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TEST REPORT

REPORT NUMBER: 3083303SAT 005 REV1


ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE: February 21, 2008
REVISION DATE: January 5, 2009

EVALUATION CENTER
Intertek Testing Services NA, Inc.
16015 Shady Falls Road
Elmendorf, TX 78112

RENDERED TO
Emmedue S.P.A.
Via Toniolo, 39/b
Z.I. Bellocchi
61032 Fano (PU), Italy
PRODUCT EVALUATED: 4 x 8 and 4 x 14 Single Panel PSM80 Wall
Systems
EVALUATION PROPERTY: ICC AC 15, Section 4.2.2.4, ASTM E 72 - 05,
Section 12 (Compression-Flexural Load)

Report of Testing 4 x 8 and 4 x 14 Single Polystyrene PSM80


wall panels for compliance with the applicable requirements of
the following criteria: ICC AC 15, Acceptance Criteria for
Concrete Floor, Roof and Wall Systems and Concrete Masonry
Wall Systems, under the general guidelines of ASTM E 72 - 05,
Standard Test Methods of Conducting Strength Tests of Panels
for Building Construction

This report is for the exclusive use of Intertek's Client and is provided pursuant to the agreement between Intertek and its Client.
Intertek's responsibility and liability are limited to the terms and conditions of the agreement. Intertek assumes no liability to any
party, other than to the Client in accordance with the agreement, for any loss, expense or damage occasioned by the use of this
report. Only the Client is authorized to copy or distribute this report and then only in its entirety. Any use of the Intertek name or
one of its marks for the sale or advertisement of the tested material, product or service must first be approved in writing by
Intertek. The observations and test results in this report are relevant only to the sample tested. This report by itself does not imply
that the material, product, or service is or has ever been under an Intertek certification program.

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1 Table of Contents
1
2
3

Table of Contents..................................................................................................................2
Introduction ...........................................................................................................................3
Test Samples ........................................................................................................................3
3.1.
Sample Selection ..........................................................................................................3
3.2.
Sample and Assembly Description................................................................................3
4
Testing and Evaluation Methods...........................................................................................5
4.1.
Construction of Wall Assemblies...................................................................................5
4.2.
ICC-AC15 and ASTM E 72-05 Testing Procedures ......................................................8
4.2.1.
ICC-AC15 and ASTM E 72-05 Notes ..................................................................10
5
Testing and Evaluation Results...........................................................................................15
5.1.
Results and Observations ...........................................................................................15
6
Conclusion ..........................................................................................................................17
Appendix A Graphs.....................................................................................................................18
Appendix B Test Data......31
Appendix C Test Photographs.......44
Pre-Test Inspection Report.....49
Instrumentation.........51
References....52
Revision Summary53

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Introduction

Intertek Testing Services NA, Inc. (Intertek) has conducted testing for Emmedue S.P.A on 4 x 8
and 4 x 14 Single Polystyrene PSM80 structural wall panels. The test method consisted of the
compression-flexural load. Emmedue wall systems are based on a series of foam polystyrene
panels and electro-welded steel wire meshes, whose shapes have been specially designed to
apply structural plaster during panel installation (Ref, 1, p. 3). These systems are capable of
multiple applications, such as quick installation and high thermal and sound capabilities (Ref 1,
p. 3). The purpose of these tests was to evaluate compression-flexural load structural
applications according to Section 4.2.2.4 of ICC AC 15, under the general guidelines of ASTM
E 72 - 05, Conducting Strength Tests of Panels for Building Construction. The results of each
test are presented in tabular and graphical form. In total, six specimens were tested under the
above loading configuration to measure the deflection and failure characteristics of each of the
wall systems. This evaluation began December 14, 2007 and was completed December 28,
2007.
NOTE: This test report is only for the compression-flexural tests performed. Refer to report
numbers 3083303SAT - 001, - 002, - 003, - 004, - 006, - 007, and - 008 (designated REV1,
except 008) for the rest of the testing completed for this project.

Test Samples

3.1.

SAMPLE SELECTION

Samples were randomly selected on July 1, 2007 by Intertek representative Matt Lansdowne,
EIT, at the Emmedue S.P.A manufacturing facility, located at Via Toniolo 39/b, Z.I. Bellocchi,
61032 Fano (PU), Italy. Samples were received at Intertek San Antonio on August 28, 2007.
The subject test specimens are traceable samples selected from the manufacturer's facility.
Intertek selected the specimens and has verified the composition, manufacturing techniques
and quality assurance procedures.
Refer to the Pre-Test Inspection Report, dated July 1 2, 2007, located in the Appendix.
3.2.

SAMPLE AND ASSEMBLY DESCRIPTION

The Emmedue Single Panel PSM80 consists of a foam polystyrene core reinforced with a
galvanized steel wire mesh connected on both sides of the foam using corrugated steel bars.
The steel bars and mesh are electro-welded together for strength. There are approximately 82
connectors per square meter of foam surface. Below is a list of specifications of the PSM80
panels (Ref 1, p. 7). The numbers below were converted from metric to inch-pounds from the
Emmedue Operators Handbook.
Galvanized Steel Wire Mesh
1) Longitudinal wires with diameter of 0.121 inches spaced every 2.56 inches
2) Transversal wires with diameter of 0.099 inches spaced every 2.56 inches

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Figure 1: Emmedue Single Panel PSM80 Details (Ref. 1, p.7)

Polystyrene Slab Density:


15 Kg/m3 (0.936 lb/ft3)
Polystyrene Slab Thickness: 4
The Emmedue building system comprises of different wall, floor, and roof arrangements that are
finished on-site using sprayed mortar. Although different techniques exist for spray mortar, the
mortar mix used for this project consisted of Portland Cement, sand, and water. The client
recommends an average quantity of plaster (or mortar) of about 1 inch sprayed per side. These
panels are generally used for buildings of no more than 4 stories high, in seismic areas, for floor
slabs and covering slabs whose spans are 4 m (13.12 ft) at maximum (Ref. 1, p. 7).
For these tests, a mortar mix design was provided in order to meet the required wall structural
plaster specifications. The mortar mixing ratio (by weight) was provided as followed:
Portland Cement:
Sand:
Water:

100 lbs
280 lbs
5.0 gallons

The above numbers were provided by the client during sample construction. As indicated by
the Emmedue Operators Handbook (Ref. 1, p 27), the quantity of water should vary as humidity
and temperature changes are observed. Accordingly, modifications to the mixing ratio were
made as indicated by the weather conditions during mortar spraying. In all cases, the minimum
compressive mortar strength (fc) was 2500 psi at 28 days curing time. These results were
verified by performing mortar cylinder core tests at 7 and 28 days as per ACI 506.2, for each
batch made. Additional mortar cylinder core tests were also performed within 48 hours of the
completion of each set of three full-scale tests, as per AC 15, Section 4.2.2.4.
From the mortar cylinder core testing results obtained, it was found that no mortar core was
lower than 2500 psi at 28 days. Refer to report number 3083303SAT 008 for a complete
listing of all mortar core tests performed.

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4.1.

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Testing and Evaluation Methods


Construction of Wall Assemblies

Six compression-flexural walls were tested and all were constructed in the same manner.
Construction of the 4 x 8 and 4 x 14 walls consisted of the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Single Panel PSM80


1/8 Rebar tie wire
1x10 #1 yellow pine lumber cut down to 6 wide
#8 x 2 wood deck screws
Mortar mixture (Portland Cement, sand, and water)

All of the samples had to be constructed at the Intertek-San Antonio facility. Panel assembly
first consisted of constructing a wooden frame around the perimeter of the PSM80 panel using
#8 x 2 wood deck screws and 1x10 #1 yellow pine lumber joists cut down to 6 wide. The
perimeter frame served two purposes: 1) as a support to assure that each wall was even and
plumb before mortar spraying, and 2) as a guide for applied proper mortar thickness. For the 8
foot walls, the 1/8 rebar tire wire was installed 32 from the top and bottom around the panel
and frame in order to hold the two pieces together. For the 14 foot walls, the rebar tie wire was
installed at 48 from top and bottom. Refer to Figures 2 and 3 for more details.

Figure 2: Finished wood frames with 4 x 8 panels ready for spray mortar application

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Figure 3: Lumber support frame (1x10 cut down to exactly 6 wide)

The walls were then sprayed with a mortar mixture of sand, water, and Portland Cement on
both sides using a plaster sprayer for walls provided by the client. Mortar specifications
included sand particles with less than 0.20 size and a slump of 2, at the appropriate ratio (refer
to Section 3.2, Sample and Assembly Description, for mixing ratio). The three ingredients were
mixed using a concrete mixer. A compressor capable of adjustment was used in order to
assure the client recommended 90 psi application pressure. Two layers of sprayed mortar were
applied to each side until the desired mortar thickness of 1 (+/- ) was achieved. The walls
were then smoothed out as much as possible using mortar trowels or any other straight smooth
device. Refer to Figures 4 through 7 for details.

Figures 4 and 5: Mortar mixing and spraying application on wall assemblies, respectively

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Figure 6: Smoothing out mortar after spraying

Figure 7: Finished 4 x 8 PSM80 wall panels

The walls were allowed to cure for at least 28 days prior to testing. Both compression-flexural
wall configurations (4 x 8 and 4 x 14) tested were equal in construction techniques.

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4.2.

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ICC-AC 15 and ASTM E 72 - 05 Testing Procedures

Compression-Flexural Load Procedure (Uniform Compressive Load with Third-Point


Flexural Load)
All testing was performed according to ICC AC 15, Section 4.2.2.4, under the general
guidelines of ASTM E72 - 05, Section 12 loading procedure. The axial test rig consisted of an
immovable top plate (with rotating capability) and a movable beam which rides on vertical rails.
The axial test setup is capable of accommodating rotation of the test specimen at the top of the
wall due to the out-of-plane deflection with the load applied throughout the duration of the test
with the required eccentricity (Ref. 2, Section 4.4.1). However, for the compression-flexural
tests, the walls were installed into the axial frame with no eccentricity. All walls were centrally
loaded on their vertical axis. Hydraulic cylinders where placed underneath the movable beam.
Load cells were installed between the hydraulic cylinders and the movable beam to accurately
measure the applied loads. The walls were carefully lifted into the test frame with proper care in
order to avoid any damage due to handling. In order to evenly distribute the applied loads, two
pieces of EPDM rubber, 8 wide x 50 long x thick, were installed at the top and bottom of
each wall specimen. The rubber cap and footer accounted for any anomalies in the mortar as
the walls were axially and centrally loaded. The rubber was purchased at the request of the
client.
The flexural modifications of the test rig consisted of a steel rigid frame, specimen supports, a
hydraulic cylinder, and a cylinder support frame. The vertical transverse frame consisted of
positioning the specimen on the rigid axial frame with adjustable support bearings. The
specimen support consisted of two steel I-beams positioned horizontally on the top and bottom
of one side of the specimen. Each of these supports is capable of two-axis adjustments in order
to obtain the proper support span length. Directly touching the specimen was a thick x 3
wide x 72 long steel plate which assured even surface contact between the wall specimen and
the roller bar. A diameter steel rod was placed behind the steel plate to act as a roller
which allows the specimen to roll friction free as the specimen deforms under loaded conditions.
The same is done on the opposing end of the wall specimen. A plate-and-roller setup was
installed underneath the wall in order to allow friction free movement as the specimen is loaded.
Support span lengths were 93.0 inches (8 foot walls) and 165 inches (14 foot walls).
Once the specimen was positioned vertically on the frame, a secondary frame containing the
hydraulic cylinder was rolled into position. The hydraulic cylinder was bolted horizontally to the
support frame for third-point flexural loading. The loading I-beam and the roller bearings were
also attached to the front of the hydraulic cylinder. The purpose of the loading bearings was to
evenly distribute the load through two points under third-point loading conditions. The bearings
were positioned 31 inches apart for the 8 foot walls and 55 inches for the 14 foot walls. These
two loading bearings were of the same specifications as the end reaction bearings. A loading Ibeam was then positioned perpendicular to the loading bearings exactly at the midpoint of the
wall (24 inches in width). Due to time constraints and difficulty in setup, a load cell was not
installed between the loading beam and the wall. Loads were measured using a calibrated
pressure gauge.
Once the flexural support frame was positioned in front of the wall, it was then attached to the
rigid axial frame at four locations to assure that no movement occurred during loading. The wall
was now ready to be instrumented. The deflection measurement gauges consisted of six spring

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loaded 4 low voltage displacement transducers (LVDT) capable of 0.001 inch resolution.
Transducer data is logged and stored via a data acquisition unit. The transducers are
supported using mechanical adjustable arms with a magnetic base that connect to a rigid steel
bar which are attached to cinder blocks. The blocks rest on the concrete floor of the laboratory.
All testing was performed according to Section 4.2.2.4 of ICC AC 15, under the general
guidelines of ASTM E 72 - 05, Section 12 loading procedure. Three linear transducers (with
0.001 inch resolution) were placed centrally along the lateral dimension of the specimen at
opposite sides of the specimen along the short dimension (width) no more than 2 from the
specimen edge. These transducers were installed on the back side of the wall. Four
transducers (LVDT) were placed on each corner of the specimen (front side) at 1 in from the
side and at 1 in from the top and bottom ends to measure any out of plane deflections as it is
loaded. Two linear transducers (with 0.001 in. resolution) where placed on the specimen 2
from the bottom of the wall each on the back side of the specimen as per ASTM E 72, Section
9. These linear transducers where installed such that as the load is applied, the axial
deformation of the specimen is measured. For the 8 ft high walls, the lateral transducers were
installed 4 ft from the top at 21 spacing. For the 14 ft walls, they were installed 7 ft from the top
at 21 spacing.
A pre-load (not to exceed 10% of the ultimate load) was applied to the wall specimen in order to
assure that the wall does not fall out of the frame. This initial preload was only applied for 5
minutes in order to stabilize the wall. After the 5 minutes, the walls were slowly loaded to a
predetermined target load for each set of walls. The load rate was approximately 5000
lbs/minute. The target loads chosen for each set of walls were determined by taking half of the
average of three axial-compression walls (i.e. After testing the 8 foot axial walls, the average
allowable load of the three walls was found to be approximately 93,000 lbs, therefore half of this
load value was used as the constant axial load).
Once the constant axial load is achieved, the flexural pre-load was then applied to wall. The
flexural pre-load for all the walls tested was approximately 1130 lbs, which is the standby
pressure of the hydraulic pump. Once the flexural pre-load is applied, an initial reading is made.
All set load readings are taken at this pre-load reading, which is labeled as the zero mark.
Once this measurement is made, the flexural load is increased slightly which in turn applies a
third-point load to the specimen. This load is applied for 5 minutes during which time deflection
measurements are made as a function of time (as soon as it is practical after initial loading and
at the end of the 5 minute period). After the 5 minute period, the load is decreased to the zero
load (a.k.a. the predetermined pre-load) for 5 minutes during which time deflection
measurements are made as a function of time (as soon as it is practical after initial un-loading,
and at the end of the 5 minute period). The process is repeated in increments of n of initial
load (n = 2, 3, 4,) until a predetermined number of data points is obtain to effectively plot a
load-deflection curve. Once the appropriate number of points is reached, the instruments are
removed and the test specimen is loaded to failure. Refer to Figures 8 through 11 for the
compression-flexural test setup.
NOTE: As the walls were third-point loaded in the lateral direction, the axial-compressive load
was held constant throughout the duration of the test (including loading to ultimate failure).

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Figures 8 and 9: Compression-flexural test setup for 4 x 8 walls (rear and front view). Note the reaction end
bearings at the top and bottom of wall (photo, right)

Figures 10 and 11: Flexural deformation LVDT and EPDM rubber installation on top of roller bearing plate

Refer to Appendix C for compression-flexural test photos.


4.2.1. ICC AC 15 and ASTM E 72 - 05 Notes
These tests were performed in accordance to ICC- AC 15 and under the general guidelines of
ASTM E72 05. As per ICC AC 15, six specimens were tested, using two different
configurations and/or heights. The tested specimens consisted of equal widths (4 feet), equal
thicknesses (6 inches), and two different height configurations (8 feet and 14 feet).

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According to AC 15, Section 4.2.2.4 three mortar cylinder cores shall be tested within 48 hours
of the completion of each set of full-scale tests. This procedure was performed for each set of
constructed walls, in addition to 7 and 28 day mortar cores for each batch of mortar mixed. For
example, if a set of walls required two applications of sprayed mortar on each side, then six
mortar cylinder cores were made for each batch of sprayed mortar (tested at 7 and 28 days for
each batch). The mortar cores were made under the general guidelines of ACI 506.2 95,
Specification for Shotcrete. Under the ACI 506.2 code, Section 1.6.1.1, the preparation of the
shotcrete mortar cylinder core panels was to be made according to ASTM C 1140, Preparing
and Testing Specimens from Shotcrete Test Panels. According to ASTM C 1140, Section 5,
the forms for making shotcrete mortar cores shall be made of wood or steel construction and
sufficiently rigid to prevent dislodging of the shotcrete through vibration or deformation. The
forms were constructed of 1x6 #1 yellow pine lumber, 2x4 #2 yellow pine lumber, plywood,
and #8 x 1 wood deck screws. The interior dimensions of the forms constructed were 24
wide x 24 long x 3 deep, as indicated in Section 5 of ASTM C 1140. One form was
constructed for each time a new batch of mortar was made. From each form, a total of
approximately 25 cores could be made at one time. Refer to Figure 12 for details.

Figure 12: Wooden form for mortar core sampling

Once the wooden form was made, the mortar was sprayed into the form until it covered the
entire 3 depth. The mortar was allowed to settle naturally with no help of any mechanical
means (concrete vibrator, mixing rod, etc.). The top of the form was then smoothed out with a
trowel (or any other suitable straight smoothing device) and was then moved indoors and
allowed to cure for a minimum of 24 hours. Each sprayed form was properly labeled and sealed
using plastic sheathing and shrink wrap to maintain the proper moisture. Refer to Figures 13
through 18 for details.

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Figures 13 and 14: Application of sprayed mortar into wooden forms

Figures 15 and 16: Smoothing of mortar in wooden form

Figures 17 and 18: Mortar form labeling and sealing with plastic sheathing

After a minimum curing time of 24 hours, the forms were transported to an outside core testing
facility and cored for the number of samples indicated. Coring was made using a specialized
coring drill with a diamond bit. Once the samples were cored, they were properly labeled,
measured, weighed, sulfur capped, and stored in a 100% humidity moisture room until tested.
Refer to Figures 19 through 24 for more details.

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Figure 19: Drilling of mortar cores

Figure 20: Mortar cores after drilling

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Figures 21 and 22: Labeling, weighing, and sulfur capping of mortar cores

Figures 23 and 24: Cylinder core testing machine and placement of cores into apparatus

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Testing and Evaluation Results

5.1.

RESULTS AND OBSERVATIONS

Compression-Flexural Test Results


In total, six compression-flexural tests were performed. Below is a list of the test parameters:
Wall lengths:
Wall width:
Nominal wall thickness:
Axial Load beam weight:
Initial pre-load (5 min hold):
Constant axial load:
Axial Load Rate:
Wall offset (eccentricity):
Initial flexural pre-load:
Support Span (L):
End Reaction Bearings:
Load Bearings:

96.0 inches and 168 inches


48.0 inches
6.0 inches (+/- 0.25 inches)
3200 lbs
5000 lbs (8 ft walls) and 2500 lbs (14 ft walls), respectively
Approximately 45000 lbs (for both 8 ft and 14 ft walls)
5000 lbs/min until 45000 lbs was reached ( 9 minutes)
None, walls were centrally loaded along vertical axis
Approx 1130 lbs (stand-by pressure of hydraulic pump)
93 inches (8 foot wall) and 165 inches (14 foot wall)
3.0 inches
3.0 inches

The results obtained for the compression-flexural tests are tabulated as followed:
Specimen
ID

Date
Tested

Age of
Wall
(days)

4X8AT1
4X8AT2
4X8AT3
4X14AT1
4X14AT2
4X14AT3

12/20/07
12/27/07
12/28/07
12/14/07
12/17/07
12/18/07

85
92
93
78
81
82

Ultimate
Flexural
Load
(lbs)
5370
5090
7070
4100
3820
4520

Ultimate
Axial
Load
(lbs)
42910
46100
43020
48750
42590
47020

Flexural
Load
Average
(lbs)

Average
within
15%?

Allowable
Load (lbs)

5843

NO

5090

4147

YES

4147

The Allowable Load for each set of three walls was calculated under the guidelines of AC 15,
Section 4.3, Paragraph 2, which states the following:
The average maximum strength from each set of tests may be the average ultimate value,
provided the ultimate value for each test is within 15 percent of the average. Otherwise, the
lowest ultimate value shall be used.
Refer to Appendix A for Load vs. Deflection curves for all compression-flexural tests.
Compression-flexural testing was performed according to Section 4.2.2.4 of ICC - AC 15, under
the general guidelines of Section 12 of ASTM E 72 - 05.

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The mid-span mean for each wall was calculated by subtracting the average of the outer four
dials from the lateral (middle) dials:
Mid-Span Mean = Average Lateral (Middle) Dials Average Outer Dials
The Stiffness (EI) for each wall was calculated from the maximum deflection equation of a
simply-supported beam under third-point loading conditions. The maximum deflection used in
the calculation was the maximum deflection recorded at the last target load obtained.
Stiffness EI = [23 * P * (L^3)] / (648 * Max Deflection)
Statistical analysis calculations were computed using the linear regression analysis method
included in Microsoft Excel (command LINEST).
A CD copy of all the assembly, setup, and test photos will be provided to the client.

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Conclusion

Intertek Testing Services NA, Inc. (Intertek) has conducted testing for Emmedue S.P.A on 4 x 8
and 4 x 14 Single Polystyrene PSM80 structural wall panels. The test method consisted of the
compression-flexural load. The purpose of these tests was to evaluate compression-flexural
load structural applications according to Section 4.2.2.4 of ICC AC 15, under the general
guidelines of ASTM E 72 - 05, Conducting Strength Tests of Panels for Building Construction.
The results of each test were presented in tabular and graphical form. In total, six specimens
were tested under the above loading configuration to measure the deflection and failure
characteristics of each of the wall systems. This evaluation began December 14, 2007 and was
completed December 28, 2007
The conclusions of this test report may be used as part of the requirements for Intertek product
certification. Authority to Mark must be issued for a product to become certified.

INTERTEK TESTING SERVICES NA, INC

Reported by: _____________________


Victor M. Burgos
Test Engineer

Reviewed by: _____________________


Michael E. Luna, M.S.
General Manager

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APPENDIX A
Graphs

Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.010

0.020

0.040

Axial Load

Axial Set

Deflection (inches)

0.030

Lateral Load vs. Axial Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X8AT1

0.050

0.060

0.070

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Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.100

0.200

Transverse Load

0.400

Transverse Set

Deflection (inches)

0.300

0.500

Load per inch = 5575 (x) + 701

Transverse Load vs. Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X8AT1

0.600

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Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.010

0.020

0.030

Axial Load

0.050

Axial Set

Deflection (inches)

0.040

Lateral Load vs. Axial Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X8AT2

0.060

0.070

0.080

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Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.100

0.200

0.400

Transverse Load

Transverse Set

Deflection (inches)

0.300

0.500

0.600

Load per inch = 4348 (x) + 779

Transverse Load vs. Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X8AT2

0.700

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Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.002

0.004

Axial Load

Axial Set

Deflection (inches)

0.006

0.008

Lateral Load vs. Axial Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X8AT3

0.010

0.012

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Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.050

0.100

0.150

0.250

Transverse Load

0.300

Transverse Set

Deflection (inches)

0.200

0.350

0.400

Load per inch = 7080 (x) + 623

Transverse Load vs. Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X8AT3

0.450

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Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.001

0.001

Axial Load

Axial Set

Deflection (inches)

0.000

NO DATA OBTAINED

Lateral Load vs. Axial Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X14AT1

0.001

0.001

0.001

0.001

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Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.200

0.400

0.800

Transverse Load

Transverse Set

Deflection (inches)

0.600

1.000

1.200

Load per inch = 2507 (x) + 782

Transverse Load vs. Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X14AT1

1.400

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1
1/5/09
Page 26 of 53

Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.050

0.100

Axial Load

Axial Set

Deflection (inches)

0.150

0.200

Lateral Load vs. Axial Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X14AT2

0.250

0.300

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1
1/5/09
Page 27 of 53

Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.500

1.500

Transverse Load

Transverse Set

Deflection (inches)

1.000

2.000

Load per inch = 1227 (x) + 1235

Transverse Load vs. Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X14AT2

2.500

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1
1/5/09
Page 28 of 53

Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.020

0.040

Axial Load

Axial Set

Deflection (inches)

0.060

0.080

Lateral Load vs. Axial Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X14AT3

0.100

0.120

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1
1/5/09
Page 29 of 53

Load (lbs)

1000
0.000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

0.200

0.400

Transverse Load

0.800

Transverse Set

Deflection (inches)

0.600

1.000

Load per inch = 2713 (x) + 723

Transverse Load vs. Deflection


3083303 Emmedue 4X14AT3

1.200

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1
1/5/09
Page 30 of 53

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 31 of 53

APPENDIX B
Test Data

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

Test:
Date:
Client:
Product ID:
Product:
Eng/Tech(s):
Test Method(s):
Axial Load (lbs):
Eccentricity (in):
Cap/Footer info:
Age of Wall:
Load Method:
Bearing Type:

1/5/09
Page 32

Compression - Flexural Load - Specimen Vertical


Project No: 3083303
12/20/2007
Engineer Initials:
Emmedue S.P.A
M2_4X8AT1
Single Polystyrene PSM80 4' x 8' x 6" Axial - Transverse 1 Wall Panel (Nominal 1" mortar on both sides)
V. Burgos, Intertek - San Antonio
ICC-AC 15 - Acceptance Criteria for Concrete Floor, Roof and Wall Systems and Concrete Masonry Wall Systems
Section 4.2.2.4: Wall Flexural-Compression Tests in accordance with the general guidelines of ASTM E 72-05
45000
*Note: Axial Load was held constant throughout test
NONE
8" wide x 50" long x 1/4" EPDM rubber installed as cap and footer for even load distribution
85 days (at test date)
Third-Point Loading (for variation of lateral loads applied to the wall specimen)
3/4 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the end bearings supporting the wall
1 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the third-point loading bearings
For third-point loading of 8 foot walls, bearings were spaced out 31 inches apart
Panel
Length (ft)
8.0

Width (ft)
4.0

Thickness (in)
6.000

(in)
93

Support Span (L)


(ft)
7.750

Outer Corner Lateral Deformations

Axial Deformations

Axial Load
(lbs)

Axial Load
(lbs/ft width)

Measurement
Time

Trans 1
(in.)

Trans 2
(in.)

Trans 3
(in.)

565

10918
11083
11083
11078
11065
11073
11053
11078
11055
11045
11025
11050
11035
11028
11000
11023
11018
10990
10965
11023
11005
10960
10940
11035
11010

immediate
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.003
0.004
0.004
0.004

0.026
0.033
0.034
0.034

0.026
0.032
0.033
0.032

-0.004
-0.004
-0.004
-0.008

0.000
-0.001
-0.001
0.000

-0.038
-0.049
-0.049
-0.049

-0.042
-0.054
-0.054
-0.054

-0.041
-0.053
-0.053
-0.053

0.002
0.002
0.002
0.004

0.054
0.069
0.070
0.069

0.004
0.006
0.005
0.005

0.007
0.007
0.006
0.007

0.069
0.073
0.042
0.040

0.069
0.074
0.042
0.039

-0.009
-0.009
-0.017
-0.021

-0.001
0.000
-0.006
-0.012

-0.104
-0.113
-0.066
-0.061

-0.112
-0.121
-0.072
-0.067

-0.108
-0.116
-0.070
-0.065

0.005
0.005
0.012
0.017

0.145
0.157
0.093
0.087

0.010
0.012
0.008
0.008

0.009
0.009
0.008
0.009

0.098
0.102
0.051
0.045

0.099
0.104
0.054
0.048

-0.021
-0.021
-0.030
-0.032

-0.012
-0.012
-0.017
-0.019

-0.170
-0.181
-0.086
-0.076

-0.179
-0.190
-0.092
-0.081

-0.169
-0.179
-0.089
-0.078

0.017
0.017
0.023
0.026

0.226
0.240
0.119
0.106

0.016
0.018
0.011
0.011

0.012
0.012
0.010
0.010

0.106
0.111
0.047
0.042

0.100
0.106
0.048
0.044

-0.033
-0.033
-0.043
-0.047

-0.019
-0.019
-0.028
-0.031

-0.235
-0.248
-0.102
-0.091

-0.248
-0.262
-0.109
-0.097

-0.239
-0.254
-0.105
-0.093

0.026
0.026
0.035
0.039

0.299
0.316
0.134
0.120

0.024
0.025
0.012
0.012

0.016
0.018
0.010
0.010

0.142
0.151
0.058
0.054

0.137
0.147
0.060
0.056

-0.048
-0.048
-0.059
-0.063

-0.031
-0.031
-0.039
-0.040

-0.306
-0.327
-0.119
-0.108

-0.322
-0.345
-0.126
-0.115

-0.311
-0.333
-0.121
-0.111

0.040
0.040
0.049
0.051

0.393
0.420
0.157
0.144

3535
3535
565
565

43670
44330
44330
44310
44260
44290
44210
44310
44220
44180
44100
44200
44140
44110
44000
44090
44070
43960
43860
44090
44020
43840
43760
44140
44040

-0.386
-0.412
-0.148
-0.132

-0.407
-0.434
-0.157
-0.141

-0.395
-0.421
-0.151
-0.135

0.052
0.052
0.062
0.066

0.498
0.530
0.194
0.176

3820
4100
4380
4520
4800
5090

43610
43610
43560
43540
43490
43430

10903
10903
10890
10885
10873
10858

Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min

1000
1000
565
565
1555
1555
565
565
2120
2120
565
565
2545
2545
565
565
3110
3110
565
565

Trans 4 (in.) Trans 5 (in.)

Trans 6
(in.)

Lateral Midspan Deformations

Lateral Piston
Load (lbs)

0.032
0.021
0.179
0.175
-0.063
-0.041
0.034
0.022
0.187
0.185
-0.063
-0.041
0.018
0.010
0.069
0.074
-0.075
-0.050
0.018
0.010
0.063
0.068
-0.079
-0.053
ULTIMATE FAILURE DATA
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
Pop heard in the first 10 seconds of load target. No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage

Trans 7
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

Comp
Midspan
Mean (in.) Mean (in.)

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 33

Panel Failure
5370

42910

Additional Notes:

Ultimate

10728

Wall failed suddenly. Failure occurred 1:18 seconds into holding load
Horizontal shear failure approx 25 inches from the bottom all along panel width
Shear break was in direction of the applied lateral load
Mortar crusing present at bottom rear of wall (compression side, Transducer 3 and 4 locations)
No other visual damage present

*The lateral (transverse) loads reported are the piston force only
*Axial (compressive) load held constant throughout test
*All axial-transverse walls rested vertically on cylindrical rollers to prevent restrained end conditions. The axes of the rollers were installed parallel to the faces of the wall
*At Load = 1555 lbs, Transducers 3 and 4 showing significant movement. Mortar cracks found at those two locations. Photos taken.
Transducers were not repositioned due to bearing location. Deflections continued to increase throughout test
*Positive numbers indicate transducers extending outward; Negative numbers indicate transducers extending inward
*The wall stiffness (EI) was calculated from the maximum lateral (transverse) deflection equation of a simply supported beam under third-point loading
*Ruben Caputo, representing Emmedue S.P.A, present during test
Axial Compression

Lateral Midspan

Piston Load (lbs)

Deformation
Mean (in.)

Set Mean (in.)

Deformation
Mean (in)

Set Mean
(in.)

1000
1555
2120
2545
3110
3535

0.002
0.005
0.017
0.026
0.040
0.052

0.004
0.017
0.026
0.039
0.051
0.066

0.069
0.157
0.240
0.316
0.420
0.530

0.069
0.087
0.106
0.120
0.144
0.176

Stiffness (Flexural Rigidity) EI (lbs-ft^2)

Load
(lbs-in)
5022.04
3581.83
2861.73
2141.62

Deflection Limit (L/x)


L/
L/
L/
L/

120
180
240
360

2086196
Axial Linear Regression Analysis
47530.427
1191.967
4562.389
135.004
0.964
200.372
108.53224
4
4357474.3 160596.502

Note: Transducers 1 through 4 measured outer corner lateral deflections


Transducers 5 and 6 measured axial deflections on front (compression side)
Transducers 7 through 9 measured midspan lateral deflections
Transducer 1: Outer corner lateral, top left
Transducer 2: Outer corner lateral, top right
Transducer 3: Outer corner lateral, lower left
Transducer 4: Outer corner lateral, lower right
Transducer 5: Axial deformation (compression), lower left
Transducer 6: Axial deformation (compression), lower right
Transducer 7: Midspan left
Transducer 8: Midspan center
Transducer 9: Midspan right

Lateral Linear Regression Analysis


5574.9925 701.4166
263.72825 86.40948
0.9911281 100.1045
446.8639
4
4477987.2 40083.68

Equation of Best Fit Line (based on Lateral Linear Regression Analysis results)
Load (lbs-in) = Defl. (in) x
5574.99
+
701.42

Direction of Constant Axial Load (Non-Eccentric)


TOP FRONT

TOP REAR

Top End Bearing

Direction
of Lateral
Load

6
3

Bottom end bearing

Front View

Rear View

RHS View

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

Test:
Date:
Client:
Product ID:
Product:
Eng/Tech(s):
Test Method(s):
Axial Load (lbs):
Eccentricity (in):
Cap/Footer info:
Age of Wall:
Load Method:
Bearing Type:

1/5/09
Page 34

Compression - Flexural Load - Specimen Vertical


Project No: 3083303
12/27/2007
Engineer Initials:
Emmedue S.P.A
M2_4X8AT2
Singel Polystyrene PSM80 4' x 8' x 6" Axial - Transverse 2 Wall Panel (Nominal 1" mortar on both sides)
V. Burgos, Intertek - San Antonio
ICC-AC 15 - Acceptance Criteria for Concrete Floor, Roof and Wall Systems and Concrete Masonry Wall Systems
Section 4.2.2.4: Wall Flexural-Compression Tests in accordance with the general guidelines of ASTM E 72-05
45000
*Note: Axial Load was held constant throughout test
NONE
8" wide x 50" long x 1/4" EPDM rubber installed as cap and footer for even load distribution
92 days (at test date)
Third-Point Loading (for variation of lateral loads applied to the wall specimen)
3/4 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the end bearings supporting the wall
1 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the third-point loading bearings
For third-point loading of 8 foot walls, bearings were spaced out 31 inches apart
Panel
Length (ft)
8.0

Width (ft)
4.0

Thickness (in)
6.000

(in)
93

Support Span (L)


(ft)
7.750

Outer Corner Lateral Deformations

Axial Deformations

Axial Load
(lbs)

Axial Load
(lbs/ft width)

Measurement
Time

Trans 1
(in.)

Trans 2
(in.)

Trans 3
(in.)

565

11435
11378
11508
11490
11523
11478
11613
11600
11648
11565
11648
11733
11718
11680
11765
11860
11770
11428
11673
11918
11643
11335
11478
11845
11798

immediate
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.005
0.006
0.006
0.007

0.019
0.023
0.023
0.023

0.016
0.020
0.020
0.020

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000

-0.045
-0.054
-0.054
-0.054

-0.045
-0.054
-0.054
-0.054

-0.045
-0.052
-0.053
-0.052

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.055
0.066
0.066
0.066

0.029
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.014
0.016
0.012
0.011

0.053
0.060
0.048
0.046

0.049
0.056
0.040
0.037

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.001
0.000

-0.118
-0.131
-0.086
-0.079

-0.120
-0.132
-0.085
-0.078

-0.116
-0.127
-0.082
-0.074

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.154
0.171
0.117
0.108

0.035
0.035
0.033
0.033

0.024
0.026
0.014
0.014

0.094
0.106
0.068
0.064

0.086
0.098
0.059
0.057

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000

-0.196
-0.213
-0.109
-0.101

-0.197
-0.214
-0.108
-0.099

-0.187
-0.204
-0.102
-0.094

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.253
0.277
0.150
0.140

0.040
0.040
0.036
0.036

0.033
0.035
0.019
0.018

0.208
0.218
0.166
0.163

0.197
0.207
0.159
0.156

0.003
0.007
0.007
0.008

0.012
0.018
0.018
0.018

-0.297
-0.320
-0.168
-0.154

-0.298
-0.321
-0.164
-0.150

-0.285
-0.305
-0.157
-0.144

0.007
0.013
0.013
0.013

0.413
0.440
0.258
0.243

0.043
0.043
0.039
0.039

0.040
0.041
0.023
0.021

0.240
0.248
0.172
0.167

0.230
0.232
0.158
0.154

0.033
0.041
0.041
0.041

0.045
0.053
0.053
0.053

-0.381
-0.403
-0.181
-0.163

-0.380
-0.401
-0.179
-0.160

-0.361
-0.380
-0.170
-0.152

0.039
0.047
0.047
0.047

0.513
0.536
0.274
0.253

3535
3535
565
565

45740
45510
46030
45960
46090
45910
46450
46400
46590
46260
46590
46930
46870
46720
47060
47440
47080
45710
46690
47670
46570
45340
45910
47380
47190

0.076
0.077
0.075
0.074

-0.445
-0.484
-0.200
-0.179

-0.443
-0.480
-0.197
-0.176

-0.419
-0.455
-0.187
-0.167

0.069
0.071
0.070
0.069

0.582
0.624
0.293
0.270

3820
4100
4380
4520
4800

46670
46610
46730
46360
46290

11668
11653
11683
11590
11573

Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min

0.047
0.045
0.256
0.238
0.063
0.048
0.046
0.264
0.246
0.066
0.043
0.024
0.170
0.156
0.065
0.042
0.022
0.166
0.153
0.065
ULTIMATE FAILURE DATA
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
Pop heard 5 seconds into load. No visual damage present
No change, no visual damage

1000
1000
565
565
1555
1555
565
565
2120
2120
565
565
2545
2545
565
565
3110
3110
565
565

Trans 4 (in.) Trans 5 (in.)

Trans 6
(in.)

Lateral Midspan Deformations

Lateral Piston
Load (lbs)

Trans 7
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

Comp
Midspan
Mean (in.) Mean (in.)

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 35

Panel Failure
5090

46100

Additional Notes:

Ultimate

11525

Failure occurred 1:58 seconds into holding load


Wall began to deflect outward in direction of lateral load, approx 31 inches down from the top, then
the horizontal shear failure occurred approx 28 inches from the bottom all along panel width
Shear break was in direction of the applied lateral load
Cracks present at both of these locations

*The lateral (transverse) loads reported are the piston force only
*Axial (compressive) load held constant throughout test
*All axial-transverse walls rested vertically on cylindrical rollers to prevent restrained end conditions. The axes of the rollers were installed parallel to the faces of the wall
*Positive numbers indicate transducers extending outward; Negative numbers indicate transducers extending inward
*The wall stiffness (EI) was calculated from the maximum lateral (transverse) deflection equation of a simply supported beam under third-point loading

Axial Compression
Piston Load (lbs)

Deformation
Mean (in.)

1000
1555
2120
2545
3110
3535

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.013
0.047
0.071

Lateral Midspan

Set Mean (in.)

Deformation
Mean (in)

Set Mean
(in.)

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.013
0.047
0.069

0.066
0.171
0.277
0.440
0.536
0.624

0.066
0.108
0.140
0.243
0.253
0.270

Stiffness (Flexural Rigidity) EI (lbs-ft^2)

Load
(lbs-in)
4149.05
3025.86
2464.26
1902.66

Deflection Limit (L/x)


L/
L/
L/
L/

120
180
240
360

1380479
Axial Linear Regression Analysis
27903.688
1700.022
7258.761
255.635
0.787
490.522
14.777406
4
3555622.5 962448.322

Note: Transducers 1 through 4 measured outer corner lateral deflections


Transducers 5 and 6 measured axial deflections on front (compression side)
Transducers 7 through 9 measured midspan lateral deflections
Transducer 1: Outer corner lateral, top left
Transducer 2: Outer corner lateral, top right
Transducer 3: Outer corner lateral, lower left
Transducer 4: Outer corner lateral, lower right
Transducer 5: Axial deformation (compression), lower left
Transducer 6: Axial deformation (compression), lower right
Transducer 7: Midspan left
Transducer 8: Midspan center
Transducer 9: Midspan right

Lateral Linear Regression Analysis


4347.8481 779.4705
226.21797 91.46042
0.9892876 109.9995
369.39799
4
4469671.3 48399.52

Equation of Best Fit Line (based on Lateral Linear Regression Analysis results)
Load (lbs-in) = Defl. (in) x
4347.85
+
779.47

Direction of Constant Axial Load (Non-Eccentric)


TOP FRONT

TOP REAR

Top End Bearing

Direction
of Lateral
Load

6
3

Bottom end bearing

Front View

Rear View

RHS View

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

Test:
Date:
Client:
Product ID:
Product:
Eng/Tech(s):
Test Method(s):
Axial Load (lbs):
Eccentricity (in):
Cap/Footer info:
Age of Wall:
Load Method:
Bearing Type:

1/5/09
Page 36

Compression - Flexural Load - Specimen Vertical


Project No: 3083303
12/28/2007
Engineer Initials:
Emmedue S.P.A
M2_4X8AT3
Single Polystyrene PSM80 4' x 8' x 6" Axial - Transverse 3 Wall Panel (Nominal 1" mortar on both sides)
V. Burgos, Intertek - San Antonio
ICC-AC 15 - Acceptance Criteria for Concrete Floor, Roof and Wall Systems and Concrete Masonry Wall Systems
Section 4.2.2.4: Wall Flexural-Compression Tests in accordance with the general guidelines of ASTM E 72-05
45000
*Note: Axial Load was held constant throughout test
NONE
8" wide x 50" long x 1/4" EPDM rubber installed as cap and footer for even load distribution
93 days (at test date)
Third-Point Loading (for variation of lateral loads applied to the wall specimen)
3/4 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the end bearings supporting the wall
1 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the third-point loading bearings
For third-point loading of 8 foot walls, bearings were spaced out 31 inches apart
Panel
Length (ft)
8.0

Width (ft)
4.0

Thickness (in)
6.000

(in)
93

Support Span (L)


(ft)
7.750

Outer Corner Lateral Deformations


Lateral Piston
Load (lbs)

Axial Load
(lbs)

Axial Load
(lbs/ft width)

Measurement
Time

Trans 1
(in.)

Trans 2
(in.)

Trans 3
(in.)

565
1000
1000
565
565
1555
1555
565
565
2120
2120
565
565

11183
11148
11160
11165
11155
11135
11193
11190
11230
11213
11213
11238
11230
11238
11253
11233
11248
11268
11265
11205
11218
11253
11248
11168
11250

immediate
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.005
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.012
0.014
0.009
0.009

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.004
0.005
0.004
0.004

0.000
0.025
0.028
0.028
0.028
0.055
0.063
0.048
0.046
0.092
0.099
0.059
0.056

2545
2545
565
565
3110
3110
565
565
3535
3535
565
565

44730
44590
44640
44660
44620
44540
44770
44760
44920
44850
44850
44950
44920
44950
45010
44930
44990
45070
45060
44820
44870
45010
44990
44670
45000

3820
4100
4380
4520
4800
5090
5370
5650
5940
6220
6500
6785

44970
44770
44660
44660
44690
44730
44570
44930
44660
44330
44940
44400

11243
11193
11165
11165
11173
11183
11143
11233
11165
11083
11235
11100

Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min

Axial Deformations

Trans 4 (in.) Trans 5 (in.)


0.000
0.027
0.033
0.033
0.034
0.060
0.067
0.058
0.056
0.095
0.101
0.067
0.064

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.016
0.006
0.115
0.116
0.002
0.016
0.007
0.122
0.121
0.002
0.012
0.005
0.068
0.076
0.002
0.012
0.005
0.064
0.072
0.002
0.020
0.009
0.152
0.147
0.010
0.020
0.009
0.157
0.152
0.010
0.011
0.006
0.081
0.087
0.008
0.011
0.005
0.074
0.080
0.008
0.021
0.010
0.179
0.172
0.018
0.021
0.011
0.187
0.179
0.017
0.014
0.005
0.088
0.094
0.011
0.014
0.005
0.084
0.089
0.011
ULTIMATE FAILURE DATA
No pops or cracks, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
Panel deflection at midspan more significant, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage
Pop heard 18 seconds into load. No change, no visual damage
Wall midspan deflection more significant, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage

Lateral Midspan Deformations

Trans 6
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

Trans 7
Comp
Midspan
(in.)
Mean (in.) Mean (in.)

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001

0.000
-0.039
-0.048
-0.048
-0.048
-0.099
-0.107
-0.080
-0.076
-0.163
-0.173
-0.091
-0.086

0.000
-0.033
-0.040
-0.040
-0.040
-0.091
-0.098
-0.073
-0.070
-0.153
-0.164
-0.085
-0.080

0.000
-0.026
-0.031
-0.031
-0.031
-0.077
-0.084
-0.062
-0.059
-0.134
-0.145
-0.074
-0.069

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.046
0.055
0.055
0.055
0.119
0.130
0.100
0.096
0.201
0.215
0.118
0.112

-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002

-0.206
-0.215
-0.099
-0.091
-0.270
-0.278
-0.110
-0.099
-0.322
-0.334
-0.117
-0.108

-0.196
-0.205
-0.092
-0.085
-0.260
-0.268
-0.103
-0.093
-0.311
-0.323
-0.111
-0.102

-0.174
-0.183
-0.081
-0.074
-0.234
-0.242
-0.092
-0.083
-0.281
-0.293
-0.099
-0.092

0.001
0.001
0.001
0.000
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.003
0.010
0.010
0.006
0.006

0.255
0.267
0.131
0.121
0.337
0.347
0.147
0.134
0.400
0.416
0.159
0.149

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 37

Panel Failure
7070

43020

Ultimate

10755

Wall failed suddenly.Failure occurred 1:01 seconds into holding load


Horizontal shear failure approx 25 inches from the bottom all along panel width
Shear break was in direction of the applied lateral load
Minor mortar crushing at the top and bottom caps of the wall
No additional visible damage presen

Additional Notes: *The lateral (transverse) loads reported are thepiston force only
*Axial (compressive) load held constant throughout test
*All axial-transverse walls rested vertically on cylindrical rollers to prevent restrained end conditions. The axes of the rollers were installed parallel to the faces of the wall
*Positive numbers indicate transducers extendingoutward; Negative numbers indicate transducers extendinginward
*The wall stiffness (EI) was calculated from themaximum lateral (transverse) deflectionequation of a simply supported beam under third-point loading

Axial Compression
Piston Load (lbs)

Deformation
Set Mean (in.)
Mean (in.)

1000
1555
2120
2545
3110
3535

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.001
0.004
0.010

Lateral Midspan
Deformation
Mean (in)

Set Mean
(in.)

0.055
0.130
0.215
0.267
0.347
0.416

0.055
0.096
0.112
0.121
0.134
0.149

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.003
0.006

Stiffness (Flexural Rigidity) EI (lbs-ft^2)

Load
(lbs-in)
6109.67
4280.62
3366.10
2451.58

Deflection Limit (L/x)


L/
L/
L/
L/

120
180
240
360

3374517
Axial Linear Regression Analysis
208561.141 1765.967
70482.823
304.858
0.686
595.143
8.7558881
4
3101291.1 1416779.7

Note: Transducers 1 through 4 measured outer corner lateral deflection


Transducers 5 and 6 measured axial deflections on front (compression side)
Transducers 7 through 9 measured midspan lateral deflections
Transducer 1: Outer corner lateral, top left
Transducer 2: Outer corner lateral, top righ
Transducer 3: Outer corner lateral, lower left
Transducer 4: Outer corner lateral, lower righ
Transducer 5: Axial deformation (compression), lower left
Transducer 6: Axial deformation (compression), lower righ
Transducer 7: Midspan left
Transducer 8: Midspan center
Transducer 9: Midspan right

Lateral Linear Regression Analysis


7080.1902 622.5266
101.91394 27.32164
0.9991719 30.58337
4826.3926
4
4514329.5 3741.369

Equation of Best Fit Line (based on Lateral Linear Regression Analysis results)
Load (lbs-in) = Defl. (in) x
7080.19
+
622.53

Direction of Constant Axial Load (Non-Eccentric)


TOP FRONT

TOP REAR

Top End Bearing

Direction
of Lateral
Load

6
3

Bottom end bearing

Front View

Rear View

RHS View

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

Test:
Date:
Client:
Product ID:
Product:
Eng/Tech(s):
Test Method(s):
Axial Load (lbs):
Eccentricity (in):
Cap/Footer info:
Age of Wall:
Load Method:
Bearing Type:

1/5/09
Page 38

Compression - Flexural Load - Specimen Vertical


Project No: 3083303
12/14/2007
Engineer Initials:
Emmedue S.P.A
M2_4X14AT1
Single Polystyrene PSM80 4' x 14' x 6" Axial - Transverse 1 Wall Panel (Nominal 1" mortar on both sides)
V. Burgos, Intertek - San Antonio
ICC-AC 15 - Acceptance Criteria for Concrete Floor, Roof and Wall Systems and Concrete Masonry Wall Systems
Section 4.2.2.4: Wall Flexural-Compression Tests in accordance with the general guidelines of ASTM E 72-05
45000
*Note: Axial Load was held constant throughout test
NONE
8" wide x 50" long x 1/4" EPDM rubber installed as cap and footer for even load distribution
78 days (at test date)
Third-Point Loading (for variation of lateral loads applied to the wall specimen)
3/4 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the end bearings supporting the wall
1 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the third-point loading bearings
For third-point loading of 14 foot walls, bearings were spaced out 55 inches apart
Panel
Length (ft)
14.0

Width (ft)
4.0

Thickness (in)
6.000

(in)
165

Support Span (L)


(ft)
13.750

Outer Corner Lateral Deformations


Lateral Piston
Load (lbs)
565
1000
1000
565
565
1555
1555
565
565
2120
2120
565
565
2545
2545
565
565
3110
3110
565
565
3535
3535
565
565

Axial Load
(lbs)

Axial Load
(lbs/ft width)

Measurement
Time

Trans 1
(in.)

Trans 2
(in.)

Trans 3
(in.)

45050
45820
46050
45970
46550
46420
46060
46490
46610
46460
47020
47980
47620
46600
46920
48470
48190
47360
48040
49820
49590
48040
47990
50120
49990

11263
11455
11513
11493
11638
11605
11515
11623
11653
11615
11755
11995
11905
11650
11730
12118
12048
11840
12010
12455
12398
12010
11998
12530
12498

immediate
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes

0.000
0.006
0.008
0.008
0.008
0.013
0.014
0.012
0.012
0.018
0.018
0.015
0.015
0.025
0.026
0.018
0.018
0.034
0.037
0.020
0.020
0.040
0.042
0.023
0.022

0.000
0.012
0.016
0.016
0.016
0.034
0.042
0.028
0.027
0.058
0.068
0.041
0.038
0.083
0.098
0.063
0.058
0.116
0.124
0.078
0.074
0.128
0.133
0.090
0.084

0.000
0.021
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.042
0.048
0.047
0.047
0.070
0.079
0.069
0.069
0.100
0.109
0.094
0.092
0.135
0.152
0.122
0.120
0.168
0.182
0.146
0.142

Axial Deformations

Trans 4 (in.) Trans 5 (in.)


0.000
0.022
0.026
0.026
0.026
0.046
0.052
0.048
0.047
0.075
0.085
0.071
0.070
0.107
0.116
0.095
0.093
0.143
0.159
0.123
0.120
0.173
0.185
0.140
0.136

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Lateral Midspan Deformations

Trans 6
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
-0.102
-0.118
-0.108
-0.106
-0.249
-0.275
-0.145
-0.140
-0.393
-0.434
-0.190
-0.174
-0.530
-0.578
-0.245
-0.218
-0.721
-0.803
-0.301
-0.275
-0.892
-1.016
-0.388
-0.333

0.000
-0.101
-0.118
-0.105
-0.104
-0.247
-0.272
-0.142
-0.136
-0.389
-0.429
-0.184
-0.168
-0.523
-0.570
-0.235
-0.208
-0.713
-0.794
-0.292
-0.265
-0.885
-1.008
-0.377
-0.323

Trans 7
Comp
Midspan
(in.)
Mean (in.) Mean (in.)
0.000
-0.103
-0.120
-0.106
-0.105
-0.246
-0.270
-0.141
-0.136
-0.384
-0.424
-0.182
-0.167
-0.518
-0.562
-0.228
-0.203
-0.706
-0.790
-0.283
-0.257
-0.881
-1.009
-0.368
-0.314

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.117
0.137
0.125
0.123
0.281
0.311
0.176
0.171
0.444
0.491
0.234
0.218
0.602
0.657
0.303
0.275
0.820
0.914
0.378
0.349
1.014
1.147
0.477
0.419

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

3535
3817

50120
50090

12530
12523

Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min

4100

48750

12188

Ultimate

1/5/09
Page 39

ULTIMATE FAILURE DATA


No pops or cracks, no visual damage
No change, no visual damage

Panel Failure
Wall failed suddenly. Failure occurred 1:48 seconds into holding load
Horizontal shear failure approx 30 inches from the bottom all along panel width
Shear break was in direction of the applied lateral load
Some pops and cracks heard while holding target load at 0:35, 0:48, 1:15, and 1:40 seconds into load
Wall remained intact. No additional visible damage present

Additional Notes: *The lateral (transverse) loads reported are the piston force only
*Axial (compressive) load held constant throughout test
*All axial-transverse walls rested vertically on cylindrical rollers to prevent restrained end conditions. The axes of the rollers were installed parallel to the faces of the wall
*No axial deflections were recorded
*Positive numbers indicate transducers extending outward; Negative numbers indicate transducers extending inward
*The wall stiffness (EI) was calculated from the maximum lateral (transverse) deflection equation of a simply supported beam under third-point loading
*Cesar Cordoba, representing Emmedue S.P.A, present during test

Piston Load (lbs)

Axial Compression

Lateral Midspan

Deformation
Set Mean (in.)
Mean (in.)

Deformation Set Mean


Mean (in)
(in.)

1000
1555
2120
2545
3110
3535

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.137
0.311
0.491
0.657
0.914
1.147

Stiffness (Flexural Rigidity) EI (lbs-ft^2)

0.123
0.171
0.218
0.275
0.349
0.419

Load
(lbs-in)
4229.76
3080.62
2506.06
1931.49

Deflection Limit (L/x)


L/
L/
L/
L/

120
180
240
360

2420652
Axial Linear Regression Analysis
######### 1946.250
#########
427.421
0.353
854.842
2.1827463
4
1595052.1 2923018.75

Note: Transducers 1 through 4 measured outer corner lateral deflections


Transducers 5 and 6 measured axial deflections on front (compression side)
Transducers 7 through 9 measured midspan lateral deflections
Transducer 1: Outer corner lateral, top left
Transducer 2: Outer corner lateral, top right
Transducer 3: Outer corner lateral, lower left
Transducer 4: Outer corner lateral, lower right
Transducer 5: Axial deformation (compression), lower left
Transducer 6: Axial deformation (compression), lower right
Transducer 7: Midspan left
Transducer 8: Midspan center
Transducer 9: Midspan right

Lateral Linear Regression Analysis


2507.2012 782.3557
141.10595 98.76881
0.9874886 118.8772
315.70956
4
4461543.6 56527.19

Equation of Best Fit Line (based on Lateral Linear Regression Analysis results)
Load (lbs-in) = Defl. (in) x
2507.20
+
782.36

Direction of Constant Axial Load (Non-Eccentric)


TOP FRONT

TOP REAR

Top End Bearing

Direction
of Lateral
Load

6
3

Bottom end bearing

Front View

Rear View

RHS View

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

Test:
Date:
Client:
Product ID:
Product:
Eng/Tech(s):
Test Method(s):
Axial Load (lbs):
Eccentricity (in):
Cap/Footer info:
Age of Wall:
Load Method:
Bearing Type:

1/5/09
Page 40

Compression - Flexural Load - Specimen Vertical


Project No: 3083303
12/17/2007
Engineer Initials:
Emmedue S.P.A
M2_4X14AT2
Single Polystyrene PSM80 4' x 14' x 6" Axial - Transverse 2 Wall Panel (Nominal 1" mortar on both sides)
V. Burgos, Intertek - San Antonio
ICC-AC 15 - Acceptance Criteria for Concrete Floor, Roof and Wall Systems and Concrete Masonry Wall Systems
Section 4.2.2.4: Wall Flexural-Compression Tests in accordance with the general guidelines of ASTM E 72-05
45000
*Note: Axial Load was held constant throughout test
NONE
8" wide x 50" long x 1/4" EPDM rubber installed as cap and footer for even load distribution
81 days (at test date)
Third-Point Loading (for variation of lateral loads applied to the wall specimen)
3/4 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the end bearings supporting the wall
1 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the third-point loading bearings
For third-point loading of 14 foot walls, bearings were spaced out 55 inches apart
Panel
Length (ft)
14.0

Width (ft)
4.0

Thickness (in)
6.000

(in)
165

Support Span (L)


(ft)
13.750

Outer Corner Lateral Deformations


Lateral Piston
Load (lbs)
565
1000
1000
565
565
1555
1555
565
565
2120
2120
565
565
2545
2545
565
565
3110
3110
565
565
3535
3535
565
565

Axial Load
(lbs)

Axial Load
(lbs/ft width)

Measurement
Time

Trans 1
(in.)

Trans 2
(in.)

Trans 3
(in.)

45400
46080
46140
46300
46520
46300
45660
45450
46620
45660
45180
46340
46500
45260
45850
46910
46490
45610
45000
46820
45490
45180
44400
45300
43150

11350
11520
11535
11575
11630
11575
11415
11363
11655
11415
11295
11585
11625
11315
11463
11728
11623
11403
11250
11705
11373
11295
11100
11325
10788

immediate
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes

0.000
0.010
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.026
0.030
0.020
0.018
0.048
0.054
0.028
0.025
0.066
0.075
0.038
0.033
0.098
0.117
0.058
0.050
0.133
0.200
0.103
0.093

0.000
0.006
0.009
0.010
0.010
0.020
0.023
0.022
0.023
0.036
0.039
0.031
0.031
0.048
0.054
0.038
0.036
0.065
0.067
0.046
0.042
0.072
0.080
0.058
0.054

0.000
0.024
0.028
0.028
0.028
0.050
0.056
0.047
0.046
0.076
0.080
0.057
0.054
0.093
0.099
0.065
0.061
0.124
0.137
0.083
0.075
0.368
0.386
0.280
0.269

Axial Deformations

Trans 4 (in.) Trans 5 (in.)


0.000
0.023
0.027
0.027
0.026
0.047
0.053
0.042
0.040
0.071
0.076
0.050
0.047
0.087
0.093
0.056
0.052
0.119
0.134
0.077
0.069
0.373
0.394
0.290
0.280

0.000
-0.028
-0.034
-0.037
-0.051
-0.057
-0.064
-0.080
-0.092
-0.095
-0.095
-0.115
-0.127
-0.130
-0.130
-0.158
-0.177
-0.174
-0.174
-0.209
-0.232
-0.220
-0.211
-0.258
-0.280

Lateral Midspan Deformations

Trans 6
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

0.000
-0.026
-0.031
-0.040
-0.046
-0.051
-0.060
-0.078
-0.086
-0.088
-0.088
-0.110
-0.128
-0.130
-0.130
-0.153
-0.177
-0.181
-0.181
-0.212
-0.234
-0.241
-0.241
-0.272
-0.289

0.000
-0.116
-0.141
-0.125
-0.123
-0.283
-0.312
-0.169
-0.154
-0.482
-0.529
-0.218
-0.190
-0.653
-0.720
-0.265
-0.225
-0.941
-1.100
-0.382
-0.308
-1.283
-1.904
-0.689
-0.582

0.000
-0.120
-0.146
-0.128
-0.127
-0.286
-0.315
-0.171
-0.156
-0.483
-0.532
-0.220
-0.192
-0.655
-0.723
-0.266
-0.228
-0.941
-1.098
-0.381
-0.308
-1.277
-1.888
-0.682
-0.574

Trans 7
Comp
Midspan
(in.)
Mean (in.) Mean (in.)
0.000
-0.117
-0.145
-0.128
-0.126
-0.283
-0.311
-0.170
-0.156
-0.476
-0.523
-0.217
-0.190
-0.644
-0.711
-0.263
-0.224
-0.929
-1.085
-0.377
-0.303
-1.274
-1.860
-0.668
-0.561

0.000
0.027
0.032
0.038
0.049
0.054
0.062
0.079
0.089
0.092
0.092
0.112
0.127
0.130
0.130
0.156
0.177
0.177
0.177
0.210
0.233
0.231
0.226
0.265
0.284

0.000
0.133
0.163
0.146
0.144
0.320
0.353
0.203
0.187
0.538
0.590
0.260
0.230
0.724
0.798
0.314
0.271
1.038
1.208
0.446
0.365
1.514
2.149
0.862
0.746

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 41

ULTIMATE FAILURE DATA

Panel Failure
3820

42590

Ultimate

10648

Wall failed suddenly.Failure occurred 1:50 seconds into holding load


Horizontal shear failure approx between 46 inches from the bottom all along panel width (tension side)
On compression side, failure was between 46 and 58 inches. Break was in direction of the applied lateral load
Very little cracking and popping was heard just before wall failed
No additional visible damage present

Additional Notes: *The lateral (transverse) loads reported are the piston force only
*Axial (compressive) load held constant throughout test
*All axial-transverse walls rested vertically on cylindrical rollers to prevent restrained end conditions. The axes of the rollers were installed parallel to the faces of the wall
*Prior to test, it was found that testing this wall uniformly on both mortar faces was extremely difficult to adjust. Attempts were made to insert a rubber membrane
underneath the compression (rear) side of the wall. The client, present during testing, was made aware of this problem. It was the decision of both the client and the test engineer
to move one with the test.
*Positive numbers indicate transducers extending outward; Negative numbers indicate transducers extending inward
*The wall stiffness (EI) was calculated from the maximum lateral (transverse) deflection equation of a simply supported beam under third-point loading
*Cesar Cordoba, representing Emmedue S.P.A, present during test

Piston Load (lbs)

Axial Compression

Lateral Midspan

Deformation
Set Mean (in.)
Mean (in.)

Deformation Set Mean


Mean (in)
(in.)

1000
1555
2120
2545
3110
3535

0.032
0.062
0.092
0.130
0.177
0.226

0.049
0.089
0.127
0.177
0.233
0.284

0.163
0.353
0.590
0.798
1.208
2.149

Stiffness (Flexural Rigidity) EI (lbs-ft^2)

0.144
0.187
0.230
0.271
0.365
0.746

Load
(lbs-in)
2921.76
2359.50
2078.38
1797.25

Deflection Limit (L/x)


L/
L/
L/
L/

120
180
240
360

632034
Axial Linear Regression Analysis
12911.498
763.455
972.956
133.332
0.978
158.386
176.1029
4
4417726.6 100344.208

Note: Transducers 1 through 4 measured outer corner lateral deflections


Transducers 5 and 6 measured axial deflections on front (compression side)
Transducers 7 through 9 measured midspan lateral deflections
Transducer 1: Outer corner lateral, top left
Transducer 2: Outer corner lateral, top right
Transducer 3: Outer corner lateral, lower left
Transducer 4: Outer corner lateral, lower right
Transducer 5: Axial deformation (compression), lower left
Transducer 6: Axial deformation (compression), lower right
Transducer 7: Midspan left
Transducer 8: Midspan center
Transducer 9: Midspan right

Lateral Linear Regression Analysis


1226.7355 1234.997
241.18137 264.4748
0.8660912 388.9118
25.871066
4
3913061.2 605009.6

Equation of Best Fit Line (based on Lateral Linear Regression Analysis results)
Load (lbs-in) = Defl. (in) x
1226.74
+
1235.00

Direction of Constant Axial Load (Non-Eccentric)


TOP FRONT

TOP REAR

Top End Bearing

Direction
of Lateral
Load

6
3

Bottom end bearing

Front View

Rear View

RHS View

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

Test:
Date:
Client:
Product ID:
Product:
Eng/Tech(s):
Test Method(s):
Axial Load (lbs):
Eccentricity (in):
Cap/Footer info:
Age of Wall:
Load Method:
Bearing Type:

1/5/09
Page 42

Compression - Flexural Load - Specimen Vertical


Project No: 3083303
12/18/2007
Engineer Initials:
Emmedue S.P.A
M2_4X14AT3
Single Polystyrene PSM80 4' x 14' x 6" Axial - Transverse 3 Wall Panel (Nominal 1" mortar on both sides)
V. Burgos, Intertek - San Antonio
ICC-AC 15 - Acceptance Criteria for Concrete Floor, Roof and Wall Systems and Concrete Masonry Wall Systems
Section 4.2.2.4: Wall Flexural-Compression Tests in accordance with the general guidelines of ASTM E 72-05
45000
*Note: Axial Load was held constant throughout test
NONE
8" wide x 50" long x 1/4" EPDM rubber installed as cap and footer for even load distribution
82 days (at test date)
Third-Point Loading (for variation of lateral loads applied to the wall specimen)
3/4 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the end bearings supporting the wall
1 inch diameter steel rollers resting on 3 inch wide steel bearing plates (1/4" thick) for the third-point loading bearings
For third-point loading of 14 foot walls, bearings were spaced out 55 inches apart
Panel
Length (ft)
14.0

Width (ft)
4.0

Thickness (in)
6.000

(in)
165

Support Span (L)


(ft)
13.750

Outer Corner Lateral Deformations


Lateral Piston
Load (lbs)
565
1000
1000
565
565
1555
1555
565
565
2120
2120
565
565
2545
2545
565
565
3110
3110
565
565
3535
3535
565
565

Axial Load
(lbs)

Axial Load
(lbs/ft width)

Measurement
Time

Trans 1
(in.)

Trans 2
(in.)

Trans 3
(in.)

45000
45050
45370
45310
45330
45930
45630
46140
46000
46080
46220
46290
46410
46600
46500
46600
46640
47130
46860
47180
47170
47100
46950
47970
47880

11250
11263
11343
11328
11333
11483
11408
11535
11500
11520
11555
11573
11603
11650
11625
11650
11660
11783
11715
11795
11793
11775
11738
11993
11970

immediate
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes
immediate
after 5 minutes

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.007
0.010
0.006
0.005
0.018
0.021
0.010
0.008
0.028
0.031
0.012
0.010
0.040
0.047
0.016
0.015
0.056
0.062
0.023
0.016

0.000
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.019
0.022
0.022
0.022
0.022
0.030
0.030
0.024
0.024
0.034
0.035
0.026
0.024
0.043
0.045
0.027
0.025
0.049
0.049
0.028
0.023

0.000
0.032
0.037
0.038
0.038
0.067
0.073
0.056
0.053
0.104
0.109
0.069
0.066
0.126
0.129
0.075
0.070
0.148
0.155
0.082
0.076
0.170
0.176
0.090
0.080

Axial Deformations

Trans 4 (in.) Trans 5 (in.)


0.000
0.032
0.037
0.038
0.038
0.068
0.076
0.067
0.063
0.106
0.113
0.082
0.077
0.130
0.135
0.089
0.084
0.157
0.164
0.098
0.091
0.182
0.190
0.110
0.099

0.000
0.014
0.020
0.020
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.035
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.068
0.073
0.073
0.073
0.089
0.090
0.085
0.084
0.090
0.090
0.076
0.072

Lateral Midspan Deformations

Trans 6
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

Trans 7
(in.)

0.000
0.020
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.037
0.037
0.053
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.084
0.084
0.085
0.084
0.110
0.110
0.110
0.110
0.118
0.118
0.118
0.117

0.000
-0.097
-0.115
-0.096
-0.094
-0.245
-0.269
-0.115
-0.104
-0.408
-0.437
-0.147
-0.126
-0.534
-0.569
-0.171
-0.142
-0.714
-0.782
-0.210
-0.169
-0.908
-0.984
-0.266
-0.198

0.000
-0.095
-0.113
-0.095
-0.092
-0.238
-0.261
-0.113
-0.103
-0.399
-0.426
-0.143
-0.124
-0.520
-0.553
-0.166
-0.138
-0.695
-0.761
-0.204
-0.163
-0.880
-0.952
-0.257
-0.191

Trans 7
Comp
Midspan
(in.)
Mean (in.) Mean (in.)
0.000
-0.095
-0.112
-0.093
-0.091
-0.232
-0.253
-0.110
-0.103
-0.387
-0.410
-0.137
-0.119
-0.502
-0.534
-0.160
-0.136
-0.677
-0.745
-0.209
-0.189
-0.874
-0.935
-0.255
-0.200

0.000
0.017
0.025
0.025
0.026
0.025
0.026
0.029
0.029
0.044
0.051
0.051
0.051
0.076
0.079
0.079
0.079
0.099
0.100
0.097
0.097
0.104
0.104
0.097
0.095

0.000
0.116
0.137
0.119
0.116
0.279
0.306
0.150
0.139
0.462
0.493
0.188
0.167
0.598
0.635
0.216
0.186
0.793
0.865
0.264
0.225
1.001
1.076
0.322
0.251

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT - 005 REV1

3820
4100
4380

47420
47330
47280

11855
11833
11820

Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min
Hold 2 min

4520

47020

11755

Ultimate

1/5/09
Page 43

ULTIMATE FAILURE DATA


No pops or cracks, no visual damage
Pop heard at 37 seconds into load, no visible damage
Pop heard at 1:20 into load, no visible damage

Panel Failure
Wall failed suddenly.Failure occurred 18 seconds into holding load
Horizontal shear failure approx 36 inches from the bottom all along panel width
Shear break was in direction of the applied lateral load
Minor mortar crushing at the top and bottom caps of the wall
No additional visible damage present

Additional Notes: *The lateral (transverse) loads reported are the piston force only
*Axial (compressive) load held constant throughout test
*All axial-transverse walls rested vertically on cylindrical rollers to prevent restrained end conditions. The axes of the rollers were installed parallel to the faces of the wall
*Positive numbers indicate transducers extending outward; Negative numbers indicate transducers extending inward
*The wall stiffness (EI) was calculated from the maximum lateral (transverse) deflection equation of a simply supported beam under third-point loading
*Ruben Caputo, representing Emmedue S.P.A, present during test

Piston Load (lbs)

Axial Compression

Lateral Midspan

Deformation
Set Mean (in.)
Mean (in.)

Deformation Set Mean


Mean (in)
(in.)

1000
1555
2120
2545
3110
3535

0.025
0.026
0.051
0.079
0.100
0.104

0.026
0.029
0.051
0.079
0.097
0.095

0.137
0.306
0.493
0.635
0.865
1.076

Stiffness (Flexural Rigidity) EI (lbs-ft^2)

0.116
0.139
0.167
0.186
0.225
0.251

Load
(lbs-in)
4452.78
3209.53
2587.91
1966.28

Deflection Limit (L/x)


L/
L/
L/
L/

120
180
240
360

2791089
Axial Linear Regression Analysis
26059.193
641.091
3172.778
227.743
0.944
251.447
67.459396
4
4265168 252902.827

Note: Transducers 1 through 4 measured outer corner lateral deflections


Transducers 5 and 6 measured axial deflections on front (compression side)
Transducers 7 through 9 measured midspan lateral deflections
Transducer 1: Outer corner lateral, top left
Transducer 2: Outer corner lateral, top right
Transducer 3: Outer corner lateral, lower left
Transducer 4: Outer corner lateral, lower right
Transducer 5: Axial deformation (compression), lower left
Transducer 6: Axial deformation (compression), lower right
Transducer 7: Midspan left
Transducer 8: Midspan center
Transducer 9: Midspan right

Lateral Linear Regression Analysis


2712.54 723.0345
120.99873 80.64121
0.9921037 94.44081
502.56318
4
4482394.6 35676.27

Equation of Best Fit Line (based on Lateral Linear Regression Analysis results)
Load (lbs-in) = Defl. (in) x
2712.54
+
723.03

Direction of Constant Axial Load (Non-Eccentric)


TOP FRONT

TOP REAR

Top End Bearing

Direction
of Lateral
Load

6
3

Bottom end bearing

Front View

Rear View

RHS View

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 44 of 53

APPENDIX C
Test Photographs
Note: Only a small number of photos were selected for this report. A CD copy of all the
project photos will be provided to the client

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 45 of 53

4X8AT2 (Setup and Failure Modes)

Figures 1A and 2A: Front and rear views of wall

Figures 3A and 4A: Flexural LVDT locations, EPDM rubber, and axial transducer locations

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 46 of 53

Figure 5A: Rear view failure mode

Figure 6A: 4X8AT2 Failure mode

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 47 of 53

4X14AT2 (Setup and Failure Modes)

Figure 7A: 4X14AT2 Setup

Figures 8A and 9A: Lateral LVDT and axial transducer setup (respectively)

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 48 of 53

Figure 10A: 4X14AT2 Failure mode

Figure 11A: Rear view of failure mode (cracks enhanced to show pattern)

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 49 of 53

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 50 of 53

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 51 of 53

List of Calibrated Instrumentation Used for Testing

Description

Model No.

Serial No.

Last
Calibration
Date

Calibration
Due Date

Load Cell

41A

1103704

3/8/07

3/8/08

Load Cell

41A

1103702

4/17/07

4/17/08

Load Cell

41A

1103698

4/17/07

4/17/08

Load Cell

41A

1103703

4/17/07

4/17/08

Load Cell

41A

984467

3/8/07

3/8/08

Transducer

1850-005

191408-001

2/23/07

2/23/08

Transducer

1850-005

191408-006

4/23/07

4/23/08

Transducer

1850-005

191408-013

4/23/07

4/23/08

Transducer

1850-005

191408-015

4/23/07

4/23/08

Transducer

1850-005

191408-019

2/23/07

2/23/08

LVDT

JEC-AG

L9233000

3/1/07

3/1/08

LVDT

JEC-AG

L9300600

3/1/07

3/1/08

LVDT

JEC-AG

L9301000

3/1/07

3/1/08

LVDT

JEC-AG

L9301100

3/1/07

3/1/08

DAQ Cart

N/A

99LE004

11/27/07

5/27/08

Stopwatch

14-649-9

61809410

8/15/07

8/15/08

3000 psi
pressure gauge

N/A

298967

5/18/07

5/18/08

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 52 of 53

REFERENCES
1) Emmedue Advanced Building Systems Operators Manual, Rev. 02 or 3/19/2004, pp. 27, 15-16.
2) Acceptance Criteria for Sandwich Panels, ICC AC 04, Effective July 1, 2007, Section
4.4.1, p. 5.
3) Acceptance Criteria for Concrete Floor, Roof and Wall Systems and Concrete Masonry
Wall Systems, ICC AC 15, Effective July 1, 2007.

Emmedue
Project No. 3083303SAT 005 REV1

1/5/09
Page 53 of 53

REVISION SUMMARY
DATE
January 5, 2009
February 20, 2008

SUMMARY
Section 3.2 (Sample and Assembly Description); galvanized steel
wire mesh diameters changed to 0.099 inches (transverse) and
0.121 inches (longitudinal)
Original Report Issue Date