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992G Wheel Loader AZX00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY 3508B Engine(SEBP4013 - 47) - Documentation

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Product: WHEEL LOADER
Model: 992G WHEEL LOADER AZX
Configuration: 992G Wheel Loader AZX00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY
3508B Engine

Troubleshooting
992G Wheel Loader and 854G
Wheel Dozer Power Train
Media Number -SENR1347-08

Publication Date -01/07/2012

Date Updated -24/07/2012

i02775019

Torque Converter Troubleshooting


SMCS - 3101-035

992G Wheel Loader AZX00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY 3508B Engine(SEBP4013 - 47) - Documentation

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Illustration 1
Schematic for the transmission hydraulic control
(1) Number 2 clutch solenoid
(2) Number 3 clutch solenoid
(3) Priority valve
(4) Number 1 clutch solenoid
(5) Number 5 clutch solenoid

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(6) Number 4 clutch solenoid


(7) Flow control orifice
(8) Lockup clutch solenoid valve (if equipped)
(9) Impeller clutch solenoid valve
(10) Slug
(11) Torque converter inlet ratio valve
(12) Slug
(13) Modulating relief valve
(14) Direction selection spool
(15) Torque converter
(16) Lockup clutch (if equipped)
(17) Impeller clutch
(18) Selector spool for first speed and for third speed
(19) Pressure differential valve
(20) Load piston
(21) Flow control orifice
(22) Selector spool for second speed
(23) Transmission oil filter
(24) Transmission oil filter
(25) Flow control orifice
(26) Oil pump
(27) Torque converter outlet relief valve
(28) Oil cooler
(29) Magnetic Screen
(30) Lubrication passage for transmission
(31) Reservoir
(32) Reservoir
(A) Oil pump output pressure tap
(B) Pump pressure tap
(C) Pressure tap for lockup clutch (if equipped)
(D) Inlet pressure tap for the torque converter P3
(E) Speed clutch pressure tap P1
(F) Pressure tap for impeller clutch
(G) Direction clutch pressure tap P2
(H) Pump pressure tap

992G Wheel Loader AZX00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY 3508B Engine(SEBP4013 - 47) - Documentation

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(I) Torque converter outlet pressure tap


(J) Transmission lubrication pressure tap

Personal injury or death can result from sudden machine movement.


Sudden movement of the machine can cause injury to persons on or
near the machine.
To prevent injury or death, make sure that the area around the machine
is clear of personnel and obstructions before operating the machine.

Personal injury can result from hydraulic oil pressure and hot oil.
Hydraulic oil pressure can remain in the hydraulic system after the
engine has been stopped. Serious injury can be caused if this pressure is
not released before any service is done on the hydraulic system.
Make sure all of the attachments have been lowered, oil is cool before
removing any components or lines. Remove the oil filler cap only when
the engine is stopped, and the filler cap is cool enough to touch with
your bare hand.

Escaping fluid under pressure, even a pinhole size leak, can penetrate
body tissue, causing serious injury, and possible death. If fluid is
injected into your skin, it must be treated immediately by a doctor
familiar with this type of injury.
Always use a board or cardboard when checking for a leak.

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.
Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Dealer Service

992G Wheel Loader AZX00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY 3508B Engine(SEBP4013 - 47) - Documentation

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Tool Catalog" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.
Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Operational Checks
Note: Operate the machine in each direction and in all speeds. Note the noises that are not normal and
find the sources of the noises. If the machine is not operating correctly, refer to the "Troubleshooting
Problem List" below.

Troubleshooting Problem List


Torque converter pressure is high.
Torque converter pressure is low.
The torque converter overheats.
The torque converter does not respond correctly for the left service brake pedal.
The lockup clutch does not engage.
The lockup clutch engages intermittently.
The impeller clutch does not engage.

Troubleshooting
Note: In the following section, when components are referenced with a number, refer to the schematic in
1.
Use the built-in electrical diagnostics that are performed with the Vital Information Management System
(VIMS) or Vital Information Display System (VIDS) and with the electronic control module in order to
determine the service codes for the power train electronic control module.
Note: This machine is equipped with a power train electronic control. The power train electronic control
has built-in system diagnostics that detect faults in the electronic system of the power train.
ReferenceFor additional information on the operation of the power train electronic control module
(ECM) and troubleshooting the power train ECM, refer to the Service Manual module for Systems
Operation, Testing and Adjusting, "Power Train Electronic Control System" for the machine that is being
serviced.
ReferenceFor additional information on troubleshooting the power train electronic control module
(ECM), refer to the Service Manual Module Systems Operation, Testing and Adjusting, SENR6059,
"Vital Information Management System (VIMS)" or Systems Operation, Testing and Adjusting,
RENR6318, "Vital Information Management System (VIMS)" for VIMS diagnostic procedures.
ReferenceFor additional information on troubleshooting the power train electronic control module
(ECM), refer to the Service Manual Module Service Manual, SENR1371, "Vital Information Display

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System (VIDS)" for VIDS diagnostic procedures.

Probable Causes of Problems in the Torque Converter


Torque converter pressure is high
Probable causes
1. There is a restriction inside the torque converter.
2. There is a restriction in an oil passage or in the oil cooler.
3. Torque converter inlet ratio valve (11) is stuck in the closed position.

Torque converter pressure is low


Probable causes
1. Torque converter inlet ratio valve (11) is stuck in the open position.
2. Adjustment of torque converter outlet relief valve (27) is not correct.
3. The valve spool in torque converter outlet relief valve (27) does not move.
4. Pump flow or oil pressure is low. This may be caused by any of the following conditions:
a. The oil level is low.
b. There is a restriction in the oil flow circuit or a dirty oil strainer.
c. Oil pump failure.
d. Air leaks on the inlet side of the pump.
e. Leakage inside the transmission (worn seals around the clutch piston)
f. Modulating relief valve (13) is stuck open.

The torque converter overheats


Probable causes
1. The machine is being used for the wrong application. There is too much torque converter slip,
which is caused by too much load.
2. Incorrect transmission gear is being used for the load that is on the machine. Shift to a lower gear.
3. The oil level in the transfer gear case is incorrectly high or low.
4. The coolant level in the engine radiator is low.
5. The oil cooler or oil lines are restricted.

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6. Oil flow through the torque converter is too low. This may be caused by any of the following
conditions:
a. The torque converter inlet ratio valve (11) is bypassing too much oil flow.
b. Pump flow or oil pressure is low. Refer to the Problem: Torque converter pressure is low.

The torque converter does not respond correctly to the left service brake pedal
Probable causes
1. The torque converter is in the mode for reduced rimpull (if equipped). This changes the response of
the left service brake pedal.
2. The sensor for the left service brake pedal is calibrated incorrectly.
3. The left service brake pedal position sensor is faulty.
4. The impeller clutch solenoid or the impeller clutch solenoid valve is faulty.
5. There is a problem in the electrical circuit.

The lockup clutch does not engage


Probable causes
1. The on/off switch for the lockup clutch is not in the ON position.
2. The on/off switch for the lockup clutch is faulty.
3. The lockup clutch solenoid or the lockup clutch solenoid valve is faulty.
4. There is a problem in the electrical circuit.

The lockup clutch engages intermittently.


Probable causes
1. Erratic signals from the engine speed sensor or the torque converter speed sensor can cause the
lockup clutch in the torque converter to cycle on and off when the lockup clutch is enabled.

The impeller clutch does not engage


Probable causes
1. The impeller clutch solenoid or the impeller clutch solenoid valve is faulty.
2. There is a problem in the electrical circuit.

Troubleshooting the Calibration of the Impeller Clutch

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The calibration of the impeller clutch can generate error messages if a problem is encountered during
calibration. The following information is used to aid in troubleshooting the problem that was based on the
error message.
Table 1
Troubleshooting Information for the Calibration of the Impeller Clutch
Error Message

Torque converter output


speed is low.

Probable Causes
Engine speed is too
low.

Use the throttle lock to set the engine speed


above the following minimum values:
2050 rpm ( 988G, 834G, 836G)
1650 rpm (992G,994D,854G)

Speed sensor problem

Check for fault codes on the torque converter


output speed sensor.
Check the sensor connector.
Adjust or replace the sensor, if necessary.

Check valve function.


Check the connector.
Impeller clutch pressure
Check ECM output.
is too low.
Check the converter for excessive leakage in the
circuit for the impeller clutch.
Damaged impeller
clutch

Check transmission screens.


Inspect the impeller clutch.

Excessive drag in
transmission

Check transmission screens.


Inspect the impeller clutch.

Speed sensor problem


Torque converter output
speed is high.
Engine speed is too
high.
Speed sensor problem

The speed change of the


torque converter is in the
low range.

Possible Corrective Actions

Check for fault codes on the torque converter


output speed sensor.
Check the sensor connector.
Adjust or replace the sensor, if necessary.
Adjust the engine high idle speed.
Check for fault codes on the torque converter
output speed sensor
Check the sensor connector.
Adjust or replace the sensor, if necessary.

Check valve function.


Check the solenoid connector.
Impeller clutch pressure
Check ECM output.
is too low.
Check the converter for excessive leakage in the
circuit for the impeller clutch.

Drag in the lockup


clutch.

Check for residual pressure in the circuit for the


lockup clutch.
Check the screens in the transmission for
material from the clutch.

992G Wheel Loader AZX00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY 3508B Engine(SEBP4013 - 47) - Documentation

Inspect the lockup clutch for damaged discs or


damaged plates.
If the lockup clutch has new discs, operate the
machine and engage the lockup clutch several
times. Repeat the calibration.
Excessive drag in the
transmission

Holding pressure is too


high.

Check valve function.


Check the solenoid connector.
Check the ECM output.
Check the converter for excessive leakage in the
Impeller clutch pressure
circuit of the impeller clutch.
is out of tolerance.
Check for high torque converter inlet pressures
and outlet pressures.
Check the PTO system which is downstream of
the converter for restrictions.

Holding pressure is too


low.

Check valve function.


Impeller clutch pressure
Check the solenoid connector.
is out of tolerance.
Check ECM output.

Holding pressure
inconsistent

Check valve function.


Check the solenoid connector.
Impeller clutch pressure
Check ECM output.
is not responding
Check the converter for excessive leakage in the
properly.
circuit of the impeller clutch.
Check the transmission screens for debris.

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Check the screens in the transmission for


material from the clutch.
Inspect the transmission for warped direction
clutches or damaged direction clutches.

Fri May 09 2014 10:26:59 GMT+0700 (SE Asia Standard Time)


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