296 SCRA 171 [1998])
Alano v. Court of Appeals (283 SCRA 269 [1997])
People v. Solayao (262 SCRA 255 [1996])