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Well Data Sheet for API 11-S4 RP

Printed: November 27, 2014 09:41 AM

Identification Data:

Date:

Company:
Field / Lease:
Well Name:
Installation:(e.g. New or Redesign)
Producing formation:
Formation Type: (e.g. Sandstone, Limestone, etc.)

Wellbore Data: (Attach wellbore diagram and deviation survey if available)


Wellhead description:

Casing and liner description:


Size & type

Max O.D.
(in)

Min. I.D.
(in)

Weight
(lb/ft)

MD of top
(ft)

MD of bottom
(ft)

Size & type

Max O.D.
(in)

Min. I.D.
(in)

Weight
(lb/ft)

MD of top
(ft)

MD of bottom
(ft)

Description

Max O.D.
(in)

Min. I.D.
(in)

Weight
(lb/ft)

MD of top
(ft)

MD of bottom
(ft)

Description

MD of top
(ft)

MD of bottom
(ft)

1
2
3
4
Tubing data:
1
2
3
4
Other limiting dimensions:

Perforated intervals:
1
2
3

Fluid Property Data: (Attach lab PVT report if available)


Standard base pressure:

(psia)

Standard temperature:

(F)

Gas gravity:
(air = 1.000)
N2:
(%)
CO2:
(%)
H2S:
(%)
(Rs) Solution gas oil ratio:
(SCF/STB) - enter Rs at bubble point conditions
and/or Bubble point pressure:
(psia)
Oil gravity:
(API)
Separator temperature:
(F)
Separator pressure:
(psig)
Dissolved solids:
(ppm)
Brine specific gravity:
(water = 1.000) - can be calculated from dissolved solids if available
Max. system temperature:
(F) - typically reservoir
Min. system temperature:
(F) - typically wellhead or separator
Comments: (e.g. inversion point for emulsions, pour point for wax, etc.)

Reservoir Data: (If available, attach welltest data, flowing surveys, production tests, etc.)
Current status: ( e.g. pumping, flowing, swabbing, etc.)
Production data: (Enter one or more sets if available)
Total fluid production:
Water cut:
Producing GOR:
Flowing wellhead pressure:
Flowing bottomhole pressure:

(BPD of fluid)
(% water)
(SCF/STB of oil)
(psig)
(psig)

Operating data:
Reservoir pressure:
Static fluid level:
Bottomhole temperature:
Wellhead temperature:
Geothermal gradient:

(psig) -Typically static bottomhole pressure


(MD feet from surface)
(F)
(F)
(deg F / 100 ft)

Inflow characterization data:


(J) Productivity index:
Max. open flow rate:
(C) Flow coefficient:
(n) Exponent:

(bbl/day/psi) - If constant PI is assumed.


(bbl/day) - Qmax if Vogels is assumed.
If Fetkovich's method is assumed.
If Fetkovich's method is assumed.

Sizing specifications:
Desired fluid production:
Pump setting depth:
Packer setting depth:
Working fluid over pump:
Pump intake pressure:
Expected water cut:
Expected GOR:
Expected pump intake press.:
Wellhead pressure:
Casing pressure:
Gas entering pump:
Primary voltage:
Frequency:

(BPD of fluid) - enter range if variable speed drive is used


(MD feet from surface)
(MD feet from surface)
(TVD feet above pump)
(psig) - calculate from reservoir data if available
(% water)
(SCF/STB of oil)
(psig)
(psig) -required by facilities
(psig)
(% of total produced gas)
(Volts available)
(Hertz)

Special problems: (e.g. sand, scale, corrosion, paraffin, asphaltenes, emulsion, H2S, CO2)

Remarks: (e.g. ancillary equipment to be installed, special coatings, etc.)

BY:
DATE:

PVT Properties
Printed: November 27, 2014 09:41 AM

General Input Data:


Input=> Input Units
Input=> (Psc) Stand. Press.
Input=> (Tsc) Stand. Temp.
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>

(G) Gas Gravity


N2
CO2
H2S
(Rsb) Soln. GOR
(Go) Oil Gravity
Separator temp.
Separator press.
Dissolved solids
Temperaures (F)
Temperatures (C)

General Calculations:
T(F)
Vod (cp)
Gsep
Tpc
Ppc
Oil sp. gr.
Brine sp. gr.

1
14.650 (psia)

101 [kPa]

60.0 (F)

15.6 [C]

0.825 (air=1.00)
1 (%)
2 (%)
3 (%)
574.7 (SCF/STB)

102.4 [m3/m3]

35.0 (API)
80 (F)

27 [C]

50 (psig)

345 [kPag]

200000 (ppm)
70 (T1, T2,and T3)

140

105

60

41

140

105

70

3.0

4.0

6.6

21

0.7910 (air=1.00)

Bubble point conditions:


Temperature
Pbo
Cob
Bob
Vob
Oil density
Gas-oil surf. tension
Rswb
Cwb
Bwb
Brine density
Vwb
Gas-water ST

406.91 (R)

Viscosity (SSU) Correction Factors for Emulsion

657.69 (psia)

Tight

0.8498 (water = 1.000)

Medium

1.1507 (water = 1.000)

Loose

140 (F)
2000.0 (psig)
1.666E-05 (1/psi)
1.3094 (bbl/STB)
0.599 (cp)
45.4 (lbm/ft3)
7.1 (dyne/cm)
4.570 (SCF/STB)
2.142E-06 (1/psi)
1.017 (bbl/STB)
70.578 (lbm/ft3)
0.815 (cp)
39.7 (dyne/cm)

Isotherms:
Pressure
(psig)

Z-factor
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2400
2500
3000

Bubble point conditions:


Temperature
Pbo
Cob
Bob
Vob
Oil density
Gas-oil surf. tension
Rswb
Cwb
Bwb
Brine density
Vwb
Gas-water ST

0.9656
0.9343
0.9035
0.8737
0.8456
0.8201
0.7981
0.7802
0.7671
0.7590
0.7567
0.7586
0.7800

Bg
(bbl / SCF)
0.01354
0.00678
0.00442
0.00323
0.00251
0.00203
0.00170
0.00145
0.00127
0.00113
0.00094
0.00091
0.00078

Cg
(1/psi)
4.659E-03
2.412E-03
1.627E-03
1.228E-03
9.856E-04
8.233E-04
7.069E-04
6.193E-04
5.511E-04
4.964E-04
4.141E-04
3.977E-04
3.317E-04

Vg
(cp)
0.0117
0.0120
0.0124
0.0129
0.0135
0.0142
0.0151
0.0160
0.0171
0.0183
0.0208
0.0215
0.0247

Gas density
(lbm/ft3)
0.8254
1.6477
2.5259
3.4619
4.4548
5.4987
6.5813
7.6838
8.7828
9.8549
11.8479
12.3068
14.3489

Rs
(SCF/STB)
43.6
90.6
142.2
197.3
255.2
315.5
377.7
441.8
507.5
574.7
574.7
574.7
574.7

Co
(1/psi)
6.290E-6
7.704E-6
9.082E-6
10.388E-6
11.614E-6
12.760E-6
13.831E-6
14.834E-6
15.775E-6
16.660E-6
15.156E-6
14.821E-6
13.348E-6

Bo
(bbl/STB)
1.0527
1.0726
1.0954
1.1205
1.1477
1.1768
1.2076
1.2400
1.2740
1.3094
1.3015
1.2998
1.2921

Vo
(cp)
2.0
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.0
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.7

Oil density
(lbm/ft3)
50.8
50.4
49.8
49.3
48.7
48.0
47.4
46.7
46.1
45.4
45.7
45.7
46.0

Gas-oil ST
(dyne/cm)
19.7
17.2
15.3
13.7
12.3
11.1
10.0
9.0
8.0
7.1
5.4
5.0
3.2

Rsw
(SCF/STB)
1.47
1.84
2.21
2.56
2.91
3.26
3.59
3.93
4.25
4.57
4.57
4.57
4.57

Cw
(1/psi)
2.171E-6
2.168E-6
2.164E-6
2.161E-6
2.158E-6
2.155E-6
2.151E-6
2.148E-6
2.145E-6
2.142E-6
2.135E-6
2.134E-6
2.126E-6

Bw
(bbl/STB)
1.0193
1.0192
1.0190
1.0188
1.0186
1.0183
1.0180
1.0178
1.0175
1.0171
1.0163
1.0161
1.0150

Vw
(cp)

Cg
(1/psi)
4.659E-03
2.412E-03
1.627E-03
1.228E-03
9.856E-04
8.233E-04
7.069E-04
6.193E-04
5.511E-04
4.964E-04
4.141E-04
3.977E-04
3.317E-04

Vg
(cp)
0.0110
0.0114
0.0118
0.0124
0.0132
0.0141
0.0152
0.0165
0.0180
0.0195
0.0228
0.0236
0.0275

Gas density
(lbm/ft3)
0.8833
1.7786
2.7533
3.8152
4.9675
6.2040
7.5028
8.8261
10.1273
11.3657
13.5605
14.0453
16.1136

Rs
(SCF/STB)
47.7
98.9
155.3
215.6
278.8
344.6
412.6
482.6
554.4
574.7
574.7
574.7
574.7

Co
(1/psi)
1.144E-6
3.287E-6
5.293E-6
7.141E-6
8.838E-6
10.398E-6
11.836E-6
13.164E-6
14.397E-6
14.180E-6
12.856E-6
12.563E-6
11.277E-6

Bo
(bbl/STB)
1.0362
1.0572
1.0815
1.1085
1.1378
1.1693
1.2028
1.2382
1.2753
1.2833
1.2770
1.2756
1.2695

Vo
(cp)
2.4
1.9
1.5
1.2
1.1
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.8

Oil density
(lbm/ft3)
51.7
51.2
50.6
50.0
49.3
48.6
47.9
47.2
46.4
46.3
46.5
46.6
46.8

Gas-oil ST
(dyne/cm)
20.9
18.2
16.2
14.5
13.1
11.8
10.6
9.5
8.5
7.5
5.7
5.3
3.4

Rsw
(SCF/STB)
1.70
2.07
2.43
2.79
3.14
3.49
3.82
4.16
4.48
4.57
4.57
4.57
4.57

Cw
(1/psi)
2.088E-6
2.085E-6
2.082E-6
2.079E-6
2.076E-6
2.073E-6
2.070E-6
2.067E-6
2.064E-6
2.061E-6
2.055E-6
2.053E-6
2.046E-6

Bw
(bbl/STB)
1.0099
1.0098
1.0096
1.0094
1.0092
1.0090
1.0088
1.0085
1.0082
1.0079
1.0070
1.0068
1.0058

Vw
(cp)

Cg
(1/psi)
4.659E-03
2.412E-03
1.627E-03
1.228E-03
9.856E-04
8.233E-04
7.069E-04
6.193E-04
5.511E-04
4.964E-04
4.141E-04
3.977E-04
3.317E-04

Vg
(cp)
0.0103
0.0108
0.0113
0.0121
0.0131
0.0144
0.0160
0.0179
0.0200
0.0222
0.0264
0.0274
0.0319

Gas density
(lbm/ft3)
0.9514
1.9384
3.0438
4.2904
5.6953
7.2527
8.9095
10.5679
12.1277
13.5275
15.8079
16.2797
18.1936

Rs
(SCF/STB)
52.1
108.1
169.7
235.5
304.6
376.4
450.7
527.2
574.7
574.7
574.7
574.7
574.7

Co
(1/psi)
-4.723E-6
-1.681E-6
1.084E-6
3.577E-6
5.828E-6
7.869E-6
9.728E-6
11.429E-6
12.123E-6
11.477E-6
10.371E-6
10.127E-6
9.061E-6

Bo
(bbl/STB)
1.0206
1.0427
1.0685
1.0974
1.1291
1.1633
1.1997
1.2383
1.2616
1.2587
1.2539
1.2528
1.2482

Vo
(cp)
3.5
2.5
1.9
1.6
1.3
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
1.0

Oil density
(lbm/ft3)
52.5
52.0
51.4
50.7
50.0
49.2
48.4
47.6
47.1
47.2
47.4
47.4
47.6

Gas-oil ST
(dyne/cm)
22.1
19.3
17.1
15.4
13.8
12.5
11.2
10.1
9.0
8.0
6.1
5.6
3.6

Rsw
(SCF/STB)
1.92
2.31
2.69
3.05
3.41
3.77
4.11
4.44
4.64
4.64
4.64
4.64
4.64

Cw
(1/psi)
2.011E-6
2.008E-6
2.005E-6
2.003E-6
2.000E-6
1.997E-6
1.994E-6
1.991E-6
1.989E-6
1.986E-6
1.980E-6
1.979E-6
1.972E-6

Bw
(bbl/STB)
1.0019
1.0018
1.0016
1.0015
1.0013
1.0011
1.0009
1.0006
1.0003
0.9999
0.9991
0.9989
0.9979

Vw
(cp)

0.75
0.76
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.86

Brine Density
(lbm/ft3)
70.4
70.4
70.5
70.5
70.5
70.5
70.5
70.5
70.6
70.6
70.6
70.7
70.7

Gas-water ST
(dyne/cm)
49.9
48.2
46.8
45.6
44.5
43.4
42.4
41.5
40.6
39.7
38.1
37.7
35.8

1.02
1.03
1.04
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.10
1.13
1.13
1.16

Brine Density
(lbm/ft3)
71.1
71.1
71.1
71.1
71.1
71.1
71.2
71.2
71.2
71.2
71.3
71.3
71.4

Gas-water ST
(dyne/cm)
49.9
48.2
46.8
45.6
44.5
43.4
42.4
41.5
40.6
39.7
38.1
37.7
35.8

1.56
1.57
1.59
1.60
1.62
1.63
1.65
1.66
1.68
1.69
1.73
1.74
1.78

Brine Density
(lbm/ft3)
71.7
71.7
71.7
71.7
71.7
71.7
71.7
71.7
71.8
71.8
71.9
71.9
71.9

Gas-water ST
(dyne/cm)
68.0
66.0
64.7
63.6
62.7
61.8
61.1
60.5
59.8
59.3
58.2
58.0
56.9

105 (F)
1855.7 (psig)
1.473E-05 (1/psi)
1.2859 (bbl/STB)
0.686 (cp)
46.2 (lbm/ft3)
8.2 (dyne/cm)
4.569 (SCF/STB)
2.063E-06 (1/psi)
1.008 (bbl/STB)
71.207 (lbm/ft3)
1.097 (cp)
40.3 (dyne/cm)

Isotherms:
Pressure
(psig)

Z-factor
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2400
2500
3000

Bubble point conditions:


Temperature
Pbo
Cob
Bob
Vob
Oil density
Gas-oil surf. tension
Rswb
Cwb
Bwb
Brine density
Vwb
Gas-water ST

0.9581
0.9192
0.8802
0.8419
0.8054
0.7720
0.7434
0.7213
0.7065
0.6989
0.7021
0.7059
0.7377

Bg
(bbl / SCF)
0.01265
0.00628
0.00406
0.00293
0.00225
0.00180
0.00149
0.00127
0.00110
0.00098
0.00082
0.00080
0.00069

70 (F)
1721.6 (psig)
1.240E-05 (1/psi)
1.2628 (bbl/STB)
0.851 (cp)
47.1 (lbm/ft3)
9.4 (dyne/cm)
4.641 (SCF/STB)
1.990E-06 (1/psi)
1.000 (bbl/STB)
71.755 (lbm/ft3)
1.671 (cp)
60.1 (dyne/cm)

Isotherms:
Pressure
(psig)

Z-factor
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2400
2500
3000

Symbol:

0.9484
0.8992
0.8488
0.7981
0.7489
0.7040
0.6674
0.6422
0.6290
0.6260
0.6421
0.6493
0.6965

Bg
(bbl / SCF)
0.01175
0.00577
0.00367
0.00261
0.00196
0.00154
0.00125
0.00106
0.00092
0.00083
0.00071
0.00069
0.00061

Definition:

Calculation method:

(Psc)
(Tsc)
(G)
(N2)
(CO2)
(H2S)
(Rsb)
(Go)
(T)
(Vod)
(Gsep)
(Tpc)
(Ppc)

Standard Base Pressure


Standard Base Temperature
Gas gravity relative to air at 14.65 psia and 60F
Nitrogen content of gas
Carbon dioxide content of gas
Hydrogen sulfide content of gas
Instantaneous solution gas oil ratio
Oil API Gravity
System temperature
Dead oil viscosity
Separator gas gravity
Pseudocritical temperature of gas
Pseudocritical pressure

User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
Ng and Egbogah (1983)
Vasquez and Beggs (1980)
Sutton (1985) & Wichert and Aziz (1972)
Sutton (1985) & Wichert and Aziz (1972)

(Pbo)
(Cob)
(Bob)
(Vob)

Oil bubble point pressure


Oil isothermal compressibility at bubble point
Oil formation volume factor at bubble point
Oil viscosity at bubble point
Oil density
Gas-oil surface tension

Standing (1977)
Vasquez and Beggs (1980)
Standing (1977)
Beggs and Robinson (1975)
McCain (1991)
Baker and Swerdloff (1956)

Instantaneous solution gas-water ratio at bubble pt.


Water isothermal compressibility
Water formation volume factor
Brine density at bubble point
Water viscosity at bubble point
Gas-water surtace tension

McCain (1991)
Osif (1988)
McCain (1991)
McCain (1991)
McCain (1991)
Hough (1951)

(P)
(Z)
(Bg)
(Cg)

Pressure
Z-factor
Gas formation volume factor
Gas isothermal compressibility
Gas density

User input
Dranchuk and Abou-Kassem (1975)
Bg = 0.00502 * Z * (T+459.67) / (P+14.65)
Cg = 1/P - 1/Z * dZ/dP
Den. = 28.9625 * G * (P+14.65) / (Z * 10.732 * (T+459.67))

(Rs)
(Co)
(Bo)

Oil formation volume factor


Oil isothermal compressibility
Oil formation volume factor

(Vo)

Oil viscosity
Oil density
Gas-oil surface tension

Standing (1977)
Vasquez and Beggs (1980)
P<=Pbo: Standing (1977)
P>Pbo: Bo = Bob * exp(Co * (Pbo-P))
P<=Pbo: Beggs and Robinson (1975)
P>Pbo: Vasquez and Beggs (1980)
McCain (1991)
Baker and Swerdloff (1956)

Instantaneous solution gas-water ratio


Water isothermal compressibility
Water formation volume factor
Brine density
Water viscosity
Gas-water surtace tension

McCain (1991)
Osif (1988)
McCain (1991)
McCain (1991)
McCain (1991)
Hough (1951)

(Rswb)
(Cwb)
(Bwb)
(Vwb)

(Rsw)
(Cw)
(Bw)
(Vw)

Fluid Flow Calculations


Printed: November 27, 2014 09:41 AM

Input=> (Tres) Reservoir temperature


Input=> (Pwhf) Wellhead pressure
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>

(Qf) Fluid rate


(fw) Water cut
(R) Tubing GOR
(e) Pipe roughness

Input=>
Input=>
Input=>
Input=>

(gT) Geothermal gradent


(Cp) Heat capacity @const P
(U) - Overall heat trans. coeff.
(C) - Erosional velocity const.
Viscosity correction factors:

120 (F)
100 (psig)
1000 (STB/day)
0.3 (fraction 0 to 1)
800 (SCF/STB)

NOTE: GOR must be at least =

0.0072 (in)

Input=> Viscosity correction factor:


Oil gravity
(G) Gas sp.gr.
Oil sp.gr.
Brine sp.gr.
Fluid sp.gr.
Fluid Density

574.7 (SCF/STB)

Typical values: 0.0018 for new pipe and 0.0072 for old pipe

1.5 (deg F/100ft)


0.4 (BTU/lbm-F)
15.9 (BTU/hr-ft2-F)
100

Typical values: 75 (conservative), 100 (typical) to 150 (less conservative)

Tight

Medium

#NAME?

#NAME?

Loose

Correction factors for tight, medium, and loose emulsions

#NAME? If emulsuins are present: Viscosity(SSU) = SSU * Correction Factor

1.0

Correction factor =1.0 when no emulsions are formed

35.0 (API)
0.8250 (air = 1.0000)
0.8498 (water = 1.00)
1.1507 (water = 1.00)
0.9401 (water = 1.00)
58.65 (lbm/ft3)

(Qo) Oil rate


(Qw) Water rate
(Qg) Tubing gas rate
(w) Mass flow rate

Fluid density = Fluid sp.gr. * 62.386lbm/ft3

700 (STB/day)

Qo = Qf * (1 - fw)

300 (STB/day)

Qw = Qf - Qo

560000 (SCF/day)

Qg = Qo * R

4.22 (lbm/sec)

(Input)

Wellbore:
Interval #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Fluid sp.gr. = Oil sp.gr.*(1-fw) + Water sp.gr. * fw

w = (350lbm/STB * (Qo * Oil sp.gr. + Qw * Water sp.gr.) + Qg * G * 0.0764lbm/ft3) / 86400sec/day

(Input)

(Input)

(Input)

Meas. depth
(ft)
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000

TVD
(ft)

In. Diam.
(in)
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441
2.441

0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000

Geotherm
Length
(ft)
0
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

Angle
(deg)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

temp.
(F)
60.0
63.0
66.0
69.0
72.0
75.0
78.0
81.0
84.0
87.0
90.0
93.0
96.0
99.0
102.0
105.0
108.0
111.0
114.0
117.0
120.0

Flowing
temp.
(F)
105.3
106.0
106.7
107.5
108.2
109.0
109.7
110.4
111.2
111.9
112.6
113.4
114.1
114.8
115.6
116.3
117.1
117.8
118.5
119.3
120.0

Flowing
pressure
(psig)
100.0
123.5
148.1
173.9
201.0
229.5
259.3
290.5
324.1
358.6
394.6
432.3
471.7
512.8
555.8
600.7
647.6
696.6
747.9
801.5
859.3

Total
gradient
(psi/ft)
0.1151
0.1175
0.1202
0.1232
0.1263
0.1295
0.1327
0.1361
0.1401
0.1437
0.1473
0.1511
0.1549
0.1588
0.1628
0.1669
0.1711
0.1755
0.1800
0.1846
0.1898

Hydrostatic
gradient
(psi/ft)
0.0956
0.0996
0.1035
0.1073
0.1111
0.1149
0.1187
0.1226
0.1271
0.1311
0.1351
0.1392
0.1434
0.1476
0.1519
0.1563
0.1609
0.1655
0.1702
0.1751
0.1806

Friction
gradient
(psi/ft)
0.0170
0.0163
0.0157
0.0152
0.0147
0.0142
0.0137
0.0133
0.0129
0.0125
0.0121
0.0118
0.0114
0.0111
0.0108
0.0105
0.0102
0.0100
0.0097
0.0094
0.0092

Acceleration No-slip
gradient
Liquid
(psi/ft)
Hold-up
0.0025
0.07
0.0015
0.09
0.0010
0.10
0.0007
0.12
0.0005
0.13
0.0003
0.15
0.0002
0.17
0.0002
0.18
0.0001
0.21
0.0001
0.23
0.0001
0.25
0.0001
0.27
0.0001
0.29
0.0000
0.31
0.0000
0.33
0.0000
0.36
0.0000
0.38
0.0000
0.41
0.0000
0.43
0.0000
0.46
0.0000
0.49

Hage-Brown
Liquid
Hold-up
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42

Gas

vsg

rate
(ft3/sec)
0.852
0.703
0.592
0.507
0.439
0.384
0.338
0.299
0.261
0.233
0.208
0.187
0.168
0.152
0.137
0.124
0.112
0.101
0.091
0.083
0.074

Gas velocity
(ft/sec)
26.21
21.62
18.23
15.60
13.51
11.80
10.39
9.20
8.03
7.16
6.41
5.76
5.18
4.67
4.22
3.81
3.44
3.11
2.81
2.54
2.27

Liquid Properties:
Viscosity
(cp)
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1

Mixture Properties:
Density
(lbm/ft3)
57.6
57.6
57.5
57.5
57.4
57.4
57.3
57.2
57.2
57.1
57.0
56.9
56.8
56.7
56.6
56.5
56.4
56.3
56.2
56.1
55.9

Surf. Tens. vsL - velocity Viscosity


(dynes/cm)
(ft/sec)
(cp)
31.3
2.04
0.04
30.8
2.05
0.04
30.4
2.05
0.04
30.0
2.06
0.04
29.6
2.06
0.04
29.2
2.06
0.05
28.8
2.07
0.05
28.4
2.07
0.05
27.9
2.08
0.05
27.5
2.08
0.05
27.1
2.09
0.06
26.7
2.10
0.06
26.4
2.10
0.06
26.0
2.11
0.06
25.6
2.12
0.06
25.2
2.13
0.07
24.8
2.14
0.07
24.4
2.15
0.07
24.0
2.16
0.08
23.6
2.17
0.08
23.2
2.18
0.08

Density
(lbm/ft3)
13.77
14.35
14.91
15.46
16.00
16.55
17.10
17.65
18.30
18.88
19.46
20.05
20.65
21.26
21.88
22.51
23.16
23.83
24.52
25.22
26.01

NS-Density Fr-Density
(lbm/ft3)
(lbm/ft3)
4.60
1.54
5.49
2.10
6.41
2.76
7.36
3.51
8.35
4.36
9.38
5.31
10.44
6.38
11.54
7.55
12.87
9.06
14.08
10.50
15.31
12.05
16.58
13.72
17.88
15.49
19.22
17.37
20.58
19.36
21.97
21.44
23.38
23.61
24.82
25.86
26.28
28.18
27.76
30.56
29.39
33.20

vm - Velocity Reynolds Friction


(ft/sec)
number
factor
28.25
1038807
0.026
23.67
996031
0.026
20.28
957535
0.026
17.66
922014
0.026
15.57
888699
0.026
13.87
857205
0.026
12.46
827230
0.026
11.27
798539
0.026
10.11
766254
0.026
9.24
739126
0.026
8.50
712938
0.026
7.85
687457
0.026
7.28
662600
0.026
6.78
638233
0.026
6.34
614301
0.026
5.94
590753
0.026
5.58
567511
0.026
5.26
544531
0.026
4.97
521790
0.026
4.71
499238
0.026
4.45
474759
0.026

Erosion Vel. Viscosity


(ft/sec)
SSU
46.63
36.3
42.67
36.0
39.50
35.6
36.86
35.3
34.60
35.0
32.65
34.6
30.95
34.3
29.43
34.1
27.87
33.8
26.65
33.5
25.55
33.3
24.56
33.0
23.65
32.8
22.81
32.6
22.04
32.4
21.34
32.2
20.68
32.1
20.07
31.9
19.51
31.7
18.98
31.6
18.45
31.4

Reservoir Inflow Performance


Printed: November 27, 2014 09:41 AM

Production data: (Enter one or more sets if available)


2

Input=> (Q) Total fluid production:


Input=> (Pwf) Flowing bottomhole pressure:

1
684

1836

2988

4140

1800

1400

1005

590

Input=> Reservoir pressure:

2000

Inflow characterization data:


Input=> (J) Productivity index:
Input=> Max. open flow rate:
Input=> (C) Flow coefficient:
Input=> (n) Exponent:

(BPD of fluid)
(psig)

(psig) -Typically static bottomhole pressure

(bbl/day/psi) - If constant PI is assumed.


(bbl/day) - Qmax if Vogels is assumed.
If Fetkovich's method is assumed.
1 If Fetkovich's method is assumed.
3

4000
0.0009

Constant PI Method: Q = J * (Pr - Pwf)


1
1

Q
(BPD)

Constant PI Method

2500

Pwf (psig)

2000

1500
1000
Actual

500

Calc.

0
0

2000

4000

6000

8000

0
600
1200
1800
2400
3000
3600
4200
4800
5400
6000

Pwf
(psig)
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

J=
Pr =

Actual Q
684
1836
2988
4140

Q (BPD of fluid)

3.0 (bbl/day/psi)
2000 (psig)

Calc. Q
600
1800
2985
4230

Act-Calc
84
36
3
-90

Max.=
Min.=
Avg Dev.=
R^2 coeff.=

84
-90
52
0.9999

Vogel's Method: Q = Qmax * ( 1 - 0.2 * (Pwf/Pr) - 0.8 * (Pwf/Pr)^2 )


1
1

Q
(BPD)

Vogel's Method
2500

2000
Pwf (psig)

1500
1000

Actual
Calc.

500

0
0

2000

4000

6000

0
688
1312
1872
2368
2800
3168
3472
3712
3888
4000

Pwf
(psig)
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

Qmax =
Pr =

Actual Q
684
1836
2988
4140

Q (BPD of fluid)

4000.0 (BPD of fluid)


2000 (psig)

Calc.Q
688
1872
2790
3486

Act-Calc
-4
-36
198
654

Max.=
Min.=
Avg Dev.=
R^2 coeff.=

654
-36
226
0.9864

Fetkovich's Method: Q = C*(Pr^2 - Pwf^2)^n


1
1

Q
(BPD)

Fetkovich's Method
2500
2000

Pwf (psig)

1500
1000

Actual
Calc.

500
0
0

2000

4000

6000

0
684
1296
1836
2304
2700
3024
3276
3456
3564
3600

Q (BPD of fluid)

Comparison
Comparison of Inflow Methods
2500

Pwf (psig)

2000

1500
Actual

1000

Calc.
Vogel's

500

Fetko.

2000

4000
Q (BPD of fluid)

6000

8000

Pwf
(psig)
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

C=
n=
Pr =
Actual Q
684
1836
2988
4140

0.0009
1.000
2000 (psig)
Calc. Q
684
1836
2691
3287

Act-Calc
0
0
297
853

Max.=
Min.=
Avg Dev.=
R^2 coeff.=

853
0
288
0.9798

Z-factor

Bg

1.0000

0.01600

T1-max

0.9500

Bg (bbl/SCF)

Z-Factor

0.01200

T3-min

0.8500
0.8000
0.7500
0.7000
0.6500
0.6000
0

2000

T1-max
T2

0.01400

T2

0.9000

T3-min

0.01000
0.00800
0.00600
0.00400
0.00200
0.00000

4000

Pressure (psig)

0.0350

T1-max
T2
T3-min

0.0250
0.0200
0.0150
0.0100
0.0050

2000

4000

Pressure (psig)

T1-max
T2
T3-min

2000

Pressure (psig)

0.0000
0

2000

Pressure (psig)

Gas Density

Den. (lbm/ft3)

T1-max
T2
T3-min

0.0300

Vg (cp)

Cg (1/psi)

Gas Viscosity

5.000E-03
4.500E-03
4.000E-03
3.500E-03
3.000E-03
2.500E-03
2.000E-03
1.500E-03
1.000E-03
5.000E-04
0.000E+00

4000

Pressure (psig)

Cg

20.0000
18.0000
16.0000
14.0000
12.0000
10.0000
8.0000
6.0000
4.0000
2.0000
0.0000

2000

4000

4000

Rs

Bo

700.0

1.3500

600.0

1.3000
1.2500

Bo (bbl/STB)

Rs (SCF/STB)

500.0
400.0
300.0

T1-max

200.0

T2

100.0

T3-min

0.0
0

2000

1.2000

1.1500

1.0500
1.0000

4000

Pressure (psig)

Co
16.000E-6

3.5

14.000E-6

3.0

T1-max
T2
T3-min

2.5

10.000E-6

Vo (cp)

Co (1/psi)

12.000E-6
8.000E-6

6.000E-6

T1-max
T2
T3-min

4.000E-6
2.000E-6

2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5

000.000E+0

0.0
0

2000

4000

1000

Pressure (psig)

3000

4000

Oil Density
54.0

6.0

52.0

4.0
3.0

2.0
1.0
0.0
50

100

150

Gas-Oil Surface Tension


25.0

T1-max
T2
T3-min

15.0
10.0
5.0
0.0

2000

Pressure (psig)

50.0
48.0

46.0

T1-max
T2
T3-min

44.0
42.0

40.0
0

2000

Pressure (psig)

Temperature (F)

20.0

Oil Density (lbm/ft3)

7.0

5.0

Vod (cp)

2000

Pressure (psig)

Vod

S.T. (dynes/cm)

4000

Vo
4.0

2000

Pressure (psig)

18.000E-6

T1-max
T2
T3-min

1.1000

4000

4000

Rsw

5.00

Bw

1.0250

4.50

T1-max

1.0200
4.00

T2

3.50

T3-min

1.0150

Bw (SCF/STB)

Rsw (SCF/STB)

3.00

1.0100

2.50
2.00

1.0050

T1-max

1.50

T2

1.00

1.0000

T3-min
0.50

0.9950

0.00
0

500

1000

1500
2000
Pressure
(psig)2500

3000

Cw

2.200E-6

3500

500

1000

1500
2000
Pressure
(psig) 2500

3000

3500

Vw

2.00
1.80

T1-max

2.150E-6

1.60

T2
1.40

T3-min

1.20

Vw (cp)

Cw (1/psi)

2.100E-6

1.00
0.80

2.050E-6

2.000E-6

0.60

T1-max

0.40

T2

0.20

T3-min

0.00

1.950E-6
0

500

1000 Pressure
1500 2000
(psig)2500

3000

Brine Density

72.2

3500

1000

3000

4000

Gas-Water Surf. Tension

80.0

72.0

2000
Pressure
(psig)

70.0

71.8
60.0

Surf. Tension (dynes/cm)

71.6

50.0

Density (lbm/ft3)

71.4
71.2

40.0

71.0

30.0

T1-max

70.8

T2

70.6

T1-max

20.0

T3-min

T2
T3-min

10.0

70.4

70.2
0

1000

2000

Pressure (psig)

3000

4000

0.0
0

1000

2000

Pressure (psig)

3000

4000

(psig)
FlowingPressure
Pressure
Gradient
0.0

200.0

400.0

600.0

Flowing Temperature
Temperature (F)Gradient

800.0

1000.0

100.0
0

500

1000

1000

1500

1500

2000

3500

4000

4000

4500

4500

Liquid Hold-up
HL Profile
0.10

0.20

0.30

0.50

0.00
0

3000

10.00

20.00

30.00

50.00

500
1000
1500
Measured Depth (ft)

Measured Depth (ft)

2500

40.00

VelocityProfile
(ft/sec)
Velocity
0.40

500

2000

125.0

3000

3500

1500

120.0

2500

3000

1000

115.0

2000

2500

0.00
0

110.0

Measured Depth (ft)

Measured Depth (ft)

500

105.0

2000
2500
3000

3500

3500

4000

4000

4500

4500

Mixture Vel.
Erosion Vel.

Metric PVT Properties


Printed: November 27, 2014 09:41 AM

General Input Data:


Metric Units
(Psc) Stand. Press.
(Tsc) Stand. Temp.
(G) Gas Gravity
N2
CO2
H2S
(Rsb) Soln. GOR
(Go) Oil Gravity
Separator temp.
Separator press.
Dissolved solids
Temperaure [C]

General Calculations:
T [C]
Vod (cp)
Gsep
Tpc
Ppc
Oil sp. gr.
Brine sp. gr.

101 [kPa]
15.56 [C]
0.825 (air=1.00)
1.000 (%)
2.000 (%)
3.000 (%)
102.4 [m3/m3]
35 (API)
27 [C]
345 [kPag]
200000 (ppm)
60

41

(T1, T2, and T3)

21

60

41

21

3.0

4.0

6.6

0.791 (air=1.00)
226 [K]
4535 [kPa]
0.8498 (water = 1.000)
1.1507 (water = 1.000)

Bubble point conditions:


Temperature
Pbo
Cob
Bob
Vob
Oil Density
Gas-oil surf. tension
Rswb
Cwb
Bwb
Brine density
Vwb

60 [C]
13789 [kPa]
2.416E-06 [1/kPa]
1.3094 [m3/m3]
0.6 (cp)
727.0 (kg,m3)
7.1 (dyne/cm)
0.8 [m3/m3]
2.142E-06 [1/kPa]
1.0171 [m3/m3]
1130.6 [kg/m3]
0.8 (cp)

Isotherms:
Pressure
[kPag]

Z-factor
1379
2758
4137
5516
6895
8274
9653
11032
12411
13790
16547
17237
20684

Bubble point conditions:


Temperature
Pbo
Cob
Bob
Vob
Oil Density
Gas-oil surf. tension
Rswb
Cwb

0.9656
0.9343
0.9035
0.8737
0.8456
0.8201
0.7981
0.7802
0.7671
0.7590
0.7567
0.7586
0.7800

Bg
[m3/m3]
0.07604
0.03809
0.02485
0.01813
0.01409
0.01141
0.00954
0.00817
0.00715
0.00637
0.00530
0.00510
0.00437

41 [C]
12794.6 [kPa]
2.136E-06 [1/kPa]
1.2859 [m3/m3]
0.686 (cp)
740.3 (kg,m3)
8.2 (dyne/cm)
0.814 [m3/m3]
2.063E-06 [1/kPa]

Cg
[1/kPa]
6.757E-04
3.498E-04
2.360E-04
1.780E-04
1.429E-04
1.194E-04
1.025E-04
8.983E-05
7.993E-05
7.199E-05
6.007E-05
5.768E-05
4.811E-05

Vg
(cp)
1.168E-02
1.198E-02
1.238E-02
1.289E-02
1.350E-02
1.422E-02
1.507E-02
1.604E-02
1.711E-02
1.828E-02
2.081E-02
2.146E-02
2.472E-02

Gas Density
[kg/m3]
13.22
26.39
40.46
55.45
71.36
88.08
105.42
123.08
140.69
157.86
189.79
197.14
229.85

Rs
[m3/m3]
7.77
16.13
25.33
35.14
45.45
56.18
67.27
78.68
90.38
102.35
102.35
102.35
102.35

Co
[1/kPa]
9.123E-07
1.117E-06
1.317E-06
1.507E-06
1.684E-06
1.851E-06
2.006E-06
2.152E-06
2.288E-06
2.416E-06
2.198E-06
2.150E-06
1.936E-06

Bo
[m3/m3]
1.0527
1.0726
1.0954
1.1205
1.1477
1.1768
1.2076
1.2400
1.2740
1.3094
1.3015
1.2998
1.2921

Vo
(cp)
2.0
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.0
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.7

Oil density
(kg/m3)
814.0
806.7
798.4
789.3
779.6
769.5
759.1
748.5
737.8
727.0
731.4
732.4
736.8

Gas-oil ST
(dyne/cm)
19.7
17.2
15.3
13.7
12.3
11.1
10.0
9.0
8.0
7.1
5.4
5.0
3.2

Rsw
[m3/m3]
0.26
0.33
0.39
0.46
0.52
0.58
0.64
0.70
0.76
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81

Cw
[1/kPa]
3.149E-07
3.144E-07
3.139E-07
3.134E-07
3.130E-07
3.125E-07
3.120E-07
3.115E-07
3.111E-07
3.106E-07
3.097E-07
3.094E-07
3.083E-07

Bw
[m3/m3]
1.0193
1.0192
1.0190
1.0188
1.0186
1.0183
1.0180
1.0178
1.0175
1.0171
1.0163
1.0161
1.0150

Vw
(cp)
0.75
0.76
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.86

Brine Density
(kg/m3)
1128.1
1128.3
1128.5
1128.7
1129.0
1129.3
1129.5
1129.9
1130.2
1130.6
1131.5
1131.8
1133.0

Gas-water ST
(dyne/cm)
49.9
48.2
46.8
45.6
44.5
43.4
42.4
41.5
40.6
39.7
38.1
37.7
35.8

Bwb
Brine density
Vwb

1.008 [m3/m3]
1140.629 [kg/m3]
1.097 (cp)

Isotherms:
Pressure
[kPag]

Z-factor
1379
2758
4137
5516
6895
8274
9653
11032
12411
13790
16547
17237
20684

Bubble point conditions:


Temperature
Pbo
Cob
Bob
Vob
Oil Density
Gas-oil surf. tension
Rswb
Cwb
Bwb
Brine density
Vwb

0.9581
0.9192
0.8802
0.8419
0.8054
0.7720
0.7434
0.7213
0.7065
0.6989
0.7021
0.7059
0.7377

Bg
[m3/m3]
0.07105
0.03528
0.02279
0.01645
0.01263
0.01012
0.00836
0.00711
0.00620
0.00552
0.00463
0.00447
0.00389

Cg
[1/kPa]
6.757E-04
3.498E-04
2.360E-04
1.780E-04
1.429E-04
1.194E-04
1.025E-04
8.983E-05
7.993E-05
7.199E-05
6.007E-05
5.768E-05
4.811E-05

Vg
(cp)
1.101E-02
1.136E-02
1.183E-02
1.243E-02
1.318E-02
1.411E-02
1.522E-02
1.651E-02
1.796E-02
1.952E-02
2.277E-02
2.359E-02
2.753E-02

Gas Density
[kg/m3]
14.1494
28.4904
44.1042
61.1128
79.5719
99.3781
120.1836
141.3801
162.2233
182.0609
217.2181
224.9849
258.1157

Rs
[m3/m3]

Cg
[1/kPa]
6.757E-04
3.498E-04
2.360E-04
1.780E-04
1.429E-04
1.194E-04
1.025E-04
8.983E-05
7.993E-05
7.199E-05
6.007E-05
5.768E-05
4.811E-05

Vg
(cp)
1.035E-02
1.075E-02
1.132E-02
1.207E-02
1.306E-02
1.435E-02
1.597E-02
1.788E-02
1.998E-02
2.215E-02
2.638E-02
2.738E-02
3.194E-02

Gas Density
[kg/m3]
15.2397
31.0504
48.7571
68.7262
91.2305
116.1772
142.7171
169.2812
194.2677
216.6897
253.2185
260.7759
291.4329

Rs
[m3/m3]

8.5
17.6
27.7
38.4
49.7
61.4
73.5
85.9
98.7
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4

Co
[1/kPa]
165.949E-9
476.719E-9
767.664E-9
1.036E-6
1.282E-6
1.508E-6
1.717E-6
1.909E-6
2.088E-6
2.057E-6
1.865E-6
1.822E-6
1.636E-6

Bo
[m3/m3]
1.0362
1.0572
1.0815
1.1085
1.1378
1.1693
1.2028
1.2382
1.2753
1.2833
1.2770
1.2756
1.2695

Vo
(cp)
2.4
1.9
1.5
1.2
1.1
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.8

Oil density
(kg/m3)
827.6
819.8
810.8
800.8
790.1
778.9
767.3
755.5
743.6
741.8
745.5
746.3
749.9

Gas-oil ST
(dyne/cm)
20.9
18.2
16.2
14.5
13.1
11.8
10.6
9.5
8.5
7.5
5.7
5.3
3.4

Rsw
[m3/m3]
0.30
0.37
0.43
0.50
0.56
0.62
0.68
0.74
0.80
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81

Cw
[1/kPa]
302.854E-9
302.410E-9
301.967E-9
301.525E-9
301.085E-9
300.646E-9
300.208E-9
299.772E-9
299.337E-9
298.903E-9
298.039E-9
297.824E-9
296.753E-9

Bw
[m3/m3]
1.0099
1.0098
1.0096
1.0094
1.0092
1.0090
1.0088
1.0085
1.0082
1.0079
1.0070
1.0068
1.0058

Vw
(cp)

Co
[1/kPa]
-684.989E-9
-243.805E-9
157.183E-9
518.812E-9
845.338E-9
1.141E-6
1.411E-6
1.658E-6
1.758E-6
1.665E-6
1.504E-6
1.469E-6
1.314E-6

Bo
[m3/m3]
1.0206
1.0427
1.0685
1.0974
1.1291
1.1633
1.1997
1.2383
1.2616
1.2587
1.2539
1.2528
1.2482

Vo
(cp)
3.5
2.5
1.9
1.6
1.3
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
1.0

Oil density
(kg/m3)
841.1
832.9
823.1
812.1
800.3
787.8
775.0
761.9
754.6
756.3
759.2
759.8
762.7

Gas-oil ST
(dyne/cm)
22.1
19.3
17.1
15.4
13.8
12.5
11.2
10.1
9.0
8.0
6.1
5.6
3.6

Rsw
[m3/m3]
0.34
0.41
0.48
0.54
0.61
0.67
0.73
0.79
0.83
0.83
0.83
0.83
0.83

Cw
[1/kPa]
291.693E-9
291.281E-9
290.870E-9
290.461E-9
290.052E-9
289.645E-9
289.238E-9
288.833E-9
288.429E-9
288.027E-9
287.224E-9
287.024E-9
286.029E-9

Bw
[m3/m3]
1.0019
1.0018
1.0016
1.0015
1.0013
1.0011
1.0009
1.0006
1.0003
0.9999
0.9991
0.9989
0.9979

Vw
(cp)

1.02
1.03
1.04
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.10
1.13
1.13
1.16

Brine Density
(kg/m3)
1138.6
1138.8
1139.0
1139.2
1139.4
1139.6
1139.9
1140.2
1140.5
1141.0
1141.9
1142.1
1143.3

Gas-water ST
(dyne/cm)
49.9
48.2
46.8
45.6
44.5
43.4
42.4
41.5
40.6
39.7
38.1
37.7
35.8

1.56
1.57
1.59
1.60
1.62
1.63
1.65
1.66
1.68
1.69
1.73
1.74
1.78

Brine Density
(kg/m3)
1147.7
1147.9
1148.0
1148.2
1148.4
1148.7
1148.9
1149.2
1149.6
1150.0
1150.9
1151.2
1152.3

Gas-water ST
(dyne/cm)
68.0
66.0
64.7
63.6
62.7
61.8
61.1
60.5
59.8
59.3
58.2
58.0
56.9

21 [C]
11870.3 [kPa]
1.798E-06 [1/kPa]
1.2628 [m3/m3]
0.851 (cp)
753.9 (kg,m3)
9.4 (dyne/cm)
0.827 [m3/m3]
1.990E-06 [1/kPa]
1.000 [m3/m3]
1149.402 [kg/m3]
1.671 (cp)

Isotherms:
Pressure
[kPag]

Z-factor
1379
2758
4137
5516
6895
8274
9653
11032
12411
13790
16547
17237
20684

Symbol:

0.9484
0.8992
0.8488
0.7981
0.7489
0.7040
0.6674
0.6422
0.6290
0.6260
0.6421
0.6493
0.6965

Bg
[m3/m3]
0.06596
0.03238
0.02062
0.01463
0.01102
0.00865
0.00704
0.00594
0.00517
0.00464
0.00397
0.00385
0.00345

9.3
19.2
30.2
41.9
54.2
67.0
80.3
93.9
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4

Definition:

Calculation method:

(Psc)
(Tsc)
(G)
(N2)
(CO2)
(H2S)
(Rsb)
(Go)
(T)
(Vod)
(Gsep)
(Tpc)
(Ppc)

Standard Base Pressure


Standard Base Temperature
Gas gravity relative to air at 14.65 psia and 60F
Nitrogen content of gas
Carbon dioxide content of gas
Hydrogen sulfide content of gas
Instantaneous solution gas oil ratio
Oil API Gravity
System temperature
Dead oil viscosity
Separator gas gravity
Pseudocritical temperature of gas
Pseudocritical pressure

User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
User input
Ng and Egbogah (1983)
Vasquez and Beggs (1980)
Sutton (1985) & Wichert and Aziz (1972)
Sutton (1985) & Wichert and Aziz (1972)

(Pbo)
(Cob)
(Bob)
(Vob)

Oil bubble point pressure


Oil isothermal compressibility at bubble point
Oil formation volume factor at bubble point
Oil viscosity at bubble point

Standing (1977)
Vasquez and Beggs (1980)
Standing (1977)
Beggs and Robinson (1975)

Instantaneous solution gas-water ratio at bubble pt.


Water isothermal compressibility
Water formation volume factor
Brine density at bubble point
Water viscosity at bubble point

McCain (1991)
Osif (1988)
McCain (1991)
McCain (1991)
McCain (1991)

(Rswb)
(Cwb)
(Bwb)
(Vwb)

(P)
(Z)
(Bg)
(Cg)

Pressure
Z-factor
Gas formation volume factor
Gas isothermal compressibility
Gas density

User input
Dranchuk and Abou-Kassem (1975)
Bg = 0.00502 * Z * (T(F)+459.67) / (P(psig)+14.65)*5.615
Cg = 1/P - 1/Z * dZ/dP
Den. = 28.9625 * G * (P(psig)+14.65) / (Z * 10.732 * (T(F)+459.67)) / 16.01046

(Rs)
(Co)
(Bo)

Oil formation volume factor


Oil isothermal compressibility
Oil formation volume factor

(Vo)

Oil viscosity

Standing (1977)
Vasquez and Beggs (1980)
P<=Pbo: Standing (1977)
P>Pbo: Bo = Bob * exp(Co * (Pbo-P))
P<=Pbo: Beggs and Robinson (1975)
P>Pbo: Vasquez and Beggs (1980)

(Rsw)
(Cw)
(Bw)
(Vw)

Instantaneous solution gas-water ratio


Water isothermal compressibility
Water formation volume factor
Brine density
Water viscosity

McCain (1991)
Osif (1988)
McCain (1991)
McCain (1991)
McCain (1991)

Z-factor

Bg

1.0000

0.08000

T1-max

0.9500

T2
T3-min

0.8500

Bg (m3/m3)

Z-Factor

0.9000

0.8000
0.7500
0.7000
0.6500

0.07000

T1-max

0.06000

T2

0.05000

T3-min

0.04000
0.03000
0.02000
0.01000

0.6000
0

10000

20000

0.00000

30000

Pressure (kPag)

20000

30000

Pressure (kPag)

Cg

Gas Density

8.000E-04

350.00

7.000E-04

T1-max
T2
T3-min

5.000E-04

300.00
250.00

Den. (kg/m3)

6.000E-04

Cg (1/kPa)

10000

4.000E-04
3.000E-04
2.000E-04
1.000E-04
0.000E+00
0

10000

20000

Pressure (kPag)

30000

200.00
150.00

T1-max

100.00

T2

50.00

T3-min

0.00
0

10000

20000

Pressure (kPag)

30000

Rs

Bo
1.3500

100.00

1.3000

80.00

1.2500

Bo (m3/m3)

Rs (m3/m3)

120.00

60.00

T1-max

40.00

T2
20.00

T3-min
10000

20000

1.1500

T2
T3-min

1.0000

30000

Pressure (kPag)

10000

30000

Vo
4.0

3.000E-06

2.500E-06

Vo (cp)

2.000E-06
1.500E-06

T1-max

1.000E-06

5.000E-07

3.5

T1-max

3.0

T2

2.5

T3-min

2.0
1.5

T2

1.0

T3-min

0.5

0.0

0.000E+00
0

10000

20000

30000

10000

20000

30000

Pressure (kPag)

Pressure (kPag)

Vod

Gas-oil Surf. Tension

7.0

25.0

T1-max

6.0
5.0

4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0

20

40

60

Temperature (C)

80

Gas-oil Surf. Tension


(dynes/cm)

20.0

Vod (cp)

20000

Pressure (kPag)

Co

Co (1/kPa)

T1-max

1.1000
1.0500

0.00
0

1.2000

T2
T3-min

15.0
10.0

5.0
0.0
0

10000

20000

Pressure (kPag)

30000

Rsw

Bw

0.90

1.0250

0.80

1.0200

0.60

Bw (m3/m3)

Rsw (m3/m3)

0.70

0.50
0.40

T1-max
T2
T3-min

0.30

0.20
0.10

1.0150
1.0100
1.0050
1.0000
0.9950

0.00

10000

20000

30000

Cw
3.150E-07

3.050E-07
3.000E-07
2.950E-07

T1-max
T2
T3-min

2.900E-07
2.850E-07

Vw (cp)

Cw (1/kPa)

3.100E-07

2.800E-07
10000

20000

30000

Vw
2.00
1.80
1.60
1.40
1.20
1.00
0.80
0.60
0.40
0.20
0.00

3.200E-07

10000

Pressure (kPag)

Pressure (kPag)

20000

T1-max
T2\
T3-min
0

30000

10000

20000

30000

Pressure (kPag)

Pressure (kPag)

Gas-Water Surf. Tension

Brine Density
80.0

1155.0

1145.0
1140.0
1135.0

T1-max
T2

1130.0

T3-min
1125.0
0

10000

20000

Pressure (kPag)

30000

Surf. Tension (dynes/cm)

70.0

1150.0

Density (m3/m3)

T1-max
T2
T3-min

60.0

50.0
40.0
30.0

T1-max

20.0

T2

10.0

T3-min

0.0
0

10000

20000

Pressure (kPag)

30000

Internal Data

Units available:
English
metric

Constant PI Options:
Given J and Pr
Given Pwf1, Q1, Pwf2 and Q2 calculate J and Pr
Table options:
Given Pwf calculate Q
Given Q calculate Pwf
Vogel's method Options:
Given Qmax and Pr
Given Pwf1, Q1, Pwf2 and Q2 calculate Qmax and Pr
Fetkovich's method Options:
Given C, n, and Pr
Given Pwf1, Q1, Pwf2, Q2, and Pr calculate C and n
Given Pwf1, Q1, Pr, and n calculate C

Page 17