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Abaqus

CAE (ver. 6.12) Impact tutorial



Problem Description

Analuminumpartisdroppedontoarigidsurface.Theobjectiveistoinvestigatethestressanddeformationsduring
theimpact.

2013 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

Analysis Steps
1. StartAbaqusandchoosetocreateanewmodeldatabase
2. InthemodeltreedoubleclickonthePartsnode(orrightclickonpartsandselectCreate)

3. IntheCreatePartdialogbox(shownabove)namethepartBracket
a. Select3D
b. SelectDeformable
c. SelectSolid
d. Setapproximatesize=200
e. ClickContinue
4. Createthegeometryshownbelow(notdiscussedhere).Dimensionsareinmillimeters.
a. Extrudetheshapetoadepthof20.

2013 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

5. IntheCreatePartdialogbox(shownabove)namethepartRigid
a. Select3D
b. SelectAnalyticalrigid
c. Setapproximatesize=200
d. ClickContinue
6. Createthegeometryshownbelow(notdiscussedhere).Dimensionsareinmillimeters.

a. Settheextrusiondepthto200mm.

7. Createadatumpointatthecenteroftheplate(midwaybetweendiagonalpoints).

8. FromthemenubarselectToolsReferencePoint

2013 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

a. Selectthedatumpointjustcreated.
b. Thereferencepointwillbecreatedas
shown.

9. Createasurfaceontherigidplate.
a. ClickontheToolsSurfaceCreate
b. Selecttherigidplate.
c. Youwillbepromptedtopickasideforinternalfaces.Pickthecolorthatis
likelycandidateastheimpactsurface.Inthisexample,Brownhasbeenselected.

10. DoubleclickontheMaterialsnodeinthemodeltree

a. NamethenewmaterialAluminumandgiveitadescription
b. ClickontheMechanicaltabElasticityElastic
c. DefineYoungsModulusandthePoissonsRatio(useSI(mm)units)
i. Youngsmodulus=70e3,Poissonsratio=0.33
d. Sincethisisanexplicitmodel,materialdensitymustalsobedefined
e. ClickontheGeneraltabDensity
i. Density=2.6e6
f. ClickOK

2013 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

11. DoubleclickontheSectionsnodeinthemodeltree
a. Namethesectionbracket_secandselectSolidforthecategoryandHomogeneousforthetype
b. ClickContinue
c. Selectthematerialcreatedabove(Aluminum)andClickOK

12. ExpandthePartsnodeinthemodeltree,expandthenodeofthepartBracket,anddoubleclickon
SectionAssignments
a. SelecttheentiregeometryintheviewportandpressDoneinthepromptarea
b. Selectthesectioncreatedabove(bracket_sec)
c. ClickOK

2013 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

13. ExpandtheAssemblynodeinthemodeltreeandthendoubleclickonInstances
a. SelectDependentfortheinstancetype
b. Selecttheparts:Bracketandrigid
c. SelectAutooffsetfromotherinstances
d. ClickOK

14. Now,rotatethebracketsothattheimpactwilloccuratthelowerrightcorner.Thiswillba
accomplishedbyrotatingtheobjectfirstwithrespecttothezaxisfollowedbyrotationaboutxaxis.
a. SelectRotateInstanceicon.
b. SelecttheBracket
c. Acceptthedefaultvaluesofstartingpoint(0,0,0)bypressingEnter
d. Enter(0,0,1)fortheendpointofrotationaxis.
e. Enter15(degrees)forAngleofRotation.
Theassemblyshouldlooksimilartothescreenshot
below.Besuretoconfirmthefinalrotatedposition
byclickingonOKatthepromptregion!

15. Now,rotatethebracketaboutthexaxis.
a. SelectRotateInstanceicon.
b. SelecttheBracket
c. Acceptthedefaultvaluesofstartingpoint(0,0,0)bypressingEnter
d. Enter(1,0,0)fortheendpointofrotationaxis.
e. Enter15(degrees)forAngleofRotation.Besuretoconfirmthefinalrotatedpositionby
clickingonOKatthepromptregion!

2013 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

Theassemblyshouldlooksimilartothescreenshotbelow.

16. InthetoolboxareaclickontheTranslateInstanceicon
a. SelecttheBracketgeometry,clickDone
b. Selectthebottomcornerofthebracketasshown.
c. SelectthereferencepointontheRigidmemberastheendpoint.
d.

ClickOk

e. Thecompletedassemblyshouldnowlooklikeisshownbelow.

2013 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

17. DoubleclickontheStepsnodeinthemodeltree
a. Namethestep,settheproceduretoGeneral,selectDynamic,
Explicit,andclickContinue
b. OntheEditSteppageundertheBasictab,setthetime
periodto0.02seconds.

18. DoubleclickontheBCsnodeinthemodeltree
a. Nametheboundaryconditionfix_rigid_plateandselect
Symmetry/Antisymmetry/Encastreforthetype.
b. SelectthereferencepointonthebracketgeometryandclickDone
c. SelectENCASTREfortheboundaryconditionandclickOK

19. OpenFieldOutputRequestsnodeinthemodeltree
a. DoubleclickontheFOutput1.
b. ChangethevalueofIntervalto100.Thisallowsfor
capturingofmoreoutputincrementssothatimpact
canbebettervisualized.
c. YoumaywishtoalsochangetheHistoryoutput
Requeststoallowforbetterresolutionofhistory
outputplots.

2013 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

20. SelecttheCreatePredefinedFieldiconundertheLoadmodule.
a. Namethepredefinedfield.
b. PullldownInitialstepundertheStepselection(seefigure).
c. SettheCategorytoMechanicalandbesureVelocityisselected.
d. Notethepromptregionasksyoutoselecttheregions.

e. Rotatetheimageonthescreensothatthebracketcanbehighlighted.Be
suretherigidplateisnotselected!

f. ClickDoneinthepromptregion.
g. Whenprompted,Enter500[mm/s]intheV2fieldoftheEditPredefinedFieldwindow.The
velocityvectorsshouldnowbedisplayedonthescreen.

2013 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

21. DoubleclickontheInteractionPropertiesnodeinthemodeltree
a. NametheinteractionpropertiesandselectContactforthetype,clickContinue

b. OntheMechanicaltabSelectTangentialBehavior
i. SetthefrictionformulationtoPenalty
ii. SetFrictionCoefficientto0.5
c. OntheMechanicaltabSelectNormalBehavior
d. Acceptdefaults,
ClickOK

22. DoubleclickontheInteractionsnodeinthemodeltree
a. Nametheinteraction,selectGeneralContact(Explicit)
(Explicit)andclickContinue
b. SelectAll*withselfontheEditInteractionsWindow.
c. Besuretoassigntheappropriateinteractionpropertyunder
GlobalPropertyassignmentintheContactPropertiestabof
thewindow.
d. Changethecontactinteractionpropertiestotheonecreated
above(ifnotalreadydone)
e. ClickOK

2013 Hormoz Zareh

10

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

23. OpentheFieldOuput1andchangetheIntervalfortheoutputrequestto100.

24. InthemodeltreedoubleclickonMeshfortheBracketpart,orusetheModulesectionoftheiconpanelas
shown.
a. SelectExplicitforelementtype
b. SelectQuadraticforgeometricorder
c. Select3DStressforfamily
d. SelectTettabandbesuretheelementisC3D10M
e. SelectOK

YoumaychecktheMeshControltobesureonlyTETelements
arebeingusedinmeshing.
25. InthetoolboxareaclickontheSeedParticon
a. UnderSizingControlssetApproximateglobalsizeto2,ClickOK

26. InthetoolboxareaclickontheMeshParticon

2013 Hormoz Zareh

11

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

a. ClickYes

Caution:Themeshwillexceedtheabilityofstudentversionofthe
softwaretosolve.YouneedtouseeitherAcademicversionorthe
Researchversiontobeabletorunthejob.
27. InthemodeltreedoubleclickontheJobnode
a. Namethejob
b. Givethejobadescription,clickContinue
c. Acceptdefaults,clickOK

28. InthemodeltreerightclickonthejobjustcreatedandselectSubmit
a. WhileAbaqusissolvingtheproblemrightclickonthejobsubmitted,andselectMonitor
b. IntheMonitorwindowcheckthattherearenoerrorsorwarnings
i. Ifthereareerrors,investigatethecause(s)beforeresolving
ii. Iftherearewarnings,determineifthewarningsarerelevant,somewarningscanbesafely
ignored.Anexampleisinformationwarningmessagebelow:

Theoption*boundary,type=displacementhasbeenused;checkstatusfilebetweenstepsforwarnings
onanyjumpsprescribedacrossthestepsindisplacementvaluesoftranslationaldof.Forrotationaldof
makesurethattherearenosuchjumps.Alljumpsindisplacementsacrossstepsareignored

2013 Hormoz Zareh

12

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

29. Inthemodeltreerightclickonthesubmittedandsuccessfullycompletedjob,andselectResults
30.
31. Toseetheeffectofimpact,youcaneitheranimatethedeformedshape,orstepthrougheachtimestepof
thesolution.Herethestepbystepmethodisdiscussed.
a. Inthetoolboxareaclickonthefollowingicons
i. PlotContoursonDeformedShape
ii. SwitchtotheFirststepofthesolution.
iii. ClickontheNextstep.
iv. Repeatafewtimesandobservethechangeinthestresscontours,and
alsobesurethecontactdoesnotextendintotherigidsurface.Youallalsonoticethatthe
Bracketwillstarttoseparatefromtherigidplate!

2013 Hormoz Zareh

13

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

32. Youmayalsowishtoseethebehaviorofthesystemenergy,specificallymakingsuretheartificialstrain
energyisnotasubstantialpercentageoftheoverall(Internal)energyofthesystem.
a. ClickontheCreateXYDataicon.
b. BesuretheSourceisODB
Historyoutputthenclick
Continue
c. HoldtheCTRLkeyandselectthe
energytermsyouwishtoplot.IN
theexample
belowInternalandArtificalenergy
termshave
beenselected.

YoullnotethatArtificialEnergyisaverysmallportionoftheoverallInternalEnergy,thusthemodel
seemstobevalid,atleastfromthestandpointofelementbehaviorandpossibilityoferrorsdueto
meshing.

2013 Hormoz Zareh

14

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering