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Municipal Trial Court

Original Jurisdiction

Regional Trial Court

Court of Appeals

Sec. 21, B.P. 129 : Original


jurisdiction in other cases.
Regional Trial Courts shall
exercise original jurisdiction:

Section 9. Jurisdiction. The Court


of Appeals shall Exercise:

(1) In the issuance of writs of


certiorari, prohibition,
mandamus, quo warranto,
habeas corpus and
injunction which may be
enforced in any part of their
respective regions; and
(2) In actions affecting
ambassadors and other
public ministers and consuls.
Petition for writ of Amparo
(A.M. No. 07-9-12-SC)
Petition for writ of Habeas
Data (A.M. No. 08-1-16-SC)
Petition for writ of continuing
Mandamus
(Sec. 2, Rule 8, Part III of
Rules of Procedure in
Environmental Cases, A.M.
09-6-8-SC)

1. Original jurisdiction to issue writs


of mandamus, prohibition, certiorari
, habeas corpus, and quo
warranto,and auxiliary writs or
processes, whether or not in aid of
its appellate jurisdiction;
2. Exclusive original jurisdiction
over actions for annulment of
judgements of Regional Trial
Courts; and
3. Exclusive appellate jurisdiction
over all final judgements,
resolutions, orders or awards of
Regional Trial Courts and quasijudicial agencies, instrumentalities,
boards or commission, including the
Securities and Exchange
Commission, the Social Security
Commission, the Employees
Compensation Commission and the
Civil Service Commission, Except
those falling within the appellate
jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in
accordance with the Constitution,
the Labor Code of the Philippines
under Presidential Decree No. 442,
as amended, the provisions of this
Act, and of subparagraph (1) of the
third paragraph and subparagraph
4 of the fourth paragraph od
Section 17 of the Judiciary Act of
1948.
The court of Appeals shall have the
power to try cases and conduct
hearings, receive evidence and

Supreme Court
Sec. 5, par. 1, Art. VIII,
1987 Constitution: The
Supreme Court shall have
the following powers:
(1) Exercise original
jurisdiction over cases
affecting ambassadors,
other public ministers and
consuls, and over petitions
for certiorari,
prohibition, mandamus, quo
warranto, and habeas
corpus.
Petition for writ of Amparo
(A.M. No. 07-9-12-SC)
Petition for writ of Habeas
Data (A.M. No. 08-1-16-SC)
Petition for writ of continuing
Mandamus
(Sec. 2, Rule 8, Part III of
Rules of Procedure in
Environmental Cases, A.M.
09-6-8-SC)
Petition for writ of Kalikasan
(Sec. 12, Rule 7, Part III of
Rules of Procedure in
Environmental Cases, A.M.
09-6-8-SC)

Shariah Distric Court


PD NO 1083, Article
143. Original jurisdiction.
(1) The Shari'a District Court
shall have exclusive original
jurisdiction over:
(a) All cases involving
custody, guardianship,
legitimacy, paternity and
filiation arising under this
Code;
(c) Petitions for the
declaration of absence and
death and for the
cancellation or correction of
entries in the Muslim
Registries mentioned in Title
VI of Book Two of this Code;
(d) All actions arising from
customary contracts in which
the parties are Muslims, if
they have not specified
which law shall govern their
relations; and
(e) All petitions for
mandamus, prohibition,
injunction, certiorari, habeas
corpus, and all other
auxiliary writs and processes
in aid of its appellate
jurisdiction.
(2) Concurrently with
existing civil courts, the
Shari'a District Court shall
have original jurisdiction
over:

perform any and all acts necessary


to resolve factual issues raised in
cases falling within its original and
appellate jurisdiction, including the
power to grant and conduct new
trials or Appeals must be
continuous and must be completed
within three (3) months, unless
extended by the Chief Justice. (as
amended by R.A. No. 7902.)

(a) Petitions by Muslims for


the constitution of a family
home, change of name and
commitment of an insane
person to an asylum;
(b) All other personal and
real actions not mentioned in
paragraph 1 (d) wherein the
parties involved are Muslims
except those for forcible
entry and unlawful detainer,
which shall fall under the
exclusive original jurisdiction
of the Municipal Circuit
Court; and

Petition for writ of Amparo (A.M. No.


07-9-12-SC)
Petition for writ of Habeas Data
(A.M. No. 08-1-16-SC)
Petition for writ of continuing
Mandamus
(Sec. 2, Rule 8, Part III of Rules of
Procedure in Environmental Cases,
A.M. 09-6-8-SC)

(c) All special civil actions for


interpleader or declaratory
relief wherein the parties are
Muslims or the property
involved belongs exclusively
to Muslims.

Petition for writ of Kalikasan


(Sec. 12, Rule 7, Part III of Rules of
Procedure in Environmental Cases,
A.M. 09-6-8-SC)
Actions for Annulment of RTC
judgment
Petition for freeze order on
monetary instrument, etc. relating to
unlawful activity under Anti-Money
Laundering Act of 2001 or R.A.
9160 as amended by R.A.9194
(Sec. 44 of A.M. No. 05-11-04-SC)
Appellate Jurisdiction

BP 129, Section
22. Appellate jurisdiction.
Regional Trial Courts shall
exercise appellate
jurisdiction over all cases

BP 129, Section 9. Jurisdiction.


The Court of Appeals shall
Exercise:
1. Original jurisdiction to issue writs

Sec. 5, par. 2, Art. VIII,


1987 Constitution:
(2) Review, revise, reverse,
modify, or affirm on appeal
or certiorari, as the law or

PD NO 1083, Article
144. Appellate jurisdiction.
(1) Shari'a District Courts
shall have appellate
jurisdiction over all cases

decided by Metropolitan Trial


Courts, Municipal Trial
Courts, and Municipal Circuit
Trial Courts in their
respective territorial
jurisdictions. Such cases
shall be decided on the
basis of the entire record of
the proceedings had in the
court of origin and such
memoranda and/or briefs as
may be submitted by the
parties or required by the
Regional Trial Courts.

of mandamus, prohibition, certiorari


, habeas corpus, and quo
warranto,and auxiliary writs or
processes, whether or not in aid of
its appellate jurisdiction;
2. Exclusive original jurisdiction
over actions for annulment of
judgements of Regional Trial
Courts; and

Rule 40, Rules of Court


Appeal From Municipal Trial
Courts to the Regional Trial
Courts

3. Exclusive appellate jurisdiction


over all final judgements,
resolutions, orders or awards of
Regional Trial Courts and quasijudicial agencies, instrumentalities,
boards or commission, including the
Securities and Exchange
Commission, the Social Security
Commission, the Employees
Compensation Commission and the
Civil Service Commission, Except
those falling within the appellate
jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in
accordance with the Constitution,
the Labor Code of the Philippines
under Presidential Decree No. 442,
as amended, the provisions of this
Act, and of subparagraph (1) of the
third paragraph and subparagraph
4 of the fourth paragraph od
Section 17 of the Judiciary Act of
1948.

Section 1. Where to appeal.


An appeal from a
judgment or final order of a
Municipal Trial Court may be
taken to the Regional Trial
Court exercising jurisdiction
over the area to which the
former pertains. The title of
the case shall remain as it

RULE 41
Appeal From The Regional Trial
Courts
Section 1. Subject of appeal. An
appeal may be taken from a
judgment or final order that
completely disposes of the case, or
of a particular matter therein when

The decision of the Regional


Trial Courts in such cases
shall be appealable by
petition for review to the
Court of Appeals which may
give it due course only when
the petition shows prima
facie that the lower court has
committed an error of fact or
law that will warrant a
reversal or modification of
the decision or judgment
sought to be reviewed.

the Rules of Court may


provide, final judgments and
orders of lower courts in:
(a) All cases in which
the constitutionality or
validity of any treaty,
international or executive
agreement, law, presidential
decree, proclamation, order,
instruction, ordinance, or
regulation is in question.
(b) All cases involving
the legality of any tax,
impost, assessment, or toll,
or any penalty imposed in
relation thereto.
(c) All cases in which
the jurisdiction of any lower
court is in issue.
(d) All criminal cases in
which the penalty imposed
is reclusion perpetua or
higher.
(e) All cases in which
only an error or question of
law is involved.

tried in the Shari'a Circuit


Courts within their territorial
jurisdiction.
(2) The Shari'a District Court
shall decide every case
appealed to it on the basis of
the evidence and records
transmitted as well as such
memoranda, briefs or oral
arguments as the parties
may submit.

was in the court of origin, but


the party appealing the case
shall be further referred to
as the appellant and the
adverse party as the
appellee. (a)

declared by these Rules to be


appealable.
No appeal may be taken from:
(a) An order denying a motion for
new trial or reconsideration;
(b) An order denying a petition for
relief or any similar motion seeking
relief from judgment;
(c) An interlocutory order;
(d) An order disallowing or
dismissing an appeal;
(e) An order denying a motion to set
aside a judgment by consent,
confession or compromise on the
ground of fraud, mistake or duress,
or any other ground vitiating
consent;
(f) An order of execution;
(g) A judgment or final order for or
against one or more of several
parties or in separate claims,
counterclaims, cross-claims and
third-party complaints, while the
main case is pending, unless the
court allows an appeal therefrom;
and
(h) An order dismissing an action
without prejudice.
In all the above instances where the
judgment or final order is not
appealable, the aggrieved party
may file an appropriate special civil
action under Rule 65. (n)

Section 2. Modes of appeal.


(a) Ordinary appeal. The appeal
to the Court of Appeals in cases
decided by the Regional Trial Court
in the exercise of its original
jurisdiction shall be taken by filing a
notice of appeal with the court
which rendered the judgment or
final order appealed from and
serving a copy thereof upon the
adverse party. No record on appeal
shall be required except in special
proceedings and other cases of
multiple or separate appeals where
law on these Rules so require. In
such cases, the record on appeal
shall be filed and served in like
manner.
RULE 42
Petition for Review From the
Regional Trial Courts to the
Court of Appeals
Section 1. How appeal taken; time
for filing. A party desiring to
appeal from a decision of the
Regional Trial Court rendered in the
exercise of its appellate jurisdiction
may file a verified petition for review
with the Court of Appeals, paying at
the same time to the clerk of said
court the corresponding docket and
other lawful fees, depositing the
amount of P500.00 for costs, and
furnishing the Regional Trial Court
and the adverse party with a copy
of the petition. The petition shall be
filed and served within fifteen (15)
days from notice of the decision
sought to be reviewed or of the
denial of petitioner's motion for new

trial or reconsideration filed in due


time after judgment. Upon proper
motion and the payment of the full
amount of the docket and other
lawful fees and the deposit for costs
before the expiration of the
reglementary period, the Court of
Appeals may grant an additional
period of fifteen (15) days only
within which to file the petition for
review. No further extension shall
be granted except for the most
compelling reason and in no case
to exceed fifteen (15) days. (n)
RULE 43
Appeals From the Court of Tax
Appeals and Quasi-Judicial
Agencies to the Court of Appeals
Section 1. Scope. This Rule
shall apply to appeals from
judgments or final orders of the
Court of Tax Appeals and from
awards, judgments, final orders or
resolutions of or authorized by any
quasi-judicial agency in the
exercise of its quasi-judicial
functions. Among these agencies
are the Civil Service Commission,
Central Board of Assessment
Appeals, Securities and Exchange
Commission, Office of the
President, Land Registration
Authority, Social Security
Commission, Civil Aeronautics
Board, Bureau of Patents,
Trademarks and Technology
Transfer, National Electrification
Administration, Energy Regulatory
Board, National
Telecommunications Commission,
Department of Agrarian Reform
under Republic Act No. 6657,

Government Service Insurance


System, Employees Compensation
Commission, Agricultural Invention
Board, Insurance Commission,
Philippine Atomic Energy
Commission, Board of Investments,
Construction Industry Arbitration
Commission, and voluntary
arbitrators authorized by law. (n)
Section 2. Cases not covered.
This Rule shall not apply to
judgments or final orders issued
under the Labor Code of the
Philippines. (n)
Section 3. Where to appeal. An
appeal under this Rule may be
taken to the Court of Appeals within
the period and in the manner herein
provided, whether the appeal
involves questions of fact, of law, or
mixed questions of fact and law. (n)

Exclusive Original Jurisdiction

BP 129, Section 33.


Jurisdiction of Metropolitan
Trial Courts, Municipal Trial
Courts and Municipal Circuit
Trial Courts in civil cases.
Metropolitan Trial Courts,
Municipal Trial Courts, and
Municipal Circuit Trial Courts
shall exercise:
(1) Exclusive original
jurisdiction over civil actions
and probate proceedings,
testate and intestate,
including the grant of
provisional remedies in

Sec. 19, B.P. 129 as


amended by R.A. 7691.
Jurisdiction in civil cases.
Regional Trial Courts shall
exercise exclusive original
jurisdiction:
(1) In all civil actions in
which the subject of the
litigation is incapable of
pecuniary estimation;
(2) In all civil actions which
involve the title to, or
possession of, real property,
or any interest therein,

Petition for Certiorari, Prohibition,


Mandamus against:
Regional Trial Court- decisions,
final orders, resolution
National Labor Relations
Commission- decisions, final
orders, resolution
Secretary of Labor and
Employment in the exercise of its
appellate jurisdiction on decisions,
final orders of:
POEA Administrator
National Wage Productivity
Commission

Petition for Certiorari,


Prohibition, Mandamus
against judgment, final order
and resolutions of:
Court of Appeals
Sandiganbayan
Court of Tax Appeals
COMELEC
Commission on Audit
Ombudsman (criminal
cases)

PD NO 1083, Article
143. Original jurisdiction.
(1) The Shari'a District Court
shall have exclusive original
jurisdiction over:
(a) All cases involving
custody, guardianship,
legitimacy, paternity and
filiation arising under this
Code;
(c) Petitions for the
declaration of absence and
death and for the
cancellation or correction of

proper cases, where the


value of the personal
property, estate, or amount
of the demand does not
exceed One hundred
thousand pesos
(P100,000.00) or, in Metro
Manila where such personal
property, estate, or amount
of the demand does not
exceed Two hundred
thousand pesos
(P200,000.00) exclusive of
interest damages of
whatever kind, attorney's
fees, litigation expenses,
and costs, the amount of
which must be specifically
alleged: Provided, That
where there are several
claims or causes of action
between the same or
different parties, embodied
in the same complaint, the
amount of the demand shall
be the totality of the claims
in all the causes of action,
irrespective of whether the
causes of action arose out of
the same or different
transactions;
(2) Exclusive original
jurisdiction over cases of
forcible entry and unlawful
detainer: Provided, That
when, in such cases, the
defendant raises the
question of ownership in his
pleadings and the question
of possession cannot be
resolved without deciding
the issue of ownership, the

where the assessed value of


the property involved
exceeds Twenty thousand
pesos (P20,000.00) or for
civil actions in Metro Manila,
where such the value
exceeds Fifty thousand
pesos (50,000.00) except
actions for forcible entry into
and unlawful detainer of
lands or buildings, original
jurisdiction over which is
conferred upon Metropolitan
Trial Courts, Municipal Trial
Courts, and Municipal Circuit
Trial Courts;
(3) In all actions in admiralty
and maritime jurisdiction
where he demand or claim
exceeds One hundred
thousand pesos
(P100,000.00) or , in Metro
Manila, where such demand
or claim exceeds Two
hundred thousand pesos
(200,000.00);
(4) In all matters of probate,
both testate and intestate,
where the gross value of the
estate exceeds One
hundred thousand pesos
(P100,000.00) or, in probate
matters in Metro Manila,
where such gross value
exceeds Two hundred
thousand pesos
(200,000.00);
(5) In all actions involving
the contract of marriage and
marital relations;

Bureau of Labor Relations


Sec. 9 (2), B.P. 129- Actions for
Annulment of RTC judgment
:
The court of Appeals shall have the
power to try cases and conduct
hearings, receive evidence and
perform any and all acts necessary
to resolve factual issues raised in
cases falling within its original and
appellate jurisdiction, including the
power to grant and conduct new
trials or Appeals must be
continuous and must be completed
within three (3) months, unless
extended by the Chief Justice. (as
amended by R.A. No. 7902.)

entries in the Muslim


Registries mentioned in Title
VI of Book Two of this Code;
(d) All actions arising from
customary contracts in which
the parties are Muslims, if
they have not specified
which law shall govern their
relations; and
(e) All petitions for
mandamus, prohibition,
injunction, certiorari, habeas
corpus, and all other
auxiliary writs and processes
in aid of its appellate
jurisdiction.
(2) Concurrently with
existing civil courts, the
Shari'a District Court shall
have original jurisdiction
over:
(a) Petitions by Muslims for
the constitution of a family
home, change of name and
commitment of an insane
person to an asylum;
(b) All other personal and
real actions not mentioned in
paragraph 1 (d) wherein the
parties involved are Muslims
except those for forcible
entry and unlawful detainer,
which shall fall under the
exclusive original jurisdiction
of the Municipal Circuit
Court; and
(c) All special civil actions for

issue of ownership shall be


resolved only to determine
the issue of possession.
(3) Exclusive original
jurisdiction in all civil actions
which involve title to, or
possession of, real property,
or any interest therein where
the assessed value of the
property or interest therein
does not exceed Twenty
thousand pesos
(P20,000.00) or, in civil
actions in Metro Manila,
where such assessed value
does not exceed Fifty
thousand pesos
(P50,000.00) exclusive of
interest, damages of
whatever kind, attorney's
fees, litigation expenses and
costs: Provided, That value
of such property shall be
determined by the assessed
value of the adjacent lots.

(6) In all cases not within the


exclusive jurisdiction of any
court, tribunal, person or
body exercising jurisdiction
or any court, tribunal, person
or body exercising judicial or
quasi-judicial functions;
(7) In all civil actions and
special proceedings falling
within the exclusive original
jurisdiction of a Juvenile and
Domestic Relations Court
and of the Courts of Agrarian
Relations as now provided
by law; and
(8) In all other cases in
which the demand, exclusive
of interest, damages of
whatever kind, attorney's
fees, litigation expenses,
and costs or the value of the
property in controversy
exceeds One hundred
thousand pesos
(100,000.00) or, in such
other abovementioned items
exceeds Two hundred
thousand pesos
(200,000.00).
RA NO 8799, Securities
Regulation Code
SEC. 5(5.2)
Powers and Functions of the
Commission:

The Commissions
jurisdiction over all cases
enumerated under Section
5 of Presidential Decree
No. 902-A is hereby
transferred to the Courts of

interpleader or declaratory
relief wherein the parties are
Muslims or the property
involved belongs exclusively
to Muslims.
Settlement of Estate of
Deceased Muslims

general jurisdiction or the


appropriate Regional Trial
Court: Provided, that the
Supreme Court in the
exercise of its authority may
designate the Regional Trial
Court branches that shall
exercise jurisdiction over
these cases. The
Commission shall retain
jurisdiction over pending
cases involving intracorporate disputes
submitted for final resolution
which should be resolved
within one (1) year from the
enactment of this Code. The
Commission shall retain
jurisdiction over pending
suspension of
payments/rehabilitation
cases filed as of 30 June
2000 until finally disposed.
Section 5 of Presidential
Decree No. 902-A :
In addition to the regulatory
and adjudicative functions of
the Securities and Exchange
Commission over
corporations, partnerships
and other forms of
associations registered with
it as expressly granted
under existing laws and
decrees, it shall have
original and exclusive
jurisdiction to hear and
decide cases involving.
(a) Devices or schemes
employed by or any acts, of
the board of directors,

business associates, its


officers or partnership,
amounting to fraud and
misrepresentation which
may be detrimental to the
interest of the public and/or
of the stockholder, partners,
members of associations or
organizations registered with
the Commission;
(b) Controversies arising out
of intra-corporate or
partnership relations,
between and among
stockholders, members, or
associates; between any or
all of them and the
corporation, partnership or
association of which they
are stockholders, members
or associates, respectively;
and between such
corporation, partnership or
association and the state
insofar as it concerns their
individual franchise or right
to exist as such entity; and
(c) Controversies in the
election or appointments of
directors, trustees, officers
or managers of such
corporations, partnerships or
associations.

Concurrent/Confluent/Coordinate

As Special Agrarian Court


in the determination of
just compensation
Civil actions involving
ambassadors, public
ministers, consuls
Cases on the

Civil actions involving


ambassadors, public
ministers, consuls
Cases on the

constitutionality of treaty,
international or executive
agreement, law, presidential
decree, proclamation, order,
instruction (Sec. 5, 2, Art.
VIII, 1987 Constitution)

constitutionality of treaty,
international or executive
agreement, law, presidential
decree, proclamation, order,
instruction (Sec. 5, 2, Art.
VIII, 1987 Constitution)

1987 Constitution:
Section 5. The Supreme
Court shall have the
following powers:

1987 Constitution:
Section 5. The Supreme
Court shall have the
following powers:

(2) Review, revise, reverse,


modify, or affirm on appeal
or certiorari, as the law or
the Rules of Court may
provide, final judgments and
orders of lower courts in:

(2) Review, revise, reverse,


modify, or affirm on appeal
or certiorari, as the law or
the Rules of Court may
provide, final judgments and
orders of lower courts in:
(a) All cases in which the
constitutionality or validity of
any treaty, international or
executive agreement, law,
presidential decree,
proclamation, order,
instruction, ordinance, or
regulation is in question.
(b) All cases involving the
legality of any tax, impost,
assessment, or toll, or any
penalty imposed in relation
thereto.
(c) All cases in which the
jurisdiction of any lower
court is in issue.
(d) All criminal cases in
which the penalty imposed
is reclusion perpetua or
higher.
(e) All cases in which only
an error or question of law is
involved.

(a) All cases in which the


constitutionality or validity of
any treaty, international or
executive agreement, law,
presidential decree,
proclamation, order,
instruction, ordinance, or
regulation is in question.
(b) All cases involving the
legality of any tax, impost,
assessment, or toll, or any
penalty imposed in relation
thereto.
(c) All cases in which the
jurisdiction of any lower
court is in issue.
(d) All criminal cases in
which the penalty imposed
is reclusion perpetua or
higher.
(e) All cases in which only
an error or question of law is
involved.

(3) Assign temporarily

(3) Assign temporarily


judges of lower courts to
other stations as public
interest may require. Such
temporary assignment shall
not exceed six months
without the consent of the
judge concerned.

judges of lower courts to


other stations as public
interest may require. Such
temporary assignment shall
not exceed six months
without the consent of the
judge concerned.
(4) Order a change of venue
or place of trial to avoid a
miscarriage of justice.

(4) Order a change of venue


or place of trial to avoid a
miscarriage of justice.

(5) Promulgate rules


concerning the protection
and enforcement of
constitutional rights,
pleading, practice, and
procedure in all courts, the
admission to the practice of
law, the integrated bar, and
legal assistance to the
underprivileged. Such rules
shall provide a simplified
and inexpensive procedure
for the speedy disposition of
cases, shall be uniform for
all courts of the same grade,
and shall not diminish,
increase, or modify
substantive rights. Rules of
procedure of special courts
and quasi-judicial bodies
shall remain effective unless
disapproved by the Supreme
Court.

(5) Promulgate rules


concerning the protection
and enforcement of
constitutional rights,
pleading, practice, and
procedure in all courts, the
admission to the practice of
law, the integrated bar, and
legal assistance to the
underprivileged. Such rules
shall provide a simplified
and inexpensive procedure
for the speedy disposition of
cases, shall be uniform for
all courts of the same grade,
and shall not diminish,
increase, or modify
substantive rights. Rules of
procedure of special courts
and quasi-judicial bodies
shall remain effective unless
disapproved by the Supreme
Court.
(6) Appoint all officials and
employees of the Judiciary
in accordance with the Civil
Service Law.
Petitions for Certiorari,
Prohibition, Mandamus, Quo

(6) Appoint all officials and


employees of the Judiciary
in accordance with the Civil
Service Law.
Petitions for Certiorari, Prohibition,
Mandamus, Quo Warranto, Habeas

Petitions for Certiorari,


Prohibition, Mandamus, Quo

Warranto, Habeas Corpus,


writs of Amparo, Habeas
Data, Kalikasan, injunctions

Corpus, writs of Amparo, Habeas


Data, Kalikasan, injunctions

Warranto, Habeas Corpus,


writs of Amparo, Habeas
Data, Kalikasan, injunctions