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This is physics lab report about an experiment of the Conservation of Mechanical Energy.
Here in this project we are going to make and experiment with an air track system, representing the conservation of linear momentum in inelastic collisions, we are going to get results and see how the momentum in both before and after the collision is the same.

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Physics

Monterrey, Nuevo Len, Mxico

Experiment 7

Collisions

Great minds discuss ideas; overage minds discuss events; small minds discuss people.

Anonymonus

INTRODUCTION

A collision is an isolated event in which two or more moving bodies (colliding bodies)

exert forces on each other for a relatively short time. A perfectly elastic collision is defined

as one in which there is no loss of kinetic energy in the collision. An inelastic collision is

one in which part of the kinetic energy is changed to some other form of energy in the

collision. In a perfectly inelastic collision, a zero coefficient of restitution, the colliding

particles stick together. Impulse (J) is defined as the cumulative effect of a force

throughout a time interval. Momentum is defined (in a non-relativistic sense) as p = m*v,

where p is the momentum vector, m is mass, and v is the velocity vector. Change in

momentum is in where the momentum change.

Here in this project we are going to make and experiment with an air track system,

representing the conservation of linear momentum in inelastic collisions, we are going to

get results and see how the momentum in both before and after the collision is the same.

HYPOTHESIS: The momentum will be the same before and after the collision.

OBJECTIVE: To prove experimentally the law of conservations of linear momentum in

ineslastic collisions.

THEORETICAL ANALYSIS:

Isaac Newton defined the product of the objects mass and velocity (mv) as momentum

(p). The total momentum in a system, is the vector sum of quantities of each body

momentum that make a system. The collision among the bodies can be elastic and

inelastic. A collision is elastic when the kinetic energy is conserved and it is inelastic when

kinetic energy is not conserved, in both cases the momentum before the collision is equal

to the momentum after the collision. Experimentally is observed when a collision occur,

total momentum of a system do not vary, it is a principle of conservation of momentum

and it is a constant rule of nature.

MATERIAL:

1 air pump

1 Spark generator

2Gliders, one with spark electrode

1 Spark ruler

1 Rubber band

1 Millimeter paper

1 Ruler

1 Masking tape

1 piece of threat

PROCEDURE:

1. Set up the air track system

2. Place the piece of recorder paper on spark ruler. Connect the sparks generator

to air track system.

3. Place a glider (know mass) on the track with spark electrode, with the hands

adjust one end at a distance of 0.5 cm from recorder paper and the other end

to the threat located along the rail.

4. With a pencil attach the glider to the metal hook

5. Turn on the pump air and sparks generator, choose appropriated frequency.

6. Prepare the glider and press the sparks generator button in order to take the

second point as a reference.

7. Release the glider by removing the pencil and release the rubber band used as

launched system and record. Before the glider reaches the end of air track

system, stop the recording.

8. Measure the distance between reference poin of record and each point

marked. With the values obtaines make a data table.

Observations:

Trial

m1(g)

145.19 g

m*vf

Vo= 24.75/.9=27.4

Vf=54.1/2.5=21.64

x1 (cm)

5.5

11

16.6

22.2

27.8

33.2

38.7

43

Avx1 24.75

t1(s)

.2

.4

.6

.8

1

1.2

1.4

1.6

Avt1=.9

m2 (g)

136.68g

vf = Avx2/ Avt2

x2 (cm)

45.6

47.9

50.4

53

55.3

57.9

60.2

62.5

Avx2=54.1

t2 (s)

1.8

2

2.2

2.4

2.6

2.8

3

3.2

Avt2 =2.5

po =m*vo

pf =

po= (145.19*27.4)=3978.20

pf=(136.68*21.64)=2957.75

Results

Are po and pf equal? Yes or no, explain.

No, because the masses where different, so they act different and the

results where not exact, we estimated the measures so we dont get

closer to the corret answer.

1.-Calculate the toalt change in the momentum. What can you deduce

from the result?.

A.- it was like 1020.45 and it change a lot.

Discussion

During this lab practice that we realized how the momentum of a is the

same before and after the collision. We make the experiment and we

get the data and results in the experiment we can notice that the

masses where different and the measured of the distance traveled

where not exact so it can influence a lot in the results.; we get the

wrong value because we use numbers with decimals and not whole

numbers, so the value was not exact and the mass where different. We

need to make the experiment again using Gliders with the same mass

and a precise ruler.its prove that the momentum before and after

collision is the same, and these experiment was far to prove that,

maybe if we try it again or we use specific values we could get the

same values for both.The hypothesis we have was wrong, or our

results were wrong.

Conclusion

In these experiment we learn how momentum is related in inelastic

collisions and we try prove it by experimenting with it; we also learn

that the estimated values can change the results in some way, so we

need to try to be more precise to get a value correct.And that

sometimes we need help to understand better and do better the things.

References:

Physics 2. Work Book pages: 236-238

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